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GROUND RICE HULL AS AN AGGREGATE IN THE

PRODUCTION OF COMMERCIAL
HOLLOW BLOCK

MARICEL P. DULNUAN
ROMELYN P. SERAFIN

SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
NUEVA VIZCAYA STATE UNIVERSITY
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
DEGREE

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING
(Farm Structures and Environmental Sanitation)

April, 2011

i

JYRUS JYLES D. VERGARA Chair. in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING with specialization in Farm Structures and Environmental Sanitation is hereby recommended for acceptance. SERAFIN. prepared and submitted by MARICEL P. DULNUAN and ROMELYN P. MANGACCAT Dean.NVSU RDD FORM NO. 3 ACCEPTANCE SHEET The thesis attached hereto entitled “GROUND RICE HULL AS AN AGGREGATE IN THE PRODUCTION OF COMMERCIAL HOLLOW BLOCK”. College of Engineering 25 March 2011 Date RDD Index Contribution No. AQUINO Adviser Research Critic 17 March 2011 21 March 2011 Date Date ADORNADO C._________ ELADIO M. Agricultural Engineering Department 24 March 2011 Date Accepted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING with area of specialization in Farm Structures and Environmental Sanitation SALUD A. CADIENTE SONY P. AVELLANOZA Date: ______ Research MIS Coordinator ii .

Nueva Vizcaya Civil Status Married Home Address Dine. BIOGRAPHICAL DATA Personal Data Name Maricel P. Dulnuan Mrs. 2003 Date of Graduation April.Curricular Activities Society of Future President. Dulnuan Date of Birth March 22. 2009-2010 (SFAE) Member. 2003-2005 Member. Nueva Vizcaya Name of Parent Mr. Alfonso P. 2007-2011 iii . 2008-2009 Agricultural Engineers Treasurer. Nueva Vizcaya Secondary Education Quirino General High School-Tucod Annex Tucod. Dulnuan Educational Background Elementary Education Dine Elementary School Dine. 2007-2011 Society of Future Member. 2003-2005 Engineers (SFE) Member. Nueva Vizcaya Date of Admission June. Kasibu. Kasibu. 1986 Place of Birth Dine. Kasibu. 2011 Degree Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Engineering (Farm Structures and Environmental Sanitation) Extra. Elma P. Quirino Tertiary Education Nueva Vizcaya State University Bayombong. Cabarroguis.

Member.Apayao. 2010 Participant Seminar on “Global Food Security: Balancing Sustainable Production and the Environment” NVSU Mini Theater Bayombong Campus September 7. Bayombong. Bontok. Member. Nueva Vizcaya August 27. Ifugao. 2003-2005 Benguet. 2007-2011 Kalinga (BIBAK) Organization Seminar Attended Participant “Updates of the Agricultural Engineering Profession” College of Engineering NVSU. 2010 ______________ Signature iv .

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA Personal Data Name Romelyn P. Serafin Mrs. Sta. Sta. 2006 Date of graduation April.Fe. Sta. Nueva Vizcaya Date of Admission June.Fe. Serafin Educational Background Elementary Education Atbu Elementary School Atbu. 2010-2011 Agricultural Engineers (PSAE) v . Serafin Date of Birth May 24. Nueva Vizcaya Tertiary education Sta. 1990 Civil Status Single Home Address Atbu. 2009-2011 Agricultural Engineers (SFAE) Philippine Society of Secretary. 2011 Degree Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Engineering (Farm Structures and Environmental Sanitation) Extra-curricular Activities Society of Future Secretary.Fe National High School Villaflores. Nueva Vizcaya Name of Parents Mr. Mary T.Fe. Roberto L.

2007-2011 Agricultural Engineers (SFAE) Kalanguya Student Member. 2007-2010 Organization (KSO) Seminar Attended Participant “Updates of the Agricultural Engineering Profession” College of Engineering NVSU. Society of Future Member. 2010 ______________ Signature vi . 2010 Participant Seminar on “Global Food Security: Balancing Sustainable Production and the Environment” NVSU Mini Theater Bayombong Campus September 7. Bayombong. Nueva Vizcaya August 27. 2007-2011 Engineers (SFE) Society of Future Member.

. Eduardo J. Julius A. Mangaccat. her thesis adviser. Joel. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researcher wishes to extend her heartfelt thanks and appreciation to the following: Engr. Olarte and Engr. for his encouragement. Puhig for his moral and financial support. Aquino. Cadiente. Elma P. Edwin C. Dean of the College of Engineering. for the support and concern for the completion of the study. Puhig for being her inspiration. Jyrus Jyles D. Heartfelt thanks to her parents. Mr. and his staff for their unconditional help during the conduct of the study. Engr. Alfonso P. comments and suggestions during the editing of the manuscript. Dulnuan and Mrs. for his advice. Vergara. Edgardo De Guzman. Adducul. Onato Jr. Engr. Mr. for his kindness and also for sharing his knowledge during the conduct of the study. Engr. Sony P. Patnaan. To her husband. owner of the Buildhaus Centre. Zennie. comments. for allowing them to test their samples in the CMT laboratory at the Provincial Capitol of Nueva Vizcaya. Engr. and Moises and also to her daughter. and suggestions during the finalization of the study. Department of Agricultural Engineering. Noel B. Engr. her siblings. Adornado C. Chairman. Kriscelle Joy D. Gemma. who gave his full attention and support. Salud A. her research critic. Engr. and vii .

the Almighty God. for His blessings and guidance in achieving her goals.D.P. viii . Above all. M.

for allowing them to test their samples in the CMT laboratory at the Provincial Capitol of Nueva Vizcaya. Romeo Mercado. her research critic. R. Joey Banhan. Roberto L. for their comments. understanding and financial support. Mangaccat. Sony P. Her parents. S ix . Cadiente. Olarte. Sherwin Pascua of the Buildhaus Centre. Onato Jr. Jyrus Jyles D. Edgardo De Guzman. to Almighty God for everything. Victor Reyes. and Above all. Salud A. Mr. Serafin and Mary T. for his guidance and suggestions for the betterment of the study. Edwin C. her thesis adviser. Engr. Mr. Mr. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researcher wishes to extend her most profound gratitude to the following: Engr. Aquino. Engr. Mr. Department of Agricultural Engineering. and Engr. Pantaleon for their love. Chairman. knowledge and effort to make the study possible. Engr. Adornado C. Nueva Vizcaya for their unconditional help during the conduct of the study. Eduardo J. Engr. Mr. Vegara. Adducul. suggestions and encouragement for the completion of the study. for sharing his time. Noel B. College Dean. Solano. and Engr. Engr. P.

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE TITLE PAGE i ACCEPTANCE SHEET ii BIOGRAPHICAL DATA iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT vii TABLE OF CONTENTS x LIST OF TABLES xii LIST OF APPENDICES xiii ABSTRACT xiv INTRODUCTION The Problem 1 Significance of the Study 2 Objectives of the Study 2 Scope and Limitation of the Study 2 Time and Place of the Study 3 Definition of Terms 3 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 5 MATERIALS AND METHOD Materials and Equipments 7 Ratios for Cylindrical Samples 7 Procedure 7 Compression Testing 9 Production of Rice Hull Blocks 10 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Cylindrical Samples 11 Rice Hull Blocks 13 Concrete Hollow Blocks 13 Cost Analysis 14 x .

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Summary and Conclusion 15 Recommendations 16 LITERATURE CITED 17 APPENDICES 18 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION 28 PVC Molders 29 Compression Testing Machine 30 Cylindrical Samples under Compression Load 31 A photograph of CHB Mixer and CHB molder 32 RHB 33 Measuring RHB 37 CHB under Compression Load 38 RHB under Compression Load 39 xi .SUMMARY.

Cylindrical Samples under Foot Pressure 11 2. LIST OF TABLES TABLE PAGE 1. Mean compressive Strength of Concrete Hollow 12 Block (CHB) Cylindrical Samples 3. Compressive Strength and Weight of 5-in 13 Rice Hull Block (RHB) 5. Compressive Strength and Weight of Commercial 14 5-in Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) 6. Comparison of Direct Unit Cost of Rice Hull 14 Block (RHB) and Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) xii . Mean Compressive Strength of Rice Hull 12 Block (RHB) Cylindrical Samples 4.

Test Report on Compressive Strength of RHB Cylindrical Samples 21 C. Test Report on Compressive Strength of Masonry Units 24 E. Test Report on Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Samples Passing Foot Pressure 19 B. LIST OF APPENDICES APPENDIX PAGE A. Computation of Cost Analysis 26 xiii . Cross Section of Hollow Blocks 25 F. Test Report on Compressive Strength of CHB Cylindrical Samples 23 D.

Nueva Vizcaya State University. All blocks were brought to the CMT laboratory for testing and weighing. ROMELYN P. cured. Cadiente The purpose of this study were: a) to determine the proper ratio of the cement. and SERAFIN. The ratio of cement. GROUND RICE HULL AS AN AGGREGATE IN THE PRODUCTION OF COMMERCIAL HOLLOW BLOCK. cured. Rice Hull Block (RHB) is slightly stronger than Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) by 0. commercial 5” Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) were also bought. cylindrical samples using Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) mix prepared by known local supplier were also prepared.09Mpa or 4. dried then tested for compression at the CMT laboratory. April 2011.62%. sand and ground rice hull that produced an equivalent compressive strength with CHB is 1:13:2. Rice hull block is xiv . sand and ground rice hull that will produce a compressive strength equivalent with the common Concrete Hollow Block (CHB). b) to show the difference between common CHB and RHB in terms of weight and unit cost. Using different ratios. Bayombong. For comparison. ABSTRACT DULNUAN. Nueva Vizcaya. Adviser: Engr. cylindrical samples of Rice Hull Block (RHB) were prepared. dried then tested for compression at the Construction Materials Laboratory (CMT) laboratory. Adopting the ratio of the cylindrical sample with a compressive strength equal to or slightly more than that of the cylindrical samples of Concrete Hollow Block (CHB). For comparison. Jyrus Jyles D. MARICEL P. Rice Hull Blocks (RHB) were machine made using the same procedures and equipment for producing CHB. However.

xv .lighter than Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) by 0.10.62 % or P 0.39kg or 3.34% and the direct unit cost of Rice Hull Block (RHB) is cheaper than Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) by or P1.

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