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The Gyro land navigation system is an electronic navigation device used
for guiding any army vehicle to its destination point. The principle objective of
system is not only to ease the in more precise and more quicker manner whether
in plains, hills or sand dunes, where there are no special remarks.
Besides instantaneous display of present vehicle position in terms of
Eastings and Northings coordinate to facilitate quicker movement, the
following indications are additionally provided.
³Approach Blip´ indication, when the vehicle reaches within 1.2 km of the
destination point.
³Bearing Rotation´ indication, when the vehicle reaches within 200 m (visible
range) of destination point.
The Ground Land Navigation System comprises four units together with one
Static Inverter as an A.C. supply source, two auxillary units and four optional
associated items.
Basic Units
Major Function
1. Directional Gyro
To supply vehicle Heading Signal
2. Land Navigation Computer
To compute and display present vehicle
position c
and indicate vehicle¶s Heading and
Bearing angle
3. Junction Box
(a) To interconnect all units
(b) To control the Gyro
(c) To cater slope correction
4. Speed Pickup Unit
To generate vehicles speed signal
Supply Unit:
1. Static Pickup Unit Type
To supply A.C. power 115 V, 400
Hz, single ± phase, 110 VA
Auxillary Unit:
1. Commander¶s Control Unit
To control the system remotely
2. Driver¶s Repeater Unit Type
To indicate vehicle¶s µHeading¶ to RMI-3
Optional (Associated Items)
1. Interconnection Harness Set
To interconnect all the units within the
Vijayanta tank
2. Variable Position Cradle
To protect computer from vibration

To read externally vehicle heading during day as well as night

Detailed Description of Important Instrument

Directional Gyroscope:
This unit supplies vehicles heading signal. The gyro rotor is spherical in
shape and supported in the inner gimbal ring, which fitted with osing the Gyro
motor. Gyro motor is three ± phase induction motor driven at 24000 rpm.
Static Inverter:
It converts 28 V DC in to 115 V A.C., 400 Hz, single ± phase output, 28 V
D.C. input coming from JBV is to feed through the RI filter to the control card
via one pole of the protective relay. Control card generates the oscillation with
frequency of 400 Hz. This signal is preamplified at a frequency of 400 Hz. This
signal is preamplified in Base drive card. The output of the power transistor
fixed on the chassis for power amplification. This gives 115 single ± phase A.C.
Signal proportional to the output is fed to the protection card. The
protection card senses under voltage (D.C.), over voltage (A.C.) and overload.
If any of the above parameters goes beyond the specified limit it de-energizes
the protective relay cutting off supply to the base drive.
Land Navigation Computer:
It consists of eight subassemblies. 115 V A.C. is stepped down in
transformer base plate assembly and is fed to power supply card. Tuned A.C.
supply is given to base unit to generate A.C. signal for providing slow signal to
gyro through ven to generate resolved in sinA /cosA output signals.
28 V D.C. supply is given to power supply card to generate various D.C.
supplies required for PCB¶s given from CCU and processed with feedback from
the Tacho ± generator of the Heading Indicator. The resultant servo signal is fed
to the Heading indicator, which indicates the vehicle ± heading angle.
Vehicle speed input signal is processed in the analog card with resolved
SinA CosA and RK signal to give incremental Easting and Northings distance
pulses CPE and CPN. These signals are divided by 10 in Digital card and sent
to heading indicator to have a selected clock pulse, which is again fed to Digital
card. Analog card generates the direction signals S/N and W/E, which are fed to
Digital card.
Depending upon the thumbwheel switch set (destination) position and the
displayed (present), the digital cards give the signals proportional to the
difference (H-P) E and (H-P) N. These signals proportional to the difference
(H-P) E and (H-P) N. These signals are sent to bearing card to generate E, N
output signals for bearing synchro to indicate bearing angle in the heading
indicator. To give approach indication the difference signals are processed and
output controls display blipping and bearing pointer notation for 1.2 km and
200 m range respectively.
HAL, has won several International & National Awards for achievementsin
R&D, Technology, managerial performance, exports, energy conservation,quality
and fulfillment of social responsibilities. M/S Global Rating, UnitedKingdom in
conjunction with The International Information and MarketingCenter (IIMC) has
UK to M/s. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited forCorporate Achievement in Quality
and Efficiency. HAL was also presented theINTERNATIONAL ³ ARCH OF
EUROPE´ AWARD IN GOLD CATEGORYin recognition for its commitment to
Quality, Leadership, technology &Innovation.At National level, HAL won the top
award instituted- by SCOPE(Standing Conference of Public Enterprises) -The
"GOLD TROPHY" forexcellence in Public Sector Management.
The Company scaled new heights in the financial year 2002-2003 with a
turn over of Rs.3120 Crores and export of Rs. 103.89 Crores.
³To become a globally competitive aerospace industry while working as
aninstrument for achieving self reliance in design, manufacture and maintenance of
Aerospace equipment, civil transport aircraft, helicopter and missiles and
diversifying to related areas, managing the business on commercial lines in a
climate of growing professional competence.´
In the six decades, HAL has spread its wing to cover various activities in
the areas of Design, Development, Manufacture and Maintenance. Today HAL
has 16 production divisions spread over at Bangalore, Nasik, Koraput, Kanpur,
Lucknow, Korwa, Hyderabad and Barrackpore. These divisions are fully
backed by nine Design Centres, which are co-located with the production
divisions. These centres are engaged in the Design and Development of combat
aircraft, helicopter, Aeroengine, Engine Test Beds, Aircraft communication and
Navigation systems and Accessories of mechanical and fuel systems and
instruments. Its product track record consists of 12 types of aircraft from in
house R &D and 13 types by license production. HAL has so far produced over
3300 aircraft, 3400 Aeroengines and overhauled over 7700 aircraft and 26000
The current programme are series production of ALH and delivery to our
defence and civil customers, production of Jaguar, the deep penetration strike
aircraft, Dornier Do-228, Multi Mission Aircraft and LANCER the Light Attack
Helicopter and upgrades of MiG-21 BiS, MiG-27 M and Jaguar. With the
signing of Inter Governmental Agreement and General Contract the license
manufacture of SU MkI has been launched.
HAL is the major design partner for aircraft and system / equipment as
well as for system integration of Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) which
successfully completed the first block of flights.The new initiative in R & D
will include an Intermediate Jet Trainer ( IJT ), a trainer for the 21st century,
Light Observation Helicopter, replacement for Cheetah and Chetak Helicopter
and a Light Attack Helicopter, a follow- on project for ALH.Partnership for co-
production of ATR-42, an invitation from Airbus to participate in A-380 project,
and the new project to design and develop a Multirole Transport Aircraft (100
seater) are signs of growth for the largely military aircraft manufacturing
company in the commercially competitive aerospace industry.Design
capabilities, modern facilities and skills combined with competitive pricing and
prompt deliveries, make HAL a valuable partner for challenging programmes in
Aerospace and related fields.

The major products of the Division are:
' Undercarriage systemsc
' Wheels and Brake systemsc
' Hydraulic Systemsc
' Aircraft and Engine Fuel Systemsc
' Panel Instruments (Barometric and gyroscopic)c
' Electric Power Generation and Control systemsc
' Environmental control systems.c
' Flight Control Actuatorsc
' Ground Support Equipment and test Rigs.c

i)Indian Air Force, Army, Navy, Coast Guard, BSF

ii)Defence R&D Laboratories and Deptt of Space;

iii)Civil Aviation, State Govt., Ordnance Factories, Corporate Sectors;

iv)Flying Academies & Educational Institutions;

v)Airlines, Air Taxi, Air Cargo;
vi)Overseas customers for civil and military applications.
vii)Collaborators and Licensors.

" " "



Expansion of Nasik Division as
Aircraft Manufacturing &
Overhaul Division
Establishment of SUKHOI
- - c
Establishment of Airport Service Center for coordinating the
operation of HAL airport -Bangalore
Establishment of Industrial &marine Gas Turbine Division for
aero derivative gas turbines/industrial engines
Establishment of AEROSPACE DIVISION for
structure of Aerospace Launch Vehicles
Establishment of KORWA DIVISION for Advanced
at Bangalore
Establishment of HELICOPTER
DIVISION at Bangalore
Establishment of LUCKHNOW
DIVISION for Accessories &
merging of 3 companies
Establishment of Aeronautics India LTD. At Nasik, Koraput & Hyderabad for
MiG Airframe, Engines & Avionics
Establishment of aircraft
Manufacture DEPOT at
Kanpur for HS-748
Establishment of Engine Division at
Hindustan Aircraft Limited at Bangalore


The Division was established in 1970 with the primary objective
ofmanufacturing systems and accessories for various aircraft, helicopters andengines
with a view to attain self-sufficiency in this field in the country. TheDivision started
with the manufacture of hydro-mechanical accessories andinstruments under license
for Marut and Kiran aircraft. This was followed bylicense manufacture of
accessories for MiG-21 aircraft, Cheetah/Chetakhelicopters, Dornier and other
defense applications. Additionally repair andoverhaul of Lucknow manufactured
accessories as well as those fitted ondirectly purchased aircraft, such as Mirage and
Sea Harrier was undertaken. Atpresent, it is manufacturing, repairing and
overhauling more than 800 differenttypes of systems and accessories under license.
The range of items cover unitsfor hydraulics, engine fuel system, environment
control system, pressurizationsystem, gyroscopic instruments, barometric
instruments, electrical systemitems, undercarriages, and electronic items. The
number of licensors exceedstwenty.
From inception, the Division has laid emphasis on developing
indigenouscapability through design and development of various systems and
accessories.This capability has culminated in indigenous design and development
of avariety of systems and accessories for the Light Combat Aircraft
(LCA),Advanced Light Helicopter (all versions i.e. Army, Airforce, Navy & Civil)
andIntermediate Jet Trainer (IJT-36). The Division has also developed and
hasmade successful strides into the area of Microprocessor based control
systems.Design and Development capabilities include Environmental Control
Systems& Pneumatics, Fuel Management, Engine Fuel Control & aircraft fuel
systems,Microprocessor based Controllers, Hydraulic System & Power
Controls,Wheels and Brakes, Cockpit instruments and sensors, Gyroscopes,
ElectricalPower Control Protection, Navigation and Display, Land Navigation,
Groundsupport equipment, Dedicated Test rigs, and Computerised test equipment.
TheDivision has diversified in other defence applications like tanks and
armouredvehicles for Army, and took commercial applications of Hydraulic
items,Gyroscopic Equipment, Special Purpose Test Equipment & Ground
The Division has also made steady progress in the area of Exports. The
range of products and services available for exports include:
1. Rotables and spares of Jaguar International and Cheetah (Lama), Chetak
(Alouette) Helicopters;
2. Ground Support Equipment for MiG 23, 27, 29 Mirage-2000, Jaguar, LCA, Su-
30, Sea-Harrier, Dornier DO-228, Avro HS-748, Cheetah, Chetak, MI-17, and
3. Repair and Overhaul of aircraft accessories of MiG series, Jaguar International,
Cheetah (Lama), Chetak (Alouette) and Dornier.
The Division today has a prime name in the aviation world and a number of
international companies are interested to join hands with it for future projects.
H.A.L. accessory division , Luknow is divided into three main factories namely
1. Mechanical Factory
2. Instrument Factory
3. Fuel Factory

This factory deals with the testing and assembly of electronics instruments
used in aircraft e.g. Altimeter,RMI, Gyro-magnetics compass , black box etc.
This INSTRUMENT FACTORY is further divided into four units which are as
In Clean room those subunits are assembled and tested that are sensitive to
dust, temperature and humidity. All these parameters are kept under control
because these can have adverse effect on their functional efficiency.
The required specification for the instruments assembled and tested
aredifferent .so Clean room is further subdivided into three units. The
followingchart is given for the classification of clean room.