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MCCLARENCE 2010-09-20

Novel Nanodiamond
Synthesis Company seeks
Strategic Partners
Within three years of start-  
up, Israeli based Ray  
Techniques Ltd is already  
turning a profit on its  
nanodiamond. With sales of  
100 kg monthly going to a  
range of end applications  
including polishing pastes,  
adhesives and greases, the  
company is now looking for  
new investors to take it to the  
next level of development
and drive markets for its
nanodiamond in biological  
and other advanced  
In general, nanotechnology is  
perceived as one of the most exciting  
technology growth areas with vast  
potential throughout industry from  
toothpaste to quantum computing.  
Ray Techniques hopes that any  
investor will see a return on investment  
within five years. Nanodiamond is  
regarded as the state-of-the-art
  The technology of ND laser synthesis allows obtaining diamond particles of
  high geometrical homogeneity, while detonation ND powder may contain
material widely used in polishing
  crystals up to 50 and even 90 nm.  
materials, polymers, lubricants and
The company has developed a novel to form a target for a laser. The laser Contrast this process with the traditional
proprietary technology for the treatment results in nanodiamond technology that involves the detonation
production of nanodiamonds, which it synthesis that does not contain metals of TNT and hexogen explosives in metal
says in a green technology when or other contaminants. The reactors and the subsequent need to
compared to other production methods nanodiamond is isolated and purified by separate the nanodiamond from the
such as detonation. In essence, the a flotation process in de-ionized water metal blend and its purification by high
process involves producing a carbon after which the material is washed and temperature acid oxidation using nitric
soot from pure graphite, which is dried. acid. The new method is non-
combined with hydrocarbons and liquid hazardous and, according to Ray
  Techniques, the resultant nanodiamond
is “of much higher quality and lower
E. MCCLARENCE 2010-09-20

Techniques, the resultant nanodiamond The main product from Ray Techniques, surface area, is of high purity (99.85%)
is “of much higher quality and lower cost RayND, consists of chemically stable and has good size control. Finally for
than detonation nanodiamond available  diamond nucleus with an average size of mechanical applications, the material
today in the market.”  4-5 nm in graphene-like shells bearing homogeneity and dispersion
 chemical active functional groups characteristics make it suitable for the
Looking at the nanodiamond material,
(carboxyl, carbonyl, methylene, ether and production of polymers, lubricants,
the diamond particles vary in size
others) and having multiple unpaired polishing composition and coating
typically between 2 and 10 nm with an electrons, which defines RayND’s ability additives.
aggregate size in water of between 5- to interact with various molecules and
50nm and display a high degree of
 particles and to influence processes and Aside from RayND, the company is
geometrical homogeneity. Detonation  
reactions. selling RT-Lap a nanodiamond polishing
material in comparison can vary between paste for polishing/lapping/finishing of
2 and 50 nm with some individual crystal The combined properties of the new high precision surfaces for various
up to 90nm in size. According to Ray nanodiamond material, says Ray materials ranging from steel and hard
Techniques, its nanodiamond material Techniques, opens up applications in alloys, silicon and silicon carbides,
is:- four key application areas, optics, aluminium oxide, zirconium dioxide and
thermal management, biomedicine and polycarbonates. It is possible to achieve
• Environment-friendly and non- biochemistry and mechanical atomically smooth surfaces. The
hazardous applications. For optical applications, the nanodiamond is also available in a slurry
• Enables to control average ND material offers improved surface control form, RT-Sol, where applications include
crystal size and defects for infrared and visible spectra polishing, electrolyte polishing, drug and
• Allows obtaining ND applications. The higher purity coupled gene delivery, and suspensions for
of much higher quality with high thermal conductivity is protein purification and solutions for
• Allows wider scope of potential advantageous for thermal management diagnostic kits. In particular, the company
applications in components such as heat capacitors sees biomedical applications as one of its
• Enables higher efficiency in and conductors. For biomedicine and major potential growth markets and is
each application biochemistry Ray Techniques Ltd says participating in research projects in this
• Cost-effective for mass that RayND is particularly promising area with a view to gaining a head start in
production because it has a large and homogeneous seizing any emerging business

Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) of RayND exhibits a significantly more narrow temperature range of decomposition: 250 C
degrees in comparison with 390 ْ C degrees for DND. In addition, the presence of fracture at 590 ْC in DND graph indicates
heterogeneity of DND. This fracture is absent in RayND graph.