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DATABASES

Sonia Acosta

Justin Curtin

Lynn Klopfer

Karin Wasinger
Housekeeping
What is the history of databases?
What is the origin story?
It starts with Airplanes!

*1960’s computerized databases became


more cost effective than doing tasks ‘by hand’

*private organizations began using database


systems like CODASYL, IMS (Info. Management
Systems),
and the big one… SABRE
SABRE - ‘Semi-Automatic Business Research Environment’
*Created in 1960 when the president of American Airlines, C.R. Smith and Blair
Smith, an IBM salesman (sat together?), and developed “the first real time data
processing system in the world.”
*Revolutionized travel! From hand-written tickets in one office to …
*Catapulting AA into higher reservation processing, initiating THE JET AGE
1970’s - 1980’s
● ‘schema’ or logical organization systems continues its
disconnection between ‘physical information.’ (Telephone books,
typewriters, checks, etc…) and digital databases
Mid 90’s - The Internet!
*Exponential growth of the database industry

Late 90’s to the present :


● Increased investment in database
technology, Front Page, Java, Oracle, and
‘point of sale’ technology
How do we use databases today?

*As teachers, and consumers, we don’t need to ‘build’ a database, in most cases it’s
already there.

*ARIES and Synergy for attendance and student data, photos, addresses

*DESTINY for organization of library and textbook material

But what if you need to create a database on your own? Something not
established by an organization or worksite?
Database Tools Today

Obvibase LibreOffice Base Microsoft Access


● Free for ● Free ● Free for Students
individual use ● Application-based ● Application-based
● Web-based ● Open-source design ● Widely used
Basic Terminology

Database - An organized collection of data


Basic Terminology

Data
Basic Terminology

Record
Basic Terminology

Field
Basic Terminology

Table
Basic Terminology

Common Field
Basic Terminology

Relationship
Strategy

Two things to remember when creating sheets

1.Don’t Duplicate Data

2.Ensure accuracy by establishing rules. (state names vs


abbreviations, phone numbers without spaces, with, or
with other identifiers)
Strategy

1.Don’t Duplicate Data


Strategy

2. Ensure accuracy by establishing rules.


Starting a Database

Please open Microsoft Access.

For written version of this lesson,

please open Creating a Database-Instructions from the ZIP file


Starting a Database

Use the LA Times Map from The Weather section to input data
for the following cities:
Santa Barbara
San Bernardino
Santa Monica
Long Beach
Newport
San Diego
Riverside
Temecula
Palm Springs
Hemet
So what have we learned?

Databases are:

An information management program


Storage and retrieval of comparative information
Prevalent in schools, but mostly at the administration
level
Useful in the classroom as part of the lesson plan
Webliography

Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQMc30gSPN8
Description: Brief introduction to Access 2013 via YouTube. In the beginner Microsoft Access video tutorial,
you will learn how to create a basic database in Access 2013 by building a table, query, form, and report.

Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jM_O-JopORM
Description: Part 1 of 12 Access 2013 video tutorial where you will learn how to build a Microsoft Access
databases by learning about databases in general, some important database terminology, a brief explanation on
the progression from paper filing systems to electronic databases, and the benefits of using a database. You
will learn about the parts of an Access database, including tables, queries, forms, reports, and more. After
viewing this video, you may click on the next video tutorial in the series to learn more on how to use Access
2013.

Link: http://www.allexperts.com/
Description: All Experts Database Q&A. All Experts Database Question and Answer website where volunteer
experts answer online and emailed questions about all types of databases as well as other computer hardware
and software programs.
Webliography (continued)

Link: http://www.functionx.com/access/
Description: FunctionX Access Tutorial. A website introducing an introductory-level Microsoft Access tutorial
for users complete with exercises.

Link: http://www.teach-nology.com/
Description: A website that provides free and easy to use resources for teachers such as lesson plans,
worksheets, rubrics, teaching tips, math worksheets, etc. This website also offers tutorials to teachers on
how to use access database in the lesson plans by providing examples to help students think critically about
the content.

Link: http://silicontower.blogspot.com/2010/02/using-spreadsheets-and-databases-in.html
Description: A blog explaining how databases are underutilized in the classroom and explains some of the
advantages in incorporating databases into the lesson plan. The blog also provides links to academic
activities incorporating databases as a learning tool.
References

Gaskin, S., McLellan, C., & Graviett, N. (2011). Go! with Microsoft: Access 2010 introductory. Boston, MA:
Prentice Hall.

Los Angeles Times. (2015, October 22) [Map illustration of Southern California weather]. The Weather. Section
B8.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Weather Bureau. (1915). Climatological Data: California Section [Data File].
Retrieved from: http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/orders/IPS/IPS-A0B3A080-249C-4B9F-8F0E-975BA0F255FD.pdf
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