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18.

1 a)
log(4)= 0.60206 𝑓3 (5) = 0.6990157

log(4.5)= 0.6532125 ℇ𝑑 = 0.006%

log(5)= 0.69897 real 18.4
log(5.5)= 0.7403627 π‘₯0 = 3 𝑓(π‘₯0 ) = 8

π‘₯1 = 4 𝑓(π‘₯1 ) = 2
log(6)= 0.7781513
0.7781513 βˆ’ 0.60206 π‘₯2 = 2.5 𝑓(π‘₯2 ) = 7 𝑓
1 (5) = 0.60206 + (5 βˆ’ 4)
6βˆ’4 π‘₯3 = 5 𝑓(π‘₯3 ) = 1 𝑓
1 (5) = 0.690106 𝑓[π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = βˆ’6
0.69897 βˆ’ 0.690106
ℇ𝑑 = π‘₯100 = 1.26% 𝑓[π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 ] = βˆ’3.333
0.690106
𝑓[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 ] = βˆ’2.4
b)
0.7403627 βˆ’ 0.6532125
𝑓[π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = βˆ’5.333 𝑓
1 (5) = 0.6532125 + (5 βˆ’ 4.5)
5.5 βˆ’ 4.5
𝑓[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 ] = 0.9333 𝑓
1 (5) = 0.696788
𝑓[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = 3.1333
0.69897 βˆ’ 0.696788
ℇ𝑑 = π‘₯100 = 0.3% 𝑓1 (3.4) = 8 + (βˆ’6)(3.4 βˆ’ 3)
0.690106
𝑓1 (3.4) = 5.6
18.2 a)
𝑓2 (3.4) = 5.6 + (βˆ’5.33)(3.4 βˆ’ 3)(3.4 βˆ’ 4)
𝑓(5.5) βˆ’ 𝑓(6) 𝑓(6) βˆ’ 𝑓(4)
βˆ’ 𝑏
2 = 5.5 βˆ’ 6 6βˆ’4 𝑓2 (3.4) = 6.20311
5.5 βˆ’ 4
b) 𝑓
2 (5) = 0.690106 βˆ’ 0.008312(5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 6)
𝑅1 = βˆ’5.33(0.4)(βˆ’0.6) = 1.2792 𝑓
2 (5) = 0.698419
𝑅2 = 3.1333(0.4)(βˆ’0.6)(0.9) = 0.67673
ℇ𝑑 = 0.08%
𝑅3 = 𝑓[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ](3.4 βˆ’ 3)(3.4 βˆ’ 4)(3.4 βˆ’ 2.5)(3.4 βˆ’ 5)
18.3
π‘₯4 = 2 𝑓(π‘₯4 ) = 5 𝑏
3 = 𝑓[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ]
5βˆ’1
𝑓[π‘₯4 , π‘₯3 ] = = βˆ’1.333
𝑓[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 ] βˆ’ 𝑓[π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] 2βˆ’5 𝑏
3 =
π‘₯3 βˆ’ π‘₯0 βˆ’1.333 βˆ’ (βˆ’2.4)
𝑓[π‘₯4 , π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 ] = = βˆ’2.134
𝑓(π‘₯3 ) βˆ’ 𝑓(π‘₯2 ) 𝑓(π‘₯2 ) βˆ’ 𝑓(π‘₯1 )
βˆ’
2 βˆ’ 2.5
π‘₯3 βˆ’ π‘₯2 π‘₯2 βˆ’ π‘₯1 𝑓
[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = βˆ’2.134 βˆ’ 0.9333
π‘₯3 βˆ’ π‘₯1
𝑓[π‘₯4 , π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 ] = = 1.5336
2βˆ’4 𝑓
[π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = βˆ’0.0077153
1.5336 βˆ’ 3.1333
βˆ’0.007715 βˆ’ (βˆ’0.008312) 𝑓[π‘₯4 , π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = 𝑏
3 = 2βˆ’3
4.5 βˆ’ 4
𝑓[π‘₯4 , π‘₯3 , π‘₯2 , π‘₯1 , π‘₯0 ] = 1.5999 𝑏
3 = 0.0011934
𝑅3 = 1.5997(3.4 βˆ’ 3)(3.4 βˆ’ 4)(3.4 βˆ’ 2.5)(3.4 βˆ’ 5) = 0.553 𝑓
3 (5) = 0.698419 + 0.0011934(5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 6)(5 βˆ’ 5.5)

698418 π‘₯2 0.75 𝑓[π‘₯4 . π‘₯2 . π‘₯2 ] = 1.5923π‘₯ + 0.7 π‘₯1 = 5 𝑓[π‘₯2 .5 = 10.5)(5 βˆ’ 4.07 (5 βˆ’ 6)(5 βˆ’ 5.5 βˆ’ 6)(4.11685π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 0. π‘₯3 ] = 7.5 βˆ’ 5.5) = 0.25 (4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 2)(4 βˆ’ 6) + 19. π‘₯1 ] = 0. π‘₯0 ] = 7.24706π‘₯ βˆ’ 0.5) 0.5) π‘₯ = 3. π‘₯1 .00835π‘₯ 3 (5 βˆ’ 6)(5 βˆ’ 5. 𝟐𝟎 𝑓2 (5) 𝑓(π‘₯) = 1.5) (5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 6)(5 βˆ’ 4.25 (5 βˆ’ 3)(5 βˆ’ 2)(5 βˆ’ 6) (4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 5)(4 βˆ’ 6) 𝑓[π‘₯4 .5 βˆ’ 4)(5. πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘} [𝟏 πŸ‘ 𝑓2 (5) = 0. π‘₯1 ] = 2.7781513 (6 βˆ’ 4)(6 βˆ’ 5.5) b) π‘₯0 = 2 π‘₯1 = 3 π‘₯2 = 4 (5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 5.284 βˆ’ 0.77818513 𝟏 𝟐 πŸ’ πŸ– 𝟎.5) 𝑓2 (π‘₯) = 0.25 (4 βˆ’ 5) (4 βˆ’ 3) 𝑓1 (4) = 5.75 (5 βˆ’ 3)(5 βˆ’ 2) 𝑓[π‘₯2 .602064 ( ) 0.6990147 π‘₯0 = 3 𝑓[π‘₯1 .3 + 1.5 + 0.5 βˆ’ 4)(5. πŸ“ 4βˆ’6 6βˆ’4 πŸ— πŸπŸ• ] {π’‚πŸ } = {𝟎.5) + (6 βˆ’ 4)(6 βˆ’ 5.25 + 19.00 𝑓3 (4) = 10.25 18.5 (4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 5)(4 βˆ’ 2) + 36 (6 βˆ’ 3)(6 βˆ’ 5)(6 βˆ’ 2) 𝑓2 (4) = 12.7403627 𝟏 πŸ’ πŸπŸ” π’‚πŸ 𝟎. π‘₯0 ] = 2 (4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 5) + 4 = 10.5 𝑓3 (5) = 0. π‘₯1 .5) 0 = βˆ’0.25 (3 βˆ’ 5)(3 βˆ’ 2) π‘₯4 = 1 (4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 2) + 19.25 (4 βˆ’ 5)(4 βˆ’ 2) π‘₯3 = 6 𝑓[π‘₯4 .029412π‘₯ 2 + 0.5 βˆ’ 4)(4. π‘₯3 .93 π‘₯=√ = 3. π‘₯0 ] = 0.5 + 2(4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 5) = 10.8 𝑓4 (4) = 10 π‘₯0 = 2 π‘₯2 = 8 18.5)(4 βˆ’ 4.25 + 7. π‘₯2 .6901057 𝟏 πŸ’ πŸπŸ” πŸ”πŸ’ π’‚πŸ 𝟎. πŸπŸ“ 𝟏 πŸ“ πŸπŸ“ πŸπŸπŸ“ π’‚πŸ‘ 𝟎. π‘₯3 .319672 (5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 6) + 0.25(4 βˆ’ 3) = 12. π‘₯2 . πŸ– (5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 6)(5 βˆ’ 4.60206 (4 βˆ’ 6)(4 βˆ’ 5. π‘₯2 .93 = 0.25(4 βˆ’ 3)(4 βˆ’ 5)(4 βˆ’ 2) = 10 18. π‘₯1 ] = 7.25 𝑓2 (4) = 5.7781513 𝟏 𝟐 πŸ’ π’‚πŸŽ 𝟎. π‘₯3 .9 a) 𝑓2 (5) = 0.5) [𝟏 πŸ‘ πŸ— ] {π’‚πŸ } = { 𝟎. π‘₯0 ] = 0 + 4 (2 βˆ’ 3)(2 βˆ’ 5)(2 βˆ’ 6) 𝑓1 (4) = 5.5 βˆ’ 6) 18.5923π‘₯ + 0.75 (2 βˆ’ 3)(2 βˆ’ 5) 𝑓[π‘₯4 .5)(6 βˆ’ 4. π‘₯2 ] = 7.6532125 (4.60206 (4 βˆ’ 6)(4 βˆ’ 5.18.4235283 + 0.6449574 𝑓3 (5) 1 + π‘₯2 0.75 (4 βˆ’ 5)(4 βˆ’ 2)(4 βˆ’ 6) 𝑓3 (4) = 5. πŸ— } + 0.6 π‘₯1 = 3 π‘₯3 = 2 5βˆ’6 5βˆ’4 π’‚πŸŽ 𝑓1 (5) = ( ) 0.5) βˆ’ 0.5 βˆ’ 4.75 = 12.5) = 0.284 βˆ’ 0.5 (3 βˆ’ 5) (5 βˆ’ 3) π‘₯2 = 2 𝑓[π‘₯3 .25 (3 βˆ’ 5)(3 βˆ’ 2)3 βˆ’ 6) 𝑓[π‘₯3 . π‘₯1 .5)(5 βˆ’ 4.5 βˆ’ 6)(5. πŸ—πŸ’πŸπŸπŸ•πŸ” (5.5) .11685π‘₯ 2 (5 βˆ’ 4)(5 βˆ’ 5.5 𝑓[π‘₯3 .00835π‘₯ 3 + 0.7403627 (5.

2)2 + 24(2.44 𝟏 πŸ“ πŸπŸ“ πŸπŸπŸ“ π’‚πŸ‘ 𝟎.93 + 0.75] 16π‘Ž4 + 4𝑏4 + 𝑐4 = 2 6βˆ’5 6 + [5.25 βˆ’ 4] 2 2.41177π‘₯ βˆ’ 0. πŸ– 𝑓3 (3.11 π‘Ž2 = βˆ’0.5) = βˆ’4(2.10 π‘ƒπ‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Ž 𝑖 = 1 i x f(x) 0 1 1 (2 βˆ’ 1)𝑓 β€²β€² (1) + 2(3 βˆ’ 1)𝑓 β€²β€² (2) + (3 βˆ’ 2)𝑓 β€²β€² (3) 1 2 5 6 = [5.25π‘Ž2 + 2.2) βˆ’ 28 = 5. πŸ— } 𝟏 πŸ’ πŸπŸ” πŸ”πŸ’ π’‚πŸ 𝟎.006335π‘₯ 3 π‘₯2 = 3 𝑓(π‘₯2 ) = 5.75] 5βˆ’3 2𝑓 β€²β€² (3) + 6𝑓 β€²β€² (5) + 𝑓 β€²β€² (6) = 54 4π‘Ž1 + 𝑏1 = 4π‘Ž2 + 𝑏2 5π‘Ž2 + 𝑏2 = 5π‘Ž3 + 𝑏3 6π‘Ž3 + 𝑏3 = 6π‘Ž4 + 𝑏4 .25] 6.4) = βˆ’6(3.5519 𝑐1 = βˆ’3 𝑐2 = βˆ’3 𝑐3 = βˆ’28 𝑐4 = βˆ’46 c) 𝟏 𝟐 πŸ’ πŸ– π’‚πŸŽ 𝟎.5𝑏2 + 𝑐2 = 7 (3 βˆ’ 2)𝑓 β€²β€² (2) + 2(5 βˆ’ 2)𝑓 β€²β€² (3) + (5 βˆ’ 3)𝑓 β€²β€² (4) 6 = [19.4)2 + 36(3.271488 π‘Ž1 = 0.0866427π‘₯ 2 + 0.75 βˆ’ 4] 4 4 2 2βˆ’1 4𝑓 β€²β€² (2) + 𝑓 β€²β€² (3) = 12 4π‘Ž1 + 2𝑏1 + 𝑐1 = 5 𝑓 β€²β€² (1) = 0 4π‘Ž2 + 2𝑏2 + 𝑐2 = 5 π‘ƒπ‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Ž 𝑖 = 2 6.618866 π‘₯3 = 5 𝑓(π‘₯3 ) = 19.04 [𝟏 πŸ‘ πŸ— πŸπŸ• ] {π’‚πŸ } = { 𝟎.25 βˆ’ 19.086427 π‘₯0 = 1 𝑓(π‘₯0 ) = 4.25] 9π‘Ž3 + 3𝑏3 + 𝑐3 = 8 3βˆ’2 9π‘Ž4 + 3𝑏4 + 𝑐4 = 8 𝑓 β€²β€² (2) + 6𝑓 β€²β€² (3) + 2𝑓 β€²β€² (4) = 36 π‘ƒπ‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Ž 𝑖 = 3 (5 βˆ’ 3)𝑓 β€²β€² (3) + 2(6 βˆ’ 3)𝑓 β€²β€² (5) + (6 βˆ’ 5)𝑓 β€²β€² (6) π‘Ž1 + 𝑏1 + 𝑐1 = 1 6 = [36 βˆ’ 19.5𝑏3 + 𝑐3 = 7 5βˆ’3 6 + [4 βˆ’ 5.29412) π‘Ž1 = 0 π‘Ž2 = 0 π‘Ž3 = 4 π‘Ž4 = βˆ’6 π‘₯= 2(0.41177 18.029412) 𝑏1 = 4 𝑏2 = 4 𝑏3 = 24 𝑏4 = 36 π‘₯ = 3.75 βˆ’ 5.247062 βˆ’ 4(0. 0. πŸ—πŸ’πŸπŸ•πŸ” 𝑓3 (2. πŸ—πŸ”πŸπŸ“πŸ‘πŸ– π‘Ž0 = 0.5 7 3βˆ’2 3 3 8 6 + [4.75 π‘₯4 = 6 𝑓(π‘₯4 ) = 36 18.271488 + 0.006335 π‘₯1 = 2 𝑓(π‘₯1 ) = 4 0 = βˆ’0.25π‘Ž3 + 2.25 π‘₯ = 3.75 π‘Ž3 = 0.4) βˆ’ 46 = 7.24706 Β± √0.

75 18.18.5 π‘Ž3 = 0.75 2 4 3 5.5 π‘Ž2 = 2.75 π‘Ž0 + π‘Ž1 + π‘Ž2 + π‘Ž3 = 4.15 π‘Ž0 + 2π‘Ž1 + 4π‘Ž2 + 8π‘Ž3 = 4 π‘Ž0 + 3π‘Ž1 + 9π‘Ž2 + 27π‘Ž3 = 5.14 .12 x f(x) 3 8 4 2 5 1 π‘Ž0 + 3π‘Ž1 + 9π‘Ž2 = 8 π‘Ž0 + 4π‘Ž1 + 16π‘Ž2 = 2 π‘Ž0 + 5π‘Ž1 + 25π‘Ž2 = 1 π‘Ž0 = 56 π‘Ž1 = βˆ’23.13 x f(x) 1 4.25 π‘Ž0 + 5π‘Ž1 + 25π‘Ž2 + 125π‘Ž3 = 19.17 18.75 π‘Ž0 = 6 π‘Ž1 = βˆ’1 π‘Ž2 = βˆ’0.5 18.25 18.25 5 19.

18.18 .