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JPN Pahang Physics Module

Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

CHAPTER 3: FORCE AND PRESSURE

1 Diagram 1 shows a simple mercury barometer. Which is the correct distance to measure
atmospheric pressure

DIAGRAM 1

2 Diagram 2 shows a straw, a syringe and a rubber sucker.

DIAGRAM 2

These three appliances can only work with the presence of

A atmospheric pressure
B water
C plastic material
D air

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

3 Diagram 3 shows a watering can and a glass vessel

DIAGRAM 3

What is Physics Principle shown in the diagram

A Bernoulli’s principle
B Pascal’s principle
C Boyle’s Law
D Archimedes’ principle.

4 Which of the following statements about the pressure at a point in a liquid is not correct.

A it acts equally in all direction


B it increases when the depth increases.
C it increases when the density increases
D it depends on the shape of the container.

5 The density of liquid X is 1 000 kg m-3 .What is the pressure in Pascal (Pa) exerted by the liquid
10 m below the surface ?

A 10
B 100
C 1000
D 100 000
E 1 000 000

6 Diagram 8 shows two identical pingpong balls.

Diagram 8 2
JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

What happens when the air is blown in between the balls?

A. The distance between the ball remains constant


B. The balls oscillate in different direction
C. The balls get closer to each other
D. The balls spin

7. Diagram 5 shows two identical bricks X and Y placed in two different ways on a sandy ground.

X Y

DIAGRAM 5

What is the factor that causes brick Y to sink more into the sand?

A Weight
B Pressure
C Force
D Density

8. Diagram 6 shows an experiment carried out by a student to investigate


Archimedes principle.

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

DIAGRAM 22

DIAGRAM 6

What is the apparent weight loss by the glass block?

A 13 N
B 8N
C 5N
D 3N
E 0N

9 A mixture of gas and air is produced by a bunsen burner. This can be explained by

A Archimedes’ principle
B Bernoulli’s principle
C Pascal’s principle
D the principle of conservation of momentum

10 Diagram 7 shows a hydraulic device. The force, F, is able to support a load of weight, W.
F

Area, A Area, a

DIAGRAM 7

What is the relationship between W, F, A and a?

A WA = Fa
W F
B 
A a
W F
C 
a A
D W +A=F+a

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

11 Diagram 12.1 and Diagram 12.2 shows an object being weighed in air and in water
respectively.

6.0 N

4.8 N

0N 1.2 N

DIAGRAM 12.1 DIAGRAM 12.2

What is the buoyant force on the object?

A 1.2 N
B 3.6 N
C 4.8 N
D 6.0 N
E 7.2 N

12 Diagram 13 shows a card and a glass of water.

Glass of water

cardboard

DIAGRAM 13

When the hand is released, water does not flow out from the glass.
What physic’s concept involved in the above situation?

A Liquid pressure

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

B Atmospheric pressure
C Gas pressure

13. Diagram 14 shows a stationary lorry and a moving lorry.

Canopy Canopy

DIAGRAM 14

Which principle explains the situation above?


A Archimedes
B Bernoulli
C Pascal

14. Diagram 15 shows a school bag.

DIAGRAM 15
What is the function of x?

A To increase weight and to increase pressure


B To increase surface area and to decrease pressure
C To decrease weight and to decrease pressure
D To decrease surface area and to increase weight

15. The wall of a dam is much thicker at the bottom than at the top because

A pressure of water at the upper level is higher than pressure of water at the deeper level
B pressure of water at the upper level is lower than pressure of water at the deeper level
C pressure of water at the upper level is the same as than pressure of water at the deeper
level

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

16. Diagram 16 shows an apple is floating in a beaker of water.

Apple

Air

DIAGRAM 16

Which of the following statements describes the buoyant force correctly?

A The buoyant force equals to the weight of the water displaced.


B The buoyant force equals to the weight of the apple.
C The buoyant force equals to the volume of the water displaced.
D The buoyant force equals to the mass of the apple.

17. Which of the following can be done to increase the kinetic energy of gas molecules in an
air-tight container?

A Increase the volume of the container.


B Decrease the volume of the container
C Increase the temperature of the container.
D Decrease the temperature of the container.

18. Which of the statements shows the applications of high pressure in everyday life?

A A knife with a sharp edge


B A bulldozer with a wider tyre
C Tall buildings on a base of large surface
D Snow shoes with a larger surface area

19. Which of the instruments applies the Pascal’s principle?

A Lift pump
B Hydrometer
C Bunsen burner
D Hydraulic Jack

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

20. Diagram 17 shows the air flows through a horizontal tube causing water columns to rise in
three vertical glass tubes.
Which of the position has the highest air pressure?

DIAGRAM 17

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

SECTION B: STRUCTURED QUESTION

1.

Cargo ship A Cargo ship B

Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2

Figure 1.1 and Figure 2.2 show two types of cargo ship sailing on the ocean. Cargo ship B is fully
loaded with goods.

a) Compare the mass between cargo ship A and cargo ship B.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1mark]

b) (i) Name two forces which act on the cargo ships when they are floating on the water surface.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks ]

(ii) State the relationship between two forces as mention in (b)(i)

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

c) Name the principle which relate in (b) (ii)

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

2. Figure 2 shows a part of a structure of a long bridge. The pressure of the bridge is applied to the base
of the bridge which is fixed to a seabed underwater. The bridge is supported by two pillars.

pillar

base
Figure 2

(i) What is meant by pressure?

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(ii) Practically, the base of the pillar is built with a large surface area. Why is this so?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
(iii) State two other steps to be taken so that the bridge is safe to use.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

3. A fisherman finds that his boat is at different levels in the sea and in river although the boat carries the
same load. The density of sea water is 1025 kg m-3 and of river water is 1000 kg m-3.
Diagrams 3.1 and 3. 2 illustrate the situation of the boat in the sea and in the river

In the sea In the river

Diagram 3.1 Diagram 3.2

(a) What is meant by density ?

..................................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

(b) Using diagrams 3.1 and 3. 2, compare

(i) the levels of the boat

.........................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

(ii) the volumes of water displaced by the boat.

........................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

(c) State the physics concept..

.............................................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

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JPN Pahang Physics Module
Chapter 3: Force and Motion Easy Success

4. Diagram 4.1 shows an insecticide sprayer.

Diagram 4.1

(a) (i) Name the principle involved in the insecticide sprayer.

..................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(ii) Which region experiences low pressure?
In the box below, tick √ the correct answer.
X

Z
[1 mark]

(b) State one reason for your answer in 2 (a) (ii).

…………………………………………………………………………...................
[1 mark]

(c) Describe how the instrument produced a fine spray liquid?

……………………………………………………………………………………..........

…………………………………………………………………………………….......... [2 marks]

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Marking scheme chapter 3 paper 1

1 B
2 A
3 B
4 D
5 E
6 C
7 B
8 D
9 B
10 B
11 A
12 B
13 B
14 B
15 C
16 A
17 C
18 A
19 D
20 A

SECTION B: STRUCTURED

1(a) The mass of the B cargo is larger 1


(b) The buoyant force, the gravitational force (weight) 1
(c) F=W 1
(d) The Archimedes Principle / buoyancies principle 1
TOTAL 4

2(i) Pressure is defined as the force per unit area 1


(ii) To support the weight of users and vehicles that moves on it // 1
total weight of users and vehicles > maximum weight //
decreases the pressure

(iii) i. Add the width of cross sectional area of pillers so that the pressure experience on the 1
base is not over the maximum pressure.

ii. Stabilize the weight and burden on the bridge.

TOTAL 4
Marking scheme chapter 3 paper 1

3(a) Density is mass per volume 1

(b)(i) Boat is sink more deeper in the river than the sea. 1

The volume of water displaced in river is greater than the sea water 1
(ii)
(c) Archimedes Principle 1
TOTAL 4

4(a) Bernoulli’s principle 1

(b)(i) Y 1
The air moves with a high speed 1 1
(ii)
(c) 1st: The atmospheric pressure which is higher pushes the liquid up through the 1
narrow tube.
2nd : The jet air will force the liquid to be sprayed as fine spray liquid

TOTAL 4