You are on page 1of 14

# JPN Pahang Physics Module

## CHAPTER 3: FORCE AND PRESSURE

1 Diagram 1 shows a simple mercury barometer. Which is the correct distance to measure
atmospheric pressure

DIAGRAM 1

DIAGRAM 2

## These three appliances can only work with the presence of

A atmospheric pressure
B water
C plastic material
D air

1
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

DIAGRAM 3

## What is Physics Principle shown in the diagram

A Bernoulli’s principle
B Pascal’s principle
C Boyle’s Law
D Archimedes’ principle.

4 Which of the following statements about the pressure at a point in a liquid is not correct.

## A it acts equally in all direction

B it increases when the depth increases.
C it increases when the density increases
D it depends on the shape of the container.

5 The density of liquid X is 1 000 kg m-3 .What is the pressure in Pascal (Pa) exerted by the liquid
10 m below the surface ?

A 10
B 100
C 1000
D 100 000
E 1 000 000

## 6 Diagram 8 shows two identical pingpong balls.

Diagram 8 2
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

## A. The distance between the ball remains constant

B. The balls oscillate in different direction
C. The balls get closer to each other
D. The balls spin

7. Diagram 5 shows two identical bricks X and Y placed in two different ways on a sandy ground.

X Y

DIAGRAM 5

What is the factor that causes brick Y to sink more into the sand?

A Weight
B Pressure
C Force
D Density

## 8. Diagram 6 shows an experiment carried out by a student to investigate

Archimedes principle.

3
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

DIAGRAM 22

DIAGRAM 6

## What is the apparent weight loss by the glass block?

A 13 N
B 8N
C 5N
D 3N
E 0N

9 A mixture of gas and air is produced by a bunsen burner. This can be explained by

A Archimedes’ principle
B Bernoulli’s principle
C Pascal’s principle
D the principle of conservation of momentum

10 Diagram 7 shows a hydraulic device. The force, F, is able to support a load of weight, W.
F

Area, A Area, a

DIAGRAM 7

## What is the relationship between W, F, A and a?

A WA = Fa
W F
B 
A a
W F
C 
a A
D W +A=F+a

4
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

11 Diagram 12.1 and Diagram 12.2 shows an object being weighed in air and in water
respectively.

6.0 N

4.8 N

0N 1.2 N

A 1.2 N
B 3.6 N
C 4.8 N
D 6.0 N
E 7.2 N

## 12 Diagram 13 shows a card and a glass of water.

Glass of water

cardboard

DIAGRAM 13

When the hand is released, water does not flow out from the glass.
What physic’s concept involved in the above situation?

A Liquid pressure

5
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

B Atmospheric pressure
C Gas pressure

Canopy Canopy

DIAGRAM 14

A Archimedes
B Bernoulli
C Pascal

## 14. Diagram 15 shows a school bag.

DIAGRAM 15
What is the function of x?

## A To increase weight and to increase pressure

B To increase surface area and to decrease pressure
C To decrease weight and to decrease pressure
D To decrease surface area and to increase weight

15. The wall of a dam is much thicker at the bottom than at the top because

A pressure of water at the upper level is higher than pressure of water at the deeper level
B pressure of water at the upper level is lower than pressure of water at the deeper level
C pressure of water at the upper level is the same as than pressure of water at the deeper
level

6
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

Apple

Air

DIAGRAM 16

## A The buoyant force equals to the weight of the water displaced.

B The buoyant force equals to the weight of the apple.
C The buoyant force equals to the volume of the water displaced.
D The buoyant force equals to the mass of the apple.

17. Which of the following can be done to increase the kinetic energy of gas molecules in an
air-tight container?

## A Increase the volume of the container.

B Decrease the volume of the container
C Increase the temperature of the container.
D Decrease the temperature of the container.

18. Which of the statements shows the applications of high pressure in everyday life?

## A A knife with a sharp edge

B A bulldozer with a wider tyre
C Tall buildings on a base of large surface
D Snow shoes with a larger surface area

## 19. Which of the instruments applies the Pascal’s principle?

A Lift pump
B Hydrometer
C Bunsen burner
D Hydraulic Jack

7
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

20. Diagram 17 shows the air flows through a horizontal tube causing water columns to rise in
three vertical glass tubes.
Which of the position has the highest air pressure?

DIAGRAM 17

8
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

1.

## Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2

Figure 1.1 and Figure 2.2 show two types of cargo ship sailing on the ocean. Cargo ship B is fully

## a) Compare the mass between cargo ship A and cargo ship B.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1mark]

b) (i) Name two forces which act on the cargo ships when they are floating on the water surface.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks ]

## (ii) State the relationship between two forces as mention in (b)(i)

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

## c) Name the principle which relate in (b) (ii)

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

9
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

2. Figure 2 shows a part of a structure of a long bridge. The pressure of the bridge is applied to the base
of the bridge which is fixed to a seabed underwater. The bridge is supported by two pillars.

pillar

base
Figure 2

## (i) What is meant by pressure?

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(ii) Practically, the base of the pillar is built with a large surface area. Why is this so?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
(iii) State two other steps to be taken so that the bridge is safe to use.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

10
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

3. A fisherman finds that his boat is at different levels in the sea and in river although the boat carries the
same load. The density of sea water is 1025 kg m-3 and of river water is 1000 kg m-3.
Diagrams 3.1 and 3. 2 illustrate the situation of the boat in the sea and in the river

## (a) What is meant by density ?

..................................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

## (i) the levels of the boat

.........................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

## (ii) the volumes of water displaced by the boat.

........................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

## (c) State the physics concept..

.............................................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

11
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

Diagram 4.1

## (a) (i) Name the principle involved in the insecticide sprayer.

..................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(ii) Which region experiences low pressure?
In the box below, tick √ the correct answer.
X

Z
[1 mark]

## (b) State one reason for your answer in 2 (a) (ii).

…………………………………………………………………………...................
[1 mark]

## (c) Describe how the instrument produced a fine spray liquid?

……………………………………………………………………………………..........

…………………………………………………………………………………….......... [2 marks]

12
Marking scheme chapter 3 paper 1

1 B
2 A
3 B
4 D
5 E
6 C
7 B
8 D
9 B
10 B
11 A
12 B
13 B
14 B
15 C
16 A
17 C
18 A
19 D
20 A

SECTION B: STRUCTURED

## 1(a) The mass of the B cargo is larger 1

(b) The buoyant force, the gravitational force (weight) 1
(c) F=W 1
(d) The Archimedes Principle / buoyancies principle 1
TOTAL 4

## 2(i) Pressure is defined as the force per unit area 1

(ii) To support the weight of users and vehicles that moves on it // 1
total weight of users and vehicles > maximum weight //
decreases the pressure

(iii) i. Add the width of cross sectional area of pillers so that the pressure experience on the 1
base is not over the maximum pressure.

## ii. Stabilize the weight and burden on the bridge.

TOTAL 4
Marking scheme chapter 3 paper 1

## 3(a) Density is mass per volume 1

(b)(i) Boat is sink more deeper in the river than the sea. 1

The volume of water displaced in river is greater than the sea water 1
(ii)
(c) Archimedes Principle 1
TOTAL 4

## 4(a) Bernoulli’s principle 1

(b)(i) Y 1
The air moves with a high speed 1 1
(ii)
(c) 1st: The atmospheric pressure which is higher pushes the liquid up through the 1
narrow tube.
2nd : The jet air will force the liquid to be sprayed as fine spray liquid

TOTAL 4