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Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Acknowledgementsix
Part II: Connection
Introduction: Toward a Radical Mycology xvii Seeing Fungi 87
To Call a Mushroom by Any Other Name 87
4 What About Poisonous Mushrooms? 88
Part I: Expression MycoShwag92
Chaos Fungorum 1 In Land, of Land 93
Legal Issues 94
Naming Fungi 1
1 The Fungal Features and Forms 4
Noting Nuances
Identifying Plants
94
96
The Fungal Phyla 5
Species Lists 96
Oomycota10
Grinnell Journaling 96
The Finer Points of the Fungi 11
Harvest, Ritual 97
ElectroMycology and the EZ Hypha 18
The Take 98
Fungal Morphogenesis 21
The Basics of Field Guides and Keys 98
The Geometry of Fungi 24
LBMs100
Fungi Being 27 Macro Mushroomery 100
The Mycorrhizosphere 28 Mycroscopy101
2 The Seven Types of Mycorrhizae 31 Spore Stature 102
Nutrients, Cycled 38 Squash Mounts 103
The Black Box of Soil: Deeper Insights  41 The Taste for Truffles 103
The Mycobiome 43 What if I Can’t Identify it? 104
The Fungi of Antarctica 46 Identifying Endophytes 105
Successional Enforcers: Identifying Slime Molds 105
Lessons from the Vocal Fungi 48 Identifying Arbuscular Mycorrhizae 106
Recomposing Life: Saprotrophic Fungi 53 Fungi for a Future  107
Waves of Marine Fungi 58 Common AM Genera 107
The Spiral of Succession 59 Commercial Foraging 108

Of the Hyphosphere 61 Radical Lichenology 111
Pansporia, Prototaxites, and Paleomycology 61 By Nastassja Noell
3 Ethnomycology66
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What is a Lichen? 111
Fungi of Fire 69 The Relationship Between Bionts 113
Mycoligarchs No More 71 Lichen Needs 113
To Fear Fungi 75 Seeing Lichens 114
Fungal HERstory: How Women Shaped Mycology The Reproductive Structures of Lichens 115
By Mara Fae Penfil and Fern Katz 82 Lichen Chemistry 115
Lichen Phylogenetics 116
Photosymbiodemes:
Part IV: Collaboration
Why Photobionts Matter 118 Working With Fungi 201
Lichen Biodiversity and Bioindications 118 Mushroom Cultivation: A Play in Four Acts 201
Lichens Being  119 8 The Species We Grow 202
Identifying Lichens 121 Fungamental Principles and
DIY Chemical Spot Tests 126 Patterns of Mushroom Cultivation  202
Harvesting Ethics and Tips 129 Working With Contaminants 207
Lichen Herbaria 129 Work Spaces 210
Culturing Lichens in the Lab 132 Containers, Air Filtration, and Closure 214
In Situ Cultivation for Mushroom Nutrition 216
Environmental Regeneration 134 Substrate Formulation 217
Citizen Science 135 What About C:N? 218
Final Thoughts 139 Selenium-Rich Mushrooms 220
Cleaning Substrates 220

Part III: Relation A Note on Safety
It Depends
223
224
The Spores of Life 143 Can I Reuse the Water? 226
Questions to Consider 227
Megafood-Medicine of the Macro Fungi 143
6 General Preparation Tips 145
Mental Preparation and Self Care
About Agar
228
228
Precautions145
Stage 1: Agar and Liquid Inoculum 228
Grain Spawn is Food-Medicine 147
The Agar Vessel 230
Preserving Mushrooms 152
Wrapping Plates 232
Of Fermenting Fungi 154
Sourcing Inoculum 233
Mycotonics156
Heat Sources for Sterilizing Tools 234
Tried and True Kombucha Brews 157
When is Inoculum Ready for Stage 2? 246
Spirits and Bread 158
Stage 2: Grain Spawn 247
DIY Stir Plates 166
When is Grain Spawn Ready for Stage 3? 252
Tempeh166
Stage 3: Preparing and Inoculating
Incubators167
Fruiting Substrates 253
Koji168
On Sourcing Hardwood 254
Moldy Cheese 169
On Sourcing and Using Soft Wood 255
Other Fungal Ferments170
No-Tech Kits 257
Fruiting With the Seasons 264
The Pharmycopeia 171 Planning and Scheduling 265
Origins171 Coffee and Cardboard as Substrates:
7 The Main Types of Immune Response Cells 174 Food-Medicine for Low to No Dough 266
The Medicine of Mushrooms 174 The Fungi in Compost 270
Notable Species 176 The Cobweb Mold of Casing Layers 272
In Preparation of the Medicine 180 Stage 4: Fruiting 273
MycoIntuiting and Medicine Circles 182 The Fruiting Room of Fungi Ally 277
Triple Extracts 182 Dual Function Timers 278
Customized MycoMedicine 184 PF Tek 279
Powdered Grain Spawn 184 What Do I Do With Myceliated
Mushroom Juice 185 Substrates When They Stop Fruiting?  280
The Medicine of a Liquid Culture 186 Preserving Genetics and Culture Libraries 281
Mycomeiopathics187 Stopping Early 284
MycoFormulations188 Suggestions for Running a Community Lab 284
AlcheMycology: Alchemical Explorations How I Back Up Cultures 285
Into the Fungal Queendom By Jason Scott 188 Advanced Skills 287
The Mycocultural Revolution 291 Part V: Integration
The 15 Principles of Natural Mushroom
9 Farming and Regenerative Mycology 292 The Mycelium is the Message 379
The Fungal Needs Revisited 296 Digging to the Rhizomorphic Level 382
Naturalized Inoculum 296 11 Mycomemetics: Be the Media,
Naturalized Inoculations 299 Spread Your Spores 388
Making Plug Spawn 303 Mycomimicry:
Mycorrhizae Cultivation 309 Radical Mycologists as Change Agents 388
Spent Spawn Beds 309 Enzyme Production: Other Skills 390
Isolating and Identifying Mycorrhizal Spores 313 Case Study: The Olympia Mycelial Network 392
Cultivating Truffles 314 Case Study: Bay Area Applied Mycology
Trichoderma Compost Activator and By Joseph Soeller393
Plant Supporter 315 Sharing Fungi With Children
Working With Endophytic Fungi 316 By Maya Elson 395
Mycodynamics: The Sidereal Timing and The Sex Life of Mushrooms
Bioenergetics of Mushroom Cultivation 317 By Willoughby Arevalo 398
Other Helpful Design Elements 320
Integrating the Elements: MycoGnosis403
Weaving the Web Tighter 324 The Varieties of Psychoactive Fungi 404
Spent Spawn Plant Hormone
Mycelium: The Plastic of the Future, Now
326
328
12 But Why? 407
On “Bad Trips” 408
Mycosystematics: The Art of Natural The Life Cycle of Amanita muscaria409
Mushroom Farming Design 329 Insects, Mammals, and Psychedelics 411
Zones of Fungal Homes  331 Psychoactive Fungi and the War on Drugs 412
Natural Mushroom Farming in Extreme Psychoactive Fungi and Culture 413
Environments  332 Know Your Rights 413
TLC  334 The Varieties of “Shamanic” Experiences 415
Santa Claus the Mushroom 418
Fungi for a Future 335 Psychoactive Fungi in Symbolism and Myth 423
Mycoremediation at a Glance 336 Mushrooms and Religion 424
10 Holistic Remediation 336 Philosophy and Psychoactive Mycology
Sorbing Soils 338 By Peter Sjöstedt-H 429
A Standard of Care 340 Psychedelics in the 20th Century 432
Site Assessment and Case History 343 Psilocin Mushrooms in Mexican Cultures 433
Safety First! 344 Psiloc(yb)in in the 21st Century 436
Determining Efficacy 345 Psychedelics in Perspective 437
DIY TLC Plates 347 Closing Spores 443
The Facets of Fungal Remediation 348
Sources, Forms, and Habits of Heavy Metals 353
Trichodermamediation359 Species Profiles
Petroleum Hydrocarbons 360
The Cast of Chemical Characters 360 Non-Cap and Stalk 447
Strategies for Chemical Remediation 365 Cap and Stalk 465
Commerical Remediation 366
Fungi and the Plastics Problem 370 Lichens487
Experimental Design: A Primer 371
Putting it All Together:
Example Scenarios of Common Problems 372
Where to Grow from Here 374
Appendices
A ID Forms 499
B Endangered Fungi 507
C Fungal Toxins 511
D Fungal Dyes and Paper 515
E Mycelial Healing Exercises
By Mara Fae Penfil521
F Equipment List 525
G Cultivation Parameters 529
H Media Cookbook 539
I Cultivation Tracking Forms 549
J Suggested Projects 557
K Working With Psychoactive Fungi 559
L Psilocin Mushroom Niches 563
M Facilitated Mycology 567
N Online Resources 571
O Salv Age
By Jackson Tegu577
P MycoJokes 587
Q Latin and Greek Derivations 589
Glossary593
Bibliography601
Endnotes611
Image Credits 637
Contributor Biographies 639
Index641