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Civil Engineering Department

1.0 . Test :
 Aggregate Impact Value BS 812 : Part 112 1990

2.0 . Objective :
 To determine the impact value in aggregate used in various pavement designs.

3.0 . Introduction :

Aggregate is used to describe the gravels, crushed stones & other materials
which are mixed with cement & water to make concrete.

The functions of aggregate in concrete is as a mass particle which are suitable for
resisting action of applied load, abrasion & percolation of moisture and the action of weather.

Aggregate is form 75% of the volume of concrete, so chosen the suitable materials
is important & also aggregate should contain no constituent material which might have
adverse affect of the hardening of cement or the durability of hardened cement.

Then, this test aggregate impact value gives a relative measure of the resistance of an
aggregate to sudden shock or impact , which in some aggregate differs from its resistance to
a slowly applied compressive load. With aggregate of aggregate impact value higher than 30
the result maybe anomalous.

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4.0 . Procedure
4.1 . a ) Sample preparation

Figure 4.1 Figure 4.2


1) The material for the standard test shall 2) The cylindrical metal container should
consist of aggregate passing a 14.0mm be weight and denote it as W1.
sieve and retained on a 10.0 mm sieve.
The sample should be surfaced dry.

Figure 4.3 Figure 4.4


3) Three (3) similar layers aggregate was 4) Each layer shall be tamped 25 times
fill up in the cylindrical metal with a 10mm rounded end tamping rod
container. by allowed the tamping rod to fall
freely from a height 50mm above
surface of the aggregate.

Figure 4.5
5) The mass of aggregate in the cylindrical
metal container (w2) was weighted.
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b ) Testing.

Figure 4.6 Figure 4.7


1) The cylindrical metal container which 2) The test sample to a total of 15 blows
is containing the whole of the test from the aggregate impact test machine
sample in it position on the base of the was subjected, each being delivered at
machine was fix and secured. an interval of not less than 1 second.

Figure 4.8 Figure 4.9


3)the crushed sample is weight with the 4)Remove the crushed from the
cylindrical metal container and determine it as cylindrical metal container with bristle
(M1) brush and put it inside the sieve
2.36mm.

Figure 4.11
Figure 4.10 6) The sieve pan and 2.36mm also should
5)the fraction passing M2 and retained M3 on be weight. And if the total mass M2 +
the sieve to an accuracy of 0.1 g should be M3 is less than the initial mass M1 by
weigh. more than 1g , discard the result and
make a fresh test.
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5.0 . Apparatus

Figure 5.1 Figure 5.2

 An impact testing machine according  Bs sieve of aperture sizes 14.0 mm ,


to the British Standard 812 : Part 112 10.0 mm and 2.36 mm.
1990.

Figure 5.3 Figure 5.4


 A cylindrical metal container with an  A straight metal tamping rod , 10
Internal diameter of 75 mm and an mm diameter , 230 mm long rounded
internal depth of 50 mm. at one end.

Figure 5.5
 A balance of capacity not less than Figure 5.6
500 g and accurate to 0.1 g.  A bristle brush
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6.0 . Raw data

A wet aggregate Sample 1 (g) Sample 2 (g) Sample 3 (g)


Mass of container 1608 1608 1608
( W1 )
Mass of container & 2138 2168 2179
sample (W2)
Mass of uncrushed 530 560 571
sample (W3)
Mass of container & 2136 2166 2178
crushed sample
Mass of crushed 528 558 570
sample ( M1)
Mass of fraction 48 32 38
passing 2.36mm sieve
(M2)
Mass of fraction 474 518 528
detained on 2.36mm
sieve (M3)
Aggregate impact 9.09% 5.44% 6.67%
value percentage
(AIV)
AIV percentage ( %) 7.07%

Pan = 246 g
2.36mm = 452

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7.0. Analysis data

5.1 .Mass of uncrushed Sample (W3) : W2-W1

SAMPLE 1 : 2138 – 1608 = 530

SAMPLE 2 : 2168 – 1608 = 560

SAMPLE 3 : 2179 – 1608 = 571

5.2 .Mass of crushed sample (M1) : Mass of container & crushed sample – W1

SAMPLE 1 : 2136 – 1608 = 528

SAMPLE 2 : 2166 – 1608 = 558

SAMPLE 3 : 2178 – 1608 = 570

5.3 . Aggregate Impact Value percentage (AIV)

AIV = ( M2 ÷ M1 ) × 100 %

SAMPLE 1 : ( 48 ÷ 528 ) × 100 % = 9.09%

SAMPLE 2 : ( 32 ÷ 558 ) × 100 % = 5.44%

SAMPLE 3 : ( 38 ÷ 570 ) × 100 % = 6.67%

5.4 . AIV Average

9.09 % + 5.44 % + 6.67 % = 7.07%

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8.0. Discussion

1) Discuss the importance of this test.


 The importance of this test is to determine the impact value in aggregate used in various
pavement designs. It also to determine whether to classification it is in a category.

2) Outline the usage of AIV representation in pavement design.


 This test aggregate impact value gives a relative measure of the resistance of an aggregate
to sudden shock or impact , which in some aggregate differs from its resistance to a
slowly applied compressive load. With aggregate of aggregate impact value higher than
30 the result maybe anomalous.

3) State the permissible is value of AIV required by JKR and explain what would have
happened if the specified value is not met.
 The permissible value of AIV required by JKR is less than 15 %, and if the specified
value is not met then it is not suitable for construction of pavement and can be make it for
others function.

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Civil Engineering Department

9.0 Conclusionn

As we know aggregate can be classified into two type which is fine aggregate and course
aggregate. Beside that aggregate also can classified by it unit weight and are group into 3 which
is normal aggregate consist of rushed rock, sand and gravel, broken bricks. Second is light
weight aggregate consist pumice , expanded shale, expanded clay. And the last one is heavy
weight aggregate consist magnetite, hematite and limonite.

In our result for this test for the first sample is it AIV percentage is 9.09 % classified as.
For this sample we get a very accuracy result for mass of crushed sample (M1) after plus M2
and M3 which is 474 g. Next, for the second sample is it AIV percentage is 5.44% and it can be
classified as andesite, felsites and dolerite. For this sample we get also a very accuracy result for
mass of crushed sample (M1) after plus M2 and M3 which is 518 g. Last for the third sample is
it AIV percentage is also 6.67 % and it can be classified as andesite, felsites and dolerite. For this
sample we get a result for mass of crushed sample (M1) after plus M2 and M3 which is 528 g.
This result is not match 100 % to M1 and only 0.5 not accurate. All our result is suitable for
construct pavement designs.

This result making us get an average for 7.07 % ( AIV average).

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Civil Engineering Department

10 .0 . Reference

 Highway Engineering Modul C3010


 Lab sheet Highway Engineering
 Power point lecturer Politeknik Kuching Sarawak – concrete technology

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Civil Engineering Department

TABLE OF CONTENT

BIL CONTENT PAGE

1.0 TEST NAME 1

2.0 OBJECTIVE 1

3.0 INTRODUCTION 1

4.0 PROCEDURE 2-3

5.0 APPARATUS
4

6.0 RAW DATA


5

7.0 ANALYSIS DATA


6

8.0 DISCUSSION 7

9.0 CONCLUSION 8

10.0 REFERENCE 9
Civil Engineering Department

I declare that this report “Aggregate Impact Value BS 812 : part 1121990” is the result of my own report
except as cited in the references.

Signature : ………………………….

Name : Justin Akong Anak Bidi

Date : 21/1/2013