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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

词根
1 ag=do, act 做,动
agent n. ent 表 示 人 的 名 词 后 缀 or er ist ant assistant applicant apply
application
agency n.
agenda n. end 名词后缀 a 表示复数,待做的事情
agile adj. ile 形容词后缀
agitate v. it,ate 动词后缀

2 agri=field 田地,农田
Agriculture n. culture economy economic politics

3 ann=year 年
anniversary n. 周年纪念日 i 连接字母 vers 转,ary 名词后缀 转了一年
annual adj.‘ 每年的 arrive at /in arrival survive survival

4 audi(audit)=hear 听
Audience n.
auditorium n. 礼堂 讲堂
auditor n.旁听者
audition n. 听觉

5 bell=war 战争
Rebellion n. re 反,反抗

6 brev=short 短
Abbreviate v.
Abbreviation n.
Brief adj.

7 ced(ceed,cess)=go 行走
precede v. 领先 优先
exceed v.超出
excessive adj.
process n.

8 cept=take 拿 取
except
accept v.

9 cid,cis=cut,kill 切 杀
Decide v.
Decision n.
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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

Decisive adj.

10 circ=ring 环,圆
Circle n.
Circulate v. circulation n.

11 claim,clam=cry,shout 喊叫
exclaim
acclaim

12 clar=clear 清楚,明白
Declare v.
clarify v. purify purification purified

13 clud (clus)=close,shut 关闭
exclude v.
exclusive adj.
include v.
conclude v.
conclusion n.

14 cogn=know 知道
Cognition n.
cognitive adj.
recognize

15 cord (cor)=heart 心
record
core

16 corpor (corp)=body
Corporation n. 公司 company firm enterprise multinationals

17 cred=believe, trust 相信 信任
Credit n. belief n.
Incredible adj.

18 cruc=cross 十字
Crucial adj. important significant essential vital。

19 cur=care 关心 挂念 注意
Security n.
Curious adj.
Cure v.
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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

Incurable adj.
Curative adj.

20 cur, curs,cour,cours=run 跑
Current n./adj.
Currency n.
Course n. choice choose chosen select selective required

21 dent=tooth 牙齿
Dentist n.

22 di=day 日
Diary n.

23 dict=say 言,说
Dictate dictation direct
contradict adj. contra 相反

24 dit=give 给
Tradition(al) trans
edit v.
editor n.

25 don(do)=give 给
donate
donative
donator

26 du=two 二
Duplicate
dual due to/because of/thanks for

27 duc,duct=lead 引导
educate
conduct
product

28 ed=eat 吃
Edible adj.

29 equ=equal 等,均,平
Equal adj. equipment
Equality n.

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

30 ev=age 年龄,寿命,时代,时期
longevity
medieval

31 fact,fac=do make 做
factory
facility infrastructure
facilitate

32 fer=bring, carry 带 拿
differ
difference
conference
prefer v.
preference n.

33 flor,flour=flower 花
flourish

34 flu=flow 流
fluency
influence

35 fus=pour 灌 流 倾泻
refuse
infuse

36 grad=step,go, grade 步 走 级
gradually
graduate v. n.

37 gram=write, something written or drawn


Diagram n.
Telegram n.

38 graph=write, writing, an instrument for making records


photograph
biography
autobiography
autograph

39 gress=go walk
Progress
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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

40 habit=dwell 居住
Habitant n.
inhabit v.

41 hibit=hold 拿 持
Exhibit
exhibition show show up
prohibit prevent forbid

42 hospit=guest 客人
Hospital
Hospitality

43 idio 特殊的 个人的 专有的


Idiot individual

44 insul=island
Insular

45 it=go 走
Exit
Initial adj.

46 ject=throw 投掷
Project
Subject n. v.

47 juven =young
Juvenile adj. n.
Remote distant

48 lect=choose, gather 选 收
Elect

49 lev=raise 举 升
elevator lift

50 liber=free
Liberate library

51 lingu=language 语言
linguist
bilingual
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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

52 liter=letter 文字 字母
literate legal illegal regular irregular
literacy

53 loc=place
local
locate
location

54 log=speak 言 说
dialogue monologue
apology
logic logical

55 loqu=speak
Eloquent
eloquence

56 lun=moon
lunar

57 man,main=dwell,stay
remain
permanent

58 manu,man=hand
manuscript
manufacture
manufacturer

59 mar=sea
Marine
Submarine

60 medi=middle 中间
Immediate
Medieval

61 memor=memory 记忆
Memorize
Immemorial
Commemorate

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

62 merg=dip,sink 沉,没
Emerge
Emergence
Immerse

63 migr=remove,move 迁移
Migrate
Migration
Emigrate

64 milit=soldier 兵

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

词缀
前缀
1 a- 无,不,非/加强意义
acentric
atypical
aloud

2 ab- 离去 相反 不
abnormal
abuse

3 anti- 反对,相反
antiwar 反战的

4 auto- 自己,自动
autobiography
automobile

5 bi- 两,二
bilingual
bicycle

6 co- 共同
Cooperation n.

7 con- 共同 加强
Contemporary
conclude

8 com- 共同 加强
Combine
compress

9 counter- 反对相反
Counterattack

10 de- 否定 反 除去 向下 降低
Decompose
Deforest
Depress

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

11 dif- 分开 否定 不
Differ
Diffuse

12 dis- 不 无 相反
Dislike
Disbelieve

13 ex- 出 外 前任的 以前的


Export
ex-wife

14 extra- 以外 超过
Extraordinary

15 fore- 前 先 预先
Foretell

16 homo- 同
Homocentric

17 il- 不 无 非
illegal
illogical

18 im- 不 无 非 向内
Impossible
Import

19 in- 不 无 非 向内
Informal
Inside
Indoor

20 inter- 在……之间 相互
International
Interchange

21 ir- 不 无
Irregular
Irrelative

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

22 mal- 恶 不良 失 不
Malnutrition
maltreat

23 mini- 小
Minibus

24 mis- 误 错 恶 不
Misuse
Misunderstand

25 mono- 单一
Monocycle

26 multi-多
Multinational

27 out- 胜过 超过 过度 外 出
Outdoor

28 over- 过度
Overuse
Overwork

29 post- 后
postwar
posttreatment

30 pro- 向前 在前
Progress

31 re- 回 向后 再 重复
Return
Recall
Rebuild

32 semi- 半
Semiconductor

33 sub- 下 次 亚 略
Subway
Subsurface
Subtropical

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

34 super- 超级 上 过度
Superheat
Superstar

35 trans- 超过 横过 超 转移 变换
Transnational
Transform
Transplant

36 ultra- 极端
Ultrasonic
Ultraclean

37 un- 不 无 非
Unreal
Unjust equality fair
Justify -fication

38 under- 下
Underground
Undersea submarine
Underline n. v. 强调 emphasize emphasis highlight stress /pressure
impressive

39 vice- 副
Vice-president
Vice-principal n. adj. principle n.
Important significant crucial essential vital play a vital role in … have
influence(effect impact) on

40 with- 向后 相反
Withstand
Withhold forbid/prevent/ban/prohibit

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

后缀
动词后缀
1 -ate
Originate
Differentiate

2 -ify
purify v.

名词后缀

1 -bility
Responsibility

2 -ance
Distance

3 -ment
announcement
development

4 -fication
Clarify
Clarification

5 -tion
Action

6 表示人的后缀 -er -or -ist -ant


Engineer reporter
Actor inventor
Journalist scientist
Applicant apply application assistant
Assist/help/do sb. a favour/ give sb. hand

7 -ity
Purity n.
diversity

8 -ty
difficulty

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

9 -action
satisfaction

10 -ation
Occupy v.
Occupation/profession/vocation/job/work/career

11 -al
arrival
survival
appraisal appraise assess assessment estimate estimation evaluate
evaluation
criminal
hospital

12 -acy
accuracy
privacy

13 -acity
Capacity

14 -acle
Miracle mirage
Obstacle trouble

15 -ade
Decade
Blockade

16 -age
Percentage
Village
Marriage
Shortage

17 -ain
Captain capital

18 -naire
Millionaire
Billionaire

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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

19 -ality
Personality quality character trait
Nationality

20 -ary
Secondary
Imaginary
revolutionary
secretary
dictionary

21 -ate
Graduate
Candidate

形容词后缀
1 -t
Distant

2 -al
Eternal

3 -tive
Active

4 -ic
Electric

5 -ed

6 -ing

7 -al
Global
National
Personal

8 -able
Adaptable
Knowable
Readable

9 -ate
Fortunate
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常见词根词缀 杭州新航道北美胡艳艳

Vocabulary1.pptx

副词后缀
1 -ally
Dramatically
Practically
Exceptionally

2 -ably
Peaceably
Comfortably

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