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MOZART

String Quartets (Complete)
Vol. 4
K. 136 K. 137 K. 138 K. 465
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The boy played both the keyboard and the violin and could improvise and soon write down his own compositions. In 1777. when leave of absence was not granted. but sacrificed his own creative career to that of his son. both musical centres of some importance. brought a commission for an opera in Munich in 1781. had anything for him. the son of a court musician who. . while chances of travel were now restricted. Leopold Mozart rose to occupy the position of Vice-Kapellmeister to the Archbishop of Salzburg. however. under the patronage of a new and less sympathetic Archbishop. in whom he detected early signs of precocious genius. K. 138 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756. K. Like his father. K. 137 Divertimento (Quartet) in F Major. published an influential book on violin-playing. There Mozart's dissatisfaction with his position resulted in a quarrel with the Archbishop and dismissal from his service. he was able to undertake extended concert tours of Europe in which his son and his elder daughter Nannerl were able to astonish audiences. Childhood that had brought Mozart signal success was followed by a less satisfactory period of adolescence largely in Salzburg. he gave up employment in Salzburg to seek a future elsewhere. K. 136 Divertimento (Quartet) in B Flat Major. With the indulgence of his patron. and after its successful staging he was summoned by his patron to Vienna.Wolfgang Arnadeus Mozart (1756 1791) - Quartet in C Major. Mozart found opportunities far too limited at home. but neither Mannheim nor Paris. His Mannheim connections. 465 "Dissonance" Divertimento (Quartet) in D Major. in the year of his youngest child's birth.

it k thought in preparation for the coming journey to Italy. have posed certain questions. therefore. while the cello was a woman who had nothing very important to say. coming to assume the greatest importance for composers. there is an equilibriumbetween the four instruments. Haydn. who would seek to allow the first to shine. hence the common German description of . each with its essential contribution to a form that epitomizes the music of the period. the first violin. a situation aggravated by an imprudent marriage. supported by his friend. The last ten years of Mozart's life were spent in Vienna in precarious independence of both patron and immediate paternal advice. where the opera Lucio Silla had been commissioned. In form the so called Divertimenti are three movement Italian symphonies. and those of Mozart in which he rivalled the example of the older man.138. occasionally adding his own laconic but truthful comments. in his Lettres sur J. K.137 and K. only needing the addition of wind parts to assume a form that niight well have had occasional use during Mozart's stay in Italy. his fortunes seemed about to change for the better. addina an' element of gracefulness and sometimes aliowing the others time to dra. The title Divertimento was normally used bv Mozart and his contemporaries to describe a composition in several movements. leading the discourse. breath. It is true that with the later quartets of Haydn. These works were written in Salzburg in 1772. generally including two minuets and may.K. as the decade went on. The three Quartet-Divertimenti. the viola would be a knowledgeable man of sound opinions. by increasing financial difficulties.136. a microcosm into which the essence of music is subsumed. The string quartet developed as a form in the second half of the eighteenth century. is well known. be discounted. He recalls the description given by a woman of intelligence who found the quartet similar to the conversationof four friends. By the time of his death in December 1791. the second violin. and vet alwavs sought to take Dart in the conversation. and the possibility of increased patronage. however. Initial success in the opera-house and as a performer was followed. with the success of the German opera The Magic Flute. Stendhal's account of the matter. a middle-aged man and a good speaker.

accompanied at first only by second violin and viola. K. and there is evidence of the care that Mozart took over these compositions and the influence of Haydn.them as the Salzburg Symphonies. A month later Leopold Mozart was present at a performance of the last three of the set. Leopold Mozart repeated to her Haydn's praise of her brother as the greatest composer known to him either in person or by name. The so called Dissonance Quartet. The F major second movement. This is followed by an Allegro in which the first violin announces the principal theme. works that were new to him. followed by two faster movements and the third of the set. 136. 413 . 138. and later presented in contrapuntal imitation. K. opens with an Allegro. at least for publishers seeking a varied market. himself to be influenced by these works in his turn. is one of considerablesubtlety in construction. and ihe Piano Concertos K. follows an opening tripartite Allegro with a C major Andante and a final Presto. is a work of a very different kind. in D major. with both taste and a deep knowledge of composition. followed by an attractive G major slow movement and a rapid finale with the requisite touch of contrapuntal interest. for whom he joined in a performance of the new quartets the following evening. when Haydn visited Mozart. 137.415 were advertised a decade later in Vienna as suitable for keyboard and string quartet or for full orchestra. before the contrast of a second subject in quicker note-values and a third thematic element in triplets.This adaptability was not entirely unusual. they provide a valuable element in quartet repertoire. framing a C . It was written in Vienna and is dated 14thJanuary 1785. in F major. K. The quartet opens with a slow introductionthat gives the work its nick-name and has provided material for commentators and critics. Whateverthecomposer's original intention. starts with an Andante. Mozart's dedication of the six quartets to Haydn describes them as the fruit of a long and laborious study. in B flat major. 465 in C major. Writing home to his daughter in Salzburg. K. the best known of the three. It is followed by a Minuet with contrasting elements of dynamics and texture. entrusting them as children to a father. marked Andante cantabile. the sixth and last of a set dedicated to Haydn.

The quartet is currently recording the complete Mozart string quartets for Naxos. The Eder Quartet was formed in 1973 by the students of the Budapest Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music. PBter Szflcs (2nd Violin). The Eder Quartet won the top prize in the 1976 Evian International String Quartet Concours. Sdndor Papp (Vila) and GyBrgy Eder (Cello). andclinched second prize in the 1977ARD International String Quartet Competition in Munich (the first prize was not awarded). Since their success in Munich they guest-performed in almost every Europeancountry and captivated the public and critics alike at the internationalfestivals of Bordeaux.minor Trio and a finale with its own harmonic surprises in a bold treatment of customary form. they toured extensively the United States.West Berlin. Australia and New Zealand. Besides Europe. The tder Quartet The present members of the Eder Quartet are Jdnos Selmeczy (1st Violin). Evlan. where the jury included the members of the Amadeus Quartet. Istanbul and Bath. .

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