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1. The brick red colour of post mortem 4. ‘Paradox gun’ is a?

lividity is seen in poisoning due to? A. Revolver
A. Carbon monoxide B. Shotgun
B. Hydrogen sulphide C. Automatic pistol
C. Phosphorus D. Machine gun
D. Cyanide Correct answer: B. Shotgun
Correct answer : D. Cyanide  Some shotguns have a small portion of their
 Some poisons impart characteristic bore near their muzzle end rifled.
colourations which is known as postmortem  There are called paradox guns.
5. The combination of alopecia & skin
 Carbon monoxide – Cherry pink
rash, painful peripheral neuropathy and
 Hydrogen sulphide – Greenish blue
confusion with lethargy are seen in?
 Phosphorus – Brown
A. Copper poisoning
2. Lichtenberg figures are seen in? B. Nickel poisoning
A. Heat stroke C. Selenium poisoning
B. Radiation injury D. Thallium poisoning
C. Lightning Correct answer : D. Thallium poisoning
D. Electrocution
6. Kevorkian sign is seen in?
Correct answer: C. Lightning
A. Cornea
 Lichtenberg figures is an external lesion
B. Retinal vessels
seen in lightning strike.
C. Pupil
 Superficial, thin, tortuous markings are seen
D. Vitreous humour
on the skin.
Correct answer : B. Retinal vessels
 When the pattern resembles a fern leaf, it is
called Lichtenberg figures or filigree burns
 Kevorkian sign is a postmortem change
that occurs in the retinal vessels.
3. Danbury tremor is seen in?  It is characterised by fragmentation of
A. Mercury poisoning blood column in the retinal vessels.
B. Iron poisoning  It appears within minutes after death and
C. Lead poisoning lasts for about 1 hour.
D. Arsenic poisoning  It can be visualised by using an
Correct answer : A. Mercury poisoning ophthalmoscope.
 Danbury tremor is a classical and
7. Which of the following is true
consistent manifestation of mercury
regarding superfecundation?
A. Fertilization of a second ovum in a woman
 It is a coarse intentional tremor
who is already pregnant
interspersed with jerky movements.
B. Occurs in bipartite uterus
 It begins in the hand and progresses to lips,
C. Both ova do not always develop to
tongue, arms and legs.

D. The second foetus is born later as a  Primary rugae are 5-10mm or more.
mature child  Secondary rugae are 3-5mm.
Correct answer : C. Both ova do not always  Fragmented rugae are less than 3mm.
develop to maturity  Palatal rugae are unique to each person.
 Superfecundation is fertilization of 2 ova  Harrison Allen, in 1889, suggested the use
discharged from the ovary at the same of palatal rugae for identity verification.
period by 2 separate acts of coitus
10. The test to determine blood groups in
committed at short intervals.
a blood stain is?
 Both ova do not always develop to maturity.
A. Luminol spray
 One foetus may get aborted early or die and
B. Haemin crystal test
get retained until labour.
C. Kastle-Meyer test
 Fertilization of a second ovum in a woman
D. Lattes crust method
who is already pregnant is superfoetation.
Correct answer: D. Lattes crust method
 It can occurs in a bipartite uterus.
 The common blood groups ABO, MNS and Rh
8. Scorching results from? systems can be determined in a blood stain
A. The flame emerging from the muzzle by Lattes crust method.
B. Grains of gunpowder being driven into the  Luminol spray is used to identify blood
skin stains which are no longer visible due to
C. Superficial deposit of smoke on the skin washing of crime scene.
D. Deposition of lead or other metal in the  Kastle-Meyer test is used to identify visible
skin blood stains.
Correct answer: A. The flame emerging  Haemin crystal test is a confirmatory test
from the muzzle for blood stains.
 Peppering – Grains of gunpowder being
11. Which among the following is a waxy,
driven into the skin.
luminous & translucent poison?
 Smudging – Superficial deposit of smoke on
A. Yellow phosphorous
the skin.
B. Cobra venom
 Lead ring / Metal ring around entry wound
C. Organophosphates
– Deposition of lead or other metal in the
D. Iodine
Correct answer : A. Yellow phosphorous
9. Regarding rugoscopy, all are true  Yellow phosphorous (white phosphorous)
except? is a waxy & translucent material which
A. Palatal rugae are used as a method of becomes luminous in the dark.
identification  Cobra venom is a transparent yellow viscous
B. Palatoprints do not change during growth liquid.
C. Primary rugae are less than 3mm  Iodine is a bluish-black solid
D. Secondary rugae are 3-5mm which sublimates into a noxious violet-pink
Correct answer: C. Primary rugae are less gas.
than 3mm

12. Visualization of gunpowder residue produces euphoria. It is consumed by

on blood stained clothes can be individuals attending clubs and parties.
facilitated by?
15. Which is not a feature of aconite
A. Ultraviolet rays
B. Infrared rays
A. Chest pain
C. Magnifying lens
B. Increased blood pressure
D. Paraffin test
C. Tingling and numbness
Correct answer : B. Infrared rays
D. Hypersalivation
 Usually, gunpowder residue can be easily
seen on clothes.
Correct answer : B. Increased blood
 But in blood stained / dark coloured clothes,
it may not be visible to the naked eye or
Hypotension is a a feature of aconite
when using a magnifying glass.
poisoning, not hypertension.
 In these cases infrared photography helps
in visualizing gunpowder residue / soot.
16. Which of the following is used for

13. Sparrow’s foot marks are narcoanalysis?

A. Atropine
characteristic of?
B. Phenobarbitone
A. Vitriolage
C. Pethidine
B. Windshield glass injury
D. Scopolamine
C. Lightning strike
D. Stab injury
Correct answer : D. Scopolamine
Correct answer : B. Windshield glass injury
SPARROW’S FOOT MARKS Drugs used for narcoanalysis are:
 They are bizarre lacerations of the face seen  Scopolamine (hyoscine)
in front seat occupants of a vehicle after a  Sodium thiopental (Sodium Pentothal)
road traffic accident  Amobarbital (Amytal Sodium)
 The injury is caused by the shattered  Secobarbital sodium (Seconal)
windshield glass striking the face of the
occupant 17. Primary impact injury in case of road
traffic accident are seen commonly in?
14. Rave drug is? A. Face
A. Cannabis B. Chest
B. Hashish C. Abdomen
C. Ecstasy D. Legs
D. Heroin
Correct answer : C. Ecstasy Correct answer : D. Legs
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-  Primary impact injuries are caused by the
methylamphetamine), widely known as first impact of the vehicle with the pedestrian
‘Ecstasy‘ is a psychoactive drug with in an accident
stimulant and hallucinogenic effects. It  The legs get hit most often (by the bumper
in front of the vehicle)

 The other injuries associated with a road C. Flumazelnil

traffic accident are the secondary impact D. Ethyl alcohol
injuries and secondary injuries Correct answer : D. Ethyl alcohol
 Secondary impact injury is caused by the The clinical features are suggestive of methyl
second impact with the vehicle (eg: the body alcohol poisoning. Formic acid and
of thrown onto the vehicle / the vehicle runs formaldehyde (metabolites of methyl alcohol)
over the body) are responsible for these symptoms. Ethyl
 Secondary injuries are caused when the alcohol is used for treatment as it saturates
body strikes the ground after the collision alcohol dehydrogenase, thereby decreasing
production of formic acid and formaldehyde.
18. A 34-year old rickshaw puller has been
using heroin for the past ten years. One 20. Which of the following is the most reliable
evening his family members found him method for estimating blood alcohol level?
unconscious. He was brought to the casualty. A. Cavett’s test
On examination he had tachycardia, shallow B. Breath alcohol anaylzer
breathing, constricted pupils. His blood C. Gas liquid chromatography
pressure was 100/70 mm of Hg. He had brisk D. Thin layer chromatography
bilateral deep tendon reflexes. The planter Correct answer : C. Gas liquid
reflexes were flexor on both sides. Which of chromatography
the following is the best treatment for him?
21. A middle aged man presents with
A. Buprenorphine
paraesthesia of hand and feet. Examination
B. Flumazenil
reveals presence of ‘Mees’ lines in the nails
C. Methadone
and rain drop pigmentation in the hands; The
D. Naloxone
most likely causative toxin for the above
Correct answer : D. Naloxone
mentioned symptoms is :
The clinical features are suggestive of acute
A. Lead
heroin intoxication. The drug of choice is
B. Arsenic
naloxone – an opioid antagonist. It is reduces
C. Thallium
the action of heroin. Buprenorphine is a
D. Mercury
partial opioid agonist. Flumazenil is a
Correct answer : B. Arsenic
benzodiazepine antagonist. Methadone is
‘Mees’ lines in the nails and rain drop
used in rehabilitation of opoid addicts.
pigmentation of skin are characteristic of
19. A 39 year old Carpenter has taken two arsenic poisoning. Treatment of choice –
bottles of liquor from the local shop. After freshly precipitated hydrated ferric chloride.
about and hour, he develops confusion,
22. A person was brought by police from the
vomiting and blurring of vision. He has been
railway platform. He is talking irrelevant. He
brought to the emergency department. He
is having dry mouth with hot skin, dilated
should be given
pupils, staggering gait and slurred speech.
A. Naloxone
The most probable diagnosis is:
B. Diazepam
A. Alcohol intoxication

B. Carbamates poisoning B. HLA typing

C. Organophosphorous poisoning C. Preciptin test
D. Dhatura poisoning D. DNA fingerprinting
Correct answer : D. Dhatura poisoning Correct answer : C. Preciptin test
Features of dhatura poisoning: Preciptin test is used to differentiate human
(All Datura plants contain tropane blood from animal blood.
alkaloids such as scopolamine, hyoscyamine,
25. Contre—coup injuries are seen in :
and atropine)
A. Brain
 Dilatation of pupils
B. Diazepam
 Dryness of mouth
C. Flumazenil
 Difficulty in speech
D. Ethyl alcohol
 Dysphagia
Correct answer : A. Brain
 Dilatation of cutaneous blood vessels
 Dry, hot skin
26. In which of the following conditions,
 Drunken gait
postmortem caloricity is seen?
 Delirium
A. Massive haemorrhage
 Drowsiness
B. Cyanide poisoning

23. Hydrogen peroxide is used in all of the C. Corrosive poisoning

D. Septicemia
following chemical tests for blood except:
Correct answer : D. Septicemia
A. Benzidine test
Conditions causing postmortem
B. Phenophthalein test
C. Orthotolidine test
D. Teichmann’s test
 Disturbance in heat regulation – sunstroke,
pontine haemorrhage
Correct answer : D. Teichmann’s test
Benzidine test, phenolphthalein test,
 Increased heat production in muscles –
tetanus, strychnine poisoning
orthotolidine test and Leucomalachite green
test utilise hydrogen peroxide to detect
 Bacterial / viral activity – septicemia /
presence of blood. Hemoglobin present in
blood is a peroxidase. It oxidises colourless
 Intense asphyxia

bases to coloured salts in the presence of

27. Deep blue colour of hypostasis is seen in
hydrogen peroxide.
death due to poisoning by
Teichmann’s test (haemin crystal test) is
A. Potassium cyanide
done by converting haemoglobin to haemin
B. Phosphorus
crystals which is converted to salt in the
C. Aniline dyes
presence of halogen and forms rhombic
D. Carbon monoxide
Correct answer : C. Aniline dyes

24. Disputed maternity can be solved by Colour of post mortem lividity

using the following tests except?
A. Blood grouping
 Normal – Bluish pink which later turns into
bluish purple

 Carbon monoxide – Bright cherry red C. 80-85

 Cyanide – Pink D. 85-90
 Phosphorous – Dark brown Correct answer : A. 70-75
 Nitrates – Reddish brown Cephalic index in different races:
 Chlorates – Chocolate brown Negroes, Aryans, Aborigines – 70-75
 Hydrogen sulphide – Bluish Green Europeans – 75-80
 Aniline – Deep blue Mongols, Native americans, Oriental Asians –
 Opiates – Black 80-85

28. A 25 year old person sustained injury in 30. A convict whose family or relations were
right eye. He developed right comeal opacity not known and no biological sample was
following the injury. Left eye was already available with jail authorities, escaped from
having poor vision. Corneoplasty of right eye the jail. A dead body resembling the convict
was done and vision was restored. was found in nearby forest. but due to
Medicolegally such injury is labelled as : mutilation of face, identity could not be
A. Grievous established. The positive identity that he is
B. Simple the same convict who escaped from jail can
C. Dangerous be established by
D. Serious A. Blood Grouping
Correct answer : A. Grievous B. DNA Profile
Injuries classified as Grievous by C. Anthropometry
Section 320 of IPC: D. HLA typing
 Emasculation Correct answer : C. Anthropometry
 Permanent privation of the sight of either eye Blood grouping, DNA profiling and HLA typing
 Permanent privation of the hearing of either require a biological sample.
31. Auto-Rikshaw ran over a child’s thigh,
 Privation of any member or joint
there is a mark of the tyre tracks, it is an
 Destruction or permanent impairing of the
A. Contact bruise
powers of any member or joint
B. Patterned bruise
 Permanent disfiguration of the head or face
C. Imprint abrasion
 Fracture or dislocation of a bone or tooth
D. Ectopic bruise
 Any hurt which endangers life or which
Correct answer: C. Imprint abrasion
causes the sufferer to be during the space of
Imprint abrasions, also known as Impact
twenty days in severe bodily pain, or unable
Abrasions are caused by the stamping of
to follow his ordinary pursuits
some object against the skin like radiators of
29. The cephalic index of Indian population is cars in vehicular accidents.
32. At autopsy, the cyanide poisoning case
A. 70-75
will show the following features, except:
B. 75-80
A. Characteristic bitter lemon smell
B. Congested organs

C. The skin may be pinkish or cherry red in Correct answer : B. Diatoms have an
colour extracellular coat composed of magnesium
D. Erosion and haemorrhages in oesophagus Diatoms have an extracellular coat of silica.
and stomach
36. The most reliable criteria in Gustafson’s
Correct answer : A. Characteristic bitter
method of identification is:
lemon smell
A. Cementum apposition
In cyanide poisoning, the characteristic smell
B. Transparency of root
is that of bitter almonds.
C. Attrition
33. In chronic arsenic poisoning the following D. Root resorption
samples can be sent for laboratory Correct answer : B. Transparency of root
examination, except:
37. The most common pattern of fingerprint
A. Nail clippings
B. Hair samples
A. Arch
C. Bone biopsy
B. Loop
D. Blood sample
C. Whorl
Correct answer : D. Blood sample
D. Composite
Arsenic is rapidly cleared from blood. So a
Correct answer : B. Loop
blood sample is useful only in acute
Fingerprint patterns and their relative
34. In a firearm injury, there is burning,  Loop – 67%
blackening, tattooing around the wound,  Whorls – 25%
along with cherry red colour of the  Arches – 6-7%
surrounding tissues and is cruciate in shape,  Composite – 1-2%
the injury is:
38. The minimum age at which an individual
A. Close shot entry
is responsible for his criminal act is:
B. Close contact exit
A. 7 years
C. Contact shot entry
B. 12 years
D. Distant shot entry
C. 16 years
Correct answer : A. Close shot entry
D. 21 years
35. Which of the following statements is not Correct answer : A. 7 years
correct regarding diatoms? An individual below the age of 7 years will
A. Diatoms are aquatic unicellular plant not be responsible for his criminal act. (Sec.
B. Diatoms have an extracellular coat 82 IPC)
composed of magnesium
39. The most reliable method of identification
C. Acid digestion technique is used to extract
of an individual is:
A. Dactylography
D. Presence of diatoms in the femoral bone
B. Scars
marrow is an indication of antemortem
inhalation of water

C. Anthropometry 43. The ideal place to record body

D. Handwriting temperature in a dead body is:
Correct answer : A. Dactylography a) Rectum
Fingerprinting is a very useful method in b) Axilla
idenfication of a person. A fingerprint is c) Mouth
unique to an individual and is permanent. d) Groin
The best method is DNA fingerprinting. Correct answer : a) Rectum
Rectum is the ideal place to record body
40. In India, magistrate inquest is done in the
temperature except in cases of sodomy.
following cases except:
Other suitable sites are external auditory
A. Exhumation cases
canal, nasal passages or by inserting a
B. Dowry deaths within 5 years of marriage
thermometer into the peritoneal cavity by a
C. Murder cases
small opening and keeping it in contact with
D. Death of a person in police custody
the inferior surface of the liver
Correct answer : C. Murder cases
Cases in which magistrate’s inquest is 44. Priapism occurs in:
held: a) Snakebite
 Dowry death b) Ratti poisoning
 Exhumation c) Cantharide poisoning
 Death in police custody d) Arsenic poisoning
 Death in a psychiatric hospital Correct answer : c) Cantharide poisoning
 Death in jail
45. The most reliable criteria in Gustafson
 Death as a result of police shooting
method of age estimation is:
41. Statutory rape is rape on girl below; a) Attrition
a. 10yrs b) Secondary dentin deposition
b. 12yrs c) Transparency of root
c. 15yrs d) Cementum apposition
d.16yrs Correct answer : c) Transparency of root
Correct answer : d.16yrs
46. The fingerprint pattem may be impaired
42. Singeing, Blackening and tattooing are permanently in cases of:
seen when the distance of the muzzle from a) Eczema
the body is? b) Scalds
A) In contact c) Scabies
B) At a distance of 6” (6 inches) d) Leprosy
C) At a distance of 2’ ( 2 feet) Correct answer : d) Leprosy
D) At a distance of 4 yards
47. ‘Fracture-ala signature’ is:
Correct answer : B) At a distance of 6” (6
a) Gutter fracture
b) Depressed fracture

c) Ring fracture c) Volatile organic poisoning

d) Sutural separation d) Heavy metal poisoning
Correct answer : b) Depressed fracture Correct answer : d) Heavy metal poisoning

48. When a surgeon wants to send the 53. Sexual asphyxia is associated with which
autopsy specimen for virological of the following sexual behaviour.
examination, it should be preserved in: a) Masochism
a) 50% glycerine b) Sadism
b) 10% formalin c) Fetichism
c) Rectified spirit d) Voyeurism
d) Saturated solution of common salt Correct answer : a) Masochism
Correct answer : a) 50% glycerine
54. Abortion stick used in criminal abortion
49. A dead body is having cadaveric lividity of causes abortion by the mechanism of
bluish green colour. The most likely cause of a) Uterine contraction
death is by poisoning due to: b) Stimulation of uterine nerves
a) Hydrocyanic acid c) Uterine infection & necrosis
b) Hydrogen sulphide d) Placental separation
c) Oleander Correct answer : a) Uterine contraction
d) Sodium nitrite Abortion stick induces abortion by
Correct answer : b) Hydrogen sulphide stimulating uterine contraction.

50. A person presents to the emergency with 55. Hemoperfusion with charcoal is useful in
rigors and chills and a clinical picture poisoning with
resembling malaria. Which of the following a) Barbiturate poisoning
poisoning is likely b) Methyl alcohol
a) Mercury c) Lithium
b) Red phosphorous d) Ethylene glycol
c) Zinc Correct answer : a) Barbiturate poisoning
d) Arsenic
56. Dialysis is useful in poisoning with all of
Correct answer : c) Zinc
the following except :
51. The “knot” in judicial hanging is placed at a) Methyl alcohol
a) The back of the neck b) Barbiturates
b) The side of the neck c) Ethylene glycol
c) Below the chin d) Copper sulphate
d) Choice of hangman Correct answer : d) Copper sulphate
Correct answer : b) The side of the neck
57. Which is not an aryl phosphate
52. Preservation of brain is not required in a) Parathion
a) Alkaloid poisoning b) Tik-20
b) Organophosphorus poisoning

c) Malathion 62. Mercury will affect which part of the renal

d) Paraoxon tubule
Correct answer : c) Malathion A. PCT
58. Shape of nulliparous cervical canal is :
a) Circular
D. Loop of Henle
b) Transverse
Correct answer : PCT
c) Spherical
Mercury poisoning (also known as
d) Longitudinal
hydrargyria or mercurialism) is a disease
Correct answer : b) Transverse
caused by exposure to mercury or its
(Question is about cervical canal, not about
external os!)
63. Burtonian line is seen with poisoning of
59. Spalding‘s sign is seen in
A. Mercury
a) Drowning
B. Lead
b) Mummification
C. Arsenic
c) Adipocere
D. Zinc
d) Maceration
Correct answer : Lead
Correct answer : d) Maceration
Burtonian line, also known as lead line is a
clinical manifestation of chronic lead
60. Which of the following is not an aryl
A. TIK 20 64. Spalding sign is seen in?
B. Malathion
A. Drowning
C. Parathion
B. Maceration
D. Follidol
C. Mummification
Correct answer : B. Malathion
D. Starvation
Malathion is an alkyl phosphate
Correct answer : Maceration
Spalding’s sign is the observation of
61. The drug of choice for mushroom
overriding of fetal skull bones in xray. It
poisoning is:
indicates intrauterine fetal death.
A. Atropine
B. Physostigmine 65. Acrodynia is associated with:
C. Adrenaline
A. Mercury
D. Carbachol
B. Phenolic acid
Correct answer : A. Atropine
C. Oxalic acid
Atropine is useful in early onset mushroom
D. Carbolic acid
poisoning. It counteracts the muscarinic
Correct answer : Mercury

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