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SIPROTEC 5 for Every Application and Requirement

SIPROTEC 5 – Devices
Protection, Automation and Monitoring
Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 4

siemens.com/siprotec
Overview of documentation

Catalogs Manuals Software

SIPROTEC 5 Device Hardware Operating


catalog manuals manual manual

SIPROTEC 5/DIGSI 5
Tutorial

Online help DIGSI 5


Selection Guide Online help devices
for SIPROTEC and
Communication Product Engineering
Reyrolle protocol manuals information Guide

Visio-Uebersicht-us.pdf
Overview of Documentation for the SIPROTEC 5 System

SIPROTEC 5 catalog Product information


The catalog describes the system features and the devices The Product information includes general information about
of SIPROTEC 5. device installation, technical data, limiting values for input and
output modules, and conditions when preparing for operation.
Selection guide for SIPROTEC and Reyrolle This document is provided with each SIPROTEC 5 device.
The selection guide offers an overview of the device series
Engineering Guide
of the Siemens protection devies, and a device selection table.
The Engineering Guide describes the essential steps when engi-
Device manuals neering with DIGSI 5. In addition, the Engineering Guide shows
Each Device manual describes the functions and applications of you how to load a planned configuration to a SIPROTEC 5 device
a specific SIPROTEC 5 device. The printed manual and the online and update the functionality of the SIPROTEC 5 device.
help for the device have the same informational structure.
DIGSI 5 online help
Hardware manual The DIGSI 5 online help contains a help package for DIGSI 5 and
The Hardware manual describes the hardware building blocks CFC. The help package for DIGSI 5 includes a description of the
and device combinations of the SIPROTEC 5 device family. basic operation of software, the DIGSI principles and editors.
The help package for CFC includes an introduction to CFC pro-
Operating manual gramming, basic examples of working with CFC, and a reference
chapter with all the CFC blocks available for the SIPROTEC 5
The Operating manual describes the basic principles and range.
procedures for operating and assembling the devices of the
SIPROTEC 5 range. SIPROTEC 5 / DIGSI 5 Tutorial

Communication protocol manual The tutorial on the DVD contains brief information about
important product features, more detailed information about the
The Communication protocol manual contains a description of individual technical areas, as well as operating sequences with
the protocols for communication within the SIPROTEC 5 device tasks based on practical operation and a brief explanation.
family and to higher-level network control centers.

2 SIPROTEC 5 · Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens Catalog · Edition 4


Content

SIPROTEC 5 SIPROTEC 5 1

Devices Protection, Introduction 1.1

Automation and Innovation Highlights 1.2

Monitoring SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application 2

Device Types 2.1

Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 Relay Selection Guide 2.2

Application Examples 2.3


Invalid:
Edition 3 Feeder and Overcurrent Protection 2.4

Line Protection 2.5

Distance Protection 2.6

Line Differential Protection 2.7

Differential and Distance Protection 2.8

Circuit-Breaker Management 2.9

Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protec-


2.10
tion

Transformer Differential Protection 2.11

Motor Protection 2.12

Generator Protection 2.13

Busbar Protection 2.14

Bay Controllers 2.15

Fault Recorder 2.16

SIPROTEC 5 System 3

Functional Integration 3.1

Protection 3.2

Control 3.3

Automation 3.4

The products and systems described in this catalog are Monitoring 3.5
manufactured and sold according to a certified manage-
ment system (acc. to ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and BS Data Acquisition and Recording 3.6
OHSAS 18001).
Communication 3.7

Safety and Security Concept 3.8

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3
Content

3.9 Test

3.10 Engineering

3.11 Hardware

4 Appendix

4.1 DIGSI 5 – Variants and system requirements

4.2 Spare parts and accessories

4.3 Connection diagrams

4.4 Dimension drawings

4.5 Grouping of measured values

4.6 Technical data

4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
Content
Editorial

Editorial
SIPROTEC has been a recognized brand leader in digital protec-
tion and bay units on the energy market for decades The
Siemens high-performance SIPROTEC devices cover the entire
power spectrum and can be implemented in a wide range of
fields – from power generation to extra-high voltage transmis-
sion and distribution network applications.
"Smart automation for grids" is the Siemens response to the
present and future challenges to achieve a reliable and efficient
energy supply. SIPROTEC 5 is an active component of the
energy-efficient smart grid and an important building block in
the complex distributed energy supply systems and networks
solutions.
The next generation of SIPROTEC devices, SIPROTEC 5, is based
on the proven properties of SIPROTEC 4 to provide you with a
new, modern platform of hardware and software. This platform
offers an excellent solution to the challenges associated with
evolving grid structures and workflows. The quality, reliability
and proven functions of the former system have been
[E_CC_SIP5_GD_SS_LED, 1, --_--]
preserved. Innovative approaches including holistic workflow,
safety and security, and network stability monitoring (PMU func-
tionality) have been added.
The pioneering system architecture puts you in full control of
switchgear communications. A powerful, reliable communica-
tion infrastructure, combined with the flexible engineering
capabilities serves as the basis for handling distributed, decen-
tralized system structures. For you, "Designed to communicate"
in SIPROTEC 5 means: Communication is the central component
of the system architecture to provide the flexibility, safety and
security needed now and in future, automated distributed
network solutions.
With SIPROTEC 5, you are using a new generation of intelligent,
digital multifunction bay units. The new operating tool DIGSI 5
gives you the individual support you want – it handles your
specific workflow requirements, from system design to device
selection and testing, covering the entire device lifecycle. The
new tool offers cost savings over the entire lifecycle without
compromising safety or system availability.
[E_CC_SIP5_PAS_Gruppe, 1, --_--] With the new SIPROTEC 5 generation, you are well equipped to
meet the growing economic and availability demands imposed
on your networks. The philosophy of SIPROTEC 5 is reflected in
the modularity and flexibility of its hardware and software
components. Perfectly tailored fit – the custom fit for your
switchgear and requirements for the application and standardi-
zation of power automation.
Ingo Erkens
General Manager
Energy Management
Digital Grid
Automation Products

[E_CC_Close_up_Laptop_USB_ISO2, 1, --_--]

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 5
SIPROTEC 5
Introduction – Solutions for the power systems of today and the future

Solutions for the power systems of today and the future How can you benefit from this experience?
SIPROTEC has been established on the energy market for • Proven and complete applications
decades as a powerful and complete system family of digital
1.1
protection relays and bay units from Siemens. SIPROTEC protec- • Optimum cooperation of the components in the system
tion devices from Siemens can be used consistently throughout • Highest quality of hardware and functionality
all applications in medium and high voltage. With SIPROTEC,
operators have their plants firmly and safely under control, and • Excellent operator friendliness of devices and tools
have the basis to implement cost-effective solutions for all tasks
in modern, intelligent and "smart" power systems. Users can • Easy data exchange between applications
combine the units of the individual SIPROTEC device series at • Excellent consistency of product and system
will for solving a variety of tasks – SIPROTEC stands for
continuity, openness and future-proof design. • Reduced complexity due to simple operation
As the innovation driver and trendsetter in the field of power • Siemens as a reliable, worldwide operating party.
system protection for 100 years, Siemens helps you to design
your power systems in an intelligent, ecological, reliable and Information about the SIPROTEC 4 and SIPROTEC Compact
efficient way, and to operate them economically. As a pioneer, product families can be found in the related catalogs or at:
Siemens has decisively influenced the development of digital www.siemens.com/siprotec
power system protection (Figure 1.1/2). The first application
went into operation in Würzburg, Germany, in 1977. Consistent
integration of protection and control functions for all SIPROTEC
devices was the innovation step in the 90s. After the release of
the IEC 61850 communication standard in 2004, Siemens was
the first manufacturer worldwide to put a system with this
communication standard into operation. More than 500,000
Siemens devices with IEC 61850 are in operation throughout
the world.
Many users have approved SIPROTEC protection devices for use
in their power systems. The devices have also been certified by
independent test institutes and universities (KEMA, EPRI, LOYD,
UR Laboratories).

[SIP_Schutz_Gruppe, 1, --_--]

Figure 1.1/1 SIPROTEC family

1.1/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5
Introduction – Solutions for the power systems of today and the future

1.1

[SIPROTEC5 Historie_dt, 1, en_US]

Figure 1.1/2 SIPROTEC – pioneer for generations

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 1.1/2
SIPROTEC 5
Introduction – The new benchmark for protection, automation and monitoring

The new benchmark for protection, automation and


monitoring
The SIPROTEC 5 series is based on long-term field experience of
1.1
the SIPROTEC device series and has specifically been designed
for the new requirements of modern power systems. For this
purpose, SIPROTEC 5 is equipped with extensive functionalities
and device types. With the integrated and consistent engi-
neering tool DIGSI 5, a solution has also been provided for the
increasingly complex processes, from design through engi-
neering up to test and operation.
Thanks to the high degree of modularity of hardware and soft-
ware, the functionality of the device types can be tailored to the
requested application and adjusted to the ever changing
requirements throughout the entire lifecycle.
In addition to the reliable and selective protection and the
complete automation function, SIPROTEC 5 offers an extensive
database for operating and monitoring modern power systems.
Synchrophasors (PMU), network quality data and extensive
equipment data are included in the increments of the function-
ality.
• Powerful protection functions ensure the safety of equipment
[SIP5_Gruppe, 1, --_--]

and staff Figure 1.1/3 SIPROTEC 5 – Modular hardware

• Individually configurable devices save money on the initial


investment and on spare parts storage, maintenance, expan-
sion and adaptation of your plant
• Arc protection, detection of transient ground faults, and
process bus can easily be integrated and retrofitted
• Purposeful and easy handling of devices and software thanks
to a user-friendly design
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha-
nisms
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec-
tive solutions
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2
• Integrated switch for low-cost and redundant optical and elec-
trical Ethernet rings
• Redundancy protocols RSTP, PRP and HSR for maximum availa- [E_CC_SIP5_19Zoll_KomMod, 1, --_--]

bility Figure 1.1/4 SIPROTEC 5 - Modular process connection


• Efficient operating concepts due to flexible engineering of
IEC 61850 Edition 2
• Comprehensive database to monitor modern power systems
• Optimal smart automation platform for your power systems
based on integrated synchrophasor measurement units (PMU)
and Power Quality functions.

1.1/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5
Innovation Highlights – Holistic workflow

With SIPROTEC 5, Siemens is writing another chapter in the Perfectly tailored fit
successful history of protection technology, representing the
Individually configurable devices provide you with cost-effective
5th digital generation and over 100 years of experience in
solutions that match your needs precisely throughout the entire
protection. SIPROTEC 5 represents the next logical step in this
lifecycle. SIPROTEC 5 sets new standards in cost savings and
development. With SIPROTEC 5, we have combined a function-
availability with its innovative modular and flexible hardware,
ality that has been proven and refined over years with a high- 1.2
software and communication. SIPROTEC 5 provides a perfectly
performance and flexible new platform, extended with trendset-
tailored fit for your switchgear and applications that is
ting innovations for present and future demands.
unequaled by any other system.
Holistic workflow
Perfectly tailored fit in SIPROTEC 5 means:
End-to-end engineering from system design to operation makes
your work easier throughout the entire process.
• Modular system design in hardware, functionality and
communication ensures the perfect fit to your needs
The highlight of SIPROTEC 5 is the greater-than-ever emphasis
on daily ease of operation. SIPROTEC 5 provides holistic support
• Functional integration of a wide range of applications, such as
protection, control, measurement, power quality or fault
along all the steps in the workflow, allowing for system view recording
management and configuration down to the details of indi-
vidual devices, saving time and cost without compromising • The same expansion and communication modules for all
quality (Figure 1.2/1). devices in the family

Holistic workflow in SIPROTEC 5 means: • Innovative terminal technology ensures easy assembly and
interchangeability at the highest possible degree of safety
• Integrated, consistent system and device engineering – from • Identical functions throughout the entire system family mean
the single line of the plant all the way to device parameteriza-
fewer training requirements and increased safety. Example:
tion
Identical automatic reclosing (AREC) for the line protection
• Simple, intuitive graphical linking of primary and secondary devices 7SD8, 7SA8, 7SL8
equipment
• Functions can be edited to be customized individually for your
• Supplied application templates for the most frequently used specific requirements
applications
• Innovations are made available to all devices at the same time
• Manufacturer-independent tool for easy system engineering and can easily be retrofitted as needed via libraries
• Open interfaces for seamless integration into your process Perfectly tailored fit in SIPROTEC 5 means for you: Individually
environment configurable devices save money on initial investment, spare
parts storage, maintenance, extension and adaptation of your
• Integrated tools for testing during engineering, commis- system.
sioning, and for simulating operational scenarios, such as
system incidents or switching operations.

[Innovationsschwerpunkte, 1, --_--]

Figure 1.2/2 SIPROTEC 5 - innovation highlights

Designed to communicate
The trendsetting system architecture places communication
firmly under your control. Powerful, flexible, and above all reli-
able communication is the prerequisite for distributed and
[Holistic workflow, 1, en_US] decentralized system topologies, such as Smart Grids. In the
system architecture of SIPROTEC 5, we have attached immense
Figure 1.2/1 End-to-end tools – from design to operation
importance to communication, and we have gone to excep-
tional lengths to ensure that you are ideally equipped for the
Holistic workflow in SIPROTEC 5 means for you: communication demands of today and the future.
An end-to-end tool from system design to operation – even Designed to communicate in SIPROTEC 5 means:
across department boundaries – saves time, assures data
security and transparency throughout the entire lifecycle of your • Adaptation to the topology of your communication structure
plant using parameters (ring, star, network, etc.)
• Scalable redundancy in hardware and software (protocols to
match your requirements)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 1.2/1
SIPROTEC 5
Innovation Highlights – Safety and security inside

• Multiple communication channels to various higher-level • Encryption along the entire communication route between
systems DIGSI 5 and device, in accordance with the recommendations
of industry standards and best practices
• Pluggable and upgradeable communication modules
• Automatic logging of access attempts and safety-critical oper-
• Hardware modules decoupled from the currently used ations on the devices and systems.
1.2 communication protocol
Smart Automation for Grids
• 2 independent Ethernet protocols in one module
Climate change and dwindling fossil fuels are forcing a total re-
• Extensive routines for test connections, functions and oper- evaluation of the energy supply industry, from generation to
ating workflows distribution and consumption. This is having fundamental
• Expansion module for process-bus communication effects on the structure and operation of the power systems.

Designed to communicate in SIPROTEC 5 means for you: Smart automation, the intelligent power automation system, is
Communication as an integral component of the system archi- a major real-time component designed to preserve the stability
tecture provides you with the flexibility and safeguards you of these power systems and at the same time conserve energy
need in densely networked systems today and in the future. and reduce costs.
With SIPROTEC 5 and the unique spectrum of integrated func-
tionality, you have the optimum smart automation platform for
your smart power systems.
Smart Automation for Grids in SIPROTEC 5 means:
• Open, scalable architecture for IT integration and new func-
tions
• "Smart functions", for example for network operation, analysis
of faults or power quality (power system monitoring, power
control unit, fault location)
• Integrated automation with optimized logic blocks based on
the IEC 61131-3 standard
• High-precision acquisition and processing of process values
and transmission to other components in Smart Grid
[SIP5_Kommunikationsschnittst, 1, --_--]
• Protection, automation and monitoring in Smart Grid.
Figure 1.2/3 SIPROTEC 5 device with extensive communication inter-
faces SIPROTEC 5 devices have specifically been designed to meet the
requirements of the modern grid, secure the future and offer
the necessary automation platform.
Safety and security inside
The elements that connect the five mentioned innovation high-
Multilayer safety mechanisms in all links of the system safety
lights are IEC 61850 Edition 2 and its thoroughly designed, user-
chain provide you with the highest possible level of safety and
oriented implementation in SIPROTEC 5.
availability. Safety for humans and the plant, and maximum
availability, are the top priorities. As the plant systems become
more open and complex, conventional safety mechanisms are
no longer adequate. For this reason, a safety concept has been
integrated in the SIPROTEC 5 device architecture that is
designed to address and implement these multilayer aspects in a
holistic approach.
Safety and security inside in SIPROTEC 5 means:
• Proven functions to protect plants and personnel, continu-
ously developed over five generations.
• Long-lasting, rugged hardware (housings, modules, plugs)
and a sophisticated layout of the entire electronics for highest
resilience against voltage, EMC, climate and mechanical stress
• Sophisticated self-monitoring routines identify and report
device faults immediately and reliably [Systemkomponente, 1, --_--]

• Conformity with the stringent Cyber Security requirements in Figure 1.2/4 SIPROTEC 5 as a system component of the smart grid
accordance with the industry standards and regulations, such
as the BDEW Whitepaper and NERC CIP IEC 61850 – Simply usable
Siemens, the pioneer of IEC 61850, makes the full potential of
this global standard easily usable for you.

1.2/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5
Innovation Highlights – IEC 61850 – Simply usable

The IEC 61850 standard is more than just a substation automa- "IEC 61850 – Simply usable" in SIPROTEC 5 means:
tion protocol. It comprehensively defines data types, functions
and communication in station networks. In Edition 2, the influ-
• A stand-alone IEC 61850 system configurator allows
IEC 61850 configuration of SIPROTEC 5, SIPROTEC 4 and
ence of the standard is extended to more domains and applica-
devices from other vendors
tions of the energy supply industry.
Siemens was actively involved in the process of standardization
• Full compatibility with Editions 1 and 2 1.2

from Edition 1 to Edition 2, and with the largest number of • Open interfaces to IEC 61850 guarantee manufacturer-inde-
completed installations in the world, our experience as a manu- pendent system configuration and interoperability
facturer in the field is unsurpassed. Jointly with key customers,
we designed its implementation in SIPROTEC 5, paying close
• Conversion of the complexity of the IEC 61850 data model
into your familiar user language
attention to interoperability, flexibility and compatibility
between Editions 1 and 2. • Flexible object modeling, degrees of freedom in object
addressing and flexible communication services ensure the
Besides the standard protocol IEC 61850, SIPROTEC 5 also highest possible degree of interoperability and effective
supports other protocols, such as IEC 60870-5-103, IEC exchange and expansion concepts
60870-5-104, DNP 3 (serial or TCP) or Modbus TCP.
• Handling optimization based on many projects and close
cooperation with customers from all fields of application
• Protection settings via IEC 61850
• Using several communication modules in Edition 2
The implementation of IEC 61850 Edition 2 unleashes the full
potential of this standard by optimally supporting your opera-
tional needs and simplifying handling.

[IEC61850 Symbol, 1, --_--]

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 1.2/3
SIPROTEC 5
Innovation Highlights – IEC 61850 – Simply usable

1.2

[IEC61850 Edition 2 Certificate Level A, 1, --_--]

Figure 1.2/5 First IEC 61850 certificate Edition 2 worldwide

1.2/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of


Application
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application

Chapter

Device Types 2.1

Relay Selection Guide 2.2

2 Application Examples 2.3

Feeder and Overcurrent Protection 2.4

Line Protection 2.5

Distance Protection 2.6

Line Differential Protection 2.7

Differential and Distance Protection 2.8

Circuit-Breaker Management 2.9

Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection 2.10


for Line Protection

Transformer Differential Protection 2.11

Motor Protection 2.12

Generator Protection 2.13

Busbar Protection 2.14

Bay Controllers 2.15

Fault Recorder 2.16

2/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Device Types

2.1

[dw_sip5_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.1/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

The graphic gives an overview of the utilization of SIPROTEC 5


devices in the power system. With renewable energy producers,
in particular, there is power infeed into the grid at all voltage
levels. Protected objects are busbars, overhead lines or cables,
and transformers. These objects have the corresponding protec-
tion device allocated.
Device Types
A short five-digit code permits easy identification of the
SIPROTEC 5 devices. The first digit (6 or 7) stands for digital
technology. The two letters describe the functionality, and the
last two digits identify typical properties. Further details can be
found in the catalog section of the related device description.
Definition of the device types by their designation

[dw_device_typ, 1, en_US]

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.1/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Device Types

Main function Device types


Overcurrent protection
Overcurrent protection with PMU1) and control 7SJ82, 7SJ85
Line protection
Distance protection with PMU1) and control 7SA82, 7SA86, 7SA87
Line differential protection with PMU1) and control 7SD82, 7SD86, 7SD87
Combined line differential and distance protection with PMU1) and control 7SL82, 7SL86, 7SL87
Circuit-breaker management device with PMU1) and control 7VK87
2.1
Overcurrent protection for lines with PMU1) 7SJ86
Transformer protection
Transformer protection with PMU1), control and monitoring 7UT82, 7UT85, 7UT86, 7UT87
Motor protection
Motor protection with PMU1) and control 7SK82, 7SK85
Generator protection
Generator protection 7UM85
Busbar protection
Central busbar protection 7SS85
Bay controllers
Bay controllers for control/interlocking tasks with PMU1), monitoring and protec- 6MD85, 6MD86
tion functions1)
Fault recorders
Fault recorders, fault recorders with power quality recordings and fault 7KE85
recorders with PMU

Table 2.1/1 Available device types in the SIPROTEC 5 system


(1) optional

2.1/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

2.2

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.2/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

6MD85

6MD86

7SA82

7SA86

7SA87
7KE85
ANSI Functions Abbr.
Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole ■
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends (dependent ΔI
2.2 on Significant properties)
14 Locked rotor protection I> + n<
24 Overexcitation protection V/f
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" or V< ■ ■ ■
"universal Vx"
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "universal Vx" V< ■ ■
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection Q>/V< ■ ■ ■
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
32R Reverse power protection - P<
37 Undercurrent I< ■ ■ ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
40 Underexcitation protection 1/xd
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■ ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t>
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with direction I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■ ■ ■
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence system V2> ■ ■ ■
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence- / positive- V2/V1>
sequence system
47 Overvoltage protection: "neg.-seq. V2" or "neg.-seq. V2 / V2>; V2/V1>
pos.-seq.V1"
48 Starting-time supervision for motors I²start
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
49 Thermal overload protection for RLC filter elements of a θ, I²t
capacitor bank
49H Hot spot calculation θh, I²t
49R Thermal overload protection, rotor θR
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■ ■ ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems with reso- INs> ■ ■ ■
nant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection for RLC filter elements of a capa- I>
citor bank
50GN Shaft current protection INs>
50/27 Inadvertent energization protection I>, V<reset
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■ ■
50EF End fault protection
50L Load-jam protection I>L
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

2.2/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

7UM85

7UT82

7UT85

7UT86

7UT87
7SD82

7SD86

7SD87

7VK87
7SK82

7SK85

7SS85
7SL82

7SL86

7SL87
7SJ82

7SJ85

7SJ86
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
2.2
■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
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■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.2/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

6MD85

6MD86

7SA82

7SA86

7SA87
7KE85
ANSI Functions Abbr.
Peak overvoltage protection, 3-phase, for capacitors V> cap.
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V0" or V> ■ ■ ■
"pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" or V> ■ ■
"universal Vx"
59N, 67Ns Stator ground fault protection (undirectional, directional) V0>, ∠(V0,I0)
27TH, 59TH, 59THD Stator ground fault protection with 3rd harmonics V03.H<, V03.H>;
ΔV03.H
2.2 60C Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks Iunbal>
64S Stator ground fault protection 100% (20-Hz) RSG<
64F, frated Rotor ground fault protection (IRG>, fn) IRG>
64F, frated Rotor ground fault protection (RRG>, fn) RRG<
66 Restart inhibit for motors I²t
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground faults in IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
grounded systems
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I)
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems with reso- ■ ■ ■
nant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b) V0>, c) Cos-/
SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f) admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■ ■ ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■ ■ ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■ ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 1-/3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protection ■ ■ ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87B Busbar differential protection ΔI
Cross stabilization
Bay
87T Transformer differential protection ΔI
87T Transformer differential protection for phase angle regula- ΔI
ting transformer (single core)
87T Transformer differential protection for phase angle regula- ΔI
ting transformer (two core)
87T Transformer differential protection for special transfor- ΔI
mers
87T Node Differential protection (Node protection for Autotrans- ΔI Node
former)
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■ ■ ■
87M Motor differential protection ΔI
87G Generator differential protection ΔI
87C Differential protection, capacitor bank ΔI
87V Voltage differential protection, capacitor bank ΔV
87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including power ΔI
transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging-current ΔI
compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection

2.2/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

7UM85

7UT82

7UT85

7UT86

7UT87
7SD82

7SD86

7SD87

7VK87
7SK82

7SK85

7SS85
7SL82

7SL86

7SL87
7SJ82

7SJ85

7SJ86
■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■


■ ■ 2.2




■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

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■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
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■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.2/5
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

6MD85

6MD86

7SA82

7SA86

7SA87
7KE85
ANSI Functions Abbr.
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half circuit- ■ ■
breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding transformer ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding transformer ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling transformer ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used for max. PMU ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
8 voltages and 8 currents)
2.2
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC-CD-3FO) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Switching sequences function ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
FSR Fast-scan recorder FSR ■
SSR Slow-scan recorder SSR ■
CR Continuous recorder CR ■
TR Trend recorder TR ■
PQR Power Quality recordings (functionalities) PQR ■
Sequence of events recorder SOE ■
ExTrFct Extended trigger functions ExTrFct ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and cables ■ ■ ■
'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■ ■ ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■ ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for transformers ■ ■ ■
Transformer Side 7UT85
Transformer Side 7UT86
Transformer Side 7UT87

2.2/6 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

7UM85

7UT82

7UT85

7UT86

7UT87
7SD82

7SD86

7SD87

7VK87
7SK82

7SK85

7SS85
7SL82

7SL86

7SL87
7SJ82

7SJ85

7SJ86
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

2.2
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■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.2/7
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Relay Selection Guide

2.2

2.2/8 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Medium voltage

Medium-voltage applications for all system grounding types Fast fault clearance in double-feed lines (closed) rings

2.3

[dw_Mittelspg-02, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/3 Fast fault clearance in double-feed lines (closed) rings

[dw_Mittelspg-01_Var3, 1, en_US] Properties


Figure 2.3/1 Medium-voltage applications for all system grounding • Directional DMT/IDMTL protection without grading times
types
• Fast fault clearance
Properties • Low-cost due to integrated protection interface
• Reliable detection of transients and static ground faults • Monitored data exchange
• Cost saving due to integrated transient function • Adaptable to different communication infrastructures.
• Directional and non-directional protection and control func- Central control of multiple feeders and dedicated protection
tions
• Acquisition and transmission of PMU variables possible
Protection and control of several feeders with one device

[dw_zentrale-Steuerung, 2, en_US]

[dw_Mittelspg-03, 2, en_US] Figure 2.3/4 Central control of multiple feeders and dedicated protec-
tion
Figure 2.3/2 Protection and control of several feeders with one device
Properties
Properties
• Protection for each bay
• Reduced investment with one device for several feeders
• Central control for multiple feeders
• Easy parameterization
• High availability because backup protection functions can be
• Shorter commissioning times activated in the controllers.
• Protecting up to 7 feeders with a single device reduces costs

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Motor protection

Induction motor: protection and control Motor protection and easier differential protection

2.3

[dw_Motor-01, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/5 Induction motor: protection and control


[dw_Motor-02, 3, en_US]

Properties Figure 2.3/7 Protection and control of several feeders with one device

• Reduced investment due to protection and control in one


device Properties

• Thermal motor protection functions for reliable motor moni- • Differential protection function provides high responsivity and
toring short tripping time

• Thermal motor protection functions with direct connection of • Integration of the differential protection function in a sepa-
temperature sensors. rate function group reduces costs.
Motor protection with differential protection Differential motor protection with Korndorfer starter

[dw_Motor-03, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/6 Motor protection with differential protection

Properties
[dw_Motordiff-mit-starter, 3, en_US]
• Autonomous differential protection functions
Figure 2.3/8 Differential motor protection with Korndorfer starter
• High sensitivity and short tripping times due to differential
protection function.
• Separate acquisition and monitoring of the current trans-
formers.

2.3/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Motor protection

Properties
• Capturing, monitoring and controlling all circuit breakers
• Differential protection function also available during startup.

2.3

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Transformer protection

Two-winding transformer Autotransformer bank

2.3

[dw_Trafo1, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/9 Two-winding transformer


[dw_Trafo3, 2, en_US]

Properties Figure 2.3/11 Autotransformer bank


• Clear assignment of the functions to the primary element
• Reduced investment due to integration of the differential and
• Reduced investment. node protection function in one unit (87 and 87 Node)
• Simple parameterization • High sensitivity with single line to ground faults.
• Reduced wiring and faster commissioning. Protection and backup protection solution for 3-winding
transformers
Two-winding transformer with 2 incoming feeders (e.g.
double circuit-breaker switchgear) protection

[dw_Trafo2, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/10 Two-winding transformer with 2 incoming feeders (e.g.


double circuit-breaker switchgear) protection

Properties
• Separate acquisition, monitoring and control of all circuit
breakers
• High sensitivity with single line to ground-fault differential
protection
• Cost savings due to 87T and 87T N in one unit.

[dw_Trafo4, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/12 Protection and backup protection solution for 3-winding


transformers

2.3/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Transformer protection

Properties
• Free design of the protection and backup protection concept
• Inclusion of line protection devices
• Increased availability.
Three-winding transformer with differential protection 87T
and distance protection 21

2.3

[dw_kat-three-wind_7ut86, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/13 Three-winding transformer with differential protection


87T and distance protection 21

Properties
• Integrated backup protection function for the power system
• Easy engineering
• Increased flexibility for different plant versions

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/5
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Generator protection

Unit connection of a small-power generator Unit connection of a medium-power generator

2.3

[dw_appl-01_simplified, 1, en_US]
[dw_simplified_appl-03, 2, en_US]
Figure 2.3/14 Unit connection of a small-power generator
Figure 2.3/15 Unit connection of a medium-power generator
Properties
Properties
• All functions in one device keep investments low
• All functions in one device keep investments low
• Basic hardware (1/3 x 19")
• Basic hardware (1/2 x 19")
• Preconfigured with the "Generator basis" application template
• Preconfigured with the "Generator unit connection basis"
application template
• Stator ground-fault protection protects 100% of the stator
winding by evaluating the residual voltage via the funda-
mental component and the 3rd harmonic (59N, 27TH)
• Differential protection via generator transformer with func-
tion 87T

2.3/6 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Generator protection

Unit connection of a generator of medium to high power Unit connection of a generator with auxiliary transformer

2.3

[dw_simplified_appl-04, 1, en_US]
[dw_simplified_appl-04_2, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/16 Unit connection of a generator of medium to high power Figure 2.3/17 Unit connection of a generator with auxiliary transformer

Properties Properties
• All functions in one device keep investments low • All functions in one device keep investments low
• Minimum hardware (2/3 x 19") • Minimum hardware (2/3 x 19")
• Preconfigured with the "Generator unit connection enhanced" • Modification of the "Generator unit connection enhanced"
application template application template
• Stand-alone differential protection for generator (87G) and • Stand-alone differential protection via generator (87G) and
generator transformer (87T) generator transformer (87T)
• Real 100% stator ground-fault protection by coupled 20-Hz • Implementation of the transformer differential protection as
voltage teed feeder differential protection
• Stator ground-fault protection possible at plant standstill • Real 100% stator ground-fault protection for coupling a 20-Hz
voltage
• Synchrocheck release by the device during manual synchroni-
zation • Stator ground-fault protection possible at standstill
• Redundancy by device doubling • Synchrocheck release by the device during manual synchroni-
zation
• Redundancy by device doubling

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/7
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Generator protection

Busbar connection of a generator High-power generator with protection as sub-packet

2.3

[dw_simplified_appl-02_2, 2, en_US] [dw_simplified_appl-04_3, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/18 Busbar connection of a generator Figure 2.3/19 High-power generator with protection as sub-packet

Properties Properties

• All functions in one device keep investments low • The delivery includes generator, excitation and generator
protection of a plant in unit connection for a steam turbine
• Basic hardware (1/2 x 19")
• All functions in one device keep investments low
• Preconfigured with the "Generator busbar connection" appli-
cation template • Minimum hardware (2/3 x 19")
• Stand-alone differential protection for the generator (87G) • Modification of the "Generator unit connection enhanced"
application template
• Directional stator ground-fault protection (67Ns)
• Sensitive reverse-power protection by connection to a sepa-
• Redundancy by device doubling rate instrument transformer
• Separate protection for the excitation transformer
• Synchrocheck release by the device during manual synchroni-
zation
• Redundancy by device doubling

2.3/8 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Line protection

Protection and control separate Distance protection of two parallel lines with one device

[dw_LS-parallel, 2, en_US]
2.3
Figure 2.3/22 Distance protection of two parallel lines with one device

Properties
• Low-cost due to protection of both lines in one device
• Stable due to consideration of the influences of the parallel
[dw_LS-getrennt, 1, en_US] line for the distance protection function.
Figure 2.3/20 Protection and control separate Self-restoring multi-end configurations

Properties
• Clear assignment of protection and control in separate devices
• Less external components by detection and selection of
busbar voltage in the device
• High reliability due to backup protection functions in the
6MD8 bay controller
• High availability due to emergency control in the 7SL8 protec-
tion device.
Low-cost protection and device redundancy

[dw_Diff-Schutz-Ringschaltung, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/23 Self-restoring multi-end configurations

Properties
• High availability because differential protection is also active
[dw_LS-guenstige-variante, 1, en_US]
when a communication link fails

Figure 2.3/21 Low-cost protection and device redundancy • Self-restoring due to automatic switchover from ring to chain
topology
Properties • High ease of maintenance because single line ends can be
taken out of the differential protection configuration for
• High availability due to protection and device redundancy commissioning and servicing.
• Low-cost because only 2 devices required for 2 lines
• Reliable because of parallel processing of the protection func-
tions in the devices.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/9
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Line protection

Impedance protection for the low-voltage side of a


transformer

2.3

[dw_z-prot-transf-lv-side_7sa86_090115, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/24 Impedance protection

Properties
• The impedance protection for transformers (ANSI 21T)
permits effective backup protection with zones that reach in
the transformer
• A second impedance protection device can be used in the
same function group to protect the busbar at the low-voltage
side with reverse interlocking (85-21 RI)
• The impedance protection also provides the imperative
backup protection for the medium voltage feeders with highly
sensitive defect detection and stability under a heavy load.
Dual breaker applications

[dw_dual-breaker-applications_7sa86_090115, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/25 Dual Breaker Applications

Properties
• With separate measurement of the CT current from both
breakers a stub protection is possible
• Separate measurement of CT currents improves stability
during heavy through fault current flowing from one bus to
the other when both breakers are closed.

2.3/10 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Breaker-and-a-half layout

Modular and distributed protection and control solution Low-cost device and protective redundancy in breaker-and-
a-half arrangements

2.3

[dw_kostenguenstige-geraete, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.3/27 Low-cost device and protective redundancy in breaker-


and-a-half arrangements

[dw_ein-einhalb-LS, 1, en_US] Properties


Figure 2.3/26 Modular and distributed protection and control solution • Unambiguous allocation of the main protection function (line
differential protection 87) to one line in one device (Main 1)
Properties
• The distance-protection function (21) is implemented in the
• Clarity due to clear assignment of protection and control protection device of the other line by a second "line" function
group
• High availability due to protection redundancy (Main 1 and
Main 2) • High availability and safety by device and protection redun-
dancy
• Simple reliable central control of the entire diameter
• Low costs due to protecting and controlling a complete diam-
• Reliable due to emergency control in every line in the protec- eter with only two devices.
tion device
• Reduced wiring due to integrated voltage selection
• System-wide diameter bus based on IEC 61850
– electrically isolated data exchange
– reduced wiring
– easy expansion.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/11
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Capacitor banks

Protection of a capacitor bank in an H connection Properties


• Optimum protection of complex banks and filter circuits with
flexible hardware and a flexible function design
• Low costs due to the integration of all necessary functions in
one device for up to seven 3-phase measuring points
• Generation of current sum and current difference at the
current interface of the protection function group "3-phase
V/I"
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th
harmonic with a high accuracy for protection and operational
measured values.

2.3

[dw_CapBank_SLE_vereinfacht, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/28 Protection of a capacitor bank in an H connection

Properties
• Precisely adapted due to dedicated function group and appli-
cation-specific protection function, such as peak overvoltage
protection (ANSI 59C) and sensitive currentunbalance protec-
tion (ANSI 60C)
• Low cost due to integration of all required functions into one
device.
Protection of an MSCDN capacitor bank(MSCDN = Mechani-
cally Switched Circuit breaker with Damping Network)

[dw_mscdn-app-temp_7sj85_090115, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/29 Protection of an MSCDN capacitor bank

2.3/12 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Busbar protection

Double busbar feeder with busbar coupler

2.3

[dw_Verbindungen-Feld-Koppl, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/30 Double busbar feeder with busbar coupler

Properties
• Central busbar protection
• Summary of all primary components of a bay in the "Bay
Proxy"
• One device for up to 20 measuring points
• Flexible adaptation to the topology (up to 4 busbar sections
and 4 busbar couplers configurable)
• Integrated disconnector image
• Comfortable graphical project engineering with DIGSI 5.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.3/13
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Application Examples – Power system monitoring and PMU

Grid monitoring and PMU

2.3

[dw_netzmonitor-mit-pmu, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.3/31 Principle of distributed phasor measurement

Properties
• Each SIPROTEC 5 device can be equipped or retrofi tted with
the PMU function
• Online and offline evaluation of the PMU data in the moni-
toring system, SIGUARD PDP.

2.3/14 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Feeder and Overcurrent Protection


SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82, 7SJ85

2.4

[dw_7SJ_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.4/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7SJ82, 7SJ85 Essential differentiating characteristics


The main protection functions of the SIPROTEC 5 overcurrent 7SJ82 Different hardware quantity structures for binary inputs and
outputs are available in the 1/3 base module
protection devices are based on the overcurrent protection prin-
ciple. Although they primarily protect feeders and lines in the 7SJ85 Flexible configuration of the hardware quantity structure for
analog inputs, binary inputs and outputs, measuring trans-
distribution system, they can also be used in a high-voltage
ducers and communication due to expandability with 1/6
power system without any problems. The hardware quantity expansion modules
structure, which can flexibly be extended, permits several
feeders to be protected with one device. Due to the large
number of available functions and the great flexibility, the
device is suitable for a multitude of additional protection and
monitoring applications. Specifically for utilization as backup
and emergency protection for line protection, we recommend
using the SIPROTEC 7SJ86. The large number of automatic func-
tions permits the device to be used in all fields of energy supply.
The devices contain all important auxiliary functions that are
necessary today for safe network operation. This includes func-
tions for protection, control, measurement and monitoring. The
large number of communication interfaces and communication
protocols satisfies the requirements of communication-based
selective protection, as well as automated operation.
Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely,
quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test
functions. Their modular structure permits SIPROTEC 5 devices
always to be adapted flexibly to the individual requirements.
Features
The difference between the two device models SIPROTEC 7SJ82
and SIPROTEC 7SJ85 is in the configurability of their hardware
quantity structure.

2.4/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SJ82 overcurrent protection has specifically been
designed for a cost-effective and compact protection of feeders
and lines in medium-voltage and high-voltage systems. With its
flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC
7SJ82 offers future-oriented system solutions with high invest-
ment security and low operating costs.

Main function Feeder and overcurrent protection for all


voltage levels
Inputs and outputs 4 current transformers, 4 voltage transformers
(optional), 11 or 23 binary inputs, 9 or
16 binary outputs, or
8 current transformers, 7 binary inputs,
7 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Different hardware quantity structures for 2.4
binary inputs and outputs are available in the [SIP5_7xx82_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
1/3 base module. Adding 1/6 expansion
modules is not possible; available with large or Figure 2.4/2 SIPROTEC 7SJ82
small display.
Housing width 1/3 × 19" • Protection functions for capacitor banks, such as overcurrent,
overload, current unbalance, peak overvoltage, or differential
Benefits protection

• Compact and low-cost overcurrent protection • Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Safety due to powerful protection functions • Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection,
circuit-breaker failure protection
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Circuit-breaker failure protection
plant save time and money
• Purposeful and easy handling of devices and software thanks • Circuit-breaker reignition monitoring
to a user-friendly design
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process tions in the device

• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- • Recognition of current and voltage signals up to the 50th
nisms harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as peak overvoltage protection for capacitors) and
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- operational measured values
tive solutions
• Single line representation in small or large display
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
• High investment security and low operating costs due to (reporting and GOOSE)
future-oriented system solution.
Functions
• Two optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
required. and TCP))

• Directional and non-directional overcurrent protection with • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
additional functions wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
• Optimized tripping times due to directional comparison and and chain topology.
protection data communication
• Detection of static, intermittent and transient ground faults • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
isolated power systems paper requirements
• Arc protection • Whitepaper Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) for synchro-
phasor measured values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Overvoltage and undervoltage protection
• Time synchronization with IEEE 1588
• Frequency protection and frequency change protection for
load shedding applications • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power
protection • Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82

Applications Directional overcurrent protection – grounded system


• Detection and selective 3-pole tripping of short circuits in • Overcurrent protection (directional and non-directional) for
electrical equipment of star networks, lines with infeed at one phases and ground
or two ends, parallel lines and open or closed ring systems of
all voltage levels
• Transformer inrush current detection
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil- • Measuring voltage failure supervision.
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement Directional overcurrent protection – resonant-grounded /
• Backup protection for differential protection devices of all isolated system
kind for lines, transformers, generators, motors, and busbars
• Overcurrent protection (directional and non-directional) for
• Protection and monitoring of simple capacitor banks phases

• Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) • Sensitive directional ground fault detection for static ground
faults
• Reverse-power protection • Sensitive directional ground fault detection for transient and
2.4 • Load shedding applications static ground faults („transient“ function)

• Automatic switchover • Transformer inrush current detection


Application templates • Measuring voltage failure supervision.
Application templates are available in DIGSI 5 for standard appli- Capacitor bank: H connection
cations. They comprise all basic configurations and default • Overcurrent protection for phase and ground
settings.
The following application templates are available:
• Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks
Non-directional overcurrent protection • Peak overvoltage protection
• Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and • Overload protection
ground
• Undercurrent protection.
• Transformer inrush current detection

[dw_DwDOCP07, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.4/3 Application example: Principle of directional comparison protection for power line runs with infeed at two ends

Application examples tives of the protection interface are IEC 61850 GOOSE or, via
Directional comparison protection via protection interface pilot wires for signal transfer, with an auxiliary voltage loop.
for power line runs with infeed at two ends Figure 2.4/4 shows the functional scope and the basic configu-
Using the direction determination of the directional overcurrent ration of a SIPROTEC 7SJ82 for this application. The "Directional
protection, you can implement directional comparison protec- V /inverse time-overcurrent protection – grounded system"
tion for power line runs with infeed at two ends. Directional application template is used as the basis. In addition, the device
comparison protection is used for the selective isolation of a must obviously be equipped with a communication module for
faulty line section (subsections of closed rings, for example). protection communication. The protection communication func-
Sections are isolated in fast time, that is, they do not suffer the tion group is created automatically when the module is config-
disadvantage of long grading times. This technique requires that ured. The "Communication mapping" editor in DIGSI 5 is used to
directional information can be exchanged between the indi- determine the information that must be transferred to the oppo-
vidual protection stations. This information exchange can, for site end and received from the opposite end. The received infor-
example, be implemented via a protection interface. Alterna- mation can directly be combined with the binary input signals of

2.4/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82

the directional overcurrent protection. Additional logic with a


CFC chart is not necessary.

2.4

[dw_7SJ82_mit WirkKom, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.4/4 Application example: Directional comparison protection for power line runs with infeed at two ends and protection communication

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■ ■
2.4 38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■ ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■
49 Thermal overload protection for RLC filter θ, I²t ■
elements of a capacitor bank
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection for RLC filter elements of a I> ■
capacitor bank
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
Peak overvoltage protection, 3-phase, for capaci- V> cap. ■ ■
tors
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
60C Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks Iunbal> ■ ■
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■ ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87C Differential protection, capacitor bank ΔI ■

2.4/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5

90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■


former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 2.4
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Function-points class: 0 0 30 50 100
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.4/1 SIPROTEC 7SJ82 - Functions and application templates


1 Non-directional OC (4*I)
2 Non-directional OC (4*I, 4*V)
3 Directional OC - grounded system
4 Directional OC - resonant-grounded / isol. system
5 Capacitor bank: H-bridge

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ82

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SJ82


U1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 8 standard)
4 current transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101 and IO101
U2 1/3, 23 BI, 16 BO, 4 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
23 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 15 standard),

2.4 4 current transformer inputs


Contains the modules: Base module with PS101, IO101 and IO110
U3 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 8 standard),
4 current transformer inputs
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101 and IO102
U4 1/3, 23 BI, 16 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
23 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 15 standard),
4 current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101, IO102 and IO110
U5 1/3, 7 BI, 7 BO, 8 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
7 binary inputs,
7 binary outputs (1 life contact, 6 standard),
8 current transformer inputs,
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101 and IO103

Table 2.4/2 Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SJ82

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.4/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SJ85 overcurrent protection has been designed
specifically for the protection of feeders and lines. Due to its
modular structure and flexibility and the powerful engineering
tool DIGSI 5, SIPROTEC 7SJ85 offers future-oriented system solu-
tions with high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Feeder and overcurrent protection for all


voltage levels
Inputs and outputs 5 predefined standard variants with 4 current
transformers, 4 voltage transformers, 11 to
59 binary inputs, 9 to 33 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility I/O quantity structure that can flexibly be
adapted and expanded within the scope of the
modular SIPROTEC 5 system. 1/6 expansion
modules can be added, available with large,
small or without display 2.4
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"
[SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

Functions Figure 2.4/5 SIPROTEC 7SJ85


DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
required. • Two optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
• Directional and non-directional overcurrent protection with IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
additional functions
and TCP))
• Protection of up to 9 feeders with up to 40 analog inputs
• Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
• Optimized tripping times due to directional comparison and wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
protection data communication and others), including automatic switchover between ring
and chain topology.
• Detection of static and transient ground faults (fleeting
contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and isolated • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
power systems
• Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
• Arc protection paper requirements
• Overvoltage and undervoltage protection • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power
protection • Time synchronization with IEEE 1588
• Frequency protection and frequency change protection for • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
load shedding applications at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Protection functions for capacitor banks, such as overcurrent, • Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.
overload, current unbalance, peak overvoltage, or differential
protection Applications

• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection) • Detection and selective 3-pole tripping of short circuits in
electrical equipment of star networks, lines with infeed at one
• Recognition of current and voltage signals up to the 50th or two ends, parallel lines and open or closed ring systems of
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions all voltage levels
(such as peak overvoltage protection for capacitors) and
operational measured values.
• Backup protection for differential protection devices of all
kind for lines, transformers, generators, motors, and busbars
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection • Protection and monitoring of capacitor banks
• Circuit-breaker failure protection • Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)
• Circuit-breaker reignition monitoring • Reverse-power protection
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func- • Load shedding applications
tions in the device
• Single line representation in small or large display • Automatic switchover
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
(reporting and GOOSE)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

Application templates • Peak overvoltage protection


Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica- • Overload protection
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
settings. • Undercurrent protection.
The following application templates are available: Capacitor bank: MSCDN
Non-directional overcurrent protection • Overcurrent protection for phase and ground
• Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and • Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks
ground
• Transformer inrush current detection • Differential protection for capacitor
Directional overcurrent protection – grounded system • Peak overvoltage protection
• Overcurrent protection (directional and non-directional) for • Overload protection
phases and ground
• Undercurrent protection.
2.4 • Transformer inrush current detection
Application examples
• Measuring voltage failure supervision Direction comparison protection via protection data inter-
Directional overcurrent protection – resonant-grounded / face for lines supplied from two sides
isolated system Direction comparison protection can be realized with the help of
• Overcurrent protection (directional and non-directional) for direction determination of the directional overcurrent protection
phases in the case of lines which are supplied from two sides. The direc-
tion comparison protection is designed to selectively isolate a
• Sensitive directional ground fault detection for static ground faulty line section (e.g., sections of rings) in high speed, i.e. no
faults
long graded times will slow down the tripping process. The
• Sensitive directional ground fault detection for transient and precondition of this procedure is that direction information can
static ground faults („transient“ function) be exchanged between the individual protective relays. This
• Transformer inrush current detection information exchange can be realized via an protection data
interface, for instance. Alternatives to the protection data inter-
• Measuring voltage failure supervision. face are IEC 61850 GOOSE or pilot wires for signal transmission
with an additional voltage loop.
Capacitor bank: H connection + 1 x RLC
• Time-overcurrent protection for phases and ground
• Capacitor bank unbalance protection

[dw_DwDOCP07, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.4/6 Application example: Principle of the direction comparison protection of doubly fed line sections

The SIPROTEC 7SJ82 application example(Figure 2.4/4) shows


the functions and the basic configuration for this application.

2.4/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

2.4

[dw_7SJ85_mit DoppelSS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.4/7 Application example: Overcurrent protection 7SJ85 at a double busbar feeder

Protection and control at a double busbar function library. Operational measured values and energy
metered values are calculated in the "Voltage-current 3ph" func-
In the Figure 2.4/7, a double busbar feeder is protected and
tion group. They are available for output on the display, transfer
additionally controlled by a SIPROTEC 7SJ85. This example is
to the substation automation technology, and processing in the
based on the application template "Directional V/inverse time-
CFC. A switching sequence stored in the CFC that is activated via
overcurrent protection - grounded power system". In addition to
a function key starts an automatically executing busbar switch-
the application template, the functions Circuit-breaker failure
over process.
protection, Automatic reclosing and Synchrocheck in the circuit-
breaker function group are needed and configured. These func-
tions can easily be added via "drag and drop" from the DIGSI 5

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

Protection of a capacitor bank • Overload protection (ANSI 49) for protection of the bank from
thermal overload
Figure 2.4/8 shows protection of a capacitor bank in an H
connection. For this application, the device has special functions • Very sensitive current-unbalance protection (ANSI 60C) for
for the protection of capacitor banks. Thanks to the modularity detecting the failure of a single capacitor element, as a moni-
and performance of SIPROTEC 5, the complete application can toring and protection function; manual and automatic
be protected by one device. comparison in the bay. The automatic comparison permits
consideration of dynamic unbalances, e.g. caused by temper-
Properties:
ature influences
• Short-circuit protection (ANSI 50, 50N) for phase and ground • Undercurrent protection (ANSI 37) for tripping the local circuit
faults
breaker when the incoming feeder is disconnected; and there-
• Peak voltage protection (ANSI 59C), for protection of the fore protection from hazardous energization of the nondis-
dielectric of the bank from harmful peak voltages, in partic- charged bank, e.g. in phase opposition
ular, caused by harmonics; consideration of harmonics up to
the 50th order, the peak voltage being calculated from the • Circuit-breaker failure protection (ANSI 50BF).
current by integration
2.4

[dw_CapBank_SLE_Normal, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.4/8 Protection of a capacitor bank in H connection

2.4/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

2.4

[dw_CapBank_MSCDN, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.4/9 Application example: MSCDN capacitor bank

Protection of an MSCDN capacitor bank (MSCDN = Mechani- Properties:


cally Switched Capacitor with Damping Network)
• Capturing up to seven 3-phase measuring points
In Figure 2.4/9, the SIPROTEC 7SJ85 protects the capacitor bank
in H connection and additionally the associated damping • Short-circuit protection (ANSI 50, 50N) for phase and ground
network. Thanks to the modular structure and performance of faults
SIPROTEC 5, the complete application can be protected with one • Peak overvoltage protection (ANSI 59C) to protect the dielec-
single device. tric medium of the bank against dangerous peak overvoltage,
in particular caused by the harmonic components with consid-
eration of up to the 50th harmonic component. The peak
voltage is calculated by integration of the current.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/12
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

• Overload protection (ANSI 49) to protect the bank against


thermal overload
• Very sensitive current-unbalance protection (ANSI 60C) to
detect the outage of individual capacitor elements as moni-
toring and protection function. Manual and automatic adjust-
ment in the bay. Automatic adjustment permits dynamic
unbalances (caused by temperature influence, for example) to
be taken into account
• Differential protection (87C) over the entire capacitor bank to
protect against short circuits inside the entire installation
• Overload and overcurrent protection via the two resistors and
a simple differential protection that is to detect an outage of
one of the two resistors. For this purpose, current sum and
current difference are determined with the current measuring
points in the R branches, at the inputs of the V/I 3-phase func-
2.4 tion groups
• Undercurrent protection (ANSI 37) to trip the local circuit
breaker when the infeed is disconnected providing protection
against hazardous voltage at the non-discharged bank, for
example, in phase opposition
• Circuit-breaker failure protection (ANSI 50BF).

2.4/13 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5 6

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■ ■ ■ 2.4
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■ ■ ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
49 Thermal overload protection for RLC filter θ, I²t ■ ■
elements of a capacitor bank
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection for RLC filter elements of a I> ■
capacitor bank
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
Peak overvoltage protection, 3-phase, for capaci- V> cap. ■ ■ ■
tors
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■ ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
60C Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks Iunbal> ■ ■ ■
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■ ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87C Differential protection, capacitor bank ΔI ■ ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/14
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5 6

87V Voltage differential protection, capacitor bank ΔV ■


90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
2.4
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Function-points class: 0 0 30 50 100 300
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.4/3 SIPROTEC 7SJ85 - Functions and application templates


1 Non-directional OC (4*I)
2 Non-directional OC (4*I, 4*V)
3 Directional OC - grounded system
4 Directional OC - resonant-grounded / isol. system
5 Capacitor bank: H-bridge + 1*RLC
6 Capacitor bank: MSCDN

2.4/15 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SJ85


S1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
S2 1/2, 17 BI, 16 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
17 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 9 standard, 6 fast), 2.4
4 current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules IO206
S3 1/2, 27 BI, 17 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
27 binary inputs,
17 binary outputs (1 life contact, 10 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules IO207
S4 2/3, 43 BI, 25 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 2/3 x 19”
43 binary inputs,
25 binary outputs (1 life contact, 18 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules 2x IO207
S5 5/6, 59 BI, 33 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 5/6 x 19”
59 binary inputs,
33 binary outputs (1 life contact, 26 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules 3x IO207

Table 2.4/4 Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SJ85

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.4/16
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Feeder and Overcurrent Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ85

2.4

2.4/17 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Line Protection
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA8, 7SD8, 7SL8, 7VK8, 7SJ86

2.5

[dw_LineProt_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.5/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7SA8, 7SD8, 7SL8, 7VK8, 7SJ86 Definition of the device types by their designation
SIPROTEC 5 line protection devices protect overhead lines and
cables on all voltage levels with highest selectivity possible. The
large number of protective and automatic functions available
permits their utilization in all areas of line protection. The
devices contain all important auxiliary functions that are neces-
sary today for safe network operation. This includes control,
measurement and monitoring functions. The large number of
[dw_device_typ, 1, en_US]
communication interfaces and communication protocols satis-
fies the requirements of communication-based selective protec-
7 XX YY
tion and of automated operation. Commissioning and mainte-
nance work can be completed safely, quickly and thus cost- Main protection
effectively with high-performance test functions. Their modular 7 SA Distance protection
structure permits SIPROTEC 5 line protection devices always to 7 SD Differential protection
be adapted flexibly to the individual requirements. 7 SL Distance and differential protection
Features 7 SJ Overcurrent protection
7 VK Circuit-breaker management
The device types are defined by their main protection functions
Essential differentiating characteristics
and by essential differentiating characteristics. For devices with
flexible configurability of the hardware quantity structure, you 7 82 • exclusively 3-pole tripping
can select various standard variants when ordering. Expanda- • two hardware variants available
bility through supplemental modules allows for individual adap- 7 86 • exclusively 3-pole tripping
tation to specific applications such as more analog channels for • hardware quantity structure flexibly configu-
breaker-and-a-half technology, or more binary contacts (see rable
"Overview of the standard variants"). 7 87 • 1-pole and 3-pole tripping
• hardware quantity structure flexibly configu-
rable

2.5/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA8, 7SD8, 7SL8, 7VK8, 7SJ86

Type identification 7SA82 7SA86 7SA87 7SD82 7SD86 7SD87 7SL82 7SL86 7SL87 7VK87 7SJ86
Distance protection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Differential protection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Overcurrent protection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
for lines
Circuit-breaker manage- ■
ment
3-pole trip command ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
1-pole/3-pole trip ■ ■ ■ ■
command
Flexibly configurable ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
hardware

Table 2.5/1 Essential differentiating characteristics of the main protection types

2.5

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.5/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA8, 7SD8, 7SL8, 7VK8, 7SJ86

2.5

2.5/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA82

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SA82 distance protection has been designed
particularly for the cost-optimized and compact protection of
lines in medium-voltage and high-voltage systems. With its flexi-
bility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC
7SA82 offers future-oriented system solutions with high invest-
ment security and low operating costs.

Main function Distance protection for medium-voltage and


high voltage applications
Tripping 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 19 ms
Inputs and outputs 4 current transformers, 4 voltage transformers
(optional), 11 or 23 binary inputs, 9 or
16 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Different hardware quantity structures for
binary inputs and outputs are available in the
1/3 base module. Adding 1/6 expansion
modules is not possible; available with large or
small display. [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

Housing width 1/3 x 19"


Figure 2.6/1 SIPROTEC 7SA82 2.6

Benefits
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power
• Compact and low-cost distance protection protection

• Safety due to powerful protection functions • Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Recognition of current and voltage signals up to the 50th
harmonic with a high accuracy for selected protection func-
plant save time and money
tions (such as thermal overload protection) and operational
• Purposeful and easy handling of devices and software thanks measured values
to a user-friendly design
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- tions in the device
nisms
• Single line representation in small or large display
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec-
tive solutions • Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI and IEC 61850
(reporting and GOOSE)
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2
• Two optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
• High investment security and low operating costs due to different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
future-oriented system solution IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
Functions and TCP))
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
required. wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
• Minimum tripping time: 19 ms and chain topology.
• 6 independent measuring loops (6-system distance protec- • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
tion)
• Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
• Several distance-protection functions can be selected: Classic, paper requirements
reactance method (RMD), impedance protection for trans-
formers • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions
• Time synchronization with IEEE 1588
• Detection of static, intermittent and transient ground faults
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
isolated power systems at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)

• Adaptive power-swing blocking • Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.
• Detection of current-transformer saturation for fast tripping at
high accuracy
• Arc protection

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA82

Applications Application templates


• Detection and selective 3-pole tripping of short circuits in Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
electrical equipment of star networks, lines with infeed at one tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
or two ends, parallel lines and open or closed ring systems of settings.
all voltage levels
The following application templates are available:
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil- • Basic
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Backup protection for differential protection devices of all • Distance protections for compensated/isolated systems with
kind for lines, transformers, generators, motors, and busbars AR

• Phasor measurement unit (PMU). • Distance protection with reactance method for overhead line
for grounded systems, with AR.

2.6

[dw_7SA82_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.6/2 Application example: Distance protection for overhead line

2.6/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA82

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■ 2.6
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■ ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■ ■ ■ ■
tion
86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA82

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■


former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
2.6 External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 100 200
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.6/1 SIPROTEC 7SA82 - Functions and application templates


1 DIS Basic
2 DIS, comp./isol. neutral point, with AR
3 DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point

2.6/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA86

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SA86 distance protection has specifically been
designed for the protection of lines. Due to its modular structure
and flexibility and the powerful engineering tool DIGSI 5,
SIPROTEC 7SA86 offers future-oriented system solutions with
high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Distance protection


Tripping 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 9 ms
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware quantity Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
structure the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

Functions
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

required. Figure 2.6/3 SIPROTEC 7SA86 2.6


• Minimum tripping time: 9 ms
• 6 independent measuring loops (6-system distance protec- • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
tion) and others), including automatic switchover between ring
• Several distance-protection functions can be selected: Classic, and chain topology
reactance method (RMD), impedance protection for trans-
formers
• Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
isolated power systems
• Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
• Adaptive power-swing blocking, out-of-step protection
• Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
• Detection of current-transformer saturation for fast tripping at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
with high accuracy
• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Arc protection
• Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
protection
Applications
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Detection and selective 3-pole tripping of short circuits in
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th electrical equipment of star networks, lines with infeed at one
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions or two ends, parallel lines and open or closed ring systems of
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas- all voltage levels
ured values
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
• 3-pole automatic reclosing function ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection • Protection data communication over different distances and
physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func- and communication networks
tions in the device
• Backup protection for differential protection devices of all
• Single line representation in small or large display kind for lines, transformers, generators, motors, and busbars
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 • Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
(reporting and GOOSE)
Application templates
• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
and TCP)) settings.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/5
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA86

The following application templates are available: • Distance protection for overhead line for grounded systems,
with AR for applications with breaker-and-a-half scheme
• Basis
• Distance protection with MHO distance zone characteristics
• Distance protection for overhead line for grounded systems for overhead line for grounded systems, with AR for applica-
with AR tions with breaker-and-a-half schemes.
• Distance protection with MHO distance zone characteristics
for overhead line for grounded systems, with AR

2.6

[dw_7SA86_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.6/4 Application example: Distance protection for overhead line

2.6/6 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA86

2.6

[dw_7SA86_1-5LS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.6/5 Application example: Distance protection for overhead line with breaker-and-a-half scheme

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/7
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA86

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
2.6 direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■ ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■ ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
tion
86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■ ■ ■
circuit-breaker applications)

2.6/8 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA86

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5

90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■


former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 2.6
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 100 200 350 350
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.6/2 SIPROTEC 7SA86 - Functions and application templates


1 DIS Basic
2 DIS, comp./isol. neutral point, with AR
3 DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point
4 DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point, 1.5 CB
5 DIS Mho overhead line, solid grounded neutral point, 1.5 CB

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/9
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA87

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SA87 distance protection has specifically been
designed for the protection of lines. Due to its modular structure
and flexibility and the powerful engineering tool DIGSI 5,
SIPROTEC 7SA87 offers future-oriented system solutions with
high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Distance protection


Tripping 1-pole and 3-pole, minimum tripping time:
9 ms
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

Functions
[SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
2.6 Figure 2.6/6 SIPROTEC 7SA87
required.
• Minimum tripping time: 9 ms • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
• 6 independent measuring loops (6-system distance protec- and others), including automatic switchover between ring
tion)
and chain topology
• Several distance-protection functions can be selected: Classic, • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
reactance method (RMD), impedance protection for trans-
formers • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions paper requirements

• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and
isolated power systems • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
• Adaptive power-swing blocking, out-of-step protection • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Detection of current-transformer saturation for fast tripping
with high accuracy • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Arc protection • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power
protection Applications
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection) • Detection and selective 1-pole and 3-pole tripping of short
circuits in electrical equipment of star networks, lines with
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th infeed at one or two ends, parallel lines and open or closed
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions ring systems of all voltage levels
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
ured values • Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• 3-pole automatic reclosing function
• Protection data communication over different distances and
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
and communication networks
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device • Backup protection for differential protection devices of all
kind for lines, transformers, generators, motors, and busbars
• Single line representation in small or large display
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
(reporting and GOOSE) Application templates

• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial settings.
and TCP))

2.6/10 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA87

The following application templates are available:


• Basic distance protection
• Distance protection ractance method (RMD) for overhead line
for grounded systems, with AR
• Distance protection ractance method (RMD) for overhead line
for grounded systems, with AR for applications with breaker-
and-a-half schemes

2.6

[dw_7SA87_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.6/7 Application example: Distance protection for overhead line

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/11
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA87

2.6

[dw_7SA87_1-5LS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.6/8 Application example: Distance protection for overhead line with breaker-and-a-half scheme

2.6/12 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA87

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole ■ ■ ■ ■
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■
21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■ 2.6
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 1-/3-pole AR ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■ ■ ■ ■
tion
86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■ ■
circuit-breaker applications)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.6/13
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SA87

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■


former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
2.6 CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 225 400
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.6/3 SIPROTEC 7SA87 - Functions and application templates


1 DIS Basic
2 DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point
3 DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point, 1.5 CB

2.6/14 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD82

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SD82 line differential protection has been
designed particularly for the cost-optimized and compact
protection of lines in medium-voltage and high-voltage systems.
With its flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool,
SIPROTEC 7SD82 offers future-oriented system solutions with
high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Differential protection for medium-voltage and


high voltage applications
Tripping 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 19 ms
Inputs and outputs 4 current transformers, 4 voltage transformers
(optional), 11 or 23 binary inputs, 9 or
16 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Two different quantity structures for binary
inputs and outputs are available in the 1/3 base
module. Adding 1/6 expansion modules is not
[SIP5_7xx82_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
possible; housing width available with large or
small display. Figure 2.7/1 Line differential protection device SIPROTEC 7SD82
Housing width 1/3 × 19"
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
Benefits
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th 2.7
• Compact and low-cost line differential protection harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Safety due to powerful protection functions ured values
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection
plant save time and money
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software • Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
thanks to user-friendly design tions in the device

• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process • Single line representation in small or large display
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- • Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
nisms (reporting and GOOSE)

• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- • Two optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
tive solutions different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2 and TCP))
• High investment security and low operating costs due to • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
future-oriented system solution. wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
Functions and others), including automatic switchover between ring
and chain topology.
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
required. • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
• Minimum tripping time: 19 ms • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
• Main protection function is differential protection with adap- • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
tive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even with
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
the most different transformer errors, current-transformer
saturation and capacitive charging currents • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and • Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.
isolated power systems
Applications
• Detection of current-transformer saturation • Line protection for all voltage levels with 3-pole tripping
• Arc protection • Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power single-ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to
protection 6 line ends

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD82

• Transformers and compensating coils in the protection zone Application templates

• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil- Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
settings.
• Serial protection data communication over different distances
and media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections, and The following application templates are available:
communication networks • Basic differential protection
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU). • Differential protection for overhead line.

2.7

[dw_7SD82_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.7/2 Application example: Line differential protection for overhead line

2.7/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD82

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■


87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■
(dependent on Significant properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ 2.7
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including ΔI ■
power transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD82

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■


former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■
2.7
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 150
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.7/1 SIPROTEC 7SD82 - Functions and application templates


1 DIFF Basic
2 DIFF overhead line

2.7/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD86

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SD86 line differential protection has specifically
been designed for the protection of lines. With its modular
structure, flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool,
SIPROTEC 7SD86 offers future-oriented system solutions with
high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Differential protection


Tripping 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 9 ms
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

Functions
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

required. Figure 2.7/3 SIPROTEC 7SD86


• Minimum tripping time: 9 ms
• Main protection function is differential protection with adap- • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR 2.7
tive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even with • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
the most different transformer errors, current-transformer paper requirements
saturation and capacitive charging currents
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and
isolated power systems • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Detection of current-transformer saturation • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Arc protection • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power Applications
protection
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection) • Line protection for all voltage levels with 3-pole tripping
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th • Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions single-ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas- 6 line ends
ured values • Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration
• 3-pole automatic reclosing function • Transformers and compensating coils in the protection zone
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection • Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device • Protection data communication over different distances and
physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
• Single line representation in small or large display and communication networks
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 • Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
(reporting and GOOSE)
Application templates
• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
and TCP)) settings.
• Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two- The following application templates are available:
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
and others), including automatic switchover between ring • Basic differential protection
and chain topology • Differential protection for overhead line

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/5
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD86

• Differential protection for overhead line with transformer in


the protection range
• Differential protection for overhead line, for applications with
breaker-and-a-half schemes.

2.7

[dw_7SD86_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.7/4 Application example: Line differential protection for overhead line

2.7/6 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD86

2.7

[dw_7SD86_1-5LS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.7/5 Application example: Line differential protection for overhead line with breaker-and-a-half scheme

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/7
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD86

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
(dependent on Significant properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
2.7 system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including ΔI ■ ■
power transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■ ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former

2.7/8 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD86

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4

90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■


former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 2.7
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 150 250 300
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.7/2 SIPROTEC 7SD86 - Functions and application templates


1 DIFF Basic
2 DIFF overhead line
3 DIFF overhead line with transformer
4 DIFF overhead line, 1.5 CB

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/9
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD87

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SD87 differential protection is suitable for the
selective protection of overhead lines and cables with single-
ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to 6 ends.
Transformers and compensating coils in the protection range
are also possible. With its modular structure, flexibility and the
powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7SD87 offers
future-oriented system solutions with high investment security
and low operating costs.

Main function Differential protection


Tripping 1-pole and 3-pole, minimum tripping time:
9 ms
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
[SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"
Figure 2.7/6 SIPROTEC 7SD87
Functions
2.7 DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
required.
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
• Minimum tripping time: 9 ms and chain topology

• Main protection function is differential protection with adap- • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
tive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even with
the most different transformer errors, current-transformer • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
saturation and capacitive charging currents
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and
isolated power systems • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Detection of current-transformer saturation
• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Arc protection
• Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
protection
Applications
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Line protection for all voltage levels with 1-pole and 3-pole
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th tripping
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with
single-ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to
ured values 6 line ends
• 1-/3-pole automatic reclosing function • Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection • Transformers and compensating coils in the protection range
are possible
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device • Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Single line representation in small or large display
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 • Protection data communication over different distances and
physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
(reporting and GOOSE)
and communication networks
• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable • Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
and TCP))

2.7/10 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD87

Application templates The following application templates are available:


Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica- • Basic differential protection
tions. They comprise all basic confi gurations and default
settings. • Differential protection for overhead line
• Differential protection for overhead line, for applications with
breaker-and-a-half schemes.

2.7

[dw_7SD87_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.7/7 Application example: Line differential protection for overhead line

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/11
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD87

2.7

[dw_7SD87_1-5LS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.7/8 Application example: Line differential protection for overhead line with breaker-and-a-half scheme

2.7/12 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD87

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole ■ ■ ■ ■
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■
(dependent on Significant properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■ 2.7
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 1-/3-pole AR ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including ΔI ■
power transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■ ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.7/13
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Line Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7SD87

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■


former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■
2.7 External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 150 325
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.7/3 SIPROTEC 7SD87 - Functions and application templates


1 DIFF Basic
2 DIFF overhead line
3 DIFF overhead line, 1.5 CB

2.7/14 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL82

Description
The combined SIPROTEC 7SL82 line differential and distance
protection has been designed particularly for the cost-optimized
and compact protection of lines in medium-voltage and high-
voltage systems. With its flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5
engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7SL82 offers future-oriented system
solutions with high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Differential protection and distance protection


for medium-voltage and high voltage applica-
tions
Tripping 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 19 ms
Inputs and outputs 4 current transformers, 4 voltage transformers
(optional), 11 or 23 binary inputs, 9 or
16 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Different hardware quantity structures for
binary inputs and outputs are available in the
1/3 base module. Adding 1/6 expansion
modules is not possible; available with large or [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
small display.
Figure 2.8/1 SIPROTEC 7SL82
Housing width 1/3 × 19"

Benefits • Adaptive power-swing blocking


• Compact and low-cost line differential and distance protection • Arc protection 2.8
• Safety due to powerful protection functions • Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th
plant save time and money harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software ured values
thanks to user-friendly design
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process • Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- • Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device
nisms
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- • Single line representation in small or large display
tive solutions • Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2 (reporting and GOOSE)

• High investment security and low operating costs due to • Two optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
future-oriented system solution.
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
Functions and TCP))
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
required. wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
• Minimum tripping time: 19 ms and chain topology
• Main protection function is differential protection with adap- • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
tive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even with
the most different transformer errors, current-transformer • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
saturation and capacitive charging currents paper requirements
• Several distance-protection functions as backup protection or • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
2nd main protection for selection: Classic, reactance method values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
(RMD), impedance protection for transformers
• Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and
isolated power systems
• Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.
• Detection of current-transformer saturation for fast tripping
with high accuracy

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL82

Applications Application templates


• Line protection for all voltage levels with 3-pole tripping Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
• Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with settings.
single-ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to
6 line ends The following application templates are available:

• Transformers and compensating coils in the protection zone • Basic differential and distance protection
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil- • Differential and distance protection for overhead line in
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement grounded systems.

• Protection data communication over different distances and


physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
and communication networks
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU).

2.8

2.8/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL82

2.8

[dw_7SL82_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.8/2 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL82

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■


21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■
(dependent on Significant properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
2.8 47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■ ■ ■
tion
86 Lockout ■

2.8/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL82

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■


87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including ΔI ■
power transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ 2.8
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 200
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.8/1 SIPROTEC 7SL82 - Functions and application templates


1 DIFF/DIS Basic
2 DIFF/DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/5
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL86

Description
The combined SIPROTEC 7SL86 line differential and distance
protection has specifically been designed for the protection of
lines. With its modular structure, flexibility and the powerful
DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7SL86 offers future-oriented
system solutions with high investment security and low oper-
ating costs.

Main function Differential and distance protection


Tripping 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 9 ms
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

Functions [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as Figure 2.8/3 SIPROTEC 7SL86
required.
• Minimum tripping time: 9 ms • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
• Main protection function is differential protection with adap- • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
2.8 tive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even with paper requirements
the most different transformer errors, current-transformer
saturation and capacitive charging currents • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Several distance-protection functions as backup protection or • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
2nd main protection for selection: Classic, reactance method
(RMD), impedance protection for transformers • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)

• Adaptive power-swing blocking, out-of-step protection • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Detection of current-transformer saturation for fast tripping • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
with high accuracy
Applications
• Arc protection
• Line protection for all voltage levels with 3-pole tripping
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th single-ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
6 line ends
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
ured values • Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration
• 3-pole automatic reclosing function • Transformers and compensating coils in the protection zone
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection • Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device • Protection data communication over different distances and
physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
• Single line representation in small or large display and communication networks
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 • Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
(reporting and GOOSE)
Application templates
• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
and TCP)) settings.

• Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-


wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
and chain topology

2.8/6 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL86

The following application templates are available:


• Basic
• Differential and distance protection with RMD for overhead
line in grounded systems
• Differential and distance protection with RMD for overhead
line in grounded systems, with AR for applications with
breaker-and-a-half schemes.

2.8

[dw_7SL86_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.8/4 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/7
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL86

2.8

[dw_7SL86_1-5LS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.8/5 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line with breaker-and-a-half scheme

2.8/8 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL86

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■
21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■
(dependent on Significant properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction 2.8
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■ ■ ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■ ■ ■ ■
tion

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/9
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL86

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including ΔI ■
power transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■ ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
2.8
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 200 350
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.8/2 SIPROTEC 7SL86 - Functions and application templates


1 DIFF/DIS Basic
2 DIFF/DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point
3 DIFF/DIS RMD overhead line, 1.5 CB

2.8/10 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL87

Description
The combined SIPROTEC 7SL87 line differential and distance
protection has specifically been designed for the protection of
lines. With its modular structure, flexibility and the powerful
DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7SL87 offers future-oriented
system solutions with high investment security and low oper-
ating costs.

Main function Differential and distance protection


Tripping 1-pole and 3-pole, minimum tripping time: 9
ms
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

[SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
Functions
Figure 2.8/6 SIPROTEC 7SL87
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
required.
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
• Minimum tripping time: 9 ms and chain topology

• Main protection function is differential protection with adap- • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR 2.8
tive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even with
the most different transformer errors, current-transformer • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
saturation and capacitive charging currents
• Several distance-protection functions as backup protection or • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
2nd main protection for selection: Classic, reactance method
(RMD), impedance protection for transformers • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Adaptive power-swing blocking, out-of-step protection
• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Detection of current-transformer saturation for fast tripping
with high accuracy • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
• Arc protection
Applications
• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection)
• Line protection for all voltage levels with 1-pole and 3-pole
• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th tripping
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with
single-ended and multi-ended infeed of all lengths with up to
ured values 6 line ends
• 1-/3-pole automatic reclosing function • Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection • Transformers and compensating coils in the protection zone
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func- • Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
tions in the device ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Single line representation in small or large display • Protection data communication over different distances and
physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 and communication networks
(reporting and GOOSE)
• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable • Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
Application templates
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
and TCP)) Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
• Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two- settings.
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/11
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL87

The following application templates are available:


• Basic differential and distance protection
• Differential and distance protection with RMD for overhead
line in grounded systems
• Differential and distance protection with RMD for overhead
line in grounded systems for applications with breaker-and-
ahalf schemes.

2.8

[dw_7SL87_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.8/7 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line

2.8/12 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL87

2.8

[dw_7SL87_1-5LS, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.8/8 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line with breaker-and-a-half scheme

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/13
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL87

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole ■ ■ ■ ■
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■
21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■
87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■
(dependent on Significant properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
2.8 direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ ■ ■ ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■ ■ ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 1-/3-pole AR ■ ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■ ■ ■ ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■ ■ ■ ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■ ■ ■ ■
tion
86 Lockout ■

2.8/14 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL87

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■


87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including ΔI ■
power transformer
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■ ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■ ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
2.8
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0 225 400
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.8/3 SIPROTEC 7SL87 - Functions and application templates


1 DIFF/DIS Basic
2 DIFF/DIS RMD overhead line, solid grounded neutral point
3 DIFF/DIS RMD overhead line, 1.5 CB

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.8/15
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Differential and Distance Protection – SIPROTEC 7SL87

2.8

2.8/16 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Circuit-Breaker Management – SIPROTEC 7VK87

Description
The SIPROTEC 7VK87 circuit-breaker management device has
specifically been designed for circuit-breaker management. With
its modular structure, flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engi-
neering tool, SIPROTEC 7VK87 offers future-oriented system
solutions with high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Automatic reclosing, synchrocheck, circuit-


breaker failure protection
Tripping 1-pole and 3-pole or 3-pole
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with 4/4 or
8/8 current/voltage transformers, 5 to
31 binary inputs, 8 to 46 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within
the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

Functions [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as Figure 2.9/1 Circuit-Breaker management device SIPROTEC 7VK87
required.
• Automatic reclosing function and synchrocheck for line • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
protection applications with 1-pole and 3-pole tripping values and IEEE C37.118 protocol

• Circuit-breaker failure protection for 1-pole and 3-pole trip- • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
ping
• Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s 2.9
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)

• Voltage controller for transformers • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Arc protection • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
• Voltage protection Applications
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func- • Automatic reclosing after 1/3-pole tripping
tions in the device
• Single line representation in small or large display • Synchrocheck before reclosing
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 • Circuit-breaker failure protection
(reporting and GOOSE) • Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration
• Up to 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable • Backup overcurrent and voltage protection
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial • Protection data communication over different distances and
and TCP)) physical media, such as optical fiber, two-wire connections,
• Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two- and communication networks
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94, • Phasor measurement unit (PMU).
and others), including automatic switchover between ring
and chain topology Application templates

• Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
• Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White- settings.
paper requirements

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.9/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Circuit-Breaker Management – SIPROTEC 7VK87

The following application template is available:


• Basic circuit-breaker management device

2.9

[dw_7VK87_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.9/2 Application example: Circuit-breaker management device

2.9/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Circuit-Breaker Management – SIPROTEC 7VK87

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■


Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole ■ ■
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP ■ ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
2.9
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 1-/3-pole AR ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■ ■
Control ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.9/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Circuit-Breaker Management – SIPROTEC 7VK87

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1

Protection interface, serial ■


Circuit Breaker ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
Function-points class: 0
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.9/1 SIPROTEC 7VK87 - Functions and application templates


1 Basic (79 AR, 25 Sync., 50BF Breaker fail. prot.)

2.9

2.9/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ86

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SJ86 overcurrent protection has specifically been
designed as backup or emergency protection for the line protec-
tion devices. With its modular structure, flexibility and the
powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7SJ86 offers
future-oriented system solutions with high investment security
and low operating costs.

Main function Overcurrent protection (V/inverse time-over-


current protection)
Tripping 3-pole
Inputs and outputs 3 predefined standard variants with 4/4 current
transformers/voltage transformers, 11 to
23 binary inputs, 9 to 25 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable and expandable I/O quantity
structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5
modular system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"
[SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

Functions Figure 2.10/1 SIPROTEC 7SJ86


DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
required. IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
and TCP))
• Overcurrent protection as backup / emergency line protection • Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
for all voltage levels with 3-pole tripping
wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
• Optimized tripping times due to directional comparison and and others), including automatic switchover between ring
protection data communication and chain topology
• Recognition of static, intermittent and transient ground faults • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR 2.10
(fleeting contact function) in arc-suppression-coil-ground and
isolated power systems • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
• Arc protection
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
• Overvoltage and undervoltage protection values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Frequency protection and frequency change protection for • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
load shedding applications
• Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
protection
• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Protection functions for capacitor banks, such as overcurrent,
overload, current unbalance, peak overvoltage, or differential • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
protection the SIPROTEC 5 modular system

• Reactive power-undervoltage protection (QU protection) Applications

• Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th • Backup and emergency protection for line protection
harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Detection and selective 3-pole tripping of short circuits in
electrical equipment of star networks, lines with infeed at one
ured values or two ends, parallel lines and open or closed ring systems of
• Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection all voltage levels

• Circuit-breaker failure protection • Utilization in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration


• Circuit-breaker reignition monitoring • Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems in star, ring, or meshed arrangement
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func- • Backup protection for differential protection devices of all
tions in the device
kind for lines, transformers, generators, motors, and busbars
• Single line representation in small or large display • Protection and monitoring of capacitor banks
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 • Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)
(reporting and GOOSE)
• 4 optional pluggable communication modules, usable for • Reverse-power protection
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.10/1
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ86

Application templates Figure 2.10/2 shows an application example for directional


Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica- protection for overhead line. The functional scope is based on
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default the application template directional overcurrent protection. In
settings. addition the functions fault locator and automatic reclosing
were loaded from the DIGSI 5 library.
The following application templates are available:
• SIPROTEC 7SJ86 non-directional overcurrent protection
• SIPROTEC 7SJ86 directional overcurrent protection

2.10

[dw_7SJ86_Ltg, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.10/2 Application example: directional overcurrent protection for overhead line

2.10/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ86

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■ 2.10
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
faults in grounded systems
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■
tion
86 Lockout ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.10/3
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – SIPROTEC 7SJ86

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■


CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■ ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■
Region France: Overload protection for lines and ■
cables 'PSL-PSC'
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' ■
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' ■
Region France: Overload protection for trans- ■
formers
2.10
Function-points class: 0 50
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.10/1 SIPROTEC 7SJ86 - Functions and application templates


1 Non-directional OC (4*I, 4*V)
2 Directional OC - grounded system

2.10/4 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – Line Protection

Standard variants

Standard variant for SIPROTEC 7SA82, 7SD82, 7SL82


Type 1 1/3,11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 8 standard)
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101 and IO101.
Type 2 1/3, 23 BI, 16 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
23 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 15 standard),
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101, IO101 and IO110.
Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SA86, 7SD86, 7SL86, 7SA87, 7SD87, 7SL87, 7VK87
Type 1 1/3, 7BI, 14BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 × 19”
7 binary inputs,
14 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 8 fast),
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
2.10
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208.
Type 2 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 × 19”
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast),
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202.
Type 3 1/2, 13 BI, 21 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 × 19”
13 binary inputs,
21 binary outputs (1 life contact, 12 standard, 8 fast),
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208
Expansion module IO206.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.10/5
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – Line Protection

Type 4 1/2, 19 BI, 30 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V


Housing width 1/2 × 19”
19 binary inputs,
30 binary outputs (1 life contact, 21 standard, 8 fast),
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208
Expansion module IO205.
Type 5 1/2, 21 BI, 17 BO (4 P), 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 × 19”
21 binary inputs,
17 binary outputs (1 life contact, 6 standard, 6 fast),
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion module IO204.
Type 6 1/2, 15 BI, 18 BO (4 HS), 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 × 19”
15 binary inputs,
18 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 8 fast, 4 high-speed),

2.10 16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208
Expansion module IO209.
Type 7 1/2, 15 BI, 20 BO, 16 LED, 8 I, 8 V
Housing width 1/2 × 19”
15 binary inputs,
20 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 14 fast)
16 LEDs
8 current transformers
8 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208
Expansion module IO202.
Type 8 2/3, 31 BI, 46 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 2/3 × 19”,
31 binary inputs,
46 binary outputs (1 life contact, 37 standard, 8 fast),
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208
Expansion modules IO205, IO205.

2.10/6 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – Line Protection

Type 9 2/3, 29 BI, 23 BO (4 P), 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V


Housing width 2/3 × 19”,
31 binary inputs,
25 binary outputs (1 life contact, 10 standard, 6 fast, 8 power)
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules IO204, IO204.
Type 10 2/3, 27 BI, 34 BO (4 HS), 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 2/3 × 19”,
27 binary inputs,
34 binary outputs (1 life contact, 21 standard, 8 fast, 4 high-speed)
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208
Expansion modules IO205, IO209.
Type 11 2/3, 27 BI, 36 BO, 16 LED, 8 I, 8 V
Housing width 2/3 × 19”,
27 binary inputs,
36 binary outputs (1 life contact, 21 standard, 14 fast)
16 LEDs 2.10
8 current transformers
8 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208, expansion
modules IO202, IO205.
Type 12 5/6, 27 BI, 33 BO (8 HS), 16 LED, 8 I, 8 V
Housing width 5/6 × 19”,
27 binary inputs,
33 binary outputs (1 life contact, 8 standard, 16 fast, 8 high-speed)
16 LEDs
8 current transformers
8 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO208, expansion
modules IO208, IO209, IO209.
Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SJ86
Type 1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 × 19”,
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast)
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.10/7
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Overcurrent Protection as Backup Protection for Line Protection – Line Protection

Type 2 1/2, 17 BI, 16 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V


Housing width 1/2 × 19”,
17 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 9 standard, 6 fast)
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules IO206.
Type 3 1/2, 23 BI, 25 BO, 16 LED, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 × 19”,
23 binary inputs,
25 binary outputs (1 life contact, 18 standard, 6 fast)
16 LEDs
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO202
Expansion modules IO205.

Table 2.10/2 Standard variants for line protection devices

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec
2.10

2.10/8 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Transformer Differential Protection


SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT82, 7UT85, 7UT86, 7UT87

[dw_7UT_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.11/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7UT82, 7UT85, 7UT86, 7UT87 Definition of the device types by their designation
2.11
SIPROTEC 5 transformer differential protection devices are multi-
functional devices whose main protection functions are based
on the differential protection principle. They protect different
types of transformers, such as two-winding, three-winding and
multi-winding transformers with different numbers of meas-
uring points and, besides standard power transformers, also
auto transformers.
[dw_device_typ, 1, en_US]
The devices can be used in all voltage levels. The large number
of protection and automatic functions permits use in all fields of Essential differentiating characteristics
electric power supply. The devices contain all important auxiliary 7 UT 82 Two-winding transformer (2 sides and
functions that today are necessary for safe network operation. maximum 2 measuring points)
This includes control, measurement and monitoring functions. 7 UT 85 Two-winding transformer (2 sides and
The large number of communication interfaces and communica- maximum 5 measuring points; expandable to
tion protocols satisfies the requirements of communication- 3 sides)
based selective protection and of automated operation. 7 UT 86 Three-winding transformer (3 sides and
Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely, maximum 6 measuring points; expandable to
4 sides)
quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test
functions. Their modular structure permits SIPROTEC 5 trans- 7 UT 87 Multi-winding transformer (5 sides and
maximum 9 measuring points)
former differential protection devices always to be adapted flex-
ibly to the requirements.
For your order, you can select the devices from various standard
variants. Additional expansion modules permit the device to be
adapted to your specific application (see "Overview of the
Standard Variants").

2.11/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT82

Description
The SIPROTEC 7UT82 transformer differential protection has
been designed specifically for the protection of two-winding
transformers. It is the main protection for the transformer and
contains many other protection and monitoring functions. The
additional protection functions can also be used as backup
protection for protected downstream objects (such as cables,
line). In this process, you are also supported by the modular
expandability of the hardware. With its modular structure, flexi-
bility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC
7UT82 offers future-oriented system solutions with high invest-
ment security and low operating costs.

Main function 1 differential protection function (standard or


auto transformer) with additional stabilization;
up to 2 ground fault differential protection
functions
[SIP5_7xx82_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
Usable measuring 2 x 3-phase current measuring points, 2 x 1-
points phase current measuring points Figure 2.11/2 SIPROTEC5 7UT82 transformer differential protection
Inputs and outputs 1 predefined standard variant with 8 current (1/3 device = standard variant W1)
transformers, 7 binary inputs, 7 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility The 1/3 base module is available with the • Increased sensitivity with near-neutral-point ground faults
IO103 module, it is not possible to add through a separate ground fault differential protection
1/6 expansion modules, available with large
and small display
• Flexible adaptation to the transformer vector group
Housing width 1/3 × 19" • Controlling closing and overexcitation processes
Benefits
• Safe behavior in current-transformer saturation with different
degrees of saturation
• Compact and low-cost transformer differential protection • Adaptive adaptation of the operate curve to the transformer
tap position
• Safety due to powerful protection functions
• Arc protection 2.11
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the
plant save time and money • Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software
thanks to user-friendly design • Single line representation in small or large display
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process • Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
(reporting and GOOSE)
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha-
nisms • Up to 2 optional pluggable communication modules, usable
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
tive solutions
and TCP))
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2
• Serial protection data communication via optical fibers, two-
• Highly available Ethernet communication due to integrated wire connections and communication networks (IEEE C37.94,
Ethernet redundancy protocols PRP and HSR and others), including automatic switchover between ring
Functions and chain topology

DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
required. • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
• Transformer differential protection for two-winding trans- paper requirements
formers with versatile, additional protection functions • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588
• Transformer differential protection for phase-angle regulating • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
transformers of the single core type
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Universal usability of the permissible measuring points • Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.
• Applicable from average up to extra-high voltage
Applications
• Protection of standard power transformers, auto transformers Application templates are available in DIGSI 5 for standard appli-
and motors
cations. They contain basic configurations and default settings.
These can be used directly or as a template for application-

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT82

related adaptation. The available measuring points make varied The Figure 2.11/3 shows the typical structure of an application
applications possible. Prior to ordering a device, please template, the measuring points used, the function groups used,
configure the application with DIGSI 5. Table "Functions and their internal interconnection, and the predefined functions.
application templates" shows the scope of functions of the The example shows the two-winding transformer with ground
device. Use the configurator to determine the necessary func- fault differential protection.
tion points.
Application examples
Two-winding transformer basis
• Differential protection
• Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream
electrical power system

2.11

[dw_two-winding-temp_01, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.11/3 Application example: Protection of a Two-Winding Transformer

2.11/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT82

2.11

[dw_two-winding-temp_02, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.11/4 Application example: Protection of a two-winding transformer with ground fault differential protection

Two-winding transformer with restricted ground-fault protec-


tion (REF)
• Differential protection
• Ground fault differential protection on the star side
• Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream
electrical power system
• Circuit-breaker failure protection.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT82

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■
49H Hot spot calculation θh, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■ ■ ■ ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection ΔI ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection for phase ΔI ■
angle regulating transformer (single core)
87T Node Differential protection (Node protection for Auto- ΔI Node ■
transformer)
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■ ■
2.11 87M Motor differential protection ΔI ■ ■
87G Generator differential protection ΔI ■
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Function-points class: 0 30 0
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.11/1 SIPROTEC 7UT82 - Functions and application templates


1 Two winding transformer basic (87T)
2 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N)
3 Motor DIFF (87M)

2.11/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

Description
The SIPROTEC 7UT85 transformer differential protection has
been designed specifically for the protection of two-winding
transformers (2 sides). It is the main protection for the trans-
former and contains many other protection and monitoring
functions. The additional protection functions can also be used
as backup protection for protected downstream objects (such as
cables, line). In this process, you are also supported by the
modular expandability of the hardware. With its modular struc-
ture, flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool,
SIPROTEC 7UT85 offers future-oriented system solutions with
high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function 1 differential protection function (standard or


auto transformer) with additional stabilization;
up to 2 ground fault differential protection
functions
Usable measuring 5 x 3-phase current measuring points, 3 x 1-
points phase current measuring points, 3 x 3-phase [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
voltage measuring points; expandable to
Figure 2.11/5 SIPROTEC 7UT85 transformer differential protection
3 sides
(1/3 device = standard variant O1)
Inputs and outputs 2 predefined standard variants with 8 current
transformers 7 to 19 binary inputs, 7 to
23 binary outputs • Typical properties of a transformer differential protection such
as flexible adaptation to the transformer vector group, control
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable and expandable I/O quantity
structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5
of inrush and overexcitation processes, safe behavior in the
modular system case of current-transformer saturation with different degrees
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"
of saturation
• Adaptive adaptation of the operate curve to the transformer
Benefits tap position

• Safety due to powerful protection functions • Increased sensitivity with near-neutral-point ground faults
through a separate ground fault differential protection 2.11
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Additional current and voltage inputs can be supplements for
plant save time and money
standard protection functions, such as overcurrent, voltage
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software frequency, etc.
thanks to user-friendly design
• Arc protection
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process
• Voltage controller function ANSI 90V for two-winding trans-
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- formers, three-winding transformers and grid coupling trans-
nisms formers
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- • Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tive solutions tions in the device
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2 • Up to 4 pluggable communication modules, usable for
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, IEC 60870-
• Highly available Ethernet communication due to integrated 5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial and TCP), Modbus TCP)
Ethernet redundancy protocols PRP and HSR.
Functions • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
required. paper requirements

• Transformer differential protection for two-winding trans- • Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
formers with versatile, additional protection functions; distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
expandable to 3 windings wire connections and communication networks)

• Transformer differential protection for phase-angle regulating • Capturing operational measured variables and protection
transformers of the single core type and special transformers function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
support commissioning, and to analyze faults
• Universal usability of the permissible measuring points
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
• Applicable from average up to extra-high voltage values and IEEE C37.118 protocol

• Protection of standard power transformers, auto transformers • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
and motors at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning • Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream
electrical power system
• Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system • Circuit-breaker failure protection
Applications Two-winding transformer in breaker-and-a-half application
(Figure 2.11/8)
Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
tions. They contain basic configurations and default settings. • Differential protection
These can be used directly or as a template for application- • Ground fault differential protection on the star side
related adaptation. The available measuring points make varied
applications possible. Prior to ordering a device, please • Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream
configure the application with DIGSI. Table "Functions and appli- electrical power system
cation templates" shows the functional scope of the device. Use • Circuit-breaker failure protection.
the configurator to determine the necessary function points.
The Figure 2.11/6 shows the typical structure of an application
Application examples
template, the measuring points used, the function groups used,
Two-winding transformer basis (Figure 2.11/6) their internal interconnection, and the predefined functions.
The example shows the two-winding transformer with ground
• Differential protection fault differential protection.
• Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream
electrical power system
Two-winding transformer with restricted ground-fault differen-
tial protection (REF) (Figure 2.11/7)
• Differential protection
• Ground fault differential protection on the star side

2.11

[dw_two-winding-temp_01, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.11/6 Application example: Protection of a Two-Winding Transformer

2.11/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

2.11

[dw_two-winding-temp_02, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.11/7 Application example: Protection of a two-winding transformer with ground fault differential protection

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

2.11

[dw_two-winding-temp_03, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.11/8 Application example: Protection of a two-winding transformer in breaker-and-a-half layout

2.11/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5

Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■


21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■ ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■ ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence- / V2/V1> ■
positive-sequence system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
49H Hot spot calculation θh, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■ 2.11
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■ ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■ ■ ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" V> ■
or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■ ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5

85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■


tion
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection for phase ΔI ■
angle regulating transformer (single core)
87T Transformer differential protection for special ΔI ■
transformers
87T Node Differential protection (Node protection for Auto- ΔI Node ■
transformer)
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■ ■ ■
87M Motor differential protection ΔI ■ ■
87G Generator differential protection ΔI ■
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■ ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)

2.11 AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■


CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Transformer Side 7UT85 ■
Function-points class: 0 30 30 175 50
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.11/2 SIPROTEC 7UT85 - Functions and application templates


1 Two winding transformer basic (87T)
2 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N)
3 Two winding transformer 1,5CB (87T, 50BF, 87N)

2.11/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT85

4 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N, 90V)


5 Motor DIFF (87M, 50BF, 27, 81, 46, 49)

2.11

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/12
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT86

Description
The SIPROTEC 7UT86 transformer differential protection has
been designed specifically for the protection of three-winding
transformers (3 sides). It is the main protection for the trans-
former and contains many other protection and monitoring
functions. The additional protection functions can also be used
as backup protection for protected downstream objects (such as
cables, line). In this process, you are also supported by the
modular expandability of the hardware. The device supports all
SIPROTEC 5 system properties. It enables future-oriented system
solutions with high investment security and low operating costs.
With its modular structure, flexibility and the powerful DIGSI 5
engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7UT86 offers future-oriented system
solutions with high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function 1 differential protection function (standard)


with additional stabilization; up to 3 ground
fault differential protection functions
[SIP5_GD_LEDSS_W3_, 1, --_--]
For auto transformer applications, two differ-
Figure 2.11/9 SIPROTEC 7UT86 transformer differential protection
ential protection functions can be processed in
(1/2 device = standard variant P1)
an Auto transformer function group.
Usable measuring 6 x 3-phase current measuring points, 4 x 1-
points phase current measuring points, 4 x 3-phase • Applicable from average up to extra-high voltage
voltage measuring points; expandable to
4 sides • Protection of standard power transformers, auto transformers
Inputs and outputs 2 predefined standard variants with 12 current
and motors
transformers 4 voltage transformers, 11 to • Typical properties of a transformer differential protection such
23 binary inputs, 18 to 34 binary outputs as flexible adaptation to the transformer vector group, control
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable and expandable I/O quantity of inrush and overexcitation processes, safe behavior in the
structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 case of current-transformer saturation with different degrees
modular system of saturation
2.11 Housing width 1/2 × 19" - 2/1 × 19"
• Adaptive adaptation of the operate curve to the transformer
tap position
Benefits
• Increased sensitivity with near-neutral-point ground faults
• Safety due to powerful protection functions through a separate ground fault differential protection
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Additional current and voltage inputs can be supplements for
plant save time and money standard protection functions, such as overcurrent, voltage
frequency, etc.
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software
thanks to user-friendly design • Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process
• Arc protection
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha-
nisms • Voltage controller function ANSI 90V for two-winding trans-
formers, three-winding transformers and grid coupling trans-
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- formers
tive solutions
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2 • Up to 4 pluggable communication modules, usable for
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
• Highly available Ethernet communication due to integrated IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial and TCP),
Ethernet redundancy protocols PRP and HSR Modbus TCP)
Functions • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
required. paper requirements
• Transformer differential protection for three-winding trans- • Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
formers with versatile, additional protection functions; distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
expandable to four-winding transformers wire connections and communication networks)
• Transformer differential protection for phase-angle regulating • Capturing operational measured variables and protection
transformers of the single core type and special transformers function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
• Universal usability of the permissible measuring points support commissioning, and to analyze faults

2.11/13 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT86

• Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured • Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream
values and IEEE C37.118 protocol electrical power system
• Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s • Circuit-breaker failure protection
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
Three-winding transformer in breaker-and-a-half layout
• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Differential protection
• Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system • Ground fault differential protection on the star side
Applications • Ground current protection on the neutral side as backup
protection for the electrical power system
Application templates are available in DIGSI 5 for standard appli-
cations. They contain basic configurations and default settings. • Overload protection
These can be used directly or as a template for application- • Circuit-breaker failure protection
related adaptation. The available measuring points make varied
applications possible. Prior to ordering a device, please • Frequency and voltage protection on the neutral side
configure the application with DIGSI 5. Table "Functions and
Figure 2.11/10 shows the template for the protection of a
application templates" shows the functional scope of the device.
three-winding transformer in a breaker-and-a-half layout. You
Use the configurator to determine the necessary function
can recognize the 3 required function groups for the trans-
points.
former side, the integration of the ground fault differential
Application examples protection as well as the internal interconnection and selected
The application templates of the SIPROTEC 7UT85 are also avail- functions. In addition, a voltage transformer is available on the
able for the SIPROTEC 7UT86. upper-voltage side. Here, for example, voltage and frequency
limits can be monitored. The required protection settings are
In addition, the following templates are available: made as required by the system.
Three-winding transformer basis
• Differential protection
Auto transformer with stabilizing winding
• Differential protection for the complete transformer (auto
transformer winding + stabilizing winding)
2.11
• Ground fault differential protection (neutral point + maximum
side current)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/14
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT86

2.11

[dw_Kat-three-wind, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.11/10 Application example: Protection of a three-winding transformer in breaker-and-a-half layout

2.11/15 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT86

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■


21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■ ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■ ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence- / V2/V1> ■
positive-sequence system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
49H Hot spot calculation θh, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■ 2.11
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" V> ■
or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/16
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT86

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■


tion
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection for phase ΔI ■
angle regulating transformer (single core)
87T Transformer differential protection for special ΔI ■
transformers
87T Node Differential protection (Node protection for Auto- ΔI Node ■ ■
transformer)
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87M Motor differential protection ΔI ■ ■
87G Generator differential protection ΔI ■
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■ ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)

2.11 AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■


CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Transformer Side 7UT86 ■
Function-points class: 0 50 150 30 30 0 30 30 175 50
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.11/3 SIPROTEC 7UT86 - Functions and application templates


1 Three winding transformer basic (87T)
2 Three winding transformer 1,5CB (87T, 50BF, 87N)
3 Three winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N, 21)
4 Autotransformer (87T, 87N, 50BF)

2.11/17 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT86

5 Autotransformer 1,5CB (two 87T, 50BF, 59, 27, 81)


6 Two winding transformer basic (87T)
7 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N)
8 Two winding transformer 1,5CB (87T, 50BF, 87N)
9 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N, 90V)
10 Motor DIFF (87M, 50BF, 27, 81, 46, 49)

2.11

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/18
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

Description
The SIPROTEC 7UT87 transformer differential protection has
been designed specifically for the protection of multi-winding
transformers (up to 5 sides). Furthermore, it is to be used where
numerous measuring points (up to 7 3-pole current measuring
points) are required. Another application is simultaneous protec-
tion of two parallel transformers (additional fast backup protec-
tion). The SIPROTEC 7UT87 is the main protection for the trans-
former and contains many other protection and monitoring
functions. The additional protection functions can also be used
as backup protection for protected downstream objects (such as
cables, line). With its modular structure, flexibility and the
powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7UT87 offers
future-oriented system solutions with high investment security
and low operating costs.
[SIP5_GD_SS_LED_W3, 1, --_--]
Main function Up to 3 differential protection functions with
additional stabilization (in different trans- Figure 2.11/11 SIPROTEC 7UT87 transformer differential protection
former function groups); up to 5 ground fault (2/3 device = standard variant Q1)
differential protection functions.
For auto transformer applications, two differ- • Arc protection
ential protection functions can be processed in
an Auto transformer function group. • Voltage controller function ANSI 90V for two-winding trans-
Usable measuring 9 x 3-phase current measuring points, 5 x 1-
formers, three-winding transformers and grid coupling trans-
points phase current measuring points, 5 x 3-phase formers
voltage measuring points • Adaptive adaptation of the operate curve to the transformer
Inputs and outputs 2 predefined standard variants with 20 current tap position
transformers, 4 voltage transformers, 15 to
27 binary inputs, 22 to 38 binary outputs • Increased sensitivity with near-neutral-point ground faults
through a separate ground fault differential protection
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable and expandable I/O quantity
structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 • Additional current and voltage inputs can be supplements for
2.11 modular system. standard protection functions, such as overcurrent, voltage
Housing width 2/3 × 19" - 2/1 × 19" frequency, etc.
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
Functions tions in the device
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Up to 4 pluggable communication modules, usable for
required. In SIPROTEC 7UT87, two transformer function groups different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
can be used. IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial and TCP),
Modbus TCP)
• Transformer differential protection for multi-winding trans-
formers with versatile, additional protection functions (multi- • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
winding transformers are typical in power converter applica-
tions (such as HVDC)) • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
• Transformer differential protection for phase-angle regulating
transformers of the single core and two core types, and • Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
special transformers distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
wire connections and communication networks)
• Transformer protection applications with up to seven 3-phase
current measuring points • Capturing operation measured variables and protection func-
tion measured values to evaluate the plant state, to support
• Simultaneous differential protection for two parallel trans- commissioning, and to analyze faults
formers (such as two 2-winding transformers)
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
• Universal usability of the permissible measuring points values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Applicable from average up to extra-high voltage • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Protection of standard power transformers, auto transformers
and motors • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Typical properties of a transformer differential protection such • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
as flexible adaptation to the transformer vector group, control the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
of inrush and overexcitation processes, safe behavior in the
case of current-transformer saturation with different degrees
of saturation

2.11/19 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

Application templates • Overload protection, backup protection for the downstream


electrical power system
All application templates that were described for the
SIPROTEC 7UT85 and SIPROTEC 7UT86 devices can be used in • Circuit-breaker failure protection
SIPROTEC 7UT87.
• Frequency and voltage protection on the upper-voltage side.
In addition, the following template is available:
Auto transformer with stabilizing winding in breaker-and-a-half
layout
• Differential protection for the complete transformer (auto
transformer winding + stabilizing winding)
• Intersection protection for the auto winding for recording
ground faults (3-phase recording of the neutral-point current)

2.11

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/20
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

2.11

[dw_autotrans, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.11/12 Application example: Protection of an auto transformer with stabilizing winding in breaker-and-a-half application system

Figure 2.11/12 shows the template for the protection of an auto dant differential protection with supplementing sensitivity. A
transformer that is connected to a breaker-and-a-half arrange- separate ground fault differential protection is not required. In
ment. The special feature of this application is that per phase addition, a voltage transformer is available on the upper-voltage
the neutral point side current is directly recorded. A separate side. Here, for example, voltage and frequency limits can be
node point differential protection via the auto winding reliably monitored. The required protection settings are made as
records ground faults and turn-to-turn faults. The classic differ- required by the system.
ential protection is assigned over the entire transformer (auto Since the SIPROTEC 7UT87 is intended to be used for special
and stabilizing winding). Both functions run in the Auto trans- applications, you must create your own application template as
former function group. This type of execution gives you a redun-

2.11/21 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

a function of the application. Save this template with the device. Example 1:
To make your work easier, you can use an available template
This example requires a large number of three-phase current
and modify it as required. The following examples may help
measuring points for a complex application in the power plant
you:
field. Figure 2.11/13 shows a possible configuration.

2.11

[dw_7-messstellen, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.11/13 Possible application of SIPROTEC 7UT87 in a power plant (up to seven 3-phase current measuring points)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/22
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

Example 2: device. The second differential protection function is the backup


protection for the parallel transformer. For example, start here
Another example is a powerful functional redundancy with
with an application template of the two-winding transformer,
parallel transformers. The differential protection function is
and duplicate it. An alternative cost-optimized variant is the use
doubled. One protection device is used for each transformer.
of one device to protect both transformers.
Two differential protection functions run in each protection

2.11

[dw_two-transformer, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.11/14 Protection of two parallel transformers with one SIPROTEC 7UT87

2.11/23 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

Example 3:
The last example shows the protection of a converter trans-
former. Four sides and six measuring points are required here.

2.11

[dw_umrichter-transf, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.11/15 Protection of a converter transformer

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/24
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■


21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< /I>/∠ ■ ■
(V,I)
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■
87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ΔI ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■ ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■ ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence- / V2/V1> ■
positive-sequence system
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
49H Hot spot calculation θh, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
2.11 Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" V> ■
or "universal Vx"
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
faults in grounded systems
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■ ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
68 Power-swing blocking ΔZ/Δt ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection ■
85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI ■

2.11/25 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protec- ■


tion
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection ΔI ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection for phase ΔI ■
angle regulating transformer (single core)
87T Transformer differential protection for phase ΔI ■
angle regulating transformer (two core)
87T Transformer differential protection for special ΔI ■
transformers
87T Node Differential protection (Node protection for Auto- ΔI Node ■ ■
transformer)
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87M Motor differential protection ΔI ■ ■
87G Generator differential protection ΔI ■
Option for line differential protection:charging- ΔI ■
current compensation
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■
circuit-breaker applications)
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■ ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■ 2.11
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■ ■ ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Transformer Side 7UT87 ■
Function-points class: 0 30 30 175 0 50 150 30 30 50
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.11/4 SIPROTEC 7UT87 - Functions and application templates


1 Two winding transformer basic (87T)
2 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/26
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – SIPROTEC 7UT87

3 Two winding transformer 1,5CB (87T, 50BF, 87N)


4 Two winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N, 90V)
5 Three winding transformer basic (87T)
6 Three winding transformer 1,5CB (87T, 50BF, 87N)
7 Three winding transformer (87T, 50BF, 87N, 21)
8 Autotransformer (87T, 87N, 50BF)
9 Autotransformer 1,5CB (two 87T, 50BF, 59, 27, 81)
10 Motor DIFF (87M, 50BF, 27, 81, 46, 49)

2.11

2.11/27 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – Standard variants

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7UT82


W1 1/3, 7 BI, 7 BO, 8 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
7 binary inputs,
7 binary outputs (1 life contact, 7 standard)
8 current transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS101 and IO103.
Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7UT85
O1 1/3, 7 BI, 7 BO, 8 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
7 binary inputs,
7 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 4 fast),
8 current transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO203.
O2 1/2, 19 BI, 23 BO, 8 I
Housing width 1/2 × 19",
19 binary inputs,
23 binary outputs (1 life contact, 18 standard, 4 fast),
8 current transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO203
Expansion module IO205.
Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7UT86
P1 1/2, 11 BI, 18 BO, 12 I, 4 U
Housing width 1/2 × 19",
11 binary inputs, 2.11
18 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 12 fast),
12 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO203, expansion
module IO208.
P2 2/3, 23 BI, 34 BO, 12 I, 4 U
Housing width 2/3 × 19”,
23 binary inputs,
34 binary outputs (1 life contact, 21 standard, 12 fast),
12 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO203
Expansion modules IO208, IO205.
Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7UT87
Q1 2/3, 15 BI, 22 BO, 20 I, 4 U
Housing width 2/3 × 19”,
15 binary inputs,
22 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 16 fast),
20 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO203
Expansion modules IO208 and IO203.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.11/28
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Transformer Differential Protection – Standard variants

Q2 5/6, 27 BI, 38 BO, 20 I, 4 U


Housing width 5/6 × 19”,
27 binary inputs,
38 binary outputs (1 life contact, 21 standard, 16 fast),
20 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the modules: Base module with PS201 and IO203
Expansion modules IO208, IO203 and IO205.

Table 2.11/5 Standard variants for transformer differential protection devices

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.11

2.11/29 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Motor Protection
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK82, 7SK85

[dw_7SK_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.12/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7SK82, 7SK85


SIPROTEC 5 motor protection devices have been designed
2.12 specifically for the protection of asynchronous motors of small
and medium power.
The devices contain all important auxiliary functions that today
are necessary for safe network operation. This includes func-
tions for protection, control, measurement and monitoring. The
large number of communication interfaces and communication
protocols satisfies the requirements of communication-based
selective protection, as well as automated operation.
Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely,
quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test
functions. Their modular structure permits SIPROTEC 5 devices
always to be adapted flexibly to the individual requirements.
Features
The difference between the two device models SIPROTEC 7SK82
and SIPROTEC 7SK85 is in the configurability of their hardware
quantity structure.

Essential differentiating characteristics


7SK82 Different hardware quantity structures for binary inputs and
outputs are available in the 1/3 base module
7SK85 Flexible configuration of the hardware quantity structure for
analog inputs, binary inputs and outputs, measuring trans-
ducers and communication due to expandability with 1/6
expansion modules

2.12/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK82

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SK82 motor protection has been designed
particularly for a cost-optimized and compact utilization of small
to medium-sized motors. With its flexibility and the powerful
DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7SK82 offers future-oriented
system solutions with high investment security and low oper-
ating costs.

Main function Motor protection for small to medium-sized


motors (100 kW to 2 MW)
Inputs and outputs 4 current transformers, 4 voltage transformers
(optional), 11 or 23 binary inputs, 9 or 16
binary outputs.
Hardware flexibility Different hardware quantity structures for
binary inputs and outputs are available in the
1/3 base module. Adding 1/6 expansion
modules is not possible; available with large or
[SIP5_7xx82_GD_W3, 1, --_--]
small display.
Housing width 1/3 × 19" Figure 2.12/2 SIPROTEC 7SK82 motor protection

Benefits • Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th


harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
• Compact and low-cost motor protection (such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Safety due to powerful protection functions ured values

• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection
plant save time and money • Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software tions in the device
thanks to user-friendly design • Single line representation in small or large display
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process • Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- (reporting and GOOSE)
nisms • Two optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, IEC 2.12
tive solutions 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial and TCP),
Modbus TCP)
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2
• Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
• High investment security and low operating costs due to
future-oriented system solution. • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
Functions
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
• Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
required.
wire connections and communication networks)
• Motor protection functions: Startup time monitoring, thermal • Capturing operational measured variables and protection
overload protection for stator and rotor, restart inhibit, unbal- function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
anced-load protection, load-jam protection support commissioning, and to analyze faults
• Stator and bearing temperature monitoring via temperature • Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
sensors with external RTD unit. values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Sensitive ground-fault protection (non-directional, directional) • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
to detect stator ground faults at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Directional and non-directional overcurrent protection (short- • Auxiliary functions for easy tests and commissioning.
circuit protection) with additional functions
Applications
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems • Protection against thermal overload of the stator from over-
• Overvoltage and undervoltage protection current, cooling problems or pollution

• Arc protection • Protection against thermal overload of the rotor during


startup due to frequent startups, excessively long startups or
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power blocked rotor
protection • Monitoring for voltage unbalance or phase outage

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.12/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK82

• Monitoring the thermal state and the bearing temperatures • Unbalanced-load protection (thermal)
with temperature measurement
• Temperature supervision
• Detection of idling drives of pumps and compressors, for
example • Load-jam protection
• Detection of ground faults in the motor • Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and
ground
• Protection against motor short circuits
• Transformer inrush-current detection
• Protection against instability due to undervoltage.
• Sensitive directional ground-fault detection for systems with
Application templates isolated or resonant neutral and for detecting stator ground
Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica- faults
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default • Overvoltage protection with zero-sequence system V0
settings.
The following application templates are available:
• Undervoltage protection with positive-sequence system V1
Current measurement • Fuse-failure monitor
• Thermal overload protection for stator and rotor Application Example
SIPROTEC 7SK82 – protection of a motor of medium power
• Starting-time supervision
The motor protection functions and the overcurrent protection
• Restart inhibit of the SIPROTEC 7SK82 protect an asynchronous motor of
• Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) medium power (up to approximately 2 MW) against thermal and
mechanical overload and short circuits. The directional sensitive
• Temperature supervision ground-fault detection and the overvoltage protection with
zero-sequence voltage V0 detect stator ground faults in the
• Load-jam protection motor. An external RTD unit captures and monitors the thermal
• Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and state of the motor and the bearing temperatures. The RTD unit
ground connects to the device via Ethernet or serial communication.
• Transformer inrush-current detection Figure 2.12/3 shows the functional scope and the basic configu-
ration of a SIPROTEC 7SK82 for this application. It is based on
Current and voltage measurement the application template "Current and voltage measurement". In
• Thermal overload protection for stator and rotor addition, the device must be equipped with a plug-in module for
2.12 communication with the RTD unit.
• Starting-time supervision
• Restart inhibit

2.12/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK82

2.12

[Motorschutz-7SK82, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.12/3 Application example: Protection of a motor of medium power

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.12/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK82

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■


14 Locked rotor protection I> + n< ■ ■ ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■ ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■ ■ ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■ ■ ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
47 Overvoltage protection: "neg.-seq. V2" or "neg.- V2>; V2/V1> ■
seq. V2 / pos.-seq.V1"
48 Starting-time supervision for motors I²start ■ ■ ■
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■
49R Thermal overload protection, rotor θR ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
2.12 Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
50L Load-jam protection I>L ■ ■ ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
66 Restart inhibit for motors I²t ■ ■ ■
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■ ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former

2.12/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK82

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2

FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■


PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Function-points class: 0 40
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.12/1 SIPROTEC 7SK82 - Functions and application templates


1 Current measurement
2 Current and voltage measurement
2.12

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.12/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK85

Description
The SIPROTEC 7SK85 motor protection is designed for the
protection of motors of all sizes. With its modular structure, flex-
ibility and the powerful DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC
7SK85 offers future-oriented system solutions with high invest-
ment security and low operating costs.

Main function Motor protection for motors of all sizes


Inputs and outputs 3 predefined standard variants with 4 current
transformers, 4 voltage transformers, 11 to
27 binary inputs, 9 to 17 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility I/O quantity structure that can flexibly be
adapted and expanded within the scope of the
modular SIPROTEC 5 system. 1/6 expansion
modules can be added, available with large,
small or without display
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"

Benefits [SIP5_GD_W3, 1, --_--]

• Safety due to powerful protection functions Figure 2.12/4 SIPROTEC 7SK85 motor protection device (1/3 device
with large graphical display and 1/6 expansion module
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the with key switch front panel)
plant save time and money
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software • Detection of current and voltage signals up to the 50th
thanks to user-friendly design harmonic with high accuracy for selected protection functions
(such as thermal overload protection) and operational meas-
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process ured values
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha- • Control, synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection
nisms
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- tions in the device
tive solutions
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2 (reporting and GOOSE)
2.12
• High investment security and low operating costs due to • Up to 4 pluggable communication modules, usable for
future-oriented system solution different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
Functions IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial and TCP),
Modbus TCP)
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as
required. • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
• Motor protection functions: Startup time monitoring, thermal • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
overload protection for stator and rotor, restart inhibit, unbal- paper requirements
anced-load protection, load-jam protection • Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
• Stator and bearing temperature monitoring via temperature distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
sensors with external RTD unit. wire connections and communication networks)

• Differential motor protection as fast short-circuit protection • Capturing operational measured variables and protection
for motors of high power function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
support commissioning, and to analyze faults
• Sensitive ground-fault protection (non-directional, directional)
to detect stator ground faults • Synchrophasor measured values with IEEE C37.118 protocol
integrated (PMU)
• Directional and non-directional overcurrent protection (short-
circuit protection) with additional functions • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or arc-suppression-coil-
ground power systems • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Overvoltage and undervoltage protection • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
• Arc protection
• Power protection, configurable as active or reactive power
protection

2.12/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK85

Applications • Transformer inrush-current detection


• Protection against thermal overload of the stator from over- • Sensitive directional ground-fault detection for systems with
current, cooling problems or pollution isolated or resonant neutral and for detecting stator ground
• Protection against thermal overload of the rotor during faults
startup due to: Frequent startups, excessively long startups or • Overvoltage protection with zero-sequence system V0
blocked rotor
• Monitoring for voltage unbalance or phase outage • Undervoltage protection with positive-sequence system V1
• Monitoring the thermal state and the bearing temperatures • Fuse-failure monitor.
with temperature measurement Motor differential protection, current and voltage measurement
• Detection of idling drives of pumps and compressors, for • Motor differential protection
example
• Detection of ground faults in the motor • Thermal overload protection for stators and rotors
• Protection against motor short circuits • Starting-time supervision
• Protection against instability due to undervoltage. • Restart inhibit
Application templates • Unbalanced-load protection (thermal)
Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica- • Temperature supervision
tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
settings.
• Load-jam protection
The following application templates are available: • Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and
ground
Current measurement
• Transformer inrush-current detection
• Thermal overload protection for stator and rotor
• Sensitive directional ground-fault detection for systems with
• Starting-time supervision isolated or resonant neutral and for detecting of stator ground
faults
• Restart inhibit
• Overvoltage protection with phase-sequence system V0
• Unbalanced-load protection (thermal)
• Undervoltage protection with positive sequence system V1
• Temperature supervision
• Measuring voltage failure supervision. 2.12
• Load-jam protection
Application example
• Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and SIPROTEC 7SK85 – protecting a medium power motor
ground
An asynchronous medium-power motor (up to approx. 2 MW) is
• Transformer inrush-current detection. protected against thermal and mechanical overloads as well as
Current and voltage measurement short circuits with the motor protection functions and timeover-
current protection of the 7SK85. The directional sensitive
• Thermal overload protection for stators and rotors ground-fault detection and overvoltage protection with zerose-
• Starting-time supervision quence voltage V0 detect stator ground faults in the motor. The
thermal state of the motor and bearing temperatures are
• Restart inhibit acquired and monitored via an external RTD-box. The RTD-box is
• Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) connected to the device via Ethernet or serial communication.
Figure 2.12/5 shows the function scope and the basic configu-
• Temperature supervision ration of a SIPROTEC 7SK85 for this application. The application
• Load-jam protection template "current and voltage measurement" is used as a basis.
Additionally, the device has to be equipped with a plug-in
• Overcurrent protection (non-directional) for phases and module for communication with the RTD-box.
ground

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.12/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK85

2.12

[Motorschutz-7SK85, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.12/5 Application example: Protection of a medium-power motor

2.12/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK85

Functions and application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■
14 Locked rotor protection I> + n< ■ ■ ■ ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■ ■ ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■ ■ ■ ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■ ■ ■ ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
47 Overvoltage protection: "neg.-seq. V2" or "neg.- V2>; V2/V1> ■
seq. V2 / pos.-seq.V1"
48 Starting-time supervision for motors I²start ■ ■ ■ ■
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■
49R Thermal overload protection, rotor θR ■ ■ ■ ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ ■ ■ ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■ 2.12
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
50L Load-jam protection I>L ■ ■ ■ ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
66 Restart inhibit for motors I²t ■ ■ ■ ■
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems ■ ■ ■
with resonant or isolated neutral incl. a) 3I0>, b)
V0>, c) Cos-/SinPhi, d) Transient fct., e) Phi(V,I), f)
admittance
Directional intermittent ground fault protection Iie dir> ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87M Motor differential protection ΔI ■ ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.12/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – SIPROTEC 7SK85

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■


former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■ ■ ■ ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Function-points class: 0 40 100
2.12 The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.12/2 SIPROTEC 7SK85 - Functions and application templates


1 Current measurement
2 Current and voltage measurement
3 Differential prot. + cur. & volt. meas.

2.12/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – Standard variants

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SK82


T1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 8 standard)
4 current transformers
Contains the base module with PS101 and IO101 modules.
T2 1/3, 23 BI, 16 BO, 4 I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
23 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 15 standard),
4 current transformers
Contains the base module with PS101, IO101 and IO110 modules.
T3 In preparation
T4 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 8 standard)
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the base module with PS101 and IO102 modules.
T5 1/3, 23 BI, 16 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
23 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 15 standard),
4 current transformers 2.12
4 voltage transformers
Contains the base module with PS101, IO102 and IO110 modules.

Table 2.12/3 Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SK82 motor protection devices

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.12/12
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Motor Protection – Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SK85


R1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
11 binary inputs,
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules.
R2 1/2, 17 BI, 16 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 x 19”,
17 binary inputs,
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 9 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules, expansion
modules IO206.
R3 1/2, 27 BI, 17 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 x 19”,
27 binary inputs,
17 binary outputs (1 life contact, 10 standard, 6 fast),
4 current transformers
4 voltage transformers
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules, expansion
modules IO207.

Table 2.12/4 Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SK85 motor protection devices

2.12
The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual
www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.12/13 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Generator Protection
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

[dw_7UM8_anwendung, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.13/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7UM85 Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely,


quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test
The main protection functions of SIPROTEC 5 generator protec-
functions. Their modular structure permits SIPROTEC 5 devices
tion devices 7UM85 are based on typical generator protection
always to be adapted flexibly to the individual requirements.
functions (stator and rotor ground-fault protection, reverse-
2.13
power protection, unbalanced-load protection, differential Features
protection, underexcitation protection, and many others). They
Scaling hardware and functionality as required is a special
protect generators and power plant blocks in bus and unit
feature of the SIPROTEC 7UM85 device models. Using the
connection. The protection functions are implemented such that
configurator, you can create the hardware configuration
they satisfy the requirements of different power plant versions.
(number of V, I measuring points, binary inputs and outputs,
These can be conventional run-of-river power or pumped-
communication interfaces, etc.) as required by the application.
storage hydropower plants with phase-rotation reversal in pump
Using the DIGSI 5 engineering tool, you can download the
operation. Besides standard unit-type power plants (different
required functions from the library into the 7UM85 device. The
raw material sources), comprehensive protection is also possible
usable functional scope is limited by the ordered function
for nuclear power plants and for power plants that are started
points. You may order additional points without any problems.
with a starting converter (gas turbine power plants, for
example). The scalability of the devices with respect to hard- For your order, you can select the devices from various standard
ware design and functionality opens a wide field of applications. variants. Additional expansion modules permit the device to be
Selecting hardware and functionality as required, you can thus adapted to your specific application (see "Overview of the
cover the entire power spectrum of the machines (starting at standard variants").
approximately 1 MVA) at low costs. The devices are perfectly
suited for industrial applications, too. The large number of Essential differentiating characteristics
protection and automatic functions permits the device to be 7UM85 Flexible configuration of the hardware quantity structure for
used in all fields of electrical energy generation. analog inputs, binary inputs and outputs, measuring trans-
ducers and communication due to expandability with 1/6
The devices contain all important auxiliary functions that today expansion modules
are necessary for safe plant operation. This includes control,
measurement and monitoring functions. The large number of
communication interfaces and communication protocols satis-
fies the requirements of communication-based selective protec-
tion and of automated operation.

2.13/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

Description
The SIPROTEC 7UM85 generator protection device has been
designed specifically for the protection of generators and power
plant units. It contains all necessary main protection functions
and a large number of other protection and monitoring func-
tions. With its modular structure, flexibility and the powerful
DIGSI 5 engineering tool, SIPROTEC 7UM85 offers future-
oriented system solutions with high investment security and low
operating costs.

Main function Typical generator protection functions


Inputs and outputs 3 predefined standard variants with up to
8 current transformers and 8 voltage trans-
formers, 7 to 15 binary inputs, 9 to 20 binary
outputs
2 additional standard variants with 4 additional [SIP5_GD_SS_LED_W3, 1, --_--]
measuring transducers are in preparation
Figure 2.13/2 SIPROTEC 7UM85 generator protection (width: 1/3 x 19”
Hardware flexibility I/O quantity structure that can flexibly be
to 2 x 19”)
adapted and expanded within the scope of the
modular SIPROTEC 5 system. 1/6 expansion
modules can be added, available with large, • Universal overvoltage and undervoltage protection with
small or without display different measuring methods
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2 × 19"
• Overfrequency and underfrequency protection and frequency-
change protection
Benefits
• Protection functions for network decoupling (voltage and
• Safe and reliable protection of your plants frequency protection, directional reactive-power undervoltage
protection (QU protection))
• Purposeful and easy handling of devices and software thanks
to a user-friendly design • Switching protection to detect incorrect activation of the
circuit breaker
• Consistent implementation of high safety and security mecha-
nisms • Circuit-breaker failure protection
• Powerful communication components ensure safe and effec- • Circuit-breaker reignition monitoring
tive solutions
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
• High investment security and low operating costs due to tions in the device
future-oriented system solution 2.13
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
Functions (reporting and GOOSE)
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Optional pluggable communication modules, usable for
required. different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850,
• Short-circuit protection (overcurrent protection, impedance IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial
protection, differential protection) and TCP))

• Stator ground-fault protection (90% non-directional or direc- • Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
tional, 100% with 3rd harmonic, real 100% protection with distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
20-Hz voltage injection) wire connections and communication networks)

• Rotor ground-fault protection with different measuring • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
methods (ground-current or ground-resistance monitoring)
• Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
• High-precision reverse-power protection and universal power paper requirements
protection
• Phasor measurement unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured
• Underexcitation and overexcitation protection values and IEEE C37.118 protocol

• Unbalanced-Load Protection • Time synchronization using IEEE 1588


• Overload protection and temperature monitoring via external • Capturing operational measured variables and protection
RTD unit (with PT 100, for example) function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
support commissioning, and to analyze faults
• Out-of-Step Protection
• Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
• Shaft-current protection (in particular with hydropower appli- at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
cations)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.13/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

• Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning Generator busbar connection basis

• Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of • Basic protection functions
the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
• Generator differential protection
Applications
• Underexcitation Protection
• Protection of generators in busbar connection of different
power, with directional stator ground-fault protection. Generator unit connection basis
• Protection of generators in unit connection of different power • Basic protection functions
(using the 100% stator ground fault (20 Hz)) with larger
generators • Transformer differential protection as overall protection
(transformer + generator)
• Protection of power plant units with one device per protection • Underexcitation Protection
group. In the generator transformer version, the 7UM85
implements both generator and transformer protection. • 100% stator ground-fault protection with 3rd Harmonic
• In more complex power plant units (unit connection with Generator unit connection advanced
generator circuit breaker and several auxiliary transformers),
additional SIPROTEC 5 devices are used, such as 7UT8x, 7SJ82 • Basic protection functions
or 7SJ85 and 7SA, SD, SL86, at the upper-voltage side of the
generator transformer. • Transformer differential protection
• Using motor and generator protection functions (underexcita- • Generator differential protection
tion protection, for example) to protect synchronous motors
• Underexcitation Protection
Application Templates
Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
• Out-of-Step Protection
tions. They comprise basic configurations and default settings. • 100% stator ground-fault protection with 20-Hz coupling
The following application templates are available: • Synchronization function (without adjusting commands)
Generator basis
• Circuit-breaker failure protection
• Basic protection functions (overcurrent protection, stator
ground-fault protection, reverse-power protection, overexcita-
tion protection, voltage protection, frequency protection and
unbalanced-load protection),
• Rotor ground-fault protection (ground current measurement)
2.13

2.13/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

2.13

[dw_appl-02_legend, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.13/3 Application example: Protection of a generator in a busbar connection (application template: Generator busbar connection basis)

Application examples transformer (same transformation ratio). The rotor ground-fault


protection is implemented as coupling at power system
SIPROTEC 7UM85 - protection of generators in busbar connec-
frequency, and is based on the rotor ground-current measure-
tion
ment. A 7XR61 + 3PP1336 must be provided as accessory. A
This description gives an overview of an application of genera- base module and an expansion module (such as standard
tors in busbar connection. It is based on the application variant AA2 + IO201) are required as minimum device hardware.
template "Generator busbar connection basis“. Figure 2.13/3 Figure 2.13/3 shows also the internal functional structure of the
shows the single line diagram, the connection to the 7UM85, device. The measuring points are connected with the function
and the logical structure in the device. The ground current for groups. The function groups are also interconnected. Functions
the stator ground-fault protection is generated via a neutral- are allocated to function groups, and interconnected automati-
point transformer. Sensitive ground-fault detection must be cally. The FG Generator stator is the main function group. Differ-
implemented via a difference connection of the ground-current ential protection requires additional function groups. The rotor

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.13/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

ground-fault protection runs in the V/I, 1-phase FG. The Circuit- you may use additional Circuit breaker FGs. All linkages are
breaker function group controls the entire interaction with the preset in the application template. You need 100 function
circuit breaker. Additional functions, such as activating quick points for the template. If you want to use additional functions,
stop and actuating de-excitation, are activated via a direct you may have to increase the number of function points.
routing of the tripping signal to the relay contacts. Alternatively,

2.13

[dw_appl-03_legend, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.13/4 Application example: Protecting a generator in unit connection (application template: Generator unit connection basis)

SIPROTEC 7UM85 - protecting a generator in unit connection connection. The generator feeds power via the GSU transformer
into the power system. The application is based on the applica-
The example shows a typical implementation of a plant for small
tion template "Generator unit connection basis". Figure 2.13/4
to medium-sized generators (1 - 50 MVA, for example) in unit

2.13/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

shows the single line diagram, the connection to the 7UM85, device. It is almost identical to the busbar version. The differen-
and the logic structure in the device. The protection range of the tial protection was changed. It is to protect the generator and
90% stator ground-fault protection is guaranteed by the neutral- the transformer. A transformer differential protection must
point transformer with load resistor. The rotor ground-fault therefore be used with the associated function groups.
protection is implemented as coupling at power system
All linkages are preset in the application template. You need
frequency, and is based on the rotor ground-current measure-
125 function points for the template. If you want to use addi-
ment. A 7XR61 + 3PP1336 must be provided as accessory. A
tional functions, you may have to increase the number of func-
base module and an expansion module (such as standard
tion points.
variant AA2 + IO201) are required as minimum device hardware.
Figure 2.13/4 shows also the internal functional structure of the

2.13

[dw_appl-04_legend, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.13/5 Application example: Protection of a power plant unit (application template: Generator unit connection advanced)

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.13/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

SIPROTEC 7UM85 - protection of a power plant unit


The typical application shows a more complex version of a plant
for medium-sized to large generators (20 - 200 MVA, for
example) in unit connection. The auxiliary system is satisfied via
a separate infeed. This example is intended to show the
performance of the system. An expansion for plants with auxil-
iary transformer is possible. If necessary, a transformer differen-
tial protection may have to be added. The maximum number of
differential protection functions is limited to 3. The described
application is based on the application template "Generator unit
connection advanced". Figure 2.13/5 shows the single line
diagram, the connection to the 7UM85, and the logic structure
in the device.
The protection range of the 90% stator ground-fault protection
is guaranteed by the neutral-point transformer with load
resistor. To ensure 100% protection range, the 100% stator
ground fault with 20-Hz infeed is provided. This requires the
accessories 7XT33 and 7XT34 and a miniature current trans-
former. The rotor ground-fault protection is implemented as
coupling at power system frequency, and is based on a resist-
ance test. A 7XR61 + 3PP1336 must be provided as accessory. A
base module and two expansion modules (such as standard
variant AA3 + an additional IO201) are required as minimum
device hardware. Figure 2.13/5 shows also the internal func-
tional structure of the device. To locate the faulty piece of
equipment more rapidly, a stand-alone differential protection is
provided for the generator and for the transformer. This has an
effect on function group size and interconnection. In addition, a
circuit-breaker failure protection and the synchronization func-
tion are provided in the Circuit breaker FG. The adjusting
commands are carried out manually (automatic adjusting
commands are being prepared). The synchronization function
can be used to release manual synchronization. All linkages are
preset in the application template. You need 350 function
points for the template. If you want to use additional functions,
2.13
you may have to increase the number of function points.

2.13/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4

Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■


21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< ■ ■
24 Overexcitation protection V/f ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■ ■ ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "universal V< ■
Vx"
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protec- Q>/V< ■
tion
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
32R Reverse power protection - P< ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
37 Undercurrent I< ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
40 Underexcitation protection 1/xd ■ ■ ■ ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
46 Unbalanced-load protection (thermal) I2² t> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with I2>, ∠(V2,I2) ■
direction
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence- / V2/V1> ■
positive-sequence system
48 Starting-time supervision for motors I²start ■
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■ ■ ■ ■
49H Hot spot calculation θh, I²t ■
49R Thermal overload protection, rotor θR ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■ 2.13
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> ■
50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems INs> ■
with resonant or isolated neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> ■
50GN Shaft current protection INs> ■
50/27 Inadvertent energization protection I>, V<reset ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■
50RS Circuit-breaker restrike protection CBRS ■
50L Load-jam protection I>L ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" V> ■
or "universal Vx"
59N, 67Ns Stator ground fault protection (undirectional, V0>, ∠(V0,I0) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
directional)
27TH, 59TH, Stator ground fault protection with 3rd harmonics V03.H<, ■ ■
59THD V03.H>;
ΔV03.H
64S Stator ground fault protection 100% (20-Hz) RSG< ■ ■
64F, frated Rotor ground fault protection (IRG>, fn) IRG> ■ ■ ■ ■

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.13/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4

64F, frated Rotor ground fault protection (RRG>, fn) RRG< ■ ■


66 Restart inhibit for motors I²t ■
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠(V,I) ■
67N Directional overcurrent protection, ground IN>, ∠(V,I) ■
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
78 Out-of-step protection ΔZ/Δt ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
86 Lockout ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
87T Transformer differential protection ΔI ■ ■ ■
87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ΔIN ■
87M Motor differential protection ΔI ■
87G Generator differential protection ΔI ■ ■ ■
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
2.13
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■
Function-points class: 10 100 125 350
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.13/1 SIPROTEC 7UM85 - Functions and application templates


1 Generator basic
2 Generator busbar connection
3 Generator unit connection basic
4 Generator unit connection extended

2.13/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7UM85


AA1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4V, 4I
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
11 binary inputs
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast)
4 voltage transformer inputs
3 current transformer inputs
1 sensitive ground-current input
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
AA2 1/3, 7 BI, 14 BO, 4V, 4I,
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
7 binary inputs
14 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 8 fast),
4 voltage transformer inputs
3 current transformer inputs
1 sensitive ground-current input
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO208 modules
AA3 1/2, 15 BI, 20 BO, 8V, 8I,
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
15 binary inputs
20 binary outputs (1 life contact, 7 standard, 12 fast),
8 voltage transformer inputs
6 current transformer inputs
2 sensitive ground-current inputs
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO208 modules
Expansion module IO202
AA4 in preparation (V7.10 1/2, 11 BI, 16 BO, 7V, 8I, 4MU
and later) 2.13
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
11 binary inputs
16 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 10 fast),
7 voltage transformer inputs
6 current transformer inputs
2 sensitive ground-current inputs
4 fast measuring transducer inputs (alternatively 20 mA, 10 V)
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion module IO210

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.13/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Generator Protection – SIPROTEC 7UM85

AA5 2/3, 15 BI, 20 BO, 7V, 16I, 4MU


Housing width 1/2 x 19”
15 binary inputs
20 binary outputs (1 life contact, 5 standard, 14 fast),
7 voltage transformer inputs
14 current transformer inputs,
2 sensitive ground-current inputs
4 fast measuring transducer inputs (alternatively 20 mA, 10 V)
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules IO210 and IO203

Table 2.13/2 Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SJ85

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.13

2.13/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Busbar Protection
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

[dw_7SS85_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.14/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7SS85 Short designation Functional scope


The SIPROTEC 7SS85 busbar protection has been designed with 9 1 protection zone
the highest selectivity possible for a large variety of different A 2 protection zones
busbars and all voltage levels. Additional protection and control B 2 protection zones, disconnector image
functions extend the field of application to a comprehensive C 4 protection zones
station protection. D 4 protection zones, disconnector image
2.14 The SIPROTEC 7SS85 is suited for the following system configu- E Only Circuit-breaker failure protection
rations:
Table 2.14/1 Maximum functional scope of the "significant properties"
• Single busbars with/without transfer busbar
• Double busbars with/without transfer busbar Applications

• Triple busbars The central busbar protection SIPROTEC 7SS85 includes the
following maximum quantity structure:
• Breaker-and-a-half layout method • 201) (15 with CP200) 3-phase meas. points (current transf.)
• Dual circuit-breaker systems and one or two current trans- • 41) (2 with CP200) 3-phase meas. points (voltage transf.)
former(s) per feeder
• Truck-Type Switchgear • 26 (22 with CP200) bays (feeders, bus couplers, bus-section
disconnections)
• Systems with combined busbars (alternatively main/transfer • 4 bus sections (protection zones)
busbar).
• T circuit arrangements • 4 bus couplers (with 1 or 2 current transformers)
• H connection arrangement with busbar coupler or disconnec- • 2 auxiliary busbars (bus sections without measuring function)
tion
• Optional distributed binary inputs and outputs via protection
• Ring busbars. interface (PI) or IEC 61850 (GOOSE) open new plant concepts
1) Please consider that the maximum possible number of binary inputs and outputs decreases as
Specify "significant properties" to define the maximum scope of
the number of current and voltage measuring points increases. Consequently, a configuration
functions of your device. Each significant property is defined by
a short designation. with 20 current measuring points permits only 43 binary inputs and 43 binary outputs.

2.14/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

SIPROTEC 7SS85
The busbar protection SIPROTEC 7SS85 is a selective, safe and
fast protection against busbar short circuits in medium, high
and extra-high voltage systems with a large variety of busbar
configurations. Selection of the device basis functionalities
(significant properties) and the modular hardware structure
permit optimum adaptation of the SIPROTEC 7SS85 to a large
variety of system configurations and functional requirements up
to a comprehensive station protection.
Selection of the device basis functionalities (significant proper-
ties) and the modular hardware structure permit optimum adap-
tation of the SIPROTEC 7SS85 to a large variety of system config-
urations and functional requirements.
Benefits
• Safety by measuring methods proven and reliable for
25 years.
• Simple creation and adaptation of the configuration by the
user over the entire service life [SIP5_GD_SS_LED_LED_LED_W3, 1, --_--]

• Clearly structured by fully graphical engineering and online Figure 2.14/2 SIPROTEC 7SS85 – busbar protection
plant visualization with DIGSI 5
• Protection of up to 20 feeders with a single device • Three interacting methods of measurement allow minimum
tripping times after busbar faults and ensure maximum
Functions stability in case of large short-circuit currents
The table "Functions and templates" shows all functions that are • The integrated circuit-breaker failure protection recognizes
available in the SIPROTEC 7SS85. All functions can be configured circuit-breaker faults in the event of a busbar short circuit and
as required with DIGSI 5. Using some functions requires the provides a trip signal for the circuit breaker at the line end.
appropriate number of free function points to be available in the The adjacent busbar trips if a coupling circuit breaker fails
device. The function point calculator in the online configurator
provides support in determining the required number of func-
• There is extensive monitoring of current transformer circuits,
measured value acquisition and processing, and trip circuits.
tion points for your device. The necessary function points are
This prevents the protection from functioning too tightly or
also shown during project engineering with DIGSI 5.
too loosely, which reduces the effort for routine checks
Characteristic key values of SIPROTEC 7SS85
• Various control possibilities, such as bay out of order, acquisi-
• Phase-selective measurement and display tion blocking from disconnectors and circuit breakers,
blocking of protection zones or circuit-breaker failure protec-
• Selective tripping of faulty busbar sections tion, make the adaptation to operationally caused special 2.14
states of your system easier
• Disconnector-independent check zone as additional tripping
criterion • Optional 1/3-pole or 3-pole circuit-breaker failure protection
using the integrated disconnector image to trip all circuit
• Shortest tripping times (<7 ms) to ensure network stability breakers of the busbar section affected
and minimize damage to the system
• Highest stability in case of external faults, also in case of • Optional end-fault protection for the protection of the section
transformer saturation, through stabilization with flowing between circuit breaker and current transformer for feeders
currents and bus couplers

• Operate curve with freely adjustable characteristic curve • Direct tripping of protection zones through external signals
sections
• Release of the tripping of a protection zone through addi-
• Additional operate curve with increased sensitivity for low- tional external signals
current faults, for example in resistance-grounded power
systems
• Release of tripping through additional, external phase-selec-
tive signals
• Fast recognition of internal and external faults requires only • Optional overcurrent protection phase / ground per bay
2 ms of saturation-free time of the current transformer
• Using closed iron core or linearized current transformers in a • Optional voltage and frequency protection for up to two 3-
plant is possible phase voltage transformers. This may also be used for the
implementation of an integrated undervoltage release.
• Adaptation of different current transformer ratios per parame-
terization • Optional cross stabilization as additional tripping release in 3-
pole encapsulated gas-insulated switchgear.
• Straight-forward dimensioning of current transformers and Function library and application templates
stabilization factor

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.14/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

The flexibility of the SIPROTEC 7SS85 permits a large number of


possible plant configurations to be protected. In place of appli-
cation templates, DIGSI 5 makes a comfortable, fully graphical
interface for complete engineering of your busbar protection
available.
Significant Features
Use the “Significant properties" to select the basic device func-
tionalities. These properties are oriented to typical plant constel-
lations or applications.
For the SIPROTEC 7SS85 devices, each significant property has a
standard variant allocated (V1, V2, V3). Additional expansion
modules permit the device to be adapted to your specific appli-
cation (see "Overview of the Standard Variants").
Table 2.14/2 shows the basic scope of bays and the degree of
expansion of the hardware in accordance with the allocated
standard variant. Additional bays require additional function
points.
The significant property E “Only Circuit-breaker failure protec-
tion" is special. Here, the main protection function is the circuit-
breaker failure protection. The device permits independent,
complete backup protection for a circuit-breaker failure in the
station to be implemented.

2.14

2.14/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

Significant features
Brief description 9 A B C C E
Only circuit-
Main protection function Busbar differential protection breaker failure
protection
Busbar sections 1 2 2 4 4 4
Disconnector Image No No Yes No Yes Yes
Measuring points, 3-phase 20 (15 with 20 (15 with 20 (15 with 20 (15 with 20 (15 with 20 (15 with
(maximum) CP200) CP200) CP200) CP200) CP200) CP200)
Bays (maximum) 26 (22 with 26 (22 with 26 (22 with 26 (22 with 26 (22 with 26 (22 with
CP200) CP200) CP200) CP200) CP200) CP200)
Bays (included in the basic scope) 3 4 4 6 6 6
Related standard variant V1 V2 V2 V3 V3 V3
Included measuring points, 3-phase 3 4 4 6 6 6

Table 2.14/2 Significant properties and standard variants

Configuration and parameterization


The single-line diagram describes the primary topology of your
plant. From the DIGSI 5 library, add a SIPROTEC 7SS85 device
and the necessary function blocks. Connect the primary
elements of the single-line diagram (busbars, current trans-
formers, disconnectors, circuit breakers) to the inputs and
outputs of the device. This establishes a topological reference.
In DIGSI 5 online mode, the information that is important for
commissioning, operation and analysis is shown in the single-
line diagram. The switch positions are shown in addition to the
measured values of the feeders and the protection zones.
Additionally, you obtain information about special operational
states, for example in "Bay out or order" or reduced protection of
selectivity, with direct coupling of busbars via disconnectors
(busbar shunt by disconnectors). [dw_DwKennIs, 1, en_US]

Using standardized SIPROTEC 5 hardware ensures flexible adap- Figure 2.14/3 Standard Characteristic Curve
tation to a large variety of busbar configurations and simple
expandability. 2.14

Operate curve with increased sensitivity


In resistance-grounded networks, single-phase short circuits are
in the range of the rated currents. An independent characteristic
curve is available to provide busbar protection with appropriate
sensitivity in these cases, too. This characteristic curve provides
separated parameters for the pickup threshold and for a limita-
tion of the action area. For this case, too, the integrated circuit-
breaker failure protection has a corresponding characteristic
curve. The characteristic curve is activated via a binary input.
Detecting a high residual voltage as a characteristic of a single-
pole fault is one usual criterion.

[dw_DwEmpKen, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/4 Sensitive Characteristic Curve

Disconnector image
With multiple busbars, disconnectors can be used to switch bays
to different busbar sections (protection zones). For a correct
assignment of the bay currents to the appropriate protection

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.14/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

zones, the positions of the disconnectors are needed in busbar • Storage of the disconnector setting in the event of an auxil-
failure protection and in circuit-breaker failure protection. The iary-voltage failure
disconnector image that is integrated in the device performs the
dynamic administration of the switching states. In the event of a
• Convenient graphical project engineering with the DIGSI 5
operating program.
busbar fault, the necessary trip commands for the individual
circuit breakers are also generated via the disconnector image. • Dynamic graphical visualization of the switchgear with
DIGSI 5 in online mode.
This function is characterized by the following features:
Application templates
• Processing up to 26 bays and 4 busbar sections Project engineering of a double busbar
• Disconnector runtime and position monitoring The following Figure shows a typical structure of engineering
• Due to the program assignment "Disconnector NOT off = with DIGSI 5, the measuring points used, the function groups
Disconnector on", adjusted disconnector auxiliary contacts are used, and their interconnections.
not necessary.

2.14

[dw_Anwendbsp_Verbind-Feld-Koppl, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/5 Application example: Project engineering of a double busbar

2.14/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

Stub protection significant feature 9 (differential protection for a protection


zone), a tailored solution is available for you. With 2 such
devices, a so-called H connection can also be protected, if a
circuit breaker and a current transformer exist in the connection.
Protection of a single busbar
Single busbars can be segmented into several sections using
bus-section couplers (circuit breakers and current transformers)
or busbar disconnectors. With the variant with bus-section
coupler, every zone is selectively protectable.
With the variant with bus-section disconnectors, selective
protection is possible only with open disconnectors.
For this, the disconnector position must be recorded in the
device
According to the number of the busbar sections, the significant
feature 9 (differential protection for 1 protection zone), signifi-
cant feature A (differential protection for 2 protection zones)
and significant feature C (differential protection for 4 protection
zones) are used.
[dw_Dreibein, 1, en_US]
For more than 4 zones and bus-section couplers, two SIPROTEC
Figure 2.14/6 Application example: Stub 7SS85 devices are used.

The differential protection for so-called stubs requires a protec-


tion zone and inputs for 3 current measuring points. With the

2.14

[dw_LS_SS_Anlagen_1-teil, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/7 Application example: Single busbar with 7 feeders and bus-section coupler

H connections
H connections can be looked at as two single busbars, each with
2 feeders on both sides of the coupling or disconnection.
Accordingly, the significant feature A (differential protection for
2 protection zones) is used. The SIPROTEC 7SS85 must be
configured for 5 bays.

[dw_H-Schaltung, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/8 H connection with coupler or disconnector

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.14/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

Protection of a breaker-and-a-half arrangement Protection of a double busbar


Busbars in a breaker-and-a-half layout permit an uninterrupted Double-busbar systems allow the distribution of overall output
operation of infeed and feeders even during a busbar outage. and a flexible operations management. Each busbar or each
They are thus usually coupled during operation. switchable-busbar section can be selectively protected.
Breaker-and-a-half arrangements are protected like two single Since bays can be connected to various busbars (protection
busbars. A system as shown in Figure 2.14/9 requires a zones), the disconnector positions must be determined in the
SIPROTEC 7SS85 device with the significant property A (differen- busbar protection.
tial protection for 2 protection zones). The SIPROTEC 7SS85 In the integrated disconnector image, the dynamic updating of
must be designed for 10 bays (corresponds to 5 cross branches the switching state of the system occurs in accordance with the
or "diameters"). switch positions and the configured topology.
With more than 20 feeders (10 diameters), one SIPROTEC 7SS85 For a system in accordance with Figure 2.14/10 a SIPROTEC
device with the significant property 9 (Differential protection for
7SS85 device of the significant feature D (differential protection
1 protection zone) is used for each busbar. The middle circuit
for 4 protection zones and disconnector image) is needed.
breakers and current transformers are not relevant to the busbar
differential protection. In SIPROTEC 7SS85, however, a system-
encompassing circuit-breaker failure protection can be imple-
mented.

2.14
[dw_LS_SS_Anlagen_3-teil, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/9 1 1/2 circuit-breaker arrangement

[dw_Doppel_SS_Anlagen, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/10 Double busbar with bus coupler and bus-section disconnection

2.14/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

Systems with transfer busbars or combined busbars the feeder. Mostly a transfer busbar of one´s own is available
for this operation state. If one of the main busbars, on the basis
Transfer busbars are provided in order to continue to operate
of the disconnector topology, can also be used as transfer
feeders in cases of circuit-breaker revision or defect. In this
busbar, this is called a combined busbar.
circuit-breaker substitution mode, the circuit breaker in the
affected coupler assumes the function of the circuit breaker of

[dw_LS_SS_Anlagen_2-teil, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.14/11 Double busbar with combined busbar

For a system in accordance with Figure 2.14/11, a SIPROTEC


7SS85 device of the significant feature B (differential protection
for 2 protection zones and disconnector image) is needed.

2.14

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.14/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – SIPROTEC 7SS85

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■


Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole ■
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V< ■
V1" or "universal Vx"
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence V2> ■
system
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP ■
50EF End fault protection ■
59, 59N Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "zero seq. V> ■
V0" or "pos.seq. V1" or "universal Vx"
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■
87B Busbar differential protection ΔI ■
Cross stabilization ■
Bay ■
Broken-wire detection for differential protection ■
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half ■
circuit-breaker applications)
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
Measured values, standard ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■
Switching statistic counters ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■
2.14 CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■
Monitoring and supervision ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■
Disconnector ■
Function-points class: 0
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.14/3 SIPROTEC 7SS85 - Functions and application templates


1 Busbar standard

2.14/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – Standard variants

Standard variants

V1 1/2, 15 BI, 13 BO, 12 I


Housing width 1/2 x 19”
15 binary inputs
13 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 10 fast),
12 current transformers
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO203 modules
Expansion module IO201
V2 1/2, 11 BI, 11 BO, 16 I
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
11 binary inputs
11 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 8 fast)
16 current transformers
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO203 modules
Expansion module IO203
V3 2/3 15 BI, 15 BO, 24 I
Housing width 2/3 x 19”
15 binary inputs
15 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 12 fast)
24 current transformers
Contains the base module with PS201 and IO203 modules
2 expansion modules IO203

Table 2.14/4 Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7SS85

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.14

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.14/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Busbar Protection – Standard variants

2.14

2.14/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Bay Controllers
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD85, 6MD86

[dw_6md_anwendung, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.15/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 6MD85, 6MD86 The SIPROTEC 6MD86 devices are designed for applications in
the power transmission system. They can be used with a
SIPROTEC 5 bay controllers control and monitor plants of all
maximum variety of auxiliary functions. Both device types can
voltage levels. The large number of automatic functions permits
be flexibly configured in your hardware implementation.
the device to be used in all fields of energy supply.
The devices contain all important auxiliary functions that are Type 6MD85 6MD86
necessary for safe grid operation today. This includes functions
Circuit-breaker failure protection - Optional
for protection, control, measurement and monitoring. The large
Automatic reclosing - Optional
number of communication interfaces and communication proto-
Switching Sequences Optional ■
2.15 cols satisfies the requirements of communication-based selec-
tive protection and of automated operation. CFC arithmetic Optional ■
Measured-value Processing Optional ■
Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely,
Number of switching devices Optional ■
quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test
greater than 4
functions. Because of a modular structure design, the
Synchrocheck Optional ■
SIPROTEC 5 bay controllers can always be flexibly adapted to
specific requirements.
Table 2.15/1 Essential differentiating characteristics
Overview of the SIPROTEC 6MD85 and 6MD86 devices
The SIPROTEC 5 bay controllers are based on the flexible and Common points:
powerful SIPROTEC 5 modular system. When ordering, you can
select from among various standard variants. Expandability
• Configuration of a large number of protection functions
through supplemental modules allows for individual adaptation • Modular expansion of the quantity structure
to specific applications.
• Optionally usable as phasor measurement unit (PMU)
Sets of devices
The bay controllers are differentiated into SIPROTEC 6MD85 and
• Powerful automation with CFC.
SIPROTEC 6MD86 product groups.
Although the SIPROTEC 6MD85 devices are tailored for applica-
tions in distribution systems, they can also be used in high-
voltage and extra-high voltage applications.

2.15/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD85

Description
The SIPROTEC 6MD85 bay controller is a general-purpose control
and automation device with protection function. It has been
designed for utilization on all voltage levels, from distribution to
transmission. As a part of the SIPROTEC 5 family, it allows the
use of a large number of protection functions from the
SIPROTEC library. The modular hardware permits action-related
IOs to be integrated. Adapt the hardware exactly to your
requirements and rely on future-oriented system solutions with
high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Bay controller for medium voltage and high to


extra-high voltage switchgear with integrated
operation and extensive protection functions.
Powerful automation, simple configuration
with DIGSI 5
Inputs and outputs 5 predefined standard variants with 4 current
transformers, 4 voltage transformers, 11 to
75 binary inputs, 9 to 41 binary outputs [SIP5_GD_SS_W3, 1, --_--]

Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable and expandable I/O quantity Figure 2.15/2 SIPROTEC 6MD85 bay controller (1/3 device with
structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 1/6 expansion module with key switch operation panel)
modular system. For great requirements placed
on the quantity structure, the device can be
extended in the second row. For example, this • Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
permits an additional 240 binary inputs (and distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
more) to be used with the IO230 (see chapter wire connections and communication networks)
"Hardware")
• Capturing operational measured variables and protection
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19" function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
support commissioning, and to analyze faults
Functions
• Synchrophasor measured values integrated with IEEE C37.118
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as protocol (PMU)
required.
• Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
• Integrated bay controller with versatile protection function at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)
from medium to extra-high voltage • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Control of switching devices • Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
• Synchrocheck and switchgear interlocking protection the SIPROTEC 5 modular system
Applications
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
(reporting and GOOSE) The SIPROTEC 6MD85 bay controller is a general-purpose control
2.15
and automation device with protection function on the basis of
• Up to 4 pluggable communication modules, usable for
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, the SIPROTEC 5 system. The standard variants of the SIPROTEC
IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial and TCP), 6MD85 are delivered with instrument transformers. Further-
Modbus TCP) more, protection-class current transformers are also possible in
SIPROTEC 6MD85 so that protection functions can be used. Due
• Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR to its high flexibility, it is suitable as selective protection equip-
• Arc protection ment for overhead lines and cables with single-ended and multi-
ended infeed with two ends when protection communication is
• Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White- used. The device supports all SIPROTEC 5 system properties. It
paper requirements enables future-oriented system solutions with high investment
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func- security and low operating costs.
tions in the device Application example
• Optional overcurrent protection for all voltage levels with 3- Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
pole tripping tions. They comprise all basic configurations and default
• Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration settings.

• Selective protection of overhead lines and cables with single- The following application templates are available:
ended and multi-ended feeders using protection communica-
tion
• Overcurrent protection also configurable as emergency func-
tion

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD85

SIPROTEC 6MD85 standard contains the synchrocheck. The disconnectors are also
controlled by one function group each. Operational measured
• Double-busbar feeder with switchgear interlocking. values and energy measured values are calculated in the func-
SIPROTEC 6MD85 extended control tion group VI_3-phase, and are available for output on the
display, transmission to the station automation system and
• Additionally to 6MD85 standard, this includes the CFC blocks processing in the CFC. A switching sequence stored in the CFC
for switching sequences and arithmetic
which is triggered via a function key causes an automatic busbar
• Switching sequence for automatic busbar transfer preconfig- transfer.
ured (started by function key).
Application example with switching sequence
Figure 2.15/3 shows a simple application example with a
6MD85 on a double busbar. The circuit-breaker function group

2.15

[dw_6MD8-Bsp-Application-1, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/3 Application example: Bay controller 6MD85 for double busbar with switching sequence for busbar transfer

2.15/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD85

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "universal V< ■
Vx"
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" V> ■
or "universal Vx"
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■ ■
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■ 2.15
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Switching sequences function ■ ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■ ■
Function-points class: 0 0 20
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.15/2 SIPROTEC 6MD85 - Functions and application templates


1 Standard
2 Not Configured
3 Extended Control

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

Description
The SIPROTEC 6MD86 bay controller is a universal control and
automation device with a protection function. It is designed for
use in all voltage levels from distribution to transmission. As a
part of the SIPROTEC 5 family, it allows the use of a large
number of protection functions from the SIPROTEC library.
Adapt the hardware and the IO quantity structure exactly to
your requirements and enable future-oriented system solutions
with high investment security and low operating costs.

Main function Bay controller for medium voltage and high to


extra-high voltage switchgear with integrated
operation and comprehensive protection func-
tions. Powerful automation, simple configura-
tion with DIGSI 5.
Inputs and outputs 6 predefined standard variants with 8 current
transformers, 8 voltage transformers, 11 to
75 binary inputs, 9 to 41 binary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexible adjustable and expandable I/O quantity [SIP5_GD_SS_W3, 1, --_--]

structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 Figure 2.15/4 SIPROTEC 6MD86 (1/3 device with 1/6 expansion module
modular system. For great requirements placed with key switch operation panel)
on the quantity structure, the device can be
extended in the second row. For example,
240 (and more) binary inputs are possible with • Capturing operational measured variables and protection
the IO230 (see Section Hardware). function measured values to evaluate the plant state, to
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19" support commissioning, and to analyze faults
• Synchrophasor measured values with IEEE C37.118 protocol
Functions integrated (PMU)
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as • Powerful fault recording (buffer for a max. record time of 80 s
required. at 8 kHz or 320 s at 2 kHz)

• Integrated bay controller with versatile protection function • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
from medium to extra-high voltage
• Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure within the scope of
• Control of switching devices the SIPROTEC 5 modular system

• Synchrocheck, switchgear interlocking protection and switch- Applications


related protection functions, such as circuit-breaker failure The SIPROTEC 6MD86 bay controller is a universal control and
protection and automatic reclosing automation device with a protection function based on the
• Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850 SIPROTEC 5 system. The standard variants of the SIPROTEC
(reporting and GOOSE) 6MD86 are delivered with instrument transformers. Further-
2.15 more, protection-class current transformers are also possible in
• Up to 4 pluggable communication modules usable for SIPROTEC 6MD86 so that protection functions can be used. Due
different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, IEC
to its high flexibility, it is suitable as selective protection equip-
60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, DNP3 (serial+TCP), Modbus
ment for overhead lines and cables with single-ended and multi-
TCP)
ended infeeds when protection communication is used. The
• Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR device supports all SIPROTEC 5 system properties. It enables
future-oriented system solutions with high investment security
• Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White- and low operating costs.
paper requirements
Application Templates
• Arc protection
The following application templates are available:
• Graphical logic editor to create powerful automation func-
tions in the device SIPROTEC 6MD86 standard double busbar

• Optional overcurrent protection with 3-pole tripping • Double busbar feeder with switchgear interlocking protection
• Also used in switchgear with breaker-and-a-half configuration • Synchrocheck for circuit breaker
• Overcurrent protection also configurable as emergency func- • Switching sequence for automatic busbar switchover precon-
tion figured (triggered by function key)
• Secure serial protection data communication, also over great
distances and all available physical media (fiber-optic cable, 2-
wire connections and communication networks)

2.15/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

SIPROTEC 6MD86 breaker-and-a-half type 1 Double busbar with protection functions


• Control of a breaker-and-a-half diameter (3 circuit breakers, In Figure 2.15/5 the double busbar feeder is controlled and also
14 disconnectors) protected by a 6MD86. For this purpose, circuit-breaker failure
protection and automatic reclosing are activated in the Circuit
• Synchrocheck for the three circuit breakers with dynamic breaker function group. The function group VI_3-phase includes
measuring point switchover.
the protection functions overvoltage protection, frequency
SIPROTEC 6MD86 breaker-and-a-half type 2 protection and power protection. In contrast to Figure 2.15/3, it
• Control of part of a 1 1/2 circuit-breaker layout bay is therefore connected to the circuit breaker so that the resulting
trip signals have a destination. Such linkages can be quickly and
• Supports concepts with multiple bay controllers per bay flexibly created in the DIGSI editor “Function-group connections”
(Figure 2.15/6).
• Circuit-breaker failure protection and automatic reclosing.

2.15

[dw_6MD8-Bsp-Application-2, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/5 Application example: Bay controller 6MD86 for double busbar with protection functions

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

Breaker-and-a-half diameter with protection and control


systems
Figure 2.15/7 zshows a breaker-and-a-half diameter with
protection and control system. Protection is ensured by two line
protection devices SIPROTEC 7SL87 which also include circuit-
breaker failure protection and automatic reclosing of the three
circuit breakers. All swi tching devices and the synchrocheck of
the circuit-breakers are controlled by the bay controller
SIPROTEC 6MD86.Figure 2.15/8 shows the functions of
[Schutzobjekt, 1, en_US]
SIPROTEC 6MD86.

Figure 2.15/6 Assignment of the function group with protection func-


tions to the switch (protected object)

2.15

2.15/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

2.15

[dw_1-5_CB-Feldleit-, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/7 Application example: Breaker-and-a-half layout with one bay controller and two line protection devices (overview)

Figure 2.15/8 shows the principle of dynamic changeover of bilities each for both voltages, depending on the position of the
measured voltage values for the synchrocheck functions of the disconnectors and the circuit-breakers. For the two exterior
three circuit-breakers in the bay controller SIPROTEC 6MD86. circuit-breakers QA1 and QA3, there is only one possibility for
Every synchrocheck function (ANSI number 25) requires the two one voltage (that is, the adjacent busbar), whereas the other
voltages Vsync1 and Vsync2 (feeder voltage and reference voltage is connected with one of three possibilities (also
voltage). For the central circuit-breaker QA2 there are two possi- depending on the position of the switching device).

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

2.15

[dw_6MD8-Bsp-Application-3, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/8 Application example: Breaker-and-a-half layout with one bay controller and two line protection devices (detail for bay controller)

2.15/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

[Spannungskanäle, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/9 Mapping of the possible voltage channels to the three circuit-breaker function groups

Figure 2.15/9 shows the mapping in the editor “Function Group The ID number of the measured values is used to select the pres-
Connections”. All voltages that are possible as feeder or refer- ently applied operational voltages in a CFC (Figure 2.15/10).
ence voltage for the synchrocheck are assigned to the inputs
Vsync1 or Vsync2.
2.15

[CFC, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/10 CFC for selection of the synchrocheck reference voltages

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

Phasor Measurement Unit When selecting the option “Phasor Measurement Unit”, the
devices determine current and voltage phasors, provide them
PMUs measure current and voltage by amount and phase at
with highly accurate time stamps and transmit them for analysis
selected stations of the transmission system. The high-precision
together with other measured values (frequency, speed of
time synchronization (via GPS) allows comparing measured
frequency change) using the IEEE C37.118 communication
values from different substations far apart and drawing conclu-
protocol, see Figure 2.15/12. Using synchrophasors and a suit-
sions as to the system state and dynamic events such as power
swing conditions. able analysis program (for example SIGUARD PDP) it is possible
to automatically detect power swings and trigger alarms, which
are sent to the control center, for example.

[Zeigermessung (PMU), 1, --_--]

Figure 2.15/11 Principle of distributed phasor measurement

2.15

2.15/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

[dw_struct_WAM, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/12 Connection of 3 Phasor Mesurement Units with two Phasor Data Concentrators (PDCs) SIGUARD PDP

When using the PMU function, a function group “FG PMU” is protocol. There, the data can be received, stored and processed
created in the device. This function group calculates the phasors by one or more clients. Up to three client IP addresses can be
and analog values, conducts the time stamping and sends the assigned in the device.
data to the selected Ethernet interface using the IEEE C37.118

2.15

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/12
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

[dw_6MD8-Bsp-Application-4, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.15/13 Application example: Double busbar with 6MD86, used as bay controller and Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)
2.15

2.15/13 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4

Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync ■ ■ ■ ■
27 Undervoltage protection: "3-phase" or "universal V< ■
Vx"
32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> ■
38 Temperature Supervision θ> ■
46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection I2> ■
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t ■
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> ■ ■ ■ ■
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> ■
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> ■
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF ■
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 3-pole CBFP ■ ■
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) ■
59 Overvoltage protection: "3-phase" or "pos.seq. V1" V> ■
or "universal Vx"
74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS ■
79 Automatic reclosing, 3-pole AR ■ ■
81 Frequency protection: "f>" or "f<" or "df/dt" f>,<; df/dt>,< ■
86 Lockout ■
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding trans- ■
former
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling trans- ■
former
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
AFD Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC- ■
CD-3FO)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■ 2.15
Switching statistic counters ■ ■ ■ ■
Circuit breaker wear monitoring ΣIx, I²t, 2P ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■ ■ ■ ■
Switching sequences function ■ ■
Inrush current detection ■
External trip initiation ■
Control ■ ■ ■ ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■
Protection interface, serial ■
Circuit Breaker ■ ■ ■ ■
Disconnector ■ ■ ■ ■
Function-points class: 0 0 0 75
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.15/3 SIPROTEC 6MD86 - Functions and application templates

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/14
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – SIPROTEC 6MD86

1 Not Configured
2 1.5 CB type1
3 Standard Double Busbar
4 1.5 CB type2

2.15

2.15/15 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – Standard variants

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 6MD85


J1 1/3, 11 BI, 9 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
11 binary inputs
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
J2 1/2, 27 BI, 17 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
27 binary inputs
17 binary outputs (1 life contact, 10 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion module IO207
J4 2/3, 43 BI, 25 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 2/3 x 19”
43 binary inputs
25 binary outputs (1 life contact, 18 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules 2 x IO207
J5 5/6, 59 BI, 33 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 2/3 x 19”
59 binary inputs
33 binary outputs (1 life contact, 26 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules 2.15
Expansion modules 3 x IO207
J7 1/1, 75 BI, 41 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/1 x 19”
75 binary inputs
41 binary outputs (1 life contact, 34 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules 4 x IO207

Table 2.15/4 Standard variants for bay controllers SIPROTEC 6MD85

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/16
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 6MD86


The standard variants of the 6MD86 also include an Ethernet communication module, a large display and key switch (starting with type K2)
K1 1/3, 11 BI, 9BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
1 electrical Ethernet module ETH-L1-2EL
11 binary inputs
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
K2 1/2, 27 BI, 17 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
1 electrical Ethernet module ETH-L1-2EL
27 binary inputs
17 binary outputs (1 life contact, 10 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion module IO207
K4 2/3, 43 BI, 25 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 2/3 x 19”
1 electrical Ethernet module ETH-L1-2EL
43 binary inputs
25 binary outputs (1 life contact, 18 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules 2 x IO207
K5 5/6, 59 BI, 33 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 5/6 x 19”
1 electrical Ethernet module ETH-L1-2EL
2.15 59 binary inputs
33 binary outputs (1 life contact, 26 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules 3 x IO207
K7 1/1, 75 BI, 41 BO, 4 I, 4 V
Housing width 1/1 x 19”
1 electrical Ethernet module ETH-L1-2EL
75 binary inputs
41 binary outputs (1 life contact, 34 standard, 6 fast)
4 sensitive current transformer inputs,
4 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules 4 x IO207

2.15/17 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – Standard variants

K8 1/1, 67 BI, 39 BO, 8 I, 8 V


Housing width 1/1 x 19”
1 electrical Ethernet module ETH-L1-2EL
67 binary inputs
39 binary outputs (1 life contact, 26 standard, 12 fast)
8 sensitive current transformer inputs,
8 voltage transformer inputs
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules IO202, 3 x IO207

Table 2.15/5 Standard variants for bay controllers SIPROTEC 6MD86

The technical data of the devices can be found in the manual


www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.15

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.15/18
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Bay Controllers – Standard variants

2.15

2.15/19 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

Fault Recorder
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

[dw_7KE85_anwendung, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.16/1 Fields of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices

SIPROTEC 7KE85 • Additional quality information supplements the records


SIPROTEC Fault Recorders are a component part of the • Power Quality recordings
SIPROTEC 5 modular system and support all SIPROTEC 5 system
properties. They can be used individually as well as universally • Recording of GOOSE messages in a continuous recorder.
within the scope of system solutions.
Distinguishing features
The SIPROTEC 7KE85 Fault Recorder is designed to suit present
and future requirements in a changing energy market. Powerful The SIPROTEC 7KE85 Fault Recorder can be configured with
and reliable monitoring combined with flexible engineering and different basic functions.
communication features provide the basis for maximum supply
reliability. Basic functions
2.16 Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely, Fault Recorder Comprehensive flexible, event-triggered and
continuous recording options
quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test
functions. Through their modular structure, SIPROTEC 5 fault PMU Synchrophasor measurement (PMU) as per
C37.118 (2011)
recorders can always be flexibly adapted to specific require-
ments. Power Quality record- Continuous measurement of events and fail-
ings ures in the electrical energy supply system
The SIPROTEC 7KE85 Fault Recorder has the following additional according to IEC 61000-4-30
functionalities compared to the SIPROTEC 5 protection devices
and bay controllers.
• Sampling configurable from 1 to 16 kHz
• Mass storage of 16 GB
• All recorders capable of running in parallel
• Individually triggered recorders
• Continuous recorders
• Separate activation of the recorders
• Freely configurable memory for each recorder

2.16/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

Description
Powerful fault recorders with integrated measurement of
synchrophasors (PMU) according to IEEE C37.118 and power
quality measurement according to IEC 61000-4-30. Due to the
great flexibility of trigger functions, the SIPROTEC 7KE85 is
ideally suited for monitoring the entire energy value added
chain, from generation to distribution. The powerful automation
and flexible configuration with DIGSI 5 complements the range
of functions.

Main function Fault Recorder


Inputs and outputs 4 predefined standard variants with up to
40 current transformers and 40 voltage trans-
formers, 43 binary inputs, 33ìbinary outputs
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable and expandable I/O quantity
structure within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5
modular system
Housing width 1/3 to 1/1 x 19"

[SIP5_GD_SS_LED_LED_LED_W3, 1, --_--]
Benefits
Figure 2.16/2 Fault recorder SIPROTEC 7KE85 (1/3 device with expan-
• Clearly organized documentation and focused analysis of sion modules)
power system processes and failures
• Data security and transparency over the entire lifecycle of the • Lossless data compression
plant save time and money
• Purposeful and simple operation of the devices and software • Time synchronization via Precision Time Protocol (PTP)
IEEE 1588 protocol, IRIG-B, DCF77, and SNTP
thanks to user-friendly design
• Increased reliability and quality of the engineering process • Routing of the measured values to the individual recorders as
desired
• Powerful communication components ensure secure and • Combination of the measuring groups for the power calcula-
effective solutions tion as desired
• Full compatibility between IEC 61850 Editions 1 and 2 • Quality attributes for representing the instantaneous signal
quality in the time signal view
• Highly available Ethernet communication due to integrated
Ethernet redundancy protocols PRP and HSR • Trigger functions of a function block are fundamental compo-
nent value, RMS value, zero-sequence, positive-sequence,
Functions
negative-sequence system power, frequency power, Σ active
DIGSI 5 permits all functions to be configured and combined as power, Σ reactive power and Σ apparent power
required.
• Level trigger and gradient trigger for every trigger function
• Up to 40 analog channels
• Flexible cross trigger and system trigger, manual trigger
• Fast-Scan Recorder 2.16
• Creation of independent trigger functions with the graphic
• Up to 2 slow-scan recorders automation editor CFC (continuous function chart)

• Up to 5 continuous recorders and 2 trend recorders • Trigger functions via a combination of single-point, double-
point indications, analog values, binary signals, Boolean
• Power Quality recordings according to IEC 61000-4-30 signals and GOOSE messages
(harmonics, THD, TDD - in preparation)
• Consistent monitoring concept
• Sequence-of-events recorder for continuous recording of
binary status changes and IEC 61850 GOOSE messages • Auxiliary functions for simple tests and commissioning
• Usable as Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) according to • Special test mode for commissioning
IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Transmission of the records and triggering via IEC 61850 • Integrated electrical Ethernet RJ45 for DIGSI 5 and IEC 61850
(reporting and GOOSE)
GOOSE messages
• Variable sampling frequencies parameterizable between 1 kHz • Redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
and 16 kHz • Cyber security in accordance with NERC CIP and BDWE White-
paper requirements
• Distribution of the mass storage of 16 GB to the various
recorders by the user as desired
• Intelligent monitoring routines of the storage medium ensure
a high level of availability and integrity for archived data

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.16/2
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

• Up to 4 pluggable communication modules usable for Application Templates


different and redundant protocols
Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard applica-
• Intelligent terminal technology enable prewiring and a simple tions. They comprise basic configurations and default settings.
device replacement
The following application templates are available:
Applications
Fault Recorder 4 V / 4 I / 11 BI
The fault recorder is for use in medium, high and extra-high
voltage systems and in power plants with comprehensive trigger • Application templates related to the monitoring of a total of 8
current/voltage transformers.
and recording functions. With the fault recorder SIPROTEC
7KE85, you receive a clearly organized and event-related evalua- Fault Recorder 8 V / 11 BI
tion and documentation of your power system processes. You
• Application templates related to the monitoring of a total of 8
are thereby able to analyze failures in a targeted manner and voltage transformers.
optimize your power system.
Fault Recorder 8 V / 8 I / 19 BI
Typical processes to be monitored and documented:
• Application templates related to the monitoring of a total of
• System incidents, such as critical load cases or short circuits 16 current/voltage transformers.
• Failures of the quality of supply Fault Recorder 20 V / 20 I / 43 BI

• Dynamic behavior of generators • Application templates related to the monitoring of a total of


40 current/voltage transformers.
• Closing and breaking operations of transformers (saturation
response)
• Power fluctuations and power-swing cycles
• Test runs during commissioning.

2.16

[dw_7KE85_Applicationsbsp-1, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.16/3 Application example: Fault Recorder SIPROTEC 7KE85 for monitoring a feeder

Fault recorder for monitoring feeders feeders. In these examples, the various triggers are provided via
function group “FG VI_3-phase” and are available to the function
Figure 2.16/3 and Figure 2.16/4 show simple application exam-
group “FG Recorder” and, thus, to the event-triggered recorders.
ples with a SIPROTEC 7KE85, which is connected for monitoring
In parallel, individually generated trigger functions (combination

2.16/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

of GOOSE messages, single-point/double-point indications,


binary signals, etc.) can start a recorder via the CFC and thus
generate a fault record.

[dw_7KE85_Applicationsbsp-2, 2, en_US]

2.16
Figure 2.16/4 Application example: Fault Recorder SIPROTEC 7KE85 for monitoring two feeders

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.16/4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

[dw_7KE85_Applicationsbsp-PMU, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.16/5 Application example: Double busbar with SIPROTEC 7KE85 used as a Fault Recorder and Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)

Fault Recorder with PMU


When the PMU function is used, a “FG PMU” function group is
2.16 created in the device, see Figure 2.16/5. This function group
calculates the phasor and analog values, performs the time
stamping and transmits the data with the protocol IEEE C37.118
to the selected Ethernet interface. There, they can be received
from one or more clients, saved and processed. Up to three IP
addresses from clients can be assigned in the device.
Phasor Measurement Unit
PMUs measure current and voltage by amount and phase at
selected stations of the transmission system. The high-precision
time synchronization (via GPS) allows comparing measured
values from different substations far apart and drawing conclu-
sions as to the system state and dynamic events such as power
swing conditions.

2.16/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

When selecting the option “Phasor Measurement Unit”, the


devices determine current and voltage phasors, provide them
with highly accurate time stamps and transmit them for analysis
together with other measured values (frequency, speed of
frequency change) using the IEEE C37.118 communication
protocol, see Figure 2.16/. Using synchrophasors and a suitable
analysis program (for example SIGUARD PDP) it is possible to
automatically detect power swings and trigger alarms, which
are sent to the control center, for example.

[Zeigermessung (PMU), 1, --_--]

Figure 2.16/6 Principle of distributed phasor measurement

2.16

[dw_struct_WAM, 1, en_US]

Figure 2.16/7 Connection of 3 Phasor Mesurement Units with two Phasor Data Concentrators (PDCs) SIGUARD PDP

When using the PMU function, a function group “FG PMU” is protocol. There, the data can be received, stored and processed
created in the device. This function group calculates the phasors by one or more clients. Up to three client IP addresses can be
and analog values, conducts the time stamping and sends the assigned in the device.
data to the selected Ethernet interface using the IEEE C37.118

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.16/6
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

[dw_7KE85_Applicationsbsp-PMU, 2, en_US]

Figure 2.16/8 Application example: Double busbar with SIPROTEC 7KE85 used as a fault recorder and Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)

2.16

2.16/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

Pre-trigger time (max.)

Sampling/resolution
Common data class

Seal-in time (max.)


(IEC 61850)

Posting time
SMV/MV 3s 90 s 1 kHz to 16 kHz -
Fast-Scan recorder
SPS 3s 90 s 1 ms -
MV 90 s 5400 s MVs every 10 1 - 3000 cycles
Slow-Scan recorder ms
SPS 90 s 5400 s 1 ms -
Continuous recorder MV - - MVs every 10 1 s - 900 s
ms
SMV = Sample Measured Values / SPS = Single Point Status / MV = Measured Values

Table 2.16/1 Overview of the recorders

Recorder for this purpose. Furthermore, up to 2 independent instances of


the slow-scan recorder can be created.
Fast-Scan recorder
Continuous recorder
Transient processes, short circuits or ground faults and also the
behavior of protection devices can be analyzed by using the The SIPROTEC 7KE85 has up to 5 continuous recorders that are
fast-scan recorder. Transient processes can be tripped, for used for data acquisition of the analog quantities and internally
example, by switching operations. The fast-scan recorder can recorded measured values over longer time frames. This makes
record the history of the sampled values of all analog inputs, it possible to perform an exact long-term analysis of the system
internally calculated measured values and binary signals when behavior.
an error occurs for over 90 seconds with a pre-trigger time of
For each recorded quantity of the continuous recorder, an
3 seconds. The sampling rate can be set between 20 and
average value is formed over an adjustable time period and
320 sampled values per cycle. This corresponds to a sampling
stored in memory. Each of these recorders can be separately
frequency of 1 kHz to 16 kHz.
activated. The user can set the available memory space in the
Binary changes are recorded at a resolution of 1 ms. The input ring archive specifically for each recorder.
signals are analyzed according to the specified trigger condi-
Trigger functions
tions and recorded if the limiting values are violated. This
recorded fault record includes the pre-trigger time, the trigger The event-triggered recorders (fast-scan and slow-scan) have a
point and the fault recording. In addition, the cause that trips large number of analog and binary triggers that enable the user
the trigger is saved. The trigger limiting values and record times to record the particular system problem exactly and avoid
can easily be set with DIGSI 5. unnecessary recordings. The input signals are thus queried
corresponding to the trigger conditions and start the fault
Slow-Scan recorder
record recording. In the SIPROTEC 7KE85, all triggers can also be
The function principal resembles that of the fast-scan recorder, assigned multiple times to the various recorders. 2.16
but the values are calculated every 10 ms and communicated
Analog trigger
over a configurable interval. The averaging interval can be
configured from a nominal period up to 3000 nominal periods. The analog triggers are essentially subdivided into level and
The averaged values are stored by the slow-scan recorder as a gradient triggers. Level triggers monitor measurands for
recording in mass storage. Binary changes are recorded, similar conformity to the configured limiting values (min/max). As soon
to the fast-scan recorder, at a resolution of 1 ms. as the measurand exceed or fall below the respective limiting
value, the trigger is tripped. Gradient triggers respond to the
Slow-scan recorders are therefore very well-suited for detecting,
level change over time.
for example, the load conditions before, during and after a
failure and, thus, also power-swing cycles. Each analog trigger can be configured as primary, secondary or
percentage value. A distinction is made here between
The slow-scan recorder can record the history of sampled values
frequency, voltage, current and power triggers. With current
from all analog inputs, internally calculated measured values
and voltage as trigger variables, it is possible to select between
and binary signals when an error occurs for over 90 minutes
fundamental, RMS or symmetric components.
with a pre-trigger time of 90 seconds. Here, too, the input
signals are analyzed according to the specified trigger condi- Binary trigger
tions and recorded if the limiting values are violated. These fault A binary trigger starts a recording via the logical status change
records include the pre-trigger time, the trigger point and the of a binary signal. Along with the manual trigger, which can be
fault recording. In addition, the cause that trips the trigger is tripped via the device keypad, DIGSI 5 or any IEC 61850 client
saved. The user sets trigger values and record times in DIGSI 5 (for example, SICAM PAS/PQS), the triggering can occur via

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.16/8
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

binary input (external trigger) or IEC 61850 GOOSE messages


via the communication network. The logic triggers are imple-
mented via the powerful graphical logic editor (CFC). In this
case, the free combination of all available analog values (abso-
lute values or phases), binary signals, Boolean signals, GOOSE
messages, single-point and double-point indications is possible
via Boolean or arithmetic operations.
As a user, you can thus set the trigger conditions appropriate for
your problem and start the recording.

2.16

2.16/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – SIPROTEC 7KE85

Functions, application templates

ANSI Functions Abbr. Template

Available
1 2 3 4

Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used PMU ■
for max. 8 voltages and 8 currents)
Measured values, standard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC (Standard, Control) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CFC arithmetic ■
Fault recording of analog and binary signals ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Monitoring and supervision ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
FSR Fast-scan recorder FSR ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
SSR Slow-scan recorder SSR ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
CR Continuous recorder CR ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
TR Trend recorder TR ■
PQR Power Quality recordings (functionalities) PQR ■
Sequence of events recorder SOE ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
ExTrFct Extended trigger functions ExTrFct ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Function-points class: 0 0 0 0
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.16/2 SIPROTEC 7KE85 - Functions and application templates


1 Fault recorder 4V/4C/11BI
2 Fault recorder 8V/11BI
3 Fault recorder 8V/8C/19BI
4 Fault recorder 20V/20C/43BI

2.16

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 2.16/10
SIPROTEC 5 Devices and Fields of Application
Fault Recorder – Standard variants

Standard variants

Standard variants for SIPROTEC 7KE85


N1 1/3 x 19”, 4 V, 4 I, 11 BI, 9 BO
Housing width 1/3 x 19”
4 voltage transformer inputs
4 current transformer inputs
11 binary inputs
9 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 6 fast)
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
N2 1/3 x 19”, 8 V, 11 BI, 3 BO
Housing width 1/3 x 19”,
8 voltage transformer inputs,
11 binary inputs,
3 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard)
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO211 modules
N5 1/2 x 19”, 8 V, 8 I, 19 BI, 15 BO
Housing width 1/2 x 19”
8 voltage transformer inputs
8 current transformer inputs
19 binary inputs
15 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 30 fast)
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules IO202
N6 1 x 19”, 20 V, 20 I, 43 BI, 33 BO
Housing width 1/1 x 19”
20 voltage transformer inputs
20 current transformer inputs
43 binary inputs
33 binary outputs (1 life contact, 2 standard, 30 fast)
Includes the base module with PS201 and IO202 modules
Expansion modules IO202

The technical data of the device can be found in the device


2.16
manual www.siemens.com/siprotec

2.16/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
www.siemens.com/siprotec

SIPROTEC 5 System
SIPROTEC 5 System

Chapter

Functional Integration 3.1

Protection 3.2

Control 3.3

Automation 3.4

Monitoring 3.5

Data Acquisition and Recording 3.6

Communication 3.7

Safety and Security Concept 3.8

Test 3.9

Engineering 3.10

Hardware 3.11

3/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Functional Integration

cation flexibility, this expands the field of application and opens


Due to the modular construction of their hardware and
up a wide variety of possibilities in meeting requirements for
software, and their functional integration, SIPROTEC 5
present and future power systems. With SIPROTEC 5, you are on
devices are well suited for all tasks in the energy sector.
the safe side for your application. The following figure shows
The SIPROTEC 5 devices include:
the possible functional expansion of a SIPROTEC 5 device.
• Protection
• Control and automation
• Supervision and monitoring
• Data acquisition and logging
• Communication and cyber security
• Test and Diagnosis
Due to the modular design of the hardware and software and
the powerful engineering tool DIGSI 5, SIPROTEC 5 is ideally suit-
able for protection, automation, measurement and monitoring
tasks for the operation and monitoring of modern power
systems.
The devices are not only pure protection and electronic control
units; their performance enables them to assure functional inte-
gration of desired depth and scope. For example, they can also
serve to perform monitoring, synchrophasor measurement
(phasor measurement), powerful fault recording, a wide range
of measuring functions and much more, concurrently, and they
have been designed to facilitate future extensions.
[dw_funktionale-Integration, 1, en_US]
SIPROTEC 5 provides extensive, precise data acquisition and bay
level logging for these functions. Combined with its communi- Figure 3.1/1 Possible functional expansion of SIPROTEC 5 devices

3.1

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.1/1
SIPROTEC 5 System
Functional Integration – Instrument and protection-class current transformers

[dw_two-winding-temp_02, 1, en_US]

Figure 3.1/2 Protection of a transformer

Faster results with application templates (FGs) correspond to the primary components (protected object,
transformer side 1, transformer side 2, neutral point, trans-
A common function library makes available all protection, auto-
former; circuit-breaker switching devices) thereby simplifying
3.1 mation, monitoring and auxiliary functions for the SIPROTEC 5
the direct reference to the actual system. For example, if your
devices. The same functions are truly the same for all devices.
switchgear includes 2 circuit breakers, this is also represented by
Once established, configurations can be transferred from device
2 “Circuit breaker" function groups
to device. This results in substantially reduced engineering
effort. Instrument and protection-class current transformers
Predefined application templates are available in DIGSI 5 for The flexibility of the SIPROTEC 5 family enables even greater
every device type. These already contain basic configurations, functional integration and parallel processing of an extremely
required functions and default settings. In addition, you can wide range of functions. The modular hardware enables an
save a device as a master template in a user-defined library and application-specific device configuration. If you also want to use
use it again as such for your typical applications. This saves time the Synchrophasor measurement (phasor measurement) func-
and money. The capability of saving user-defined application tion, that is, the high-precision acquisition of current and
templates is in preparation. voltage phasors and the variables derived from them such as
power and frequency, this function can be assigned to the
Figure 3.1/2 shows an example of a transformer in a system
measuring input. Another possible application is monitoring
configuration in which the functions in the application template
power quality characteristics.
are combined into function groups (FGs). The function groups

3.1/2 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Functional Integration – Instrument and protection-class current transformers

Figure 3.1/3 shows the connection to an instrument trans-


former and protection-class current transformer for a feeder.
The necessary protection functions are assigned to the protec-
tion-class current transformer and the measuring functions are
assigned to the instrument transformer according to the applica-
tion.
The high-precision measured values and status information
provided by the SIPROTEC 5 devices can be transmitted over the
high-performance communication system to automation
systems such as a SICAM substation automation technology and
power systems control or central analysis systems (for example,
SIGUARD PDP). In particular, the control and monitoring of intel-
ligent power systems require information from power genera-
tors (conventional or renewable energies) and from consumers
(lateral lines). The required information may be measured
values, switching statuses, or messages from protection and
monitoring functions. In addition to performing local protection,
control and monitoring tasks, the SIPROTEC 5 devices are an
excellent data source. The flexible communication among the
devices enables them to be combined in various communication
topologies. In this context, the widely used Ethernet-based
communications standard IEC 61850 offers many advantages.

[dw_Anschl_Feldgeraete, 1, en_US]

Figure 3.1/3 Connection of bay units to instrument transformers and


protection-class current transformers

The modular, flexible structure of the hardware and soft- 3.1


ware ensures perfectly customized solutions for all your
requirements in the network.
With SIPROTEC 5, you have flexibility throughout the entire
product lifecycle, and your investment is thus protected.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.1/3
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – The distance-protection function (ANSI 21, 21N) – classical method

Protection voltages and the use of a voltage memory make optimal direc-
tion determination possible.
Quadrilateral zone characteristics
The quadrilateral operate curve permits separate setting of the
reactance X and the resistance R. The resistance portion R can
be set separately for errors with or without ground involvement.
This characteristic is therefore best suited for detecting high-
impedance errors. Applications with ground-fault-dependent
reactance radius per zone can be covered as well by simply
using additional distance zones. Each distance zone can be set
separately to operate for ground faults only, for phase faults
only or for all fault types.
The distance zones can be set forward, backward or non-direc-
tional (Figure 3.2/2).

[dw_schutz, 2, en_US]

Figure 3.2/1 SIPROTEC 5 – functional integration – protection

SIPROTEC 5 provides all the necessary protection functions to


address reliability and security of power systems and their
components. System configurations in multiple busbars and
breaker-and-a-half layouts are both supported. The functions are
based on decades of experience in putting systems into opera-
tion, including suggestions from our customers.
The modular, functional structure of SIPROTEC 5 allows excep-
tional flexibility and perfectly matches the protection function-
ality to the conditions of the system and is still capable of
further changes in the future.
[Dw_polygonale-zone, 1, en_US]
The available device functions are described in the following
sections. Figure 3.2/2 Quadrilateral zone characteristics with the example of
4 zones
The distance-protection function (ANSI 21, 21N) – classical
method
MHO zone characteristics
SIPROTEC 5 provides 6-system distance protection featuring
With the MHO characteristics, the MHO circle expansion guaran-
algorithms that have been proven in previously supplied
tees safe and selective operation for all types of faults. The circle
SIPROTEC protection devices. This measuring method is referred
expands to the source impedance but never more than the
to as the “classical method”.
selected impedance radius. The Figure 3.2/3 shows the charac-
By parallel calculation and monitoring of all six impedance teristics for a forward fault.
3.2 loops, a high degree of sensitivity and selectivity is achieved for
all types of faults. All methods of neutral-point treatment (arc-
suppression-coil-ground, isolated, solidly or low-impedance
grounded) are reliably handled. Depending on the respective
device type, one-pole or three-pole tripping is possible. The
distance protection is suitable for cables and overhead lines with
or without series compensation.
The device offers quadrilateral as well as MHO zone characteris-
tics. The characteristics can be used separately for phase and
ground faults.
Thus, high-impedance ground faults can, for instance, be
covered with the quadrilateral characteristic and phase faults
with the MHO characteristic. The evaluation of quadrature

3.2/1 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Distance protection with reactance method (RMD) (ANSI 21, 21N)

Arrangements for breaker-and-a-half layout


When the cores of the two current transformers are connected
in parallel, the resultant measured current will be the sum of the
two currents flowing in the current transformers. This summa-
tion current corresponds to the current flowing into the feeder
and is therefore used for the power protection functions and
other functions. This method is commonly used. SIPROTEC 5
devices now provide sufficient measuring inputs to connect two
or several sets of current transformers separately to the device.
In this case, the summation is carried out in software internally.
The distance-protection function detects possible saturation of
only one of the current transformers and can thus prevent
unwanted pickup in case of an external error with high current
flowing. Through the separately measured currents, separate
circuit-breaker failure protection functions can be activated for
both switches. Moreover, the separately measured currents
allow a full-fledged differential protection for the “end zone”
between the current transformers if the feeder is switched off
(see STUB differential protection, ANSI 87-STUB).
Parallel-line compensation
[Dw_MHO-zone, 1, en_US] Wrong distance-protection measurements due to the effect of
parallel lines can be compensated by detecting the parallel-line
Figure 3.2/3 MHO zone characteristics, for example, with 6 zones
ground current. Parallel-line compensation can be used for
distance protection as well as for fault location.
Selectable number of distance zones
Load compensation
The number of distance zones can be freely adapted according
to the application requirements. The functions that use a The distance protection function provides options to compen-
dependent zone, such as the permissive overreach transfer trip sate the load influence on the radius measurement.
scheme, all parameterized zones from the distance protection Elimination of disturbance variables
are available (the use of the zone in the distance protection
Digital filters render the device immune to disturbance variables
itself is not affected by this). Each distance zone has its own
contained in the measured values. In particular, the influence of
timer, separately dedicated to 1-phase and multi-phase errors.
DC components, capacitive voltage transformers and frequency
The flexibility of the SIPROTEC 5 device family provides optimal
changes is considerably reduced. A special method of measure-
adaptation to each application. The distance protection will
ment is employed in order to assure selectivity of protection
always provide exactly the right number of distance zones.
during current-transformer saturation.
Load zone
Measuring-voltage failure detection
In order to guarantee reliable discrimination between load oper-
Tripping the distance protection is blocked automatically in the
ation and short circuit – especially on long lines under large
event of a measuring voltage outage, thus preventing unwanted
loads – an adjustable load range is used. Impedances within this
tripping. Distance protection is blocked if one of the voltage
load range do not result in unwanted tripping in the distance
monitoring functions or the auxiliary contact of the voltage-
zones.
transformer circuit breaker picks up and in this case the EMER-
Four pickup methods GENCY definite time-overcurrent protection can be activated.
The following pickup methods can be employed optionally: Distance protection with reactance method (RMD) (ANSI 21,
• Overcurrent pickup I>>> 21N)
Under extreme conditions, load currents and high fault resis-
• Voltage-dependent overcurrent pickup V/I tances can influence the selectivity. The distance protection 3.2

• Voltage-dependent and phase-angle-dependent overcurrent with reactance method (RMD) function reduces the unfavorable
pickup V/I j influence of high fault resistances at high loads.
• Impedance pickup Z< Load compensation is a part of the principle

Absolute phase selectivity If the electrical power system shows inhomogeneities, for
example, different impedance angles of the infeeds, this can
The distance-protection function incorporates a well-proven, also affect the radius of the distance protection. The reactance
highly sophisticated phase selection algorithm. The pickup of method compensates this influence via adjustable compensa-
healthy phases due to the negative effect of the short-circuit tion angles.
currents and voltages in other phases is reliably eliminated. This
phase selection algorithm makes appropriate tripping decisions
and ensures correct distance measurement in a wide field of
application.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/2
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Impedance protection for transformers (ANSI 21T)

The distance protection function with reactance method (RMD): Arrangements for breaker-and-a-half layout
• Works in power systems with a grounded neutral point The function RMD is just as suitable as the classical distance-
protection function for breaker-and-a-half layouts.
• Is a selective short-circuit protection for lines and cables
supplied from one or more ends in radial, looped, or meshed Parallel-line compensation
systems, Influences on the distance measurements as a result of parallel
• Is used as a backup protection for busbars, transformers, and lines can compensate for the RMD function by detection of the
other lines parallel line ground current.

• Is suitable for use at all voltage levels. Elimination of disturbance variables

The distance-protection function with reactance method (RMD) Digital filters make the RMD function insensitive to disturbance
can, as an alternative or additionally, be used for the distance- variables in the measured values. In particular, the influence of
protection function with the classical method. DC components, capacitive voltage transformers and frequency
changes is considerably reduced. A special method of measure-
Quadrilateral zone characteristics ment is employed in order to assure selectivity of protection
The quadrilateral operate curve permits separate setting for the during current-transformer saturation.
reactance X and the fault resistance RF. Each distance zone can Measuring-voltage failure detection
be configured separately to operate for ground faults only, for
phase faults only or for all fault types. All distance zones can be Tripping the distance protection is blocked automatically in the
set forward, backward or non-directional. event of a measuring voltage outage, thus preventing unwanted
tripping. The RMD function is blocked if one of the voltage
The RMD function calculates up to 7 impedance loops A-gnd, B- monitoring functions or the auxiliary contact of the voltage-
gnd, C-gnd, A-B, B-C, C-A, and A-B-C. The pickup method is the transformer circuit breaker picks up and the EMERGENCY defi-
impedance pickup Z<. The evaluation of healthy voltages, the nite time-overcurrent protection can be activated.
use of a voltage memory and the evaluation of delta values and
symmetric components make optimal direction determination Impedance protection for transformers (ANSI 21T)
possible. SIPROTEC 5 offers a 6-system impedance protection with up to
MHO zone characteristics 4 impedance zones, especially for the use as backup protection
on power transformers.
With the MHO characteristics, the MHO circle expansion guaran-
tees safe and selective protection behavior. The circle expands The function
to the source impedance but never more than the selected • protects transformers as backup protection for transformer
impedance radius. As an alternative to the quadrilateral zone differential protection
characteristics, the RMD function for phase errors with MHO
zone characteristics can be used if there are requirements for
• is used as backup protection for the generator transformer
and the generator in power plant units.
the compatibility with existing distance-protection systems.
Selectable number of distance zones
• functions as backup protection in the event of reverse power
flow to faults in the upstream electrical power system beyond
The number of distance zones can be freely adapted according one transformer
to the application requirements. Depending on the application, the loop selection can be
Load zone controlled. In active grounded power systems, all 6 measuring
loops work independently of each other. The general release is
In order to guarantee reliable discrimination between load oper-
performed via the minimum current criterion. In non-active
ation and short circuit – especially on long lines under large
grounded power systems (for example, generator protection),
loads – an adjustable load range is used. Impedances within this
the measuring loop selection is controlled by an overcurrent
load range do not result in unwanted tripping in the distance
pickup with undervoltage stability.
zones.
By using the frequency-tracking sampled values, the impedance
Absolute phase selectivity
is measured over a broad frequency range. This is advantageous
3.2 The distance-protection function with reactance method (RMD) for island networks or power plant units, for example, for
includes a highly sophisticated algorithm for the adaptive loop startup operations.
selection. Different loop-selection criteria are processed in
Quadrilateral zone characteristics
parallel. The loop-selection criteria work with jump detection,
delta value detection, symmetric components and current, The quadrilateral operate curve permits separate setting of the
voltage and impedance comparison methods. The pickup of reactance X and the resistance R for phase-to-ground and phase-
healthy phases due to the negative influence of short-circuit to-phase loops. The quadrilateral characteristic is a rectangle in
currents and voltages in other phases is thus reliably eliminated. the impedance plane. Within the function, a maximum of 4
This adaptive loop-selection algorithm makes appropriate trip- impedance zones can be operated simultaneously They can be
ping decisions and ensures correct distance measurement in a set forward, backward or non-directional. Each impedance zone
wide field of application. has its own timer.

3.2/3 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Overexcitation protection (ANSI 24)

Direction determination conditions of the network always with the right synchronization
parameters.
The direction is determined with saved prefault voltages or with
negative-sequence system variables. Adjusting commands for the automatically synchronization
(ANSI 25)*
Measuring-voltage failure detection
The synchronization function ensures a synchronous switching
Tripping the impedance protection is blocked automatically in
of the generator circuit breaker. Automatic synchronization is
the event of a measuring voltage outage, thus preventing
possible via the output of the adjusting commands to the speed
unwanted tripping. Impedance protection is blocked if one of
or voltage controller. If the synchronization conditions are not
the voltage monitoring functions or the auxiliary contact of the
met, the function automatically outputs adjusting signals.
voltage-transformer circuit breaker picks up and the EMER-
Depending on the operating state, these are commands (step
GENCY protection can be activated (definite time-overcurrent
up/down) to voltage or speed controllers (frequency control-
protection).
lers). The adjusting signals are proportional to the voltage or
Overexcitation protection (ANSI 24) frequency difference. This means that with a greater voltage or
Overexcitation protection is used to detect impermissibly high frequency difference, longer adjusting commands are issued.
induction in generators and transformers. This function protects The gradient is adjustable. Between the adjusting commands,
these equipment from excessive thermal loads. there is a wait during a set dead time to settle the status
change. A quick adaptation of the generator voltage or
The induction is detected indirectly by evaluation of the V/f
frequency to the target conditions is achieved with this method.
ratio. An overvoltage results in excessive exciting currents and
If frequency equality is established during the synchronization
underfrequency results in higher magnetic reversal losses.
of generators with the power system (stationary synchro-
There is a risk of overexcitation on disconnection from the phasor), then a kick pulse ensures a status change.
power system if the voltage or frequency control in the rest of
If a voltage adaptation via the transformer tap position changer
the system does not respond quickly enough or the power
is desired, a defined adjusting pulse is output.
unbalance is too great.
Monitoring of the induction (V/f value) ensures that, when the
Within the function, no more than one stage with an inverse-
adjusting commands are output (for example, “increase”
time, user-defined characteristic and two definite-time stages
voltage, “reduce speed”), the continuously permissible limiting
can be operated at the same time.
value of V/f = 1.1 is not exceeded.
Synchrocheck, synchronizing function (ANSI 25)
*In preparation
When two partial networks are closed with a control command
Undervoltage protection (ANSI 27)
or 3-pole auto-reclosure of the circuit breaker, it must be
ensured that the networks are synchronous with each other. For The undervoltage protection monitors the permissible voltage
this purpose, synchronization functionalities are provided. range or protects equipment (plant parts and electrical
machines) against consequential damage from undervoltage. It
The synchronization function can be used for synchronous
can be used in the network for decoupling or load shedding
networks (electrically connected, no frequency difference) and
tasks.
asynchronous networks (electrically separated, frequency differ-
ence exists). Various undervoltage protection functions are available. By
default, two stages are preconfi gured. Up to three identical
It has three modes:
stages are possible.
• Synchrocheck (monitoring of voltage, frequency, and phase- The following functions are available:
angle difference)
Undervoltage protection with 3-phase voltage
• Synchrocheck (monitoring of voltage, frequency, and phase-
angle difference) • Optionally, measurement of phase-to-phase voltages or RMS
value phase-to-ground voltages
• Switching of asynchronous networks (voltage and frequency
difference, connection at the point of synchronization, taking • Measuring methods: optionally, measurement of the funda-
the make-time of the circuit breaker into account). mental component or of the effective value (True RMS).
By evaluating the frequency difference, the function automati- Undervoltage protection with positive-sequence voltage 3.2
cally switches between the modes for synchronous and asyn-
chronous networks. The synchrocheck function can be used for • 2-pole short circuits or ground faults lead to an unbalanced
voltage collapse. In comparison with phase-related measuring
pure monitoring without switching.
systems, these events influence the positive-sequence voltage
The relevant variables used for synchronization are sensed via minimally. This makes this function particularly suitable for
voltage transformers (positioned to the left and right of the the assessment of stability problems.
circuit breaker). Depending on the available number of voltage
transformer inputs, one or two synchronizing locations (circuit
• Method of measurement: calculation of positive-sequence
voltage from the measured phase-to-ground voltages.
breakers) can be applied.
Several functions can be used per device for which up to two
parameter sets (stages) can be applied for synchrochecks and up
to six parameter sets (stages) can be applied for the synchroni-
zation. Thus, the device can react to different environmental-

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection (QU-Protection)

Undervoltage protection with any voltage


• Capture of any 1-phase undervoltage with 3-phase voltage
measurement for special applications
• Measuring methods: optionally, measurement of the funda-
mental component or of the effective value (True RMS).
Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection (QU-
Protection)
The undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection protects
the system for mains decoupling purposes. To prevent a voltage
collapse in energy systems, the generating side, e.g. a gener-
ator, must be equipped with voltage and frequency protection
devices. An undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection is
required at the supply system connection point. It detects crit-
ical power system situations and ensures that the power genera-
tion facility is disconnected from the mains. Furthermore, it
ensures that reconnection only takes place under stable power
system conditions. The associated criteria can be parameterized.
Power protection (ANSI 32, 37)
The power protection works 3-phase and detects exceedance or
underrunning of the set effective power or reactive power
thresholds (see Figure 3.2/4). Pre-defined power limits are
monitored and corresponding warning alerts are issued.
The power direction can be determined via angle measurement
of the active power. Thus feeding back in the network or at elec-
tric machines can be detected. Idling machines (motors, genera-
tors) are detected and can be shut down via an indication.
The power protection can be integrated into any automation
solution, for example, to monitor very specific power limits
(further logical processing in CFC). The power protection func-
[dw_Wirk_Blind_KL, 1, en_US]
tion comes with one factory-set stage each for the active and
the reactive power. A maximum of four active power stages and Figure 3.2/4 Active-power and reactive-power characteristics
four reactive power stages can be operated simultaneously in
the function. The tripping stages are structured identically. Reverse-power protection (ANSI 32R)
Thresholds for exceedance or underrunning of the power lines The reverse-power protection is used in generators and power
can be defined. The combination of the different stages via CFC plant units. If the “mechanical” energy (for example, steam
result in various applications. supply at the turbine) fails, the generator obtains the driving
energy from the power system. In this operating state, the
Application examples
turbine can be damaged, which is prevented by tripping of the
• Detection of negative active power. In this case reversepower- reverse-power protection. In order to react quicker if there is a
protection can be applied by using the CFC to link power steam outage, the position of the quick-stop valve is coupled
protection outputs to the “Direct trip” function. additionally via binary input. It is used to switch between two
• Detection of capacitive reactive power. In the case of over- time delays of the trip command. Furthermore, the function is
voltage being detected due to long lines under no-load condi- used for operational disconnection (sequential circuit) of gener-
tions it is possible to select the lines where capacitive reactive ators.
power is measured. For other applications, the “universal” power protection
3.2
(ANSI 32, 37) is recommended.
The reverse-power protection operates on a 3-phase basis and
monitors the absorbed active power (negative threshold value).
By evaluation of the positive-sequence system power as well as
the selection of a long measuring window, the function is insen-
sitive to disturbance variables and very precise (minimum
setting threshold: -0.3 % P/Srated). The measuring accuracy is
substantially affected by the angle error. Because the SIPROTEC
5 devices are compensated, the primary transformers affect the
measuring accuracy. The function can correct the angle error:
The angle error can be found in the test report of the trans-
former or be measured using the primary system. The problem

3.2/5 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Power plant decoupling (ANSI 32 dP/dt; 27, 50)*

with the angle error is bypassed if high-precision instrument Optionally, the auxiliary contacts of the local circuit breaker are
transformers are used as primary transformers (class 0.2 or 0.1). evaluated in order to prevent overfunction.
For this purpose, the reverse-power protection should be Temperature supervision (ANSI 38)
assigned to an independent measuring module.
The temperatures (e.g. winding or oil temperatures) are
Power plant decoupling (ANSI 32 dP/dt; 27, 50)*
acquired with an external temperature monitoring device.
Three-phase close-in short circuits result in mechanical stresses Typical sensors are Pt 100, Ni 100 and Ni 120. The temperatures
on the turbo-generator unit as well as electrical ones. The deter- are transmitted to the protection via serial interface or via
mining criterion for the magnitude of the mechanical stress on a Ethernet interface and the temperature monitoring function
turbo-generator unit to be expected is the negative active power monitors whether they exceed set limits. There are two thresh-
jump ΔP, because torque and active power are proportional to olds per temperature measuring point. The function is designed
each other. The sudden force release results in an acceleration so that up to 12 temperatures can be processed. The function
of the rotor. At the same time, the phase position and amplitude also includes integrated broken-wire monitoring which sends
of the synchronous generated voltage changes. These changes alarms referring to the measuring points.
occur on a delayed basis corresponding to the inertia constant Underexcitation protection (ANSI 40)
of the machine and the magnitude of the active power change.
The longer this state persists, the more critical the stress on the The generator power diagram describes the stability limits. In
generator becomes when there is a sudden voltage recovery. It the per-unit view it can easily be transformed into an admit-
is then possible to compare the effects of the subsequent opera- tance diagram by changing the axis labels. The underexcitation
tion more or less to a “missynchronization.” If the power system protection monitors the stability limits and prevents damage in
protection does not cut off the high-current short circuits close the generator from pulling out of synchronism (asynchronous
to the power plant within the allotted quick-operating time, the running) as a result of problems with the excitation or voltage
aforementioned stress can occur. control during underexcited operation.

The power plant decoupling function intervenes in this case and The protection function offers three characteristics for moni-
opens the main switch on the upper-voltage side. After fault toring the static as well as dynamic stability. A quick protection
clarification, the block can be re-synchronized with the paralle- reaction is achieved via binary trip initiation if there is an excita-
ling device. tion outage and short-time tripping is enabled. Alternatively, the
excitation voltage can be measured by a measuring transducer
The protection function evaluates the negative active power
and the release signal for falling below the threshold value can
jump of the positive-sequence system power. This is derived
be evaluated. The characteristic curve lines enable an optimal
from the three-phase voltage and current measured values.
adaptation of the protection to the generator diagram (see
After an approved time delay (to be specified by the turbo-
Figure 3.2/6). The setting values can be read directly from the
generator unit manufacturer), the trip command is issued. Over-
per-unit view of the diagram.
current and undervoltage pickups act as additional restraining
quantities. Additionally, the generator must be operated before- The admittance is calculated from the positive-sequence system
hand with a minimum active power and fall below an active quantities of the three-phase currents and voltages. This guar-
power threshold. antees correct behavior of the protection function even under
asymmetric power system conditions. If the voltage deviates
*In preparation from the rated voltage, the admittance calculation provides the
advantage that the characteristics run in the same direction as
the generator power diagram shifts.

[dw_7UM8_kraftwerksentkuppl, 1, en_US]

Figure 3.2/5 Setup of the function and principal logic

3.2
Undercurrent protection (ANSI 37)
Undercurrent protection detects the falling edge or dropping
current flow. This may be due to switching operations, such as
by a higher level circuit breaker, or by decreasing loads, such as
pumps running empty. [dw_charac-underexcitation-protection, 1, en_US]

In both situations, it may be necessary to open the local circuit Figure 3.2/6 Characteristic of the underexcitation protection
breaker in order to prevent consequential damage. The under-
current protection handles this task. Unbalanced-load protection (ANSI 46)

The function consists of an undercurrent stage with a current- Asymmetrical current loading of the three windings of a gener-
independent time delay. A maximum of two stages can be oper- ator result in heat buildup in the rotor because of the devel-
ated in parallel. oping reverse field. The protection detects an asymmetric
loading of three-phase machines. It operates on the basis of

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/6
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Negative-sequence system overcurrent protection (ANSI 46)

symmetric components. The protection function evaluates the Directional negative-sequence protection with definitetime
negative-sequence current and prevents thermal overloading of delay (ANSI 46, 67)
the rotor of electric machines (generators, motors). The thermal
This function serves as the reserve short-circuit protection for
behavior is modeled using the integral method.
asymmetrical faults. With the negative-sequence system,
The following equation forms the basis of the protection func- various monitoring and protection tasks can be realized:
tion.
• Detection of 1 or 2-phase short circuits in the network with a
higher sensitivity than in classic overcurrent protection
• Detection of phase conductor interruptions in the primary
system and in the current transformer secondary circuits
[fo_Schieflastschutz, 1, en_US]
• Location of short circuits or reversals in the connections to the
current transformers
Where
• Indication of asymmetrical states in the energy system
K Constant of the machine (5 s to 40 s) • Protection of electrical machines following asymmetrical
I2 Negative sequence current loads that are caused by asymmetrical voltages or conductor
I N, M Rated current of the machine interruptions (for example through a defective fuse).
The function comes factory-set with 1 stage. A maximum of
A dependent characteristic results as the operate curve. Small 6 stages can be operated simultaneously. If the device is
unbalanced load currents result in longer tripping times. To equipped with the inrush-current detection function, the trip-
prevent overfunction when there are large unbalanced load ping stages can be stabilized against tripping due to transformer
currents (for example, with asymmetric short circuits), large inrush currents.
negative-sequence system currents (approx. 10*I permissible) Overvoltage protection functions (ANSI 59, 47, 59N)
are limited. In addition, the continuous additional unbalanced
load is monitored, and if the threshold is exceeded, an alarm Overvoltages occur, for example, in long lines with little or no
indication is issued after a time delay. load. Another cause can be faults in the voltage regulation
(controller faults, maloperation). The overvoltage protection
Negative-sequence system overcurrent protection (ANSI 46)
monitors the permissible voltage range, protects equipment
The protection function determines the negative sequence from subsequent damage through overvoltages and serves to
current out of phase currents. The negative sequence current decouple systems (e.g. wind energy infeeds).
can be referred to the object nominal current or to the positive
Various overvoltage protection functions are available. By
sequence current (convenient for broken wire monitoring).
default, two stages are preconfigured. Up to three identical
With the transformer, the negative phase sequence current stages are possible.
protection can be used as sensitive backup protection on the
The following functions are available:
supply side for detecting low-current single-phase short circuit
and double-phase faults. This application is well suited for Overvoltage protection with 3-phase voltage (ANSI 59)
detecting low voltage single-phase faults which do not generate • Optionally, measurement of phase-to-phase voltages or
high voltage zero sequence currents (e.g. vector group Dyn). phase-to-ground voltages
With the negative-sequence system, various monitoring and • Method of measurement: optionally, measurement of the
protection tasks can be realized: fundamental component or of the effective value (RMS
value).
• Detection of 1 or 2-phase short circuits in the network with a
higher sensitivity than in classic overcurrent protection Overvoltage protection with positive-sequence voltage
(Setting lower than the object nominal current) (ANSI 59)
• Detection of phase current interruptions in the primary • Capturing symmetrical, stationary overvoltages with positive
system and in the current transformer secondary circuits sequence voltage

3.2
• Location of short circuits or reversals in the connections to the • Method of measurement: calculation of positive-sequence
current transformers voltage from the measured phase-to-ground voltages.
• Indication of unbalanced conditions in the energy system Overvoltage protection with positive-sequence voltage and
compounding in line protection devices (ANSI 59)
• Protection of electrical machines following asymmetrical
loads that are caused by asymmetrical voltages or phase • By means of capacitive line impedances, stationary overvol-
currents (for example through a defective fuse). tages at the opposite end of the line can arise (Ferranti
The function comes factory-set with 1 stage. A maximum of 6 effect).
stages can be operated simultaneously. If the device is equipped • Method of measurement: The positive-sequence system of
with the inrush-current detection function, the tripping stages the voltage is calculated at the other end of the line by means
can be stabilized against tripping due to transformer inrush of the local, measured voltages and current using the equiva-
currents. lent circuit of the line.

3.2/7 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Starting-time supervision (ANSI 48)

Overvoltage protection with positive-sequence voltage IEC 60076-7 and IEEE C57.91 and calculates three relevant vari-
(ANSI 47) ables for the protection function:
• Monitoring the power system and electric machines for • Hot spot temperature
voltage unbalance (negative sequence voltage)
• Relative aging
• Method of measurement: calculation of negative-sequence
voltage from the measured phase-to-ground voltages. • Load reserve until warning / alarm indication.
Overvoltage protection with zero-sequence voltage / residual These variables can be used to generate an alarm. The hot spot
voltage (ANSI 59N/64) temperature can also trigger tripping. Calculation of the hot
• Detection of ground faults in isolated or resonant-grounded spot temperature depends on the upper transformer oil temper-
systems and electric operational equipment (e.g. machines) ature, the cooling method, the load factor, the transformer
dimension, the oil and winding time constant and a number of
• Detection of the ground-faulted phase (optional) other factors according to IEC 60076-7 and IEEE C57.91.
• Measurement procedure: Measurement of the displacement The upper oil temperature is sensed via the temperature meas-
voltage directly at the broken-delta winding or calculation of uring points. Up to 12 temperature measuring points can be
the zero-sequence voltage from the phase-to-ground voltages transferred to the protection relay via an RTD box.One of these
• Measuring methods: Optionally, measurement of the funda- measuring points can be chosen for calculation of the hot spot
mental component (standard or with especially strong attenu- temperature in the oil.
ation of harmonics and transients) or of the RMS value. The customer can set additionally required factors, such as type
Overvoltage protection with any voltage (ANSI 59) of cooling and dimension of the transformer, in the function.
The relative aging is acquired cyclically and summated to form
• Capture of any 1-phase overvoltage for special applications the total aging.
• Measuring methods: Optionally, measurement of the funda- Stator overload protection (ANSI 49S)
mental component or of the effective value (RMS value).
The function of the thermal stator overload protection protects
Starting-time supervision (ANSI 48) the motor against thermal overload by monitoring the thermal
The starting-time supervision protects the motor against too state of the stator.
long starting processes. In particular, rotor-critical high voltage The thermal stator overload protection calculates the overtem-
motors can quickly be heated above their thermal limits when perature from the measured phase currents according to a
multiple start-ups occur in a short period of time. If start-ups are thermal single body model. The RMS value is determined per
prolonged, e.g., in the event of excessive voltage drops when phase from the highly sampled measured current values (8 kHz).
starting the motor, excessive load torques, or a locked rotor, the All quantities which cause heating are taken into account
protection device initiates a trip signal. Figure 3.2/7 shows the through the wide frequency operating range.
thermal characteristic of the function. Different maximum
starting times are taken into account depending on the cold or Stages
warm condition of the motor. A current and thermal alarm stage is provided for the thermal
overload protection to initiate an alarm before tripping. The trip-
ping time characteristics are exponential functions according to
IEC 60255-8. The preload is considered in the tripping times /
operate time for overloads.
Startup overcurrent protection (ANSI 50)*
Gas turbines are powered up via starting converters. The startup
overload protection detects short circuits in the low frequency
range (from about 2-3 Hz) and is designed as a definite time-
overcurrent protection. The pickup value is set below the rated
current. The function is only active during startup (blocking by
open circuit breaker of the starting converter). At frequencies 3.2
higher than 10 Hz, the sampling-frequency tracking activates
[dwtherms-200712-03.tif, 1, en_US]
and then the other short-circuit functions are active.
Figure 3.2/7 Thermal characteristic of the starting-time supervision
*In preparation

Hot spot calculation (ANSI 49H) Circuit-breaker failure protection (ANSI 50BF)
The hot spot calculation function protects the transformer wind- The circuit-breaker failure protection is circuit-breaker-related in
ings from thermal destruction by excessive load currents. Hot the function group circuit breaker. Each circuit breaker has to be
spot calculation takes account of the following standards provided with its own circuit-breaker failure protection. The
circuit-breaker failure protection incorporates a two-stage
design. If the fault current has not disappeared after a settable
time, a retrip command or the busbar trip command will be
generated. The correct circuit-breaker operation is monitored via

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/8
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – External trip initiation

current measurement and via additional circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker restrike protection (ANSI 50RS)
contacts. The current detection logic is phase-segregated and
The Circuit-breaker restrike protection function monitors circuit-
can therefore also be used in 1-pole tripping schemes.
breaker restrikes, e.g. caused by overvoltage at the circuit-
The circuit-breaker failure protection can be initiated by all inte- breaker poles following a capacitor bank shutdown. The func-
grated protection functions as well as by external devices via tion will generate a backup tripping signal in case of a circuit-
binary input signals or by communication with GOOSE message breaker restrike.
in IEC 61850 systems. To increase operational reliability, an Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault (SOTF)
external start can be applied with two binary inputs in parallel.
This function is available for applications where the overcurrent
For 1-pole and 3-pole starting separate delay times are available.
protection with rapid tripping (50HS) is insuffi cient or is not
For applications with two current transformers per feeder, e.g.
used at all. It also allows rapid tripping in the case of lower fault
breaker-and-a-half, ring bus or double circuit-breaker applica-
currents. The function has no own measuring function. It is
tions, the SIPROTEC 5 device can be configured with two inde-
linked at its input side with the pickup (measurement) of
pendent circuit-breaker failure protection functions.
another protection function, e.g. the element of an overcurrent
External trip initiation protection and it will trip if switched on to a short circuit. Typi-
cally, such protection levels are confi gured which trip with a
Any signals from external protection and monitoring devices can
delay themselves. The actual energization detection is made in
be used for trip initiation. These signals can be included in the
the switching state detection.
processing of indications and trip commands or for starting a
fault record. External trip initiation
The external trip initiation works like a protection function. This Any signal from an external or internal protection or supervision
allows easy integration of mechanical protection devices (e.g. function can be coupled into the trip logic of the device by
pressure or oil level monitors or Buchholz relays). means of binary inputs or by serial communication. The trip
The required number of external trip initiations can be selected command may be delayed. 1-pole tripping is available if device
depending on the application and circuit breaker are capable of 1-pole operation.

High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection Load-jam protection (ANSI 50L)


(ANSI 50HS) The load-jam protection function is used to protect motors
When a faulted line is switched on, undelayed tripping is during sudden rotor blocking. Damage to drives, bearings and
possible. In the case of high fault currents this overcurrent other mechanic motor components can be avoided or reduced
protection with instantaneous tripping effects a very rapid trip- by means of quick motor shutdown.
ping when switching on to faults. Rotor blocking results in a current jump in the phases. The
The function is factory-set with one stage. Within the function, a current jump is used as a distinguishing criterion by the func-
maximum of two stages can be operated at the same time. All tion.
stages are of identical design The actual switch-on detection The thermal overload protection can pickup as soon as the para-
takes place in the switching state detection. This is either meterized threshold values of the thermal replica are exceeded.
directly activated when switching on manually, or automatically The load-jam protection, however, is able to detect a locked
determined from the measured values (current, voltage) or by rotor quicker and in this way to reduce possible damage to the
means of the circuit-breaker auxiliary contacts. motor and driven equipment.
The current stage must be set via the maximum through- Overcurrent protection, phases and ground
flowing short-circuit current or the inrush current if used in the (ANSI 50/51, 50N/51N)
transformer application.
The overcurrent protection functions for phases and ground
End-fault protection (ANSI 50EF) detect short circuits on electrical equipment. The non-direc-
Without special measures the installation location of the current tional overcurrent protection is suitable as main protection for
transformer deter mines the measuring zone of the differential single-sided infeed radial power systems or open-circuited ring
protection. If the circuit breaker is open, the zone between the systems. As a backup or emergency overcurrent protection, it
current transformer and the circuit breaker can be optimally can be used alongside the main protection, for example, on
3.2 lines or transformers. With transformers, the preferred applica-
protected by the end-fault protection. A current detected with
an open circuit breaker indicates a fault in the relevant zone. tion is the backup protection for downstream power supply
The fault can be cleared by tripping the surrounding circuit units.
breakers. Two independent overcurrent-protection stages (definite time-
In conjunction with the busbar protection, the response to a overcurrent protection stages) and a dependent overcurrent-
fault depends on the installation location of the current trans- protection stage (inverse time-overcurrent protection stage) are
former. In the case of busbar-side current transformers, imme- preconfigured. Additional definite time-overcurrent protection
diate and selective tripping of the busbar section is performed. stages, as well as one stage with a user-defined characteristic
On line-side current transformers, the end-fault protection can curve, can be configured within this function.
cause tripping of the circuit breaker at the opposite end through All the usual characteristic curves according to IEC and ANSI/IEEE
a transmission facility. are available for the inverse time-overcurrent protection stages,
see for example Figure 3.2/8.

3.2/9 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Overcurrent protection, single-phase (ANSI 50N/51N)

The stages of the overcurrent protection are, apart from the be used for special applications which require a very sensitive
characteristic, structured identically. current measurement. Pickup and trip signals can be stored in
the separate ground fault buffer.
• They can be blocked individually via binary input or by other
functions (for example, inrush-current detection, automatic Intermittent ground-fault protection
reclosing, cold-load pickup detection)
Intermittent (re-striking) faults occur due to insulation weak-
• Each stage can be stabilized against over-responding because nesses in cables or as a result of water penetrating cable joints.
of transformer inrush currents Such faults either simply cease at some stage or develop into
lasting short-circuits. During intermittent activity, however, star-
• Each stage can be operated as an alarm stage (no operate point resistors in networks that are impedance-grounded may
indication)
undergo thermal overloading. The normal ground-fault protec-
• You can select between the measurement of the fundamental tion cannot reliably detect and interrupt the current pulses,
component and the measurement of the RMS value for the
some of which can be very brief.
method of measurement
The selectivity required with intermittent ground-faults is
• The ground function evaluates the calculated zero-sequence achieved by summating the duration of the individual pulses
current (3I0) or the measured ground current
and by triggering when a (settable) summed time and a fault
• Dropout delays can be set individually. state is reached. The response threshold IIE > evaluates the
r.m.s. value, referred to one systems period.
Transformer inrush current detection
If the device is used in a transformer feeder, high inrush
currents can be expected when the transformer is switched on.
These can reach many times the rated current and flow for
several tens of milliseconds to several seconds, depending on
the size and design of the transformer. The inrush current detec-
tion function detects the transformer energizing and generates
a blocking signal for protection functions that would spuriously
respond to the transformer inrush current. This enables these
protection functions to be sensitive.
To detect transformer energizing reliably, the function uses the
"harmonic analysis" and "CWA methods" (current waveform
analysis) measuring methods. The two methods work in parallel
and combine the results with a logical OR. The result is a "1-
outof- 2 decision," which increases the availability of the elec-
trical installation.
Switching protection (ANSI 50/27)
The protection function has the task of limiting harm, due to
accidental switching of the circuit breaker, to generators that
are stationary or already started but not yet excited or synchron-
ized. The voltage prescribed by the power system allows the
[IEC Kennlinien, 1, en_US] generator to start with a great amount of slip as an asynchro-
Figure 3.2/8 IEC characteristic curves of the “normal inverse” type nous machine. As a consequence, unacceptably high currents
are induced in the rotor. Logic, consisting of sensitive current
Overcurrent protection, single-phase (ANSI 50N/51N) measurement for each phase, instrument transformers, time
control and blocking starting at a minimum voltage, causes an
In the case of transformers, the preferred application is backup immediate trip command. If the fuse-failure monitor responds,
protection for power system components connected to the this function is inactive.
grounded neutral winding. The neutral point current of the 3.2
transformer is processed directly. Alternately, the function can Shaft-current protection (ANSI 50GN)
also be used for differential high-impedance ground fault The protection function is required in particular for hydro gener-
protection. ators. Because of design constraints, hydro generators have rela-
A further application is tank protection on transformers installed tively long shafts. Due to different causes, such as friction,
on insulating mountings. magnetic fields of the generators and still others, a voltage can
develop through the shaft, which then acts as a voltage source.
The structure and scope of the protection function is identical to This induced voltage of approximately 10 to 30 V is a function of
the time-overcurrent protection ground function (ANSI 50N/ load, plant and machine. If the oil film on a bearing of the shaft
51N). is too thin, this can result in electric breakdown. Due to the low
Sentitive ground protection (ANSI 50Ns/51Ns) impedance (shaft, bearing and ground), greater currents can
flow that would result in the destruction of the bearing. Experi-
The sensitive ground-current protection function detects ground
ence shows that currents greater than 1 A are critical for the
currents in systems with isolated or resonant neutral. It can also
bearing. Because different bearings can be affected, the current

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/10
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Voltage-dependent overcurrent protection (ANSI 51V)

flowing in the shaft is detected by a special core balance current The arc protection function contains a self-monitoring function.
transformer (folding transformer). This function monitors the optical arc sensors and the fiber-optic
cables.
The shaft-current protection processes this current and trips
when there is a threshold-value violation. In addition to the Peak overvoltage protection for capacitors (ANSI 59C)
fundamental component, the 3rd harmonic as well as the
The dielectric of a capacitor is stressed by the applied peak
current mixture (1st and 3rd harmonic) can be evaluated. The
voltage. Excessive peak voltages can therefore destroy the
measurand as well as the threshold value are set during
dielectric. IEC and IEEE standards defi ne for how long capacitors
commissioning. A high degree of measuring accuracy (minimum
can withstand what overvoltages.
secondary threshold is 0.3 mA) is achieved by the selected
measurement technology. The function calculates the peak voltage phase-selectively from
the fundamental and the superimposed harmonics. The peak
Voltage-dependent overcurrent protection (ANSI 51V)
voltage is calculated from the phase currents by integration.
Short-circuit and backup protection are also integrated here. It is The function provides various types of stage with different delay
used where power system protection operates with current- times:
dependent protection equipment.
There are 3 different forms of the function (stage types)
• Stage with an inverse characteristic, according to IEC and IEEE
standards
• Controlled • Stage with a user-defi ned characteristic
• Voltage-dependent • Stage with a defi nite-time characteristic
• Undervoltage stability. Up to four stages of the type with a defi nite-time characteristic
can be set up concurrently.
The current function can be controlled via an evaluation of the
machine voltage. The “controlled” version triggers the sensi- Interturn fault protection (ANSI 59N (IT))*
tively set current stage. In the “voltage-dependent” version, the The interturn fault protection is used to detect short circuits
current pickup value drops in a linear relationship with dropping between the turns within a winding (phase) of the generator. In
voltage. The fuse-failure monitor prevents overfunction. this case, relatively high ring currents flow in the short-circuited
IEC and ANSI characteristics are supported (Table 3.2/1). turns and result in damage to the winding and stator. The
protection function is distinguished by high sensitivity. The
Supported inverse-time characteristic curves residual voltage across the broken-delta winding is detected via
Characteristic curve ANSI / IEEE IEEE / IEC 60255-3 3 two-pole isolated voltage transformers. In order to be insensi-
Inverse • •
tive to ground faults, the isolated voltage transformer neutral
point must be connected via a high-voltage cable to the gener-
Moderately inverse •
ator neutral point. The neutral point of the voltage transformer
Very inverse • •
must not be grounded; otherwise, also the generator neutral
Extremely inverse • • point would be grounded and every ground fault would result in
Fully inverse • a single-pole ground fault. In the case of an interturn fault, the
result would be a drop in voltage in the affected phase. This ulti-
Table 3.2/1 Supported inverse-time characteristic curves mately leads to a residual voltage that is detected across the
broken-delta winding. The sensitivity is limited more by the
For generator protection applications, the function “under- winding asymmetries and less by the protection device. The
voltage stability” is frequently used. If the exciting transformer is protection function processes the voltage across the broken-
connected directly to the generator bus and a short circuit delta winding and determines the fundamental component. The
occurs, the excitation voltage drops. As a result, the synchro- selected filter design suppresses the effect of higher frequency
nous generated voltage and with it the short-circuit current are oscillations and eliminates the disruptive influence of the 3rd .
reduced and can drop below the pickup value. With the under- In this way, the required measuring sensitivity is achieved.
voltage stability feature, the pickup is maintained. If an external
error is cleared according to protective grading, the voltage *In preparation
3.2 recovery results in the dropout of the pickup maintenance. If the
voltage fails due to an error in the voltage transformer circuit,
this does not result in an overfunction. A pickup additionally
causes an overcurrent.
Arc Protection
The arc protection function detects electric arcs in switchgears
through optical sensors. Arcs are detected reliably and quickly as
they develop, and the protective device can trip immediately
and without delay times.
Detection of arcs is either purely optical, or optionally using an
additional current criterion to avoid overfunctioning.

3.2/11 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Direct voltage / direct current protection (ANSI 59N (DC), 50N (DC))*

former. The direction of the error is determined from residual


voltage and ground current. The vector can easily be adapted to
the plant conditions. An effective protection of a generator in
bus connection is realized in this way. During startup, the
residual voltage measurement must also be activated because in
some cases the ground current source (connected power system
or loading device on the busbar) is absent. The stator ground-
fault protection function is therefore realized so that it has
different stage types. These are to be loaded in the devices
depending on the application (block or bus connection).
Stage types:
• Residual voltage measurement (evaluation of the zero-
[dw_7um85-Ausf-bsp, 1, en_US]
sequence voltage) V0>

Figure 3.2/9 Implementation example • Directional 3I0 stage with φ(V0, 3I0) measurement (freely
adjustable direction straight line)
Direct voltage / direct current protection (ANSI 59N (DC), • Non-directional 3I0 stage
50N (DC))*
Stator ground-fault protection with 3rd harmonic
Hydro generators or gas turbines are started via starting (ANSI 27TH/59TH, 59THD)
converters. A ground fault in the intermediate circuit of the
starting converter results in the direct voltage shift and thus a Due to design constraints, a generator can produce a 3rd
direct current. Because neutral-point or grounding transformers harmonic voltage that forms a zero-sequence system. It is verifi-
have a lower ohmic resistance than the voltage transformers, able by a broken-delta winding on the generator bus or by a
the majority of the direct current flows through them. There is voltage transformer or neutral-point transformer on the gener-
therefore a danger of destruction from thermal overload. The ator neutral point. The voltage amplitude depends on the
direct current is detected via a shunt transformer (measuring machine and operation.
transducer or special transformer). Depending on the version of A ground fault in the vicinity of the neutral point results in the
the measuring transducer, currents or voltages are fed to the voltage shift of the 3rd harmonic voltage (drop within the
7UM85. neutral point and increase on the outgoing line). In combination
The measuring algorithm filters out the DC component and with the 90 % stator ground-fault protection (V0>) 100 % of the
makes the threshold value decision. The protection function is stator winding is protectable.
active starting at 0 Hz. If a voltage is transmitted by the meas- The protection function is designed in such a way that different
uring transducer for protection, the connection must be measuring methods can be selected for different applications
designed in an interference-immune and short manner. Trans- are possible.
mission as a 4 to 20 mA signal brings advantages because
applied currents are insensitive to disturbances and at the same
• A 3rd harmonic undervoltage protection at the generator
neutral point
time broken-wire monitoring is possible.
The function can also be used for special applications. There-
• A 3rd harmonic overvoltage protection at the generator bus.
fore, for the quantity present at the input the RMS value is eval- • A 3rd harmonic differential voltage protection (with measur-
uated over a broad frequency range. ands of the neutral point and the outgoing line)

*In preparation A typical application is the 3rd harmonic undervoltage protec-


tion at the generator neutral point. The protection function is
90% stator ground-fault protection (ANSI 59N, 67Ns)
only usable with a unit connection.
With generators that operate on an isolated basis, a ground fault
To prevent overfunctions, a release is issued if a minimum active
is expressed by the occurrence of a residual voltage. In a unit
power is exceeded and the generator voltage is within the
connection, the residual voltage is a selective protection crite-
permissible voltage range.
rion. If generator and busbar (bus connection) are directly 3.2
connected to each other, the direction of the flowing ground The final protection setting can only be made through a primary
current must also be evaluated for a selective sensitive ground- testing of the generator. If the magnitude of the 3rd harmonic is
fault detection. The protection function measures the residual too small, the protection function cannot be used.
voltage either at the generator neutral point via a voltage trans- 100% stator ground-fault protection with 20-Hz coupling
former or neutral-point transformer or one the outgoing line via (ANSI 64S)
the broken-delta winding of a voltage transformer or grounding
The coupling of a 20-Hz voltage has proven to be a safe and reli-
transformer. Alternatively, the residual voltage (zero-sequence
able method for detecting errors in the neutral point or in the
voltage) can also be calculated from the phase-to-ground
vicinity of the neutral point of generators in unit connection. In
voltages. 85 % to 95 % of the stator winding of a generator can
contrast to the 3rd harmonic criterion, it depends on the gener-
be protected depending on the selected load resistor.
ator properties and the operating mode. Moreover, a measure-
For the ground current measurement, a sensitive current input ment during plant standstill is possible. The protection function
is used. It should be connected to a core balance current trans- is designed in such a way that it detects ground faults in the

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/12
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks (ANSI 60C)

entire generator (true 100 %) as well as in all electrically


connected plant components.
The protection function detects the coupled 20-Hz voltage and
the continuous 20-Hz current. The interfering quantities, such as
the stator capacitances, are eliminated and the ohmic fault
resistance is determined through a mathematical model. This
ensures, on the one hand, a high sensitivity and, on the other
hand, the use of generators having ground capacitances, such
as in hydropower plants.
Angle errors or contact resistances through the grounding trans-
former or neutral-point transformer are detected during
commissioning and corrected in the algorithm. The protection
function has a warning and tripping stage. In addition, there is
[dw_CapBank_SLE_vereinfacht, 1, en_US]
measuring circuit monitoring and the detection of an outage of
the 20-Hz generator. Furthermore, the protection function has Figure 3.2/10 Protection of a capacitor bank in H connection
an independent frequency measurement function and in plants
that are started via frequency converter (for example, gas Measuring-voltage failure detection (ANSI 60FL)
turbines) can control the function in such a way that an over- This function monitors the voltage transformer secondary
function is prevented circuits:
Independent of the ground resistance calculation, the protec-
• Non-connnected transformers
tion function as a backup function additionally evaluates the
magnitude of the current RMS value. • Pickup of the voltage transformer circuit-breaker (in the event
of short circuits in the secondary circuit)
If a parallel load resistor (grounding transformer with load
resistor on the undervoltage side of the power unit) is also • Series faults in one or more measuring loops.
present in plants with generator switches, this is automatically
All these events cause a voltage of 0 in the voltage-transformer
corrected. The control is via a binary input that receives its signal
secondary circuits, which can lead to failures of the protection
from the circuit breaker auxiliary contact.
functions.
Current-unbalance protection for capacitor banks (ANSI 60C)
The following protection functions are automatically blocked in
Capacitor banks are often implemented in "H conections" (see the case of a measuring-voltage failure:
Figure 3.2/10). In such implementations, failure of a single
capacitor element unbalances the capacitor bank and therefore • Distance protection
results in a low unbalance current via the cross-connection. • Directional negative-sequence protection
The function measures the unbalance current in the crosscon-
nection phase-selectively. The overcurrent stage will pick up
• Ground-fault protection for high-resistance faults in
grounded-neutral systems.
after a threshold value is exceeded and will trip after a time
delay. The counter stage causes an alarm or tripping if a speci- Rotor ground-fault protection (ANSI 64F)
fied number of faulty C elements has been determined. The protection function detects ground faults in the rotor
To meet the requirements that even the smallest unbalance (including rotor circuit). High-impedance faults are already
current, resulting from a defective capacitor element, must be signaled by a warning stage. The operational crew can respond
detected, it is necessary to compensate for operational unbal- accordingly (for example at the slip rings). When there is a low-
ance, which also results in unbalance currents. The function impedance ground fault, tripping occurs and the machine is
permits both static and dynamic compensation. The latter must stopped. Thus, the critical case of a 2nd Ground fault that is a
be used if dynamic environmental influences such as tempera- turn-to-turn fault of the rotor winding is prevented. The turn-to-
ture fluctuations are already causing relevant operational unbal- turn fault can produce magnetic imbalances that result in a
ances. destruction of the machine due to the extreme mechanical
3.2 forces
Moreover, the measured unbalance can optionally be normal-
ized with the current of the capacitor bank to ensure constant Depending on the application, you can select from 3 different
sensitivity even at different powers. implementations.
Rotor ground-current measurement I>, fn
In this method, a power-frequency voltage (50 Hz, 60 Hz) is fed
into the rotor circuit via a coupling apparatus (7XR61 +
3PP1336). Through the protection function, the current
threshold is monitored via a sensitive current input. Two current
stages can be set (warning, tripping). In addition, the rotor
circuit is monitored for open circuit by an undercurrent stage.

3.2/13 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Restart inhibit (ANSI 66)

Rotor resistance measurement R<, fn


In this method, a power-frequency voltage (50 Hz, 60 Hz) is also
fed into the rotor circuit via a coupling apparatus (7XR61 +
3PP1336). In addition to the current measurement via the sensi-
tive current input, the coupled voltage is also evaluated. The
rotor grounding resistance is calculated using a mathematical
model. This procedure eliminates the interfering influence of
the rotor capacitance to ground and increases the sensitivity. In
the case of interference-free excitation voltage, fault resistances
of up to 30 kΩ can be detected. The function has a two-tier
design (warning and tripping stages). In addition, the rotor
circuit is monitored for open circuit by an undercurrent stage.
Rotor resistance measurement R<, 1-3 Hz *
In this method, a low-frequency, square-wave voltage (typically, [Dw_PrReLo_02, 1, en_US]

1 – 3 Hz) is coupled into the rotor circuit through a ballast Figure 3.2/11 Temperature curve of the rotor and repeated motor start-
(7XT71) and resistor device (7XR6004). Through this method, up
the interfering influence of the rotor capacitance to ground is
eliminated and a good signal-to-noise ratio for the harmonic Directional overcurrent protection, phases and ground
components (for example, 6th harmonic) of the exciter device is (ANSI 67, 67N)
achieved. A high sensitivity in the measurement is possible.
The functions directional time-overcurrent protection for phases
Fault resistances up to 80 kΩ can be detected. The rotor ground
and ground sense short circuits in electrical equipment. With
circuit is monitored for continuity by evaluation of the current
directional time-overcurrent protection, the units can also be
during polarity reversal.
used in power systems in which not only the overcurrent crite-
Due to the high sensitivity, this function is recommended for rion but also the direction of power fl ow to the fault location is
larger generators. a selectivity criterion, e.g. in single-feed parallel lines, in double-
The function requires a hardware configuration of the 7UM85 feed lines, or in looped lines.
with a IO210. Two defi nite time-overcurrent protection stages (DTL stages)
and one inverse time-overcurrent protection stage (IDMTL
*In preparation
stage) are preconfi gured. Further defi nite time-overcurrent
Restart inhibit (ANSI 66) protection stages and one stage with a user-defi ned character-
The restart inhibit prevents the motor from restarting if the istic can be confi gured within the function.
permitted temperature limit would thus be exceeded. For the inverse time-overcurrent protection stages, all common
The rotor temperature of a motor is far below the permissible characteristics according to IEC and ANSI/IEEE are available.
temperature limit during normal operation and also under The Figure 3.2/12 shows how the direction characteristic of the
increased load conditions. High starting currents required when ground function can be freely configured. The characteristic can
starting the motor increase the risk of the rotor being thermally be rotated for the phase function.
damaged rather the stator due to overheating. This is related to
the short thermal constant of the rotor. To avoid tripping of the
circuit breaker due to multiple motor start-up attempts, the
restart of the motor has to be inhibited if it is obvious that the
temperature limit of the rotor has been exceeded during a
startup attempt (siehe Figure 3.2/11).

3.2

[dw_DwDirRot, 1, en_US]

Figure 3.2/12 Direction characteristics of the extended ground function

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/14
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Directional ground-fault protection with phase selector (ANSI 67G, 50G, 51G)

Apart from the characteristics, the stages have an identical 5 mA to 100 A with a rated current of 1 A and from 5 mA to
structure. 500 A with a nominal current of 5 A. Thus the ground-fault over-
current protection can be applied with extreme sensitivity.
• Blocking functions of the stage: on measuring voltage failure,
via binary input signal, or by other functions (automatic reclo- The function is equipped with special digital fi lter algorithms,
sure, cold load pickup) providing the elimination of higher harmonics. This feature is
particularly important for low zero sequence fault currents
• Every stage can be restrained against over-response caused by which usually have a high content of 3rd and 5th harmonics.
transformer inrush currents
• The direction can be set for each stage Dynamic setting change
Dynamic setting change of pickup values and delay time settings
• The stage can optionally be used for directional comparison can be activated depending on the status of an auto-reclosure
protection. Both a release and a blocking method can be
function. An instantaneous switch-on to fault is applicable for
implemented
each stage.
• Each stage can be used as an alarm stage (no trip signal) Phase selector
• For the measuring method, measurement of the fundamental The ground-fault protection is suitable for 3-phase and, option-
or the rms value can be selected
ally, for 1-phase tripping by means of a sophisticated phase
• The ground function evaluates the calculated zero-sequence selector. It may be blocked during the dead time of 1-pole autor-
current (3I0) or the measured ground current eclose cycles or during pickup of a main protection function.
• Logarithmically inverse characteristics are also available for Directional sensitive ground-fault detection (ANSI 67Ns,
the ground stages. ANSI 51Ns, 59N)
Directional ground-fault protection with phase selector The directional sensitive ground-fault detection function detects
(ANSI 67G, 50G, 51G) ground faults in isolated and arc-suppression-coil-ground power
In grounded systems, it may happen that the main protection systems. Various function stages are available for this purpose
sensitivity is not sufficient to detect high-resistance ground that can also be used in parallel. Thus, the working method of
faults. The SIPROTEC 5 device therefore has protection functions the function can best be adapted to the conditions of the power
for faults of this nature. system, the user philosophy and different manifestations of the
error:
Multiple stages
Overvoltage elements with zero-sequence system / residual
The ground fault overcurrent protection can be used with 6 defi- voltage
nite-time stages (DT) and one inverse-time stage (IDMTL).
The zero-sequence voltage (residual voltage) is evaluated as to
The following inverse-time characteristics are provided: threshold-value violation. In addition, the faulty phase can be
• Inverse acc. to IEC 60255-3 determined when the phase-ground voltages are connected.
Directional ground-current elements with direction determina-
• ANSI/IEEE inverse tion using cos φ and sin φ measurement
• Logarithmic inverse This is the “classical“ wattmetric (cos φ, in the arc-suppression-
• V0-inverse coil-ground power system) or varmetric (sin φ, in the isolated
power system) method of measurement for the directional
• S0-inverse. detection of static ground faults. For direction determination,
the current component which is perpendicular to the set direc-
Appropriate direction decision modes
tion-characteristic curve (= axis of symmetry) is decisive (3I0dir.),
The direction decision can be determined by the residual current see Figure 3.2/13. The stage is adaptable to the power system
I0 and the zero sequence voltage V0 or by the negative conditions by a corresponding setting (position of the direction-
sequence components V2 and I2. Using negative-sequence characteristic curve). Therefore, very sensitive and precise meas-
components can be advantageous in cases where the zero urements are possible.
sequence voltage tends to be very low due to unfavorable zero
3.2
sequence impedances.
In addition or as an alternative to the directional determination
with zero sequence voltage, the ground current of a grounded
power transformer may also be used for polarization. Dual polar-
ization applications can therefore be fulfi lled. Alternatively, the
direction can be determined by evaluation of zero sequence
power. Each stage can be set in forward or reverse direction or
both directions (non-directional).
High sensitivity and stability
The SIPROTEC 5 devices can be provided with a sensitive neutral
[dwcosphi-171012-01.tif, 1, en_US]
(residual) current transformer input. This feature provides a
measuring range for the ground current (fault current) from Figure 3.2/13 Direction determination with cos φ measurement

3.2/15 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Power-swing blocking (ANSI 68)

Directional ground-current element with direction determina- A subsequent network fault is reliably detected and results in
tion using φ (V, I) measurement phase-selective reset of the distance protection blocking by the
power-swing detection.
This method can be applied as an alternative to the cos φ or sin
φ method if this is desired because of user philosophy. The
direction is found by determining the phase angle between the
angle-error compensated ground current and the rotated zero-
sequence voltage V0. To take different system conditions and
applications into account, the reference voltage can be rotated
via an adjustable angle. This moves the vector of the rotated
reference voltage close to the vector of the ground current
3I0com. Consequently, the result of direction determination is as
reliable as possible (see also Figure 3.2/12).
Transient ground-fault method
This transient method operates only during the first 1 to
2 periods after fault inception. It determines the direction via
the evaluation of the active energy of the transient process. It is
[power-swing, 1, en_US]
especially appropriate if direction information is required for
errors that expire again very quickly (after 0.5 to a few periods). Figure 3.2/14 Power-swing detection during 1-pole open condition
Thus, a use parallel to the stage with cos φ measurement lends
itself. Trip circuit supervision (ANSI 74TC)
This method can also be operated in meshed power systems. It The circuit breaker coil including its feed lines is monitored with
is also especially well-suited for closed rings because circulating two binary inputs. An alarm will be generated if there is an inter-
residual currents are eliminated. Due to additional logic, the ruption in the trip circuit.
function can also optionally clear a static error. Out-of-step protection (ANSI 78)
Non-directional ground-current stage In electric power transmission systems electrical stability must
If necessary, a simple, non-directional ground-current stage can be maintained at all times. If system conditions arise that
be configured. threaten the stability measures must be taken to avoid an esca-
lation. One such system is the out-of-step protection. The func-
General information
tion can be applied as out-of-step protection or can be inte-
In particular in arc-suppression-coil-ground power systems, the grated into more complex systems for supervision and load
result is a high angular accuracy. For this purpose, the measured control, i.e. system integrity protection systems (SIPS).
ground current is corrected via the stored error characteristic of
The out-of-step function constantly evaluates the impedance
the core balance current transformer (angle error as a function
trajectory of the positive sequence impedance. The response
of the current).
characteristic is defined by impedance zones in the R/X plane.
A special algorithm is capable of quickly detecting the fault Accumulators are incremented depending on the point at which
extinction. With this detection, the directional ground-current the impedance trajectory enters or exits the associated impe-
stages, the direction determination of which is based on the dance zone. Tripping or signaling occurs when the set accumu-
phase angle relationship between zero-sequence current and lator limits are reached. The out-of-step protection provides up
zero-sequence voltage, can be blocked. Thus, the stability is to four independent impedance zones which can be adjusted
increased during the decay process of the zero-sequence system and tilted according to the requirements of stability in the
in the resonant-grounded power system. Responses of protec- power network (see Figure 3.2/15
tive devices and trippings can be saved in the separate ground-
fault log.
Power-swing blocking (ANSI 68)
Dynamic transient incidents, for instance short-circuits, load 3.2
fluctuations, auto-reclosures or switching operations can cause
power swings in the transmission network. During power
swings, large currents along with small voltages can cause
unwanted tripping of distance protection devices. The power-
swing blocking function avoids uncontrolled tripping of the
distance protection. Power swings can be detected under
symmetrical load conditions as well as during 1-pole auto-
reclose cycles
No settings required
The function requires no settings. The optimal computation is
always obtained by automatic adaptation. During a power-swing
blocking situation all swing properties are constantly supervised.

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/16
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Automatic reclosing (ANSI 79)

modes are provided in addition to the above mentioned


features:
• 1-pole auto-reclosure for 1-phase short circuits, no reclosing
for multi-phase faults
• 1-pole auto-reclosure for 1-phase faults and for 2-phase faults
without ground, no reclosing for multi-phase short circuit
• 1-pole auto-reclosure for 1-phase fault and 3-pole autore-
closing for multi-phase faults
1-polige AWE bei 1-poligen Fehlern, 3-polige AWE bei mehr-
poligen Fehlern
• 1-pole auto-reclosure for 1-phase faults and for 2-phase faults
without ground and 3-pole auto-reclosure for other faults
• Appropriate evolving fault response
• 3-pole coupling (positive 3-pole tripping) in case of circuit-
breaker pole discrepancy.
Voltage-dependent supplementary functions
[impedance zones, 1, en_US] The integration of auto-reclosure in the feeder protection allows
Figure 3.2/15 Impedance zones for out-of-step protection evaluation of the line-side voltages. A number of voltagede-
pendent supplementary functions are thus available:
Automatic reclosing (ANSI 79) • DLC
About 85% of the arc faults on overhead lines are extinguished By means of a dead-line check, reclosure is effected only
automatically after being tripped by the protection. The over- when the line is de-energized (prevention of asynchronous
head line can therefore be re-energized. Reclosure is performed circuit-breaker closure), if no synchrocheck can be used
by an automatic-reclosing function (AR). Each protection func- • ADT
tion can be confi gured to start or block the auto-reclosure func- The adaptive dead time is employed only if auto-reclosure at
tion. the opposite end was successful (reduction of stress on equip-
ment)
Basic features and operating modes
• Tripping controlled start with action time or without action • RDT
Reduced dead time is employed in conjunction with autore-
time
closure where no teleprotection is used: When faults within
• Pickup controlled start with action time or without action time the overreach zone, but external to the protected line, are
switched off for short-time interruption, the RDT function
• 3-pole auto-reclosing for all types of faults; different dead decides on the basis of measurement of the reverse polarity
times are available depending on the type of fault
voltage from the opposite end, which has not tripped,
• Multiple-shot auto-reclosure whether or not to reduce the dead time.
• Cooperation with the internal or an external synchrocheck Frequency protection (ANSI 81O, 81U)
• Cooperation with external devices via binary inputs and Frequency deviations are caused by an unbalance between
outputs or via communication with GOOSE message in generated and consumed the active power. Causes are, for
IEC 61850 systems example, load shedding, network disconnections, increased
• Monitoring of the circuit-breaker auxiliary contact need for active power, generator failures or faulty functioning of
the power and frequency regulation.
• Dynamic setting change of overcurrent protection elements, The frequency protection detects frequency deviations in the
depending on the AR status.
3.2 network or in electric machines. It monitors the frequency band
Two auto-reclosure (AR) functions and outputs failure indications. In case of critical power
For applications with two circuit breakers per feeder, e.g. frequency entire generation blocks can be isolated or networks
breaker-and-a-half, ring bus or double circuit-breaker applica- can be decoupled. To ensure network stability, load shedding
tions the devices can be confi gured to operate with two inde- can be initiated.
pendent auto-reclosure functions. Different frequency measuring elements with high accuracy and
1-pole auto-reclosure short pickup times are available. Tripping by frequency meas-
uring elements can be effected either at the local circuit breaker
In electrical power systems with grounded system neutral-point
or at the opposite end by remote tripping.
and if the circuit-breaker pole can be operated individually, a 1-
pole auto-reclosure is usually initiated for 1-phase short circuits. The following measuring elements are available:
1-pole auto-reclosure functionality is available in SIPROTEC 5
devices with 1-pole tripping capability. The following operating

3.2/17 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Rate-of-frequency-change protection (ANSI 81R)

Overfrequency protection (ANSI 81O) • Unblocking method


- Each scheme in permissive mode can be extended with
Two preconfigured stages, can be increased up to three stages.
unblocking logic
All stages are of identical design.
Underfrequency protection (ANSI 81U) • Blocking method
Three preconfigured stages, can be increased up to five stages. • Backward Interlocking
All stages are of identical design.
• Bus section protection
Each frequency measurement procedures two measurements:
The send and receive signals are available as general signals or
• Angle difference method: Angle change of the voltage phasor as phase-selective signals. The phase-selective signals are
over a time interval advantageous as they ensure reliable 1-pole disconnection,
• Filter method of measurement: Evaluation of immediate especially if 1-phase faults occur on different lines. The protec-
voltage values with special filters. tion schemes with automatic remote tripping are suitable also
for power lines with more than 2-ended lines, for example teed-
For all measuring methods the specific protection functions are
feeder lines. Up to 6-ended configurations are possible.
provided in the DIGSI 5-library.
Transient blocking (current reversal monitoring) is provided for
Rate-of-frequency-change protection (ANSI 81R)
all release and blocking methods in order to suppress interfer-
Frequency changes can be detected quickly with the rate-offre- ence signals during tripping of parallel lines.
quency- change protection. The function is able to prevent
Weak or no infeed: Echo and tripping (ANSI 85/27)
unsafe states of the system caused by unbalance between
generated and consumed active power. It is therefore used in To prevent delayed tripping of distance protection permissive
power system disconnection and load shedding measures. schemes and ground-fault directional comparison scheme
during weak or zero infeed situations, an echo function is
The function provides two types of stages:
provided. If no fault detector is picked up at the weak-infeed
• df/dt rising end of the line, the signal received here is returned as echo to
allow accelerated tripping at the strong infeed end of the line. It
• df/dt falling is also possible to initiate phase-selective tripping at the weak-
Of each type of stage, up to 5 stages can be set up in the func- infeed end. A phase-selective 1-pole or 3-pole trip is issued if a
tion. send signal is received and if the measured voltage drops corre-
spondingly. This feature is available for all permissive under-
By defining the measurement window length, either the meas-
reach and overreach schemes. As an option, the weak infeed
uring accuracy or the starting time can be optimized for the
logic can be equipped according to a French specification.
specific application.
Teleprotection for directional ground-fault protection
On undervoltages, the function is automatically blocked to
(ANSI 85/67N)
exclude imprecise or incorrect measurements.
For fast clearance of faults up to 100% of the line length the
Teleprotection scheme for distance protection (ANSI 85/21)
directional ground-fault protection can be expanded with a tele-
A teleprotection scheme is available for fast clearance of faults protection scheme.
up to 100% of the line length.
The following schemes are available:
For conventional signal transmission, the required send and
receive signals can be freely distributed to binary inputs and
• Directional comparison
outputs. The signals can also be transferred via the protection • Blocking
interface, a system-wide feature of the SIPROTEC 5 product
family. Transmission via GOOSE messages with IEC 61850 • Unblocking
system interfaces is provided as well, if the available communi- The send and receive signals are available as general signals or
cation structures in the switchgear fulfill the requirements as as phase-selective signals in combination with the phase
per IEC 61850-90-1. selector of the directional ground-fault protection. For conven-
The following teleprotection schemes are available for the tional signal transmission the send and receive signals can be 3.2
distance protection: freely assigned to binary inputs and outputs. The signals can
certainly be transferred via the serial protection data interface, a
• Distance protection with underreaching (permissive under- SIPROTEC 5-wide system feature. The transmission via GOOSE
reach transfer trip)
messages with IEC 61850-system interfaces is provided as well,
- Grading time reduction with overreaching zone (transfer
if the available communication structures in the substations
tripping via expanded measuring range)
fulfill the intra-substation requirements according to
- Grading time reduction with pickup (intertripping via pickup)
IEC 61850-90-1.
- Intertripping scheme (intertripping underreach protection)
The “transient blocking” (current reversal guard) function can be
• Distance protection with underreaching (permissive overreach enabled in order to suppress the interference signals during trip-
transfer trip)
- Overreaching zone (permissive overreach transfer trip ping of parallel lines. Communication of the teleprotection func-
scheme) tions for distance protection and ground-fault protection can
- Directional comparison with directional pickup

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/18
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Line differential protection (ANSI 87L, 87T)

use the same signaling channel or separate and redundant


channels.
Line differential protection (ANSI 87L, 87T)
Line differential protection is a selective short-circuit protection
for overhead lines, cables, and busbars with single-side and
multi-side infeed in radial, looped, or meshed power systems. It
can be used at all voltage levels. Line differential protection
works strictly phase-selectively and allows instantaneous trip-
ping of 1-phase or 3-phase errors at up to six line ends.
Depending on the device variant, one-pole/three-pole
(7SD87/7SL87) or only three-pole tripping
(7SD82/7SD86/7SL82/7SL86) is possible. The devices in a differ-
ential protection topology communicate with each other via
protection interfaces (protection communication). The flexible
use of available communication media saves investment in
communication infrastructure and guarantees the protection of
lines of all lengths.
Adaptive measurement
An adaptive measurement method ensures a maximum of sensi- [AuslöseChar, 1, en_US]

tivity to detect internal faults under all conditions. To guarantee Figure 3.2/16 Tripping characteristics
highest stability, any measurement or communication errors are
taken into account (see Figure 3.2/16). Simple settings and Charging-current compensation
supervision functions shorten time of engineering and commis-
sioning: Particularly with long cables and very long extra-high-voltage
lines, ground capacitances can cause considerable, permanently
• A sensitive measurement stage (IDiff >) detects high-impe- flowing capacitive load currents. These must be taken into
dance errors. Special algorithms ensure high stability even account by the tripping threshold of the sensitive differential
with high-level DC-components in the short-circuit current. protection stage because they generate a differential current.
The tripping time of this stage is about 30 ms when standard
output contacts are used • The charging-current compensation serves to improve the
sensitivity so that maximum sensitivity can be protected even
• A high-current differential stage (IDiff >>) offers high-speed at high charging currents.
fault clearance with very short tripping times when high-
speed contacts are used.
• The charging-current compensation requires that local
voltage transformers are connected.
• No external matching transformers are needed by taking • The principle of distributed compensation guarantees
different current-transformer ratios into consideration. maximum availability, since with local outage of measuring
• With the setting of current-transformer error data, the differ- voltages of a device, the remaining devices continue to guar-
ential protection device automatically calculates the restraint antee their part of the compensation.
current and sets its permissible sensitivity. Thus, no protection Transformer in the protection range
characteristic has to be parameterized. Only IDiff > (sensitive
Apart from normal lines, line differential protection can also
stage) and IDiff >> (high-current differential stage) must be set
protect lines with a transformer in block connection. The current
according to the charging current of the line/cable transformers selectively delimit the protection range.
• Enhanced communications features guarantee stability and • A separate transformer protection device can therefore be
accuracy even under disturbed or interrupted connections on
omitted, since line differential protection acts as transformer
all kinds of transmission media, like optical fibers, control
protection with measuring points that may lie far away from
lines, telephone cables or communication networks.
one another
3.2
• Monitoring and display of differential and restraint currents • With few additional transformer parameters such as rated
during normal operation
apparent power, primary voltages, connection symbols and
• High stability during external short circuits, even with any neutral-point groundings of the respective windings,
different current-transformer saturation levels. there is no need for external matching transformers
• When long lines or cables get switched on, large transient • The sensitivity of differential protection can be further
charging current peaks occur. To avoid higher settings and increased by capturing the ground currents of grounded
less sensitivity of the IDiff >> differential current stage, the neutral-point windings
response threshold of the IDiff > stage may be increased for a • The inrush-current detection function stabilizes the differen-
settable time interval. This offers higher sensitivity under tial protection against tripping due to transformer inrush
normal load conditions. currents. This can occur phase-selectively or in 3-phase by
means of the crossblock function.

3.2/19 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Line differential protection (ANSI 87L, 87T)

Breaker-and-a-half layouts
Differential protection can easily be integrated into breaker-and-
a-half layouts. With corresponding hardware extension (see
standard variants), two 3-phase current inputs per device are
configurable. Thus, ultimately topologies of up to 12 measuring
points with 6 devices can be configured. The protection of a
STUB-BUS can be assumed by the separate STUB differential
protection.
Enhanced communications features
The line differential protection uses the protection interfaces in
the "Differential protection" configuration (Type 1, see Protec-
tion communication). Different communication modules and
external converters allow the interfacing and use of all available
communication media.
• Direct fiber-optic data transmission is immune to electromag-
netic disturbances and offers the highest transmission speed
to achieve the shortest tripping times [dw_ring, 2, en_US]

• External communication converters enable communication Figure 3.2/17 Differential protection in ring topologies
via existing control cables, telephone lines or communication
networks.
The data required for the differential calculations are cyclically
exchanged in full-duplex mode in the form of synchronous,
serial telegrams between the protection devices. Comprehen-
sive supervision functions ensure stability in operation in any
communication environment:
• Telegrams are secured with CRC checksums to detect trans-
mission errors immediately. Differential protection processes
only valid telegrams.
• Supervision of all communication routes between the device
without the need for additional equipment
• Unambiguous identification of each device is ensured by the
assignment of settable communication addresses for each
unit within a differential protection topology
• Detection of telegrams reflected back to the sending device in
the communication network
• Detection of time delay changes in communication networks
[dw_Ketten, 2, en_US]
• Dynamic compensation of runtimes in the differential meas-
urement and supervision of the maximum permissible signal- Figure 3.2/18 Differential protection in chain topologies
transit time
Phase-selective circuit-breaker intertripping and remote trip/
• Indication of disturbed communication connections. Faulty- indications
telegram counters are available as operational measured
values. • Normally, the differential current is calculated for each line
end at the same time. This leads to fast and uniform tripping
• Switched communication networks can lead to unbalance in times. Under weak infeed conditions, especially when the
the runtimes in receive and transmit directions. The resulting 3.2
differential current is taken into account by the adaptive differential protection function is combined with an overcur-
measuring techniques of the differential protection rent pickup, a phase-selective breaker intertripping offers a
tripping of all line ends. Therefore high-speed transfer-trip
• With a high-precision 1 s pulse from a GPS receiver, the device signals get transmitted to the other line ends. These transfer-
can be synchronized with an absolute, exact time at each line trip signals can also be initiated by an external device via
end. In this way, time delays in receive and transmit path can binary inputs. Therefore, they can be used to indicate, for
be measured exactly. Thus, the differential protection can also example, a direction decision of the backup distance protec-
be used in communication networks with a maximum of tion.
sensitivity even under massive runtime unbalance conditions.
• The protection interfaces can exchange freely configurable,
binary inputs and output signals and measured values with
each other (see protection communication).

SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Catalog SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4 3.2/20
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – STUB differential protectionANSI 87 STUB)

Communication topologies/modes of function The following properties are essential for the protection func-
tion:
Differential protection devices may be arranged in a ring or
daisy-chain topology. A test mode offers advantages during • Restraint tripping characteristic with freely settable character-
commissioning and service operations. istic sections in accordance with Figure 3.2/19
• In a ring topology, the system tolerates the outage of a data • Integrated adaptation to the transformer ratio with different
connection. The ring topology is converted within 20 ms into rated currents of the current transformer (primary and secon-
a daisy-chain topology, so that the differential protection dary) taken into account
function continues to work without interruption.
• Flexible adaptation to the different transformer vector groups
• When a daisy-chain topology is specified by the communica- Flexible Anpassung an die unterschiedlichen Transformator-
tion infrastructure, cost effective relays with only one protec- schaltgruppen.
tion interface can be used at both daisy-chain ends.
• Adaptive adjustment of the trip characteristics by detection of
• For important two-end lines, a hot standby transmission is the transformer tapping
possible by a redundant communication connection to ensure
high availability. When the main connection is interrupted,
• Additional consideration given to neutral point currents with
grounded winding and thus increase of the sensitivity by one
the communication switches over from the main path to the third
secondary path.
• Redundant stabilization procedure (2nd harmonic + curve
• For service or maintenance reasons, individual differential wave analysis) to detect safely inrush procedures at the trans-
protection devices within multi-end topologies can be former
removed from the differential protection topology using a
binary input. Switch positions and load currents get checked • Further stabilization options through the evaluation of the 3rd
before a such a “logoff” takes effect. The remaining devices or 5th harmonic in the differential current. The 5th harmonic is
can continue to operate in this reduced topology. suitable for detecting safely a steady-state overexitation of
the transformer and thus for avoiding an overfunction
• The whole configuration can be shifted into a differential
protection test mode. All functions and indications continue • Additional stabilization procedures against external faults
to be available except the breakers will not trip. In this way, with current transformer saturation. The first procedure
the local relay can be tested with disconnection or intertrip- responds to high-current faults and monitors the differential
ping of the other relays. current curve (differential current detected outside the add-
on stabilization characteristic for a limited time, see Figure
STUB differential protectionANSI 87 STUB) 3.2/19). Changeover to an internal fault is safely detected.
STUB differential protection is a full-fledged line differential The second procedure works with low-current faults. Phase-
protection, but without communication between the line ends. angle shifts can occur in the secondary current due to the DC
It is used with a teed feeder or a breaker-and-a-half scheme, component in the short-circuit current and remanence of the
when a feeder of the line section can no longer be selectively current transformer. If jumps occur in the stabilization current
protected by opening the disconnector (example distance and if DC components are detected in the differential current
protection). at the same time, the tripping characteristic is increased for a
limited time
The activation of the STUB differential protection occurs through
the feedback of the disconnector position. The SIPROTEC 5 line • If asynchronous motors are connected to transformers, differ-
protection device must be equipped with two 3-phase current ential currents can occur due to the distorted transmission of
inputs in its hardware for this. The STUB differential protection the starting current. The start detection (jump in the stabiliza-
corresponds structurally and with regard to the setting parame- tion current and DC component evaluation) will raise the trip-
ters to the line differential protection (ANSI 87L) in all regards, ping characteristic
with the exception of protection data communication. It guaran- • High-power internal faults are detected safely and quickly
tees the selective protection of the remaining line section and with the high-current stage IDiff-fast (see Figure 3.2/20). In
rapid tripping times up to 10 ms. order to avoid an overfunction due to q-axis currents (e.g. use
Transformer differential protection (ANSI 87T) in one-and-a-half layout), the instantaneous values of the
differential and stabilization current are evaluated. Internal
3.2 The transformer differential protection is a selective short-circuit
and external faults are safely detected within a few millisec-
protection for power transformers with different types of design
onds.
(standard transformers and autotransformers) and different
connection designs. The number of protectable windings (sides) The protection function was adapted to the special conditions of
and the number of usable measuring points depends on the the autotransformer in order to ensure the protection of auto-
device type (see above explanations). transformers. The pure node point protection can be used as an
additional sensitive protection of the autotransformer winding.
The node point protection works parallel to the classical differ-
ential protection. The autotransformer banks become highly
sensitive to ground faults and interturn faults with it. Figure
3.2/21 shows the basic idea.

3.2/21 SIPROTEC 5 ⋅ Devices Protection, Automation and Monitoring ⋅ Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 - Edition 4
SIPROTEC 5 System
Protection – Differential Protection for Phase-Shifting Transformers

stability, an even load distribution in parallel transmission lines


and to avoid unbalance currents in the transmission system
loops. The main function of a phase-shifting transformer is to
change the effective phase shift between the input and output
voltage of a transmission line. In doing this, the function
controls the current load that can be transmitted with one line.
Phase-shifting transformers are integrated in series in the
system to influence the active power flow with additionally fed
voltage. This situation occurs, for example, when the increase in
transmission capacity requires building an additional line.
Specific control of the angle between line current and voltage
enables maximum possible utilization of both lines. A further
typical application is the control of the load flow or of the
energy fl ow direction at the coupling point of 2 systems.

[dwdifaus-030912-01.tif, 1, en_US]

Figure 3.2/19 Restrain tripping characterisitc of the function Idiff

[dw_PST_DIFF_01, 1, en_US]

Figure 3.2/22 Power output distribution between 2 lines with different


phase angle values

There are 3 function blocks for adapting the differential protec-


[dwidfast-300114-01.tif, 1, en_US] tion to different types of phase-shifting transformers:

Figure 3.2/20 Characteristics of the function Idiff-fast • Single-core PST are phase-angle transformers with a
maximum phase shift of 60°