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Tutorial sheets of Power System analysis

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DEPARTMENT

B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018

UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY

Tutorial Sheet No. 1 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar

ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT

B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018

UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY

Tutorial Sheet No. 2 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar

1. In the line diagram of a power system as shown in fig. 1.1 calculate the per unit values of all the

parameters for a reference base of (a)100 MVA, voltage 220kV (transmission line) (b) 100 MVA, voltage

33kV(generator side). Also draw reactance diagram.

40 MVA 50 MVA

25kV 11kV

Xd"=15% Xd"=20%

G M

220kV T2

T1 Line X=j50

40 MVA 30 MVA

33kV/220kV 220kV/11kV Fig. 1.1

Xe=10% Xe=10%

2. The single-line diagram for a 50 Hz power system is shown in Fig. 1.2 where the system contains three

generators, three transformers and three transmission lines. The system ratings are given as:

Generator G1 200 MVA, 20 kV, Xd = 16%

MVA, 130/25 kV, X = 10%

Transformer T 3 300 MVA, 220/22 kV, X = 10%

The transmission line reactances are as indicated in the figure. Draw the reactance diagram

choosing the Generator 3 circuit as the base.

Fig. 1.2

ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT

B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018

UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY

Tutorial Sheet No. 3 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar

Q.1. A three phase system subjected to unsymmetrical faults has Va = 100 L00, Vb = 33 L-

1000 and Vc = 38L176.50. Calculate the sequence components of voltage for the above

system.

Q.2. Draw the positive, negative and zero sequence network of the network given below:

V1 Transformer-1 Transformer-1 V2

G M

Q.3. For the network shown below draw its single line reactance diagram.

Transformer-1 Transformer-1

G2

G1

j50 ohm G3

B

A

Q.4. In a power system as shown in figure below, a load of 60MW at 0.9 power factor

lagging is tapped from the 66kV substation which is to be maintained at 60kV.

Calculate the terminal voltage of the synchronous machine.

V1 11/220kV 220/66kV V2

j150 ohm

100MVA, 100MVA,

X=10% X=8% 60MW, 0.9 lag.

ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT

B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018

UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY

Tutorial Sheet No. 4 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar

Q.1. Assemble YBUS for the network shown in fig. 2.1 using direct method.

G G

1 2

TF1 TF2

1 2

Fig. 2.1

4 3

C

M1 M2

The reactance values in per unit of various elements of network are as :XG1 = j 0.1, XTF1 =j0. 02, XG2

= j0.1, XTF2 =j0.02 , X12 =j0. 12, X23 = j0.24, X34 =j0.5, X14= j0.55, X13 = j0.6 , X24 = j0.6, XM1 = 0.05,

XM2 = j0.05, XC =-j0.8

Q.2. For the 4-bus network shown in fig. 2.2, assemble (i) bus incidence matrix (ii) Bus admittance

matrix. Assume the line reactance of each line (A,B,C,D,E) as j0.25 per unit and line reactance of reference

node with bus 1 is j0.01 . The reference node is as mentioned in the diagram.

Reference node

1 2

A

B

E C Fig. 2.2

3 D 4

Q.3. Assemble YBUS for the connected graph of the network shown in fig. 2.3 using direct method and

singular transformation technique. Also calculate ZBUS = (YBUS)-1. The series impedance of each link is

(0.02+j0.08) and half line charging admittance of each of elements a, b and c is j0.01. All reactance

values are in per unit. Take ground node ‘0’ as reference node.

(c)

(a) (b)

1 2 3

0

Q.4. Find the Zbus matrix using different type of modifications of the network as shown in

Fig. below

Line Bus code Imp. Modification

1 R-1 0.6 Tpye-1

2 R-2 0.5 Type-1

3 2-3 0.5 Type-2

4 1-3 0.25 Type-4

1 3

4

1 3

2

R 2

Q.5. Find the Zbus matrix using different type of modifications of the network as shown in fig.

above when reference node (R) and node no. 3 are interchanged.

ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT

B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018

UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY

Tutorial Sheet No.: 5 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar

1. For the three bus system, the parameters of the transmission lines are given as : All values are in

per unit and line resistances are neglected.

Line Series Total Shunt

between Reactance Admittance

bus

1-2 j0.20 j0.24

2-3 j0.10 j0.16

1-3 j0.25 j0.30

Admittance of Bus capacitor at bus 2 = j0.30

Admittance of shunt reactor at bus 3 = -j0.60

(a) Construct YBUS for the given system

(b) Modify YBUS with bus 2 eliminated.

(c) Modify YBUS as obtained in part (a) if a line reactance of line 1-3 is modified to j0.30 with

shunt admittance unchanged.

(d) For YBUS, perform triangular factorization and obtain lower and upper matrices.

2. Using building algorithm, (a) construct bus impedance matrix for the network with system data as

follows:

From Bus To Bus Series reactance

1 2 j0.5

1 3 j0.5

2 3 j0.6

2 4 j0.4

2 4 j0.4

3 4 j0.5

(c) Modify ZBUS obtained in part (a), when line reactance of 2-4(1) is changed to j0.6

(d).Modify ZBUS obtained in part (a), when node 2 is eliminated.

(e) Modify ZBUS obtained in part (a), when a new node 5 is added with series reactance of j0.15

between 4-5.

(f) Construct Y BUS and repeat part (b) and (d) on YBUS

ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGG. DEPARTMENT

B.E. Third Year (EE) Group G1 and G2 Session: Jan. – May 2018

UEE605 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STABILITY

Tutorial Sheet No.: 6 Instructor: Ms. Manbir Kaur & Dr. Pawan Kumar

1. Consider a system as shown in Fig. 5.1 the load is 2.0+j0.78 p.u. The voltage at sending end (slack) is

1+j0 p.u. Line admittance is 1.0-j4.0 p.u. Transformer reactance is j0.405 p.u. Off-nominal turns ratio is

1/1.04. Find the voltage at receiving end at the end of first iteration using Gauss Seidel Technique.

Load

G

Fig. 5.1

2. Using Gauss Seidel method, find the bus voltage at the end of first iteration for the following three-bus

system. Per unit values of line reactances is mentioned in Fig. 5.2. Neglect the resistance and line

charging. Assume initial voltages at all buses to be 1.0. Use the acceleration factor as 1.0. The bus data is

given in the table as given below:

1 ------- ---------- 1.0

2 0.3 ---------- 1.0

3 -0.5 -0.2 ----------

Fig. 5.2

3. Use the following methods to obtain load flow solution of network shown in fig. 5.1

a. Newton Raphson method using Y-bus with tolerances of 0.01 p.u. for changes in the real and

reactive bus powers.

b. Gauss-Seidel using Y-bus with acceleration factor of 1.6 and tolerances of 0.001 for real and

imaginary components of voltages.

4. The three bus system is as shown below in Fig. 5.3 which each of three lines has a series

impedance of (0.04+j0.16) p.u. and a total shunt admittance of j0.04 p.u. The specified quantities at

different buses are as following:

Bus Real Load Reactive Load Real power Reactive power Voltage specification

demand (PD) demand (QD) generation (PG) generation (QG)

1 2 1 Unspecified Unspecified V1=1.05+j0 (slack bus)

2 0 0 0.5 1.0 Unspecified (PQ-bus)

3 1.5 6 0 QGS V3 = 1.05 (PV-bus)

The controllable reactive power source is provided at bus 3 with the constraint 0 QG 3 1.5 pu . Find the load

flow solution using NR method , Decoupled Flow Method and fast decoupled flow method. with a tolerance

of 0.01 for power mismatch.

S D1 PD1 jQD1 2.0 j1.0

SG 2 PG 2 jQG 2 0.5 j1.0

S D 2 PD 2 jQD 2 0 j 0

Fig. 5.3

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