You are on page 1of 6



Annotated Bibliography

Sports- Related Concussions

Hannah Reed

Professor Malcolm Campbell

UWRT 1104

March 7, 2018
Covassin, Tracey et al. “Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing

(ImPACT) Practices of Sports Medicine Professionals.” Journal of Athletic Training 44.6

(2009): 639–644. PMC. Web. 12 Mar. 2018.

This academic article is about ImPACT testing; a computerized neurocognitive baseline

test. The main outcome is to see the accuracy of the test and is supposed to represent what an

athlete is like post-concussion status. Some points covered were how many athletic trainers used

the baseline test, the most frequent sports that the athletic trainers administered the test to, and

when the athletic trainers would allow the athlete to play again. The conclusion for this article

was that most athletic trainers relied on symptoms more than the baseline test.

To me this is a reliable source. The Journal of Athletic Training a peer-reviewed journal

of studies that pertain to the profession of athletic training. The author, Tracey Covassin, is an

associate professor of kinesiology in the College of Education at Michigan State University, she

is a certified athletic trainer in the sports medicine program. The main research she does is for

neuropsychological impairments of concussions and epidemiology of sports injuries. With her

research focuses that makes her very credible.

This was a very useful article for my research because it showed some of the technology

used to help diagnose concussions. My thinking remained the same because I already knew a

little about how ImPACT testing worked due to having to take it myself in high school. It did

help broaden my knowledge on ImPACT testing and how trainers judge whether an athlete is Commented [1]: spelling

ready to take the field again or not. This source will most likely be used for my project because it

gives a good breakdown of outcomes, key points, results and conclusions.

Fischer, Stuart J., Wayne J. Sebastianelli, Rick Wilkerson "Sports Concussions."

Ortho Info. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, June 2017. Web. Mar. 2018.


This website article is about sports concussions. The article describes what a concussion

is, symptoms, causes, the doctors examination, treatment, the return to play process, and ways to

prevent concussions. A key point in this article was recognizing the confession and getting

proper treatment. “Coaches, parents, and school administration must be aware of the athletes

with a concussion.”

To me this is a reliable source for the information given. The source gives a decent

amount of information, it gives kind of the base of my research because of the detail it gives

about concussions. The source was peer- reviewed by Stuart J. Fischer and contributed and/or

updated by Rick Wilkerson and Wayne J. Sebastianelli. All are Doctors that specialize in

orthopedic surgery. Sebastianelli and Wilkerson also specialize in sports medicine. With their

specializations I can see where they could be credible but at the same time they aren’t. I say they

aren’t credible because their main focus is in orthopedics not neurology; then I say they are

credible because they revolve around sports medicine.

The source was very useful it gave me more information on the return to play process as

well as prevention for concussions. My thought process broadened as the source went over the

doctor’s examination test. I will be using this source because it gives be the basic information on

sports concussions.
Sullivan, Chad. “Canada: Concussions & Varsity Sports: What Colleges And Universities

Should Know.” Concussions & Varsity Sports: What Colleges And Universities Should Know -

Media, Telecoms, IT, Entertainment - Canada, 5 Mar. 2018, varsity.

This new source talked about how concussion have been in the news recently. Key points

in this were what a concussion is, symptoms, how athletes don’t admit they are injured, and

concussion lawsuits. The conclusion to this article was that it’s not always possible to prevent

injuries but that’s why sports procedures and protocols for when athlete gets injured.

This is a reliable source because it gives not just basic information it has the facts to

back it up. It talks about NHL star Sidney Crosby getting his fourth career concussion for the

2016-2017 season. It also talked about a 17-year-old who died because she ignored her

symptoms. Then it talks about how colleges and university should take action immediately. I

would say Sullivan is credible because one of his areas of law is occupational health and safety. I

find him very credible.

The source was useful it broadened what I already knew from my other sources. It also

gave me more things to look into like concussion lawsuits and how colleges and universities

should take action. I will be using this source because it contains more information on “new

things” the other sources didn’t touch on.

Vasilogambros, Matt. “Does the NHL Take Concussions Seriously?” The Atlantic, Atlantic

Media Company, 12 Oct. 2016,


This news article talks about how the National Hockey League handles injuries. Key

points of the article where the new protocols the National Hockey League uses, how athletes lie

to stay in the game, brain damage due to repeated hits to the head, and lawsuits against the

National Hockey League. The conclusion was that the National Hockey League and certain hits

to try and help prevent head injuries.

This is reliable because it took athletes that actually suffered from concussions and talked

about their stories. Not only did it explain their stories it talked about their risk, in Sidney

Crosby’s case he suffered from four concussions in his 2016-2017 NHL season. The NFL also

has had a few cases of concussions. This is similar to one of my other sources because it talks

about how players would lie just to stay in the game, “former Columbus Blue Jackets

defenseman James Wisniewski recounted to The Columbus Dispatch: I said my back hurt so I

didn’t have to do the 20-minute protocol and go through that whole concussion process… A lot

of guys were playing through things… That’s playoff hockey. It’s survival of the fittest.”. Matt

Vasilogambros I would say is credible because when he was working for The Atlantic he had

lead the world and national news coverage. So, he had to go and get the news directly from the

source. I find him to be credible.

The source was useful. It helped bring the risk factors of a concussion into perspective. I

do plan on using this source because it gives me real life stories to use as facts.
Peer review source 1

Overall this source seems very reliable. You provided great detail on what is covered in the

article. The authors expertise on the subject was clearly mentioned and helps support the sources

validity. The citation is proper MLA 8 format as well. This source should apply well to your

essay. Also, put a hanging indent on this citation.

Peer review source 2

This source is reliable and comes from credible authors. You mentioned how both of the authors

are experienced in their field of medicine. This source will serve a good purpose for providing

background information on your topic. Try to touch on what exactly a concussion is and how

they are categorized. Over all good use of information. Also, put a hanging indent on this


Peer Review Source 3

This source provides a very important issue in terms of concussions. Using case examples for

this is good because they connect the idea of concussions with real life situations. Sidney

Crosby's career has been bombarded with concussions. Using this as an example is good but

cover more on how players are suing there sports leagues and how the leagues are changing

policies to prevent injuries. Also, put a hanging indent on this citation.

Peer Review Source 4

Another good source, but try to use one in a different league. you have used 2 NHL references,

the NFL and plenty of others sports leagues have had issues with concussions. Try using Junior

Seo as an example, he was a well known NFL player who passed away from concussion injuries.

Overall still a good source. Also, put a hanging indent on this citation.