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Management is the coordination of all resources through the process of planning, organizing, directing and controlling in order

to attain stated objective Henry L. Sisk


Managenent is the art of knowing what you want to do and then seeing that it is done in the best and cheapest way FWTaylor
To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organize to command, to coordinate and to control Henry Fayol
Management is a multipurpose organ that manage a business and manages managers & manages workers and work Peter
MANAGEMENT = MANAGE+MEN+T (TACTFULLY)

CONCEPTS OF MANAGEMENT.
1. Functional concept Management basically is the task of planning, coordinating, motivating and controlling the efforts of other
towards the goals and objectives of the organization. According to this concept, management is what a manager does (planning,
executing, and controlling)
2. Human relation concept According to this concept, Management is the art o getting things done through and with people in
organized groups. It is the art of creating an environment in which people can perform and individuals could cooperate towards
attaining of group goals. It is an art of removing blanks to such performance a way of optimizing efficiency in reaching goals.
3. Leadership and decision making concept According to this concept, management is the art and science of preparing, organizing,
directing human efforts applied to control the forces and utilize the materials of nature for the benefits to man.
4. Productive concept According to this concept, management may be defined as the art of securing maximum prosperity with a
minimum effort so as to secure maximum prosperity and happiness for both employer n employee and provide best services thereby.
5. Integration concept According to this concept, management is the coordination of human and material resources towards the
achievement of organizational objectives as well as the organization of the productive functions essential for achieving stated or
accepted economic goal.
Importance Of Educational Management
1. It includes the study of various theories of management science which define and describe the roles and responsibilities of the
educational manager and develop managerial skills.
2. It includes the study of educational planning at macro levels, its goals, principles, approaches and procedures. At a micro level it
helps in understanding and facilitates: Institutional planning and Educational administration.
3. Helps in decision making and problem –solving, communication and managing information and building effective teams.
4. Helps in planning of co-curricular activities, academics and preparation of time-table.
5. Helps in the maintenance of school records, evaluating students’ achievements.
6. Financing and budgeting of the institution.
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MANAGER
Leadership In order to be an effective manager, you need to be able to lead your employees in an efficient manner. A lot of
responsibility comes with being a manager, and being able to lead a team is required.
Experience If you don’t have experience working in a professional environment and leading a team, it will be hard to step up as a
manager. A great way to gain experience in a management role is to volunteer, either within your field or with a nonprofit. Ask to help
manage and produce events, whether it’s raising money for an organization or organizing an event.
Communication Being able to communicate with your team is required when being an effective manager. This not only means
communicating job responsibilities and expectations, it means listening to your team and working with them to produce results
within their position.
Knowledge Experience as a manager is a must but so is knowledge. There are many different degrees offered for managers, including
a bachelor’s degree in business or a master’s degree in leadership or project management. You can also get a certificate in project
management, entrepreneurship, ethics, or human resource management.
Organization If you aren’t organized in your position, there’s a good chance that the employees you manage won’t be either. There are
many resources online that can inspire you to get organized. You can also buy a personal planner or download an app on your phone
that can remind you of meetings, tasks you need to complete every day, etc.
Time Management Another key factor in being a successful manager is time management. If you’re late every day, your employees
might think it’s acceptable to also be late. Time management is also important when it comes to prioritizing your day, making sure
you have time to communicate with your employees, and accomplishing goals throughout the week.
Reliability A manager that is leading a team has to be reliable. This means being available for your employees, getting things done that
you said you would, and supporting your team however needed.
Delegation If you don’t know how to delegate projects and tasks, your role as a manager will be a lot more difficult. Don’t be afraid to
ask your employees to help complete a task. You might think it’s easier to do everything yourself, but this will add more time to your
already busy schedule, and you won’t be allowing your employees to do what they were hired to do.
Confidence To be an effective manager, you need to be confident in your abilities, experience, and decisions. This doesn’t mean you
have to be arrogant or feel that you’re better than your employees. But you’re in a management role for a reason, so be proud and be
an inspiration to your team.
Respect for Employees If you don’t respect your employees, there will definitely be tension in your workplace. Be cognizant of their
time and abilities, be able to listen and communicate with them, and be a resource of knowledge and guidance.