You are on page 1of 7

ME-801 No.

of Printed Pages – 2 ME-801


3. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20 Roll No.
(a) Explain the necessity of a cooling system in diesel engines. What
are the methods of cooling? B. TECH.
(b) An air standard diesel cycle has a compression ratio of 10. The
EIGHTH SEMESTER EXAMINATION, 2012-13
pressure at the beginning of the stroke is 1 bar at 27°C temperature.
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
The maximum temperature is 2500°C. Determine the thermal
efficiency of the engine. Take  = 1.4. Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100
(c) In an open cycle regeneratine gas turbine plant, the air enters the Note : (i) Attempt ALL questions.
compressor at 1 bar at 32°C and leaves at 7 bar. The temperature (ii) Choices are given in each question set.
at the end of combustion is 816°C. The isentropic efficiency of (iii) Assume data if not supplied.

compressor and turbine are 0.84 and 0.85 respectively. If the 1. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20
combustion efficiency is 90% and the regeneration effectiveness is (a) Explain the terms 'Base load' and 'Peak load' of a power plant.
60%. Determine : (b) State the requirements of good cooling system in steam power
(i) Thermal efficiency (ii) Air flow rate (iii) Work ratio plant.
(c) What is meant by load curve? Explain the importance of load curve
4. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
in power generation.
(a) Explain with the help of a simple line diagram, the working of a
(d) Define load factor, demand factor and plant use factor.
nuclear power plant.
(e) Explain in brief different source of energy.
(b) Explain the working of PWR and BWR.
(f) Explain the energy audit concept based on first law and second law
(c) Discuss the various factors for selecting a hydraulic turbine for a
of thermo dynamics.
hydro plant.
2. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20
5. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20 (a) Explain, how a modern pulverized coal fired thermal power plant
(a) Give the classification of generating equipments and explain the works?
working principle and cooling system of a generator. (b) Describe fluidized bed combustion and write their advantages and
(b) Explain the various emissions from thermal power plant that have a disadvantages.
profound impact on environment. Suggest some methods for (c) Differentiate between sub-critical and super-critical boilers.
controlling these emissions. (d) Explain the different methods of feed water treatment in steam
(c) What are different non-conventional energy resources? With the power plants.
help of neat sketch explain the working of Wind Power Plant and (e) With the help of a neat sketch, explain ash handling system.
Geothermal Power Plant. (f) What are the different mounting and accessories used in high
pressure boiler?
2 1 P.T.O.
No. of Printed Pages – 3 ME-801

Roll No.

B. TECH.
EIGHTH SEMESTER EXAMINATION, 2013-14
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 100


Note : (i) Attempt ALL questions.
(ii) Choices are given in each question set.

1. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20


(a) What do you understand by load factor and capacity factor?
(b) What are controllable and uncontrollable losses in a boiler?
(c) What are the various sources of energy by which power can be
generated?
(d) What is an energy audit? Explain briefly the different energy audits.
(e) What are the benefits of benchmarking energy consumption?
(f) Describe the classification of hydraulic turbines in different
categories.

2. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20


(a) Define boiler efficiency and steam rate.
(b) Differentiate between energy conservation and energy efficiency.
(c) Write the advantages and disadvantages of heavy water reactors.
(d) What are the different types of pollutions produced due to thermal
power generation?
(e) Write the importance of cooling of transformer and generator.
(f) Enlist the application of diesel electric power plant with advantages
and disadvantages.

1 P.T.O.
ME-801 ME-801
3. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20 complete between stages. The air inlet temperature to the unit is
(a) With flow diagram of a typical hydroelectric power plant describe the 25ºC. The isentropic efficiency of each compressor stage is 0.85
essential elements of a hydroelectric power plant. and the isentropic efficiency of each turbine state is 0.90, the heat
(b) Write the function of Boiler. What are the different boiler mounting exchanger thermal ratio is 0.75. A mechanical efficiency of 95% can
and accessories are required with their purpose? be assumed for both the power shaft and the compressor turbine
(c) What are the basic objectives of feed water treatment? What are the shaft. Neglecting all the pressure losses and changes in the kinetic
basic processes of feed water treatment? energy. Calculate : The cycle efficiency; The work ratio; the mass
flow rate. For air take Cp=1.005kJ/Kg K and =1.4 and for the gases
4. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20 in the combustion chamber and in the turbine and the heat
(a) Differentiate between renewable and nonrenewable energy with exchanger take Cp=1.15kJ/Kg K and =1.333. Neglect the mass of
example. fuel.
(b) Explain briefly the characteristic features of a pulverized coal firing. (c) Draw a schematic diagram with T-S diagram for intercooling,
What are various regimes of fluidization? regenerative, reheat of a typical gas cycle.
(c) With diagram explain the combined cycle power generation. Enlist
the advantages of combined cycle power generation.

5. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20


(a) With diagram explain the working of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR)
and explain the importance of each component.
(b) A 5MW gas turbine generating set operates with two compressor
stages with intercooling between stages; the overall pressure ratio is
9/1. A HP (high pressure) turbine is used to drive the compressors,
and a LP (low pressure) turbine drives the generator. The
temperature of the gases at entry to the HP turbine is 700ºC and the
gases are reheated to 700ºC after expansion in the first turbine. The
exhaust gases leaving the LP turbine are passed through a heat
exchanger to heat the air leaving the HP stage compressor. The
compressors have equal pressure ratios and intercooling is

2 3
ME-801 No. of Printed Pages – 2 ME-801
(e) What are the different methods of ash handling? Explain in brief. Roll No.
(f) Explain the working of ‘forced draft’ and ‘induced draft’ cooling
towers with neat sketches. B. TECH.
EIGHTH SEMESTER EXAMINATION, 2014-15
3. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(a) Why is super charging necessary in diesel plant? What are the
methods used for super charging the diesel engine?
Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 100
(b) What are the different methods of fuel injection used in diesel
Note : (i) Attempt ALL questions.
plants? Which method is commonly used in big diesel plant and (ii) Choices are given in each question set.
why?
1. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20
(c) What is reheating and regeneration? Show the reheating and
(a) Classify the condensers and explain the essential difference in each
regeneration cycle on P-V and T-S diagrams.
type.
(b) What is energy audit? What is the role of the second law of
4. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
thermodynamics in it?
(a) Explain the working of a CANDU type nuclear reactor with the help
(c) Explain the difference between demand factor and load factor.
of a neat diagram.
(d) Define load duration curve. Explain the method of its construction
(b) What are the different types of hydro electric power plants? Discuss
and state its advantages in the design of power plant.
the various factors dictating the suitability of a particular type of
(e) What are the various types of fuels used in power plants?
plant for a given site.
(f) Discuss the methods of determining the depreciation.
(c) With a neat sketch explain the working of a solar power plant.

2. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20


5. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
(a) What are super critical boilers? Enlist their advantages over the
(a) Describe the various generator cooling methods.
critical type.
(b) Explain the construction of a transformer with a simple sketch.
(b) What is the purpose of air preheater? Why air preheater is used with
(c) What are the pollutants released due to the operation of a power
only coal burned boilers and not with gas and oil burned boilers.
plant? Enlist the measures that can be taken to minimize the
(c) What are the different steps of coal handling system? Explain.
pollution due to diesel power plant.
(d) Draw a neat diagram of cyclone burner and describe its working.

2 1 P.T.O.
IME-801/ME-801 No. of Printed Pages – 2 IME-801/ME-801
(d) Explain effect of regeneration and reheating in a gas turbine plant. Roll No.
(e) Explain combined cycle power plant with neat sketch.
(f) With a neat sketch, explain working of a gas turbine power plant. B. TECH.
EIGHTH SEMESTER EXAMINATION, 2015-16
3. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(a) With neat sketch, explain different ash handling systems used in
power plant.
Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 100
(b) Explain various types of boiler mountings with layout of steam
Note : (i) Attempt ALL questions.
power plant. (ii) Choices are given in each question set.
(c) Discus different types of turbine governing methods.
1. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20
(a) Define load factor, capacity factor (plant factor) and plant use factor.
4. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
(b) Define fixed cost, depreciation and replacement.
(a) What is chain reaction? Explain BWR (Boiling Water Reactor) with
(c) Explain the effect of variable load on power plant operation.
schematic diagram.
(d) What are the fuels used for generation of steam is power plants?
(b) What are the components of nuclear reactor; explain it briefly with a
What is flash profit?
diagram of nuclear reactor.
(e) The peak load on a power plant is 60 MW. The loads having
(c) Explain different elements of a hydroelectric power plant and state
maximum demands of 30 MW, 20 MW, 10 MW and 14 MW are
advantage of Hydro-electric power plant.
connected to a power plant the capacity of the power plant is 80
MW and the annual load factor is 0.50.
5. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20
Calculate - the average load on the power plant.
(a) Explain various components of transformer and working principle of
(f) Explain the diminishing value method to calculate depreciation.
transformer.
(b) How the sophistication of instrumentation affect the effectiveness of
2. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20
the power plant unit.
(a) Explain the necessity of the cooling system in a diesel engine. What
(c) Explain the various types of pollution that occur due to different
are the methods of cooling the engine?
types of power plant.
(b) Explain the important functions of lubrication system.
(c) What is the objective of supercharging? Which are the different
types of compressors used for supercharging?

2 1 P.T.O.
No. of Printed Pages – 3 IME-801/ME-801

Roll No.

B. TECH.
EIGHTH SEMESTER EXAMINATION, 2016-17
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 100


Note : (i) Attempt ALL questions.
(ii) Choices are given in each question set.

1. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20


(a) Explain the effect of load factor on the cost of electricity generated.
(b) What is the straight line method of determining the depreciation
charge?
(c) What do you understand by Power Plant Economics? Explain fixed
cost and depreciation cost of a power plant.
(d) How is the load duration curve constructed?
(e) What do you understand by load factor and capacity factor? When
are they numerically equal?
(f) What is present energy scenario in India?

2. Attempt any Four of the following questions: 5 x 4 = 20


(a) Explain 'Unit System' of pulverized coal burning with diagram.
(b) What do you mean by Fluidized bed boilers? Differentiate between
subcritical and supercritical boiler.
(c) Explain the working of Reheat Rankine cycle.
(d) Explain with the help of a diagram, the working of Bubbling Fluidized
Bed Boiler.

1 P.T.O.
IME-801/ME-801 IME-801/ME-801
(e) Discuss implant handling of coal in a thermal power plant. (c) What is the function of relay and circuit breakers? What are the
(f) Explain forced draft and induced draft cooling tower in a thermal components required in a control room?
power plant.

3. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20


(a) Discuss the effect of intercooling, reheating and regeneration in a
gas turbine with the help of T-S diagram.
(b) Explain with diagram the working principle of combined cycle power
generation. Enlist the advantages of combine cycle power
generation.
(c) How fuel injection system is classified in Diesel Power Plant?
Explain with figure the working of individual pump injection system.

4. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20


(a) What are mini and micro hydle plants? Explain with a diagram, the
working of a pump storage plant.
(b) Explain the working of Boiling water reactor with the help of a
diagram and mention its advantages and limitations.
(c) What is the working principle of tidal power plant? Differentiate with
neat sketch between double basin system with and without
pumping.

5. Attempt any Two of the following questions: 10 x 2 = 20


(a) What are different types of Busbar system? Explain in detail the
Single Busbar system with diagram.
(b) What are the environmental effects of air pollution by power plant?
Explain its effects on human health.

2 3