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Quiz.Viral hepatitis.dd..



Viral hepatitis is liver inflammation due to a viral infection. It may present in acute
or chronic forms


hepatitis c...Some chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), genotype 1 infected patients treated with direct
antiviral agents (DAAs) remain viremic at end of treatment (EOT+), yet go ... With pegylated
(Peg)-IFN-interferon-based therapy, detection of HCV-RNA at the end of treatment (EOT) was an
indicator of treatment failure [Ferenci et al.Appropriate testing before IFN treatment 1. HCV
genotyping 2. Serum HCV RNA level 3. Hepatic histology by biopsy (not mandatory) 4. Testing for HIV
infection commonly done to determine the length of treatment, it may be useful, at least for patients
infected with HCV genotype 1 for whom a low HCV RNA level can provide the expectation of an early
response, which is a good indicator of the probability of an SVR (Hayashi et al., 1998b; Yamaji et al.,
1998; Furusyo et al., ...->>An indicator of good response for treatment in patient with chronic
HCV-hepatitis c- infection :Pre-treatment low HCV- RNA


hepatitis b...Diagnosis Serological diagnosis. HBsAg is the hallmark of HBV infection and is the first
serological marker to appear in acute hepatitis B. HBsAg in serum can be detected by ELISA and
radioimmunoassay (RIA). They can detect HBsAg ... HBsAg. Detection of HBV DNA in clinical specimens
by PCR. PCR is a highly sensitive assay to detect HBV DNA in clinical specimens such as blood, blood
products, serum, tissues, and body fluids (e.g., saliva, semen, and vaginal secretion).-->>Acute
infection with HBV-hepatitis b-virus- is first diagnosed by ?-HBsAg in blood


hepatitis b...In a chronic carrier of hepatitis B virus (HBV), which positive test is most indicative of high
infectivity?Hepatitis B e Antigen (HbeAg)


hepatitis A...significant morbidity and mortality, and are vaccine-preventable. Current

recommendations advocate vaccina› tion of non-immune adults at risk of exposure, including
travelers to HAV or HBV endemic areas, individuals with high risk of contracting a sexually-transmitted
infection, illegal drug users, and healthcare workers. All infants at birth should receive a HBV vac› cine,
and all children at age 1 year should receive a HAV vaccine. HAV is transmitted via the fecal-oral route
and ...->>Which type of hepatitis is transmitted by "fecal-oral route" ?-HAV-hepatitis A..-