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C.

Other exculpatory causes
1. Instigation
People v. Lua Chu, G.R. No. 34917, 7 September 1931,
56 Phil. 44
People v. Doria, G.R. No. 125299, 22 January 1999, 301
SCRA 668
2.Pardon (Art. 266-C and Art. 344)
3.Absolutory circumstances

a. Art. 6 (3)
b. Art. 20
c. Art. 247
d. Art. 280*
e. Art. 332
Intestate Estate of Manolita Gonzales v.
People, G.R. No. 181409, 11 February 2010.

D. Mitigating Circumstances
1.Classes of Mitigating Circumstances
a. Privileged
i. Art. 13 (2) and Art. 68
ii. Art. 13 (1) and Art. 69
People v. Jaurigue, G.R. No. 384, 21
February 1946, 76 Phil. 174
People v. Narvaez, L-33466-67, 20
April 1983, 121 SCRA 389
People v. Ulep, G.R. No. 132547, 20
September 2000
Guillermo v. People, G.R. No.
153287, 20 January 2009.
b. Ordinary

i. Lack of intent to commit so grave a wrong
People v. Ural, L-30901, 27 March 1974,
56 SCRA 138
People v. Gonzales, G.R. No. 139542,
21 June 2001, 359 SCRA 352
iiSufficient provocation
People v. Pagal, L-32040, 25 October
`1977, 79 SCRA 570

140937. muteness. 9 June 1993. Urbano v. 22 Phil. Dela Cruz. 20 January 2009 iiiVindication of a wrong People v. People. Deafness. v. Aggravating Circumstances Art. 229 SCRA 166 People v. No. Nos. People.R. 14 Phil. 20 April 2001 1. G.R.R. 29 December 1936. 63 Phil. L-32042. September 2007 ivPassion or obfuscation US v. 14 and 62 of the RPC. No. G. Gelaver. G. 74 SCRA 271 Bacabac v. People v. Hicks.R. 95357. 54344- 45. Inherent e. 29 March 1912. G. Specific d. G. No. 182750. 23 September 1909. Classes of Aggravating Circumstance a. viii. G. Generic b. 429 People v. Amaguin. 13 February 1975. L-18792. 4971.R. blindness. 28 February 1964. Benito. No. 223 SCRA 310 People v. Dela Cruz. G. Legaspi. L-45284. Bello. Analogous circumstances Canta v. G. Illness as would diminish the exercise of will-power without depriving the offender of consciousness of his acts. Special . 28 February 2001 E. or other physical defect which restricts the offender’s means of action. People. No. 136164-65.R. Qualifying c. 149372.R. 10 January 1994. defense. Nos. 874 vi.R. 217 US v. Voluntary surrender or plea of guilt People v. 7094. or communication vii. No.

G. Rodas. 24 April 1950. 14 Dec. 5). or sex. 123 SCRA 133 6. 86 Phil. shipwreck. L-38297. The crime is committed in the palace of Chief Executive. 7. Capalac. Nos. 189 11. G. 28 June 1983. Aid of armed men or persons who afford impunity. 31 October 1979. epidemic. People v. People v. 59 Phil.R. G. Insult to public authority People v. or other calamity or misfortune. 175881. 39913. No. or by a band. 154 . 9. 23 October 1982. 130 SCRA 614 People v. 117 SCRA 874 People v. 231 SCRA 728 3. L-35123-24. Tac-an. earthquake. L-30116. 2000. Diaz. G.R. 22 September 1986. G. age. 73489. 94 SCRA 14 People v. People v. par. L-40330. in his presence. Disregard of rank.2. Apduhan. No. uninhabited place. No. Crime committed on the occasion of conflagration. 62. Daniel.R. Damaso. or place dedicated to religious worship. L-2390. Arizobal.R. 30 August 1968 5. where public authorities are engaged in the discharge of their duties. Taking advantage of public office People v. 135051-52. 4. Gapasin. Magdueño. 21 January 1974. G. 10. Reiteracion 12. Habitual delinquency (Art. No. and dwelling. 348 SCRA 143 People v.R. Abuse of confidence or obvious ungratefulness People v. People v. L-19491. Tiongson. 26 February 1990. No. Garcia. 28 August 2007 People v. 25 July 1984.R.R. 20 November 1978 People v. 76338-89. 25 April 1994. Baldera. Mandolado. L-68699. L-30449. No. G. L-51304-05. Melendrez. 144 SCRA 210 People v. L-24002. 19 December 1933. 20 November 1978. Recidivism People v. 86 SCRA 370 (uninhabited) 8. Nighttime.

Nos. 348 SCRA 143 People v. L-36941.R. Sultan. or promise. 16 Nov. floor. L-44274. Price.R. No. 5292. Jose. door.R. G. G. G.R. 77 People v. etc. Villonez. 122976-77. Ilaoa. 22.13. 45 OG 803 People v. Empacis. L-28232. Saylan. No. L-32914.R. 124319. 14 May 1993. Guzman.R. Escote. 95756. 222 SCRA 59 18. poison. 130 SCRA 159 People v. San Pedro. G. US v. 14 Phil. 22 January 1980. Castillo. 359 Phil. 289 SCRA 213 People v. Bibat. 95 SCRA 306 People v. 140756. No. 659-R.R. 120282. G. 169246. No. 2 July 1992. G. 2000. 37 SCRA 450 People v. reward. roof. Torriefel CA-GR.R. Treachery People v. or disguise People v. Arizobal. 211 SCRA 631 19. Quasi. 1998 People v. 94308. 95. 135051-52. G. 94534. 132470. 29 June 1984. 160) 14. 14 Dec. No. 290 SCRA 27 17. 6 February 1971.R. 400 SCRA 603 People v. G. No. No. Craft. Ignominy People v.R. 15. L-50276. 29 Nov. 1998. No. 1947. fire. or window. Breaking of wall. Taking advantage of superior strength.R. 26 January 2007 20. or means employed to weaken the defense People v. No. 27 January 1983.recidivism (Art. G. 16. Manalinde. Evident premeditation. 27 April 2000. No. No. Butler. 4 April 2003. . G. 30 August 1974. Bigcas. 13 May 1998. 28 August 1909. 233 SCRA 231 People v. Inundation. 58 SCRA 737 People v. Sangalang. G. 16 June 1994. fraud. Unlawful entry. 331 SCRA 216 21. 120 SCRA 281 People v. 20 April 1998.

29 June 2007 27. 136149-51. Aid of persons under fifteen years old. 19 September 2000 Celino v. G. Use of information and communications technologies in committing a felony – Sec. Organized or syndicated crime group 26. 170562. 25 of RA 9165 28. use of motor vehicles. Use of illegal firearms or explosives – see RA 10591 People v. Use of dangerous drugs while committing a felony – Sec.R. airships.23. Ladjaalam. 6. or other similar means 24. RA 10175 .R. G. No. Court of Appeals. Cruelty 25. Nos.