You are on page 1of 73

Anna University Mechanical Engineering

Lecture Notes, Study Materials and Importants questions answers

1st Semister

Communicative English HS8151 - (Click Here)


Engineering Mathematics I MA8151 - (Click Here)
Engineering Physics PH8151 - (Click Here)
Engineering Chemistry CY8151 - (Click Here)
Problem Solving and Python Programming GE8151 - (Click Here)
Engineering Graphics GE8152 - (Click Here)
2nd Semister

Technical English HS8251 - (Click Here)


Engineering Mathematics II MA8251 - (Click Here)
Materials Science PH8251 - (Click Here)
Basic Electrical and Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering BE8253 - (Click Here)
Environmental Science and Engineering GE8291 - (Click Here)
Engineering Mechanics GE8292 - (Click Here)
3rd Semister

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations MA6351 - (Click Here)


Strength of Materials CE6306 - (Click Here)
Engineering Thermodynamics ME6301 - (Click Here)
Fluid Mechanics and Machinery CE6451 - (Click Here)
Manufacturing Technology I ME6302 - (Click Here)
Electrical Drives and Controls EE6351 - (Click Here)
4th Semister

Kinematics of Machinery ME6401 - (Click Here)


Manufacturing Technology II ME6402 - (Click Here)
Engineering Materials and Metallurgy ME6403 - (Click Here)
Environmental Science and Engineering GE6351 - (Click Here)
Thermal Engineering ME6404 - (Click Here)
5th Semister

Computer Aided Design ME6501 - (Click Here)


Heat and Mass Transfer ME6502 - (Click Here)
Design of Machine Elements ME6503 - (Click Here)
Metrology and Measurements ME6504 - (Click Here)
Dynamics of Machines ME6505 - (Click Here)
Professional Ethics in Engineering GE6075 - (Click Here)
6th Semister

Design of Transmission Systems ME6601 - (Click Here)


Principles of Management MG6851 - (Click Here)
Automobile Engineering ME6602 - (Click Here)
Finite Element Analysis ME6603 - (Click Here)
Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion ME6604 - (Click Here)
Unconventional Machining Processes ME6004 - (Click Here)
7th Semister

Power Plant Engineering ME6701 - (Click Here)


Mechatronics ME6702 - (Click Here)
Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems ME6703 - (Click Here)
Total Quality Management GE6757 - (Click Here)
Robotics ME6010 - (Click Here)
8th Semister

Engineering Economics MG6863 - (Click Here)


Advanced Internal Combustion Engineering ME6016 - (Click Here)

Subject : Communicative English


UNIT I
1. Listening to Informal Conversations and Participating - Answer (click here)
2. Speaking In Conversation - Answer (click here)
3. Developing Analytical Thinking - Answer (click here)
4. Effective use of SMS - Answer (click here)
5. Use of Emoticons in Email - Answer (click here)
6. Regular & Irregular Verbs - Answer (click here)
7. Active Voice & Passive Voice - Answer (click here)
8. Homonymns & Homophones - Answer (click here)

UNIT II
1. Conversation Practice - Answer (click here)
2. Writing a Book Review - Answer (click here)
3. Reading - Answer (click here)
4. Writing Summary - Answer (click here)
5. Personal Letters - Answer (click here)
6. Modal Verbs - Answer (click here)
7. Phrasal Verbs - Answer (click here)

UNIT III
1. Listening to Conversation - Answer (click here)
2. Conversation with Stress, Intonation & Pronunciation - Answer (click here)
3. Critical reading - Answer (click here)
4. Minutes of meeting - Answer (click here)
5. Writing Technical articles - Answer (click here)
6. Conditional clauses - Answer (click here)
7. Cause and effect expression - Answer (click here)
8. Same word as noun and verb - Answer (click here)
9. Homonys & Homophones Practice - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV
1. Telephone Conversations - Answer (click here)
2. Applying for a Job - Cover Letter & Resume Preparation - Answer (click
here)
3. Numerical Expressions - Answer (click here)
4. Connectives (Discourse Markers) - Answer (click here)
5. Idioms and their Meanings - Using Idioms in Sentences - Answer (click
here)
6. Different forms of resumes - Answer (click here)
7. Filling up a resume and cover letter - Answer (click here)

UNIT V
1. Strategies for Improving Discussion Skills - Answer (click here)
2. Note Making - Answer (click here)
3. Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading - Answer (click here)
4. Check Lists - Yes/No Question Form - Answer (click here)
5. Report Writing - Answer (click here)
6. Report of Meeting - Answer (click here)
7. Use of Clauses - Answer (click here)
8. Vocabulary- Collocation - Answer (click here)
Subject : Engineering Mathematics I
UNIT I DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS
1. Differential Calculus - Answer (click here)

UNIT II FUNCTIONS OF SEVERAL VARIABLES


1. Functions of several Variables - Answer (click here)

UNIT III INTEGRAL CALCULUS


1. Differential Calculus - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV MULTIPLE INTEGRALS


1. Multiple Integrals - Answer (click here)

UNIT V DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS


1. Ordinary Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
2. Partial Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
3. Important Questions and Answers: Partial Differential Equations -
Answer (click here)
4. Formation of Partial Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
5. Solution of a Partial Differential Equation - Answer (click here)
6. Lagrange’s Linear Equation - Answer (click here)
7. Partial Differential Equations of Higher Order With Constant
Coefficients - Answer (click here)
8. Non Homogeneous Linear Equations - Answer (click here)
9. Applications of Partial Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: Applications of Partial Differential
Equations - Answer (click here)
11. Solution of the wave equation - Answer (click here)
12. Solution of the heat equation - Answer (click here)
13. Solution of Laplace’s equation (Two dimensional heat equation) - Answer
(click here)

Subject : Engineering Physics


UNIT I PROPERTIES OF MATTER
1. Types of Stress and Strain - Answer (click here)
2. Hooke's Law - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Moduli of Elasticity - Answer (click here)
4. Factors affecting Elasticity - Answer (click here)
5. Bending of Beams - Answer (click here)
6. Modes of Heat Transer - Answer (click here)
7. Lee's Disc Method for Bad Conductors - Answer (click here)
8. Radial flow of heat - Answer (click here)

UNIT II WAVES AND FIBER OPTICS


1. Characteristics of Laser - Answer (click here)
2. Principle of Spontaneous and Stimulated emission - Einstein’s Quantum
theory of radiation - Answer (click here)
3. Principle of Laser action and Methods of pumping action - Answer (click
here)
4. Nd: YAG laser: Principle, Construction, Working, Characteristics,
Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications - Answer (click here)
5. CO2 Molecular gas laser: Principle, Construction, Working,
Characteristics, Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications - Answer
(click here)
6. Solid State diode lasers - Answer (click here)
7. Semiconductor Diode laser: Principle, Construction, Working,
Characteristics, Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications - Answer
(click here)
8. Hetro Junction Laser: Principle, Construction, Working, Characteristics,
Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications - Answer (click here)
9. Fiber Optics and Fiber Construction - Answer (click here)
10. Types of Optical Fibers - Answer (click here)
11. Difference between Step Index fiber and Graded Index fiber - Answer
(click here)
12. The Fiber Optic Communication System: Principle, Working, and
Advantages - Answer (click here)
13. Double Crucible Method - Answer (click here)
14. Types of Fiber Optic Sensors - Answer (click here)
15. Temperature Fiber Optic Sensor: Principle, Description and Working -
Answer (click here)
16. Displacement Fiber Optic Sensor (Extrinsic Sensor): Principle,
Description and Working - Answer (click here)
17. Medical Endoscope - Fiber Optic: Construction and working - Answer
(click here)
18. Losses in Optical Fibers - Answer (click here)
19. Principle of operation of a Photo Detector - Answer (click here)
20. PIN Photo Diode - Answer (click here)
21. Light Emitting Diodes: Principle, Construction, Working, Advantages
and Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
22. Important Short Questions and Answers: Photonics and fibre Optics -
Answer (click here)

UNIT III THERMAL PHYSICS


1. Types of Stress and Strain - Answer (click here)
2. Hooke's Law - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Moduli of Elasticity - Answer (click here)
4. Factors affecting Elasticity - Answer (click here)
5. Bending of Beams - Answer (click here)
6. Modes of Heat Transer - Answer (click here)
7. Lee's Disc Method for Bad Conductors - Answer (click here)
8. Radial flow of heat - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV QUANTUM PHYSICS


1. Quantum Physics - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Question and Answers: Quantum Physics - Answer (click
here)
3. Black Body Radiation - Answer (click here)
4. Planck's Hypothesis - Answer (click here)
5. Theory Compton Effect - Answer (click here)
6. Experimental Verification of Compton Effect - Answer (click here)
7. Dual Nature of Radiation (Light) And Matter (Particles) - Matter Waves
- Answer (click here)
8. Schroedinger wave equation - Answer (click here)
9. Electron microscope - Principle, Construction, Working, Advantages and
Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
10. Scanning electron microscope - Principle, Construction, Working,
Advantages and Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
11. Transmission Electron microscope - Principle, Construction, Working,
Advantages and Disadvantages - Answer (click here)

UNIT V CRYSTAL PHYSICS


1. Crystalllography - Answer (click here)
2. Lattice Parameters or Unit Cell Parameters - Answer (click here)
3. Bravais Space Lattice - Answer (click here)
4. Lattice Planes - Answer (click here)
5. Miller Indices - Procedure for finding and Important Features - Answer
(click here)
6. Separation between Lattice Planes in a cubic Crystal - Answer (click here)
7. Characteristics of the Unit Cell - Answer (click here)
8. Body centered cubic(BCC) Structure - Answer (click here)
9. Face centered cubic (FCC) Structure - Answer (click here)
10. Hexagonal Closely Packed Structure(HCP) - Answer (click here)
11. Properties of some Crystal Structure - Sodium choride, Diamond cubic -
Answer (click here)
12. Crystal growth - Solidification and Crystallization - Answer (click here)
13. Czochralski technique - Answer (click here)
14. Bridgeman Technique - Answer (click here)
15. Low temperature solution growth : Slow cooling and Slow evaporation
method - Answer (click here)
16. Epitaxial growth - Answer (click here)

Subject : Engineering Chemistry


UNIT I WATER AND ITS TREATMENT
1. Water Technology - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Water Technology - Answer (click here)

UNIT II SURFACE CHEMISTRY AND CATALYSIS


UNIT III ALLOYS AND PHASE RULE
1. Phase Rule and Alloys - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV FUELS AND COMBUSTION


1. Fuels and Combustion - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Fuels and Combustion - Answer (click
here)

UNIT V ENERGY SOURCES AND STORAGE DEVICES


1. Energy Sources - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Energy Sources - Answer (click here)

Subject : Problem Solving and Python


Programming
Python
1. Python - Answer (click here)
2. Basic Data Types, Control Structures and Functions - Python - Answer
(click here)
3. Tuples, Lists and Dictionaries - Python - Answer (click here)
4. String Processing and Regular Expressions - Python - Answer (click here)
5. Exception Handling - Python - Answer (click here)
6. Introduction to CGI Programming - Python - Answer (click here)
7. Form Processing and Business Logic - Python - Answer (click here)
8. Cookies - Python - Answer (click here)
9. Database Application Programming Interface (DB-API) - Python -
Answer (click here)

UNIT I ALGORITHMIC PROBLEM SOLVING


UNIT II DATA and EXPRESSIONS and STATEMENTS
UNIT III CONTROL FLOW and FUNCTIONS
UNIT IV LISTS and TUPLES and DICTIONARIES
UNIT V FILES and MODULES and PACKAGES

Subject : Engineering Graphics


Engineering Graphics
1. Importance of Engineering Graphics - Answer (click here)
2. Plane Curves and Introduction to Orthographic - Answer (click here)
3. Projection of Straight Lines and Planes [First Angle] - Answer (click here)
4. Projection of Solids and Section of Solids - Answer (click here)
5. Development of Surfaces and Isometric Projection - Answer (click here)
6. Free Hand Sketching and Perspective Projection - Answer (click here)
7. Important Keypoints and Notation in Engineering Graphics - Answer (click
here)

CONCEPTS AND CONVENTIONS (Not for Examination)


1. Importance of Engineering Graphics - Answer (click here)
UNIT I PLANE CURVES AND FREEHAND SKETCHING
1. Plane Curves and Introduction to Orthographic - Answer (click here)

UNIT II PROJECTION OF POINTS and LINES AND PLANE


SURFACE
1. Projection of Straight Lines and Planes [First Angle] - Answer (click here)

UNIT III PROJECTION OF SOLIDS


1. Projection of Solids and Section of Solids - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV PROJECTION OF SECTIONED SOLIDS AND


DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES
1. Development of Surfaces and Isometric Projection - Answer (click here)

UNIT V ISOMETRIC AND PERSPECTIVE PROJECTIONS


1. Free Hand Sketching and Perspective Projection - Answer (click here)

Subject : Technical English


UNIT I
1. Listening to Informal Conversations and Participating - Answer (click here)
2. Speaking In Conversation - Answer (click here)
3. Developing Analytical Thinking - Answer (click here)
4. Effective use of SMS - Answer (click here)
5. Use of Emoticons in Email - Answer (click here)
6. Regular & Irregular Verbs - Answer (click here)
7. Active Voice & Passive Voice - Answer (click here)
8. Homonymns & Homophones - Answer (click here)

UNIT II
1. Conversation Practice - Answer (click here)
2. Writing a Book Review - Answer (click here)
3. Reading - Answer (click here)
4. Writing Summary - Answer (click here)
5. Personal Letters - Answer (click here)
6. Modal Verbs - Answer (click here)
7. Phrasal Verbs - Answer (click here)

UNIT III
1. Listening to Conversation - Answer (click here)
2. Conversation with Stress, Intonation & Pronunciation - Answer (click here)
3. Critical reading - Answer (click here)
4. Minutes of meeting - Answer (click here)
5. Writing Technical articles - Answer (click here)
6. Conditional clauses - Answer (click here)
7. Cause and effect expression - Answer (click here)
8. Same word as noun and verb - Answer (click here)
9. Homonys & Homophones Practice - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV
1. Telephone Conversations - Answer (click here)
2. Applying for a Job - Cover Letter & Resume Preparation - Answer (click
here)
3. Numerical Expressions - Answer (click here)
4. Connectives (Discourse Markers) - Answer (click here)
5. Idioms and their Meanings - Using Idioms in Sentences - Answer (click
here)
6. Different forms of resumes - Answer (click here)
7. Filling up a resume and cover letter - Answer (click here)

UNIT V
1. Strategies for Improving Discussion Skills - Answer (click here)
2. Note Making - Answer (click here)
3. Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading - Answer (click here)
4. Check Lists - Yes/No Question Form - Answer (click here)
5. Report Writing - Answer (click here)
6. Report of Meeting - Answer (click here)
7. Use of Clauses - Answer (click here)
8. Vocabulary- Collocation - Answer (click here)

Subject : Engineering Mathematics II


UNIT I MATRICES
1. Matrix - Answer (click here)

UNIT II VECTOR CALCULUS


1. Vector Calculus - Answer (click here)

UNIT III ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS


1. Analytic Functions - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV COMPLEX INTEGRATION


1. Complex Integration - Answer (click here)

UNIT V LAPLACE TRANSFORMS


1. Laplace Transformation - Answer (click here)

Subject : Materials Science


UNIT I PHASE DIAGRAMS
1. Constitution of Alloys and Phase Diagrams - Answer (click here)
2. Heat Treatment Process - Answer (click here)

UNIT II FERROUS ALLOYS


1. Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals - Answer (click here)
2. Polymer - Answer (click here)
3. Historical development of polymers - Answer (click here)
4. Polymer synthesis - Answer (click here)
5. Modification of Natural Polymers - Answer (click here)
6. Polymer Architecture - Answer (click here)
7. Polymer morphology - Answer (click here)
8. Phase behavior and Mechanical properties of polymer - Answer (click here)
9. Polymer Materials - Answer (click here)
10. Polymer Structure - Answer (click here)
11. Elastomer - Answer (click here)
12. Fundamentals of Ceramics - Answer (click here)
13. Effect of Microstructure on Tribological Properties of Ceramics - Answer
(click here)

UNIT III MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


1. Mechanical Properties and Deformation Mechanism - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV MAGNETIC and DIELECTRIC AND


SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS
1. Magnetic Materials - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Magnetic Materials - Answer (click here)
3. Super Conducting Materials - Answer (click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Super Conducting Materials - Answer
(click here)
5. Dielectric Materials - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Dielectric Materials - Answer (click
here)
7. Magnetic Materials - Answer (click here)
8. Super Conductors - Answer (click here)
9. Solved Problems: Magnetic and Superconducting Materials - Answer
(click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: Magnetic and Superconducting
Materials - Answer (click here)
11. Dielectric Materials - Answer (click here)
12. Solved Problems: Dielectric Materials - Answer (click here)
13. Important Short Questions and Answers: Dielectric Materials - Answer
(click here)

UNIT V NEW MATERIALS


1. Advanced Engineering Materials Metallic Glasses - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Advanced Engineering Materials
Metallic Glasses - Answer (click here)
3. Modern Engineering Materials - Answer (click here)
4. Important Short Questions and Answers: Modern Engineering Materials
- Answer (click here)

Subject : Basic Electrical and Electronics and


Instrumentation Engineering
UNIT I ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS
1. DC Circuits and Ohm’s Law - Answer (click here)
2. AC Circuits and Kirchhoff’s law - Answer (click here)
3. Steady State Solution of DC Circuits and Problems based on ohm’s law -
Answer (click here)
4. Introduction to AC Circuits - Answer (click here)
5. Star Delta transformation - Answer (click here)
6. Electrical Instruments and Classification of instruments - Answer (click
here)
7. Damping Torque and Classification of Damping Damping Torque -
Answer (click here)
8. Permanent Magnet Moving Coil Instruments(PMMC) - Answer (click here)
9. Operating Principles of Moving Iron Instruments Ammeters and
Voltmeters - Answer (click here)
10. Dynamo meter type watt meter - Answer (click here)
11. Single phase Energy meter - Answer (click here)
12. Important Short Questions and Answers: Electric Circuits and
Measurements - Answer (click here)

REFER
1. Electrical Circuits - Answer (click here)
2. Basic Electrical Measurments - Answer (click here)

UNIT II AC CIRCUITS
1. DC Circuits and Ohm’s Law - Answer (click here)
2. AC Circuits and Kirchhoff’s law - Answer (click here)
3. Steady State Solution of DC Circuits and Problems based on ohm’s law -
Answer (click here)
4. Introduction to AC Circuits - Answer (click here)
5. Star Delta transformation - Answer (click here)
6. Electrical Instruments and Classification of instruments - Answer (click
here)
7. Damping Torque and Classification of Damping Damping Torque -
Answer (click here)
8. Permanent Magnet Moving Coil Instruments(PMMC) - Answer (click here)
9. Operating Principles of Moving Iron Instruments Ammeters and
Voltmeters - Answer (click here)
10. Dynamo meter type watt meter - Answer (click here)
11. Single phase Energy meter - Answer (click here)
12. Important Short Questions and Answers: Electric Circuits and
Measurements - Answer (click here)

REFER
1. Electrical Circuits - Answer (click here)
2. Basic Electrical Measurments - Answer (click here)

UNIT III ELECTRICAL MACHINES


1. Construction of DC Machines - Answer (click here)
2. Principle of Operation of D.C. Machines - Answer (click here)
3. DC Generator E.M.F Equation - Answer (click here)
4. Types of DC Generator - Answer (click here)
5. DC Generator Characteristics - Answer (click here)
6. Application of DC Generator - Answer (click here)
7. How DC motors work? - Answer (click here)
8. Principles of DC motor Operation - Answer (click here)
9. Classification and Types of DC Motor - Answer (click here)
10. Basic Equations and Applications of DC Motor - Answer (click here)
11. Construction, Principle of Operation of Single Phase Transformer -
Answer (click here)
12. Basic Equations and Applications of Single Phase Transformer - Answer
(click here)
13. EMF Equation of Transformer - Answer (click here)
14. Transformer on No Load and Load - Answer (click here)
15. Equivalent Circuit of Transformer - Answer (click here)
16. Voltage Regulation of Transformer - Answer (click here)
17. Construction, Principle of Operation and Starting methods of Single
phase induction Motor - Answer (click here)
18. Types of Single phase induction Motor - Answer (click here)
19. Important Short Questions and Answers: Basic Electrical Mechanics -
Answer (click here)

REFER
1. DC Generator - Answer (click here)
2. DC Motor - Answer (click here)
3. Transformer - Answer (click here)
4. Induction motors - Answer (click here)

UNIT IV ELECTRONIC DEVICES and CIRCUITS


1. Binary Number System - Answer (click here)
2. The Binary Number System - Answer (click here)
3. Converting Between Binary Numbers and Decimal Numbers - Answer
(click here)
4. Hexadecimal Numbers - Answer (click here)
5. Binary Coded Decimal Numbers - Answer (click here)
6. Logic Gates - Answer (click here)
7. Boolean Algebra - Answer (click here)
8. Adder - Answer (click here)
9. Flip Flop - Answer (click here)
10. Counters: Synchronous Counter and Asynchronous Up Down Counter -
Answer (click here)
11. Analog to Digital Conversion(ADC) - Answer (click here)
12. Digital to Analog Converter(DAC) - Answer (click here)
13. Important Short Question and Answers: Digital Electronics - Answer (click
here)
14. Types of signal: Analog signal and digital signal - Answer (click here)
15. Principles of Amplitude modulation - Answer (click here)
16. Principle of frequency modulation - Answer (click here)
17. Block diagram of radio - Answer (click here)
18. Block diagram of television transmitter - Answer (click here)
19. Microwave communication - Answer (click here)
20. Satellite communication - Answer (click here)
21. Optical fiber communication - Answer (click here)
22. Important Short Question and Answers: Foundamentals of
Communication Enginnering - Answer (click here)
23. Technical terms in Basic Electrical and electronics - Answer (click here)

REFER
1. Combinational Logic Circuits - Answer (click here)
2. Multiplexer and De-multiplexer - Answer (click here)
3. The Digital Encoder - Answer (click here)
4. Binary Adder and Subtractor - Answer (click here)
5. The Digital Comparator - Answer (click here)
6. Parity Generator and Checker - Answer (click here)
7. Comparison with other logic families - Answer (click here)
8. Complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) - Answer (click here)
9. Sequential Logic Circuit - Answer (click here)
10. SR, JK and Master-Slave JK Flip-Flop - Answer (click here)
11. Data Latch - Answer (click here)
12. synchronous and counter - Answer (click here)
13. Shift Registers - Answer (click here)
14. Fundamentals of Communication Engineering - Answer (click here)

UNIT V MEASUREMENTS and INSTRUMENTATION


1. D.C and A.C Bridges - Answer (click here)
2. Wheatstone bridge(Null-type, D.C. bridge) - Answer (click here)
3. Deflection-type D.C. bridge - Answer (click here)
4. Null-type impedance A.C bridge - Answer (click here)
5. Maxwell bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages
and Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
6. Schering Bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages -
Answer (click here)
7. Hay Bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages and
Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
8. Wien bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages -
Answer (click here)
9. Transformer Ratio Bridges & Self-Balancing Bridges - Answer (click here)
10. Transducers - Answer (click here)
11. Classification of Electrical Transducers - Answer (click here)
12. Advantages and Disadvantages of Electrical Transducers - Answer (click
here)
13. Characteristics of Transducer - Answer (click here)
14. Transducer Selection Factors - Answer (click here)
15. Resistance Transducers - Answer (click here)
16. Resistance Thermometers: Construction, Advantages, Limitations -
Answer (click here)
17. Thermistors: Construction, Advantages, Limitations - Answer (click here)
18. Capacitive Transducers and its Application - Answer (click here)
19. Inductive Transducers - Answer (click here)
20. Digital Transducers - Answer (click here)
21. Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Measurement - Answer (click here)
22. Errors in Measurement - Answer (click here)
23. Strain gauge: Principle of Working, Materials Used, Applications -
Answer (click here)
24. Capacitive Transducers - Answer (click here)
25. Piezo electric transducer - Answer (click here)
26. Variable Inductive Transducers: LVDT and RVDT - Answer (click here)
27. Important Short Questions and Answers: Basics of Measurement and
Instrumentation - Answer (click here)
28. Digital Voltmeter (DVM) - Answer (click here)
29. Digital Multi Meter (DMM) - Answer (click here)
30. Storage oscilloscope - Answer (click here)
31. Wheat stone bridge and Kelvin’s double bridge - Answer (click here)
32. Q-Meter - Answer (click here)
33. Important Short Questions and Answers: Analog and Digital Instruments
- Answer (click here)

Subject : Environmental Science and Engineering


UNIT I ENVIRONMENT and ECOSYSTEMS AND
BIODIVERSITY
1. Definitions and Scope of Environmental Science - Answer (click here)
2. Concept, Structure, Components of Ecosystem - Answer (click here)
3. Structure and Function of Forest Ecosystem(Terrestrial Ecosystem) -
Answer (click here)
4. Structure and functions of Grassland Ecosystems - Answer (click here)
5. Structure and Functions of Desert Ecosystms - Answer (click here)
6. Aquatic ecosystems - Answer (click here)
7. Energy Flow in Ecosystem - Answer (click here)
8. Ecological pyramid - Answer (click here)
9. Nutrient cycles: Carbon, Nitrogen and phosphorus cycle - Answer (click
here)
10. Ecological succession - Answer (click here)
11. Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
12. Levels and Values of Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
13. Hot-Spots of Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
14. Threats to Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
15. Man-Wildlife Conflicts and Endangered Species - Answer (click here)
16. Conservation of Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
17. Important Short Questions and Answers: Environment, Ecosystems and
Biodiversity - Answer (click here)

UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION


1. Environmental pollution - Answer (click here)
2. Classification of Pollution - Answer (click here)
3. Nuclear Hazards - Answer (click here)
4. Management of solid waste - Answer (click here)
5. Disaster Management - Answer (click here)
6. Important Short Questions and Answers: Environmental Pollution -
Answer (click here)

UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES


1. Forest Resources - Answer (click here)
2. Deforestation - Answer (click here)
3. Water Resources - Answer (click here)
4. Mineral Resources - Answer (click here)
5. Food Resources - Answer (click here)
6. Energy Resources - Answer (click here)
7. Renewable Energy Resources and Methods of Harvesting - Answer (click
here)
8. Non-Reneable Energy Sources - Answer (click here)
9. Nuclear Energy - Answer (click here)
10. Uses of Alternate (Renewable) Energy Sources - Answer (click here)
11. Land Resources - Answer (click here)
12. Desertification: Harmful effect and Causes - Answer (click here)
13. Landslides: Causes and Harmful effect - Answer (click here)
14. Conservation of Natural Resources - Role of an Individual - Answer (click
here)
15. Equitable Use of Resources for Sustainable Life Style - Answer (click here)
16. Important Short Questions and Answers: Natural Resources - Answer
(click here)

UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT


1. Social Issues and the Environment - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Social Issues and the
Environment - Answer (click here)

UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT


1. Human Population and the Environment - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Human Population and the
Environment - Answer (click here)

Subject : Engineering Mechanics


UNIT I STATICS OF PARTICLES
1. Important Short Questions and Answers: Memory and Programmable
Logic - Answer (click here)
2. What is Engineering Mechanics? - Answer (click here)
3. Basics and Statics of Particles - Answer (click here)
4. Important Short Questions and Answers: Basics and Statics of Particles -
Answer (click here)
5. Laws of Mechanics - Answer (click here)
UNIT II EQUILIBRIUM OF RIGID BODIES
1. Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies - Answer
(click here)

UNIT III PROPERTIES OF SURFACES AND SOLIDS


1. Properties of Surfaces and Solids - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Properties of Surfaces and Solids -
Answer (click here)

UNIT IV DYNAMICS OF PARTICLES


1. Dynamics of Particles - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Dynamics of Particles - Answer (click
here)

UNIT V FRICTION AND RIGID BODY DYNAMICS


1. Friction and Elements of Rigid Body Dynamics - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Friction and Elements of Rigid Body
Dynamics - Answer (click here)

Subject : Transforms and Partial Differential


Equations
PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
1. Partial Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Partial Differential Equations -
Answer (click here)
3. Formation of Partial Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
4. Solution of a Partial Differential Equation - Answer (click here)
5. Lagrange’s Linear Equation - Answer (click here)
6. Partial Differential Equations of Higher Order With Constant
Coefficients - Answer (click here)
7. Non Homogeneous Linear Equations - Answer (click here)

FOURIER SERIES
1. Fourier Series - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Fourier Series - Answer (click here)
3. Periodic Functions - Answer (click here)
4. Even and Odd functions - Answer (click here)
5. Half Range Series - Answer (click here)
6. Parseval’s Theorem and Change of Interval - Answer (click here)
7. Harmonic Analysis - Answer (click here)
8. Formula For Fourier Series - Answer (click here)

APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS


1. Applications of Partial Differential Equations - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Applications of Partial Differential
Equations - Answer (click here)
3. Solution of the wave equation - Answer (click here)
4. Solution of the heat equation - Answer (click here)
5. Solution of Laplace’s equation (Two dimensional heat equation) - Answer
(click here)

FOURIER TRANSFORMS
1. Fourier Transforms - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Fourier Transforms - Answer (click here)
3. Fourier Transforms and its properties - Answer (click here)

Z TRANSFORMS AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS


1. Z-Transforms and Difference Equations - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Z-Transforms and Difference
Equations - Answer (click here)
3. Linear Difference Equations - Answer (click here)
4. Z - Transforms and its Properties - Answer (click here)
5. Inverse Z-Transforms - Answer (click here)
6. Application of Z - transform to Difference equations - Answer (click here)

Subject : Strength of Materials


STRESS and STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS
1. 2 Dimentional Fluid Mechanics - Answer (click here)
2. Rigid and Deformable Bodies - Answer (click here)
3. General Concepts and Definitions of Stress, Strain and Deformation of
Solids - Answer (click here)
4. Mechanical properties of materials - Answer (click here)
5. True stress and true strain - Answer (click here)
6. Types of Stresses - Answer (click here)
7. Elastic constants - Answer (click here)
8. Important Answers: Stress, Strain and Deformation of Solids - Answer
(click here)
9. Solved Answers: Stress, Strain and Deformation of Solids - Answer (click
here)

TRANSVERSE LOADING ON BEAMS AND STRESSES IN


BEAM
1. Classification of Beams - Answer (click here)
2. Materials for Beam - Answer (click here)
3. Shear force and Bending Moment in beams - Answer (click here)
4. Effect of shape of beam section on stress induced - Answer (click here)
5. Important Answers: Transverse Loading on Beams and Stresses in Beam
- Answer (click here)
6. Solved Answers: Transverse Loading on Beams and Stresses In Beam -
Answer (click here)

TORSION
1. Solved Answers: Transverse Loading on Beams and Stresses In Beam -
Answer (click here)
2. Torsion - Answer (click here)
3. Beam shear - Answer (click here)
4. Bars of Solid and hollow circular section - Answer (click here)
5. Stepped shaft ,Twist and torsion stiffness - Answer (click here)
6. Spring Deflection and Wahl's factor - Answer (click here)
7. Important Answers: Torsion - Answer (click here)
8. Solved Problems: Strength of Materials - Torsion - Answer (click here)

DEFLECTION OF BEAMS
1. Deflection of Beams - Answer (click here)
2. Evaluation of beam deflection and slope - Answer (click here)
3. Moment area method - Answer (click here)
4. Euler equation - Answer (click here)
5. Important Answers: Deflection of Beams - Answer (click here)
6. Solved Problems: Deflection of Beams - Answer (click here)
THIN CYLINDERS and SPHERES AND THICK CYLINDERS
1. Thin Cylinders, Spheres and Thick Cylinders - Answer (click here)
2. Triaxial Stress, Biaxial Stress, and Uniaxial Stress - Answer (click here)
3. Deformation in thin cylindrical and spherical shells - Answer (click here)
4. Stresses on inclined plane - Answer (click here)
5. Mohr’s Circle for Biaxial Stress - Answer (click here)
6. Important Answers: Thin Cylinders, Spheres and Thick Cylinders -
Answer (click here)
7. Solved Problems: Thin Cylinders, Spheres and Thick Cylinders - Answer
(click here)

Subject : Engineering Thermodynamics


BASIC CONCEPTS AND FIRST LAW
1. Statistical and Classical Thermodynamics - Answer (click here)
2. Types of Thermodynamic Systems - Answer (click here)
3. Thermodynamic Properties - Answer (click here)
4. Thermodynamic State and Equilibrium - Answer (click here)
5. Processes and Cycles - Answer (click here)
6. Point and Path Functions - Answer (click here)
7. Temperature and Zeroth Law - Answer (click here)
8. Temperature Scales - Answer (click here)
9. Pure Substances and Concept of continuum - Answer (click here)
10. Work and Heat - Answer (click here)
11. Units of Work and Power - Answer (click here)
12. Displacement Work - Answer (click here)
13. Heat - Answer (click here)
14. Sensible and Latent Heat - Answer (click here)
15. First Law of Thermodynamics - Answer (click here)
16. The Steady-state Flow Process - Answer (click here)
17. Solved Problems: Basic Concepts and Thermodynamics First Law -
Answer (click here)
18. Important Questions and Answers: Basic Concepts and Thermodynamics
First Law - Answer (click here)

SECOND LAW AND AVAILABILITY ANALYSIS


1. Limitations of First Law of Thermodynamics - Answer (click here)
2. The Second law of Thermodynamics - Answer (click here)
3. Equivalence of Kelvin-Planck and Clausius Statements - Answer (click
here)
4. Reversible Process - Answer (click here)
5. Entropy - Answer (click here)
6. Solved Problems: Entropy - Answer (click here)
7. Available Energy, Availability And Irreversibility - Answer (click here)
8. Solved Problems: Thermodynamics Second Law - Answer (click here)
9. Important Questions and Answers: Thermodynamics Second Law and
Availability Analysis - Answer (click here)

PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE AND STEAM POWER


CYCLE
1. Pure Substance - Answer (click here)
2. Formation of Steam and Properties - Answer (click here)
3. Solved Problems: Steam Power Cycle - Answer (click here)
4. The Measurements of Dryness Fraction - Answer (click here)
5. Regenerative Brayton Cycle - Answer (click here)
6. Gas Power / Air Standard Cycles - Answer (click here)
7. Brayton cycle, Rankine Cycle, Otto Cycle - Answer (click here)
8. Important Questions and Answers: Pure Substance and Steam Power
Cycle - Answer (click here)
9. Solved Problems: Pure Substance and Steam Power Cycle - Answer (click
here)

IDEAL AND REAL GASES and THERMODYNAMIC


RELATIONS
1. Ideal and Real Gases, Thermodynamic Relations - Answer (click here)
2. Solved Problems: Ideal And Real Gases, Thermodynamic Relations -
Answer (click here)
3. Important Questions and Answers: Ideal And Real Gases,
Thermodynamic Relations - Answer (click here)

GAS MIXTURES AND PSYCHROMETRY


1. Gas Mixtures - Answer (click here)
2. P-v-T Behavior Of Gas Mixtures: Ideal And Real Gases - Answer (click
here)
3. Psychrometry - Answer (click here)
4. Solved Problems: Gas Mixtures and Psychrometry - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers: Gas Mixtures and Psychrometry -
Answer (click here)
Subject : Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
1. Fluid Properties and Flow Characteristics - Answer (click here)
2. Units and Dimensions - Answer (click here)
3. Fluid Properties - Answer (click here)
4. Compressibility, Surface tension, Capillarity - Answer (click here)
5. Concept of Control Volume - Answer (click here)
6. Momentum Equation - Answer (click here)
7. Important Answers and Solved Problems: Fluid Properties and Flow
Characteristics - Answer (click here)

FLOW THROUGH CIRCULAR CONDUITS


1. Flow Through Circular Conduits - Answer (click here)
2. Important Answers and Solved Problems: Fluid Flow Through Circular
Conduits - Answer (click here)

DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
1. Dimensional Analysis - Answer (click here)
2. Important Answers and Solved Problems: Fluid Flow Through Circular
Conduits - Answer (click here)

PUMPS
1. Pumps - Mechanics - Answer (click here)
2. Centrifugal pump - Answer (click here)
3. Reciprocating Pump - Answer (click here)
4. Rotary Pumps - Answer (click here)
5. Lobe pumps - Answer (click here)
6. Selection of Pumps - Answer (click here)
7. Important Answers and Solved Problems: Fluid Mechanics - Pumps -
Answer (click here)

TURBINES
1. Turbines - Fluid Mechanics - Answer (click here)
2. Important Answers and Solved Problems: Fluid Mechanics - Turbines -
Answer (click here)
Subject : Manufacturing Technology I
METAL CASTING PROCESSES
1. Metal Casting Process - Answer (click here)
2. Patterns - Answer (click here)
3. Special Casting Process - Answer (click here)
4. Casting Defects - Answer (click here)
5. Non-destructive methods used for finding casting Defects - Answer (click
here)
6. Investment casting - Answer (click here)
7. MPT Magnetic Particle testing - Answer (click here)
8. Important Questions and Answers: Metal Casting Process - Answer (click
here)

JOINING PROCESSES
1. Metal Joining Process - Answer (click here)
2. Welding and Types of welding - Answer (click here)
3. Gas welding - Answer (click here)
4. Arc welding - Answer (click here)
5. Special Welding Process - Answer (click here)
6. Laser Beam Welding (LBW) - Answer (click here)
7. Electron Beam Welding (EBW) - Answer (click here)
8. Plasma Arc welding - Answer (click here)
9. Important Questions and Answers: Metal Joining Process - Answer (click
here)

METAL FORMING PROCESSES


1. Metal Forming Process - Answer (click here)
2. Rolling - Answer (click here)
3. Forging - Answer (click here)
4. Defects in Forged Parts - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers: Metal Forming Process - Answer (click
here)

SHEET METAL PROCESSES


1. Sheet Metal Process - Answer (click here)
2. The Major operations of sheet Metal - Answer (click here)
3. Stretch Forming Operations - Answer (click here)
4. Special Forming Process - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers: Sheet Metal Process - Answer (click
here)

MANUFACTURE OF PLASTIC COMPONENTS


1. Manufacturing of Plastic Components - Answer (click here)
2. Blow Moulding - Answer (click here)
3. Rotational Moulding - Answer (click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Manufacturing of Plastic
Components - Answer (click here)

Subject : Electrical Drives and Controls


INTRODUCTION
1. Block Diagram of an Electrical Drives - Answer (click here)
2. Factors Influencing the Choice of Electrical Drives - Answer (click here)
3. Classification of Electric Drives With Factor - Answer (click here)
4. Load Conditions in Motor - Answer (click here)
5. Heating and Cooling Curves - Answer (click here)
6. Classes of Motor Duty - Answer (click here)
7. Selection of Power Rating of Motors - Answer (click here)
8. Important Short Questions and Answers: Introduction to Electrical
Drives - Answer (click here)

DRIVE MOTOR CHARACTERISTICS


1. Types of Electrical Machines - Answer (click here)
2. DC Shunt Motors: Characteristics, Electric Braking - Answer (click here)
3. DC Series Motor: Characteristics, Electric Braking - Answer (click here)
4. Compound DC Motor: Characteristics, Electric Braking - Answer (click
here)
5. Single Phase Induction Motors: Construction, Working Principle,
Electric Braking, Torque Slip Curve - Answer (click here)
6. Three Phase Induction Motor: Construction, Working Principle - Answer
(click here)
7. Important Short Questions and Answers: Drive Motor Characteristics -
Answer (click here)

STARTING METHODS
1. Electrical Drives Starting Methods - Answer (click here)
2. Three Point Starter - Answer (click here)
3. Four Point Starter - Answer (click here)
4. Two Point Starter - Answer (click here)
5. Starters For AC Starters - Answer (click here)
6. D.O.L Starter - Answer (click here)
7. Stator Resistance (or) Primary Resistance Starter - Answer (click here)
8. Primary Reactance Starter (or) Auto Transformer Starters - Answer (click
here)
9. Star-Delta Starter - Answer (click here)
10. Rotor Resistance Starters - Answer (click here)
11. Important Short Questions and Answers: Electrical Drives & Control -
Starting Methods - Answer (click here)

CONVENTIONAL AND SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROL OF


DC DRIVES
1. Conventional and Solid State Speed Control Of D.C Drives - Answer (click
here)
2. Expression For Speed For a DC Motor - Answer (click here)
3. Applications and Advantages of DC Drives - Answer (click here)
4. Conventional Methods of Speed Control - Answer (click here)
5. Solid state Speed Control of DC Motor - Answer (click here)
6. Important Short Questions and Answers: Conventional and Solid State
Speed Control of D.C Drives - Answer (click here)

CONVENTIONAL AND SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROL OF


AC DRIVES
1. Conventional and Solid State Speed Control of A.C Drives - Answer (click
here)
2. Speed Control of Drives - Answer (click here)
3. Advantages and Applications of Induction motor - Answer (click here)
4. Speed control of three phase induction motor - Answer (click here)
5. Slip Power Recovery Scheme - Answer (click here)
6. Important Short Questions and Answers: Conventional and Solid State
Speed Control of A.C Drives - Answer (click here)

Subject : Kinematics of Machinery


BASICS OF MECHANISMS
1. Basics of Mechanisms - Answer (click here)
2. Types of Kinematic Pairs - Answer (click here)
3. Degrees of Freedom - Answer (click here)
4. Kutzbach criterion, Grashoff's law Kutzbach criterion - Answer (click here)
5. Grashoff's law - Answer (click here)
6. Kinematic Inversions of 4-bar chain and slider crank chains - Answer
(click here)
7. Whitworth quick return motion mechanism - Answer (click here)
8. Description of common mechanisms-Single, Double and offset slider
mechanisms - Quick return mechanisms - Answer (click here)
9. Straight line generators, Design of Crank-rocker Mechanisms - Answer
(click here)
10. Important Short Questions and Answers: Basics of Mechanisms - Answer
(click here)

KINEMATICS OF LINKAGE MECHANISMS


1. Kinematics of Linkage Mechanisms - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Kinematics Of Linkage
Mechanisms - Answer (click here)

KINEMATICS OF CAM MECHANISMS


1. Kinematics of Cam Mechanisms Cams - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Kinematics of Cam
Mechanisms Cams - Answer (click here)

GEARS AND GEAR TRAINS


1. Gears and Trains - Answer (click here)
2. Fundamental Law of Gear-Tooth - Answer (click here)
3. Spur Gear Terminology - Answer (click here)
4. Worm, Rack and Pinion Gears - Answer (click here)
5. Parallel axis and Epicyclic gear trains - Answer (click here)
6. Gear Classification - Answer (click here)
7. Important Short Questions and Answers: Gears and Trains - Answer (click
here)

FRICTION IN MACHINE ELEMENTS


1. Friction in the Machine Elements - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Friction in the Machine
Elements - Answer (click here)

Subject : Manufacturing Technology II


THEORY OF METAL CUTTING
1. Theory of Metal Cutting - Answer (click here)
2. Single-point cutting tool - Answer (click here)
3. Types of chip - Answer (click here)
4. Cutting tool nomenclature - Answer (click here)
5. Orthogonal metal cutting - Answer (click here)
6. Thermal aspects - Answer (click here)
7. Cutting tool materials - Answer (click here)
8. Tool wear and tool life - Answer (click here)
9. Surface finish - Answer (click here)
10. Cutting fluids - Answer (click here)
11. Machinability - Answer (click here)
12. Important Questions and Answers: Theory of Metal Cutting - Answer
(click here)

TURNING MACHINES
1. Turning Machines - Answer (click here)
2. Center Lathes - Answer (click here)
3. Taper turning and Thread cutting methods - Answer (click here)
4. Special Attachments - Answer (click here)
5. Capstan versus turret - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Turning Machines - Answer (click here)

SHAPER and MILLING AND GEAR CUTTING MACHINES


1. Shapers and Types of Shapers - Answer (click here)
2. Drilling and Reaming - Answer (click here)
3. Boring - Answer (click here)
4. Tapping - Answer (click here)
5. Milling - Answer (click here)
6. Gear milling and Gear hobbing - Answer (click here)
7. Shaping with a pinion-shaped cutter - Answer (click here)
8. Important Questions and Answers: Shaper, Milling and Gear Cutting
Machines - Answer (click here)

ABRASIVE PROCESS AND BROACHING


1. Abrasive Processes - Answer (click here)
2. Grinding Wheels - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Grinding Processes - Answer (click here)
4. Cylindrical grinding - Answer (click here)
5. Outside Diameter Grinding - Answer (click here)
6. Centerless grinding and Internal Grinding - Answer (click here)
7. Concepts of surface Integrity - Answer (click here)
8. Broaching Machines - Answer (click here)
9. Surface broaches and Continuous Chain Broaching - Answer (click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: Abrasive Process and Broaching -
Answer (click here)

CNC MACHINING
1. Numerical Control (NC) Machine Tools - Answer (click here)
2. Types of NC systems - Answer (click here)
3. Programming Fundamentals CNC - Answer (click here)
4. Manual Part Programming - Answer (click here)
5. Micromachining - Answer (click here)
6. Water Machining - Answer (click here)
7. Important Questions and Answers: CNC Machines - Answer (click here)

Subject : Engineering Materials and Metallurgy


ALLOYS AND PHASE DIAGRAMS
1. Constitution of Alloys and Phase Diagrams - Answer (click here)

HEAT TREATMENT
1. Heat Treatment Process - Answer (click here)

FERROUS AND NON FERROUS METALS


1. Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals - Answer (click here)

NON METALLIC MATERIALS


1. Polymer - Answer (click here)
2. Historical development of polymers - Answer (click here)
3. Polymer synthesis - Answer (click here)
4. Modification of Natural Polymers - Answer (click here)
5. Polymer Architecture - Answer (click here)
6. Polymer morphology - Answer (click here)
7. Phase behavior and Mechanical properties of polymer - Answer (click here)
8. Polymer Materials - Answer (click here)
9. Polymer Structure - Answer (click here)
10. Elastomer - Answer (click here)
11. Fundamentals of Ceramics - Answer (click here)
12. Effect of Microstructure on Tribological Properties of Ceramics - Answer
(click here)

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND DEFORMATION


MECHANISMS
1. Mechanical Properties and Deformation Mechanism - Answer (click here)

Subject : Environmental Science and Engineering


ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY
1. Definitions and Scope of Environmental Science - Answer (click here)
2. Concept, Structure, Components of Ecosystem - Answer (click here)
3. Structure and Function of Forest Ecosystem(Terrestrial Ecosystem) -
Answer (click here)
4. Structure and functions of Grassland Ecosystems - Answer (click here)
5. Structure and Functions of Desert Ecosystms - Answer (click here)
6. Aquatic ecosystems - Answer (click here)
7. Energy Flow in Ecosystem - Answer (click here)
8. Ecological pyramid - Answer (click here)
9. Nutrient cycles: Carbon, Nitrogen and phosphorus cycle - Answer (click
here)
10. Ecological succession - Answer (click here)
11. Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
12. Levels and Values of Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
13. Hot-Spots of Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
14. Threats to Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
15. Man-Wildlife Conflicts and Endangered Species - Answer (click here)
16. Conservation of Biodiversity - Answer (click here)
17. Important Short Questions and Answers: Environment, Ecosystems and
Biodiversity - Answer (click here)

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
1. Environmental pollution - Answer (click here)
2. Classification of Pollution - Answer (click here)
3. Nuclear Hazards - Answer (click here)
4. Management of solid waste - Answer (click here)
5. Disaster Management - Answer (click here)
6. Important Short Questions and Answers: Environmental Pollution -
Answer (click here)

NATURAL RESOURCES
1. Forest Resources - Answer (click here)
2. Deforestation - Answer (click here)
3. Water Resources - Answer (click here)
4. Mineral Resources - Answer (click here)
5. Food Resources - Answer (click here)
6. Energy Resources - Answer (click here)
7. Renewable Energy Resources and Methods of Harvesting - Answer (click
here)
8. Non-Reneable Energy Sources - Answer (click here)
9. Nuclear Energy - Answer (click here)
10. Uses of Alternate (Renewable) Energy Sources - Answer (click here)
11. Land Resources - Answer (click here)
12. Desertification: Harmful effect and Causes - Answer (click here)
13. Landslides: Causes and Harmful effect - Answer (click here)
14. Conservation of Natural Resources - Role of an Individual - Answer (click
here)
15. Equitable Use of Resources for Sustainable Life Style - Answer (click here)
16. Important Short Questions and Answers: Natural Resources - Answer
(click here)

SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT


1. Social Issues and the Environment - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Social Issues and the
Environment - Answer (click here)

HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT


1. Human Population and the Environment - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Human Population and the
Environment - Answer (click here)
Subject : Thermal Engineering
GAS POWER CYCLES
1. Gas Power Cycles - Answer (click here)
2. Process of Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual combustion cycle and Brayton
cycle - Answer (click here)
3. Solved Problems: Gas Power Cycles - Answer (click here)

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES


1. Internal Combustion Engines - Answer (click here)
2. Components and functions of IC Engines - Answer (click here)
3. Fuel Systems - Answer (click here)
4. Diesel knocking and detonation - Answer (click here)
5. Ignition System - Answer (click here)
6. Lubrication System - Answer (click here)
7. Cooling System - Answer (click here)
8. Engine performance Calculation - Answer (click here)
9. Exhaust Smoke and Other Emissions - Answer (click here)
10. Technical Terms of Internal Combustion Engines - Answer (click here)
11. Solved Problems: Internal Combustion Engines - Answer (click here)

STEAM NOZZLES AND TURBINES


1. Steam Nozzles and Turbines - Answer (click here)
2. Steam Nozzles - Answer (click here)
3. Steam Turbines - Answer (click here)
4. Solved Problems: Steam Nozzles and Turbines - Answer (click here)

AIR COMPRESSOR
1. Air Compressors - Answer (click here)
2. Significance of Air Compressors - Answer (click here)
3. Classification of Air Compressors - Answer (click here)
4. Difference between a single and two stage compressor - Answer (click here)
5. Rotary vane compressors and Multistage compression - Answer (click here)
6. A Single Stage Reciprocating Compressor With Clearance Volume -
Answer (click here)
7. Volumetric efficiency of compressor - Answer (click here)
8. Application of Compressors - Answer (click here)
9. Technical Terms of Air Compressors - Answer (click here)
10. Solved Problems: Air Compressors - Answer (click here)

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING


1. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Answer (click here)
2. Refrigeration - Answer (click here)
3. Classification of Refrigeration System - Answer (click here)
4. Types of Air Conditioning - Answer (click here)
5. Solved Problems: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Answer (click here)
6. Technical Terms of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Answer (click
here)

Subject : Computer Aided Design


FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER GRAPHICS
1. Technical Terms of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Answer (click
here)
2. Fundamentals of Computer Graphics - Answer (click here)
3. Engineering Design Process - Answer (click here)
4. Morphology of Design - Answer (click here)
5. Sequential and Concurrent Engineering - Answer (click here)
6. Computer Graphics or Interactive Computer Graphics - Answer (click here)
7. Coordinate system - Answer (click here)
8. 2D, 3D Display Control Facilities and Transformations - Answer (click
here)
9. Important Questions and Answers: Fundamentals of Computer Graphics
- Answer (click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: CAD Standards - Answer (click here)
11. Fundamentals of Computer Graphics - Answer (click here)
12. Product cycle - Answer (click here)
13. Design Process - Answer (click here)
14. Sequential and Concurrent Engineering - Answer (click here)
15. Computer Aided Design - Answer (click here)
16. CAD System Architecture - Answer (click here)

GEOMETRIC MODELING
1. Geometric Modeling - Answer (click here)
2. Techniques In Surface Modelling - Answer (click here)
3. Boundary representation method (B-rep) and Constructive Solid
Geometry (CSG and C-rep) - Answer (click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Geometric Modeling - Answer (click
here)
5. Geometric Modeling - Answer (click here)
6. Representation of curves - Answer (click here)
7. Hermite curve - Answer (click here)
8. Bezier curves - Answer (click here)

VISUAL REALISM
1. Hidden surface removal (HSR) and its algorithms - Answer (click here)
2. Lighting and Different types of lighting - Answer (click here)
3. Smooth shading and Types of smooth shading - Answer (click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Visual Realism - Answer (click here)
5. Visual Realism - Answer (click here)
6. Hidden line removal - Answer (click here)
7. Hidden surface removal (HSR) - Answer (click here)
8. Z - buffer algorithm - Answer (click here)
9. Painter’s Algorithm - Answer (click here)
10. Warnock algorithm - Answer (click here)
11. Hidden Solid Removal: Ray-Tracing algorithm - Answer (click here)
12. Shading - Answer (click here)

ASSEMBLY OF PARTS
1. Assembly of Parts - Answer (click here)
2. Assembly modeling of Parts - Answer (click here)
3. Mating condition, Mating feature and interference fit - Answer (click here)
4. Production Drawing Limits, Fits and Tolerance - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers: Assembly of Parts - Answer (click here)
6. Assembly of parts - Answer (click here)
7. Assembly modeling - Answer (click here)
8. Interference of position and orientation - Answer (click here)
9. Geometric Tolerance - Answer (click here)
10. Tolerance Analysis - Answer (click here)
11. Mass property calculations - Answer (click here)

CAD STANDARDS
1. CAD Standards - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: CAD Standards - Answer (click here)
3. CAD Standards - Answer (click here)
4. Various standards in graphics programming - Answer (click here)
5. Graphics Kernel System (GKS) - Answer (click here)
6. Standard for exchange images - Answer (click here)
7. Open Graphics Library - Answer (click here)
8. Features of OpenGL - Answer (click here)

Subject : Heat and Mass Transfer


CONDUCTION
1. The General Heat Conduction Equation in Cartesian and Polar
coordinates - Answer (click here)
2. One Dimensional Steady State Equation Plane Wall - Answer (click here)
3. One Dimensional Steady State Heat conduction Composite Systems -
Answer (click here)
4. Conduction with Internal Heat Generation - Answer (click here)
5. Extended Surfaces - Answer (click here)
6. Unsteady Heat Conduction - Answer (click here)
7. Lumped Heat Analysis - Answer (click here)
8. Semi Infinite and Infinite Solids - Answer (click here)
9. Solved Problems - Heat and Mass Transfer - Conduction - Answer (click
here)
10. Important Questions and Answers - Heat and Mass Transfer -
Conduction - Answer (click here)

CONVECTION
1. Convection Heat Transfer - Answer (click here)
2. Free and Forced Convection - Answer (click here)
3. Thermal and Hydrodynamic Boundary Layer - Answer (click here)
4. Free and Forced Convection During External Flow Over Plates - Answer
(click here)
5. Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient - Answer (click here)
6. Forced Convection Heat Transfer Principles - Answer (click here)
7. Methods for Determining Heat Transfer Coefficient - Answer (click here)
8. Concept of Critical Thickness of Insulation - Answer (click here)
9. Solved Problems - Heat and Mass Transfer - Convection - Answer (click
here)
10. Important Questions and Answers - Heat and Mass Transfer -
Convection - Answer (click here)

PHASE CHANGE HEAT TRANSFER AND HEAT


EXCHANGERS
1. Radiation - Answer (click here)
2. Stefan-Boltzman Law - Answer (click here)
3. Plank’s Law - Answer (click here)
4. Solar Radiation - Answer (click here)
5. Shape Factor - Answer (click here)
6. Radiation Shields - Answer (click here)
7. Solved Problems - Heat and Mass Transfer - Radiation - Answer (click here)
8. Important Questions and Answers - Heat and Mass Transfer - Radiation
- Answer (click here)

RADIATION
1. Condensation and Boiling - Answer (click here)
2. Condensation-Filmwise and Dropwise - Answer (click here)
3. Regimes of Pool Boiling and Flow Boiling - Answer (click here)
4. Boiling Curve - Operating Constraints - Answer (click here)
5. Factors Affecting Nucleate Boiling - Answer (click here)
6. Heat Exchangers: Regenerators and Recuperators - Answer (click here)
7. Classification of Heat Exchangers - Answer (click here)
8. The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient - Answer (click here)
9. Fouling Factors Analysis - Answer (click here)
10. LMTD Method - Answer (click here)
11. NTU Method - Answer (click here)
12. Solved Problems - Heat and Mass Transfer - Radiation - Answer (click here)
13. Important Questions and Answers - Heat and Mass Transfer - Radiation
- Answer (click here)

MASS TRANSFER
1. Mass Transfer - Answer (click here)
2. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure - Answer (click here)
3. Fick's Law of Diffusion - Answer (click here)
4. Convective Mass Transfer - Answer (click here)
5. Heat and Mass Transfer Analogy - Answer (click here)
6. Solved Problems: Heat and Mass Transfer - Mass Transfer - Answer (click
here)
7. important Questions and Answers: Mass Transfer - Answer (click here)

Subject : Design of Machine Elements


STEADY STRESSES AND VARIABLE STRESSES IN
MACHINE MEMBERS
1. Steady Stresses and Variable Stresses In Machine Members - Answer
(click here)
2. Resilience - Answer (click here)
3. Shafts in Series and Parallel - Answer (click here)
4. Important Answers: Steady Stresses and Variable Stresses In Machine
Members - Answer (click here)
5. Solved Problems: Steady Stresses and Variable Stresses In Machine
Members - Answer (click here)

SHAFTS AND COUPLINGS


1. Design of Shafts and Couplings - Answer (click here)
2. Important Answers: Design of Shafts and Couplings - Answer (click here)
3. Solved Problems: Design of Shafts and Couplings - Answer (click here)

TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT JOINTS


1. Design of Temporary and Permanent Joints - Answer (click here)
2. Important Answers: Design of Temporary and Permanent Joints - Answer
(click here)
3. Solved Problems: Design of Temporary and Permanent Joints - Answer
(click here)

ENERGY STORING ELEMENTS AND ENGINE


COMPONENTS
1. Design of Energy Storing Elements - Answer (click here)
2. Types of Springs - Answer (click here)
3. Important Answers: Design of Energy Storing Elements - Answer (click
here)
4. Solved Problems: Design of Energy Storing Elements - Answer (click here)

BEARINGS
1. Design of Bearings Miscellaneous Elements - Answer (click here)
2. Classification of Sliding Contact Bearings - Answer (click here)
3. Rolling Contact Bearings - Answer (click here)
4. Important Answers: Design of Bearings Miscellaneous Elements -
Answer (click here)
5. Solved Problems: Design of Bearings Miscellaneous Elements - Answer
(click here)
Subject : Metrology and Measurements
BASICS OF METROLOGY
1. Metrology and Types of Metrology - Answer (click here)
2. Necessity and Importance of Metrology - Answer (click here)
3. Methods of Measurements - Answer (click here)
4. Generalized Measurement System - Answer (click here)
5. Factors affecting the accuracy of the Measuring System - Answer (click
here)
6. Sensitivity - Answer (click here)
7. Static and Dynamic Response - Answer (click here)
8. Errors In Measurements - Answer (click here)
9. Introduction to Dimensional And Geometric Tolerance - Answer (click
here)
10. Iinterchangeability - Answer (click here)
11. Technical Terms in Measurement - Answer (click here)

LINEAR AND ANGULAR MEASUREMENTS


1. Technical Terms in Measurement - Answer (click here)
2. Linear Measuring Instruments - Answer (click here)
3. Slip Gauges - Answer (click here)
4. Vernier Calipers - Answer (click here)
5. Interfero Meters - Answer (click here)
6. limit gauges - Answer (click here)
7. Plug Gauges - Answer (click here)
8. Taper plug gauges and Ring gauges - Answer (click here)
9. Snap Gauge and its types - Answer (click here)
10. Taylor’s Principle - Answer (click here)
11. Common types of Comparators - Answer (click here)
12. Mechanical comparator - Answer (click here)
13. Electrical comparator - Answer (click here)
14. Electronic comparator - Answer (click here)
15. Sine bar - Answer (click here)
16. Bevel protractors - Answer (click here)
17. Angle Dekkor - Answer (click here)
18. Uses of Angle Dekkor - Answer (click here)
19. Technical Terms in Linear and Angular Measurements - Answer (click
here)
ADVANCES IN METROLOGY
1. Precision Instrument Based on Laser - Answer (click here)
2. Use of Laser - Answer (click here)
3. Laser Interferometry - Answer (click here)
4. Laser Interferometer - Answer (click here)
5. Machine Tool Testing - Answer (click here)
6. Interferometric Measurement of Angle - Answer (click here)
7. Co-Ordinate Measuring Machines - Answer (click here)
8. Applications Advantages, Disadvantages of Co-ordinate measuring
machines - Answer (click here)
9. Computer Controlled Co-Ordinate Measuring Machine - Answer (click
here)
10. CNC-CMM: Construction and Features of CMM Software - Answer (click
here)
11. Computer Aided Inspection Using Robots - Answer (click here)
12. Technical Terms in Laser Metrology - Answer (click here)

FORM MEASUREMENT
1. Thread Measurement - Answer (click here)
2. Gear Measurement - Answer (click here)
3. Radius Measurement - Answer (click here)
4. Surface Finish Measurement - Answer (click here)
5. Methods of measuring surface finish - Answer (click here)
6. Inspection by comparison methods - Answer (click here)
7. Direct instrument measurements - Answer (click here)
8. Straightness Measurement - Answer (click here)
9. Flatness Testing - Answer (click here)
10. Roundness Measurement - Answer (click here)
11. Devices used for measurement of roundness - Answer (click here)
12. Roundness measuring machine - Answer (click here)
13. Modern Roundness Measuring Instruments - Answer (click here)
14. Technical Terms in Thread Measurement - Answer (click here)

MEASUREMENT OF POWER and FLOW AND


TEMPERATURE
1. Measurement of Force - Answer (click here)
2. Scale and balances on Measurement of Force - Answer (click here)
3. Torque Measurement - Answer (click here)
4. Measurement of Power - Answer (click here)
5. Flow Measurements - Answer (click here)
6. Orifice Flow Meter - Answer (click here)
7. Venturi Meter - Answer (click here)
8. Pitot tube - Answer (click here)
9. Rotameter - Answer (click here)
10. Technical Terms in Measurement of Power, Flow and Temperature
Related Properties - Answer (click here)
11. Temperature Measurement - Answer (click here)
12. Thermocouples (Thermo-junctive temperature measuring devices) -
Answer (click here)
13. Thermoresistive Temperature Measuring Devices - Answer (click here)

Subject : Dynamics of Machines


FORCE ANALYSIS
1. Venture Capital - Answer (click here)
2. Short Answers: Fund Based Financial Services - Answer (click here)
3. Force Analysis - Answer (click here)
4. Types of Force Analysis - Answer (click here)
5. Dynamic Analysis of Four Bar Mechanism - Answer (click here)
6. Klien’s Construction - Answer (click here)
7. Approximate Analytical Method for Velocity and Acceleration of the
Piston - Answer (click here)
8. Angular Velocity and Acceleration of the Connecting Rod - Answer (click
here)
9. Forces on the Reciprocating Parts of an Engine, Neglecting the Weight
of the Connecting Rod - Answer (click here)
10. Equivalent Dynamical System - Answer (click here)
11. Correction Couple to be Applied to Make two Mass System
Dynamically Equivalent - Answer (click here)
12. Inertia Forces in a Reciprocating Engine, Considering the Weight of
connecting Rod - Answer (click here)
13. Turning Moment Diagram - Answer (click here)
14. Fluctuation of Energy - Answer (click here)
15. Flywheel - Answer (click here)
16. Important Short Question and Answers: Force Analysis - Answer (click
here)

BALANCING
1. Balancing of Rotating Masses - Answer (click here)
2. Balancing of a Single, Several and Reciprocating Rotating Mass - Answer
(click here)
3. Balancing of Single Cylinder Engine - Answer (click here)
4. Balancing of Inertial Forces in the Multi-Cylinder Engine - Answer (click
here)
5. Partial Balancing of Locomotives - Answer (click here)
6. Balancing of Inline Engines and Radial Engines - Answer (click here)
7. Solved Problems: Dynamics of Machines - Balancing - Answer (click here)
8. Important Short Questions and Answers: Dynamics of Machines -
Balancing - Answer (click here)

SINGLE DEGREE FREE VIBRATION


1. Single Degree Free Vibration - Answer (click here)
2. Solved Problems: Single Degree Free Vibration - Answer (click here)
3. Important Short Questions and Answers: Single Degree Free Vibration -
Answer (click here)

FORCED VIBRATION
1. Forced Vibration - Answer (click here)
2. Solved Problems: Forced Vibration - Answer (click here)
3. Important Short Questions and Answers: Forced Vibration - Answer (click
here)

MECHANISM FOR CONTROL


1. Mechanisms For Control - Answer (click here)
2. Solved Problems: Mechanisms For Control - Answer (click here)
3. Important Short Questions and Answers: Mechanisms For Control -
Answer (click here)

Subject : Professional Ethics in Engineering


HUMAN VALUES
1. Senses of Engineering Ethics - Answer (click here)
2. Kohlberg and Gilligan Views - Answer (click here)
3. Act and Rule Utilitarian - Answer (click here)
4. Moral Dilemma - Answer (click here)
5. Morality and Moral Issues - Answer (click here)
6. Moral Autonomy - Answer (click here)
7. Consensus and Controversy - Answer (click here)
8. Models of Professional Roles - Answer (click here)
9. Ethical Theories - Answer (click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: Engineering Ethics - Answer (click here)

ENGINEERING ETHICS
1. Ethics and Positive Roles of Code of Ethics - Answer (click here)
2. Engineering Experiments With Standard Experiments - Answer (click here)
3. Engineers as Responsible Experimenters - Answer (click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Engineering as Social
Experimentation - Answer (click here)

ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION


1. Safety and Risk - Answer (click here)
2. Risk Assesment - Answer (click here)
3. Risk Benefit Analysis - Answer (click here)
4. Bhopal Gas Tragedy - Answer (click here)
5. Difficulties in Establishing Safeguards - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Engineer'S Responsibility For Safety
- Answer (click here)

SAFETY, RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS


1. Collegiality and Loyalty - Answer (click here)
2. Collective Bargaining and Occupational Crime - Answer (click here)
3. Intellectual Property Rights - Answer (click here)
4. Employee Rights - Answer (click here)
5. Employee Role of Confidentiality - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Responsibilities and Rights - Answer
(click here)
7. Multinational Corporations with Neat Example - Answer (click here)
8. Computer Ethics is the Technological Background of the Society -
Answer (click here)
9. Environmental Ethics Through Engineering Ecology and Economics -
Answer (click here)
10. Human-Centered Ethics - Answer (click here)
11. Involvement in Weapons Work - Answer (click here)
12. Honesty - Answer (click here)
13. Important Questions and Answers: Global Issues - Answer (click here)
GLOBAL ISSUES
1. Multinational Corporations with Neat Example - Answer (click here)
2. Computer Ethics is the Technological Background of the Society -
Answer (click here)
3. Environmental Ethics Through Engineering Ecology and Economics -
Answer (click here)
4. Human-Centered Ethics - Answer (click here)
5. Involvement in Weapons Work - Answer (click here)
6. Honesty - Answer (click here)
7. Important Questions and Answers: Global Issues - Answer (click here)

Subject : Design of Transmission Systems


DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE ELEMENTS
1. Design of Transmission Systems for Flexible Elements - Answer (click
here)
2. Selection of V belts and pulleys - Answer (click here)
3. Selection of Flat belts and pulleys - Answer (click here)
4. Selection of Transmission chains, Sprockets, Wire ropes and pulleys -
Answer (click here)
5. Solved Problems: Design of Transmission Systems for Flexible
Elements - Answer (click here)

SPUR GEARS AND PARALLEL AXIS HELICAL GEARS


1. Spur Gears and Parallel Axis Helical Gears - Answer (click here)
2. Gear Terminology - Answer (click here)
3. Design Procedure for Spur Gear - Answer (click here)
4. Design Procedure for Helical Gear - Answer (click here)
5. Solved Problems: Spur Gears and Parallel Axis Helical Gears - Answer
(click here)

BEVEL and WORM AND CROSS HELICAL GEARS


1. Bevel, Worm and Cross Helical Gears - Answer (click here)
2. Design procedure for Bevel Gear - Answer (click here)
3. Design Procedure for Worm Gear - Answer (click here)
4. Solved Problems: Bevel, Worm and Cross Helical Gears - Answer (click
here)

GEAR BOXES
1. Design of Gear Boxes - Answer (click here)
2. Solved Problems: Design of Gear Boxes - Answer (click here)

CAMS and CLUTCHES AND BRAKES


1. Design of Cam Clutches and Brakes - Answer (click here)
2. Types of Clutches - Answer (click here)
3. Design of a Disc or Plate Clutch - Answer (click here)
4. Design of Brake - Answer (click here)
5. Energy Absorbed by a Brake - Answer (click here)
6. Heat to be Dissipated during Braking - Answer (click here)
7. Solved Problems: Design of Cam Clutches and Brakes - Answer (click here)

Subject : Principles of Management


INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT AND
ORGANIZATIONS
1. Important Short Questions and Answers: Human Population and the
Environment - Answer (click here)
2. Levels of Management - Answer (click here)
3. Functions of Management - Answer (click here)
4. Roles of Manager - Answer (click here)
5. Evolution of Management Thought - Answer (click here)
6. Organization and Environmental Factors - Answer (click here)
7. Classification of Environmental Factors - Answer (click here)
8. Trends and Challenges of Management in Global Scenario - Answer (click
here)
9. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Answer (click here)
10. The contribution of F.W.Taylor to scientific management - Answer (click
here)
11. The contribution of Henry Fayol to modern management - Answer (click
here)
12. Major functions of management - Answer (click here)
13. Management is an art or science both science and art - Answer (click here)
14. Types of business organization - Answer (click here)

INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT AND


ORGANIZATIONS Short Notes
1. Importance and Definition of Management - Answer (click here)
2. Management Functions - Answer (click here)
3. Role of Managers - Answer (click here)
4. Managerical skills - Answer (click here)
5. Evolution of Management Thought - Answer (click here)
6. Organization and Environmental Factors - Answer (click here)
7. Classification of Environmental Factors - Answer (click here)
8. Trends and Challenges of Management in Global Scenario - Answer (click
here)
9. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Answer (click here)

PLANNING
1. Nature and purpose of planning - Answer (click here)
2. Planning process - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Plans / Components of Planning - Answer (click here)
4. Managing By Objective (MBO) - Answer (click here)
5. Planning - Types of strategies - Answer (click here)
6. Planning Policies - Answer (click here)
7. Decision Making - Answer (click here)
8. Decision Making Process - Answer (click here)
9. Rational Decision Making Process - Answer (click here)
10. Decision Making under different conditions - Answer (click here)
11. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Planning - Answer (click here)
12. The concept of MBO - Answer (click here)
13. Strategy formulation and implementation process - Answer (click here)
14. Decision making process: Problem Analysis vs Decision Making -
Answer (click here)

PLANNING Short Notes


1. Planning - Answer (click here)
2. Nature and Purpose of Planning - Answer (click here)
3. Planning Process - Answer (click here)
4. Types of Plans / Components of Planning - Answer (click here)
5. Features of Objectives - Answer (click here)
6. Management By Objectives (MBO) - Answer (click here)
7. Types of Strategies - Answer (click here)
8. Policies - Answer (click here)
9. Decision Making and Types of Decisions - Answer (click here)
10. Decision Making Process - Answer (click here)
11. Rational Decision Making Model - Answer (click here)
12. Decision Making Under Various Conditions - Answer (click here)
13. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Planning - Answer (click here)

ORGANISING
1. Nature and purpose of organizing - Answer (click here)
2. Importance or Advantages of Organizing - Answer (click here)
3. Organizing Process - Answer (click here)
4. Principles of Organization Structure - Answer (click here)
5. Formal and Informal Organization: Characteristic Features, Advantages
and Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
6. Differences Between Formal and Informal Organization - Answer (click
here)
7. Line and Staff authority: Types, Features, Advantages and
Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
8. Departmentation: Various patterns, Advantages and Disadvantages -
Answer (click here)
9. Span of control: Factors Affecting, Advantages and Disadvantages -
Answer (click here)
10. Centralization and Decentralization: Characteristics, Advantages and
Disadvantages - Answer (click here)
11. Delegation of authority - Answer (click here)
12. Staffing: Recruitment and Selection - Answer (click here)
13. Employee Induction / Orientation - Answer (click here)
14. Career development - Answer (click here)
15. Career stages - Answer (click here)
16. Performance Appraisal - Answer (click here)
17. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Organizing - Answer (click here)
18. Distinguish between formal and informal organization - Answer (click here)
19. Bases of departmentation - Answer (click here)
20. The various selection process that are followed by an organization -
Answer (click here)
21. Various sources of manpower supply in an organization - Answer (click
here)

ORGANISING Short Notes


1. Organizing - Answer (click here)
2. Nature or Characteristics of Organizing - Answer (click here)
3. Organizing Process - Answer (click here)
4. Organization Structure - Answer (click here)
5. Principles of Organization Structure - Answer (click here)
6. Formal and Informal Organization - Answer (click here)
7. Line and Staff Authority - Answer (click here)
8. Departmentation by Different Strategies - Answer (click here)
9. Span of Control, Centralization and Decentralization - Answer (click here)
10. Delegation of Authority - Answer (click here)
11. Staffing - Answer (click here)
12. Staffing: Selection Process - Answer (click here)
13. Career Development and Career Stages - Answer (click here)
14. Training and Performance Appraisal - Answer (click here)
15. Important Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Organizing - Answer (click here)

DIRECTING
1. Directing: Creativity and Innovation - Answer (click here)
2. Motivation and Satisfaction - Answer (click here)
3. Motivation Theories - Answer (click here)
4. Leadership Styles - Answer (click here)
5. Leadership theories - Answer (click here)
6. Communication: Process and Guidelines for effective Communication -
Answer (click here)
7. Barriers to Effective Communication - Answer (click here)
8. Organization Culture: Elements and types of culture - Answer (click here)
9. Managing cultural diversity - Answer (click here)
10. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Directing - Answer (click here)
11. Theory of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs - Answer (click here)
12. McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y - Answer (click here)
13. Hertzbergs Two Factor Theory or Hygeine Theory - Answer (click here)
14. Electronic media of communication used in business organizationa and
Information communication revolutions - Answer (click here)

DIRECTING Short Notes


1. Directing: Creativity and Innovation - Answer (click here)
2. Motivation - Answer (click here)
3. Leadership and Leadership Styles - Answer (click here)
4. Leadership Theories - Answer (click here)
5. The Communication Process - Answer (click here)
6. Barriers to Effective Communication - Answer (click here)
7. Elements of Organizational Culture - Answer (click here)
8. Managing Cultural Diversity - Answer (click here)
9. Important Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Directing - Answer (click here)

CONTROLLING
1. Process of controlling - Answer (click here)
2. Types of control - Answer (click here)
3. Budgetary Control: Definition, Features and Classifiction - Answer (click
here)
4. Budgetary Control Techniques - Answer (click here)
5. Non-Budgetary Control Techniques - Answer (click here)
6. Managing Productivity: Typical Productivity Calculations - Answer (click
here)
7. Cost control - Answer (click here)
8. Purchase control - Answer (click here)
9. Maintenance Control- Quality Control- Planning operations - Answer
(click here)
10. Important Short Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Controlling - Answer (click here)
11. Steps in the process of controlling - Answer (click here)
12. Role of MIS play at various levels of management - Answer (click here)
13. Globalisation of Business: Stages, Essential Conditions and Advantages
- Answer (click here)
14. Requirements of Effective Control - Answer (click here)
15. Control Techniques: Budget and Budgetary Control - Answer (click here)

CONTROLLING Short Notes


1. Controlling and Control Process - Answer (click here)
2. Budgetary Control Techniques - Answer (click here)
3. Non-Budgetary Control Techniques - Answer (click here)
4. Productivity - Answer (click here)
5. Cost, Quality, Purchase and Maintenance Control - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Principles of Management -
Controlling - Answer (click here)

Subject : Automobile Engineering


VEHICLE STRUCTURE AND ENGINES
1. Types of Automobile - Answer (click here)
2. Vehicle construction and Components - Answer (click here)
3. Resistances to vehicle motion and need for a gearbox - Answer (click here)
4. Components of an Engine - Answer (click here)
5. Why not diesel engines are not preferred in commercial - Answer (click
here)
6. Engine Support Systems - Answer (click here)
7. Engine Support Cooling system - Answer (click here)
8. Types of cooling system - Answer (click here)
9. Purpose and Types of Lubrication System - Answer (click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: Vehicle Structure and Engines -
Answer (click here)

ENGINE AUXILIARY SYSTEMS


1. Fuel Injection system for SI engines - Answer (click here)
2. Carburetion - Answer (click here)
3. The Simple Carburetor - Answer (click here)
4. Types of Carburetors - Answer (click here)
5. Fuel Injection system for C I engines - Answer (click here)
6. Introduction of Ignition System - Answer (click here)
7. CRDI - Common rail fuel injection system - Answer (click here)
8. Turbocharger - Answer (click here)
9. Catalytic converter - Answer (click here)
10. Important Questions and Answers: Vehicle Structure and Engines -
Answer (click here)

TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
1. Transmission Systems in Automobile - Answer (click here)
2. Clutch - Answer (click here)
3. Three main parts of clutch - Answer (click here)
4. Types and Operation of Clutch - Answer (click here)
5. Gear Box: Principle of Gearing and Types of Gear Boxes - Answer (click
here)
6. U- Joint - Answer (click here)
7. The Drive Shaft - Answer (click here)
8. Differential Unit - Answer (click here)
9. Automatic Transmission - Answer (click here)
10. Semi Automatic Transmission - Answer (click here)
11. Hotchkiss drive - Answer (click here)
12. Torque tube Drive - Answer (click here)
13. Important Questions and Answers: Transmission Systems - Answer (click
here)

STEERING, BRAKES AND SUSPENSION SYSTEMS


1. Introduction of Steering system - Answer (click here)
2. Ackermann steering geometry - Answer (click here)
3. Steering Gear Boxes - Answer (click here)
4. Power steering - Answer (click here)
5. Suspension system - Answer (click here)
6. Braking System - Answer (click here)
7. Anti-lock braking system (ABS) - Answer (click here)
8. Hydraulic braking system - Answer (click here)
9. Pneumatic braking system - Answer (click here)
10. Loss of Traction - Answer (click here)
11. Important Questions and Answers: Steering, Brakesa and Suspension
Systems - Answer (click here)

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES


1. Natural Gas as a Fuel in Automobile - Answer (click here)
2. Liquefied petroleum gas as a Fuel in Automobile - Answer (click here)
3. Bio diesel as a Fuel in Automobile - Answer (click here)
4. Hybrid electric vehicle - Answer (click here)
5. Fuel Cell - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Alternative Energy Sources - Answer
(click here)

Subject : Finite Element Analysis


INTRODUCTION
1. Solved Problems: Design of Cam Clutches and Brakes - Answer (click here)
2. Finite Element Formulation of Boundary Value Problems - Answer (click
here)
3. Finite Element Method (FEM) or Finite Element Analysis (FEA) -
Answer (click here)
4. Weighted Residual Method - Answer (click here)
5. Weak Formulati on of the Weighted Residual Statement - Answer (click
here)
6. Piece Wise Continuous Trial Function - Answer (click here)
7. Examples of a Bar Finite Element - Answer (click here)
8. Principle Of Stationery Total Potential (PSTP) - Answer (click here)
9. Rayleigh - Ritz Method (Variational Approach) - Answer (click here)

ONE DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS


1. One Dimensional Finite Element Analysis - Answer (click here)
2. One Dimensional Elements - Answer (click here)
3. One Dimensional Finite Element Analysis: Beam Element - Answer (click
here)

TWO DIMENSIONAL SCALAR VARIABLE PROBLEMS


1. Two Dimensional Finite Element Analysis - Answer (click here)
2. 2,3 Noded Linear Triangular Element - Answer (click here)
3. Strain - Stress Relation - Answer (click here)
4. Isoparametric Elements - Answer (click here)
5. Truss Element (or Spar Element or Link Element) - Answer (click here)

TWO DIMENSIONAL VECTOR VARIABLE PROBLEMS


1. Dynamic Analysis Using Element Method - Answer (click here)
2. Equation of Motion - Answer (click here)
3. Consistent Mass Matrices - Answer (click here)
4. Transient Response Analysis - Answer (click here)

ISOPARAMETRIC FORMULATION
1. Applications in Heat Transfer & Fluid Mechanics - Answer (click here)
2. One Dimensional Heat Transfer Element - Answer (click here)
3. Application to Heat Transfer Two-Dimentional - Answer (click here)
4. 2 Dimentional Fluid Mechanics - Answer (click here)

Subject : Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion


BASIC CONCEPTS AND ISENTROPIC FLOWS
1. Concept of Gas Dynamics - Answer (click here)
2. Compressible Flows - Answer (click here)
3. Steady Flow Energy Equation - Answer (click here)
4. Basic Concepts and Isentropic Flows - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers: Isentropic Flows - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and answers: Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion -
Answer (click here)

FLOW THROUGH DUCTS


1. Flow Through Ducts - Answer (click here)
2. Fanno Flow - Answer (click here)
3. Fanno line or Fanno curve (Governing equation) - Answer (click here)
4. Adiabatic Flow of a Compressible Fluid Through a Conduit - Answer
(click here)
5. Variation of flow properties and Mach number with duct length - Answer
(click here)
6. Rayleigh Flow (Duct Flow with Heat Transfer and Negligible Friction) -
Answer (click here)
7. Rayleigh line (or) curve - Answer (click here)
8. Intersection of Fanno and a Rayleigh Line - Answer (click here)
9. Important Questions and answers: Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion -
Answer (click here)

NORMAL AND OBLIQUE SHOCKS


1. Important Questions and answers: Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion -
Answer (click here)
2. Normal and Oblique Shocks - Answer (click here)

JET PROPULSION
1. Important Questions and answers: Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion -
Answer (click here)
2. Jet Propulsion System - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Jet Propulsion System - Answer (click here)
4. The Ramjet Engine - Answer (click here)
5. Pulse Jet Engine - Answer (click here)
6. The Turbojet Engine - Answer (click here)
7. Turboprop Engine (Propeller turbine, turbo-propeller, prop jet, turbo-
prop) - Answer (click here)
8. The Turbofan Engine - Answer (click here)
9. Solved Problems: Jet Propulsion - Answer (click here)

SPACE PROPULSION
1. Important Questions and answers: Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion -
Answer (click here)
2. The Turbofan Engine - Answer (click here)
3. Solved Problems: Jet Propulsion - Answer (click here)
4. Rocket Propulsion - Answer (click here)
5. Rocket Propulsion Energy Conversion - Answer (click here)
6. Rocket Propulsion Thrust - Answer (click here)
7. Types of Rocket Engines - Answer (click here)
8. Solid propellant - Answer (click here)
9. Liquid propellant - Answer (click here)
10. Rocket Ignition and Rocket Combution - Answer (click here)
11. Rocket nozzles - Answer (click here)
12. Rocket Propellant efficiency - Answer (click here)
13. Back pressure and optimal expansion at the end of the Rocket nozzle -
Answer (click here)
14. Overall rocket engine performance and Effective Speed Ratio - Answer
(click here)
15. Types of spaceflight - Answer (click here)
16. Problems: Space Propulsion - Answer (click here)

Subject : Unconventional Machining Processes


INTRODUCTION
1. Unconventional machining process - Answer (click here)
2. Important Short Questions and Answers: Unconventional machining
process - Answer (click here)

MECHANICAL ENERGY BASED PROCESSES


1. Mechanical Energy Based Processes - Answer (click here)
2. Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM) - Answer (click here)
3. Water Jet Machining (WJM) - Answer (click here)
4. Abrasive Water Jet Machining (AWJM) - Answer (click here)
5. Ultrasonic Machining (USM) - Answer (click here)
6. Important Short Questions and Answers: Mechanical Energy Based
Processes - Answer (click here)

ELECTRICAL ENERGY BASED PROCESSES


1. Electrical Based Processes - Answer (click here)
2. Electrical Discharge `Machining (EDM) - Answer (click here)
3. Wire Cut Electrical Discharge Machining (WCEDM) - Answer (click here)
4. Important Short Questions and Answers: Electrical Based Processes -
Answer (click here)

CHEMICAL AND ELECTRO


1. Chemical and Electro Chemical Energy Based Processes - Answer (click
here)
2. Electrochemical Machining (ECM) - Answer (click here)
3. Electrochemical Grinding(ECG) - Answer (click here)
4. Important Short Questions and Answers: Chemical and Electro
Chemical Energy Based Processes - Answer (click here)

THERMAL ENERGY BASED PROCESSES


1. Thermal Energy Based Processes - Answer (click here)
2. Laser–Beam Machining and Laser beam cutting (milling) - Answer (click
here)
3. Electron Beam Machining (EBM) - Answer (click here)
4. Plasma Arc Machining (PAM) and Plasma Arc Welding (PAW) - Answer
(click here)
5. Plasma Arc Machining (PAM) - Answer (click here)
6. Important Short Questions and Answers: Thermal Energy Based
Processes - Answer (click here)

Subject : Power Plant Engineering


COAL BASED THERMAL POWER PLANTS
1. important Questions and Answers: Coal Based Thermal Power Plants -
Answer (click here)
2. Working of thermal power plant - Answer (click here)
3. Merits (Advantages) and Demerits of thermal power plants - Answer (click
here)
4. Process of the Rankine Cycle - Answer (click here)
5. Regenerative Ranking Cycle and Binary Vapour Cycle - Answer (click here)
6. Types of pulverised coal firing system - Answer (click here)
7. Principles of Fluidized Bed Combustion Operation - Answer (click here)
8. Classification of Fluidized Bed Combustion - Answer (click here)
9. Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (AFBC) - Answer (click here)
10. Steps involved in coal handling - Answer (click here)
11. Belt Conveyor - Answer (click here)
12. Pulverized coal storage in Bunker and coal handing system - Answer (click
here)
13. Layout and Equipment of Ash handling system - Answer (click here)
14. Classification of Ash Handling System - Answer (click here)
15. Draught and Wright the types of Draught - Answer (click here)
16. Natural Draught - Answer (click here)
17. Forced Draught, Induced Draught, Balanced Draught and Artificial
Draught - Answer (click here)
18. Compare Forced and Induced Draught - Answer (click here)
19. Classification of boilers - Answer (click here)
20. Water Tube Boilers: Babcock and Wilcox boiler - Answer (click here)
21. Working principle of Economizer - Answer (click here)
22. Air pre-heater - Answer (click here)
23. Super heater - Answer (click here)
24. Injector and Steam trap - Answer (click here)
25. Feed pump - Answer (click here)
26. Steam separators (Steam Driers) - Answer (click here)
27. Open cycle and closed cycle condensing system - Answer (click here)
28. Classification of condensers - Answer (click here)

DIESEL and GAS TURBINE AND COMBINED CYCLE


POWER PLANTS
1. Kaplan turbine - Answer (click here)
2. Compare Impulse and reaction turbines - Answer (click here)
3. Construction and working principle of pumped storage plants - Answer
(click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Diesel,Gas Tubine and Combined
Cycle Power Plants - Answer (click here)
5. Open and closed cycle gas turbine power plant - Answer (click here)
6. Gas turbine Fuels - Answer (click here)
7. Measure performance of a Gas Turbine - Answer (click here)
8. Gas turbine cycle with reheater - Answer (click here)
9. Working of gas turbine cycle with Regenerator - Answer (click here)
10. Working of gas turbine cycle with inter cooling - Answer (click here)
11. Advantages and disadvantages of Gas turbine power plant - Answer (click
here)
12. Diesel engine power plant - Answer (click here)

NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS


1. Important Questions and Answers: Neclear Power Plants - Answer (click
here)
2. Fission Energy, Chain Reaction, Fusion Energy - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Reactors - Answer (click here)
4. Construction and working principle of Pressurized Water Reactor
(PWR) - Answer (click here)
5. Main components of nuclear power plants - Answer (click here)
6. Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Power Plant - Answer (click
here)
7. Construction and working principle of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) -
Answer (click here)
8. Heavy Water Cooled Reactor (HWR) (or) CANDU - Answer (click here)
9. Advantages and disadvantages of HWR (or) CANDU type Reactor -
Answer (click here)
10. Sodium Graphite Reactor (SGA) - Answer (click here)
11. Fast Breeder Reactor - Answer (click here)
12. Safety Measures carried out in Nuclear Power Plant - Answer (click here)

POWER FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY


1. Important Questions and Answers: Power From Renewable Energy -
Answer (click here)
2. Construction and working principle of Solar power plant - Answer (click
here)
3. Advantages, disadvantages and application of Solar Energy - Answer (click
here)
4. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) - Answer (click here)
5. Working principle of Tidal power plants - Answer (click here)
6. Different tidal power plants - Answer (click here)
7. Kinds of Geothermal Sources Hydrothermal systems - Answer (click here)
8. Geothermal power plant - Answer (click here)
9. Wind-Electric Generating power plant - Answer (click here)
10. Fuel cell with Schematic diagram - Answer (click here)
11. Magneto Hydro Dynamic (MHD) - Answer (click here)
12. Thermo Electric conversion system - Answer (click here)
13. Thermo ionic conversion system - Answer (click here)

ENERGY and ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES


OF POWER PLANTS
1. Working principle of Economizer - Answer (click here)
2. Safety Measures carried out in Nuclear Power Plant - Answer (click here)

IMPORTANT TOPICS
1. Important Questions and Answers: Power From Renewable Energy -
Answer (click here)
2. Construction and working principle of Solar power plant - Answer (click
here)
3. Advantages, disadvantages and application of Solar Energy - Answer (click
here)
4. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) - Answer (click here)
5. Working principle of Tidal power plants - Answer (click here)
6. Different tidal power plants - Answer (click here)
7. Kinds of Geothermal Sources Hydrothermal systems - Answer (click here)
8. Geothermal power plant - Answer (click here)
9. Wind-Electric Generating power plant - Answer (click here)
10. Fuel cell with Schematic diagram - Answer (click here)
11. Magneto Hydro Dynamic (MHD) - Answer (click here)
12. Thermo Electric conversion system - Answer (click here)
13. Thermo ionic conversion system - Answer (click here)
14. Steam Power Plants - Answer (click here)
15. Hydel Power Plants - Answer (click here)
16. Diesel Power Plants - Answer (click here)
17. Nuclear Power Plants - Answer (click here)
18. Nuclear Reactor - Answer (click here)
19. Gas Turbine Power Plants - Answer (click here)
20. Magneto Hydr O Dynamic (Mhd) Power Plants - Answer (click here)
21. Combined Power Cycles - Answer (click here)
22. Load Duration Curve - Answer (click here)
23. Boilers - Answer (click here)
24. Classification of Boilers - Answer (click here)
25. High Pressure Boilers - Answer (click here)
26. La-Mont Boiler - Answer (click here)
27. Benson Boiler (Supercritical Boiler) - Answer (click here)
28. Fluidised Bed Combustion (FBC) - Answer (click here)
29. Important Questions and Answers: Power Plants and Boilers - Answer
(click here)
30. Steam Power Plants System - Answer (click here)
31. Fuel Handling System - Answer (click here)
32. Pulverized Coal Storage - Answer (click here)
33. Ash Handling System - Answer (click here)
34. Draught And Classification of Draught - Answer (click here)
35. Surface Condenser - Answer (click here)
36. Cooling Towers - Answer (click here)
37. Important Questions and Answers: Steam Power Plants - Answer (click
here)
38. Classification of Hydro-Power plants - Answer (click here)
39. Important Questions and Answers: Neclear and Hydro Power plants -
Answer (click here)
40. Diesel Engine Power Plant Systems - Answer (click here)
41. Operation Theory of Gas Turbine Power Plant - Answer (click here)
42. Important Questions and Answers: Diesel and Gas Turbine Power Plant
- Answer (click here)

Subject : Mechatronics
INTRODUCTION
1. Mechatronics and Mechatronic System - Answer (click here)
2. Measurement System - Answer (click here)
3. Control System - Answer (click here)
4. Performance Terminology - Answer (click here)
5. Selection of Displacement, Position & Proximity Sensor - Answer (click
here)
6. Types of Displacement sensors - Answer (click here)
7. Types of Proximity Sensor - Answer (click here)
8. Position Sensor Optical Encoders - Answer (click here)
9. Fluid Pressure Sensors - Answer (click here)
10. Liquid Flow Sensors and Liquid Level Measurement - Answer (click here)
11. Temperature Sensors - Answer (click here)
12. Important Questions and Answers: Mechatronics, Sensors And
Transducers - Answer (click here)

8085 MICROPROCESSOR AND 8051 MICROCONTROLLER


1. Pneumatic And Hydraulic System - Answer (click here)
2. Direction Control Valves and Rotary Actuator - Answer (click here)
3. CAN or Track follower - Answer (click here)
4. Ratchet And Pawl - Answer (click here)
5. Bearing - Answer (click here)
6. Actuation System: Stepper Motor - Answer (click here)
7. Actuation System: DC Motor - Answer (click here)
8. Actuation System: AC Servomotor - Answer (click here)
9. Actuation System: DC Servo Motor - Answer (click here)
10. Actuation System: TRIAC and SCR - Answer (click here)
11. Important Questions and Answers: Actuation System - Answer (click here)
PROGRAMMABLE PERIPHERAL INTERFACE
1. System Models and Controllers Building - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: System Models and Controllers
Building - Answer (click here)

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER


1. Mechatronics - Programmable Logic Controller - Answer (click here)
2. Important Questions and Answers: Mechatronics - PLC - Answer (click
here)

ACTUATORS AND MECHATRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN


1. Stages In Designing Mechatronic Systems - Answer (click here)
2. Possible Design Solutions - Answer (click here)
3. A Pick and Place Robot - Answer (click here)
4. Automatic Car Park System - Answer (click here)
5. Engine Management System - Answer (click here)
6. Autonomous Mobile Robot - Answer (click here)
7. Important Questions and Answers: Mechatronics - Design of
Mechatronics System - Answer (click here)

Subject : Computer Integrated Manufacturing


Systems
INTRODUCTION(See Below)
PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL AND
COMPUTERISED PROCESS PLANNING
1. Product Design and CAD/CAM in the Production System - Answer (click
here)
2. Product Design and CAD - Answer (click here)
3. CAD System Hardware - Answer (click here)
4. CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIM - Answer (click here)
5. Quality Function Deployment - Answer (click here)
6. Production Planning and Control Systems - Answer (click here)
7. Aggregate Production Planning and the Master Production Schedule -
Answer (click here)
8. Material Requirements Planning - Answer (click here)
9. Capacity Planning - Answer (click here)
10. Shop Floor Control - Answer (click here)
11. Inventory Control - Answer (click here)
12. Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) - Answer (click here)
13. Just ln Tirne Production Systems - Answer (click here)

CELLULAR MANUFACTURING
1. Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
2. Group Technology: Part Families - Answer (click here)
3. Parts Classification and Coding - Answer (click here)
4. Production Flow Analysis - Answer (click here)
5. Cellular Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
6. Application Considerations in Group Technology - Answer (click here)
7. Quantitative Analysis in Cellular Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
8. Flexible Manufacturing Systems - Answer (click here)
9. What is an (Flexible Manufacturing Systems)FMS and Types of FMS -
Answer (click here)
10. Flexible Manufacturing Systems(FMS) Components - Answer (click here)
11. Flexible Manufacturing Systems(FMS) Applications and Benefits -
Answer (click here)
12. Flexible Manufacturing Systems(FMS) Planning and Implementation
Issues - Answer (click here)
13. QuantitativeAnalysisof Flexible Manufacturing Systems - Answer (click
here)
14. Bottleneck Model and Extended Bottleneck Model - Answer (click here)

FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM (FMS) AND


AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLE SYSTEM (AGVS)
1. Process Planning and Concurrent Engineering - Answer (click here)
2. Process Planning - Answer (click here)
3. Computer Aided Process Planning - Answer (click here)
4. Concurrent Engineering and Design for Manufacturing - Answer (click
here)
5. Advanced Manufacturing Planning - Answer (click here)
6. Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
7. Lean Production - Answer (click here)
8. Agile Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
9. Comparison of Lean and Agile - Answer (click here)

INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS
1. Industrial Robotics - Answer (click here)
2. Robot Anatomy and Related Attributes - Answer (click here)
3. Robot Control Systems - Answer (click here)
4. End Effectors: Grippers and Tools - Answer (click here)
5. Sensors in Robotics - Answer (click here)
6. Industrial Robot Applications - Answer (click here)
7. Robot Programming - Answer (click here)
8. Engineering Analysis of Industrial Robots - Answer (click here)

TEXTBOOK Automation Production System and Computer


Integrated Manuacturing by Mikell P Groover
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
1. Computer Integrated Manufacturing System - Answer (click here)
2. Production System Facilities - Answer (click here)
3. Manufacturing Support Systems - Answer (click here)
4. Automation in Production Systems - Answer (click here)

Chapter 2 MANUFACTlIRING OPERATIONS


1. Manual Labor in Production Systems - Answer (click here)
2. Automation Principles and Strategies - Answer (click here)
3. Manufacturing Operations - Answer (click here)
4. Manufacturing Industries and Products - Answer (click here)
5. Manufacturing Operations: Processing and Assembly Operations -
Answer (click here)
6. Product/Production Relationships - Answer (click here)
7. Production Concepts and Mathematical Models - Answer (click here)
8. Costs of Manufacturing Operations - Answer (click here)

Chapter 3 INTRODUCTION TO AUTOMATION


1. Automotion and Control Technologies - Answer (click here)
2. Basic Elements of an Automated System - Answer (click here)
3. Advanced Automation Functions - Answer (click here)
4. Levels of Automation - Answer (click here)

Chapter 4 INDUSTRIALCONTROL SYSTEMS


1. Industrial Control Systems - Answer (click here)
2. Process Industries Versus Discrete Manufacturing Industries - Answer
(click here)
3. Continuous Versus Discrete Control - Answer (click here)
4. Computer Process Control - Answer (click here)
5. Forms of Computer Process Control - Answer (click here)

Chapter 5 SENSORS ACTUATORS AND OTHER CONTROL


SYSTEMCOMPONENTS
1. Sensors, Actuators, and Other Control System Components - Answer (click
here)
2. Sensors - Answer (click here)
3. Actuators - Answer (click here)
4. Digital-to-Analog Conversion and Analog-to-Digital Conversion -
Answer (click here)
5. Input/Output Devices for Discrete Data - Answer (click here)

Chapter 6 NUMERICAL CONTROL


1. Numerical Control - Answer (click here)
2. Fundamentals of NC Technology - Answer (click here)
3. Computer Numerical Control - Answer (click here)
4. Direct Numerical Control - Answer (click here)
5. Applications of Numerical Control(NC) - Answer (click here)
6. Numerical Control Coding System - Answer (click here)
7. Manual Part Programming - Answer (click here)
8. Computer Assisted Part Programming - Answer (click here)
9. Part Programming with APT - Answer (click here)
10. Numerical Control(NC) Part Programming Using CAD/CAM - Answer
(click here)
11. Manual Data Input - Answer (click here)
12. Engineering Analysis of Numerical Control(NC) Positioning Systems -
Answer (click here)

Chapter 7 INDUSTRIALROBOTICS
1. Industrial Robotics - Answer (click here)
2. Robot Anatomy and Related Attributes - Answer (click here)
3. Robot Control Systems - Answer (click here)
4. End Effectors: Grippers and Tools - Answer (click here)
5. Sensors in Robotics - Answer (click here)
6. Industrial Robot Applications - Answer (click here)
7. Robot Programming - Answer (click here)
8. Engineering Analysis of Industrial Robots - Answer (click here)

Chapter 15 GROUP TECHNOLOGY AND CELLULAR


MANUFACTURING
1. Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
2. Group Technology: Part Families - Answer (click here)
3. Parts Classification and Coding - Answer (click here)
4. Production Flow Analysis - Answer (click here)
5. Cellular Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
6. Application Considerations in Group Technology - Answer (click here)
7. Quantitative Analysis in Cellular Manufacturing - Answer (click here)

Chapter 16 FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS


1. Flexible Manufacturing Systems - Answer (click here)
2. What is an (Flexible Manufacturing Systems)FMS and Types of FMS -
Answer (click here)
3. Flexible Manufacturing Systems(FMS) Components - Answer (click here)
4. Flexible Manufacturing Systems(FMS) Applications and Benefits -
Answer (click here)
5. Flexible Manufacturing Systems(FMS) Planning and Implementation
Issues - Answer (click here)
6. QuantitativeAnalysisof Flexible Manufacturing Systems - Answer (click
here)
7. Bottleneck Model and Extended Bottleneck Model - Answer (click here)

Chapter 24 PRODUCT DESIGN AND CADCAM IN THE


PRODUCnON SYSTEM
1. Product Design and CAD/CAM in the Production System - Answer (click
here)
2. Product Design and CAD - Answer (click here)
3. CAD System Hardware - Answer (click here)
4. CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIM - Answer (click here)
5. Quality Function Deployment - Answer (click here)

Chapter 25 PROCESS PLANNING AND CONCURRENT


ENGINEERING
1. Process Planning and Concurrent Engineering - Answer (click here)
2. Process Planning - Answer (click here)
3. Computer Aided Process Planning - Answer (click here)
4. Concurrent Engineering and Design for Manufacturing - Answer (click
here)
5. Advanced Manufacturing Planning - Answer (click here)

Chapter 26 PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL


SYSTEMS
1. Production Planning and Control Systems - Answer (click here)
2. Aggregate Production Planning and the Master Production Schedule -
Answer (click here)
3. Material Requirements Planning - Answer (click here)
4. Capacity Planning - Answer (click here)
5. Shop Floor Control - Answer (click here)
6. Inventory Control - Answer (click here)
7. Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) - Answer (click here)
8. Just ln Tirne Production Systems - Answer (click here)

Chapter 27 LEAN PRODUCTION AND AGILE


MANUFACTURING
1. Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
2. Lean Production - Answer (click here)
3. Agile Manufacturing - Answer (click here)
4. Comparison of Lean and Agile - Answer (click here)

Subject : Total Quality Management


INTRODUCTION
1. Quality Management - Answer (click here)
2. Various dimensions of quality with examples - Answer (click here)
3. Deming’s Philosophy - Answer (click here)
4. Quality Planning - Answer (click here)
5. The barriers to TQM implementation and Deming Philosophy - Answer
(click here)
6. Evolution of quality - Answer (click here)
7. Basic concepts, principles, barriers and benefits of Total Quality
Management (TQM) - Answer (click here)
8. Important Questions and Answers: Quality Management - Answer (click
here)
TQM PRINCIPLES
1. Leadership - Answer (click here)
2. Quality Council - Answer (click here)
3. Seven Steps to Strategic Quality Planning - Answer (click here)
4. Quality Statements - Answer (click here)
5. Customer Satisfaction - Answer (click here)
6. Tebouls Model of customer satisfication - Answer (click here)
7. Customer Retention - Answer (click here)
8. Motivation Concept of Motivation - Answer (click here)
9. Theories of Motivation - Answer (click here)
10. Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory - Answer (click here)
11. Empowerment - Answer (click here)
12. Job Enrichment Vs Job Empowerment - Answer (click here)
13. Teams - Answer (click here)
14. Characteristics of Successful Teams - Answer (click here)
15. Stages of Team Development - Answer (click here)
16. Recognition and Reward - Answer (click here)
17. Importance of Performance Appraisals - Answer (click here)
18. Benefits of Employee Involvement - Answer (click here)
19. The PDCA Cycle - Answer (click here)
20. 5-S: Housekeeping - Answer (click here)
21. Kaizen - Answer (click here)
22. Supplier Partnership - Answer (click here)
23. Partnering - Answer (click here)
24. Supplier Selection - Answer (click here)
25. Supplier Rating - Answer (click here)
26. Aspects of Employee Involvement - Answer (click here)
27. Intrinsic Vs Extrinsic Rewards - Answer (click here)
28. Customer complaints (feedback) - Answer (click here)
29. Continuous Process Improvement (CPI) - Answer (click here)
30. Important Questions and Answers: Total Quality Management (TQM)
Principles - Answer (click here)

TQM TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES I


1. Seven tools of quality - Answer (click here)
2. New Seven management Tools - Answer (click here)
3. Management Tool: Affinity Diagram - Answer (click here)
4. Management Tool: Relations Diagram - Answer (click here)
5. Management Tool: Tree Diagram - Answer (click here)
6. Management Tool: Matrix Diagram - Answer (click here)
7. Matrix Data Analysis Diagram - Answer (click here)
8. Management Tool: Arrow Diagram - Answer (click here)
9. Six Sigma - Answer (click here)
10. Benchmarking - Answer (click here)
11. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis - Answer (click here)
12. Important Questions and Answers: Total Quality Management Tools &
Techniques - Answer (click here)
13. The seven traditional tools of quality - Answer (click here)
14. New management tools - Answer (click here)
15. Types of Benchmarking - Answer (click here)
16. Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) - Answer (click here)
17. Timing of FMEA - Answer (click here)
18. Benchmarking process - Answer (click here)

TQM TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES II


1. TQM Tools And Techniques - Answer (click here)
2. Quality Function Deployment - Answer (click here)
3. Taguchi’s Quality Loss Function - Answer (click here)
4. Maintenance development stages - Answer (click here)
5. Total Productive Maintenance - Answer (click here)
6. Quality costs - Answer (click here)
7. Voice of the customer - Answer (click here)
8. Design of FMEA document - Answer (click here)
9. Different types of needs - Answer (click here)
10. Major benefits of quality function deployment (QFD) - Answer (click here)
11. Quality circles - Answer (click here)
12. Organisational structure - Answer (click here)
13. Important Questions and Answers: Total Quality Management Tools and
Techniques - Answer (click here)

QUALITY SYSTEMS
1. ISO 9000 STANDARDS - Answer (click here)
2. Need of Quality system - Answer (click here)
3. ISO 9000:2000 Quality Systems - Answer (click here)
4. Need for ISO 9000- ISO 9000-2000 Quality System - Answer (click here)
5. QS 9000 – ISO 14000 – Requirements - Answer (click here)
6. ISO 9000 Documentation and Documentation Hierarchy - Answer (click
here)
7. Clauses in ISO 9001 - Answer (click here)
8. ISO 14000 - Environmental Management systems - Answer (click here)
9. Processes of Software Quality Management - Answer (click here)
10. Cost of Quality - Answer (click here)
11. Concepts and Benefits of ISO 14000 - Answer (click here)
12. Important Questions and Answers: Quality Systems - Answer (click here)

Subject : Robotics
FUNDAMENTALS OF ROBOT
1. Fundamentals of Robot - Answer (click here)
2. Robot Anatomy - Answer (click here)
3. Robotics Co-ordinate System - Answer (click here)
4. Robot Classification - Answer (click here)
5. Wrist configuration of Robot - Answer (click here)
6. Speed of Robot Motion - Answer (click here)
7. Robot Parts and Functions - Answer (click here)
8. Need of Robot and its Application - Answer (click here)
9. Important Questions and Answers: Fundamentals of Robot - Answer (click
here)
10. Different types of robots - Answer (click here)
11. Joint Notation Scheme - Answer (click here)
12. Technical specification in Robotics - Answer (click here)
13. Types of joints used in robots - Answer (click here)
14. Four types of robot control - Answer (click here)

ROBOT DRIVE SYSTEMS AND END EFFECTORS


1. Introduction Robot Drive Systems - Answer (click here)
2. DC Servo Motors | Stepper Motor - Answer (click here)
3. AC Servo Motor | Stepper Motor - Answer (click here)
4. Grippers - Answer (click here)
5. Magnetic Grippers - Answer (click here)
6. Mechanical Gripper - Answer (click here)
7. Hydraulic Grippers - Answer (click here)
8. Vacuum grippers - Answer (click here)
9. Two and Three-fingered gripper - Answer (click here)
10. Selection and design considerations in robot gripper - Answer (click here)
11. Mechanical drives system - Answer (click here)
12. Pneumatic actuators system - Answer (click here)
13. Various types of Gripper mechanisms - Answer (click here)
14. Working of a stepper motor - Answer (click here)
15. Important Questions and Answers: Robot Drive Systems and End
Effectors - Answer (click here)

SENSORS AND MACHINE VISION


1. Introduction to Sensors - Answer (click here)
2. Need of Sensors - Answer (click here)
3. Position Sensors - Answer (click here)
4. Proximity Sensor - Answer (click here)
5. Compliant geometry - Answer (click here)
6. Slip sensing - Answer (click here)
7. Analog Frame Grabbers - Answer (click here)
8. Sensing & Digitizing Image Data - Answer (click here)
9. Image Processing Signal conversion - Answer (click here)
10. Object tracking software - Answer (click here)
11. Characteristics of Sensors - Answer (click here)
12. Principle of position sensors - Answer (click here)
13. Working principle of Range sensors - Answer (click here)
14. Working principle of Proximity sensors - Answer (click here)
15. Vision systems of Robot - Answer (click here)
16. Various techniques in Image Processing and Analysis - Answer (click here)
17. Applications of Sensor - Answer (click here)
18. Important Questions and Answers: Sensors and Machine Vision - Answer
(click here)

ROBOT KINEMATICS AND ROBOT PROGRAMMING


1. Robot Kinematics: Forward and Inverse Kinematics - Answer (click here)
2. Types of Robot Programming - Answer (click here)
3. Robot Programming Methods - Answer (click here)
4. Programming Languages for Robotics - Answer (click here)
5. Robot Programming Languages - Answer (click here)
6. Motion Commands and the Control of Effectors of Robot - Answer (click
here)
7. Teach pendant for Robot system - Answer (click here)
8. Capabilities and limitations of Lead through methods - Answer (click here)
9. Differentiate forward and inverse kinematics - Answer (click here)
10. Direct and inverse kinematics of 4 degrees of freedom - Answer (click here)
11. Important Questions and Answers: Robot Kinematics And Robot
Programming - Answer (click here)

IMPLEMENTATION AND ROBOT ECONOMICS


1. RGV (Rail Guided Vehicle) - Answer (click here)
2. Packmobile with trailer AGV - Answer (click here)
3. Implementation of Robot Systems - Answer (click here)
4. Industrial Robots and Robot System Safety - Answer (click here)
5. Hazards of Robot - Answer (click here)
6. Economic Analysis of Robot - Answer (click here)
7. Payback, EUAC and ROI method - Answer (click here)
8. Important Questions and Answers: Implementation And Robot
Economics - Answer (click here)
9. AGV & RGV types of robots - Answer (click here)
10. Economic analysis of Robots - Answer (click here)

Subject : Engineering Economics


INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS
1. Introduction to Economics - Answer (click here)
2. Laws of supply and demand - Answer (click here)
3. Concept of Engineering Economics - Answer (click here)
4. Elements of Costs - Answer (click here)
5. Break-Even Analysis - Answer (click here)
6. Elementary Economic Analysis - Answer (click here)
7. Material Selection For A Product/Substitution Of Raw Material - Answer
(click here)
8. Process Planning /Process Modification - Answer (click here)
9. Important Questions and Answers: Introduction to Economics - Answer
(click here)

VALUE ENGINEERING
1. Value Engineering - Answer (click here)
2. Function of Value Engineering - Answer (click here)
3. Value Engineering Procedure - Answer (click here)
4. Interest rate Formulas - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers: Value Engineering - Answer (click here)

CASH FLOW
1. Cash Flow: Bases for Comparison of Alternatives - Answer (click here)
2. Present worth method - Answer (click here)
3. Future worth method - Answer (click here)
4. Annual equivalent method - Answer (click here)
5. Rate of return method - Answer (click here)
6. Important Questions and Answers: Cash Flow - Answer (click here)

REPLACEMENT AND MAINTENANCE ANALYSIS


1. Replacement And Maintenance Analysis - Answer (click here)
2. Types of Maintenance - Answer (click here)
3. Types of Replacement Problem - Answer (click here)
4. Simple Probabilistic Model For Items Which Fail Completely - Answer
(click here)
5. Determination of Economic Life of an Asset - Answer (click here)
6. Capital Recovery with Return and Concept of Challenger and Defender -
Answer (click here)
7. Important Questions and Answers: Replacement And Maintenance
Analysis - Answer (click here)

DEPRECIATION
1. Depreciation - Answer (click here)
2. Methods of Depreciation - Answer (click here)
3. Worked out Problems: Depreciation - Answer (click here)
4. Important Questions and Answers: Depreciation - Answer (click here)
5. Important Questions and Answers:- Engineering Economics & Cost
Analysis - Answer (click here)

Subject : Advanced Internal Combustion


Engineering
SPARK IGNITION ENGINES
1. Introduction about IC Engines - Answer (click here)
2. Air-fuel ratio requirements - Answer (click here)
3. Design of carburettor - Answer (click here)
4. Venture size - Answer (click here)
5. Combustion In SI Engines - Answer (click here)
6. Abnormal Combustion - Answer (click here)
7. Factors affecting knock - Answer (click here)
8. Combustion chambers and Types - Answer (click here)
9. Thermodynamic analysis of SI engine combustion process - Answer (click
here)

COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINES


1. Four Stages of combustion - Answer (click here)
2. Abnormal Combustion - Answer (click here)
3. Factors affecting knock - Answer (click here)
4. Direct injection systems - Answer (click here)
5. Indirect injection systems - Answer (click here)
6. Turbo Chargers - Answer (click here)
7. Thermodynamic analysis of CI engines - Answer (click here)

POLLUTANT FORMATION AND CONTROL


1. Formation of NO and NO2 - Answer (click here)
2. Formation of CO - Answer (click here)
3. Greenhouse effect (GHE) - Answer (click here)
4. HC emission and Smoke - Answer (click here)
5. Particulate emissions - Answer (click here)
6. Catalytic convertor - Answer (click here)
7. Particulate traps - Answer (click here)
8. Chemical methods to reduce emissions - Answer (click here)
9. Exhaust Gas Recycle-EGR - Answer (click here)

ALTERNATIVE FUELS
1. Alternate Fuels - Answer (click here)
2. Classification of Alcohols - Answer (click here)
3. Hydrogen as alternate fuels - Answer (click here)
4. Biogases as alternate fuels - Answer (click here)
5. Natural gas as Alternate fuel - Answer (click here)
6. Vegetable oil as Alternate Fuel - Answer (click here)
7. LPG as Alternate fuels - Answer (click here)
8. Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of SI and CI
engines - Answer (click here)

RECENT TRENDS
1. Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) - Answer (click here)
2. Stratified Charge Engine - Answer (click here)
3. Gasoline Direct Ignition Engine - Answer (click here)
4. Components of a Direct Injection gasoline System - Answer (click here)
5. Lean-burn engine - Answer (click here)
6. Common Rail Diesel Fuel Systems - Answer (click here)
7. Electronic Engine Management - Answer (click here)