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Pharmaceutical Drug Analysis

Subject : Pharmaceutical Drug Analysis


GENERAL ASPECTS
Pharmaceutical Chemicals Purity and Management
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)

Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)

Errors In Pharmaceutical Analysis and Statistical Validation


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)

CHEMICAL METHODS
Aqueous Titrations
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)

Non Aqueous Titrations


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)

Permanganate Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)

Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)

Complexometric Analysis
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)

Gravimetric Analysis
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)

Thermoanalytical Analysis
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)

Diazotization Sodium Nitrite Titration


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)

Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)

Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)

Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)

ELECTROCHEMICAL METHODS
Potentiometric Methods
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)

Amperometric Methods
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)

OPTICAL METHODS
Refractometry
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)

Polarimetry
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)

Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)

Infrared Spectrophotometry
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)

Emission Spectroscopy
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)

Flame Spectroscopy
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
126. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
127. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
128. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
129. Important Aspects of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click
here)
130. Application of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)

ASSAY METHODS BASED ON SEPARATION TECHNIEQUES


Liquid Liquid Extraction
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
126. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
127. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
128. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
129. Important Aspects of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click
here)
130. Application of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
131. Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
132. Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Theory - Answer (click here)
133. Factors Influencing Solvent Extraction - Answer (click here)
134. Emulsion Problem Encountered in Extractions - Answer (click here)
135. Assay Methods Based on Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)

Thin Layer Chromatography TLC


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
126. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
127. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
128. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
129. Important Aspects of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click
here)
130. Application of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
131. Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
132. Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Theory - Answer (click here)
133. Factors Influencing Solvent Extraction - Answer (click here)
134. Emulsion Problem Encountered in Extractions - Answer (click here)
135. Assay Methods Based on Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
136. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click here)
137. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
138. Preparation of Thin Layers on Plates - Thin Layer Chromatography
(TLC) - Answer (click here)
139. Choice of Adsorbents - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
140. Choice Of Solvent System in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
141. Activation of Adsorbent - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
142. Purification of Silica Gel-G Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)
- Answer (click here)
143. Spotting of the Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
144. Development of Thin Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
145. Special Techniques in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click
here)
146. Chemical Reactions on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) Plates -
Answer (click here)
147. Combination of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) With other
Techniques - Answer (click here)
148. Detection of Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
149. Evaluation of the Chromatogram - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
150. Applications of TLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)

Gas Liquid Chromatography GLC


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
126. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
127. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
128. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
129. Important Aspects of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click
here)
130. Application of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
131. Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
132. Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Theory - Answer (click here)
133. Factors Influencing Solvent Extraction - Answer (click here)
134. Emulsion Problem Encountered in Extractions - Answer (click here)
135. Assay Methods Based on Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
136. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click here)
137. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
138. Preparation of Thin Layers on Plates - Thin Layer Chromatography
(TLC) - Answer (click here)
139. Choice of Adsorbents - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
140. Choice Of Solvent System in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
141. Activation of Adsorbent - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
142. Purification of Silica Gel-G Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)
- Answer (click here)
143. Spotting of the Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
144. Development of Thin Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
145. Special Techniques in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click
here)
146. Chemical Reactions on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) Plates -
Answer (click here)
147. Combination of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) With other
Techniques - Answer (click here)
148. Detection of Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
149. Evaluation of the Chromatogram - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
150. Applications of TLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
151. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC) - Answer (click here)
152. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
153. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC): Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
154. Working Techniques for Quantitative Analysis - Gas Liquid
Chromatography (GLC) - Answer (click here)
155. Applications of GLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
156. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) - Answer (click here)
157. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Theory - Answer
(click here)
158. Instrumentation - High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) -
Answer (click here)
159. Derivatization - High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) -
Answer (click here)
160. Applications of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)

Size Exclusion Chromatography


1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
126. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
127. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
128. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
129. Important Aspects of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click
here)
130. Application of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
131. Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
132. Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Theory - Answer (click here)
133. Factors Influencing Solvent Extraction - Answer (click here)
134. Emulsion Problem Encountered in Extractions - Answer (click here)
135. Assay Methods Based on Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
136. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click here)
137. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
138. Preparation of Thin Layers on Plates - Thin Layer Chromatography
(TLC) - Answer (click here)
139. Choice of Adsorbents - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
140. Choice Of Solvent System in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
141. Activation of Adsorbent - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
142. Purification of Silica Gel-G Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)
- Answer (click here)
143. Spotting of the Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
144. Development of Thin Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
145. Special Techniques in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click
here)
146. Chemical Reactions on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) Plates -
Answer (click here)
147. Combination of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) With other
Techniques - Answer (click here)
148. Detection of Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
149. Evaluation of the Chromatogram - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
150. Applications of TLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
151. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC) - Answer (click here)
152. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
153. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC): Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
154. Working Techniques for Quantitative Analysis - Gas Liquid
Chromatography (GLC) - Answer (click here)
155. Applications of GLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
156. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) - Answer (click here)
157. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Theory - Answer
(click here)
158. Instrumentation - High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) -
Answer (click here)
159. Derivatization - High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) -
Answer (click here)
160. Applications of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
161. Size Exclusion Chromatography - Answer (click here)
162. Size Exclusion Chromatography: Theory - Answer (click here)
163. Size Exclusion Chromatography: Apparatus - Answer (click here)
164. Applications of Size Exclusion Chromatography in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)

MISCELLANEOUS METHODS
Radioimmunoassay
1. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity and Management - Answer (click here)
2. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Purity - Answer (click here)
3. Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
4. Description of the Drug or Finished Product - Pharmaceutical
Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
5. Sampling Procedures and Errors - Pharmaceutical Chemicals:
Management - Answer (click here)
6. Bioavailability - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click
here)
7. Identification Tests - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
8. Physical Constants - Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer
(click here)
9. Limit Tests Vis-A-Vis Quantitative Determinations - Answer (click here)
10. Various Types of Tests for Quantitative Determinations -
Pharmaceutical Chemicals: Management - Answer (click here)
11. Limit Tests for Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
12. Limit Tests for Lead - Answer (click here)
13. Limit Test for Arsenic - Answer (click here)
14. Limit Test’s for Acid Radical Impurities - Answer (click here)
15. Limit Tests for Non-Metallic Impurities - Answer (click here)
16. Theory and Technique of Quantitative Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
18. Volumetric Apparatus - Answer (click here)
19. Volumetric Analysis: General Cosiderations - Answer (click here)
20. Technique of Volumetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
21. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click here)
22. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Colorimetric Assays - Answer (click
here)
23. Biomedical Analytical Chemistry: Enzymatic Assays - Answer (click here)
24. Radioimmunoassays (RIAS) - Answer (click here)
25. Automated Methods of Clinical Analysis - Answer (click here)
26. Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
27. Classification of Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
28. Pharmaceutical Statistical Validation - Answer (click here)
29. Statistical Treatment of Finite Samples - Answer (click here)
30. Distribution of Random Numbers - Answer (click here)
31. Significant Figures - Answer (click here)
32. Comparison of Results - Answer (click here)
33. Method of Least Squares - Answer (click here)
34. Recommendations for Criteria of Rejecting an Observation - Answer (click
here)
35. Sampling Statistics - Answer (click here)
36. Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
37. Theory of Acidimetry - Answer (click here)
38. Aqueous Titrations: Assay of Drugs - Answer (click here)
39. Theory of Alkalimetry - Answer (click here)
40. Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
41. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Theory - Answer (click here)
42. Non-Aqueous Titrations: Methodology - Answer (click here)
43. Assay by Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
44. Acidimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
45. Alkalimetry in Non-Aqueous Titrations - Answer (click here)
46. Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods -
Answer (click here)
47. Theory - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate Titration
Methods - Answer (click here)
48. Assay Methods - Permanganate, Dichromate and Ceric Sulphate
Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
49. Permanganate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
50. Dichromate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
51. Ceric Sulphate Titration Methods - Answer (click here)
52. Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
53. Theory - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
54. Assay Methods - Iodimetric and Iodometric Titrations - Answer (click here)
55. Iodimetric Assays - Answer (click here)
56. Iodometric Assays - Answer (click here)
57. Argentometric Precipitation Methods - Answer (click here)
58. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
59. Argentometric Precipitation Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
60. Complexometric Analysis - Answer (click here)
61. Complexometric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
62. Complexometric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
63. Gravimetric Analysis - Answer (click here)
64. Gravimetric Analysis: Theory - Answer (click here)
65. Gravimetric Analysis: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
66. Substances Assayed Gravimetrically - Answer (click here)
67. Substances Assayed After Conversion - Gravimetric Analysis - Answer
(click here)
68. Thermoanalytical Analysis - Answer (click here)
69. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) - Answer (click here)
70. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) - Answer (click here)
71. Thermometric Titrations (TT) - Answer (click here)
72. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration) - Answer (click here)
73. Diazotization (Sodium Nitrite Titration): Assay Methods - Answer (click
here)
74. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds - Answer (click here)
75. Estimation of Phenols and Related Compounds: Assay Methods - Answer
(click here)
76. Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water - Answer (click here)
77. Instrumentation - Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water -
Answer (click here)
78. Applications of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
79. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids - Answer (click here)
80. Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids: Theory - Answer (click here)
81. Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Tetrazolium Assay of Steroids -
Answer (click here)
82. Potentiometric Methods - Answer (click here)
83. Potentiometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
84. Potentiometric Methods Instrumentation: Electrodes, Automatic Titrator
- Answer (click here)
85. Applications of Potentiometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
86. Amperometric Methods - Answer (click here)
87. Amperometric Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
88. Amperometric Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
89. Applications of Amperometric Titrations in Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
90. Refractometry - Answer (click here)
91. Refractometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
92. Refractometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
93. Determination of Refractive Index of Pharmaceutical Substances -
Answer (click here)
94. Applications of Refractivity - Answer (click here)
95. Polarimetry - Answer (click here)
96. Polarimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
97. Polarimetry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
98. Determination of Optical Activity of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer
(click here)
99. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
100. Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Theory - Answer (click here)
101. Instruments for Nephelometry and Turbidimetry - Answer (click here)
102. Turbidimetric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
103. Nephelometric Assay of Pharmaceutical Substances - Answer (click here)
104. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods - Answer (click here)
105. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Theory - Answer (click here)
106. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
107. Ultraviolet and Absorption Methods: Assay Methods - Answer (click here)
108. Infrared Spectrophotometry - Answer (click here)
109. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Theory - Answer (click here)
110. Infrared Spectrophotometry: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
111. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Assays - Answer (click
here)
112. Applications of IR-Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry - Answer (click
here)
113. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
114. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
115. Interpretation of a NMR-Spectrum - Answer (click here)
116. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer
(click here)
117. Applications of NMR-Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer
(click here)
118. Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
119. Emission Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
120. Emission Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
121. Applications of Emission Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
122. Flame Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
123. Flame Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
124. Flame Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
125. Applications of Flame Emission Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
126. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click here)
127. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Theory - Answer (click here)
128. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
129. Important Aspects of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Answer (click
here)
130. Application of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
131. Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
132. Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Theory - Answer (click here)
133. Factors Influencing Solvent Extraction - Answer (click here)
134. Emulsion Problem Encountered in Extractions - Answer (click here)
135. Assay Methods Based on Liquid-Liquid Extraction - Answer (click here)
136. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click here)
137. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
138. Preparation of Thin Layers on Plates - Thin Layer Chromatography
(TLC) - Answer (click here)
139. Choice of Adsorbents - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
140. Choice Of Solvent System in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
141. Activation of Adsorbent - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
142. Purification of Silica Gel-G Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)
- Answer (click here)
143. Spotting of the Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
144. Development of Thin Layers - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
145. Special Techniques in Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer (click
here)
146. Chemical Reactions on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) Plates -
Answer (click here)
147. Combination of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) With other
Techniques - Answer (click here)
148. Detection of Components - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) - Answer
(click here)
149. Evaluation of the Chromatogram - Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) -
Answer (click here)
150. Applications of TLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
151. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC) - Answer (click here)
152. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC): Theory - Answer (click here)
153. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC): Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
154. Working Techniques for Quantitative Analysis - Gas Liquid
Chromatography (GLC) - Answer (click here)
155. Applications of GLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
156. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) - Answer (click here)
157. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Theory - Answer
(click here)
158. Instrumentation - High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) -
Answer (click here)
159. Derivatization - High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) -
Answer (click here)
160. Applications of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) in
Pharmaceutical Analysis - Answer (click here)
161. Size Exclusion Chromatography - Answer (click here)
162. Size Exclusion Chromatography: Theory - Answer (click here)
163. Size Exclusion Chromatography: Apparatus - Answer (click here)
164. Applications of Size Exclusion Chromatography in Pharmaceutical
Analysis - Answer (click here)
165. Radioimmunoassay - Answer (click here)
166. Radioimmunoassay: Theory - Answer (click here)
167. Radioimmunoassay: Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
168. Radioimmunoassay: Methodology of the Assay - Answer (click here)
169. Applications of Radioimmunoassay (RIA) in Pharmaceutical Analysis -
Answer (click here)
170. Novel Applications of Radioimmunoassay(RIA)-Techniques - Answer
(click here)