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PRINCIPLES OF LOUVER DESIGN

Figure A-1 in illustrates a typical louver geometry for a one-row core. This Appendix document
provides additional guidance on recommended practice for louver design and layout. The key
dimensions of the louvers are:

1. Louver Length (LL): Practical limits on this dimension are 80-85% of the fin height (Pt - tw).
2. Louver Pitch (Lp): The highest performance will occur by using a small value for Lp, and by
maximizing the number of louvers. Typical values for Lp are 0.040-0.060 in.
3. Louver Angle (θ): The best heat transfer and pressure drop performance seems to be
attained for louver angles between 25-30 degrees.
4. Redirection Length (LRD): Of particular concern is the redirection louver, which is
illustrated as LRD on Figure A-1. This dimension is discussed in the text below.

Figure A-1 Definition of Core Dimensions

the fin pitch. For a multi-row design. Redir Louv/Row. we do not recommend that you use RDL within a tube row. Try to get as many full louvers as possible. It is a good idea to use at least one re-direction louver per inch of core depth. RDL reduce performance! Some brazed aluminum cores use deep tubes (e. By using a “re- direction louver” the end effect is minimized. "redirection louvers" (RDL) are used only between tube rows. Program RAD allows you to use more than one re-direction louver over the depth of such a 1-row core. These deep 1-row cores may have more than one re-direction louver over the air flow depth. Note that the heat flow must "squeeze" between the end of the louver and the tube. The highest performance will occur by minimizing the number and length of RDL.75 mm.Re-Direction Louver The louvers attempt to turn the air flow at the louver angle (θ). Multi-Row Designs Figure C-1a illustrates a typical.. the program assumes one set of RDL within the row. This is input ANo. Normally.g.5. and the air velocity. "conventional" two-row design. This causes a large temperature drop in the copper fin! PSURAD assumes that there is no heat transfer in the fin region between the tube rows (where you should put the RDLs). The “re-direction louver” turns the air flow back again at angle -2. Although you could reduce LRD by putting in more louvers. The illustrated flow length of the RDL is LRD = 4. Try to keep Lp/Pf greater than 0. If the re-direction louver were not used.@ which appears just after ALouvers per Tube Row. Whether the air flow direction will be close to the louver angle will depend on the louver pitch. This will cause an “end effect” that is detrimental to core performance. The "Tubes-Touching" design discussed below is an improved design concept that does not experience the poor heat conduction problems in the fin region between tube rows experienced by the "conventional" multi-row design. this would be of no value. This is because it would not be possible to conduct heat to the louvers between the tube rows.35 mm). the air passing through the louvers would tend to be “jammed into” one header and “starved” at the opposite header. As the “louver pitch/ fin pitch” ratio (Lp/Pf) increases.@ This input is valid only for 1-row cores. One-Row Designs For a one-row design. Figure C-1a has been annotated to show the heat conduction path from the tube to the fin region between tube rows. The minimum practical length possible for LRD is influenced by the spacing between tube rows (6. 30 mm deep in the air flow direction). The dimensions are in millimeters. This will hurt core performance. . RDL reduce performance! Use the RDL only between tube rows in a multi-row design. the air flow direction angle will be less than the louver angle.

Tubes-Touching Design This design concept is discussed in the “Installation and User Instructions” and is applicable to multi-row designs. Because there is no space between the tubes in each row. . there is no problem conducting heat to the fins. It is intended to improve performance over the conventional multi-row design. Try to minimize the length (in the air flow direction) of the redirection louver.