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The Oxford Reverse Dictionary

The Oxford

Compiled by
David Edmonds



Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox26DP
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© Oxford University Press 1999
Database right Oxford University Press (makers)

First published 1999

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British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
Data available

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Data available
ISBN 0 19 86017�X

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Typeset in Nimrod and Arial
by Interactive Sciences Limited, Gloucester
Printed in Great Britain by
MacKays of Chatham
Chatham, Kent

....... .. ... .......... .. . ............ ............. .. ...... ........................ ................ ...... . .............. . ......... . ........ . ....... ..

...................... .............. ......... ........... . ... .. ............... .... .. ........ . ...... ....... ......... ..... .. ......... ....... ........ ...

We all have words 'on the tip of our tongue', and we all know how hard such
words often are to coax back into consciousness, and how bad our speech or
writing will look without them: "that bit of the wall that turns into the
window" can never really replace reveal without the decorator thinking us a
fool, and "the sort of magistrate who conducts inquiries into the causes of
someone's death" is no substitute for coroner-indeed, no other term can be.
This dictionary is designed to solve these problems quickly and efficiently,
grouping the tongue-tip terms under their key concepts: so coroner will be
found in the article magistrate, reveal at wall, and kriegspiel at both war and

The Oxford Reverse Dictionary will guide you to the standard terms for things
most people have heard of: it is not an English-learner's dictionary, nor will it
help you to literary or archaic words, or to slang; colloquialisms are offered
only where standard speech offers no workable substitute. The cabinet minis­
ter's tonguetip has of course a different population from the schoolboy's, and
the diversity of the 31,000 listed items takes this into account; but words from
specialist vocabularies have been omitted, as have core vocabulary words such
as dog and family which are usually immediately available to any native

Items sharinga key concept will be found as entries within the article devoted
to that concept (so entries for topiary, spudder, and trug will all be found in the
article gardening), and items sharing a single definition (such as agent and
representative, or symposium and colloquium) are nested together in a single
entry within the appropriate concept article. Such nested items are related in
sense, but not necessarily interchangeable: they are listed alphabetically, and
any item moved to the back of such a list may be considered an inferior match.

Articles are arranged in a single alphabetical sequence through the diction­
ary. Within each article entries are arranged alphabetically where that is
possible, or in an appropriate sense-progression such as life-death, top-bot­
tom, eldestjlargest-youngestjsmallest: there is also a general tendency to
move out from core items to those that are more peripheral to the senses of the

article headword. Each entry is glossed in the briefest possible way consistent
with clarity-the user already knows what the tonguetip term means, and so
only needs a pointer, not an exhaustive definition.

Where any exist, suffixes or prefixes bearing the basic meaning of the article
headword are listed next after it (for example, -wise after manner), together
(unless one is found elsewhere in the article) with an example of their use:
they may serve as a spur to recollection of many further terms semantically
related to the topic treated in the article but not specifically mentioned in it, or
assist users in correctly coining their own mot juste where none is shown/
exists. Similarly, adjectives related to the article headword in meaning but not
in appearance (for example, dental at tooth), or whose formation may present
other difficulties if imperfectly remembered, are listed at the beginning of the
article. Item plurals are also given when irregular, but not where a regularly­
formed plural of equal currency exists.

Dictionary-writing is a lengthy and lonely process, and I am grateful to many
people for help and encouragement along the road. A special acknowledge­
ment is due to Patrick Hanks for detailed advice during the earlier stages of
the project, and to Kate Wandless for smoothing the bumpy road of
author-publisher relations. Thanks are also due to Dr Adrian Young for infor­
mation on medical terms, Tim Parry for clarification of some psychiatric con­
cepts, and Alasdair Cross for legal definitions. The typescript benefited at a
late stage from a thorough read conducted by Lucinda Coventry.


feminine pl.m. for example esp. Parliament NHS National Health Service p.g. nineteenth-century (and so on) . before noon fern.m. plural e. especially km kilometre(s) m metre(s) MP Member of.USA United States (of America) VDU visual display unit 19th-c. after noon RAF Royal Air Force RC Roman Catholic UK United Kingdom US. Abbreviations a.

In memoriam CAROLINE MARY FRASER optimae amicae .

(e. academic conference: . summary abrasive • abrasive powder: emery abdomen . resume. waddy . stress-associated abdominal tered abroad: offshore • sell abroad: pain with diarrhoea or constipation: export i rritable bowel syndrome • fibre­ absence • absence without permis­ optic inspection of the abdomen: sion: French leave • absence from laparoscopy • incision into the ab­ school without permission: truancy domen: laparotomy • membrane lin­ • permission to be absent: leave.g. start an abor­ tasy • person abandoning such ad­ tion artificially: ind uce . circumambient). prodigy • demonstrate one's tion: travesty • seemingly absurd but abilities: prove oneself in fact true statement: oxymoron.g.(e. Abori­ a bsurdum ginal throwing stick: boomerang academic .g. symposi um . deprecating abortion: religious or political adherence: apos­ pro-life. perim­ prior • abbess's assistant: prioress eter) . fur­ ing the abdominal cavity: peritoneum lough • grant of brief absence from • inflammation . paradox • proof of a statement's fal­ Aboriginal • Aboriginal club: nulla­ sity by demonstrating the absurdity of nulla. overhang). female a bout . ism • abbreviation pronou'nced as a epidermis). abbreviation • abbreviation pro­ impending nounced as a string of letters: i nitial­ above • combining forms: epi.(e. superstructure). paper. ven- abroad • person emi­ • tral severe abdominal pain caused living abroad: by wind or intestinal obstruction: g re. drug caus­ herence: apostate. Aa abandonment • abandonment of a a bortion • advocating abortion: legal claim: waiver • abandonmen t of pro-choice . -ible. expatriate • done or regis­ colic . adjective: abbatial . Aboriginal dance ceremony: corroboree • Aboriginal its logical consequences: reductio ad medicine man: koradji . supramundane). memoir . turncoat ing abortion: abortifacient abbot . about to happen: i m minent.g. supra­ a book or document: short title eab­ (e.(e. combining forms: circum­ abbot: abbess • abbot's assistant: (e.g. academic eridoo • land set aside for Aboriginal thesis: d issertation • academic settl'!ment: reservation essay: dissertation. adjectives: coeliac. over. peri.(e.of the peritoneum: school:exeat • person who is absent: peritonitis a bsentee • employee's statement Aberdeen • adjective: Aberdonian that his absence was due to illness: self-certification • in absence: in able • combining form: -able. sur. Aboriginal wind instrument: didg­ colloquium. exile. word: acronym • abbreviated title of su per. sur­ breviated version of a statement or real) document: precis. right-to-l ife . a bsentia -uble • adequate ability: proficiency • person with exceptional abilities: absurdity • absurd misrepresenta­ genius.g.g.

........ square • aca­ daybook........ and repayable by those re­ • act on another's behalf: represent sponsible: surcharge • account-book • person acting on behalf of another: . academic dress • academic hat: for the current day's transactions: bonnet..accounting across .g. mortarboard.... accounting record of money received: credit .............. stunt act: double entry ....... denoting ac­ recrimi nation commodation available as part of a work contract: tied • institution of­ achieve • achieve by skill or devi fering basic accommodation: hostel ousness: contrive • best achieve­ • wardened accommodation for the ment: record • past achievements: elderly or handicapped: sheltered record ...............(e....... offence • kind or debits and credits in an account: bal­ helpful acts: offices........ liabilities..... acrobatic stunts on the wings account • official examination of ac­ of an airborne aircraft: wing wa lking counts: audit ..... record of money spent or owed: debit trans... con­ blocks converted to accommodation sidered account for legal or publicity units: mews 0 denoting accommoda­ use: statement tion with its own kitchen and bath­ accusation • counter-accusation: room: self-contained ............. act without preparation: improvise the auditor.. .. difference between • illegal act: crime...... hood tail: l i ripipe counts are written up: ledger • enter • dark clothing worn with academic an item in a ledger: post ............ make one dress: su bfusc account consistent with another: rec­ accent • East London accent: Cock­ oncile ......academiC dre ss I act 2 .... account showing the as­ acquaintance • influential ac­ sets .. person assembling and re­ • actors' sham rustic accent: cording financial data: bookkeeper Mummerset • person recording or verifying finan­ cial data: accountant • preparation accepted • generally accepted or of financial data to aid management believed: received management accounting decisions: accommodation • available ac­ • cost analysis of operational costs: commodation: vacancy • accommo­ accounting . track record housing acid . dye indicating acidity: litmus account .... maisonette • stable land: Consolidated Fund . comparison of totals from a ' ney • Irish accent: brogue • North­ double entry account: trial balance umberland accent: burr • South East • money coming into an account: re­ England accent: Estuary English cei pts .. British government's dation unit that is part of a larger general account at the Bank of Eng­ building: flat. journal • account-book for demic cloak: gown • coloured minor transactions: cash book headcovering worn over the back of a .. good offices ance • accounting item rejected by . .. and capital of a busi­ quaintance: connection • helpful ac­ ness at a particular point in time: bal­ quaintance: contact ance sheet • denoting a balance acrobat • acrobat performing on a sheet showing no debts: ungeared tightrope: wire-walker • acrobat's • temporary account for items await­ tights: maillot • acrobat's pair of long ing final allocation: su spense ac­ poles with foot supports: stilts count • account to which credit pur­ • swinging bar used by acrobats: trap­ chases may be charged: charge eze .. large book in which financial ac­ gown: hood ....... combining forms: d ia-.............. transatla ntic) • measure­ • accounting system with each item ment taken across a circle: diameter entered both as a credit and as a debit: act • daring escapade..

ex­ d rama . exorcism) . reference). pur­ sex: en travesti • tendency to offer an suit • menial or boring activity: actor roles of a type in which he or she drudgery • pointless cycle of activ­ has already been suucessful: type­ ities: merry-go-round casting • play for one actor: mono­ actor • adjective: histrion i c . etc.(e. spur of the moment: ad-lib • actor's hesitation).plan of • action consisting of spoken o r writ­ an actor's movements: blocking ten words: i IIocution • established • actor's departure from the stage: series of actions: procedure.(of an actor) forget one's overacts: ham • actor in a folk play: lines during a performance: d ry • re­ mummer • actor who performs in si­ mind an actor what he or she must lence: mime .recre­ dressed as a member of the opposite ational activity: who actors presenting several plays at the has prepared another actor's role. free hand • ability to take stage to acknowledge applause: cur­ independent action: i n itiative • in­ tain call • noise made by actors simu­ capable of effective fiction: effete lating indistinct conversation: rhu­ .scene for two actors: duo­ perienced actor: trouper • actor who logue . figurant . • actor's signal to speak: cue • ac­ pronoun) • person acting for an ab­ tor's long speech: monologue sent doctor: locum .acting technique en­ pal role: lead i n g lady.g. of a book: appendix • add something . pearance: gesture.g. pastime.Japanese acupres­ • actor's role • actor's try-out part: sure therapy: shiatsu • spot where for a role:audition • actor's make-up: pressure is applied: acupoint greasepaint • actor's flesh-coloured add • extra section added at the end tights: fleshings .g. in same venue in the course of a season: order to replace him or her if neces­ repertory company • euphemism sary: understudy • sardonic term for denoting an unemployed actor: rest­ actor: Thespian • group of actors ing playing together: ensemble • actors participating in a performance: cast acupressure . window dressing gestures.g. exit • actors' backstage rest room: routine • freedom of action: carte g reen room • actor's return to the blanche.acting without tended to be heard by others on stage: forethought: impetuous aside • actor's words made up on the action . mistake in speaking: fluff • actor's -tion. -ence (e.person acting .actor taking a princi­ say: prompt .3 acting I add a gent. process.combiningform: -ation ('s dressing. -ure (e. closure) • action done loud whisper: stage whisper in automatic response to a stinmlus: • actors' sham rustic accent: reflex • action done purely for ap­ Mummerset • actor's's speech when alone on stage: for a monarch who is absent or incap­ soliloquy • actor's words not in­ acitated: regent . word-perfect • denoting an actor archery). leading man couraging emotional identification • actor taking minor roles: bit player with the character portrayed: the • actor appearing only in crowd Method. representative • sudden urge room assistant: d resser • actor's pre­ to act: impulse • repeatedly perform­ performance stage fright nerves: ing the same act(s): serial • actor's arrival on stage: entrance acting • combining form: pro. -ism (e.: business .still requiring action: outstanding barb • denoting an actor who has • out of action: hors de combat learnt his or her role completely: activity • combining form: -ery (e. method actin g • troupe of scenes: extra.g.g.

...........catchphrase used in an ad­ exact fit: shim vertisement: slogan • simple tune admiration • uncritical admir- used in an advertisement: jingle • ad­ ation: adulation • object of admir­ vertisement's quotation of a sup­ ation: cynosure • deserving admir­ posedly impartial and unsolicited ation: commendable...join with adhesives: bond one's rivals: gamesmanship adjective • characterizing adjec­ advertisement • advertisement tive: epithet • denoting an adjective that precedes its noun: attributive making exaggerated claims: puff • denoting an adjective that is placed • advertisement discrediting rival after the verb: predicative.. schedule..... cents reach sexual maturity: puberty alcoholic.. workaholic) • addict's • skin disease of adolescents...firm treatment of addicts: • suitable for children and adults: tough love • clear an addict's body of family drug residues: detoxify adultery • man whose wife has com­ addition . estimable... set • make small adjustments: product: teaser • advertisement writ­ fi nesse. titivate • thin ten by an aircraft smoke trail: sky­ strip of material used to make an writi ng ...large board to display admission • admission ritual: in iti­ advertisements: hoarding • pair of ation • university admission cere­ advertisement boards linked by shoul­ mony: matriculation • right of ad­ der straps: sandwich boards • small mission: entree.. combiningform: epi.promotional mater- .....g..�..addition to a • person alleged in a divorce case to collection: accession • addition to a have committed adultery: respondent document: an nex.... entry handbill: flyer ...(e.advance payment: ante address • address used as a • performance in advance of official collecting-point for mail: accom mo­ opening: preview • advance publica­ dation address • address for a letter tion: preprint to be left at a post office until called for: poste restante advantage • advantage granted to few: privilege • take unfair advan­ adhesive • synthetic resin used in tage of: exp loit • use of various ploys paints and adhesives: polyurethane to gain psychological advantage over .. not part of the original design: retro­ adolescence • adolescent love: fit calf love • period in which adoles­ add ict • combining form: -holic (e. appendix. ...g....... coming of age tu rkey ... menages a troiS) annexe.�......�� �. nage it trois (pl.. with phased abandonment of addictive black pustules: acne drugs: withdrawal • addict's instant adult • age at which adulthood is abandonment of addictive drugs: cold reached! majority. .... rider • person alleged in a divorce case to • special addition to a price or pay­ have committed adultery with the re­ ment: premium. surcharge • add­ spondent: co-respondent ition to will: cod icil advance ... postposi­ products: knocking copy • advertise­ tive ments shown between television pro­ grammes: spot advertising .. extension ....... supple­ doned adulterous relationship: me­ ment • addition to a building: an nex..��������.......: addendum... commendation of the item advertised: laudable.... praiseworthy testimonial .....prelim­ adjust • adjust a mechanism: regu­ inary advertisement not naming the late.. �. mitted adultery: cuckold • married epiphenomenon) .addition to a book woman's male lover: cicisbeo • con­ etc...... fine-tu ne.

(e. prophet countermeasure). meta. lit­ aerial . mentor • professional anagram.g. viser: guru. where the letters are 'written adviser: consultant • group nomin­ again' to form another word).person serving as pult. ratification • denoting clines: climacteric • person of the . acle.g.g.adoles· which a person is considered capable cent affection: pu ppy love .g.(e.5 adviser I age ial on the outside of packaging etc.: a process of enquiry conducted by af· outsert • appearance of an advertise­ firmation: cataphatic ment in a newspaper etc.g.person who sticks up un­ afternoon • adjective: post- authorized advertisements: fly-poster meridian . post­ meta message • person who writes • after dinner: postprandial • after the text for advertisements: copy­ sexual intercourse: postCOital writer .horizontal rod aerial: dipole erally 'throw against. counter. combining forms: epi.g. object.(e. literally 'throw against ).g. re. adore.(e.(e. contraception).(e. xenophobe) � see also fear as editorial material: advertorial African .) • aerial having a series of short rods: age • age of early childhood: infancy Vagi antenna • bowl-shaped aerial • age at which sexual activity be· receiving satellite signals: satell ite comes possible: puberty • age be­ dish tween puberty and adulthood: adoles­ aerobatics • vertical circle: loop cence • age at which consent to the loop • aircraft's fast revolving sexual intercourse becomes legally motion: spin • acrobatic stunts on valid: age of consent • person under the wings of an airborne aircraft: the age of legal responsibility: minor wing wa lking • age o f youthful immaturity: nonage • too young to legally engage in a cer· affection • be uncritically fond of: tain activity: under age • age at adulate. ment's subliminal meaning: epilogue).advertise· after . dote upon .newspaper advertisement presented (e.g. or such a perform­ ing specific government problems: ance: encore think tank • influential but unofficial against • combining forms: anti­ advisers to a person in authority: (e.: insertion afraid of • combining form: -phobe .African club: knobkerrie .feel un­ of managing his own affairs: age of requited affection for: carry a torch d iscretion • age of legal adulthood: for majo rity • achieve this: come of age affirmation • official affirmation: • age at which sexual activity de­ confi rmati on. ally advising the sovereign: Privy redo) • request for a performance to Council • group of experts research· be given again.(e. ob.small newspaper advertisements • African panga • long nar· machete: grouped by topic: classified advert­ row African drum: tom-tom • Afri­ isements • advertising campaign: can hut village: kraal • African itin­ promotion • postal advertising cam· erant storyteller: griot • expedition paign: mai Ishot • unsolicited adver­ to hunt or observe wild animals: sa­ tising sent by post: j u n k mail • adver­ fari • African fly causing sleeping tising using images or sounds not sickness: tsetse registered by the conscious brain: subliminal advertising . metaca rp).afternoon performance: � see also publicity matinee • afternoon sleep: siesta adviser • respected personal ad­ again • combining forms: ana. cata. antih ista mine). contra­ a mouthpiece for divine advice: or­ (e.g. cata­ kitchen ca bi net .g.

. agro.. ... etc. ........... 6 .. pact • general as a technocratic activity: agribusi­ agreement: consensus • interim ness. agro-industry • agricultural agreement: modus vivendi ........ com­ rattling bine harvester agreement • apprenticeship agree­ ag riculture • combining forms: ment: i n dentures • formal agree...condition attached to ties: nonagenarian • person a hun­ an agreement: proviso • exceptions dred or more years old: centenarian specified in an agreement: saving • mental and physical decay associ­ clause • proviso added to an agree­ ated with old age: senil ity .. .. ...... same age: contemporary • person tente • draft of an agreement: proto­ below the age of ful legal responsibil­ col • bargaining to reach an ity: juve n i le • person in his or her agreement: negotiation • bargains sixties: sexagenarian ..........denot­ tice • agreement reached through ing agriculture whose yields are just concessions: com promise .agree­ sufficient to feed the farmer: subsist­ ment reached by parties to a dispute ence • denoting agriculture avoiding or settlement • informal lawsuit: the use of artificial chemicals: or­ treaty: convention • informal under­ ganic • denoting agriculture that standing reached between states: side to an agree­ tions amongst the aged: senile de­ ment: party • denoting an agreement mentia • age of senile dependency: between two parties: bilateral ....person man • agent arranging sea transport: forwarding an agreement though not shipbroker ......... ... ... power­ dotage • person in this state: dotard noting an agreement between three or agent • confidential agent: hench­ more parties: mu ltilateral .... agri-. preserves an ecological balance: sus- .. repudiate.... mediator • breach of an agreement's terms: in­ and sale of shares...device the demands of a potential aggressor: turning over the soil: plough .person in his made to mutual advantage: horse­ or her seventies: septuagenarian trading ... insurance policies....agent for the purchase party to it: intermediary... rescind talent spotter aggression • policy of yielding to agricultural machinery ... . .........a'!ent I ag ric ulture .....loss of ment: rider • in full agreement: memory and control of bodily func­ unanimous . ... .. sabre­ threshing machine: combine.........legally system of abandoning land as it be­ enforceable agreement: contract comes exhausted: shifting cultivation • agreement between the pope and a • denoting a shifting system in which secular state: concordat • agreement vegetation in new areas is cut down between states: treaty • imagined and burnt: slash-and-burn • denot­ agreement between members of a so­ ing agriculture producing small per­ ciety to forego certain personal free­ acre yields by cheap methods: exten­ doms for the general good: social con­ sive • denoting agriculture tract • agreement to suspend producing high per-acre yields by ex­ hostilities for a stated period: armis­ pensive methods: intensive .........formal announcement • sporting or artistic agent searching of intention to end an agreement: no­ tice • reject an agreement already for promising recruits: talent scout..demand that must be satis­ • person in his or her eighties: octo­ fied before agreement is reached: genarian • person in his or her nine­ sti pulation ..: broker • broker's fee: brokerage fri ngement . made: renounce.........tined appeasement • diplomacy enforced framework breaking the soil: harrow by threats of aggression: gunboat d i p­ • sowing machine: dri II • reaping and lomacy...agriculture perceived ment: compact...

factory farming asphyxiate oair-pollution filter for obuilding for intensive poultry rais­ the nose and mouth: mask 0 retard­ ing: broi lerhouse odark and con­ ing effect of air on a moving object: stricted pen in which a calf is raised drag 0 study of air movement: aero­ for veal:veal crate 0 crate-free envir­ dynamics 0 study of air travel: aero­ onment for stock-raising: loose hous­ nautics i ng 0 ingathering of crops: harvest aircraft 0 combining form: aero­ ocelebration of this: harvest festival .0 in i n board. autogyro oaircraft capable of space tool travel: spaceplane oaircraft equipped to carry liquids in bulk: aesthetics 0 aesthetic expert: con­ tanker 0 aircraft observing enemy noisseur 0 person with no aesthetic positions: spotter plane • aircraft de­ sense: boor. venti­ land devoted to crop-growing: arable late oallowing the passage of air: odenoting agriculture or land devoted porous odesigned for minimum air­ to stock-grazing: pastoral 0 denoting resistance: streaml ined 0 operated agriculture involving both of these: by air pressure: pneu matic 0 in the mixed 0 introduction of intensive open air: alfresco 0 denoting air hav­ agriculture to developing countries: ing less oxygen than normal: rarefied green revolution 0 denoting agricul­ oairless region: vacuum 0 die tural property or methods: agrarian through lack of air: suffocate 0 kill ointensive stock-rearing methods: through deprivation of air: suffocate. on board ooutermost layer the air: aerial ocontaining air: pneu­ of an aircraft's structure: skin matic 0 riSing current of warm air: olights showing an aircraft's position: . philistine signed to evade radar detection: Aids 0 sexual activity with precau­ stealth plane 0 aircraft's main body: tions against Aids: safe sex 0 cancer fuselage oaircraft with little or no suffered by Aids victims: Kaposi's fuselage: flying wing ofar from the sarcoma fuselage: outboard 0 near to the fu­ air ocombining forms: aero-. battery farming. atmospheric). pneum (o). dirigible owingless air­ book 0 supply water for agricultural craft with powered horizontal rotor: purposes: irrigate 0 study of soil hel icopter 0 wingless aircraft with management and crop production: unpowered horizontal rotor: autogiro. agronomy � see also crop.7 aesthetics I a i rcraft tainable 0 denoting agriculture or thermal 0 admit air to: aerate. osmall light aircraft: m icrolight harvest home 0 feeding cattle on cut oaircraft with one pair of wings: grass brought in: zero-g razi ng 0 ominimization of eros ion by plough­ monoplane aircraft having two sets of wings: biplane odenoting an ing along contours: contour plough­ aircraft that can move its wings from ing 0 denoting agricultural land left a right-angled to swept-back position: unsown: fa llow 0 medieval allocation of agricultural land: open-field sys­ swing-wing. variable geometry oaircraft taking off from and landing tem 0 agricultural machinery: dead­ on water: seaplane oaircraft taking stock 0 agricultural animals: l ive­ stock 0 seasonal movement of off and landing on water or land: am­ livestock to different pasture: trans­ phibian ojet aircraft landing and humance olivestock fattened for taking off vertically: jump jet oen­ slaughter: fatstock 0 animal's weight gineless fixed-wing aircraft: glider as saleable meat: deadweight 0 book opowered aircraft kept buoyant by recording livestock pedigrees: herd gas: airship.g. fa rm. atmo­ selage: inboard • inside the fuselage: (e.

. ... .. .. ..... co-pilot • person directing an ground: ground speed • aircraft's aircraft's route: navigator • device speed relative to the ambient air: air­ keeping an aircraft on a set course: speed • trail of disturbed air left be­ automatic pilot • electronic avi­ hind a moving aircraft: slipstream. • on the outside of an aircraft: out­ un dercarriage . ....... . .. ..... control­ boa rd .... .per­ structure specially curved to give it son hiding on an aircraft in order to lift: aerofo i l • streamlining structure travel without paying: stowaway on an aircraft: fa iring • flattened pro­ • aircraft's paying passengers and jection improving stability: fin cargo: payload .. ation equipment: avionics • remov­ wake. navigation lig hts. .. airway • permitted air route: • front and rear of an aircraft: fore air corridor • official record of an and aft • part of an aircraft for the aircraft's journey: log • aircraft's flight crew: cockpit. ........ .denoting window: porthole • aircraft's an aircraft in difficulties: in distress kitchen: gal ley .. .. ...... .. ... .... .... . flight deck flight recorder: black box. . ..... ..level an aircraft: flatten direction of flight: control column. fl ight data • transparent cover of an aircraft recorder . .. wa sh • trail of condensed able cover for an aircraft engine: water left by an aircraft at high alti­ cowling • aircraft engine's outer cas­ tude: va pour tra i l • instance of two ing: nacelle • section divider in an aircraft passing each other closer aircraft: bulkhead . ejector seat • cockpit ferent altitudes while waiting to land: instrument panel: console. ............. ..flight path of an aircraft cockpit: ca nopy • flight crew's waiting to land: holding pattern powered seat for emergency escape: • aircraft circling a given point at dif­ ejection seat.aircraft's small than is permitted: airmiss . .maintenance of at­ • region of low or uneven pressure de­ mospheric pressure inside a high· stabilizing an aircraft: air pocket....... .. .... .aircraft carrying goods: • aircraft's cargo area: hold • person freig hter • pilotless aircraft packed in charge of cargo: loadmaster • air­ with explosives: flying bomb • air­ craft crew responsible for passengers craft manufacture and technology: or cargo: cabin crew • list of aircraft aerospace • part of an aircraft's passengers or cargo: man ifest . ... . ru nning lig hts.....aircraft I airc raft 8 ..aircrafi's in command of an aircraft: captain.. .aircraft's door: hatch • route regularly used by aircraft: air • detachable unit on an aircraft: pod lane. . deviation from course due to wind: pi lot • captain's assistant: first of­ drift • aircraft's speed relative to the ficer..person at a steady altitude: trim . .... tur- .cables etc. .... fla p aircraft: aviation • aircraft's planned • aircraft wing flap projected t o create or actual course: fl ight path...... . useful load • behind • wheels etc. ....use of a powered aircraft to ling flight surfaces and engines: rig­ pull a glider into the air: aerotowing ging • aircraft's single triangular • bulk air transport of troops or sup­ wing: delta wing • hinged rear edge plies: airl ift • flying or operation of of an aircraft's wing: aileron.. vector drag: spoiler . supporting an aircraft or to the back of an aircraft: astern while on the ground: landing gear. dash­ stack • aircraft's path between take­ board • instrument showing an off and level cruising: climb-out • tilt aircraft's height: altimeter • instru­ an aircraft to make a turn: bank ment showing the rate of climb or des­ • aircraft's steep climbing turn: cent: va riometer • rod controlling chandelle . flying aircraft: pressu rization sidelights .. .. . . out • aircraft's maximum possible al­ joystick • persons responsible for fly­ titude: ceiling • maintain an aircraft ing an aircraft: fl ight crew .

..........air-traveller's luggage em bark.....9 aircraft I airport .......throw from an air­ transport in the cabin: carry-on.....large building for housing aircraft: the wheels of a landing aircraft: hangar touchdown • landed aircraft's decel­ eration along the runway: rol l-out airliner c airliner carrying many • aircraft's slow ground movement to passengers: jum bo... craft: jettison • leave an aircraft: dis­ flight bag ........... em­ ants.... fl ightline • strip for • aircraft's gradual descent to the run­ taking off and landing: runway • illu­ way: approach • aircraft's circling minated runway: flarepath ..­ airport .military airfield: airbase crash-landing... flight attend­ or place on an aircraft: em bark. m i nal • airport reception counter: .(of an flying: ground • illegally seize con­ aircraft) rock from front to back: pitch trol of an aircraft: hijack. skyjack . ..... navigation volving motion: spin ..... j u m bo jet or from the runway: taxi ing • airport • short-haul airliner carrying many personnel servicing an aircraft be­ passengers: airbus • part of an air­ tween flights: ground crew ....airport building for de­ puterized mock-up of an aircraft cock­ parting and arriving passengers: ter­ pit used in pilot training: fl ight simu.....prepare liner for the passengers: cabin an aircraft for its return journey: turn • most expensive class of passenger rou n d • housing for an aircraft: accommodation: first class • middle hangar • official unveiling of a new class passenger accommodation: cl u b aircraft: roll-out • hire an aircraft for class • cheapest passenger accom­ a trip: charter • hire of an aircraft modation: economy class........ buffeting .. bulence • aircraft shake caused by lator • prohibit an aircraft from turbulence: buffet...aircraft's un­ aircraft carrier • airstrip on an powered landing: deadstick landing aircraft carrier: fl ight deck • aircraft's rough emergency landing: airfield ..landing des­ force: drogue. sleeve..... stewards • bag suitable for plane.......air force unit of six aircraft: fl ight back: rol l • (of an aircraft) twist from • anti-aircraft fire: flak • military side to side: yaw • violent swing of an aircraft's emergency takeoff: scram­ aircraft on or near ground: ground ble • military aircraft's wartime op­ loop • aircraft's steep downward eration: mission � see also aerobat­ plunge: nosedive • aircraft's fast re­ ics...........estab­ baggage • list of airliner passengers: lishment monitoring aircraft move­ manifest • person hiding on an air­ ments: tracki ng station • service liner in order to travel without pay­ monitoring and directing aircraft ing: stowaway • company providing movements: air traffic control ...... deplane • denoting an beyond his or her allowance: excess aircraft safe to fly: ai rworthy .. hard landing • air­ ..(of an aircraft) rock from front to .... tourist without crew: d ry lease • hire of an class • persons attending to passen­ aircraft with crew: wet lease • enter gers' needs: cabin crew..hard-surfaced area on an airfield craft's emergency landing with a final where aircraft may park or man­ vertical drop: pancake landing oeuvre:­ redeemable for stated distances of free tails of a proposed flight submitted to air travel: Air Miles™ air traffic control: flight plan ............. windsock cent: glide path • runway contact by ..............flexible course after aborted approach: cylinder showing wind direction and goa rou n d • aircraft's ....... enplane ........per­ scheduled public air transport: airline mission for an air movement given by • product promotion giving vouchers air traffic control: clearance .

..airport's non-flying staff: ground • number multiplying an algebraic staff • airport employees servicing variable: coefficient an aircraft: ground crew • rotating alien • fictional mechanical alien or­ machine from which luggage is col­ ganism: dalek _ imagined alien lected: carousel • arrival or depart­ being: l ittle green man • person ure of an aircraft: movement • ele­ claiming to have had dealings with vated office from which flight alien beings: contactee • wartime movements are controlled: control imprisonment of resident aliens: i n­ tower • tiredness felt after a flight ternment • resident alien in ancient across time zones: jet lag Greece: metic airship ..airship I alle rgy .......all-in: freestyle • all-knowing: om­ atus for distilling alcohol: sti l l . combining forms: o mni-... pa ne.(e..............denot­ difficulties: asthma • allergy caused ing a region where alcoholic drinks by pollen: hay fever • substance cannot be purchased: d ry • add alco­ causing an allergic reaction: al lergen hol surreptitiously to a drink: spike • denoting a substance unlikely to ... due to over· cohol during pregnancy: fetal alcohol booking: bumping • ticket-holder syndrome waiting for a seat to become available: algae . ....... .. en masse son authorized to sell alcoholic drinks: victualler.....expression of more than giving access to an aircraft: ram p two algebraic terms: polynom ial ...mechanically propelled alkali • dye indicating alkalinity: l it­ airship: dirigible • German military mus .. pantomime... .... trol: landside • those parts of an temperance airport terminal that lie between the alcoholism .....airport information board water: algal bloom • study of algae: or screen: ind icator • airport lounge algology for passengers changing planes: tra n­ sit lounge • airport exit to a particu­ algebra • algebraic expression of lar flight: gate • raised passageway the sum or difference of two terms: bi­ to an aircraft: pier • movable steps nomial .. ........ ....delusions caused by aircraft and customs and passport alcoholi&l: delirium tremens control: airside • desk where depart­ • intermittent craving for alcohol: ing passengers have their tickets in­ dipsomania echild's mental and spected: check-i n • non-appearance physical retardation caused by the of booked passenger: no-show • re­ mother's consumption of excessive al­ fusal to honour a ticket......... ....... originally (re­ velope • cabin suspended beneath an ferring to a mime artist) 'imitator of all) airship: gondola .......make alcohol unfit to drink: de....... 10 . .. straight .g...... cause an allergic reaction: hypo- .... licensed victualler • disease breaking out over all parts of • denoting a place authorized to sell a country or over all the world: pan­ alcoholic drinks: licensed ........... ....per­ n iscient • all-powerful: omnipotent • all together: en bloc... simu lta neously alcohol • courage gained by drink­ ing alcohol: Dutch courage • appar­ .........proliferation of algae in stanC:by .non-alkaline substance: base airship used in First World War: Zep­ all . pel i n • airship's gas container: en­ panto..... ..denoting demic an alcoholic drink served without fur­ allergy • allergy causing breathing ther dilution: neat.....for all persons or things: u niversal • all at once: en bloc....... desk • those parts of an airport ter­ nature • alcohol denatured by metha­ minal that lie between its street en­ nol: methylated spirit • abstinence trance and customs and passport con­ from alcoholic drinks: teetotalism.

combining form: quasi­ nuncio • nuncio sent to a non­ (e.g. recluse • person who enjoys shamateur being alone: loner. sol itary ambassador . ciborium • ornamental tion to force down prices: ring • tem­ cloth covering the front of an altar: porary alliance between political frontal • ornamental cloth behind an parties: coal ition. German silver • alloy athy • medicinal use of plants: herb­ of which monumental brasses are alism • healing by spiritual means: made: latten faith healing . zinc. transliterate tente • secret alliance between firms altar • chief altar: high altar • port­ to prevent competition: cartel • se­ able altar: su peraltar • altar canopy: cret alliance of purchasers at an auc­ baldacchino. urti­ phabet: ogham • Indian alphabet: caria • compound released into cells Devanagari • alphabet of raised dots to combat allergens: h istamine for blind people: Bra i l le .healing by crystals: almond • almond paste: marzipan crystal healing • scald almonds to remove their skin: amateur • amateur dabbler in an blanch art or skill: dilettante • person alone • pers<1n who lives alone: her­ falsely claiming amateur status: mit.papal ambassador: almost .joint manipulation: and zinc: pinchbeck • silver-like chiropractic . letter of credence wooden house: chalet • dress of an ambassador who is pre­ al phabet • ancient Anglo-Saxon sented to the head of state: court and Scandinavian alphabet: paid to net for the reserved sacrament: taber­ local councillors for tim� spent on nacle • drain near an altar: piscina council business: attendance allow­ alternative medicine • medical ance system associating parts of the hands alloy • alloy used to join metal: sol­ and feet with different parts of der • mercury alloy used to fill teeth: the body: zone therapy • massage amalgam • alloy of gold and silver: system based on zone therapy: re­ electrum • goldlike alloy of copper flexology . d ress � see also d i plomacy . and diet control: naturop­ nickel silver. alloy of nickel.temporary altar: dossal • shelf behind an altar: alliance between businesses: consor­ reta ble • ornamental screen behind tium an altar: reredos • painting placed allowance • money paid to a carer behind an altar: a ltarpiece • railing for looking after an invalid: attend­ round an altar: parclose • altar cabi­ ance allowance .former al­ • medicine used to treat allergies: phabet of raised letters for blind antihistamine • cure allergy by grad­ people: Moon • pronunciation sign ual exposure to its cause: desensitiza­ written above or below a letter: dia­ tion • skin allergy test: patch test critic • write in a different alphabet: alliance • informal alliance: en.regime of massage. front . and copper: exercise. quasi-autonomous) • strip of Catholic country: pro-nuncio • am­ land almost detached from the main­ bassador's deputy: charge d'affaires land: pen insula • ambassador's assistant: attache Alps • beyond the Alps: ultramon­ • ambassador's residence: em bassy tane • this side of the Alps: • ambassador's introductory letter: cismontane • traditional Alpine credentials. nettlerash.11 alliance I ambassador allergenic • itchy red spots caused by runes • ancient British and Irish al­ food allergies: h ives.

.. quantitive order: principal ity • angel of the eighth order: archangel .. archaeo-... trace..straight part of an anchor: shank Indian axe: tomahawk • American • triangular plate on an anchor's arm: Indian peace pipe: calu met ...(e..Ameri­ lick can Indian spell: medicine ..... primogenitor • enumeration or equanimity: tem perament • petu­ of a person's ancestors: genealogy....... re­ anaesthetic .re­ signed to have a second (usually sembling or deriving from ancestral indecent) meaning: double entendre. amphiboly • statement de­ mon ancestor: consanguinity .... shaman .Ameri­ ancient • combining forms: can Indian tent: lodge.. ration • insufficient amount: throne • angel of the fourth or­ short measure • amount left over: der: domination . pedigree • related through a com­ pout • angry frown: scowl • angry mon male ancestor: agnate • related rebuke: scolding ....angel of the sixth or­ amount: q uantify • assessed by der: power • angel of the seventh amount: of fossil alia plants: palaeobotany amount • tiny amount: iota. . . ancestor • earliest ancestor: pro­ pique • natural proneness to anger genitor........ testy....easily cified part only: local angered: irascible. jot.statement made am­ through a common ancestor: cognate biguous by its grammar: amphi­ • relationship by descent from a com­ bology. vestige• required aph • angel of the second order: or permitted amount: quantu m ... combiningform: inter. irritable.. cient civilizations: archaeology international) ..denoting a bad- . palaeo.. extradura l .... characteristics: atavisti c double entente anchqr • small anchor with several American Indian In­ • American flukes: grapnel • small anchor used dian thought to have magic powers: to haul a ship: kedge. lant expression of the lips: moue..........ambiguity I an ger 12 . short­ analysis • detailed critical analysis: tempered..­ display of anger: scene • childish noting an anaesthetic affecting a spe­ outburst of anger: tantrum .... ambiguity .spinal anaesthetic given in event causing it: scandal • public childbirth: epidural.American ...Ameri­ fluke . offence..local group of Hell's Angels: chap­ sive but no projectile: blank ter • ammunition store: magazine anger • anger at unfair treatment: ind ig nation. ..... g... . cherub • angel of the third order: quota. .. angel • angel of the first order: ser­ soup�on..... tetchy....among others: inter • study of fossil animals and plants: al ios • among other things: inter pa laeobiology ... ...... .feast of the archangel Michael: M ichaelmas nition containing explosive: l ive • de­ noting ammunition containing explo­ . .. truculent critique • analysis of complex pro­ • intended to cause anger: provoca­ cedures to improve efficiency: sys­ tive • remark made to provoke anger: tems analysis taunt • sulky bad temper: petu lance.. outrage...• excavation and wigwam study of the physical remains of an­ among ... . teepee. .......angel of ammunition • ammunition for a single shot: round • denoting ammu­ the ninth order: angel ... .anaesthetic affect­ sentment • expression of public ing the whole body: general anaes­ anger: outcry • public outrage or the thetic ..angel of the fifth surplus • express or measure an order: virtue ...... .. ... kedge anchor medicine man....... .stone used as an anchor: kil­ can Indian shoe: moccasin ...........

litter • smallest member of a litter: runt octangular • tool for marking angles: • give birth to young: th row • mal­ bevel • instrument to measure or draw angles: protractor. pluck .denot­ vore • animal feeding on refuse: ing an angle not a right angle: oblique scavenger .cause persistent resent­ raised for profit: livestock. runes • animals of a particular or • Anglo-Saxon prince or noble: athel­ time: fa una 0 underwater animal ing life: epifauna . flexible grasping appendage: tentacle . placate. native to a particular region: endemic zoo. eight.wild animal's home: den . set square formed or mutant animal: monster • offspring of animals of differen t spe­ • instrument measuring angles pre­ cies: crossbreed.• animal without a backbone: . etc_: draught animal of hairy and woolly animals: mange • set of draught animals: team • ani­ • animal's seasonal loss of plumage or mal used to carry loads: beast of fur: moult • animal's internal organs b u rden • animal regarded as symbol­ eaten as meat: offal. stock ment: ra nkle . flock Saxon alphabet: futh ark.animal's izing a group or bringing good for. combining form: -gon • angle smaller than 90°: acute angle bal • animal eating flesh: carn ivore • animal eating plants: herbi­ • angle of 90°: right angle • angle be­ tween 90 180°: obtuse angle . lair.having three angles: triangular • having four angles: quadran­ kept for breeding: sire • animal's fe­ gular _ having five angles: male parent: dam • young born to an pe nta ngular it having. herd. mollify.soothe anger: ap­ • animal hunting others: predator pease. hybrid • large cisely: goniometer group of animals: herd • group of Anglo-Saxon • ancient Anglo. herded animals: drove. pacify. pro­ .denoting an animal animal . angles: animal at one time: brood. lie invertebrate • animal having a back­ • area regularly traversed by an ani­ bone: vertebrate • animal having mal: home ra nge • animal's seasonal two feet: bi ped • animal having four change of habitat: migration .hunted animal: prey .pan­ feet: quadrltped • warm-blooded ani­ icked rush of a number of animals: mal suckling its young: mammal stampede • animal's bedding of • animal carrying its young in a straw etc.13 angle I animal tempered person: curmudgeonly.animal in its second • denoting an angle that combines year: yearling • animal that chews with another to make 90°: comple­ the cud: ru minant • animal depend­ mentary • denoting an inward­ ent upon external sources of heat: pointing angle: re-entrant • denoting ectotherm • animal creating its own bodily heat: endotherm • animal an outward-pointing angle: salient .figure with many angles: polygon maintaining a steady body tempera­ ture: homeotherm 0 male animal . ploughs. combining forms: theri-.animal used pitiate by hunters to attract others: decoy • animal eating its own species: canni­ angle . tune: mascot _ animals bred or dyspeptic .: litter • animal's projecting pouch: marsupial • scaly-skinned nose and mouth: snout • animal's cold-blooded animal: reptile • cold­ flexible snout: proboscis • animal's blooded terrestrial animal having an frightening jaws: maw • hind part of aquatic larval stage: amphibian an animal's body: rump • animal's • variety of animal developed by skin with the hair: pelt • clean an breeding: strain • animal used to pull animal's coat: groom • skin disease carts.

an kle I anuS 14
. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........
. . . ..... .......

• animal's track or scent: spoor • de­ versary: terce ntenary .400th anni­
noting animals adapted to a very dry versary: q uatercentenary • SOoth
environment: xerophilous • ability anniversary: quincentenary .600th
of certain animals to change colour: anniversary: sexcentenary
metachrosis • denoting a tamed ani­
announcer .announcer at a public
mal: domestic, domesticated .de­
event: master of ceremonies • an­
noting an animal returned to the wild: '
nouncer at a variety show: compere
feral • establish an animal in a for­
eign habitat: natural ize • denoting an noy .easily annoyed: irritable,
an animal bred for research: labora­ peevish, tetchy • until it becomes
tory .denoting an untethered ani­ annoying: ad na useam
mal: loose .animal's dose of medi­ anointing .ritual anointing for re­
cine: drench .climb onto an animal ligious purposes: unction .oil used
for riding: mount .(of a male ani­ for ritual anointing: chrism
mal) climb onto a female animal for
copulation: mount • animal excre­
answer • sharp answer: retort
ment: droppings, dung .remains of
• witty answer: rejOinder, riposte
.witty answer thought of too late:
prehistoric animals found in rock:
fossil • taking the form of an animal: esprit de I'escalier • refusal to give
straight answers: stonewalling
theriomorphic, zoomorphic • ani­
mal trainer: handler • exploitation of ant . combining form: myrmec(o)­
animals justified by alleged human • adjecti ve: formic • female ant:
superiority: speciesism • protected queen .male ant: drone • sterile
area for wildlife: reserve, sanctuary ant performing most basic tasks:
• enclosure for keeping animals in worker .African and Asian animal
semi-natural conditions: vivarium that eats ants: pangolin, scaly ant­
• place for keeping stray animals: eater • study of ants: myrmecology
pound .collection of wild animals antibiotic • antibiotic produced
for exhibition: menagerie, zoo .doc­ from blue moulds: penici l l i n .denot­
tor treating animals: vet, veterinary
ing an antibiotic effective against a
surgeon .allegedly unjustifiable ex­ large range of organisms: broad­
periments performed on animals: vivi­
section • book describing different
kinds of animals: bestiary • study of antidote .serum containing anti­
animals: zoology • study of animal dotes: antiserum, antivenin .sup­
behaviour: ethology • study of ani­ posed antidote to al poisons:
mals whose existence is doubted: mithridate
cryptozoology antique • interesting antique: objet
ankle • ankle-covering: gaiter, spat de vi rtu • person who studies or col­
• ankle ornament: anklet lects antiques or antiquities: anti­
quaria n, antiquary
anniversary .25th anniversary:
silver j u bilee .SOth anniversary: antler .flat section of antler: palm
• prong of antler: tine
golden jubilee .2Sth or SOth anni­
versary: ju bilee • denoting a 40th an­ anus . combining form: proct(o)­
niversary: ruby .denoting a 60th .adjective: anal .muscle closing the
anniversary: diamond .1OOth anni­ anus: sphincter .inflammation of
versary: centenary .1SOth anniver­ the anus: proctitis • swollen veins in
sary: sesquicentenary .200th anni­ the anus: haemorrhOids, piles .in­
versary: bicentenary .300th anni- strument for inspecting the anus:

15 anxiety I Arab

proctoscope • surgical construction appetite • adjective: orectic .per
of an artificial anus: colostomy son with a gross appetite for food:
• study of the anus: proctology gourmand .person with an insati­
able sexual appetite: lecher
anxiety .abnormally tense or anx­
ious: neurotic • showing no anxiety: appetizer .first course of a meal:
nonchalant hors d'oeuvre, starter .small open
sandwich served as appetizer: canape
apart • combining forms: d ia- (e. g.
• alcoholic drink taken before a meal
diagnosis, literally 'telling apart), se­
as an appetizer: aperitif
(e.g. separate)
applause .loud and long applause:
apartheid • formerdomination by ovation • persons hired to applaud:
whites in South Africa: baaskap claque
• term under apartheid for a South Af­
apple • apple that is green when
rican black: Bantu • offensive former
ripe: g reening • alcoholic drink
South African term for any black per­
son: Kaffir .offensive former South made from apple juice: cider • apple
African term for a person of mixed brandy: Ca lvados .apple of one's
ethnic origins: Coloured • homeland eye: cynosure
for South African blacks under apart­ appointment • appoint to a post:

heid: Bantustan • urban settlement nominate .where no appointments
for South African black� under apart­ are needed: d rop-i n .person not
heid: location, township • township keeping an appointment: no-show
drinking place: sh ebeen apprenticeship • apprenticeship

ape • adjective: simian • large agreement: indentures • having com­
powerful ape: gorilla pleted an apprenticeship: time­
apex .adjective: apical
Arab .Arab leader: sheik .Arab
Aphrodite • Latin name: Venus scholar or man of high social stand­
appeal •passionate appeal: cri de ing: effendi .nomadic desert Arab:
• litigant who
cceur (pl. cris de creur) Bedou in .Arab living in Israel or
appeals to a higher court: appellant Palestine: Palesti nian .Arab who
does not want a negotiated peace with
appearance . combining form:
Israel: rejectionist .Arab guerrillas:
-morph (e.g. polymorph), -phany
fedayeen • Arab sailing boat: dhow
• appearance of a god to mortals:
.Arab quarter in a town: kasbah
epiphany, theophany .first appear­
• Arab covered market: bazaar, souk
ance of an ' artist in public: debut
• Arab meat ball: kofta • Arab dish of
.sportsman or -woman playing in
spiced durum semolina: couscous
public for the first time: debutant
• Arab dish of mashed chickpeas: fela­
• surface appearance of a manufac­
fel, hummus .Arab cracked-wheat
tured article: fi nish .done merely
salad: tabbouleh • Arab fruit-juice
for the sake of appearance: token
drink: sherbet .Arab hooded cloak:
.denoting pleasant appearance and
burnous, djellaba • Arab headdress:
manner: personable • misleading
keffiyeh • Arab headband: agal
appearance: gu ise, illusion
.Arab man's long robe: dishdasha
appendix .inflammation of the • Arab eye make-up: koh l • Arab ges­
appendix: appendicitis • surgical ture of greeting: salaam • Arab name
removal of an appendix: appendec­ for God: Allah • dried-up river chan­
tomy nel in some Arab countries: wad i

arbitra tor I arch itecture 16
. . ........ ... .......... ................ ........... ... . . . . ................................ . ..............
.... . . ........... . . .....................

• Arab term for kif marijuana: fleche • ornamental porch with col­
• spirit i n Arab folklore:
genie (pl. umns: portico • covered walk round
genii), jinn (pl. same) � see also Mus­ a quadrangle: cloister • cloistered
lim quadrangle: cloi ster garth, garth
arbitrator . adjective: arbitral • ar­ • window projecting from a sloping
bitrator's formal decision: arbitra­ roof: dormer • denoting an opening
ment, determination • denoting an wider �t one end than at the other:
arbitrament that the parties must splayed • splayed window opening:
obey: binding em brasure • ornamental stone open­
work above a window: tracery
arch • row o f arches: arcade • stone
• semicircular alcove: lunette .large
at the centre of an arch: keystone
polygonal recess: oriel • projecting
• area behind the shoulder of an arch:
spandrel • underside of an arch: sof­ support for a wall: buttress • arch­
fit • support for an arch: pier shaped buttress: flying buttress
• structure supporting the lateral .moulding round the edge of a ceil­
thrust of an arch: abutment ing: cornice .moulding round a
door or window:
architrave, d rip­
archaeology . combining form:
stone, hood mould, label • wall fill­
archaeo- (e.g. archaeometry) • ur­
ing the end of a pitched roof: gable
gent archaeological investigation of a
• decorative triangular gable above a
site about to be disturbed: rescue
door or wall: pediment • pediment's
archaeology • systematic inspection
of a ploughed field: field wa lking recessed central area: tympanum
• decorative band at a wall top: frieze
• analysis of layering of remains:
• projecting wall above a fireplace:
chimney breast • projecting support:
archdeacon • adjective: archidi­
corbel • ornamental woodwork at a
aconal .title of an Anglican arch­
gable end: bargeboard • ornamental
deacon: venerable • archdeacon's
battlements: castellation • ornament
formal inspection: visitation
at the top or corner of a building: fin­
archer • astrological term: sagittar­ ial .ornament covering a joint in
ius ribwork: boss • Norman pointed or­
archery • adjective: toxophilite namentation: dog-tooth • ornamen­
.archery range: butts .mound for tal moulding of semicircular section:
the target in a range: butt • distant bead ing .ornamental framing for
target: rover an inscription: cartouche • orna­
architect . adjective: architectonic ment covering converging vaulting:
• architect working i n consultation boss • grotesquely carved water
with local inhabitants: commun ity spout: gargoyle • decoration in the
architect Chinese style: chinoiserie • outer
architecture de­• architecture covering for a wall: cladding .lower
signed to sympathize with its environ­ part of an interior wall: dado
ment: landscape architecture • de­ • smooth, square-cut masonry: ashlar
noting architecture in the styles of • steps and platform before a main en­
ancient Greece and Rome: classical trance: perron • elaborately decor·
• denoting architectural style mani­ ated entrance: portal • row of arches:
fested in functional buildings: ver­ arcade • exterior gallery on an
nacular • upper part of a classical upper floor: loggia .open courtyard
building: entablature • rounded roof­ in the centre of a building: atrium
ing vault: dome .slender spire: • underside o f a n architectural fea-

17 archive I aromatic

ture: soffit � see also beam, brick, armour .armour made of small
building, column, dome, ornament, metal rings: chain mail • helmet's

vault, wall, window plume: crest • helmet's face-guard:
beaver, visor • throat armour: gor­
archive • archived record: muni­
get • armour for the chest and back:
ment .person i n charge o f an arch­
cuirass • sleeveless mail coat: haber­
ive collection: archivist
geon • full-length mail coat: hau berk
Arctic .Arctic plain: tundra .Arc­ .arm armour: vambrace .ar­
tic sledge dog: husky moured glove: gau ntlet • thigh ar­

mour: cuisse • shin armour: greave
area .large area: tract .long nar­
• cloth garment worn over
row area: belt • remote area: hinter­
land, interior • area with a particu­
s u rcoat
lar use or character: zone • key area: arms • adjective: heraldic .system
nexus • area radically different from by which coats of arms are devised:
those surrounding it: enclave • area heraldry • expert in this: heraldist
cut off from those to which it is re­ .official controlling the College of
lated: exclave • surrounding area: Arms: Earl Marshal .official over­
purlieu • area with controlled access: seeing state ceremonial and grants of
exclusion zone • wet and boggy arms: herald, officer of arms,
area: quagmire .area devoted to persuiva nt .chief herald: King of
buildings of a particular kind: estate Arms .herald's emblazoned coat:
.area of influence or concern: pur­ tabard • shield bearing a coat of
view • area covered or available: arms: escutcheon • smaller shield

ra nge drawn inside another: inescutcheon
• section of an escutcheon: quarter
Ares • Latin na117R: Mars
• coat of arms with its bearers etc.:
argument • adjective: eristic .ar­ achievement • diamond-shaped
gument presented in court: submis­ board showing this: hatchment
sion • argument carefully ignoring • heraldic design: device, em blem
unfavourable facts: special pleading • left-hand side of a coat of arms: dex­
• noisy but trivial argument:squab­ ter • right-hand side of a coat of
ble .likely to cause argument: con­ arms: sinister • depict a coat of
tentious • prone to argue: disputa­ arms: emblazon .display two coats
tious • refutation of another's of arms on one shield: impale .de­
argument: rebuttal • allowing no ar­ noting a coat of arms that represents
gument: fi nal • denoting a superfi­ the bearer's name: canting
cially plausible argument: prima facie
army • adjective:
mil itary .citizen
• denoting a fallacious argument got
army: m i l itia, home guard • irregu­
up to convince: specious • user of
lar resistance force: m i l itia • front
dishonest arguments: casuist, soph­
part of an army: van, vanguard
• side of an army: flank • ground be­
arm . combining form: brachio­ tween opposing armies: no-man's­
. adjective: brachial • arm of an octo­ land • army training school: m i l itary
pus: tentacle .dinosaur with short academy
armlike front legs: brachiosaurus
aromatic • aromatic ointment
• ornament worn round the upper
made from a tree resin: balsam
arm: armlet
• massage treatment using aromatic
armed forces . adjective: mil itary oils: aromatherapy

arou nd I Asi a n 18
.. . . . . . . . . . ........... . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ ..
.... .... . . .

around • combining forms: am phi­ artistic origination: creativity • art­
(e.g. amphitheatre). circum- (e.g. cir­ istic discernment: taste • knowledge
cumference). peri- (e.g. perinatal) of the fine arts: virtu • artwork

arrange • arrange in sequence turned out to make a living: potboiler
• artist's complete output: oeuvre
without overlaps: stagger • arrange­
• outstanding artistic creation: mas­
ment of battle forces: disposition
• possible arrangement of a set of
terpiece, masterwork, piece de re­
items: permutation sistance (pl. pieces de reSistance)
• artwork imitating other styles: pas­
arrest • arrest performed by an or­
tiche • amateur dabbler in an art: dil­
dinary person: citizen's arrest • im­ ettante • art exhibition: salon .put
munity from arrest: sanctuary .dip­ works of art on show: exhi bit .arte­
lomat's immunity from arrest:
fact assembled at the exhibition: in­
sta llation • presentation of artefacts
arriva l .person dealing with ar­ which includes performers: perform­
rivals at a hospital, office, or hotel: re­ ance art • found object considered as
ception ist • non-arrival: no-show a work of art: objet trouve (pl. objets
arrow • arrow
for crossbow: bolt trouves) • organized series of artistic
• arrow'scentral wooden section: events: festival • spontaneous artis­
shaft • back-turned spike on an tic event: happen ing
arrow head: barb .feathered end of Artemis . Latin name: Diana
an arrow: fl ight .feather an arrow:
arthritis • arthritis in the joints:
fletch • case for arrows: qu iver
osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
art • creative art: fine art • vulgar • swimming exercises as a cure for
or sentimental art: kitsch .art in­ arthritis: hydrotherapy
tended to arouse sexual desire: erot­
artificial • artificial body parts:
ica • art produced by the untrained:
prosthetics • artificially created:
outsider art • art giving a minute re­
production of reality: hyperrea lism
factitious, synthetic
.realistic depiction of current social artist • major artist of the 13th 17th

conditions: social realism, verismo centuries: old master • artist's work­
• denoting grimly realistic art: shop: studio, atelier • artist's

kitchen-sink • artistic norms pro­ dummy: lay fig ure, manikin • artist's
mulgated under Stalinism: socialist personal style: idiom • artist's youth­
realism • denoting art depicting ful output: j uvenilia • artist's com­
physical appearances in a natural plete output: corpus, oeuvre .art­
way: fi gurative, realistic • denoting ist's most important creation:
art not depicting physical appear­ magnum opus • group of artists hav­
ances in a natural way: abstract ing a similar approach: school • per­
• denoting unconventional art: avant­ son posing for an artist: model
garde, underground • type of art:
ash • adjectives: cinera ry, cinerous
genre • genres created before an
• container for cremated ashes: urn
audience: performing arts .denot­
ing those genres involving three­ Asian .light Asian cart drawn by
dimensional modelling: plastic one or more people: rickshaw
• genres based on line and tone: • Asian savoury pastry: samosa
graphic arts • recurrent feature in • rainy season in southern Asia: mon­
an artwork: motif • conveyance of soon • yellow powder used to flavour
feeling in art: expression • faculty of and tillt Asian dishes: turmeric

19 assembly I athletics

assembly • assembly by the pur­ ant to a senior military officer: aide­
chaser: self-assembly • supplied de-cam p .priest's liturgical assist­
ready for easy assembly: prefabri­ ant: acolyte
cated assumption • assumption made as
assessment • analytical assess­ a basis for further reasoning: hypoth­
ment: critique • formal assessment esis • based upon assumptions: sup­
of an employee's performance: ap­ posititious
praisal • person gIvmg an assess­ asthma • adjective: asthmatic
ment of an artistic work or perform­ • person suffering from asthma: asth­
ance: critic • difficult or impossible matic .drug taken by asthmatics to
to assess: imponderable widen the bronchi: bronchodilator
asset • denoting assets not easily • instrument measuring asthmatics'
convertible into cash: fixed, illiquid lung capacity: pea k flow meter
• denoting assets easily converted to
astrology • astrological forecast of
cash: disposa ble, liquid, near-money
future events: horoscope .astro­
• denoting assets expected to be sold
logical chart: zodiac .sector on an
within a year: cu rrent • sale of as­
astrological chart: house, sign
sets: disposal • selling off assets of a
purchased company for quick profit: astronaut • trainee astronaut:
asset-stri pping • simultaneous trad­ space cadet .astronaut's protective
ing of assets in different l markets to clothing: spacesuit • astronaut's

profit by price differences: arbitrage period of physical activity in space
• convert assets into cash: rea lize outside the spacecraft: space wa lk,
• gradual increase in an asset's value: extravehicular activity • astronaut's
appreciation • gradual decrease in supply line during extravehicular
an asset's value: depreciation .pro­ activity: umbil ical • imagined dis­

gressive write-off of an asset's pur­ tortion of space time enabling astro­
chase value: amortization • charge nauts to breach the laws of physics:
upon assets: encumbrance • prevent space warp
the use of assets: freeze • legal docu­ Athena . Latin name: Minerva
ment disposing of one's assets after
athletics • athletic contest with two
death: wi ll
events for all competitors: biathlon
assimilation • gradual assimila­ • athletic contest with three events for
tion: osmosis • assimilation of cul­ all competitors: triathlon • athletic
tural minorities: integration contest with four events for al com­
assistant . combining form: sub- petitors: tetrathlon • athletic contest
(e.g. subed itor) , vice- (e.g. vice­ with five events for all competitors:
president) • general assistant: go­ pentath lon • athletic contest with
pher, factotum, mate, office boy seven events for all competitors: hept­
.author's or composer's assistant, athlon • athletic contest with ten
taking down dictation or copying events for al competitors: decathlon
drafts: amanuensis .criminal's as­ • international athletic contest for the
sistant: accompl ice, a bettor .hunt­ disabled: Paralympics • athletic
er's or fisherman's assistant: gillie event not a race: field event .ath­
• golfer's assistant: caddie • civil letic event involving racing: track
servant assisting a senior government event • balanced series of athletic
official: private secretary • adminis­ exercises: circuit • disc thrown by an
trative assistant to a senior military athlete: discus .large heavy ball
officer: adjutant • confidential assist- thrown by athlete: shot • athlete

At la ntic Ocean I attitude 20

competing in short races: sprinter for manipulating atoms and mol­
• athlete competing in middle or long ecules: nanotech nology • atomic

distance races: distance ru nner clock: caesium clock
.athlete's warm oversuit: tracksuit attach • inessential extra item at­
• weatherproof tracksuit: shell suit
tached . to something: appendage
Atlantic Ocean • equatorial re­ • attachment between newborn infant
gion of the Atlantic with uncertain and its mother: umbil ical cord
winds: doldrums .warm current
attack • combining form: (of a dis­
running northwest from the Gulf of
ease) -Iepsy (e.g. epilepsy) • brief at­
Mexico: Gulf Stream, North Atlantic
tack: foray, incursion, sal ly, sortie
• fierce attack: bl itz, onslaught
atmosphere • having a stale warm • sudden attack: strike .sudden sur­
atmosphere: frowsty, fuggy, fusty, prise attack: coup de main (pl. coups
stuffy .device to improve a room's de main) • sudden attack from a de­
atmosphere: ion izer • map line join­ fensive position: sally, sortie • attack
ing points of equal atmospheric pres­ on an enemy position: assault .un­
sure: isobar .regions of the earth's provoked attack: aggression • attack
crust and atmosphere inhabited by designed to disable a perceived threat:
living organisms: biosphere • suc­ first strike, pre-emptive stri ke .re·
cessive regions of the earth's atmos­ sponse to attack: counterattack,
phere: troposphere, stratosphere, counteroffensive, secon d stri ke
mesosphere, thermosp here, iono­ .attack by aircraft: air raid e re·
sphere • interface between tropo­ peated attacks from low-flying air­
sphere and stratosphere: tropopause craft: strafi ng .denoting a military
.interface between stratosphere and attack carried out with great preci­
ionosphere: stratopause • ozone­ sion: surgical • crime of attacking a
rich layer in the stratosphere: ozone person: assault • person or thing
layer .thin area in this: ozo ne hole vulnerable to attack: soft target
• proportion of moisture present in
attendant • group of attendants
the atmosphere: humidity .elong­
upon an important person: entou­
ated region of high atmospheric pres­
rage, retinue, train • protective at­
sure: ridge • elongated region of low
tendant: bodyguard, minder
atmospheric pressure: trough .area
of atmospheric pressure lower than attention • focus the attention: con­

those around it: depression .un­ centrate .centre of attention: cyno­
stable atmospheric pressure: turbu­ sure .forcing the attention: intru­
lence • instrument measuring at­ sive, obtrusive • activity designed to
mospheric pressure: barometer distract attention: d iversion .avoid­
atom • atom with a net positive or
ance of attention: low profi le • craft­
negative charge: ion • atom's central ily avoiding attention: furtive .time
core: nucleus (pl. n uclei) • force hold­ spent devoting one's attention to an­
ing atoms together: bond • bonded other: qual ity time
group of atoms: molecule • group of attitude • set of attitudes: mental ity,
atoms behaving as a unit: radical mi ndset .set of attitudes opposed to
• constituent of an atom: particle, those currently prevailing: counter­
subatomic particle, elementary par­ culture .confrontation of different
ticle • force holding quarks, neu­ attitudes: culture shock • spread of
trons, and protons together within the middle-class materialism: embour­
nucleus: strong force • technology geoisement • person with outdated

21 attract I away

attitudes: fogey • still adhering to • falsename used by an author: nom
old attitudes: unreconstructed, u n re­ de plume, pseudonym • right of
generate authors to royalties from libraries:
attract • bargain offered to attract
public lending right .person in
customers: come-on, loss-leader charge of a dead author's works: liter­
• attractive but worthless: meretri­ a ry executor • assign authorship:
cious attri bute
aubergine .aubergine in Greek authority • with full authority: ex

cuisine: mel itza nes • aubergine in cathed ra • showing authority:
Indian cuisine: brinjal magisterial • shared authority: part­
auction • auction at which the price
nership • intrusively authoritarian:
is progressively reduced: Dutch auc­
officious .misuse of authority: mis­
tion • item sold at an auction: lot feasance .area of authority: remit,
terms of reference .legal authority
.price which an item must reach be­
fore being sold: reserve, reserve to act for another: power of attorney
• person authorized to act for another:
price, upset price • secret alliance of
purchasers at an auction to force
down prices: ring authorization • authorization to
audiotape audiotape machine
• proceed: commission, mandate,
recording telephone messages: an­ remit • be absent without authoriza­
swering machine, answerphone tion: take French leave
• container for audiotape: cassette automatic • introduction or use of

Australian • native Australian: automatic equipment: automation
Aborigi nal • Australian wild dog: • done in automatic response to a

dingo .ostrich-like Australian bird: stimulus: reflex
emu .river backwater in Australia, autumn • fine weather in late au­
filled only by floods: billabong tumn:Indian summer, St Luke's
.large area of pasture: run • Austra­ summer, St Martin's summer
lian term for a British person:
Pommy • Australian term for an un­ available • available but not obliga­

skilled farmhand: rouseabout, roust­ tory: optional • available to all: open
about • Australian terms for the • general availability: open access,

rural hinterland: backblocks, out­ open door • acceptance of what hap­
back pens to be available: pot luck • not
available: inaccessible
Austrian • title of former Austrian

emperors: Kaiser • Austrian mayor: avocado • Mexican dish of mashed

burgomaster • Austrian province: avocado: guacamole
Land (pl_ Lander) .Austrian folk avoid • have no dealings with: boy­
dance: landler .Austrian chocolate
cott • avoid skilfully and repeatedly:
cake: Sachertorte (pl. Sachertorten)
elude, evade .avoid a need or diffi­
author • author employed to write culty: obviate
for another: ghostwriter .author of
award • person
receiving an award:
film and TV scripts: screenwriter,
laureate • statement
of reasons for
scenarist • author's youthful output:
bestowing an award: citation
j uvenilia • author's inability to think
of new material: writer's block away • combining forms: a b(s)- (e.g.
• author's assistant, taking down dic­ abduct), ap(o)- (e.g. apogee), de- (e.g.
tation or copying drafts: amanuensis deduct), out- (e.g. outbound)

. .. . . . . . .. . . .... ... . 22 . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . ... .. .. . .axe I AZtec ... . .. .. . . . .. .. .. .. . .. axe • small axe: hatchet • Ameri­ er's ice axe: piolet • axe handle: haft can Indian axe: tomahawk • animal­ Aztec • Aztec temple: teocalli slaughterer's axe: poleaxe • climb- . .. ...... .. . . ....... . . . . . . ... .. . . . . . ... .. ..... . . .. ..... . .. . .... ... . ... . . .. . ...

hunchback • back of a babies born at a birth: q uadrup let leaf of paper: verso .one of three babies • back sloping forward at the top: born at a birth: triplet • one of four hum pback.lying on one's .denoting bacon having alter­ known parentage: foundling • baby nate strips of fat and lean: streaky secretly substituted for another: bacterium • bacteria in contamin­ changel ing .one of two babies born at jectives: dorsal. Bb baby • adjective: infantile • baby chante. mye­ legged feeding chair: high chair loid • having a backbone: vertebrate . dummy • baby's long­ backbone .(e. retrospect) of a newborn infant: meconium .g. anamnesis) .female follower of Bacchus: bac.joint of meat containing a backbone: baby whenever it cries: demand-feed chine • breast-feed a baby: suckle • woman backer • person lending money to fi­ employed to suckle another's baby: nance a film or play: angel • person wet nurse . combiningforms: dors. • malefollower of Bacchus: bacchant disi nfecta nt • study of bacteria: .scaly skin on a baby's head: cradle cap • space between the ated food: Escherichia coli. combining forms: Moses basket • baby's plastic teat: ana. bacte riology . knapsack.. sack cradle • baby's small portable bed: carrycot • baby's wickerwork cot: back again .un­ bacon • side of bacon: fl itch • slice explained deAth of a sleeping baby: of bacon: rasher • cube of bacon: lar­ cot death. listeria • bacterium causing gonorrhoea: parts of an baby's skull: fontanelle gonococcus • bacterium causing • apparatus providing special envir­ onment for a premature baby: incuba­ pneumonia and dental decay: strepto­ tor • pouch for carrying a baby: sling coccus • bacteria cultivated for ex­ • institution offering daytime care of perimentation: culture • test for bac­ teria: Gram sta in • substance babies: creche • killing a baby: in­ arresting the multiplication of bac­ fanticide teria: bacteriostat • substance kill­ Bacchus • Greek name: Dionysus ing bacteria:'s babbling: lal lation • wind •having no backbone: i nvertebrate suffered by a baby: colic • feed a . sudden i nfant death syn­ don .abandoned baby of un­ rind . adjectives:­ blue baby .g. ruck­ born baby: layette • baby's bed: cot. of five babies born at a birth: back: supine • bag strapped to the quintuplet • set of clothes for a new­ back: haversack.(e. return) comforter. maenad • staff carried by less than four weeks old: neonate Bacchus' followers: thyrsus • baby with insufficient blood oxygen: back .g. (lower back) lu mbar a birth: twin .liquid baby food to replace breast milk: formula backwards • combining form: • bounce a baby: dandle • first faeces retr( 0). re.tough outer layer on bacon: drome .(e.discourage a baby from betting on a racehorse: pu nter breast-feeding: wean .

.....chief female ballet dancer: motor cycle. dys.... flight bag spin • bag for carrying a child on the back: ballet • ballet company: corps de papoose . juggler.... maladministration).. etc... bad .state of commence play: serve balance: equili brium • balance of forces or interests: equipoise • per­ bad taste • person having bad son performing balancing feats: taste: boor. gaudy.. balancing flywheel: gyroscope . vulgarian a crobat..mixture of flour and yeast catachresis).lose lurid balance: overbalance bag • plastic o r paper bag with han­ Balinese • Balinese percussion or­ dles: carrier bag • capacious bag: chestra: gamelan holdal/..forward spin on a ball: top­ shoulder bag: carry-on . portmanteau • bag puck • ball that is out of play: dead strapped to the back: haversack.g..... · ball ... sound of bagpipes: skirl oured ribbon: rosette • school or bail • pay bail money for another: sports team badge: colours stand bail..: pan­ prima ballerina ............ bag: twist tie • baglike bodily mem­ cacophony)...... badger • male badger: boar having gained release by bail: jump • badger's burrow: earth.b a d I banet 24 . misadventure) • exceptionally p ipes • small bellows-powered bag­ bad: egregious .g. shuttlecock • strike the ball to . rucksack • school bag on ball ..g..... . ball .... tote bag • small bag for cos­ Balkan • Balkan guerrilla: chetnik metics: vanity bag • small sealed bag: sachet • travelling bag: grip.(e..small travelling bag: va l­ wood • small white ball used in ise • two-sectioned travelling bag: bowls: jack • ball used in ice hockey: Gladstone bag. combining forms: caco.. groundling.Irish bagpipes: uillean (e...... .... danseuse against exposure: su rvival bag • male ballet dancer: danseur • rail • small piece of plastic-covered wire supporting ballet dancer doing exer­ used to secure the neck of a plastic cises: barre • ballerina's short skirt: .. g... astrological term: libra ..... mismanage) for baking: dough • yeast SUbstitute used in baking: baking powder badm i nton • badminton bat: racket balance • adjective: equili brious • feathered cork used as a ball: sh ut­ tle. beast of burden. . sta n d surety • abscond.flower-shaped badge of col. brane: sac mal... shot • spiked metal canvas bag with a drawstring: duffel ball used as a war obstacle: caltrop bag .. battlefield.... etc.leading ballet dan­ nier • bag used to remove a corpse cer: coryphee .: dancers: corps de ballet • female body bag ..... sett bail badly • combining form: cata.............large bag for protection ballet dancer: bal/erina.(e.famously bad: no­ pipes: musette • pipe on bagpipes on torious • gradually getting worse: which the tune is played: cha nter insidious . dysfunction).(e. baking . sailor's bag: ditty bag .g... mis.a thing's bad aspects: • pipe on bagpipes used to produce a downside • bad breath: halitosis continuous bass note: d rone • shrill badge ...(e.sol­ • ball of decorated blown glass: witch dier's bag: kitbag • air-travellers' ball ....large black ball used i n bowls: suitcase ...heavy exercise ball: medicine knapsack......g.... m is­ bagpipes .large bag at the side of a ballet ...(e..rank-and-file ballet from an accident.large metal ball thrown in ath­ a long strap: satchel • cylindrical letics: hammer...... fu nam bulist • self­ • vulgarly showy: garish.............. .. ...

home balloon .dance for two people: pas de deux overdraft . etc. pass book to display technique: divertissement • bank card giving access to cash dis­ • ballet enthusiast: balletomane � see pensers: cash card • management of also dancer a bank account by telephone or com­ puter modem: direct banking.roofed outdoor band plat­ form: bandstand by a bank on its own funds: ba nk d raft. ban ker's draft • bank's printed bandage • bandage supporting an order for payment of a specified sum: injured arm: sling .large de­ storeroom: va ult fensive bank: earthwork .long bank banknote • thin line inside bank­ built to prevent flooding: dyke. or­ withdrawn before a set date: time de­ performed on the tips of the ing deposits and withdrawals on his toes: pointe. moored in banking. scarp . em­ note paper: thread mark • banknote ban kment . safety deposit • bank's secure • steep bank: bl uff.ab­ network: electronic transfer of fu nds sorbent pad: swab • absorbent plug: • wall-mounted deposit box used tampon • soft moist mass applied to when the bank is closed: night safe relieve inflammation: poultice • secure store for valuables: safe de­ bank' • artificial bank: berm posit.25 balloon I banknote tutu • balet shoes with strengthened bank' • bank dealing in commercial toes: poi nte shoes • ballet step: pas loans and investment: merchant bank • arm movement: port de bras • spin • deposit-taking cooperative offering made on one foot: pi rouette • posture cheap loans to members: cred it u n ion with one leg lifted at right angles: ar­ • bank account for frequent deposits abesque • series of steps for a ballet: and withdrawals: current account choreography • person devising • bank account for longer-term de­ these: choreographer • person posits: deposit account • bank ac­ teaching ballet dancers their steps: count for several persons: jOint ac­ repetiteur • solo dance: pas seul count • bank account deficit: .: boycott posit • instruction to a bank to make band • band conductor: band master regular payments: standing order • sudden withdrawal of deposits by • chiefmusician in a band: band­ many investors: ru n • cheque drawn leader .loosely woven money order • cheque guaranteed by dressing: ga uze • bandage twisted a bank: certified cheque • banks' es­ tight to stop the flow of blood: tou rni­ tablishment for the exchange of quet • bandage stiffened with plaster cheques: cleari ng house • banks' of Paris: cast. plaster cast • pad ap­ trading in short-term loans: money plied to stop bleeding: compress ma rket • banking transaction ef­ • protective or healing material fected via the telecommunications placed on a wound: d ressing .large balloon.customer's book record­ . en pointe • short dance account: bank book. telebanking • remove from groups to frustrate air attack: barrage a bank account: debit • arrangement balloon • balloon's gas container: for a third party to draw on one's ac­ envelope • enclosed pasS\:lnger com­ count: direct debit • money paid into partment below a balloon: gondola a bank account: deposit • money ban • ban on trade: embargo • ban taken out of a bank account: with­ on implementation of a decision: veto d rawal • bank deposit that cannot be • ban on dealings with a person.artificial bank carrying design visible only when held up to a road or railway: embankment the light: watermark .

.forbid • bitter extract of cinchona bark: a barrister to practice: d isbar quinine base • base for a statue etc.. spent tan ing barristers: I n n of Court .. . .. the outer bar tannin: tan . . . bankru�� . . . . . . etc. .forti· using a vacuum box to measure at· fied base established on an enemy mospheric pressure: aneroid . tablished inside enemy territory: quicksilver bridgehead .plug for a barrel • basket for sewing items: work­ vent: spigot . . .military base: garrison . . .such barristers collect· bark • removea tree's bark: decorti­ ively: the inner bar • other barristers cate • bark bruised as a source of collectively: jun iors. . . . . �. . ..allow air to enter a basket • basket on a cycle or donkey: barrel: vent • open a barrel: broach pannier . loss-leader cused while in court: dock brief . . .. . .liquid shore: beachhead • fortified base es· metal used in a barometer: mercu ry... . .. .? bankrupt • official appointed to barrier • crowd barrier: crush bar­ manage the affairs of bankrupts: re­ rier • roadside barrier preventing ac· ceiver • release a bankrupt from fur· cidents: crash barrier • improvised ther payments: discharge barrier blocking a street: barricade baptism • baptism by dipping: im­ . . . . . . .large light barge: wherry rister in a long case: refresher _ hon· • barge towed by another boat: butty orific title bestowed on a senior • person who works on a barge: bar­ barrister: King's Counsel. . . .. . gown. . .. . wa nd • pass a light pen over a • case information and instructions bar code: wipe given to a barrister: brief • brief bargai n • bargain offered to attract given to a barrister chosen by the ac· customers: come-o n. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . ...: pedes­ barometer . . . . . tun base for further reasoning: hypoth­ • small barrel: keg • person who esis makes barrels: cooper • plank from basket • food basket: hamper which barrels are made: stave •basket for soft fruits: punnet • bas· • metal band compressing a barrel's ket for garden vegetables: trug • bas· staves: hoop • small hole in the side ket for dirty clothes: l i nen basket of a barrel: vent . . .. . .tanbark used • organization training and regulat· as a ground·cover: tan. . denoting a barometer tal . .: court d ress pen. . . Queen's gee Cou nsel .. . . tan bark .. . I ���. .refuse to hon· directly involved in it: watching brief our a bargain: renege • initial fee paid to a barrister: re­ tainer • subsequent fee paid to a bar· barge . . . • shrewd bargaining to mutual advan· • brief to follow a case for a client not tage: horse-trading .��� . . . . . . . . . . . .insurmountable barrier: Chi nese wa ll • imagined invisible barrier: mersion • baptism by pouring water over: affu sion • baptism by sprink· force field ling: aspersion • person making barrister • barristers regarded col· promises for a child being baptized: lectively: the bar • barrister's ap· godparent prenticeship: pupillage • barrister bar • short bar attaching a collar to a advising a court martial: judge advo­ cate • barrister serving as a part· shirt: stud • bar at which drinks time judge: recorder • barrister's of· must be paid for: cash bar • bar at fice: chambers • barrister's advice which the drinks are free: open bar on a point of law: opinion • barris· bar code • bar code reader: light ter's wig. . . . . . . . .wooden neck·frame for • wooden peg to seal a barrel: spile carrying baskets: yoke • willow . . .. .proposition used as a barrel • large barrel: hogshead. . . . . . .

adjective: balneal • bath with zontal beam connecting rafters: tie underwater jets: jacuzzi™ • bath beam • short beam supporting a raf­ with hot aerated water: spa.verti­ ization: Eta cal underground beam supporting bastardy • supposed heraldic indi­ foundations: pile. or one causing • bean giving bean sprouts: mung huge destruction: Armaged don • curd made from mashed soya beans: • battlefield hospital: field hospital tofu . bend horizontally in a wall: wa ll plate sinister • court order obliging a bas­ • beam or plate distributing weight tard's father to contribute to its sup­ along a wall: template • beam sup­ port: affi liation order porting a floor: joist • beam support­ ing joists or rafters: summer • hori­ bath .point at which current fanlight: transom • beam across the enters or leaves a battery: electrode tops of columns: architrave • over­ • slow battery charger: trickle char­ head beam supporting equipment: ger • denoting an exhausted battery: gantry • denoting a beam carrying flat the structure above it: load-bearing • use o f beams: tra beation • small battle • small battle: incident.Basque separatist terrorist organ­ beam . front • position­ ing of troops for battle: deployment. spa ter or arch: hammer beam • roof bath. skir­ piece of stone or wood supporting a mish • closeaerial battle: dogfight beam's end: tassel • heavy beam • battle area: field.metal beam: g i rder .floating beam restrict­ • bravery in battle: gallantry • offi­ ing access to a harbour etc: boom cial report from the battlefront: d is­ bean • adjective: leg uminous patch • regroup after defeat: rally • smallFrench kidney bean: flageolet • the ultimate battle.defended beach position: beach­ cing: dribble • aggressive marking of head opponents: ful l-court press beads • large string of beads used in Basque •Basque ball game: jai alai. spa pool • steam hath: Tu rki sh beam supporting rafters: purlin bath • hot-air bath: sauna • bath • beam at the apex of a roof: ridge only large enough to sit in: hip bath • mark left on a bath's sides by re­ piece .long beam supporting and ceding water: tidemark • dried trop­ connecting a framework: stri ngpiece • beam fixed at one end: canti­ ical fruit used as a bathing sponge: loofah lever • beam above an opening: l i ntel • beam across a fireplace: ma ntel tree batter • thin fried cake of batter: • short horizontal wall-post to carry pancake • sweet batter baked with a scaffolding beams: putlog • horizon­ fruit filling: clafoutis tal beam dividing a window: transom battery • rechargeable battery stor­ • vertical beam dividing a window: ing electricity as chemical energy: ac­ mullion • beam between a door and a cumulator . prayer: rosary • small string of beads pelota • court for this: fronton used in prayer: chaplet .27 basketball I bean cropped for basket-making: osier bay • small sheltered bay: cove • shoot from this: withy • large bay: gulf basketbal l • attempt at goal beach • adjective: littoral • barrier awarded after a foul: free throw • ad­ preventing beach erosion: groyne vance the ball by continuous boun­ . used to knock down walls: ram . bat­ disposition • join battle: engage teri ng ram . spile • beam laid cation of bastardy: bar sinister.

. animal. . . . . . etc. .long-handled brass -phore (e. hive • group of beehives: • exercises designed to improve apiary • person who studies or keeps strength and appearance: cal listhen­ bees: apiarist ics • not beautiful: plain beef . . . real ale • beer as a practical joke with a single sheet stored with carbon dioxide: keg beer folded back on itself: apple-pie bed • beer served from a bulk container: • bed's solid frame: bedstead • can­ draught beer • nitrogen device in opy over a bed: tester • panel at a some beer cans: widget • dark hoppy bed's head: headboard • thick upper beer: mild . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .g. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .female bee: cornigerous) q ueen . pay bed • bed made up itionally: cask beer. . . . . . .cut of beef from the outside beaver • young beaver: kit. . . q uilt • fabric case stuffed with with charred malt: porter . . . . . .light ef­ feathers etc. . . . . . . .boned sirloin steak: entrecote • thick steak of fillet beef: chateau bri­ bed • bed without head. . . . animal's bedding of straw etc. .large group of bees: feral • beast-like characteristics: ani­ swarm • hexagonal wax structure mal ity built by bees: honeycomb • sub­ beauty . . . . . . . . . . . group: worker . . kitte n leg: si lverside . .g. . . . bear • adjective: ursine • young of a quilt with a detachable cover: bear: cub continental quilt. . . . ship. . . . . .b ear / beer . . . bed: bedridden . . .dark beer made with bed-covering sewn in sections: eider­ roasted malt: stout • dark beer made down. . .cut of beef from the • beaver's den: lodge breast: brisket • cut of beef from the becoming • combining form: lower part of the spine: loin • best -escent • becoming liquid: deliq ues­ part of this: sirloin • high-quality cent • becoming rotten: putrescent beef taken from the hindquarters: • becoming sexually mature: pubes­ steak • lean cut from the rump: top­ cent side . . . . semaphore. .: berth • NHS hos­ beef: burger pital bed for which a charge is made: beer • beer brewed and stored trad­ amen ity bed. . . . . 28 . adjective: apian . . . . .: litter bearing • combining forms: -ferous (e.malt and liquor . . . . . often one of a tiered set: bunk stew with onions and beer: carbon­ • canvas bed suspended by cords at its nade • French beef stew: grillade • beef cooked in a sour cream sauce: ends: hammock • portable bed for the injured: stretcher • enclosed bed beef stroganoff • seasoned smoked carried on poles: litter • fixed bed on beef: pastrami • flat cake of minced a train. . .male bee: drone • sterile bee doing most of the tasks of the beast • adjective: bestial. . . . combining form: calli­ stance fed to potential queens: royal • products claiming to improve the ap­ jelly • structure for bees to live in: pearance of the skin: cosmetics beehive. . . . . . . . . as a mattress or pillow: fervescent beer: lager • treated grain tick • ornamental cloth bedcover: for brewing: malt.or footboard: divan • bed with a canopy supported a n d • small thick slice of fillet beef: by posts: four-poster • matching pair tournedos • seasoned dish of raw of single beds: twi n beds • narrow steak and egg: steak tartare • beef bed. . . -gerous (e. . . . . odoriferous).g. . . .Japanese quilted in Christian processions: crucifer mattress used on the floor as a bed: • person carrying a censer: thurifer futon . literally 'sign­ pan formerly used to warm a bed: bearer) • person carrying the cross warm ing pan . . . . bee . . duvet • confined to bearer • combining forms: -fer. grist • water used bedspread • bed-covering consisting in brewing: liquor . . .

de psychism • belief that plants and novo inanimate objects possess souls: ani­ behaviour .dishonest behaviour: sl eaze. i n itial. virtue • behav­ draught cider: snakebite . protocol .per­ aimed at others' benefit: altruism son making beer: brewer • beer cart .large ations: role playi ng • behaviour earthenware beer mug: stein .encourage­ • acting beforehand: proactive ment of desired behaviour by rewards: • thing or person coming before an­ rei nforcement. outburst • from element of consciousness: pan­ the beginning: ab in itio. foolery) 0 generally accepted be­ pose in the material world: teleology haviour. nascent . rectitude. combining form: -ery mism .uncon­ .sudden be­ sion • belief that all matter has an ginning: outbreak. combiningform: retro.morally correct beer: head • beer mixed with a soft behaviour: conformity. • begging the question: petitio retrochoir) • behind with payments: principii in arrears beginner .g.g.(e. drink: shandy . tyro • suitable for be­ ontology ginners: entry-level belief • system of beliefs: doctri ne. inceptive.g.keen or ambitious be­ being .. aforementio ned).g. prede­ ment • encouragement of desired be­ cessor • before the war: antebellum. inci pient.att or happen periority: supercil ious • imitation of before (some other event): anticipate behaviour: mi mesis . misapprehen­ choate.servile behaviour: toadying.doctrine of design and pur­ (e.29 beetle I belief mixture: mash • breakdown of ive behaviour: trait. sugars in brewing: fermentati on man nerism.mis­ em bryonic. quirk. fore. ab ovo. de­ condition . truck­ or lorry: d ray ling . fo lklore 0 credulous belief in the . pubescent) • adjectives: faith • firm belief: conviction . of having experienced it before: study of human or animal behaviour: deja vu behavioural science beg .person's distinct.child's playful misbehav­ . beginning • combining form: dogma • system of religious belief: -escent (e.(e. p re-.employee's improper behav­ roach • ticking wood-boring beetle: iour: miscond uct .tall beer iour intended to fulfil social expect­ mug with a handle: tankard .final taste of beer: fi nish • foam on iour: mischief .drink of lager and propriety. combining form: onto- ginner: aspirant • inexperienced be­ • study of the concept of 'being': ginner: novice.mature further after fermentation: ventional behaviour: eccentricity. positive reinforce­ other: foreru nner.denoting behaviour (e. combining forms: afore­ transgressive . decorum. haviour by cessation of punishment: pre-war • feeling. when i n a new situ­ negative reinforcement • scientific ation. precursor. eti­ • traditional beliefs of a community: quette.engrained pat­ death-watch beetle • luminescent tern of maladaptive behaviour: per­ sonal ity disorder • stiffly beetle: gl ow-worm • sacred beetle of ancient Egypt: scarab • student of well-behaved: prim • strict and re­ beetles: coleopterist served in behaviour: un bending • breaching propriety or convention: before .clarify a brew: fi ne viance . expressing one's feelings of social su­ foreplay) . in­ taken belief: fallacy. or its rules: convention.: cock­ vice .living by begging: mendicant behind .g. idiosyncrasy . pro. ante. beetle • adjective: col eopterous skulduggery • immoral behaviour: • beetle infesting kitchens etc.

subcutaneous • beneath one's rung for the recitation of Roman Cath­ dignity: i nfra dig olic prayers commemorating the In­ benefit • reciprocal benefit: quid carnation: angelus • bell rung at pro quo • state benefit paid to dis­ death or a funeral: knell • alarm bell: tocsin • bell's tongue: clapper • bell abled persons needing home care: at­ tower: campa nile • art of bell­ tendance allowance e state benefit ringing: campanology • set of bells offsetting a disabled person's loss of for campanology: peal .... sinuous abandoning religious or political be­ beneath • combining forms: hypo-.. ..• be­ neath the earth's surface: subterra­ bell • bell rung to instruct people to nean • beneath the skin: hypoder­ return to their houses: curfew • bell mic....full of constructed . pliable . infra... combining forms: hypo­ to a family on low income: family (e.... . on the opposite hip: bal­ from a first event are placed on a sec­ dric • belt-attachment to hold a ond: double • bet in which initial sword: frog • padded belt supporting winnings are placed on a series of sub­ a hernia: truss sequent events: accu mulator • bet ....... supernatural: superstition • belief bench ............ .. infrastructure)....... . hypodermic .deflection of light or • correct a mistaken belief: disa buse radio waves passing from one medium • publicly disown a belief: reca nt to another: refraction • bending • still adhering to old beliefs: unre­ readily: flexi ble..long backless bench: form that one's nation is superior: chauvin­ ..g.... . . .. literally 'beneath the credit • situation where any increase skin').... ... unregenerate • person bends: flexuous. . carrying cartridges: expert knowledge: smart money bandolier • shoulder belt supporting • bet in which winnings and stake a sword etc.g...... ....per­ settle • upholstered bench against a son dying for his beliefs: martyr wall: banquette • person changing his or her beliefs to bend bend in a road: • V-shaped suit prevailing fashion: time server hairpin.. j i ngoism .. sub. ........... ...bell I bet .(e.g.large set of earnings: disability benefit • state bells for musical performances: caril­ benefit paid to those temporarily off lon work through illness: sickness bene­ fit • state payment to the long-term belonging to . .... combining form : sick: incapacity benefit • state bene­ -ine (e.. . with a strap bet • bet recommended as a near cer­ over the shoulder: Sam Browne tainty: nap • bet placed by those with • similar belt.. Alpine) • sense of 'not be­ fit assisting travel for the disabled: longing': alienation mobility allowance • state payment below . ethnocentricity.seeming benefit designed to belt • ornamental belt: sash • orna­ cause its recipient trouble: poisoned mental belt worn with men's evening chal ice dress: cummerbund • ornamental beside • combining form: para. sub­ in income triggers a counterbalancing • below the threshold of conscious­ withdrawal of state benefits: poverty ness: subliminal trap .......... pis aller lice and army officers... liefs: apostate • unable to believe: i ncred ulous i nfra.. ..... belt won by champion boxer: Lons­ parathyroid) dale belt • belt worn by a beginner best • best of ali: creme de la creme...... 30 ..... . infrastructure). ...(e.g.long wooden bench with high back: ism. in martial arts: white belt • belt worn by an expert in martial arts: par excellence • best available: faute black belt • belt worn by certain po­ de mieux.. .... ......g... ...(e.. bend .

g. place-bet Testament . ultra.g.g. in their correct order: perfecta • bet prejud ice • deliberate bias in favour naming the first two. first five books of the • denoting a bet placed on a horse be­ Old Testament: Pentateuch • first fore the runners are announced: ante­ six books of the Old Testament: Hexa­ post • denoting a bet made for a win ta uch • first seven books of the Old or a place: each-way • final odds at Testament: Heptateuch • second the start of a horse race: sta rting part of the Bible.(e. ham • his wife: Sarah • his son.g. hyper.(e. patri­ inter vivos arch in charge of the ark: Noah beyond • combining forms: extra­ • father of the Jewish nation: Abra­ (e. parti pris.g. martingale • bet naming the first two favouritism. but not giving of those usually discriminated their order: quinelJa • bet naming against: positive discrimination the first three in their correct order: Bible • first part of the Bible. combining form: inter­ murderer: Cain • his victim: Abel • between two other things: inter­ • Noah's grandfather.(e. later called Israel: su pernormal). meta. unfair bias: discri m ination. meta physical). offered as a sacrifice: Isaac • grand­ para.(e. traitor • person deserting one standpoint: higher criticism • inter­ side to j o in the other: trimmer. con­ tricast • bet that a horse will finish taining the Jewish scriptures: Old in the first three: place. containing further price • money etc. containing the Chris­ pari-mutuel • system where win­ tian scriptures: New Testament nings are calculated from the total • Jewish commentary upon the Old staked.(e. su pra­ Jacob • Jacob's son. turn­ pretation of biblical symbolism: typ­ coat ology • biblical passage read litur­ gically: lesson • list of biblical better • combining form: out. de trop • go • national Israelite leader in emergen­ beyond: transcend cies: judge • Israelite leader famous . later a ruler in national). outsmart) • better than what is on passage upon which a sermon is general offer: preferential . progres­ preached: text sively beneficial cycle of cause and ef­ fect: virtuous circle biblical figures • the first human: Adam • his wife: Eve • the first between . hypersonic). partiality. said to have mediate • between living people: lived 969 years: Meth uselah . p u t down o n a bet: Jewish scriptures not found in the stake • system where those backing Hebrew canon: Apocrypha • third the first three divide the total stake: part of the Bible. son of Abraham. extraterritorial).31 betraya l I biblical figures with cumulatively doubled stakes: bias .g.(e. person holding Testament: Kabbalah o Greek ver­ bets laid: stakeholder • make a bet: sion of the Old Testament: Septuagint place • textual criticism of the B ible: lower betrayal • betrayal of one's country: criticism • biblical exegesis from a treason • person doing this: rene­ comparative historical and cultural gade. transnational).g. ultra­ the Exodus: Moses • Moses' assist­ montane) • beyond one's authority: ant: Aaron • Moses' successor. paranormal).g.(e. super.g.(e. surreal). leader ultra vires • beyond what is neces­ in the conquest of Canaan: Joshua sary: supererogatory. trans­ Egypt: Joseph • Israelite leader in (e. not from odds offered: total iza­ Testament: Masorah. Midrash • Jew­ tor. readings: lectionary • biblical etc. totalizer. tote • per$on who takes ish mystical interpretation of the Old bets: bookmaker . supra.g. sur.

...... ... ... • X-ray to burn itself every 500 years and rise examination of the bile ducts: again from the ashes : phoenix cho liangography .......... uni­ • score-keeper: marker cycle .... .... three-wheeled bicycle: tri­ cycle • early bicycle with one very bingo • person announcing the num­ large and one small wheel: pen ny­ bers drawn: caller .. ......bicyc.. ornith­ wheel-changing: d ropout • cycle • adjectives: avia n .. ......... . tab • itemized bill: i nvoice king of Israel: Saul • second king of billiards • billiard-player's stick: Israel:David • Philistine giant slain cue • cue support: rest ... long stick by David: Goliath • son of David: to support the cue: bridge.o: speed • bicycle gears that biological experimentation: biohaz­ move the chain to different cogs: de­ ard railleur • U-shaped slot for quick bird • combining form: avi-...... .. ...... .......... said bile • combining form: chol. for h i s strength: Samson • Philistine bill • hotel or restaurant bill: ac­ seductress of Samson: Delilah • first count. a kind of flying dinosaur: cycle's rear wheel: pannier archaeopteryx .. ... ....... ..... large extinct fl ightless bird: dodo ... outdoor binoculars: port for a bicycle wheel: fork • small field g lasses ..... . .... genus... mythical bird... ..e I bird 32 ...... species • biology of pos­ handlebars _ bicycle handgrip that sible life on other planets: astrobiol­ may be twisted to change the gears: ogy. exobiology • health or twist-grip • particular cycle gear environmental risk posed by micro­ rati..... ornithic • bird too without pedalling: freewheel • jump young to leave the nest: nestling made on a bicycle while standing on • bird j ust able to fly: fledgling the pedals: bunny hop • cyclist's • group o f birds: fl ight • bird hunted trick of riding with the front wheel off by man: game bird • earliest known the gound: whee lie • bag beside a bird... ... . ... jigger Absalom • third king of Israel: Solo­ • stroke made with an inclined cue: mon • skilled hunter: Nimrod masse • stroke in which the cue • furious charioteer: Jehu • pro­ slips: m iscue • ball struck by the claimer of the will of God: prophet cue: cue ball • ball at which the cue • prophet ascending to heaven in a ball is aimed: object bal l • revolving chariot: E l ijah • Elijah's successor: motion imparted to the ball: spin Elisha • Jew cast into the lions' den: • backspin given to the cue ball: Daniel • prosperous Jew suddenly deprived of everything: Job • biblical screw • sidespin given to the cue sea monster: leviathan ball: side • stroke in which the cue ball strikes both the others: cannon bicycle • bicycle for general use: • pouch into which the ball is struck: roadster • bicycle with broad tyres pocket • strike a ball into a pocket: and many gears: mountain bike • bi­ pot • stroke pocketing a ball: hazard cycle whose rider lies on his back: re­ • direct pocketing of the cue ball: cumbent • bicycle for two riders.. . ........ one coup • brush past another ball: kiss seated behind the other: tandem • bi­ • successful turn at play: break cycle with one wheel: mon ocycle... . .... card with every farth ing • early bicycle pushed along number marked off: fu ll house by the rider's feet: velocipede • sup­ binoculars ... theatre binoculars: wheel steadying a child's bicycle: sta­ opera g lasses bil izer • racing cycle's sealed tyre: tu­ biology • biological bular tyre • bicycle's mileage meter: classification: cyclometer • bicycle handlebars taxonomy • biological classes: fam­ with handles below the bar: d rop ily..

vaginal discharge at the onset of labour: show 0 shorten­ langue de chat o hard biscuit: nut ing of uterine muscles before and dur­ o rich crumbly biscuit: shortbread.33 birth I bishop o tall pink wading bird: fl amingo birth to live offspring: viviparous o birds imitating human speech: o giving birth from eggs hatched budgerigar. q u i n o one of six eggs laid by a bird at one time: clutch offspring born at a birth: sextuplet o massed birdsong at daybreak: dawn o one of seven offspring born at a chorus 0 birds' seasonal change of birth: septuplet o one of eight off­ habitat: m i g ration 0 glide or soar spring born at a birth: octuplet 0 pla­ without wing movement: plane o loss centa and foetal membranes dis­ of a bird's markings due to moulting: charged after giving birth: afterbirth ecl i pse 0 bird's cleaning its feathers o difficulty in giving birth: dystocia with its beak: preening o mass of o virgin birth: parthenogenesis 0 re­ bones and feathers regurgitated by a birth in another body: reincarnation bird of prey: pellet . suffragan • sovereign's . zard 0 membrane between the toes of quad 0 one of five offspring born at a a swimming bird: web 0 group of birth: q uintuplet. mynah. perinatal 0 ob­ stetrics dealing with this period: biscuit o thin crisp biscuit: wafer o thin crisp biscuit made of flour and perinatology 0 expulsion of a fetus water: water biscuit 0 thin dry bis­ before it can survive independently: cuit cracker 0 thin narrow biscuit: miscarriage . natal ity o equivalence of rears or keeps birds: aviculturist birth and death rates: zero popula­ o study of birds: orn ithology tion growth � see also childbirth birth 0 combining form: -genesis birth-giving o combining form: o adjective: natal • close to the time -parous (e. truss o person who birth rate. lochia o denoting or occurring tifical 0 bishops collectively: epis­ in the time immediately before or copacy 0 chief bishop: patriarch. co n­ birds rest at night: roost 0 enclosure nate o following birth: post-partum for keeping birds: aviary 0 alumin­ o hormone stimulating milk produc­ ium identification strip round a bird's tion after giving birth: prolacti n leg: ring 0 tie up a bird's wings and o ratio of births to size of population: legs: pinion. ing birth: contractions 0 inducing shortcake 0 currant biscuit: gari­ uterine contractions: ecbolic o new­ baldi o light almond biscuit: maca­ born offspring: neonate 0 birth of roon 0 biscuit of nuts in a chocolate base: florentine offspring already dead: stillbirth o matter discharged after birth: after­ bishop o adjectives: episcopal. viviparous) of birth: near-term. place where o present from birth: congenital. parrot 0 denot­ within the body: ovovIvi parous ing a bird able to feed itself soon after o producing one offspring at a birth: hatching: precocial 0 denoting a bird uniparous 0 producing several off­ unable to do this: altricial 0 bird's spring at a birth: m ultiparous claw: talon 0 outer part of a bird's o group o f animals produced at a wing: pinion o forked bone between birth: litter 0 one of three offspring the neck and breast of a bird: wish­ born at a birth: triplet o one of four bone • bird's muscular stomach: g iz­ offspring born at a birth: quadruplet. pon­ birth. pri­ after birth: perinatal 0 first milk pro­ mate • senior bishop: arch bishop. duced by a cow or goat after giving metropol itan 0 bishop in charge of a birth: beestings 0 glvmg birth by diocese: diocesan 0 assistant bishop: means of eggs: oviparous 0 giving coadj utor.g.

. whipping boy • free authority: province • bishop's area from blame: exculpate. . . . white blood having one white and one mulatto par­ cell: leucocyte • small lymphatic ent: quadroon . . . . . . . obstruction of mation of the bladder: cystitis • in­ the blood supply: infarction . . . . . . . . . haematic. . . . . -aemia • adjectives: dust: anthracosis. Haitian black agulating blood: serum • blood move­ magic: voodoo • West Indies black ment round the body: circulation magic: obeah • denoting the heart and blood ves­ blacksmith • blacksmith's work­ sels: cardiovascular • denoting the shop: forge. . . . . . . vesical • inflam­ blood: ischaemia .. . .. . . . . . . . crozier. . . . . . pastoral staff • bishop's ceremonial chair: throne blame • person made to bear the • bishop's folding chair: fa ldstool blame . . . sang uineous • black hairstyle with tight braids giv­ • blood cell: corpuscle • proportion ing a geometrical scalp pattern : corn­ of corpuscles in blood. see • bishop's vindicate period of office: episcopate blind • blind with angled slats: jalou­ • bishop's letter to all his clergy: pas­ sie • blind with pivoting slats: ven­ toral letter • bishop's inspection of etian blind his diocese: visitation • move a bishop to another see: translate blind ness • partial blindness: scot­ oma • blindness over half the field of bite • take small bites: nibble • bite persistently: g naw vision: hemianopia • inability to see in the dark: night bli ndness. . . . of authority: d iocese. letter nominating a bishop: letter mis­ ation to remove the bladder: sive • bishop's ordination: consecra­ cystectomy • thin tube for draining tion • mitre • bishop's bishop's hat: the bladder: catheter over-vestment: dalmatic • bishop's blade • rotating blade: vane long surplice: rochet • bishop's staff: • sharpen a metal blade: whet crook. . stem . . .. . . . . . . . . . thrombo­ rant liqueur: cassis cyte . . . . . .. . . pneumoconiosis haemal. . combining forms: melan­ opia • dog trained to lead the blind: • 'black box' in an aircraft: fl ight re­ guide dog � see also colour blind­ corder • 'black hole' in astronomy: ness. • SUbstance colouring erythrocytes: porting a blackboard: easel haemoglobin • colourless fluid part of blood: plasma . staunch. . . . . . sm ithy • blacksmith's brain and its blood vessels: cerebro­ metal workblock: anvil vascular • coagulated blood: clot. . .. . . . . .. . . exonerate. amber liquid produced by co­ black magic . . . . stop­ ternal examination of the bladder: page of blood to the brain: stroke cystoscopy • surgical cutting of the • stop blood flowing from a wound: bladder: cystotomy • surgical oper. caused by miners' inhalation of coal haemat-. . . or the deter­ rows • person having one white and mination of this: blood count • red one black parent: mUlatto • person blood cell:eryth rocyte . . nyctal­ black . . . . . . sight collapsar • boundary of a 'black hole' : event horizon • 'black lung' blood . . for another's wrongdoing: • archbishop or metropolitan's area of scapegoat. .. . . . . . . . .bite I b lo od 34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . combining forms: haem-. . . . substance stopping .. person of mixed leucocyte: lymphocyte • abnormal European and black descent: Creole leucocyte in leukaemia: lymphoblast blackboard • wooden frame sup. . . . . . . bladder • combining form: cyst(o)­ thrombus • inadequate supply of • adjectives: cystic. . . . . .. . . . . disc-shaped cell blackcurrant • French blackcur­ fragment in blood: platelet. . .

. study of the blood: ' blocked: bypass • main artery from haematology • blood transfer: trans­ the heart: ao rta • main artery of the fusion • person providing blood for neck: carotid artery . . . in­ in the blood. . . . ven­ cele • substantial discharge of blood: • adjective: vascular. determin­ i ntravenous . . . set of tery supplying the lungs: pulmonary types of human blood that are mutu­ a rtery • progressive hardening of the ally compatible for transfusion: blood arteries: arteriosclerosis. . . . . . . .: normog lycaemia strument measuring blood pressure: sphygmomanometer • inflatable • presence of parasites in the blood: parasitaemia • excessive accumula­ bag used with this: cuff tion of blood: congestion • swelling blood vessel . the injection of blood clot or air bubble: em bolism oxygenated blood to enhance a . . . . . ath ero­ group • baby with insufficient blood sclerosis . . . haemodialysis stop bleeding: com press • point • haematophagous feeding on blood: where an artery may be pressed • blood-sucking parasite: leech pres­ against a bone to stop bleeding: • blood relationship: kinship sure point • periodic uterine bleed­ blood clot . . septicae­ mia caused by a retained tampon: consciousness through a fall in blood pressure: syncope • pituitary hor­ toxic shock syndrome • excessive glucose in the blood: hyptlrglycaemia mone tending to increase blood pres­ • insufficient glucose in the blood: sure: vasopressi n • drug reducing hypoglycaemia • sufficient glucose blood pressure: beta blocker . . . . . . . . . . . . combining form: ing: menstruation. .. network of blood ves­ ation of the number of corpuscles in a sels: circul atory system. . . . . . . . • clotting of the blood: substance aiding coagulation: factor thrombosis • swelling caused by • deficiency of red cells in the blood: thrombosis: haematoma • reduced anaemia • red cell antigen: rhesus clotting capacity of the blood: haemo­ factor • denoting blood having the philia • substance preventing blood rhesus factor: rhesus positive . . de­ clots: anticoagulant • dissolution of noting blood lacking the rhesus fac­ a blood clot: thrombolysis tor: rhesus negative • blood disease blood pressure • high blood pres­ causing proliferation of white cells: sure: hypertension • high blood leukaemia • blood protein counter­ acting antigens: anti body • blood pressure in pregnancy: pre-eclampsia poisoning caused by bacteria: septi­ . . . . . large vein returning blood to the sportsman's performance: blood dop­ heart: vena cava • vein carrying i ng • artificial purification of the blood to the liver: portal vei n • fine . . toxaemia • blood poisoning normoten sive • temporary loss of caused by pus: pyaemia . . . . . . phleb-. . . . . . . . .35 blood I b l ood vessel . . . . . . . . . . arterial obstruction by a oxygen: blue baby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bleeding: styptic • pad applied to blo o d: d ialysis. . . . . vaso-. . . . . . . period • blood thrombo. . . . . . . arterio-. . low blood pressure: hypotension • having normal blood pressure: caemia. . . . . . . . . . combining forms: caused by collected blood: haemato­ angio-. . . . . . . . . . . . . vascular specific volume of blood: blood count system • blood vessel running from • blood protein transporting oxygen: the heart: artery • blood vessel run­ haemoglobin • protein found in the ning to the heart: vei n • artificial blood of a diseased person: blood vessel replacing one that is paraprotein . . . venous • full of haemorrhage • presence of blood in veins: venose • in or into a vein: the urine: haematuria . . . . . . artery supply­ transfusion : donor • store of blood ing the heart: coronary artery • ar­ for transfusion: blood bank . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . floating platform: raft • boat hollowed out of a log: dugout • flat­ ment of varicose veins by injections to harden their walls: sclerotherapy bottomed square-ended boat: punt • swollen veins in the anus: haemor­ . . . . .b lue I bo at 36 . . . . blood vessel: capillary • breakage of • horizontal boards with overlapping capillaries below the skin: rupture. . . . . . . . . . . . lig hter • flat­ blunder • social blunder: gaffe. . . combiningform: cyano. . . . piles • narrowing of blood dinghy • light fast boat: yacht • Ma­ vessels: vasoconstriction • widening layan sailing boat: proa • small oared of blood vessels: vasodi lation • drug boat used in the Far East: sampan narrowing blood vessels: vasoco n­ . large motor boat: launch • motor • surgical opening of a vein: phlebot­ boat with living accommodation: omy. . . . . . lapsus ling uae to and fro across a stretch of water: ferry • pleasure boat on the Seine at blush . . . . . . . . . light racing boat: shell wood with alternating grain: plywood • round wickerwork boat: coracle • board made of plaster set between • small pedal-operated pleasure boat: paper: plasterboard • board made of pedalo • boat with one hull: mono­ layers of glued paper: pasteboard hull • boat with parallel twin hulls: • strong pasteboard used in book catamaran • boat with three parallel covers: mill board • board with a net­ hulls: trimaran • boat's secondary work of small holes: pegboard hull: outri gger • boat's stabilizing . . . . . . . . . . . venesection . cyanic • brilliant boat: lifeboat • fast coastal patrol light blue: electric blue • dark blue: boat: cutter • small naval patrol boat: royal blue . flat-bottomed boat supporting a bridge: pontoon • small sailing boat: rhoids. . . . . . . . . . . adjective: eru bescent . . . . . houseboat • fast ation of a vein: angiography. . skiff • traditional Nile boat: sels: vasodilator • causing the con­ felucca • small boat carried on a striction or dilatation of blood vessels: ship: cutter. . . . . . ad­ with a vaned hull: hydrofoil • rescue jectives: azu re. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . motor boat designed to skim over the ven ography water: hyd roplane 0 fast motor boat blue . . large boat vasomotor • throb of an artery as carried on a ship: longboat • small blood passes: pulse • place where ar­ boat plying between a ship and the terial bleeding may be stopped by shore: tender • boat conveying pressure: pressure point • medical sailors on shore leave: l iberty boat puncturing of a vein: venepuncture . X-ray examin­ cabin cruiser. . . . . . . . . . . jolly boat . faux bottomed boat carrying freight on in­ pas • blunder in speaking: slip of land waterways: barge • boat plying the tongue. . . . . ment for cats: cattery • boarding es­ vascul itis • swollen vein in the legs: tablishment for dogs: kennels varicose vei n • varicose veins on the spermatic cord: varicocele . . . . . . .. . . . . . treat­ boat ' . drug widening blood ves­ scull. yet darker blue: navy vedette • small powerful boat towing ships: tug • inshore fishing boat: blue • brilliant deep blue: u ltramar­ ine • blue-tinged skin due to poor cir­ smack • fishing boat using nets: culation: cyanosis trawler • unpowered boat used to un­ load ships: barge. . .. . . . . . . edges: weatherboarding contusion • inflammation of vein boarding • Continental boarding walls: phlebitis • patchy inflamma­ house: pension • boarding establish­ tion of smaller veins: angi itis. light rowing boat for one person: strictor . . . . . . . . . cos­ Paris: batea u mouche • anchored metic reddening the cheeks: blusher boat marking the course of a race: board • board made o f thin layers of stake boat . ... . . . . .

mons Ve neris • strong brain and spinal cord: dura. area body part: maim • body opening: me­ between the top of the legs: crotch. windpipe • inflam­ water. corporeal. coxswa in. cavity behind the • denoting a deckless boat: open nose and mouth: pharynx • main • space at the bow or stern of an open part of the body without head or boat: sheets • flat surface forming a limbs: torso. sep­ and scrotum or vulva: perineum tum • denoting this: parietal . daggerboard • keel block to and abdomen: diaphragm • part of take the mast: step • vertically the body between the thorax and hinged flap for steering: rudder groin: abdomen • depression in the • horizontal bar fixed to the top of the belly:navel • organs of the main bod­ rudder: tiller • boat's rudder socket: ily cavities: viscera <It organ produ­ gudgeon • rudder pin: pintle cing chemicals for bodily use: gland • boat's bow rope: painter • boat's • regulatory substance produced by steersman: cox. personal. pia lin • body sac containing liquid: cyst mater • nerve tissues controlling the • disease's chief bodily location: focus body: central nervous system • bod­ • swollen. dura elastic connective carti lage tissue: mater • inner membrane enveloping • hormone oxidizing body sugar: insu­ the brain and spinal cord: pia.g. orifice • body's chemical pro­ crutch • final opening o f the intes­ cesses: metabolism . see also ship. tru n k • tube from boat's stern: transom • unmoor a mouth to gullet. glands: hormone • supposed regula­ helmsman • boat's sudden change of tory system for the metabolism: bio­ course: sheer • boat race on a course logical clock. sail­ this: peritonitis • duct conducting ing urine from the kidney to the bladder: body • combining forms:somat-. ureter • duct conveying urine out -some (e. helm. pliable body tine: anus • area between the anus pariition or lining: membrane. mation of the urethra: u rethritis somatic • permanently damage a • lower abdominal area: groin .. adjec­ from the bladder: urethra • inflam­ tives: corpora l . lower part of the abdomen: pubes • baglike bodily membrane: sac • tissue covering the pubic bone: • outer membrane enveluping the mons pu bis.37 body I body float: outrigger • boat with a vaned other information: messenger • di­ hull: hydrofoil • protective strip gestive passage through the body: ali­ along a boat's side: rubbing strake me ntary canal . depth of water needed by a midriff • membrane lining the abdo­ boat: draught • passable by ships and men: peritoneum • inflammation of boats: navigable . ship a sea • scoop water out mation of the trachea: tracheitis of a boat: bail • group of boats: floti lla • part of the body between neck and • boat's side above water: freeboard abdomen: thorax • area between the • top of this: gunwale • boat's con­ breasts: cleavage • bodily organs tinuous line of planking: strake used in breathing: respiratory tract • sailing boat's liftable keel: centre­ • muscular partition between thorax board. • wedge supporting a beached boat: loin . and painful bodily ily substance conveying a stimulus or state: inflammation • exceptionally . body clock • tube round obstacles: slalom • secure a from stomach to anus: intestine boat to an anchor or land: moor • side between the ribs and hip: flank. chromosome) . front between chest and waist: chock . atus. hot. oesopha­ boat: cast off • (of an open boat) re­ gus • tube from the throat to the ceive water over the gunwales: ship lungs: trachea.

.... small bodily swelling: nodule death and decay of bodily tissue: gan­ • general bodily swelling: d ropsy. ....... com­ bolt .... necrosis • dead body: corpse dema • bursting of an organ or tis· • rebirth in another body: reincarna­ sue: ru ptu re ....... listening to bodily tion . arti· organ dystrophy • un· or tissue: ficial body part: prosthesis • violent and uncontrollable body movement: wanted air in body tissue: em phy­ convu lsion • body's incapacity for sema • damaged body area: lesion self·movement: paralysis ... sensitive bodily state: irritability tainer who twists his or her body int0 1 • colourless tissue fluid: lymph • ex· abnormal positions: contortionist . ...... etc. pro· morph • person with a plump body: duction and discharge of substances endomorph . .... .bodY .. ..: massage • person skilled ploding at a fixed depth under water: at this: masseur (fem...... .. ... non·reproductive bod· • by a bodily organ: secretion bodily ily characteristics manifested at organ secreting chemicals: gland puberty: secondary sexual charac­ teristics • tissue etc... disincarnate tion • study of the body by dissec· boil ' • purify by boiling off: distil tion: anatomy • machine examining • immerse briefly in boiling water: the body by radiation.: scanner . . inserted into • slipping down o r forward o f a bodily organ: prola pse • wasting away of an the body by surgery: implant . oe­ g rene..... elegant bodily movements: dema • excessive discharge of fluids: ment • bodily position: postu re fl ux • insufficient fluid in the body: • bodily movements or posture taken dehydration • inability to control to indicate thoughts and feelings: bodily functions: incontinence body language ...... . awareness of the • blockage of a bodily passage: ob­ body's position: ki naesthesia ...... lacking a physical body: d is­ sounds with a stethoscope: auscu lta­ carnate.. . cess of fluid in the body: d ropsy..... stru ction • excessively low body tem· cessive bodily sensitivity: erethism perature: hypothermia • denoting ......... . masseuse ) depth charge • bomb travelling • physical treatment of bodily injuries under its own power or remote· or deformity: physiotherapy • enter· controlled: missile • denoting a . I bo m b ... medical imaging of scald bodily organs or tissue: mag netic res­ boW . .... ...... ultrasound...... . large bolt with a rounded puterized axial tomography • sub· head: coach bolt • piece of metal stance whose course through the body with an internal thread to receive a may be monitored: tracer • examine bolt: nut the body by touch: pal pate • diagnos· bomb • bomb or its casing: shell tic tapping of the body: percussion • hand thrown bomb: g renade • clinical measurement of bodily func· • crude hand· thrown petrol bomb: tions as indication of continued life: Molotov cockta il • bomb containing vital signs . oe­ . localized .. . use of electric currents napalm bomb • bomb jellied petrol: to heat the body's inner organs: dia­ hidden under earth or water and ex· thermy • rubbing the body to relieve ploding on contact: mine • bomb ex· pain etc.. . form and development of the body: creatures maintaining a constant physique • body type: somatotype body temperature: warm-blooded • person with a lean and delicate • denoting creatures whose body tem· body: ectomorph • person with a perature varies with that of their compact and muscular body: meso­ surroundings: cold-blooded . formation of pus in a boil: onance imaging . X·raying a section maturation • cut a boil: la nce through the body: tomography...... ex· .

shi nbone. osteal pin • bone osteoporosis brittleness: • bone-formation: osteogenesis • bone inflammation:osteitis • bone • set of bones supporting a body: skel­ cancer: osteosarco ma • degener­ eton • head bones: skull • principal ation of bone and cartilage in joints: bone of the upper arm: humerus osteoarthritis • death of bone tissue: • principal bones of the lower arm: osteonecrosis . back of the pelvis: sacrum • penis journal . (of bombs: firestorm � see also nuclear broken bones) re-fuse: knit • rigid weapon support for a broken bone: splint bone • combiningfqrms: oss(i). scapula • bones at codex (pl. vertebral column • one of book • combining form: bibl io- these bones: vertebra (pl. wrist bones : carpus of bone and muscle deformities: • hand bones: metacarpus • bone orthopaedics • therapeutic manipu­ connecting the breastbone and osteop­ lation of bones and muscles: shoulderblade: collarbone. incunabula) rum. • steel rod rejoining fractured bones: osteo. pa­ ing • bomb releasing projectiles on tella • bones of the lower leg: fibula. • adjectives: osseous. triangular bone forming the rent day's transactions: daybook. early printed the base of the spinal column: sac­ book: incunabulum (pl. vertebrae) • book made as a continuous roll: • flat bone in the upper back: scroll • ancient hand-written book: shoulderblade. ulna . clavicle athy • bone-house: charnel house. • flat bone protecting the upper chest: ossuary breastbone. account-book for minor bone in certain mammals: baculum. log • book listing upper leg: thighbone. transactions: cash book • ship's re­ os penis . codices) . tibia . prime . account-book for the cur­ hip . impact: cluster bomb • bomb explod­ shin. peg deactivat­ bones: suture • cord connecting a ing a hand grenade: pin • bomb an muscle tobone: sinew. these fragments: shrapnel • turn into bone: ossify • soft sub­ • denoting a bomb causing fires: in­ stance in bone cavities: marrow cendiary • denoting a bomb destroy­ • opening in a bone: foramen . coccyx • bony structure to • strong cloth book for young chil­ which the legs are attached: pelvis dren: rag book • account-book: • proj ection of this below the waist: ledger .39 bone I book bomb equipped to find its target: hom­ covering the knee joint: kneecap. spinal column. ankle bones: ing into fragmentation fragments: tarsus • foot bones: metatarsus bomb . j oint ing living beings rather than struc­ between bones: commissure • close tures: anti-personnel • artillery and j o int between bones: sym physis . femur • bone property-holdings in 1086: Dom esday . sternum • curved bone bone marrow • adjective: myeloid protecting the lower chest: rib • set of • inflammation of the bone marrow: these: ribcage • interlocking set osteomyelitis • malignant tumour of of bones from the skull to the small of the bone marrow: myeloma the back: backbone. medical treatment radius. principal bone o f the cord book: journal. tendon a area intensively: ca rpet-bomb • de­ • bone caries • bone soften­ decay: fusing or removal of unexploded ing: osteoma lacia • break or crack bombs: bomb disposal • defuse a in a bone: fracture . fu­ bombs: ordnance • bomb detonator: sion of bones in a joint: a n kylosis fuse • prepare a bomb by activating • rigid seamlike junction between its fuse: arm. spine. arrange the bomb: disarm • fierce fire caused by parts of a broken bone: set .

. giving immediate guidance: epitome. . . . book: corrigenda. . . . compen­ title: short title • book's section title: dium. . synopsis • separate sec­ companion. . . . . . . . . .. 40 . handbook half-title . . . . . . . . tions. .is • white space created by a book's attached to paste-down the cover: inner margins: g utte r • part of a . . florilegium. .. . . cred its • book's abbreviated formation: companion. .. . of the current or preceding year: duced in a book: plate • blank page yearbook • book with samples of at the start or end of a book: flyleaf good handwriting: copybook • book • large fold-out page: gatefold listing herbs: herbal .. illustrate a book • preparation and public sale of a with material taken from others: book: publishing • details of a book's . . . offprint. . . . . . . . . . list of chapters etc.. . . . .. . . left-hand page of an open to an author. . . . prospectus • in­ • short introduction to a book: fore­ struction book: h a n d book. . . photograph repro­ etc. . . . . . in a book: . . .book . leaf • count a g rammar • book recording livestock book's fol iate • book com­ leaves: pedigrees: herd book . . collectanea. .. . I book . . or as classics: canon book: verso • decorative paper inside • book's page-size and layout: format the covers: endpaper • part of t. . .. . . denoting a book with remov­ g rangerize • insert blank pages be­ able pages: loose-leaf • publicity tween the printed ones: interleave booklet: broch ure. . plates • drawn material in a prepri nt • inserted slip bearing the book: g raph ics • illustration facing owner's name: bookplate. reference. . . . . .. dealing with a point of coverage • book treatment of a topic: detail: excursus • book's final containing a collection of writings summing-up: conclusion • closing etc. . list of a book's printing errors: er­ book preceding the main text: front rata • part of a book published separ­ matter • pictures in a book: i l l u stra­ ately: fascicle. . . . . manual word . encyclopedia.. . . . . large lavishly­ • count a book's pages: pagi nate illustrated book: coffee-table book • piece of paper with a page printed • book giving the rules o f a language: on each side:folio. right-hand page of an open book: books regarded as correctly attributed recto . list of errors found in a a subject: course book. . . . . . not discursive reading: a book or chapter: epigraph . . . .: tailpiece . . . student's book giving instruction in contents . list of . . textbook. . drawn illustration animals: fa una • book listing events in a book: figure . . . page headline: ru nning • book intended for consultation on head • short quotation a t the start of specific topics. . . . . . . . . .lJ. . vocabulary • book compiled to honour a scholar: .: anthology. . . omnibus • book describing dif­ pendix • small dictionary at the back ferent kinds of animals: bestia ry of a book: g lossary. . . vade mecum • book's tion of a book.. . Book . . . list of books: bibl iography . . .. . com­ section of a book: epilogue • extra mon place book. ex l ibris the title page: frontispiece • small • note in a library book showing decorative design at the end of a chap­ where it is shelved: Shelf mark ter etc. sum­ reference book • book for constant mary of a book's contents: abstract. . . . Mass book: posed of sheets folded once: folio m i ssal • book listing names and ad­ • book composed of sheets folded dresses: d i rectory • book of psalms: twice: quarto • book composed of psalter • book of sermons: homil iary sheets folded three times: octavo . . . . . . instalment. . . . . m i scel­ section added at the end of a book: a p­ lany. extra page(s) replacing a defective Festsch rift • book listing a region's section: cancel . errata • list of con­ workbook • elementary textbook: tributors to a book: acknowledge­ primer • book giving systematic in­ me nts.

combining forms: ambi-. large overhangs the pages: yapp • strong bottle for home winemaking etc. wrap­ bottle 16 times the normal size: per balthaza r • wine bottle 20 times the bookmaker • bookmakers' signal­ normal size: nebuchad nezzar . dust-wrapper.g. giving improved grip: stud the bounds. colo­ boredom . large passport and customs control: check­ bow drawn by hand: long bow point • earthwork marking a border: • bow's string notch: nock • powerful dyke bow on a wooden frame: crossbow . blind methuselah • wine bottle 12 times tooling • book's paper cover: d ust the normal size: salma naza r • wine jacket. perambu late border • borderland between Eng. denoting a book • tedious period: longueur . bow of greeting: kowtow contiguous • having the same bor­ bow and arrows • skill or sport of ders: coterm inous • border post for shooting with these: archery . : pasteboard used in book covers: m i l l­ demijohn • double-sized wine bottle: board • part of a binding into which magnum • wine bottle 4 times the the pages are fixed: spine • emboss­ normal size: jeroboam • wine bottle ing of a book cover: stamping. crown cork • spiked plate . decanter • large bottle ther • binding in limp leC}-ther which protected by a frame: carboy . listless boredom: ennui phon . for a climber's boot: boundary • limitingpar­ boundary: crampon • heavy nail strengthening ameter • perimeter boundary line: a sole: hobnail • small projection to a • assert territorial boundaries: beat sole. jacket. natural phile • passionate enthusiasm for borough • adjective: m u n icipal collecting books: bibliomania • itin­ • chairperson of a borough council: erant bookseller: colporteur • porno­ mayor graphic books: curiosa. pocket-sized bottle: flask morocco: roan • calfskin impreg­ • unmarked bottle for serving wine or nated with birchbark oil: Russia lea­ water: carafe. tooling 6 times the normal size: reh o boam • embossing o f a book cover without a • wine bottle 8 times the normal size: coloured inlay:blind stamping. bi. erotica � see also publishing both . denoting a book with worn • bored through lack o f variety: stale pages: dog-eared . very ling system: tic-tac • bookmaker's small bottle of spirits: miniature assistant: runner . a mphi-.(e. biconcave) • able to bookbinding • glued unsewn bind­ use both hands equally well: ing: perfect binding • binding hav­ a m bidexterous • able to live or oper­ ing the spine in a different material ate on both land and water: amph ibi­ from the rest: quarter binding . bow • traditional Muslim bow of land and Wales or Scotland:marches greeting: salaam • former Chinese • sharing a border: conterminous. lengthy with discoloured pages: foxed • book and boring: long-winded • become stand: lectern • support for a row of boring: pall books: bookend • production of born • born i n wedlock: legitimate machine-readable books: electronic • born out of wedlock: bastard.41 bOOkbinding I bow and arrows printer and publisher: im print. fine ous goatskin for bindings: morocco bottle • small cylindrical bottle: • sheepskin used as a substitute for phial . metal bottle cap with a crimped boot • high waterproof boot: wader edge: crown cap. il leg it­ publishing • book-collector: biblio­ i mate.

ornate belt as championship prize: Lonsdale belt i bowl • crushing bowl: mortar • practice boxing. opponent is unfit to continue:tech­ enema • stress-related bowel pain: i r­ rita ble bowel syn drome • remove nical knockout • complete a bout: g o . notch: nock . r g reen • section of a green used for a cherub. captain of a bowls boy • boy singing in a church choir: team: skip • kind of bowling green chorister • winged boy portrayed in I that rises towards the middle: crown Renaissance paintings: amoretto. denoting feint • blow made with a bent elbow: the brain and spine: cerebrospinal hook • upwards blow made with a • inflammation of the brain and bent elbow: up percut • blows with al­ spinal cord: encephalomyel itis ternate fists: one-two • grappling at • nerve transmitting signals from the close quarters: clinch • time allowed eye to the brain: optic nerve • nerve for a standing boxer to collect himself: transmitting signals from the ear to standing count . combining form: cerebro-. large black ball used in boxing practice: punch bag • sus- bowls: wood • small white ball used pended stuffed ball for boxing prac. putto match: rink • uneven ground making a bowl change course: rub .. denoting a boxer the brain: auditory nerve . count of ten: knock out • denoting a bowel • difficulty in emptying the bowels: constipation . petanque encephalo. controlling memory and mental box: casket • box for a set of thought:cerebrum. tendant: cornerman. large metal box o f a standard sphere • brain area concerned with design: container • large light a specific activity: centre • front part wooden box: tea chest • small orna­ of the brain. bout: weigh-in • boxer'S defensive pia mater • brain and spinal cord: posture: guard . brain • 42 ••• •• ••••• • • • • •••••••• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • n• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ••••••••••• • missile shot by this: bolt • arrow ing a boxer knocked unconscious: out. secon d dura mater • inner membrane envel­ • boxer'S official weighing before a oping the brain and spinal cord: pia. en­ cephalic • half of the brain: hem i- box . bowls: boules. denot. shaped like a bow: a r­ • time allowed for a fallen boxer to ge cuate up: count • knock down a boxer for a. French brain . the bowels: disem bowel.bovve ' . the brain and its blood vessels: cere- . forebrain.t in bowls: jack • session of play in one tice: punchball direction: end . outer membrane envel­ • boxing shorts: trunks • boxer'S at­ oping the brain and spinal cord: d u ra. eviscerate the'distance • boxer's deformed ear: � see also intestine caul iflower ear . denoting knocked to the floor: down . section of this: box: cool box • light circular hatbox: • denoting the foremost part of the band box • open-ended box for frontal lobe: prefrontal • brain area papers: pigeon-hole • box for sewing coordinating cerebellum muscles: materials: workbox • outer layer covering the brain: cor­ boxing • bout • pro­ boxing match: tex • membrane covering the brain gramme of bouts : bill • a bill's sup­ and spinal cord: meninx (pl. flushing out boxer so knocked down: out for the count • victory awarded because the of the lower bowel: colonic irrigation. with light blows: l • church holy-water bowl: stoup sparring • suspended stuffed bag bowls . adjective: cerebral. menin­ porting bouts: undercard • standard ges) • inflammation of the meninges: boxing rules: Queenberry Ru les meningitis . pretended blow: central nervous system . pros- cutlery: canteen • insulated food­ encephalon .

...... . long nar­ beta rhythm • record of the brain's row bag uette. . . . .. . substantial break­ branch • adjective: ramose • local fast including hot food: English branch of certain trade unions: b reakfast • breakfast and lunch com­ chapel bined: brunch brass • inscribed brass plate in a breast . . • greenish surface colour of oxidized pectoral • small pinkish proj ection ... . disease which in­ agonal slashes on a rounded top: directly affects the brain: encephal­ bloomer . flat bread roll for brain disease or injury: dementia toasting: muffi n .Jrain sur­ wheatgrains: g ranary loaf • small gery to treat mental illness: psycho­ piece of fried or toasted bread: crou­ surgery . ... . . . French French loaf: electrical activity: electroencephalo­ loaf. . . . syphilitic inflamma­ support for active pursuits: sports tion of the brain: paresis • brain dis­ bra • part of a brassiere supporting order with sudden loss of conscious­ one breast: cup ness or convulsions: epilepsy . .. .... . brovascular • stoppage of blood to brass: verdigris • person working the brain: stroke • arterial bleeding w ith brass:brazier � see also monu­ into brain tissues: cerebral haemor­ mental brass rhage • inflammation of the brain: brassiere • brassiere giving firm encephalitis . . . . .... supposed memory trace in ton • small piece of bread to dip into the brain: engram • electrical activ­ sauce etc. . .. ... ....... . combining form: mast­ church etc. brake I breast .. . .. .. . . . computer model of the batta • thin Italian breadsticks: gris­ brain's ability to recognize and dis­ sini • toasted Italian bread drenched criminate: perceptron in olive oil: bruschetta • mixture of brake • broad cylinder attached to a flour and liquid for breadmaking: braked wheel: brake drum . curved dough block pressing against the drum: break • sudden a n d complete break: brake shoe ... . 1... slice of bread: ity of a relaxed brain: alpha rhythm ro und • slice of bread soaked in egg • electrical activity of an alert brain: and fried: French toast . stereotaxis .. thin block pressing rupture • break off through struc­ against a disc brake: brake pad • hard material attached to the shoe tural strain: shear • broken piece of or pad: brake l i ning • denoting a hy­ pottery. .. flat hollow unleav­ .. ....: monumental brass • adjectives: mammary. . neural ated bread made with olive oil: cia­ network .. . .... light breakfast: contin­ power-assisted e ntal breakfast .. . . inability to express or understand bread • dry hardtack bread: speech due to brain damage: aphasia • bread rusk • bread baked twice: • impaired muscular coordination aerated by soda: soda b read • very due to brain damage: cerebral palsy small loaf of bread: rol l • ring-shaped • person suffering from cerebral bread roll: bagel . ... small thin bread palsy: spastic • persistent impair­ roll: bridge roll ... . ... . .. .: shard draulically enhanced braking system: breakfast .. large loaf with di­ hydrocephalus . . . . . . mam illary.. .. .. . . . . . . French stick • German rye g ram • computer system modelled on bread: pumpernickel • Italian aer­ the human brain: neural net.. . fluid accumulation in the brain: ened bread: pitta . .. .. .... etc. . light sweet bread ment of reasoning or memory due to roll: brioche ... .. the smaller on top: brain's white nerve fibres: leucotomy.. . ... . .. .. cottage loaf • brown loaf with whole lobotomy.: sippet .... glass. loaf made of two round opathy • surgical cutting of the lumps of dough.

......... .. ..... .... .. ...... . excessively fast breathing: hyper­ • brick laid at right angles to a wall: venti lation • excessively slow breath­ header • brick laid parallel to a wall: ing: hypoventilation • breath needed stretcher • built row of bricks: .. .. . . . . arch of a bridge between its pirator supports: span • supporting frame.. .... res­ bridge . . from a breast: ni pple • hollow be­ closely related stock: inbreed • popu- tween the breasts: cleavage • breast­ lation improvement by controlled bone: sternum • inflammation of the breeding: eugenics breast: mastitis • enlargement of a bribe • wiling to take bribes: cor- man's breasts: gynaecomastia rupt. . short quick breaths: pant • difficulty of bricks: string course • brickwork in breathing: dyspnoea • difficulty in a timber frame: nogging • piece of in breathing due to constriction of the brick used as a missile: brickbat • ce- bronchi: asthma • easily becoming ment or mortar filling the joints in breathless: short-winded • breath­ brickwork: pOinting • � lessness caused by enlargement of the brick-carrier: hod • appearance of air sacs of the lungs: emphysema crystallized salts on brickwork: ef- • denoting breathing that is noisy and florescence laboured: stertorous • breathe with bridge • many-arched bridge a whistling sound: wheeze • office carrying a road or railway: viad uct workers' headaches and respiratory • many-arched bridge carrying a river ' problems.. .... . . . .. ... ... ..: udder brick: fi rebrick • brick suitable for breath ....... . ... . process of ing: face brick • brick-making mix- breathing: respiration • single in­ ture: loam. ..... bascule bridge ... combining form: spiro.. . . . breed • breed two species together: work for a bridge: truss • floating ob­ cross-breed.... ..... . pug • furnace for bricks: take of breath: draught • breathing kiln • bake fire bricks in a kiln: in: i n h alation... ....breath I bridge 44 .. . .... X-ray location of breast tumours: ruptible • payments made to an influ- mam mography • surgical removal of ential person to promote a product or a breast lump: lumpectomy • surgi­ interest: payola • bribe someone to cal removal of a breast: mastectomy commit an unlawful act: suborn • chemical polymer used in breast im­ · bric k • bricks made from sun-dried sil icone • leaving the breasts plants: uncovered: topless • baglike mam­ clay: adobe • brick made from cin- ders: breeze block • heat-resistant mary gland of cattle etc.. .... exposure to view in the finished build­ • adjective: respiratory . . . ..' a person's breathing: artificial respir­ tion: bascule........ .. . hybrid ize • breed from ject used to support a bridge: pontoon ' . .. . . inspiration • breath­ • hack • de- stack of bricks for firing: ing out: exhalation. thought to be caused by or canal: aq ueduct • bridge rising poor ventilation: sick building syn­ steeply tohumpbackits centre: drome • bad breath: halitosis • tem­ bridge • bridge supported by cables: porary cessation in breathing: ap­ suspension bridge • bridge for ped-.. .. for physical exertion: wind • take course • horizontal decorative band ... . . . ... venal • refusing bribes: incor- . ... . noea • bodily organs used in estrians: footbridge • raised pas­ breathing: res piratory system. exspiration noting bricks not yet fired: un burnt . re­ sageway between buildings: wal kway ' spiratory tract • instrument record­ • bridge that may be erected quickly ' ing breathing movements: spirograph from prefabricated parts: Bailey ' • mechanical or manual restoration of bridge • bridge with a raisable sec. rais­ ation • machine providing prolonged able bridge at a castle entrance: draw- artificial respiration: iron lung.. ..

g. combining form: chalco­ ( e. de­ living things: ahimsa • central Bud­ noting broadcasts transmitted at the dhist beliefs: four noble truths time of occurrence: live • sample • Buddhist tradition emphasizing self­ broadcast made to assess audience re. simultaneous broad­ audience: narrowcasti ng • broadcast cast of a programme on radio and tele­ programme featuring phone-calls vision: simulcast • television broad­ made to the presenter: phone-in cast: screening • broadcast news • type of broadcasting featuring report: news bul leti n.45 bristle I Buddh ist • pile set upstream of a bridge to pro­ sponse: pilot . voice-over . newscast phone-ins and topical discussions: • person reading such a report: news­ talk radio. serial • serial about or­ bristle • adjective: setaceous dinary people: soap opera • broadcast containing several epi­ . hedgeho g's bristles: spi nes sodes of a serial: omnibus • broad­ broad • combining form: platy. combining forms: frater-. • adjective: fraternal script .chalcolithic) • oxide film on jamming • broadcast sound covering a censored word: bleep • denoting bronze: patina. sutra • Buddhist of contributors: anchorman. • broadcasting equipment: transmit­ correspondent • organization sup­ ter • frequencies used by a broadcast­ plying news stories: news agency ing station: channel • denoting an • unscheduled broadcast of important unauthorized broadcasting station: news: newsflash • end of a day's pirate . time devoted to a par­ sepia ticular type . immediate . ve rdigris broadcasting without the use of satel­ brother . adjust a receiver to receive a broadcasting: close-down • person particular station: tune . l inkman mystical text: tantra • Buddhist con­ . talk show • broadcast pro­ caster • denoting broadcasting re­ gramme in which celebrities are ceiving no state funding: independent interviewed informally: chat show • denoting broadcasting funded by ad­ • time at which broadcasting attracts vertisements: commercial • room the greatest audiences: prime time equipped for studio broadcasting: • broadcast news reporter: journal ist. set of related broad­ tect it from floating objects: starl ing casts:series.of broadcast: airtime • spoken linkage between broadcast Buddhist • Buddhist religious items: continuity • broadcaster pro­ teacher: bonze • Buddhist scrip­ viding continuity between a number tures: Tri pitaka.g. employed to listen in to foreign broad­ rebroadcast of incoming signals: re lay casts: monitor • deliberate generation of interference to render a broadcast unintelligible: bronze . list of recordings fratern ity • killing one's brother: broadcast on a radio programme: fratricide playlist • selection and scheduling of brown • greyish brown: dun • light broadcasts: programming . terrestrial • text of a broadcast: lites: fratri. out-of-studio setting for a broadcast: cept of universal law: dharma • Bud­ location • description of a broadcast dhist policy of non-violence toward all event: commentary. salvation: Theravada • Buddhist . cast advertisement: commercial platypus) • broadcasting to a small or selected broadcast . esti­ yellowish brown: fawn • reddish mated audience of a particular broad­ brown seen in old photographs: cast: rati ng .(e. music associated with a par­ • brother sharing only one parent: ticular programme or broadcaster: half-brother • religious brotherhood: signature tune .

.... anese Buddhist festival of the dead: front... . person who de­ plant • building of historical import­ signs buildings and supervises their ance: monument • round domed construction: arch itect • erection of building: rotu nda ....... very tall build­ buildings: development • replace­ ing:h i gh-rise.. . .. of a building: foundation. frontage • drawing or diagram Bon • Tibetan Lamaism Buddhism: of this: elevation • building's princi- • Tibetan chorten Buddhist shrine: pal facade: frontispiece • projecting . . ..... ..... .... . tradition emphasizing mutual salva­ fo lly • sham cave mouth: grotto tion: Mahaya na .. large open installer: plum ber • builder special­ area before or within a building: con­ izing in high work: steeplejack... final goal of Bud­ • denoting a building not joined to dhist spiritual progress: n i rva na any other: detached........ ... .. .. ............. .. .. large oblong hall part of the proj ect for the contractor: with interior colonnades: basilica su bcontractor • builder's V-shaped • vertical shaft for a staIrcase: stair­ brick trough:hod wel l • roofed exterior platform at building • adjectives: architectura l .b u ilder I bu i l d i n g 46 ... .-plan • denoting a building hav­ • word repeated i n Buddhist medita­ ing some rooms higher than others by tion: mantra • disk symbolizing the less than a storey: split-level .. facade... building made with stone: stonework stonemason • builder in brick: • part of a building made with brick: bricklayer • builder in wood: carpen­ brickwork .... . ..... skyscraper • squalid ment of existing buildings: redevelop­ or decrepit building:slum ... Middle Way • Buddhist's side only: semi-deta ched • denoting personal fate: karma • degree of spir­ a building joined at the ground floor itual insight freeing from the cycle of only: link detached . denoting a timber-framed architect • construction labourer: building: half-ti mbered • part of a navvy • builder in stone: mason. ... denot- universe: mandala • Buddhist tower ing a building having four pillars: temple: pagoda • domed Buddhist tetrastyle • denoting a poorly con­ shrine: stupa • Buddhist monastic structed building: je rry-built • base order: sangha . freesta nding • way of life leading t o nirvana: eig ht­ • denoting a building joined o n one fold path. sham building: where development is forbidden: con- . .. part of a building made ter • glass-fitter: glazier • pipework­ with wood: woodwork . footi ngs emphasizing meditation: Zen • Jap­ • side of a building: elevation... .... out­ no previous development: g reenfield house • group of buildings: complex • denoting a previously developed • buildings erected to fil space be­ building site: brownfield • area tween others: i nfi l l ... . . . leader of Tibetan Buddhists: Dalai part of a building: wing • external Lama • Tibetan Buddhist monk: angle of a building: quoin • proj ect lama � see also Ti bet beyond a building'S lower part: builder • designer of buildings: oversail .. . denoting a rebirth: enlightenment • Buddhist building with few internal divisions: state of supreme happiness: ananda open.... • builder undertaking a whole project: well • area where visitors are dealt co ntractor • builder undertaking with: reception ..... court. . course • open area before a building: spiderman • person minding a build­ forecourt • open area at the centre of ing or site overnight: nightwatchman a building: atrium. . .. Japanese Buddhism.... . ground level: veranda • this at a tectonic • buildings and their equip­ higher level: balcony • floor of a ment regarded as an investment: building: sto rey ...... detached ment • denoting a building site with subsidiary building: outbuilding.. ... .. .. . .. ....... . cou rtyard.. .

roof. see also brick. property . realty • building chet • explosive firing bullets: pro­ with its land and appurtenances: pre­ pellant mises. win­ fish • beam supporting a floor: joist d ow • built support for an arch or bridge: b u i lding materials . town sprinkled with sugar: Chelsea bun planning • building along the sides • bun eaten on Good Friday: hot of a road: ribbon development cross bun . lime and cement mixture: building's walls for ventilation. raised walkway o n this: catwal k banderi l l a • building's intrinsic weight: dead bullet • plastic or rubber bullet used load • weight of people or goods in a in riot control: baton round • bullet building: l ive load . etc. mortar • thin mortar: g rout • ce­ cables.47 building I bun servation area. direc­ ment. finished or gutted building: shell and floor of a building: fa bric • fragments of a collapsed or demol­ . trunking .: duct. standardized building unit: module ished building: rubble . s o that its tear: dila pidations • area devoted to course may be traced: tracer • diam­ buildings of a particular kind: estate eter of a bullet: ca li bre 0 groove • technical inspection of a building: round the cylindrical part of a bullet: survey • property in buildings and canellure • bullet's rebound: rico­ land: real property. wal l . raft • re­ inforce a building by assuring or im­ bull • adjective: tauri n e . stab with the tions: underpin • planking horns: gore • Spanish bullfighter supporting setting concrete: shutter­ killing the bull: matador • Spanish bullfighter on foot: torero • Spanish ing • framework suspended by ropes. and gravel mixture: con­ tion faced by a building's windows: crete . scheduled • control of with currants: Bath bun . profits amongst its members: m utual flashing. see also • plate strengthening a beam or joint: a rchitecture. roof. allowance or expanding on impact: dumdum charge made for a building's wear and • bullet emitting smoke etc.. sand. g reen belt . giving access to wiring or plumb­ g regate • lime and clay mixture: ce­ ing: crawl space • channel within a ment . denoting a build­ bun • fruit bun eaten toasted and ing of certified architectural import­ buttered: teacake • iced yeast bun ance: listed. for working on the exterior of a high mounted bullfighter: toreador • matador's mounted assistant: pica­ building: cradle • builders' frame­ work of planks and poles: scaffolding dor • bullfighter's decorated dart: . fIat bun building development: planning. stiff clay: pier • narrow area under a floor or pise • crushed stone and gravel: ag­ roof. astro­ proving the strength of its founda­ logical term: taurus . cement exposure • smooth surfaces of build­ b u i lding society • denoting a ing stone: d ress • strip of material building society distributing its covering adjoining surfaces: fi llet.. levelled layer of bulge • adjectives: bulbous. tumes- floor cement: screed • concrete layer cent under a building: oversite. beam. large open container for b uilding tion of a building to new uses: conver­ debris: skip • structural subsidence: sion • declare a building unfit for settlement _ completely destroy a use: condemn • unlawful occupation building: raze • structure of an un­ of a building:squatting • walls. adapta­ . flaunching • waterproof • restructure a building society as a filler: mastic • vertical layer of ce­ public company: demutual ize ment: perpend .

number of persons employed in a business: headcount • employ­ singe • burn unstead­ superficially: ees regarded as a business asset: ily: g utter _ burn slowly and human resources _ business's build­ smokily: smoulder . sleaze • disposal of subsidiary hot flame for removing paint: blow­ business interests: d ivestment. laying out ment controls: deregulate . transfer a burial • adjectives: fu nera ry. tycoon • dishonest bus • two-storey bus: dou ble-decker businessman: racketeer. : manager • denoting a burn affecting the skin • association advancing the interests surface only: first-degree • denoting of local businesses: Chamber of Com­ a burn causing blistering but no per­ merce • excess of business income manent scarring: second-degree over expenditure: profit. shark • per­ • bus driver's compartment: cab son managing large sums of money: fi­ _ extending framework connecting nancier • industrial manager or pro­ with overhead power lines: panto­ prietor: industrialist • young urban g raph • wheel on a pole extending to professional: yuppie _ young black . musicians. growing round a _ business collapse: fai l u re tree: u ndergrowth businessman • powerful business­ bus • bus for 10-15 passengers: mini­ man: magnate. conductress) ciculate • wrapped or bound bundle: business • business owned by its bale • bundle of cloth or papers: emplo ees:y cooperative • business wad not under state management: private enterprise • business's established burden • adjective: onerous • un­ reputation: goodwi ll _ denoting a reasonable burden: im position business demanding large capital in­ burglar • burglar's crowbar: jemmy vestment: capital-intensive • denot­ • burglar climbing the outside of a ing a business needing a large labour building: cat burglar force : labour i ntensive . surplus • denoting a burn affecting tissue • total money entering or leaving a below the skin: third-degree business: cash flow • dishonest burner • laboratory burner: Bunsen means of gaining business advantage: burner _ portable burner giving a graft. caut· agent: factor • business agent for ery _ grade of flesh-burn: degree sportsmen. di­ lamp vestiture • person engaging in dis­ bush • dense group of bushes: honest business dealings: racketeer thicket _ bushes etc. free business from govern­ burial: last offices. trolley • bunch o f fruit: truss wheel • person taking fares on a bus: bundle • adjectives: fascicu lar. sepul­ business to state management: nation­ chral • preparation of a corpse for alize . enterprise zone • enter new cist • burial of the dead as a cultural areas of business: d iversify • item of phenomenon: inhu mation � see also business: transaction _ routine busi­ tomb ness matters: administration . medical treat­ ings and equipment: plant • business ment by burning: cauterization. region • burial with appropriate rites: inter­ offering government incentives to in­ ment . fas­ conductor (fern. etc. per­ son setting up a business: entrepre­ burn • start burning: kindle • blacken by burning: char • burn neur . chamber used for burials: coming businesses: development va ult _ ancient stone burial chamber: area.bunch I businessman 48 bunch • bunch of bananas: hand overhead power lines: trolley.

49 butcher I bypass urban professional: buppie � see also buyer • purchaser by telephone or manager computer link: teleshopper • protec­ butcher • butcher's chopper: tion of buyers' interests: consumer­ cleaver • butcher's cutting table: ism . see also fastener orbital road.. machine for making butter: churn buzz • buzzing device announcing a butterfly • butterfly pupa: chrysalis phonecall: pager • buzzing in the • butterfly expert: lepidopterist ears: tinn itus button • stitching anchoring a but­ bypass • bypass encircling a town: ton: shank . ring road . assessment of buyers' needs block and preferences: market research s let the buyer beware: caveat emp­ butter • purify butter by melting: tor clarify • Indian clarified butter: g hee .

cabbage's tight head: balls: hundreds and thousands heart 0 cooked cabbage and potato o skill of decorating cakes with sugar fried up together: bubble and paste: sugarcraft • small seedless squeak grape used in cakes: currant 0 small cabinet • cabinet minister respon­ seedless raisin used in cakes: sultana • shop selling fancy cakes and pas­ sible for finance: C hancellor of the Exchequer 0 cabinet minister re­ tries: patisserie sponsible for foreign affairs: Foreign calcium .Cc cabbage . lard. denoting a date mast: guy rope from this calendar: Old Style 0 an­ nual publication containing a calen­ cafe 0 small cafe selling alcoholic dar and other statistical information: drinks: estami net 0 cafe with com­ almanac 0 calendar adjustable for puters for customers' use: cybercafe any year: perpetual calendar o de- cake 0 fancy cake: gateau (pl. torten) o light cake made with little or no fat: sponge 0 cylin­ call o call for someone via a bleeper: page 0 sense of being called to follow drical sponge cake with a jam filling: a particular career:vocation Swiss rol l o layer cake with a filling: sandwich 0 small breadlike cake: calm 0 calm and dignified: sedate scone 0 small rich cake: madeleine o calmness in trying circumstances: • small crisp batter cake: waffle sangfroid • rich fruit cake eaten on Palm Sun­ Cambridge University o adjec­ day: simnel cake o rich cake with tive: Cantabrigian o part of the term equal amounts of each ingredient: when undergraduates are expected to pou nd cake 0 cake made of bread be resident: fu l l term o autumn term dough. term 0 summer term at Cambridge: Sachertorten) 0 dense oatcake: flap­ Trin ity term 0 Cambridge first-degree jack 0 small hard currant cake: rock examination or course: tripos 0 per­ cake 0 dark gingerbread: parkin son gaining first-class honours in the o thick sweet decorative paste: fon­ Cambridge mathematica tripos: dant o silver ball for decorating wrangler 0 member of a university cakes: dragee o small coloured sugar sports team: blue 0 governing body . and currants: lardy cake at Cambridge: M ichaelmas term o Austrian chocolate cake with a jam o winter term at Cambridge: Lent and cream filling: Sachertorte (pl. combining form: calci­ Secretary 0 cabinet minister respon­ • comaining or producing calcium: sible for home affairs: Home Secre­ calciferous • harden b y addition of tary 0 cabinet minister with no per­ calcium: calcify manent responsibilities: Min ister calendar • calendar now in general without Portfolio 0 cabinet for hi-fi use: Gregorian calendar o denoting equipment: console a date from this calendar: New Style cable 0 cable for securing a ship to a o calendar formerly used in Europe: pier:hawser o cable for steadying a Julian calendar . gat­ noting a day or month occasionally eaus or gateaux) 0 sweet cake or tart: added to the calendar: intercalary torte (pl.

device for varying aperture canal • canal barge. mem­ flash • camera device delaying ex­ ber of the Cambridge university posure: self-timer • single-legged police: bulldog • Oxford and Cam­ camera un ipod stand: • camera bridge universities considered to­ stand with three sloping legs: tripod gether: Oxbridge • Cambridge • crosswise camera movement: pan undergraduate recelvrng financial • vertical camera movement: tilt help from his college: sizar .51 camel I cancer of Cambridge University: senate cover: hood • camera socket for ac­ • member of a senate committee: syn­ cessories: shoe • camera attachment dic • chief administrator of Cam­ producing a brief very bright light: bridge University: reg istrary . work camp • camper's camera • type o f camera i n which enamelled lidded cooking pot: billy­ the image is reflected onto a glass can screen: reflex camera • denoting a reflex camera whose viewfinder uses campaigner . lease • duration of exposure: speed disallow).boat: size: diaphragm • denoting a camera na rrowboat • path beside a canal: with a large aperture: fast • effective towpath • pivoting counterbalanced aperture size: stop • focusing glass: canal bridge: bascule bridge lens • device set in front of the lens • bridge carrying a canal: aqueduct to screen out certain types of light: fil­ • short canal section whose water ter • device admitting light to the level may be raised or lowered: lock aperture: sh utter • opening of the • set of locks: fl ight • boat used on shutter. un. bedmaker. person advocating the aperture lens: single-lens reflex something's abandonment or prohib­ . ter settings: time exposure • lens -oma • adjective: carcinomatous .(e. unsettle) • exposure for longer than usual shut­ cancer • combining forms: carcin-.g.g. liftable combination room • confine within platform for a film or television cam­ the college: gate • suspend a student: era: crane rusticate • expel a student: send camp • temporary camp: bivouac down • camp for volunteers doing commu­ camel • camel with one hump: nity proj ects: work camp • German dromedary • camel with two humps: prisoner-of-war camp for officers: Bactrian camel • frenzied state of Oflag • German prisoner-of-war rutting male camels: must camp for other ranks: Sta lag • Soviet labour camp: gulag . gyp zoom • wheeled platform for a film • Cambridge college relaxation room: or television camera: dolly . denoting a reflex camera whose ition: a bolitionist . admitting light to the film: ex­ Venetian canals: gondola posure • wire allowing the shutter to be activated from a distance: cable re­ cancel • combining forms: dis (e. vigorous cam­ viewfinder has a separate lens: twi n­ paigner: activist lens reflex • diference in angle of Canadian • Canadian game of view between lens and viewfinder: sliding stones across ice: curling parallax • hole on the front of a cam­ • member of the French-Canadian n' era admitti g light to the film: aper­ nationalist movement: Quebecqois ture . prison camp camera • type of camera producing enforcing a regime of hard labour: la­ a print after each exposure: i nstant bour camp. Cam­ • move a camera towards or away bridge college annual feast: Com­ from object: track • bring an object memoration • Cambridge college into close or distant camera focus: servant: bedder.

secu rity check. cannabis fibre: hemp • cannabis cigarette: joint. list of candidates go-kart . secondary cancers distant from the tam-o'-shanter first: metastasis • cancer treatment by chemotherapy • cancer drugs: capable of . academic cap: square. tin lizzie • ordinary spoiler • candidate initiating an elec­ car strengthened for racetrack colli­ tion but expecting stronger candi­ sions: stock car • car modified to dates to come forward: stalking horse give high performance: hot rod • car • offer oneself as a candidate: sta nd modified for drag races: dragster • small racing car with skeleton body: . ra­ -acious (e. car made before 1905 (or before fected 1916): veteran car . positive vet­ turismo • car offering basic comfort with high performance: sports car ting. denoting cancer that tends Jul iet cap • French military peaked to spread: i nvasive . candle trimmer: efficient car: microcar • open two­ snuffers • extinguish a candle: seater car: roadster • small open car snuff for difficult terrain: buggy • opening . development of cap: ke pi • Scottish beret: bonnet. papabili) • old and inefficient car: banger. vetting .g. rattletrap. reefer stage of cancer: dysplasia • abnor­ mal tissue growth caused by cancer: cannibal • adjective: anthropopha­ neoplasm • protein found in the gous blood of a diseased person: cap • round flattish brimless cap: paraprotein • specimen taken from beret . jal­ • candidate entered to divide the vote: opy. cane carried by military of­ genesis • excessive growth as an ficers: swagger stick indicator of cancer: hyperplasia • enlargement of an organ in an early cannabis . combining form: treatment by X-rays: rad iotherapy. list of a political party's election candidates: sl ate . likely to develop into cancer: multi-light candlestick: chandelier preca ncerous • substance causing • Jewish liturgical candlestick: me­ cancer: carcinogen • herpesvirus norah • candlestick's spiked top: causing certain cancers: Epstein­ pricket Barr virus • start of cancer: carcino­ cane . long car offering extra accom­ candles: taper • rendered fat used to modation: stretch limousine • police make candles: tallow • dealer in can­ patrol car: squad car • small fuel­ dles: chandler . mor­ the cervix to detect cancer: cervical tarboa rd • woman's openwork cap: smear . captain's assistant: mours: adjuvant � see also tumour. low-built car designed for speed: sports car • car offering com­ for final choice: shortl ist • check on fort and high performance: gran a candidate's background and general suitability: screening.candidate I car 52 • cancer suffered by Aids victims: candlestick • candlestick attached Kaposi's sarcoma . mate and under the individual organs af­ car . large and comfortable car: limou­ candle • waxed wick for lighting sine . car made be­ candidate • potentially successful tween 1917 vi ntage car and 1930: candidate: papabile (pl. efficacious) • capable of sexual intercourse: potent d iation therapy • denoting therapy applied after successful treatment of a captain • captain of a merchant cancer to suppress secondary tu­ ship : master . surface cancer to a wall: sconce • branched candle­ of the skin or internal organs:carcin­ stick: candela brum • suspended oma .

set of cards flash card . camper va n. large caravan: mobile pope: legate • denoting a legate with home • motor vehicle with living ac­ full powers: a latere • cardinal's commodation: camper. shoe • cards dealt to a player: entine . or -ose (e. issuing it: store card car . sunshine abling purchases to be made on credit: roof • hood . a card through this : swipe. elder hand. guaranteeing cheques: cheque card talon • cards held by a player: hand • bank card giving access to cash dis­ • hand played exposed: dummy • an­ pensers: cash card • bank card en. plastic card with built-in hand . car with upward-opening rear • store card enabling purchases to be door: hatchback . player who is dealt to first: microprocessor: smart card . car car's folding roof: credit card • bank card issued to per­ with a folding or detachable roof: con­ sons with a high credit rating: gold vertible • car wheel with narrow card • bank card enabling electronic metal spokes: wire wheel • two-door transfer of payments from purchaser's car with a sloping rear: coupe . plastic elder. pull . combining form: cards • card that is a king. queen. lug­ to vendor's accounts: debit card gage space at the back of a car: boot • card usable only in branches of the • car with a large luggage area: estate shop etc.53 carava n I cards panel in a car roof: sunroof. car seat with a for each transaction made: affinity rounded back: bucket seat • car seat card • card unlocking a door: key with a flat back: bench seat • person card 0 card giving unlimited use of a ' specified transport network for a spe­ employed to drive a car for another: chauffeur (fern. lactose) j ack: cou rt card • card that beats all others not of its suit: tru mp • card carbon • circulation of carbon be­ that may be assigned any identity by tween living organisms and their en­ its holder:wild card • set of playing vironment: carbon cycle cards: pack • set of cards with a par­ card • card held up for pupils to see: ticular symbol: suit . nounce trumps. dealer card with magnetically encoded infor­ in a two-handed game: younger hand mation: swipe card • bank card • cards remaining undealt: stock. short hooded cloak: mozzetta • coun­ caravanette cil of cardinals: consistory carbohydrate . re­ • card printed with one's name and arrange a pack of cards: sh uffle address: visiting card • card shown • shuffle cards dishonestly: stack to a footballer who is being cautioned: • divide a pack of cards: cut • distrib­ yellow card • card shown to a foot­ ute cards in rotation: deal • box from bailer who must leave the field: red which cards are dealt at a casino: card • card sent on 14 February: val­ sa bot. car provided by an made on credit: charge card. car pro­ card • store card accruing bonus vided to a client without charge: cour­ points for purchases made there: loy­ tesy car • open shelter for a car: car­ alty card • cheque or credit card giv­ port • car's small interior light: ing a donation to a specified charity courtesy l ight .g. person cified period: travel card • electronic employed to clean or park cars: valet swipe card reader: card swipe . or the possession of . card indicating where a with a fifth suit of elaborately illus­ person should sit at table: place card trated trumps: tarot pack . forehand . option employer: company car . registration plate with numbers etc. wipe chosen by the purchaser: va nity plate cardinal • cardinal representing the caravan . chauffeuse) .

wi ld card . de­ concierge • security official in a noting cards identifiable from their public gallery: invig ilator . etc.g. Russian three­ the same hands: duplicate bridge horse carriage: troika • Russian open • bridge victory taking all the tricks: carriage: d roshky • hooded wheel­ grand slam • bridge victory taking chair for invalids: 8ath chair twelve tricks: small slam • card carrying • combining forms: -fer games won by combinations held: (e. card games won by • soft raised surface of a carpet: pile gaining tricks bid: contract bridge. light Asian cart drawn by . force the play of particular cards: looking after sports pitches: d raw • play the first card to a trick: g roundsman lead . Irish light car­ nament with al competitors playing riage: jaunting car . piquet. two-wheeled horsedrawn taxi: gaining the most tricks: auction hansom. enclosed bridge. player mak­ to take proper precautions: contribu­ ing a successful bid: declarer • hand tory negligence .care I cart 54 certain cards: declare . card game carpet • long narrow strip of carpet: in which there are no partnerships: runner • small carpet: mat. whist • bridge tour­ carriage: coach . card ranked at its play­ cess: careerist • tacit barrier to car­ er's will:joker. failure to take care: negli­ pushed or pulled by hand: handcart. -phore (e. cultivation of con­ void • cards laid down in a lar suit: tacts that may further one's career: round of play: trick • card played networking . scrupulous ough • set of cards of the same suit careless • careless and hasty: slap- and adj acent values: sequence . win a trick cheaply: finesse carpenter • carpenter making • person who cheats at cards: card sharp. g. organized meet­ ing to play cards: d rive . careful and thor­ with no card above a nine: yarbor­ ough: painstaking. carriage • light one-horse carriage: solo whist • card games won by gig .g. hansom cab . -ferous (e. card sharper • closing rounds joiner • carpenter stairs.: making furniture: cabinet maker of play: endgame . self-starter • failure to follow suit when able to do • person only interested in career suc­ so: revoke . semaphore. rug round game . gence • failure o f a n injured person trolley . rummy • card game won by ous). person with great car­ when unable to follow suit: discard eer potential: hig h-flyer. odorifer­ poker. conifer). official backs: m arked • conceal a card in the keeping order in a public recreation hand: palm • play a trump: ruff ground: park keeper • employee . scoring eer advancement: glass ceiling card combination: meld • sequence caretaker • resident caretaker: of cards of the same suit: run . suit dash • idly careless: negligent of which a player holds many cards: • wilfully careless: reckless long suit • suit of which a player career • summary of a person's car­ holds several high cards: strong suit eer and education: curricu lum vitae • suit of which a player holds only one • descriptions of the careers and con­ or two cards: short suit • card that is nections of important people: proso­ the only one of a suit in a hand: pography • desire to follow a certain singleton • lack of cards of a particu­ career: vocation . doors. literally spotting similar cards: snap • card 'sign-carrying) • carriage of a boat or game won by acquiring family sets: its cargo between navigable waters: happy famil ies • fortune telling from portage cards: cartomancy cart • small cart: float • small cart care .

upon something: i n scribe crenel lation • walled part between cash • available cash: liquid ity these openings: merion • having bat­ • cash available for immediate use: tlements: embattled • opening for cash in hand . batter . ancient two-wheeled monobloc cart: chariot • cart's pole to which castle . cas­ pariah 0 Hindu forehead mark indi­ trated male singer in baroque opera cating caste: tilak or the papal chapel: castrato • cas­ casting • hollow container shaping trated bull: ox • castrated cockerel: material being cast: mould • casting capon • castrated stallion: gelding method using a wax model which is • castrated ram: wether . adjec­ above: portcullis . lost wax used in the French Revolution to con­ • clay mould around a wax model: vey condemned persons to the guillo­ mantle • made in a single casting: tine: tumbril . ward . g.(e. murder hole • pro­ • cash that must be accepted in pay­ jecting fortification built where two ment: legal ten der . low with loops for cartridges: bandolier wall sheltering troops on a castle wall: carving • adjective: g lyptic . castle's outer wall between cartridge • cartridge containing towers: curtain wall . gro­ parapet • parapet with regular open­ tesque carving: gargoyle • carve ings for shooting through: battlement. near ernor of a royal castle: constable money • convert assets into cash: • troops stationed i n a castle: garrison real ize • French castle: chateau (pl. (of a snake) cast off an old the Hindu worker caste: Sudra skin:slough • the skin so cast off: • member of the lowest Hindu caste: slough • action of casting off a skin: Dalit. geld • castrated man: eunuch . fastening attaching a draught ani­ tle's central keep. cash kept in hand to dropping missiles on people below: settle minor expenses: petty cash machicolation. area enclosed powder but no bullet: blank • belt by a castle wall: bailey. castle overlooking a city: draught animals are attached: shaft citadel • castle motte • cas­ mound: . castle's defensive tive: cartilaginous wall: rampart • castle's outer wall: bai ley . chondrocyte) . cash refund walls meet at an angle: bastion given to a purchaser: cashback • room set in a castle wall: casemate • bank card giving access to cash dis­ • castle's longdrop lavatory: garde­ pensers: cash ca rd • cash given to a robe • inward slope of a castle wall: customer at a supermarket checkout. untouchable • official name of ecdysis the lowest Hindu caste: scheduled castrate • castrate a male animal: caste • person of no caste: outcaste. donjon tower: mal to the shaft: trace • wooden • castle's underground cell: dungeon crosspiece on the necks of draught • castle ditch: moat • raisable bridge animals: yoke over a castle's moat: d rawbridge Carthage • adjective: Punic • castle's fortified gatehouse: barbi­ cartilage • combining form: can • heavy grating lowered from chondro. cha­ caste • member of the Hindu teaux) priestly caste: Brahman • member of cast off .55 Carthage I castrate one or more people: rickshaw • cart melted away: cire perdue. small outer door: postern. and debited to his charge card: sally port • bank sloping down from cash back • possession having a cash a castle: glacis • flat open area in value: asset • assets easily convert­ front of a castle: esplanade • gov­ ible into cash: liquid as sets.

cattle: herd • divided foot of cattle: protoplast) . -facient. plant cats like to • adjective: aetiological • causing smell: catmint. in the brain: a nthrax . rinderpest . round-up of cattle cat: cat flap • inflammation of a cat's on a ranch: rodeo � see also cow ear: can ker • cat with mottled fur: cause • combining forms: -genic. esp. (of a cat) give cattle fodder: manger • beet grown to birth: kitten • imagined cat with a feed cattle: mangold. catnip • boarding es­ abortion: a bortifacient • causing tablishment for cats: cattery cancer: carCinogenic • causing cathedral • covered walk in a cath. -plast (e. soporific edral complex: cloister • cathedral • caused by medical treatment: iatro­ precinct: close • cathedral govern­ genic • having an internal cause: en­ ing body: chapter • meeting place for dogenous • having an external this: chapter house • priest presid­ cause: exogenous • without appar­ ing over a cathedral chapter: dean. cattle normal aggregation of cells: nodule disease affecting the skin and lungs: • grouping of cells. cell identical to another: cloven hoof • one of a hornless clone • sexually mature germ cell: breed of cattle: poll • infectious cattle gamete • cell formed by union of two diseases: murrai n . mangel-wurzel broad grin: Cheshire cat . mad cow disease . combining form: speleo­ • g rotto • deep small artificial cave: cathedral chapter: capitular • canon natural cave: pothole • cave dweller: required to reside in the precincts: trog lodyte . stick for prod­ queen • young cat: kitten • tailless ding cattle: goad • open trough for breed of cat: Manx .g. cave dweller in Scandi­ residentiary canon • priest in navian mythology: troll • pointed cal­ charge of cathedral music: precentor cium carbonate excrescence hanging • deputy precentor: succentor from a cave roof: stalactite • tapering • priest assisting in cathedral services calcium carbonate column rising but not a chapter member: m i nor from a cave floor: stalagmite • study canon or exploration of caves: speleology cathode • electron beam emitted by ceiling • denoting a ceiling hung a cathode in a vacuum tube: cathode ray • vacuum tube for this: cathode from the floor above: suspended • access panel in a ceiling: trapdoor ray tube cathode ray tube • surface of celebrity • entertainment celebrity: this: screen • movement of the elec­ star • treat as a celebrity: lionize tron beam across the screen: sweep cell • combining forms: cyto-. adjective: bovine • group of -blast (e. ent cause: spontaneous provost • priest belonging to a cath­ edral chapter: canon • denoting a cave . cytoarchitecture hoofs and mouths: foot and mouth • colourless material comprising the disease • inflammation of the udder: living part of a cell: protoplasm garget • cattle disease infecting the • protoplasm excluding the nucleus: . cattle . and thereby transmitted to hu­ tom • adult unspayed female cat: mans: brucellosis . -fic. drowsiness: narcotic. net­ vous system: bovine spongiform en­ work of nerve cells: ganglion • ab­ cephalitis. -i ble. tabby • dark brown fur on a Siamese -genous. cattle disease ulcerating cytoarchitectonics. erythroblast). howl like • US cowherd: cowboy • cattle­ a cat: caterwaul • small door for a rearer: grazier . -cyte. -otic cat: seal point . cat­ gametes: zygote • body cell able to tle disease affecting the central ner­ absorb bacteria: phagocyte / ce ll 56 cat • adjective: feline • male cat: milk.

large cemetery: necrop­ chain • U-shaped link at a chain's olis end: shackle • crosspiece through a censorship . piece of thin information: Official Secrets Act wood in a chair back: splat • rod be­ census • person gathering census tween chair legs: stretcher data: enumerator • completed census chalk • adjective: calcareous form: return centre . high-backed armchair with project­ • broadcast sound covering a censored ing sidepieces: wing chair • infant's word: bleep • government notice to long-legged chair: h i g h chair • fold­ news editor� forbidding publication of ing chair of wood and canvas: deck­ specified information: D-notice . dried fruit. and • compound released into injured nuts: muesli cells: histamine • medicine able to ceremony • admission ceremony: target particular cells: magic bul let in itiation • ceremony to make an • growth of natural cells in an artifi­ award: investiture • ceremony to cial environment: culture. cement • cement used between pomp and circumstance • perform bricks: pOinting • cement used be­ a ceremony: solemn ize • person dir­ tween tiles: grout • cement used to ecting ceremonial: master of cere­ cover a floor: screed • cement used monies to cover a wall: parg et • vertical Ceres • Greek name: Demeter layer of cement: perpend • cement hardening under water: Portland ce­ cinder • brick made from cinders: ment • liquid cement sealing a joint: breeze block l ute . mesolithic). chamber It adjective: cameral 0 de­ mes. chain restricting an ani­ mortar mal's movement: tether • chain con­ cemetery • underground cemetery: trolling a dog by neck pressure: choke catacomb . cen­ noting a single-chamber legislature: tral point: epicentre. -centric .g. moral censorship of chain link: tog gle texts: bowdlerization • deliberate chair . moving to the centre: centripetal noting a three-chamber legislature: • having a common centre: concen­ tricameral tric • having no centre: acentric chamber pot • piece of furniture cereal • cereal stalks remaining in containing a chamber pot: commode the ground after harvesting: stubble • contents of a chamber pot: slops .: immune reaction mixture of cereals.57 Celtic I chamber pot cytoplasm • natural substance con­ • fungal disease of cereal crops: ergot trolling body-cell activity: hormone • human disease caught by eating the • hostile reaction of body cells to im­ infected grain: ergotism • breakfast planted tissue etc.(e. le­ chair • enclosed chair carried on gislation empowering censorship of poles: sedan chair . combining form: centro. nexus • mov­ unicameral • denoting a two­ ing from the centre: centrifugal chamber legislature: bicameral • de­ . lime and cement mixture: chain . ceremonial chair: throne generation of interference to render a • dining chair with arms: carver broadcast unintelligible: jamming . tissue cUl­ place a person in office: i n d uction ture • poisonoust o cells: cytotoxic • ceremony to mark a turning-point in • cell disintegration: lysis • study of rite of passage • me­ a person's life: living cells: cytology morial commemoration ceremony: Celtic • ancient Celtic priest: Druid • elaborate ceremony: solemn ity.

un­ ing: fl u ke • fortunate development of wiling to change: hidebound events by chance: sere n d i p ity . sea-change. capable of infinite Charlemagne • adjectives: C a ro­ changes: protean • resistance to l i n g i a n . capricious change • charge for as separate items: un­ of mind: whim • change of appear­ bundle ance: metamorphosis • change of charity • adjective: elee mosynary the eucharistic elements: transub­ • day of street charity collections: fla g stantiation • moment of decisive day . wayward • change head sides: a postatize • adapt to suit indi­ vidual requirements: personal ize cheat • person who cheats at cards: • initiate new areas of activity: d iver­ card sharp. dishon­ sify • process of change: transition esty in business or public life : sleaze • general direction of change: trend check . chapel • chapel for the use of pa­ volte-face • involving extreme change: radical • adaptive change: rishioners living far from the main accl imatization church: chapel of ease • small do­ • minor change: amendment. channel for fast-moving water: race • drainage channel: change . sacrosanct chance • adjective: fortuitous • situation or action that cannot be • subject to chance: p robabilistic. revolution. combining forms: meta­ d itch . open to change: ne­ Charles I and II . dyke (e:g_ metamorphosis). per­ son seizing offered chances: oppor­ • things never change: plus ya t u n ist . Anglo-Normandes transmutation. -tropic (e_g_ psy­ Channel Islands • Channel Is­ chotropic). easily changed: flexible lean. adjectives: C a ro­ gotia ble . Caroline • supporter of Charles • favouring steady change: p rogres­ I: Cava l i e r. vet . Roya l ist . U-turn. u p heava l . person background: vet • place where advocating gradual change: reform ist checks are carried out: control . • champagne and orange juice: time-server • 'change of life': meno­ Bu ck's Fizz pause • denoting something that cannot be changed: flat. check truth or validity: ver­ • thing that initiates or accelerates ify. Carlov i n g i a n change: inertia . opponent of s ive .(e_g. quan­ name for the Channel Islands: lies tum leap. plus c'est la me me chose one is taken: opportun ity cost • keep unaltered: preserve • unchan­ ging: u n iform chandelier .champagne I check 58 champagne • champagne exclu­ • person opposed to all change: reac­ sive to one shipper: monopole • de­ tionary • person who changes his noting unsweetened champagne: brut principles to suit the times: trimmer. stochastic • chance happen­ cope with change: future shock . legally binding undertaking to change: tu rning point • improve by make payments to a charity: coven­ basic changes: reform • constant ant change: flux . check against a standard: change: catalyst • after essential ca l i b rate • check a job applicant's changes: m utatis m uta ndis . changing unpredictably: mer­ Charles I: Parliamentarian. volatile. Round­ c u rial. ran­ changed: fait acco m p l i • inability to dom. tropophyte) lands magistrate: j u rat • French • extreme change: makeover. cut-glass chandelier: l ustre channel . card sharper . loss of other chances when change. variation • subtle mestic chapel: oratory change: n uance • unpredictable charge • extra charge: surcharge change: vaga ry . tropo.

chemo­ drawer 0 institution that must hon­ (e. for­ white Italian cheese: mozzarella mulae) o substance used in chemical o rich blue-veined Laicestershire analysis: reagent 0 substance having cheese: Stilton o sweet brown Norwe­ the same crystal structure as another: gian cheese: Gjetost o hard Swiss isomorph 0 chemical decomposition cheese: Emmenta l 0 pale Swiss by electric current: electrolysis cheese with holes: Gruyere o chemical decomposition by water: o cheese's tough outer skin: rind hydrolysis o not subject to chemical o protein present in cheese: casein decomposition: stable o curdling agent used i n cheesemak­ ing: rennet o denoting unripe cheese: cheque o cheque for a fixed amount green 0 sprinkled with grated cheese usable abroad: traveller's cheque and browned: au gratin o melted o cheque drawn by a bank on its own cheese on toast: ra re bit.(e.g.g.59 cheek I cherub cheek 0 adjectives: buccal. putto . chemisorption). chemotherapy) 0 chemical liquid our a cheque: drawee o person bene­ destroying bacteria: disi nfectant fiting from the cheque: payee o writ­ o eat away by chemical action: cor­ ing on the back of a cheque: rode endorsement o payee named in an endorsement: endorsee 0 denoting chemical reaction o self- an uncrossed cheque: open 0 denot­ sustaining series of chemical reac­ ing a cheque that is invalid because tions: chain reaction 0 substance drawn long before: sta le 0 credit a used in a chemical reaction: reagent o substance changed in a chemical re­ cheque to the payee's account: clear action: reactant 0 substance formed o pay a presented cheque: honour by a chemical reaction: product o refuse to pay a presented cheque: o production of compounds by reac­ dishonour 0 instruct one's bankers tion from simpler materials: synthe­ not to honour a cheque: stop sis 0 substance accelerating a chem­ cherub o adjective: cherubic ical reaction:catalyst 0 biochemical o cherub in Renaissance paintings: catalyst: enzyme 0 sUbstance slow. seeking to turn Dolcelatte ™ 0 Italian hard blue­ base metals into gold: a lchemy veined cheese: Gorgonzola 0 Italian o chemical analysis of a compound. malar ing or preventing a chemical reaction: o drooping cheek: jowl inhi bitor cheese 0 adjective: caseous chemistry 0 chemistry of com­ o small whole cheese: truckle 0 soft pounds containing carbon: organic cheese made from skimmed milk: cot­ chem istry 0 chemistry of compounds tage cheese 0 French soft white not containing carbon: inorganic cheese: Brie 0 French goat's cheese: chemistry o chemistry of plants: chevre o soft cheese from Normandy: phytochemistry 0 chemistry of liv­ Camem bert 0 Danish soft white ing organisms: biochemistry cheese with blue veins: Danish blue o chemistry of radioactive substances: o round Dutch cheese with a yellow radiochemistry 0 chemistry of the rind: Gouda 0 Greek goat's cheese: stars and space: astrochemistry feta o Italian soft blue-veined cheese: o medieval chemistry. ban ker's draft o melted cheese on toast with a o cheque guaranteed by a bank: certi­ poached egg: buck rarebit fied cheque 0 cheque counterfoil: chemical o combining forms: stub o person writing a cheque: chemi. amoretto. cream cheese: mascarpone 0 firm expressed in symbols: form ula (pl. Welsh rarebit funds: bank draft.

cherry I childbirth 60 cherry • sour cherry used i n cook­ abandoned by its parents: fou n d l i n g ing: more l l o • child whose parents are dead: chess • chess played o n separate orphan • child substituted for an­ boards: kriegsp i e l • opening tactic: other in infancy: changeling .. denoting a intervention: natural child birth . childbirth with fancy • denoting a child born within minimUl medical and technological wedlock: legitim ate . glvrng chest • adjectives: pectoral . thor. representation of a chickpea • chickpea paste: hum­ naked winged child in Renaissance mus • chickpea rissole: felafel art: amoretto. de­ child born out of wedlock: ba stard. that children cannot open or use: pigeon b reast • chest murmur: c h i ld proof • suitable for children souffle and adults: fam i ly • state agency or­ ganizing child maintenance pay­ chew • chew the cud: ru m i nate ments: C h i l d S u p port Agency . chief monk: e ry • childbirth at home: home de­ ab bot. per­ chicken • brood of chickens: clutch son sexually attracted to children: � see also fowl paed ophile . cherub. b i s h o p. ad­ mother's abdomen: Caesari a n . pu­ • chief beam: architrave • chief erpera l • process of childbirth: del iv­ bishop: a rch bishop . pawn • bring ward . priority to the interests of children: acic • deformed human chest with chi ld-ce ntred • denoting something projecting breastbone: pigeon chest. par­ gambit • chess pieces in order of im­ ental responsibility for a child: cus­ portance: king. prior • chief nun: a b bess. i l ­ noting a woman capable of childbirth: legitimate • child that has been fecund • woman who has never . rook or castle. child under state guardian­ a back-line piece forward: devel o p ship: ward of court • bring up • denoting a piece that can b e taken: another's child: foster • children en prise • attack upon the oppon­ killed by Herod: Holy I n n ocents ent's king: check • repeated check­ • child's leading reins: harness ing of the king: perpetual check • child's playful misbehaviour: m i s­ • closing moves: endgame • winning ch ief • exceptionally talented child: position: checkmate . putto chief • combining form: a rch- childbirth • adjective: obstetric. wunderkind • chil­ feat without checkmate: resi g n dren's part of a house: n u rsery • day • situation i n which a player cannot nursery for young children: creche move except into check: sta lem ate • child who comes home to an empty • situation in which the need to make house: latch key child . project offer­ a move is itself a disadvantage: ing pastimes for children during zugswa ng • declaration when ad­ school holidays: playscheme • per­ justing a piece: j ' a d o u be • side of the son supervising children in public: board on which both queens stand at cha perone • supervise children the start of play: q ueenside • half­ while their parents are out: ba bysit move in computer chess: ply • expert • study and treatment of the diseases chess-player: m aster • chess-player of children: paediatrics • dentistry of the highest class: g rand m aster of children: paedodontics . q ueen. tody • child cared for by a guardian: knight. concede de­ child prodigy. Cae­ jective: fi l i a l • early childhood: in­ sarian section . l ivery • childbirth under water: prioress water b i rth • device for this: b i rthing chilblain • ulcerated chilblain: kibe pool • childbirth via a cut in the child • combining form: paed.

position of woman's close-fitting silk dress: the fetus at the time of delivery: pre­ cheongsam • stick for eating Chi­ sentation • presentation with feet or nese food: chopstick • Chinese fry­ buttocks first: breech del ivery • sur­ ing pan: wok • soup made from a gical cutting of the vagina at child­ coating on bird's nests: bird's nest birth: episiotomy • large pincers as­ soup • Chinese egg dish: foo yong sisting childbirth: forceps • suction • Chinese dish o f grilled meat i n a device assisting childbirth: vacuum spicy sauce: satay • Chinese-style extractor. Chi­ noting the period before childbirth: nese pancake filled with vegetables: antenatal. hos­ nese native labourer: coolie • Chi­ pital area for the final stages of la­ nese secret criminal gang: To ng. combining form: Sino- midwife • hospital for the care of • Chinese official:mandari n • Chi­ childbirth: maternity hospital . antepartum • denoting spring roll .61 childbirth I Chinese given birth: nulli para • woman giv­ puerperi um 0 government office ing birth for the first time: primi para where births are recorded: register of­ • woman bearing a child for another: fice � see also birth. absolute principle milk secretion: oxytocin • hormone in Chinese philosophy: Tao • active making the cervix dilate: relaxin male principle in Chinese philosophy: • period between the start of contrac­ yang • passive female principle of tions and delivery: labour • spinal Chinese philosophy: yin • Chinese anaesthetic given in childbirth: epi­ philosophical system advocating hu­ dural. top: cowl • duct inside a chimney: or person making such study: obstet­ fl ue • partition between flues: withe rician • assist the b irth of a child: de­ l iver • nurse attending at childbirth: Chinese . de­ and vegetables: chow mein . Chi­ period from the child's conception nese snack of small dumplings: d i m until weaning: matern ity • first li­ sum • small white Chinese dessert quid from the breasts: colostrum fruit: Iychee • Chinese sauce with • substance encouraging breastmilk: sugar and vinegar or lemon: sweet glalactagogue . woman's tamate 0 illness caused b y excess ive fever after childbirth: milk fever monosodium glutamate: C h inese res­ • fever caused by uterine infection taurant syndrome • Chinese sor· after childbirth: puerperal fever ghum spirit: mao-tai • Chinese game . Tria d bour: delivery su ite • start labour ar­ • Chinese idol: joss • Chinese tem­ tificially: i nduce • hormone ple: joss house • Chinese Buddhist stimulating womb contractions and teacher: bonze . prawn-flavoured natal. extradural • drug easing la­ mility and piety: Taoism • Chinese bour pains: pethidine . ve ntouse • greasy deposit dish of meat. excessive produc­ and sour sauce . and covering a newborn infant: vernix rice: chop suey • Chinese-style dish • prediction of a future child's genetic of fried noodles with shredded meat disorders: gpnetic counselling . mixed vegetables. post-partum • denoting the rice-flour crisp: prawn cracker . food additive used tion of galactorrhoea breastmilk: in Chinese cuisine: monosod ium glu­ • breastfeed a baby: nurse . pregna ncy surrogate mother • medical care chimney . period after childbirth in which the played with small tiles: mah-jong reproductive organs return to normal: • Chinese gambling game: fan-tan . small Chinese savoury the period after childbirth: post­ dumpling: wonton . free-standing part of a and study of those giving birth: ob­ chimney: stack • hooded chimney stetrics • doctor providing such care.

Putong h u a d raw. Cand le­ . select by lot • transliteration systems from Chi­ chorus • adjectives: choral. Pu rification. worn by a Eucharist: Corpus Ch risti • Christ's knight: favour • moral obligations of suffering and death: the Passion the nobility: noblesse oblige • place of Christ's betrayal: Gethsem­ chocolate • denoting chocolate ane • Christ's route to Calvary: Via made without milk: p l a i n • greyish Dolorosa • place of Christ's crucifix­ deposit on the surface of stored choc­ ion: Calva ry . re­ eval Chinese porcelain: M i n g • Chi­ presentation of Christ's descent from nese sailing vessel: junk • Chinese Jesse: Jesse tree • Christ's birth. section of a church acupuncture: meri d i a n . j acket in Chinese communist style: mas • commemoration of Christ's Mao jacket fast: Lent • commemoration of chip • denoting chips with wavy Christ's appearance in glory to three edges: crinkle-cut disciples: Tran sfi g u ration • com­ memoration of Christ's entry into Je­ chivalry • glove thrown down by a rusalem: Pa l m S u nday • commemor­ knight as a challenge: gage ation of Christ's institution of the • patroness's ribbon etc. with figures: ern art: chinoiserie • study of Chi­ crib • commemoration of the birth of nese culture and politics: S i nology Christ: C h ristmas• period of fasting Chinese communism . adjective: chora l • section of needles: acupuncture • bodily en­ a church choir standing on the north ergy path in Chinese medicine and side: cantoris . same) Presentation . election: adopt . • celebration of Christ's resurrection: . famous type of medi­ Christ: C h ristocentric . combining form: C h risto­ • adjective: d o m i n ical • centred on �hinoiserie . qigong • Chinese divination choir: chori ster manual: I C h i n g . or traditional racing boat: dragon boat a representation of it: Nativity • imitation of Chinese motifs in West­ • model of the stable. P i nyin .Chi nese communism I Christ 62 • Chinese geometrical puzzle: ta n­ cess of available options: embarras de g ram • Chinese martial art: kung fu choix • wrong option in a multiple­ • Chinese plant with medicinal root: choice question: d i stractor g i nseng • Chinese therapy by choir . architec­ tural decoration in the Chinese style: Christ . marks of Christ's cru­ olate: bloom • maker or seller of cifixion bestowed on others through chocolate: chocolatier prayer: sti g mata • representation of c h oice • choice where both options the dead Christ in his mother's arms: have disadvantages: dilemma pieta • site of Christ's burial: Holy • choice with no real alternatives: Sepulchre • Christ's freeing of the Hobson's choice • choice made to righteous dead: Ha rrowing of Hell allocate scarce resources: triage • ex. choric nese: Wade-G iles. choose at random: guages: Mandarin. life force in choir standing on the south side: de­ Chinese medicine and philosophy: chi cani • choir divided to sing antiphon­ • Chinese exercise systems: t'ai chi ally: double choir • boy member of a ch'uan. party of. Book of Changes • former Chinese bow of greeting: choose • choose as candidate for an kowtow • principal Chinese lan. preceding this: Advent • commemor­ ficial in charge of political education: ation of the visit of the Magi: Epiph­ com m i ssar • individual political in­ any • commemoration of the presen­ doctrination: thought refo rm • polit­ tation of the infant Christ: ical wallposter: dazibao (pl.

chromo­ confessions: confessional • part of a some defect causing intellectual im­ church containing the high altar: pairment and physical abnormalities: sanctuary • sanctuary cupboard: Down's syndrome • study of chro­ aumbry • side table in a sanctuary: mosomes: cytogenetics credence • stone seats for the cele­ church • adjective: eccl eSiastical. denoting those sock. view onto the altar. raised enclosed ing the principles of the Reformation: platform for preaching: pulpit • read­ Protesta nt • denoting Christian ing stand for a B ible: lectern • broad unity: ecu m en ical • officially ex­ aisle or passageway: ambulatory • wooden seat for choir or clergy: stall clude someone from the Christian sac­ raments: excommun icate . medi­ eval Christian expedition to regain ger • forms of church service: l iturgy 8 church assembly: synod. brants. small private chapel: oratory Last Judgement: Second Coming • sanctify a church for use: conse­ • representation o f Christ as universal crate . squint . member of this continuing group. Christian love: agape . kneeler • space for access be­ Western Christian Churches follow­ tween pews: aisle . church exempt through a pillar: hag ioscope. Whit Su nday . perceived as lead­ vestments and sacred vessels: sacris­ ers and founders of the Church: apos­ tan . ledge o n this supporting a standing person: m isericord. cut cese: cathedral . Christian Church • wooden congregational bench: pew following the Pope: Roman Cath olic • pew • Christian Church Church follow­ with high s ides giving privacy: ing the Oecumenical Patriarch: box pew • kneeling cushion: has­ Orthodox Church . com­ noting a church endowed for a chapter memoration of the descent of the Holy of canons: colleg iate . convoca­ the Holy Land: crusade • Christian observing Sunday as the sabbath: sa b­ tion . church court: consistory • church law: canon law • expel from batarian • Christian preaching in­ a church: excommunicate • court­ tended to make converts : evangelism • Christian thanksgiving for the har­ yard before a church: parvis . member of Christ's im­ mediate circle during His earthly man . : churchwarden • churchwarden's assistant: sides­ Christian . misere re • sec­ chromosome • female chromo- tion of a church choir standing on the some: X chromosome 8 male north side: cantoris • section of a chromosome: Y chromosome . num­ church choir standing on the south ber and appearance of an organism's s ide: deca ni • booth for priest to hear chromosomes: karyotype . : ver­ tle .63 Christian I church Easter • commemoration of Christ's from diocesan control: pecu liar . church robing vestry room: • official leading processions etc. assign a church to a saint's ruler: pantocrator • doctrine of protection: dedicate • church usher: Christ's two natures: d ual ism � see verger • senior layman resposible for also Lent church property etc . ex­ originally part of a monastery: min­ pected return of Christ to earth at the ster . built into the south sanctuary ecclesia I • principal church o f a dio­ wall: sed ilia . church caretaker and grave­ digger: sexton • official in charge of ministry: disciple . church porch: galilee • church vest: ha rvest festival • Christian antechamber: na rthex • holy-water tradition emphasizing scriptural au­ thority and personal conversion: basin near a church door: stoup • main part o f a church: nave evangel icalism . large church Spirit: Pentecost. de­ return to heaven: Ascension .

or building adja­ ona . imagined circle joining a Church having state control or sup­ the earth's poles: meridian • im­ port: esta b l ished • sever formal agined circle round the earth equidis­ links between Church and state: dis­ tant from its poles: equator • prehis­ esta b l i s h . circular move­ Anglican • group of Churches world­ ment of water or smoke: eddy • cir­ wide that are in communion with the cular movement of the axis of a Church of England: Anglican Com. cigarette with a filter: in an Orthodox church: iconostasis filter t i p . long thin cigar: panatella cent to it. are kept: cinema • small cinema: cinema- sacristy • grotesque stone figure on theque • cinema programme ofIer- the outside of a church: gargoyle ing two full-length films: d o u b l e fea. • roofed gate into a churchyard: Iych­ ture • building housing several gate • building in a churchyard for cinemas: m u ltiplex • ratio of width to exhumed bones: charnel house •a height of projected image: tenth of one's income given to the ratio Church: tithe . period between incumbents: inter­ roofs: clerestory • gallery running reg n u m over an arcade: trifori um • section of cider • strong rough cider: scru m py a church east of the main altar: retro­ • drink of draught cider and lager: . formal be the main floor: crypt.Church of England I circle 64 • part of a church round the sanctu­ mu nion • Anglican provincial synod: ary: cha ncel • wood or stone parti­ convocati o n • parish's contribution tion at the chancel entrance: rood to diocesan funds: quota • priest screen.(e. par­ arms in a cross-shaped plan: transept ish priest not formerly receiving • part of a church where nave and tithes: vicar • priest's house: rectory.g. choir • curved or polygonal exten­ snakebite • pulpy fruit left after sion to the east end of a church: apse cider-making: pomace • apse with an ambulatory: chevet cigar • long straight-sided cigar: cor­ • part of a church. used for baptisms: baptist­ • cigar tapering at the ends: perfecto ery • chapel dedicated to the Blessed • open-ended cigar: cheroot • stub of Virgin: Lady chapel • water con­ a cigar: butt • airtight cigar box: hu- tainer for baptisms: font • chapel or midor altar endowed for Masses for the founder's soul: cha ntry • icon screen cigarette . spinning object: precession . authorization from a circle • combining form: cycl. priest in charge of a cel: aisle • part of a church beneath benefice: i n c u m bent . denoting cyclorama) . round the outside of a circle: circum­ patrology • study of church building ference e line from the centre to the and decoration: ecclesiology � see circumference of a circle: radius also altar • half-circle: semicircle • quarter­ Church of England • adjective: circle: q u a d rant . screen • part of a church be­ supervising a group of parochial tween nave and altar: choir • part of clergy: rural dean • parish priest for­ a church built out to form one of the merly receiving tithes: rector . Church administrative toric stone circle: henge • distance district: parish • study of the Church across a circle: diameter • distance Fathers and their writings: patristics. l iving . transepts join: crossing . part of a vicarage . stub of a cigarette: butt • room where vestments etc. u ndercroft stowal of a benefice: induction • set of windows overlooking aisle . Church authority: faculty ..job as parish priest: bene­ church to the side of a nave or chan­ fice.

contractual clause clairvoyance: fey � see also spiritual­ allowing for price increases: escal­ i st ator clause clan • matriarch clan's female head: claw • front claw of a lobster or crab: . clean by hard rubbing: classes and their ways: inverted snob scour • clean by pressurized sand: • dialect of a particular social class: sandblast • cleanly practices: hy­ sociolect • class structure: social giene • sterilize food by gamma radi­ scale. large circus tent: big top ing social groups of equal status: hori­ • place where circus animals are kept: zontal • acceptable in the best menagerie • enclosed area for a circles: pukka circus performance: ri ng • person classification • classification of directing a circus performance: ring­ plants and animals by shared fea­ master tures: taxonomy • classification of citadel • ancient Greek citadel: plants and animals based on inherited acropolis . adjedives: civic.g. chief city: metropolis • city formed by the a rchy • classification according to joining of several towns: conurbation shared ancestry: clad istics • huge composite city: megalopolis. for cleaning: wipe • mass • person keen to improve his or her of matted fine wire used for cleaning: social status: social climber . wire wool . middle-class person with conven­ bricks: pug • thin clay used to decor­ tional views: bourgeois • the provin­ ate pottery: slip • clay used to make cial middle classes: Middle England reddish pottery: terra cotta • mixture • salaried classes: salariat • member of clay and straw used for walls: cob of the upper middle class: haut bour­ • clay used as a filter:ful ler'S earth geOis • privileged and influential • liquid clay sealing a joint: l ute section of society: overclass • ad­ mirer of the upper classes and their clean • clean without using water: ways: snob • admirer of the lower d ry-clean . dis­ pincer • having non-retactile claws: tinctive plaid of a Scottish clan: tar­ cynopodous tan clay • clay used for bricks and walls: class • lowest social stratum: under­ adobe • clay used for china: kaol in class . clan's male head: patriarch . wor&ing classes: proletariat • clay worked for making pottery or . outlying part of a city: • clause that is not in itself a complete suburb • suburb inhabited by daily sentence: subordi nate clause commuters: dormitory suburb . social ladder • improving ation: irradiate • disposable piece of one's social status: upwardly mobile paper etc.t of a city: complete sentence: main clause inner city . Viennese) • adjective: civil • gift of binomial nomenclature • classifica­ honorary citizenship: freedom tion by general type: typology • clas­ sification according to rank: hier­ city . city • clause in a contract stipulating ex­ area inhabited by a particular ethnic ceptions: saving clause • contract­ or social group: g hetto • preserved ual clause freeing a party from obli­ open land round a city: g reen belt gations under stated conditions: clairvoyance • having powers of escape clause .65 circus I clean circus . Russian citadel: kremlin characteristics: cladistics • classifi­ • North African citadel: kasbah cation of plants and animals by genus citizen • combining form: -ese (e. and species: Lin naean nomenclature. urban . involv. clause • clause that is in itself a metroplex • central par.

deaconpastor . rappel climb byswarm grip­ • pillg with hands and feet: clcloister: austral • up holplaced . focusof a picture or sound: defin.climbing alone aids:and free without climbing equip- clericalscrivclerk ment: sol o cl i m bi n g .spiked plate • preparillg legal documents: ener ill the middle of a • feet: s insecure garth • cloister • adjective: hold: rock: smear pi t on pin driven secure a intos rope climber' the oiusedlcloforth. clothwaxcl impregnated o th strong withcloth oil: • round a piton.climber' porter s • adjective: clothseveralgroupparishes: Of clergyteamresponsible clerk • I for cleric assistillg a priest: mini deaconstry clillic givillg generalservices: prac­ cleric servillg a prison. preci ­ • pilacndsl e idcollapse clock's swinging e.fold of skin surrounding this: • puce removal ofcithercumci clitoris: cli. �m"'bb"�I' iticlarity on. titioner and specialist I • etc.minister' s lay assist­ the in theclitoris: erecticorpus o n erectile tissue • • clergyman attached toin clitoris: cavernosum rounded • a make ship someone or military unit: chapl a part at the end of the clitoris: glpre­ ans • ordai n .climber'a climber' s boot: crampon � clergy . Catholic clgrandmother ock smallerclocklongcase small clock: rect­ • • • Church angular clment. a clock tozethe same time wi d a • • adjective: climb climb down using a doubled as another: climax rope: abseilthe.following the direction • of clock' sthehands: clockwidirection se circu­ • cli macti c .large grandfather • ciprizeest. crag.ex­ tori­ (pl. ship. college.precise clock: chronometer re­ai­ atomiclongcase clock: clock: caesium clock • duce a cleric to lay status: defrock.pendulum m aking: oartogyor horol climate dry climate with hot sum­ denotinganalaogue clock dialdenotingwith moving • • mers climate and cold winters: denotillg a mildconticlimate: nental hands: a clock temperate dial with a changing numerical dis­ small region: mispecial croclimclimate ate of a • play: digi t al . l .sex­ • lating in opposite toder­a ment ill a play: catastrophe mo­ ual climax: orgasm crucial • clock' shi s hands: ns setsynchroni anti cl o ckwi s e. prepositioned .the clergy collectively: the attendant scarrying ice axe: supplies: piolet .climber' for a climber' s handsfoot­or . ock movement clock with .person apeparing priest orforminister: ordin­ . see also cliff .clergyman' derived from it: s job.. corpora cavernosa) • ation: and the ordi n incomeand . landslofippart of a cliff face: • weighted study of rod: clock. padre : chapl a i n clerical military rank:deacon: chaplain: order minor cler­ polycliniclc inicclinic for women: well­ woman • clinic • ical ranks below • clitoris enlarged and rigid state of orders .clock mechanism: a handle: carri escape­ age . bene­ dectomy. etc. femal e s i o n • fibelow ce apiece of black material worn cision ofofthethe clitoris together and astitchillg vulva: infibul tion • sonsuchwhopersons clerical collar: is notcollectively: stock per­ a cleric:l a itlyayman clock .: belay rock sails and paintings: canvas • cloth • • • • .Church Roman of Engl and.steep cliff: bl u ff.Protestant clergyman: min­ • • iant: ster. Protestant. rock.

fabric tri­ certain activity: kit • clothes other angle worn over the shoulders: shawl than uniform or regulation dress: . .. . .: vent . . . . . coverall. . . . . . . .. . . loose garment reaching the knees: tering substance as clothes ornament: tunic • sleeveless tunic: tabard paillette. . . . . . clay used by a fuller: fuller's earth • slit a t the back o f a jacket etc. . • slit covering fastenings or for a clothier pocket opening: placket • pocket clothes • adjective: sartorial . . . and legs: combinations garment: revers . . . collected by a bride before her of women's clothes having a low neck marriage: troussea u. . . part of a garment • loose overall: smock. . . . . . and feet exposed: boiler ment: colou rway • part of a garment s uit. . . . ensemble • items completing ing of a garment: flare • turned and an ensemble: accessories • denoting sewn edge of a garment: hem • thin clothes suitable for both men and stripe for business clothes: pinstripe • garments that can be worn in vari­ women: un isex • denoting clothes in ous combinations: separates • cloth­ a timelessly elegant style: classic • casual clothes: leisure w ar e • style ing etc.. trunk. . . . . . . draper. • cloth to cover a corpse: shroud.: designer . . jum psu it. bottom d rawer • clothes a new baby: layette for and high waist: empire line .67 clothes I clothes . . . . .. . . . denot­ ing women's clothes shaped to fit the • baby's short coat: matinee coat body: fu lly fashioned • denoting • baby's one-piece garment: playsuit. . . . . siren suit contrasting in colour with the main • one-piece undergarment covering fabric: facing • turned-back edge of a arms. . couturiere) round the neck: neckerchief • small . clothes revealing glimpses of the body: rompers • couturier's range of new peekaboo • denoting clothes that are clothes: collection • liturgical functional rather than decorative: clothes: vestments . . . . glit­ . . . . . . . dark clothes fancy-dress costumes: costumier worn with university robes: subfusc • full-sized model for displaying • one-piece garment leaving only the clothes:dummy • colours on a gar­ head. . . . . long scarf or shawl: stole • long mufti • maker of clothes: tailor • de­ scarf of fur or feathers: boa • small sign and manufacture of fashion shawl: fichu • fabric head-covering: clothes: couture • designer of fash­ kerchief . double fold held by stitching: winding sheet • cloth placed over a pleat • sharp narrow pleat: kn ife chair back to protect it from hair-oil: pleat • decorative frill or pleat: antimacassa r • roll of cloth: bolt ruche • strip of ornamental material • cloth-maker: person clothier • on a skirt or dress: flounce . . . . cloth-merchant: mercer. length cleaning and thickening cloth: fuller of cloth trailing behind a dress: train . . . . . flattened • athlete's warm oversuit: tracksuit.. . . robes • clothing specific to a round the waist: sash . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . hands. . . stitched fold in a garment: tuck sweatsuit . . . . . . . .. couturier's trademark: label . . . . long strip of sensible • ceremonial clothes: fu l l cloth worn over the shoulders or dress. . . square of cloth worn ion clothes:couturier (fern. . . . . . spangle . dart . . . .. . all sewn onto the surface of a garment: the clothes owned by a person: ward­ patch pocket • pocket set into a gar­ robe • set of clothes worn together: ment: slash pocket • gradual widen­ outfit. . cou­ shiny decorative disk: sequin turier's shop: salon • denoting • clothes indicating membership o f a clothes from a fashionable couturier: colours • guardsman's tall team etc. . . . . . blouse covering the shoulders: yoke . seq u i n . . . . . . . . . maker of theatrical or fur bearskincap: . . . . weatherproof tracksuit: • tapered tuck shaping a garment: shell suit • casual trousers: slacks . . . . . .

. lower o woman'half s lightofotight- loosethis:robe: d o m i no body stocking: bikini 1 sleeveless poncho 0 sweater: omotor­ fitting strap' guernsey 0 ist' s short coat: sailor's less top for women or girls: polo neck. . . s l i pover coat. . . . . . fiarms. . s under·� figure· puttee 0 G-stri n g . . pea jacket. . . . . . . . . . . fittingvestbodice:exposing jacket. . . reefer jacket short cloak with a mask: o woman' s close-andfitting garment cover- anorak. . olong waterproof ballerina' s bodice. o denim trousers with a forbib: horse­ mentalfrill:shirt frill:olong shirt starched clot hes I clothes 6E 1 shaped trousers neck worn . . · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·· riding: at the knee:. . . . . .trousers ending gathered bed: nightwear: oloose coat over dun­ : jabot 0 ooankle· baggy covering: knickerbockers: o elastic stripsleeveless supportingvest:a stocking� garees 0 ruff j o d h p u rs nights h i rt olengthleg:of cloth wound roundwith the o strip of material covering theof cloth geni. . . . . . . . . . . . spat garter 0 singlell jacket: silk jacket with an up· garment: s all- woman' i n. . . . corset. . . . . . . . leotard • the head: o woollen cape withthicka slitbluefor ing the oo woman' trunk woman'ss swimsuit legs: two-piece consisting swimsuit: of the bedjacket 0 catsuit. . . . . . peig n o i r oloose overcoat belted at porting a sleeveless top: part car coat 0 boob the back: oheavy woollen ofo close- a dress above bodice: the waist: pea coat. jacket that is folded hem: sheath d ress oo short- loose sshirt leevedor dress: casual top: oorna. . thong right collar: shaping undergarment: bomber o belted jacket with box pleats:belted jacket. . wind cheater 0 loi ncloth o o lightweight woman's light belt jerkin 0 teddy 0 jacket with patch pockets: stocking suspenders: mandarin jacket fou n dation" ojacket in Chi­ o woman' s breasts: undergarment N o r­ found ation garment. . . . . . . . p a rka body. tting and garment covering cagoule 0 tutu 0 sleeveless cloak: trunk. . . safari jacket waterproofed with jacket wax: pulled over ostomach: woman's short Mao jacket b ra. turtleneck 0 ho use­ sleeveless top: strap sup­ p U l l over. tube. . u n itard sweater:over collar: sweater's high cape 0 turned. . . . ra i n coat 0 twinset 0 overlapping straight from the shoulders: fla k jacket 0 bolero ofrontback:edge of a o dress flaring outo long fromformal shoulderdress:to single-breasted bl ouse 0 sheath. .. . . . . . . . denoting a dress having chemise low neckline: dress double-breasted l a pel tent d ress T-s h i rt gown 0 a kaftan decollete 0 0 . legs: reefer. .i nese communist style: ing the fol k jacket ro ll-on 0 ojacket with slits at theoutdoor side orjacket back: o woman' s vest: bush suspender belt ! oloose. . . . . . g i rd le. . . l i berty the head:jacket: thick double­ skirt: woman' s hacking jacket 0 ice breasted garment covering the trunk andwoman's waxed jacket oojacket warm hooded jacket:sitting up in bed: crop top 0 worn short when close. . . . bodysu it. roll­ monokini short overcoat:olong heavy overcoat: woman's close. . knickerbockers d ressing gown\ lower short jacket tals: opiece plus fours elasticated waist and cuffs:sleeveless wound aboutwoman' the hips andone crotch:i gaiter. . . . fitting neck. . . . bustier 0 hooded coat with toggle coat: fastenings: fi tting pilot jacket tank top 0 waterproof o woman's matching woman' cardigans short and g reatcoat ha lter 0 bullet-a coat proofwithcoat:a jumper: ulster bodice denoting open jacket:close-fittingowoman' s shirt: basque single row ofa coat buttons: dress: duffel coat 0 mack­ otonsdenoting and an with two rows offront: but­ o dress hanging i ntos h . . . . . . . . . . . .

person em­ box: scuttle • stony residue from ployed to wear clothes for display: burnt coal: clinker .ailcoat . heavy bludgeon club: • spiked shoulders: donkey jacket • man's metal club: mace • Irish club: shil­ heavy double-breasted overcoat: ul­ lelagh . loose underdress: cloud • adjective: nebulous • tower­ chemise • light underskirt or under­ ing clOUd-mass: cumuloni mbus dress: petticoat • short petticoat: slip • rounded clOUd-mass: cumulus . robes. tai l coat club: knobkerrie • man's suit for formal daytime wear: club' • veto someone's proposed lounge suit • man's formal evening jacket: dinner jacket • man's velvet membership of a club etc. low layer o f clumped grey negligee . man's long­ clutch • disengage a motor's clutch: tailed coat for formal evening wear: decl utch dress coat. mine safety official: deputy • ship soignee) • basket for dirty clothes: transporting coal: collier • coal store: linen basket • dummy to display bunker • fireside ornamental coal­ clothes: mannequin . night­ forming a continuous grey sheet: stra­ gown • women's underwear and tus • height of cloud base: ceiling nightclothes: lingerie . : blackball jacket: smoking jacket . hat. pad­ see under the appropriate national ad­ ding formerly worn under the rear of jective a skirt: bustle . spruce • coal miner's basket: cort • coal . . mass o f fast-moving cloud: wrack farthingale • hooped petticoat: crin­ . fop • denoting mine: colliery • coal miner: collier a neatly dressed man: dapper. elegantly dressed: SOigne (fern. low grey cloud: nim bostratus. waddy • South African mal day wear: morning coat. Australian Aboriginal club: ster • man's long-tailed coat for for­ nul la-nulla. claviform heavy jacket with leather-patched . vest­ ided skirt: culottes • full wide skirt ments �for items offoreign clothing with a tight waistband: dirndl . furry tube to • study of clouds: nephology warm the hands: muff • workman's club' • adjectives: clavate. clothes: don • wear informal or wrap-over • dress o r skirt ending scrufy clothes: dress down • wear well above the knee: mini • dress or smart clothes or fancy dress: d ress up skirt of mid-calf length: midi • coat • take o ff clothes: doff � see also or skirt of ankle length: maxi • div­ glove. man's false shirt front: • coal heated in a vacuum: coke dicky • sash worn with male evening • coal dust with small pieces of coal: dress: cum merbu nd • opening at the slack . semi-liquid mixture of water front of trousers: flies • man's shorts and coal particles: slu rry • black li­ for swimming or boxing: trunks quid distilled from bituminous coal: • man's long underpants: long johns coal tar • wood preservative distilled • decorative pouch for the male geni­ from coal tar: creosote • area with codpiece • man tals: over-eager to many coal deposits: coalfield • coal dress smartly: dandy.69 clothes I coal skirt of a single piece of cloth wound model • women's clothes when worn round and tucked in: sarong • dress by men: d rag • wear clothes of the or skirt of a single overlapping piece opposite sex: cross-d ress • put on with one fastening: wrap-around. nim­ oline • woman's light dressing gown: bus . man's long­ coal • soft lignite brownish coal: tailed coat for outdoor formal wear: • hard smokeless anthracite coal: frock coat . hoops formerly supporting a skirt: . loose dress ' worn by a cloud-masses: stratocumulus • cloud woman in bed: nig htd ress. un iform.

.......... and lemon juice: .rum and water: marti ni • • ... coastal code: of.. pea rly king water and ice: brandy.. .coat a wall with planking: under steam l ight pen coffee topped stimulant with frothed milk: coat • in coffee: d redge • • cocaine . ... egg fl i p • tus: study of coins: • mint • whiskywhiskyand ginger slammer......... encrypt • cryo- ...rum and pore s l i n g • .deep-freezingmedical of corpses in hopethatof bite • subsequent advances code • crypt­ cryometer • encode electronically: could reverse the cause of death: a n alysis • key­ cryogen word • crypto­ g ra m • encipher... . combiningjorms: cryo- damagethermometer caused by extreme cold: dank dried coconut kernels: • for low temperat­ p u n ch nip • deciphering of codes:this: ures: substance produ­ hypothermia • coir word enabling coconut • cing low temperatures: frost­ • copra textencode writtena intext:code: .. .cold d river • demonetize • wine etcor : spirits with fruit juices.......... ....... ..potent hard form of co­ coffee coffee sediment: ren d e r espresso caine: purified cocaine: coffee pot with a plunger: clad � see also clothes • though the grounds: heated water coffee pot passing cappuccino • cockney' s traditional caffeine • g rounds crack • free­ dress: cockney wearing • cafeth1tre coffin ... . cold: sleepy state brought tissue on by whisky mac • ....feeling of extreme Bloody M a ry • n u m ismatics spices. ...signalling .. ........ . teq u i l a slam­ wine: with mer • screw­ pyx • lemon or lime juice: .. un iversal prod uct code with plaster strongpressure: black coffee made coastg uard ... pearly queen. carrier: cist • shell • lemon juice.. and orange liqueur: cocktail • gin cogwheelcogged with orteeth at bar gin and andginangostura bitters: s n owba l l • bier...........denoting a text sentcodeout c oast I cold 70 region... coconut fibre: extreme cold: whisky sour cold .. and damp: ...light-emitting device reading bar bight • cor­ cryptology • codes: niche • bar coatcoat with flour ororcement: sugar: esplanade • code...face of a coin: impres­ coil lime juice:and coconut:.... orange gin • S i n ga­ rack queur... . catafa l q u e • cherry brandy: toothed smash • pall bearer andvermouth................. ..... ..........rum.. spirits with beaten eggtequila and milk: g rog on a nummular obverse and d a i q u i ri ofcoin manufactory: collection • reve rse • champagne: pina colada specimen coins at the Royal Mint: incuse vodkavodkaand orange juice: juice: • deprive a coin of monetary sta­ • milling and tomato egg-nog.......stone coffin : base these: • inner coffin: frame­ • advocaat and lemonade: cockney percolator work on which a coffin may be set or pea rl ies • brandy with flavoured carried: coffin­ sarcophagus.. back of a coin: White Lady sionridgesstamped oncoin'as edge: coin: coin • adjective: num ismatic.coastal with a subtropical climate: ofcomposed ..... byline:tides: scenic area regularly curve in covered a coast­ studylongs and shorts: ofcodecodes: coast • adjective: l ittoral • scra m b l e coast road: lel lines of varyingcomposed of paral­ rivi­ en clair urbancoastalseasidewatchman:road: thickness: era Morse salti n g • code • cryptogra p h y.. andli­ electricrotating motor: coil in a dynamo or car • pink cog 90°: crown wheel • Campari: gin.... dry vermouth: or rail: side­ • gin. pineapple negro n i • a rmature juice.

. . . . . . . . . . Oxford. cryonics • medical treat­ this for senior teaching staf: high ment using intense cold: cryotherapy table . . . . . . . . . . job lot • college teacher responsible for a par­ . . further educa­ white compleme ntary or black: • colour saturation • pro­ intensity: tion college providing courses in prac­ tical or technical subjects: technical ducing colour: chromogenic • using college . . . . . . faint trace of courtyard: q uadrangle • college din­ a colour: tinge • quality of a colour: ing room: hall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . un iversity collective farm • collective farm colony • adjective: colon ial � see kibbutz in Israel: • collective farm in Russia: kolkhoz also state collector • collector of bygones: colour • combining forms: antiquary • collector of beer mats: chromato-. collection of writings: anthology. . adjeaives: collegial. . omnibus group: tutorial • annual college feast: • collection of historical documents: gau dy. ticular subject: tutor • college tuition collectanea. . . . . . . . . . . • adjective: tegestologist . . . . military college training only one colour: monochromatic potential officers: military academy • in a single uniform colour: self­ • military college training officers for coloured • having several colours: staff duties: staff college • music particoloured. . . . . . don • college fel­ items: compendium • collection of low in charge of discipline: dean miscellaneous items: farrago.. . . . . . refectory . . . . . . . . . . . . commemoration • money de­ a rch ive • collection of texts: corpus posited with college authorities to pay • collection of essays on a particular for breakages: caution money � see topic: symposium also Cam bridge. . palette • band of colours produced by refraction of a light college . college room where provi­ • surgery using intense cold to des­ sions are sold: buttery • college re­ troy tissue: cryosurgery laxation senior room for fellows: collapse • inwards collapse: implo­ common room • this for postgradu­ sion ates: middle common room • this for undergraduates: junior common collar • high stiff collar with turned room • college principal's apart­ down corners: wing collar • high ments: lodge. . . . .71 collapse I colour . . college: conservatoire • Orthodox polychrome • denoting colours that Jewish college: yesh iva • college site are burnt into a surface: en caustic and buildings: campus • college • small patch of colour: fleck • subtle doorkeeper's room: lodge • college shade of a colour: tint . . . . . . . commonplace book. . . . . . . . . . pied. . . . polychromatic. . . . . . . session for an individual or small f1orileg ium. . . . . . genics. . . . collector of books: chromatic • one of a group of basic bibliophile • collector of butterflies colours combining to form all the and moths: lepidopterist • collector o thers: primary colour • colour of coins and medals: numismatist made by mixing two primary colours: • collector of matchboxes: phillumen­ secondary colour • range of colours: ist • collector o f stamps: phi latelist spectrum . . . . . . lodgings • college turned-over collar on a sweater: polo doorkeeper: porter • college finan­ neck • bar attaching a collar to a cial manager: bursar • cleric serving shirt: stud a college: chaplain • senior member collection • collection of related of a college: fel low. . . . . . . . . table in tone • marked with patches of . . . . . . . miscellany. . . colle­ source: spectrum • denoting a colour giate • college for pupils in their that combines with another to make final years of secondary education: sixth-form college . chromo. . .

denoting mand advised by thesovereign' s com­ • pilas­ preceptive • a columnengaged attachedcolumn to theatwall: Privy Council: ter • d i ktat. avoid committing oneself: • epigra m portico • comb . consorti um.combination of nication over a distance by teleph one. nications company: commu­ consolidation • kinesics • .luminous pigment ring comet: • abilityprimary three to discern colours:only two of the nu­ comfortable andcomfort cosy: colour blindness • comet • red-blindness: cleus degree of material m o n ochromatism green.committee establish­ • tam b o u r • spinning:comb wool or hemp before engage ing anoforganization' s general prin­ • tabu late hedge combat medieval mock-combat be­ ciples operation: on a committee particular appointed to advise tooth • tweensuchmounted knights: combat. troops ation intocombination a coherent ofwhole:businesses: munication: . see also soldier. blindness: dichromatism comfort • daltonism.projecting point on a comb: committee .percepti ve com­ex­ • curve intheatopscolumn: beam colonnade execute across of columns: ment: witty comment peristyle pressing a general truth: • • ornamentalcylindrical porch with columns: capital • o b iter d i ctum stone forming entasis • aper�u commitment morally committed: • part (statistics etc. worki ng party combatant .oriental • command • adjectives: ma ndatory.row ofrowcolumns col­ instruction: .person who fought in a Roman embassy: toreador • pack arena or person engaged in warfare:nation to entertain: commune member of a commune: matador • pica­ • dor h i g h commission communication . m ottled. protan ­ snug arbitrary command: • column rectangular column: • opia deutera n ­ stan d a rd of living command thatruler' musts • rail: ofshortthese:ornateornamental column supporting opia tritanopia amade fencing becommand: obeyed: .) in columns: arrange of a column: architrave a phori s m . u kase • theof end binding official baluster • d i ctate ofumns: an arcade: . colour: traders to fix prices: co lou r blindness I communication 72 colouring matter: complete solid headtailof afollowing comet: a dappled.communication g l a d i ator combinationcombin­ into a • by posture orestablish gesture:or facilitate com­ • belli­ single unit: com m u nard gerent . va riegated carte l .place problem:.. price colour blindness: .carry out a b a l u strade fi rman • command: en­ defining a space: slight head of a gaged Order in C o u n c i l comment comment made in pass­ • • column: concave respond d i rective ing: .Spanish bullfighter current members: krieg­ on foot: Spanish mounted tocommittee one's aims:with persons sympathetic spiel select comm ittee bullfighter: Spanish bull­ • fighter killing the bul l : co-option matador' s mounted assistant: Commonwealth Commonwealth • fil torero • .commu­ of mass communication: combination • body language. corpor­ carrier • ation.parliamen­ card played with counters on maps: game for combat: steeri n g comm it· tary committee appointed for a special • tee • purpose: invita­ joust working tion to join a committee given by itsa l i sts • g ro u p. blindness: coma enjoyed: • blue. syndicate . . synthe­ l iaise sis • the media conglom erate.organs.

company controlled by its involving three or more persons at dif­ shareholders: joi nt-stock company ferent sites using telecommunica­ e nominal company: shell company tions: teleconference . com­ scale: downsize. control. company de­ politburo • standing legislative com­ partment responsible for recruitment. giv­ mon ownership: g roup • company ing an annual comparison: year­ created to control others. company controlled by a holding compass • gyroscope-aligned com­ company: subsidiary . combination pass: gyrocompass • denoting one of of two companies into one: merger the four main compass points: car­ • buy-out of one company by another: d i nal e deflection of a ship's compass takeover • denoting a takeover re­ needle by iron in the ship: deviation sisted by its victim: hostile • person • direction in which a compass needle . wind up stock exchange: public company comparison • standard against • capital raised by a company's sale of which other items may be assessed: its shares: stock . companies under com­ standard: incommensurable . funds used in a benchmark. countries not controlled by • chart showing the interrelation of communism: free world � see also company posts : organ ization chart Chi nese com munism.73 communism I compass radio. etc. rational ize • close a pany whose shares are traded on the company down: liquidate.: telecommunication or company making an acceptable . mittee of a communist stale: presid­ training. privat­ munications system using electronic ize • worker involvement in com­ scanning: fax e telecommunications pany government: industrial channel with a bandwidth sufficient democracy • transport or com- for voices: voice channel munications company: carrier communism • kind of communism e company's preferred style of presen­ retaining elements of Western liberal­ tation: house style • tax on company ism: Eurocommunism e central pol­ profits: corporation tax • internal to icy committee of a communist state: a company: house . tran snational tend or vary its operations: d iversify • company whose shares are not on • reorganize a company on a smaller public sale: private company . centre link­ • company section with a specific ing ground communications to function: division e denoting a satellites: teleport • international highly efficient company: lean communications system using tele­ • transfer a state-run company to pri­ printers: telex • international com­ vate ownership: denationalize. company's day-to-day trading: work­ yard stick • having no such common ing capital . datum l ine. Soviet • colours and symbols on a company's compact disk • compact disk vehicles: l ivery • spying to gain com­ player able to play several disks in pany secrets: industrial espionage succession: m u lti player e denoting companies whose shares • company adjective: corporate are quoted on the London Stock Ex­ • company operating in several coun­ change: listed e (of a company) ex­ tries: multi national. work from home using telecommu­ counterbid to a hostile takeover: wh ite nications: telecomm ute . whose on-year shares it holds: holding company . and welfare: personnel ium e opposition to the official Party • company department responsible line: spl ittism o underground pub­ for product innovation and improve­ lishing in a communist state: sam iz­ ment: research and development dat . discussion k n ight .

(e. g.having com­ use: computer sizedofforcamera­ desk top • n ude) .g. will ofturn:a compass needle from. cataclysm). j a u n d i ced .g. per.(e.deflec­ strict compliance: competition I computer 74 tion magnetic north: magnetic n o rth true to compliance: minimal composer'sorassistant. g. holocaust) personal atputera time: com­ organ izer • completely • combining form: using a microprocessor: notebook • lap­ cata. cyber acu p u n cture small • portable computer: complete . over­ plexion: production perso nal computer • (e. wa n desktop • flori d . perfect) a having red complexion: ready copygeneralby this:purpose computer m icro­ a yellowish complexion: more complexion • computer • powerful than a personal com- ashen.machine culumn: making mathematical cal­a homeop­ culations: .admitting way of (e.denot­ chemicalinanalysis of a compound. de. combiningform: cyber- reflexo logy computer serving asportable a diary:computer: • • adjective: comp utational. ru ddy desktop p u blish­ • sal­ ing • low.ruler with athy computation • using fragrant oils: sliding central section: osteopathy a bacus massage system based on zoneneedles ther­ • apy: inserting c h i ro practic • calcu lator into the skin: a romatherapy slide rule computer that can. overjoyed).g. holograph).manipulation causing the disease: matic and massage of computational de­ complementary medicine bones and muscles: vice using beads on wires: compulsion • COln­ • vo l u ntary manipulation ofmassage the spinaltreatment. league table • ing a playergroup receiving no competing handicap: expressed symbols: pack.g.hand- hand: be hheld eld in the micro­ • computer . for­ scratch • mulae) • league • de­ hors conco u rs composition compromise be- . van • organic • of clubs breakdown substances: of a compound vie • i norgan i c together over a season: out­ into its constituent handicap • side the competition: fo rmula (pl. compl iance • competition' s pre­to speCific performance takin down dictation copyings • liminary rounds: free pass declination tokenism the whichnexteachround: round' s competition losers are elimin­in drafts: personal musical style: composer' competition • composer • g ated: open to all: denotinglista ofcompe­ compound with the heats • tition com­ a m a n uensis same formula as another. combining form: • adjective: pneu­ tween two mutually incompatible ob­ compilation compressed air trivial complaint: cause -Iogue matic for complaint: jectives: govern­ middle. holo. dog­ pulsion: ombudsman stances. but different bye • • petitors in ordermainofbunch achievement: idiom atomic disposition:containing carbon: denot­ competeonofclosely: com­ ing a compound knock-out • compound • petitors:disadvantage imposed denoting a compound not open • a su­ containing carbon: isomer • perior competitor: . p a l l i d . combiningform: hol(o)­ pal mtop computer for use by one person (e. catalogue) ment compromise: plaints: official investigating com­ complaint • adjective: querulous compromise • no compromise: • quibble • grieva n ce • trade-off • via media treatment by minute doses of sub­ done without categorica l .(e.(e. de­ having a pale. g.

onscreen request for user tion: dedicated • denoting input: prompt . movable bench test • time during which a indicator on computer screen: cursor computer is out of action: downtime • strip of icons used to perform cer­ • time during which a computer is op­ tain flmctions: too lbar . language system to implement commands: re. time taken by a discriminate: perceptron . program • reverse a pre­ • computer-aided recognition of vious command: undo . device displaying data formed by computers: electronic on a screen: visual display unit • manufacturer's test o f a computer . program replacing computing equipment compatible an unchanged screen display with a without modification to that of other moving image: screen save r • op­ manufacturers: plug-compati ble tional background pattern on a com­ . computer's displayed list of com­ component before releasing it for use: mands or facilities: menu . computer scanning structions controlling a computer: of existing images: d i gital imaging command. start a computer: boot • gain ac­ puter screen: wal l paper . exclu­ function or bad error sively assigned to a particular func­ message . allow the printed characters: optical character use of a program etc. puck • ball moved or program for creating and editing to control the cursor: rollerbal l • pad texts: word processor • physical on which this is moved: mat • dis­ components of a computer: hardware play device receiving commands by • part of a computer where operations touches on the screen: touch screen are executed and central • pull an icon across the screen: drag processing un it. computer g raph ics. styl us and software Imits devoted to a par­ . photosensitive device inputting ma­ procedures: software • set of hard terial via the screen: light pen. mainframe • inte­ • small command panel with touch­ grated circuit replacing this: m icro­ sensitive areas: touch pad • mark a processor • other devices connected displayed item for particular treat­ to these: peri pherals • computer part ment: select • device allowing direct storing data and programs: memory input of handwritten material: stylus • computer programs. routines. defining operating tasks: job control .75 computer I computer puter: workstation • medium-sized sponse time • denoting systems pro­ computer: m i n icomputer • powerful cessing data as it is generated: real­ computer supporting many peri­ time . linear sequence of characters system or part of it: password • ser­ etc. damage to cess to a comp� ter system: log in. log computer screen from long use: burn­ on .: support • self­ recogn ition • visual images pro­ operating program with reasoning duced using computer technology: capacity: knowbot • repeated se­ g raph ics. quence of programmed instructions: videographics . coded in­ form: d i gitize . hand-held erational: uptime • detect and repair device selecting items shown computer faults: debug • computer on-screen: mouse. short time during which a pherals: mai nframe • multimedia computer deals with one user or pro­ computer and entertainment system: gram before switching to another: multiplayer • denoting activities per­ time sl ice . onscreen warning of system mal­ ticular application: system . computer model of loop • single instruction expanding the brain's ability to recognize and into a set: macro .: stri ng • convert pictures or vice or administrative computer sound into computer-processable tasks: housekeeping . and . string giving user access to a in .

1 1 soft copy • printout of what is or display: format ..... hardcopy .............. link a smaller com.. hard drive ing a program: identifier • character • removable flexible disk: flop py< ! with no assigned identity used in a floppy disk • floppy disk drive search string: wild card .u p • computer's operating speed: 1 • conducting a n operation i n simul­ speed • computer's ability to inter· . error: heuristic • copy data to a stor­ coupler • convert an image into age location: save • extra copy of digital form for computer use: scan i data taken for security: back.. access nected computers: network • directly data requiring file readthrough: controlled by a computer: online q uential access .... viewp o rt • piece of computer code that can cor­ • component transferring electrical rupt or destroy data: virus • harmful signals to the recording medium: self-replicating computer program: ..... onscreen display of data: structure for data processing.. . character a laser: floptical • digital analogue string identical with that searched in terface: modem ..... sound card • cafe with computers .... storage... board • transfer a program or data to • data stored under a particular name:1 memory: load • denoting a program fi le • search directions for a file: pathl or device directly accessible to the • description of a file's whereabouts:...··································· 1 language • character string identify­ removable disk: hard d isk.. i nformatics division: word wrap • insert • printout of computer data: ial into a document: paste • defined........ ... list of files: d i rectoryj puter process handling peripheral • directory at the highest level of a\ tasks: daemon ..... formatting soft-:I shown on the screen: screen d u m p ware: fi lter .co mput er I compute r 7€1 ........ . data processing for storage and re­ p rocessing • word processing trieval: information science....... head • computer device able to worm • messages sent over a com' : switch between disks: changer puter network: electro n i c m a i l • smallest unit of electronic informa­ noting a computer terminal lacking tion: bit • group of eight bits: byte independent processing capability: � • series of characters stored in a com­ dumb . taneous parts: para l l e l p roces s i n g connect systems: conn ectivity • • chief printed circuit board: m other­ nected set of data items: record.... text stored in • not directly controlled b y a com­ file: document • computer manipula-i puter: offl i n e • study of electronic tion of texts: text process i n g ...... user: front-end • background com­ path name ...' tape: tape streamer • flat plate for puter to a larger one: dock • device data storage: disk • device accessing allowing use of audio components: this: disk drive • rigid non...'i files only: i ncremental back-up • de­ puter serving several terminals: vice giving high-speed back-up to m u lti-access . system of intercon­ hierarchy: root d i rectory . restructuring and com-'1 • onscreen mockup o f page layout be­ puter loading of data: fore printing: page preview _ series tion • company restructuring of jobs waiting for the printer: print utilize computers: business p rocess '! queue • show an input character on­ re-e n g i neeri n g • analysis of complex screen: echo • temporary area procedures with a view to their como: opened onscreen to display a pro­ puterization: systems analysis : gram's output: window.... i nfor­ ture starting a new line to avoid mation tec h n o logy.. ........ denoting a terminal having ': puter: stri n g • back-up of changed this: intelligent • denoting a com......... modem convert �i for: m atch • proceeding by trial and ing digital to sound signals: acoustic ........

hard drive function of another: control key. fiction set in a systems creating three-dimensional computer-dominated society: cyber­ displays: immersive punk • control for computerized video games : console. disk storage device allow­ cypherpunk . computer drawing device: graphics cation: cyberspace • computer­ tablet • gradual change of an image generated model of future events: by computerized techniques: morph­ simulation • computer-generated ing . virtual rea lity. protect the contents of a hacker • sexual pleasure obtained disk from overwriting or erasure: via computer technology: cybersex write-protect • half-move in computer chess: ply computer graphics . shift . computer data: data protection • person using device able to switch between disks: codes to access a computer network: changer . tech nical support • notional the user: diaiog box. joypad. file. hot key • computer key altering the removable disk: hard disk. computer window. computer keyboard • computer word processor key giving quick access to a function: computer disk . etc. person gaining illicit ing data access from any of them: access to secret computer data: j u kebox . number of hardware units thought mechanisms or processes sold as a package: bundle . dialogue box environment for computer communi­ . joy­ computer hardware • surface stick. telecottage a laser: fl optica l • denoting a disk of . hardcopy when compared with those of a com­ describing the uses and design of puter: wetware • denoting logical hardware: documentation • device systems reflecting the inexactness of or program connecting two items of human thought: fuzzy � see also com­ hardware: interface • provide a user puter disk. ordering goods by direct computer double storage capacity: double dens­ link: teleshopping • increased avail­ ity • concentric circle on a disk: ability of information due to com­ track • subdivision of a track on a puters: information revolution magnetic disk: sector • device ac­ • legal controls over use of electronic cessing a disk: disk drive . com­ interface for software: encapsulate puter hardware.77 computer disk I computer keyboard for customers' use: cybe rcafe • rural • removable flexible disk: fl oppy. small on­ . rigid non. computer keyboard. ready-made artwork in soft­ three-dimensional environment: vir­ ware packages: clip art • denoting tual reality . com puter graphics. prog ram. electronic • sudden hardware failure: crash data. light gun • denoting a compu­ area taken up by a piece of hardware: terized game playable over the Inter­ footpri nt • hardware standard deter­ net: m u lti-user • computer mining what software it can run: plat­ application alldWing the combination form • denoting hardware that can of animated and live-action elements be operated independently: stand­ in a film: rotoscope • human alone . computer sys­ advice service: technical su pport tem. • hardware manufacturers' after-sales computer memory. establishment with computers for cus­ floppy disk • floppy disk drive using tomers' use: telecentre. ability to use computers: computer screen graphic: g lyph • graphic serv­ literacy • fear of computers: ing as a menu item: icon • control cyberph obia • instruction book for a system using windows. : computer user: manual • technical graphical user interface • screen assistance to a computer user: sup­ graphic of a box posing questions to port. icons.

circuit board giv­ basic computer functions: operati ng ing extra memory: expansion board. fast memory for ma­ managing access to a central re­ terial in current use: worki ng mem­ source: server • workstation net­ ory • memory used for storage of in­ worked to a server: client • user terim results: worki ng storage point on a network: term i n a l .: local key used to execute a command: enter a rea network • network of independ­ key • computer key used to start a ent computers: d i stributed system new line of text: carriage return • network serving distant computers: • computer key that alternately initi­ wide area network • international ates and arrests a function: toggle. p a rtition • part of a computer mem­ shareware • software made available ory where programs must be loaded: over a network or television system: conventio n a l m e m o ry • security telesoftware • software programmed copy of memory contents: dump using artificial intelligence tech­ • memory store not part o f the main niques: expert system • software al­ processor: exte rnal memory • bin­ lowing extensive cross-referencing: ary number identifying a memory lo­ hypertext • software supporting cation: a d d ress . con­ • memory retaining data without elec­ nect several devices in series: da isy­ tricity: flash memory • denoting chain • device connecting two net­ memory that can only be written works: gateway • denoting a device once: read-only • denoting memory accessible without the network: local that is cleared with loss of power: • denoting a device accessible only via volatile • denoting a memory able to the network: rem ote • network proto­ retain data despite power cuts: non­ col allowing a user on one computer volatile . clip­ i nformation s u perhig hway e com­ board • computer's auxiliary mem­ puter providing network services: ory: cache • fast temporary memory: h ost .computer memory I computer software 78 key • computer key used to arrest an • denoting software not kept perman­ operation: escape key • computer ently in the memory: n on-resident key assigned a function by the current computer network • network op­ program: function key • computer erating within a building etc. write • per­ in the memory: n on-resident • de­ manent software programmed into noting software able to exchange data the read-only memory: firmware without conversion: i nteropera ble . computer network: I nternet . toggle switch tronic network for rapid transfer of computer memory • computer's digital information: su perh ighway. software devised to extra memory chips: memory board meet a particular user's needs: appli­ • key data into a computer's memory: cation • permanent read-only soft­ ca pture. elec­ toggle key. des­ ware: filter • container for loading troy data in a computer's memory: de­ computer software: cartridge • de­ lete. memory facility giving dir­ to log in to another computer on the ect access to each location: random same network : tel net • socket con­ access • memory facility allowing necting devices to a network: port access only in a certain order: se­ computer software • software q uential access . temporary memory area: buffer. system • software for collective use: expansion card • board containing g rou pware . memory section: available free of charge: freeware. erase • transfer a program or noting software not kept permanently data to memory: load. input • enter data ware: fi rmware . enter. formatting soft­ into non-volatile memory: save . network computer or program scratch pad .

rei nforced o denoting processing data as concrete 0 denoting concrete strengthened by rods inserted under it is generated: real-time 0 denoting systems creating three-dimensional tension: prestressed o large flat displays: immersive 0 arrange and piece of concrete: slab • concrete layer under a building: oversite.g.g. routine o elec­ or part of it: password 0 means by tronic device enabling the use of pro­ which user and system interact: user tected software: dongle . solitude) 0 in its original condi­ tions to be loaded and executed simul.g. inference 0 conclu­ authorized access: firewall o denot­ sion inferred from a limited number ing a system simultaneously usable by of instances: general ization 0 un­ several people: mu lti-user o system stated conclusion: implication o con­ multi-use: time-sharing 0 denoting clusion wrongly inferred: non sequi­ systems able to exchange data without tur conversion: interoperable 0 denoting concrete 0 concrete reinforced a system making input data immedi­ ately available as feedback: real time with steel: ferroconcrete. raft adjust the elements of a computer sys­ o planking supporting setting con­ tem: configure 0 copy data from one computer system to another: down­ crete: sh utteri ng load 0 transfer data to a larger com­ condiments 0 table condiment­ puter system: upload 0 re-express holder: cruet 0 mixture of oil.g. gical organization of a computer sys­ -ness (e. neur­ tem: arch itecture o denoting an osis). g. (e. l unacy). -osity (e. vin­ data for use with a different system: egar. icons. silli ness). tion: pristine 0 agreed conditions: . able to think like humans: artificial in­ ind ifference o showing no coneern: tel ligence 0 denotin g systems em­ insouciant. and herbs: dreSS ing convert o computer's ability to inter­ condition forms: -acy o combining connect systems: connectivity 0 10.g. nonchalant ploying artificial intelligence: expert. provide a interface o onscreen warning of sys­ user interface for software: encapsu­ tem malfunction: error message late 0 transfer software from one sys­ computer window • subsection of tem to another: port • ready-made a window: pane o simultaneous use artwork in software packages: clip art of several windows: windowing • re­ o software manufacturers' after-sales duce a window to an icon: iconify advice service: techn ical support o arrange windows so that they do not o sudden software failure: crash overlap: tile 0 bar at the foot of a win­ computer system • computer dow giving information on the docu­ system modelled on the human brain: ment edited or the program running neural net. program. falsehood) . log on ies of coded software instructions: o string giving user access to a system algorithm.79 computer system I condition o able to use specified software with­ taneously: superscalar 0 gain access out modification: compatible o ser­ to a computer system: log in. concert 0 concert for an unseated fifth-generation o logic employed by audience: promenade concert o con­ such systems: fuzzy logic o control cert given by one or a few players: re­ system using windows. pomposity). -hood (e. -tude architecture allowing several instruc­ (e. etc. : cital graphical user interface o part of a conclusion o conclusion derived by computer system preventing un­ logic: deduction. -osis (e. neural n etwork • theory status bar and development of computer systems concern o lack of concern: apathy.

: a m poule • container level of consciousness: su b l i m i n a l for audiotape: cassette. have or cause as by regular exposure: desensitization a consequence: enta i l . forcible contact: impact conscience • adjective: conscien­ . with development restrictions: conic sectio n • mathematics of g reen belt . cistern • cylindrical metal tious objecto r container: canister • sealed con­ conscious • temporary loss of con­ tainer holding a measured amount of sciousness: blackout • below the medicine etc. conservation • open area round a conoid • cone intersected by a plane: town. consume sparingly: eke tiques: virtuoso out • promotion of consumer inter­ conqueror • Spanish conqueror of ests: consumerism South America: co n q u istador contact . etc. recognition of consular staff: exeq ua­ connective • temporary electrical or tur telephone connection: patc h consultation • opportunity pro­ connoisseur • connoisseur o f food vided by an MP. raising tolerance levels quence: coro l lary . ri gid unconscious state: cata lepsy container for animal feed: crib • con- . reel • barred . permission short of consent: toler­ conditioning • conditioning of cut ation • timber by exposure t o the weather: consequence • inevitable conse­ seasoning . entra i n cone • adjective: conical. other area so treated: conic sections: con ics Enviro n mental ly Sensitive Area conference • academic conference: • listed building's level of importance: colloq u i u m .con diti oning I container 80 terms • essential condition: pre­ consent • adjective: consensual req u isite. conic. s i ne qua n o n . ec­ consonant produced by full or partial centric lip closure: l a b i a l confuse • confused state of the eld­ constitution • partial suspension erly: senile dementia • confused of the constitution: state of emer­ mass: welter • surprise and confuse: ge ncy disconcert. lawyer. gastronome mal consultation: surgery • connoisseur of pictures and an­ consume . nonplus • in headlong consul • consul's office or staff: con­ confusion: pell-mell s u late • host government's official connect • adjective: conju nctive. sym posium . for infor­ and drink: gourmet. spread by contact: contagious tious • person refusing to fight as a container • container for fluids: matter of moral principle: conscien­ reservo i r. confine­ breath friction: fricative • type of ment in a distant part of one's coun­ consonant produced by brief contact try: i nte rnal exile • confinement of between palate and tongue tip: fl a p enemy aliens during wartime: intern­ • type o f consonant produced by con­ ment tact or proximity between palate and confirm • confirm formally: vo uch tongue blade: palatal • type of con­ • confirm a statement: corroborate sonant produced by contact between conform • determined refusal to tongue tip and the palatal ridge or conform: perversity • person not upper front teeth: dental • type of to conform: d ropout. represen­ g rade tative sent to a conference: delegate consonant • type of consonant pro­ duced by a sudden release of air: plo­ confinement • confinement to s ive • type of consonant produced by one's home: ho use a r rest ..

clause allowing for continent . Dutch ings: portfolio • container for petrol cap • intrauterine contraceptive: or water: jerrycan . lug­ deed: covenant • contract for peri­ gage odic work: account • apprentice's contract: indenture • subordinate containing . detailed text Pangaea • subsequent land mass in of a contract: small print • thing the southern hemisphere: Gondwana given or done in return for another's . or a computer pro­ the British isles to the Urals: Europe gram: cartridge .hod of made from a piece of paper twisted at avoiding intercourse when conception the ends: twist • earthenware pot or is most likely: rhythm method . device for washing out relics: reliquary • container for tea: the vagina: douche • substance kill­ caddy . time j ar: crock • sealed container filled when a woman is least likely to con­ with objects representative of the cur­ ceive: safe period � see also steril­ rent time. contaminate food contract: loophole . contin­ tial sum paid to validate a contract: ent round the South Pole: Antarctica deposit • security for the completion • continent round the North Pole: Arc­ of a contract: pledge • changed cir­ tic • continent lying east of Europe: cumstances making performance im­ Asia • continent running east from possible: force majeure • payment at .81 containing I contract tainer for film. doctor . combining form: ·fer . large flexible con­ • major section of a continent: sub­ tainer for water-transport of liquids: continent • creation of continents by dracone • suspended container with the raising of the earth's crust: epeir­ a discharge chute: hopper • con­ ogeny • gradual movement of the tainer for molten metal: crucible earth's continents: continental drift . memorandum .g. condom • contraceptive cover for portfolio • case for unfolded draw­ the cervix: cap.. con­ tract stipulating exceptions: savin g tamination of the environment: pollu­ clause • clause freeing a party from tion obligations under stated conditions: context • out of context: in vacuo escape clause . buried for future discovery: ization time capsule • batter-proof con tainer: fl ight case • perforated con­ contract • adjective: contractual. aquifer). auriferous). cruse contraceptive that may be taken for wine or oil. dangerous) binding in honour only: gentleman's agreement . ink. loop . fi le. glass container for body temperature: sympto-thermal wine or spirits: decanter • container method • contraceptive met. tin-lined wooden container ing spermatozoa: spermicide • oral for shipping tea: tea chest • perfor contraceptive containing both oestro­ ated hollow metal sphere to hold in­ gen and progestogen: combined pill fusing tea leaves: tea baH • container • oral am p ulla. large continent of the price increases: escalator clause geological past: su perconti nent • document recording a contract: e supposed original single continent: deed . container for coil. weakening flaw in a contaminate .g.g. contract: su bcontract " contract -ous (e. fercus (e. (e. container for building waste: skip contraception • penis sheath: • container for papers: briefcase. tainer for sweet-smelling substances: contractural e contract drawn u p by pomander � see also basket. clause in a con­ or drink: adu lterate. subsequent land mass in the north· contracted act: consideration e lm· ern hemisphere: Laurasia . diaphragm . after intercourse: morning-after pill • small container for table condi­ • contraceptive method based on ments: cruet .

tracta b l e .. double boiler. a nce pay • performance of a con­ vegetables): al d ente • very lightly! tractual obligation ordered by a court: cooked (of meat): saignant . liquidizing and pendencies by economic or political chopping device: blender. lass of control of one's bodily func­ ware usable in the oven or on the hob: tions: i n continence • absence of any flameproof • enamel cooking pot control: a n a rchy • noisy and hard to with lid and handle: b i l l y. lightly! s pecific performa nce . controlling influ­ the table: chafi n g dish • heated food ence stifling initiative: d ead hand trolley: hostess trol ley • constituent • state economic and social control: of a dish: i n g redient • device extract- d i rigisme • control of former de­ ing juice: j u icer . artist: agent in or over a little liquid: poached . contract: engage . large covered cooking pot: gate • enter and take control of: oc­ casserole • small pot for cooking cupy • free from control: dereg u late and serving food: cocotte. trasts in a musical piece: dynamics domestic science • device with a control • control from a distance: small burner for keeping dishes hot at remote contro l . food pro- pressure: neoco l o n i a l i sm • control cessor • device for whipping liquids: panel: console. ntradiction I cookery early termination of contract: sever­ cooked • lightly cooked (of pasta Of. release from COll­ tly in their own juice (of vegetables): . ramekin • remove from a position of control: • saucepan cooking food in an upper override .. g u l l i b l e blade: spatula • hand-held crushing cook • senior cook: chef • assistant implement: pestle • strong dish for cook: commis • chef's tall white hat: this: mortar . double sauce­ pan • airtight saucepan for fast cook­ convince • person hard to con­ ing: pressure cooker • broad-bladed vince: sceptic • easily convinced: serving utensil: sl ice • blunt wooden cred ulous. see also power compartment by means of hot water convent • adjective: conventual held in a lower compartment: bain . loss of con­ whisk • waxed paper for cookery: trol of one's bodily movements: ataxia g reaseproof paper • denoting cook- . fa scia . • partly cooked by boiling: contradiction • apparent contra­ • parboiled and then fried: sauteed 1 diction used for rhetorical effect: oxym oron • self-contradictory: in­ cookery • adjective: c u l i nary : ' consistent • expression acknowledg • type of cookery: cuisine • high ing that one is contradicting the per­ quality cooking: haute cUIsine son specified: pace • style of cookery emphasizing presen­ tation and fresh ingredients: no uvelle contrast • contrast of light and cuisine • cookery as a school subject: shade: chiaroscuro • volume con­ food tech nology. see also monastery marie. home econom ics. large cooking stove: toque • denoting a first-class cook: ra nge • circular iron cooking plate: cordon bleu griddle • spike for cooking pieces of . tractual obligation: discharge • per­ sweated • fried and then stewed: ! son securing and negotiating con­ b raised • cooked by dipping into a� tracts for a performer or creative hot oil or sauce: fondue • simmered . enter into a cooked (of meat): rare . cooked gen-. subj u ­ dixie . b i l lycan control: o bstrepero u s • easy to con­ • small metal cooking pot: skillet trol: b i d d a b l e. large metal cooking pot: ca u l d ron • take control o f: commandeer • large metal cooking pot for field use: • bring under control: subdue.

watch kept over a after detailed examination: reverse corpse before disposal: wake • place engineeri ng . literally 'city of the dead) cu pr. combining forms: cha lc-. nec­ paper laid over.g. windi ng-sheet • container for a pi racy • copying of a rival product corpse: coffin . cooper­ ation: synergy • passive cooperation: cornea • combining form: kerato­ conn ivance • covert cooperation: • inflammation of the cornea: kera­ col lusion • in close cooperation: titis • corneal surgery: keratoplasty concerted. a raised design: rub­ ropsy • preservation of a corpse by bing . ing down: dictation • original from morgue • destruction of a corpse by which copies may be made: master fire:cremation . copper .: stencil • deep-freezing of corpses: cryo nics • copying the work of another and • wrapping for a corpse: shroud. denot­ • colour copying process using ing a corpse that has not diazonium: diazo. • adjectives: cupric. claiming it as one 's own: plagiarism. dyeline i ncorrupt . copying process corpse: exhume • cut up a cadaver using dry powder: xerography for internal study: d issect . cooking ap­ piracy . diplomatic copy • exact gen­ • corpse-like: cadaverous • dissec­ etic copy: clone • copy passed off as tion of a corpse to establish the cause the original: forgery • copy taken on of death: post-mortem. necropolis. fac­ blood from living persons: vampire simile. combiningform: (e. fire for burning a • issue of a stated number of copies: corpse: pyre • burial of a corpse: in­ l i m ited ed ition • in three identical terment • rotting of a corpse: decom­ copies : in tri pl icate • in four identi­ position • fear of corpses: necropho­ cal copies: in quadruplicate . copy­ bia • sexual intercourse with ing machine using stencils and fluid corpses: necrophilia • dig up a ink: duplicator . liquid remaining after corn • hand mill for grinding corn: cooking: liquor q uern • beat corn from the ears: thresh cooperation • positive. cord holding a whistle etc. cuprous • embalmed corpse wrapped in ban­ • greenish surface colour of oxidized dages: mummy • corpse used for copper: verdigris • prehistoric era in medical research: cadaver • corpse which copper and stone tools were revived by witchcraft: zombie . poach. spit • grill frame of c o py ri gh t • infringement of copy­ parallel bars: gridiron . re­ used: chalcolithic animated corpse supposed to drink copy • exact copy: dupl icate. text spoken for copy­ for storing corpses: mortuary. out right: of copyright: in pliance with a rotating spit: rotisserie the public domain • heating area on the flat top of a coral • ridge of coral in the sea: reef cooker: hob. cord round a Scout's neck­ heat for cooking: fast • immerse ve­ erchief: woggle getables briefly in boiling water: cork • spiral device for extracting blanch • fry lightly and then stew: corks: corkscrew braise • pour juice over cooking meat: baste . in concert corpse . : cooking: slow . hotplate • partially • circular coral reef or group of is­ cook by boiling: parboil • cook at just lands: atoll below boiling point: simmer.83 cooperation I corpse food: skewer. autopsy. coddle • denoting a gentle heat for cord . denoting a strong la nyard . copy made by drawing round injecting chemicals: embalmment a shaped piece of card etc.

counterpoint sung above a metic applied by a rotating ball: rol l ­ melody: descant on • fine brush for applying cos­ metics: wa n d • small case containing country • adjectives: rural. g i rd l e .cor rect I cow 84 correct • combining form: ortho. pastoral. bucolic • person coming to va nity case • cosmetic treatment of live in a foreign country: i m m i g ra nt the hands: m a n i c u re • cosmetic • person leaving his or her country: treatment of the feet: pedicure e m i g rant • person leaving his or her • actors' make-up: greasepaint country to escape war. oxe n ) . cosmetics and a mirror: com pact. : refugee • person living outside D ra ize testi ng his native country: ex patriate • un­ critical loyalty to one's country: cosmology • theory that the uni­ chauvinism verse began with an explosion of dense matter: big bang theory • the­ county • administrative capital of a ory that the universe has always county: cou nty town • sovereign's maintained an average density: representative in a county: Lord Lieu­ steady state theory � see also cre­ tenant • chief executive of the Crown ation in a county: she rriff Cossack • Cossack commander: court martial • barrister advising hetman • squatting Cossack dance: this: judge a dvocate • official con­ kazachoc trolling army and RAF courts martial: Judge Advocate General cost • costs of materials and manu­ facture. rol l-on peated coughing interspersed with rasping gasps: whoo p i n g cough cosmetics • cosmetic improving • coughed-up mixture of saliva and facial skin: face mask. excluding overheads: prime courtroom • courtroom section for cost • cost of producing one further judges or magistrates: bench • sec· item: marg i n a l cost • general run­ tion for the jury or a witness: box ning costs: overheads • involving • section for the accused: dock • area acceptable costs: economic. econom­ for the lawyers and court officials: ical • denoting an asset or activity wel l � see also lawcou rt that earns back its original cost: self­ cow • male cow: bull • castrated l i q u idating • pay part of the cost: bull: bul lock. steer subsid ize • progressive write-off of • young cow: calf • young female an asset's purchase price: amortiza­ cow: heife r • cow's mammary gland: tion udder • cow's partly digested food: . persecution. rustic. cotton • cotton seed capsule: boll • conventionally correct: o rthodox • cotton-separating machine: gin • correctable: corri g i b l e � see also fa bric corset • light elastic corset: fo unda­ cough • adjective: tussive • re- tion garment. face pack mucus: sputum • medicine for • cosmetic making the skin firm and coughs: expectorant smooth: toner • cosmetic removing dead skin cells: exfo l i a n t • cosmetic council • adjective: conci l i a r used for outlines: l i ner • eyelash cos­ • council o f cardinals: consistory metic: mascara • cosmetic giving a count • population count: census warm colour to the cheeks: b l usher • counting device with beads on • red cosmetic: rouge • thin stick of wires: a bacus cosmetic: pencil • flesh-toned stick to counterpoint • adjective: contra­ cover blemishes: concea ler • cos­ p u ntal . • testing of cosmetics on rabbits: etc. ox (pl.

set of • cowboy film or story: western bails and stumps: wicket • pitch be­ crab . re­ thier.85 cowardice I c ricket cud • fine parchment made from calf­ creditworthiness: white information skin: vellum � see also cattle • company assembling data for credit cowardice . doors. thin cream with little milk a bowled ball: swi ng • batsman's ob­ fat:single cream • thick cream with struction of the ball: leg before much milk fat: double cream • thick wicket • side of the field behind the cream obtained by heating milk: clot­ batsman: leg side • side of the field ted cream • double cream with facing the batsman: off side • field added yoghurt: creme fraiche furthest from the batsman: outfield • cream of liquidized fruit or veget­ • denoting a fielding position there: ables: puree deep • denoting a fielding position creation . stonemason man . combining form: -geny opposite the stumps: square • area (e. chaps necting a pair of stumps: bail . farrier • person working ing the ball spin: slice • hit gaining iron by hand: blacksm ith • mender one run: single • batsman's innings of shoes: cobbler • craftsman in sil­ score of zero: duck • batsman sent in ver: silversm ith • skilled carver and at the end of a day's play: nightwatch­ builder in stone: mason. orogeny) • creation of matter around the wicket: infield • fielder throughout time: conti nuous cre­ placed immediately behind the wicket ation � see also cosmology of the batsman receiving the bowling: credit • estimate of a person's wicketkeeper • denoting fielding creditworthiness: credit rati ng positions near the batsman: short • positive information o n a person's • denoting fielding positions very . spell at batting: in­ surface: craquelure nings . small cracks on an old painting's turn creases . sequence of six balls bowled • maker of stringed instruments: lu­ from one end of the pitch: over . movable beam close to the batsman: ove rpitched • denoting a ball pitching close to the supporting a crane: ga ntry bowler: sh ort • sideways deviation of cream . astrological term: can­ where the batsmen stands: crease. cowboys' exhibition of skills: rodeo supporting the bails: stump . lengthy innings by a pair of craftsman • barrelmaker: cooper batsmen: stand • batsman's vigorous • craftsman in brazier brass: stroke: drive • batsman's stroke • skilled furniture maker: cabinet­ sending the ball to the side: pull maker • craftsman in gold: gold­ • batsman's stroke slightly deflecting sm ith • person shoeing horses: the ball: snick • glancing stroke giv­ blacksm ith. etc. : joiner spin • bowled ball's striking the ground: pitch • distance from the crane • crane with a movable batsman at which the ball pitches: pivoted arm: derrick • crane moving length • denoting a ball pitching too on rails: tralJeliing crane • crane' s projecting a r m : jib . line crab: hen . cer popping crease • lines between crack • full of fine cracks: crazed which the ball must be delivered: re­ .g. wooden cross-piece con­ overtrousers: chaparaj os. woodworker making volving motion imparted to the ball: stairs. stick . lutist . male crab: cock • female tween the two wickets: wicket . symbol of cowardice: credit agency. credit refer­ ratings: white feather ence agency cowboy • South American cowboy: crescent • crescent-shaped: lu nate gaucho • cowboy's leather cricket' .

gang. civil played immediately after its first: wrongdoing. announce an early close tract: tort • severe response to un­ to an innings: declare • end of a desirable activity: crackdown day's play: close • denoting a game criminal • criminal beneath the age between major county sides: first of legal responsibility: juvenile d e l i n ­ class • denoting a county not in­ quent . shrill sound made by a yo ung adult offender • violent crim­ cricket's rubbing its legs together: inal: thug • violent troublemaker: stri d u lation hoodlum. end a team's innings: age crime: neighbourhood watch d i s m iss • team's second innings . minor juvenile crime: d e l i n q uency g rass. crimes front • criminal's admission of guilt: passion nels) . mens rea • charge no-ball • bowler's style of action: de­ someone with a serious crime: i n d ict l ivery • trophy competed for annu­ • person responsible for a crime: cul­ ally by England and Australia: the prit • defence showing one was else­ Ashes • match that is part of a series where when the crime was commit­ between two national teams: test ted: alibi • facts justifying or m a tch. agents provocateurs) wide • over in which no runs are • inducement to commit a crime scored: m a i d e n over • ball reaching offered by an agent provocateur: en­ the batsman without touching the tra pment • incriminating item added ground: fu l l toss. deliberate hin­ criminal in planning or committing a drance of the police: obstruction crime: accessory before the fact • police re-enactment of a crime: re­ • person assisting a criminal after the construction • establish complicity: crime has been committed: accessory . trader gence or dishonesty: m a l p ractice in stolen goods: fence • criminal's • crime motivated by sexual jealousy: apparently innocent activities: cover. i nfo rmer • convicted criminal • crime triable by a magistrate: sum­ who reoffends: rec id ivist • group of mary offe nce • professional negli­ criminals: fa m i ly. extra • run legal activities: front • person who awarded for a ball striking the bats­ encourages others to commit crimes man: leg bye • run awarded for a ball in order to denounce them: agent pro­ bowled out of the batsman's reach: vocate u r (pl. ring . Test . criminal aged 14-17: young volved in these games: m i n or offender • criminal aged 18-20: cricket' .c ricket I c ri m i n a l 86 near the batsman: s i l ly • fielding i m p l i cate • bribe someone to commit positions behind the batsman: s l i p s an unlawful act: suborn • person or • scoring unit: run • run awarded for organization acting as a cover for il­ a ball not struck: bye. study of crime: cri m i n o logy . facts and against his accomplices: Queen's (or circumstances constituting a crime: K i ng's) evi dence • criminal's assist­ corpus del icti • involvement in ant: acco m p l i ce . person assisting a crime: compl icity . fu l l pitch • ball to someone's belongings: p l a nt • in­ pitching immediately under the bat: tention to commit a crime: m a l i ce yorker • ball illegally delivered: aforethoug ht. other than breach of con­ fo llow-o n . denoting a crime pun­ confession • criminal's evidence ishable by death: capital . hooligan • criminal who crime • adjective: nefarious betrays other criminals to the police: . crime passionnel (pl. large white screen excusing a crime: exten uation • po­ placed behind the bowler: sight lice coordination office for investiga­ screen • netted strip of ground for tion of a major crime: i n cident room practice: net • cricketer's genital • householders' vigilance to discour­ shield: box .

crop: trap crop • crop grown between mob. . .. . cross with equal arms: G reek execution.. . . ... .. . . ... noble­ man's crown: coronet • pope's gle crop throughout a particular area: monoculture • successive cultiva­ crown: tiara . . ... picture of a wanted peg:peg out criminal composed of standard elem ­ ents: identikjtTM • unpaid social work cross cruci- . . conn ivance. .... .. combining form: • cross with a loop at the top: ankh required of a convicted offender: com­ • cross bearing a figure of Christ: cru­ mun ity service . . ... ... . electronic moni­ • ball that has passed all the hoops: toring of convicted criminals: elec­ rover • win the game by hitting the tronic ta gging . .. . . ..87 criticism I cruel . tau cross • cross-shaped: cru­ of public mores: satire • witheringly ciform • person carrying a proces­ scathi n g • criticize severely: critical: sional cross: crucifer lambaste.. Greek cross with each arm con­ critical assessment: review .. .. .. .. pan. conspiracy • be­ production: agronomy tray a criminal to the authorities: croquet • croquet stick: hammer denounce • make someone appear to • small metal arch: hoop • winning be a criminal: incriminate • group post: peg • strike another player's assembled for identification of a sus­ ball with one ' s own: roquet .. tiara • area of growing crops flattened to cruel • wantonly cruel: VICIOUS form a pattern: crop circle • spray or • taking pleasure in cruelty: sadistic . criminal intent: mens rea dering of crops: crop dusting . . . . .. ... . . . .. ... ... aerial pow­ reus .. literary tinued at a right angle:fylfot. criminal cooperation: collu­ cropping: fertil izer • science of crop sion. ....... . rebuke • criticize crossbow • arrow for a crossbow: with the benefit of hindsight: second­ guess • person or institution held to bolt be above criticism: sacred cow crossword puzzle • blank space to be filled with a letter: light • hint crop • crop grown for sale: cash of the word required: clue crop • crop grown to protect or en­ rich the soil: cover crop • crop crow • adjective: corvine grown to attract pests from another crowd • disorderly crowd: melee....... .. stroke pect: identity parade • science used driving two touching balls in different in criminal investigations: forensics directions: split shot • send another • centre housing young offenders: player's ball through a hoop: peel commun ity home . punishment cross • cross with the lowest arm longer: Lati n cross • Latin cross criticism • considered critical as­ with the arms in a circle: Celtic cross sessment: evaluation • published ..... . . ... . swas­ analysis regarding a text as having no tika .. . . . . after the fact • criminal act: actus powder a crop: d ress ... . humorous criticism cross. . jewelled headband: tion of different crops: crop rotation d iadem. .. . crowd-control device main crops: catch crop • crop grown ejecting a powerful jet of water: water in the spaces between another crop: cannon • irritant gases used in intercrop • crop grown for sale: cash crowd control: tear gas. . . rabble . . sub­ • in the criminal act: in flagrante de­ stance added to the soil to improve licto . . . see also cifix .. . . . . .. . . . post­ cross • T-shaped cross: St Antho ny'S structuralism . . scientific study of criminals: crimi nology .. ...... X-shaped cross: St Andrew's fixed meaning: decon struction.... . .. . ... CS gas crop • denoting an unharvested crop: standing • cultivation of a sin­ crown • adjective: coronal .. .

sangra i l • curving inwards: con cave • curv­ cupboard • cupboard to hang ing outwards: convex clothes in: wardrobe • heated cup­ cushion • church kneeling cushion: board for drying clothes: airing cup­ hassock. . . .. custard of egg. . .. . value of a crystal • crystal that is the mirror currency in terms of the goods it can image of another: en antiomorph buy: purchasing power • former sys­ Cuba • slow Cuban dance: h a ba­ tem defining a currency's value in n e ra terms of gold: gold standard • nom­ cucumber • small pickling cucum­ inal parity of one currency with an­ ber: gherkin other: exchange rate • value of one currency in terms of another: val uta cu lture • person having no cultural • denoting a currency with freely interests: p h i l i stine • highly intelli­ changing value: floati n g • denoting gent and cultured: sophisticated currency with a stable value: h a rd • derived from. . ... . . . thera­ milk. . . . n o m i n a l value . . . .. s u bcu lture . . .. .. . . . . . . pub. . .. . .. . and flour: creme patissiere peutic • creme patissiere with ground al­ monds: frangipane curling • mark aimed at: tee • ses­ sion of play in one direction: end custom .. lockable cupboard: locker placed at random: scatter cushion • strong locked cupboard for valu­ • substance for stuffing cushions: ables: safe kapok Cupid • Greek name: Eros custard . . . . . . air or water current be­ hind a propeller or jet engine: slip­ ogy • study of human culture: an­ t h ropology • study of ancient cul­ stream • subsurface current running contrary to the surface current: tures: a rchaeology . . cry • high-pitched complaining cry: currency • currencies of other whine • soft complaining cry: whim­ countries: fore i g n exchange • value per • cry made on discovery: e u reka of currency as stated upon it: face value.. alter a currency's international many cultures: cos m o po l itan . . . undertow of diferent cultures: syncretis m • cultural coexistence: p l u ra l i s m curry • mild curry marinaded in • acquisition of a culture: yoghurt: korma • hot spicy curry: i n c u lturation ..cry I custom 88 . of a restaur­ daloo • dried fish served with cur­ ant. very hot spicy curry: vin­ evoked by the decor etc.. . . ..... ... . . . .. . . study purchases: green pound of Western culture: h u m a n ities • study of different cultures: ethnol­ current . . .. . or knowing about. . .. .. . . . . . . . amalgamation undercurrent. sugar. . . . ... . devalue • pound's ture at odds with established norms: value for European Union agriculture counterculture.. or amusement park: theme ries: Bombay duck cup • small coffee cup: dem itasse curtain • border concealing curtain • large two-handled cup passed round fittings: pel met • curtain hung in a at feasts: loving cup • eucharistic drooping curve: swag cup: chalice • cup used for reserva­ curve • adjective: sinuous • curve tion of the Sacrament: ciborium formed by a rope suspended at both • cup used by Christ at the Last Sup­ ends: cate n a ry • part of a curve: arc per: Holy Grai l .. . . .. . . . . kneeler • cushion to be board .. . . . . . . . established custom: i n sti­ • captain of a curling team: skip tuti on. . . . . . .. . . . cul­ value: revalue. . . .. cure • adjectives: sanative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . cultural ambience madras . usage • traditional customs ... . .. .

is wound: reel. craniotome). -tomy (e. prune. trim o cut into zig­ toms charge on imported goods: duty zag edges: pink o very hot cutting o customs certificate for duty paid: flame: thermic lance � see also sur­ docket 0 customs form permitting g ical cutti ng export of goods or removal from a cutlery 0 box for a set of cutlery: bonded warehouse: shipping bill canteen • route through customs for those with nothing to declare: g reen chan­ cylinder 0 cylinder on which thread nel 0 route through customs for etc. pare. lobotomy) o make surface cuts: customer 0 regular customer: pat­ sca rify 0 cut deeply: lacerate 0 cut ron o made to a customer's specifica­ up for study: d issect 0 cut with a bespoke. spool o hollow those with items to declare: red chan­ metal cylinder supporting a bridge: nel 0 group of states allowing free pontoon trade between themselves: customs Cyprus o adjective: Cypriot o polit­ union 0 evasion of customs controls: ical union of Cyprus with Greece: smuggling enosis . custom-built tions: sweeping stroke: slash 0 part by cut­ customs 0 customs permit for im­ ting: sever 0 cut off ends or edges: port of a motor vehicle: carnet 0 cus­ crop.g.39 customer I Cyprus of a community: fo lklore o forbidden cut o combining forms for surgical by social custom: taboo terms: -tome (e.g.

traditional English out­ of j azz and rock: salsa . one barn dance • person who announces behind the other: conga _ erotic dan­ the steps in a barn dance: caller cing to popular music: go-go d a n c i n g • group of dancers performing to­ • Middle Eastern woman's erotic solo gether: ensemble . lively Polish dance: mazu rka • vig­ dance • art dancing that ignores the orous Scottish dance: H i g h land fl i n g rules of classical ballet: modern • fast Scottish dance: reel • slow dance • sailor's dance: hornpipe Scottish dance: strathspey • South • traditional English dance: country American dance music with elements dance . fi gure • in­ change of partners: excuse-me formal gathering for country dancing: • dance performed in a long line. both at . fast Hungarian mangle . fast South door dance: morris dance . damage beyond the possi­ dance: csardas • dramatic dance of bility of repair: write off southern India: Kathakali • Italian damp • cold and damp: dank whirling dance: tarante l l a • Italian • ground moisture absorbed into a and Spanish leaping dance: saltare l l o Wall: rising d a m p . l ow dam i n a river: w e i r • ad­ cing • slow Cuban dance: habanera justable dam: barrage • French high-kicking dance: cancan • Greek folk dance performed in a damage • deliberate damage: sabo­ line: syrtaki • swaying Hawaiian tage. dance with voluntary ex­ a dance: choreography. lively noon dance at which tea is served: tea South American dance: ta ngo dance • energetic street dance: • lively Spanish dance: bolero b reak-d ance . lively dance in triple • Spanish solo dance: cachucha time: jig • slow 18th-century dance: • Spanish courtship dance: fa ndan­ m i nuet • interweaving country go • Spanish dance with castanets: dance: hay • country dance for four flamenco • West Indian backward­ couples: square dance • solo dance: bending dance: limbo • dance about pas seul • dance for two people: pas excitedly: cavort • series of steps for de deux . number of parti­ dance: belly dance • synchronized cipants needed for a square or coun­ ballroom dancing: sequence dancing try dance: set • public dance hall: • ballroom dance with slow and quick palais. palais de danse � see also steps: foxtrot • ballroom dance with ballet partners side-by-side: veleta • ball­ room dance with pronounced hip dancer • dancer's tights: m a i l lot movements: rumba • ballroom dance • tubular garment covering a rehears­ in triple time: waltz • fast foxtrot: ing dancer's legs: leg warmers • dan­ q u ickstep • fast Bohemian dance: cer's leap or sitting posture with one polka • lively Brazilian dance: leg forward and one back. van d a l i s m • damage severely: dance: h u l a hula . after­ American dance: paso doble .Dd dagger • small slim dagger: p o n i a rd samba • squatting Cossack dance: • short tapering dagger: stiletto kazac hoc • Country and Western I • dagger's handle: h i l t dancing performed in a row: l i n e dan­ dam .

longest or shortest solstice day: Oanegeld • important day: red-letter day • first danger • serious danger: peril day of the Roman month: calends • each day: per diem • period of .91 Dane I death right angles to the trunk: spl its � see dawn . passe lip-reading and speech: oralism • going out of. eras: chronostratigraphy. of­ doubled: double • group of games counting as a unit towards a match: fice of deacon: diaconate • deacon's set . sta lemate • road with no exit at its far end: cul­ long longitudinal • grid for time: data display: matrix � see also elec­ de-sac tronic data deaf • progressive deafness due to date' • post-date give a later date to: bone growth in the ear: otosc lerosis . mortal­ carbon-14 decay: carbon dati ng. happening in a Dante • adjectives: Oa ntea n. deadlock in argument data • denoting data gathered over a or discussion: impasse. unobstructed by sub­ darts . oche dead end . person so moved: evac­ uee muting: drive time • period of even­ ing twilight: dusk . dating system event: to ll . geochron­ necr-. danger in­ herent in a job: occupational hazard morning twilight: dawn • part of the • remove from a dangerous place: day given over to work: working day • part of the day when many are com­ evacuate . -thanasia • death viewed as a ology • dating of objects from statistical OCcurrence: fatality. combining form: mori-. Oant­ daily cycle: circadian . line behind which the thrower over-vestment: dal matic stands: hockey. process by esque which the equinoxes occur slightly dark • shining in the dark: luminous earlier each year: precession • night that i s never completely dark: daylight • right to enjoy daylight in white night one's windows. Common Era • mis­ with death: macabre • bound to die: taken dating: parachronism mortal • die before another does: pre­ daughter • adjective: filial decease • Christian ceremonies . adjective: auroral also bal let day • adjective: diurnal • day before: Dane • part of England under Dan­ eve • day in which hours of daylight ish rule: Oanelaw • tax levied by the and darkness are equinox equal: Anglo-Saxons to repel the Danes: . hidden danger: pitfall . le­ derived from the birth of Christ: thal. date: obsolescent dealer • dealer i n ship's supplies: • with no date set: sine die chandler • dealer in candles: chand­ date2 . causing death: fatal. latest possible date: terminus ante • surgical opening made in the inner quem • earliest possible date: ter­ ear to relieve deafness: fenestration minus a q uo. mortal. hit on sequent building: ancient lig hts a part of the board where scores are deacon • adjective:diaconal . date with a person one has ler • dealer in cheap and shoddy not met before: blind date goods: cheapjack dating • dating of timber structures dean • adjective: deca nal • dean's from the tree rings they contain: den­ residence: deanery drochronology • dating of geological death . tail of a dart: flighl . te rminal • connected Christian E ra. terminus post quem • teaching the deaf to communicate by • out of date: obsolete. ity • number of deaths caused by an radiocarbon dating .

death I debt 92

over a dying person: last rites • gurg­ • ratio o f deaths t o living population:'
ling of dying person: death rattle death rate • number of deaths from a l
• struggling of a dying person: throes par.ticular cause: m o rtal ity rate�
• at the point of death: mori b u n d , i n • equivalence of birth and death .

extre m i s • denoting a condition that zero population growth • after-�

will end in death: term i n a l • revive death: posth umous . movement of'
someone apparently dead: resuscitate the soul to a different body after i
• experience at the brink of death: death: tra n s m i g ration . the use of'
near-death experience • ghostly magic to summon up the dead: necro- \.
image of a person seen near their time m a n cy • supposed communication
of death: wraith • death inflicted to with the dead by mediums: spiritual­
end incurable suffering: euthanasia ism • meeting of persons wishing to
• death-blow: coup de grace (pl. contact the dead by spiritualism: se­
coups de grace) . unexplained death a n ce • person returning from the �

of a sleeping baby: cot death, s u d d e n dead: reve n a n t • psychological urge

i nfa nt death syn d rome • death of to self-destruction: death i n stinct ·

body tissue: gan grene, mortificati o n , . life after death: afte rlife, the other
world • rebirth of the soul in a new
necros is • stiffness o f joints after
body: rei ncarnation • never-dying:
death: rigor m o rtis • decaying flesh
i m m orta l • all dead: extinct • study
of a dead animal: carrion • cessation
of death and dying: thanatology
of vital functions as proof of death:
• Christian day for general commem­
c l i n ical death • bell rung at death:
oration of the dead: All Souls' Day
knell • date of death: obit • plaster
� see also fu n e ra l
cast of a dead person' s face: death
mask • newspaper announcement of debate . advantage in debate: h i g h
a person's death: obituary • govern­ ground . subject t o debate: moot
ment office where deaths are re­ • question on procedure: po int of
corded: reg i ste r office • insurance o rde r . debater's acknowledgement
sum payable at death: reversion of an opponent's point: touche . mo­
• total money and property owned by tion to end a debate: closure
a dead person: estate • medical
debt • debt not legally recoverable:
examination to find the cause of a per­
debt of h o n o u r • debt overdue for re­
son's death: post-m o rtem • special­
payment: a r rears . debt repayable
ist conducting this examination: path­ soon: floati n g debt • debt with a dis­
ologist • official statement of cause, tant, or no, repayment date: fu nded
date, and place of death: death certifi­ debt • money owed by a company:
cate o official investigating the cause account payable, l i a b i l ity . money
of a person's death: coroner • the in­ owed to a company: accou nts receiv­
quiry a coroner conducts: i n q uest able • total owed by a state: national
• service for the dead: fu nera l , re­ debt . debt of gratitude: o b l i gation
q u iem . lament for the dead: d i rge, • denoting a debt not yet repaid: out­
threnody • poem lamenting the dead: sta n d i n g • denoting a debt repayable
elegy • recently dead: deceased on demand: u nfu nded . denoting a
• show sorrow at a death: mourn debt impossible to recover: bad • de­
• reminder o f death's inevitability: noting a debt whose recovery is un­
memento m o ri . picture of Death likely: dou btfu l . legal permission
leading all to the grave: dance of for late repayment: mo ratori um
death , d a n se macabre • person • debtor's asset forfeited if repayment
over-interested in death: ghoul is not achieved: pledge, secu rity

3 decay I decoration

• money paid to service a debt: inter­ ing on decayed matter: sap rophyte
est . (of) a person who cannot pay off • decay slowly through neglect: moul­
his debts: bankrupt, em barrassed, i n­ der
solvent . failure to repay a debt: de­
d eceive . easily deceived: credu­
fault . demand repayment of a debt:
lous, g u l l i ble • intent to deceive:
' d u n • payment of a debt: liquidatio n ,
mala fides . deliberate deception for
redempti on, satisfaction • payment
financial gain: frau d • instance of de­
of a debt by instalments: amortization
liberate deception: hoax • deceptive
• company's issue of shares to pay off
behaviour: false pretences • decep­
debts: reca pitalization • money
tive appearance: illusion • deception
raised for gradual repayment of a
effected by making a true statement
debt: sinking fu n d • further time
seem like a deception: double bl uff
granted to repay a debt: indu lgence,
• ploy designed to conceal one's true
roll-over • easing a debtor's position
intentions: blind
I by modifying the repayment demands:
restructuring • cancellation of a decision • ability t o make one's
debt: remission • abandon ftttempts own decisions: free will • not finally
to recover a debt: write off . free of decided: open . denoting a decision
debt: unencum bered , u ngeared supported by all present: u n a n imous
• seizure of a debtor's goods: attach­ • right to reject a decision made by
ment, distrai nt, di stress, executio n , others: veto • state of indecision:
sequestrati o n • court order seizing a q u andary • wavering indecision:
debtor's assets: Ma reva i nj u nction vaci llation
• right t o hold these until the debt is
decline • moral or cultural decline:
paid: lien • seizure of a debtor's
money or wages: garnish ment, at­
tachment of earnings . person ap­ decompose • able to be decom­
pointed to dispose of the assets of an posed by sunlight: photodegradable
insolvent person or business: admin­ • able to be decomposed by bacteria:
istrator • agree t o release a debtor biodegradable
for a smaller payment: compound decoration • additional decoration:
• terminate gas etc. supply until bills tri m • decoration of thin strips of
are paid: d iscon n ect • potential in­ shiny metal foil: tinsel . decoration
debtedness through business commit­ of plaited straw: corn dolly . hang­
ments: exposure . potential indebt­ ing decoration turning in the air: mo­
edness through falling values of bile . decoration of a manuscript: iI­
mortgaged property: negative equ ity I u m i nation • carved o r coloured
. ratio of corporate debt to share decoration of shells: scri mshaw
value: geari ng, leverage • assess­ • decoration of wood or leather with a
ment of a person or firm's likelihood heated point: pokerwork, pyrography
of paying its debts: credit rating, • cloth items decorating a room: soft
creditworthiness • organization
furnish i ngs . flags and streamers:
making such assessments: credit ref­ b u nting . crinkly paper for decor-
erence agency .. see also loan ations: crepe paper • decorative
decay . combining form: sapr- lights: i l l u m i nations • decorative
• decay of teeth or bones: caries strip of cloth hung over a window etc.:
• decay of a part of the body: mortifi­ va lance . decorative design of inter­
cation, necrosis • decayed organic twining branches etc. : ara besque
matter in the soil: humus • plant liv- • denoting metal inlaid with gold or

decrease I dentist 94

silver: dam ascened • gelatinous so­ paedics . adjustment of tooth and
lution used in interior decoration: jaw irregularities: o rthodontics
size • merely decorative: cosmetic
degre� • bachelor's degree: bacca-
decrease . decrease in value: de­ l a u reate . degree next above bach­
p reciation • decrease the apparent elor in certain universities: l i centiate
importance of: downplay, downrate • doctor's degree: doctorate . degree
deduction . deduction from wages awarded to a candidate who was il at
ordered by a lawcourt: garnishment, the time of the examination: aeg rotat
attachment of earnings • denoting a • denoting a degree conferred when
deduction derived from observation the graduand is elsewhere: in
or experience: a posteriori • denot­ a bsentia
ing a deduction derived from theoret­
delay • adjective: d i l atory • delay
ical concepts: a priori
by non-cooperation: stonewa l l
deep . combining form: bath- (e.g. • delay b y making lengthy speeches:
bathyscaphe) . region of especially fi l i b u ster
deep sea: trench . not deep: shallow
delusion • visual delusion: hallu­
deer • adjective: cervine • female
cination . delusions of being perse­
deer: doe, h i n d . male deer: buck,
cuted: paranoia • delusions caused
hart, stag • young deer: fawn
by alcoholism: d e l i ri u m tremens
. deer's short tail: scut . small tail­
less deer: roe • male roe: roebuck demand • final demand, made with
• small deer with a doglike bark: threats of sanctions: ultimatum
muntjac . stag's branched horns: • when demand is low: off-peak
antlers . antler's sharp point: tine . failure to satisfy demand: shortfa l l
. soft skin covering a growing antler: Demeter • Latin name: Ceres
velvet • deer's annual period of sex­
demolition . completely destroy a
ual activity: rut • produce offspring:
building: raze • structure of a gutted
fawn . deer's track: slot • deer's
building: shell • fragments of a de­
false hoof: dewclaw • disembowel a
molished building: ru bble • heavy
deer: gra l loch • deer's entrails as
beam used to knock down walls: bat­
food: n u m bles . deer meat: venison
tering ram
. leg and loin of venison: haunch
defeat • defeat soundly: troun ce, demon • combining form: demono­
va n q u i sh . defeat and drive back: • adjective: demoniac, demoniacal,
rout • admit defeat: concede demonic • demon attending a witch:
fam i l i a r, fa m i l i a r spi rit • worship of
defecation • inability to control
demons: demono latry • control by a
defecation: i n continence • bedrid­
demon: possession • expulsion of
den person's receptacle for urine and
demons: exorci sm • study of demons:
faeces: bed pan
defence • defence of one's conduct:
apologia . defence of a theory: demonstration • silent static dem­
apo logetics • uncompromising de­ onstration: v i g i l
fence of a position: sta nd • defensive
dentist • dentist who corrects the
mound before a trench: para pet . de­
position of teeth: o rthodontist • den­
fensive mound behind a trench: para­
tist dealing with the structures
around the teeth: periodontist . den­
deformity • medical treatment of tist's assistant who cleans teeth: hy­
bone and muscle deformities: o rtho- g i e n i st • dentist's small drill: bur

95 d epart I device
. .. . . . . . ... ... . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .

depa rt • depart secretly or illegally: desire • desire another's property:
a bscon d . departure from the nor­ covet • gratify a base desire: pander
mal or expected: aberration desk . large desk for two facing per­
depression • atmospheric depres- sons: partners' desk • denoting a
sion: cyclone • tiredness and depres­ desk with a sliding flexible cover: roll­
sion occurring after a viral infection: top
chronic fatigue syndrome • drug al­ despair . despair at imagined lack
leviating depression: of progress: accidie, demotivation
depth • combining form: bathy- destruction • covert destruction:
• instrument measuring the depth of sa botage • destruction of revered
seas or lakes: bathymeter • manned objects or ideas: iconoclasm • ma­
chamber for deep-sea observations: licious or purposeless destruction:
bathysphere vandalism • period of massive de­
deputy . combiningforms: pro- (e_g_ struction: apocalypse • destruction
proconsul) , vice- (e.g. vice-president) of all life: biocide • destruction of a
. person deputizing for another: sur­ race: genocide • total destruction:

rogate eradication, extirpation, holocaust
descent . line of descent: blood deta iI • detail needing attention:
l ine, stock • step in a line of descent: loose end • subtle detail: m i nutiae,
generation • denoting direct des­ nicety, punctilio, quiddity, techn ical­
cent: lineal . denoting descent by a ity • (over-)attentive to detail: me­
parallel line: collateral • denoting ticulous, punctilious, pedantic, petti­
the male line of descent: patrilineal fogging • in detail: in extenso
• denoting the female line of descent: • give more detail: elaborate

matri li neal • person from whom one detection • device detecting mov­
is descended: ancestor, progen itor ing objects by reflected radio waves:
• one's descendants: posterity, pro­ radar • device detecting underwater
geny • theory of universal descent objects by reflected sound pulses:
from a single couple: monogenesis, sonar
monogeny detective . detective employed by
descri ption • precise and detailed members of the public: private detect­
description: specification • short ive, private i nvestigator • follow and
but thorough description: profile observe secretly: shadow . system­
• misrepresentation of complex ideas atic shadowing: surveillance
by oversimplified descriptions: re­ detergent • denoting a biodegrad­
ductionism able detergent: soft • denoting a de­
desert • group of people travelling tergent operating by enzymes: bio­
across a desert: caravan • inn for logical
these people: caravan serai • desert
development . steady and consist­
place with water: oasis . dust-Iaden
ent development: continu ity . pro­
desert wind: simoom
gressive development of living organ­
design • engraved or incised design: isms over the centuries: evolution
intaglio . design identifying a • developing earlier than usual: pre­
company's products: logo cocious . highly developed: soph is­
designer • designer of buildings: ticated
architect • designer of fashion device • denoting a device seem­
clothes: couturier • designer of ingly capable of intelligent action:
roads, bridges, etc.: civil engi neer smart • device performing a specific

devil I dig 96

function within a larger apparatus: ary of synonyms and antonyms:
unit saurus • dictionary in which the
devil • adjectives: diabolic, diabol­ definition precedes the headword
ical • devil's divided foot: cloven here): reverse d ictionary • person
hoof • worship of the devil: d iabol­ who compiles dictionaries: lexicog-
ism, satan ism • control by the devil: rapher
possession die • cut out with a die: stamp >

diagram • block diagram: histo­ diet • adjectives: dietary, dietetic ;
gram • diagram laid out like a tree: • major diet element: macronutrient I
dendrogram • diagram showing re­ • organic compound essential to a bal-
lationships in a family: family tree, anced diet: vitami n • denoting a
genealogy, ped igree • diagram vegetable wholefood diet: macrobiotic '
showing relationships between sets: • disease caused by absence of fresh i
Ven n diagram • diagram of a se­ fruit and vegetables from the diet:
quence of events: flow chart scu rvy _ study of diets and nutrition:
d ial • denoting a dial with a moving dietetics, nutrition • postulated nu­
pointer: analogue • denoting a dial tritional requirement: recommended
with a changing numerical display: dietary allowance . diet expert: diet­
digital . pointer on an instrument itian, nutritionist
dial: needle difference • adjective: differential
d ialect • popular dialect: argot, pat­ • subtle diference: nuance • amount
ois . dialect of a particular social of difference: differential • difference
class: sociolect • study of dialects: in brightness in a picture: contrast
dialecto logy • tell the difference between: d iffer­

dialogue • adjective: d ialogic

diameter . diameter of wire, knit­ different . combining forms: allo­
ting needles, and gallge
(e.g. allopathy). hetero-, vari- . radic­
ally different from anything preced­
• inner diameter of a gun barrel: bore,
calibre, gauge ing: novel • having many different
colours: motley, pied, variegated
diamond • adjective: d iamantine • including things of different types:
• inferior diamond, used for cutting:
heterogeneous • group or area dif­
bort ferent from its surroundings: enclave
Diana • Greek name: Artemis • cause to seem different: differenti­
diary • electronic diary: personal or­ ate
ganizer • loose-leaf diary: FilofaxTM , difficult . combiningform: dys- (e.g.
personal organizer • person keeping dyslexia) . difficult question: conun­
a diary: diarist drum, poser • temporary difficulty
dictator • adjective: dictator- due to mechanical failure: technical
ial . title of a German dictator: fUh­ hitch • in great difficulties: in
rer • title of an Italian dictator: duce extremis • avoid a difficulty: obviate
• title of a Spanish dictator: caud illo • quick and innovative in overcoming
• small group exercising dictatorial difficulties: resourceful
powers: j u nta dig excavate . dig be­
. dig out:
dictionary • adjective: lexical neath: undermine . dig up: unearth
• small dictionary at the back of a . dig up a corpse: exh ume • spade­
book: glossary, vocabulary . dic­ depth of soil: spit • dig two spits
tionary of places: gazetteer • diction- deep: dou ble-dig

37 d i g estion I disagreement

digestion • adjective:
peptic • hav­ able to the host country: persona non
ing good digestion:eupeptic . digest­ g rata (pl_ personae non gratae) • dip­
ive passage through the body: alimen­ lomat's spell of duty at a particular lo­
tary canal • part of this between cation: posti ng, to u r, tou r of d uty
stomach and anus: intesti ne, gut • diplomat's report: dispatch • diplo­
. muscular movement o f the alimen­ mat's residence: embassy, legation
tary canal: peristalsis • build-up of • official letter between diplomats:
gas in the alimentary canal: flatu­ note • draft or amendment to a diplo­
lence • bodily organs of digestion: matic document: protocol . ne goti­
digestive system ations brokered by a diplomat travel­
dilemma • inescapable dilemma: ling between two estranged parties:
catch-22, double bind sh uttle di plomacy • rule of diplo­
matic procedure: protocol • easing of
dinner • adjective: prandial • after-
diplomatic tension: detente . pres­
dinner: postprandial
sure placed on another state by re­
dinosaur • dinosaur with a very strictions on trade or social inter­
long neck and tail: d i plodocus action: sanctions • deliberate
• dinosaur with large verti�al plates risk-taking in international diplo­
on its back: stegosaurus • dinosaur macy: adventurism, bri n kmanship
with short armlike front legs: bra­ • diplomatic policy o f seeking t o re­
chiosaurus • upright

carnivorous gain lost territory: revanchism dip­
dinosaur: tyrannosaurus lomatic policy of preventing another
diocese • adjective: d i ocesan state's expansion: contai nment • dip­

• bishop in charge of a diocese: d io­ lomatic policy of seeking control over
cesan • diocesan assembly: synod other nations: i m perialism • diplo­
. Anglican parish's contribution to macy enforced by displays of military
diocesan funds: q u ota strength: gunboat d i plomacy, power
Dionysus . Latin name: Bacchus politics, sabre-rattling • immunity
. female follower of Dionysus: mae­ to local law enjoyed by diplomats and
nad • staff carried by Dionysus' fol­ their property: extraterritoriality,
lowers: thyrsus extraterritorial rights • host govern­
ment's order to a diplomat to leave:
diplomacy • state's senior diplomat
expUlsion . order a diplomat to re­
resident in a foraign country: ambas­
turn home: recall
sador • diplomat with full powers of
decision: pleni potentiary • diplomat d i rection • combining forms:
on a special assignment: emissary -ward s (e. g. eastwards), -ways (e.g.
• ambassador's deputy: charge sideways) . designed to operate in a
d'affai res • ambassador's assistant particular direction: directional
attache • diplomatic representative: . change direction suddenly: swerve,
envoy, m i n i ster • minister and staff: veer
legation • group of diplomats sent director !* director of a group of or­
for a special purpose: mission • dip­ chestral musicians: conductor . dir­
lomatic courier: Queen's (or King's) ector of a brass band: bandmaster
Messenger • army officer serving at
an embassy: m i litary attache • Com­ d isability . physical or mental dis-

monwealth embassy: high commis­ ability: handicap
sion • diplomat acceptable to the disagreement • minor disagree­
host country: persona grata (pl_ per­ ment: contretemps (pl. same) . pro­
sonae gratae) . diplomat not accept- longed and bitter disagreement: feud,

disappointing I disease 98

strife • causing disagreement: con­ classism • discrimination on
tentious, controversial, divisive grounds of skin colour: col our bar
• without disagreement: unani­ • discrimination against individuals:
mously, nem. con. victir;nization • discrimination

dis app ointing • disappointing out· against the overweight: fattism . dis­
come: anticlimax, bathos, damp crimination against those
squib physical disabilities: ableism • dis­

disar m am ent • total abandonment crimination on grounds of race: ra­
of a certain weapon: zero option cism . discrimination on grounds of

• denoting disarmament undertaken sex: sexism • barrier to advance­
by some states only: u n i lateral ment tacitly imposed upon certain
groups: glass ceiling • discrimin­
disaster • large, sudden and violent
ation in favour of those thought to be
disaster: cataclysm • natural disas·
unfairly treated: positive discrimin­
ter: act of God
ation, reverse d iscrimination, af­
disc • disc thrown by an athlete: dis­
fi rmative action . discrimination in
cus . metal or plastic disc used in·
favour of those who are thought to be
stead of money: token • disc used to
superior: elitism . freedom from dis­
store visual images: videodisc
crimination: equal opportun ity
d isc jockey • radio disc jockey who
is deliberately offensive or provoca·
discussion . academic discussion:

tive: shock jock sym posium . public discussion of a
topic: ventilation • discussion involv­
discharge • combining forms:
ing three or more persons at different
-rrhoea (e.g. diarrhoea), -rrhagia (e.g.
sites using telecommunications: tele­
menorrhagia) . vaginal discharge at
conference • strange object provok­
the onset of labour or menstruation:
ing discussion: conversation piece
show • discharge of gas, radiation,
• discuss without coming to the true
or semen: emission
point at issue: beat about the bush
disci p line • strict disciplinarian:
martinet, stickler . person practis­ disease . combining forms: -itis
ing severe self-discipline: ascetic (e.g. conju nctivitis), nos(o)-, patho-,
-pathy (e. g. neuropathy) , -osis (e.g.
disco n tent • cause political or
psychosis) • adjective: morbid
emotional discontent: desta bil ize
• causes of a disease: aetiology
d i scontinue . d iscontinue tempor­
• germ causing a disease: bacillus,
arily: put into abeyance • discon­
pathogen • organism transmitting a
tinue meetings of a parliament with­
disease from one host to another: vec­
out dissolution: prorogue
tor • person or animal unaffected by
d iscourage . discouraging factor: a disease but transmitting it to others:
disincentive . numbing discourage­
carrier . time between infection and
ment: demotivation
appearance of symptoms: latent
discovery • method of discovery by period, incu bation period . denot­
trial and error: heuristic • faculty of ing a disease with no assignable
making fortunate discoveries: seren­ cause: non-specific • characteristic
d ipity . cry uttered on making a dis­ indicator of a disease: symptom • de­
covery: eureka noting a disease too mild to show
discrimination • discrimination clear symptoms: subclin ical • indica­
on grounds of age: ageism . discrim­ tion of a disease: symptom, stigma
ination on grounds of social class: • disease indicated by a particular set

.. ············ .. ············· disease I disease
...... ................................... ......................................... .......

of symptoms: syndrome • group of • study of tissue changes caused by
symptoms indicating a particular dis­ disease: histopathology • study of
ease: syndrome • symptom accom­ the treatment of disease: therapeutics
panying a disease, but not caused by • denoting a disease occurring in the
it: epiphenomenon • denoting a dis­ course of another: intercurrent . de­
ease having recognizable symptoms: noting a disease characterized by
clin ical • denoting a disease without brief but severe attacks: acute • de­
recognizable symptoms: occult noting a long-lasting disease: chronic
• symptom that only doctors can de­ • denoting an uncured disease that
tect: sign • denoting the stage of a currently shows no symptoms: dor­
disease before symptoms appear: pre­ mant • denoting a disease starting in
clin ical . disease identification from hospital: nosocomial . run-down
symptoms: diag nosis . temporary state of a sufferer of a chronic disease:
abatement of a disease: re mission cachexia • denoting a disease passed
• patient's decline after a period of re­ on by physical contact: contag ious
covery: relapse • (sudden) recur­ • denoting a disease passed on
rence of a disease: flare, recrudes­ through the environment: infectious
cence • regional outbrellk of a • denoting a contagious or infectious
disease: epidemic • denoting a dis­ disease: communicable . denoting a
ease breaking out throughout a coun­ disease contracted through sexual ac­
try or the world: pandemic . denot­ tivity: venereal • disease caused by
ing a highly infectious or harmful poor diet: deficiency disease . de­
disease: virulent • denoting a disease noting a disease causing little or no
expected to end in death: term inal pain: indolent . denoting a disease
• deadly disease spreading rapidly: causing progressive deterioration of
plague • denoting a disease whose organs or tissues: degenerative . de­
outbreaks must be reported: notifi­ noting a disease growing steadily
able • denoting a disease regularly worse: progressive • denoting a dis­
found at a place: endemic . denoting ease caused by antibodies naturally
a disease passed from one generation produced by the sufferer to attack
to the next: hered itary, vertical . de­ other germs: autoimmune . denot­
noting a disease affecting all the body: ing a psychologically caused disease:
general ized . disease's chief bodily psychosomatic • denoting a disease
location: focus • expected course of a often or only found in a certain region
disease:prognosis • turning point of or people: endem ic . denoting a dis­
a disease:crisis . secondary disease ease with no known external cause:
aggravating an existing one: com pli­ essential, idiopathic • systematic
cation . pass on a disease: communi­ description of diseases: nosography
cate, transmit • person associating • scientific classification of diseases:
with someone having a contagious nosology • preventing disease:
disease: contact • objects likely to prophylactic • study and practice of
carry infection: fomites • caused by disease prevention: preventive medi­
or involving disease: pathological cine • substance developing bodily
• study of causes and effects of dis­ immunity to a disease: vacci ne • test
ease: pathology • study of the causes for the presence of a disease: screen
of diseases: aetiology • study and • sudden attack of a disease: seizure
treatment of the diseases of children: • place or time of isolation for in­
paediatrics . study of the incidence comers thought to carry infectious
and control of diseases: epidemiology diseases: quarantine • regain

diseased I d iver 100 strength after a disease's cure: conva­ dispute . dialysis) .g. over-subtle distinc­ by their own enzymes: autolysis tion: hair-splitti ng. ance pet hate ditch • ditch dug for battlefield shel­ dismiss .g. tel( e). able to be dis­ ful combing or unknotting: tease out solved: sol uble disgrace • public disgrace: igno­ distance . dismiss with dishonour ter:trench • ditch round a castle etc. protracted and complex lesce • person with an obsessive fear dispute: wrangle • confrontation to of disease: hypochond riac • suicide resolve a dispute: showdown of a victim of an incurable disease. quibble dislike . disrespectful to reli­ using lethal drugs supplied by a doc­ gion: impious . bathysphere • diver's underwater life: aquarium • display air-filled open-bottomed chamber: div­ tank for undersea life: oceanari u m ing bell . freestanding supermarket sel for deep-sea observations: bathy­ display: gondola . speaker's large pad o f paper: fl i p • controlled reduction of ambient chart • display ostentatiously: flaunt pressure when a diver returns to the • self-dramatizing: histrionic surface: decompression . biUe noire. mark of disgrace: stigma round something: ci rcumference • distance one can see: eyeshot. disrespect . nua nce . alleged ability to move dis­ gases: fumigation tant objects: telekinesis disintegration . large covered dish for serving soup: j ect is furthest from the earth: a pogee tureen • small heatproof dish or cas­ • point where an orbiting object is fur­ serole: cocotte thest from the moon: apolune • in­ dishonest • craftily dishonest: slip­ strument measuring miles travelled: pery • dishonest person: rogue. visi­ dish • shallow stemmed dish: cou pe bil ity . milometer scoundrel • dishonest activities: distant • distant person or thing: g raft. combining forms: apo-. diver's waterproof rubber disobey • openly disobey: flout suit: drysuit • diver's permeable rub­ • defiant disobedience: insubordin­ ber suit: wets uit • diver not using a rubber suit: skin diver • diver's ation • incitement t o disobey those in authority: sedition compressed-air apparatus: scuba. point where an orbiting ob­ . violent disorder: may­ breathing air under pressure: n itro­ hem gen narcosis • diver's enclosed ves­ display . diver's signal rope: lifeline . obloquy. sl eaze. disrespectful joking: lev­ diseased • combining form: -otic ity (e. rudely disrespectful: tor for this purpose: assisted suicide insolent .: from the armed forces: cashier • dis­ moat • hidden ditch separating gard­ miss from a job: terminate employ­ ens from parkland: ha-ha ment d iver . room for .g. opprobrium . neurotic) dissolution • combining form: disentangle • disentangle by care­ -lysis (e. skulduggery outlier . display tank for scaphe. television) • distance mi ny. person or thing particu­ disuse • temporary disuse: abey­ larly disliked: anathema. combining form: distinction . (e. aqualung • diver's drowsy state from disorder . subtle distinction: ni­ -lysis • destruction of cells or tissues cety. far distant spot: u ltima disinfection • disinfection by Thule .

rhabdomancy) .• painful condition suffered by a diver • doctor in charge of health services: after sudden reduction of ambient medical officer • doctor who admin­ pressure: the bends.g. schism flying doctor • doctor temporarily replacing another: locum • person divorce • denoting a form of divorce with some medical training. j unior hospital doctor: house of­ (e. combiningform: s chiz(o)­ cine at a hospital: co nsu ltant • group of hospital doctors: fi rm • radical division: dichotomy • div­ • doctor visiting his patients by plane: ision into opposing factions: pol ariza­ tion.g. caisson dis­ isters anaesthetics: anaesthetist ease. empiriC • Indian action: applicant • spouse against or Muslim traditional doctor: hakim whom a divorce action is brought: re­ • person believed by some peoples to spondent • person cited in a divorce medi­ have magical healing powers: action as having committed adultery cine man. houseman • hospital doctor as­ divination • combining form: sisting a consultant: registrar . veterinary surgeon divided . area port Agency • court order enabling spouses to remain married but live list of doctors taking NHS patients: apart:judicial separation.g.01 d ivide I doctor ••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••u••••••••••••••••••••• • • • • • • • • • • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •••••••••• this: decompression chamber doctor • combining form: iatro­ .. stetrician • doctor concentrating on dissect) • tending to divide or be div­ diagnosis and medication: physician • family doctor: general practitioner ided: fissiparous • divide into two: bi sect • divide into mutually hostile • doctor qualified to perform oper­ units: Balkan ize ations: surgeon • doctor treating animals: vet. hos­ -mancy (e. witch doctor with the partner being sued: • doctor's room for seeing patients: co-respondent • court's provisional consu ltin g roo m • doctor's tour of divorce ruling: decree nisi • court's bedridden patients: round • general final divorce ruling: decree a bsolute practitioner's consulting rooms: sur­ • divorced person� d ivorcee • paren­ gery • general practitioner's client tal rights of divorcees: custody • fi­ base:practice . but not requiring no apportionment of blame: fully qualified: paramedic • unquali­ no-fault • spouse initiating a divorce fied doctor: quaCk. legal sep­ panel • doctor's non-NHS clients: aration private practice • resources avail­ able to a doctor: armamentarium d izziness • causing dizziness: ver­ • doctor's device for hearing the chest tiginous organs: stethoscope • doctor's de­ dock • dock that can be emptied of vice for seeing inside the ear: auri­ water: dry dock • submarine's scope. interpreting omens: training: senior registrar • doctor in haruspex � see also fortu ne-telling charge of a particular branch of medi­ . combining form: schizo­ . shaman. Roman pital doctor recelvmg specialist official augur. schizophrenia) fi cer. this run by several nancial support to be given by a for­ group practice • consulting doctors: mer spouse after divorce: mainten­ rooms of a group practice: health cen­ ance • state agency enforcing child maintenance payments: Child Sup­ tre • general practitioner controlling his own budget: fu ndholder . decompression sickness • doctor specializing in childbirth: ob­ :livide • combining form: -sect (e. otoscope • doctor's device covered dock: pen • dock worker: for inspectng the retina: ophthal mo­ stevedore scope • doctor's small hammer for .

subsid­ ments: papers . tor's ability to put patients at their p pro erty: conveyance. fi le vices: warrant • document proving • obscure language of official docu­ identity or qualifications: credentials ments: officialese .: apron • proj ects under­ this: abstract of title • document re. document showing ownership of a c . draft a docu­ document authorizing entry and ment: d raw up. summary • place an of­ the holder to specified goods or ser­ ficial document on record: enter. legal document: instrument • legal a document: flimsy . eration: submission . prom issory etc. work involving • bank document underwriting speci­ documents: paperwork . : ease: bedside manner .. legal dossier • additional statement on a document disposing of one's assets document. docu- ' cialist's opinion: referral • doctor's ment showing a vehicle's ownership: order for a medicine to be made or is­ registration document. date. taken by a doctor: caseload • doc­ cording the transfer of ownership of a . set document: sched ule . draft or search of premises: search warrant amendment to a diplomatic document: • formal delivery of a legal document: protocol • produce a legal document service • mutual disclosure of docu­ in its final form: engross • exact ments by parties to a lawsuit: discov­ wording of a document: tenor . come to ' a count: statement • state document doctor for treatment: present • visit permitting foreign travel: passport to a doctor: consu ltation • document ensuring safe travel over document • archived document: a specified area: safe conduct munim ent • handwritten document: • document authorizing specified po­ man uscri pt • document written en­ lice activity: warrant • official state­ tirely by its hologra p h author: ment of cause. and place of • document signed b y its author: a uto­ death: death certificate • document graph • standard document: pro used to supply evidence: source • de­ forma • document on the World Wide noting a document whose ownership Web: web page • identity docu­ can be changed: negotiable . counterfeit fied loans on another bank to be taken a document: forge • electronic trans­ out by the bearer: letter of credit fer of documents: fax . modifying its effect: en­ after death: will • document promis­ dorsement . plessor . document contain­ iary part of a document kept by its is­ ing a sworn statement: affidavit suer:cou nterfoil • thin-paper copy of . make out . document record­ I opinion • doctor's seeking o f a spe­ ing hours worked: time sheet . tors etc. document ac­ memorandum • appendix to a legal companying a letter: enclosure . g rant • docu. piece of stamped wax ing a payment: bond. summary of. authenticating a document: seal note • document ordering payment: • document's abbreviated title: short draft • document acknowledging pay­ title • abbreviated version of a docu­ ment: receipt • document entitling ment: precis. shield against X-rays worn by doc­ property:title deed . doctor's as­ ment recording the waiving of a right i sessment of symptoms or treatment: or claim: waiver . pre­ ery • legal document recording own­ sentation of a document for consid­ ership or a contract: deed. log book sued: prescription • doctor's negli­ • documen t giving the details of an in­ gence or dishonesty: malpractice surance contract: policy • document • oath (formerly) taken by trainee doc­ listing transactions on a financial ac­ tors: H i p pocratic oath . deed signed of documents on a particular topic: by one person only: deed poll .docum ent I document testing reflexes: plexor.

g. cher 0 front part of a dog's face: muz­ spyhole 0 angled slats on a door: zle 0 dog's inner eyelid: haw 0 erect­ louvres 0 folding section of a door: ile hairs along a dog's back: hackles leaf 0 sloping board at the foot of an o kind of fever suffered by dogs: d is­ outside door: weatherboard 0 handle tem per 0 inflammation of a dog's ear: etc. auctioneer) .103 doer I door doer o combiningforms: -ee (e.g. -er (e. German shepherd dog dome 0 small dome: cupola o hunting dog: hound o heavy hunt­ o pointed dome. executrix) petitive achievements: form 0 estab­ lishment for boarding or breeding dog o combining form: cyno. whel p 0 small pet dog: doll 0 soft black doll with fuzzy hair: lapdog 0 dog in poor condition or golliwog showing aggression: cur o dog of un­ domain o combining form: -dom certain breed: mongrel • large police (e. snib of smell: nose 0 strap restraining a o slotted metal plate as door-fastening: dog: lead.: weatherstrip . -ist (e.g. actress). bulging in the middle: ing dog: bloodhound.g. g.g. leash 0 chain controlling a hasp 0 strip sealing a door's edges dog by neck pressure: choke chain against draughts etc. tam­ charge of this: master o dog trained bour o corner support for a dome: to lead the blind: g u ide dog • dog squinch • denoting a dome trained to assist the deaf: hearing dog costructed from struts following the o dog trained to stand rigid when shortest route between two points on scenting game: pointer.(e. actor). puppy o give birth a perient) to dogs: pup. -ent zle o let a dog off the leash: slip (e. able: fait accom pli whippet o wolflike North American donkey 0 male jackass donkey: wild dog: coyote 0 Arctic sledge dog: o female donkey: jenny o offspring of husky 0 Asian stray mongrel: pye­ a male donkey and female horse: mule dog 0 Australiap wild dog: dingo o offspring of a male horse and female o Russian wolfhound: borzoi o Scot­ donkey: hinny tish sheepdog: collie 0 competition door 0 glazed outside door : French for sheepdogs: trials o very small win dow . plagiarist). ab­ o guard preventing a dog biting: muz­ sentee). -ress (e. -eer (e.g. -ete o dog's small shelter: kennel 0 person (e. o young dog: pup. denoting a door linking large-eyed dog: chihuahua o long dog two rooms: intercommunicating with short legs: dachshund o large o access panel in a floor or ceiling: black-and-tan dog: Dobermann pins­ trapdoor o peephole in a door: judas. -rix Ier o details of a dog's previous com­ (e. dogs: kennels cynopodous) o adjective: canine o fe­ male dog: bitch o male dog: dog doing o combining form: -ent (e. writer) .g. gun dog 0 dog formerly trained to dominance o political dominance: hegemony rescue snowbound travellers: St Ber­ nard 0 competition for retrievers: done 0 something done and unalter­ field trial 0 racing dog: greyho und. fiefdom) dog: Alsatian. setter 0 dog a sphere: geodesic trained to fetch shot game: retriever. g. mastiff 0 small onion dome 0 dome surfaced by hound used to hunt hare �: beagle many small triangles: geodesic dome o set of hound s: pack 0 person in o wall supporting a dome: drum.g.g. on a door: door fu rn iture 0 orna­ canker 0 dog's disease causing mad­ mental doorplate for the fingers: ness and death: ra bies 0 dog's sense fi ngerplate 0 door catch: latch. aperient) .g. -or in charge of trained dogs: dog hand­ (e. athlete).

slab at cruelty � see also play the foot of a door: sill.door j a m b I drawing 104 1 • support across the top of a door: lin­ in extreme conditions: theatre of tel . photography) • adjective: door of a public building: porter. zygo.g. denoting a drawing human life: theatre of the absurd done without instruments: freehand • drama exploring human behaviour • instrument for drawing arcs: com- . plate set into a scale: technical drawing . threshold d raughts . line indicating an object's general i nspection chamber .g. angled reveal: embrasure • heavy object to keep a door open: d rawing • combining form: -graphy doorstop • attendant at the main (e.: section.g. con­ graphic • drawing of things actually cierge • go canvassing or selling before the artist: l ife d rawi ng . doorman exploded view • drawing of a mech­ at a block of flats: concierge • door­ anism with parts of its casing re­ man at a college or large public build­ moved to show inner workings: cut­ ing: porter away • drawing of an imagined slice double • combining forms: di.g. remove an opponent's • wall's side surface beside a window: threatening piece: h uff reveal . graphics drain • manhole for drain clearance: . mechanism dibasic). catadromous).(e. de. drawing showing enough detail to serve as door jamb to receive the bolt or lock when closed: striker plate an instruction: working drawi ng • drawing o f a mechanism showing its doorman • doorman at an hotel or parts as if separated by an explosion: theatre: commissionaire . yeast • become aerated • system of drawing to show depth: by the leaven: prove.: catchment area drawing: chiaroscuro • denoting dra m a • drama abandoning realism drawings made in sight of the items to emphasize the irrationality of depicted: l ife . rough. descend) sketch • drawing made absent­ draft • first draft: rough. door's side post: jamb . drawing of a floor layout of a building: plan • expert in tech­ water: pasta • work dough: knead • substance added to dough to make it nical drawing: draug htsman • drawing-based arts: graphic arts rise: leaven. combining forms: object: stereogram • preliminary cata. cartoon • drawing showing exact detail and door jamb • inside face of a door jamb: scuncheon . satir­ from door to door: doorstep ical drawing: caricature.g.(e.(e. pit filled with shape: outl ine . shade an area with hatch • hatching • drain hardcore: soa kaway close parallel lines: through: leach done in two directions: cross­ hatch ing • shade a n area by many drainage • drainage ditch: dyke small dots: stipple • the re­ • area drained by a particular river presentation of light and shade in a etc. rise • denoting pers pective • perspective system dough that is heavy through having failed to rise: sad • fermenting using three axes 1200 apart: isometric system • system using lines conver­ dough left over from a previous bak­ ing: sourdough ging at the horizon: li near perspec­ tive • drawing of a three-dimensional downwards . drawings done copy for a publication: artwork.(e. cross section • draw­ • double vision: diplopia ing of a vertical aspect of a building: dough • dough of durum wheat and elevation . taken through a building. zygotic) etc. d iplo-. version of a drawing: draft. rough mindedly: doodle .

drug that tion: digestif • strong sweet alcoholic eases pain: analgesic • drug that drink taken after a meal: liqueur prevents pain being felt: anaesthetic • bedtime drink: nightca p • pre­ • drug given to prevent rejection of pared drink with magical or medi.drug preventing or mod­ • strengthen a drink with alcohol: for­ erating epileptic fits: anticonvulsant tify • add alcohol surreptitiously to a . straight .drug relieving itching: a drink that has lost its fizz: flat antipruritic • drug improving the • short drink taken after a long one: memory: nootropic • drug that dulls chaser . granita .denoting blocker .weaken a drink by adding other li­ di lator .calming drug: depressant quid: dil ute • denoting an undiluted • drug relieving depression: anti· drink: neat. spirits.denoting a drink with and reducing blood pressure: beta low alcohol content: light .drug reducing fever: antipyretic.drug narrowing lemon or lime juice: sour • soft drink blood vessels: vasocon strictor sold in concentrated form: cordial • drug widening blood vessels: vaso­ . drink: spike • warm and spice a febrifuge • drug slowing the heart drink: mull .: cup • drink made from • rain in fine drops: drizzle the juice of pressed fruit: crush .drinking party: symposi u m .nau­ semen: wet dream • interpretation of sea after heavy drinking: han gover dreams: oneiromancy .drug inducing abor­ raw egg: prairie oyster • draught tion: abortifacient .denoting a .105 d ream I drug pass.erotic dream stick for stirring drinks: swizzle stick causing an involuntary ejaculation of .drink from sugar syrup: j u lep drought . see dreamer: lucid . a transplanted organ: i m m uno- .drink with bronchodilator .drink taken to aid diges­ the nerves: neuroleptic . narco.. d rove • drive out: oust • person employed drill .combining forms: pharm­ JUlce: perry • drink of a seasoned aco·.. driver drink • drink taken to stimulate the driving licence • cumulative value appetite: aperitif • carbonated water: assigned to .drink from fermented pear­ d rug .dreamlike sequence also cockta il.hand-cranked drill: brace • sharp end of a drill: bit • adjustable to drive a private or hired motor car: holder for the bit: chuck chauffeur. wine of images: phantasmagoria drive . compasses.drug taken by cider and lager: snakebite • iced asthmatics to widen the bronchi: drink: frappe.driving misdemeanours: soda • concentrate of sweetened pena lty poi nts • official note of these fruit juice: squash • mixed drink: on the licence: endorsement cocktai l • mixed drink with fruit d rop • cover with drops: spatter juices etc. pair of com­ cinal powers: potion • drink poured passes • instrument for copying a out in offering to a god: l i bation drawing larger or smaller: panto­ • drink taken in honour of a person or graph • case for unfolded drawings: thing: toast • single act of drinking: portfolio draught .area suffering severe • drink from fermented honey: drought and erosion: dust bowl mead . combining form: oneir(o)­ bers of a group: ro u n d .set of drinks for all mem­ dream .denoting a region where alcoholic dream consciously controlled by the drinks cannot be purchased: d ry .denoting a depressant • enlivening drug: drink that is not effervescent: sti ll stimulant .drive animals: herd.small mat • adjective: oneiric • unpleasant for a drinking glass: coaster • small dream: nig htmare .

dry ations: psychedelic. drug induc­ kettledrum. with in­ bristles used on drums: brush structions for preparation and dos­ drunk • slightly drunk: ti psy . denoting an il­ noting plants or animals adapted to a legal . hallucinogenic completely by heating: parch • dry • drug affecting the user's mental food to preserve it: dessicate • de­ state: psychotropic . solvent whose fumes are inhaled by drug abusers: i nhalant • inhalation of seabirds sold as a fertilizer: guano of adhesive fumes: gl ue-sniffi ng Dutch • Dutch mayor: burgomaster • sell illegal drugs: peddle • person • piece of land reclaimed from the sea: doing this: peddler . drug decreasing drum • bowl-shaped pitched drum: urination: antidiuretic . female duck: duck • male likely to cause addiction: soft • de­ duck: d rake • young duck: duckling noting a fashionable artificial drug: duel • duellist's attendant: second designer . legal restric­ polder tion on use or possession of a drug: duty . timpani (pI. dependency • pro­ call of duty: supererogatory • study gressive deprivation of addictive of duty: deontology .jointed dummy used by used by athletes to improve perform­ artists: lay figure .drug I d uty 106 suppressor • drug that sharpens the drugs: with drawal • sudden and com­ senses: stimulant . drunkard noting a drug producing hallucin­ dry . drum in a medical drugs and their action: Latin American band: bongo .jazz pharmacology • denoting a cheaper drum beaten with the hands: tom-tom unbranded form of a proprietary • Indian drum: tabla • drum-like in­ drug: generic • place where medi­ strument with loose discs in the sides: cinal drugs are dispensed: pharmacy tambourine .. combining form: xero.jointed dummy ance: steroid • inject a drug directly used by artists and to teach anatomy: into a vein: mainline • drug­ manikin impregnated material attached to the skin for gradual absorption: patch dung . denoting a drug that af­ duke • adjective: ducal • duke who fects a person's mental state: psycho­ is also a royal prince: roya l duke tropiC • drug producing muscle con­ . avoid one's . thin stick with wire • official list of medical drugs. ated with the drugs trade: narcoter­ tranquillizer • drug increasing urin­ rorism ation: diuretic . drug stimulating plete deprivation of addictive drugs: sexual desire: aphrodisiac • drug in­ cold turkey • clear the body of drug ducing sleep: sedative • drug redu­ residues: detoxify • terrorism associ­ cing tension or anxiety: sedative. combining form: copro- • dung-eating: coprophagous • dung . per­ ages: pharmacopoeia • soporific or son who is frequently drunk: a lco­ mood-changing drug: narcotic • de­ holic. only) • drum ing vomiting: emetic • drug prevent­ with resonating strings across its ing vomiting: a ntiemetic • study of underside: snare d rum . duke's wife or widow: duchess tractions: convu lsant • drug-induced • duke's territory: duchy stupor: narcosis • hormonal drug dummy . adjective: deontic • moral or control • diminution of bodily re­ legal duty: obligation • fulfilment of sponse to a drug with continued use: duty: observance • failure to per­ tolerance • inability to do without a form a duty: dereliction • beyond the drug: add iction. or addictive drug: dangerous very dry environment: xerophilous • denoting a strong and addictive drug: hard • denoting a drug not duck .

monastery. rotat­ • orange-yellow food colouring and ing coil in a dynamo: armature . dwelling o f monks or nuns: abbey.107 dwarf I dynamo duty: sh irk • free from a duty: ex­ dye: saffron • dye indicating acidity empt. red food dye: coch ineal ternating current: alternator . the dye from some parts of the mater­ priory • makeshift dwelling: biv­ ial: batik ouac. nunnery. shack. free from obliga­ or alkalinity: litmus • denoting a dye tions: footloose that does not run or fade: fast • de­ • dwarf plant or tree as culti­ noting a dye not affected by light: vated in Japan: bonsai lig htfast • make a dye permanent: fix • dyeing method using wax to keep . sha nty dynamo • dynamo generating an al­ dye . exonerate .

. moderate zone north and earth • combining form: geo. . tachment of earnings . . . . . . . .. rigid crust section: plate . terrene • outer zone about either of the poles: frigid part of the earth: crust • denoting zone • general physical study o f the . line parallel to the equator: latitude. . at debt from wages :garn ishment. . parallel • range of longitudes using a closing: sleeper common time: time zone . . meridian • imagined • doctor's device for seeing inside the circle round the earth equidistant ear:au riscope. . droop­ the northern hemisphere: Laurasia ing ears on an animal: lop ears • half of the earth: hemisphere • im­ • plastic surgery on the ears: agined circle joining the earth's poles: otoplasty . . . . . . nose. Ee �� • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • u . . . hot zone term for earnings gained from service centred on the equator: torrid zone. . . . . . . . longitude earnings • enforced repayment of a opposite to that of Greenwich. . . membrane of the middle neath ocean basins: oceanic crust ear: eardrum • structure of the inner . . study and treatment . and throat: the southern hemisphere: Gon dwana otorh inolaryngology • boxer's de­ • supposed subsequent land mass in formed ear: cauliflower ear . ot(o)­ sphere • this regarded ecologically: • adjectives: aural. the earth's crust: tectonic • inner reciprocal part of the earth: mantle • inmost eagle • adjective: aquiline . combining forms: aur-. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • each other • adjectives: mutual. . otoscope . . industries: invisible tropics . . . . . be­ outer ear . . climate. . pinna teorology • thick part of the crust. .. . at­ which the date changes: Date Line. equilib­ ear: labyrinth • inflammation of this: rium of the crust: isostasy • hot li­ labyri nthitis • spiral tube in �he quid beneath the earth's crust: inner ear: cochlea • progresslve magma • major movement of the deafness due to bone growth in the earth's crust: convu lsion • study of ear: otoscl erosis . drainage from its poles: equ ator • imagined tube in the eardrum: grommet . supposed subsequent land mass in of diseases of the ear. . core • supposed ori­ of diseases of the ear and throat: oto­ ginal single continent: Pangaea laryngology . • lower fleshy part o f the external ear: forming major land masses: continen­ lobe • tube leading to the eardrum: tal crust • thin part of the crust. . . . . . auricular • in­ ecosphere • study of the earth's at­ flammation of the ear: otitis • exter­ mosphere. . �oung part of the earth: core • regions of eagle: eaglet • eagle's nest: eyrie the earth's crust and atmosphere in­ habited by living organisms: bio­ ear . . accounting I nternational Date Line . and weather: me­ nal stucture of the ear: auricle. ad­ south of this: tempe rate zone • cold jectives: terrestrial. . . for two ears: binaural long itude.. ring worn in a pierced ear to prevent its . . surgical opening the earth's crust: tectonics • theory made in the inner ear to relieve deaf­ of crustal structure: plate tectonics ness : fenestration • ringing or buzz­ • rigid outer casing of the earth: litho­ ing in the ears : tinnitus • study of the sphere • dense interior of the earth: ear and its diseases: otology • study barysphere.

eating grasses and cereals: gramin­ restrial � see also world ivorous • insect-eating: in sectivor­ earth movi ng . denoting a total eclipse in • Sunday after Easter: Low Sunday which the edges of the eclipsed body easy • easy to do: plain sailing remain visible: annular • area • make easy: facilitate shaded by a total eclipse: umbra . • adjective: seismic flesh or products: vegan • eating • minor earthquake: tremor . psycho­ • tremor on the moon's surface: logically induced desire to overeat: moonquake • starting point of an bulimia nervosa . substance added earthquake: focus • surface point to plants or found naturally in them. powerful tractor ous • meat-eating: carn ivorous pushing a broad blade: bulldozer • nut-eating: nucivorous • plant­ • wheeled machine levelling the eating: herbivorous • eating wood: ground : grader xylophagous • eating no meat or earthquake • combining form: fish: vegetarian . eating no animal seismo. scale for earthquake in­ organisms from eating them: tensities: Richter scale • instrument antifeedant recording and measuring earth­ eccentric • eccentric person: crank quakes: seismograph.109 earth moving I eclipse earth and its atmosphere: earth sci­ eat . -phagy. due to a desire to lose weight: an­ earth: geodesy • region round the orexia ne rvosa earth governed by its own magnetic eating • combining forms: field: magnetosphere • study of the -phagous. directly above an earthquake's centre: discouraging animals or micro­ epicentre . -vo rous • eating earth's magnetism: geomagnetics all foods: omn ivorous • eating a lot: • denoting the earth's natural heat: voracious • eating corpses: ne­ geothermal • denoting an astronom­ crophagous • eating dung: copro­ ical system centred on the earth: geo­ phagous • fish-eating: piscivorous centric • beyond the earth: extrater­ . eat in small amounts: n ibble ence • chemical study of the earth: • (of an animal) eat high-growing geochemistry • study of the surface vegetation: browse • (of an animal) of the earth: geomorphology . study eat grass: graze • fit to eat: edible of the structure of the earth: geology • unfit to eat: inedible • become unfit • physics of the earth: geophysics to eat: spoil • pathological refusal to • mathematics of the shape of the eat. minor only fruit: fru itarian . record made by this: seismogram • exceptionally large ocean wave echo • adjective: echoic • record of caused by an earthquake or volcano: water depth made by reflected sound: tidal wave. tsunami • study of earth­ echogram • location of obj ects by re­ quakes: seismol ogy flected sound: echolocation • echo­ east . person or ani­ earthquake preceding the main shock: mal feeding on its own species: canni­ foreshock • minor earthquake fol­ bal • psychologically induced refusal lowing the main shock: aftershock to eat: anorexia ne rvosa . seismometer • eccentric minority: lu natic fri nge . adjective: oriental free: anechoic eclipse • adjective: ecl i ptic • denot­ east Asia • adjective: oriental ing an eclipse obscuring the whole Easter • adjective: paschal • Fri­ disc: total • denoting an eclipse ob­ day before Easter: Good Fri day • Sat- scuring no more than part of the disc: urday before Easter: Holy Saturday partial .

free market logically self-sufficient: ecosystem . denoting practices that ics • open an economy to competitive do not permanently impair the eco­ trading: demonopol ize • economic logical balance: sustainable • bio­ system allowing unrestricted competi­ logical community regarded as eco­ tion: free enterprise. combining form: eco­ which special economic provision is • preservation of the natural environ­ made: special deve lopment area • dynamic economy in East Asia: tiger ment: conservation . economic system control­ mental degradation: carrying cap­ ling imports and the export of capital: acity • product labelling to indicate siege economy • government eco­ ecological soundness: eco-Iabelling nomic policy of non-intervention: • tourism intended to increase eco­ laissez-fai re • economic plan: logical awareness: ecoto u rism budget • economic plan in which in­ • sabotage committed for ecological come equals expenditure: balanced reasons: ecotage • violence justi­ budget • excess of expenses over in­ fied by ecological concerns: come: deficit • economic control via ecoterroro rism the money supply: monetarism • fi­ nancing of government expenditure economy • economic system in by borrowing: deficit fi nancing which all major factors are centrally • government expenditure thus fi­ controlled: command economy. economic system in which the state omy unlikely to expand further: ma­ controls production and the use of ture • highest level of economic ac­ capital: state capitalism .ec o log y I economy 110 • area shaded by a partial eclipse: • state-controlled element in a mixed pen um bra economy: public sector • district for ecology . planned economy reduction in prices: deflation • per­ • economic system led by free oper­ ation of market forces: free-enterprise ceived need for a commodity: demand • denoting an economy governed by system. deliberate de­ struction of the natural environment: economy • general economic fac­ ecocide • cropping just short of long­ tors: macroeconomics • economic term depletion: maximum sustain­ study of single factors: microeconom­ able yield . economic in economic activity: expansion. soci alism • economic system tivity: slump . trade mixed • capitalist element in a cycle • general increase in prices mixed economy: private sector with a decrease in the purchasing . economic tivity: peak • temporary decline in system with means of production in economic activity: recession • sharp state or popular ownership: col lectiv­ and prolonged decline in economic ac­ ism. economic system taxing imports to • number of persons and animals a re­ protect home manufactures: protec­ gion can support without environ­ tionism . man­ nanced: deficit spending • general aged economy. free-market economy. supply-side economy • free-market consumer demand: demand-led . private enterprise growth: boom • denoting an econ­ . severe and prolonged with state control of industries and decrease of economic activity: depres­ services: communism. low level of economic activity: ism • denoting an economic system trough • regular alternation of boom containing a balance of the above: and slump: business cycle. de­ economic system with state provision noting an economy suffering demand­ for those unable to sell their labour: led inflation: overheated • increase social market economy . state social­ sion . re­ system where businesses are privately covery • period of rapid economic owned: capitalism.

use of math­ utility: applied • denoting a course ematics to explain an economic sys­ embracing several subject-areas: tem: econometrics � see also infla­ cross-curricu lar • denoting a course tion consisting of a series of independent eczema • steroid used tq treat this: study units: modular . hav­ ously acquired skills: refresher • ser­ ing a jagged edge: serrated ies of lectures etc. part-time adult education: for the under-elevens: primary • de­ continuing education • woman em­ noting school education for the over­ ployed to educate children at home: elevens: secondary • denoting edu­ governess . denoting an hydrocortisone optional course: elective • denoting a course revising or updating previ­ edge • adjective: peri pheral .111 eczema I education power of money: inflation • high in­ mater • person or institution offer­ flation and unemployment coupled ing intensive preparation for examin­ with low demand: stagflation • total ations: crammer • organized series value of goods and services produced: of lessons: course • intensive course g ross domestic product • this plus of study: crash course • machine income from foreign investments: glVmg programmed instruction: gross national product . syl labus • cur­ ing income from service industries: riculum imposed upon state schools: invisible • ratio between export and national curriculum .: special needs • institution • assessment of progress throughout at which one was educated: alma study: continuous assessment . summer ports: trade deficit . financial exploitation of dependent noting a course aimed at practical states: colonialism . difference teaching machine • independent between a state's income and expend­ unit of study: module • programme iture: balance of payments . on a topic of cur­ edit • edit to remove offensive mater­ rent public interest: teach-in . education of both sexes stressing heuristics and set theory: together: co-ed ucation • denoting new maths . excess value of imports over ex­ holidays: summer course. official assessment of a respondence course. fixed ial: bowdlerize. denoting education university: further education . denot­ of study: curricu lum. edu­ for those with learning difficulties: re­ cation at university level: hig her edu­ medial • denoting school education cation . expurgate stage in the national curriculum: Key education • basic education: Stage • school mathematics courses grounding . day-long release of em­ cation at university level: tertiary ployees for education: day release • education through questioning and • extended release of employees for clarification: maieutics • education full-time education: block release through independent study: open • education conducted by post: cor­ learn ing . full-time education for education aimed at personal fulfil­ those beyond school age but not at a ment: li beral . course alter­ import prices: terms of trade • dif­ nating between instruction and prac­ ference between the value of a state's tical experience: san dwich course imports and exports: balance of trade • course given during the summer . d istance learn­ child's special educational needs: ing • education in household skills: statement • educational require­ domestic science • work done by a ments of those with learning difficul­ student while learning: cou rsework ties etc. excess value of school • denoting a course aimed at exports over imports: trade surplus theoretical competence: pure • de­ .

Canopic vase 0 an­ efficiency: operational research 0 in­ cient Egyptian goddess of fertility: creased efficiency by subdivision of Isis '0 ancient Egyptian god of tasks: d ivision of labour 0 smoothly mummification: Anubis • ancient efficient: slick 0 designed for effi­ Egyptian god of the sky: Horus o an­ ciency rather than appearance: utili­ cient Egyptian sun-god: Amun tarian o ancient Egyptian tomb: mastaba effort 0 requiring much effort: la­ o ancient Egyptian beetle-shaped gem: borious 0 make great effort: strive. ovo id • producing wind: khamsin 0 Egyptian irrigation young by means of eggs: oviparous device of a bucket on a pole: shadoof o set of eggs: cl utch o sit on eggs: brood 0 (of young) emerge from an eight o combining form: oct- egg: hatch 0 keep eggs warm for o eight-sided figure: octagon • denot­ hatching: incu bate 0 artificially con­ ing eight parts: octu ple 0 one of eight trolled hatching environment: hatch­ offspring born at a birth: octuplet ery o study and collecting of birds' o ensemble of eight musicians. eral election 0 election for one con­ ovate. scara b o study o f ancient Egyptian struggle culture: Egyptology 0 former vice­ roy of Egypt: Khed ive o Egyptian egg o combining forms: 00-. a simplified cooked: spitchcock form of hieratic: demotic 0 ancient Egyptian god of the dead: Osiris o an­ effect o mutual effect: interplay cient Egyptian embalmed corpse: o indirect effect: knock-on mummy o ancient Egyptian funeral efficiency 0 analysis of workplace urn: Canopic jar. ovoid stituency: by-election o denoting a Egyptian 0 ancient Egyptian ruler: constituency won by a small majority: Pharaoh o territorial division of an­ marginal o denoting a constituency cient Egypt: nome o ancient Egyp­ won by a large majority: safe 0 ma­ tian temple gateway: pylon o ancient nipulation of constituency boundar­ Egyptian picture-writing: hiero­ ies: gerrymandering o denoting an g lyphs 0 oval plaque for hieroglyphs: election won by a simple majority: cartouche • ancient Egyptian first past the post . election system . fellahin) 0 Egyp­ o frog or fish eggs: spawn o egg­ tian boat: fell ucca o hot Egyptian shaped: oviform. elect­ o hardboiled egg fried in sausage meat: Scotch egg oral • election campaign: hustings o election for all constituencies: gen­ egg-shaped o adjectives: ova l . or eggs: oology o recently hatched ani­ music for them: octet mal: hatch ling o denoting an egg eighty 0 person in his or her eight­ boiled so that the yolk is dry: hard­ ies: octogenarian boiled 0 denoting an egg boiled so that the yolk is runny: soft-boiled elaborate 0 pretentiously elabor­ o dish of fried beaten eggs: omelette ate: g randiose o light dish of stiffly beaten egg elbow 0 prod with the elbow: nudge whites: souffle 0 Chinese egg dish: o inflammation of elbow tendons: ten­ foo yong 0 test eggs for freshness: nis el bow candle 0 simmer an egg: coddle election o adjectives: elective. ovi­ peasant: fellah (pl.eel I election 112 o certificate of completed studies: dip­ priestly script using simplified hiero­ loma glyphs: hieratic 0 ancient Egyptian eel 0 young eel: elver 0 eel split and script used by the laity.

device sup­ city supply: power • make electri­ pressing unwanted electrical waves: city: generate . generator • electric gener­ peak load • electrical contact set ator using permanent magnets: mag­ against a moving part: brush • de­ neto • electrical conductor wound vice with pins making an electrical round a magnet: winding . national g rid • tall support for son seeking election: candidate grid cables: pylon • person repairing • propose or enter a candidate: nom­ electric power lines: l i nesman inate • list of candidates: slate • equipment reducing grid voltages to • ideal set of election candidates: domestic levels: su bstation .(e. tion: scruti neer . poses: ward • money paid in by an outage • interruption of electricity election candidate: deposit • refuse supply to prevent generator overload: constituency support to one's previ­ l oad-shedding . switches and fuse solar radiation into electricity: solar boxes where the electrical supply en­ battery. g.113 electricity I electricity distributing seats proportionately to charge: capacitor. device storing an electric electric light's brightness: dimmer . ef­ tioneer . politician's mobile head­ fect of a sudden electrical discharge quarters for use in election cam­ upon a person or animal: electric paigns: battlebus • election meeting: shock. terminate an elec­ ous candidate: deselect • solicit tric supply: cut off • complete closed votes at an election: canvass. electroplate) • electri­ electricity: insulator . or vice versa: trans­ crocodile clip • device varying an ducer . person electroconvulsive therapy • light­ supervising the conduct of an elec­ sensitive electric cell: electric eye. elec­ path for electric current: circuit . device convert­ ters a house: consumer unit ing quantitative physical changes into • sprung electrical connection clip: an electric s ignal. appar­ dream ticket • part of a county or atus changing alternating-current borough returning a single parliamen­ voltages: transformer • sudden in­ tary candidate: division. solar ce l l . switch operated by a sprung thermoelectric • device converting lever: tumbler . official announce­ photoelectric cell • difference in po­ ment of an election result: declaration tential causing an electric current: • study of voting at elections: pseph­ electromotive force • substance ology � see also vote transmitting electricity: conductor electricity • combining form: • substance that does not transmit electro. denoting connection: plug • single-pronged electricity generated by water power: electric plug: jack plug . device converting filter • flow of electricity: cu rrent mechanical energy into electricity: • maximum electric power demand: dynamo. constitu­ crease in voltage or current: surge ency • area for local election pur­ • electric supply failure: blackout. condenser • na­ each party's national share of the poll: tional electricity supply network: proportional representation • per­ grid. shock • electric shocks ad­ hustings • official conducting an ministered to treat mental illness: election: returning officer . device re­ hydroelectric • electric charge gen­ ceiving an electric plug: socket • de­ erated by friction: triboelectricity vice making or breaking an electric • stationary eleGtric charge produced circuit: switch • wall plate around an by friction: static electricity • elec­ electric switch: escutcheon • switch tric potential produced by mechanical controlling a whole system: master stress: piezoelectricity • producing switch • set of electrical switches: electricity by temperature differences: gang .

long-distance electric • circuit's resistance to alternating cable: transmission l i ne • national current: impedance . ri ng main . denoting an inter­ electric current: electro lysis rupted electric circuit: open • com­ electric light • thin wire giving plete an electric circuit: close . denoting circuits wire providing light: fi lament • elec­ etc_ which the current enters simul­ tric wire running to the ground: earth taneously: in parallel • thin wire • ducting for electric cable: shaft breaking an overloaded electric cir­ • towerlike structure carrying cables cuit: fuse above the ground: pylon electric current • complete closed electrode • positively charged elec­ path for electric current: circuit • dif­ trode: anode • negatively charged ference in potential causing an elec­ electrode: cathode • electrode device tric current: electromotive force used to generate electric current: cell • sudden increase in electric current: electronic data • electronic data surge • denoting an electric current having frequent and regular reverses gathering: data capture • denoting of direction: a lternating • denoting data in a form a computer can pro­ an electric current flowing in one dir­ cess: machine-readable • basic data ection: direct • apparatus converting unit: word • identifying character direct into alternating current: in­ appended to a data item: tag • part of verter • apparatus converting alter­ a computer record allocated to a par­ nating into direct current: rectifier ticular data item: field • connected • instrument controlling an electric set of data items: record • data stored current by varying the resistance: under a particular name: file • group rheostat • instruments measuring of records processed together: batch electric currents: ammeter.electric circuit I electronic data 114 • electrical appliances such as televi­ off an electric current: circuit-breaker sions and hi-fi: brown goods • elec­ • degree to which a substance opposes trical appliances such as refrigerators the passage of an electric current: and washing machines: white goods resistance • muscle or nerve sti­ electric circuit • electric circuit mulation by electric current: electro­ serving several power points: ring cir­ therapy • chemical decomposition by cuit. tem­ bulb • electric light fitting with two porary electrical connection: patch small projecting pins: bayonet fitting • board with sockets for this: patch­ • device receiving an electric light fit­ board • unwanted electrical connec­ ting: socket tion. creating a false circuit: short cir­ cuit • aerial short circuit between electric wire • electric wire: two exposed conductors: flashover cable. wire light in an electric light bulb: filament used to do this: jumper • connect or • glass container for an electric light disconnect an electrical circuit: trip filament: envelope • electric light • conductor by which electicity enters bulb with translucent glass: pearl or leaves an object: electrode . device dis­ nating current to direct: commutate playing data on a screen: visual dis­ • electrode device used to generate play unit • data shown on a com­ electric current: cell • device cutting puter screen: display • section of . denoting cir­ network of these: grid • electric wire cuits etc_ which the current enters in providing heat: element • electric turn: in series . galvan­ • field identifying a record: key ometer • maximum current taken by • data's consistency and freedom from a device: load ing • change an alter­ corruption: integ rity . lead .

write ing data transfer: handshaki n g . denoting data com­ data: interrogate. taneously: multicast . retrieve .U5 electronic data I electronic data stored data displayable onscreen at unauthorized access to data: hack one time: page • steady rolling up or • destroy data in a computer's mem­ down through displayed data: scroll­ ory: delete. destroy data by entering hardcopy . com­ tween computer components: bus puter part storing memory data: • high speed data connection: local • flat plate for data storage: disk bus • rules for electronic • copy data t o a storage location: save transmision of data between devices: • copy or transfer data: read • trans­ protocol . long-distance data warehouse • creating new data­ transmission of computerized infor­ bases from existing database material: mation: telematics • study of elec­ data mining _ database structured to tronic data processing for storage and recognize relations between stored retrieval: information science. i nfo rmatics a database to its previous state: roll­ • introduce errors to a program or back • browser program acessing a database: corrupt • error or fault large database: navigator • storage causing loss of data: hard erro r device allowing data access from any • piece o f computer code that can cor­ available disk: jukebox • denoting rupt or destroy data: virus • legal data on free access: unprotected • re­ controls over use of electronic data: strict access to data: protect • gain data protection . restore mation tech nology. make means of a program: process • de­ data available to several users simul­ fined structure for data processing. erase • cancel a deletion: ing • printout of computer data: unde lete . standard signals regulat­ fer data to the memory: load. onscreen display of data: new data in its place: overwrite • pre­ soft copy • electronic data sorting: vent this: write-protect • small data data processing • operate on data by loss due to disk flaw: dropout . sion of data: protocol • total of the dump . or display: fo rmat . corpus of data formed pressing and decompressing data: from several databases: databank co dec • data link allowing simultan­ • company's management database: eous updates: hot link . de­ • send data to an intermediate store: noting the transfer of data as a single spool • compact data for storage: sequence of bits: serial • continuous compress • immediate access to the flow of data: stream • denoting sys­ data sought: d i rect access • access tems processing data as it is gener­ to data requiring file readthrough: se­ ated: real-time • single scan through quential access • time taken to find a set of data: pass • block of data stored data: seek time • discovery of transmitted across a network: packet a sought data item: hit • re-express • separate data into such units: data for use with a different program packetize • mode of data transmis­ or system: convert • hierarchic ar­ sion by packets: packet switching rangement of data: nesti ng • copy • rules governing electronic transmis­ data to a second location: back-up. infor­ items: relational database . microchip com­ database . duplicate storage of data: digits in an item of electronic data: mi rroring • copy data from one com­ checksum • alter data to minimize puter system to another: down load storage space: compress • restore • transfer data to a larger computer such data to a machine-readable state: system: upload • obtain electronic decom press . data path be­ storage. struc­ pression discarding inessential infor­ tured data held in a computer: mation: lossy .

mi croch i p . test-tube develop- umn in this: g roup • horizontal row ment of embryos: ectoge nesis in this: period emigration • emigration of intellec- elephant • adjective: elephantine tuals: bra i n d rain • emigrants from a • young elephant: calf • prehistoric particular nation: d iaspora elephant: mam moth . pa roxysm . thin twisted embroidery movements: deportment yarn. or the embroidery made with it: crewel • small loop of twisted thread: element • chemical element pres­ picot • embroidery stitch forming ent or required in minute amounts: X: cross-stitch • circular frame hold- trace element . embroidery with parts cut elegance . faux pas. sentimental • show- . feeling emo­ rogue elephant • frenzied state of tion: passible.elec tron i c mail I emotion 116 electronic mail . elf in German folklore: ko- many different types of pitched sound: bold synthesizer . ornamental embroidery with draw­ bining electronics and mechanics: ing out of threads: d rawn-th read­ mechatronics work . slim embroidery of diagonal stitches: petit and elegant: svelte • elegant bodily point . conducting material: integrated cir­ · u ndecagon . electronic aviation elephant's back: howdah equipment: avionics • electronic cir­ eleven • combining form: hendeca- cuit formed on a small piece of semi­ • eleven-sided figure: hendecagon. radioisotope • smallest particle of a chemical elem­ em bryo . Celtic three-legged em- circuit board: daug hterboard . gaffe • avoiding embarrassment: discreet technology based on solid semicon­ ductors: solid-state • minor printed emblem . simple and elegant: clean . stylish elegance: chic out: cutwo rk • embroidery worked • over-elaborate elegance: chichi over canvas: needlepoint . membrane surrounding ent that can participate in chemical the embryo: chorion • outermost reactions: atom • table of the chem­ layer of embryonic tissue: ectoderm ical elements arranged by atomic • innermost layer of embryonic tis­ number: periodic table • vertical col­ sue: endoderm . seat on electronics . electronic device at­ elm • fungal disease of elm trees: tached for monitoring purposes: tag Dutch elm d i sease • electronic remote control of ma­ embarrass • embarrassment at chines: teleoperation • restore an electronic signal to intelligible form: one' s appearance or actions: self­ descramble • semiconductor used in consciousness • embarrassing re­ electronics: transistor • denoting mark or act: betise. radioactive form of ing embroidery taut: tambour an element: isotope. elephant driver: mahout . savage ele­ emotion • violent emotional attack: phant living apart from the herd: hysteria. integrated circuit containing lables: hendecasyllable all the functions of a computer's cen­ elf • elf said to do housework: tral processing unit: microprocessor brownie • elf in Irish folklore: lepre- • electronic keyboard able to produce chaun . piece of embroidery electron emitted at high temperat­ done as a specimen of skill: sampler ures: therm ionic • technology com­ . denoting an em broidery . semi­ blem: triskelion • Nazi emblem: conducting wafer in an integrated cir­ swastika • company emblem: logo cuit: chip. canvas . processing elec­ rutting male elephants: m ust • ele­ tronic mail: messaging • abusive phant's long projecting tooth: tusk electronic-mail message: flame . verse of eleven syl- cuit .

wastage • English-speaking: anglophone employment • short experience of engraving • adjective: glyptic . en­ ' graving using a waxed plate: etching. list of em­ engagement . per­ • emotional release in response to a son voluntarily assisting enemy occu­ moving work of art: catharsis • attri­ pying forces: collaborator. see pose. telelology). e. e.117 emperor I enough ing no emotion: im passive. acro. without acid: d ry point • engraving vacuous by incised lines: line engraving • en­ enamel • decorative enamel inlay: graving effect achieved by many small champleve • decorative enamels sep­ dots: stipple • engraved or incised arated by wire: cloisonne design: i ntaglio • engraving from a enclosure • enclosure for keeping plate partly roughened and partly birds: avia ry • trackside enclosure smooth: mezzotint • engrave a de­ where competitors assemble: pad­ sign on metal: chase • steel engrav­ ing tool: burin • art of gem engrav­ dock ing: glyptography • black compound end • combining forms: tel ( e ) . loss of employees due to resignation and retirement: natural English • combining form: Anglo­ wastage. woman engaged to • temporary or permanent discharge be married: fiancee of workers: lay-off • rate at which engineer • engineer designing and employees leave and are replaced: building roads etc. adjective: im perial magnetic waves or moving particles : radiation employee • employee's improper behaviour: m iscond uct . em­ derived from renewable non-nuclear peror of Germany: Kaiser • emperor sources: alternative energy . also illustration acronym) • ftnai outcome: denoue­ enjoy • enjoy without hurrying: sa­ ment • disappointing end or out­ come: anticlimax . employment arranged fo r school­ leavers: work expe rience • out of em­ cerography • etching technique ployment: unwaged using resin and varnish to produce shaded areas: aquatint . energy em peror • adjective: im perial . put an end to: vour scotch • bring to a gradual end: enlarge • enlarge by internal wind up • ending point: term inus ad stretching: distend quem enlightenment • theological term endless • endlessly: ad infi nitum in Buddhism or Hinduism: n i rvana end of the world • theological enough • be enough: suffi ce study of the end of the world: eschat. quanta) . man engaged to be ployees and their wages: payroll married: fiance .g. engraving em pty • empty-headed: vaca nt. quisling bution of human emotions to animals and things: pathetic fall acy energy • tiny discrete amount of en­ ergy: quantum (pl. .(pur­ set in engraved metal: niello .(tip.: civil engineer turnover . energy of Japan: M i kado .g. more than enough: superfl uous . self­ ology • time of j udgement then: contro lled • emotional shock: doom sday trauma • emotional tension: stress enemy • adjective: inimical .. emperor of Rus­ derived from movement: kinetic en­ sia: Tsar ergy • emission of energy as electro­ empire .

enquiry I entrails 118 enquiry • denoting a process o f en­ simultaneously: one-man band I quiry conducted by negation: apo­ • medieval singer: m i n strel. or the music for them: duo gether: double act • ensemble • o f three performers. or karaoke • entertainment by taking the music for them: sextet • ensem­ one's clothes off: striptease • enter­ ble of seven performers. or the entertainment entertainment trio • • enter­ music for them: ensemble of industry: show business four performers. g roup arrangement of a piece of music for ensemble or orches­ mime • comic entertainment based tral use: orchestration • play several on vigorous horseplay: slapstick instruments in an ensemble: double • military entertainment with demon- enter • impossible t o enter: impene­ strations of skill: tattoo • public i trable entertainment or social activities q entertainer .1 combo." make his or her voice come from a tity: tertium quid dummy: ventri loquist • mUSICIan who entertains in the street: busker entrails • take o u t entrails: disem- • musician making snakes sway to his bowel. entertainer seeming to entity • some further unspecified en. down his or her throat: sword­ pan-Islamic) swallower . very famous enter­ available at night: nightl ife • enter.� ensemble playing popular music: tainment with topical satire: revue 1 • • theatrical Christmas show: panto. zealot • en­ a woman: d rag queen • entertainer · thusiast for some activity: fancier twisting his or her body: contortion­ • foolishly enthusiastic: gung-ho ist • entertainer demonstrating skill • vigorous enthusiasm: verve.(e.g. infotainment entertaining a live audience: sta nd­ enthUsiast • extreme enthusiast: · up • male entertainer impersonating fanatic. eviscerate • eviscerate a : or her tunes: snake charmer deer: gralloch • eviscerate a fish: • busker playing several instruments clea n . trouba. light the­ octet • ensemble of instruments of a atrical entertainment with topical single type: choir • small ensemble satire:revue • popular variety enter. or the music tainment using sound and lighting for them: se ptet • ensemble of eight effects upon an architectural back. or the music for them: ground: son et l u m iere . \' tainer: megastar • entertainer tell­ tainment with two items: double bill ing j okes: comedian (fem. zest in escaping: escapologist • enter­ • stimulate enthusiasm: motivate tainer performing elaborate gymnas­ • showing little enthusiasm: tic feats: acrobat • entertainer walk­ ing a tightrope: funambul ist warm • entertainer passing a sword blade entire • combining forms: pan. or the music for tainment consisting of different kinds them: quartet • ensemble of five per­ of act: variety • entertainment of formers. monoman iac.I playing early music: consort • small tainment: m usic hall • variety enter. I phatic • denoting a process of en­ dour • performer in popular enter­ quiry conducted by affirmation: tainment: artiste • performer in cataphatic highbrow entertainment: artist ensemble • ensemble of two per­ • pair of entertainers working to­ formers. or the music for them: q uin­ singing to a recorded accompaniment: tet • ensemble o f s i x performers. gut • eviscerate a fowl: draw .' performers. comedi­ • entertainment with an educational enne) • denoting a comedian purpose: edutain ment.

erosion by ploughing along contours: -ase • mixture of enzymes used in al­ contour plou g h i ng coholic fermentation: zymase error • error in logic: fa llacy epi lepsy • adjective: epi leptic • grammatical error: solecism • serious form of epilepsy: g rand mal • error alleged to reveal subconscious . Eskimo canoe: other side of an equation: trans pose kayak . minor form of epilepsy: petit mal feelings: Freudian Slip . capable of • causing epilepsy: epileptogenic error: fa llible • incapable of error: • epileptic fit: seizure • violent foolproof. adjective: eq uatorial essay . memoir. adjective: egalitarian Eskimo . equal in power ment: esca pologist • place for escap­ or importance: equipollent • equal­ ing or hiding: bolt-hole ity of pay or status: pa rity • person of escort • female escort for young equal status: peer • on an equal basis: pari passu • other things woman: cha perone. command to this: mush! equator . thesis • progressively earlier occurrence of essence • denoting things having the equinoxes: precession the same essence: consubsta ntial . iso­ audiences by demonstrating his or (e. in­ arium . watch for threats paraphernalia • setting up equip­ to the environment: doo mwatch ment for use: i nsta llation • presence of harmful substances in erase • erase data from an elec­ the environment: pollution • ani­ tronic medium: wipe • impossible to mal's or plant's natural environment: erase: indeli ble habitat • happening in its natural en­ vironment: in vivo • study of the Eros • Latin name: Cupid interaction of living organisms and erosion • landscape levelling their environment: eco logy . move to the Greenland: Inuit . Eskimo ice-house: ig loo • Eskimo sledge-dog: husky.119 e nvironment I essence environment • combining form: equipment . with sides of equal her skill in escaping from confine­ length: eq u i lateral . person who entertains equal • combining form: equi-.: lepsy: epileptic • drug preventing or corrigenda. paper. i nfa l l i ble • correct movements in epileptic fitS: convul­ someone's mistaken impression: u n­ sions . quantity to be found by solving an equation: unknown m ute . combining forms: zym-. complete equipment: pan­ creased environmental awareness: oply • miscellaneous equipment: green revo l ution .• social environment: milieu fied area of expertise: armament­ • environmentally aware: green . g. equipment in a speci­ eco. adjective: epochal escape . academic essay: d isserta­ equinox • adjective: equi noctial tion. mala­ . person suffering from epi­ d eceive • list of errors in a book etc. isosceles) . Eskimo inhabitant of the equation • equations sharing un­ islands off Alaska: Aleut • Eskimo knowns with identical values: simul­ inhabitant of northern Canada or taneous equations . errata . revers­ through erosion: planation • proj ect­ ing environmental damage: ing wall or fence to limit sea's erosion remediation of coast: groyne • minimization of enzyme . opaque fluid to moderating epileptic fits: anticonvul­ obliterate written errors: co rrection sant fl uid epoch . duenna • male being equal: ceteris paribus escort for older woman: gigolo equality .

each trig­ analogy with those already observed: gered by its predecessor: chain reac­ extrapolate tion • first of a series of events: ethics . the ac­ land as viewed from Britain: the cusation: circumstantial • object Continent shown in court as evidence: exhibit European U nion • bureaucrat of evil • wishing to do evil: malevolent. theory that acts are j usti­ opener • related events adding sig­ fied solely by their usefulness. evi­ natural law • abandonment of ethical dence given by an accused person standards: anomie against his accomplices: Queen's (or etiquette . person seeing an estimate • one who provides a de­ event take place: witness • place tailed estimate of the cost of a pro­ where an event is held: ven ue . per­ malicious.g. European main­ (e. (in Scotland) factor • colonial event · • important event: occasion. nefarious son unenthusiastic about the Euro­ • averting evil: apotropaic . estate growing sugar. per • found everywhere: highest good: hedonism . or the nificance to that under consideration: pleasure they create: util itaria nism context • wisdom after the event: • theory that moral truths exist inde­ hin dsight pendently of any knowledge of them: ever . required by etiquette: King's) evidence . period of evening twi­ estate • estatemanager: land light: dusk agent. ubiqu itous medical and biological research: bio­ evidence • adjective: evidential ethics • imagined unchanging and • evidence given under oath: depos­ universal system of ethical principles: ition • lying evidence: perj u ry . not essential: extrin.: plan­ land mark. milestone . coffee. combining form: Euro­ damning . tion. Eurocentric) sistent with. denoting legally de rigueu r • subtlepoint of etiquette: acceptable evidence: admissible nicety • denoting evidence proving guilt: Europe . declare pean Union: Eurosceptic • official to be evil: denounce • portray as monetary unit of the European Union: evil: demon ize ecu • proposed single currency for evolution • evolution of one species the European Union: Eurocurrency to resemble another: mimicry evaporate . summer out­ tation • plantation owner or man­ door fund-raising event: fete • event ager: planter • enclosed pasture and inexplicable by scientific laws: mir­ woodland round a country mansion: acle • number participating in an park event: turnout . malign. veyor • estimate unknown results by scenario • series of events. ethics of omni present. pos­ posed building project: qu antity sur­ sible sequence of events: contingency. the European Union: Eu rocrat . but not proving. liable to rapid evapor­ • major evolutionary change: macro­ ation: volati le evolution • Darwinian model of evo- .g. equivocation sic evening . etc. evasive talk: circum locu­ petals: attar . combining forms: ism • theory that pleasure is the omni-. denoting evidence con­ . for ever: ad infinitum objectivism • theory that moral every • combining form: pan. truths are culturally determined: rela­ tivism • theory that several moral pansexual) systems may coexist: ethical plural­ everywhere . pervasive.(e.esse ntial I evolution 120 essential • essential oil of rose evasion .

chair for ent marking: moderator . . candi­ date's completed examination paper: ment: death penalty . . . . . . . para­ arm pressure: press-up • exercise of digm. . . . qigong . apparatus for execution by hanging: gallows. . . g. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .g. . . . examination of a super. . . . . . . . . . . . lution: natural selection. .g. .g. . . . . viva. .(e. mental examination of ance: call isthenics . . .g. . biopsy) . refiling of excav­ the fittest ations with waste material: landfill • refill an excavation with the mater­ examination . . . . . pleo­ • practice examination: mock • oral • excessively critical: hypercritical examination of an applicant: inter­ exchange • mutual exchange: reci- view • school-leaving examination in proc ity certain countries: bacca laureate • excitement thrill of excitement: e level of a music examination: grade frisson • person taking an examination: can­ excrement • combining forms: didate • supervisor of per\.(e.g. . . examin­ execution by electric shock: electric ation grade denoting a fail: unclassi­ chair . example raising oneself to an overhead bar: cited to justify similar action: prece­ pull-up • Chinese exercise systems: dent . . . . scatology) . exercises in­ one's thoughts: introspection creasing bodily oxygen intake: aerobics • aerobics performed in example • perfect example: arche­ water: aquarobics . . . exercise • exercises for fitness and ultrasound. . . epitome. eat­ a written examination: i nvigilator ing excrement: coprophagous . -scopy (e. .ons taking copro-. survival of excavation . ne plus ultra. . para­ counterbalanced muscles: isometrics gon. exer­ • theological examination of a heretic: cises for strength and good appear­ inqu isition . . . . pattern. . cite as an example: adduce t'ai chi ch'uan. . . . . . . . . overfull). en­ doscopy) • examination of financial exceedingly . . . . .. . . . . . u ltra­ substance to determine its constitu­ (e. . . . . . . . over. etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ultra-polite) ents: qual itative analysis • examin­ excessive . supersensitive). . .: scanner • image produced by such a machine: scan strength: physical training . . . . . .121 examination I exercise . official order script . . gibbet • appar­ fied • medical examination of a autopsy. . .(e. post for display of ation by touch: pal pation . . viva voce hyper-. excessive supply: glut ation of a substance to determine the • use of more words than are needed: proportion of its constituents: quanti­ pleonasm tative analysis • spoken academic excessively • combining forms: examination: oral. scato. . . . examiner ensuring consist­ for this: death warrant . . . . combining forms: accounts: audit . qui ntessence • exercise of gentle running: jogging • prime example: byword • example • exercise of raising the prone body by to be imitated: object lesson. . . ex­ • denoting an examination question crement of seabirds sold as a fertil­ offering several possible answers: izer: guano • receptacle for mu lti ple-choice • set of examination bedridden persons' excreta: bedpan questions: paper • instruction on an execution • execution as a punish- examination paper: rubric . . . . . . exercises using type. . combining forms: ial dug from it: backfill -opsy (e. atus for execution by strangling: gar­ corpse: post-mortem rotte • French beheading machine: • medical examination of tissue from guil lotine • platform for public exe­ a living body: biopsy • body examin­ cutions: scaffold . . . . . role model . machine executed persons: g i bbet examining the ' body by radiation. prototype. system of . . . . .

explosive mater­ running: oncost. series of exercises: circuit hand: vicarious • exercise course with physical obs­ experiment • experimental ideas tacles to be negotiated: assault in th� arts. person work from various periods in an art­ competent in several fields: generalist ist's life: retrospective • item assem­ • aesthetic expert: connoisseur • ex­ bled at the exhibition venue: installa­ pert in church law: canonist • panel tion . non-expert: layman ition: pavi lion explanation • provisional explan­ existence • combining form: onto­ (e. preliminary exer­ periment: protocol • exact repetition cises: limbering up. and ob­ exhaustion • inexplicable persist­ served for comparison: control ent exhaustion: chronic fatigue syn­ drome. vern issage perts advising those in power: think • temporary housing for an exhib­ tank . ontology) • existing situation: ation: hypothesis . buff . shot hole short but unpleasant experience: • sharp-ended bar drilling blast holes: mauvais quart d'heure • derived j u m per • explosive situation: powder from experience rather than logic: keg. procedures of a scientific ex­ lek. tinderbox .g. experienced at second yoga . and char­ tals • basic expense of keeping a firm coal: gunpowder . operati ng ex­ ial in a missile's warhead: payload penses. hole bored to take ex­ modern urban life: streetwise • a plosive: blast hole. having no physical ex­ difficult word in a text: gloss • ex­ istence: in corporeal . warm-up of an experiment: re plication • sam­ • concluding exercises: cooldown. expel someone from a nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose: gel­ property: evi ct • expel a foreigner: ignite . explode • make explode: detonate pected act: wrong-foot explosive • nitroglycerine explo­ expel • combiningform: -fuge (e. or the people practising course • session of vigorous physical them: avant-garde • experiments exercise: workout • exercise involv­ performed on living animals: vivisec­ ing alternate slow and fast work: fart­ tion . -ist . sive: dynamite • explosive made of febrifuge) . combining forms: -ician (e. explanation of a status quo . grown for experimenta­ exhaust • purifier of vehicle ex­ tion: culture • item analogous to haust gases: catalytic converter those experimented upon. wind sprint . no longer ex­ planation harder to understand than isting: defunct the problem: ig notum per ignotius expect • disconcert by an unex. overheads • expensive­ • explosive charge to propel a rocket: looking: sumptuous propellant • explosive railway warn­ experience • experience in hand­ ing device: detonator • denoting am­ ling tricky social or business situ­ munition containing explosive: l ive ations: savoir fa ire • denoting some­ • device activating an explosive: det­ one experienced in coping with onator.exhaust I explosive 122 exercise based on Hindu principles: empirical . exhibition preview for invited of experts: brains trust • group of ex­ guests: private view. sulphur. ple for experimentation: specimen warm-down • bacteria etc. expert in a exhibition • exhibition showing stated field: boffi n. statistician). powerful odourless plastic deport explosive: Semtex ™ • explosive expense • minor expenses: inciden­ made of saltpetre. fuse . myalgic encephal itis expert .g. g.

. adjectives: ocular.. .... exo. an eye mour ... . ultra­ specialist for vision problems: ocul ist. ..... .. .. (e.. . ... ..g. look dir­ outer layer of the eye: sclera . ... extent • extent of one's operations • opaqueness of the lens. the eyes: muscae volitantes • in­ holocaust flammation of the eye: ophthalmia.. this in conjunctivitis . third eyelid .... .... . light-sensitive area at the for an eye: lex talionis back of the eye: retina • inflamma­ eyebrow .. . polite) optician • assessment of eyesight and correction of its defects: optom­ extreme . adjective: supercil iary tion of the retina: retinitis • retinal cell responding to bright light and eyelash • adjective: ciliary • eye- colour: cone • retinal cell respond­ lash cosmetic: mascara ing to dull light: rod • point on the eyelid . . ... causing blindness: gla ucoma stye .. .. . .. combining form: ultra­ etry • study and treatment of eye dis­ (e. .. .. ... outbu ildings) movement: nystagmus • denoting extra . . . . ... . .... g... ..(e... distortion of the upper eyelid: ptosis • inflammation eye.. exoskel­ jaund ice • rapid involuntary eye eton).. . ultramicroscopic) eases: ophthalmology . . .g......... ..g. . ..g. trans­ ectly into someone's eyes: make eye parent layer at the front of the eye: co ntact • visible to the naked eye: cornea • coloured area round the macrosco pic • small cup for wash­ pupil: i ris • dark opening at the cen­ ing the eyes: eyebath • Arab eye tre of an eye: pupil • transparent tis­ make-up: kohl • horse's eye-screen: sue filling the eyeball: vitreous hu­ blinker .(e. . . . .. eye tooth: canine .. . . giving or power: ambit blurred vision: cataract • adjust­ ment of the lens to focus: accommo­ extermination • extermination of dation . yellowing of the eye: (e. combining form: blephar­ retina insensitive to light: blind spot • adjectives: ciliary.. drooping of the tation: albinism . . . . . . pal pebral • inner • mucous membrane covering the eye: eyelid in certain animals: nictitating conjunctiva • inflammation of this: mem brane. . ... .. . . out. inspecting the retina: ophthalmo­ ophthalmo. g. lack of eye pigmen­ dogs or cats: haw . the eye... oph­ scope • for or by one eye: mo nocu­ thalmic..(e. ectogenesis).. .. dark specks floating before an entire nation or people: genocide.. . eyes with poor sight: dim • medical su persensitive). . combining forms: ecto­ ophthalmitis . combining forms: ocul-... . optic • eye with a streaked lar . . .. .. device for eye .. for or by two eyes: binocular or opaque white iris: wall eye • white • double vision: diplopia .. .123 extent I eyelid ..... combiningforms: super. . ultra.. external .. giving partly unfocused images: of the eyelid: blepharitis • inflamed astigmatism • increased pressure in swelling on the edge of an eyelid: sty... ..

non­ checks: dim ity . jean ric: open • denoting a fabric faced on • coarse twilled cotton or linen: drill both sides: reversible • denoting an • thick ribbed cotton fabric: cordu roy undyed fabric: natu ral . fab­ fabrics: jaconet. : webbing silk fabric: sarsanet • glossy silk fab­ • thick fabric for carpets and uphol­ ric: satin • closely woven silk. coarse thick­ cloth . coarse . light transparent and cotton or linen: wincey . fine twilled cotton: chino . translu­ fabric: seersucker • hard-wearing cent • denoting a loosely woven fab­ blue cotton fabric: denim. strong fabric with warp and weft of different untwilled cotton: duck • unbleached colours: shot • denoting a fabric cotton: calico • thin loosely woven washed with abrasives: stonewashed cotton: cheesecl oth . denoting a . cotton stery: moq uette • high quality cloth­ or nylon with a soft pile on one side: ing fabric: broadcloth • fabric made velvet • kind of linen with an in­ from fine smooth wool: worsted woven pattern: damask • smooth • wide-meshed fabric: fishnet hard-wearing linen fabric: holland • printed fabric for curtains and up­ • cotton or linen fabric woven with a holstery: chi ntz • fabric with woven diamond pattern: diaper • strong pictures or designs: tapestry . cotton fabric with fl ammable • denoting fabric with a bold checks: gingham . sheer.le soft • strong fabric for belts etc. such a ridge: wale • fabric . moire . napped cot­ worn surface: threadbare • long­ ton fabric: f1annellette • light napped fabric: plush • towelling fab­ flannellette: winceyette • light cotton ric with long uncut loops: terry . fabric rough cotton or linen: huckaback made of two or more different yarns: • heavy cotton waterproofed with oil: union • thin transparent fabric: oilskin • heavy printed cotton fabric: gauze • denoting a thin transparent cretonne • printed puckered cotton fabric: diaphanous. light cotton with a corded surface: woven from flax: l i nen • fine trans­ poplin • soft ribbed cotton fabric: parent cotton or linen: lawn • coarse cand lewick • cotton got up to resem­ fabric woven from flax or hemp: sack­ ble satin: sateen . serge • twilled worsted or cotton: watered • thin stiff transparent silk gaberd i n e • strong fabric of wool fabric: organza . muslin • fine trans­ ric with a surface of diagonal ridges: lucent cotton muslin: organdie twi ll . glass fibre • thin silk or • soft napped woollen fabric: flan­ crepe fabric: georgette • silk fabric nel • strong twilled woollen fabric: with a rippled effect: moire. smooth twil­ • denoting a fabric not needing iron­ led cotton or worsted: gaberdene ing: d rip-d ry • denoting a fire­ • cotton fabric woven with stripes or resistant fabric: flameproof. fabric with a glittering metal­ napped woollen fabric: duffel • fine lic thread: lu rex • fabric with gold or woollen suiting: barathea • tartan silver threads: lame • textile re­ twilled wool: plaid • rough woollen inforced by embedded glass filaments: fabric in a speckled weave: tweed fi breg lass.Ff fabric • woven fabric: textile • fab­ silk or nylon fabric: chiffon • fine rics in standard lengths: piece goods crisp lustrous silk: taffeta • fiJ.

pl. woven fabric used as a floor-covering: southward) • lying facing down­ drugget • fabric or yarn from angora wards: prone • lying facing upwards: goat hair: mohair • tufty velvety fab­ supine ric: chenille • fabric used for dress­ fact • adjective: factual . : flock . facial fea­ septic tan k .g. -hedra) motorcyclists ride up the inner side of . evacuate . raised threads stipation • pipe taking excrement on a fabric surface: nap. shop selling fabrics: drapery sewer • system of sewers: sewerage • fabric sample: swatch • wrap in • contents of a sewer: sewage • tank several layers of fabric: swathe in which sewage is left to decompose: face • adjective: facial . scatopha­ • soft fabric used to pad a garment: gous • discharge faeces from the wadding • triangular piece of fabric: body: defecate. such an gore . combining forms: -hedral • fairground wheel: Ferris wheel (e. don nee • unpleasant fact about oneself: home resin used to make synthetic textile fibres: polyester • cellulose used to truth • basic facts about a subject: ru­ make synthetic textile fibres: rayon d iments . deca­ • fairground sideshow in which hedron. in­ cretion: scatology voluntary facial twitch: tic • denot­ failure • total failure: fiasco • fail­ ing an expressive face: mobile . an un­ ing wounds: lint • elasticated polyur­ ethane material: elasta ne • synthetic alterable fact: fait accompli.g. poker-faced • disease • safety mechanism activated by ma­ causing facial swelling: mumps chine failure: fai l-safe • solid representation of a face: mask fair' • permanent outdoor fair­ • cosmetic improving facial skin: face ground: amusement park • revolv­ mask. edge building: soil stack • underground on fabric to prevent unravelling: selv­ pipe for excrement and waste water: edge . decahedral).g. facts known only by re­ • synthetic polymer used to make syn­ port: hearsay • in actual fact: de thetic textile fibres: nylon • recycled facto • assume as a fact: posit fabric: mungo • piece of fabric cover­ factor • key factor: determ inant ing the head: kerchief • strip of fab­ faeces • combining form: copro­ ric worn inside an open-necked shirt: • piece of faeces: stool • small round cravat • strip of fabric inserted to en­ piece of animal faeces : pel let • eating large or strengthen a garment: gusset faeces: coprophagous. in­ • proof against failure: fail-safe scruta ble. face pack • picture of ing fairground ride: merry-go-round someone's face composed from photo­ • fairground ride with a sharply twist­ graphs of others: photofit ing railway track: roller coaster faced . pile • small and waste water down the side of a hole in fabric for a lace: eyelet . -hedron (e. with ure to fulfil an obligation: default an unexpressive face: deadpan. coarse facil ity • basic physical facilities: jute or hemp fabric: hessian • strong infrastructure rough hessian: scrim • coarsely facing • combining form: -ward (e. strip of gathered fabric: frill event: movement. bowel movement • side of fabric intended for display: • discharge of liquid faeces: d iarrhoea right side • fabric scraps for stuffing • difficulty in discharging faeces: con­ cushions etc. excrement in a septic tures: physiognomy • appearance of tank: septage • empty the contents facial skin: complexion • facial of a chamber pot: slop out • un­ wrinkle: crow's-foot • red facial pim­ healthy interest in excrement and ex­ ples during adolescence: acne .125 face I fair hemp or flax fabric: canvas .

male head of a ectional • person or organization family: paterfam ilias (pl. combining form: pseud(o)­ tasy world: Walter Mitty • false fruit: pseudocarp • writings fare • cheap fare: saver • system of whose authorship is falsely assigned: reduced travel fares on offer to those pseudepigrapha booking well in advance: Apex fame • someone or something enjoy­ farm • large cattle farm in Canada or ing brief fame: n i ne days' wo nder USA: ranch • agricultural holding fam ily • adjective: fam ilial . as a • number of livestock on a farm: family: en famille • female side of a headage � see also agricu lture family: d istaff side • male side of fashion • current fashion: vogue a family: spear side • female head • demanded by fashion: de rigueur of a family: materfamilias (pl. kindred or straw bales: rick. : Dutch barn • farm store for grain or extended family • member of one's silage: silo . fall controlled by gravity only: cloud cuckoo land. fall .a large vertical cylinder: Wall of • genealogy of a group of gods: the­ Death • tall spiral slide: helter. outmoded. stack • animals • group of interrelated families: clan kept on a farm for profit: livestock . social ites. etc. vendetta handed. family descent: l ineage • wealthy and fashionable people: gl it­ • reversion to earlier generations: terati. farm store: barn clear family • wider family unit. ac­ relative: next of kin • descendant of a ceptability among the urban young: notable family: scion . high society. genealogy. Uto­ free fall pia. fast: Ramadan � see also Lent stemma • this showing the descent fastener • steel band secured by a of Christ from Jesse: Jesse tree screw: Jubilee cli pTM • short wooden . just • anger at unfair treat­ • valuable passed on in the family: ment: indig nation • set right an un­ fair situation: redress heirloom fantasy • fantasy world: Cockaigne.(e. ogony • study of family history: ge­ skelter • electric bumper car: nealogy • state payment to a family dodgem on low income: family credit • pro­ longed and sometimes violent ill-will fa ir' • adjectives: equ itable. throwback • person's nearest living smart set. Xanadu • person living in a fan­ fa lse . • indicating or setting the fashion: dir­ matresfamilias) . consisting of a • denoting a farm devoted to milk pro­ couple and their own children: n u­ duction: dairy . within the family: domestic . line of des­ street credibility • out of fashion: cent: stock • family system having demode. neat cuboid pile of hay extended family: kin. uncles. ped igree. also • farm store with a roof but no walls: including grandparents. society . haut monde. out of date male heads: patriarchy • family sys­ • deliberate abandonment of current tem having female heads: matriarchy fashions: reacti o n • denoting a family system counting fast' • combining form: tachy. patres­ able to influence fashion: taste maker fam il ias) . eve n­ betwe en families: feu d . Shangri-La. nar­ smaller than a farm: smallholding rowest family unit.g. descent through the female line: tachyg raphy) matril i neal • denoting a family sys­ tem counting descent through the fast' • Christian fast before Christ­ male line: patri l i neal • diagram mas: Advent • Christian fast before showing relationships in a family: Easter: Lent • Muslim month-long fam ily tree.

mal. strong feeling of guilt or corpses: necrophobia • fear of the regret: re morse • feeling of sickness . niggling sold or performances given: royalty faulty . minor personal fault: foi ble.(e. g. melt down fat: render prehension: foreboding • melt down fat to separnte impur· feast • adjective: festal • seventh ities: clarify day after a Church feast: octave fate . general feel­ ailurophobia . fear of wo­ i ng . fancy feather: plume karma thought: • fate in Islamic • bird's flight feather: pinion . fee paid to recompense test • killing one's father: patricide someone doing 'unpaid' work: honor­ arium • percentage fee on business fault .g. fear of computers: ing of contentment: euphoria . fate in Hindu and Buddhist feather . feel­ cyberphobia • fear of confined ing of listlessness and apathy: leth­ spaces: claustrophobia • fear of argy . for copies or recordings carping. techno­ at adolescence: pu ppy fat • hard phobia • fear of the number thir­ white fat round the kidneys: suet teen: triskaidekaphobia • fear of • fat used for making pastry: shorten­ water: hyd rophobia . malfunction) unpriced goods or services: quantum Faunus • Greek name: Pan meruit favour .: toggle dark: nyctophobia . a n author etc. • legal concept of a 'reasonable' fee for dysentery). pig's fat used in cooking: lard men: gynaecophobia. pull thought:kismet • deserved fate: the feathers from bird' s carcass: comeuppance pluck father • combining form: patr(i)­ fee • initial fee paid to a barrister: re­ • adjective: paternal • being someone's father: patern ity • denot­ tainer . combining form: -pathy o neself • preferential treatment • feeling that something is about to given to relatives or friends: nepo­ happen: premonition . fear of for· fat • combining forms: li po-. further fee paid to a barris­ ter: refresher • fee paid to a celebrity ing the period during which a father's child is born: paternity • medical attending an event: appearance test to establish fatherhood: paternity money . combining form: dys. containing or secreting fat places: agoraphobia • fear of or grease: sebaceous • containing spiders: a rachnophobia • fear of little or no fat: non-fat • excessively strangers: xenophobia • fear of tech­ fat obese • bodily fat disappearing nology: cyberphobia. seb(o)­ eigners: xe nophobia o fear of • metabolic formation of fat: heights: acrophobia • fear of homo­ lipogenesis • cosmetic surgery tech­ sexuals: homophobia o fear of the nique for sucking fat out from under new or unfamiliar: neophobia • fear the skin: l i posuction . gynophobia • rendered fat used in candles and • thrill of fear: fri sson • fearful ap­ soap: tal low . friendly feel­ tism ings: goodwi l l • instinctive feeling: fear . curry favour: ingratiate feeling .127 fat I feeling or plastic rod on coats etc. ex­ i ntuition • widely held feeling: treme or irrational fear: phobia • un· groundswell • general but unspoken controllable fear: panic • fear of cats: feeling: undercurrent . fear o f death: • ornamental toggle with a braided necrophobia • fear of England or the loop: frog English: Anglophobia . transacted: commission • fee paid to peccad illo • fault-finding: ca ptious. denoting a of pain: algophobia • fear of public gland etc. combiningform: -phobia .(e.

peral fever o fever from exposure to pass 0 quick evasive movement: excessive heat: heatstroke. subjective sword : foi l o light tapered fencing o conveyance of feeling in art or sword: sa bre o knob fixed to a foil music: expression 0 bodily move­ point: button o sword-length fencing ments or posture taken to indicate stick: single stick o fencer's face­ thoughts and feelings: body language cover: mask o fencer's chest· o ability to share another's feelings: protector: plastron o fencer's ac­ empathy o establishment of a close knowledgement of an opponent's hit: relationship based on shared feelings: touche 0 Japanese fencing: ke ndo bonding o able to feel: sentient fermentation 0 combining form: o that can be felt: palpable 0 abnor­ zym. g. g. malaise _ 0 sword blade from middle to point: o general feeling of inadequacy: infer­ foible o sword blade from middle to iority complex o rousing intense feel­ hilt: forte 0 blunted fencing sword: ings: emotive 0 provoked by feelings epee o light blunt-edged fencing rather than logic: emotive. vassal o tied tenant: vil­ lein 0 tied labourer: serf 0 grant of feminine 0 feminine part of a man's freehold land: feoffment personality according to Jungian psychology: anima fever o combining form: febri. caul o cord attach­ ical study of the female body and its ing a fetus to the placenta: umbilical illnesses: gynaecology o female cord 0 denoting a fetus able to sur­ members of a family: d istaff side vive outside the womb: viable � see o female principle in Chinese philoso­ also birth. executrix) o female surrounding a fetus: amnion. childbirth phy: yin o female demon seducing sleeping men: succubus o denoting feudalism 0 feudal duty: fealty descent through the female line: o feudal lord: seigneur o feudal sub­ matril i neal j ect: liege. authoress) . suffra­ fetus: amn iotic fl uid o membrane gette) . I board fence: hoarding o pointed phoid 0 infectious fever with delir­ wooden fencing stake: picket ium and a purple rash: typhus o fenced area: compound o fever following childbirth: puer­ fencing o attacking move: lunge. fetus 0 body fluid surrounding a -ess (e. shi pmate ferret o male ferret: buck. sunstroke volte 0 quick return thrust: riposte o children's fever with a bright red . amni­ chromosome: X chromosome 0 med­ otic membrane. -ette (e. hob o fe­ male ferret: g i l l 0 young ferret: kit female o combining forms: gyn-.o ad­ jective: febrile 0 mosquito-borne fence 0 fence of pointed stakes: pal­ fever: malaria 0 tropical fever with i ng • defensive fence of close-set acute joint pains: dengue o tropical stakes: palisade o movable fence sec­ fever infecting the liver and kidneys: tion: hurdle o openwork fencing: lat­ yellow fever 0 infectious fever with tice o fencing of stakes interwoven red spots on the chest and abdomen: with branches: wattle o temporary typhoid o typhoid-like fever: paraty.0 enzyme mix used in fermen­ mal physical sensation: paraesthesia tation: zymase 0 study of fermenta­ o lack of feeling or concern: apathy tion: zym urgy o unable to feel: numb fern 0 fern's compound leaf: frond fellow • fellow-countryman: com­ o study of ferns: pteridology patriot 0 fellow sailor: messmate.felloW I fever 128 or revulsion: nausea 0 general feel­ o pretended sword-thrust: feint ing of unease: dysphoria. -trix (e.g.

.. skirmish..... ...... • adjec­ orchard • field used for grazing: pas­ tive: cin ematic • art of making ture • field used to make hay: motion-picture films: Cine matog­ meadow • meadow that is periodic­ ra phy • film portraying real events: ally flooded: water meadow • small documentary • fictional film based field for horses: paddock • rice field: or real events:docudrama........... scarlatina mountain and valley pasture: trans­ • children's fever with a raised pink humance rash: measles • mild form of mea­ fifty • denoting a fiftieth anniver­ sles: German measles 0 children's sary: golden fever with swelling of the salivary fight • confused general fight: melee.... story puter file : close field • field planted with fruit trees: film • combining form: cine..... ............. computer file listing and a sharp temperature increase: other files: directory ... computer file rigor • disturbed mental state caused having no internal hierarchy: flat file by fever: delirium • kind of fever suf­ • computer file giving font and layout fered by dogs: distemper settings: style sheet • computer file containing data representing sound: few • combining form: m igo. rule wavetable • search directions for a by a select few: oligarchy • intended file: path • description of a file's only for the socially select: exclusive • intended for a small number of ex­ whereabouts: path name • suffix to a perts: esoteric • market controlled file name: extension.... ..... remove cut and paste • storage of a file over a fictional character in a dramatically scattered segments of the hard disk: convincing way: write out . rash: scarlet fever.. . ... file extension • denoting a file a computer can run: by a few traders: oligopoly executable • begin access to a com­ fibre • natural fibres used for mats................ puter file: open • text stored in a file : ropes...... ................. jute • slen­ document • record of file contents at der glass fibres used to transmit light: a stated time: snapshot • denoting a fi bre optics search conducted throughout a file: fiction • fiction set in a context of global • immediate data retrieval real events: faction .......... . fiction parodying the genre's ling file access: fi le server • com­ conventions: metafi cti on • book­ press a computer file for storage: zip length fictioaal narrative: novel • de­ • link from a hypertext file to another noting low-life fiction: picaresque file: hyperlink • remove material • denoting popular or sensational fic­ from a computer file: cut • move ma­ tion: pulp . and sacks: Manila... fighting in a war: action • ready to fight: pugnacious defervescence • drug reducing fever: antipyretic.129 few I film .... ...... d rama­ paddy • seasonal alternation of documenta ry • film's slory-line: plot .. fiction set in a from any part of a computer file: dir­ computer-dominated society: cyber­ ect access • network device control­ punk ..... glands: mumps • denoting a fever re­ curring every second day: tertian scrimmage • short confused fight: • denoting a fever recurring every scuffle.... leading character in a terial within a file or between files: work of fiction: protagonist .... febrifuge • sudden file • sharp metal rod as a file for feeling of cold followed by sweating papers: spike ..... tussle • fight be­ tween two persons: single combat third day: quartan • denoting a fever • arranged fight between two persons: with fluctuating body temperatures: remittent • abatement of a fever: duel ... see also fragmentation • end access to a com­ novel.... ..........

soundtrack commen­ recorded: soundtrack • give a film a tary by an unseen narrator: voice­ new soundtrack: dub • music com­ over • list of films: fi lmography posed for a film: score • sequence of • container for a length of film: cart­ drawings etc. cre­ omitted in cutting: out-take • move ation of a film from drawings or abruptly from one film image to an­ models: animation . magazi ne. end of a film­ • alternation of contrasting shots: ing session: wrap • processed but un­ intercutting • scene reverting to an edited film: rushes . room or building equipped or unprocessed film: stock. list of ing a film needing only short contributors to a film: credits • film exposure: fast . long exposure of photo­ start of each clapperboard take: graphic film: time exposure . film cap­ ized film set for special effects: dio­ tion: title • caption at the foot · of a rama . lift­ image: g rain . cine­ spond to light: sensitivity • unused phile . fi lm stock for filming: studio • area where a • make exposed film show a visible film is being shot: set • wheeled plat­ image: develop • sportiness of film form for a film camera: dolly . film cluding camera directions: shooti ng of which each frame is a microphoto. reel . outlining film shots: ridge. edit or abridge earlier dramatic time: flashback a film: cut • edited version of a film: • consistency of detail between filmed cut • film produced by preliminary scenes: continuity . storyboard • acting text of a film: spool .film I fil m 130 • short film of news and current af­ graph: microfilm • strip at the start fairs: newsreel • short film or end of a film: leader • amount of advertizing another: trailer • film de­ film: footage • denoting film insensi­ picting police solving a crime: tive to red: orth ochromatic . script • actor's filmed audition: . denot­ pol icier • bleak and depressing film: ing film sensitive to al colours: pan­ fi lm noir • film with singing and dan­ chromatic • film giving a positive cing: m usical . film's ability to re­ expert or enthusiast: ci neaste. jump-cut . animated film: other: cut. script • screenplay in­ microphotographs: microfiche . sensi­ • short clip • sin­ extract from a film: tivity of film to light: speed • denot­ gle picture in a film: frame . technique using special fil­ film frame: su btitle • strip at the ters to shoot night scenes in daylight: edge of a film on which the sound is day-for-night . out-of-studio set­ cutting: rough-cut • section of film ting for a film scene: location . cinematic ef­ cartoon • filming technique simulat­ fect in which a new scene seems to un­ ing animation: pixilation • computer roll across the screen: wipe application allowing the combination • cinematic effect in which one scene of animated and live-action elements: seems to melt into the next: di ssolve rotoscope • denoting a filming tech­ • end of a scene by gradual darkening nique of exposing each frame after a of the screen: fade • inclusion of fixed period: time-la pse • visual or images commenting upon the main auditory illusions created for a film : action: mo ntage • facility arresting effects. miniatur­ the image: freeze-frame . continuous amount image directly when processed: rever­ of film shot at one time: take • board sal fi lm • admission of light to a film: with identificatory details shot at the exposure . special effects . cassette. flat sheet o f film containing screenplay. device steadying the able platform for a film or television film as it passes the lens: gate • film camera: crane • pole projecting the sequence photographed continuously microphone over a film camera: boom by one camera: shot .

extinguish a fire: douse partment: wardrobe . non­ air: respirator • filtration process for flammable blood of a patient suffering kidney fireman • fireman's turn of duty: failure: d ialysis watch final • final part of a piece of music: coda • final part of a play: denoue­ fireplace . in dex fi nger . strong light • extinguish a fire by covering it: for filming: klieg l ight • film actor's smother • water-supply for a fire stand-in: double • availability of a hose: hyd rant • fireproof sheet: fi re film for public showing:' release blanket • starting fires: incendiary • public showing of a film: screening • person starting fires for malicious • advance screening of a new film: purposes: arsonist • obsessive desire preview • television broadcast of a to set fire to things: pyromania • des­ cinema film: telecine • US film troy by fire: burn. ornamental structure fingerprint .131 fi lter I fireplace screen test • single continuous spell Finnish • Finnish steam bath: of filming: take • person in creative sauna • Finnish traditional legends: charge of shooting a film: director Ka levala • general manager of a film project: fire • combining form: pyro. powder-blower mak­ above a fireplace: overmantel • im­ ing fingerprints visible: insufflator plements for tending a fire: fire irons . reredos • smoke duct above a • excessive number of fingers: fireplace: chimney. filter through gradually: per­ catch fire: flame retardant • fire­ colate • face mask filtering ingested resistant: flameproof. fl ue • shelf above polydactyly • sheath for an injured a fireplace: mantel. container for a fire: brazier • mater­ and location sequences: second unit ial for starting a fire: kindling • half­ • person replacing a film star during burnt material in a dying fire: em bers dangerous action scenes: stunt man. finger a fireplace: andiron.. incinerate • myth­ award: Oscar • film archive: cinema­ ical creature said to live in fire: sala­ theque . • adjec­ prod ucer • person in charge of a tive: fiery • fire for burning a corpse: film's camerawork: director of pho­ pyre • fire set in a high place to con­ tography • film production com­ vey a signal: beacon • fierce fire pany: studio • chief electrician on a caused by bombs: firestorm • treetop film set: gaffer • gaffer's assistant: forest fire: crown fire . lens used to best boy • auxiliary group respon­ start a fire: burn ing glass • portable sible for filming action. mantelshelf. fireplace in a steam en­ gine: firebox • floor of a fireplace: ment. special effects. man­ finger: fi ngerstall telpiece . inflammable • slow to filter . • slow a fire by reducing its draught: stunt woman • studio's costume de­ damp . technique material: fender • cooking shelf of locating persons or objects through along the side of fireplace: hob the heat they emit: thermal imaging • cooking stand at the front of fire­ finger • adjective: dig ital • first fin­ place: trivet • stand to support logs in ger: forefinger. see also camera mander • easily set on fire: fl ammable. epilogue • final part of a hearth • metal plate adjusting the speech: perorati oh draught: register • side-space in a find • lucky find: tro uvaille • ability large fireplace: inglenook • grid at to make these: serendi pity • find for front of fireplace to keep in burning the first time: di scover . fi redog • metal plate at the back of a fireplace: fire­ next to the little finger: ring finger back.

g.firewo rks I fishin g 132 . restart of breathing: arti­ brochette • crab-flavoured stick of ficial respiration. remove fishbones: fillet .• . gland: milt . maggot • denoting freshwater fish other than • bait thrown into the water: g round­ salmon and trout: coarse • fish. scuttle wet fish • fish stew from southern fireworks • adjective: pyrotechnic France: bouill abaisse . j ourney made by anadro­ fish caught in one session: net • fish mous fish: run • channels built to as­ with a bobbing fly: dap . spawn piscatory • fisherman's assistant: • fish gelatin: isinglass • study of gillie .••••• • . prone position g ut . fish eggs: roe. semi­ ki pper • remove fish entrails: clean. 'reconstruct an ur-Hamlet') • first galantine • denoting fish cooked in example: prototype • first appear­ browned butter with lemon: meuniere ance of a performer: debut • first • thick slice of fish: steak • fried performance: premiere • first among strip of fish: goujon • long thin slice I equals: primus inter pares • first­ of fish rolled and stuffed: paupiette year student at a university: fresh­ • small flat round cut of fish: man • be the first to use: pioneer medaillon • skewer for grilling fish: first aid . or frozen: place: hod.. u r­ bale • dish of pressed fish in aspic: (e. terri ne • the air:rocket • small hand-held fire­ seasoned fish: small work: banger . fishway. fisherman's waterproof gar­ fish: ichthyology • denoting fish ment covering from feet to armpits: with light-coloured flesh: white • de­ waders • fisherman's thick blue noting fish with darker-coloured flesh: sweater: guern sey • catch fish with red • denoting fish that swim one's hands: guddle.• adjective: piscine • young of • cultivation of fresh-water fish: pisci­ fish: fry • large group of fish: school. • device for picking up pieces of coal: eating: piscivorous • fish that has tongs . pass sinks below the water: wet fly . .. smoked. • noisy firework: ba nger • noisy fire­ rice. fish's breathing organ: fishes • astrological term: pisces gill • cover for this: operculum (pl. dish of fish. are placed:recovery position. bait • fishing rod's handle: stock . culture • establishment where fish shoal • fish living at the bottom: are bred commercially: fishery. fish g rou ndling • aggressive sharp­ farm • display tank for live fish. and hard-boiled eggs: kedgeree work used in simulated battles: thun­ • dried fish eaten with curries: Bom­ bay duck • derflash • firework exploding high in finely ground paste of pate. ventilation • • pre­ pos­ mixed fish pieces: cra b stick ition in which unconscious persons serve fish by drying or smoking: cure. hard plate building containing these: aquarium covering a fish's skin: scale • fish's • fish seller: fishmonger flipper: fi n . fish sperm or sperm fishing • adjectives: piscatorial. . opercu la) . cul­ fish . combining forms: ichthy(o)-. or toothed fish: piranha . tivation of sea fish: mariculture pisc. • • ••••••••••••••••••• • • • • • • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••. small hissing fire­ ball of seasonedquenelle fish: work: squib • coiled firework spin­ • pickled sturgeon roe: caviar • minced fish rolled in bacon: krom­ ning when lit: Catherine wheel esky • dish of finely minced fish: tim­ first • combining forms: proto-. ma­ • denoting fish that swim down-river terial to make these: d u bbing • in­ to the sea to spawn: catadromous sect larva for bait: gentle. tickle • fish up-river from the sea to spawn: a nad­ caught for sport: game fish . container for coal at a fire­ _ not been cooked. floating ar­ sist anadromous fish round natural tificial fly: dry fly • artificial fly that obstacles: fish ladder. • • • • . total romous .

group of five arranged as unctuous on a domino or playing-card: quin­ flatulence • infantile flatulence: cunx • occurring every. flatulence: carm i native . fish hook weighted to stay under­ hundredth anniversary: quincenten­ water: drail • back-turned spike on a a ry fish hook: barb • weight on a fishing fives • proj ecting wall in a fives line: sinker • cylinder for winding in court: tambour the line: reel . ensign . military hooked fish: play • hooked stick for or ceremonial flag: standard • flag of landing fish: gaff • device removing the United Kingdom: Union Jack the hook from a fish: d isgorger • net • flag of the Royal Navy: white ensign for keeping fish alive: keepnet . adjective: vexillary • national hook or net: cast • secure the hook flag: banner. an­ • flag of naval auxiliary vessels: blue gler's equipment: tackle • angler's ensign . national flag in a fish's mouth: strike . . tire a flown at a ship's bow: jack .133 fit I flatulence . medication to relieve five years: quinquennial • five. flare fired from a pistol: Very side another: nesting light fit for • combining form: -worthy flat • top-floor flat: penthouse • flat (e. wind . person unloading fishing • study of flags: vexillology boats: lumper flame • very hot cutting flame: ther­ fit' • periodic loss of consciousness or mic lance . device producing a hot convulsions: epi lepsy flame: blowlamp. spool . quin-. long tory ship . or music for them: •excessively or insincerely flattering: qui ntet . quin • athletic contest with five events for all com­ divided into flats: tenement petitors: pentathlon • ensemble of flatter • servile flatterer: sycophant five musicians.g. flat kept for occasional use: pied­ pentad • one of five offspring born at a-terre . pentangle • set of five: . flat on two floors: du­ gon • solid figure with five faces: plex • flat on two or more floors. roadworthy) ' • fit to eat: edible consisting of one room: bedsitter five • combining forms: pent-. quinque. flat having one main room: studio. fishing net that drifts narrow flag with a cleft end: bander­ with the tide: drift net • fishing net ole • banner hung from a crossbar: hanging vertically: seine • seine that gonfalon • flag signalling the end of can be drawn into a bag shape: purse a motor race: cheq uered fla g • flags seine • deep-sea fishing line: long as street decorations: bunti ng • de­ line . pennon boat with processing facilities: fac­ • short tapering flag: guidon . with its own outside door: maisonette pentahedron • five-pointed star: pentagram.• five-sided figure: penta­ studio flat . long along the sea bed: trawler • fishing tapering flag: pennant. throw a baited flag . blowtorch fit> • denoting an object that fits in­ flare . rented flat cleaned by the owners: service flat • large building a birth: qui ntuplet. flag of British-registered fish basket: creel • stretch of water ships: red ensign • pirate flag: Jolly used for fishing: ground • fish by Roger • blue flag raised by ship trailing a line behind a boat: troll about to leave port: Blue Peter • fishing boat dragging a large net • small triangular flag: bu rgee . or lasting for. amount of fish caught over a noting a flag flown below the pole-top: specified period: catch • fish cap­ at half mast • rope to raise a flag: tured in a single throw of the net: ha lyard . la nyard • lower a flag: strike draught . colic.

mild " causing flooding: deluge . fleet of small ships: floti lla pictures or patterns: mosaic .g. • ceremonial flight over a certain rheostat) .g. low. jigger pieces of stone etc. rich soil rel ish .g. access • smallfleet of warships: squadron panel in a floor: trapdoor • Spanish war fleet sent in 1588: Ar­ flour • adjective: fari naceous . unpowered flight: glide flow • combining forms: rheo. spot: fly-past • frictional limitation -rrhagia (e. wholemeal _ flour made from wheat master with some of the germ removed: wheatmeal • hard grains left after flesh • combining form: carn. float used to • flower of willow and hazel trees: cat­ raise sunken ships: caisson • ability kin • petals of a flower: corolla to float: buoyancy • flower's female organ: pistil flood • adjectives: diluvial.lying area subject to flooding: food or drink: spike • condiment fl ood plain • field that is periodically eaten with plain food to give flavour: flooded: water meadow . flower that keeps its canoe etc: outrigger . diluvian • flower's male organ: stamen • sudden flood: flash fl ood • sudden • circle of flowers on a stem. • ad­ flour has been milled: semolina . flor. Hesh injury: wo und • flesh-eating: agent: self-raising • denoting flour carnivorous • decaying flesh of a lacking a raising agent: plain • work dead animal: carrion flour into dough: knead flight . flour mada made from whole grains of wheat: Flemish • Flemish mayor: burgo. -rrhoea (e. arranged to make fleet . fla­ • the biblical Flood: the Deluge • oc­ vour enhancer used in Chinese cuis­ curring before this: antediluvian ine: mo nosodium g lutamate • yel­ floor • floor for principal reception low powder used to flavour Asian rooms: piano nobile • floor between dishes: tu rmeric • browned sugar or the main floors: entresol. chemical used to strengthen deposited by flood water: alluvium food flavour: flavour enha ncer .g. levelled layer of • fine strips of citrus fruit peel used as floor cement: screed • flooring ma­ flavouring: zest � see also taste terial of marble chips set in concrete: flea • tropical burrowing flea: chig­ terrazzo .flavour I flower 134 flavou r • strong flavour: tang • hav­ down-river: freshet • severe rain ing little flavour: bland. menorrhoea). Hoor covering of small ger. mezza nine syrup used as flaVOUrl llg: caramel • floor of wood blocks: parq uet • pro­ . menorrhagia) . flow on the speed of flight: heat barrier rapidly: gush • halt a flow: stem • extreme iiredness felt after a flight across time zones: jet lag flower _ combining forms: antho­ (e. embank­ • thick flavouring liquid: sauce ment built as a flood defence: dyke • pungent vegetable food flavouring: • breach caused by flooding: washout sp ice • add a pungent flavouring to . anthology. • adjective: floral quetry • small flower In a composite flower float • float attached to the side of a head: floret . flood moving petals or sepals in a flower: whorl . de­ jective: carnal • sensitive flesh: q u ick noting flour with an added raising . insipid. herbs or spices as flavour en­ jecting ridge along the edge of a floor­ hancers: seasoning • bag of herbs board: tongue • hollow into which used to flavour soups: bouq uet garni this fits: groove . or of river flood: spate . literally a 'collection of flirt • flirtatious behaviour: co- flowers').(e. float support­ colour when dried: immortelle ing a bridge: pontoon .

follow and observe secretly: fl orist . fog mixed with smoke etc. poultry. food regur­ u re .g. biblio­ phile) fluid • body fluid in early medicine: food • combining forms: tropho-.: tion • flyhigh in the air: soar • fly stuffi ng • chemical used to . food • insufficient fluid in the body: dehy­ for horses: tack • food for sheep and dration • semifluidity: viscosity cattle: fodder. lump of food: gobbet . supernatural flying: levita­ ture cooked inside meat.g. natural. fluorocarbon) • small tasty piece of food: titbit flute . engine or wings: soar posy • arranged bunch of flowers: fodder . whole (e. serving . of flowers: flo ribunda philoprogenitive). food used to give taste to a paper strip as flytrap: flypaper dish: relish • sweet or savoury mix­ flying . cortlbining form: fl uoro­ tives: organic.e X-ray viewer with a fluores­ in fibre: roughage • denoting food cent screen: fl uoroscope with minimal processing and addi­ fluorine . fodder of fermented grass: bouq uet. humour • body fluid surrounding embryo: amn iotic fl uid • body fluid -trophic (e. fluid accu­ alimentary . flute's mouth-hole: embouch­ . compact cluster of flowers on one close to the ground: hedge-hop • fly stalk: truss • denoting a flower with very close to intimidate: buzz a single whorl of petals: single . gentle .135 fluid I food .: for a grave: wreath • Japanese art of smog • audible warning to ships in flower arranging: ikebana • flower­ fog: foghorn growing: floriculture • flower-seller: follow . spray • spray for a button­ silage • tall fodder plant with yellow hole: boutonniere . etc. fastened ar­ flowers: ra pe rangement of flowers: garland . combining form: • semi-liquid food: slops . tail • follow an opposing prime: overbl own • sweet liquid col­ player to obstruct his activities: mark lected by bees from flowers: nectar follower .(e. g. food for pigs: swill . -phile (e. oligotrophic) • adjective: around joints: sinovia . sticky nish . follower or imitator of • fine dust collected by bees from lesser ability: epigone flowers: pollen • leaf at the edge of a flower: bract • plant bearing clusters fond . supplies of food and biting horses and men: horsefly . food set out • study of fluids at rest: hydrostatics for self-service: buffet • food that is • study of fluid forces: hydrodynam­ quick and easy to prepare: conveni­ ics • study of fluid mechanics: hy­ ence food. denoting a flower past its shadow. fly laying its eggs on food: bl owfly for food: condiment • denoting . g. food for the gods: am­ mulation in the brain: hydrocephalus brosia . gar­ land for the head: chaplet • garland fog . flute player: fl autist gitated for further chewing: cud • portion of food for one person: help­ fly • fly biting livestock: gadfly . combiningforms: phil ( o ) . fast food • fast food of lit­ d raulics tle nutritional value: j u n k food • bland and tasteless food: pap fluorescence . fly drink: provIsions • apportioned causing malaria: mosq uito • African food: ration • emergency supply of fly causing sleeping sickness: tsetse basic food: iron rations • seasoning . fly ing. food rich fl uoro. maintain height without using an • small bunch of flowers: nosegay. forage . large blowfly: bluebottle • fruit fly undried or unsmoked food: green used in genetic research: d rosophila • food used to embellish a dish: gar­ . fly larva: maggot.

to stay fresh: long-l ife • denoting • denoting food preserved by drying: food that is no longer fresh: stale. off. stirring to avoid brown­ • denoting foodstuffs produced with- ing: sti r-fry • dip food briefly into out artificial chemicals: organiC . creature eating no enne . or cooked in the sen • denoting food prepared in ac­ simplest way: au naturel . denot­ food: omn ivore • fish-eating crea­ ing food cut into short thin strips: j u l i­ ture: piscivore . fry again after being swallowed: repeat food briefly. denoting food that is hard to small cubes: dice • fry food briefly to digest: heavy . soused . eating raw food: fl ambe • set food alight thus: flame omophagous • person providing . rolled in kle liquid over food: drizzle • sprin­ breadcrumbs: croquette • food kle food with flour or sugar: dredge. gourmand. enrich food • shiny coating on food: glaze with vitamins: fortify • denoting • tough piece of fibre in food: string foodstuffs that are new and will not . denoting cordance with Jewish law: kosher food cooked in the simplest way: • denoting food unacceptable to Jew­ bonne femme • denoting food ish law: tref • denoting food cooked cooked in cider and cream: a la and then refrigerated before distribu­ normande • denoting food prepared tion: cook-chill . denoting food served on spin­ meat or fish: vegetarian • creature ach: fl orenti ne • denoting food eating no animal products: vegan served in browned butter: meuniere • creature eating only fruit: fruitarian • denoting food served with white • animal eating only plants: herbivore grapes: Veronique • denoting food • eating only one kind of food: soused in spirits and set alight: monophagous . constituent of a dish: ingredient keep: fresh • denoting foodstuffs that • person who enjoys fine food and are currently available fresh: in drink: bon vivant. denoting food pre­ by a first-class chef: cordon bleu served in a sealed j ar: potted • denot­ • denoting food that may be prepared ing food dried for preservation: quickly: instant • denoting food pre­ dehydrated . de- boiling water: scald • add spices to noting food with no nutritional value: food: season • finely ground paste of innutritious • rolled food: ro ulade seasoned meat or fish: pate • sprin­ • small amount of food. desiccated • denoting food soaked in rancid • denoting food that goes bad a marinade: soused • denoting food quickly: perishable • thaw frozen modified to be unfattening: diet • de­ food before cooking: defrost . denoting food treated served in brine: corned. (of food) be tasted brown the outside: saute. seal . clean noting food free from rich ingredients: or prepare food:dress • cut food into l i g ht . gastronome. gratine . epi­ season • denoting food covered with cure. gour­ grated cheese or breadcrumbs and met • creature eating all kinds of browned: au gratin. bon I food 136 strengthen food flavour: flavour en­ • denoting food browned quickly at ha ncer • flavour enhancer used in high temperature: seared • denoting Chinese cuisine: monosod ium g luta­ food cooked with spicy seasoning: mate • bag of herbs used to flavour devilled • denoting food cooked in a soups: bouq uet garni • pungent pastry case: en croute • denoting vegetable food spice flavouring: food cooked and served in a paper • chopped fresh herbs: fines herbes wrapper: en papillote • denoting • shop selling foreign foods: delicates­ food that is uncooked. grilled on a skewer: kebab • food dust • thin line of cream or icing dec­ coated in batter fritter and fried: orating food: piping .

sheep. resident foreigner: alien ing on feet: verruca • small painful • area settled by foreigners: colony area of thickened skin: wart • painful • expel a foreigner: deport • fear or swelling on the big toe joint: bunion hatred of foreigners: xenophobia . force attracting a body to­ locking system of these: food we b wards a larger one: gravity . combining form: xeno­ going on foot: pedestrian • instru­ • strange and foreign: exotic • for­ ment estimating the distance travelled eign girl who does domestic work in on foot: pedometer • grip for the return for keep and English lessons: feet:foothold.:clo­ field • using force: force is effective: ven hoof • pernranently twisted foot: forcible • obtain by force: extort • force upon: impose • impetus club foot • having an injured foot: gained by a moving object: momen­ lame . light footwear with a scanty upper: sandals • slipper with sole emaciated • undernourishment m arasmus and sides in one piece: m occasin causing low weight: � see also sandal. sauce gether within the nucleus: strong foot . denoting foods footwear • wooden-soled footwear: rich in these: nutritious . credit voucher exchanged for food: objects outwards: centrifugal force lu ncheon voucher • establishment . arthropod) nuclei: weak force • area in which a • divided foot of cattle.137 foot I foreign food professionally: caterer. nettlerash. having inturned feet: pigeon­ toed • foot bones: metatarsus tum (pl.(e_g_ force . forbidden by social custom: taboo the next for food: food chain • inter­ force . neutrons.g. and protons to­ famine � see also pudding. list of foods eaten or to be chiropodist. lack of clogs • ridge on the sole of footwear: proper or sufficient food: malnutrition • thin or weak through lack of food: cleat . etc. purveyor • itchy swelling caused b y cold: chil­ • food heater for use at the table: chaf­ blain • specialist treating the feet: ing dish . combining forms: ped i. ur­ in a pools entry: perm • payment ticaria • abstention from food: fast shared between pool winners: divi­ . wart grow­ au pair . force involved in the decay of pedicure). study of food and its use: nutrition • search about for food: forage • ser­ forbid . footing . adjective: frontal ing four feet: quad ruped _ person foreign . -pod(e) (e. rotatory • heated food trolley: hostess trolley force: torq ue • force moving rotating . shoe . food element giving essential nour­ dend ishment: nutrient . momenta) . forbid by law: proscribe ies of organisms each depending on . force moving rotating objects in­ serving free food to the poor: soup wards: centripetal force • force hold­ kitchen • extreme scarcity of food: ing quarks. tendency of a body to remain static or in motion un­ • arch of tha foot: instep • denoting a less acted upon by an external force: foot with a low arch: flat _ denoting the soles of the feet: plantar • animal i nertia having two feet: biped • animal hav­ forehead . podiatrist • cosmetic eaten: diet • sterilize food by gamma treatment of the feet: ped icure • can­ radiation: irrad iate • electrical ing the soles of the feet as a punish­ grinder for waste food: waste­ ment or form of torture: bastinado disposal unit • food poisoning: botu­ football • primitive form of football lism. salmonellosis • fly's eggs on played at Eton College: wall game food: fly-blow • bring up swallowed � see also soccer food: regurg itate . food allergy with football pool • selection of matches an itching rash: hives.

morphology). kept to bring good ity fortune: mascot . quad . con­ phonic sound: quadra phony • in crete fortification: blockhouse four identical copies: in quadrupli­ • underground fortified shelter: bun­ cate • four hundredth anniversary: ker . fe­ fortune: windfall • unexpected run of male fowl: hen . protrude) fork • two-pronged agricultural fork: fossil • fossil used to date surround­ pitchfork . stockade themes: tetra logy . source of il for­ foreman • foreman's deputy: tune: Jinx . -morphic (e. removal of the foreskin: circumci. pillbox stanza: quatrain • set of four: quartet fortification • fortification of