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8th Grade Intro to Industrial Tech

Unit Title: Power & Energy


Lesson Title: Part 1 – Power & Energy
Lesson Objective:
 Using a digital test on Canvas created by the instructor, students should be able
to demonstrate an understanding of the technical definition of energy, the three
sources of energy, and the six forms of energy with 70% accuracy.
 Using a digital test on Canvas created by the instructor, students should be able
to demonstrate an understanding of the technical definition of power, and the
three types of power systems with 70% accuracy.
 Using a digital test on Canvas created by the instructor, students should be able
to identify at least two positives and two negatives of energy consumption.

Standards for Technological Literacy:


Standard 4: Students will develop and understanding of the cultural, social,
economic, and political effects of technology.
 Benchmark D.: The use of technology affects humans in various ways,
including their safety, comfort, choices, and attitudes about technology’s
development and use.
 Benchmark E.: Technology, by itself, is neither good nor bad, but decisions
about the use of products and systems can result in desirable or undesirable
consequences.

Standard 5: Students will develop an understanding of the effects of technology on


the environment.
 Benchmark D.: The management of waste produced by technological
systems is an important societal issue.
 Benchmark F.: Decisions to develop and use technologies often put
environmental and economic concerns in direct competition with one another.

Standard 16: Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and
use energy and power technologies.
 Benchmark E.: Energy is the capacity to do work.
 Benchmark F.: Energy can be used to do work, using many processes.
 Benchmark G.: Power is the rate at which energy is converted from one form
to another or transferred from one place to another, or the rate at which work
is done.
 Benchmark H.: Power systems are used to drive and provide propulsion to
other technological products and systems.
 Benchmark I.: Much of the energy used in our environment is not used
efficiently.
8th Grade Intro to Industrial Tech
Unit Title: Power & Energy
Lesson Title: Part 1 – Power & Energy
Tools/Materials Needed:
 iPad
 Power & Energy Notes Worksheet
 Pencil

Teaching Aids Required:


 Power & Energy Pre-Test
 Power & Energy Lecture (Google Slide)

References:
 Pierce, A. J., & Karwatka, D. (2010). Introduction to technology. New York, NY:
Glencoe/McGraw Hill.

Anticipatory Set:
 Show students the simple circuit project they will complete at the end of the unit

Advanced Organizer:
 Ask students, “Where do your iPads get power from when they’re being
charged?” Students should answer “Outlets/Electricity/Etc.” Then ask students,
where does the power for your house come from?” Students should answer,
“Power plants, etc.” Then ask, “Where do power plants get their energy from?”
Students should answer “Burning coal, nuclear reactions, wind turbines,
hydroelectric dams, etc.” Then ask, “Where does coal, atoms, wind, waves/water
come from?” Students should answer “The sun.” Then ask, “Have you ever sat
and thought that whole process through?” Have a brief Q&A discussion.

Presentation Outline:
I. Show students simple circuit project for Anticipatory Set
II. Have students take Power & Energy Pre-Test
III. Ask questions from Advanced Organizer
IV. Go through Power & Energy Lecture (Google Slide):
V. What is Energy?:
a. The ability to do work
b. Energy cannot be created or destroyed
i. Transferred from one form to another

VI. Sources of Energy:


a. Renewable – regenerated in short amount of time
i. Trees, crops
b. Exhaustible – can’t be regenerated
i. Coal, oil, natural gas
c. Inexhaustible – can’t run out
i. Sun, wind, waves
8th Grade Intro to Industrial Tech
Unit Title: Power & Energy
Lesson Title: Part 1 – Power & Energy

VII. Forms of Energy:


a. Mechanical – motion
b. Thermal – heat
c. Electrical – flow of electrons
d. Chemical – substance’s potential energy
e. Nuclear – power of the atom
f. Light – visible to the eye

VIII. What is Power?:


a. The rate that work is done
b. The measure of work over a period of time
i. Ex. – push mower compared to riding mower

IX. Power Systems:


a. Mechanical – uses mechanical energy
i. Simple machines
ii. Gears
b. Electrical – uses electrical energy
i. Power plants
ii. Batteries
c. Fluid – uses energy from liquids/gases
i. Hydraulic
ii. Pneumatic

X. Choosing Power/Energy Technologies:


a. Consider advantages/disadvantages
i. Efficiency
ii. Cost
iii. Availability
iv. Ease of use
v. Time
vi. Environmental & social impacts

XI. Consequences of Energy Consumption:


a. Positives:
i. Comfortable way of life
ii. Abundance of food
iii. Excellent housing
iv. Transportation
b. Negatives:
i. Pollution
ii. Depletion of resources
8th Grade Intro to Industrial Tech
Unit Title: Power & Energy
Lesson Title: Part 1 – Power & Energy

XII. Causes of Pollution:


a. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) from burning coal
b. Carbon monoxide (CO) from burning gasoline
c. Waste heat in lakes, rivers, oceans from power plants
d. Nuclear waste

XIII. Maintaining Future Energy:


a. Use alternative sources:
i. Solar energy
b. Energy conservation:
i. Reduce, reuse, recycle

XIV. What Can You Do?:


a. Keep informed
b. Thermostat below 65 in Winter
c. Thermostat at 78 in Summer
d. Turn off unnecessary lights
e. Walk or ride bike

XV. Go through Review slide for Lesson Summary

Lesson Summary (Conclusion):


 Review:
o What is energy?
o 3 sources of energy? – examples of each
o The 6 forms of energy
o What is power?
o The 3 power systems?
o 3 considerations for choosing power/energy tech?
o 2 positives of energy consumption?
o 2 negatives of energy consumption?
o 2 causes of pollution?
o 2 ways to maintain future energy?
o 3 things you can do to conserve energy?

Application:
 Students will take the Power & Energy – Part 1 quiz on Canvas the following
class period to show comprehension