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MANUAL

ULTRASONIC THICKNESS GAUGE


TT-100

CV05-047 PARTNERS IN PRECISION


CV Instruments Europe BV

CONTENTS

1. General 2
1.1 Scope of applications 2
1.2 Basic working principle 2
1.3 Basic configuration and part description 2
1.4 Performance parameters 3
1.5 Main Functions 3

2. Measurement steps 4
2.1 Preparations for measurement 4
2.2 Adjustment of sound velocity 5
2.3 Calibration 5
2.4 Calibration to a known velocity 5
2.5 Calibration to a known thickness 6

3. Memory of thickness value 7


3.1 Thickness memory state 7
3.2 Reviewing the thickness memory units 7

4. Maintenance 8
4.1 Low voltage indication / battery replacement 8
4.2 Precautions 8

5. Table of sound velocities of various materials 9

Manual TT-100 1
CV Instruments Europe BV

1. GENERAL

1.1 SCOPE OF APPLICATIONS

The handheld microprocessor-controlled thickness gauge is designed for measuring the thickness of
metals and non-metallic materials e.g. aluminium, titanium, plastics, ceramics, glass and any other
good ultrasonic wave-conductor as far as it has two parallel surfaces on the top and bottom.
The DELTA TT100 can be used in industrial applications to perform precise measurements on
various kinds of new materials, parts and components, and it can also be used to monitor various
kinds of pipes and pressure vessels for the decrease of their thickness due to corrosion and/or
erosion.

1.2 BASIC WORKING PRINCIPLE

The principle of ultrasonic wave in the thickness measurement is simular to that of optical wave.
The ultrasonic wave pulses transmitted by the probe reach the object to be measured and
propagate in the object and when they reach the interfaces, they are reflected back. The thickness
of the object is determined by precisely measuring the time the ultrasonic wave travels in the
object.

1.3 BASIC CONFIGURATION AND PART DESCRIPTION OF THE TESTING METER

Basic configuration: tester: 1 piece


DISPLAY: batt 888.8
probe: 1 piece
m/s mm
coupling agent: 1 bottle

LCD screen display: BATT : low voltage indication


: coupling indication for satisfactory acoustic
coupling between probe and test piece
m/s : measurement unit of sound velocity
mm : measurement unit of thickness

Keyboard: ON: power key


ZERO : probe zero procedure
VEL : sound velocity value / 5 velocities are stored
: adjustment keys for sound velocity, thickness,
10 memory units for thickness

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CV Instruments Europe BV

1.4 PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS

Display type : 4-digit LCD


Minimum display unit : 0.1 mm
Measuring range : 1.0 mm - 225.0 mm in steel (with standard probe)
(other maximum values depending on material)
Lower limit for steel pipes : minimum dia. 20 mm x 3 mm thickness
Display accuracy : 1% H + 0,1mm
Sound velocity range : 1000 - 9999 m/s
Coupling check : satisfactory / no probe coupling
Operating temperature : 0 - 40 degrees C
Working frequency : 5 MHz
Update rate : 4 Hz
Power supply : 2 AA alkaline cells 1.5 V
Battery life : 250 hours with one battery set
Dimensions : 126 x 68 x 23 mm

1.5 MAIN FUNCTIONS

1) Automatic probe zero adjustment: automatic correction to the system errors.


2) Automatic linear compensation within the full range, computer software is used
to correct the non-linear errors of the probe for the purpose of improving the accuracy.
3) Keys are used for fast adjustment of sound velocity and thickness as well
as fast checking the thickness memory unit.
4) Calibration to known sound velocity.
5) Calibration to a known thickness (the sound velocity can be directly determined
according to a known thickness, avoiding the trouble of looking into tables.
6) Ten different thickness values can be stored and held after switch-off.
7) Coupling indication: the stability can tell if the coupling is normal.
8) Sound velocity of five different materials can be stored.
9) Indication at low voltage.
10) Automatic switch off.
11) Oil proof keyboard with longer service life.

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CV Instruments Europe BV

2. MEASURING STEPS

2.1 PREPARATIONS FOR MEASUREMENT

Connect the probe sockets to the connectors on top of of the unit. Connect the transmitting socket
(colour = red) at the connector positioned at right, and the receiving socket (no colour) to the
connection position left, holding the testerdisplay in front.

- Push ON-key to turn on the unit.

As it is shown in the figures below, after the full screen display for a few seconds,
the screen will display the sound velocity used the last time. The measurement
can start now, but read other paragraphs first.

BATT
888.8 >> 5900
m/s mm m/s

Note:
The surface of the probe is made of propylene resin and is very sensitive to heavy scratches on
rough surfaces, so in application, push the probe gently on the surface.

Automatic turn off


If within 2 minutes no operation is performed, the unit turns off automatically.

2.2 THE ADJUSTMENT OF SOUND VELOCITY

If the screen currently displays the thickness value, then push the VEL-key to enter into sound veloci-
ty state. The screen will display the content of the current memory unit of sound velocity. Each time
the VEL-key is pushed the sound velocity memory unit will change. Five different sound velocity val-
ues will be displayed in turn.

If the current displayed sound velocity is desired to be changed, the key can be used to adjust the
display to the desired value. This value will be stored automatically as one out of five stored
velocities.

5900 > > 6368


m/s m/s

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CV Instruments Europe BV

2.3 CALIBRATION

Each time the probe or battery is changed, calibration should be performed.


This step is rather critical for the guarantee of the measuring accuracy. If necessary,
calibration can be repeated several times. Take following steps:

- Put a little coupling agent on the steel master testing block on the unit, which
has a thickness of 4.0 mm.
- Adjust the sound velocity to 5900 m/s (steel) using the VEL-key and the keys
- Push ZERO key to enter into the state of calibration and then the screen displays:
-----

- Coupling the probe with the testing block. At this time the bar lines displayed
on the screen will disappear one after the other until the screen displays 4.0 mm.
This indicates that the calibration is over:

---->--->-->->> 4.0
mm

2.4 CALIBRATION TO A KNOWN VELOCITY: THICKNESS MEASUREMENT

- Put the coupling agent on the place to be measured.


- Adjust the sound velocity depending on the material (see table in back).
(If it is not clear that the right sound velocity should be, for example when the material is
unknown or readings are not correct at a certain velocity,then first read paragraph 2.5).
- Couple the probe with the material to be measured.
- The measurement can thus start. The screen will display the thickness
of the material to be measured, for example:

16.7
mm

Note:
the probe couples with the material to be measured, the coupling indication sign will be displayed
on the left side at the display. If the coupling indication flicks or does not appear, it shows that the
coupling is not well done.Take the probe away, the thickness value will remain and coupling indi-
cation will disappear.

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CV Instruments Europe BV

2.5 CALIBRATION TO A KNOWN THICKNESS: SOUND VELOCITY MEASUREMENT

If it’s desired to measure the sound velocity of a certain material, a testing block
with a known thickness must be used to measure the sound velocity as follows:
- Use a vernier caliper or micrometer to measure the test piece thickness.
- Couple the probe with coupling agent with the test piece with the known
thickness until a (wrong) thickness value is displayed:
16.7
mm
- Remove the probe.
- Use keys to adjust the displayed thickness value to the actual known
thickness of the testing block, for example 25.0 mm:
16.7 keys > 25.0
mm mm
- Now push the VEL-key. The correct sound velocity for this material will be
displayed and at the same time this sound velocity will be stored in the
current sound velocity memory unit:
25.0 > VEL-key > 6368
mm m/s
- Start new thickness measurements on the same material with this velocity.

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CV Instruments Europe BV

3. MEMORY OF THICKNESS VALUE

3.1 THICKNESS MEMORY STATE

- Set the right sound velocity for a new measurement (see chapter 2).
- Push and hold the VEL-key and then push the ZERO-key to enter into
the thickness memory state.
- The display will now show a memory unit of a certain thickness: Unit1 up to 9.
- Use the upper and down keys to look for the required unit:
U1 > U2 > U3 >.......> U9
- While measuring the thickness, the value measured will be stored in the chosen unit
automatically. Each time a new value is measured, the old value in this unit will be
automatically replaced.
U1 > > 3.0
mm
- Push the VEL-key once more to leave the thickness memory state.

3.2 REVIEWING THE THICKNESS MEMORY UNITS

- Push and hold the VEL-key and then push the ZERO-key to enter thethickness memory.
- The display will now show a memory unit of a certain thickness: Unit 1up to Unit 9.
- Use the upper and down keys to look for the required unit: U1 > U2 > U3 > .......> U9
- Again press and hold the VEL-key and press ZERO-key to show the stored reading:
U1 > VEL + ZERO > 3.0
mm
- Push the VEL-key to leave the thickness memory state.

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CV Instruments Europe BV

4. MAINTENANCE

4.1 LOW VOLTAGE INDICATION

If Batt is displayed on the screen, it shows that the battery voltage is running low and the batteries
should be replaced in time before the unit can be used again.

Battery replacement:
a) Wait until the unit turns off automatically.
b) Open the battery compartment (use the thumb to press down the compartment
cover and slide it out).
c) Remove the used batteries and put in new batteries. Note the polarity
of the battery.

4.2 PRECAUTIONS

- The surface of the probe is made of propylene resin and is very sensitive to heavy scratches on
rough surfaces, so in application, push the probe gently on the surface.
- The temperature of the surface of the object to be measured should not exceed
60 degrees C, otherwise the probe will not be workable.
- Dust, iron chips and carbon particles will cause trouble; keep unit clean all the time.
- Grease, oil and dust will make the cable of the probe aged and cracked,
therefore, after the use, the cable should be cleaned of dust and dirt.
- If the unit is not to be used for a long time, remove the batteries.
- Stricktly avoid any collision or damp environment, etc.

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CV Instruments Europe BV

5. TABLE OF SOUND VELOCITY OF VARIOUS MATERIALS

Material Sound velocity (m/s)


aluminium 6260
zinc 4170
silver 3600
gold 3240
tin 3230
iron 5900
brass 4640
copper 4700
SUS 5790
propylene resin 2730
water at 20 degrees C 1480
glycerine 1920
water glass 2350

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CV Instruments Europe BV

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MANUAL
ULTRASONIC THICKNESS GAUGE
TT-100

CV05-047 PARTNERS IN PRECISION