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*****ANALYSIS*****

The experiment conducted is all about work, energy, and power. But, before anything else,
let me define what is work, energy and power based in context. Work is the product of the force
and displacement. We can say also say that the force has done work when a force is exerted on a
body/object and the body/object moves from one place to another. But if the body/object did not
move or is not displaced, therefore the force does no work. The unit of measurement used for work
is Newton-meter, 𝑁 ∙ 𝑚, also known as joule (J).

Energy is the capacity of a body/object for doing work. In other words, a body or an object
possesses energy if it is moving and has the capacity to do work. In International System of Units
(SI system), the unit of energy is joule (J) just like the unit of measurement of work.

Power is measured by how quick the work is done. To put is simply, power is the rate of
doing work. Watt (W) is the unit of measurement for power which is also equal to joule per second.

Now that we already know what is work, energy, and power, let’s proceed to the procedure
that we conducted in this experiment. First, we gathered all the materials needed for each part of
the experiment. For the first part of the experiment, we used the fan cart, dynamics track,
photogates, smart timer, meter stick/ruler, and one set of weights. (See pictures below for the set
of materials).
We began the first part of the experiment by placing the fan cart on the dynamics track.
(See Figure 1). We also attached a string on the end of the fan cart passing over a frictionless
pulley and in the other end of the string is a pan where the weight of mass will be added.

(Figure 1)
For the second procedure of the first part of the experiment, we turned on the fan and we
observed the direction of motion depending on the fan cart’s blades orientation. (See Figure 2).
We added some weight on the pan while it’s working and adjusted the value until the force exerted
by the fan cart and the total weight become balance. (See Figure 3). Then, we recorded the reading
of the fan cart.

(Figure 2) (Figure 3)

In the next step, we removed the pan attached to the fan cat by the string. Then, we placed
the fan cart at the end of the track and recorded the time (t) in seconds (s) that the fan cart took to
cover the distance or displacement (S) that we assigned. We repeated this procedure for four trials
varying the displacement values.

For the last step, after we gather all the data/values needed, we solved for the work using
the formula, 𝑊𝑜𝑟𝑘 = (𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒)(𝑆), where S is equal to the displacement.

𝑊𝑜𝑟𝑘
While in solving for power, we used the formula, 𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 = , where t is equal to
𝑡
time recorded.
For the first part of the experiment, here are the data that we gathered. (See table below).

Table 1. Part 1. Determining the Force, Work, and Power of the Fan Cart
Force of the Fan cart = 0.49 N
Trial Displacement, S Time, t Work Power
1 0.2 m 0.4031 s 0.098 J 0.2431 W
2 0.4 m 0.7335 s 0.196 J 0.2672 W
3 0.6 m 0.9884 s 0.294 J 0.2974 W
4 0.8 m 1.3123 s 0.392 J 0.2987 W

For the second part of the experiment, the materials that we used are meter stick, iron stand,
protractor, spring balance, string, and a mass. (See Figure 4). For the first step, we attached a mass
at the end of a string and tied it to the iron stand. We measured the initial height (ℎ𝑜 ) of the mass
using the meter stick.

(Figure 4).

After measuring the initial height (ℎ𝑜 ), we insert the spring balance on the string attached
to the mass and pulled it horizontally. We recorded the horizontal force as read by the spring
balance (See Figure 5). We measured the angle of the string with the vertical and the displacement.
Then, we also measured the final height of the mass (ℎ𝑓 ) (See Figure 6). We performed four trials
increasing the height until the string L is horizontal.

(Figure 5) (Figure 6)

For the last step, after we gathered all the data needed, we computed for the increase in
height (h) using the formula, ℎ = ℎ𝑓 − ℎ𝑜 , where ℎ𝑓 is the final height and ℎ𝑜 is the initial height.
We also solved for the work done and gravitational potential energy. (See formula for work and
gravitational potential energy below).

𝑊𝑜𝑟𝑘 = 𝑤𝐿(1 − cos 𝜃)

𝐺𝑟𝑎𝑣𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑜𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑒𝑛𝑒𝑟𝑔𝑦 = 𝑚𝑔ℎ

where, w is equal to the weight of mass (in Newtons); L is equal to the length of string (in meters);
𝜃 is the angle of the string with the vertical (in degrees); h is the increase in height (in meters). See
the table below for the data gathered in the second part of the experiment.
Table 2. Part 2. Work by a Force on a Curved Path.
Length of string, L = Weight of mass, w = 2.94 Initial height, ℎ𝑜 = 0.168 m
0.253 m N
Trial Force Final Angle, Displacement, Work Gravitational
Potential
height,ℎ𝑓 𝜃 X
Energy
1 1.8 N 0.189 m 22o 0.10 m 0.0542 J 0.0617 J
2 2.4 N 0.212 m 31o 0.15 m 0.1062 J 0.1294 J
3 3.6 N 0.234 m 53o 0.20 m 0.2962 J 0.1940 J
4 14.2 N 0.417 m 90o 0.241 m 0.7482 J 0.7321 J

Based on the result in Table 1. Part 1 of the experiment, work is directly proportional to
the displacement and force applied in the fan cart. That’s why in each trial, as the displacement
increases, the work also increases even if the force applied in the fan cart is constant. And as we
can see, the power also increases in each trial. It is because if the work increases, the power also
increases. The power is then directly proportional to the work done and inversely proportional to
the time to do the work.

While in Table 2. Part 2, the work done and the gravitational potential energy are increasing
in every trial. It is because, the gravitational potential energy increases as the height of the object
increases. Kinetic energy is constant when the mass was pulled horizontally. The values of the
work done and the gravitational potential energy are not equal but close enough to prove that the
theory is right. The computation for the work done in Table 1 and Table 2 were not the same
because the displacement and force applied in the fan cart have the same direction while in Table
2, the hanging mass when pulled is moving along a curved path and an angle is present.