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Teacher: Mr.

Cho Name: __________________

Class: Science Date: ______________

Test #6 – Energy
Multiple Choice Questions: Circle the correct answer.

1. Kinetic Energy is…
a. How loud an object is.
b. Energy of motion.
c. how hot or cold something is.
d. The stored energy in an object.

2. Which one of the following is NOT a form of energy?
a. Kinetic
b. Thermal
c. Potential
d. Color

3. What does temperature measure?
a. The average kinetic energy of particles in an object.
b. The number of particles in an object.
c. The amount of cold energy there is in an object.
d. The mass of an object.

4. _______________ is the total energy a system starts with.
a. Nuclear energy
b. mechanical energy
c. kinetic energy
d. thermal energy

5. What happens to the potential energy of a tennis ball if you increase its mass?
a. The potential energy is transferred into kinetic energy.
b. The potential energy decreases.
c. The potential energy increases
d. Nothing happens.
True or False Questions: If the sentence is true, write true. If it is false, change the
underlined word or words to make the sentence true.

6. A ball being held still in the air by a person has kinetic energy.

7. The Law of Conservation of Energy says that energy cannot be created or destroyed.

8. If the height of a ramp is increased the kinetic energy of a tennis ball rolling down will
decrease.

9. Thermal energy will transfer from cold objects to warm objects.

10. The kinetic energy of molecules in an object will increase when you increase the temperature.

Short Answer Questions: Follow directions for each of the questions.

11. Draw the energy transfers of this system when the person throws the
ball at a wall. (hint: what kind of energy does the ball start with?)

________________  ___________________  _________________

12. The roller coaster below travels from point (a) to point (d).
a. At which point does the roller coaster have the most potential energy?

b. At which point does the roller coaster have the most kinetic energy?
13. What could I do if I wanted to increase the speed of the particles in a bowl of soup?

14. What could I do if I wanted to decrease the speed of the particles in a bottle of water?

15. Which ice cube takes more thermal energy to melt? A large on or small one? Explain why.

Short Essay Question: Answer with the appropriate number of sentences.

16. Using the law of conservation of energy, why doesn’t the bowling ball in this diagram (or
baseball) come back and hit the man in the face? (at least 2 sentences)

17. Describe how a thermometer is able to measure temperature. (at least 2 sentences)
18. Describe the energy transfers in a bowling ball when you go bowling. (hint: start with the ball
in a person hand and end when it hits the pins). (at least 2 sentences)

19. Why does a bouncing ball rise to a lower height with each bounce? (at least 2 sentences)

Extra credit: The energy you get from eating a peanut butter and jelly sandwich is in the
from of _____________ energy.