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Every architect and interior designer needs to know how to use SketchUp!
1. The following changes have been made by us to the SketchUp default template drawing; it is a drawing file called Triton.skp and is saved in the T: drive under the folder “Sketchup.” When you start a new drawing in SketchUp, it will look for the Triton.skp file and load it first. Believe me, it is an improvement from the out-of-the box default template. If you are not working from a Triton computer and want to set your default the same as ours, follow these steps: a. Delete the guy standing at 0,0,0 in the picture that comes up. To do this, click on him with eraser tool. b. Under the “Window” pull-down menu, under the “Preferences” then under the “Extensions” line, check Utilities Tools and Sandbox Tools. c. Under the “Window” pull-down menu, under the “Preferences” then under the “Template” line, browse for the template file you want to start with when you start a new drawing (“T:\Sketchup\Triton.skp”). d. Install the following “browsers” from the “Window” pull-down menu: i. Materials ii. Components iii. Styles iv. Layers e. Open the “Styles” browser by clicking on its bar at the top and select “Default Styles” then the leftmost on the second row down (tool-tipped as “04 Shaded with Textures.” f. Under the “Window” pull-down menu, select Model Info. i. Select “Dimensions.” Pick “Slash” for endpoints; pick the radio button “Align to Dimension Line and then pick “Above” in the dropdown box to the right of it. ii. Select “Location” and pick Chicago, IL iii. Select “Text” and under “Leader Lines” pick End Point “Open Arrow” and “View Based;” iv. Select “Units” and check “Force Display of 0””; Change “Enable Angle Snapping” to 45 degrees. v. Under the “Window” pull-down menu, select Shadows. Change to today’s date; check “Display shadows” check box g. Load the following toolbars from the “View” pull-down menu: i. Getting Started ii. Large Tool Set iii. Face Style iv. Google v. Layers vi. Sections vii. Shadows
in other words. you don't need to type in the "VCB" box). Views x. Turn “Parallel Projection” on from the “Camera” pull-down menu (that will turn “perspective” off). draw in X (green) or Y (red) or Z (blue) direction. just like AutoCAD. As you draw lines when a start or end point of the line aligns with another point. then point the cursor in the direction you want to the end point to be located then type in 20’6 on the keyboard . Open the “Layers” browser and create the following layers: wall. Large Buttons h.SketchUp Basics Page 2 viii. green or blue line from point to point – like the illustration below: . For example: • • If you want to draw a line that is 9 feet 6 inches long. begin to draw the rectangle. i. type: 6' 6". Draw line: use the pencil tool. just start typing). and then press Enter. If you want to draw a rectangle that is 6 feet 6 inches wide by 4 feet 6 inches deep. SketchUp will signal graphically by drawing a red. you can type the dimensions in the "VCB" box and the entity will be drawn to those dimensions. if you want to make exactly 20’-6” long. a line or rectangle. for example. then type: 9' 6" (you don't need to click in the "VCB" box in order to type in it. You can always create more layers later. trees. Sandbox xii. Standard ix. to start so these can be turned off and on. 2. roof. start to draw the line in the direction you want. 3. text and dimensions. and then press Enter. pick the start point. ground. At any time while you are drawing an entity. if you type a distance of 100 and do not put the foot symbol after it (‘) it will be interpreted by SketchUp as 100 inches. Walk Through xi. 4' 6" (again. Note that the native units of SketchUp are inches.
To move. You can also import Autodesk 3ds max models this way. place it in the open SketchUp drawing file. first select the whole object using the select tool Then pick the “Move” or “Rotate” or “Scale” tool: 7. hit the Esc key on the keyboard. You cannot import AutoCAD files with the free version of SketchUP. To get pre-drawn SketchUp models from the SketchUp “Warehouse. navigate to where you saved the file and select it. To import a SketchUp file into your current drawing file. . SketchUp Pro costs $495. then “Import” then select a SketchUp file.00 year if you have a Triton College e-mail address.” select File>3d Warehouse>Get Models. scale or rotate an object. 5. go to File pull-down. To unselect an object.SketchUp Basics Page 3 4. however. 6.00. but you can in the "Pro" version. a student one-year license of SketchUP Pro is $49. It will be added to the current file.
Saving: pick the Save icon or select File and then Save. 11. click on the Move tool. Draw an arc at each intersection e.SketchUp Basics Page 4 8. Draw a rectangle b. Draw a line down midpoint of one top edge to the other d. Start with a large rectangle. 10. which will be the ground plane b. Extrude it vertically c. 9. How to make a gable roof: a. Extrude it vertically c. Draw a rectangle b. Connect the corners d. c. click on the end of the line you want to lengthen (there will be a green grip appear) and move it to a new location. (I know this is too large of a curb height. To draw roads: a. Draw a line down midpoint of one top edge to the other d. Use the Move command to drag that line vertically (along the blue axis) 12. Make closed at ends to turn into a plane g. Draw a square from one corner to the line . Extrude 3’ vertically down. but we want to make a visible depth to the road). The first time you save you will be prompted for a name for the file as well as a location in which to save it. Erase the excess f. How to make a hip roof a. To lengthen a line. Draw lines on it 25’ apart.
Erase the square .SketchUp Basics Page 5 e. Draw the other diagonal (45 degrees) \ g. Draw the diagonal of the square (45 degrees) f.
SketchUp Basics Page 6 h. Grab the top ridge with the Move tool and move up (along the Blue axis) . Repeat on the other side i.
SketchUp Basics Page 7 j. Creating Multiple Copies (Linear Arrays) a. Bob’s your Uncle 13. This action informs SketchUp that you want to duplicate the selected entities. Move your mouse to copy the entities. the one you manually copied plus one you automatically copied using this step) instead of just one. The copied entities are now selected and the original entities are deselected. i. Click on the selected entities to copy. The cursor will change to an arrow. The Move Tool can be used to create arrays. d. . typing in 2x (or *2) will create one additional copy (or 2 copies total. Type a multiplier value to create additional multiple copies. or a series of copies of geometry. Press and hold the Ctrl key on your keyboard. e. Select the Move Tool. f. c. Select the Select Tool. A copy of the selected entities will follow as you move your mouse. h. For example. To create multiple copies of one or more entities: b. Click at the destination point to finish your copy operation. Select the entities to be copied. g.
Draw a rectangle 30’ in the X direction and 40’ in the Y direction. . Pull it up 6’ c. Draw a line 6” up and 12” to right to form the first riser and tread.SketchUp Basics Page 8 14. b. "FollowMe" Tool a.
Copy these two lines by selecting them first. and pick the first point as the bottom of the riser. . That is required to use the FollowMe tool. then select the move command. the press and hold the control key down and pick the right end of the horizontal line. Note that the top portion of the cube can now be pushed and pulled separately from the bottom. e. then type x11.SketchUp Basics Page 9 d. This will array the steps 11 times.
h. g. Place the cursor and follow it along the top edge of the cube – you will see the edge line turn red. Select the FollowMe tool. Place the cursor over the top part of the cube above the steps and click with left button.SketchUp Basics Page 10 f. .
SketchUp Basics Page 11 i. . Follow all along the left and far edge: j. You could follow it all the way around if you had enough width to do stairs all around. This is the result: k.
So go ahead. Pretty cool – this takes some practice.SketchUp Basics Page 12 l. practice! .
SketchUp Basics Page 13 15. Toolbar: .
SketchUp Basics Page 14 .
add color. move viewpoint. Create Scenes in SketchUP by selecting View>Animation>Add Scene 3. In the Microsoft Office Power Point dialogue box that pops up "How do you want the movie to start in the slide show. 5." .SketchUp Basics Page 15 Shading and view commands: SketchUP animations and Power Point 1. Zoom. Click on the Insert tab>Movie. change time of day or add to model in some other way and add another scene. It will save your file as an . Give it a name and a path to save.avi file. Open Power Point and make a new show.After you have added all the scenes you want for your animation. 4. Browse to the avi file you just created and select it. select File>Export>Animation. Open SketchUP and make a drawing 2." select the button "Automatically. 6.
Open SketchUP 2. If you don't like the background. Draw a model in SketchUP 4. make sure that you are in plan view by typing R 3. Import the site from Google Earth by selecting the icon in the SketchUP menu bar with the yellow arrow pointing down.SketchUp Basics Page 16 SketchUP and Google earth You can place a SketchUp model anywhere on the earth using Google Earth. Zoom in on the area you want to place your model. After imported it will have a 2d view of your site in black and white as the background. Open Google Earth and select your site. The border will then turn blue. click on it so the border turns red. then right click and select "unlock" from the context cursor menu. Now select the delete key on the keyboard. Here is the original 3d image in Google Earth: . Here is how: 1.
. export it along with the site to Google Earth by selecting the "Place Model" icon in the SketchUP menu bar with the orange arrow pointing up. After you have the building designed and want to see how it will look in Google Earth in 3d.SketchUp Basics Page 17 Here is the image SketchUP after importing the Google Earth site to SketchUP: 5.
First. Frequently Asked Questions Question 1: Why is my model being clipped and sliced as I rotate or zoom in? This is a known glitch in the software called Camera Clipping Plane. this doesn't cause any actual damage to your model. You can adjust the FOV between 1 and 120 degrees (the default is 35 degrees in Google SketchUp and 30 degrees in SketchUp Pro). although it can be distracting. . Another situation that can cause clipping is when the Perspective camera mode is turned off. In that case. don't worry.SketchUp Basics Page 18 Now here is how your "placed" model will look in 3d in Google Earth: Note that you can continue to make changes to the model in SketchUP and then use "Place Model" again to update it. Another situation is when the scale of your model is very small or very large. There are several situations in which you might encounter this: • • • One is when the field of view (FOV) is set very wide. and the clipping is eliminated. The camera zooms out to display the entire model. click the "Zoom Extents" button (it looks like a magnifying glass with four red arrows pointing outward). It's easy to unintentionally change the FOV by pressing the Shift key while you are zooming in or out using the Zoom tool. In this case. you can change the scale of your model.
use the Move tool to grab a corner point of the selected geometry that is on the ground plane. Zoom-Extents. To do this: select all of the geometry in your model. start to move the selected geometry. 9'." 3. This causes the selected point to be moved to the origin point. and then want to change the scale of the entire model. . 2. and other entities. an entire house made of many edges. there's an easy way to do this: 1. for example. you can move your model closer to the origin point. for example. and then press Enter. Pick an individual entity that you can use as a reference. Type the length you want the edge to be. You should see 6' displayed in the "VCB. A message asks. 4. I have found that the easiest way to fix it is to simply Zoom Extents (Camera. In that case.SketchUp Basics • Page 19 This can also happen if your model is very far away from the origin point (the point where the red. "Do you want to resize the model?" Click "Yes" to resize the entire model. green. but that you know you want to be exactly nine feet long. an edge that is about six feet long. faces.0]" (including the square brackets) in the "Value Control Box" (which is in the lower-right corner of the SketchUp window). or Ctrl-Shift-E) Question 2: How do I Change the scale of an entire model? If you have drawn a model composed of many entities. and then type "[0. Select the Tape Measure tool and measure that edge from beginning to end.0. and blue axes intersect).
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