36 views

Uploaded by amalynn049

save

You are on page 1of 9

Analysis (FEA) - Solid Modeling / Drafting - Canadian Registration Number (CRN) Assistance

Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd. validates each release of Cosmos Designer with a simple

validation set to confirm that the program produces results comparable to Roark’s Formulas

results. Roark’s formulas provide the exact derivation of the stresses of components of different

geometry under several loading conditions. These formulas can be compared with FEA results.

Figure 1A provides the formulas for stresses in a heavy wall cylindrical disk or shell with ends

caped and uniform internal pressure applied.

Figure 2A provides the formulas for stresses in a heavy wall spherical head with uniform internal

pressure.

A test case is run and these (2) examples are calculated and compared in the following pages.

Disclaimer: This document is provided for educational purposes only. Pressure Vessel Engineering

Ltd. is not liable for its use.

Fig 1B – Test Case Geometry

The geometry shown in Fig 1B is used for the heavy wall pipe & sphere comparison. The same

geometry will be calculated by Roark’s formulas and run in COSMOSWorks FEA.

Split line

Split line

A split line is added to the model as shown in Fig 1C, this provides nodes at the midplane to

probe so that stresses at the mid point may also be analyzed and compared to Roark’s formulas

results.

FEA Validation Release Rev.1.doc - Page 2 of 7

Exit Pressure Force

= 7.068 in^2

Fig 1D shows symmetry boundary conditions applied to all faces, with the exception of (1) end

of the pipe. An exit pressure force equal to the exit area of the pipe multiplied by the internal

pressure is applied to this face (7.068in^2)*(1000psi) = 7068lb. 1000 psi is applied to all

internal surfaces.

Fig 1E shows the resulting error plot for a ¼” mesh applied. Reported error is below 5% for the

2nd order elements used. All nodes at test locations (in following pages) report error of less than

0.5%.

FEA Validation Release Rev.1.doc - Page 3 of 7

Fig 1F – Probe of Sx Stresses of pipe (Longitudinal)

Fig 1H – Probe of Sz Stresses of pipe (Hoop)

Fig 2C – Probe of Sx of sphere

The FEA results are compared to the results from Roark’s formulas on the following pages. All

results are extremely close to the theoretical values.

Conclusion: The FEA program provided results very close to the exact theoretical derivation

provided by Roark’s formulas. The maximum difference between Roark’s and FEA is 0.8% for

this test section.

Validation

For each version of Cosmos Designer released and used in Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd’s

office, the 8” OD x 6” ID test specimen will be identically meshed and run. The difference

reported between COMOSWorks and Roark’s will be expected to be less than 1.0% for the

release to be accepted.

Job: PVE-3179

Test Shape: Verification Shape 3.sldprt

Excel File: COSMOSWorks Validation Calculations Rev.0.xls

Signoff:

_______________________ Validated by

_______________________ Date

1 Heavy Wall Stress FEA Sample - ver 4.00 Page 1 of 1

2 FEA Inputs:

3 COSMOSWorks 2008 x64 SP5.0 Validation description

4 4.000 a [in] - Outside radius

5 3.000 b [in] - Inside radius

6 1,000.0 q [psi] - Inside pressure

7 r [in] = (a+b)/2 ~~ radius at mid thickness (4+3)/2 = 3.500

8 Maximum Stress Values:

9 s1max = q*b^2/(a^2-b^2) 1000*3^2/(4^2-3^2) = 1285.7

10 s2max = q*(a^2+b^2)/((a^2-b^2)) 1000*(4^2+3^2)/((4^2-3^2)) = 3571.4

11 s3max = -q -1000 = -1000.0

12 Stress at inner radius b (measured, calculated and compared):

13 1,285.0 mS1b [psi] - measured stress Sx on model

14 3,577.0 mS2b [psi] - measured stress Sz on model

15 -997.0 mS3b [psi] - measured stress Sy on model

16 s1b = q*b^2/(a^2-b^2) 1000*3^2/(4^2-3^2) = 1285.7

17 s2b = q*b^2*(a^2+b^2)/(b^2*(a^2-b^2)) 1000*3^2*(4^2+3^2)/(3^2*(4^2-3^2)) = 3571.4

18 s3b = -q*b^2*(a^2-b^2)/(b^2*(a^2-b^2)) -1000*3^2*(4^2-3^2)/(3^2*(4^2-3^2)) = -1000.0

19 Check_sb1 = abs((s1b-mS1b)/s1b) ABS((1285.7-1285)/1285.7) = 0.056%

20 Check_sb2 = abs((s2b-mS2b)/s2b) ABS((3571.4-3577)/3571.4) = 0.156%

21 Check_sb3 = abs((s3b-mS3b)/s3b) ABS((-1000--997)/-1000) = 0.300%

22 Stress at mid radius r (measured, calculated and compared):

23 1,286.0 mS1r [psi] - measured stress s1 at the mid radius

24 2,965.0 mS2r [psi]

25 -392.0 mS3r [psi]

26 s1r = q*b^2/(a^2-b^2) 1000*3^2/(4^2-3^2) = 1285.7

27 s2r = q*b^2*(a^2+r^2)/(r^2*(a^2-b^2)) 1000*3^2*(4^2+3.5^2)/(3.5^2*(4^2-3^2)) = 2965.0

28 s3r = -q*b^2*(a^2-r^2)/(r^2*(a^2-b^2)) -1000*3^2*(4^2-3.5^2)/(3.5^2*(4^2-3^2)) = -393.6

29 Check_sr1 = abs((s1r-mS1r)/s1r) ABS((1285.7-1286)/1285.7) = 0.022%

30 Check_sr2 = abs((s2r-mS2r)/s2r) ABS((2965-2965)/2965) = 0.000%

31 Check_sr3 = abs((s3r-mS3r)/s3r) ABS((-393.6--392)/-393.6) = 0.403%

32 Stress at outer radius a:

33 1,286.0 mS1a [psi] - measured stress s1 at the outer radius

34 2,572.0 mS2a [psi]

35 1.0 mS3a [psi]

36 s1a = q*b^2/(a^2-b^2) 1000*3^2/(4^2-3^2) = 1285.7

37 s2a = q*b^2*(a^2+a^2)/(a^2*(a^2-b^2)) 1000*3^2*(4^2+4^2)/(4^2*(4^2-3^2)) = 2571.4

38 s3a = -q*b^2*(a^2-a^2)/(a^2*(a^2-b^2)) -1000*3^2*(4^2-4^2)/(4^2*(4^2-3^2)) = 0.0

39 Check_sa1 = abs((s1a-mS1a)/s1a) ABS((1285.7-1286)/1285.7) = 0.022%

40 Check_sa2 = abs((s2a-mS2a)/s2a) ABS((2571.4-2572)/2571.4) = 0.022%

1 Heavy Sphere Stress FEA Sample - ver 4.00 Page 1 of 1

2 FEA Inputs:

3 COSMOSWorks 2008 x64 SP5.0 Validation description

4 4.000 a [in] - Outside radius

5 3.000 b [in] - Inside radius

6 1,000.0 q [psi] - Inside pressure

7 r [in] = (a+b)/2 ~~ radius at mid thickness (4+3)/2 = 3.500

8 Maximum Stress Values:

9 s1max = ((q/2)*(a^3+2*b^3))/(a^3-b^3) ((1000/2)*(4^3+2*3^3))/(4^3-3^3) = 1594.6

10 s2max = ((q/2)*(a^3+2*b^3))/(a^3-b^3) ((1000/2)*(4^3+2*3^3))/(4^3-3^3) = 1594.6

11 s3max = -q -1000 = -1000.0

12 Stress at inner radius b (measured, calculated and compared):

13 1,597.0 mS1b [psi] - measured stress Sx on model

14 1,597.0 mS2b [psi] - measured stress Sz on model

15 -992.0 mS3b [psi] - measured stress Sx on model

16 s1b = (q*b^3/(2*b^3))*((a^3+2*b^3)/(a^3-b^3))

17 (1000*3^3/(2*3^3))*((4^3+2*3^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 1594.6

18 s2b = (q*b^3/(2*b^3))*((a^3+2*b^3)/(a^3-b^3))

19 (1000*3^3/(2*3^3))*((4^3+2*3^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 1594.6

20 s3b = (-q*b^3/(b^3))*((a^3-b^3)/(a^3-b^3))

21 (-1000*3^3/(3^3))*((4^3-3^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = -1000.0

22 Check_sb1 = abs((s1b-mS1b)/s1b) ABS((1594.6-1597)/1594.6) = 0.151%

23 Check_sb2 = abs((s2b-mS2b)/s2b) ABS((1594.6-1597)/1594.6) = 0.151%

24 Check_sb3 = abs((s3b-mS3b)/s3b) ABS((-1000--992)/-1000) = 0.800%

25 Stress at mid radius r (measured, calculated and compared):

26 1,275.0 mS1r [psi] - measured stress s1 at the mid radius

27 1,275.0 mS2r [psi]

28 -360.0 mS3r [psi]

29 s1r = (q*b^3/(2*r^3))*((a^3+2*r^3)/(a^3-b^3))

30 (1000*3^3/(2*3.5^3))*((4^3+2*3.5^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 1274.4

31 s2r = (q*b^3/(2*r^3))*((a^3+2*r^3)/(a^3-b^3))

32 (1000*3^3/(2*3.5^3))*((4^3+2*3.5^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 1274.4

33 s3r = (-q*b^3/(r^3))*((a^3-r^3)/(a^3-b^3))

34 (-1000*3^3/(3.5^3))*((4^3-3.5^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = -359.5

35 Check_sr1 = abs((s1r-mS1r)/s1r) ABS((1274.4-1275)/1274.4) = 0.050%

36 Check_sr2 = abs((s2r-mS2r)/s2r) ABS((1274.4-1275)/1274.4) = 0.050%

37 Check_sr3 = abs((s3r-mS3r)/s3r) ABS((-359.5--360)/-359.5) = 0.126%

38 Stress at outer radius a:

39 1,095.0 mS1a [psi] - measured stress s1 at the outer radius

40 1,095.0 mS2a [psi]

41 1.0 mS3a [psi]

42 s1a = (q*b^3/(2*a^3))*((a^3+2*a^3)/(a^3-b^3))

43 (1000*3^3/(2*4^3))*((4^3+2*4^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 1094.6

44 s2a = (q*b^3/(2*a^3))*((a^3+2*a^3)/(a^3-b^3))

45 (1000*3^3/(2*4^3))*((4^3+2*4^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 1094.6

46 s3a = (-q*b^3/(a^3))*((a^3-a^3)/(a^3-b^3))

47 (-1000*3^3/(4^3))*((4^3-4^3)/(4^3-3^3)) = 0.0

48 Check_sa1 = abs((s1a-mS1a)/s1a) ABS((1094.6-1095)/1094.6) = 0.037%

49 Check_sa2 = abs((s2a-mS2a)/s2a) ABS((1094.6-1095)/1094.6) = 0.037%

- Pro-E Wildfire 5.0 Mechanica TutorialUploaded bythariqhussainfarhank
- a0404- Finite Element AnalysisUploaded byhari0118
- Design and Analysis of an Unfired Pressure Vessel for Conducting Pressure TestUploaded byIJIRST
- RAeS .pdfUploaded byMS sch
- Landing GearUploaded byDan Wolf
- Internal Loads determination using finite element analysisUploaded byviluk
- Stresses Under Footings in Multi Layered SoilsUploaded byPawan Kumar
- AnsysTutorialsUploaded byMahdi
- Ve Upv Usedv02Uploaded byINSTECH
- L5 Errors FEA Lesson-5.01Uploaded byvinay kumar
- tiouioUploaded bysandeshlikes
- Ve Upv Importv02 m3000Uploaded byEllis Dudley
- Vessels 2Uploaded byBobby Walters
- Literature Survey on Torsion of Prismatic BarUploaded byPramod Sharma P
- Stress Distribution of the Chain Link by Means ofUploaded byErvin
- Notes on Elasticity and FEAUploaded byaiyubi2
- Early Finite ElementUploaded bysaulhoudson
- 11Uploaded byNaresh Kumar
- 12. Rigid Pavement Analysis.pdfUploaded bylyeshiun
- E2Y2-2012rraiUploaded bygio_5000
- Asme Case 1973-2Uploaded byDinh Nguyen Gia
- Chapter 5-Thin Cylinder 5907df20082ecUploaded byfirdauz 97
- FFEstatcUploaded byamokhta
- FEA 16 MARKS QUESTIONS.docxUploaded byVem Baiyan C
- ANSYS® Tutorial.pdfUploaded bykanak kalita
- SAP 2000 WorkshopUploaded byAmmar Kh
- HeatKal TechnologiesUploaded byRahul Gawali
- MR13Uploaded byCarmine Tranfa
- MT test procedure according to AsmeUploaded bymohamed
- NOE0415380416%2Ech009Uploaded byUmed Abd-alsatar

- Unidades 5 2011 Ingles Sec Und AriaUploaded byRudy Saul Llaza Maker
- Un Mundo Por Transformar-CosmologíaUploaded byJosé Manuel Cárdenas González
- Didáctica Especial de Las Matemáticas Practica 1 (1)Uploaded byYorleny De La Cruz José
- William TetleyUploaded byReena Alekssandra Acop
- Mestrado - UFMGUploaded byapi-3852859
- Ejercicios de Acidos y BasesUploaded byAbel Pozo García
- User Exits in Validations SubstitutionsUploaded bysandeep
- The Guide of the Perplexed Was Completed in 1190 and Contains Maim on IdesUploaded byadom09
- El Historicismo Político BolivarianoUploaded byarmand666
- Internal Memo Request for Al Amshor FebruariUploaded bychayoed
- kabat1-131027213817-phpapp02Uploaded byFabi Fuentes
- Leis Espirituais Pw Palestra 171Uploaded byJosé Santos Pereira
- Strategy pwcUploaded byFidias Ierides
- AMORTIGUADORES VISCO ELÁSTICOS EN ESTRUCTURASUploaded byCarlos Da Costa Omaña
- Diritto Sindacale.docxUploaded byrita_merolla25
- Exercise ball explosion lawsuitUploaded byMichael Klinski
- Pair Strength AnalyzerUploaded bykhairil2781
- f4zwe_2007_dec_aUploaded byapi-19836745
- An Introduction to Shaker ThermodynamicsUploaded byJon Himes
- Acute schizophrenia is accompanied by reduced T cell.PDFUploaded bySusi Rutmalem
- Law & Lin - 2017 - The Stickiness of Knowing Translation, Postcoloniality and STSUploaded byDusan Cotoras Straub
- Vit AUploaded byNico Johnson Garcia
- Psych Midterm ExamUploaded byCzarinah Rose Cupido Gumpic
- Produccion Unidad 2Uploaded byCruzRodo
- GAMF_U1_A2Uploaded bygab
- Elier Landeros_San ClementeUploaded byElier Landeros
- Restaurant ManagerUploaded byapi-78379684
- 10_chapter 2.pdfUploaded byAwais Sargodian
- Trasfondo De Las Revueltas Burguesas En La Villa De SahagunUploaded byalmirzzz
- Incision and Drainage (I & D) Treatment of Abscesses in an Emergency DepartmentUploaded byConvaTecWound