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d i n i n g i n t h e s a n c t ua r y o f d e m e t e r a n d k o r e 1

Th e J o u r na l of t h e A m e r i c a n S c ho ol
of C l as s i c a l S t u d i e s at At h e n s

Vo l u m e 8 6

Copyright © American School of Classical Studies at Athens, originally pub-

lished in Hesperia 86 (2017), pp. 379–421. This offprint is supplied for per-
sonal, non-commercial use only, and reflects the definitive electronic version of
the article, found at <>.
Jennifer Sacher, Editor

Editorial Advisory Board

Carla M. Antonaccio, Duke University
Angelos Chaniotis, Institute for Advanced Study
Jack L. Davis, University of Cincinnati
A. A. Donohue, Bryn Mawr College
Jan Driessen, Université Catholique de Louvain
Marian H. Feldman, University of California, Berkeley
Gloria Ferrari Pinney, Harvard University
Thomas W. Gallant, University of California, San Diego
Sharon E. J. Gerstel, University of California, Los Angeles
Guy M. Hedreen, Williams College
Carol C. Mattusch, George Mason University
Alexander Mazarakis Ainian, University of Thessaly at Volos
Lisa C. Nevett, University of Michigan
John H. Oakley, The College of William and Mary
Josiah Ober, Stanford University
John K. Papadopoulos, University of California, Los Angeles
Jeremy B. Rutter, Dartmouth College
Monika Trümper, Freie Universität Berlin

Hesperia is published quarterly by the American School of Classical Studies at

Athens. Founded in 1932 to publish the work of the American School, the jour-
nal now welcomes submissions from all scholars working in the fields of Greek
archaeology, art, epigraphy, history, materials science, ethnography, and literature,
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Hesperia Supplements
The Hesperia Supplement series (ISSN 1064-1173) presents book-length studies in
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he s per ia 86 (201 7) Separating Fact from
Pa ge s 3 7 9 – 4 2 1
Fiction in the Ionian


Traditional accounts of the foundation of the Ionian cities of Asia Minor posit
a large-scale migration from the Greek mainland led by Athenian colonists.
This article reviews the historical, archaeological, and linguistic evidence for
the origins of the Ionian cities and offers a new analysis of the substantial
body of later literary material written in Greek and Latin. This analysis brings
into sharper focus the complex patterns of mobility and local settlement that
contributed to the foundation of the cities, as well as the equally complex
sociopolitical concerns that shaped the origins of their Ionian identity.

In the 2008 volume of this journal, Brian Rose and Holt Parker published
a pair of articles on the Aiolian Migration in which they reconsidered the
evidence for a mass migration from mainland Greece to the northeastern
Aegean during the Early Iron Age.1 This article seeks to follow Rose and
Parker’s lead, examining the evidence for settlement in Ionia, the area
immediately to the south of Aiolia. Specifically, I offer a reassessment of
the evidence surrounding the Ionian Migration, a large-scale migration
from mainland Greece to Ionia thought to have occurred at roughly the
same time the Aiolian Migration, during the 12th, 11th, and 10th cen-
turies b.c.
Such a reassessment is now timely, given the significant advances
in knowledge of recent decades. Most obviously, archaeological and
epigraphical discoveries in Ionia have greatly changed our perspective, and
several excellent surveys of this material are already available.2 Less well
documented are the new developments relating to the relevant literary

1. This article owes much to the of the Archaeological Institute of for their insight and helpful suggestions
work of Rose (2008) and Parker (2008), America in 2015. I would also like to on earlier drafts of this article. Any
and I am grateful to both Brian Rose thank Susan Lupack and the anony- errors of fact or judgment are solely
and Jeremy McInerney for the oppor- mous reviewers for their helpful com- my own.
tunity to present some of these ideas in ments. I am extremely grateful to 2. See Lemos 2007; Herda 2009;
the Gold Medal Award Session honor- Olivier Mariaud, Antonis Kostonas, Greaves 2010; Mariaud, forthcoming.
ing Rose at the 146th Annual Meeting Jana Mokrišová, and Stephen Colvin

© American School of Classical Studies at Athens

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