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 The plate girders are I-
beams made up from
separate structural
steel plates (rather than
rolled as a single cross-
section), which are welded
or bolted or riveted together
to form the vertical web and
horizontal flanges of the
beam, which are used to
carry heavier load over
larger span
 As load to be carried on I beam increases and span is
also large, more moment of inertia is required to
resist the bending
Hence more depth required.
 Such loads can lead to uneconomic sections
 IS rolled I-sections have a maximum limited depth

 For such cases, Plate Girders are preferred

 Carry heavier load over larger span
 No restriction on dimensioning of girder
 Depth , thickness of plates can be increased/decreased based on
 No particular section size to be adopted
 Freedom to chosen section for flange
 Solid plate is always used as web but flanges can be taken as solid
plates or different standard sections as per requirement
 Flexibility in adjusting cross section along length
 Cross section can be uniform or non uniform along the length of the
girder as per area of steel required at different cross sections
 This is achieved by keeping depth of web same and varying the cross
sections of flanges
 Freedom to provide variable depth (tapered,
cranked, haunched)

 Provision of holes in web girder to accommodate

various services
 Economic design :
 In the zone of low moment : Less flange thickness

 In the zone of high shear: Thicker Web Plate

 Use of Hybrid girders

 Higher grade steel in zones of high moment and shear

 Standard grade steel in zones of lower values


According to According to
Type of Type of Section
Connection used in flange

Riveted Bolted Welded …..

And many more……………….
 Railway bridges (span 15- 40 m)

 Highway bridges (span 24-46 m)

 Continuous Bride Girders of Spans in excess of 120 m

 In Buildings to support heavy concentrated loads

(large halls with no columns in lower storey)
Rolled Beam Section Plate Girder

 Beams are rolled to  Assembled by welding

standard sizes of plates
 Web stiffeners not used  Web stiffeners used
 Standard proportion of  Freedom in
beam proportioning of girder
 Web Plate
 Flange plates
 Flange Angles
 Bearing Stiffeners or End Post
 Intermediate Transverse Stiffeners
 Longitudinal Stiffeners
 Web Splices
 Flange Splices
 Connection bwtween flange and web
 End Bearing