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# ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG.

DEPARTMENT
B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018
UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY
Tutorial Sheet No. 1 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar
ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT
B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018
UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY
Tutorial Sheet No. 2 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar
1. In the line diagram of a power system as shown in fig. 1.1 calculate the per unit values of all the
parameters for a reference base of (a)100 MVA, voltage 220kV (transmission line) (b) 100 MVA, voltage
33kV(generator side). Also draw reactance diagram.

40 MVA 50 MVA
25kV 11kV
Xd"=15% Xd"=20%

G M
220kV T2
T1 Line X=j50 
40 MVA 30 MVA
33kV/220kV 220kV/11kV Fig. 1.1
Xe=10% Xe=10%

2. The single-line diagram for a 50 Hz power system is shown in Fig. 1.2 where the system contains three
generators, three transformers and three transmission lines. The system ratings are given as:
Generator G1 200 MVA, 20 kV, Xd = 16%

## Transformer T 2 Three single-phase units each rated 100

MVA, 130/25 kV, X = 10%
Transformer T 3 300 MVA, 220/22 kV, X = 10%

The transmission line reactances are as indicated in the figure. Draw the reactance diagram
choosing the Generator 3 circuit as the base.

Fig. 1.2
ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT
B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018
UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY
Tutorial Sheet No. 3 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar
Q.1. A three phase system subjected to unsymmetrical faults has Va = 100 L00, Vb = 33 L-
1000 and Vc = 38L176.50. Calculate the sequence components of voltage for the above
system.

Q.2. Draw the positive, negative and zero sequence network of the network given below:

V1 Transformer-1 Transformer-1 V2

G M

Q.3. For the network shown below draw its single line reactance diagram.
Transformer-1 Transformer-1
G2

G1

j50 ohm G3

B
A

Q.4. In a power system as shown in figure below, a load of 60MW at 0.9 power factor
lagging is tapped from the 66kV substation which is to be maintained at 60kV.
Calculate the terminal voltage of the synchronous machine.

V1 11/220kV 220/66kV V2

j150 ohm

100MVA, 100MVA,
X=10% X=8% 60MW, 0.9 lag.
ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT
B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018
UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY
Tutorial Sheet No. 4 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar
Q.1. Assemble YBUS for the network shown in fig. 2.1 using direct method.
G G
1 2

TF1 TF2

1 2

Fig. 2.1

4 3
C

M1 M2
The reactance values in per unit of various elements of network are as :XG1 = j 0.1, XTF1 =j0. 02, XG2
= j0.1, XTF2 =j0.02 , X12 =j0. 12, X23 = j0.24, X34 =j0.5, X14= j0.55, X13 = j0.6 , X24 = j0.6, XM1 = 0.05,
XM2 = j0.05, XC =-j0.8

Q.2. For the 4-bus network shown in fig. 2.2, assemble (i) bus incidence matrix (ii) Bus admittance
matrix. Assume the line reactance of each line (A,B,C,D,E) as j0.25 per unit and line reactance of reference
node with bus 1 is j0.01 . The reference node is as mentioned in the diagram.
Reference node

1 2
A
B
E C Fig. 2.2

3 D 4
Q.3. Assemble YBUS for the connected graph of the network shown in fig. 2.3 using direct method and
singular transformation technique. Also calculate ZBUS = (YBUS)-1. The series impedance of each link is
(0.02+j0.08) and half line charging admittance of each of elements a, b and c is j0.01. All reactance
values are in per unit. Take ground node ‘0’ as reference node.
(c)

(a) (b)
1 2 3

## (d) (e) (f) Fig. 2.3

0
Q.4. Find the Zbus matrix using different type of modifications of the network as shown in
Fig. below
Line Bus code Imp. Modification
1 R-1 0.6 Tpye-1
2 R-2 0.5 Type-1
3 2-3 0.5 Type-2
4 1-3 0.25 Type-4

1 3
4

1 3

2
R 2

Q.5. Find the Zbus matrix using different type of modifications of the network as shown in fig.
above when reference node (R) and node no. 3 are interchanged.
ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT
B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018
UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY
Tutorial Sheet No.: 5 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar
1. For the three bus system, the parameters of the transmission lines are given as : All values are in
per unit and line resistances are neglected.
Line Series Total Shunt
bus
1-2 j0.20 j0.24
2-3 j0.10 j0.16
1-3 j0.25 j0.30
Admittance of Bus capacitor at bus 2 = j0.30
Admittance of shunt reactor at bus 3 = -j0.60
(a) Construct YBUS for the given system
(b) Modify YBUS with bus 2 eliminated.
(c) Modify YBUS as obtained in part (a) if a line reactance of line 1-3 is modified to j0.30 with
(d) For YBUS, perform triangular factorization and obtain lower and upper matrices.
2. Using building algorithm, (a) construct bus impedance matrix for the network with system data as
follows:
From Bus To Bus Series reactance
1 2 j0.5
1 3 j0.5
2 3 j0.6
2 4 j0.4
2 4 j0.4
3 4 j0.5

## (b) Modify ZBUS when line 1-2 is removed

(c) Modify ZBUS obtained in part (a), when line reactance of 2-4(1) is changed to j0.6
(d).Modify ZBUS obtained in part (a), when node 2 is eliminated.
(e) Modify ZBUS obtained in part (a), when a new node 5 is added with series reactance of j0.15
between 4-5.
(f) Construct Y BUS and repeat part (b) and (d) on YBUS
ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT
B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018
UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY
Tutorial Sheet No.: 6 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar
1. Consider a system as shown in Fig. 5.1 the load is 2.0+j0.78 p.u. The voltage at sending end (slack) is
1+j0 p.u. Line admittance is 1.0-j4.0 p.u. Transformer reactance is j0.405 p.u. Off-nominal turns ratio is
1/1.04. Find the voltage at receiving end at the end of first iteration using Gauss Seidel Technique.

G

Fig. 5.1
2. Using Gauss Seidel method, find the bus voltage at the end of first iteration for the following three-bus
system. Per unit values of line reactances is mentioned in Fig. 5.2. Neglect the resistance and line
charging. Assume initial voltages at all buses to be 1.0. Use the acceleration factor as 1.0. The bus data is
given in the table as given below:

## Bus Specified P Injections Q (p.u.) Specified voltage (p.u.)

1 ------- ---------- 1.0
2 0.3 ---------- 1.0
3 -0.5 -0.2 ----------

Fig. 5.2

3. Use the following methods to obtain load flow solution of network shown in fig. 5.1
a. Newton Raphson method using Y-bus with tolerances of 0.01 p.u. for changes in the real and
reactive bus powers.
b. Gauss-Seidel using Y-bus with acceleration factor of 1.6 and tolerances of 0.001 for real and
imaginary components of voltages.

4. The three bus system is as shown below in Fig. 5.3 which each of three lines has a series
impedance of (0.04+j0.16) p.u. and a total shunt admittance of j0.04 p.u. The specified quantities at
different buses are as following:
demand (PD) demand (QD) generation (PG) generation (QG)
1 2 1 Unspecified Unspecified V1=1.05+j0 (slack bus)
2 0 0 0.5 1.0 Unspecified (PQ-bus)
3 1.5 6 0 QGS V3 = 1.05 (PV-bus)
The controllable reactive power source is provided at bus 3 with the constraint 0  QG 3  1.5 pu . Find the load
flow solution using NR method , Decoupled Flow Method and fast decoupled flow method. with a tolerance
of 0.01 for power mismatch.

## SG1  PG1  jQG1

S D1  PD1  jQD1  2.0  j1.0
SG 2  PG 2  jQG 2  0.5  j1.0
S D 2  PD 2  jQD 2  0  j 0

Fig. 5.3