ORESOL is "oral glucose-electrolyte solution”. – It is a solution which can replace the lost fluids and nutrients.

– By drinking ORESOL, you are replacing the fluids and substances lost in diarrhea. This has been proven effective and has save millions of children’s’ lives around the world. IMPORTANCE OF ORESOL PREPARATION – To regain strength – Provides immediate care for dehydration – To prevent further dehydration – To regain patients normal condition – To fluid and erythrocytes balanced 10 Things you should know about Rehydrating a child. 1. Wash your hands with soap and water before preparing solution. 2. Prepare a solution, in a clean pot, by mixing - eight level teaspoons of sugar and - one level teaspoon of salt - in one litre of clean water or - 1 packet of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) - with one litre of clean drinking or boiled water (after cooled) Stir the mixture till all the contents dissolve. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Wash your hands and the baby's hands with soap and water before feeding solution. Give the sick child as much of the solution as it needs, in small amounts frequently. Give child alternately other fluids - such as breast milk and juices. Continue to give solids if child is four months or older. If the child still needs ORS after 24 hours, make a fresh solution. 8. ORS does not stop diarrhoea. It prevents the body from drying up. The diarrhoea will stop by itself. 9. If child vomits, wait ten minutes and give it ORS again. Usually vomiting will stop. 10. If diarrhoea increases and /or vomiting persists, take child over to a health clinic. HOMEMADE SALT AND SUGAR (HMSS) – It is a very alternative for oresol sachet. – This method is easy to prepare and the ingredients are readily available in our home especially during emergency cases. EQUIPMENTS: • SALT (rock) • SUGAR • DRINKING WATER • CLEAN MIXING CONTAINER • KNIFE OR FLAT OBJECT • TEASPOON • CUP OR GLASS • PEN OR MARKER • PAPER 1tbsp. 8tbsps. 1 liter

STEPS: 1. Measure 1liter of drinking water in (5 cupfuls or 5 glassful are about one liter) to the container 2. Scoop the salt with a teaspoon 3. Level the salt with a knife or a flat object 4. Add 1 level teaspoon of salt into water ORESOL1

they can also be used to prevent dehydration. Although these 'salts' are specially made for the treatment of dehydration. Put this into water and mix well. Take 8 level teaspoonfuls of sugar. Mix it with water 6. By replacing lost body fluids.. The packet is used by doctors and health workers to treat dehydrated children. Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) is best administered with the use of a pre-packed formula called Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) available in a packet. 4. This will only be used in 24hours. Taste the water with salt. 5.Vomiting SIGNS OF DEHYDRATION. ORS is a sodium and glucose solution used to treat children with acute diarrhoea. pour the mixture and do the same process again. ORT is best administered with the use of a pre-packed formula called Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) available in a sachet to make a liter of solution. and health centres. The treatment consists of common salt and sugar mixed in one liter of clean drinking water given to the child by mouth. ORESOL2 .Sunken eyes and dry lips Gaano karami ang ibibigay na ORESOL? EDAD Wala pang 2 taong gulang 2. these packets of ORS and special drinks for children with diarrhoea are widely available in pharmacies. 8.Fatigue 3.10. It should not very salty. In most parts of the world. 9. If it tastes saltier than tears.. This packet of ORS is to be mixed with the recommended amount of clean water.Excessive thirst 6. But it can also be used in the home to prevent dehydration. Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) is the process of replacing essential body fluids and salts that a child loses in critical quantities during attacks of diarrhoea. ORT prevents dehydration and nurses the child back to health.Fever 2. 5. 7.10 taong gulang Higit sa 10 taong gulang TAMANG SUKAT 1/2 baso (50-100ml) 1 baso (100-200ml) hanggang gusto at kaya pa. shops.Loss of weight 1.

but it replaces the lost fluids and essential salts thus preventing or treating dehydration and reducing the danger. The child’s status must be re-assessed after 4 hours to decide on the most appropriates subsequent treatment.2) is administered at a rate adapted to the child’s age (infant under 12 months: 30 ml/kg over 1 hour then 70 ml/kg over 5 hours. the contribution of breastfeeding must be increased. child over 12 months: the same amounts over 30 minutes and 2. B or C. Oral rehydration solution should continue to be offered once dehydration has been controlled. Dosage: Acute diarrhoea in children should always be treated with oral rehydration solution according to plan A. or even water). For intravenous supplementation. In case of vomiting. Severely dehydrated patients must be treated initially with intravenous fluids until they are able take fluids by mouth. at a rate of 20 ml/kg every hour. but the most urgent priority is to start rehydration. Plan C: Severe Dehydration. Plan B: Moderate Dehydration. A larger amount of solution can be given if the child continues to have frequent stools. intravenous infusion (20 ml/kg every hour by mouth before infusion. If the child vomits. a nasogastric tube is also suitable for administering oral rehydration solution. it is recommended that compound solution of sodium lactate (see section 26. The glucose contained in ORS solution enables the intestine to absorb the fluid and the salts more efficiently. Feeding should not therefore be envisaged initially. B or C as shown. oral rehydration solution must be presented before offering milk. then 5 ml/kg every hour by mouth during intravenous rehydration). the rate of administration of the oral solution should be reduced. ORT does not stop the diarrhoea. a 4-hour treatment plan is applied to avoid short-term problems. health professionals are advised to follow one of 3 management plans.5 hours respectively). if the child can drink. In hospital (or elsewhere). ORT alone is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from acute watery ORESOL3 . oral rehydration solution must be given pending. In the case of mixed breast-milk/formula feeding. ADULT: 200 to 400 ml solution after every loose motion. rehydration must be discontinued for 10 minutes and then resumed at a slower rate (about one teaspoonful every 2 minutes). Nutritional advice and increased fluid intake are sufficient (soup. rice. Uses: Dehydration from acute diarrhoea. and even during. INFANT and CHILD: according to plans A. and it is suggested that parents should be watched to see how they cope at the beginning of the treatment. Plan A: No Dehydration. Hospitalization is necessary. It is recommended that parents are shown how to give approximately 75 ml/kg of oral rehydration solution with a spoon over a 4-hour period. For oral rehydration it is important to administer the solution in small amounts at regular intervals as indicated below. Whatever the child’s age. water and yoghurt. by mouth. Treatment of dehydration: WHO recommendations According to the degree of dehydration. (Please refer to WHO Formulary 2004 for details below). For infants aged under 6 months who have not yet started taking solids. • Acute diarrhea normally only lasts a few days.Fluid and electrolyte loss in acute diarrhoea. for as long as the child continues to have diarrhoea. Mother’s milk or dried cow’s milk must be given without any particular restrictions. If the intravenous route is unavailable.

pdf ORESOL4 . ACKNOLEDGEMENT Source: INTERNET Websites: http://www.aijc.diarrhoea. or water and electrolytes.Loss of water and dissolved salts from the body.who.com.net/nashua_08/oral-rehydration-solution http://www.html http://whqlibdoc. for instance. Rehydration – is the replenishment of water. this makes intravenous drip therapy unnecessary in all but the most severe cases. as a result of diarrhoea. least expensive way to manage diarrhoeal dehydration Dehydration .ph/payatas/pdasite_en/ppage6E.html http://rehydrate.int/publications/2004/924154631X_eng. occurring.org/rehydration/index.slideshare. Solutions: The most effective. regardless of cause. lost through dehydration or the correction of dehydration.

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