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WIND ENERGY

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WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT

Design
Wind Turbine
Wind Considerations
Components
Energy
Wind
Physics
Wind EnergyAvailability
Development
HISTORY

 Wind energy is one of the oldest


sources of energy used by humankind

 Ancient cultures used Windmills for


pumping water and grinding cereals

 Due to the oil crisis in the 1970s, energy


sources emitting less pollution would be
necessary
WORLD ELECTRICITY GENERATION

13

RENEWABLES PRODUCTION
Solar
Nuclear 9%
41 Wind Biomass
Oil
27% 10%
Coal

Gas

Renewables
22

20

Hydro
54%
CUMULATIVE PRODUCTION
COUNTRIES’ SHARE
WIND AVAILABILITY

Design
Wind Turbine
Wind Considerations
Components
Energy
Wind
Physics
Wind EnergyAvailability
Development
WIND ORIGINS

 When sunlight strikes Earth's surface, it heats that surface differently

 Heated air rises, creating an area of low pressure

 Cooler air descends, creating an area


of high pressure

 Air flows from areas of high pressure into


those of low pressure.

 This flow of air is wind


GLOBAL AVAILABILITY
WIND ENERGY PHYSICS

Design
Wind Turbine
Wind Considerations
Components
Energy
Wind
Physics
Wind EnergyAvailability
Development
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL AXIS
TURBINES
WIND POWER CALCULATION

A · ρa · v3
P =
2

 ρa: air density


 A: Rotor Area
 V: Wind Speed
POWER CURVE

 Vc: cut in wind speed (3–5 m/s)

 Vr: rated wind speed (12–15 m/s)

 Vf: cut off wind speed (~25m/s)


WIND TURBINE COMPONENTS

Design
Wind Turbine
Wind Considerations
Components
Energy
Wind
Physics
Wind EnergyAvailability
Development
TURBINE COMPONENTS
BLOCK DIAGRAM
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

Design
Wind Turbine
Wind Considerations
Components
Energy
Wind
Physics
Wind EnergyAvailability
Development
CHOOSING A TURBINE

 Number of Blades: -Low number of blades=higher torque


-Odd number of blades=more stability => 3 BLADES

 Rotor Area and height: Chosen according to the demanded power of turbine
SITING

Horizontal direction:
4 times rotor
diameter

Vertical direction:
7 times rotor
diameter
LATEST INNOVATIONS

Bladeless Turbines
CONCLUSION

 Even though the cost of wind power has decreased in the past 10 years, the technology requires a
higher initial investment than fossil-fueled solutions for power supply

 Major challenge to using wind as a source of power is that the wind does not always blow when
electricity is needed

 Wind turbines can be built in rural areas, thus benefiting the economy there.

 Wind energy is one of the lowest-priced renewable energy technologies available today

 It has been estimated that wind power could supply one third of the world’s electricity by 2050
ANY QUESTIONS ??