Introduction

The Scotch yoke mechanism is a reciprocating motion mechanism, converting the linear
motion of a slider into rotational motion, or vice versa. The piston or other reciprocating
part is directly coupled to a sliding yoke with a slot that engages a pin on the rotating part.
In many internal combustion engines, linear motion is converted into rotational motion by
means of a crankshaft, a piston and a rod that connects them. The Scotch yoke is
considered to be a more efficient means of producing the rotational motion as it spends
more time at the high point of its rotation than a piston and it has fewer parts.

Working principle • Scotch Yoke mechanism is a simple type of mechanism which converts circular motion into reciprocating motion as discussed in construction part above.yoke moves in the backward direction. . The displacement of the yoke can be controlled by varying the length of the cranck. For a complete rotation of crank the yoke moves through a length equal to double the length of the crank. When the crank completes a full rotation the yoke moves back to the initial position. The maximum displacement will be equal to the length of the crank. For the next of rotation . As the crank rotates the pin slides inside the yoke and also moves the yoke forward. shaft and crank attached to the shaft start rotating. The power is supplied to theDc motor. When the crank completes the next of rotation the yoke comes back to its initial position. When the crank rotates through in clockwise direction the yoke will get a displacement in the forward direction.

Scotch Yoke Mechanism Working Animation .

• • Position D:-After position C the connecting rods (#1) & (#2) starts to move downward as the disc further rotates.• Position A:. slot reciprocates and the position of connecting rod changes. • • AFTER ALL POSITION (A. . connecting rod (#1) moves upward and connecting rod (#2) also moves upward from its initial position.Let us assume position a indicates beginning position of pin & position given in diagram be the initial position of connecting rod (#1) & (#2).B.#2) COMES TO ITS INITIAL POSITION AGAIN AFTER COMPLETION OF A COMPLETE CYCLE. • • Position B:-As the disc rotates.D) THE DISC . • • Position C:-As the disc rotates further both the connecting rods (#1) & (#2) get to their extreme upper post position.THE PIN & CONNECTING RODS (#1.C.

Dimensional Analysis • DIAMETER:-12 INCHES • SLOTTED BAR LENGTH:-12 INCHES • SLOTTED BAR WIDTH:-3 INCHES • LENGTH OF SLOT:-11 INCHES • DIAMETER OF PIN:-1 INCHES • DISTANCE OF PIN FROM THE CENTRE:-5 INCHES .

.  It is used in making double hack saw.It is used in reciprocating pumps to convert rotational motion into reciprocating motion required for piston movement. In making toys which have too & fro motion. Applications This setup is most commonly used in control valve actuators in high-pressure oil and gas pipelines. It is used in beam engine pumps to convert rotational motion into reciprocating motion.

Application images Application images Mini Mechanical saw .

TOYS ENGINE .

Process can be automated .. Advantages Direct conversion of rotary motion into reciprocating motion Easy construction & operation Can perform various operations such as cutting. slotting etc.

. Less application in real life Guide ways are necessary for proper reciprocating motion of arms. Disadvantages High wearing rate due to mechanical contact.