The production method of pyrogenic highly-dispersed silicon dioxide involves the process which is based on continuous vapour

phase hydrolysis of silicon tetrachloride SiCl4. The first mass production of fumed silica has been launched in 1944. During the process, the silicon tetrachloride in gas phase reacts with water forming in H2-O2 flame, with the reaction temperature 1000°C: 2H2 + O2 + SiCl4 → SiO2 + 4HCl The only by-product formed is hydrochloric acid that is Microscope image of particles agglomerates utilised and processed according to the strict environmental standards. By varying the concentration of the reagents, flame temperature and dwell time of the silica in the combustion chamber, it is possible to influence the particle size, particle size distribution, surface area and surface properties of silica within wide limits. Application in Different Fields It is used as a filling agent in dozens of applications, due largely to unique properties of the particles: ultra fine size, homogeneity, spherical shape and utmost purity. When added in liquids, it causes thickening effect that is of significant importance for the production of lubricants, lacquers, paints, glues and medicines. 1. Adhesives and sealants Fumed silica is effective and integral component in adhesive and sealant systems. With addition in glues, it prevents sedimentation, enhances viscosity, provides less setting time, reduces stretching of fibres (filaments) in glues and increases adhesive power dramatically. Apart from thickening effect, fumed silica secures the desired mechanical strength of a sealant when the latter is cured. Silicone sealants feature the following particular traits: • Good weatherability and resistance in aggressive environment • Enhanced adhesion to most of construction materials without priming • Excellent movement accommodation (no less than 20%) • Improved thermal and cold resistance – maintains performability (remains resilient and elastic) within temperatures -50° to +200°C • Easy handling in wide temperature ranges (surface applications -30° to +60°C) 2. Pharmaceuticals and cosmetics In pharmacy, the product has found its application as an inert carrier and stabiliser of the active ingredient. The silica provides desired consistency for pastes and ointments

and prevents separation of components as well. Also, it is used as an auxiliary for the production of drops and pills. In medical applications, the most crucial advantage is that all the substances adsorbed on surface of the silica before, e.g. in medicines, are then desorbed gradually and completely in aqueous environment of human body, thus securing lasting effect and enhancing performance of medicines. Fumed silica is an enterosorbent, i.e. an agent that absorbs and removes substances harmful and toxic to the body from intestinal tract. Thanks to its absorbing ability, the silica outperforms greatly all the existing medical sorbents. Binding rate for micro-organisms accounts for up 3 billion microbes in 1g of the sorbent. This extraordinary absorbing effect is conditioned by the phenomenon of micro-organisms’ agglutination via particles of the silica. Fumed silica is used on large scale in the production of toothpaste. It keeps teeth enamel safe providing excellent polish and serves as a carrier of active ingredients in gel toothpaste. 3. Manufacturing of Plastics Glass-fibre plastics are used exceptionally for the fabrication of plastic frames in shipbuilding, for which raw materials like unsaturated polyesters (UPRs) and reinforcing glass fillers are required: - in low-viscosity polyester resins with good wet-in features, fumed silica promotes levelling and prevents cracking and sagging during the manufacturing of polyester-based glass fibre plastics. - fumed silica delivers thixotropic properties to polyester and epoxy resins. Also, it can be used as antiblocking agent in polymer films. In the production of PVC resins, the silica enables to adjust their operating viscosity. 4. Paints and lacquers Here, fumed silica functions as a stabiliser and anti-settling agent of pigments and as an anti-sedimentation additive. It improves thixotropic and rheological properties of coatings and paint systems, retains original transparency of lacquers. Furthermore, addition of the silica enhances hardening of coating film, adhesion to surfaces, as well as reduces deterioration rate of the coatings and fading of materials with transparent top coating. Besides, it helps to prevent run-off and sag of paints applied on vertical surfaces, thus ensuring top quality levelling. The silica is used as a matting agent of lacquer systems, whereas the desired effect may be adjusted within wide

ranges. 5. Rubber industry Fumed silica is active reinforcing filler used in the production of silicon rubbers. Primarily, the silica makes it easier to prepare rubber mixtures by reducing sticking to the rollers. It is the most significant additive designed to acquire lightweight durable and high quality colour rubbers used in the manufacturing of soles, rubber cloths, sanitation and hygiene items, etc. - fumed silica is easy to be mixed and disperses freely in rubbers. It can be utilised in the following technological processes and products: - in rubber-fabric articles to assure enhanced durability (hosepipes, belts, conveyors); - in the fabrication of neoprene- and SKN-based items which are oil- and gas-proof. - items subject to repeatedly bending (conveyor belt, rubber hoses); Modified Grades of Fumed Silica The methyl-modified silica is heat-resistant organophilic products which features hydrophobic properties. It is obtained through chemical modification of ultra fine silica’s surface by means of chloroorganic silanes. High dispersion and surface chemistry allow to add hydrophobic silica as a thickening and matting agent as well as a reinforcing filler in different compounds. With addition in the formulation of varied paint and lacquer systems, modified silica enhances water, thermal and frost resistance of coated surfaces and provides their safety in aggressive environment not favourable to proper operation. Hydrophobic silica enables to acquire non-porous silicone rubbers and mixtures that have longer life performance in damp and wet form suitable for the fabrication of cable rubbers and other applications. Tangible effect is seen in free-flowing materials where methyl silica is added as anticaking agent. For instance, in extinguishing powder chemicals, it increases their flowability and extinguishing effect by 6 to 7 times. Multiple tests with modified fumed silica have resulted in the synthesis of heat- and water-resistant lubricants that can be used in industrial applications. Using of methyl silica as a filling agent in polymer compounds, as a thixotropic thickener in grease lubricants, and as an additive preventing the settling in lacquers and paints secures manufacturing of high quality products.

Cabot Sanmar manufactures the entire range of untreated grades of Fumed Silica with the surface area ranging from 130 sq. mt. per gram to 380 sq. mt. per gram. With an annual production capacity in excess of 1,000 tons, it has a significant domestic market share. It also manufactures certain treated grades of Fumed Silica.

Specialty Silicas t

Specialty Silicas to 2013 - Demand and Sales Forecasts, Market Share, Market Size, Market Leaders Study #: 2491 Published: 04/2009 Pages: 203 Full Study Price: US$ 4,600 Per Page Price: US$ 30.00 Specialty Silicas to 2013 - Market Research, Market Share, Market Size, Sales, Demand Forecast, Market Leaders, Company Profiles, Industry Trends US specialty silica demand is projected to increase 3.7 percent annually through 2013, led by healthy advances in the large precipitated silica segment. The tire rubber market will expand at an aboveaverage rate, reflecting greater us of precipitated silica in the production of “green” tires, which offer increased fuel efficiency and enhanced performance. This study analyzes the $1.4 billion US specialty silica industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 1998, 2003 and 2008, and forecasts for 2013 and 2018 by product (e.g., precipitated silica, fumed silica, silica gel, silica sol, fused silica) and market (e.g., rubber, cosmetics and toiletries, chemicals, coatings and inks). The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles 28 industry players, including PPG Industries, Evonik Industries and Cabot. Purchase Options/View Brochure
TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION INTRODUCTION I. II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY MARKET ENVIRONMENT General Macroeconomic Outlook Manufacturing Outlook Historical Trends Pricing & Product Mix Technology World Demand Foreign Trade Imports Exports PRODUCTS General Precipitated Supply & Markets Capacity Fumed Silica Supply & Markets Capacity Silica Gel Supply & Markets Capacity Silica Sol Supply & Markets Capacity Fused Silica Supply & Markets Capacity

PAGE viii 1 4 4 5 9 12 14 16 19 21 22 24 26 26 29 30 32 36 40 41 42 45 48 49 51 54 56 57 59 61 66 66 67 69 72 72 75 76 77 79 81 84 85 88 90 91 94 98 98

III.

Silica Demand & Producers Demand & Producers Demand & Producers Demand & Producers Demand & Producers

IV.

MARKETS General Rubber Rubber Outlook Silica Demand Nontire Rubber Tire Rubber Cosmetics & Toiletries Cosmetic & Toiletry Outlook Silica Demand Chemicals Chemical Product Outlook Silica Demand Coatings & Inks Coatings & Inks Outlook

Silica Demand Electrical & Electronic Equipment Electrical & Electronic Equipment Outlook Silica Demand Plastics Plastics Outlook Silica Demand Food & Beverages Food & Beverage Outlook Silica Demand Agriculture & Animal Health Agriculture Outlook Silica Demand Paper & Textiles Paper & Textile Outlook Silica Demand Metals & Refractories Metal & Refractory Outlook Silica Demand Other Adhesives & Sealants Packaging Insulation Water Treatment V. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE General Market Share PPG Industries Evonik Industries Cabot Huber Grace Acquisitions & Divestitures Competitive Strategies Manufacturing Marketing & Distribution Company Profiles Akzo Nobel NV AZ Electronic Materials USA Corporation Bayer AG C-E Minerals Incorporated, see Imerys SA Cabot Corporation Cabot Microelectronics Corporation Ceradyne Incorporated Clariant International Limited DA NanoMaterials LLC, see DuPont (EI) de Nemours Denki Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha DENTSPLY International Incorporated DuPont (EI) de Nemours Eka Chemicals Incorporated, see Akzo Nobel NV EMD Chemicals Incorporated, see Merck KGaA Evonik Industries AG Glassven CA Grace (WR) & Company Huber (JM) Corporation

100 102 103 105 109 109 112 115 115 117 120 121 124 127 128 130 134 135 138 140 142 143 144 145 147 147 148 151 151 152 152 153 153 155 160 161 163 164 166 167 168 170 171 173 174 175 176 178 179 180 182

Imerys SA Industrias Quimicas del Ebro SA INEOS Silicas, see PQ Corporation Merck KGaA Minco Incorporated, see Ceradyne Incorporated Multisorb Technologies Incorporated Nalco Holdings LLC Nissan Chemical Industries Limited Orisil Limited PEMCO, see Precision Electro Minerals Company PPG Industries Incorporated PQ Corporation Precision Electro Minerals Company Incorporated Qingdao Makall Group Incorporated Rhodia SA Tokuyama Corporation Wacker-Chemie AG Other Companies Mentioned in the Study LIST OF TABLES TABLE NUMBER SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Summary Table 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT Macroeconomic Indicators Manufacturers' Shipments Specialty Silica Market, 1998-2008 Specialty Silica Pricing Specialty Silica Foreign Trade SECTION III -- PRODUCTS Specialty Silica Demand by Type Precipitated Silica Supply & Demand Precipitated Silica Markets Precipitated Silica Capacity, 2008 Fumed Silica Supply & Demand Fumed Silica Markets Fumed Silica Capacity, 2008 Silica Gel Supply & Demand Silica Gel Markets Silica Gel Capacity, 2008 Silica Sol Supply & Demand Silica Sol Markets Silica Sol Capacity, 2008 Fused Silica Supply & Demand Fused Silica Markets Fused Silica Capacity, 2008 SECTION IV -- MARKETS Specialty Silica Demand by Market Rubber Consumption Rubber Markets for Specialty Silicas by Type Nontire Rubber Market for Specialty Silicas

184 185 186 187 189 190 191 192 194 196 197 198 200 201 203

PAGE 3 9 11 13 16 22 27 32 36 39 42 45 47 51 54 56 58 61 65 67 69 71 73 77 78 80

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3

Tire Rubber Market for Specialty Silicas Cosmetic & Toiletry Shipments Cosmetic & Toiletry Market for Specialty Silicas by Type Chemical Product Shipments Chemical Market for Specialty Silicas by Type & Application Coatings & Inks Shipments Coatings & Inks Market for Specialty Silicas by Type Electrical & Electronic Equipment Shipments Electrical & Electronic Equipment Market for Specialty Silicas by Type Plastics Indicators Plastics Market for Specialty Silicas by Type & Application Food & Beverage Shipments Food & Beverage Market for Specialty Silicas by Type & Application Agriculture Indicators Agriculture & Animal Health Market For Specialty Silicas by Type Paper & Textile Product Shipments Paper & Textile Market for Specialty Silicas by Type Metal & Refractory Shipments 138 Metal & Refractory Market for Specialty Silicas by Type Other Markets for Specialty Silicas by Type & Application SECTION V -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE Specialty Silica Sales by Company, 2008 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures Selected Cooperative Agreements LIST OF CHARTS

84 88 90 94 97 100 102 105 108 111 114 117 120 124 127 130 134 140 142 149 155 160

CHART NUMBER 1 2 3 4 1 SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT Specialty Silica Market, 1998-2008 Specialty Silica Flow Chart Specialty Silica Imports by Source, 2008 Specialty Silica Exports by Destination, 2008 SECTION III -- PRODUCTS Specialty Silica Demand by Type, 2008: Value Versus Volume SECTION IV -- MARKETS Specialty Silica Demand by Market, 2008: Value Versus Volume SECTION V -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE US Specialty Silica Market Share, 2008

PAGE 14 18 23 25

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You may view the complete table of contents without charge and select individual records for purchase ($30.00 each) or purchase the complete study.

Specialty Silicas to 2013 INTRODUCTION - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 Methodology & Sources of Information EXECUTIVE SUMMARY - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 Overview SPECIALTY SILICA DEMAND (million dollars) 2003 - 2018 MARKET ENVIRONMENT - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 General Macroeconomic Outlook (1 of 4) Macroeconomic Outlook (2 of 4) Macroeconomic Outlook (3 of 4) Macroeconomic Outlook (4 of 4) MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS (billion 2000 dollars) 1998 - 2018 Manufacturing Outlook (1 of 2) Manufacturing Outlook (2 of 2) MANUFACTURERS’ SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 Historical Trends SPECIALTY SILICA MARKET, 1998 - 2008 Pricing & Product Mix (1 of 2)

$4,600.00 $0.00 $0.00 $70.00 $30.00 $40.00 $800.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00

Pricing & Product Mix (2 of 2) SPECIALTY SILICA PRICING (dollars per pound) 1998 - 2018 Technology SPECIALTY SILICA FLOW CHART World Demand for Specialty Silicas (1 of 3) World Demand for Specialty Silicas (2 of 3) World Demand for Specialty Silicas (3 of 3) US Foreign Trade SPECIALTY SILICA FOREIGN TRADE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Specialty Silicas - Imports SPECIALTY SILICA IMPORTS BY SOURCE, 2008 (percent) Specialty Silicas - Exports SPECIALTY SILICA EXPORTS BY DESTINATION, 2008 (percent) PRODUCTS - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 Overview

$30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $1,660.00 $30.00

SPECIALTY SILICA DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars) 1998 - 2018 $40.00 SPECIALTY SILICA DEMAND BY TYPE, 2008: VALUE VERSUS VOLUME (percent) Precipitated Silica - General Precipitated Silica - Supply & Demand (1 of 2) Precipitated Silica - Supply & Demand (2 of 2) $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

PRECIPITATED SILICA SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds) 1998 $40.00 2018

Precipitated Silica - Markets (1 of 3) Precipitated Silica - Markets (2 of 3) Precipitated Silica - Markets (3 of 3) PRECIPITATED SILICA MARKETS (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Precipitated Silica - Capacity & Producers (1 of 2) Precipitated Silica - Capacity & Producers (2 of 2) PRECIPITATED SILICA CAPACITY, 2008 (million pounds per year) Fumed Silica - General Fumed Silica - Supply & Demand FUMED SILICA SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Fumed Silica - Markets (1 of 2) Fumed Silica - Markets (2 of 2) FUMED SILICA MARKETS (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Fumed Silica - Capacity & Producers (1 of 2) Fumed Silica - Capacity & Producers (2 of 2) FUMED SILICA CAPACITY, 2008 (million pounds per year) Silica Gel - General Silica Gel - Supply & Demand SILICA GEL SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Silica Gel - Markets (1 of 2) Silica Gel - Markets (2 of 2)

$30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00

SILICA GEL MARKETS (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Silica Gel - Capacity & Producers (1 of 2) Silica Gel - Capacity & Producers (2 of 2) SILICA GEL CAPACITY, 2008 (million pounds per year) Silica Sol - General Silica Sol - Supply & Demand SILICA SOL SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Silica Sol - Markets (1 of 2) Silica Sol - Markets (2 of 2) SILICA SOL MARKETS (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Silica Sol - Capacity & Producers (1 of 3) Silica Sol - Capacity & Producers (2 of 3) Silica Sol - Capacity & Producers (3 of 3) SILICA SOL CAPACITY, 2008 (million pounds per year) Fused Silica - General Fused Silica - Supply & Demand FUSED SILICA SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Fused Silica - Markets FUSED SILICA MARKETS (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Fused Silica - Capacity & Producers (1 of 2) Fused Silica - Capacity & Producers (2 of 2)

$40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00

FUSED SILICA CAPACITY, 2008 (million pounds per year) MARKETS - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 Overview SPECIALTY SILICA DEMAND BY MARKET (million dollars) 1998 2018 SPECIALTY SILICA DEMAND BY MARKET, 2008: VALUE VERSUS VOLUME (percent) Rubber Market for Specialty Silicas Rubber - Outlook RUBBER CONSUMPTION (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Rubber - Specialty Silica Demand RUBBER MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Nontire Rubber - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 2) Nontire Rubber - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 2)

$40.00 $2,970.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00

NONTIRE RUBBER DEMAND FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS 1998 - 2018 $40.00 Tire Rubber - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 3) Tire Rubber - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 3) Tire Rubber - Specialty Silica Demand (3 of 3) TIRE RUBBER DEMAND FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS 1998 - 2018 Cosmetic & Toiletry Market for Specialty Silicas Cosmetics & Toiletries - Outlook (1 of 2) Cosmetics & Toiletries - Outlook (2 of 2) COSMETIC & TOILETRY SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00

Cosmetics & Toiletries - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 2) Cosmetics & Toiletries - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 2) COSMETIC & TOILETRY MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Chemical Market for Specialty Silicas Chemical Product Outlook (1 of 2) Chemical Product Outlook (2 of 2) CHEMICAL PRODUCT SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 Chemicals - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 3) Chemicals - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 3) Chemicals - Specialty Silica Demand (3 of 3)

$30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

CHEMICAL MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million $40.00 pounds) 1998 - 2018 CHEMICAL MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY APPLICATION $40.00 (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Coatings & Inks Market for Specialty Silicas Coatings & Inks - Outlook COATINGS & INKS SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 Coatings & Inks - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 2) Coatings & Inks - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 2) COATINGS & INKS MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Electrical & Electronic Equipment Market for Specialty Silicas Electrical & Electronic Equipment - Outlook (1 of 2) Electrical & Electronic Equipment - Outlook (2 of 2) $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS (billion dollars) 1998 - 2018 Electrical & Electronic Equipment - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 3) Electrical & Electronic Equipment - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 3) Electrical & Electronic Equipment - Specialty Silica Demand (3 of 3) ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Plastics Market for Specialty Silicas Plastics - Outlook (1 of 2) Plastics - Outlook (2 of 2) PLASTICS INDICATORS (billion pounds) 1998 - 2018 Plastics - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 3) Plastics - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 3) Plastics - Specialty Silica Demand (3 of 3) PLASTICS MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 PLASTICS MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY APPLICATION (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Food & Beverage Market for Specialty Silicas Foods & Beverages - Outlook FOOD & BEVERAGE SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 Foods & Beverages - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 3) Foods & Beverages - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 3) Foods & Beverages - Specialty Silica Demand (3 of 3)

$40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

FOOD & BEVERAGE MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE $40.00 & APPLICATION (million pounds) 1998 - 2018

Agriculture & Animal Health Market for Specialty Silicas Agriculture - Outlook (1 of 2) Agriculture - Outlook (2 of 2) AGRICULTURE INDICATORS 1998 - 2018 Agriculture & Animal Health - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 2) Agriculture & Animal Health - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 2) AGRICULTURE & ANIMAL HEALTH MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE 1998 - 2018 Paper & Textile Market for Specialty Silicas Paper & Textiles - Outlook (1 of 2) Paper & Textiles - Outlook (2 of 2) PAPER & TEXTILE PRODUCT SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 Paper & Textiles - Specialty Silica Demand (1 of 3) Paper & Textiles - Specialty Silica Demand (2 of 3) Paper & Textiles - Specialty Silica Demand (3 of 3) PAPER & TEXTILE MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Metal & Refractory Market for Specialty Silicas Metals & Refractories - Outlook (1 of 3) Metals & Refractories - Outlook (2 of 3) Metals & Refractories - Outlook (3 of 3) METAL & REFRACTORY SHIPMENTS 1998 - 2018 Metals & Refractories - Specialty Silica Demand

$30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00

METAL & REFRACTORY MARKET FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE 1998 - 2018 Other Markets for Specialty Silicas OTHER MARKETS FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY TYPE (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 OTHER MARKETS FOR SPECIALTY SILICAS BY APPLICATION (million pounds) 1998 - 2018 Adhesives & Sealants - Specialty Silica Demand Packaging - Specialty Silica Demand Insulation - Specialty Silica Demand Water Treatment - Specialty Silica Demand INDUSTRY STRUCTURE - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 General Industry Composition SPECIALTY SILICA SALES BY COMPANY, 2008 (million dollars) Market Share (1 of 3) Market Share (2 of 3) Market Share (3 of 3) US SPECIALTY SILICA MARKET SHARE, 2008 (percent) Acquisitions & Divestitures SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES Competitive Strategies (1 of 4) Competitive Strategies (2 of 4) Competitive Strategies (3 of 4)

$40.00 $30.00 $40.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $550.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

Competitive Strategies (4 of 4) SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS Manufacturing Marketing & Distribution (1 of 2) Marketing & Distribution (2 of 2) COMPANY PROFILES - SPECIALTY SILICAS TO 2013 Company Profiles Methodology Akzo Nobel (Eka Chemicals) (1 of 2) Akzo Nobel (Eka Chemicals) (2 of 2) AZ Electronic Materials USA Bayer AG Cabot Corporation (1 of 3) Cabot Corporation (2 of 3) Cabot Corporation (3 of 3) Cabot Microelectronics Ceradyne Incorporated (Minco) Clariant International Denki Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Denka) DENTSPLY International DuPont (EI) de Nemours (DA NanoMaterials) Evonik Industries (Evonik Degussa)

$30.00 $40.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $1,140.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

Glassven CA Grace (WR) & Company (1 of 2) Grace (WR) & Company (2 of 2) Huber (JM) Corporation Imerys SA (C-E Minerals) Industrias Quimicas del Ebro Merck KGaA (EMD Chemicals) Multisorb Technologies Nalco Holdings Nissan Chemical Industries Orisil Limited PPG Industries (1 of 2) PPG Industries (2 of 2) PQ Corporation (INEOS Silicas) (1 of 2) PQ Corporation (INEOS Silicas) (2 of 2) Precision Electro Minerals Company (PEMCO) Qingdao Makall Group Rhodia SA (1 of 2) Rhodia SA (2 of 2) Tokuyama Corporation Wacker-Chemie AG (1 of 2)

$30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00 $30.00

Wacker-Chemie AG (2 of 2) Other Companies Mentioned in the Study

$30.00 $30.00

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