Running head: ABRAHAM MASLOW 1

Abraham Maslow

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

2004). people will always be motivated by that which they lack. For instance. motivation towards some of the things that people need can be arranged in a particular order in which they are most needed. The mother showed much love for the younger siblings and would continuously reject him over . basic needs are supposed to be understood in a specific hierarchy because each requirement needs to be satisfied first before moving to another to the next higher level. He went through unpleasant life as a child. and he was the first born in a family of seven children (Tandon. Through the unsatisfied needs. He was born in 1908 in Brooklyn to a humble family of the Russian family. human behaviors are driven to exert effort to achieve their desired goals. Thus. which is based on the hierarchy of needs. According to Maslow. This paper gives details of Abraham Maslow theory of human motivation from the very basic need to the last one in that order and finally a conclusion. Maslow was pushed so hard by his parents who wanted the very best from him. which was majorly due to the constant punishment from his mother who was a superstitious and would penalize him for even the slightest mistake. people go to school because they lack knowledge and people go to work because they require money. Abraham Maslow who was born in 1908 came up with a particular theory regarding human motivations.ABRAHAM MASLOW 2 Abraham Maslow Abstract Motivation can be defined as the mental forces that are used to accomplish a given action or goal without necessarily being pushed or told to do so. Abraham Maslow Life Abraham Maslow is a highly reputable psychologist and theorist based on his work on Human Motivation and more particularly Hierarchy theory. Consequently.

2004). which was psychology. but after three semesters at City College of New York. It was at this point that he noticed that people have some inclinations and needs towards particular things when are presented with two different things. 2000). In his career. This was the starting point for the numerous theories of human motivation and more particularly hierarchy of needs. but you can only do without water for a couple of days! Thirst is a "stronger" need than hunger" (Tandon. and esteem. According to Maslow. Maslow went through hostility and open prejudice based on his religious beliefs. you can do without food for weeks.D. Maslow grew up hating on her mother until her death. Having lived in the society where he was the only Jew. one is said to be moving towards growth and self-actualization (Maslow & Stephens. received masters in the same area in 1931." and as long as one is motivated to satisfy these cravings. 2004). In 1930. you will tend to try to take care of the thirst first.ABRAHAM MASLOW 3 the other children. and he attended the University of Wisconsin. and later Ph. He later enrolled as a law student. Maslow transferred to Cornell before coming back to CCYN (Tandon. Maslow received Bachelors of Arts in Psychology. "if you are hungry and thirsty. It was in Wisconsin that Maslow found his real passion. Maslow worked with monkeys. in 1934 still in Psychology all of which was done at the University of Wisconsin. which include physiological. Maslow mentions general types of needs. Abraham moved to Wisconsin after marrying his cousin Bertha against the parent’s wishes. and he noticed that some needs that take precedence over the rest. He referred to these needs as the "deficiency needs. safety. and he had to join Jewish gang for self- defense. He was able to thrive in his studies and even worked for some time with Harry Harlow. After all. and he had to live an isolated as the father was aloof and occasionally left his unhappy marriage. The motivational need that must be met first is the primary physiological drives. and these he says must be satisfied first before one can start acting unselfishly. which . love.

shelter. food. However. and the need for safety. Consequently. However. and as such. physiological needs come first. Physiological Needs The physiological needs according to Maslow are the needs that must take the starting point in the motivation theory and are commonly referred to as the physiological drives. Physiological needs are known to include sex. and numerous other minerals (Maslow & Stephens. sleep. hunger. Most of these physiological needs are supposed to be relatively independent of each other. and it is said to be a channel for nearly all kinds of other needs. one may think he is hungry when in the actual sense he . According to homeostasis. the body is believed to be designed such that it automatically maintains a constant and regular state of the bloodstream. Young gave a summary of appetite about the body needs where when the body lacks some particular chemical there will be a trigger for a specific appetite or a given food element to correct the situation. The physiological needs are relatively complex. On the other hand. that may not be the case with fatigue. it is not possible to categorically say that these needs fall under the homeostatic. protein. There is two most recent research that has been used to help understand this need in the hierarchy and they include the concept of homeostasis and the second one is the finding that appetites. oxygen.ABRAHAM MASLOW 4 includes sleep. sex. and thirst. which is also known as the hierarchy of needs. in the motivational profile provided by the Maslow. and sense of security. excretion. it is considered valid. For instance. It is from the physiological needs that the foundation for the higher level of motivation is driven. and even maternal response but in the classic instances such as hunger. it is possible to develop an underlying somatic base for the drive. sleepiness. 2000). water.

habits. memory. what becomes most important in their lives is food and the rest are less critical and may not be considered as necessary. life is given a simple definition such as the provision of food and other things are not important. when one lacks food. all may now be defined as simply as hunger gratifying tools. it is not possible for one to consider buying a poet book when is hungry and fails to have money to buy food. For instance. A hungry person thinks of nearly nothing other than how to get food to eat. it is possible for one to arrest hunger in parts by first starting by drinking water or even smoke cigarette. the intelligence. as they may seem to be in the real sense (Shafritz & Hyde. will not require anything else. Besides. it is possible to say that one can be pushed to a higher motivation when deprived of food or when subjected to hunger or thirst. safety. 2016). For instance. In that case. If one lacks food to eat. For instance. he will be able to meet other needs and in fact. 2016). In fact. In fact. However. all the system will be focused on ensuring that hunger is satisfied first. he or she will be more likely to hunger for food more than any other need. Other things such as sex. Such a person believes by satisfying the hunger.ABRAHAM MASLOW 5 wants to be comfortable." That capacity that cannot take part in this activity is expected to become dormant or being thrown into the background (Shafritz & Hyde. In that case. and esteem. esteem. no one will think of any other needs other than physiological needs in cases where all needs are unsatisfied. that which remains constant is that people are expected to be motivated by physiological needs than any other thing when they miss everything in life. when one is hungry. However. when there is plenty of what . Consequently. Maslow states that "The receptors and effectors. it can be said that physiological needs are not isolated. love. and many others do not appear anywhere near them except for the need for food to eat. all the other systems that are not related to hunger are put into the mute mode or are all aligned towards hunger satisfaction effort.

or unpredictable. orderly. It is notable that gratification is the most important aspect as deprivation in motivation theory. other needs are expected to emerge and when the new ones are satisfied the next to come in line (Shafritz & Hyde. inconsistency. It is from the infants and children that the observation of the safety needs is more straightforward and transparent (Shafritz & Hyde. organized. The reason for this is not that such action leads to pain. For instance. reckless. It is possible to understand that a child is in need of safety when they exhibit routine or rhythm. predictable. 2016). unsafe. they demonstrate threat or danger on how they react to the vomiting or chronic pain through wails and cries. Consequently. and become unpredictable. The next needs that are satisfied after the gratification of physiological needs are the safety needs. and that which they can count . Children tend to be threatened by parents who are harsh. the safety needs can be best understood when thought of from the perspective of infants and children. 2016). Unlike adults who have learned to inhibit the threats of insecurity. or subjecting them to physical punishment. it can be said that average children or infants prefer a society that is safe. It is in this case that the human needs are said to be organized in a hierarchy of relative prepotency. infants and children inhibit clear reaction to the threat of danger. calling them names.ABRAHAM MASLOW 6 to eat. when children are sick. According to Maslow. Children and infants tend to be interested in a more predictable and rhythmic world and they will always be anxious when the parents show unfairness. but there is fear that the world will become unreliable. people are expected to look for a different need one the physiological needs are appropriately gratified. People are expected to move to the next need ones the physical needs are satisfied. The Safety Needs As already pointed out.

the motivation for another need comes in. adults equally show some elements of childish attitudes of fear as well as threat reaction when confronted by danger. Love and affection needs are equally demonstrated by the sexual express where people tend to develop a sexual urge towards their partners.. As such. The Esteem Needs Except for the few pathological cases in the society. The adults equally seek safety regarding different things such as economic safety. and that is the love needs. people tend to desire for a more stable. It is shown that the society is the unsafe place because children always exhibit fear while those living in a loving family without open quarrels and outburst do not display fear. affection. The high level and . 2016). The Love Needs Upon satisfaction of the physiological as well as safety needs. Those who have food and are safe will tend to develop the need for love. family safety. sweetheart. and even safety from criminal activities. firmly based high level of evaluation of themselves.ABRAHAM MASLOW 7 on and parents are available to protect them from any possible harm (Shafritz & Hyde. However. which was less likely before satisfying physiological and safety needs (Shafritz et al. which is equally associated to the desire for self-esteem. and esteeming other people in the society. or children. From the Maslow. people tend to feel unsafe the same way children are except that the reaction is not as bright as it is with the children. the word love cannot be used to mean sex as love is more focused on being able to give and to receive from people around. self-respect. and belongings and it will be easier for the person to notice the absence of friends. 2016). Such individuals get hungry not for food but affectionate relations with people and will always do everything possible to meet such needs. wife.

and esteem needs. and Maslow refers to it as “What a man can be. comes after the satisfaction of physiological needs. where one becomes actualized in their potential. they tend to feel like they are useful in the society.. and respect that one earns after a particular action (Shafritz et al. 2016). Thos who are satisfied by the four needs is expected to get now motivated to attain satisfaction even though it is not possible to measure satisfaction. he must be” (Shafritz & Hyde. 2016). particular achievements. however. and capability. adequacy. will always vary from one person to another. However. prestige. and weakness. the desire for self- actualization is developed. self- fulfillment.ABRAHAM MASLOW 8 firmly self-evaluation involves a real capacity. Such feelings are believed to be the cause of discouragements or sometimes compensatory. Besides. The emergence of self-actualization. . achievements. Most of the people who satisfy their self-esteem need always have a feeling of self-confidence. Self-actualization is being what one can be. strength. appreciation or a feel of importance. love needs. it is possible to classify the esteem needs as the desire for strength. safety needs. attention. People are more satisfied when they are doing what they are fitted to do for instance a musician doing the music and a driver driving to be happy. failure to satisfy this need of self-esteem leads to the feeling of inferiority. This is more concerned with the desire to be in a position where one does what he thinks he is fitted to do or what he feels comfortable doing. or confidence in the society. The Need for Self-Actualization After the satisfaction of the needs for love and self-esteem. On the other hand. helplessness. It is more of one fighting to be more of what he can be to attain everything that he is capable of being. Consequently. The esteem needs can be based on the need for attracting reputation.

Maslow ranks esteem needs as the future need. it is clear that all human beings have their needs ranked with the highest of all needs being physiological needs that involve satisfaction of human hunger or thirst. Introducing public administration.H. J. J. . Classics of public administration. H. Borick. (2004). K. The next level identified is the need for love where one feels keener than before the absence of friends relatives and even children. and esteem needs are satisfied. (2016).. A. Routledge. W. Child psychology. References Maslow. Shafritz. M. A. C. and even natural. Nelson Education. diseases. After the physiological. safety. E. Pub. A. New Delhi. C. & Hyde. While people may be different in behavior and actions. C.P. India: A. New York [u. Corp.. criminal activities. D. Tandon. Shafritz.: Wiley. the next level is self-actualization where one becomes what he is capable of being and have the feeling of being fully satisfied.a. (2000). and it is where one wants to feel respected or feared in the society. The Maslow business reader.. Russell. C. Maslow in his theory of motivation tries to explain various categories of human needs and how they can be ranked based on their urgency. (2016).ABRAHAM MASLOW 9 Conclusion In conclusion. & Stephens.. love. The gratification of the physiological needs leads to the emergence of the need for safety where one will always want to pursue safety from possible dangers such as economic danger.. R. M. & Hyde.

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