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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PR China or PRC), is a unitary

sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of over
1.381 billion.[16] Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square
miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area[17] and third- or fourth-largest by
total area.[i] Governed by the Communist Party of China, it exercises jurisdiction over 22
provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin,
Shanghai, and Chongqing) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau,
also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan. China is a great power and a major regional power
within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.[18][19]

China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the
Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on
hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty. Since
then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times. In 1912, the Republic of
China (ROC) replaced the last dynasty and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949, when it
was defeated by the communist People's Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War. The
Communist Party established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949,
while the ROC government retreated to Taiwan with its present de facto capital in Taipei.
Both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China,
though the latter has more recognition in the world and controls more territory.

Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of
the world's fastest-growing. As of 2016, it is the world's second-largest economy by nominal
GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world's largest exporter
and second-largest importer of goods.[20] China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has
the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget.[21][22] The PRC is a
member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N.
Security Council in 1971. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal
multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation
Organization (SCO), the BCIM and the G20.

Xi Jinping
Li Keqiang
President and
Premier
General Secretary

China's constitution states that The People's Republic of China "is a socialist state
under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance
of workers and peasants," and that the state organs "apply the principle of democratic
centralism."[174] The PRC is one of the world's few remaining socialist states openly
endorsing communism (see Ideology of the Communist Party of China). The Chinese
government has been variously described as communist and socialist, but also as
authoritarian and corporatist,[175] with heavy restrictions in many areas, most notably against
free access to the Internet, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, the right to have
children, free formation of social organizations and freedom of religion.[176] Its current
political, ideological and economic system has been termed by its leaders as the "people's
democratic dictatorship", "socialism with Chinese characteristics" (which is Marxism adapted
to Chinese circumstances) and the "socialist market economy" respectively.[177]

Communist Party

China's constitution declares that the country is ruled "under the leadership" of the
Communist Party of China (CPC).[178] The electoral system is pyramidal. Local People's
Congresses are directly elected, and higher levels of People's Congresses up to the National
People's Congress (NPC) are indirectly elected by the People's Congress of the level
immediately below.[179] The political system is decentralized, and provincial and sub-
provincial leaders have a significant amount of autonomy.[180] Other political parties, referred
to as democratic parties, have representatives in the National People's Congress and the
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).[181] China supports the Leninist
principle of "democratic centralism",[182] but critics describe the elected National People's
Congress as a "rubber stamp" body.[183]

A Brief History of the Great Wall Building of China

The beginning of the Great Wall was built to defend the territory of the Chung Kuo nation
(the name of the ancient Chinese) from the Nomad tribal invasion of the north. At the time of the
Qin Dynasty, the ruling Emperor Shih Huang Ti, a great emperor who managed to unite the whole of
China, intends to continue the construction of the abandoned wall for some time due to the
conditions of war between kingdoms. In the year 221 BC, Shih Huang Ti gave orders to connect the
unfinished walls and continue the construction route as far as 5,000 km.

The construction of the Great Wall is very appropriate given its very important function to
withstand the threats of the Nomad tribe who want to seize the territory. The Great Wall is built on
high and dangerous mountain peaks, where giant walls made using stone, brick, wood and cement
make it resilient and resistant to weather for centuries. After the era of Shih Huang Ti and replaced
by the Han Dynasty in the year 206-220 M. Development in the Han Dynasty era resulted in the
extension of large wall buildings as far as 10,000 km. Not only stopped there, the Great Wall rebuilt
during the Ming Dynasty in 1368-1644. At this time the great wall was reinforced by adding granite
and long coal and coated with lime. Over the centuries the Great Wall became a valuable fortress
besides its function as a barrier from the outside world and protecting well-known agricultural
produce. with the same genetics slowly over long periods turning into different genetic plants.
Chicken Chicken Gong Bao

This cuisine is not only delicious on the tongue, but also has a beautiful color when presented
on a serving plate with garnish that surrounds it. Gong Bao Chicken Chicken is one of the
most popular Chinese food among foreign tourists. Usually, minced chicken is cooked with
soy sauce and Chinese sauce, then served with dried chilli and hotcakes.

So delicious and famous for this cuisine, many western restaurants include Gong Bao
Chicken Chicken into their cooking menu. For the western version of this dish, usually added
tapioca starch, sweet sour sauce, and a little garlic.

1. Kapal laut

Illustration of ships
During the year, the weight of ships made in China is about 766 million tons, or about 45.1
percent of the world's total production.

2. Batu bara
(BETWEEN PHOTO / Widodo S. Jusuf)
The country produces about 1.8 billion tonnes of coal per year, or about 48.2 percent of world
production.

4. Semen

(foto: Liputan6.com)
China annually generates 1.8 billion tons of cement, contributing about 60 percent of the
world's supply.
Shoes