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5. a.

Calcular π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘’ 𝑣 π‘π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Ž: 𝑒 = 5𝑖 βˆ’ 3𝑗 𝑦 𝑣 = βˆ’2𝑖 + 4𝑗
b. Hallar π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘£ 𝑒 π‘π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Ž: 𝑒 = 8𝑖 + 𝑗 y 𝑣 = 7𝑖 βˆ’ 9𝑗
OVI DE APOYO: https://youtu.be/BG1MwMr6fRM

Desarrollo del literal A
Desarrollo:
π‘’βˆ™π‘£
π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘’ 𝑣 = ( 2 ) βˆ™ 𝑒̂
|𝑒|

(𝑒) βˆ™ (𝑣) = (5𝑖 βˆ’ 3𝑗)(βˆ’2𝑖 + 4𝑗) = βˆ’10 βˆ’ 12 = βˆ’22

|𝑒|2 = 25 + 9 = 34
Entonces nos queda que:

βˆ’22 110 66
π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘’ 𝑣 = ( ) βˆ™ (5𝑖 βˆ’ 3𝑗) = (βˆ’ 𝑖 + 𝑗)
34 34 34
ProyecciΓ³n escalar seria:
110 2 66 2 3025 1089 242
π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘’ 𝑣 = √(βˆ’ ) +( ) =√ + =√ = 3,772968
34 34 289 289 17

Desarrollo del literal B
Hallar π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘£ 𝑒 π‘π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Ž: 𝑒 = 8𝑖 + 𝑗 y 𝑣 = 7𝑖 βˆ’ 9𝑗
π‘’βˆ™π‘£
π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘£ 𝑒 = ( 2 ) βˆ™ 𝑣̂
|𝑣|

(𝑒) βˆ™ (𝑣) = (8𝑖 + 𝑗)(7𝑖 βˆ’ 9𝑗) = 56 βˆ’ 9 = 47

|𝑣|2 = 49 + 81 = 130
Entonces nos queda que:

47 329 423
π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘£ 𝑒 = ( ) βˆ™ (7𝑖 βˆ’ 9𝑗) = ( π‘–βˆ’ 𝑗)
130 130 130
ProyecciΓ³n escalar seria:
329 2 423 2 108241 178929 2209
π‘ƒπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘¦π‘£ 𝑒 = √( ) + (βˆ’ ) =√ + =√ = 4,1221
130 130 16900 16900 130