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• Offices and Laboratories for the Engineer
The Contractor shall provide and maintain field offices and testing
laboratories, including all the necessary electricity, water, drainage and
telephone services for the use of the Engineer and his staff. The offices and
laboratories shall have at least the floor area prescribed on the Plans and shall
contain the equipment, supplies and furnishings specified in the Contract.
Testing equipment supplied in accordance with the Special Provisions shall be
located in testing laboratories as required by the Engineer. All offices and
laboratories shall be ready for occupancy and use by the Engineer within two (2)
months of the commencement of the Works. Their location and final plan shall
require the approval of the Engineer prior to the start of construction.

The Contractor shall be responsible for the maintenance and protection of all
facilities to be provided during the duration of the Contract, including providing
adequate stock of all expendable items, such as light bulbs, light tubes,
laboratory equipment and supplies at all times to ensure proper and continuous
functioning of all the Engineer’s facilities. The whole area of the Engineer’s
compound shall be fenced with barbed wire (or equivalent) with necessary gates
as directed by the Engineer. The Contractor shall provide suitable utilities and
services, such as potable water, electricity, sewerage and security on a 24-hour

The Contractor shall provide qualified and experienced laboratory staff to
carry out all the materials quality control and all the tests specified in the
Contract and required by the Engineer. The person so appointed by the
Contractor to manage the laboratory shall be well experienced in the type of
work to be undertaken and shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer. He
shall work full time and shall be responsible to the Engineer for all works carried

Any portable offices required in the Contract shall be dismantled, moved and
erected from time to time as directed by the Engineer.

All offices, stores and testing laboratories shall be proficiently guarded at all
times of the day and night, regularly and properly cleaned, adequately supplied
and maintained for the duration of the Contract.

The Contractor shall provide and maintain throughout the duration of
the Contract, a medical room together with all necessary supplies to be sited
in the Contractor’s main area. The medical room shall be waterproof; it could
be a building or rooms designated and used exclusively for the purpose and
have a floor area of at least 15 square meters and a glazed window area of at
least 2 square meters.

The Contractor shall employ permanently on the site a fully trained
Medical Aide who shall be engaged solely from medical duties.

The location of the medical room and any other arrangements shall be
made known to all employees by posting on prominent locations suitable
notices in the Site.

• Clearing and Grubbing
The Engineer will establish the limits of work and designate all trees,
shrubs, plants and other things to remain. The Contractor shall preserve all
objects designated to remain. Paint required for cut or scarred surface of trees
or shrubs selected for retention shall be an approved asphaltic base paint
prepared especially for tree surgery.

Clearing shall extend one (1) meter beyond the toe of the fill slopes or
beyond rounding of cut slopes as the case maybe for the entire length of the
project unless otherwise shown on the plans or as directed by the Engineer

and provided it is within the right of way limits of the project, with the
exception of trees under the jurisdiction of the Forest Management Bureau

• Individual Removal of Trees or Stumps
Individual trees or stumps designated by the Engineer for removal and
located in areas other than those established for clearing and grubbing and
roadside cleanup shall be removed and disposed except trees removed shall be
cut as nearly flush with the ground as practicable without removing stumps

• Excavation

When there is evidence of discrepancies on the actual elevations and that
shown on the Plans, a pre-construction survey referred to the datum plane used
in the approved Plan shall be undertaken by the Contractor under the control of
the Engineer to serve as basis for the computation of the actual volume of the
excavated materials.

All excavations shall be finished to reasonably smooth and uniform surfaces.
No materials shall be wasted without authority of the Engineer. Excavation
operations shall be conducted so that material outside of the limits of slopes will
not be disturbed.

• Utilization of Excavated Materials
All suitable material removed from the excavation shall be used in the
formation of the embankment, subgrade, shoulders, slopes, bedding, and backfill
for structures, and for other purposes shown on the Plans or as directed.

The Engineer will designate as unsuitable those soils that cannot be properly
compacted in embankments. All unsuitable material shall be disposed off as
shown on the Plans or as directed without delay to the Contractor.

Only approved materials shall be used in the construction of embankments
and backfills. All excess material, including rock and boulders that cannot be
used in embankments shall be disposed off as directed.

• Embankment

Embankment construction shall consist of constructing roadway
embankments, including preparation of the areas upon which they are to be
placed; the construction of dikes within or adjacent to the roadway; the placing
and compacting of approved material within roadway areas where unsuitable
material has been removed; and the placing and compacting of embankment
material in holes, pits, and other depressions within the roadway area.

Embankments and backfills shall contain no muck, peat, sod, roots or other
deleterious matter. Rocks, broken concrete or other solid, bulky materials shall
not be placed in embankment areas where piling is to be placed or driven.

Where shown on the Plans or directed by the Engineer, the surface of the
existing ground shall be compacted to a depth of 150 mm (6 inches) and to the
specified requirements of this Item.

Where provided on the Plans and Bill of Quantities the top portions of the
roadbed in both cuts and embankments, as indicated, shall consist of selected
borrow for topping from excavations.

Where there is evidence of discrepancies on the actual elevations and that
shown on the Plans, a preconstruction survey referred to the datum plane used in
the approved Plan shall be undertaken by the Contractor under the control of the
Engineer to serve as basis for the computation of the actual volume of the
embankment materials.

erected. Low moisture content means the timber is very dry thus it can absorb moisture from the wet concrete resulting to swelling and bulging of timber and weak hardened concrete. FORMWORKS AND FALSEWORKS Forms shall be constructed with metal or timber. For timber forms. lines and dimensions indicated on the drawings. job-built plywood forms. Forms for surfaces which will be exposed to view when construction is completed shall be prefabricated plywood panel forms. quality and strength to produce hardened concrete having the shape.IV. and removed as specified herein and shall be of a type. and holes that would deface the finished surfaces. The forms shall be true to line and grade in accordance with the tolerances as specified for cast-in-place concrete and shall be mortar tight and sufficiently rigid to resist deflection during concrete placement. it is important that the moisture content of the timber that will be used to make the formwork is between 15 to 20 percent. The surfaces of forms shall be smooth and free from irregularities. or forms that are lined with plywood or fiber board. Forms are required above all extended footings. such as steel or unlined wooden forms. For timber formworks plywood is used for sheating with a minimum thickness of 18 mm .5 mm or 3 mm thick or of such thickness that the forms remain true to shape. and may be used as backing for form linings. Use of tough resin as wood coating is the treatment used to overcome the moisture problem in timber formworks though painting the wood with varnish is an alternative cheaper treatment. Other types of forms. For metal forms. dents. The minimum thickness used for metal forms shall be 2. size. may be used for surfaces which are not restricted to plywood or lined forms. it is important that the metal used as sheating should be free from rust and nonreactive to concrete or concrete containing calcium oxide. Forms shall be fabricated. shape. Plywood or lined forms will not be required for surfaces which are normally submerged or not ordinarily exposed to view. sags.

The forms shall produce finished surfaces that are free from off-sets. and other form supports shall be sized and spaced so that proper working stresses are not exceeded. wedging. spreading. shape. The design and construction of the formworks and falseworks shall be the responsibility of the Contractor and for approval of the Engineer. Forms shall be substantial and sufficiently tight to prevent leakage of 25 mm though the thickness of the plywood to be used will depend on the pressure that the wet concrete will put on the formwork. Walers. Structural steel tubes used as support for forms shall have a minimum wall thickness of 4 mm. Formworks to be used shall conform to ACI 347 . Forms shall be braced or tied to maintain the desired position. studs. All tie bars with bolts used in fastening forms should be countersunk to a depth similar to the required concrete covering and patched with cement mortar. and concave or convex areas. or lifting of the forms. The Contractor shall employ competent professional engineering services to design forms to be approved by the Engineer and supervise the erection of all formworks needed for the completion of the project. waves. ridges. The design of formwork will specify the thickness of the plywood that will be incorporated in the project. Forms shall be constructed so they can be removed without hammering.I. The fabricated spacer blocks shall have an embedded No. The use of approved internal steel ties or steel or plastic spacers shall be permitted. Tie Wire with sufficient length to be attached to the reinforcing steel bars to hold the spacers in place after closure of forms and during pouring.Guide to Formwork for Concrete. and alignment during and after concrete placement. internal ties. Form ties shall be approved by the Engineer and shall be of the snap cone or she-bolt with cone type. 16 G. Joints in forms shall be bolted tightly and shall bear on solid construction. . or prying against the concrete. The spacing of form ties shall be designed to withstand concrete pressures without bulging. All materials to be incorporated to the site shall be inspected and approved by the Engineer.

or displacement of reinforcement occur during concrete placement. If any forms bulge or show excessive deflection. any surplus form release coating on the form surface shall be removed. excessive deflection of forms. columns. The Contractor shall place special attention on mating forms to previously placed walls so as to minimize steps or rough transitions. All form panels shall be placed in a neat. Beams and slabs supported by concrete columns shall be formed in a way that the column forms can be removed without disturbing the supports of the beams or slabs. all salient corners and edges of beams. the concrete shall be removed and the forms shall be rebuilt and strengthened. or otherwise damaged forms shall not be used. slabs.40 m can be ordered. When necessary. After coating with industrial lubricants such as form oil. except in freezing weather form release coating shall be used. and curbs shall be provided with a 25 mm by 25 mm chamfer formed by a wood or metal chamfer strip. available panels sizes of 1. Split. . symmetrical pattern with level and continuous horizontal joints. Forms to be reused shall be thoroughly cleaned and repaired.0 m x 2. Should misalignment of forms or screeds. frayed.20 m x 2. in the opinion of the Engineer. immediate corrective measure shall be taken to ensure acceptable lines and surface to required dimensions and cross sections. In order to facilitate cleaning and inspection prior to concrete placement. Unless shown otherwise on the drawings. temporary openings shall be provided at the bottom of column and wall forms and at other points. delaminated. Forms for exposed surfaces and all steel forms shall be coated with non-staining form release agent which shall be applied just prior to placement of steel reinforcement.70 m and 3. Wood forms for unexposed surfaces may be thoroughly wetted with water in lieu of coating with industrial lubricant immediately before concrete placement. For engineered wood. Form panels shall be of the largest practical size to minimize joints and to improve rigidity which is to be designed by the formworks engineer of the Contractor. walls.

Store and handle form coating to prevent contamination in accordance with manufacturer's recommendation. To ensure that forms are safe. or pile footings should be provided. Any formwork with steel components should be stored in a dry place. and shall be covered with a suitable waterproof of covering providing adequate air circulation and free from dirt. Shoring beneath beams or slabs shall be left in place and reinforced as necessary to carry any . American Concrete Institute 347 (AO 347) .2 Construction Practices and Workmanship.1 Safety Precautions in Construction and Section 3. spread footings. Store form materials and accessories above ground with a minimum height of 100 mm on framework or blocking without twist or bend. Avoid direct sunlight on timber forms. falseworks and centering shall not be removed or disturbed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to safely support all dead and live loads. Keep forms well-oiled to prevent delamination of plywood or rusting of steel and always oil the edges.703 Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. use stiff brush and clean water for the cleaning of forms. it should be stabilized or other means of support should be provided. correctly designed and strong enough for the expected load. For maintenance of the forms. Use scrapers only as a last resort for maintenance purposes. and local code requirements for formwork should be followed. such as mudsills. or until the concrete has attained the minimum percentage of specified design strength listed in the Table below. Forms must be strong and sound (made of good quality and durable materials) in order to carry the full load and side pressure from freshly placed concrete. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations under Section 1926.Guide to Formwork recommendations under Section 3. Forms. If soil under mudsills is or may become incapable of supporting superimposed loads without appreciable settlement. Proper foundations on ground.

the Engineer will approve removal of forms after the following time has elapsed: Order and method of removing formwork: • Shuttering forming the vertical faces of walls. Immediately after form removal. Care shall be taken into consideration during form removal to avoid surface gouging. and under normal conditions. any damaged or imperfect work shall be repaired as specified by the Engineer. In general. or other damage to the concrete. No forms shall be removed without the approval of the Engineer. girders or other heavily loaded shuttering should be removed in the equipment or materials placed thereon. beams and columns sides should be removed first as they bear no load but only retain the concrete. • Shuttering forming soffit of slabs should be removed next. • Shuttering forming soffit of beams. corner or edge breakage. .

000 psi. wire sizes and spacing as shown on the drawings. Any expense incident to the revisions to make them furnished in accordance with such lists and diagrams to make them comply with the Plans shall be borne by the Contractor.V. STEEL WORKS • Material List Reinforcing steel shall be conform to the requirement of AASHTO M31 (ASTM A 615) and AASHTO M42. deformed. the Contractor shall. Use 16 mm diameter RSB for columns and beams. The approval of order lists and bending by the Engineer shall in no way relieve the Contractor of responsibility for the correctness of such lists and diagrams. all order lists and bending diagrams shall be furnished by the Contractor. Should the Contractor purpose to use reinforcing bar complying with JIS Standards. before materials are ordered. Reinforcing steel bars shall be structural grade. Welded Wire Fabric for concrete walks shall conform to Section AASHTO M 55 (ASTM A 185). Any expense incidental to the revisions of materials furnished in accordance with such Drawings shall be borne by the Contractor. for approval of the Engineer. The design strength shall be defined as the product of yield strength of reinforcing bar and the area of reinforcing bar provided in the section. with a minimum fy = 33. • Execution Before materials are ordered. furnish the Engineer for approval Drawings annotated in English of the reinforcement arrangement of each affected structure.000 psi and fs = 18. and 10 mm diameter for lateral ties and stirrups. showing clearly any revised spacing or diameters of bars required to ensure that the design strength of the structure is maintained. .

surface seams. Blocks for . ties. provided the minimum dimensions. Ties shall be fastened on the inside. alternate intersections shall be tied. or other approved supports. Steel reinforcement shall be stored above the surface of the ground upon platforms. Any discrepancies found between the Drawings and bending schedules shall also be communicated to the Engineer. paint. blocks. detrimental rust. reinforcement shall be free from dirt. When placed in the work. cross-sectional area and tensile properties of a hand wire brushed specimen meets the physical requirements for the size and grade of steel specified. or other supports and shall be protected as far as practicable from mechanical injury and surface deterioration caused by exposure to conditions producing rust. Reinforcement shall be free form injurious defects such as cracks and laminations. grease. All steel reinforcement shall be accurately placed in the position shown on the Plans or required by the Engineer and firmly held there during the placing and setting of the concrete. oil. Rust. hangers. Bars shall be tied at all intersections except where spacing is less than 300 mm in each direction. Bar bending Schedules shall be checked by the Contractor prior to cutting and bending and shall be amended where necessary to ensure correct fit and placement in accordance with the reinforcement drawing. surface irregularities or mill scale will not be cause for rejection. Bends and hooks in stirrups or ties may be bent to the diameter in the principal bar enclosed therein. loose scale. or other foreign materials. in which case. Distance from the forms shall be maintained by means of stays. skids. If necessary the Contractor shall prepare and submit bar bending schedules if not included or shown on the Drawings. so that it does not vary from the position indicated on the Plans by more than 6 mm. for the approval of the Engineer.

concrete for mass concrete foundations and where shown on the Drawings or as directed by the Engineer. • Class AA – For bored piles • Class B – Footings. pedestals. and where shown on the Drawings. retaining walls. headwalls. gravity walls and minor structures. wing walls. beams. concrete used as slope protection to rock excavations. ▪ 3. • Class C – For railing and railpost and other thin reinforced section. Rebar fabrication and installation shall be done by a competent Steelman to ensure good workmanship. frequent checking of bar schedule and clearances. • Class P – Prestressed concrete structures and members.000 psi at 28 days’ cylinder strength for reinforced concrete slabs. pipe bedding. . footing tie beams. from the commencement of work until the rebars are installed. VI. columns and footings. Strength of concrete to be used in the various part of the work shall be as follows: ▪ 2.500 psi at 28 days’ cylinder strength for slab on fill and footing of concrete hollow block walls. holding reinforcement from contact with the forms shall be precast mortar blocks of approved shapes and dimensions. There shall be a proper supervision for the “cutting and bending” of reinforcing bars. aprons and where shown on the Drawings. • Lean – Concrete used in thin layers underneath footings. Layers of bars shall be separated by precast mortar blocks or by other equally suitable devices. CONCRETE WORKS The classes of concrete shall generally be used as follows: • Class A – For all box culverts.

Cement and sand shall be combined in the proper proportions. The quantity of water to be used in the preparation of mortar shall be only that required to produce a mixture sufficiently workable for the purpose intended. Retampering of mortar will not be permitted. water and sand shall be mixed thoroughly in a power mixer for at least 1 ½ minutes. MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS Cement mortar shall consist of Portland cement. Different brands or the same brands from different . The gage of the wire and dimensions of the mesh shall be as shown on the Plans. Wire and Reinforcement Wire/mesh reinforcement shall in all respects shall be galvanized and shall fulfill requirements prescribed in ASTM A82 and ASTM A185 respectively. a. Materials. the proportions by volume shall be 1 part cement to 3part sand. and then thoroughly mixed with the required amount of water. and Mixing Unless otherwise specified. sand and water.1. The sand shall contain not less than 3 percent nor more than 6 percent moisture by weight. PORTLAND CEMENT It shall conform to the applicable requirements of AASHTO M85 (ASTM C 150). Proportioning. b. The cement. c. The premixed material shall be used promptly after mixing and any material that has been mixed for more than 45 minutes shall be rejected and removed from the work site. Mortar shall be used as soon as possible after mixing and shall show no visible sign of setting prior to use. Only Type I Portland Cement shall be used unless otherwise specified or approved by the Engineer.

If the fine aggregate is subjected to five (5) cycles of the sodium sulfate soundness test. FINE AGGREGATES It shall be of natural sand. when tested for the effect of organic impurities of strength of mortar by AASHTO T 71. it shall be rejected. stone screenings or other inert materials with similar characteristics. However. Cement salvaged from discarded or used bags shall not be used. . strong and durable particles approved by the Engineer. Samples of cement shall be obtained in accordance with AASHTO T 1217. The fine aggregate shall be free from injurious amounts of organic impurities. Cement which for any reason has become partially set or which contains lumps of caked cement will be rejected.075mm. It shall not contain more than three (3) mass percent of material passing the 0. mills shall not be mixed nor shall they be used alternately unless the mix is approved by the Engineer. the fine aggregate may be used if the relative strength at 7 and 28 days is not less than 95 mass percent. having hard. d. Fine aggregate from different sources of supply shall not be mixed or stored in the same pile nor used alternately in the same class of concrete without the approval of the Engineer. The use of beach sand will not be allowed without the approval of the Engineer. 200 sieve) by washing nor more than one (1) mass percent each of clay lumps or shale. the weighted loss shall not exceed 10 mass percent. (No. If subjected to the colorimetric test for organic impurities. or combination thereof. a color darker than the standard is produced.

gravel. 200) sieve. or other approved inert materials of similar characteristics. durable pieces and free from any adherent coatings.150 mm (No.100) 0-10 e. The fine aggregate shall be well-graded from coarse to fine and shall conform to the table: Sieve Designation Mass Percent Passing 9.18 mm (No.50) 5-30 0. COARSE AGGREGATE It shall consist of crushed stone. strong. AA Standard 63 2 ½” 50 2” 100 .5 mass percent of soft fragments. (No.5 mm (3/8 in) 100 4. the weighted loss shall not exceed 12 mass percent. Only one grading specification shall be used from any one source.25 mass percent of clay lumps. having hard. It shall contain not more than one (1) mass percent of material passing the 0. nor more than 3. not more than 0.300 mm (No.75 mm (No. Grading Requirements for Coarse Aggregate Sieve Designation Mass Percent Passing for Alternate Standard Class US Class B Class C Class P Lean (mm) A. 4) 95-100 1. or combinations thereof. It shall have a mass percent of wear exceeding 40 when tested by AASHTO T 96.16) 45-80 0. If the coarse aggregate is subject to five (5) cycles of the sodium sulfate soundness test. blast furnace slag.075 mm.

curing or other designated applications shall be reasonably clean and free of oil. REINFORCING STEEL Dowel and tie bars shall conform to the requirements of AASHTO T 31 or M 42. WATER Water used in mixing.5 3/8” 20-55 10-30 40-70 20-55 - 4. .5 1½” 95-100 100 25 1” 100 . one half of the length of each dowel shall be painted with one coat of approved lead or tar paint. the intake shall be so enclosed as to exclude silt.5 ½” . The sleeves of dowels shall be metal of approved design to cover 50 mm (2 inches). . f. plus. 25-60 9. Tie bars shall be deformed bars. Where the source of water is shallow. or minus 5 mm (1/4 inch) of the dowel. except that rail steel shall not be used for tie bars that are to be bent and restraighten during construction. salt. Dowels shall be plain round bars. with a closed end. 4 0-10 0-5 0-15 0-10* 0-10 * The measured cement content shall be within plus (+) or minus (-) 2 mass percent of the design cement content. g. grass or other substances injurious to the finished product. 100 95-100 19. 37. mud. Sleeves shall be of such design that they do not collapse during construction. Water which is drinkable may be used without test. and with a suitable stop to hold the end of the sleeve at least 25 mm (1 inch) from the end of the dowel.0 ¾” 90-100 35-70 100 90-100 - 12. Before delivery to the Site. 90-100 .75 No. grass or other foreign materials.

150 x 300 mm. SAMPLING AND TESTING OF STRUCTURAL CONCRETE As work progress. Compliance with the requirements of this Section shall be determined in accordance with the following standard methods of AASHTO: • Sampling of fresh concrete T 141 • Weight per cubic meter and air content (gravimetric) of concrete T 121 • Sieve analysis of fine and coarse aggregates T 27 • Slump of Portland cement Concrete T 119 • Specific gravity and absorption of fine aggregate T 84 Tests for strength shall be made in accordance with the following: • Making and curing concrete compressive and flexural tests specimens in the field T 23 • Compressive strength of molded concrete cylinders T 22 . at least one (1) sample consisting of three (3) concrete cylinder test specimens. from: • each seventy-five (75) cubic meters of each class of concrete measured and batched at a batching plant or fraction thereof placed each day. • each forty (40) cubic meters of each class of concrete batched and mixed at a job site or fraction thereof placed each day.h.

Concrete as dry as it is practical to place with the equipment specified shall be used. for retarding the set.2. The consistency of concrete shall be gauged by the ability of the requirement to properly place it and not by the difficulty in mixing and transporting. Section 6 through Retempering concrete will not be permitted. It shall be of a consistency that it will flow around reinforcing steel but individual particles of the coarse aggregate when isolated shall show on coating of mortar containing its proportionate amount of sand. . for truck mixing or a combination of central point and truck mixing or truck agitating. Batching and mixing shall be in accordance with ASTM C 685. suitable allowance shall be made for variations in the moisture condition of the aggregates. MIXING AND DELIVERY Concrete may be mixed at the site of construction. at a central point or by a combination of central point and truck mixing or by a combination of central point mixing and truck agitating. a. EXECUTION Concrete shall have a consistency such that it will be workable in the required position. Mixing and delivery of concrete shall be in accordance with the appropriate requirements of AASHTO M 157 excepts as modified in the following paragraphs of this section. the weight propositions shall be converted to equivalent volumetric proportions. The quantity of mixing water shall be determined by the Engineer and shall not be varied without his consent. Delivery of concrete shall be regulated so that placing is at a continuous rate unless delayed by the placing operations. Admixtures for increasing the workability. or for accelerating the set or improving the pumping characteristics of the concrete will be permitted only when specifically provided in the Contract. or authorized in writing by the Engineer. and in no case. In such cases. shall such an interval exceed 30 minutes. including the bulking effect in the fine aggregate. When volumetric measurements are authorized. The intervals between delivery of batches shall not be so great as to allow the concrete in place to harden partially.

b. The pick-up and throw-over blades of mixers shall be restored or replaced when any part or section is worn 20 mm or more below the original height of the manufacturer's design. The temperature of the concrete at the time of placement shall be maintained within the specific temperature range by any combination of the following: • Shading the materials storage areas or the production equipment. reinforcing steel. and other surfaces which come in contact with the mix shall be cooled to below 32°C (90°F) by means of a water spray or other approved methods. the forms. Concrete mixers may be of the revolving drum or the revolving blade type and the mixing drum or blades shall be operated uniform at the mixing speed recommended by the manufacturer. Under conditions of rain. PROTECTION OF CONCRETE FROM ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS Precautions shall be taken as needed to protect concrete from damage due to weather or other environmental condition during placing and curing operations. steel beam flanges. The temperature of the concrete mixture immediately before placement shall be between 10°C (50°F) and 32°C (90°F). the placing of concrete shall not commence or shall be stopped unless adequate protection is provided to prevent damage to the surface mortar or damaging flow or washing of the concrete surface. Mixers and agitators which have an accumulation of hard concrete or mortar shall not be used. When the ambient temperature is above 32°C (90°F). Concrete that has been damaged by weather conditions shall be either repaired to an acceptable condition or removed and replaced. .

shall be previously established as suitable for use in concrete masonry and shall conform to applicable ASTM standards or shall be shown by test or experience not to be detrimental to the durability of the concrete masonry units or any material customarily used in masonry construction. o Load-Bearing Concrete Hollow Blocks Load-bearing concrete hollow blocks shall conform to the physical requirements of the Tables below as prescribed on ASTM C 90. • Cooling the aggregates by sprinkling with water which conforms to the requirements. o Non-load bearing Concrete Hollow Blocks and Louver Blocks Non-load bearing concrete hollow blocks shall be clearly marked to prevent their use as load bearing units. finely ground silica. VII. • Material Requirements • Concrete Hollow Blocks and Louver Blocks Width. • Other Constituents Air-entraining agents. . Standard Specifications for Load-bearing Concrete Masonry Units. height and length of concrete hollow blocks and louver blocks shall be ±3. coloring pigments. and other constituents. integral water repellents.20mm from the specified dimension shown on the Plans. MASONRY WORKS Use 150 mm CHB for interior and exterior walls plastered both sides and 200 mm CHB for firewall.

Spread the mixture out. plasters etc. using shovels. sprinkle water over the surface and mix. This can be achieved by continually spraying them with water or keeping them under water in tanks.. • Curing After being removed from the mold. o No construction support shall be attached to the wall except where specifically permitted by the Engineer. o Units shall be cut accurately to fit all plumbing ducts. level. plumb and neat in accordance with the Plans. and all holes shall be neatly patched. dry. all cuts shall be neat and true to line. lintels. bond beams. opening for electrical works. Mix aggregate and cement until the color is uniform. doors.• Construction Requirements • Mixing Concrete shall be mixed well using the proportion specified by the Engineer. If batch mixer is used. o Masonry unit shall be sound. o Proper masonry units shall be used to provide for all window. with a minimum of unit cutting. • Installation o All masonry work shall be laid true to line. Continue with this process until the right amount of water has been mixed in. Mixture shall be free from impurities such as dirt and grass. clean and free from cracks when placed in the structure. o Where masonry units cutting is necessary. the Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB) and Louver Blocks shall be covered with a plastic sheet or tarpaulin and kept damp and shaded for at least seven (7) days in order to effectively cure. Hand mixing shall be done. . accurate timing and measuring devices shall be observed as per manufacturer's recommendation. on a level concrete slab or steel plate.

or cracks not wider than 0. ASTM C 270 requires that mortar be used within 2112 hours of initial mixing. the face or faces that are to be exposed shall not show chips or cracks. are not grounds for rejection. Where units are to be used in exposed wall construction. is permitted.4 mm in any dimension. Mortar that has stiffened should not be used. not otherwise permitted. • Reinforcement for Concrete Hollow Blocks Reinforcement shall be done in accordance with the structural plans as to size. Reinforcement shall be clean and free from loose.5 mm and not longer than 25% of the nominal height of the unit. scales and any coatings that will reduce bond. spacing and other requirements. as it will stiffen and loose plasticity. or other imperfections when viewed from a distance of not less than 6. • Finish and Appearance All units shall be sound and free of cracks or other defects that interfere with the proper placement of the unit or significantly impair the strength or permanence of the construction. Minor cracks. Any unit disturbed to the extent that the initial bond is broken after initial positioning shall be removed and re-laid in fresh mortar. o Mortar should not be spread too far ahead of units.1m under diffused lighting. The color and texture of units shall be specified by the purchaser. o Units shall be placed while the mortar is soft and plastic. rust. especially in hot weather. The finished surfaces that will be exposed in place shall conform to an . not larger than 25. o Five percent of a shipment containing chips. incidental to the usual method of manufacture or minor chipping resulting from customary methods of handling in shipment and delivery.

A rib -type roofing is to be used as a roofing material. They shall be stock-piled on planks or other supports free from contact with ground and covered to protect against wetting. Use tekscrews for . representing the range of texture and color permitted. ROOFING WORKS Use Cold Rolled Steel as base metal conforming to JISG 3141 standard with a thickness of 0. Units shall be tested in accordance with ASTM C 140. A shipment shall not contain more than 5% of units. Standard Test Method for Linear Drying Shrinkage of Concrete Masonry Units. nominal width of 1080 mm. Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units and ASTM C 426. • Storage and Handling of Masonry Works The blocks shall be stored in such a way as to avoid contact with moisture at site. approved sample. consisting of not less than four (4) units. The block shall be handled with care and damaged units shall be rejected.000 units or fraction thereof.50mm. VIII. • Sampling and Testing for Concrete Hollow Blocks and Louvers Method of Sampling for Quality Test shall be as follows: o One (1) Quality Test for every 10. and effective coverage of 1013 mm. o Six (6) specimens to be submitted for one (1) quality test in which three (3) specimens for Compression Test and the remaining three (3) for Moisture Content and Water Absorption. including broken unit that do not meet the requirements of the above provisions.

Sheets can be transferred from the staging area to roof work by hand one at a time using nylon rope or G. X. The height from floor to ceiling must be at least 2700 mm. Installed roofing panels and bended accessories should be cleaned from metal filings. Cabinet materials shall consist of 3/4" thick marine plywood. All materials shall be new and shall conform with the standards of the underwriter’s laboratory or to the Bureau of Products and Standards. fastening. Handling and Storage Panels and accessories should be filed over wooden support at least 100 mm from the ground level and with inclination of 10. CARPENTRY WORKS Ceiling materials shall consist of metal furring and 3/16” thick hardiflex with 1 x 2. . river shanks. b. a. 1 x 3 & 1 x 4 cornice. sheets should be handled wearing clean dry gloves as much as possible. and all the regulations of the local authority and the utility company which are hereby made part of this specifications. It is recommended that the laying of panels starts on the opposite direction of prevailing wind. ELECTRICAL WORKS All Electrical works shall be done in accordance with all the provisions of the Philippine Electrical Code. tekscrews. To preserve the finish surface. and for personal safety. and other particles. nails. ensure that faces of all steel or wood purlins are in one plane and leveled.I. part 1. IX. Installation For quality finished result installation. guidewire.

schedule 40 and shall also be as manufactured by Moldex or Crown. Conduit runs shall be installed in such manner as not to weaken or interfere with the structure of the building. All wires unless noted in the drawings or these specifications shall be installed in conduits. All conduit couplings or joints to be installed underground or on conduit runs on areas of the building that may be subjected to water or other liquids shall be securely liquid tight. convenience outlets and blank plates shall be manufactured by Royu or by other manufacturer as will be approved by the designing engineer. PVC conduits shall be rigid nonmetallic conduit. No horizontal runs of embedded conduits or tubing shall be permitted in solid wall and partitions. The work throughout shall be executed in the best and through manner under the direction of and to the satisfaction of the owner or the supervising Civil Engineer or the in-charged Electrical Engineer. The switches for lightning outlets. Flexible conduits shall have an excellent resistance to vibration. Molded case circuit breakers shall be as manufactured by General Electric and the enclosure shall be ordered to Fujihaya or other panel board manufacturer as will be approved by the designing engineer. Flexible conduit shall be as manufactured by Moldex or Crown. . All wires shall be continuous from outlet to outlet and there shall be no splice except in junctions and pullboxes.

boxes. Underground runs shall be encased in concrete envelop or reinforced concrete envelop when crossing roadway. End of conduit shall be provided with sealing compound. columns and beams of the building. • For ceiling.a. • Centralized paneling Use breaker and wire gutter for proper arrangement of main distribution panel (MDP). o Metal boxes. • In-sight disconnecting means Use water tight type straight or angle connectors from pumps. o Apply PVC solvent on all PVC pipe joints/connections o Use end bells at the end of PVC pipes and locknut and bushing for metallic conduit on all boxes and gutters termination. gutters. condensing units and other equipment that with possible contact with water or rain. mounted lighting fixtures Use flexible metallic tubing as drop pipe from junction box to lighting fixture. o Conduit shall be properly reamed. . Roughing-ins • Service Entrance o Service entrance conduit shall be made of intermediate metallic conduit (IMC). supports and fittings shall be painted with epoxy primer in three (3) coats prior to installation. • Branch circuit conduits. fittings and supports shall run parallel to walls. o Branch circuit conduits shall be either metallic or non-metallic conduit where it is applicable. o Exposed service entrance conduit shall be painted with epoxy primer in three (3) coats application.

and sewer lines shall be uPVC series 1. extent and other requirements. • Wiring devices must be of standard type and approved for both location and purpose.10 and for grounding system Article 2. b. location. International Standard Organization (ISO) 4435 and International Standard Organization (ISO) 3633. stacks. See drawings and details for sizes. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D-2729. Vol. • Waste and vent line piping system Drain. I. Wires and Wiring Devices • Wires shall be properly designed in accordance to Article 3. waste and vent system must be according to (Philippine National Standards) PNS/SAO 374.000 • Waterline piping system Must be according to ISO9001:2000 and E DIN1988 for Polypropylene Random (PPR) type 3 pipe and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) A120. PLUMBING WORKS All plumbing works included herein shall be executed in accordance with the latest National Plumbing Code of the Philippines.50 of the latest edition of PEC Part 1. All main vents. Ends of said stub-out conduit shall be threaded and capped. • Provide 15 mm ø PVC or IMC pipe as stub-out conduit for spares at different panel boards as per schedule of loads. XI. • Plumbing Fixture . Furnish materials and equipment and perform labor required to complete toilet and bath accessories.

Toilet and bath accessories shall be delivered in their original containers bearing manufacturer’s name and brand.19.4m. DOORS AND WINDOWS Furnish materials and equipment and perform labor required including frames to complete: . A112. WWP-541. and roof areas of the building. • Septic vault All concrete septic tanks shall be protected from corrosion by coating with an approved bituminous coating or by other acceptable means. • Installation Install toilet and bath accessories on the locations and heights indicated on the drawings and according to manufacturer’s recommended instructions Surfaces/areas damaged during the installation of toilet and bath accessories shall be repaired/rectified. Materials shall be protected against damage during delivery and storage at the site.19. FINISHING WORKS 1. A112.3. A112.19m • Drainage system Storm drainage system must be sized according to rainfall intensities. IS2. Must be according to American National Standard Institute/ American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ANSI/ASME).19. XII. • Delivery and Storage Schedule delivery of materials such that it is near time of installation.5. Slopes for horizontal drainage line shall maintain 2% as minimum unless noted otherwise. slope. A112.

2 sets .Fix Window. rivets. a. Powder coating of not less than 0.10m • Delivery and Storage Inspect materials delivered to the site for damage. free from dust or water. Minimum weight of 32 mg. alloy 6063-T5. 1 set . inch hard coat.20m g.Flush Door. 0. or similar coverings.1/2 Glass Louver door.Sliding Door.20m f.60m x 2. Temper aluminum sheets and strips shall comply with ASTM B209M alloy and temper best suited for the purpose. per sq.10m e. 6 sets . Store materials neatly on the floor.10m with 50mm x 150mm Door Jamb d.10m with 50mm x 150mm Door Jamb b. 0. Installation shall only be done by approved. 2.60m h. 1 set .00 x 1. properly stacked on non-absorptive strips or wood platforms.90m x 2.70m x 2. 0. sections and frames. which permits easy access for inspection and handling. 1. 2 set .007” thk.20m x 1.00m x 5. 1 set .60m x 0.60m x 2. 0. unload and store with a minimum of handling. 1. 4 sets . • Products o Doors ▪ Provide complete accessories.10m with 50mm x 150mm Door Jamb c. qualified and trained installer recommended by the manufacturer. washers. Do not cover doors and frames with tarps polyethylene film. 1. and other miscellaneous fastening devices.Sliding Window. Aluminum alloy shall consist of extruded shapes and sheet materials complying with ASTM B221M.Sliding Window. Provide storage spaces in dry locations with adequate ventilation. nuts.Casement Type Window. . 1 set .6 Panel Door. Provide hard aluminum over stainless steel screws.

nuts washers. Exposed Fastening: countersunk stainless steel Phillips head screws spaced not more than 300mm on centers. Minimum metal wall thickness: 3mm . Provide anchors on the backs of the sizes and shapes as indicated for securing aluminum frames to adjacent construction. 6mm (1/4") thick glass panel with integrated deadlocking device. neoprene setting block and 10mm (7/16") dia. Reinforce and securely anchor free standing door frames near top and bottom of each jamb and at intermediate points not more than 600mm apart. Use stainless steel bolts and expansion rivets for fastening clip anchors. o Fabrication Factory prefabricate all frames in accordance to the designs and dimensions indicated in the drawings. Complete with snap on glass fasteners. rivets and other miscellaneous fastening devices. Unsealed Fastening: Cadmium plated self-tapping screws. o Fasteners Provide hard aluminum over stainless steel screws. ▪ Aluminum Frame Awning and Fixed/Awning Window Powder coated aluminum fixed/awning sliding type window frame with section appropriate for and adapted to mounting on concrete. steel tension rod threaded at both ends. vinyl inserts. mohair wool pile weather strip. o Anchors Steel with a hot-dipped galvanized finish. with grooves and snap on siblings to accommodate other components and weather strips and provisions for neat fixation to one another using concealed hardware connectors.

molding. to prevent staining of aluminum. ▪ Drainage from dissimilar metals: Paint dissimilar metals used in location where drainage from them passes over aluminum as specified above. except glazing beads. ▪ Applying good quality caulking materials between the aluminum and the dissimilar metal. Cut. Frames that are to receive fixed glass shall have removable glass stops and glazing beads. join and fit rails and stiles to hairline joints securely reinforced and joined by means of concealed fastening wherever possible. and trim not less than 1. keep aluminum surfaces from direct contact with incompatible metals by the following methods: ▪ Painting the dissimilar metal with one coat of heavy-bodied bituminous paint. Protection of aluminum from dissimilar materials: Aluminum to dissimilar metals: where aluminum surfaces come in contact with metals other than stainless steel.5mm. Secure frames in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. • Execution a. forcing or distorting the product. Set frames plumb and square and brace where necessary to prevent distortion. zinc or white bronze of small area. . Wedge clear of masonry all frames set in prepared openings 3/16 to 1/4 inch to allow for caulking. b. Set frames without springing. Installation Set and anchor frames as shown in details and in approved shop drawings.

o Apply the scratch coat with sufficient material and pressure to ensure a good bond and then scratch to a rough surface. Secure all windows and doors to be watertight and all hardware operating free and easy. Provide a thickness of 3/8" for scratch coat. d. Execution • Plain Cement Finishes o Provide all walls indicated with three coats of cement plaster (scratch coat. c. Mix each coat in the proportion of one part Portland cement to three parts sand by volume. washed sand. both of consisting of one (1) part Portland Cement and two (2) parts of clean. CEMENT FINISHES a. 2. ▪ Dust in freshly placed concrete and trowel in to become an integral part of the concrete surface. ▪ Aluminum to masonry and concrete: Give aluminum surfaces in contact with mortar. measured by volume. Materials o Plain Cement Plaster Finish (with or without deep open groove) For Wall Finishing ▪ Consisting of the scratch and finish coats. brown coat and finish coat). Do not use abrassive caustic or acid cleaning agents. b. thoroughly clean surfaces of doors and frames in accordance with the recommended procedure of the manufacturer. or other masonry materials one coat of heavy-bodied bituminous paint. Dampen with water before applying brown . concrete. Adjust all frames and attach hardware before glazing. Upon completion and installation. o Floor Hardener ▪ Provide wear and slip-resistant concrete floor hardener (where applicable).

trowel with a wooden float and cross hatch or broom lightly and evenly to secure a good mechanical bond for the finish coat. The construction joints of the concrete floors on fill shall coincide with the V-grooves to avoid formation of slightly construction cracks later. coat Apply brown coat. The mortar shall be spread and trowelled well to a smooth. and whenever so shown on plans as cement finish shall be given a wearing surface of 1:2 cement mortar 1 cm thick. apply immediately after the concrete has been placed before it has been set. in accordance with pattern shown. • Cement Finish of Concrete Floors on Fill or on Ground o Concrete floor without specific finish. o Apply finish coat seven (7) days after the application of brown coat. cement top finish for reinforced concrete slab shall be 1 inch cement mortar with the minimum water content. Keep the finish coat damp but not saturated for a period of seven (7) days. When stiff enough. Provide thickness of 1/8". o Surfaces of concrete floor slabs and similar concrete surfaces exposed after removal of forms shall be kept moist for a period of at least seven (7) days by thoroughly wetting said surfaces 3 times a day. . one day after applying scratch coat. Straight V-grooves shall be placed where indicated on plans. and the whole surface cured as specified. Wet the surface and keep from drying out for at least three (3) days. • Cement Top Finish of Reinforced Concrete Slab o Where so indicated. They shall be protected from falling debris and from the strong rays of the sun to avoid unsightly surface cracks caused by premature drying and hardening. even surface with sufficient slope for drainage where necessary. with a thickness of 3/8" and level to a flat even surface.

o No cement dusting is allowed to hasten finishing work. scaffolding. clean slab shall be thoroughly wet and kept wet for 4 hours before finish is applied. o Where so indicated or possible. floated with wood float. all high or low spots eliminated. the slab shall be further roughened in addition to the ranking required. with a pick of similar tool to remove laitance. The Painting Contractor shall examine the drawings and specifications for the section being painted and for painting work in other sections for possible conflict in work. . floated manually or by machine. 3. compacted by rolling or tamping. loose particles. o Where this finish is used as a base for. painting equipment. top finish shall be worked integrally with structural slab before the concrete has set. If placed after the slab has set. o Finish shall have minimum thickness of 1-½ inches or as indicated on plans and shall be poured continuously until entire section is completed. materials. plaster and anything that would prevent bonds and then cleaned by sand blasting or equivalent method or device. steel trowelled to a hard-smooth finish and graded to drain where required. this mortar beds shall have a minimum thickness of 1-½ inches or as shown on plans. cement floor finish shall be 1-½ inches thick. o And where used as a base for cement floor tile. and protective coverings required for the painting and finishing of all surfaces as indicated in the drawing and herein specified. struck off with a straight edge. say 1/8-inch-thick vinyl tile. After sand blasting. PAINTING The Painting Contractor shall provide all labor.

sealed. clean and locked. . Protect the floor with drop cloths or building paper. The Painting Contractor shall include in his work all final clean-up of paint spots on the floor. or specified finish. each succeeding coat shall differ slightly in color or tint from that of the preceeding coat. in clean. All necessary precautions shall be taken to prevent fire by complying with all applicable local Fire Prevention and Safety Ordinances. All painting materials shall be received. and mixed in an assigned room to avoid pilferage and maintain quality control. runs. For painted work. The Painting Contractor shall also examine all the surfaces to be finished under the contract and see that the work of other trades has been left or installed in satisfactory condition to receive the paint. glass and finish hardware. free from sags. stain. Place cloth and cotton waste in covered metal containers. A room or rooms in the premises shall be assigned for the storage of painting tools and materials. crawls. • Workmanship The paint shall be applied only by skilled painters to the method specified so as to form a film of uniform thickness. Materials will be stored in the area designated and all storage areas will be kept neat. • Materials Storage All materials shall be delivered to the job site. or other defects. Areas not to be painted must have a suitable covering. original containers with all labels and other markings intact. or destroy them at the end of each work day.

primers. oil. a. approved by the Architect/Engineer.• Colors All colors are to be selected or approved by the Architect/Engineer and actual color chips shall be supplied to the Contractor for matching. All undercoats shall be tinted to approximate the finish coat color. stains. b. All areas to be painted must be dry and free of dirt. At the end of each day's work. paint or varnish a 4 feet x 4 feet area designated by the Architect/Engineer and same be used as standard workmanship for the entire work. grease. b. all oily rags. Execution • Surface Preparation Before the start of the painting or varnishing work. Samples shall be made of surface preparation. empty containers and combustible material will be removed from the premises. Manila and will be subject to the Architect/Engineer approval. Use materials in accordance with the manufacturer's directions printed on the labels unless otherwise. Products All paint materials shall meet the requirements of the standard specifications of the Standardization Committee on Supplies and shall be in accordance with the latest Classification Class "A" of Institute of Science.New Surfaces: a. o Concrete & Masonry . dust. loose grit or mortar and other contaminants. • Fire Prevention Every precaution will be taken by the Contractor to prevent fires. Treat new masonry with Concrete Neutralizer at least a week before applying the first full coat of the . fillers and finish coat applications. the Contractor shall prepare.

d. c. On details which are to be treated mechanically after coating (drilling. grease. After a week curing. shall be factory applied and shall be done in one operation using an electro-static powder gun. b. Allow to dry. water rinsing. degreasing/etching. then spot prime before applying the recommended finish coats. o Wood . Dust off completely. then spot prime before applying the recommended finish coats.). d. dust off. o Metals • Steel/Aluminum Doors and Windows a. All metal surfaces shall undergo pre-treatment process which includes: desmutting. Apply one coat of Silicone Water Repellant. dust off. sawing. The materials to be coated should be well connected to earth. water rinsing and acid rinsing. Allow to dry. Coating thickness should be kept to a minimum of 60 microns for exposed areas. Powder coating application. cracks. All areas to be painted must be dry and free of dirt. Apply one coat of Lacquer Sanding Sealer. apply directly Acrylic Concrete Primer and Sealer if the surface is to be coated with latex paints. etc. preferred/recommended primer/finish coat. the coating film must not exceed 100 microns. zinc phosphating. e. c. dust.New Surfaces a. water-rinsing. sand. The powder coating shall be oven cured in the range of 20 . oil and other foreign matters. then wipe with a clean rag. smooth. Sand surface holes. b. sand smooth. Fill up all hairline cracks and crevices with Concrete Putty to be mixed into putty consistency with Latex Paints or oil-based primers and paints. dents. c. and damaged areas with Plastic Wood Filler or Glazing Putty.

storing and transportation. Unload and store with minimum handling. Painted surfaces in back of movable equipment and furniture. skilled craftsmen and apply as per manufacturer's written specifications. Handling: Coated items should be cooled to no less than 40 degrees Centigrade before handling. • Paint shall be applied by a brush. velvet back or high pile sheeps wool best suited for materials and texture specified by the Architect/Engineer. All materials when brushed. roller or spray in accordance with the manufacturer's directions. Precautions should be taken to avoid damages on the finished coating during stacking. Protect finished surfaces during shipping and handling using manufacturer's standard method. Store materials neatly on the floor. are in place in all areas specified or scheduled to be painted. properly stacked on non-absorptive strips or wood platforms.. c. louvers. • Exposed surfaces shall mean all areas visible when all permanent or built in fixtures. e. the covers shall be carpet. • Access panels. minutes at 220 degrees Centigrade (metal temperature measured on the area with greatest metal thickness). shall be evenly flowed on with brush best suited for the type of material being applied.10 degrees Centigrade. electrical panels. primed . The temperature variation in the oven should not exceed +/. exposed conduits. etc. Storage and Delivery: Inspect materials delivered to the site for damage. d. When using roller. Paint all inside metal and plastered surfaces visible through the above specified equipment covers. Provide storage space in dry location with adequate ventilation. Sprayed paint shall be uniformly applied with suitable equipment. Application • Employ only experienced. free from dust or water and easily accessible for inspection and handling.

Apply paint evenly and smoothly without runs. sags. apply all paints in three coats (priming. outlet covers. • Do not apply exterior paint in damp. Repair any damage done. glasses and the like so that these are not stained during painting operations. lighting fixtures and accessories. body and finish). or other defects and brush efficiently to minimize brush marks. e. Do not apply interior paint when in the Architect/Engineer's opinion. plumbing fixtures and accessories. satisfactory results cannot be obtained due to high humidity and excessive temperature. d. failures of the Architect/Engineer to notify the Contractor shall not relieve the Contractor of responsibility to produce satisfactory results. rainy weather. removable or hinged covers and the like. However. . primed wall and ceiling plates and other primed items they occur unless otherwise specified in Painting Schedule. Refinish any work made necessary by defective workmanship for material or carelessness of other crafts. • Stir paint thoroughly to keep pigment in even suspension when paint is being applied. Paint the back sides of access panels. Workmanship (General) • Mix paint with proper consistency in accordance with the manufacturer's printed instructions. Protection Protect or remove all exposed finished hardware. Make edges of point adjoining other material or color sharp and clean without overlapping. In general. Except as otherwise directed by the Architect/Engineer. Allow each coat to dry thoroughly before the succeeding coat is applied. Reinstall them after completion of works. Tape and cover with craft paper or equal all other surfaces which would be endangered by stains or paint marks.

CLEANING Protect the work and adjacent work and materials at all times by a suitable covering or by other methods. • Sand smooth woodwork to be finished with enamel. apply subsequent coats to attain the desired evenness of paint without extra cost to the Owner. prior to painting. Properly prepare and touch up all scratches. • If surfaces are not fully covered or cannot be satisfactorily finished in the number of coats specified. unless otherwise instructed by the Architect/Engineer provide not less than 48 hours as the time between the application of succeeding coats. abrasions or any other disfigurement and remove any foreign matter before proceeding with the following coats. cracks. • Do necessary puttying of nail holes. • Before applying succeeding coats. remove . workmanlike manner. Surfaces having meter reading above 15 shall not be painted. All spotpriming and spot- coating shall be feather-edge in to the adjacent coatings to produce a smooth and level surface. • Do not apply final coats until after other trades whose operations would be detrimental to finish painting have finished with their work in the areas to be painted and the areas have been approved for painting. primers and undercoats shall be completely integral and performing the functions for which they are specified. using moisture meter. • Freshly painted areas shall be properly ventilated in air drying. Let the Architect/Engineer inspect and approve each coat before the succeeding coat is applied. after the prime coat has been applied. Upon completion of the work. Bring putty flush with adjoining surface in a neat. f. Test concrete and plaster surfaces for moisture. Closets and cabinet doors shall be left open. Use fine sandpaper between coats of enamel applied to wood or metal to produce an even smooth surface. etc.

paint and varnish spots from floors. • Execution a. Remove all surplus materials. etc. Floor Tile Installation on Mortar Bed o Before spreading the setting bed. TILEWORK • MATERIAL Ceramic Tiles shall be of homogeneous type. o For Walls 200mm x 3000mm glazed ceramic tile on CHB wall (Toilet) o For Floors 600mm x 600mm unglazed ceramic tile 200mm x 200mm unglazed ceramic tile (Toilet) o For Kitchen Counter Top 200mm x 200mm unglazed ceramic tile o Tile adhesive as approved by the Architect which is similar to "ABC" Grout. acceptance to the Owner. FINAL INSPECTION Finished surfaces shall be solid. establish lines of borders and center . 4. scaffolds. so as to leave the premises in perfect condition. free from drops. any work which has become damaged or discolored shall be touched up or refinished in a satisfactory manner. g. even color and finished texture. brush marks. etc. runs. discoloration or other defects. Before final inspection. lumps. glass finish hardware.

Wall Tile Installation on Mortar o Before application of mortar bed. o Keep tile joints parallel and straight over the entire area by using straight edges. o Completely immerse wall tile in clean water and soak it at least 1/2 hour. o Pitch floor to drains as required. dampen the surface of the scratch coat evenly to obtain uniform section. o Full face of tile to be buttered before setting in place. Re-soak and drain individual tiles that dry along edges o Allow no free moisture to remain on the back of tile during setting.75mm to 1. o Mix mortar 1 part Portland cement to 3 parts sand. o Allow no single application of mortar to be 20mm (3/4") thick. o Clean concrete sub-floor then moistens but not soak. o Tamp the tile solidly onto the bed. Fill out the mortar bed even with the grounds and rod it to a true plane. Afterwards sprinkle dry cement over the surface and spread the mortar on the setting bed. o Lay tiles from center lines outward and make adjustments at walls. o Apply a bond coat . stack tile on edge long enough to drain off excess water. o After setting bed has set sufficiently to be worked over sprinkle dry cement over surface and lay tile.5mm thick to the plastic setting bed or . Tamp to assure good bond over the entire area and screwed to provide a smooth and level bed at proper height and slope. o Apply the mortar bed over an area no greater than to be covered with tile while the coat is still plastic. using wood blocks of size to ensure solid bedding free from depressions. b. After removal. the field work in both directions to permit the pattern to be laid with a minimum of cut tiles. o Use temporary or spot grounds to control the thickness of the mortar bed.

plumbing pipes. Whenever plumbing fixtures are encountered. No split tile will be permitted. tile shall be fitted close so that plates. collars or covering will overlap the tile. o Press tile firmly into the bed and beat into place within 1 hour. d. o Within 1 hour after installation of tile. to the back of each sheet or tile. trim and tile joint. The cut edge of the tile against any trim. except in those locations where pipes or trim make cutting necessary. built-in fixtures. o Lay tile fields in rectangular block areas not exceeding 600 x 600mm (24 x 24 inches). accessories shall be located in consultation with the Architect. Cut the setting bed through its entire depth along the edges of each block area after placement and before subsequent blocks are installed. Around electrical outlets. true to plumb neatly and symmetrically spaced as regards to plumbing fixtures. shall be carefully grounded and jointed. Avoid using excess water. finish. Accessories Unless otherwise definitely indicated in details. c. All cuttings and drillings shall be neatly done without marring the tile. Secure accessories firmly in wall with plaster of Paris and grout or point joint around same. Fixtures shall be set flush with face of tile. corners or rooms. Adjust any tile that is out of alignment. o Full face of tile to be buttered before setting in place. accessories shall be spaced in regard to center of fixture. remove strings from string-set tile and wet the faces of face-mounted tile and remove the paper and glue. . Tile Installation on Edges All intersections and return shall be perfectly formed. etc. or fixtures and fittings.

During grouting clean all excess grout off with clean burlap. Wet area to kill the suction of the concrete.e. both horizontal and vertical to the required depth. Grouting for all joints 1/8 inch or smaller in width. Apply the ABC Adhesive or approved equal using a notched trowel to the surface. Remove excess grout using a wet sponge. Fill all gaps or sips. Fill all joints of square-edged tile flush with the surface of the tile. strikes or tools the joints of cushion edged tile to the depth of the cushion. then clean. Lay the tiles while pressing it against the concrete area. Fill the joints with ABC Grout or approved equal using a rubber float the next day. cleaning and installation shall be done in one continuous constructive operation. Grouting After tile has sufficiently set. other cloths or sponges. the tiles with dry cloth. Grouting. force a maximum of grout into joints by trowel. Exercise special care in removing any surplus adhesive by carefully wiping out joints. shall be an approved component epoxy resin compound or Portland cement of specified color if so directed by the Architect. . Area could be opened after two (2) days. The cement grout shall be mixed with clean fresh water to the consistency of thick cream. brush or finger application. Before grout sets.

special care shall be taken to prevent scratching off the glaze. remove and replace condemned tiles. Removal of Condemned Tile Prior to the final acceptance of the tile work. All traces of cement or dust accumulations shall be completely removed. etc. the Contractor shall remove all unused materials. Sponge and wash tile thoroughly with clean water after the grout has hardened. g. After the pointing has sufficiently set or hardened. The Contractor shall give the tilework one thorough final cleaning when so instructed. When grouting glazed tiles. all tile on walls and vertical surfaces. In cases where acid solutions are required to clean the face of the finish tilework of surplus grouts or mortar used for pointing. . rubbish. the Contractor shall at his own expense. Sealing Laid out wainscoting shall be topped with an approved clear waterproofing prepared and applied as per manufacturer's instruction. Acid solutions shall not be used for cleaning glazed tiles. or floors and horizontal surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned. f. Cleaning Upon completion of the various portions of his work. all exposed hardware shall first be covered by heavy coating of vaseline to protect the metal from the possible effect of the acid or its fumes. h. that have accumulated as a result of his work. Then clean by rubbing with damp cloth or sponges and polish clean with dry cloth.

the project has to be free from construction debris. All the temporary facilities used in the project must be remove or pull-out by the contractor. DEMOBILIZATION Before the turnover of the project. All the remaining materials has to be removed from the site.XIII. All the temporary connection of power and water has to be disconnected. . All the forms and falseworks that the contactor used in this project must be removed or pull-out.