You are on page 1of 8

This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles

for the
Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Designation: C125 − 16

Standard Terminology Relating to
Concrete and Concrete Aggregates1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation C125; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.

1. Scope* C143/C143M Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement
1.1 This standard is a compilation of definitions of terms as Concrete
they are used in standards under the jurisdiction of Committee C219 Terminology Relating to Hydraulic Cement
C09. C294 Descriptive Nomenclature for Constituents of Con-
crete Aggregates
1.2 Other terminology under the jurisdiction of Committee C403/C403M Test Method for Time of Setting of Concrete
C09 is included in two specialized standards. Terms relating to Mixtures by Penetration Resistance
constituents of concrete aggregates are defined in Descriptive C494/C494M Specification for Chemical Admixtures for
Nomenclature C294. Terms relating to constituents of aggre- Concrete
gates for radiation-shielding concrete are defined in Descrip- C511 Specification for Mixing Rooms, Moist Cabinets,
tive Nomenclature C638. Moist Rooms, and Water Storage Tanks Used in the
1.3 Related terminology for hydraulic cement is included in Testing of Hydraulic Cements and Concretes
Terminology C219. Additionally, the American Concrete Insti- C638 Descriptive Nomenclature of Constituents of Aggre-
tute (ACI) has a standard terminology for the concrete indus- gates for Radiation-Shielding Concrete
try.2 In the event of conflict between definitions in Terminology C939 Test Method for Flow of Grout for Preplaced-
C125 and definitions in the ACI standard terminology or in Aggregate Concrete (Flow Cone Method)
Terminology C219, definitions in Terminology C125 shall C1074 Practice for Estimating Concrete Strength by the
govern for Committee C09 standards. Maturity Method
1.4 When a term is used in an ASTM standard for which C1077 Practice for Agencies Testing Concrete and Concrete
Committee C09 is responsible, it is included herein only if used Aggregates for Use in Construction and Criteria for
in more than one Committee C09 standard. Testing Agency Evaluation
NOTE 1—The subcommittee responsible for this standard will review C1240 Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious
definitions on a five-year basis to determine if the definition is still Mixtures
appropriate as stated. Revisions will be made when determined necessary. C1437 Test Method for Flow of Hydraulic Cement Mortar
The year shown in parentheses at the end of a definition indicates the year C1610/C1610M Test Method for Static Segregation of Self-
the definition or revision to the definition was approved. A letter R and a
year indicate when the definition was reviewed. No date indicates the term
Consolidating Concrete Using Column Technique
has not yet been reviewed. C1611/C1611M Test Method for Slump Flow of Self-
Consolidating Concrete
2. Referenced Documents E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for
2.1 ASTM Standards:3 Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
C94/C94M Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
3. Terms and Their Definitions
absorption, n—the process by which a liquid is drawn into and
1
This terminology is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C09 on tends to fill permeable pores in a porous solid body; also, the
Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
C09.91 on Terminology. increase in mass of a porous solid body resulting from the
Current edition approved Dec. 15, 2016. Published January 2017. Originally penetration of a liquid into its permeable pores. (R2008)
approved in 1936. Last previous edition approved in 2015 as C125–15b. DOI: DISCUSSION—In the case of concrete and concrete aggregates, unless
10.1520/C0125-16.
2
otherwise stated, the liquid involved is water, the increase in mass is
Available from American Concrete Institute (ACI), P.O. Box 9094, Farmington
Hills, MI 48333-9094, http://www.terminology.concrete.org.
that which does not include water adhering to the outside surface, the
3
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or increase in mass is expressed as a percentage of the dry mass of the
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM body and the body is considered to be “dry” when it has been treated
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on by an appropriate process to remove uncombined water, such as drying
the ASTM website. to constant mass at a temperature between 100 and 110°C.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard
Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States
Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved); Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017
1
Downloaded/printed by
Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement. No further reproductions authorized.

n—aggregate that is neither high retarding admixture. Requirements for properties and grading titious mixture. (R2008) suspension. ilmenite. magnetite. and aggregate. For example. exclusive of pore space in aggregate particles. n—aggregate with bulk density less water insoluble. and it is not useful to group them under a single term. usually expressed as a percentage of total volume water-reducing admixture. n—aggregate with relative density greater than 3.3. n—(1) aggregate passing the 9. than 1120 kg/m3 [70 lb/ft3]. Definition (1) is applied to an entire aggregate rate of reaction of cementitious materials thus reducing time of either in a natural condition or after processing. use “pozzolan. (R2008) admixture capable of producing at least 12 % reduction of water content when tested in accordance with Specification air-cooled blast-furnace slag—see blast-furnace slag. expanded or sintered clay. velopment of a system of microscopic air bubbles in concrete or mortar during mixing. a process by which an DISCUSSION—The definitions are alternatives to be applied under evaluation authority attests that a testing agency has dem. chemical admixture. such as: barite. vermiculite. The name of the slate.” “slag products of coal or coke combustion. These materials are not similar.75-mm (No. and end specific material should be used. (R2008) of reaction of cementitious materials thus increasing time of DISCUSSION—This term refers to aggregate with relative density setting of a cementitious mixture. (2012) stone. or concrete. or water-soluble solid. creases the slump of freshly mixed mortar or concrete without normalweight aggregate. Requirements for properties and grading dance with a standard. cemen. n—air voids. typically between 10 and 1000 µm age. a a hardened cementitious mixture. (R2008) air. that are a concrete mixture at a specified temperature required to incorporated intentionally into a cementitious mixture dur- produce a maturity equal to the maturity achieved by a given ing mixing by use of an air entraining admixture. n—the volume of air voids in cement paste. n—(1) aggregate predominantly retained the testing agency being evaluated. evaluation. (R2008) concrete and concrete aggregates testing agencies. Definition (2) is applied to a portion of an aggregate. setting. n—granular material. (2014) lightweight aggregate. (R2008) mortar. 4) sieve. 4) sieve. to a portion of an aggregate. fine aggregate.0. Specification C494/C494M. heavyweight aggregate. equivalent. C125 − 16 accreditation. 4) the batch before or during its mixing. or slag. (R2008) high-density aggregate. or steel. ranging between 1120 kg/m3 [70 lb/ft3] and 1920 kg/m3 [120 lb/ft3]. scoria. air content. (2011) Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). (R2008) authority. n—see normal-density aggregate. gravel. air void—see void. n—an independent entity.75-mm (No. 200) sieve. n—air voids. concrete cured for three days at an elevated temperature may have an air. n—of testing agency. or with bulk density typically water-reducing admixture. or mixed. admixture. such as: pumice. . or (2) that portion of an provide an unbiased evaluation of the technical activities of aggregate retained on the 4. n—see low-density aggregate. volcanic cementitious materials.75-mm (No. and diatomite. ment. air-entraining admixture. mineral admixture. Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 2 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement. air- C494/C494M and meeting the other relevant requirements of cooled. finely divided materials such as pozzolanic materials. or concrete. high-range. Definition (1) is applied to an entire aggregate onstrated the competency to perform specific tasks in accor. n—an admixture in the form of a liquid. (2015) typically ranging between 2. Definition (2) is applied setting and increasing early strength development of a cemen.75-mm (No. entrapped. used with a cementing medium to form hydraulic-cement concrete or mortar.) titious material. (2011) should be stated in the specification. n—the number of days or hours of curing of (1 mm) in diameter and spherical or nearly so. that has the capability to on the 4. typically 1 mm or larger in size equivalent age of seven days of curing at the standard laboratory temperature. or hardened properties and that is added to (2) that portion of an aggregate passing the 4. that are incorporated uninten- tionally into a cementitious mixture during mixing and aggregate. normal-density aggregate.” as is appropriate. n—a water-reducing of the paste. differing circumstances. n—see high-density aggregate. n—admixture that either in. aggregates. (R2008) accelerating admixture.” or “finely divided aggregate. 200) sieve. perlite. air.5-mm (3⁄8-in. (R2008) DISCUSSION—This term has been used to refer to different types of low-density aggregate. Entrained air may affect workability and strength of temperature used for standard laboratory curing. 4) sieve ingredient of a cementitious mixture to modify its freshly and predominantly retained on the 75-µm (No. (2015) should be stated in the specifications. No further reproductions authorized. either in a natural condition or after processing. increasing the water content or that maintains the slump with a reduced amount of water due to factors other than air entrain. n—deprecated term. n—an admixture that increases the DISCUSSION—The definitions are alternatives to be applied under differing circumstances. cinders. diatomaceous shale. and fiber reinforcement that is used as an sieve and almost entirely passing the 4. iron. n—an admixture that decreases the rate nor low density. (2012) curing period at concrete temperatures different from the DISCUSSION—Entrained air is used primarily to increase the durability specified temperature. for example. or iron blast-furnace slag. (R2015) sieve and retained on the 75-µm (No. limonite. n—admixture that causes the de. n—a material other than water. (R2008) cement. (2015) of cementitious mixtures exposed to cycles of freezing and thawing in DISCUSSION—The specified temperature is taken typically as the wet environments. shale.4 and 3. crushed handling. such as sand. tuff. mortar. entrained. apart from coarse aggregate. and mainly irregular in shape.

(SCM). (2015) measuring instrument or with verification of a measuring instrument. (R2013) impedes the evaporation of water and. and (2) the estimated uncertainty of measurements strength to serve some defined purpose or resist a stipulated made subsequently with the instrument or system. distributed. rice husk ash. (2016) surement standards or certified reference materials and the corresponding indications from a measuring instrument or concrete. in hydraulic-cement concrete. phase transition. without additional effort and without exceeding specified cement. n—an inorganic material and accreditation. cementitious mixtures. certification. curing. forms a membrane that mass. n—of measuring instrument. C125 − 16 DISCUSSION—Two acceptable methods of evaluation are inspection cementitious material (hydraulic) . and natural cation of water to the solidified surface. (R2015) DISCUSSION—Calibration takes into account systematic error (or bias) of the measuring instrument or system as well as random error that is concrete. standardization of measuring instruments or systems is often sufficient. (R2015) solidification of molten blast-furnace slag under atmospheric DISCUSSION—Some examples of supplementary cementitious materi- conditions. these materials are used in combination with portland cement. mortar. granulated. Test Method C1610/ C1610M provides a procedure for determining the degree of aggregate cement. n—concrete that has developed sufficient system. (2011) loading without failure. expanded. n—the low density cellular material obtained by controlled processing of molten blast. such as tious material and water. pervious. (2010) bulk aggregate material (the unit volume includes the volume of the individual particles and the volume of the concrete. (R2008) titious mixture through hydraulic or pozzolanic activity. strength by chemical reaction with water by formation of blast-furnace slag. a process that. als are fly ash. n—concrete that can flow around reinforcement and consolidate under its own weight cellular concrete—see concrete. (R2015) of concrete and concrete aggregates. (R2015) its emergence from. n—the autogenous flow of mixing water within. n—a low-density cementitious mixture or removal of a volatile fraction of a solid material. (2016) specified conditions and following a standard procedure. often a vibratory roller. (2012) having a homogeneous void or cell structure attained using calibration. cellular. Calibration should not be confused with an adjustment of a under the action of gravity alone. (R2008) attest in writing that an individual is qualified to perform bleeding. but concrete. when applied to the caused by the settlement of the solid materials within the surface of newly-placed concrete. with or without additions. n—of technician. No further reproductions authorized. n—any mixture containing cementi- furnace slag with water or water and other agents. In tests while fresh by a roller. n—granulated blast-furnace slag that has been segregation under static conditions and the Appendix of Test Method ground to cement fineness. hardened. (R2015) calcined. grout. self-consolidating. and C1611/C1611M describes a non-mandatory technique for assessing the that is a hydraulic cement. by the intended methods. subsequent cooling may be accelerated by appli. n—of aggregate. slag. (R2015) chemical reaction with water and is capable of doing so DISCUSSION—Project specifications shall indicate the acceptable seg- under water. a newly placed cementitious mixture compound. (R2011) DISCUSSION—Paste. hydraulic. SCC. adj—heated to a temperature less than the melting point so as to bring about a decomposition. n—the glassy. or specific test methods or practices. (2016) steam or compressed air or both. under gas-forming chemicals or foaming agents. fresh. n—an inor- other bases. Sometimes the first step alone is mistakenly called calibration. n—a composite material that consists essentially of a voids between the particles). Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). slag cement. or blast-furnace slag. that is developed in a molten condition simul- ganic material that contributes to the properties of a cemen- taneously with iron in a blast furnace. n—a liquid that. interconnected macro- error associated with the measurement standards or certified reference scopic voids that allow water to flow through the material materials. n—concrete that possesses enough of its establishes metrological traceability by determining: (1) the original workability so that it can be placed and consolidated relationship between the quantity values provided by mea. (R2015) degree of segregation under flowing conditions. a procedure to determine and as by immersion in water. concrete. n—the material resulting from both. concrete. rial formed when molten blast-furnace slag is rapidly chilled. (R2015) essentially of silicates and aluminosilicates of calcium and cementitious material. binder is formed from a mixture of hydraulic cement and water. granular mate. in the case of white bulk density. n—hydraulic-cement concrete propor- associated with the use of the measurement instrument or system and tioned with sufficient. cellular. silica fume. reflects heat. . blast-furnace slag. supplementary. and these services are offered by various evaluation or a mixture of inorganic materials that sets and develops authorities. the aggregate. the mass of a unit volume of pigmented compounds. cementitious mixture. In practice. roller-compacted. RCC. and concrete are examples of blast-furnace slag. n—the nonmetallic product. concrete. air-cooled . (R2008) binding medium within which are embedded particles or DISCUSSION—This term replaces the deprecated term unit weight—of fragments of aggregate. consisting hydrates and is capable of doing so under water. n—concrete compacted performing only the first step is the process of standardization. n—a cement that sets and hardens by limits of segregation. (R2008) pozzolans. (R2015) regation based upon a specified test method. Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 3 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement.

a factor obtained by solid material divided by the volume of solid material plus imperme. n—(1) an individual with the requisite technical qualifications to conduct and score impartially an examina- crushed stone—see stone. (2015) difficult to quantify and empirical test methods have been adopted to provide indicators of consistency. curing. (2016) for relative density depending on which density of the material is used in calculating the ratio. entrapped air—see air. consolidation sional engineer. (2013) the area between the concrete temperature and the datum DISCUSSION—For materials with pores that can become filled with temperature from the plot of measured concrete temperature water. density.). (No. it is assumed to be 23°C [73. or strands of natural or manu- Solid portion of material plus impermeable pores apparent Solid portion of material plus permeable and No modifier is used factured materials. These de. relative. crushed gravel—see gravel. and dividing the sum by 100: 150. also DISCUSSION—This characteristic of fresh cementitious mixtures is referred to as contact time. tion of a person’s ability to perform specific test methods or curing. expressed in units of degree-days or degree- density depending on which portions of the material are included in hours. the slump test de. n—a particle of aggregate for scribed in Test Method C143/C143M is used for concrete. 300-µm (No. which may be discrete or in the Solid portion of material absolute form of bundles. dure. 4). or some combination of these actions.5-mm (11⁄2-in. n—of a fresh cementitious mixture. requirements of the professional licensing laws of the (R2015) governing jurisdiction. n—slender filaments.5°F]. Specific apparatus and methods for consolidation are defined in the relevant C09 Standards. typically by rodding. or (3) water. C125 − 16 consistency. n—the maturity index computed as term unit weight). (2) the density (SSD) refers to the ratio of density (SSD) to the density of burning of municipal solid waste or any other refuse with coal. No further reproductions authorized. 8). (R2010) stated temperature. . n—an individual who is increasing the density of a fresh cementitious mixture in a licensed to practice engineering as defined by the statutory form. licensed professional.5-mm For example. the process of engineer. and rectangular prism is greater than a specified value (see also the flow cone method described in Test Method C939 is used for grout. elongated piece (of aggregate) . entrained. The modifiers shown on the right are used: Included in the Volume Modifier fibers. If permeable pores are included in the volume. The delimiting term is not used 150-mm (6-in. for a porous material of combustion of ground or powdered coal and that is (such as aggregate). 75-mm (3-in. 2.). For example. 1. n—action taken to maintain moisture and temperature practices. tapping. 4. (No. networks. apparent relative density refers DISCUSSION—This definition of fly ash does not include. n—the time that the impactor used to mobility or ability to flow. crushed. (R2010) with absolute density or apparent density. (R2010) For example. (R2015) generate stress waves is in contact with the test surface. the burning of industrial or municipal solid waste in incinerators.). n—a particle of aggregate for which the ratio of the width to thickness of its circumscribing density. or container by reducing the volume of voids. flat piece (of aggregate).). 19. n—of cementitious mixtures. For example. (2015) defining the volume. n—the ratio of the density of material at a rectangular prism is greater than a specified value (see also stated temperature to the density of distilled water at that elongated piece (of aggregate)). n—finely divided residue that results from the process DISCUSSION—As discussed for the term density. 600-µm (No. n—mass per unit volume of a material (preferred over factor. entrained air—see air. the term apparent density would be the mass of the fineness modulus. (3⁄8-in. The examiner requires requisite technical qualifications to exercise judgment in scoring a candidate’s ability to perform a specific proce- curing compound—see compound. also referred to as registered profes- DISCUSSION—Except for self-consolidating concrete. mold. (R2015) consolidation. 16). the relative duration. rous material in its SSD condition. (R2015) is accomplished by inputting mechanical energy. because permeable pores are not included in the defining volume. such as aggregate. vibration.µm condition of the permeable pores when mass is measured. impact.36-mm (No. different modifiers are applied to the term versus time.0-mm (3⁄4-in. adding the percentages of material in the sample that is able pores.18-mm limiting terms are oven-dry (OD) and saturated-surface-dry (SSD). (R2015) hydraulic cement hydration and (if applicable) pozzolanic DISCUSSION—An individual who only supervises a multiple-choice type of written examination but does not evaluate the competence of the reactions to occur so that the potential properties of the candidates to perform specific procedures is not considered an exam- mixture may develop. examiner. the term density (SSD) would be the density of a po. (2013) fly ash. if a temperature is not stated. the residue resulting from: (1) fluidized bed combustion. among other to the ratio of apparent density to the density of water and relative things.75-mm (No. flat piece (of aggregate). 9. crushed. which can be distributed uniformly impermeable pores throughout a fresh cementitious mixture. (2) an individual designated by a certification body conditions in a freshly-placed cementitious mixture to allow to conduct and score certification examinations. 30). (R2015) iner. 100). tamping. a delimiting term coarser than each of the following sieves (cumulative (or an abbreviation) is used in parentheses to define the moisture percentages retained). temperature-time. different modifiers and delimiting terms are used transported by flue gases. Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). entrapped. 50). Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 4 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement. n—of aggregate. 37.). the flow which the ratio of the length to width of its circumscribing table method described in Test Method C1437 is used for mortar.

n—as applied to digital data acquisition accurate realization of the unit in which property values are instruments. (E135) (2011) rate. mixture by using a maturity function. water limits. n—a layer of weak material derived from cementi- tious materials and aggregate fines carried to the surface of moist room. deviations from the standards under review. (R2010) DISCUSSION—The calculated index is indicative of maturity provided inspection.. n—material. n—a material. consensus reference. n—a moist room in which the humidity is controlled material. n—a comprehensive evaluation of a there has been a sufficient supply of water for hydration or pozzolanic reaction of the cementitious materials during the time interval used in testing agency that includes: (1) an examination of testing the calculation. one or more of whose property values are certified by a procedure that establishes traceability to an frequency. and concrete specimens in which temperature and high relative humidity can be controlled within specified lime-saturated water. hydraulic. (2) an time factor and the equivalent age. n—in specifications for. n—an indicator of maturity which is calcu- Terminology C219). 3rd Ed. evaluation of the performance of test procedures for each standard submitted by the testing agency for review. Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 5 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement. the time difference between any two adjacent the use of a short-duration mechanical impact to generate points in a waveform. (2014) and stable with reference to specified properties. (2011) lated from the temperature history of the cementitious hydraulic cement—see cement. is greater than or equal to the be applied to the evolution of other properties which are dependent on original installed volume. sufficiently homogeneous fragments. (2015) transient stress waves and the use of a broadband receiving transducer placed adjacent to the impact point. ties are based on average values obtained in an interlabora- tory study or proficiency testing program that involves the gravel. the inverse of the sampling interval. n—coarse aggregate resulting from natural disintegra- use of standardized measurement systems. (see moist room) (2011) a certificate. Developed by Joint Committee for Guides manufactured sand—see sand. gravel. when hardened under relative strength development of concrete. 2008. No further reproductions authorized. the measured temperature history of a cementitious mixture hardening. impact-echo. (2011) maturity. (3) a maximum size (of aggregate). (R2010) maturity function. crushed. with or or in examination of nominal properties. often used as a transfer medium the chemical reactions which occur in the cementitious materials.iso. However. and other properties. (2015) laitance. the material. which has been established to be fit for its intended use in measurement grout. hydraulic-cement. n—nondestructive test method based on instruments. (see aggregate ) (2011) laboratories for periodic verification of measuring instruments or measurement processes. mortar. see maturity index. n—the extent of the development of a property of a cementitious mixture. n—for curing test specimens. also referred to as sampling dence. n—a material whose proper- granulated. (R2010) between load-bearing members. manufactured. (R2010) grout (nonshrink). and (4) a summary report that lists which the entire amount of aggregate is required to pass. accompanied by by atomization of water. in Metrology. (R2010) 4 International Vocabulary of Metrology—Basic and General Concepts and Associated Terms (VIM). n—a mixture of cementitious material and water. C125 − 16 fog room. certified reference. laboratory. fresh. of a during the curing period to calculate an index that is cementitious mixture as a result of hydration that occurs indicative of the maturity at the end of that period. Two widely used maturity indexes are the temperature- equipment for conformance to applicable tolerances. n—as applied to digital data acquisition method. n—an enclosed room for storage and curing of a cementitious mixture by bleeding. and for which each certified property value is waveform are recorded. material. . n—gain of strength. the rate at which the points that comprise the expressed. n—a hydraulic-cement DISCUSSION—This term is usually used to describe the extent of grout that produces a volume that. (2015) DISCUSSION—The certificate provides traceable values and associated uncertainties of the properties of the material and must be retained with fresh concrete—see concrete. At any age.org/sites/JCGM/JCGM-Introduction. (2011) paste. sampling. hardened. that is used primarily to fill voids. www. (2011) (R2010) interval. (R2010) after final setting (for the definition of hydration. sampling. maturity is dependent on the curing history. n—the product resulting from the use of mechanical devices to break gravel particles into smaller material. accompanied by an uncertainty at a stated level of confi- expressed in Hz or samples/s. (VIM4) (2011) without aggregate or admixtures. (see Specification C511) (R2010) containing calcium hydroxide at saturation level and in contact with solid calcium hydroxide so that saturation is maintained. the term can also stipulated test conditions. granulated blast-furnace slag—see blast-furnace slag. the smallest sieve opening through in Practice C1077. See Practice C1074. Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). n—a mathematical expression which uses hardened concrete—see concrete. (2011) tion and abrasion of rock or processing of weakly bound DISCUSSION—Consensus reference materials can be used internally by conglomerate.htm. reference. or review of the agency’s quality system based on criteria listed description of aggregate.

(R2012) period. but without free water on the surface. or hydraulic-cement that a stated maximum proportion of the aggregate may be retained on concrete. (R2012) ted to pass. (2015) rate. n—fine aggregate resulting from natural disintegration for. manufactured. (R2012) admixtures. the smallest sieve opening and abrasion of rock or processing of completely friable through which the entire amount of the aggregate is permit. chemical. (2013) time of final setting. dry-mix. wet-mix. n—see lime-saturated water. (2013) products occupy less volume occupied originally by the DISCUSSION—For a material composed of particles. shrinkage. n—those spaces in a specimen that become sealed cementitious mixture. RCC—see concrete. during mixing are often considered to be part of the cement paste. (2015) the term pores refers to the spaces within particles. self- DISCUSSION—In the production of concrete. stresses that cause the bulk shrinkage. which shotcrete. and diatoma. ferro-silicon alloys (also known as condensed silica fume or compacted. (2012) age is less than the chemical shrinkage after setting occurs because the aggregate particles and the hydrated cement paste network restrain the pozzolan. oven-dry. and water. (R2010) DISCUSSION—Specifications on aggregates usually stipulate a sieve sand. In the analysis of fresh and hardened concrete. lead to cracking. No further reproductions authorized. n—consolidation of a fresh cementitious mixture by mostly of amorphous silica produced by electric arc furnaces repeated insertion of a rod. n—those spaces in a specimen that do shrinkage. causing a lack of the following: supplementary cementitious materials. cement. (2013) pores. due to chemical reactions. impermeable. adj—the condition that results when a specimen is saturated-surface-dry (SSD). any prismatic shotcrete. Water in hardened paste after the addition of mixing water. n—a raw or calcined naturally occurring shrinkage. such as aggregate. 200) sieve. not subjected to external forces filled with water when the specimen is submerged for a and under constant temperature. natural. SCC—see concrete. (C1240) (2013) Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). that results in a gradual includes chemically bound water and water in capillaries. humidity of a sealed cementitious mixture. results from chemical shrinkage. (2013) paste. gravel. that may reduce the rate of hydration or stop hydration. (2013) the sampling interval. autogenous. See bulk density of aggregate. (2013) time. n—a fresh or hardened mixture of hydraulic segregation. saturated-lime water. sampling. n—the process. with or without any ents of concrete or particles of an aggregate. (2015) the delivery hose. n—the reduction in volume of cementi- not become filled with water when the specimen is sub. due to chemical ceous earth. but need not. microsilica). sandstone. in turn. and mineral fines with particles finer than the 75 µm (No. pumicite. n—see frequency. occurring considered to be part of the cement paste. sampling. the magnitude of autogenous shrink- erties. permeable. pass so rock. n—the reduction in the internal relative tuff. C125 − 16 nominal maximum size (of aggregate). iron blast-furnace slag. material that behaves as a pozzolan. (2009) as a by-product of the production of elemental silicon or roller-compacted concrete. A sieve opening so designated is the nominal maximum size of the aggregate. shrinkage. of uniformity in their distribution. The spaces between particles are called voids. n—the reduction in bulk volume that occurs during hydration due to chemical shrinkage within a pores. opaline shale. air voids are not setting. n—a siliceous or siliceous and aluminous material DISCUSSION—The word "sealed" means that exterior water is not able that in itself possesses little or no cementitious value but to travel to the interior and fill the empty pores resulting from chemical will. opaline chert. sampling. air voids introduced consolidating. shotcrete. n—the duration of the waveform. n—as applied to stress-wave testing. (R2012) that sieve. n—fine aggregate produced by crushing opening through which all of the aggregate may. silica fume. including water. n—a mortar or concrete that is projected pneumati- equals the number of points in the waveform multiplied by cally at high velocity onto a surface. also referred to as record length. n—shotcrete in which most of the mixing (2015) water is added at the nozzle. The formation of partially water-filled internal pores (see self-desiccation) results in menisci that give rise to internal tensile chemically react with calcium hydroxide at ordinary tem. n—in specifications sand. however. water and unreacted cementitious materials. n—shotcrete in which most of the structure where the lateral dimensions are at least six times ingredients. The restraint may. shrinkage. . (2012) DISCUSSION—Examples of natural pozzolans include volcanic ash. or description of aggregate. measured typically from the prescribed time. composed rodding. adj—the condition in which the dried by heating in an oven at 110 6 5°C [230 610°F] for permeable pores of a specimen are filled with water to the sufficient time to reach constant mass as defined by the test extent achieved by submerging the specimen for a prescribed method. self-desiccation. Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 6 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement. While autogenous shrinkage peratures to form compounds possessing cementitious prop. metakaolin. tious paste that occurs during hydration because the reaction merged for a prescribed time. n—very fine pozzolanic material. hydration products. (2015) self-consolidating concrete. are mixed before introduction into the thickness. roller. (2013) plate. in finely divided form and in the presence of water. development of rigidity of a cementitious mixture. (2015) pozzolan. n—the unintentional separation of the constitu- cement.

Specification C94/C94M permits a check test on a new sample for comparison standard. depends on the of mass of a volume of a material at a stated temperature to the mass particular concrete mixture. or (2) the adjustment to be applied defined as the elapsed time. amplitude. (2011) standard. or they may permit the new from the aggregates. n—the elapsed time.5 MPa]. mixing water to a cementitious mixture until the mixture tion of an apparatus or for assessment of a measurement reaches a specified degree of rigidity as measured by a method. The best value to use. a process that. For example. This concretes made with Type I portland cement. n—of self-consolidating concrete (SCC). (C403/C403M). proficiency. (R2012) mechanical devices to break rocks. required for the mortar evaluate random error. however. relative. (2011) specific procedure. the time of initial materials and the corresponding indications from a measur. establishes: (1) the relationship between the is usually defined as the elapsed time to attain a specified level of quantity values provided by reference standards or reference resistance to penetration by a probe. An example of case (2) standardization is 4000 psi [27. acceptance. n—the elapsed time from the addition of are sufficiently well established to be used for standardiza. after calibration that accounts for systematic error (bias) but does not initial contact of cement and water. crushed. supplementary. after it applies the same energy as a specified number of blows of a initial contact of cement and water. required for the mortar manually-operated hammer. C125 − 16 slag cement—see cement. The term curing temperatures between 0 and 40 °C. (2011) DISCUSSION—A measurement standard is used frequently as a refer. n—the temperature value that is used for specific gravity. For cementitious mixtures. the ability DISCUSSION—Standards may require a new sample be obtained to of self-consolidating concrete to resist separation of the paste prepare the specimen for the check test. sieved from the concrete to reach a penetration resistance of stone. (2011) DISCUSSION—The peaks in the amplitude spectrum correspond to the dominant frequencies in the time-domain data. (R2012) cementitious mixture created by rodding or an internal DISCUSSION—Slump flow of self-consolidating concrete is measured vibrator. The best value for a relative density is preferred because it is more descriptive of its particular mixture may be established experimentally as described in meaning. n—a test performed to determine whether an frequency that is obtained from the waveform or time. n—striking the side of a mold to close voids in a fresh flow during a slump-flow test. DISCUSSION—Standardization in case (1) is a simplified form of time of final setting (of concrete). (SCM). Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 7 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement. Standardization. n—a process in which an organization quantity value and its measurement uncertainty. contributing to the measurement uncertainty. n—of measuring instrument. on an anonymous basis. n—consolidation of a fresh cementitious mixture by repeated blows to the surface of the mixture with a specified slump flow. (C403/C403M). therefore. n—the product resulting from the use of 500 psi [3. each tious material. ment of the definition of a measurement unit. or certified reference material providing embodi. obtained from two measurements perpendicular to each other. For example. tamping. n—a measuring system. after initial contact of cement and water. n—a plot of relative amplitude versus test. the testing agencies. DISCUSSION—Development of rigidity during setting is a gradual and continuous process. datum. through a documented unbroken chain of calibrations. (2011) 500 psi [3. distributes homogenous samples of a material for testing by ence to assign measurement results to other quantities. and the time of setting is defined arbitrarily in under specified conditions and following a standard terms of a given test method. after a self-consolidating concrete has ceased to tapping. metrological. (R2012) specimen to be made from the same sample. lishing metrological traceability through calibration of other measure. for to test equipment when its performance is compared to that the mortar sieved from the concrete to reach a penetration resistance of of an accepted standard or process. n—the elapsed time. thereby estab. (2009) using Test Method C1611/C1611M. Some C09 standards use the terminology relative density Practice C1074 (specific gravity) to assist in the transition to the preferred term. reference—an object or device for which properties time of setting. check. (VIM4) (2011) Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). (2015) (2013) DISCUSSION—Historically. No further reproductions authorized. test. time of setting procedure. the relative testing performance of ment standards. n—a test performed on a new specimen for comparison against a previous test result. n—the average diameter of the spread concrete tool. (2015) ments. a value of -10 °C has been used for the DISCUSSION—The term specific gravity has been defined as the ratio datum temperature. (SCM)—see cementi. n—property of a measurement stones into smaller fragments. Practice C1074 suggests a value of 0 °C for of the same volume of distilled water at that stated temperature. (2013) mass. with no admixtures. measurement. n—see preferred term. (R2012) adjusting the number of blows of a mechanically-operated hammer so time of initial setting (of concrete).5 MPa]. and dimensionless quantity is the same as relative density. start of discharge. setting of concrete is determined by Test Method C403/C403M and is ing instrument or system. participating testing agencies for the purpose of comparing. temperature. instruments. density. (2014) stability. material against a preliminary test result obtained from a sample taken near the measure. does not address all sieved from the concrete to reach a penetration resistance of of the elements of uncertainty of measurement and does not lead to traceable measurements. (R2012) standardization. individual lot of a product conforms to specified require- domain data using a Fourier transform technique. . or large cobble- traceability. with stated testing. or systems. (2014) result whereby the result can be related to a reference supplementary cementitious material. calculating the temperature-time factor. boulders. spectrum.6 MPa]. slag.

Tel: (978) 646-2600. 2016. cellular. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. n—the ratio of the mass of water. (2013) portland cement. and fly ash. Mon Dec 11 12:11:27 EST 2017 8 Downloaded/printed by Universidad Tecnologica de Panama (Universidad Tecnologica de Panama) pursuant to License Agreement.astm. to the term bulk density—of aggregate. use the term water- cementitious material ratio. West Conshohocken. terminology SUMMARY OF CHANGES Committee C09 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (C125 – 15b) that may impact the use of this standard. is applicable to cemen- titious mixtures that contain cementitious material other than only range of known values of a reference standard. MA 01923. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised.1 aggregates. Fourier. n—of measuring instrument. n—of aggregate. air. abbreviated as w/cm. to the mass of portland concrete that affects the ease with which it can be mixed. mold.org). (2015) water-cementitious material ratio. or a combination of portland cement and separate addition of and used in stress-wave or chemical spectroscopy methods. United States.com/ Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). void. 15. or container. (2009) cement ratio. PO Box C700. n—a space in a cementitious mixture that is filled waveform. 222 Rosewood Drive. PA 19428-2959. is applicable to cemen- titious mixtures that contain only portland cement as the cementitious 4. cement in a cementitious mixture. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International. definitions. consolidated. n—agitation of a fresh cementitious mixture by an of portland cement and separate addition of other supplementary cementitious materials. . supplementary cementitious materials. entrained and air. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. mixture. (Approved Dec. n—of concrete. excluding water absorbed by the aggregates. workability. stated as a decimal (see placed. either reapproved or withdrawn.org (e-mail). concrete. and struck off. 610-832-9555 (fax). deprecated term—use preferred water. n—a numerical technique used to convert material. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the Copyright Clearance Center. No further reproductions authorized. entrapped). (2013) mass of cementitious material (hydraulic) in a cementitious verification. fresh. Keywords DISCUSSION—This term. C125 − 16 transform. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone). (2012) is a plot of voltage versus time. which you may attend. n—the ratio of the mass of unit weight. abbreviated as w/c. or a combination vibration. For cementitious mixtures containing blended hydraulic digital data from the time domain to the frequency domain cement. such as a blended hydraulic cement. that property of freshly mixed ing water absorbed by the aggregates. exclud. http://www. (2015) water-cement ratio. concrete. n—a recorded digital signal from a transducer that with air (see air. the process of ob. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. (2015) 4. concrete. use the term water- the mixture in a form. or through the ASTM website (www.) (1) Revised definitions of the following terms: cementitious mixture. or service@astm. (2014) also water-cementitious material ratio).copyright. If portland cement is the only cementitious internal or external vibrating device to assist in consolidating material contained in the cementitious mixture. stated as a decimal (see also water-cement ratio). Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. taining objective evidence to confirm that values indicated (2015) by a measuring instrument or system are within a specified DISCUSSION—This term. Danvers. at the address shown below.