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CONCLUISON

In conclusion, if the net force applied to an object increases, the acceleration of the object also
increases. Hence, the acceleration of an object is dire ctionally proportion al to the net force it
experiences when the mass is constant. As the mass of an object increases, the acceleration decreases.
Therefore, the mass of the object is inversely proportional to its acceleration when the force acti ng on it
is constant. This means that objects which are less massive are expected to move much faster when
experiencing net force. Also, the acceleration follows the direction of the n et force. The same thing can
be app lied to any moving object. Say you have a friend who is several pound s smaller than you, but
they walk exerting the same amount of force as you. Your friend w ill be faster than you because their
acceleration would undoubtedly be higher. One of the main reasons why people constantly try to re
duce the mass of objects is to be able to increase its speed and acceleration. As mentioned before, all of
the factor s have an effect on e ach other. If something has much more mass, then exerting mo re force
will make it move faster. It’s the reason why a small child w on’t be able to thro w a football the same
distance as a professional, since the child would be unable to exert the same amount of force that the
football player would.

INTERPRET

To verify the direct proportionality of acceleration and net force if the mass
of the body is constant, we used a dynamics track with a dynamics cart and a
pulley. We then set up two photogates at the 20cm mark as well as at the 20cm
mark. We then tied the string up on the end of cart and the other end on the pulley.
We then set up the dynamics cart at one end and the weight hanger at the opposite
end. For the first trial, we first used 20g total mass on the hanging weight then we
released the cart and measured its time of travel from first photogate to the second
photogate using the smart timer. We then repeated this for four more time using
40g, 60g, 80g, and 100g for each trial. The result of our experiment are 0.375 m/s 2,
0.691 m/s2 , 1.088 m/s2, 1.134 m/s2, and 1.537 m/s2 with a percentage error of 1.92
%, 1.71 %, 0.98 %, 13.63 %, and 3.21 % respectively. From our experiment, we
can conclude that acceleration of body, in this case the cart, is directly proportional
to the net force, in this case the hanging weight.
To verify the inverse proportionality of the acceleration and mass if the net
force is constant, we used the same setup as the first part of this experiment. But
we instead we let the net force, in this case the hanging weight, as a constant and
the cart as not constant. For each trial, we increased the weight of the cart by 100g.
The result of our experiments are 1.722 m/s2, 1.499 m/s2, 1.125 m/s2, 1.005 m/s2,
and 0.855 m/s2. With a percentage error of 8.51 %, 9.74 %, 6.17 %, 5.90 %, and
11.2 1% respectively. From our experiment, we can conclude that the acceleration
of an object, in this case the cart, is indirectly proportional to its mass.