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PRODUCTS

The first step is to remove all the naturally occurring hydrocarbon liquids, such as condensates and
liquefied petroleum gas from the gas that’s piped ashore. The second step is to remove contaminants
like metals and sulphur. That leaves methane, the simplest hydrocarbon (CH4), made up of one carbon
atom and four hydrogen atoms. A series of carefully-controlled chemical reactions combined with
variations in heat and pressure turns the methane into chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms.

Chains of different lengths have different properties, making a range of GTL products:

GTL Base oils

GTL Base oils are an alternative starting point for the manufacture of finished lubricants, that keep
vehicle engines, gearboxes and transmissions operating smoothly. Shell has been making high quality
GTL Base oils commercially (from our plant in Bintulu, Malaysia) since 1993. The Pearl GTL project
will significantly increase their availability.

GTL Gasoil

Shell V-Power Diesel-powered car at Le Mans

GTL Gasoil is an alternative and economic diesel-type fuel that will contribute to the diversification of
diesel fuel supply. It can be blended easily with conventional, oil-based diesel and used in the existing
diesel distribution system. Shell has already blended some GTL Gasoil (from our plant in Bintulu,
Malaysia) into the Shell V-Power Diesel we sell to customers at over 5,000 sites in Europe and
Thailand. GTL Gasoil can also be used by refineries to upgrade heavier fuel products. This is because
of two of its technical properties – it has a lower density and higher cetane number than conventional
diesel. A further characteristic is that it burns with lower sulphur dioxide, lower nitrogen oxides and
particulate emissions than conventional oil-based diesel. This means that if used at higher
concentrations it can be attractive for improving local air quality. Shell has already trialled 100% GTL
gasoil with a number of city bus and taxi fleets.

Detergent manufacturing companies usually extract conventional normal paraffin from oil-based kerosene and return the remaining kerosene to refineries. . The finished product blend is known as GTL Jet Fuel. It has a much higher paraffin content than conventional naphtha. GTL Naphtha GTL Naphtha is an alternative feedstock for chemicals plants that make the building blocks for plastics. If used at higher concentrations it can be attractive for improving air quality at busy airports. It was recently approved for use in aviation in a blend of up to 50% with conventional oil-based jet fuel. A characteristic of GTL Kerosene is that it burns with lower sulphur dioxide.GTL Kerosene First commercial passenger flight using a 50-50 blend of GTL and conventional jet fuel GTL Kerosene can be used for heating and lighting but its main use will most likely be for aviation. helping to diversify the aviation fuel supply. A Qatar Airways Airbus A340 made the first commercial passenger flight using a 50-50 blend of GTL and conventional jet fuel in October 2009. GTL Normal Paraffin eliminates this extraction step and so offers companies cost and location advantages. which means each litre of GTL Naphtha can produce more plastics. GTL Normal Paraffin GTL Normal Paraffin is an alternative feedstock for detergents. lower nitrogen oxides and particulate emissions than conventional oil-based kerosene.

000 sites in Europe and Thailand. It can be blended easily with conventional. GTL Gasoil can also be used by refineries to upgrade .GTL Gasoil GTL Gasoil is an alternative and economic diesel-type fuel that will contribute to the diversification of diesel fuel supply. Shell has already blended some GTL Gasoil (from our plant in Bintulu. oil-based diesel and used in the existing diesel distribution system. Malaysia) into the Shell V-Power Diesel we sell to customers at over 5.