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~·-
., - -
' .. JOHN FRANKLIN CARTER
IJoy fTonllin)
1210 NAnONAL PRESS BUILDING
WASHINGTON, 0. C.
"We, the People" Molropolllon -4112
"Tho Week In WtshlnQton" Molropolllon .fill

January 7, 1944.

Herewith i a the ann~al report on the adminis trati on of the "Y' Projeot--

a-n-Field 001t1111ttee on M1sr at1oa and Settlamellt .


1 'I '

ANl'WAL REPORT OF 11
!l 11 PROJECT

FOR THE YE~~ 1943
ANNUAL REPOR'r FOn 1943

PART I

•Exhib it

A. Gener al Statem ent


B. List of Title s Comp leted
c. Disse minat ion List
D. Instit ution s or Perso ns Givin g or Recei ving
Data on ~uration and Settle ment

J
Exhibit A

Janua ry 4 , 1944

AN!ffiAL REPORT OF "M" fROJECTl

Introd ucti on . - In accord ance with the direc ti ve


our data were selec ted on a world - wide basis .
The mater ial , whicb was distr ibuted in the form
of Repor ts , Trans lation s , Uemoranda, and Admi nistra tive
Serie s , totall ed appro ximat ely 4,000 doubl e - space d
st~ncilled pages .
In addit ion , speci al maps were drawn and photo -
graph s and photo stats werll included to illus trate
certa in texts .

Direc tion . - Dr . Isaiah Bowman has condu cted Staff


Confe rences throue hout the year to estab lish and main-
tain circu mscrib ed objec tives . From ti~e to time he
reque sted speci al desiderata .
John F . Carte r is sued a month ly check for
l.ll' .

all opera tions .

Opera tions .- Althouz h "!:" Project l'las approve<!


from November J. , 1942 , no funds 11ere availa ble until
the end of DeceMber, 1 942 .
The total amoun t r eceiv ed fro111 no vember 1 , 1912-
December 31 , 1~43 , was $39 , 052 . 32 .

1. This suJ:irle ments , uut does not dupli cate , the

• previo us Re':lor t dated J:ay 5 , 1943 , tceeth or with the


Exhib its there to attach ed .
- 2 -

• /
Increase in Funds . - Two budge t increases were
requested and approved during the year.
Since· the research staff began to produce more
copy than the secretarial staff could handle, 1 t was
desirable to add to the Staff and to engage part-
time workers with o.s .s . security .

Monthly Reports . - Dr . Isaiah Bowman and Mr . John F .


Carter have received monthly progress reports t~oughout

the current year .

Staff. - The work was divide.d into research,


translati on, editorial work, typing and stencillinG,
eJtd proofreading .
During 1943 the regular staff included seven
m.embers with three secretaries. In addition, there
were nine specialists who were employed on specific .'
'
assis;nments. The Staff members and spec.!alists are
fluent in seventeen laneuages, several of them readinG
f luently five or six languages .
This language facility enables cross - references
t o be made, whlch often lead to valuable conclusions
not otherwise obtainable •


- 3 -

The Staff consisted of the following : ..


l. Mr . Robert Strausz -Hupe directed tlie greater
part of the research , planned assignments , coordinated
results and supervised and revised final draft of all
Staff Reports . He was in charge of the Archiv·e on
Migration and Settlement a11d through his many colleagues
he obtained documents for copying and manuscriptrs on
loan . Reads German, French, and Italian.
2. Dr . Sergei Yakobson p lanned and directed all
research on the U. s . s .R . His excellent bibliographical
knowled£;e , particul arly of the Library of Congress where
he is Consultant in Slavic History, has been invaluable .
His numerous colleagues both here a~rl in New York have
assisted the vrork to a great degree . He has been in-
strumental in borrowing (often for our stencilling and
disseminati on ) many restricted and confidential manu-
scripts not previously avail able to the Government .
Reads Russian, Ge1•man , French, and Polish .
3. Dr . Gottfried Solomon-Delatour v1or ked mainly
o~ ~Iorth and East Africa and France . His many colleagues
have been extremely helpful in obtainine data. Reads
German, French , and Italian.
4. Dr . Stephen T. Possony worked part- time on
Europe, especially Germany, I taly, Spain, and France .
Reads German, French, Spanish, and Italian .
- 4 -
..
5, Dr . Anthdny F . Balasy worked on South America
and East Africa.' Reads Hungarian, Gerlllan, French,
Spanish , and Italian.
6,
Mr . Isadore Dordick worked on U.S . S . R. and

Manchukuo , Reads German , Spanish , Russian , Yiddish,
Hebrew, Dutch, Polish, and Swedish .
7. Dr . K. S . Yunt worked on a :lepot't on the Koreans .
Reads Korean, Japanese, and Chinese .
8, Dr . Robert M. w. Kempner prepared the Adminis -
trative Series. Reads German and Italian , He was
unpaid by "M" Project ,
9. Mrs . Robert M, W, Kempner a s sisted her husband.
Reads German and Italian .
10 . t~ . Gerald Haxton worked part- time on the
French Report and translated and edited the ICA Report
by lf~ . Oungre . Reads French, some German .
11 . Mrs . Edward T. Lampson was editor-in- chief,
correcting copy and proofreading . Reads Spanish,
French , German, some Italian and Czech,
12 , Miss .E lizabeth Beverley- gave secretari al
ass i stance to Dr . Balasy and wor k ed mainl y on South
America and East Africa . Reads Spanish and French .
How working as editorial ass is tan f. and researcher .
- 5 -

• 13 . Mrs . J . G. Dunn , working part- time on


Project, kept the accounts and did typing, stencil ling
11
M"

and proofreading ,
14. · Miss Mar y Frin~{O acted as secretary to
Mr . Strausz-Hupe and 1n charge of Security of Study
Rooms 114, 115 and 116 i n the Library of Congress Annex .
Reads some Russian, Ukraini an, and Poli s h . Studying Fr.ench.
15. Mrs. Willie R·. Prostov worked part-time on
11 M" Project as typist, stenciller, and proofreader .
16, Mis s Tekle. Powlack began secretarial work on
November 22 . Reads some Ukrainian and is studyin~

Russian .
17. ~~ . Eugene Prostov translated on an hourly
basis Russian r eports , mainly on recent agr icultural
developments . Reads Russian, Bulgarian, ·French, Georgian
and other Slavic languages.
18, W~ . Samuel Kutcheroff translated and prepared
a r eport on immigration laws in East Africa .
19 . JV~ . J . \'lhitla Stinson , formerly in the
Department ot: State , worked during December on So\~t!"l

Aw~rica and East Africa, vdth concentration on the


legal aspects of i mmigrr.tion,
20 . ftrs . Carry Hepner , also on an hourly basis,
translated from t he German and summarized articles on
mi gration and settlement.

•··
I
- 6 -

• 21 , Mrs . Emily Ericcson prepared a Report on


Angola, usi ng mainly Portuguese sources .
22 . Stenci lline was done during weekends on an
hourly basis b~ Miss Ma~ee Emer ine , Mrs . Elizabeth D.
Secrest , Miss Cat heri ne Pepe , 1liss Vi r gi ni a Renshaw,
and Miss Elva E. Ruppel--all of o.s .s ., therefore each
wi th security check .
23 . As overtime work Mr . L. H. Dgiczkowski and
Mr . J., Becker, both of o.s .s., prepared original maps
and copied othe·rs .
24 . The following secretaries worked on a
temporary bas! s: ?lrs . W. E. Norman, J,~!ss Dorot hy
Threl keld, and Mrs . Hazle Collins Fowley .
25 . Miss Marion Burkard worked during the latter
p art of the year as messenger, courier and manual
7
assistant .

Secretar ial Assistance. - The secretarial staff ,


working perfectly as a team and often under the severe
strain of taking copy from temperamental l inguists ,
achieved remarkabl e success .
The care, accuracy and speed of the stenci l-
cutting (4,000 stencils) was of an e xc eptionall y high
del}ree •


- 7 -

• Several rusn orders were completed on time under


considerable pressure .
Their loyalty, willingness , skill and patience
contributed to success of the Project.

Editorial Work. - The general plan was to produce


reports which are read with relative ease , For example ,
special 20 lb . KVP mimeograph paper was used, double
spacing with short paragraphs and wide margins was fol -
lowed, and pica type was selected.
The planning and arrangement of the Staff Reports
were directed by Mr . Robert Strausz- Rupe, who wrote all
t he Summaries •

• The editorial style followe d the University of


Chicago system, with minor modifications ,
Mrs . Edward T, Lam:!;) son we.s appointed editor - in-
.chief and vras mainly responsible for editing and proof-
reading copy •
Mrs . Prostov, Mrs , Dunn, Miss Beverley, and
Hiss Frinsko also read y roof from time to time .

Recorder.- Mrs , Dunn kept the records and accounts


in excellent condition, despite changes in personnel and
in tax regulations . Reads French and Spanish,

Security ,- Each employeewas checked by o.s.s .

• Security and an Oath of Office administered after t he


- 8 -

• perti.nent se'ctions from the Espionage Act had been


read . These data are on file in o.s .s. Security.
In the few cases where em!)loyment was tempors.ry 1
each employee upon leavine was cautioned about the
11
secrecy of M" Project and reference attention W9.e

dra1m to the Oath of Office taken freely after reading


Sections 31 and 32 in the Espionage Act .
During the past year the secrecy of "M" .Project
has been completely maintained even in the face of mos t
eager questioning. The fact that so many documents and
manuscripts have been placed at our disposal without any
poss j_ble showing of authority .. indicates in no small de-

• gree the skill with vrhich the Staff Members have handled
delicate situations with tact and persuasion, having no
authority .
We hope to be able to continue to work behind the
seven veils of secrec~, but those remaininc are becoming
slightly diaphanous!

Travel . - To conform to Government requests, the


traveling of Staff !·.Iembers VIas reduced to the practical
minimum, especially during the second half of the year .

PubLications . - Bool<s and pamphle t s were -p1.1I'chased


v1hen necessary for ready r eference . Inter-library loans
and, in some casee, photostats were used . However,



- 9 -

book b~~ing was discou racec until other method s had
faile<l , unless the need \'l,as urgent .

Staff Exuens es .- The:~e includ e petty cash disbur se -


ments., suppli es , teleph one and postag e--all of which

were mainta i ned near the efficie ncy level .

Pro"ler t;; . 1 - Bool{s , pam!Jh lets , manus cripts , Ru11sian


·newsp auers, maps , photo8 raphs , photos tats , etc .
Three 4-draw er steel files with combin ation locks .
Three typew riters (second hand) .
Archiv e of Report s and notes on Migrat ion and
Settle ment arrang ed by oontin ent •

• Liaiso n .-LUpon author izatio n ,


Carter arrang ed intervi ews with r.~r.
~. John Frankl in
Paul Appleb y,
!~ . '/layne Chatfi eld- Taylor and Govern or Lehman.
.•
Ur . Carter has superv ised the cenera l operat ions' of
11
1.~ 11 Projec t .
2. Captai n P . Gilman Spence r was appoin ted by
:Srie;ad ier Gen'3ra l Eayes Kroner as Liaiso n Office r
from 02 to "?~ " Projec t . He has been e~ceorlingl'y helpfu l
in circul a tin::; our Report s with 02 . \te furnis h him with
a copy of cataloe ue c ard:~ of r ecent war books as soon as
they are availa ble This servic e has proved useful to 02 .

1. A list of books , pe.mphl e ts and manus cripts appear ed

•- as Exhib it P in our Report of r:.ay 5 , 1943 •


- 10 -

• 3, Dr . Diamond Jenn ess , our liais on repr esen ta-


tive 1n Cana da, has obta ined man uscr ipts , book s , and
stat istic al data for us .
4. Dr . Alfo nso Caso , our liais on :repr esen to.tiv e
1n Mexi co , will be invi ted for a conf eren ce with
tae
Staf f in the near futu re , It was not cons idere d advi sa-
ble to invi te him to Washin gton unti l some time had
elap sed follo wing the Firs t Dem ograp hic Cong ress held
rece ntly in Nexi co City ,

Conf erenc es .- 1 . Thes e were held durin g the


year in G2 , ONI , A2, and in Depa rtme nts of Azri cultu re
,
Commerce , Stat e, and Just ice .
2. Dr. Isaia h BoWl"'8.1l met with. us ever y few week s
durin g the year t o comment on Repo rts and outl ine
dire ctiv es for our work . · Thes e conf eren ces have been
part icul arly stim ulati ng .
\
3. Week ly Staf f Conf eren ces have been held sinc e
Labo r Day, so that the programme can be discu ssed in
deta il , anct ~ood team work resu lts .

Assi stanc e Rece ived .- l, Thro ugh the Libr arian


of Cong ress , Stud y Rooms 114 , 115 , and 116 have been
plac ed at our disp osal , Spec ial libra ry faci litie s
have been gran ted to the Star r .

t

- 11 -

2, The Offic e of Strate gic Servi ces has mLmeo -


g.r aphed about 120,0 00 pages , the speci al paper being
suppl ied by 11 M" Proje ct , Sever al thousa nd photo graph ic
print s were also made in the o.s .s . Repro ductio n Divis ion .
Other facil ities, such as new Royal typew riters , have
I
been place d at our dispo sal , Stenc ils have also been
suppl ied by o.s .s .
3. Gener ous co8pe ration was receiv ed from the
Depart ment of Agric ulture where Carol B- 6 has been re-
serve d for the use of our Staff . Speci al libra ry
facil ities have also been made availa ble .
4. The Staff has also benef ited from assist ance

• and confe rence s in the Depar tment of Agric ulture ,


Depar tment of Commerce, and in the Offic e of the Co-
ordin ator of Inter- Amer ican Affai rs .
5. The follow ing have rende red genero us assist ance :
Mr . Wayne Chatf ield- Taylo r , Mr . Paul Apple by , ~w . Frank
Warin g ( CIAA) , and Mr , rt.auri ce Barbe r ( Conunerce) ,
6. Colle agues and friend s of Staff members have
place d at our dispo sal unpub lished manu script s rthich
we have been grante d permi ssion to copy and disse! llinate
to our very limite d list of recip ients ,

Wor k in Progr ess .- Sever al Repor ts and t.~emorandn

dated 1n Decem ber, 1943, will be distri buted in Janua ry .


The follow ing are nearin 6 compl etion:
1. The Staff is prepa ring o summary of concl usion s
- 12 -

dravm from the pas t yea. r•s inve stig atio ns . This shou ld

• form a tent ativ e "Blu epri nt for Sett lem ent , "
2 . A stud y of sett lem ent and sett lem ent poss i -
bili ties in Aby ssin ia , Keny a , Ugan da, Tang anyi ka, •
Rho desi a, and Mozambique is near ing com pleti on,
It is
prop osed to cons olid ate thes e repo rts into a surv
ey of
'1/hi te sett lem ent in the East Afri can High land s .
The
repo rts will each con tain an anal ysis of rece nt
legi s -
lati on affe ctin g imm igra tion , and atti tude s of loca
l
pop ulat ion grou ps ,
3.
Or . Lou is Ounr;re , for 25 year s Man agin g Dire ctor
of ICA, was inte rvie wed by a member of "M" Proj ect
. He
cour teou sly repl ied to a ques tion nair e prep ared
by 11Li 11
Proj ect and volu ntee red info rma tion conc erni ng the
pr ac-
tice s of his orga niza tion . A com pila tion of~ .
Oung re • s
view s on settl eme nt and a crit ical analysi~ ~f ICA 's
I
expe rien ces will soon be com plete d;
4.The Staf f is prep arin g a summary of sect ions
of a re9o rt of the Corp s of Eng inee rs, U. S . Army
, on
the Orin oco- Cas iqui are- Neg ro ~taterway , bear ing upon the
suit ability of this regi on for sett lem ent ,
5 . The Staf f is now enge ced in prep arin g a summ
ary
of the conc lusio ns draw n from the pas t yea r's inve
stig a-
tion s . It is expe cted tha t this repo rt will be com-
plet ed duri ng Janu ary .
- 13 -

6. A tra nsl a ted sununary of an exh aus tive


stu dy
by Dr , H. Lau ten s ach of the two Kor ean
isla nds , Dag ele t
and Que lpa rt , wil l soo n be ste nci lle d
.
7 . Rep orts on Ang ola (22 0 pp . ), the
Neg eb (60 pp . ) ,
the Pon tine tt.ar she s (85 pp . ) , Dag ele t
and Que lpar t
Isla nds (25 pp . ) , Dec ree s ree ard ing the
Rehabi lita tio n
of the lib era ted Ukr ain e (?O pp . ) , and
not es on Pal est ine
( 20 pp . ) are awa itin g ste nci llin g and
dis sem ina tion .
8 , Rep orts on Fra nce , Eas t Afr ica
, Sou th Am eric a,
U.s .s .R. , Kor ea , and Manc huk uo are in var iou s
stages of
com ple tion .
9. Two lar ge Rep orts wil l be dis trib ute d
ne:x t
week :
a. Co8 per ativ e Res ettl em ent by Hen ri k Inf
iel d
(45 0 pp . ) .

b,
Doc um ent atio n on Sov iet Co lon iza tion
Pol i cy by Sta ff Member Ynk obs on. Thi
s wil l be
abo ut 250 pp ,
10 , The f ollowin g Memoranda wil l be ava ilab
le
sho rtly :
a. Gre ek Ref uge es in the Bel gia n Congo ,
b. Sel ect ion for Co8 per ativ e Rur al Set yem
ent s .
c. ~elocation of Jap ane se- Am eric ans .
d. Col oni zat ion in Per u .
e. Re hab llit ati on in Ecu ado r .
f.
An Eco nomic Pio nee r Land Set tl emeo t Pol
icy
in Can ada .
- 14 -
..
Diss emin ation List .- The most rest ricte d docu ment s
• I
were s ent to N.iss Tully and to Dr . Bowman .
The gene ral list inclu ded in a ddit i on : Stat e (2) ,
Agri cultu re (8) , Commerce (2) , Libr ary of Cong ress (2),
I

CIAA (1) , O. S . S . (2) , G2 {3) , O . ~ . I . {1) , A2 (1) , Army


Spec ializ ed Trai ning Program (1) , and Scho ol of Mili tary
Gove rnme nt , Cha rlott esvi lle (1) .

Soecial Info rmat ion .- 1 . Members of the Staf f


were cons ulted by 02 , OSS , ONI , Stat e , Just ice , OQJI'IG,
OFFRO , and Nati onal Rese arch Coun cil .
2. The targ et obje ct! ve of Naur u was recommended
to ONI . Targ et obje ctive s in !Jermany have e.l so been
sent to ETO .
3. At the urge nt requ est of the Navy Depar tmen t ,
Dr . Step hen T . Poss ony was give n perm issio n t o .,work
on
a secr et proj ect whic h has been emin ently succ essfu l .
This unit has cons ulted the Staf f almo st dail y',
4. 0 . John Rogge , Depa rtme nt of Just ice, con-
t~ .

sulte d with seve ral Staf f membe rs on data conn ected


with the tria l of Geor ge Sylv es ter Vier eck and the
sedi tion case now in secr et sess ion .
5, Beca use of the secre cy oi' "!.!" Proj ect , the
know lede e of OIU' work has been rest ricte d t.o the minim
um
nt~ber as a ppr oved .
- 15 -

6,Mr . Rich ard E. Harr i son , carto s;rap her for


Fort une , supp lied Mr . Stra usz- Hupe with an adva nce copy
of' hi s pape r enti tled "The tiomo graph as an Instr ume nt
in Map Maki ng, " Geog r a:9hi cal Rev! ew , Vol. 33, 1943 ,
PP • 655- 657 ,
t~ .
Harr ison auth orize d me to subm it his devi ce to
the Navy Depa rtme nt and the 1'/ar Depa rtme nt . r.~ . Stra
usz-
, .
Hupe was acco rded i nter views by Colo nel Poole and
Colo nel Fi t zger al d of' t he C•rtocra phic Sect ion and the
Army Air Forc e reso ectiv ely . Ue was aske d to furn ish
e.
brie f desc ripti on of this new meth od of cons truc ti ng
ma:;J gr ids .
1 Colo ne l Fitz gera ld expr esse d his inte rest in this
devi ce nnd Colonel Pool e sh0w ed 1. t to the Coas t and
Geod etic Surv ey , u. s . Navy . Mr . Harr ison advi sed him
that Colonel Fitz cerald 1 a s well es the Coas t and
Geod eti c Surv ey, have prep ar ed samp les of his nomogr a,h
end were cons ider inG adap ting this devi ce .

Co~endations . - Ver bal repo rts and lette rs have


been rece i vec that 9 art of our work has been of' valu e
to all reci pi ents on disse mina tion lis t .

Futu re Recommendation s . - Upon comp letio n of' the


Fina l Repo rt next mont h with the colla bora tion of'
Dr, Bowman , we shal l prob ably moke some recom mend
ation s ,
.... . . .
Exhibit B

REPORT SERIES

Number 1943 Copies

R- 1 GROWTH OF SOVIET POPULATION 6/18 1 - 30


R- 2 POPULATION PROBLEMS OF FRANCE 6/28 1 - 30
R- 3 POSSIBILITIE S OF SETTIEMENT I N 9AJA I I
CALIR>RNIA 7/21 1 - 30
I I
R- 4 SUDETEN SST'i'L ERS AT ST. WALBURG,
SASKATCHEWAN 6/25 1 - 30
R- 5 POPUIJI TION MOVEMENTS IN EUROPE ,
1939 - 1942 7/28 1 - 4
R- 6 SETTLEMENT POSSIB ILITIES IN THE NEGEB 1
PALESTINE (Uncompleted ) 1 - 3
R- 7 SETTLEME~iT OF PONTINE MARSHES 11/25 1 - 30
R-8 ::;ET'l'L8MENT IN NORTHERN F'INLAl\'D 8/5 1 - 30
R- 9 ITALIAN S.1TTLEMENT IN !J:THIOPIA
~ R- 10 GROo'ITH OF THE GERMAN POPULATION 8/5 1 - 30
R- 11 TRAHS:'ER OF' PSOPLES IN EUROPE,
1939- 1942 8/4 1 - 30
R- 12 POLISH REFUGEES IN MEXICO 8/4 1 - 3
R-13 SUDE'l'EN SETTLEMENT A'r TUPPER , BRITISH
COLUMSIA 8/19 1 - 30
I
R- 14 A STUDY OF SETTL8F 1 PROGRESS IN
NORTijERN SASKATG~VAN 8/30 1 - 30
R- 15 TIIO R:i:F'UGEE CAJ.!PS IN UGANDA 7/6 1 - 3
R- 16 Omitted

R- 17 COLONIZATION OF JAVANESE IN NETHERLANDS


E:AST INIJIES 9/23 1 - 30
R- 18 Umitted
. .. -

- 2 -

-
"""
..
Number

R-19 SETTlEMENT POSSIBILITIES IN


BRAZIL
~

sou.<rH~mN
1943

9/28
Co;eies

1 - 30
R- 20 REHABILITATION OF JS"S IN THE U. S. S. R.
(A REPORT BY AGROJOINT)
.
9/30 1 - 30
R-21 GROWTH OF THE ITALIAN POPULATION 10/19 1 - 30
R- 22 GROWTH OF THE SPANISH POPUL.ATION 10/20 1 - 30
R- 23 TRANSFERS OF GREEKS FROM ASIA MINOR
TO THRACE , 1922-1924 10/18 1 - 30'
,
R- 24 THE RESULTS 0 F 'roTAL MOBILIZATION IN
Gli:RMANY 10/29 1 - 30
R- 25 ITALIAN COLONIZATION ! ~ABYSSINIA 11/22 1 - 30
R- 26 JEWISH COLONIES IN SASKATCHEWAN 11/12 1 - 30
R- 27 DOCUMENTA'l'ION ON SOVIET COLONIZAT-ION
POLICY, 1925- 1940 12/21 1 - 30
R- 28 COOPERATIVE RESETTLEMENT 12/21 1 - 30

I
- . . ...

TRANSLATI ON SERIES

Number ~ COJ218S
• T- 1 THE UNION OF SOVIBT SOCIALIST REPUBLICS 6/5 1 - 30
T- 2 AGRICULTURE IN TBE FAR NORTH, U. S. S. R. 6/5 1 - 30
T- 3 POPULATION AND IMMIGRATI ON IN BRAZIL 6/ 5 1 - 30
T- 4 AGRI CULTIJRE IN THE IGARKA DISTRICT,
SIBERIA 6/5 1 - 30
T- 5 JAPAN'S SOUTHWARD EXPANSION AND COLO-
NIZATION ABILITY OF TRE JAPANESE
Pli:OPLE 6/5 1 - 30
T- 6 THE SOVIET NORTffEASTERN ARE A 6/5 1 - 30
T- 7 AGRICULTURE IN THE BASIN OF THE
INDIGIRKA 6/5 1 - 30
T-8 NOTES ON R3CBNT MIGRATIONS IN U.S. S . R. 6/10 1 - 30
T- 9 DISTRIBUTION OF GRAIN ECONOMY BY ZONES
AND REPUBLICS IN U. S. S. R. 7/31 1 - 30
T- 10 A CLIMATIC SKETCH OF KAMCHATKA PENINSULA 6/25 1 - 30
T- 11 KARAFUTO (JAPANESE SAKHALIN ) AS A LAND
OF' COLONIZATION 7/26 1 - 30

~2 NOTES ON MElSTIZATION IN THE U, S, S. R, 6/25 1 - 30


T-14 AGRICULTURAL RECLAMATION OF DESERTS 6/28 1 - 30
T- 15 NSW RUBBER DEVELOPMENT IN U. S . S. R. 6/28 1 - 30
T- 16 AN EXPERTidENT WITH THE SOWING OF FIEL1)
CROPS IN SOUTHEASTERN QARA-~Ull, U. S. S . R. 6/28 1 - 30
T- 17 THE TERRITORY AND POPULATION OF THE
U. S. S. R. 6/30 1 - 30
T-18 FURTHER PROGRBSS IN THE RECLAMATION OF
.DI'.:SERTS IN THE U, S , S, R, 7/19 l - 30
'l'- 19 EXCERPTS FROM LET'l'ERS BY GERr.!Ml-JE\VISH
EMI GRANTS 7/25 1 - 50
.. . . .

- 2 -

Nwnber 1943 Copies



T- 20 AGRI CULTtlRAL EXP ERIME:NTS I N THE P IUARAL
~~T ~8 1-~
11
T- 21 SE T'l'LING EMIGRE 11 RUSSIANS IN ECUADOR 8/2 1 - 30

T- 22 HIGH ALTITUDE AGRICULTURE IN THE U. S . S . R. 8 /4 1 - 30


T- 23 COLONIZATION AL 1 NG TllEl SO VIET-MANCRUKUO
BORDER . 9/4 1 - 30
T- 24 AGRICULTURAL CON~UEST OF THE ALTAI REGI ON 9/25 1 - 30

T- 25 RUSSIAN :!!MIGRANT SETTLEMENTS IN THE


BARGA REGION (MANCHURIA) 9/22 1 - 30
T-26 MODERN CO LONIZATION IN THE DUTCH EAST
INDIES 10/15 1 - 30
T- 27 COLONIZATION IN SOVIET TURRESTAN 10/14 1 - 30
T- 29 RE CENT AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS TN
u.s.s. R. 9/20 1 - 30
T- 30 Q.UELPART AND DAGELET ISLANDS--A COM-
\ PARATIVE ST UDY 12/27 1 - 30
'
T-31 DECREES FOR REHABILITATION OF SOVIET
LI BERATED AREAS 1 2/29 1 - 30
. .

MEMORANDUM SERIES

- Number 1943 Copies

M- 1 FIFTY YEARS OF JEWISH COLONIZATION IN


. THE ARGEllTINE 6/25 1 - 30

M- 2 RECLAMATION AND COL ONIZATION IN


TAVOLIERE, ITALY 7/15 1 - 30

M-3 DECLINE OF GERMAN BIRTH RATE 6/25 1 - 30

M- 4 POSSIBILITIES OF SETTLEMENT OF
KIMBERLEY REGI ON, WESTERN AUSTRALIA 6/28 1 - 30

M- 5 MEt~pRANDUM FOR INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE


CONFERENCE) AT EVIAN 6/28 1. - 30

M-6 Omitted

lil- 7 NEW SE:TTLERS IN SICILY 7/23 1 - 30


M- 8 KARELIAN EMDRANTS IN FINLAND 7/23 1 - 30

M- 9 POPULATION OF HONG KONG IN 1941 7/24 1 - 30


,..,....,.
M- 10 GROWTH OF POPULATI ON IN BURMA 7/22 1 - 30
'-'
M- 11 GROWTH OF POPULATION IN INDIA 7/22 1 - 30

M-1 2 . REFUGEES IN SOUTHERN RHODESIA 7/20 1 3

M- 13 JEWISH BIRTH RATE IN PALESTINE 7/27 1 - 30

M- 14 EXCHANGE OF BULGARO-ROMANIAlT
POPULATION 8/21 1 - 3

M-15 LAND SETTLEMENT IN ALBERTA 8/18 1 - 30

M-16 ECONOMIC PIONEER LAND SETTLEMENT


POLICY IN CANADA 8/17 1 - 30

M- 17 POSSIBILI'l'IES FOR SETTLEMENT ON


IRRIGATED LANDS IN ALBERTA 8/16 1 - 30

M-18 PROBLli:MS OF LAND SETTLEMENT IN


SASKATCHEWAN 8/16 1 - 30
• • • p

- 2 -

Number ~ Copies
M- 19 LAND SET'IL.EME:NT IN NEW BRUNSWICK 8/19 1 - 30
M-20 LAND SETTLEMENT PJWBLEMS IN NORTHERN
ONTARIO 8/18 1 - 30
M- 21 INSTRUCTIONS TO INSPECTORS OF SETTLE-
IolENTS IN EXTREME N<:a THERN AREAS OF
CANADA 8/30 1'- 3o
I I

M- 22 NETHER LAND REFUGEES IN SURINAM 8/31 1 - 30


M- 23 GREEK REFUGESS IN NEAR EAST AND
AFRICA 9/1 1 - 30
M- 24 POLISH REFUGEES IN IRAN , AFRICA, AND
INDIA 9/2 1 - 30
M- 25 LINEUP IN '1REA'l'EST WAR IN WORLD •S
RISTORY 9/9 1 - 3
M- 26 POPUL~~ VITAL
GERMAN- OCCUPIED
STATISTICS OF
U. s . s . R . EXCLUDI NG
POLAND, THE BALTIC STATES, AND
.-,
I

- '

M- 27
BESSARABIA

RI CE FARMING IN MANCHUKUO
9/10
9/8
1 - 3
1 - 3
M- 28 JAPANESE VIT AL STATISTICS 9/7 1 - 3

M- 29 REGULATI ONS FOR JEWS TO LEAVE BULGARIA 9/10 1 - 3


14-:30 SETTLEMENT IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 1 - 3
M-31 Omit ted
M- 32 I NTERNATI ONAL MIGRATION 9/24 1 - 30
M- 33 LAND SETTLEMENT I N NEW BRUNSWICK- 2 9/22 1 - 30

M- 34 AVERAGE PROGRESS OF SE:TTLEnS IN


NOR 'rHERN SASKATCW1VAN, 1941 9/24 1 - 30

M- 35 AN E:CONOtHC PIONEER LAND SETTlEMENT


POLICY IN CAJ~ADA 12/30 1 - 30

. -
- .. .

- 3 -

Number ' 1943 Co;Ei &s


M- 36 IMMIGRATION POLICY IN' THE UNION OF
SOUTH AFRI CA 9/27 1 - 30
M- 37 SOCIAL ASPECTS OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY
IN CANADA 9/25 1 - · 30
M- 38 IMMIGRANTS TO SERBIA 10/14 1 - 3
M- 39 POPULA TION OF SPAIN 10/15 1 - 3
M- 40 LIST OF JEWISH ORGANIZATI ON 10/27 1 - 30
M- 41 POPULATION MOVEMENTS IN CHINA 10/28 1 - 30
M- 42 THE ASPECTS OF PORTUGUESE COLONIAL
POLICY 10/24 1 - 3
M- 43 SETTlE ldE:NT POSSIBI LITIES IN EAST
KIMBERLEY 11/17 1 - 30
M- 44 SETTLEMENT POSSIBI LI'E:ES IN NIIJERIA 11/10 1 - 30
M-45 SETTIEMENT POSSIBI LITIES IN TilE
. VIRGIN ISLANDf:.
-
-\
11/11 1 - 30
M- 46 DEVELOPMENTS IN PALESTINE , APRIL-
NOVEMBER, 1943 11/16 1 - 30
M- 47 PLAN FOR IDVISH SETTLEMENT IN
NORTKiiESTERN AUSTRAL!~ 11/20 1 - 30
M- 48 GREEK REFUGEES IN THE BELGIAN CONGO 12/7 1 - 30
t.l - 49 SELECTION FOR COOPERATIVE RURAL
SETTLEMENTS 12/28 1 - 30
M- 50 RELOCATIO N OF JAPANESE - AMERICAN S 12/29 1 - 30
1!.- 51 COLONIZATION IN PERU 12/29 1 - 30
M- 52 REHABILITATION IN ECUADOR 12/28 1 - 30
M- 53 AN ECONOMI C PIONEER LAND SETTLEMENT
POLICY IN CAl-lADA 12/30 1 - 30

..
.-
ADMINISTRATIVE SERIES

Number 194:3 Copies

A-1 TF!E GERMAN NATIONAL REGISTRATI ON


SYSTEM 10/:30 l - :30
I

A- 2 NAZI SUBVERSIVE ORGANIZATION- -


PAST AND FUTURE 10/:30 1 - 30

A- :3 FOR~.SUSED IN THE GERMAN NATIONAL


REGISTRATION SYSTEM 12/30 l - :30

FINAL SERIES

Number 1943 Conies

F- 1 COT..ONIZATION IN BIROBIDZHAN
1928-1943 '7/15 1 - 3

F- 2 I MMIGRATION PROBLEMS OF THE


SOVIE'l' t.lNION . 10/28 1 - 3

'
Exhibit c

,, STATISTICAL SUMMARY

Renort Series Pages

Staff Reports • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 623


Special Staff Reports ror Dr . Bowmen ••••••••• 118

Reports edited (sometimes in part) by Staff ,, ,l , 548

Translation Series
Translated and edited •••••••••••••••••••••••• 633

Memorandum Series
Selected •••••• • ••••••••••••••••••• • ••• • ••• • •• 445

Administrative Seri es

- 2 Re ports ........... ... .... .... .. ...... .. .. .. 321

Final Series
2 copies of Birobidzhan and U.s. s.R . (one ror
the President and one for Dr , Bowmen) ...... , 209

Introductions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . • • • • . • • • • • • • • • • • __1=1-5.__
Total . .••... . .....• 3,912

Illustrations
Large li!aps ................................ 6
Maps redravm , , • , ••• • •••••• ••••••• • •• .. .... .. 11

Maps photographed •• •••••••••• • • •• ••• . ... . .. . . 22


Photographs •••••••• •.... .•. . • .• . .. .. .......•. 1, 600
'
Photostats • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . • • • • • • • . . _ _;7~1::.;:6;__
Total ••••••••••••• 2 ,355
-
Exllibit c

DISSEMINATION LIST OF "M" DOCUMENTS

Copy No .
1 Miss Grace Tully for the President
2 Dr . Isaiah Bowman

3 Dr . V/illiam L. Langer
o.s.s . for Research and Analysis F>iles
4 Lt . Col . J . E. McCaffrey1
u.s . Engineer Corps
Room 4274
New \\ar Building
Virginia Avenue , N. W.
5 Mr . F . t . Belin
o.s .s. for Q Building Files
6 Dr . ·Irene Taeuber
Director , Census Project
Library of Congress
. 2
7 Colonel Herman Beukema
Army Specialized Tra1nine Program
War Department
Pentagon Building
8 Colonel Harrly Dillard
School for U11itary Government
Charlottesville , Virginia
9 ?.!%'. Victor Borella
Coordinator of Inter- American Affairs
Commerce BuildinB
10 Dr. Charles E. Kellog8
Bureau of Plant Industry
Department of Agriculture

1. Receives selected few reports of potential value


to u.s .Engineer Corps .
2 . Ordered 60 copies of Administrative Series for
A. S . T. P. Schools.
- 2 -

Copy No .
• 11 Mr . Paul Appleby1
Under Secretary of Agriculture
12 Mr. Paul Appleby
For International Food. Commission'
13 Dr . H. R. Tolley
Chief , Bureau of Agricultural Economies
Department of Agriculture '
14 Dr. Lyle F . Watts
Chief, Forest Service
Department of Agriculture
15 Dr . Carlton Barnes
Office of Land Use Coordinator
Department of Agriculture
16 Office copy
17 Dr . H . H . Benn.e tt
Chief, Soil Conservation
Department of Agriculture
18 Office copy

19 Dr. Eric Englund
O.ffice of Foreign Agricultural Relations
De.pM'tmerlt of Agriculture
20 r.:r . Maurice Barber
The Secretary ' s Office
Commerce Building
21 t:r . \'layne Chatfield- Taylor
Under Secretary of Commerce
22 Colonel F. D. Yeaton 2
G2, Vlar Department, P entagon Building
23 Mr . George 1,/arren 3
UNRRA

1 . Also receives copy No . 12 for International Food


Commission .
2. Receives only U. S . S . R. material .
3. Following request of Governor Lehman ,
- 3 -

Copy Uo.
24 Govern or ij . H. Lehman
IDrRRA
25 Dr . ,ls_aiah Bowman1
Room 219, Departm ent of State
26 Mr . Archib ald MacLei sh
Librar ian o£ Congre ss
27 Rear Admira l R. E . Schuirm ann
OHI 1 Navy Departm ent
28 Colone l Jlantil ton MaGuir e 1 2 •;2
Room 2 E 766
Pentag on Buildi ng
29 Colone l R. c. Jacob ~ Jr. 3
G2 1 Pentae on Buildi ng

1 . Al so receiv es Copy No . 2 . This copy is for


De partme nt of State f iles .
2 . By reques t of Brigad ier Genera l Hayes Y-r oner .
Thi s copy is for circul a tion in G2 and A2 .
3. Former ly s ent to Brig adier Genera l Hayes Kroner .
Exhib it D


INSTITUTIONS AND PERSONS
GIVING OR RECEI VmG DATA ON MIGRATIOH AND SETTLEMENT

v
Incom ing
..
1. Depar tment of Comme rce (Cens us Burea u and
\', eathe r Burea u)
2. War Depar tment (G2)
3. Depar tment of Agric ulture (Hull and Volin )
4. Depar tment of State (Sullam)
s. Offic e of Strate gic Servi ces
. 6. Board of Econom ic Viarfa re , later OEil, lates t FEA
7. Libra ry of Concr ess (Cens us Proje ct)
\
8. Instit ute for Advan ced Study , Princ eton
9. Insti tute of Pacif ic Relat ions
10. Intern ation al Labor Office (Mont real)
11 . Ameri can Jew1 sh Joint Distr ibutio n Comm ittee , liew York

12 . Ort Econo mic Resea rch Conuni ttee , New Yorl<
13. Nel'l Schoo l for Socia l Resea rch , New Yo:-k
14 . Yiddi sh ' Scien tific Inst1 tuto I r;ew York
15 . Counc il of Jewish Feder ations and ~.elfare Funds , New York
16 . Domin ican Repub lic Settle ment Assoc ia tion, New Yorlt
17. Ameri can Jewis h Joint Aeric ultura l Corp ., New Yorlt
18 . Ameri can Frien ds Servi ce Comm ittee , Phila delph ia
19 . Schoo l of Publi c Affai rs and Popul ation

Assoc iation of Ameri ca , Princ eton


- 2 -

20 . Am eric an Geo e r aph lca l Soc iety , New Yor


k
21 . Ame ri can-Russ i an I n s t itu te , New Yor k
22 . Dr . Jos eph Rosen
23 . Lt . E . A. Norman
24 . Dr . Jos eph Sch eoh tma nn
25 . Dr . Eug ene Kul i sch er
26 . Dr . A. Kah n
27 . Mr . AdCllll Gos tom ski
28 . Mr . s. A. Tro ne
29 . Dr . J aco b Bru tzk us
30 . Nr . Loui s Rou gie r
31. },:r . Pie rre \'la elb roe ck
32 . A:r . Jea n •::ei lle r
3~ . I.".r . Lew is L . Lor win
34 . !{.r . :'ra..'llc Lor ine r
35 , !lr. Denni s Coo ,er
36 . Dr . Lou is Ounere
37 . Dr . !!:ax Go tts che.llc
38 . n'r . ll a hum Ool~mann

39 . Dr . Phi llp M. Hau~er

10 . Dr . Hal ford L. Dunn


11 . kis s Rut h Hed sel
12 , ~r . Rif at Tir ana
43 . Mr . s. 1
.1 . Bo£es

In the abo ve lis t t!os . 2'!. , 25 , 27


, 34 , 42 , and 43
rec eiv ed some ass ista nce fror n the St aff
of Pro jec t .
- 3 -

Outc ;oing

The attac hed Diss emin ation Li!'!t shows tbe


reci pien ts , altho ugh seve ral do not rece ive co~lete
sets by requ est .
' I

Ir. addi tion , Colo nel Herm ' an' S . Beukema , Chie f of
ArMy Spec ializ ed Trai ning Prog ram, has orde r 60 copi es
of Al , i\2 , o.nc't R- 24 for thei r 55 Scho ol s . o.s. s. bas
orde red 6 extr a copi es of Al and A2 . They have also
sent co,i es by ,ouc h to Lo~don for ETO .
Exhl bi t D in our Repo rt of !,l ay 5 shows diaa; ram-
l'19t icall y the inst ituti ons and pers ons ~iving or
rece ivin c data on ~i~ration and Settl emen t . The abov e
list supp leme nts Exhi bit D.