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Investigating Chords

For this activity you will be exploring various relationships that exist when given two chords in a
circle. Work with your partner to explore the dynamic sketches carefully - drag points, check
measures, and ask yourself “what if” questions as you work through the investigations below.
Carefully answer the questions in each investigation below. Feel free to include sketches to
support your ideas.

Open up the Investigating Chords GeoGebra book (https://ggbm.at/v3Mr22Ad).

Investigation 1:
For this investigation use Page 1: Investigating Intersecting Chords, in the Investigating Chords
GeoGebra Book.

1. Describe what geometric objects are on the page. Explore and note three things that you
notice and one that you wonder about.

2. Only show the angle measures. Write down your observations about the angles.

3. Using what you’ve previously learned about circles explain why your answer to number 2
makes sense. You can use a diagram to explain your thinking.

4. What is the relationship between triangle BDF and triangle ECF? Explain.

5. Show the chord proportions. What do you notice about the proportions of the
intersecting chords?
6. How would you justify what is happening to the proportions of the intersecting chords?

7. Write an expression/equation that models the proportions of the chords.

Investigation 2:
For this investigation use Page 2: Investigating Equivalent Chords, in the Investigating Chords
GeoGebra book.

1. Describe what geometric objects are on the page. Explore and note three things that you
notice and one that you wonder about.

2. Only show the measures of the minor arcs and the measures of the chords. Drag points
B and C and write down your observations.

3. What conjectures can we make about chords that are equivalent? Based on your
observations from question 2.

4. What is the relationship between triangle ABC and AEG? Explain.

5. Justify your conjecture in question 3.

Investigation 3:
For this investigation use Page 2: Investigating Equivalent Chords, in the Investigating Chords
GeoGebra book.

1. If the minor arcs of two chords are congruent, what will be true about the chords, how do
you know?

2. Only show the measures of the chords and the distance from the center. Drag points B
and C and write down your observations.

3. What would you say is always true about two chords that are equidistant from the
center? Explain. (Feel free to turn on other measures.)

4. If two chords are congruent will they always be equidistant from the center? How do you
know?

Challenge Investigation:
For this investigation use Page 3: Intersecting Chords - a special case, in the Investigating
Chords GeoGebra book.

1. Describe at least three things you notice about the two intersecting chords in this
sketch?

2. If one chord is a diameter, what relationships exist? Why?