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Political Science

In antiquity, the Greeks referred to the study of politics as a "kingly art" because it was concerned with
the ways of good government. While the study of political institutions remains a central focus of political
science, the scope of the discipline has broadened substantially as more people are affected by
centralized political authorities that wield increased power in a global economy. Political Science
includes the study of values, ideologies, and legal norms; the mechanisms people use to enter the
political process; whether with guns or ballots; and the consequences of a global economy which
enriches some while impoverishing many.

The Department of Political Science and Legal Studies offers courses in three areas: American
Government, Politics, and Policy; International and Comparative Politics; Legal Studies, Criminal Law,
and Political Thought. Students acquire an understanding of the historical backgrounds and
philosophical foundations of a variety of political systems in the contemporary world. They develop an
ability to analyze events, issues, and global trends. In addition, they are afforded an opportunity to gain
practical experiences through both individualized field research and internships in the government, not
for profit, or private sector.

Because of its comprehensive nature, Political Science offers a solid undergraduate major for careers in
law, public administration, business, journalism and teaching.

Legal Studies
The Legal Studies Program is designed to give students an overview of the American legal system, to
help them understand the fundamentals of public and private law, and to acquaint them with the
historical and philosophical roots of contemporary American law.

Students in this program learn to read challenging legal material, including cases and statutes, as well
as works of legal history and philosophy. They also learn how to write briefs, analyze complex legal
arguments, and write effective essays in legal studies. The courses have in-class oral arguments and
mock trials in which students have a chance to simulate the roles of judges, witnesses, and attorneys in
the daily practice of law.

Students majoring in Political Science may select Legal Studies as a concentration. They must complete
the eight courses listed below for the concentration, in addition to the five required Political Science
courses and Senior Evaluation--for a total of fourteen courses. The program is open, as a minor, to
students majoring in other departments. They must complete the same eight courses required for the

Importance of Political Science:
Educate Yourself

Most of us are just ordinary citizens. That’s not a bad thing; it just means
that the majority of us don’t hold a political office. Our civic duties include
mainly voting, jury duty, and paying taxes. We, ordinary citizens may know
and learn about our political rights and privileges from a given form of
government that includes the political structure and processes of our state.

and how and why the constitution was written by enrolling in a Biography of the US Constitutiontoday. behavior and culture. History. and sanitation. As citizens the knowledge that we gain by studying Political Science is useful to both our leaders. check out our Micro and Macro Economics course today. in governments. Our right to vote. Anthropology. his way of thinking and his contributions I highly encourage you to enroll in our Machiavelli on Leadership and Politics course. and Public Policy are all pieces of the political puzzle. politicians. internal relations. Journalists. If economics is something that interests you. Economics. health. political scientists may often find themselves advising politicians. some colleges may not have a separate School or College of Arts and Sciences. The department may instead be housed within a division or . What You Need To Do If a career in Political Science is something that interests you be prepared to search for a college or university that offers Bachelors of Arts programs in Political Science. and political methodology.Without this knowledge we wouldn’t know which rights we have and more importantly the battles that were fought in order to award us these rights. A background in political science will also enable you to add value to corporations looking to add an employee that could give them insight into the social sciences. For this reason. or running for political office themselves. or as civil servants. special interest groups. In order for our political leaders to make the best possible decisions for their constituents they must be aware of any and all developments in each of these areas. it is valuable. Politics deal with a variety of complex issues. the right to basic services such as education. political theory. It is broken down into several sub-disciplines. Political Science deals with theory and practice of Politics. It is important to always be aware of our rights. public law. They may also be found working for political parties. public administration. As you can see. comparative politics. the citizens. Law. If you’re interested in studying political science. Political Theory covers the contributions of various classical thinkers like Niccolo Machiavelli. Sociology. our constitutional rights. the study of Political Science is not only useful. Join others who want to learn more about our constitutional rights. Since political science is comprised of several different studies. these policies and sub-disciplines constitute the field of political science. and we. and the electorate rely heavily on the baseline ideology provided by political scientists in order to analyze issues that may be presented to them. To learn more about Machiavelli. Together. as well as the analysis of our political systems. be prepared to learn about its sub-disciplines as well.

educate them as well. It is so easy in today’s society to be caught up with selfishness and self-pity. Be a Good Citizen Be a good citizen. Share the Knowledge Think you’ve learned all there is to know about political science (that’s a trick question. our How to Choose a College or a University course will help to prepare you to better identify which college or university will give you the best return for your investment. that’s how! Share your knowledge with the people in your area and give them the power to make informed decisions on subjects that may directly or indirectly have an impact on them. The political leaders. Educate yourself with what is occurring in your surrounding areas. then it’s time to share your knowledge with others. People who are informed of their rights and duties are more aware and vigilant. and a reduction in state and local subsidized programs have an effect on the bigger picture. Knowledge of State. and cooperate with those around us to improve our society. and how we are feeling do not have a big impact on the bigger picture. I cannot stress this enough. our freedoms in order for democracy to work. reduced funding for schools. The state of our nation. adjust. have you ever stopped to think of how people gain their power? Through knowledge. even if it is not something that directly affects you. We cannot become a society who only cares about themselves. our rights. show self-tolerance. If you have decided to put your political science expertise to use by working for a government official. What happened to us as individuals. A vigilant society is one that is more likely to prevent or speak out against things that are unjust. If you’re getting ready to begin your quest for the best college. Perhaps your city is raising of Humanities or Liberal Arts. Well. Government and Administration I’m sure you’ve heard the saying ‘Power to the People’ before. you see you can never truly know everything about political science and its sub-disciplines since they’re always evolving). or . We have to look out for one another. and elected officials whose job it is to conduct the affairs of the State should at all times have a sound grasp and knowledge of political science in order to perform their jobs to the best of their ability and make the best decisions for their constituents. diplomats. Democracy The study of political science is especially important to our success as a democracy. Political science teaches us to look out for one another.

3) It is the study of politics that may influence the government structures and processes in a given society. Political Science allows you to be the change by giving you the power to educate others in so many areas that have an impact on the state of our union. because of the renewed interest in political science as a field of study. This article sets the context for the subsequent discussion on the various aspects of political science and its relevance to the modern political economy. political scientists. In other words. international relations. There are many universities that provide graduate and higher-level degrees in political science and in recent years. It needs to be noted that these sub-disciplines cover the entire gamut of the modern political economy and provide the basis for the study and understanding of how the global political economy works. 5) It is the exercise of sovereign political right of the state and government to carry its task for the improvement of quality of life in the society Generally. and their scope of study has been considerably enhanced. organization. comparative politics. I think Ghandi said it best when he told us to ‘Be the change you wish to see in the world’. New These are the varied definitions of Political Science as it originally emphasized by the Greek term “polis” for city-state and “scire” means to “know”: 1) It is the science that studies the political power and authority of the state and government. The ordinary citizens may know and learn about their . The success or otherwise of the governance structures is gauged by political scientists who examine the multifaceted and multilayered factors at work that contribute to good or bad governance. Hence. The study of the matters concerning the allocation and distribution as well as the transfer of power is one of the main preoccupations of political scientists. 2) It is the systematic study of the institution. the importance of political science is the application of political powers and authority in the realm of government structures. and public law. there has been a concomitant rise in the interest taken by the people of the world in understanding the political systems of other countries. Band your neighborhood together to oppose or support it and explain the impact that it will have on your neighborhood. there are many takers for these courses.cutting funding for one of the after school programs. 4) It is how the branches of government perform the various political task such as the delivery of basic services. public administration. With the advent of globalization. with the explosion in the political systems all over the world. The Importance of Political Science The importance of political science lies in the fact that all of us live within political systems and we are affected by the changes in the global political economy. political scientists become valued and important as they provide the lens through which we can understand the global political economy. processes and laws of the government. The scope of the political scientists has now been broadened to include the realm of the study of the democratic elections across the world. Scope of Political Science The scope of political science is vast and experts have divided the field of political science into five sub- disciplines that are political theory. Educate yourself on why it is being cut and the impact it will have on your community.

government and many political organisations and institutions to the individual. institution. Administration and Diplomacy: . power relationships. and politically enlightened people are capable of playing a useful role in social and political affairs. The comprehensive study on the branches. The concept of politics may well be studied in the political science not simply in the art of persuasion and influence that the citizens learn about also how these political concept area applied in the society. State is the most universal and powerful of all social institutions. directly or indirectly. dictatorship and power structures give the citizen full understanding as to the consequences on the individual political action as defined by the political power and authority of the state. The political science concepts on democracy. constitutions and politics.b) The constitutional rights and privileges ( due process of law). Thus the study of political science will also include the empirical investigation of political facts through social research and the application of critical thinking. relationship with other discipline and broader understanding to its specific roles of individual in a civilized society.political rights and privileges from a given form of government including the political structure and processes of the state. parliamentary system. forms and systems of government provide the individual better understanding in the concept of separation of powers. 2. Provides Good Idea about Government. the study of Political Science has become indispensable to social welfare and development. human rights. 1. general welfare. and it has great significance. Provides Information and Idea about State and Government: Political Science provides valuable information and ideas about state. health and sanitation. and in all spheres of his life he is. Man is a political animal. In recent years. employment and other public support. diplomatic immunity. 4. The scope of Political Science is comprehensive. laws and institutions those who would study political science must know its importance and function. 5. c) the right in providing the basic services such as education. 3. influenced by politics. its importance has multiplied. The knowledge of human rights and privileges will educate the citizens about their role in the political affairs of the state particularly in political rights : a) The right to vote (suffrage). social services From the understandings of these basic concepts of government. The students and professionals should not only know the political theories but also deeper insights as to its application in their own field of expertise. government. For several reasons. The key words in the comprehensive analysis on the principles of political science are state. 2. The study of political science motivates the citizens to participate in the political activities of the state as to achievement the development thrust of the government in relation to the improvement of quality of life. state. legal process. 1. These are the important dimensions to study political science that need to be constantly in touch to mold the citizens in achieving quality of life to our society. law.

It educates the individual about the ideals of patriotism. "Eternal Vigilance is the price of liberty. administrators and diplomats are in charge of running the government in different' through world peace and cooperation. 5. George Bernard Shaw has aptly observed. legislators. casteism and communalism. "Political Science is the science by which alone civilization can be saved. 4." In modern welfare states. It is now the goal of many international organisations to free the world from the scourge of nuclear weapons and to establish peaceful existence. The freedom of individual and power of state should be integrated and harmonised. Stimulates International Peace and Cooperation: The study of politics stimulates international peace and cooperation. The citizen should be aware of his rights and duties granted by the state. Facilitates Social Change: . Statecraft depends on political theory. Forges Harmony between Individual's Freedom and State's control: Another objective of Political Science is to establish balance between state and individual. Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum imparted valuable training to future statesmen and administrators." 6. laws are not meant only to control and discipline individuals. In modern times the future leaders of the country are being educated and trained about various aspects of government and administration in different academic institutes and centers. Political Science also helps individuals gain good idea about the aims and objectives. toleration. He is inclined to influence its decisions. if these are usurped by state. Laws also help in taking several welfare measures. Builds Good Citizens: The knowledge gained by Political Science helps in building good citizens.Statesman. and to get rid of different kinds of parochialism like regionalism. They can also prevent misuse of power. Vigilant citizens can prevent encroachment of their rights by state and other external agencies. The study of Political Science is very important for the efficient organisation and development of the political system. Political awareness contributes to good citizenships. the jurisdiction and functions of state. because Political Science is the science of state. sacrifice and national integration. Thus. He should learn how he will be able to win back his rights. and functions of various organisations of a state. It enables him to be broad-minded. Therefore it has been said. It is therefore necessary for the citizen to learn about nation-building. Now-a-days the individual is not a passive spectator in regard to administration. the success of a welfare state depends on the awareness and vigilance of people. 3. To efficiently conduct their business and discharge their function. Political Science has conceived the dream of 'one. political leaders. Political Science studies the limit of state's control over individual's freedom and the area of individual's freedom. they need the knowledge of Political Science.

Conclusion: There is the need of studying Political Science in a country like India. As a result of the independence movement. These are the classification of law that explains the relationship of political science: (1) Criminal law defines as the violation or sanction of crimes committed based on the interest of the state in order to secure peace and order of the society. conscious and vigilant citizens will make the government accountable. the study of Political Science enlightens the mind of the man and enriches the pool of knowledge. its political functions and powers are defined by law. arson. murder. In creating these conditions Political Science plays a vital role. Progress has been made. Two main pillars of democracy are conscious and alert citizens.Political Science. In the branches of government. A stable political system exists once the law is properly implemented in a civilized state. Makes Democracy a Success: Political Science increases the political awareness of man. and rebellion . The application of this category is the enforcement of laws to secure peace and order in the community. but political independence is far from strong and stable as people are far away from social and economic freedom and justice. equality and justice is long. and significantly contribute towards the establishment of social justice and equality. physical injury. but the road to meaningful freedom. economic and political fields. The government has to reinforce the security of the society by law enforcement agencies such as the police agencies . dutiful and vigilant. malversation of public funds. Enlightened. Political Science creates conducive condition for the success of democracy by laying emphasis on social and economic democracy. The study of politics contributes to generation of these qualities. Besides. This makes it easy to take collective decisions in social. The study of Political Science enables the individual to have good knowledge about progressive ideas and revolutionary changes. the colonial Britain left India. commitment and integrity of government be increased and the people become conscious. Political science and law Political science has a relationship in the study of law. The definition of law is a rule of conduct legitimately implemented by those with political power and authority that are just and obligatory for the common welfare of the state. rape. and democracy has been introduced in independent India. and a responsible government. Rouse. rights and duties and also reminds the government of its duty and responsibility towards the people." 7. contributes to social change. These are the preservation of the rights and privileges that are violated by individual such as crimes as homicide. makes him aware of his freedoms. being a dynamic social science. It is important that the efficiency.L. "A people that neglect politics cannot as a people be happy. According to A.

This is the reason why law is so important in the existence of state. and administrative regulation. legislative branch enacts the law. In constitutional law. (4) Private law relates the concern on private matters as provided by the statute of the state.It depends on the priority development agenda of the national leader in relation to the economic and social service with the end goal of improving the quality of life of the people. It is based on the development priority of the government to address the concerns on general welfare and the implementation of the social services program. diplomatic relations. economic embargo and tariff regulations and etc. However. the executive branch executes the law. and administrative law. This is also properly address in the revenue generation by proposing tax policy to could generate higher income. The revenue generated is utilized as budget or public expenditures in social and economic services particularly the poor people in the community.and armed forces. It studies the governmental organization and administration along the constitution processes and systems. Generally. . (3) Political law has two areas namely: the constitutional law. the judiciary mandates to interpret the laws enacted in the legislative branch and may review in case the problem of unconstitutionality of the approved law by the congress. (2) International Law addresses the regulation of diplomatic relations and the varied political and economic issues in the intercourse among nations. Finally. These are international regulation of state along territorial jurisdictions. (5) Remedial law deals with rules and regulation in all courts. While administrative law applies the execution of law and determine its violation of rights of the authorities. It is the responsibility of the judiciary ( through the courts)to the interpretation of specific crimes committed by individuals. There are two areas in this law : (1) civil law which relates to the concern of family and the protection of the private interest of individual. it relates the construction. We all know that the origin of law is through the enactment of the legislative branch. and the judiciary interprets the law. It is more on judicial matter that this law is implemented in the court pleading and procedures. enactment and interpretation as to the legality and application of laws of the state. employment regulations. and (2) commercial law which deals with the legal concern on commerce and industry. the implementation of the laws approved by the legislative branch is carried out in the executive department .