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A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the
requirements for the award of the degree of
Bachelor of Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering Department
Engineering College
University of Misan




I hereby declare that this project report is based on my original work except for
citations and quotations which have been duly acknowledged.

Signature :

Name : Duha Karim Hassan

Date :

Signature :

Name : Zahraa Abd Al-Hussain Mosa

Date :

Signature :

Name : Najim Naeem Sabut

Date :



I certify that this project report

NAEIM has met the required standard for submission in partial fulfilment of the
requirements for the award of Bachelor of Civil Engineering at University of Misan.

Approved by,

Signature : _________________________

Supervisor : _________________________

Date : _________________________


I dedicate this work:
The doses of the cup blank to water me with love drop
To whom had suffered to give us a moment of happiness
To reap the thorns out of my road to pave me through science
A Big Heart, My dear father
To the meaning of love, the meaning of compassion and dedication, to smile
and walk of life to exist, to whom it was praying to the secret of my success and
affection surgeons Balm . My mother
and to all my brothers and my family
To the spirits that inhabited under the soil of the homeland beloved
To great Martyrs
To the holy army
To the honoured me with the clock of science and morality.. DEAR my
Professors, especially Assi.MR. HAIDER HASSAN HAIDER


.. 5 . ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank everyone who had contributed to the successful completion of this project. guidance and his enormous patience throughout the development of the research.. MR HASSAN HAIDER for his invaluable advice.. In addition. I would like to express my gratitude to my research supervisor. I would also like to express my gratitude to my loving parent and friends who had helped and given me encouragement..

Today. CALCULATE THE TOPOGRAPHY OF AREA AROUND ENGINEERING COLLEGE BY ASSISTANCE TOTAL STATION AND SURFER 10 PROGRAM ABSTRACT .We also know that the University of Misan needs to establish classrooms and service buildings within the area surrounding the college of engineering. drawing as built drawing for position from survey points by assistances (Auto-cad) program and drawing is a full- function 3D visualization. According to the result obtained survey works as map containing the elevations and coordinates. contour map and 3D map that can be used in future projects within that area. Also assistance the graduate students to have good experience to work with survey instrument. The objective of this project is determine and evaluates topography of the ground using Total Station. the total station is a surveying instrument is improving the accuracy of positioning information . 6 . contouring and surface modelling package using Surfer-10 software.

1 Introduction 51 2.3 Programs 23 2.3 Locating position 13 1.2 Basic measurements 12 1.3 Setting up the instrument 20 2.1 Surfer-10 23 2.4 Objective of the research 14 CHAPTER TWO 2 Devices and Software 2.2 Operation panel 18 2.2.2 Overview of total station 15 Topcon Link program 29 7 .4 Levelling 21 Parts of the instrument 17 2.1 Background 10 1. TABLE OF CONTENTS DECLARATION 2 APPROVAL FOR SUBMISSION 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 5 ABSTRACT 6 TABLE OF CONTENTS 7 APPENDICES 9 CHAPTER ONE 1 INTRODUCTION 1.

1 Data transfer 42 3.5 Recommendation 46 REFERENCES 47 8 .4.4.1 Introduction 15 3.CHAPTER THREE 3 Experimental work and Results 3.3 Surveying works 11 3.2 Control points 15 3.4.4 Office works 42 3.2 Surfer-10 43 3.3 Secondary Programs 46 3.

APPENDIX : Computer Programme Listing TOPCON LINK AUTO CAD SURFER 10 9 .

laser scanner and GPS) to improve the efficiency and accuracy. Chapter One Introduction 1. many advantages has been gained. Surveying was essential at the dawn of history. were it not for the contribution of surveying. construction building. Individual surveying techniques has been commonly used in the history of surveying area to collect data from field measurements for various applications with different accuracy capabilities and requirements.1 Background The research deals with evaluation topography of the ground using by surveying method. As a result of this evaluation. more sophisticated instruments are employed (total station. apportionment of land. and some of the most significant scientific discoveries could never have been implemented. The accuracy of surveying measurements can be improved almost indefinitely with increased cost (time. specifically in the area of engineering projects. Its principal modern uses are in the fields of transportation. These methods are total station (TS). The significant development of surveying techniques enabled surveying professionals to evaluate precision and accuracy of different surveying techniques. In surveying. 11 . basically such as improving the efficiency and accuracy of the results. Surveying has been an essential element in the development of the human environment for so many centuries. It is an imperative requirement in the planning and execution of nearly every form of construction. and detail mapping. effort and money).

The term accuracy is common in many applications to express the quality of observations. both on the surface and underground. This initial process can only be properly executed after very careful and detailed reconnaissance of the area to be surveyed. When the above logistics are complete. These features may be represented in analogue form as a contoured map. in three dimensions. The methods adopted will depend upon the size and precision of the survey and the manner of its recording. surveying requires management and decision making in deciding the appropriate methods and instrumentation required to complete the task satisfactorily to the specified accuracy and within the time limits available. In engineering surveying. Today. whether n a field book or a data logger . the role of surveying got much attention to be used in many applications with better accuracy. plan or chart. of natural and man-made features on or beneath the surface of the Earth. of the computation will be carried out with computing aids ranging from pocket calculator to personal computer. measurements or/and calculations. either or both of the above formats may be used for planning. Data representation in analogue or digital form may now be carried out by conventional cartographic plotting or through a totally automated computer-based system leading to a paper or screen- 11 . the field work involving the capture and storage of field data is carried out using instruments and techniques appropriate to the task in hand. if not all. At a later stage. The majority. or in digital form such as a digital ground model (DGM). Surveying may be defined as the science of determining the position. In the first instance. design and construction of works. Processing the data is the next step in the operation. surveying techniques are used for dimensional control or setting out of designed constructional elements and also for monitoring deformation movements.

winds.based plot. such as tides. That is. consider a level surface at all points normal to the direction of Such a surface would be closed and could be formed to fit the mean position of the oceans. The project may be a railway. it must be set out on the ground in its correct place and correct dimensions. Equipotential surfaces are equal potential they are not surfaces of equal gravity. No matter what the work is. A 12 . their vertical axes are in the direction of the force of gravity at that point. bridge.2 BASIC MEASUREMENTS Surveying is concerned with the fixing of position whether it is control points or points of topographic detail and. It cannot therefore be used as a reference datum on to compute position. so all could have understanding of the limits of accuracy possible in the construction. them to be free from assuming all external forces. An equipotential surface is one from which it would require the same amount of work to move a given mass infinity matter from which point on the surface one started. Significant surfaces of going through The most aspect of an equipotent an observer is that survey instruments are set up relative to it. In engineering. is not mathematically definable. on which the actual survey measurements are carried out. currents. surveying procedures and instrumentation of varying precision and complexity are used depending on the project in hand Surveying is indispensable to the engineer when planning. or how complicated. dam. To this end. as requires some form of reference system. or even a new town complex. [1] 1. etc. within the tolerances specified. designing and constructing a project. highway. Alternatively. the plan or DGM is used when planning and designing a construction project. The physical surface of the Earth. This surface is called the geoid and is defined as the equipotential surface that most closely approximates to m sea level in the open oceans.

the geoid. [1] 1. i. This process is repeated for the remaining points for any other topographic data within range of the total station. at right angles. the coordinates may be keyed into the total station. to the direction of gravity. The simplest mathematically definable figure which fits the shape of the geoid best is an ellipsoid formed by rotating an ellipse about its minor axis.3 LOCATING POSITION Establishing control networks and their subsequent computation leads to an implied rectangular coordinate system over the area surveyed. Where this shape is used by a country as the surface for its mapping system. or plumb line. z ) using a total station. which although very smooth is still an irregular surface and so cannot be used to locate position mathematical. due to variations in the mass distribution within the Earth. Indeed. A total station would be set up over a control point whose coordinates. The reduced level or elevation of a point is its height above or below the geoid as measured in the direction of its gravity vector. Depending on the software on board. and is most commonly referred to as its height above or below (MSLD). y . the points surveyed on the physical surface of the Earth a frequently reduced. The methods of topographic survey and dimensional control will most probably by coordinates ( x . and back-sighted to another control point whose coordinates are also known.level or equipotential surface through a point is normal. to their equivalent position on the geoid by projection along their gravity vectors . The whole area would be surveyed 13 . This assumes that the passes through local are acceptable for most practical purposes. However. The minor control points in particular can now be used to position topographic data and control the setting out of a construction design. initially. it is termed the reference ellipsoid.e.

[1] 1. contouring and surface modeling package using Surfer-10 software. [1] 14 .  Drawing as built drawing for position from survey points by assistances (Auto-cad) this way by occupying pairs of control points situated throughout the area.  Drawing is a full-function 3D visualization.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH The general objective of this research is intended to evaluate topography of the ground surrounding the college of engineering using Total Station Specifically the research intends to:  Determine and evaluate topography of the ground using Total Station.

2 Overview of Total Station In this project. pressure and relative humidity. a total station ES series Topcon (ES-105). with a prism and some of programs as Surfer-10. Coordinates of an unknown point relative to a known coordinate can be determined using the total station as long as a direct line of sight can be established between the two points. easting and elevation) of surveyed points relative to the total station position are calculated using trigonometry and triangulation. Total station measurements are affected by changes in temperature.2. pressure and relative humidity. The total station is a surveying instrument that combines the angle measuring capabilities of theodolite with an electronic distance measurement (EDM) to determine horizontal angle. and Z or northing.1) was used. but it can be corrected for atmospheric effects by inputting changes in temperature. Y. and the coordinates (X. ES series Topcon (ES-105) total station (see Fig. 2. Chapter Two Devices and Software cad and Microsoft -Excel program. Angles and distances are measured from the total station to points under survey. Shock 15 .tapcon-link.1 Introduction This section describes instruments and software which uses in experimental in the directions observation one equipment were used in surveying. vertical angle and slope distance to the particular point.

and stress result in deviations of the correct measurement as a result decreases the measurement accuracy. severe heat shimmer and moving objects within the beam path can also result in deviations of the specified accuracy by the manufacture. Beam interruptions. It is therefore important to check and adjust the instrument before measurement. [2] Figure (2.1) Topcon total station (ES-105) 16 .

Handle locking screw 18.1 PARTS OF THE INSTRUMENT ES FUNCTION 1. Trigger key 23. Handle 2. Vertical fine motion screw 21. Optical plummet eyepiece 14. Circular level 9. Optical plummet reticle cover 15. Bluetooth antenna 3. Instrument height mark 5. Operation panel 7. Base plate 11. Leveling foot screw 12. Speaker 22. Display unit 16. Optical plummet focusing ring 13.2. Vertical clamp 20. Objective lens 17.2. Serial connector /combined communications. 8. Horizontal fine motion screw 17 . Battery cover 6. External interface hatch (USB port) 4. Circular level adjusting screws 10. Tubular compass slot 19.

A poleman can ascertain the present position by checking the guide light color. Instrument center mark 2. tribrach clamp 26.2) Figure (2.2.3) 18 . the guide light is composed of a light that is divided into a red and a green light .2) Basic key operation  Guide light Setting-out measurement etc. Telescope eyepiece screw 27. (2.24. Telescope focusing ring 28. See in Fig. Horizontal clamp 25.2 Operation panel  Basic key operation see in Fig. Sighting collimator 29. (2. can be carried out effectively using the guide light .

3) Guide light  Guide light status When the guide light is turned ON . See table (2. Figure (2.1) Table (2.1) Guide light status Light status Meaning (From position of poleman ) move target Red left (From position of poleman ) move target Green right Red and green Target is at correct horizontal position 19 .it is displayed as a symbol in the display unit.

Make sure the tripod shoes are firmly fixed in the ground. set the tripod so that the head is positioned over the survey point . (2.4) Figure (2. See in Fig. See in Fig.2.5) Figure (2. tighten the centering screw on the bottom of the unit to make sure it is secured to the tripod. Place the instrument on the tripod head.4) 2. (2. Supporting it with on hand .2.3 SETTING UP THE INSTRUMENT Centering Procedure centering with the optical plummet eyepiece 1.5) 21 . Make sure the legs are spaced at equal intervals And the head is approximately level.

Adjust one more tripod leg to center the bubble . 2.6) 2.Adjust the levelling foot screws to center the survey point in the optical plummet reticle. Looking through the optical plummet eyepiece. see Fig. (2.7) Figure (2. Center the bubble in the circular level by either shortening the tripod leg closest to the offcenter direction of the bubble or by lengthening the tripod leg farthest from the offcenter direction of the bubble . Turn the optical plummet focusing ring to focus on the survey point. Turn the levelling foot screws while checking the circular level until the bubbles is centered in the center circle . turn the optical plummet eyepiece to focus on the reticle.3.7) 21 . (2.2. See in Fig.4 Levelling Procedure : 1.6) Figure (2.

Turn the instrument until the telescope is parallel to a line between levelling foot screws A and B.When levelling is completed . Loosen the centering screw slightly. then tighting the horizontal clamp. if not .POWER ON/OF". (2. 5. 4. 7. Tilt angle values x and Y are also displayed on the screen. Set the tilt angle to 0 degree using foot screws A and B for the X direction and levelling screw C for the Y direction 6. Indicate bubble in circular level. the range of the inside circular is (+-4 ) and the range of the outside circule is (+-6 ).8) 22 . Confirm that the bubble is positioned at the center of the circular level of the screen. press [OK] changes to the OBS mode. Figure (2.3.8) 8.slide the instrument over the tripod head until the survey point is exactly centered in the reticle. Retighten the centering screw securely . The circular level is displayed on the screen. see Fig.Press {ON}to power on "9.repeat the procedure starting step 6. Looking through the optical plummet eyepiece .

1 Surfer-10 Surfer is a grid-based mapping program that interpolates irregularly spaced XYZ data into a regularly spaced grid. Click the File | Save command to save the project as a Surfer . shaded relief.[3] 2. To create a map. 3D wireframe. and use the grid file from step two. Create a XYZ data file.SRF file which contains all of the information needed to recreate the map. click the Map | New command.3. and 3D surface maps. for example).3. Click on the map to display the map properties in the Property Manager where you can customize the map to fit your needs.GRD file from the XYZ data file using the Grid | Data command. image. shaded relief. allowing you to produce the map that best represents your data. and grid node editor window.3 Programs 2. Maps can be displayed and enhanced in Surfer. 2.2.3. image. 3D surface and 3D wireframe maps. vector. This file can be created in a Surfer worksheet window or outside of Surfer (using an ASCII text editor or Excel. worksheet window. Grid-based maps include contour. Grids may also be imported from other sources such as the United States Geological Survey (USGS). and annotating maps with text allows you to create publication quality maps. Maps are displayed and created in the plot window. The grid is used to produce different types of maps including contour. Adding multiple map layers customizing the map display. Create a grid . The worksheet window displays. edits. 5. 4.3 Surfer User Interface Surfer contains three document window types: the plot window. grid-based map are as follows: 1. select a map type. 23 .2 Using Surfer The general steps to progress from a XYZ data set to a finished. 3. 2. vector.

The grid node editor window displays and edits Z values for the selected grid. Object Manager. See fig (3. and status bar. menu bar. tabbed windows. toolbars. is tabbed with a grid node editor window and a worksheet window.transforms. where the maps are displayed. The Surfer user interface layout consists of the title bar. and saves data in a tabular format. The plot window.9) Figure (2.9) Surfer window with the Object Manager and Property Manager on the left side. 24 . The toolbars and menu are displayed at the top and the status bar is displayed at the bottom. Property Manager.

25 . See Fig.11).3. or click a node to make it active.10) Worksheet Window 2. press the ARROW keys. data can be assigned a coordinate system. Data can be altered. (2.10) Figure (2. or filtered. (2. Nodes display with a black "+" blanked nodes with a blue "x". You can save the edited grid file with the same name or a different name.see Fig. You can enter a new Z value for the node in the edit box. and the active node is highlighted with a red diamond. The active node XY map coordinates and grid coordinates are displayed at the top of the window.3 Worksheet Window The worksheet window opens a data file for editing.3. To move between nodes. The components of the worksheet window are displayed below.4 Grid Node Editor The grid node editor opens a grid file for editing. transformed sorted. In addition.2.

shaded relief. Individual base map objects can be edited. A description and example of each map is listed below. points.11) Base Map 26 . and so on. classed post. or metafiles. Base maps can be produced from several file formats. These map types include base. Figure (2. text.5 Map Types Several different map types can be created. 3D surface.3. reshaped. image. contour. curves. vector. Figure (2. or deleted. areas of no data. and 3D wireframe maps. moved. (2.11) Grid Node Editor 2.12). and displayed with Surfer. See Fig. modified. post. Base maps can be overlaid with other map layers to provide details such as roads.  Base Map Base maps display boundaries on a map and can contain areas. images. buildings. city locations. streams.

14). (2. You can customize the symbols and text associated with each data location on the map. The shape of the surface is shown by the contour lines. See Fig.13). Contours define lines of equal Z values across the map extents. Contour maps can display the contour lines and colors or patterns between the contour lines.13) Contour Map  Post Map Post maps and classed post maps show data locations on a map. Figure (2. Figure (2.  Contour Map Contour maps are two-dimensional representations of three dimensional data.14) Post Map 27 . (2. See Fig.

Figure (2. (2. overlays.15).15) Post Map  3D Surface Map 3D surface maps are color three-dimensional representations of a grid file. The colors. Pixels can be interpolated to create a smooth image. lighting. Multiple 3D surface maps can be layered to create a block diagram.16). See Fig. Image maps assign colors based on Z values from a grid file. Blanked regions on the image map are shown as a separate color or as a transparent fill. See Fig. 28 . and mesh can be altered on a surface. (2.  Image Map Image maps are raster images based on grid files.

4.17) •Title bar – contains the program name and the name of the currently active file.16) 3D Surface Map 2. a connected Topcon instrument. as well as pop-up boxes for quickly changing units and coordinate systems (inactive if no file is open). and pop-up menus . •Work area – displays dialog boxes. •Toolbar –contains shortcut buttons to frequently used functions . job file information.4 Topcon Link program The Topcon Link interface is designed for easy. •Status bar – displays informative messages about Topcon Link and various files. Figure (2. and industry- standard data types.[4] 2. The following sections introduce the various functions available in Topcon Link for transferring. and editing data files. 29 . viewing configuring/converting. integrated use with a PC- compatible computer. • Menu bar – contains drop-down menus for all functions .1 Main Screen The main screen has the following components Figure (2.

pnt. *. *dat Field Software Jobs *.sdr.tpd. it does not have a type of file specifically associated with this software.gts7. Figure (2. *. *.gts.sdr.gt7.tlsv Total Station Observations *. *. *.xml Table (2.pdc. Some types of files can be directly opened in Topcon Link table (2. *.xml Coordinates *.fc4. *.cr5.xml. *. gts6. *. *.raw.m00.2 Opening a File Because Topcon Link is a utility program that works with various file types.fc5.dbf.tps.*.jps. *.tdd.pt3.sdr.fc5.lev. B*.gt6*.lb2.txt. *. *.mgn.2) lists the file types that Topcon Link can open.sdr.*. *.txt GPS+ Raw Data *. *.??N. *. *.rw5.sbf. *. *.las.csv.2) lists the file types 31 . *. *.??O. File Type Format Extensions Code Library *.dat. *. *. *.dl. *.tsj.17) Topcon Link Main Screen Components 2.mdb. *.*. *.4. *. *.* Digital Level Observations *. *.*. *. *. *.??D.*.*. *. *. *.xyz.??G.

Next step we make copy this drawing with reference corner and past in the same corner in site plan.1) and (3. The figure (3. After complete the data collection we send the points to the PC-computer and drawing the point in Auto-cad program and drawing the collage building. 3.M2) are have coordinates and elevation. In the site plan the control points (B. Chapter Three Experimental work and Results 3.1 Introduction The main purpose of the experimental program is to get the control points and fixed it. Evaluates survey points by total station which well used in office work to get as build drawing and make plan have coordinates and elevations.2) shown the as build drawing and site plan drawing. And we selected the position of this points in ground by using method (data collection) in total station by making data collection the four corners of building of collage of engineering by assistance local coordinates.2 control points Surveying works established by using total station after we got and selected the five control points from site plan drawing which it found in department of engineering affair in Misan a university. That produce points have global coordinates and select the position of control points (B.M2) become easy by the method of layout in total station.M1 and B.M1 and B. 31 .

2) site plan After these steps. Each control point have steel rod fixed in underground at distance (50 cm) and casted by concrete box with 32 . we chose five positions to fixed control point in site to use in surveying works. Fig (3.1) as built drawing Fig (3.

4) shown the working of concrete cast for control points. 33 .087 8.786 3530326.1) shown the value of control points.7 8.558 9.3) shown position of control points in site.236 CP5 699473. Figure (3.782 9.31 3530338.087 3530398.458 3530379.382 3530449.282 CP2 699319.187 CP3 699381.dimension (30cm x 30 cm) at ground level. Table (3.1) Point number X Y Z CP1 699282.134 Fig (3. Figure (3. each concrete box will mark as name and number. Table (3.261 CP4 699424.284 8.3) control points position.

4) concrete cast for control points. 34 .Fig (3.

this method used for surveying works to get survey points have coordinates from site. Each survey point have number. From these control points the surveying works are established for area around collage of engineering using total station (Topcon). The survey points will used for drawing as build drawing and sued in (surfer-10) to get 3D plan and elevation map.3 Surveying works After we got and selected the five control points.2) shown the survey points.5) shown the surveying works by total station instrument. Fig. Figure (3.7) shown the survey points on as build drawing. (3. Table (3. The surveying works are done by used method (data collection) which it provided in software of total station. coordinates(X.3.5) continue 35 . Figure (3.Y and Z) and cod. Figure (3.6) shown the survey points on site plan.

Fig.5) surveying works 36 . (3.

435 30 699274.131 29 699282.55 3530286.184 L 699330.329 3530210.659 10.384 32 699244.699 41 699310.147 K4 699225.208 K2 699321.083 3530217.814 9.318 34 699319.35 31 699254.842 10.502 3530223.511 C 699302.985 3530245.35 37 .648 39 699350.046 3530202.113 FL 699195.575 3530177.437 33 699330.134 3530246.282 27 699257.604 9.211 10.131 29 699292.865 3530199.101 10.421 9.814 9.06 3530239.907 3530129.208 K2 699234.931 9.104 9.395 3530157.741 10.442 3530306.714 3530245.6 10.507 10.101 10.676 25 699263.855 3530306.247 42 699217.284 26 699243.503 10.771 10.026 10.061 3530266.061 3530266.666 K3 699232.507 10.3 3530286.222 3530191.193 3530220.335 10.643 10.842 10.216 3530204.644 3530286.54 10.237 3530213.284 26 699274.78 3530220. Table (3.459 3530146.954 3530286.415 L2 699290.414 10.627 43 699269.489 3530260.917 9.118 9.084 36 699279.604 9.43 3530266.835 3530213.282 27 699219.2) survey points Point number X Y Z 25 699289.511 C 699310.662 3530176.13 K 699227.435 30 699256.3 3530223.119 35 699302.503 10.802 9.627 10.056 3530260.951 9.335 10.659 10.223 C2 699359.13 K 699190.

026 10.348 9.431 53 699375.107 3530257.627 10.119 35 699133.001 3530183.32 3530199.892 10.369 10.214 46 699289.588 3530176.817 54 699350.019 38 .816 49 699381.546 3530356.246 59 699320.35 8.231 56 699361.684 8.666 K3 699242.047 50 699400.162 9.308 48 699357.648 39 699201.409 10.632 3530201.627 43 699276.383 10.917 9.361 60 699365.266 3530202.097 55 699336.775 7.959 52 699400.103 3530169.415 L2 699221.159 3530269.437 33 699178.708 8.265 58 699294.659 7.384 32 699205.922 3530248.422 3530321.931 9.667 3530246.184 3530332.104 9.954 57 699332.741 10.743 8.335 3530223.699 41 699195.643 10.966 7.184 L 699174.567 3530177.332 3530287.113 FL 699232.6 10.387 8.211 10.951 9.31 699230.414 10.084 36 699151.147 K4 699217.641 9.54 10.479 3530204.192 61 699420.149 3530219.398 3530146.495 3530191.407 3530388.802 9.845 3530116.095 51 699426.227 7.316 47 699326.279 3530293.59 7.602 3530239.515 3530210.114 3530129.771 10.353 3530231.676 44 699251.118 9.661 7.074 3530266.539 3530146.223 C2 699169.211 3530223.319 3530129.173 45 699266.318 34 699157.34 3530157.247 42 699263.421 9.749 3530217.579 3530218.

729 7.524 66 699371.055 8.479 76 699410.787 93 699330.3 3530571.97 86 699254.454 9.197 64 699436.049 68 699350.502 3530485.697 8.835 3530494.478 8.471 77 699195.419 3530356.326 72 699496.099 8.82 3530342.06 3530586.458 9.783 8.134 3530550.345 7.828 88 699330.915 84 699292.896 91 699279.134 69 699379.492 3530394.933 7.338 71 699450.609 9.96 7.314 8.216 3530475.762 3530408.913 8.625 3530379.908 92 699359.513 3530338.794 83 699310.287 8.444 7.291 75 699439.658 9.782 7.871 80 699257.575 3530617.97 81 699227.07 3530444.494 7.234 65 699395.246 8.811 89 699319.663 8.114 63 699445.663 8.714 3530494.632 3530355.644 3530421.312 74 699474.922 39 .942 67 699370.871 87 699244.975 8.981 8.612 3530376.649 8.046 3530634.109 3530375.79 8.62 699435.239 73 699493.3 3530538.392 3530419.882 78 699289.056 3530447.955 85 699274.865 3530634.875 79 699274.334 7.407 3530424.869 9.43 3530515.787 94 699310.056 8.396 8.442 3530396.474 70 699404.735 8.09 3530364.989 82 699234.179 3530388.942 90 699302.869 93 699350.123 3530426.222 3530548.061 3530514.645 6.406 3530308.77 9.243 8.193 3530468.

459 3530577.85 99 699217.662 3530477.924 97 699225.46 9.84 98 699195.582 b.86 96 699232.6) the survey points on site plan 41 .855 3530176.907 3530441.853 100 699269.451 8.m 699263.258 8.282 Fig.395 3530464.132 8.083 3530503.419 8. (3.329 3530545.053 8.704 9.95 699290.

7) the survey points drawing 41 .Fig. (3.

3.4 office works 3. In program ( Topcon-link) the edit and save survey points in different type of file as ( .gts) . 42 .csv)(exal file).8) shown the( Topcon-link) in receive points.8) receive points by Topcon-link program.dxf)(aotu-cad file) and (. (3. Figure (3.4. Fig.1 Data transfer The survey point transfer from total station to the computer by flash memory which it one options in total station model (ES-105) and used program (Topcon-link) in computer to receive from flash memory survey points which have extended (.

2 surfer-10 Surfer is a grid-based mapping program that interpolates irregularly spaced XYZ data into a regularly spaced grid and creates a grid .9) grid file ( GRD ) 43 . contour map and 3D map are create for survey points by surfer-10. Figure (3. Figure (3. Figure (3.9) shown the GRD file.11) shown 3D map for survey area Fig.GRD file from the XYZ data file using the grid data command [4].3.10) shown contour map and. The GRD file.4. (3.

44 .

Fig.10) shown contour map for survey area 45 . (3.

2).2).6) and (3. Use program (GIS) to make data base for the survey area.7).11) shown 3D map for survey area 3.4. 4. and compare with survey by total station and surfer-10. Tables ( 3.1) and (3. Use program (Civil-3D) to draw couture map and 3D map. 3. Figure (3. faster and economy.3) (3. Calculate the cut and fill quantities for specified elevation by using (surfer-10) and (Civil-3D) to know who which has more accurate. 46 .5 Future work A further investigation is required for better method for survey which has more accurate. 3. AutoCAD and Excel were used in the editing.(3. Use GPS instrument for survey works and compare with total station 2.(3. arranging and drawing of the survey points as described previously in the figures (3. We suggest:- 1.1).3 Secondary Programs To facilitate desktop work.

Schofield.tkne. Principle [1] ENGINEERUNG SURVEYING W. Kingston University. Breach. [3]www. Former Principle [4] www. M.arabgeographers.html 47 . [2] Manual of Total Station ES series. Nottingham Trent University.