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Notley threatens to restrict


oil exports to B.C.
Alberta Premier says province could use law to restrict fossil-fuel shipments
if Kinder Morgan kills plans for Trans Mountain pipeline expansion

KELLY CRYDERMAN CALGARY line to bring oil sands bitumen to the revenue for schools, less revenue for
IAN BAILEY VANCOUVER Pacific coast. hospitals and more dependence on
JEFF LEWIS CALGARY Premier Rachel Notley says her one market for our products – the
province might use the legislation if United States,” she told reporters.
Kinder Morgan Inc. kills its plans for On Monday, Alberta’s NDP gov-
OTTAWA/QUEBEC EDITION Alberta is handing itself the power to the $7.4-billion pipeline expansion, a ernment introduced a bill that will
restrict fossil-fuel shipments outside threat that looms larger since the give the Energy Minister the power to
TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | GLOBEANDMAIL.COM the province, a move designed to company set a May 31deadline earlier require companies to obtain licenses
raise the spectre of soaring fuel pric- this month to be given legal and fi- to ship oil and refined products such
es in British Columbia in an escalat- nancial certainty for the project. as gasoline and diesel if and when the
ing political showdown over the ex- “Every day that goes by without government determines it necessary.
pansion of the Trans Mountain pipe- the expansion in place means less PIPELINE, A6

Mosque shooting
victim describes [ U.S. RUSSIA PROBE ]

how seven bullets


destroyed his life In the eye of the storm
Donald Trump’s personal counsel Michael Cohen leaves a New York
Man paralyzed in attack says he courthouse after he and the U.S. President failed to delay prosecutors
wakes up each morning thinking from immediately reviewing documents seized from the lawyer’s office A4
attack was a nightmare

INGRID PERITZ QUEBEC CITY

Aymen Derbali sat in a wheelchair and described


how seven bullets destroyed his life − his words de-
livered with poignancy to a judge, to lawyers, to a
hushed courtroom, and to the 28-year-old killer
who sat only a few metres away.
Mr. Derbali addressed the court during a sentenc-
ing hearing for Alexandre Bissonnette, who pleaded
guilty to first-degree murder in the deaths of six
men at a Quebec City mosque last year. As Mr. Der-
bali spoke, his words detailing how he’d become
paralyzed and unable to hold his own children, Mr.
Bissonnette sat to his right, watching from a
glassed-in enclosure.
Mr. Derbali says he wakes up in the morning
thinking the entire shooting was a nightmare. “But
it wasn’t a nightmare,” he told the court, “it was re-
al.”
It was a moment of emotion and drama in a day
that offered a fuller por-
trait of the gunman in
In the year prior the mosque shooting,
which shocked Cana-
to the shooting, dians for its violence tar-
Mr. Bissonnette had geting a religious minor-
relentlessly fed his ity.
It is the picture of EDUARDO MUNOZ ALVAREZ/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
obsessions about
someone who not only
Islam, firearms, mass deliberately opened fire
killers and feminism in a mosque, wounding
through the internet. Mr. Derbali and several
others.
For the first time, the court heard that Mr. Bisson-
nette fully recalled his actions the night of the With Chagall headed for auction, National Gallery vies
shooting and confided to a social worker that he
wished he had killed more people.
And in the year prior to the shooting, Mr. Bisson-
against two Quebec museums to buy David painting
nette had relentlessly fed his obsessions about Is-
lam, firearms, mass killers and feminism through CHRIS HANNAY OTTAWA Louis David piece and prevent it painting to fund its activities.
the internet. from leaving Canada more than a Monsignor Denis Bélanger, curé
He followed the Twitter feed of U.S. President Do- century after it arrived. of the parish, said the church ap-
nald Trump, reading news and screening videos A cultural tug-of-war has erupted But two Quebec art museums proached three institutions that
about the President on a daily basis. He also fol- over a 1779 French painting as two have right of first refusal and are still each had a connection to the paint-
lowed news about the Muslim travel ban that Mr. Quebec museums scramble to come hoping to buy the David painting, ing: the Musée de la civilisation in
Trump ordered two days before Mr. Bissonnette car- up with the matching funds to keep which they believe belongs in their Quebec City, which has custodian-
ried out his armed attack. it in the province, over the National province – not in Ottawa. ship of the art; the Montreal Mu-
He visited news sites and Twitter feeds of right- Gallery of Canada’s bid to keep the The painting, Saint Jerome Hears seum of Fine Arts, where the piece
wing commentators south of the border. same painting in the country. the Trumpet of the Last Judgment, is currently hangs; and the National
On the day of the attack, Mr. Bissonnette had The National Gallery is selling a owned by the parish of Notre-Dame Gallery of Canada, which displayed
been consulting Breitbart News, the conservative Marc Chagall painting at a New York de Québec. The church, which has the canvas on its walls from 1995 to
news website. auction for millions of dollars so it had financial struggles in recent 2013.
BISSONNETTE, A8 can buy the 239-year-old Jacques- years, decided in 2016 to sell the GALLERY, A6

PRIZE-WINNING RAPPER PRIZE-WINNING RUNNER


Kendrick Lamar becomes the Canadian Krista DuChene
first pop artist to be awarded credits her country’s lousy
the Pulitzer for music for his weather for her third-place
album DAMN. finish at the Boston Marathon
A8 B17

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FORD UNVEILS
THE MUSTANG
t was a massive marketing blitz that captured 22,000 were purchased on that first day; 400,000 in

I America’s heart. Splashed on the covers of both


Newsweek and Time magazines, Ford Motor
Co.’s hot new ride was also featured in television
commercials that ran simultaneously on all three
major networks the night before its launch. And so,
the first year. Six generations later, its sales have sur-
passed nine million. The first of those nine-million
buyers was 22-year-old Gail Wise, who walked into a
Chicago dealership two days ahead of the launch.
She wanted a convertible. There were none in the
when Ford took the wraps off the Mustang at the showroom, but a sly salesman took her to a back
New York World’s Fair − the same day that it debuted room and removed the tarp from a baby-blue beauty
in showrooms − the buying frenzy began. The he wasn’t supposed to sell yet. For Wise, it was love at
1964½ (officially a 1965 model year) as it came to be first sight and she drove her new Mustang off the lot
known, was priced to start at US$2,368 and almost that night. She’s still driving it today. DARREN McGEE

[ COLUMNISTS ]

MARGARET MARTHA
WENTE HALL FINDLAY FIRST
OPINION OPINION PERSON
What Doug Ford has Federal government’s Rhiannon Jones feels
going for him in the offer of financial help to very alone as a parent
Ontario election is that Kinder Morgan will not to a child with ADHD
the province is quite calm the fears of other and oppositional defiant
messed up already A15 potential investors B4 disorder A17

[ CORRECTION ]

A caption in Monday’s obituary of


Dick Gamble said Bee Hive hockey
cards were issued by Quaker Oats.
In fact, they were issued by St.
Lawrence Starch, makers of BeeHive
Golden Corn Syrup.

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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A3

Ecuador, Colombia plan joint manhunt


Operation is in response ing, with which it once funded its
guerrilla war. However, some of
to journalists’ deaths, the small number of rebels who
but some say move is rejected the peace deal have
long overdue in the formed alliances with coca-ex-
porting organizations including
narco-trafficking region Mexican cartels who have moved
to occupy the vacuum created by
the FARC pullback.
STEPHANIE NOLEN In their last article published
RIO DE JANEIRO before the kidnapping, the El
CAROLINA LOZA LÉON BOGOTA Comercio team wrote about the
presence of FARC dissidents in
Ecuador’s Pacific coast border
Ecuador and Colombia are pre- with Colombia. The region has
paring a joint manhunt and mil- drawn little scrutiny from succes-
itary operation in the border re- sive Ecuadorean governments,
gion where two journalists and despite the fact that residents
their driver were killed by a dis- routinely reported FARC and
sident faction of Colombian re- then later dissident rebel activity,
bels last week. Ecuadoreans an- and that it is a well-known route
gry at their government for its for narco-trafficking. The densely
failure to do more to save the Colombian marines stand guard along the Mira river in Imbili, in the Colombian department of Narino near the forested border region has many
team from national newspaper El Ecuador border on Sunday. Two journalists and their driver kidnapped on March 26 in Ecuador by dissident wide rivers that lead to the coast,
Comercio say this is a long-over- FARC rebels were killed on the Colombian side of the border. RAUL ARBOLEDA/AFP/GETTY IMAGES where drug shipments can be
due response in a region that has loaded on to speedboats for
become a narco-trafficking corri- get the dissident rebels in a mil- three rebels who were jailed in Committee of the Red Cross is at- transport north to Mexico and
dor after decades of state neglect. itary operation. Ms. Castro said Ecuador on charges of smuggling, tempting to co-ordinate recovery North America.
The deaths shocked Ecuador that it will be the first real joint and meet other demands, to save of the men’s bodies; the military The journalists were investi-
and led to sharp criticism of the engagement in border security, them. offensive appears to be on hold gating two recent bombings,
government of President Lenin but must be well-planned and On April 11, the Front said in a until that is concluded. highly unusual events in an oth-
Moreno for its handling of the ab- continuing, rather than just polit- statement that it killed the men The Sinisterra Front is led by erwise peaceful country. In late
duction. The killings also made ical window-dressing, given the because the two governments Walter (Gaucho) Artizala, who January, a car bomb behind a po-
clear that although Colombia multiple actors fighting for con- were carrying out military oper- was a mid-rank FARC command- lice station wounded 28 people in
signed a peace deal with the Rev- trol of the coca-growing regions ations near its base – something er and operated on both sides of San Lorenzo, a town near the bor-
olutionary Armed Forces of Col- of southern Colombia and the both governments deny. Two the border; he is now believed to der; two months later a roadside
ombia, known as the FARC, in transit routes around the border. days later, Mr. Moreno confirmed have about 80 troops under his bomb near the town killed three
2016, rebel activity in the country The El Comercio reporting the Ecuadoreans were dead. The leadership. He has no relation- people and wounded 11. Ecuado-
retains the potential to destabil- team (reporter Javier Ortega, killings did not follow the usual ship with the leaders of the FARC rean authorities say Mr. Artizala
ize the region. photographer Paul Rivas and pattern for hostage-takings in the who signed the peace accord, Ms. ordered both attacks.
“The kidnapping and murder driver Efrain Segarra) was investi- Colombian conflict – which typ- Castro noted. “It shows how vio- However, the journalist kill-
of the El Comercio press workers gating drug-related violence in ically involved lengthy negotia- lence is mutating in the region,” ings are seen as a sharp escala-
shows how the complex violence the border region when they tions – and there is speculation she said. tion of the conflict, one that will
in Colombia is far from over,” were abducted on March 26. A re- that the rebels were mainly seek- The great majority of the require a significant response
said Andrea Castro, a security ex- bel group known as the Oliver ing to raise their profile as influ- FARC’s 7,000 fighters demobi- from Quito. Protesters gathered
pert in Quito. Sinisterra Front released a ential actors in the conflict zone. lized after the signing of the outside the presidential palace
Ecuador has sent 550 police of- “proof-of-life” video a few days Top Colombian officials, in- peace deal, handing in their the day after the deaths were con-
ficers to the town of Mataje, later in which the men, shown cluding the Minister of Defence, weapons and transitioning to ci- firmed, chanting “You did noth-
where the men were working chained together in the jungle, immediately flew to Quito for vilian life. As part of the agree- ing!” and major news outlets
when they were abducted, and addressed Mr. Moreno and said meetings about a co-ordinated ment, the FARC promised to end staged blackouts as a sign of
the government said it would tar- he must secure the release of response. The International its involvement in narco-traffick- mourning for their colleagues.

PM’s national security adviser


says briefing was his own idea
LAURA STONE who was behind the co-ordinat-
MICHELLE ZILIO OTTAWA ed efforts.
Mr. Jean told the committee
the Indian government removed
Justin Trudeau’s national securi- Mr. Atwal from a blacklist in 2017
ty adviser said it was his idea to and allowed him to travel to the
brief reporters about a contro- country last summer. He said Mr.
versy that took place during the Atwal is no longer considered a
Prime Minister’s trip to India in security threat, but is a potential
an effort to counter what he embarrassment for the Prime
called a co-ordinated misinfor- Minister.
mation campaign against three The Conservatives accused Mr.
Canadian public institutions. Jean of backing away from his
Daniel Jean told a Parliamen- original “conspiracy theory” dur-
tary committee on Monday that ing Monday’s testimony.
he worked with the Prime Minis- “The Prime Minister clearly
ter’s Office to organize the back- has to say this was a failure of Daniel Jean, national security adviser to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, is questioned by journalists as
ground briefing with select re- the Liberal caucus and of his of- he prepares to testify before the House of Commons in Ottawa on Monday. CHRIS WATTIE/REUTERS
porters after Jaspal Atwal, a B.C. fice to properly vet the list for
Sikh convicted of trying to kill an this trip and he should apologize
Indian cabinet minister in 1986, for that, and apologize to the In-
dian government,” Tory foreign
If not for Daniel Jean’s blunder,
attended official events in India.
Liberal MP Randeep Sarai ini-
tially took responsibility for in-
affairs critic Erin O’Toole said.
The Conservatives and NDP
Atwal affair could have been over in days
viting Mr. Atwal. But Mr. Jean agreed it was inappropriate for
suggested in a background brief- Mr. Jean to brief reporters and CAMPBELL showed up at one. Mr. Trudeau said it was a
ing that factions in India con- that he caused more confusion CLARK mistake, and Liberal MP Randeep Sarai took
cerned about the threat of Sikh by attempting to dispel so-called the blame for inviting Mr. Atwal.
extremism might have orches- misinformation. OPINION Naturally there were questions. Why wasn’t
trated the presence of Mr. Atwal. “Why someone who occupies the guest list vetted? It was embarrassing.
The two different accounts led an extremely important position Then Mr. Jean briefed journalists, including
Conservative MPs to press the such as that is basically engaging OTTAWA those travelling with Mr. Trudeau and a few
government to explain who was in communication exercises is a others. (This writer was not one of them.) The
responsible for Mr. Atwal’s pres- question that I have,” NDP pub- s media-briefers go, Daniel Jean may reports that followed sparked controversy be-
ence during the Prime Minister’s
trip, which was heavily criticized
for everything from his elaborate
outfits to the lack of substantial
announcements.
lic safety critic Matthew Dubé
said.
Last month, the Conservatives
forced more than 20 hours of
non-stop voting in the House to
A be the world’s most incompetent. At
least, judging by what the Prime Min-
ister’s national security adviser told a
Commons committee on Monday.
Mr. Jean told the committee that when he
cause they cited a Canadian official suggesting
the scandal might have been orchestrated in
India.
Mr. Jean testified that he briefed journalists
because he had seen reports that suggested key
Mr. Jean said he offered the press the government to call Mr. briefed reporters in February on Justin Tru- government agencies – CSIS, the RCMP, and
briefing to counter false informa- Jean to testify. The Liberals of- deau’s gaffe-filled trip to India, he was not al- the High Commission to India – knew about
tion that was circulating that fered a classified briefing to Con- leging a conspiracy. He only wanted to refute Mr. Atwal’s invitation, and his past, but did
CSIS, the RCMP and the Cana- servative Leader Andrew Scheer. incorrect reports that claimed security agen- nothing. He said it “appeared” to be a co-ordi-
dian High Commission in Delhi Mr. Jean then agreed to testify cies knew in advance that failed assassin Jaspal nated misinformation campaign and he just
− “three respected institutions” before MPs also. Atwal was on the guest list for two of Mr. Tru- wanted to counter it.
− were aware of Mr. Atwal’s pres- “There is a narrative after the deau’s receptions and did nothing. Setting the record straight is good. Mr. Jean
ence in advance, and that the trip that developed that some- But headlines after his briefing were about was right to tell reporters the government was
PMO did not stop it. how I was either being used as a something else. Several of the journalists Mr. not tipped in advance about Mr. Atwal, that the
Mr. Jean said security agencies human shield, or somehow I had Jean briefed wrote stories in which a senior of- PMO didn’t interfere so he could attend, and
acted to have the invitation with- crossed my public service values ficial suggested Mr. Atwal got into India be- that the Canadian government did not help Mr.
drawn as soon as they were noti- to go and do this,” Mr. Jean said. cause of efforts by people, perhaps rogue fac- Atwal get into India.
fied that Mr. Atwal had attended “Canadians have the right to tions in the Indian government, who were in- It’s when he started speculating about who
an event during the trip. know when there are people try- tent on embarrassing the Canadian govern- might be out to discredit Canada that he
“I never raised a conspiracy ing to create a false narrative us- ment. veered off course, particularly because, as he
theory,” Mr. Jean told the House ing three respected public insti- On Monday, Mr. Jean testified that the brief- admitted, he didn’t know. His testimony sug-
of Commons’ public safety and tutions.” ing was not aimed at protecting the Prime Min- gests there might not be any evidence of a co-
national security committee. Mr. Jean called Mr. Atwal’s ister, but defending the reputation of Canada’s ordinated campaign – he’d seen stories that
“What I said is that there was presence a “faux pas” and agreed security institutions. blamed three Canadian institutions, so it
co-ordinated efforts to try to mis- with Mr. O’Toole that the Liber- But if it was just an effort to correct the re- looked that way. It was very unwise to suggest
inform, and I said that these als were responsible for issuing cord, it spread a gob of confusion. His damage it was a coordinated campaign that could be
were either private people – it the invitation. control left a crater. Yet, in his testimony, Mr. the work of rogue elements of the Indian gov-
was definitely not the govern- “If a Liberal MP had refused to Jean did not seem to know what went wrong. ernment – even if he said it might not be.
ment of India – and if it was peo- invite Jaspal Atwal to the Prime Mr. Jean insisted he never told reporters The reporters he briefed didn’t write about a
ple from India, they were acting Minister’s events in India, there there was a conspiracy in the Atwal affair. In- misinformation campaign, anyway. Several cit-
in a rogue way.” would be no scandal, is that fair stead, he said, there was a co-ordinated misin- ed a Canadian official suggesting factions in In-
Yet, later in his testimony he to say?” Mr. O’Toole asked. formation campaign, possibly carried out by dia orchestrated Atwal’s presence in India. The
said: “What I [told] the media in “You’re correct, sir,” Mr. Jean rogue elements of the Indian government – Canadian Press did, and the CBC. The National
the background briefing is that said. which, check your dictionary, is a conspiracy. Post’s John Ivison wrote a piece asking why In-
there was what seemed to be or- The new national security The reporters he spoke to wrote about an en- dia removed Mr. Atwal from a travel blacklist,
chestrated misinformation…and committee of parliamentarians tirely different conspiracy, anyway, so it seems quoting an official saying, “This was not an ac-
I went out of my way to say, very is also conducting a special re- the national adviser got on the phone to talk cident,” and that the Indian intelligence ser-
clearly, this is not the govern- view of the affair. The commit- about plots in ways that a selection of journal- vice might want to embarrass the Canadian
ment of India. They said well tee, comprised of MPs and sen- ists from major news outlets can’t follow. government.
who [is it]? I said well it’s either ators with the highest level of se- That’s a problem, too. That’s a big difference. If it was a misunder-
private citizens, or it’s people curity clearance, will study alle- Let’s go back to the basics of this tale. Jaspal standing, Mr. Trudeau should have put this
that are from the government gations relating to the India trip, Atwal, a former Sikh nationalist who was con- straight weeks ago. The PM should have also
doing it and are not blessed.” including claims of foreign inter- victed of trying to kill an Indian cabinet minis- made it clear there was no conspiracy to get Mr.
After the meeting, Mr. Jean ference, security risks and inap- ter on a visit to Canada in 1986, was invited to Atwal to his reception. And the Atwal affair
told reporters he did not know propriate use of intelligence. two of Mr. Trudeau’s receptions in India, and could have been over in a few days.
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A4 | NEWS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Judge delays
deciding on
materials
collected in
Cohen raids
BENJAMIN WEISER
ALAN FEUER

A federal judge on Monday held


off on deciding who should get
the first look at a trove of materi-
als seized in the FBI raids last
week on U.S. President Donald
Trump’s personal lawyer’s office,
home, hotel room and safe-de-
posit box.
Feeling her way toward a reso-
lution of the high-stakes clash in-
volving Mr. Trump and the feder-
al prosecutors investigating the
lawyer, Michael Cohen, the judge
did not grant requests by Mr.
Trump and Mr. Cohen for an ex-
clusive first glimpse at the materi-
A man and a boy ride a motorcycle in Douma, Syria, on Monday, where earlier this month a chemical attack took place. Western countries als before the prosecution. But
say the attack was carried out by Syria’s Assad regime. OMAR SANADIKI/REUTERS she also decided that prosecutors
would not immediately have ac-
cess to materials, either.

French President leads West’s push U.S. District Court Judge said
she was considering appointing a
special master to assist in the re-

for peace in Syria following air strikes view, and that Mr. Trump would
ultimately receive copies of the
documents that pertain to him.
The courtroom battle over
what to do with the seized mate-
PAUL WALDIE PARIS Assad looks stronger than ever and Mr. work with Russia and Turkey on human- rial came one week after federal
Macron is suggesting working with Russia itarian relief efforts in Syria. agents, in an extraordinary move,
and Iran on a solution. That, too, seems It’s unclear how far his appeals will go. descended on Mr. Cohen’s prop-
After firing more than 100 missiles at Sy- difficult given the growing mistrust be- Russia has long backed Mr. al-Assad, and erties and walked away with 10
ria, Western allies are now trying to co- tween Russia and the West, compounded securing his position − and protecting boxes of documents and as many
ordinate a peace process that would end by the military strikes which Russia has Russia’s military presence in the country as a dozen electronic devices, in-
the seven-year long conflict but could still insisted were illegal. − will be key. cluding cellphones and computer
leave Bashar al-Assad in power. During Monday’s press conference, Mr. While Mr. Macron was outlining a hard drives.
French President Emmanuel Macron Macron defended Friday’s missile strikes, peaceful way forward, Ms. May was de- Lawyers for the President and
has been leading the effort and on Mon- saying it was a legitimate action against fending the air strikes in the British Parlia- Mr. Cohen, and prosecutors with
day he said Western allies have a respon- the Syrian regime’s use of chemical weap- ment, where she accused the Assad re- the U.S. Attorney’s office for the
sibility to the Syrian people to help them ons. And he said the West will continue to gime of committing a horrifying act with Southern District of New York,
build a free society once the civil war has fight the Islamic State in the country until its alleged use of chemical weapons in the had asked Judge Wood for the
ended. that battle is won. But, he added, the West Syrian city of Douma earlier this month. right to look at the documents in
During a press conference after meet- will continue to have a responsibility to “Innocent families – seeking shelter in un- order to determine which among
ing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the the Syrian people after the civil conflict derground bunkers – found dead with them might be protected by attor-
Élysée Palace, Mr. Macron offered to act as ends. That responsibility includes helping foam in their mouths, burns to their eyes ney-client privilege. That step is
a mediator between the West and Mr. al- develop a constitutional and political and their bodies surrounded by a chlo- important because it could affect
Assad’s main backers, Russia and Iran, as framework that will allow Syrians living in rine-like odour,” Ms. May told MPs. which documents prosecutors
well as Turkey, which has been fighting the country, as well as those forced into She said it was clear that only the Assad can ultimately use in the investi-
Kurdish forces in northern Syria who have exile around the world, to “decide freely regime could have carried out the attack gation.
been aligned to the United States. “Peace their future political regime and assure a with Russia’s help. And she blamed both In the aftermath of the raid,
won’t happen in Syria until we have cer- constitutional structure that permits an Syria and Russia for preventing UN chem- people in the Trump administra-
tainty that all minorities are represented,” inclusive solution.” ical-weapons inspectors from reaching tion said they saw the Cohen in-
he said Mr. Macron made no mention of the the site of the attack. That delay was one quiry as a more serious threat to
This will be the latest in many attempts removal of Mr. al-Assad and he joined reason the Western allies had to act quick- the President than the investiga-
at ending the war. The United Nations has British Prime Minister Theresa May in in- ly with the military strikes, she said. “We tion by special counsel, Robert
been pursuing a peace process for two sisting that Friday’s military action was cannot wait to alleviate further human- Mueller.
years that would include constitutional not “about regime change.” U.S. President itarian suffering caused by chemical While Judge Wood did not for-
reform and elections, but talks have bro- Donald Trump has also been lukewarm weapons attacks.” mally rule on which side should
ken down. The European Union is hoping about removing Mr. al-Assad as a priority U.S. officials have also expressed con- get the initial look and said that
to revive the UN process when EU foreign and Mr. Trump recently indicated he cern that Russians may have visited the discussions would continue, she
ministers meet next week to discuss Syria wanted to pull U.S. forces out of the area. site and removed evidence. Russian and added that she trusted the prose-
and put pressure on Russia to involve the The French President appears to be Syrian forces have denied holding up the cutors. “I have faith in the South-
Syrian government in the talks. Russian treading a careful line on Syria. He led the inspectors or tampering with evidence ern District U.S. Attorney’s office
President Vladimir Putin has held meet- call for the missile strikes and he has and both have said the chemical attack that their integrity is unimpeach-
ings with Mr. al-Assad, Iran and Turkey in harshly condemned the Assad regime, never took place. able,” Judge Wood said.
the hopes of structuring a power-sharing saying it was an enemy of the Syrian peo- The head of the international Organiza- The seized documents could
arrangement, but that, too, has failed. ple. tion for the Prohibition of Chemical shed light on the President’s rela-
The West had for years been calling for Mr. Macron was also the first Western Weapons said on Monday that Syrian and tionship with a lawyer who has
Mr. al-Assad’s removal and used that as a leader to speak with Mr. Putin after the Russian forces had cited security issues for helped navigate some of Mr.
pretext to back rebels battling the regime. missile attacks and he urged the Russian delays in allowing inspectors to reach the Trump’s thorniest personal and
But that has been quietly dropped as Syr- leader to engage in more dialogue “to site of the alleged gas attack. Russian offi- business problems.
ian forces, with Russian and Iranian help, bring peace and stability back to Syria.” cials have said the inspectors will be per-
have gained the upper hand. Now Mr. al- On Monday, Mr. Macron also offered to mitted entry on Wednesday. NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A5

[ INDIA ]

Refugees left homeless


Rohingya refugees look for their belongings in New Delhi on Monday after a fire broke out
at their camp early on Sunday that left around 200 people homeless. No casualties were reported.

MONEY SHARMA/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Drawing on personal struggles to serve veterans


After entering rehab things out, it broke me.” Mr. Trudeau said the govern- ing an investigation by the feder-
Mr. O’Regan, a boyish-looking ment would cover the cost of al ethics commissioner for fail-
for alcoholism in 2016, 47, left CTV’s Canada AM morn- four years of postsecondary edu- ing to disclose as a gift his De-
Veteran Affairs Minister ing show in 2011 to pursue other cation for veterans. But it turns cember, 2016, trip to the Aga
Seamus O’Regan says he opportunities. He went to New out that it will only be available Khan’s private island in the Ba-
York, got an agent, even audi- to veterans who served after hamas. In a statement, Mr. O’Re-
is ‘grateful for this job tioned for 60 Minutes. But the April, 2006, and those with less gan said he received a request
and for this work’ work never came. “You don’t than six years of service will not from the ethics office for infor-
make the cut. You aim high … qualify. mation for a preliminary review,
but there wasn’t much of a soft Mr. O’Regan blames the New and will co-operate fully. He
LAURA STONE landing,” Mr. O’Regan said. Veterans Charter, which came in- called the trip a “personal vaca-
PARLIAMENTARY REPORTER After a decade of structure, he to effect in 2006, for the cutoff – tion” and said he reported it to
OTTAWA didn’t know how to handle the a timeline Mr. Bruyea describes the commissioner’s office when
change. He started drinking too as “arbitrary.” he returned.
much to cope. Mr. O’Regan also defends the In an interview, Mr. O’Regan
eamus O’Regan grew up by “I thrived on chaos at one government’s coming “pensions brushed off concerns about the

S the 5 Wing Goose Bay air-


base in Newfoundland, has a
brother in the navy, and a great-
point. I loved it. I don’t any more,
I definitely don’t,” Mr. O’Regan
said.
for life” plan, which is set to take
effect next April. The plan in-
cludes a tax-free monthly pen-
trip. “He came, he went, he came
back … that’s it.”
Mr. O’Regan took the trip with
granduncle who fought and died He ended up running for the Seamus O’Regan sion payment, and a top-up for the Prime Minister and his fam-
at Beaumont Hamel in France Liberals in the 2015 election. A pain and suffering. The govern- ily, along with restaurateur Steve
during the First World War. few months after winning his St. gles to relate to the 130,000 or so ment is also amalgamating six Doussis, whom Mr. O’Regan mar-
Those were reasons Prime John’s-area seat, Mr. O’Regan en- clients of Veterans Affairs, who pre-existing benefits for veter- ried eight years ago. He said that
Minister Justin Trudeau gave tered a rehabilitation facility for are returning to a life they may ans, whose service-related health before he met his husband, he
when he named Mr. O’Regan, a alcoholism, at the urging of fam- not recognize. problems make it difficult to find struggled with his sexuality
good friend of 16 years, as Minis- ily and friends including the “I am just so grateful for this work, into one taxable income- “more than I knew.”
ter of Veterans Affairs last sum- Prime Minister. job and for this work,” Mr. O’Re- replacement benefit. “I realized in my time in ther-
mer. “ ‘You’re not running 100 per gan said. “As daunting as it is, it Veterans groups say the life- apy, that all of those years of hid-
But there was something else, cent,’ ” he said Mr. Trudeau told has purpose.” time pensions will pay much less ing it or coming to terms with it,
too: an ability to empathize with him. “ ‘And I need you 100 per But many outspoken veterans than what was offered under the had also built up with me,” he
those who served, as they return cent.’ ” feel they’re not being heard – old Pension Act to military per- said. “I was relieved to meet him,
to civilian life. Sitting with a Diet Coke on the and that the Liberal government sonnel who retired before 2006. and then realize, right, it’s okay.”
“The other thing he knew too table of his office beside Parlia- is failing to deliver on its pledge As part of the government’s Mr. O’Regan said he’s often ap-
was, having just gone through a ment Hill, Mr. O’Regan, looking of better services. pitch, Mr. O’Regan has been at- proached by people who are ex-
period of depression and anxie- relaxed in a grey tailored vest, “There’s been a lot of decep- tending town halls across the periencing anxiety and depres-
ty, that I would be sensitive to said he hasn’t relapsed since tion, disappointment and a very country with veterans and their sion in their own lives.
transition. Because I did not completing his 40-day treatment clear failure to follow through on families. “I have work to do. I’m “My advice to them is, it
transition well,” Mr. O’Regan said in early 2016. a campaign promise,” said Sean out there. I believe in this,” he doesn’t always have to be cata-
in a recent interview. “To be kind Now, Mr. O’Regan said he Bruyea, a veterans’ advocate. said. strophic. You’re not broken. It’s a
of left on my own to figure draws on his own personal strug- During the election campaign, Mr. O’Regan may also be fac- bump and you’ll get through it.”

Ottawa nixes rules that deny immigrants with disabilities permanent residence
TERESA WRIGHT OTTAWA epilepsy. “These newcomers can last year. year or two they are going to rec- of the policy are expressing dis-
contribute and are not a burden Liberal MP and committee ognize that this is not a signifi- appointment over the changes,
to Canada,” the minister said. chair Rob Oliphant said he had cant cost.” which they say don’t go far
After four decades, the federal “These newcomers have the hoped government would an- But Conservative immigration enough.
government is getting rid of rules ability to help grow our economy nounce a full repeal. But more critic Michelle Rempel says she James Hicks, national director
that turned away would-be im- and enrich our social fabric.” work must be done to determine believes the costs could indeed of the Canadian Council of Cana-
migrants with intellectual or The changes will amend the the full cost implications to the be high. She was critical of gov- dians with Disabilities, called the
physical disabilities, Immigra- definition of social services by re- provinces, he said. ernment’s decision to move changes mere “tweaks.” His orga-
tion Minister Ahmed Hussen said moving references to special ahead with changes before any nization wanted a full repeal of
on Monday. education, social and vocational concrete data have been devel- the medical inadmissibility pro-
The government will no long- rehabilitation services and per- oped to determine the costs to visions.
er be allowed to reject perma- sonal-support services. the provinces and territories. “While today’s announcement
nent resident applications from Ottawa is also tripling the cost The current provisions “My concern is that the federal should make it easier for some
those with serious health condi- threshold at which an applica- government is downloading persons with disabilities to come
tions or disabilities. tion for permanent residency can on medical costs to the provinces without a to Canada, it falls far short of leg-
Most of those impacted by the be denied on medical grounds. inadmissibility are over real plan to deal with that and islative reform that we had ex-
policy have been economic im- That will allow immigrants 40 years old and are that seems like something they pected.”
migrants already working and with minor health conditions clearly not in line with should have done and consid- Felipe Montoya, the university
creating jobs in Canada, but that have relatively low health ered before they made this an- professor whose case was cited
whose children or spouses may and social-services costs to be ap- Canadian values or our nouncement.” by Mr. Hussen, welcomed the
have a disability, Mr. Hussen said. proved for permanent residency, government’s vision Mr. Hussen said Ottawa will changes, but added he feels they
“The current provisions on such as those with hearing or vi- of inclusion. pay the costs of the changes an- fall short of what many advo-
medical inadmissibility are over sual impairments. nounced on Monday, but re- cates and individuals have
40 years old and are clearly not in Of the 177,000 economic im- AHMED HUSSEN mained unclear about whether pushed for.
line with Canadian values or our migrants admitted to Canada ev- IMMIGRATION MINISTER that would mean additional “We recognize this timid move
government’s vision of inclu- ery year, about 1,000 are affected money in health or social-servic- in the right direction, but will be
sion.” by the medical inadmissibility “We at [the] committee could es transfers. relentless in calling for what
He cited the case of a tenured policy. The changes are expected not get good cost data,” Mr. Oli- “We will reflect on these should have been done today
professor at York University who to dispense with a majority of phant said. changes to see the impact that and not in some indefinite future
was denied permanent residence those cases. “Right now [Mr. Hussen] is go- they will have. We have to wait – full elimination of this discrimi-
because his son had Down syn- There have been calls to repeal ing to have to look at this, the and see what the numbers will be natory policy.”
drome, and another case of a the policy entirely, including Minister of Health will have to before I can answer that ques- The changes are expected to
family that came to Canada and from the House of Commons citi- look at this, the provinces and tion, ” Mr. Hussen said. come into effect June 1.
started a business, but were re- zenship and immigration com- territories are going to have to Meanwhile, groups that have
jected because of a child with mittee, which studied the issue look at this and hopefully in a been advocating for a full repeal THE CANADIAN PRESS
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A6 | NEWS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

PM’s political future hinges on pipeline plan


If Trans Mountain Those that fail are punished. ish Columbia’s NDP government ment’s authority to build the If B.C. balks at arresting protes-
Nine out of 10 Canadians could and Indigenous and environmen- pipeline, although the Supreme ters, will Ottawa send in troops?
expansion goes forward, not explain the Liberal Grand tal protesters. Court is unlikely to adjudicate The answer is almost certainly no.
Trudeau is likely to win Bargain on energy and the envi- To his great credit, Mr. Trudeau that challenge until after the gen- Deploying the army in a province
the 2019 federal election ronment. In essence, that bargain is staring them down. On Sunday, eral election. without first being asked by the
involves a very Liberal sort of he promised financial support for The biggest problem involves provincial government is a bridge
compromise. the pipeline, in concert with the the protesters. Dozens of Indige- too far.
JOHN Because the government is Alberta government. As well, new nous communities in B.C. and Al- Central Canadians are bystan-
IBBITSON committed to fighting climate legislation will explicitly affirm berta have signed agreements ders in this dispute, but they are
change, it has imposed a national the constitutional right of the with Kinder Morgan approving interested bystanders. The Que-
OPINION carbon tax, which takes effect federal government to approve the Trans Mountain expansion. bec government has already crit-
next year. Most provinces already such projects. Many are First Nations who al- icized Ottawa for interfering in
have one in place. Each province He is showing the steel of his ready have the pipeline going B.C.’s jurisdiction, and it’s hard to
ustin Trudeau’s handling of may implement the tax as it sees father − which is ironic, because through their lands, and who will believe the Liberals’ uncompro-

J the Trans Mountain pipeline


issue will decide the fate of his
government. Nothing else is this
fits, with revenues remaining in
the province.
But the Liberals are also com-
this Prime Minister is protecting
the rights of Albertans to extract
and profit from their oil, the very
benefit from the expansion.
But other First Nations are ada-
mantly opposed, fearing an oil
mising defence of pipelines will
win them many votes in Quebec.
But millions of middle-class
important − not deficits-for-in- mitted to protecting the Alberta opposite of Pierre Trudeau’s Na- spill that could contaminate Brit- suburban voters in Ontario deter-
frastructure, not legalizing can- economy and so, in exchange for tional Energy Program. ish Columbia’s lands and waters. mine the outcome of elections.
nabis, not the refugee situation, the carbon tax, Ottawa is backing But the Liberal Grand Bargain And they are joined by environ- How will they react? Will they
not even trade and NAFTA. the Trans Mountain expansion, may fail. Apart from the challeng- mentalists who are willing to en- quietly applaud a Liberal govern-
If Trans Mountain pipeline ex- which by twinning an existing es to the carbon tax, the govern- gage in civil disobedience to ment that is going to the wall in
pansion is under construction 18 line will greatly increase the ment faces substantial head- block construction. defence of Canada’s economic in-
months from now, Mr. Trudeau is amount of bitumen Alberta can winds in completing the pipeline. Will the B.C. government crim- terests? Or will they shake their
likely to win the October, 2019, sell to the world. For one thing, Kinder Morgan, inally charge those who have al- heads at Liberal mismanagement
election. If the project is frustrat- Saskatchewan opposes the car- which owns it, might find the ready been arrested for blocking of the pipeline issue?
ed by legal and illegal resistance, bon tax, and Ontario and Alberta guarantees insufficient. the pipeline? It seems unlikely The answer will lie in whether
he is likely to lose. may as well, depending on the Even if Kinder Morgan does that, in the long term, the Horgan Mr. Trudeau succeeds or fails in
Federal governments are ex- outcome of provincial elections. agree to go ahead, B.C. Premier government will commit much getting the pipeline built. His po-
pected to manage the national But the biggest challenge to the John Horgan is offering a legal political capital to protecting a litical future hinges on that an-
economy in the public interest. Grand Bargain comes from Brit- challenge to the federal govern- pipeline it opposes. swer.

Gallery: Quebec, Montreal


galleries raising money
to buy David painting
FROM A1

The federal institution said it was immediately interested in


owning the piece.
“The National Gallery has the most comprehensive collec-
tion of French art in Canada with major works from the 17th,
18th, 19th, 20th and 21st centuries; a glaring exception is an im-
portant picture by David, a key figure in French art,” Marc
Mayer, director of the National Gallery, said in a statement on
Monday.
“Acquiring the Saint Jerome painting would enhance our
collection in very important ways.”
The National Gallery said the French neoclassical painting
would have drained its annual $8-million acquisition budget
and it could not find support from its network of private do-
nors. The gallery said it learned in 2017 that the church had
approached two foreign museums about buying the David,
and that one expressed interest and “had the funds“ to buy it.
The National Gallery said its board decided to sell a valua-
ble painting to raise the funds for Saint Jerome, which the gal-
lery considered to be of greater significance to its collection.
William George, a member of the Tsleil-Waututh First Nation, speaks during a news conference with Indigenous The process of a museum getting rid of a piece is known as
leaders and politicians opposed to Trans Mountain in Vancouver on Monday. DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS deaccessioning.
In December of 2017, the board of trustees voted to sell Cha-
gall’s 1929 canvas The Eiffel Tower. The National Gallery says it
offered the piece at fair market value to more than 150 domes-
Pipeline: B.C. could sue Alberta over new bill tic art museums, before going to Christie’s auction house for a
sale on the international market.
Christie’s estimates the painting will fetch between US$6-
FROM A1 that go to B.C. every day will need the line from big refineries in the million and US$9-million at an auction in New York on May 15.
to be shipped by rail. According to Edmonton region. The Quebec and Montreal galleries are currently raising
The bill – likely to be passed in the the National Energy Board, most The Alberta legislation could money for a joint bid to buy the David painting. They have un-
weeks ahead – received immedi- of the gasoline consumed in B.C. be followed quickly by similar ac- til mid-June to match an offer made by the National Gallery
ate pushback. B.C. Attorney-Gen- comes from Alberta, delivered tion in neighbouring Saskatche- that is conditional on selling the Chagall.
eral David Eby said if his province primarily via Trans Mountain. wan. Late Monday, Premier Scott “Our goal is to maintain the Saint Jerome in Quebec and
determines the bill is unconstitu- “And it is true that it going on Moe told reporters his govern- thus to keep the links with the community where the artwork
tional, his government could sue rail may inadvertently impact the ment will, within days, introduce was known to the public,” said Agnès Dufour, a spokeswoman
Alberta. “If there is anything in price that people pay for it on the a bill that will restrict oil ship- for the Musée de la civilisation.
this legislation that even suggests other end of the train track,” Ms. ments to B.C. The Musée and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts said they
the possibility of discrimination Notley told reporters. “We’d like to pass it as quickly are also open to working together with the National Gallery
against British Columbians, we Kinder Morgan suspended all as possible so that in the event on a “common” solution.
will take every step necessary to “non-essential” spending on that Alberta moves on their legis- The sale of the Chagall painting, one of only two in the Na-
protect the interests of British Co- Trans Mountain a week ago. On lation, and does turn off the taps – tional Gallery’s collections, drew fierce debate from the arts
lumbians because it will be com- Monday, Ms. Notley said if on May if you will – to British Columbia,” community when it became public earlier this month.
pletely illegal,” he said. 31 her province is seeing signifi- Mr. Moe said. “The province of Gail Lord, a Toronto-based international museum consult-
Chris Bloomer, president and cant investor uncertainty about Saskatchewan would be the next ant, said it was inappropriate for the National Gallery to sell
chief executive of the Canadian the prospects of increased pipe- logical place for B.C. to look for such a valuable part of its collection.
Energy Pipeline Association, said line capacity being built, “then fuel products.” Mr. Moe said Sas- “It’s treading a very fine line on the policy of deaccession-
“we are concerned that the mea- that might be the point at which katchewan hopes the legislation ing,” Ms. Lord said. “Museums are specifically not in the busi-
sures being considered in Bill 12 we’re going to have to be a lot never has to be used. ness of selling in order to buy and buying in order to sell.
could have longer-term, unin- more strategic around what prod- On Monday, a spokeswoman That’s what a commercial dealer is doing.”
tended consequences for indus- ucts get shipped to what markets, for Kinder Morgan Canada had no The National Gallery said it will proceed with the sale of the
try and the public at large. We by what means.” comment, even though the legis- Chagall – which has already left the country under an export
hope that the measures will not The new bill would give the lation could directly affect the permit – even if the David gets snapped up in the meantime.
need to be implemented and that province authority to require that company’s biggest asset and a “The proceeds from the sale will be used to improve the na-
we are able to find a prompt reso- companies exporting energy major source of revenue. Howev- tional collection and, especially, to strengthen Canada’s abil-
lution to the current impasse.” products from Alberta get a li- er, company president Ian Ander- ity to protect its patrimony from exportation, a challenge it
Ottawa and Alberta see the cence – including for products son said earlier this year “it’s not will surely face again,” Mr. Mayer said in a statement.
project to twin the existing Trans such as crude oil and refined fuels, feasible” for Alberta to curtail
Mountain pipeline to make room such as gasoline, diesel and jet shipments of energy products on With a report from Robert Everett-Green
for more diluted bitumen as key fuel − which previously were not its existing pipeline to the West
to reaching new overseas mar- needed. The province’s Energy Coast.
kets, but environmentalists and Minister could set parameters for The Alberta Premier said Sec-
some First Nations view it as an how products are transported, be tion 92 of Canada’s constitution
unacceptable increase in the risk it by pipeline, rail or truck. The
province will also be able to take
allows the province to regulate Gerald Stanley pleads
of oil spills. The Alberta bill comes exports. Ms. Notley acknowledges
one day after Prime Minister Jus-
tin Trudeau interrupted an inter-
other, broader actions such as set-
ting maximum daily quantities of
the legislation is likely to attract a
legal challenge but will withstand
guilty to firearm charge
national trip to meet with Ms. Not- products that can exported. objections.
ley and British Columbia Premier Fines for companies in breach But Mr. Eby said the B.C. gov- NORTH BATTLEFORD, SASK.
John Horgan – with Ottawa prom- of the orders will go to as high as ernment will be assessing the bill
ising to give financial backing to $10-million a day – and for indi- carefully to ensure it is not de-
the project and to introduce legis- viduals, up to $1-million a day. The signed to punish British Colum- A Saskatchewan farmer acquitted in the fatal shooting of a
lation to ensure it is completed. issue of compensation for energy, bians. “The constitution forbids young Indigenous man is giving up his guns and has been
The Alberta government first pipeline or other companies that discrimination around energy, ordered to pay a $3,000 fine after pleading guilty to unsafe
floated the idea of restrictions on could lose revenues as a result of between provinces,” he said in storage of an unrestricted firearm.
oil shipments last month in its the legislation is not addressed in Victoria. Gerald Stanley pleaded guilty on Monday in North Battle-
Throne Speech as a means to push the bill, provincial officials said. Several First Nations chal- ford provincial court to the charge that involved six rifles and
back against “extreme and illegal Ms. Notley has said in the past lenged Ottawa’s approval of the shotguns. The Crown said none of them had trigger locks.
actions on the part of the B.C. gov- there might be short-term pain project in federal court, and a de- The Crown dropped a second count of unsafe storage of a
ernment” in efforts to block the for the industry, but insisted on cision on whether the Liberal gov- restricted handgun.
expansion. But on Monday, Ms. Monday there will be no surprises ernment met its constitutional Mr. Stanley was acquitted in the death of 22-year-old Col-
Notley tried to frame her govern- for energy companies. obligations is expected soon. ten Boushie, who was shot and killed on Mr. Stanley’s farm in
ment’s bill as about giving Alberta But the threat to throttle the Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, August, 2016.
more strategic control over the province’s energy shipments president of the Union of BC Indi- With members and supporters of the Boushie family look-
shipping of its resources to maxi- could stoke more uncertainty in an Chiefs, saisd the Alberta legis- ing on, the judge accepted a joint recommendation for the
mize profits. She said her prov- an industry already struggling lation would not deter protesters fine and a 10-year ban on possessing a firearm. Mr. Stanley is
ince is rapidly running out of with choppy prices and investor in opposing the expansion of the also forfeiting all of his guns, which the defence said are pret-
pipeline space to ship its heavy apathy. Companies that ship oil Trans Mountain pipeline. ty common in many rural homes.
oil. and other products on Trans Mr. Phillip described the legis- Family and supporters of the Boushie family shouted
She said under the legislation, Mountain today include some of lation as an “absolute act of des- “murderer” as Mr. Stanley walked into the courthouse to en-
the province might determine at the world’s largest energy groups, peration” by the Alberta govern- ter a plea.
one point that pipelines do not such as BP PLC and PetroChina ment. Mr. Boushie’s brother, Jace Baptiste, said on Monday it
have enough capacity for bitu- Co. Ltd. Oil-sands giants Suncor hurt to see Mr. Stanley walking freely into court.
men, and therefore more of the Energy Inc. and Imperial Oil Ltd. With a report from Shawn McCarthy
80,000 barrels of refined fuels also deliver gasoline and diesel on in Ottawa THE CANADIAN PRESS
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A7

Bronco remembered as ‘one of a kind’


About 3,000 people
attended the funeral
service in Saskatoon
for Humboldt player

RYAN MCKENNA SASKATOON

Evan Thomas ate Froot Loops for


breakfast, went to the rink for a
skate, then had a nap before
boarding the Humboldt Broncos
bus for a playoff game.
During the April 6 highway
drive to Nipawin, Sask., the 18-
year-old exchanged messages on
Snapchat with friends.
The messages stopped about 5
p.m.
Scott Thomas recounted his
son’s last moments at a memo-
rial service on Monday in the
family’s hometown of Saskatoon.
“His friend and teammate
Brayden Camrud has told us one
of the last things he remembers is
looking at the front of the bus,
seeing Evan pull his dress shirt
on, tie on, flip his fingers through
his hair and the lights went out,”
Thomas said.
He told the crowd that his son Survivors Graysen Cameron and Derek Patter watch a tribute during the funeral of Broncos player Evan Thomas in Saskatoon on Monday. Attendees
died of multiple skull fractures. donned jerseys with ‘Thomas’ on the back and raised hockey sticks over the heads of his family members. KAYLE NEIS/THE CANADIAN PRESS
“We’ve been told that he died
instantly. He did not suffer. There “That’s how random this was. name Thomas on the back and the sport, was a dedicated team- once he’s fully healed.
is some peace in that.” Sitting, standing, front, back. raised hockey sticks over the mate. “I’m sure that’s what they
Evan Thomas was one of 16 Completely random. And vi- heads of his family members as “My grandson was one of a would want,” Camrud said after
killed when the bus and a semi cious.” they walked by. kind,” Marg Ellard said. the memorial.
truck hauling peat moss collided Thomas said he has given up Dozens of audio and video Evan lived with Ellard for two “I’m going to play for them
at a rural intersection north of asking himself why the accident tributes described a humble and seasons when he played hockey and I’m going to think about each
Tisdale. Thirteen others were in- happened. respectful young man who want- in Moose Jaw. He snuck his girlf- and every one of them when I
jured, including Camrud, and An outpouring of grief and ed a career in medicine because riend in through a basement win- step out onto the ice.”
several remain in hospital. support from people around the he wanted to help others. He dow, unplugged the home’s secu- Also Monday, Humboldt Bron-
Thomas said that his son’s cell- world has helped ease some of could pull 95 per cent in almost rity camera and hosted parties, cos officials announced the Go-
phone was recovered after the the pain, he said. any subject, with little effort. And she said. FundMe page dedicated to the
crash and there wasn’t a scratch “It could have happened on he won a top science award in He also passed his driver’s li- team will remain open until mid-
on it. And his body, except for his any bus on any stretch on any Grade 11. cence on his first try, she added. night Wednesday before being
head, was in near perfect condi- road in any part of Canada to any Some said Evan, also known as And she would give anything to transferred to a newly created
tion. hockey team,” he said. “I think E.T., had a wicked sense of hu- have him back again. memorial fund. The online cam-
“My opinion is it was because that is why it has ripped through mour. He perfected making Kraft Camrud, 19, received minor in- paign, which has raised more
Evan was standing – simply everybody so hard.” Dinner, which he usually ate out juries in the crash and has at- than $12-million, is believed to be
standing, putting his suit on. He About 3,000 people attended of a pot. And he was addicted to tended the funerals of his team- the largest of its kind in Canadian
was struck by the upper cabinets the service at SaskTel Centre, Tim Hortons iced cappuccinos. mates in between visiting those history.
of the bus and killed instantly,” where friends and former team- He loved hockey, but also still in hospital.
he said. mates donned jerseys with the played baseball and, no matter He plans to play hockey again THE CANADIAN PRESS

Andrea Constand denies framing Ethics committee urged


Cosby, knowing key witness in trial to broaden privacy study
BILL CURRY
MICHAEL R. SISAK PARLIAMENTARY REPORTER
NORRISTOWN, PA. OTTAWA

Bill Cosby’s chief accuser at his Members of Parliament are facing pressure to expand the
sexual-assault trial on Monday scope of a Facebook study to include a closer look at Google,
denied framing him and said she which collects massive amounts of data on individuals and is
doesn’t know a key witness who a vital link between businesses and their customers.
plans to testify she spoke of levell- On Tuesday, a House of Commons committee will launch a
ing false accusations against a ce- two-week review of the misuse of Facebook data, and MPs say
lebrity. they will then determine whether a broader study of internet
Canadian Andrea Constand privacy is required.
told jurors she doesn’t “recall ever “If there’s a need to go beyond that based on the evidence
having a conversation with” Mar- that we hear, then we’ll go beyond that,” Liberal MP and com-
guerite Jackson. Both women mittee vice-chair Nathaniel Erskine-Smith said. “The idea
worked at Temple University right now is to focus on the specific issue as much as possible.”
around the time Ms. Constand Federal Privacy Commissioner Daniel Therrien will be the
says Mr. Cosby drugged and mo- committee’s first witness. On Thursday, MPs will hear directly
lested her at the comedian’s sub- from Facebook Canada’s head of public policy, Kevin Chan,
urban Philadelphia home in and the company’s California-based deputy chief privacy offi-
2004. Bill Cosby, left, returns to the courtroom on Monday during his cer, Robert Sherman, will appear via a video link.
The defence plans to call Ms. sexual-assault retrial in Norristown, Pa. Andrea Constand denies claims Sydney Eatz, who voluntarily photographs and reviews
Jackson as a witness and says she she planned to set Mr. Cosby up. DOMINICK REUTER/GETTY IMAGES businesses for Google’s official “Local Guides” program, has
will testify that before Ms. Con- warned in a brief to the committee that the internet giant is
stand lodged her allegations Mr. Cosby knocked her out with Andrea Constand’s breasts and not doing enough to police malicious edits to web addresses,
against Mr. Cosby in 2005, Ms. pills and then sexually assaulted vagina and guided her hand to his locations and phone numbers on Google Maps. Such edits
Constand had mused to her about her. Mr. Cosby, 80, says Ms. Con- penis. could give potential customers an incorrect phone number
setting up a “high-profile person” stand consented to a sexual en- If convicted, Mr. Cosby could for a company or say it has closed.
and filing suit. Ms. Jackson has counter. get up to 10 years in prison on She said this is an escalating is-
said that she and Ms. Constand Ms. Constand’s mother fol- each of three charges of aggravat- sue that is creating major head-
worked closely together, had lowed her on the witness stand ed indecent assault. aches for businesses and can put
been friends and had shared hotel and bolstered her account, testi- On Monday, the defence tried government services at risk. This is about to
rooms several times. fying about a phone conversation to cast Ms. Constand as an oppor- “This is about to become the
A judge blocked Ms. Jackson she said she had with the comedi- tunist who baited Mr. Cosby by most significant problem for busi- become the most
from testifying at last year’s trial, an about a year after the alleged feigning romantic interest in him. nesses in Canada,” Ms. Eatz wrote significant problem
which ended in a hung jury, after assault in which he described in The defence said she spent late in her brief. for businesses in
Ms. Constand took the stand and graphic detail their sexual ac- nights at the comedian’s home, Ms. Eatz has the support of To- Canada.
denied knowing her. At the time, count and then apologized. drove four hours to see him at a ny Elenis, president and CEO of
Justice Steven O’Neill ruled Ms. casino and called him twice on the Ontario Restaurant, Hotel and SYDNEY EATZ
Jackson’s testimony would be Valentine’s Day, about a month Motel Association, which is also REVIEWER AND
hearsay. Since then, prosecutors after the alleged assault. calling on MPs to use the hearings PHOTOGRAPHER FOR
GOOGLE’S “LOCAL GUIDES”
have told Mr. Cosby’s lawyers that [Marguerite Jackson] will Ms. Constand has testified that as an opportunity to press Google PROGRAM, ON MALICIOUS
Ms. Constand had modified her she saw the former TV star as a to improve the security of its on- EDITS
statement to acknowledge she testify that before Ms. mentor and had previously reject- line listings.
“recalls a Margo.” Constand lodged her ed his advances. And she said her Google spokesperson Alexandra Hunnings Klein said busi-
The judge has ruled that Ms. allegations against Mr. phone calls to Mr. Cosby were nesses should use the company’s “Google My Business” pro-
Jackson can take the stand at the Cosby in 2005, Ms. about basketball and had nothing gram, an online listing that appears prominently in a web
retrial, but indicated he could re- to do with romance. search, to ensure accuracy.
visit the issue after Ms. Constand Constand had mused to Phone records show Ms. Con- “We use manual and automated systems to detect for spam
was finished testifying. her about setting up a stand, the former director of and fraud, but we tend not to share details behind our processes
Ms. Jackson’s availability as a ‘high-profile person’ and women’s basketball operations at so as not to tip off spammers or others with bad intent,” she said.
witness for Mr. Cosby could be filing suit. Temple University, made brief The committee, which examines issues involving access to
crucial to a defence plan to attack calls to Mr. Cosby around the time information, privacy and ethics, approved a motion propos-
Ms. Constand’s credibility and get Gianna Constand told jurors of a Temple home game on Feb. 14, ing the study late last month, after reports that a research firm
jurors to believe she set Mr. Cosby that she was concerned because 2004, the month after the alleged called Cambridge Analytica improperly obtained the Face-
up. Cosby lawyer Tom Mesereau, her daughter hadn’t been the assault. Ms. Constand testified book data of millions of people, including more than 600,000
who has called Ms. Constand a same since leaving Temple in that she felt a duty to answer Mr. Canadians. The stories quoted Christopher Wylie, a Canadian
“con artist” who framed Mr. Cos- March, 2004, and moving back to Cosby’s inquiries because he was data specialist who had worked in a senior role at Cambridge
by and then collected a US$3.4- Canada, screaming in her sleep a powerful alumnus and trustee. Analytica.
million settlement, asked her and waking up in a sweat. Picking up where he left off on The motion states that, in light of those reports, the MPs
about Ms. Jackson during cross- She said she was “very combat- Friday, Mr. Mesereau questioned will study the privacy implications of platform monopolies –
examination on Monday. She ive” with Mr. Cosby, demanding Ms. Constand about inconsisten- listing Facebook, Google and Amazon – “and possible nation-
again denied knowing her. he tell her the medication he’d cies in her police statements and al and international regulatory and legislative remedies to as-
The defence lawyer then asked, given her daughter and what he’d prior testimony. sure the privacy of citizens’ data and the integrity of demo-
“Did you ever fabricate a scheme done to her. Prosecutors have called to the cratic and electoral processes around the globe.”
to falsely accuse him for money?” Gianna Constand said Mr. Cos- stand five other women who said In interviews, committee members said the goal is to have
“No, sir,” Ms. Constand replied. by told her he’d given Andrea Mr. Cosby drugged and assaulted four meetings over the next two weeks focused primarily on
Ms. Constand, a 45-year-old To- Constand a prescription drug – them, too. The defence has called Facebook and Cambridge Analytica. After that, the MPs will
ronto native, left the witness not the cold and allergy medicine the other accusers irrelevant to discuss whether to launch a broader study. The committee
stand on Monday after testifying Benadryl as he has claimed – but the case. has invited Mr. Wylie, representatives of Google and others to
for seven hours over two days. didn’t provide the name. She said appear, but has not announced the full list. Ms. Hunnings
She told jurors last week that he described how he’d touched Associated Press Klein told The Globe the company will send someone.
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A8 | NEWS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Kendrick Lamar wins the Pulitzer Prize for music


Rapper is the first video involved two black men right, was embraced by the Black
getting arrested for being black Lives Matter movement as an
non-classical or jazz in a Starbucks coffee shop in Phi- unofficial anthem. “We been
artist to win the award ladelphia. hurt, been down before,” Mr. La-
In giving its prize, the Pulitzer mar rapped, echoing the prom-
jury praised DAMN – which was ises and struggles of the civil-
BRAD WHEELER nominated but did not win the rights era and Martin Luther
best-album Grammy earlier this King Jr. “We gon’ be alright.” At
year – as a “virtuosic song collec- the 2016 Grammys, Mr. Lamar be-
Kendrick Lamar has been award- tion unified by its vernacular au- gan his dramatic presentation of
ed the Pulitzer Prize for music, thenticity and rhythmic dyna- Alright and The Blacker the Berry
the first pop artist to win the au- mism that offers affecting vi- dressed as part of a chain gang.
gust honour. Mr. Lamar won for gnettes capturing the complexity In addition to Ms. Tharpe (and
his 2017 album DAMN, an elo- of modern African-American Dire Straits, Moody Blues, Bon
quent, artful and fiercely soulful life.” Jovi and the Cars) gaining entry
album of hip hop and modern Granted, that is not the snaz- into the Rock and Roll Hall of
R&B. ziest pop review ever written. Fame this past weekend, the civ-
With its 2018 prize, Pulitzer is Better is Pitchfork’s assessment, il-rights era soul-jazz siren Nina
telling the rest of world what in which Matthew Trammell Simone also made it past the
many already know to be true: wrote that DAMN was a “wide- gatekeepers. The late Ms. Simone
That Mr. Lamar, at 30 years old, is screen masterpiece of rap, full of is known for her recordings of
the greatest rapper alive, with a expensive beats, furious rhymes, Strange Fruit (about the lynching
lyrical wizardry that is at turns and peerless storytelling about of African Americans), Mississip-
poignant and knife-blade sharp – Kendrick’s destiny in America.” pi Goddam and Young, Gifted and
always fearless and often socially Kendrick Lamar performs during the Festival d’ete de Quebec in Quebec Awards, however, are like des- Black.
relevant. City in July, 2017. AMY HARRIS/INVISION VIA AP tinies, in that they are often de- “Oh but my joy of today, is
Moreover, in honouring Mr. layed. Mr. Lamar’s epochal 2015 that we can all be proud to say,”
Lamar, the first non-classical or nounced Monday, follows three with a history-making perform- album To Pimp a Butterfly is prob- sang Ms. Simone, “To be young,
jazz artist to win the award, Pu- days which saw the dramatic so- ance. ably as Pulitzer-worthy as DAMN. gifted and black, is where it’s at.”
litzer places hip hop on par with prano Jessye Norman win the These are significant African- Then again, it was Mr. Lamar’s In the desert at Coachella –
works by the greatest composers $100,000 Glenn Gould Prize, American accomplishments in excellent exploits after the re- where Beyoncé integrated vocal
of the world. The other finalists rock-music pioneer Sister Roset- the worlds where podiums and lease of To Pimp a Butterfly that snippets of Malcolm X and refer-
for the prize were Quartet, by Mi- ta Tharpe enshrined into the backrooms are dominated by may have put the hip-hop vi- enced Ms. Simone’s Lilac Wine –
chael Gilbertson and Sound from Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and white people. It is glaring that sionary in the minds of the Pu- and among the chin-scratching
the Bench, by Ted Hearne. singer Beyoncé dominate the they all happened around the litzer people in the first place. Pulitzer crowd, heads nod in
The win for Mr. Lamar, an- Coachella Music and Arts Festival same time the most viral online One of Butterfly’s songs, Al- agreement.

Supreme Court to hear arguments on Bissonnette: Suspect says


constitutionality of victim surcharge he remembers ‘everything’
FROM A1
SEAN FINE should be upheld: Because the Legal Services of Toronto, argue
JUSTICE WRITER judges retain their discretion to in written briefs that the sur- The contents of Mr. Bissonnette’s laptop, analyzed by an
fit the penalties to the offender. charge does not help victims or RCMP officer, were presented by the Crown as the court
“A lengthy extension – years or hold offenders accountable be- weighs when, if ever, the killer would be eligible for parole.
A rare judicial rebellion against a even decades where reasonable cause some people cannot pay. The analysis reveals a man dwelling compulsively on
criminal law passed by Parlia- on the facts – can be given to ac- Some offenders are jailed be- themes of weapons and mass shootings. Notorious killers ap-
ment will receive unusual back- count for the actual anticipated cause they cannot pay, which the pear on his online history hundreds of times, including
ing at the Supreme Court this income and expenses of an of- Supreme Court has said should searches on Justin Bourque, who killed three Mounties in
week − from the prosecution. fender,” the province says in a fil- not be allowed. The Indigenous Moncton, and Dylann Roof, the white supremacist who
The question for the court is ing at the Supreme Court. services group says the surcharge slaughtered nine black worshippers at a church in Charles-
whether the “victim surcharge,” a As for the minuscule fines, it violates the equality rights pro- ton, S.C., in 2015.
mandatory financial penalty for said judges cannot set out to tected by the Charter because it He also did searches related to Marc Lépine, who shot and
convicted offenders, is an uncon- “neutralize the surcharge.” But disproportionately affects im- killed 14 women at a Montreal engineering school in 1989.
stitutional form of cruel and un- “that said, in a case where a small poverished Indigenous people. Police delving Mr. Bissonnette’s online activity found
usual punishment against the fine that the offender can afford The hearings at the Supreme searches on two women’s groups at Laval University, where
poor. is fit, having regard to relevant Court involve four offenders Mr. Bissonnette had been a student. The groups are Fémi-
The surcharge is $100 for each principles of sentencing, the sur- from Ontario and one from Que- nistes en Mouvement de l’Université Laval and Comité Femmes de
minor offence, and $200 for each charge would be 30 per cent of bec. In separate challenges in the l’Université Laval.
serious one; for multiple offenc- that fine.” appeal courts of Quebec and On- There were other surprising
es, the penalty can amount to A lawyer for some of the of- tario, all said the surcharge is un- disclosures on Monday, as Mr. Bis-
hundreds of dollars. The Conser- fenders, however, argues that the constitutional, either because it sonnette’s sentencing hearing en-
vative government of Stephen judges’ evasive tactics show why is cruel and unusual punishment tered its second week. In contrast Mr. Bissonnette’s
Harper made the charge manda- the law should be struck down as or a violation of their right to lib- to his confession to police in
tory in late 2013. The money is unconstitutional. erty and security of the person. which he expressed concern father, for his part,
supposed to go to victim services, “It’s not appropriate to have to Both courts of appeal upheld the about his victims, Mr. Bissonnette couldn’t believe his
and is aimed at holding offenders do an end-run around the law to constitutionality of the law, es- told a social worker in jail last son was a suspect in
accountable, the government avoid unconstitutional conse- sentially because those subject to year that he fully remembered the shooting and
said. quences,” Delmar Doucette said it may apply for extensions. the attack and wished he’d killed
A group of offenders is chal- in an interview. At the Supreme In a chart of 24 surcharge cases more people. believed there had
lenging the law. Court, he will represent four con- Mr. Doucette and his co-counsel “It’s not true that I don’t re- been a
Denied the discretion to waive victed offenders ordered to pay Daniel Santoro have put together member, I remember every- misunderstanding.
the penalty for impoverished of- surcharges of hundreds of dol- for the Supreme Court, 12 of the thing,” he confided to the social
fenders such as a homeless Otta- lars. offenders have mental illness, six worker, Guylaine Cayouette. He said that he heard people in
wa man with a monthly income “The law is requiring trial judg- are Aboriginal, five suffered ne- the mosque shouting “Allah” as he unloaded his pistol, and
of $250, judges refused to impose es to do something that they glect and serious abuse as chil- he remembered shooting a victim in the head.
it as written. One judge said it was know is unjust, and they bristle at dren, 18 have addictions and sev- He recalled how a man, presumably Azzeddine Soufiane,
“embarrassing” to be part of a that. They should have the dis- en are homeless. Their income grabbed his arm to try to stop him. He killed him.
system with such laws. cretion to do what is just.” ranges from $100 to $1,200 a “I regret not having killed more people. The victims are in
Some judges gave offenders 25, The surcharge was a central month. heaven, and I’m living through hell,” he said to the social
50, even 99 years to pay. The law part of the former Conservative Whether the case settles the worker.
allows judges to use a fine as an government’s plan to rebalance question of the judges contin- He told Ms. Cayouette that he had idolized mass killers
alternative to the fixed penalties, the justice system in favour of uing to evade the law as written since adolescence, and had wanted to carry out a shocking
and some have given fines as low victims. A surcharge created in will depend on how the Supreme gesture himself. Ms. Cayouette described Mr. Bissonnette as
as $1, which would include a sur- 1989 had allowed judges to ex- Court writes its ruling. But judges calm, coherent and articulate during the exchange.
charge of 30 cents. empt the poor. Last month, the have not been punished for re- Mr. Bissonnette’s father, for his part, couldn’t believe his
In two days of hearings at the Liberal government introduced a belling. Two lower-court judges son was a suspect in the shooting and believed there had
Supreme Court beginning on bill that would restore that dis- who wrote detailed rulings, one been a misunderstanding. In an interview with police the day
Tuesday, the Ontario Attorney- cretion. However, a similar law striking the law down and the after the Jan. 29 attack, Raymond Bissonnette said his son
General’s department, which the Liberals introduced earlier other setting out why $5 fines had behaved normally the day of the crime.
prosecuted some of the cases, was not passed. make sense, have been promoted Asked about whether his son had a girlfriend, Mr. Bisson-
will argue that the availability of Mr. Doucette and intervenors by the Liberal government to the nette replied that he didn’t, and this was tough for his son. He
those methods to evade the sur- that include the Criminal Law- top courts of Ontario and Que- had trouble meeting women and suffered from “lack of self-
charge demonstrates why the law yers’ Association and Aboriginal bec. esteem,” his father said.
The day ended, however, with Mr. Derbali, the first person
to deliver a victim-impact statement to the court. He was
shot at the mosque as he deliberately stood in the line of fire
to distract Mr. Bissonnette, actions that Superior Court Jus-
ROLEX•PATEK•CARTIER tice François Huot described from the bench as an “incred-
ible demonstration of courage.”
DIAMONDS Crown prosecutor Thomas Jacques said that in video tak-

WANTED en from one of the cameras inside the mosque, Mr. Derbali
can be seen “very courageously and heroically” trying to stop
the shooter. He was one of the first worshippers to try to do

• BUYING • We buy
GOLD
&
so, Mr. Jacques said.
After rolling up in his wheelchair and taking his place be-
fore the judge, Mr. Derbali struggled to move his weakened
hand to swear on the Koran. He said he regrets he will never
PAINTINGS BY: SILVER be able to play soccer with his son again, and has to cope with

VAN RIJK “intolerable pain” from his injuries. He thinks of the men
who were killed and the children who will never see their

MARCELLE BUY•SELL•TRADE
vanrijk.com
fathers.
“I thought of all my brothers who left 17 orphans behind,”
he said. “They didn’t have this chance that I did to see my
children again.”

FERRON 416-440-0123 90 Eglinton Ave. E The sentence hearing continues.

Lynda Marie Shearer


Canadian Art Group
55 Avenue Rd. #2975
Toronto M5R 3L2
416-774-8575
canadianart@rogers.com
Visit the Gen Y Money hub at
canadianartgroup.com tgam.ca/genymoneyhub Aymen Derbali, a Quebec City mosque shooting victim,
Join our Facebook group at seen in a rehabilitation facility in January, 2017, told court on
facebook.com/groups/genymoney Monday he regrets he will never be able to play soccer with
his son again. DARIO AYALA/THE GLOBE AND MAIL
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A9

Canada recalls
the families
of diplomats
in Cuba as
10 face brain
symptoms
MIKE BLANCHFIELD OTTAWA

The families of Canadian diplo-


mats serving in Cuba are being re-
called as a response to mysterious
incidents that have plagued some
staff and dependents.
The move comes after 10 Cana-
dians continue to show unex-
plained brain symptoms, officials
say.
That number includes an un-
Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath addresses supporters at a rally in Toronto on Monday, as she unveils her party’s platform for the known number of children and
coming provincial election. She received the loudest cheering for her promises related to child care. CHRIS YOUNG/THE CANADIAN PRESS non-diplomat family members,
but government officials are giv-
ing no further breakdown, citing
privacy concerns.

Ontario NDP vows to tackle Government officials, who


briefed journalists on the condi-
tion of anonymity, say the contin-

child care, health care


uing problems are raising con-
cerns about a new type of ac-
quired brain injury, the cause of
which remains a mystery. Offi-
cials say the cause could be hu-
Party’s electoral platform lutely does not have to be this way. I am percentage point in income tax, while man-made.
here today because there is hope.” those above $300,000 would pay two per- Spouses, children or even par-
promises big spending targeted The 100-page platform, dubbed Change centage points more in income tax. The ents of Canadian diplomats cur-
at lower-income households as for the Better, is Ms. Horwath’s plan to party would also impose a 3-per-cent sur- rently accompanying them in Ha-
it looks to make gains against defeat Premier Kathleen Wynne and her charge on vehicles that cost more than vana will begin leaving the Cuban
Liberals. Promising five years of deficits, $90,000. capital immediately.
Doug Ford’s PC Party the plan includes programs similar to To cool the housing market further af- Havana has now been declared
those already announced by Ms. Wynne in ter the Liberals introduced a foreign- an “unaccompanied post” in the
a budget tabled last month, but expands buyer’s tax last year, the NDP would cre- Canadian foreign service – a des-
JUSTIN GIOVANNETTI them to more people. ate a new speculation tax on homes. The ignation Cuba now shares with
Ms. Horwath received the loudest tax would require foreigners and Cana- Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and
cheering on Monday for her child-care dians who don’t pay taxes in Ontario to South Sudan.
Ontario’s New Democrats would invest promise, which would create free spaces pay $5 for every $1,000 of the assessed Cuba is a favourite tourist des-
billions in schools and hospitals while for families that earn less value of their property an- tination for Canadians, with more
spending billions more expanding social than $40,000. The party says nually. than one million visiting the Ca-
programs, paid for by increasing taxes on 70 per cent of families would The New Democrats also ribbean island annually, but
higher incomes, Leader Andrea Horwath pay between zero and $12 said they would cancel a 25- Global Affairs Canada says there
promised if her party forms government. daily. The amount a family We’ll ask those very per-cent cut to hydro bills is no evidence of any related ail-
Looking to win a June election to the would pay increases with made by the Liberals and ments among Canadian travell-
left of a Liberal Party that has moved their income and richer On- top income earners, would instead find savings ers.
steadily toward the NDP’s brand of poli- tarians would need to pay like Doug Ford, and in the electricity system to Canada is working with the
tics, Ms. Horwath unveiled her party’s the full price for child care, those very profitable cut bills by 30 per cent. They United States – many of whose
electoral platform on Monday. The New currently about $20,000 an- corporations, like promised the 30-per-cent staff in Havana also took ill – and
Democrats are also looking to make gains nually in certain areas of the cut wouldn’t cost taxpayers Cuban authorities to try to solve
against a Progressive Conservative Party province. Doug Ford’s anything. The Liberals said the mystery.
under Doug Ford that looks poised to win The Liberals have prom- corporation, to pay a the plan would increase hy- Cuba says it is not responsible
power, helped by blue-collar voters who ised free child care for all little bit more so that dro rates. for the unexplained incidents,
were once the NDP’s base. children from the ages of 2½ the rest of us can “Ontario Liberals wel- but the fallout has led the United
The party’s blueprint for the election until they are eligible for come many of the policies in States to recall many of its diplo-
promises big spending targeted at Ontar- kindergarten, regardless of a build a good life. the NDP platform as we are mats and expel Cuban represen-
ians who make less than $40,000 annual- family’s income. either already implementing tatives from Washington.
ANDREA HORWATH
ly, with expanded access to inexpensive Ms. Horwath defended NDP LEADER them or because they rein-
drugs and dental care, as well as child care her party’s plan to require force our view that this elec-
that would cost lower-income families at higher-income families to pay more. tion provides a stark choice between care Canada is working with
most $12 a day. “That’s pretty much the theme of our and Conservative cuts,” the party said in a
“We’ve been told to switch back and plan,” she said. “We’ll ask those very top statement. the United States … and
forth, from the Liberals to the Conserva- income earners, like Doug Ford, and those The New Democrats’ fiscal plan was as- Cuban authorities to try
tives, and back again. As though the only very profitable corporations, like Doug sessed by the Institute of Fiscal Studies to solve the mystery.
choice is between bad and worse,” Ms. Ford’s corporation, to pay a little bit more and Democracy, run by former parliamen-
Horwath told supporters at a Toronto hos- so that the rest of us can build a good life.” tary budget officer Kevin Page. The “cost- Global Affairs Canada said the
pital as she prepares to lead the party for Under the NDP’s plan, people earning ing of individual measures appears rea- new status of the Havana mission
the third time into an election. “It abso- more than $220,000 would pay an extra sonable,” Mr. Page concluded. is the result of an environmental
assessment of its staff housing
completed in March that failed to
turn up a cause. The decision is al-
so being taken after the troubling
McArthur charged with eighth count of murder findings of a University of Penn-
sylvania study of U.S. diplomatic
staff.
TU THANH HA “According to these specialists,
JUSTIN LING medical information raised con-
cerns for a new type of acquired
brain injury. Additional research
Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, the latest is needed to better understand
man named as a victim of alleged serial this,” Global Affairs Canada said
killer Bruce McArthur, came to Toronto as in a statement on Monday.
a refugee claimant and, after his bid to re- “The cause remains unknown,
main in Canada was rejected, his family in but could be human-made.”
Sri Lanka thought that he might have gone Government officials declined
into hiding. to give further details of the new
Instead, a few days ago, just during the medical findings and referred re-
celebrations of the Tamil New Year, his rel- porters to the study itself, which
atives got the news that Mr. Kanagaratnam was published in February by the
was the eighth man to be named as a mur- Journal of the American Medical
der victim of Mr. McArthur. Association.
“During this auspicious time of New Canada and Cuba continue to
Year, if this sad news makes you feel bad, have “a positive and constructive
please forgive me,” Mr. Kanagaratnam’s relationship” and have been co-
uncle, Haran Thanigai, wrote on Facebook operating to find a cause since
Saturday. problems first surfaced about a
In recent years, the family had turned to year ago, the statement said.
Facebook in an attempt to re-establish But officials said on Monday it
contact with Mr. Kanagaratnam. In their remains a mystery that has no ap-
posts, they said they lost contact with him parent precedent in diplomatic
during a period when he tried unsuccess- Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, above, has been identified as a victim linked to the case affairs.
fully to get permanent asylum in Canada. against Bruce McArthur. About 27 people from 10 diplo-
Eventually, on Dec. 9 of last year, one of matic families underwent testing
Mr. Kanagaratnam’s brothers, Kiso Kumar, northern tip of Sri Lanka. poses the possibility that there could be when some complained of dizzi-
wrote a public appeal for help on Facebook Although there are relatives also living more victims they’ve yet to come across, ness, headaches and difficulty
because the family had failed to locate him in Britain and France, the family home is adding that “he doesn’t quite fit the pro- concentrating.
after a year. on a narrow palm-lined street in the north- file.” The symptoms developed
A month later, Toronto police an- ern Sri Lankan city of Jaffna. “This does create basically a wide open amid concern about possible
nounced that they had arrested Mr. McAr- The death notice said Mr. Kanagarat- net,” Det. Sgt. Idsinga said. “We’ve had lots acoustic attacks in 2016 and 2017,
thur, a 66-year-old landscaper. He was nam studied at St. John’s College, a private of calls, international calls, since our pleas but officials said on Monday that
charged with the first-degree murders of school in Jaffna. began, from people who just the theory of an acoustic or sonic
seven men with connections to the city’s At a news conference on haven’t seen family mem- attack has been ruled out.
Gay Village. Investigators made the excep- Monday, Detective Sergeant Thus far, there is no bers for years.” Canadian diplomats in Havana
tional decision to release the photo be- Hank Idsinga credited dili- The investigator did stress were told on Monday of the
lieved to have been taken after the death of gent follow-up work by in- clear indication that that police had missed signs changes, and officials said they
another man. vestigators in establishing Mr. Kanagaratnam of connections to the Gay would be given time to evaluate
Last Thursday, police were able to iden- Mr. Kanagaratnam’s identity. was himself gay or Village before. When investi- any future career decisions, given
tify the man in the photo: Mr. Kanagarat- Mr. Kanagaratnam was 37 had any ties to the gators first identified Dean the effect on their families.
nam. The family was notified during the and living in Scarborough Lisowick as an alleged victim Many of the embassy staff were
weekend and, by Monday morning, Mr. when he is believed to have Gay Village. of Mr. McArthur, they had due to rotate out and be replaced
McArthur was charged with an eighth been killed. He did not have not yet realized that he was this coming August, but now all
count of first-degree murder. direct family in Canada and had not been well-known in the heart of the Village. those involved will be given time
Police say Mr. Kanagaratnam was killed reported missing here. “Whether that comes true with Mr. Ka- to re-evaluate their next moves,
some time between Sept. 3 and Dec. 14 of Thus far, there is no clear indication that nagaratnam or not, I don’t know,” Det. Sgt. officials said.
2015. Mr. Kanagaratnam was himself gay or had Idsinga said. The Cuban embassy in Ottawa
According to a death notice published any ties to the Gay Village. Mr. McArthur is also charged with the did not respond to a request for
in a Tamil newspaper and posted by rela- Det.-Sgt. Idsinga told reporters that Mr. murders of Skandaraj Navaratnam, Abdul- comment on Monday.
tives on Saturday, Mr. Kanagaratnam was Kanagaratnam’s case, because he had no basir Faizi, Majeed Kayhan, Soroush Mah-
born in Nainativu, a small island off the obvious ties or connection to the Village, mudi, Selim Esen and Andrew Kinsman. THE CANADIAN PRESS
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A10 FOLIO O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Brexit thrusts Commonwealth


summit out of the shadows
and into the spotlight
Much of the focus of the LONDON Trade will be a major topic of discus- heads to London for the summit after vis-
sion during the two-day leaders’ meeting, iting France, has made LGBT rights a ma-
two-day leaders’ meeting is which starts on Thursday with much of jor concern at the Commonwealth, but
expected to be on Britain’s s the leaders of the 53 Common- the focus on Britain’s departure from the leaders have controversially taken that off
departure from the EU,
Paul Waldie reports
A wealth countries prepare to gather
this week in London for their bien-
nial summit, there’s a growing sense of re-
European Union in March, 2019. But it
won’t be the only topic. There will also be
a discussion about a new charter on ocean
the agenda for this meeting.
And then there’s the issue of leader-
ship. The Queen is turning 92 and the
vival within the organization. governance to promote environmental leaders will attend a special birthday con-
Once seen by many as a relic of the co- protection and sustainable development cert. There’s also speculation they will pri-
lonial era, the Commonwealth has sud- of maritime industries, as well as a decla- vately discuss who should succeed her as
denly become relevant, thanks largely to ration on cybercrime and new guidelines head of the Commonwealth. It’s not a
Brexit and the increasing isolationism in for election observation. hereditary position and her successor
the United States. And, with 2.4 billion The leaders will also have to wrestle won’t automatically assume the title. So
people and nearly US$10-trillion in total with human rights and the treatment of who will it be?
economic output, the organization is LGBT communities in 37 member coun- Here’s a look at what to expect from the
hard to ignore. tries. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who meeting.

INTRA-COMMONWEALTH TRADE PROSPECTS BY 2020


The impact of global trade slowdown, 2010-20, in US$Billion
$1,200
US$1-trillion: projection with
1,000 proactive policy measures*

800

600

400 US$700-billion: estimated


intra-Commonwealth trade
200

0
2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

*projection in 2015 Commonwealth Trade Review


EDGAR SU/REUTERS
WORLD TRADE GROWTH
7%

Trade 5

Commonwealth leaders have talked about increasing trade


4
among member states for decades with little to show for it.
Brexit has given the debate some new momentum. Britain
will be out of the EU next March and the country is eager to 3
find new trading partners. Many British lawmakers see the
Commonwealth as a natural place to start. They argue that 2
the common ties among the 53 member countries make it an
ideal trading bloc. Indeed, some studies have shown that the
commonalities among Commonwealth members − such as 1
similar legal systems and the same language – mean that the
costs of trading within the group are 19 per cent less than 0
1980s
1990s

2000s
1980-2007
2012
2013

2014
2015
2016
2017

2018
2019
2020
2021

trading among non-member states.


Currently, intra-Commonwealth trade stands at around
US$560-billion annually. That’s expected to rise to US$1-tril-
lion by 2020 and could go higher if Brexit leads to more trade.
Canada, too, should look toward the Commonwealth for Note: growth rates for 2017-21 are IMF projections
greater trade diversity, especially if the United States pulls
back from the North American free-trade Agreement, says
Imran Abdool, an economics professor at the University of GROWTH IN EXPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES
Windsor. He believes that in the next 10 years or so, Canada OF SELECTED COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES,%
should increase its trade among its Commonwealth breth- Percent change in volume of exports of goods and services
ren. “If there is the political will, I think it’s something that
could very well happen,” he said. “A lot of these countries, Swaziland
they are kind of becoming mistrustful of traditional trading Guyana
partners. And I think there’s going to have to be a restart to
Nigeria
international trade.” Average 2013-16
There is also a growing move toward free trade and free Grenada Average 2017-20
movement of people, among four key Commonwealth mem- CANADA (estimated)
bers: Canada, Britain, Australia and New Zealand. “What
we’re saying is that especially between Canada, Australia, Malaysia
New Zealand and the United Kingdom, there’s definitely no Sri Lanka
harm in having free trade and there’s certainly a great bene-
fit,” said James Skinner, who heads the Vancouver-based New Zealand
Commonwealth Freedom of Movement Organization. “Brex- Tanzania
it is going to be a great opportunity for the U.K. to negotiate
its own trade agreements. What we would like to see is for the Papua New Guinea
United Kingdom to join the trade agreement that exists be- Cyprus
tween Australia and New Zealand and also for Canada to join
that as well. That’s not only for trade in goods, but also mu- Cameroon
tual recognition of skills such as doctors and architects, to Australia
work in each country.”
Jamaica
In another signal of the importance of the trade issues
within the Commonwealth, India’s Prime Minister is attend- Britain
ing the leaders’ summit for the first time in nine years. India Mozambique
has been lacklustre about the Commonwealth, but Prime
Minister Narendra Modi has been keen to develop new trad- Zambia
ing relationships. There have also been suggestions that In- Bahamas
dia could take on more of a leadership role within the orga-
nization. South Africa
Many others question the likelihood of the Common- Pakistan
wealth becoming an effective trading bloc, or even much of
an alternative for Britain after Brexit. They point to the huge Ghana
economic disparity among Commonwealth members, which Botswana
range from dozens of tiny countries such as Nauru, with a
population of about 13,000, to India with around 1.3 billion Kenya
people. The far-flung nature of the association also makes Singapore
trade difficult and Britain’s current trade with Common-
wealth countries makes up about one-tenth of its total ex- Namibia
ports. Rwanda
Canada has also shown little interest in boosting trade
Bangladesh
among its Commonwealth partners. In an interview last
month, Finance Minister Bill Morneau said although Canada Malawi
has historic ties to the Commonwealth, the government’s India
trade priorities lie elsewhere. “Our approach around expand-
ing trading relationships has been to be focused on places Uganda
where we have current and future opportunities,” he said, -5% 0 5 10 15 20 15
referring to the EU and China. “So we are thinking about the
size of the economies that we’re trying to expand trade with.”
THE GLOBE AND MAIL, SOURCES: COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT’S PROJECTION
EXERCISE BASED ON WTO TRADE GROWTH ESTIMATES; COMMONWEALTH
TRADE REVIEW 2018; IMF; WTO; BREXIT AND COMMONWEALTH TRADE;
COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT (CALCULATED FROM IMF WORLD ECONOMIC
OUTLOOK DATA, OCTOBER 2017)
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O A11

Pedestrians walk underneath flags of Commonwealth countries hanging in central London on Sunday. BEN STANSALL/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

FRED LUM/ JACK HILL/REUTERS


THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Human rights Leadership


The Commonwealth likes to pride itself on its charter of val- The Queen was named head of the Commonwealth at her
ues, which stresses democracy, human rights and gender coronation in 1953, taking over the title from her father, King
equality. But the organization is voluntary and works on the George VI. But the ceremonial role is not hereditary and it’s
basis of consensus, which rules out taking a stand on many up to Commonwealth leaders to decide who will replace her.
issues. LGBT rights have been a particular sore point and last That’s become a critical issue since it’s unlikely the Queen
week the Commonwealth secretariat received a petition will be able to attend another leaders’ summit, given that she
signed by 104,000 people calling on the organization to push no longer travels outside Britain.
for LBGT rights in 37 member countries where same-sex rela- It is widely expected that Prince Charles will take over as
tionships are criminal offences and, in some cases, punisha- head of the Commonwealth when, as expected, he becomes
ble by death. Leaders have opted not to discuss the issue dur- King, but the leaders could opt for a non-royal to better re-
ing this summit, but that isn’t likely to stop protesters who flect member countries. Of the 53 Commonwealth members,
have already been gathering in London. only 16 have the British monarch as their head of state.
British diver Tom Daley joined the call to action last week Kate Osamor, a British MP, has urged Commonwealth
during the Commonwealth Games in Australia. After win- leaders to select someone other than Prince Charles. Ms. Osa-
ning a gold medal in the 10-metre synchronized dive, he mor said someone more “level-headed” who “thinks outside
lashed out at member countries that deny gay rights. “There the box” would be a better choice. “I just don’t think it should
are 37 countries in the Commonwealth where it is illegal to be be him [Prince Charles]. I don’t really know what he’s been
who I am. And hopefully we can reduce that number,” Mr. up to of late. He’s not been that vocal on issues,” she added.
Daley said. “You want to feel comfortable in who you are
when you are standing on that diving board and for 37 Com-
monwealth countries that are here participating that is not
the case.”
The Commonwealth is also facing calls to take action
against Cameroon over violence and human-rights abuses in
that country’s English-speaking region. The Cameroon gov-
ernment has faced international condemnation for its
heavy-handed tactics in putting down protests. President
Paul Biya will be at the summit and he could come under
pressure from other leaders.
Some politicians in Britain also want the British govern-
ment to apologize during the meeting for the many wrongs
the country has committed against its former colonies over
the decades, including not joining the Commonwealth in
sanctions against South Africa during the apartheid era.
“This week would be an appropriate moment to correct that
historic mistake, and would send a wider signal to our Com-
monwealth cousins that we in the U.K. truly recognize that
the days are gone when our union was described – in colonial
terms – as the ‘British Commonwealth,’ ” British member of
Parliament Emily Thornberry said.
There are some encouraging signs for the Commonwealth.
Gambia has rejoined the association after the democratic
election of President Adama Barrow last year, which ended
22 years of iron-fisted rule by Yahya Jammeh. He pulled the
country out of the organization in 2013.
There’s also talk of Zimbabwe rejoining, too, now that Em-
merson Mnangagwa has replaced Robert Mugabe, who had
ruled the country since 1980. Zimbabwe was suspended from Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, shake hands
the Commonwealth in 2002,s and Mr. Mugabe later withdrew with onlookers in Wellington, Ont., in 2017.
its membership. ADRIAN WYLD/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Protesters wave Ambazonian flags in Bamenda, Cameroon, in 2017. The British diver Tom Daley holds up his gold medal on April 13. Last week during the
Commonwealth is facing calls to take action over violence and human-rights Commonwealth Games in Australia he joined the call to action for LGBT rights.
abuses in Cameroon’s English-speaking region. REUTERS TV/REUTERS ATHIT PERAWONGMETHA/REUTERS
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A12 | NEWS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Federal Green Party Leader Elizabeth May, right, and NDP MP Kennedy Stewart, second right, stand with protesters before they were arrested outside Kinder Morgan's facility in Burnaby,
B.C., on March 23. Ms. May and Mr. Stewart are two of dozens now facing charges. DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Special prosecutors appointed


for MPs charged in pipeline protest
BC Protection Service sary “to avoid any significant po- May 7, in groups of 10. petitions and protests that have court challenges and just push
tential for real or perceived im- Mr. Stewart, who appeared in drawn thousands of people to the this pipeline ahead, he’s not
says criminal proper influence in the adminis- court on Monday alongside 18 oth- Burnaby site with regularity. meeting the rule of law,” he said.
proceedings warranted tration of criminal justice,” ac- ers who had been arrested, said he On April 8, Kinder Morgan an- Ms. May did not comment on
for those arrested cording to a statement from the had reviewed the possibilities and nounced it would suspend all her own case but spoke generally
BC Prosecution Service (BCPS). is prepared for what may happen. non-essential activities and relat- on Prime Minister Justin Tru-
The BCPS also announced on Ms. May was in Ottawa and had ed spending on the project, with deau’s pledge that he would intro-
ANDREA WOO Monday that criminal – not civil – her lawyer attend on her behalf. chairman and chief executive of- duce “legislative and financial
proceedings are warranted for “I’m here today respecting the ficer Steve Kean saying the com- measures” to push the project for-
those who were arrested at Kinder process and I will continue to be,” pany “cannot litigate its way to an ward.
Special prosecutors have been ap- Morgan’s Burnaby facilities in Mr. Stewart said. “And I’ll go back in-service pipeline amidst juris- “If Trudeau’s Liberals want to
pointed to handle criminal con- breach of a court injunction. B.C. to parliament tomorrow to make dictional differences between bring in legislation to confirm the
tempt proceedings against two Supreme Court Justice Kenneth my political case for why this governments.” status quo, which is to say there is
British Columbia MPs arrested Affleck had said one week earlier pipeline is not a good idea.” The pipeline company said it federal jurisdiction over interpro-
alongside dozens of others during that he is of the view that the pub- Nearly 170 people have been ar- would consult with stakeholders vincial pipelines, fine. It accom-
protests against Kinder Morgan’s lic nature of the breaches warrant- rested since mid-March during in an effort to reach agreements plishes nothing,” Ms. May told re-
Trans Mountain pipeline expan- ed criminal sanctions. protests at Kinder Morgan’s Bur- by May 31that could allow the pro- porters in Ottawa on Monday.
sion. As well, the BCPS will take over naby Mountain facilities. Of ject to still go ahead. “It does not for one minute
Michael Klein and Greg DelBi- the prosecution from Trans those, 124 people have either been Before entering the courtroom take away the other reality: There
gio, both senior Vancouver law- Mountain lawyers. Justice Affleck served personally with contempt on Monday, Mr. Stewart noted are constitutionally enshrined
yers in private practice, will han- had said a private litigant should motions or received materials that the National Energy Board rights of Indigenous peoples in
dle the cases involving Burnaby not shoulder responsibility for and been in contact. As of Mon- (NEB) must still approve one- this country. They are embedded
South MP Kennedy Stewart and the prosecution. day, there were 78 people on the third of the final route, and that in the constitution. No legislation
Federal Green Party Leader and The proceedings against Ms. trial schedule. Kinder Morgan has so far met less can say that federal jurisdiction
Saanich-Gulf Islands MP Eliza- May and Mr. Stewart have been Opposition to the contentious than half of the NEB’s 157 condi- over interprovincial pipelines is
beth May respectively, B.C. Su- adjourned for two weeks. Trials pipeline expansion project has tions. “For the Prime Minister to paramount to the extent that it
preme Court heard on Monday. for dozens of other protesters ar- taken the form of court challeng- say he’s going to override British dissolves the rights of Indigenous
The appointments were neces- rested in recent weeks will begin es, interprovincial trade disputes, Columbia, he’s going to override peoples.”

Eight men go on trial in India for rape, murder of young girl


FAYAZ BUKHARI SRINAGAR, INDIA On Monday, Mr. Gandhi tweet-
ed there had been nearly 20,000
child rapes in India in 2016, and
Eight men accused of involve- urged Mr. Modi to fast-track pros-
ment in the rape and murder of ecutions “if he is serious about
an eight-year-old Muslim girl in providing ‘justice for our daugh-
India’s Jammu and Kashmir state ters,’ ”
appeared in court on Monday for Although the rape and killing
the first hearing in a case that of the girl in Kashmir had been
sparked nationwide outrage and known about for months, the
criticism of the ruling party. backlash erupted after the charge
The girl, from a nomadic com- sheet giving gruesome details of
munity that roams the forests of the crime was filed last week.
Kashmir, was drugged, held cap- It alleged that the attack was
tive in a temple and sexually as- part of a plan to drive the nomads
saulted for a week before being out of Kathua district in Jammu,
strangled and battered to death the mostly Hindu portion of In-
with a stone in January, police dia’s only Muslim-majority state.
said. The alleged ringleader of the
Public anger at the crime led to campaign, retired bureaucrat
protests in cities across India over Sanji Ram, looked after a small
the past few days, with outrage Hindu temple where the girl had
fuelled by support for the ac- been held and assaulted. Two of
cused initially shown by state the eight on trial are police offi-
government ministers from cers who stand accused of being
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s bribed to stifle the investigation.
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). After Monday’s initial hearing
The protests have also focused Indian Muslim women hold placards and shout slogans in Chennai on Monday during a protest against the in Srinagar, the judge adjourned
on another rape allegedly involv- recent rape and murder of an eight-year-old girl. ARUN SANKAR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES the case until April 28 while the
ing a BJP lawmaker in the crime- Supreme Court heard a petition
ridden, most populous, poor In that case, the corpse of a girl Before leaving for an official like gangsters, to shore up its from the lawyer representing the
northern state of Uttar Pradesh. was found near a cricket ground visit to Europe this week, Mr. Mo- rule. victim’s family to have the trial
The outrage has drawn paral- in the city of Surat a week ago. di received a letter from 50 for- The former officials said they held elsewhere owing to fears for
lels with massive protests that The postmortem showed she mer police chiefs, ambassadors held no political affiliation other her safety.
followed the gang rape and mur- had been tortured and sexually and senior civil servants upbraid- than to uphold the values of In- Ahead of the trial, the lawyer
der of a woman on a Delhi bus in assaulted before being strangled. ing the political leadership over dia’s secular constitution that said she had been threatened
2012, which forced the then Con- The body had 86 injury marks, in- its weak response. guarantees equal rights to all citi- with rape and death for taking up
gress-led government to enact cluding some inflicted to her gen- “The bestiality and the barbar- zens. Some of the signatories the case. “I was threatened yes-
tough new rape laws including italia with hard, blunt objects, ity involved in the rape and mur- have spoken out in the past also terday that ‘we will not forgive
the death penalty. while more minor injuries sug- der of an eight-year-old child against Mr. Modi’s Hindu nation- you.’ I am going to tell Supreme
Yet India has long been gest she had been beaten with a shows the depths of depravity alist party, accusing it of whip- Court that I am in danger,” said
plagued by violence against stick or slapped. that we have sunk into,” the for- ping up hostility toward India’s the lawyer, Deepika Singh Rawat,
women and children – reported Doctors estimate that the uni- mer officials said. 172 million Muslims. who has fought for a proper in-
rapes climbed 60 per cent from dentified girl was about 12, police The letter went further by In 2012, voters ousted the Con- vestigation since the girl’s body
2012 to 40,000 in 2016, and many said. blaming the BJP and likeminded gress chief minister of Delhi be- was found in January.
more go unreported, especially in As the groundswell of revul- right-wing Hindu groups for pro- cause of the fallout from the rape The Supreme Court also or-
rural areas. sion grew, Mr. Modi assured the moting a culture of “majoritarian case. This time, Congress was dered security for the victim’s
Reports of torture, rape and country on Friday that the guilty belligerence and aggression” in quick to realize the mood of the family after her father said he,
murder of another child have would not be shielded, but he has Jammu, and in the Uttar Pradesh country, with party leader Rahul too, feared for their safety.
emerged from Mr. Modi’s western been criticized for failing to speak case, it blasted the party for using Gandhi leading the first major
home state of Gujarat. out sooner. feudal strongmen, who behave protest in the capital last week. REUTERS
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A13

Calgary City Council votes to continue Olympic bid


Organizers have
estimated the process
will cost $4.6-billion
and run a deficit

ALLAN MAKI CALGARY

Calgary City Council voted on


Monday to keep a potential Olym-
pic bid alive as the city prepares
for a fall plebiscite on the issue.
Two council votes kept alive
the city’s bid for the 2026 Winter
Olympics and Paralympics, which
bid organizers have estimated
will cost $4.6-billion and run a
deficit, while forming a commit-
tee to give councillors a direct role
overseeing the process.
The city plans to hold a plebi-
scite sometime between October
and January to gauge public sup-
port for the Games.
Had Monday’s votes failed, Cal-
gary’s pursuit would have ended.
Instead, many on council argued
more transparency and public ac-
ceptance was needed before a fi-
nal vote can be held.
“It would be a vast waste of tax-
payer money [to stop now],”
Councillor Evan Woolley said of
nixing the Olympics before all the
information was gathered. Previ-
ous reports have indicated a pleb-
iscite will cost $1.96-million and
require several months to orga- Former Olympic low councillors Monday that he Olympic team now,” said Kaillie asking Calgarians for their opin-
nize. bobsledder Helen had received death threats “from Humphries, a three-time Olym- ion in a plebiscite.
City administration said the Upperton shows a poster all sides.” He added, “It’s really pic medalist in women’s bob- Both the provincial and federal
next key date for a potential Cal- that she made as a child easy to say no, but to kill [the bid] sleigh. governments are willing to fund
gary bid is in September, when for the 1988 Calgary right now, I think it’s not really a Following the athletes’ show of Calgary’s bid with a combined
the International Olympic Com- Winter Games, as good business decision.” support, the Canadian Olympic $20.5-million, providing a plebi-
mittee determines the shortlist of athletes held a news Last Friday, a serious of events Committee issued a statement scite approves it. The city would
potential hosts for the 2026 conference in Calgary on turned up the heat on council. from president Tricia Smith and add another $9.5-million.
Games. Calgary would have to Friday to encourage the Several Olympic athletes, includ- CEO Chris Overholt saying Cal- Sport Calgary issued a state-
present its bid book to the IOC by city to continue a bid for ing retired gold medal-winning gary has an opportunity “to shape ment applauding council’s deci-
January, 2019. Between now and the 2026 Winter Games. Olympians Catriona Le May Doan a vision for Calgary, Alberta and sion to carry on with work on the
then, more fully costed financial LARRY MACDOUGAL/ and Mark Tewksbury, outlined Canada for generations.” What Olympic bid.
numbers will give council a clear- THE CANADIAN PRESS how hosting the 2026 Games was city council had to do was give “Sport Calgary is confident the
er picture of what hosting the a necessary endeavour. For one Calgarians the chance to vote on a exploration process could lead to
Olympics will cost. thing, it would upgrade the facil- 2026 bid. a winning bid, broadly supported
The one absolute in this story, ities built for 1988 – and that, in The Calgary Chamber of Com- by an informed and engaged pub-
now in its second year, has been turn, would benefit the next gen- merce then issued a statement lic,” said Sport Canada CEO Mur-
how emotional Calgarians are eration of Canadian athletes in that said the Olympics “have the ray Sigler. “Today’s decision en-
about staging another Olympics their pursuit of Olympic glory. potential to be a catalyzing trans- sures Calgarians will have the op-
38 years after it first hosted the “I’m a product of the ’88 formational project.” It called for portunity to receive all the facts
Games. Games, as is pretty much every council to glean all the informa- before making a critically impor-
Ward Sutherland told his fel- single Canadian that is on the tion it could, and that included tant decision for our city.”

Join the n
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will be talk
money on
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April 18th, 2

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A14 O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

PHILLIP CRAWLEY

EDITORIAL PUBLISHER AND CEO

DAVID WALMSLEY
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

The subject who is truly loyal to the chief magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures - Junius

Quebec’s
hijab madness
uebec’s provincial election campaign doesn’t

Q launch officially for another five months, but last


week provided a glimpse of the terrain on which it
will be fought.
It is murky and ugly. With polls suggesting the right-of-
centre Coalition Avenir Québec’s lead has narrowed, both the
CAQ and the sovereigntist Parti Québécois are once again a-
froth about identity.
The latest manufactured outrage centres on Sondos Lam-
rhari, a 17-year-old Montreal-born student who wants to be a
police officer when she graduates, and who happens to wear
a hijab. She appears to be the only such student in Quebec
but hey, there are political points to be scored.
PQ MNA Agnès Maltais coyly imagined a scenario where a
Muslim woman calls police to report a beating after refusing
to wear her hijab, and opens the door to find an officer wear-
ing one. Her dog-whistle hypothetical relied entirely on de-
meaning and false stereotypes about Muslim men.
Not to be outdone, the CAQ’s Nathalie Roy intoned “a pa-
trol car is not a place of worship.” Someone should inform
Ms. Roy that in 1996 multiple courts upheld a federal govern-
ment decision allowing Sikh RCMP officers to wear turbans.
Several Canadian police services now also permit hijabs, as
do dozens in the United States, Scotland and Australia.
And while the argument is cast as a principled stand for
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
the separation of church and state, the CAQ and PQ seem a
PIPELINE SOLUTIONS ducers pay it), and it serves as an from today, but to this baby
lot more eager to target Muslim women than the crucifix incentive for producers in Alberta boomer, it just comes across as
to upgrade this product. Other hy- breathless and irritating.
hanging in the National Assembly. That gets to stay because
Under no circumstances should drocarbons (diesel, fuel oil, gaso- My suggestion would be to con-
it’s a “historical artifact.” Presumably the same applies to the Prime Minister Justin Trudeau or line, jet fuel) will not be affected centrate on the big news stories of
Roman collar worn by some police chaplains in Quebec. Finance Minister Bill Morneau by this new. the day in the first half hour, re-
permit our federal government to If anyone has a better idea, layed to viewers by a trusted an-
The Liberal government says it supports Ms. Lamrhari’s as- be pushed around and held hos- please show it to us. chor, say Ian Hanomansing, and
pirations, as do others in the province. That’s the only non- tage by British Columbia more Ken Neros present in-depth interviews and
than they already have (Pipe Coquitlam, B.C. mini-documentaries in the sec-
hypocritical stance to take on the issue. It is also the only one Dreams, April 14). ond half hour, presented by a
that demonstrates any self-awareness. All this sets a horrible prece- Our current pipeline conflict well-respected and experienced
dent. Hats off to Kinder Morgan points to a major problem in the interviewer, like Rosemary Bar-
The partisan attacks on Ms. Lamrhari were launched the for drawing a line in the sand and world’s approach to reducing ton. They could dispense with the
day after a Quebec City courtroom heard gripping accounts forcing a decision. Otherwise it greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. other two “anchors.” Perhaps
would have just drifted. This pipe- Most people take the need to re- they could call the first half The
of genuine heroism on the part of the Muslim victims in last line is a viable commercial project duce emissions seriously and National and the second half The
year’s racially motivated attack on a mosque. in the national interest with all support international efforts to Journal. I think it has potential.
kinds of financing available once control them. Today these efforts Kevin Bishop
If only the PQ and the CAQ had half their courage. the jurisdictional question is set- are being made on the demand- Saanich B.C.
tled. Under no circumstances side of the market for fossil fuels,
should the federal government or under a global agreement. Unfor- As for the numbers, the drop may
Alberta have an equity interest. tunately there is no correspond- simply reflect the departure of
Macron-mania Nor is there room or need for any
scarce federal infrastructure equi-
ing agreement on the supply side.
As argued by German econo-
the fan base that former anchor
Peter Mansbridge built up over 28
ty money. Unfortunately, this sit- mist Hans-Werner Sinn in his 2012 years in the job (As CBC’s New
reeting each other outside the Élysée Palace, that

G
uation has been allowed to dete- book, The Green Paradox, the lack The National Rises, Ratings Fall,
most pompous of Parisian venues, Justin Trudeau riorate so far that the federal gov- of an agreement to reduce fossil April 13).
ernment may have to provide fuel production is probably the Give the new kids a chance.
and Emmanuel Macron skipped the formalities and some interim backstop debt fi- main reason the world has been They’ll attract their own support-
went in for a hug. nancing. unable to control its GHG emis- ers.
This is not a time for our federal sions. Understandably, without Michael Fox
Why not? Young, energetic, techy and liberal, our PM and government to worry about votes such an agreement, no country, Stratford, Ont.
the French President seem cut from the same bespoke fabric. in British Columbia. Paving the Canada included, feels it is its re-
way for Kinder Morgan to build sponsibility to restrict produc-
The two leaders’ global reputations have been diverging, this pipeline, already approved, is tion. We should work with other TOUCHING TRIBUTES
though. Increasingly, Mr. Macron is seen as the heavyweight, now a matter of principle, and countries to achieve a fair and ra-
when it comes to principles, you tional system for controlling glob-
Mr. Trudeau as the lightweight. either have them or you don’t. If al production of fossil fuels. Until When I turned to the two-page
Some of this is unfair, down to the Prime Minister’s flam- our federal government had dealt that is done, we can expect that spread on the Humbolt story, I
decisively with this issue six the constant effort to produce didn’t want to read it all over
boyant choice of socks and the like. Mr. Trudeau has led a
months or a year ago instead of more hydrocarbons and bring again, but I’m glad I did (Healing
busy and in many ways successful government, steering the showing continuing weakness them to market will continue ev- Humboldt, April 14).
and hoping against hope this erywhere. So also will our march I must admit, in my 63 years on
country left as promised with a tax hike on the rich, a big
problem would just go away, we toward irreversible climate this planet, I’ve never cried while
influx of refugees and a bill to legalize pot, plus a national would not be in the present pick- change. reading the paper. But when it
standard and federal backstop on carbon pricing. le. With the passage of time the is- Jim Davies, professor, depart- came to the therapy dogs in the
sue has festered into a homemade ment of economics, University of emergency room, something just
Still, it’s not hard to see why Mr. Macron has earned a repu- crisis and a national embarrass- Western Ontario let go. At that moment, I think all
tation for gravitas that his Canadian counterpart might envy. ment. True leaders sometimes London, Ont. of us with children (or not) could
have to ruffle some feathers, see ourselves in that position, and
The French President’s first term has been a flurry of initia- break some glass and make some feel the emotion of the crippled
tives aimed at the country’s many structural problems. He people unhappy to do the right GROWING PAINS parents, and anyone whose lives
thing. have been suddenly changed in
cut a wealth tax to spur investment and pushed through la- Fortunately, the way forward is the blink of an eye.
bour-code reforms opposed by France’s powerful unions. He clear. Immediately, put the inter- Thank you John Doyle for your Steven H. Brown
im backstop debt financing in fine piece on CBC’s new The Na- Toronto
has taken on the reform of national shibboleths, from the place, petition the Supreme Court tional (The National Now: Con-
state train monopoly to the baccalauréat exam. for a formal ruling on interprovin- fusing, Well-Meaning And Mad- On heaven’s glittering sheet of ice,
cial pipeline jurisdiction for this dening, April 14). With golden sticks and silver
And he has been on the vanguard of global issues, from the and future projects, and then en- Instead of a comprehensive, pucks
power of Silicon Valley to climate change. force the law. I know what former thoughtful roundup of the day’s The Broncos fly from end to
prime minister Pierre Elliott Tru- news, I now feel like I’m getting end
Granted, France has a stronger executive and more radical
deau would do if a premier tried the Coles Notes version — quick, With flashing blades of steel
political culture than Canada does, which lends itself to Mr. to hold him hostage on such an easy to digest with just enough Their bright blonde hair
urgent matter. content to pass the teacher’s test. The colour of the sun
Macron’s activist stance.
A.S. Fell While I’m sure the news team And Gordie’s skating with
But Canada has serious structural problems, too, from a Toronto members do their best given the them
lag in worker productivity and a shortfall in business invest- format in which they’re con- To show them all the moves
This issue has played out very strained, it’s as if they think view- The great ones know
ment to a backlog of asylum seekers and a generational crisis poorly to the detriment of all. It is ers don’t have the attention span That they have missed
of opioid addiction. time to simmer down, put the ne- to grasp the full story. The laughter of the young men
gotiator’s hat on and come up Irritating and disjointed. Pick fills the rink
Mr. Trudeau has quietly worked to address some of these with a solution that, while not sat- an anchor and give us news for And time is left behind
issues. But he has also burned through too much political isfying everyone, will be practical, grown-ups. Roger More
workable and a benefit to all (ex- Joni MacFarlane London, Ont.
capital on petty fights, like the summer job attestation, and cept hard-core environmental- Hillcrest, Alta.
ill-judged distractions, like his recent India trip. While he and ists).
How about proposing that the Mr. Doyle’s piece certainly struck Letters to the Editor should be
Mr. Macron are both balls of energy, the French President bitumen shipped through the a chord. I thought perhaps it was exclusive to The Globe and Mail.
seems to expend his more purposefully. new pipeline be taxed at say, just me that found the new for- Include name, address and daytime
US$5, a barrel. This money goes to mat scattered and incoherent. phone number. Keep letters under
Here’s hoping that, as they brush shoulders at the Élysée, the B.C. government (about Maybe it appeals to the infamous 150 words. Letters may be edited for
some of that discipline rubs off. US$4-million a day). It costs noth- shortened attention span that length and clarity. E-mail:
ing to Kinder Morgan (the oil pro- we’re all supposed to be suffering letters@globeandmail.com

SINCLAIR STEWART DEREK DECLOET KEVIN SIU CYNTHIA YOUNG ANGELA PACIENZA
DEPUTY EDITOR EXECUTIVE EDITOR MANAGING EDITOR HEAD OF AUDIENCE HEAD OF EXPERIENCE
EDITOR, REPORT ON BUSINESS LONGFORM,FEATURES, OPINION

DENNIS CHOQUETTE TONY KELLER NATASHA HASSAN ADRIAN NORRIS SYLVIA STEAD
HEAD OF ENTERPRISE EDITORIAL PAGE EDITOR OPINION EDITOR HEAD OF NEWSROOM DEVELOPMENT, PUBLIC EDITOR
BUDGETS AND STAFFING
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A15

OPINION
The life-saving silver lining after Humboldt
One player’s choice that left the country grief-strick- about death, even thinking Transplant Society has compiled number of organ donors has in-
en. about it. There’s a generalized “it information from all the jurisdic- creased by 56 per cent in the past
to be an organ donor The junior hockey player was won’t happen to me” attitude tions on its website. decade – to 758 in 2016, up from
directly saved six lives hailed as a hero. that often leads to people not The laws in Canada are such 485 in 2007.
– and sparked a He has also inspired action. In bothering to register as donors. that next of kin can veto organ But the need is also growing.
the past 10 days, thousands upon The horrific Humboldt crash donation, even for those who There were 2,906 solid organs
national conversation thousands of Canadians have shocked many out of that com- have registered. That happens transplanted in 2016 – 1,731 kid-
registered as organ donors. placency. surprisingly often: In about one neys, 579 livers, 302 lungs, 202
The uptick has been greatest There are about 280,000 in five cases where family mem- hearts and 92 pancreases – ac-
ANDRÉ in Saskatchewan (the site of the deaths in Canada annually. A bers are approached, they refuse. cording to the Canadian Organ
PICARD crash) and Alberta (Mr. Boulet 2014 study found that there just Making these decisions in a Replacement Registry. (Donors
was a native of Lethbridge), and more than 3,000 potential do- time of grief is difficult. Mr. Bou- can also donate bones, tendons,
OPINION the influx of new donors has nors – only about 1 per cent of let and his family had “the talk” cornea, skin and veins, but there
been especially strong among deaths. where he informed his parents of are no precise data for those do-
young people aged 16 to 24 (the That makes it all the more im- his wishes, and they did him, and nations.)
he impact has been so pro- age group of most of those who portant that everyone sign a do- the country, a great honour by There were also 4,469 people

T found that they are calling


it the Logan Effect.
Logan Boulet, a Humboldt
died in the crash).
The challenge now is to keep
that momentum going. Canada
nor card – we can’t afford to miss
any potential donors, because
each one is an opportunity to
following through.
The public discussion of organ
donation that has resulted has
waiting for transplants – 3,421 for
kidneys, 433 for a liver, 261 for a
lung, 189 for a heart and 165 for a
Broncos’ defenceman, suffered has a pretty dismal rate of organ save lives. also revived the notion of pre- pancreas.
traumatic brain injuries in the donation and, as a result, long Yet, miss them we do. sumed consent – assuming that Many of the kidney patients
April 6 bus crash that left 16 dead wait lists for transplants. In 2016, the most recent year everyone will be an organ donor require dialysis, which can mean
and 13 injured. Polls consistently show that for which detailed data are avail- unless they opt out. visits to the hospital several
Because he had registered as close to 90 per cent of Canadians able, there were 758 deceased do- Countries with presumed-con- times a week. For the end-stage
an organ donor on his 21st birth- support organ donation but only nors. That’s not a great conver- sent laws have higher transplant liver, lung and heart patients, a
day, just weeks before his death, about 20 per cent have actually sion rate; three in four potential rates, but they also have better transplant is the only treatment;
his heart, lungs, liver and kid- registered as organ donors. donors are lost. organized transplant systems. they often die on the wait list.
neys were all donated and trans- Why is there such a disconnect The main reason is because This issue is not going to be Mr. Boulet’s gesture means six
planted into others, with his between intentions and action? people don’t register as donors. resolved by legislation alone; it’s fewer people will die as a direct
grieving family’s blessing. There are many potential rea- While the rules are slightly differ- going to require culture change, result of his donation and, in the
Mr. Boulet’s gesture was one sons – or perhaps excuses is the ent in every province and territo- within hospitals and in society future, countless others will have
of the small glimmers of hope more appropriate term. ry, the process only takes about more generally. better lives due to the Logan
that emerged in the grim story We tend to be a bit squeamish three minutes. The Canadian That change is happening. The effect.

It’s fear and loathing time in Ontario


MARGARET pointed out that he doesn’t
WENTE know a thing about how the
province works. This is true. Like
OPINION Mr. Trump, he wears his igno-
rance like a badge of honour. Af-
ter all, you don’t have to under-
f you want to bring a dinner stand the swamp to drain it. The

I party in Toronto to a crashing


halt, just mention the Ontario
election coming up in June. It’s
other day he announced that the
moment he’s elected he’ll fire the
head of Hydro One. Why? Not be-
not a pleasant subject. cause the hydro guy raised the
The first reaction is likely to be hydro rates. (Someone else did
a heavy silence. The second reac- that.) The reason is because he
tion is likely to be: “Under no cir- makes $6-million a year and you
cumstances will I vote for Kath- don’t. Experts pointed out how
leen Wynne.” stupid and pointless that would
Who, then, is the alternative? be, but Mr. Ford knows some-
Nobody will say. The alternatives thing they do not. He knows ex-
are too dismal to contemplate. actly how to please a crowd.
Andrea Horwath, the NDP leader, Champagne socialists with
seems like a nice person but she their pinkies in the air are horri-
doesn’t count. No one I have yet fied by Mr. Ford. But a surprising
met, not even conservatives, will number of new immigrants and
admit out loud that she or he minorities – as well as women –
may actually vote for Doug Ford. are fans. This drives the folks at
That’s because they know their the Toronto Star absolutely nuts.
friends will think worse of them Ford fans are supposed to be ig-
(even though their friends may norant white male deplorables.
be harbouring exactly the same The immigrants and minorities
transgressive thought). You and women are supposed to vote
might as well admit that you like for progressive parties. But these
Donald Trump. days things are all mixed up. It’s
In some ways this feels like so bad that you don’t know who
2010 all over again, the year to deplore any more.
Doug’s younger brother Rob won To set the masses straight, the
the Toronto mayoralty by a A lot of Ontarians figured that Doug Ford’s PC Party leadership victory would be a disaster for the party’s Liberals are launching a million-
shocking majority – shocking, chances – but it isn’t turning out that way. CHRIS YOUNG/THE CANADIAN PRESS dollar advertising war this week.
because so many people voted Their message is predictable: Mr.
for him secretly. Rob was a pop- What Mr. Ford has going for as bad as I’ve seen it,” tweeted victory. But it isn’t turning out Ford is a deranged lunatic who
ulist buffoon. His opponent, Ge- him is that the province is quite IPSOS chief executive of public that way. Right now, Mr. Ford is will gut social programs and rob
orge Smitherman, was an entit- messed up already. Cynics might affairs Darrell Bricker. cruising toward a majority. He women of their reproductive
led, big-spending, wind-tower- say it could scarcely get worse. Mr. Ford won the Progressive goes on all the talk shows, insults rights. Demonizing their oppo-
loving liberal. He deserved a Fifteen years of Liberal rule have Conservative leadership after the the hosts (if he’s on the CBC) and nent has worked before. Will it
spanking and he got it. given us sky-high hydro prices, previous leader, Patrick Brown, repeats his standard line about work again? Don’t bet on it. Mr.
But there are differences, too. put-upon small businesses, ag- was felled by rumours of a sex the elites – people who “look Ford’s negatives are high (40 per
Doug is in many ways a more re- grieved doctors and a steaming scandal. Mr. Brown was not a down on the common folk drink- cent) but Ms. Wynne’s are much
spectable figure than bad-boy pile of debt that’s costing tax- universal favourite. Still, a lot of ing Champagne … with their higher (62 per cent).
Rob was. No drugs, no prosti- payers a billion dollars a month people figured that Mr. Ford’s pinkies in the air. “ People eat it Here in Ontario, it’s a contest
tutes, no domestic disputes. Also, in interest. According to an victory would be a disaster for up. between fear and loathing. No
the stakes are higher. Rob only IPSOS poll released last week, 77 the party’s chances – the latest During the leadership cam- wonder people don’t want to dis-
got a city to mess up. Doug will per cent of Ontarians want a instance of its uncanny ability to paign, Mr. Ford drew wide con- cuss it at the dinner table. They
get a third of Canada. change. How bad is that? “About snatch defeat from the jaws of demnation from people who just get indigestion.

Resource jobs are sustaining Canada’s middle class. Period.


KEVIN MILLIGAN vast differences across provinces. rable resource-revenue streams. The stakes we face are high. To ment. Credible and complete
While Alberta saw earnings We also must count the Cana- maintain public support for pro- plans for environmental safety,
growth of 27 per cent and Sas- dians living in First Nations com- growth initiatives such as trade climate-change mitigation and
OPINION katchewan topped 44 per cent, munities near resource develop- agreements and for doing Cana- appropriate First Nations partici-
Quebec only saw growth of 6 per ments. In British Columbia since da’s part in limiting climate pation must be given full weight
Professor of economics, UBC cent and Ontario suffered a loss 2009, we have developed a sys- change, we need to ensure that in any decision.
Vancouver School of Economics. of 4 per cent. When researchers tem of Economic and Communi- economic growth is felt by every- But the economics matter, too.
have pushed beyond these basic ty Development Agreements body in society. Economic As Canadians contemplate the
pinions on pipelines are comparisons, the same essential that share resource revenue with growth that brings everyone current pipeline debate, we need

O flowing around Canada


more quickly than the oil.
The ultimate decisions on natu-
fact holds up: Without income
derived from the resource boom,
Canadian inequality and the
nearby First Nations.
This structure allows the legal
certainty that resource compa-
along gives all families a stake in
Canadian economic success. This
increased economic security en-
to take full account of the conse-
quences of erecting barriers to ef-
ficient transportation of re-
ral-resource projects, however, well-being of the Canadian mid- nies need to proceed with long- ergizes social forces that pull us sources to market. The main con-
ought to derive from facts. As an dle class would be much worse term investments and the shar- together. sequence is less resource devel-
economist studying income in- than we’ve experienced. ing of economic benefits that The polarizing alternatives to opment and fewer good jobs
equality over the past 15 years, I The impact of natural re- First Nations deserve for the fu- our social model can be seen in supported by that development.
can offer a key fact to the debate. sources is not just on those who ture of their communities. This other countries, and Canada The Canadian economic evi-
In my view, nothing has contrib- work directly for natural-re- kind of agreement is another should fight hard to avoid that dence of the 21st century indi-
uted more than natural re- source companies. There are way natural-resource revenues fate. While other policy tools cates that depriving Canadians of
sources to buttressing the Cana- large wage-spillovers to others are dispersed across our econo- such as progressive taxation or resource revenues means dimin-
dian middle class against the rap- working in resource communi- my. the minimum wage can moder- ishing the income source that
idly changing global economy of ties in construction, transporta- Around the world, the relent- ate unequal incomes to some ex- has best shielded the Canadian
the 21st century. tion and services. less pressures of technology are tent, the overall prosperity of the middle class from the harsh eco-
The importance of resources Moreover, resource-derived hollowing out middle-class em- Canadian middle class depends nomic forces that are increasing
to middle-class incomes is most tax dollars fill up government ployment, leading to stagnating much more on good jobs than inequality in other countries. For
clearly seen by looking at a sim- coffers to support strong com- middle-class incomes and exa- small policy shifts around the Canadians concerned with in-
ple measure: the earnings of the pensation in middle-class public cerbating social tensions. These edges. equality, the equalizing effect of
middle worker in the economy sector jobs in nursing, education same pressures appear in Cana- The resource sector has con- resource development on our
(the median). Between 2000 and and transit. And what’s more, da, too, but resource develop- tributed substantially to the good economy is too strong to ignore.
2015, Canadian median earnings these benefits don’t only help ment has allowed the Canadian jobs that underpin that middle-
rose by just 6 per cent after in- provinces with plentiful re- middle class to push back on class resilience. Disclosure: the author has
flation, or less than half a per sources, since our equalization these pressures better than al- Of course, economic concerns occasionally advised the federal
cent a year. However, under- formula uses the federal purse to most any other advanced econo- should never be the only factor government on tax policy and
neath this national number lie top up provinces without compa- my on Earth. considered in resource develop- economic matters.
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A16 | NEWS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

LIFE & ARTS PARENTING & RELATIONSHIPS | OPINION | PUZZLES | WEATHER

On March 18, John Oliver announced his Last Week Tonight team had written a children’s book, parodying one written by Mike Pence’s daughter. ERIC LIEBOWITZ/HBO VIA AP

Political satire doubling


as a children’s book
Parody book A Day comedian John Oliver. Oliver’s the New York Times Children’s
style oscillates between self-dep- Picture Books Bestsellers List for
in the Life of Marlon recation and self-righteousness three weeks, recently coming up
Bundo, written by and although one imagines his at No. 1 (the original Bundo book
a John Oliver staffer, audience is composed strictly of comes in at No. 7). It has finally be-
people who already agree with come available for sale at Cana-
is a genuinely funny him, his rants are backed up by dian bookstores on April 13.
and charming story meticulous research. His show is “It’s kind of a funny thing. None
frequently described as cathartic, of the bookstores knew what was
especially in Donald Trump’s happening,” says Liz Johnston,
ANNA FITZPATRICK America. His episode on the vice- manager of children’s bookstore
president concluded with a de- Mabel’s Fables in Toronto, on the
scription of the Pences’ coming surprise announcement of the
BOOK REVIEW kids’ book – and then Oliver made book. “We were watching the
an announcement of his own. show and got excited. We’re really
A Day in the Life “It turns out in a complete co- happy whenever there is a chil-
of Marlon Bundo incidence, we also wrote a book dren’s book that everybody is
WRITTEN BY: JILL TWISS about Mike Pence’s rabbit that has talking about.”
ILLUSTRATED BY EG KELLER also been published,” he said to They had customers coming in
an audience that predictably and calling the store for weeks In A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo, the title character, a rabbit, falls in
Genre: Children drowned him out in applause. He asking about it, and immediately love with another boy rabbit, only to have a stink bug that resembles
Publisher: Chronicle Books held up a copy of A Day in The Life put in a large order with the Cana- current U.S. Vice-President Mike Pence announce that ‘boy bunnies can
Pages: 40 of Marlon Bundo, which was writ- dian distributor. When I ask John- only marry girl bunnies.’
Price: $26.50 ten by Emmy Award-winning ston if there was any interest in
comedy writer (and Last Week To- the original book, she says, “We Warren by stating, “She was is that, while an unabashed politi-
n a literary moment that could night staffer) Jill Twiss and illus- did have one customer ask about warned. She was given an expla- cal parody, it also stands on its

I have only happened in today’s


political climate, two picture
books about an identical rabbit
trated by EG Keller (Chronicle
Books, 40 pp, $26.50).
In this parody version, Marlon
‘the Pence book,’ but then she fol-
lowed it up by saying ‘The one
about the bunny that falls in
nation. Nevertheless, she persist-
ed.”) Clinton’s books are perfectly
fine, joining a rush of anthologies
own as a children’s book. It would
have been easy for John Oliver’s
team to lean heavily on the gim-
are currently battling it out on the Bundo falls in love with another love.’ ” of varying quality about inspiring mick of satirizing a loathed figure
bestseller list. boy rabbit, only to have a stink Bundo isn’t the only recent chil- women aimed at children. Hers in American politics, but they in-
On March 19, Regnery Kids pub- bug that resembles the current dren’s book release that serves as will appeal to Democratic parents stead focused on developing a
lished Marlon Bundo’s A Day in the vice-president announce that a response to the Trump adminis- and similarly liberal women who charming story with genuinely
Life of the Vice President. Penned by “boy bunnies can only marry girl tration. Chelsea Clinton has pub- will proudly announce their con- funny jokes, making a story for
Charlotte Pence and illustrated by bunnies.” The stink bug is de- lished two books with Penguin tinued support of Hillary Clinton, kids who have little interest in
Karen Pence, the respective scribed as “In Charge and Impor- Random House illustrated by although the significance of the ti- keeping up with the news (which
daughter and wife of notoriously tant,” but the other animals de- Alexandra Boiger. tle might be lost on the books’ in- would be most kids). Proceeds
conservative American vice-pres- cide to challenge his authority Last year’s She Persisted focuses tended young audience. There from the book sales will also going
ident Mike Pence, the book is a and vote him out. on “13 American Women Who was also The Pink Hat, a shallow to noble causes The Trevor Pro-
simple, dry story narrated by the On his show, Oliver announced Changed the World” and was fol- book about the Women’s March ject and AIDS United. There have
Pence family’s pet rabbit. that the book would be available lowed up by with the recent She (a movement originated by been worse gimmicks.
Mike Pence’s anti-LGBT atti- for sale right away through Ama- Persisted Around the World. (The ti- American women) that was ques-
tudes were the subject of the zon (beating the release date of tle, of course, is a reference to Sen- tionably penned by Australian Anna Fitzpatrick is a freelance
March 18th episode of HBO’s Last Pence’s book by half a day). It im- ate Majority Leader Mitch McCon- author Andrew Joyner. writer based in Toronto.
Week Tonight, a satirical, left-lean- mediately became a No. 1 best- nell shutting down a speech given What makes A Day in the Life of She reviews picture books for
ing current events show hosted by seller on Amazon and has been on by Democratic Senator Elizabeth Marlon Bundo particularly strong The Globe and Mail.

The Nightingale proves the power of live theatre


JENNA SIMEONOV complex aesthetic feels fully es- comes from a clear goal to visual-
tablished. ize that duality. “In a way,” Lep-
And just in time. In hindsight, age writes, “I think it’s exactly
THEATRE REVIEW everything before the Nightin- how, each time, we should go to
gale fable serves as preparation theatre: with the open mind of a
obert Lepage’s visually en- for the rich imagination in this child.”

R ticing production of The


Nightingale and Other Short
Fables has returned to the Four
story. Minds are open to marvel
at the puppet fishermen and wa-
ter dragons floating across the or-
The COC’s coming production
of Anna Bolena, with star soprano
Sondra Radvanovsky in the title
Seasons Centre for the first time chestra pit – some of the more role, is undoubtedly set to make a
since 2009, boasting a unique memorable designs by Michael strong case for the power of the
theatrical experience in its own Curry – and we feel free to treat human voice. There is certainly
right and serving as a perfect foil the puppeteers as organic exten- impressive singing to hear in The
for its spring counterpart of the sions of their puppet characters. Nightingale, but the production
Canadian Opera Company’s 2017- Our ears are ready for the sound makes perhaps a broader state-
18 season, Anna Bolena. of Jane Archibald, the COC’s first ment, proving the power of live
Packed into two acts, The Artist-in-Residence who, after theatre. The design and choreog-
Nightingale is a collection of short The Canadian Opera Company’s The Nightingale and Other Short Fables singing in this season’s Arabella raphy of the production are so ar-
works by Igor Stravinsky, all writ- is a collection of short works by Igor Stravinsky. MICHAEL COOPER and The Abduction from the Sera- resting because they are done
ten between 1911-19. The produc- glio, lends her agile voice to the with simple tools and no video or
tion is an ensemble piece in the to the first few rows of seats. and action and our fascination is Nightingale itself. electronic element would be an
truest sense of the word; Singers, We’re regaled with stories of rab- split between watching the pup- There’s a neat paradox in The improvement. Against an intimi-
orchestra, designers and puppe- bits, cats and foxes, all narrated pets and the puppeteers them- Nightingale. It’s a busy sight, a gi- dating backdrop of sophisticated
teers are all equal players and by singers downstage while six selves, their technique fully visi- ant machine of intricate details visual effects in film and televi-
Lepage finds ingenious ways of acrobat/puppeteers play with ble and a performance of its own. that add up to something very sion, it is important – and thrill-
letting the audience see both the light and bodies in brilliant pup- The act’s piecemeal structure rare to see in live theatre. And, at ing – to finding evidence of live
story being told and the moving pet choreography by Martin Gen- seems to warm into its pacing. its most essential, the production theatre that is an irreplaceable
parts in place to tell it. est. Amid all the production’s cre- tells children’s stories with sim- genre of its own.
The evening is full of novelty. The first half, in which we hear ation of magic onstage, the shuf- ple tools, such as light and voices.
The players of the orchestra are every story except the titular fa- fling of bodies and even the re- In his director’s notes for Nightin- Special to The Globe and Mail
moved up onstage and the or- ble of the Nightingale, is charged spectful applause between short gale, Lepage writes of spotting a
chestra pit is filled to the brim with the responsibility of intro- numbers inevitably pulled me similar paradox in Stravinsky’s The Nightingale and Other Short
with water. Carl Fillion’s set ex- ducing us to this production’s out of the storytelling. Yet, by the score, which sets fables for young Fables plays at the Four Seasons
tends over the pit, bringing a world. Our eyes and ears learn the time we heard the juicy, vaguely people to complex music, his Centre for the Performing Arts until
sense of excited claustrophobia delineation between narration sexual story of The Fox, Lepage’s staging has a purity to it that May 19.
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O NEWS | A17

He’s engaged to me,


FIRST PERSON
but pregnant with her
DAVID

UNDER
EDDIE

OPINION

THE VOLCANO DAMAGE CONTROL

The question

I met my boyfriend 10 months ago and now we are


planning on getting married. Problem is, he got his
girlfriend before me pregnant. She is keeping the
baby. He told his mom about it but was scared to
tell me. However, I found out later myself through
WhatsApp on his phone. He truly does love me and
I know it. But now his mother has told me to stay
away from her son and that he already has some-
one he will marry. I called my boyfriend and told
him about this and he said, “I’ll handle it.” Please
help me. I am lost.

The answer

There are so many red flags here I can barely see


the (metaphorical) field.
Red flag #1: Him acting like getting his ex-girlf-
riend pregnant is no big deal and doesn’t really
have a lot to do with him, something that can be
quickly and easily handled.
I’ve said before I hate it when the verb “to father”
is used as a synonym for “to inseminate.”
As in: “Celebrity X fathered a child with his nan-
ny!”
Not yet he hasn’t. After Celebrity X changes a
thousand diapers; tries to spoon goo into the kid’s
screaming, tomato-red face; teaches the child to
ride a bike; rushes the kid to the hospital; spends
endless, sleepless nights worrying about its future –
then, maybe, just maybe, at his funeral, when the
sweet release of death has finally relieved him of
parental anxiety, can we say Celebrity X “fathered”
the child.
And, if he has a shred of decency and a moral
compass at all, your fiancé is on the hook to “fa-
ther” this child in similar fashion for the rest of his
life – at least part-time. It’ll be constant and never
stop. Can you handle that?
But for me, perhaps the biggest red flag is he
avoided telling you about it. That’s a pretty big mat-
zo ball to keep up his sleeve. “Oh, by the way, forgot
to mention, another woman is having my baby.”
If he could seriously attempt to keep that as a
secret, it doesn’t bode well for the future. What else
will he hide/lie about?
If you are truly soulmates, you should be trans-
parent to one another. If I impregnated another
ILLUSTRATION BY KAREN SHANGGUAN woman, my wife would know, not only the instant I
walked in the door, I think she’d be able to sense it
through the door.
Have a little sympathy please, parenting a kid Honestly, all things considered, my first instinct
is to tell you to moonwalk away from this whole
with ADHD isn’t easy, Rhiannon Jones writes mess pronto and posthaste.
However, having said all that …
You mentioned “love” and I’m a sucker for that
word. (Columnist’s face assumes a dreamy, fara-
have been asked countless times when I first my car in front of a forest and just walking away. As a way, “poetic” look.) I do believe true love can sur-

I knew my son had attention deficit hyperactivity mother, I receive the brunt of the anger. This is well
disorder (ADHD). I always laugh, a hard edge documented in the academic research on ADHD
creeping onto the end and say: “I’ve known it and its comorbidities. I often wonder if he would be
was ADHD before I knew I was pregnant.” He came better off with his father full-time who, although
out of me in a burst, my pregnancy marred by anx- more rigid, is loving nonetheless. Then I dig deep
mount a lot of obstacles, maybe even including this
one.
So, if you truly believe, down to your toes, in
your bones, in the bones of your toes, this dude
loves you and will be good to you the rest of your
iety and anger, his feet boring into my ribs in stacca- into my core of strength, shake my head and try life, here’s what I’d do:
to thrusts, more movement than his twin sisters again. Talk to the mom. Explain to her that her son
combined. He was walking by 10 months, angry the ADHD is one of those invisible disorders that can loves you and you love him – to the point you are
entire time as if trying to escape the impatience in cause the sufferer so much pain. Children with even willing to surmount this terrible obstacle. I
his soul. ADHD are often labelled as troublemakers, despite wouldn’t expect her blessing, but maybe in time,
I shouldn’t be surprised. Our family has a deep the expanding awareness and increases in diag- she’ll soften. Time softens all.
well of anguish in its past. He combines his restless- noses. People who have never seen a child or adult Then, call the ex-girlfriend. Maybe have a drink
ness with anger and sadness. At eight years old, he with ADHD can be quick to judge it as a made-up (well, for her maybe a club soda since she’s preg-
still does not have the words for the dissonance in illness caused by bad parenting or boredom. ADHD nant). If you’re really going to marry this guy,
his soul. I struggle with him and for him, but some- is often diagnosed in conjunction with other disor- you’re going to have to figure out a way to deal with
times feel that I have been depleted past the point of ders such as oppositional defiant disorder and con- her. Might as well start now.
replenishment. I let my relationships fail because duct disorder, and various learning disabilities. As And then turn to Mr. Arnold Schwarzimpregna-
he consumes me and I am driven to exhaust myself children get older, they can turn to drugs or alcohol tor. “No more secrets, bub. I want you to open your
supporting him. I listen as I am told that my life is to self-medicate or get in trouble with the law. As an vault, be an open book, and … whatever else is a
too complicated to be a part of and potential part- adult, if you have ADHD, you have an increased risk metaphor for being open and transparent. Other-
ners tell me that love should be easy and seamless, of car accidents, reduced work performance and dif- wise, I will drop you like a bag of dirt and find
but my love for him proves otherwise. His sisters ficulties with relationships. Although some chil- someone who can be honest with me. Got that?”
come to me as I crumble in the dren outgrow the symptoms or learn If he agrees to your terms and you believe him,
mornings, tired of the fight, to let me to manage them, approximately 60 well, let the festivities begin. Plan ceremonies. Hire
know that they love me, while he sits per cent of those diagnosed carry caterers, etc.
stolidly by, watching my tears. I will never stop their symptoms into adulthood, ac- From there, to (slightly) paraphrase Bette Davis
A shopping trip never fails to cording to the Centre for ADHD in the movie All About Eve (just before an incan-
bring on tears either, from him or trying to be his voice Awareness, Canada. descent cameo from a young Marilyn Monroe):
me. Recently, we went to buy a new until he learns how Some days, he makes his disorder “Fasten your seat belts. It’s gonna be a bumpy ride.”
video game. He stood in front of the to manage his own. known by dressing up the cat, using
collection and I could see the anxie- the furniture as an obstacle course Are you in a sticky situation? Send your dilemmas to
ty welling up in him as he took each or by dancing and singing for me. damage@globeandmail.com. Please keep your
case down carefully, turned it over and scanned the Those days give me hope. They let me know there is submissions to 150 words and include a daytime
back for more information. He hopped from foot to a child in him still. Other days he sits sullenly, angry contact number so we can follow up with any queries.
foot as I stood to the side waiting for him to tumble at noise, angry at chores and angry at the burning
to the ground, bringing the display down with him. inside his body. This can’t be easy, the constant
He began to get upset, knowing that once he made a movement of his mind and limbs.
choice, he would be wedded to it. Minutes passed Maybe it is my empathy that causes the struggle, TODAY’S SUDOKU SOLUTION
and he finished perusing the selection. So he started as if I can feel his lonely, sad discomfort and give it a
again, this time with a high-pitched whine creeping voice, when that voice should remain silent. Under
into his voice. We left that day with a game, but he his volcano is a great child who wakes me with a kiss
spent the whole car ride home agonizing over his every day, who looks for opportunities to form con-
decision. Although impulsivity usually marks those nections with his peers, who has a scientific mind
with ADHD, his has begun to turn into anxiety. and seeks to understand the universe. He struggles
As a parent to a child with ADHD and opposition- with building empathy and is unable to understand
al defiant disorder, I feel very alone. I am envious of how his actions make others feel.
those who slide through parenting, those who are The other day I went to his school to pick him up
not afraid to take their child into public. I make light for another appointment with a specialist. He
of the frequent e-mails from the teachers who use joined me in the office, bundled in his snowsuit,
words such as angry, defiant, depressed, anxious pants swish-swishing as we walked outside. He
and oppositional. I laugh in hysteria as I am called looked at me, the sun reflecting off of his scratched
into the school once again, as I make countless ap- glasses and said, “Today is a good day, Mommy.”
pointments with pediatricians and therapists. I read My pact to him is that no matter how worn out I
the books on parenting, try to limit the screen time, feel, I will never stop trying to be his voice until he
watch his sugar intake. He is on medication No. 2 learns how to manage his own. I will not stop until
and we are waiting to see if that is the mythical mag- he can look up and find something good in every TODAY’S KENKEN SOLUTION
ic cure that I have been looking for. I have listened in day, no matter how small that goodness might seem
stunned silence as he casually mentions suicide in at the time.
conversation.
Some days, I have nothing left. I imagine parking Rhiannon Jones lives in Calgary.

First Person is a daily personal piece submitted by readers

Have a story to tell? Please see the guidelines on our website tgam.ca/essayguide,
and e-mail it to firstperson@globeandmail.com
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A18 | NEWS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

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NATIONAL FORECAST CANADA FORECAST


INUVIK
-11/-22PC
TODAY WED. THUR. IQALUIT
Daytime high, overnight low, and conditions BANFF 3/-6SN 3/-7PC 6/-6PC -4/-11PC
BARRIE 2/0SF 4/-1PC 4/-2RS
C CLOUDY RS RAIN/SNOW BRANDON 5/-1PC 4/-3C 7/-3PC
FG FOG S SUN
WHITEHORSE
CALGARY 3/-3SF 4/-4PC 9/-5S 2/-11PC
FR FREEZING RAIN SN SNOW CHARLOTTETOWN 4/2R 6/0R 4/0PC
HZ HAZE SF SNOW FLURRIES CHICOUTIMI 3/-1FR 4/-1SF 4/-1RS YELLOWKNIFE
NA NOT AVIALABLE SH SHOWERS
CHURCHILL 1/-8PC 2/-4S 3/-4PC 0/-6SF
PC PARTLY CLOUDY T THUNDERSTORMS HAPPY VALLEY-GOOSE BAY
R RAIN W WINDY
CORNER BROOK 5/0PC 4/-1R 3/-2RS 1/-6PC
CORNWALL 4/1R 7/0R 7/1RS CHURCHILL
1/-8PC ST. JOHN’S
EDMONTON 2/-4SF 4/-5PC 8/-2PC
2/-3S
WORLD FORECAST HALIFAX 9/4R 8/2R 9/2R
HAMILTON 2/-1SF 8/2PC 5/-1RS
EDMONTON
TODAY WED. THUR. HUNTSVILLE 2/0SF 5/-2PC 4/-2SF 2/-4SF
AMSTERDAM 19/9PC 22/11S 24/12S IQALUIT -4/-11PC -10/-19S -7/-15S
ATHENS 21/15S 22/15PC 23/14R JASPER 5/-6SN 6/-5PC 7/-3PC VANCOUVER REGINA
BANGKOK 32/26T 33/27T 34/28T KELOWNA 10/-2R 9/0PC 14/-1PC 10/6R WINNIPEG
1/-3SN
BEIJING 25/12PC 29/15S 29/14PC KINGSTON 3/1RS 6/1R 6/1RS 9/-2S OTTAWA HALIFAX
BERLIN 19/7PC 21/8S 23/10S LONDON 2/-1SF 7/2R 5/-1RS 5/1R MONTREAL 9/4R
BRUSSELS 19/9PC 23/12S 25/12S MONTREAL 5/1R 8/1RS 7/1R 5/1R
COPENHAGEN 12/7PC 15/7S 13/8PC NIAGARA FALLS 2/0SF 6/2PC 5/0RS PORTLAND TORONTO BOSTON
FRANKFURT 18/7PC 21/9S 23/9S NORTH BAY 3/-1RS 3/-2PC 3/-3SF 10/4R 3/1RS 11/3PC
HONG KONG 23/22PC 23/22PC 24/23PC OTTAWA 5/1R 8/0R 7/0RS
JERUSALEM 26/17PC 28/19S 28/14S PRINCE GEORGE 7/-2PC 8/-1PC 10/1PC CHICAGO
LAS VEGAS 20/10S 26/12S 19/12R PETERBOROUGH 3/0RS 6/0PC 5/-1RS 5/0PC WASHINGTON -30
LONDON 17/11PC 20/12S 23/13S 12/5PC -20
QUEBEC 4/0RS 5/-1RS 5/0RS
DENVER
LOS ANGELES 20/12S 22/11S 21/11S REGINA 1/-3SN 3/-4PC 6/-3S -10
18/0PC
MADRID 20/9PC 23/10PC 22/9S SASKATOON 1/-1SN 3/-4PC 6/-2S 0
MIAMI BEACH 23/21S 26/24S 27/23PC SAULT S. M. 2/-3SF 5/-1PC 5/-3PC LAS VEGAS 10
MOSCOW 18/11C 11/4R 14/3PC SAINT JOHN 8/3R 6/1R 6/1R 20/10S 20
NEW DELHI 37/24R 38/25S 38/24S SEPT ILLES 0/-1SN 2/0SN 3/-1RS LOS ANGELES
20/12S PHOENIX ATLANTA 30
NEW YORK 9/3PC 12/6PC 10/4R ST. JOHN’S 2/-3S 3/1FR 5/-1RS 24/12S 20/11S 40
NICE 20/14S 22/14PC 21/14S SUDBURY 4/-1RS 5/-2PC 5/-3SF
ORLANDO 26/13S 31/17S 31/18S THUNDER BAY 1/-2C 6/-5PC 8/-4S
PARIS 20/9PC 24/11S 25/13S THOMPSON 7/-6S 7/-4S 6/-2PC HOUSTON NEW ORLEANS
PHOENIX 24/12S 30/15S 27/14PC TORONTO 3/1RS 7/2PC 6/0RS 27/19S 25/18S
ROME 20/11R 22/13PC 24/11R VAL D’OR 3/-1RS 3/-2SF 3/-3SF Snow Rain Thunder Freezing
SAN FRANCISCO 14/9S 13/9PC 14/11S VANCOUVER 10/6R 10/4R 12/6PC storm rain MIAMI
SEOUL 18/7PC 17/6PC 18/8S VICTORIA 10/6PC 10/6PC 12/7PC 26/19S
SINGAPORE 30/25T 29/25T 29/25T WHISTLER 8/1R 7/-1PC 9/1PC SAN JUAN
SYDNEY 21/17R 22/18PC 27/19PC WHITEHORSE 2/-11PC 4/-4PC 4/-5PC 29/24T
Jet Warm Cold Occlusion Trough
TOKYO 16/13R 15/10R 19/13S WINNIPEG 9/-2S 6/-1PC 8/-1RS Stream Front Front
WASHINGTON 12/5PC 20/13S 19/8PC
©The Weather Network 2018
YELLLOWKNIFE 0/-6SF -4/-12SF 2/-2SF

BRIDGE Although it is not essential declarer’s king. After drawing Suppose, however, the queen
BY STEVE BECKER for a competent bridge player another round of trumps, South lost to the king, as in the ac-
TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 to be able to compute various led a heart to the queen, losing to tual deal. South could then
probabilities precisely, it is nev- the king. He then lost a diamond win the diamond return, lead
ertheless helpful in many hands and a club to go down one. another heart to dummy and
to be generally familiar with Declarer erred by staking the finesse the 10. If West held the
the fundamental principles of outcome strictly on a simple jack, the finesse would suc-
chance. heart finesse. In effect, he gave ceed, and South could then dis-
South dealer.
Bridge is, after all, a game of himself only a 50 per cent chance pose of his diamond loser on
Neither side vulnerable.
probabilities, and the player to make the contract, since it the ace of hearts to make the
who consistently adheres to the was even money whether East or contract.
percentages will come out well West had the king of hearts. By adopting this method of
The bidding: ahead in the long run. But he would have had a 3-to- play, declarer gives himself two
Consider this deal where 1 chance in his favour if he had chances to get home safely in-
South West North East South was in four spades. He taken the queen-of-hearts fi- stead of just one. He combines
1 [S] Pass 2 [S] Pass won the diamond lead and led nesse at trick two, instead of two even-money shots, which,
4 [S] a spade to the jack, losing to the later on. If it won, 10 tricks would as in the case of the coins, make
Opening Lead – queen of diamonds. ace. East returned a diamond to have been assured. him a 3-to-1 favourite.

C H A L L E N G E C RO S S WO R D SUDOKU DIFFICULTY RATING: HHIII


1 2 3 4 5 6 7

9 10

11 12 13

14

15 16 17 18

19
INSTRUCTIONS Fill in the grid so that each row of nine squares, each column of nine
and each section of nine (three squares by three) contains the numbers 1 through 9
in any order. There is only one solution to each puzzle.

KENKEN
20 21
INSTRUCTIONS
1. Each row and each
CRYPTIC CLUES QUICK CLUES column must contain
ACROSS DOWN ACROSS the numbers 1 through
6 without repeating.
1 Accepts an invitation 1 The task is halved with a 1 Cry out (7)
to have a drink (5,2) letter from Greece (5) 5 Juncture (5)
5 Highest tree by the way (5) 2 Offer hospitality to all, 8 Be logical (5,2,6) 2. The numbers within
the heavily outlined
8 Is it used for playing though it would be 9 Big bird of prey (5) boxes, called cages,
currently popular cold in winter (4,4,5) 10 Dishonourable (7) must combine using
tunes? (8,5) 3 Like hell cats in a melee (7) 11 Highly polished (6) the given operation (in
9 A grain seen only in oak (5) 4 I snoop around and 12 Scamper (6)
any order) to produce
10 An old Empire sofa (7) discover a cause of the target numbers in
15 Moral (7) the top-left corners.
11 Form of decoration in death (6)
17 Damp (5)
the forces, perhaps (6) 5 Negotiate loan for
fishing tackle (5) 19 Repeatedly (5,3,5) Freebies: Fill in
12 One boy about to finish 20 Vestibule (5) 3. single-box cages with
backing another (6) 6 Possibly get into and the numbers in the
remain in a disciplined 21 Impetuous person (7)
15 Monks and nuns may top-left corner.
dwell this way (7) organisation (13)
7 A temporary occupation (7) DOWN
17 Groups of mates (5)
11 Steps taken by travellers (7) 1 Follow as result (5)
19 Demolition of homes ©2018 KENKEN Puzzle LLC. KENKEN is a registered trademark of Nextoy, LLC. Dist. by Andrews McMeel
is a crime (13) 13 Evident, but not in 2 Transformation in www.kenken.com
treatment room (7) attitude (6,2,5)
20 Spot and point to how YESTERDAY'S CRYPTIC
14 Supplies rushed on 3 Speak to (7)
birds eat corn (5)
board (6) 4 Short-sighted (6) ACROSS: 1 Norma, 8 Yodeller, 9 Score, 10 As it were, 11 Edith, 12 Spa, 16 Parole,
21 Signs I’d put out for track 17 Theory, 18 Age, 23 Poise, 24 Overlook, 25 Admit, 26 Magazine, 27 Dregs.
runners needing a rest (7) 16 Chance of a rest (5) 5 Primp (5)
DOWN: 2 Orcadian, 3 Marathon, 4 Gossip, 5 Keats, 6 Fleet, 7 Green, 12 Sea, 13 Ate,
18 Expresses regret for glue 6 Disobedient (13)
14 Recorder, 15 Grasping, 19 Ground, 20 Forms, 21 Verge, 22 Blaze.
that’s weak, we hear (5) 7 Leather factory (7)
11 Type of small bomb (7) YESTERDAY'S QUICK
13 A mutual agreement (7) ACROSS: 1 Dingy, 8 Stand out, 9 Train, 10 Sit tight, 11 Stage, 12 Pen, 16 Groove,
14 Settle decisively (6) 17 Anorak, 18 Tip, 23 Seine, 24 Surprise, 25 Macaw, 26 Downfall, 27 Ready.
16 Shrewd (5) DOWN: 2 In return, 3 Goings-on, 4 Strive, 5 Unity, 6 Forge, 7 State, 12 Pet, 13 Nap,
Solutions to today's Sudoku and Kenken can be found in the Life & Arts content 14 Lose face, 15 Gainsaid, 19 Insult, 20 Aside, 21 Drawn, 22 Gruff.
area of the A section. Crossword solutions will be with tomorrow's puzzles. 18 Adjusted to correct pitch (5)
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Inside the Messy Transformation

WINNER
of Tim Hortons by Marina Strauss

Society of American Business Editors and Writers

Congratulations to Report on Business magazine’s Marina Strauss on her SABEW


Award. This prestigious honour is part of the Best in Business competition, which
recognizes outstanding business journalism from around the globe.

Over months of relentless reporting, Strauss pieced together what was happening
inside Tim Hortons in the wake of its takeover by the private-equity firm 3G Capital.
Her investigation was instrumental in the iconic chain’s franchisees launching a
class-action lawsuit against the parent company, which used details from Strauss’s
article in its complaint. A few months after the story was published, the president of
Tim Hortons stepped down to take on a new role. Strauss’s tenacious work ensures
Globe and Mail readers are always in the know on important stories and their impact.

Get the full award-winning article at tgam.ca/sabew


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SPORTS
SKATING HOCKEY BASKETBALL
Patrick Chan announces Penalties and power-play This is the Serge Ibaka
retirement, says he’s ‘feeling goals up sharply in NHL the Toronto Raptors
good and light’ B17 playoffs B14 had envisioned B13

TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | GLOBEANDMAIL.COM

STREETWISE

Vermilion boosts
Saskatchewan oil
production with
deal for Spartan
JEFFREY JONES
MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS REPORTER

ANALYSIS
A communal work space at the WeWork building on Toronto's Richmond Street West. The company, which also has two
Vermilion Energy Inc. is buying Spartan Energy locations each in Montreal and Vancouver, wants to have 20 spots in Toronto by 2020. CHRIS YOUNG/THE GLOBE AND MAIL
Corp. for $1.2-billion in stock to boost production of
light oil as the industry struggles with share-price
weakness despite improving crude markets.
In the friendly deal, Vermilion gets output of
23,000 barrels of oil equivalent a day in southeast-
Office-space race: WeWork seeks to
ern Saskatchewan from the mid-size company at a
price that analysts view as a bargain.
It is offering 0.1476 of its shares for each Spartan
keep up with Toronto demand
share, representing a small premium of 5 per cent
from the target’s closing price on Friday. Vermilion U.S. firm that subleases reach 400 locations by year end. footprint and tech firms clamoring
will also assume $175- Toronto is one of WeWork’s fas- for space. The city’s office vacancy
million in Spartan debt. office space to businesses, test-growing cities; it opened its first rate is the lowest in Canada and the
The announcement Investors were less entrepreneurs plans two space in Toronto last summer and its United States. It is expected to fall
than ecstatic with the more locations in city by second in December. Both locations further this year, well below Manhat-
arrived as the deal, which consolidates quickly filled up and have a waiting tan and San Francisco.
industry struggles a large portion of the next year list, the company said. That has made it hard for any
for numerous province’s crude oil pro- Inside its first Toronto location businesses to find office space, in-
duction under Vermi- just west of the financial district, cluding WeWork.
reasons to woo “It’s not a market conducive for
lion. Shares in Spartan RACHELLE YOUNGLAI people work elbow to elbow in
investors. closed down 2 cents at rooms with glass walls. There are WeWork to find space,” said Aly
$6.17 on the Toronto spotless desks, soft couches, coffee Damji, senior vice-president with
Stock Exchange. Vermilion, which also has oper- eWork has turned an old tables and bars stocked with fruit Hullmark, which was the first Toron-
ations in Europe and Australia, fell 3 per cent to
$42.75.
With the industry in its fourth year of downturn,
this may not be the last such deal, said Travis Wood,
analyst at National Bank Financial. “Vermilion has
W office-sharing idea into
a hot commodity.
The young U.S. com-
pany leases office space and then
subleases it at a premium to tech
water, beer, coffee and tea.
WeWork plans to open a third lo-
cation in Toronto this fall and a
fourth early next year.
“We look in Toronto and we go
to property owner to lease to We-
Work.
Mr. Damji said he initially had
concerns about WeWork because its
valuation had grown “very, very
kicked off what could continue to be a theme for the startups, big firms, entrepreneurs – ‘Wow,’ this is just extraordinary by quickly.” But Hullmark “believed in
remainder of the year, given cyclically low valua- anyone who needs space for any- any measure in terms of the recep- what they offer” and gave WeWork
tions across a fragmented basin,” Mr. Wood said. where from a few hours to a few tion for the business,” said Dave what it wanted: a long lease and
Indeed, it says a lot about how investors view the months or longer. McLaughlin, a WeWork general man- more than $100 per square foot to
riches available in the Canadian oil patch these So far, the strategy has worked ager in charge of Toronto, Montreal renovate the space to its liking, also
days, and little of it is positive. wonders. Valued at US$20-billion, and the northeastern United States. known as “tenant improvements.”
Normally, a big takeover deal lights a fire under a the privately held company is now The company currently has two That is more than triple the going
slow sector as the market places bets that more one of the largest corporate occu- locations each in Montreal and Van- rate in the financial district, where a
merger-and-acquisition activity is on tap. In the pants in Manhattan and London. couver; it wants to have 20 spots in top tenant can get a landlord to pay
case of Spartan, the announcement arrived as the In eight years, WeWork has ex- Toronto by 2020. between $30 and $40 for every
industry struggles for numerous reasons to woo in- panded from one co-working office Demand for office space in Toron- square foot for building renovations,
vestors. in New York to more than 300 in to has been insatiable, with finan- according to leasing agents.
VERMILION, B6 more than 20 countries. It plans to cial-services firms widening their WEWORK, B6

Competition boosts B.C. beefs up regulators’


MARKETS
WestJet CEO’s resolve powers to enforce fines
S&P/TSX 15,300.38 +26.41 to get Swoop off ground against investor fraud
DOW 24,573.04 +212.90
S&P 500 2,677.84 +21.54 GREG KEENAN JUSTINE HUNTER VICTORIA
AIRLINE INDUSTRY REPORTER
NASDAQ 7,156.28 +49.63
DOLLAR 79.50/1.2579 +0.11/-0.0018 The B.C. government is giving two regulators more
WestJet Airlines Ltd. must get its Swoop discount teeth to tackle some white-collar crimes in the prov-
GOLD (oz.) US$1,350.70 +2.80 airline launched on time and tackle its cost structure ince, bringing in the power of the courts to enforce
to get ready for an onslaught of low-cost competi- fines against investor fraud.
OIL (WTI) US$66.22 -1.17
tion from new rivals, new WestJet chief executive of- But broader changes that would address the in-
GCAN 10-YR 2.27% +0.03 ficer Ed Sims says. ability of the B.C. Securities Commission to collect
A move by Kelowna, B.C.-based Flair Airlines to on hundreds of millions of dollars in unpaid fines
increase its schedule to 208 flights in June – as well as are still under consideration.
the potential takeover of Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA On Monday, the provincial government intro-
COMPANIES – have “redoubled my enthusiasm and appetite for duced amendments to the Securities Act that will
Swoop,” said Mr. Sims, who replaced Gregg Saretsky allow two national regulators, the Investment In-
AIRBUS .................................................................... B3 as WestJet’s CEO last month. dustry Regulatory Organization of Canada and the
APHRIA ................................................................... B2 International Airlines Group (IAG), the owner of Mutual Fund Dealers Association, to enforce penal-
BANK OF AMERICA ................................................. B3 British Airways, Spain’s Vueling and other carriers, is ties as court orders against investment dealers who
BOEING ................................................................... B3 already planning to fly to Canada later this year un- wrong investors.
BOMBARDIER .......................................................... B3 der its own long-haul discount carrier, known as A Globe and Mail analysis last year found that na-
BP ............................................................................ B9 Level. IAG recently bought 4.6 per cent of Norwe- tionally, MFDA is owed $73.7-million in unpaid fines
BROADCOM ............................................................ B2 gian, fuelling speculation about a takeover that and IIROC is owed $32.7-million.
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY ................................ B11
would give the latter airline a financially strong par- Filing in court means that they will be able to pur-
COGECO COMMUNICATIONS ................................. B11
ent to backstop its expansion plans. sue outstanding fines, and order a person to comply
DEUTSCHE BANK .................................................... B9
ELDORADO RESORTS ............................................. B5 Norwegian has delayed plans to fly to Canada with decisions, made by these self-regulatory orga-
ENCORE CAPITAL GROUP ...................................... B10 from Europe – originally scheduled to begin in July − nizations.
FACEBOOK .............................................................. B2 by a year, but other discount European carriers have In recent months, The Globe has highlighted the
GOLDEN STAR RESOURCES ................................... B11 targeted Canada. Meanwhile Flair’s expansion, a inability of securities regulators across the country
GRAY TELEVISION ................................................. B10 new economy-fare regime at Air Canada and an ex- to enforce sanctions against fraudsters and others
KRAFT HEINZ ......................................................... B11 pansion of its low-cost Rouge network are increas- who run afoul of the regulators who oversee Cana-
LANNETT ............................................................... B10 ing the competitive pressure. da’s capital markets. In December, a Globe investi-
LIBERTY HEALTH SCIENCES .................................... B2 Flair’s announcement is a shot across the bow at gation found that unpaid securities fines totalled
MARCUS ................................................................ B10 WestJet, Mr. Sims said. “That to me is a strong call to more than $1.1-billion – and only a fraction of the
NXP SEMICONDUCTORS ......................................... B2 action for WestJetters to make sure we redouble our fines announced are ever collected.
QUALCOMM ............................................................ B2 efforts both to make sure we operate on the lowest- British Columbia has the worst track record for
ROGERS .................................................................. B3 possible cost base and have the opportunity to collecting fines, in part because of its pattern of im-
ROYAL DUTCH SHELL .............................................. B9 grow,” he said on Monday as he gave his first media posing tough-on-crime penalties – even though on-
SEASPAN ............................................................... B10 interviews since being appointed on March 8. ly a small fraction of those fines are ever collected.
SERVIER .................................................................. B5 In the transatlantic market, Norwegian’s flights to The B.C. Securities Commission reported it had
SHIRE ...................................................................... B5
Canada, if they go ahead next year, will coincide with $478-million worth of unpaid fines against individ-
SOURCE ENERGY SERVICES ................................... B11
the arrival of the first of 10 Boeing 787 wide-bodied uals, companies and groups last year, but it expects
TAKEDA ................................................................... B5
TROPICANA ENTERTAINMENT ................................ B5 planes that WestJet will deploy to international mar- only $100,000 of that – or 0.02 per cent – is likely to
kets. Destinations in Europe are on the list. be collected.
WESTJET, B2 SECURITIES, B6
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B2 | REPORT ON BUSINESS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Aphria stock rises on Liberty Health Sciences sale


Medical-marijuana would not affect Colorado’s legal-
marijuana industry.
producer reports While Mr. Neufeld viewed this
$12.9-million profit as positive, he told analysts on
after signing a deal Monday he did not expect the
TMX Group, which operates the
to sell part of its stake Toronto Stock Exchange and Ven-
ture Exchange, to change its posi-
tion soon.
TORONTO Aphria does not anticipate
“enough advancement” between
now and late July, when the li-
Shares of licensed medical-mari- censed producer is expected to
juana producer Aphria Inc. rose reduce its stake in Liberty Health
nearly 9 per cent on Monday on Sciences further to 20 per cent,
better-than-expected quarterly Mr. Neufeld said.
results and after news of a chang- “This is just another advance-
ing political tone on cannabis ment of eventually getting to the
south of the border. position of where medical canna-
Aphria reported a $12.9-million bis moves to Schedule 2,” he told
profit in its latest quarter, boosted analysts. “That journey is still a
by the sale of some of its shares in long way off.”
U.S. company Liberty Health Sci- Meanwhile, Aphria reported
ences Inc. quarterly revenue that more than
The Leamington, Ont.-based doubled to $10.3-million, com-
producer’s stock rose as much as pared with a year ago and an im-
8.95 per cent to $12.42 on the To- Some of Aphria’s medical-marijuana plants grow in the firm’s greenhouse in Leamington, Ont., in May, 2016. provement in its all-in costs of
ronto Stock Exchange in late Aphria’s stock rose nearly 9 per cent in late morning trading on Monday. GEOFF ROBINS/THE GLOBE AND MAIL sales of dried cannabis per gram
morning trading on Monday. to $1.56, down from $2.13 in the
Aphria’s chief executive Vic and in which Aphria has a 28-per- operator warned in October that force federal law. same quarter of 2017.
Neufeld said on Monday the com- cent stake, has been “given a U.S. federal law takes precedence Aphria sold 26.7 million Liber- The company said the its latest
pany is “very excited” about polit- stamp of validation by key politi- over state laws, and cannabis ty shares at a price of US$1.25 a quarterly profit amounted to 8
ical developments south of the cal leaders.” firms with cross-border activities share, representing all its shares cents a share for the quarter end-
border – where cannabis is illegal “We are very excited that this may face delisting. In January, in the company that are not sub- ed Feb. 28, compared with a profit
under U.S. federal law – including has happened,” he told analysts U.S. Attorney-General Jeff Ses- ject to Canadian Securities Ex- of nearly $5-million, or 4 cents a
President Donald Trump’s com- discussing the company’s latest sions rescinded an Obama-era change escrow requirements and share, a year ago when it had few-
mitment last week to support quarterly results. “We were very memo that suggested the federal maintained a 28.1-per-cent stake er shares outstanding.
congressional efforts to protect confident it would. … Liberty was government would not intervene after the transaction.
states that have legalized canna- just ahead of the curve.” in states where cannabis is legal, But on Friday, Colorado Sen- THE CANADIAN PRESS
bis. Mr. Neufeld said Liberty Aphria moved to reduce its and said he was leaving it to fed- ator Cory Gardner said he re-
Health Sciences, which has inter- stake in Liberty earlier this year eral prosecutors in those states to ceived a commitment from Mr. APHRIA (APH)
ests in states where pot is legal after Canada’s biggest exchange decide how aggressively to en- Trump that the memo’s recission CLOSE: $12.24, UP 84¢

Facebook fuels broad privacy debate by tracking non-users


Concern about Facebook Inc.’s Lawmakers and privacy advo- non-users from people on its net- they visit sites with Facebook technologist at the American Civ-
respect for data privacy is widen- cates immediately protested the work, such as when a user up- “like” and “share” buttons, il Liberties Union.
ing to include the information it practice, with many saying Face- loads e-mail addresses of friends. whether or not a person pushes a Mr. Zuckerberg, for instance,
collects about non-users, after book needed to develop a way for Other information comes from button. Facebook said it uses said the collection was done for
chief executive Mark Zuckerberg non-users to find out what the “cookies,” small files stored via a browsing data to create analytics security purposes, without ex-
said the world’s largest social net- company knows about them. browser and used by Facebook reports, including about traffic to plaining further or saying wheth-
work tracks people whether they “We’ve got to fix that,” Mr. Lu- and others to track people on the a site. er it was also used for measure-
have accounts or not. jan, a Democrat, told Mr. Zucker- internet, sometimes to target The company said it does not ment or analytics, Mr. Gillmor
Privacy concerns have berg, calling for such disclosure, a them with ads. use the data to target ads, except said, adding that Facebook had a
swamped Facebook since it ac- move that would have unclear ef- “This kind of data collection is those inviting people to join business incentive to use the
knowledged last month that in- fects on the company’s ability to fundamental to how the internet Facebook. non-user data to target ads.
formation about millions of users target ads. Mr. Zuckerberg did not works,” Facebook said in a state- Advocates and lawmakers say Facebook declined to com-
wrongly ended up in the hands of respond. On Friday, Facebook ment to Reuters. they are singling out Facebook ment on why Mr. Zuckerberg re-
political consultancy Cambridge said it had no plans to build such Asked if people could opt out, because of its size, rivalled out- ferred to security only.
Analytica, a firm that has count- a tool. Facebook added, “There are basic side China only by Alphabet Inc.’s Mr. Gillmor said Facebook
ed U.S. President Donald Trump’s Critics said that Mr. Zucker- things you can do to limit the use Google, and because they allege could build databases on non-us-
2016 electoral campaign among berg has not said enough about of this information for advertis- Mr. Zuckerberg was not forth- ers by combining web browsing
its clients. the extent and use of the data. ing, like using browser or device coming about the extent and rea- history with uploaded contacts.
Mr. Zuckerberg said on “It’s not clear what Facebook is settings to delete cookies. This sons for the tracking. Facebook said on Friday that it
Wednesday under questioning by doing with that information,” would apply to other services be- “He’s either deliberately mis- does not do so.
U.S. Representative Ben Lujan said Chris Calabrese, vice-presi- yond Facebook because, as men- understanding some of the ques-
that, for security reasons, Face- dent for policy at the Center for tioned, it is standard to how the tions, or he’s not clear about REUTERS
book also collects “data of people Democracy & Technology, a internet works.” what’s actually happening inside
who have not signed up for Face- Washington advocacy group. Facebook often installs coo- Facebook’s operation,” said Da- FACEBOOK (FB)
book.” Facebook gets some data on kies on non-users’ browsers if niel Kahn Gillmor, a senior staff CLOSE: US$164.83, UP 31 US CENTS

WestJet: Demand for seats on


Swoop is ahead of expectations
FROM B1

“I fully expect to see deeper and


broader transatlantic competi-
tion coming out of Ireland in
Norwegian’s colours,” Mr. Sims
said.
Domestically, however, what
was expected to be a full-scale
battle between two ultralow-cost
carriers − so-called because they
offer rock-bottom fares, but
charge for baggage, seat selection
and all food and drinks − has
been delayed with Vancouver-
based Canada Jetlines Ltd. push- WestJet CEO Ed Sims
ing back its original July launch
to an unspecified date. ations, the airline would have
Demand for seats on Swoop is had too much capacity, he said.
ahead of expectations, but the ul- Reaching agreement with the
tralow-cost unit is also at the cen- pilots is a high priority, Mr. Sims
tre of a labour dispute between said and he expects a deal to be
WestJet and its pilots, who be- reached this year.
came the first of the company’s Mr. Saretksy said during West-
employee groups to be unionized Jet’s investor day presentation in
when they joined the Air Line Pi- December that it could take five
lots Association last year. years to reach a deal. He said in
The WestJet unit of ALPA has February that Swoop would start
won a favourable Canadian In- flying in June with or without an
dustrial Relations Board ruling agreement with ALPA.
that prevents Swoop from offer- Fitch Ratings Inc., a credit-rat-
ing pilot jobs directly to existing ing service that examines Air
WestJet pilots without going Canada’s debt, said it is not con-
through the union. cerned about the immediate im-
The pilots union and WestJet pact ultralow-cost carriers might
are in conciliation talks on a first have.
contract. The conciliation period Air Canada can compete with
is to conclude at the end of April. its Rouge brand, Fitch said. “We
A strike can begin 21 days later. also believe that new entrants
The Swoop planes and the may have a difficult time in Cana-
routes they fly have traditionally da, since both incumbent airlines
been flown by WestJet pilots, said are financially healthy and are
of OUTSPOKEN Rob McFadyen, chairman of AL- expected to compete vigorously
VOICES and PA’s WestJet unit. with any new airlines,” the agen-
OUTSTANDING “When you start taking routes cy said.

STARTS NEXT WEEK! STORIES and aircraft away, it has a signif- Mr. Sims joined WestJet last
icant impact on our pilot group,” May as executive vice-president
Mr. McFadyen said in an inter- of commercial operations.
view. “That is one of the para- He had spent 10 years at Air
mount issues to our pilots.” New Zealand, where he was in
Mr. Sims confirmed Swoop has charge of the airline’s interna-
FIND FILMS. BUY TICKETS. HOTDOCS.CA already begun hiring pilots and tional wide-bodied aircraft oper-
training them for the June 20 ations, before becoming CEO of
startup. New Zealand’s air-navigation ser-
Swoop flights will not canni- vice provider.
balize WestJet’s existing network,
he said. If the planes had stayed WESTJET (WJA)
within WestJet’s mainline oper- CLOSE: $22.83, UP 26¢
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B3

[ AEROSPACE ]
Bombardier union
optimistic about contract
negotiations with Airbus
MONTREAL

The union representing Bombardier Inc. employees doesn’t


anticipate overly acrimonious negotiations to renew the col-
lective agreement once Airbus SE takes control of the C Se-
ries program.
The contract expires on Nov. 30, but the International As-
sociation of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAMAW)
travelled to France to meet with the three main aerospace
unions to learn more about their relationship with Airbus.
David Chartrand, the union’s Quebec co-ordinator, says he
was somewhat reassured because
there is already a fairly strong
union culture in both France and Under the terms of
Canada. He says he was “happy”
to negotiate with the French com- the deal announced
pany rather than Boeing Co., the last fall, Airbus will
American aerospace giant that hold 50.1 per cent of
could have been Bombardier’s the new partnership.

Come fly with me partner in the C Series.


The IAMAW is still waiting for
the partnership between Bombardier and the French giant to
Workers put up a poster of the Bombardier Global 7000 aircraft be finalized that will give Airbus majority control of the C
Series program without having to pay a cent.
at the Asian Business Aviation Conference and Exhibition In March, Bombardier Aerospace workers voted over-
at Hongqiao International Airport in Shanghai on Monday. whelmingly in favour of a new reciprocity agreement that
Bombardier is extending the range of its marquee business jet ensures workers who switch between Bombardier and the
future partnership don’t lose their pensions and keep most
to 7,700 nautical miles, unseating the Gulfstream G650 as seniority benefits, including salary and vacation time.
the long-distance champion of the private-aircraft industry. Under the terms of the deal announced last fall, Airbus will
The improvement for the plane will be able to whisk passengers hold 50.1 per cent of the new partnership.
Bombardier’s share will increase to 31per cent while that of
from New York to Hong Kong, or Singapore to San Francisco, the Quebec government – which injected US$1-billion to ob-
the company said in a statement on Sunday. tain 49.5 per cent in 2015 – is slated to fall to 19 per cent.

THE CANADIAN PRESS


ALY SONG/REUTERS
BOMBARDIER (BBD.B)
CLOSE: $3.70, UP 6¢

Rogers to test 5G tech in Ottawa, with estimated 2020 rollout


DAVID PADDON TORONTO because of the hardware and soft- such as virtual reality, Mr. Fer- Fernandes said, Rogers is prepar- company got into the wireless
ware that’s still to be developed. nandes expects a bigger initial ing to modernize its wireless net- business.
But he added that the introduc- value from machine-to-machine work by vastly boosting the num- Mr. Fernandes said the Ottawa
Rogers Communications Inc. ex- tion of the new networks will re- applications used by communi- ber of transmitters capable of trial will be performed after Re-
pects to begin testing core appli- quire collaboration with many ties and businesses. connecting thousands of sensors lease 15 of the 5G standard comes
cations for fifth-generation wire- partners, including city govern- For example, Mr. Fernandes within a city to automated vehi- out – likely in June – which will
less networks later this year in Ot- ments and businesses. said, a city with 5G-connected traf- cles. dictate how 5G devices should
tawa, after more precise 5G indus- “There’s still a lot being done to fic monitoring would assist self- While Rogers has been using talk with 4G networks.
try standards come out, the develop the technology itself. driving vehicles that are currently Rogers Centre stadium to test fre- The two main rivals for Rogers
company’s chief technology offi- And it’s important that we start being developed and rolled out quencies and network optimiza- – BCE Inc. and Telus Corp. – have
cer said on Monday. explaining and bringing these on a limited trial basis in various tion, Mr. Fernandes said there’s no claimed their current 4G net-
The tests will be conducted partners along so that they can countries. clear time frame for expanding its works have a speed advantage,
with long-time network supplier see the future and see the benefits “Autonomous vehicles today 5G testing in Toronto. However, but Mr. Fernandes said it’s not a
Ericsson, a Swedish multinational they will bring,” Mr. Fernandes have sensors within the vehicle it- Mr. Fernandes is already working significant factor and promised to
that has a major research and de- said. self. But the vehicle can only see to boost infrastructure – includ- surpass them. “I am not catching
velopment lab in Ottawa – one of The new 5G level of wireless what it can see,” Mr. Fernandes ing fibre optics, new electronics up to be ‘as good as.’ We will be
Canada’s main technology devel- service is expected to deliver sig- said. A 5G network would be able and more towers – so that its net- leading in this business, make no
opment hubs. nificantly faster download speeds to enhance the driverless car’s ca- work will be ready to go once the mistake about that.”
Jorge Fernandes, who recently compared with today’s LTE net- pabilities by warning it of hazards software has been finalized.
joined Rogers as its chief technol- works and make new technolo- beyond its sensor range, such as a Ericsson is one of the world’s THE CANADIAN PRESS
ogy officer, told reporters that 5G gies possible. bicycle coming toward it from leading wireless network technol-
networks probably won’t be ready While there are foreseeable around a corner. ogy developers, and the main ROGERS (RCI.B)
for “prime time” until about 2020 consumer applications for 5G, In order for that to work, Mr. supplier to Rogers since the cable CLOSE: $57.23, UP 47¢

B of A’s profit surges on higher


interest rates, loan growth
Bank of America reported a 34- 9 per cent to US$9.03-billion.
per-cent rise in first-quarter profit “Strong client activity, coupled
on Monday as it benefited from with a growing global economy
higher interest rates and loan and solid U.S. consumer activity,
growth. led to record quarterly earnings,”
The second-largest U.S. bank chief executive Brian Moynihan
by assets said net income attrib- said in a statement.
utable to shareholders rose to a Higher interest rates helped B
record US$6.49-billion in the of A charge more for loans while
three months ended March 31 keeping deposit rates low. The
from US$4.84-billion a year earli- lender relies heavily on higher in-
er. Earnings a share rose to 62 US terest rates to maximize profit as
cents from 45 US cents. it has a large stock of deposits and
Analysts on average had ex- rate-sensitive mortgage securi-
pected 59 US cents a share, ac- ties.
cording to Thomson Reuters I/B/ JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Ci-
E/S. It was not immediately clear tigroup Inc. last week also report-
if the reported figures were com- ed rises in quarterly profit, helped
parable. in part by higher interest rates.
Total revenue, net of interest
expense, rose about 4 per cent to REUTERS
US$23.28-billion.
In the bank’s biggest business – BANK OF AMERICA (BAC)
consumer banking – revenue rose CLOSE: US$29.93, UP 12 US CENTS

Rising interest rates starting


to pinch more Canadians: poll
CALGARY penses in the next 12 months
without going into further debt.
The poll comes ahead of the
A new poll suggests a growing Bank of Canada’s interest rate an-
proportion of Canadians say they nouncement later this week.
are feeling the effects of higher in- The central bank has raised its
terest rates. key interest rate target three
The quarterly MNP consumer times since last summer, moves
debt index survey says 43 per cent that have prompted the big banks
of Canadians say they’re feeling to raise their prime lending rates.
the effects of higher interest rates, The latest MNP poll was done
up five percentage points from between March 12 and March 16
three months ago. and included a sample of 2,001
The poll done for insolvency Canadians that were interviewed
firm MNP also said 51 per cent of online.
respondents fear rising interest The polling industry’s profes-
rates could impact their ability to sional body, the Marketing Re-
repay their debts, while 33 per search and Intelligence Associ-
cent agreed that rising interest ation, says online surveys cannot
rates could possibly push them be assigned a margin of error be-
toward bankruptcy. cause they do not randomly sam-
Forty-seven per cent said they ple the population.
do not believe they’ll be able to
cover all living and family ex- THE CANADIAN PRESS
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B4 | REPORT ON BUSINESS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

OPINION & ANALYSIS


Going online doesn’t have to be a privacy risk
DOMINIC FORTIN comparison. Canada is one of 11 and lawful use of data? Simply companies that are transparent unlawful access from ill-inten-
countries to be recognized under put, anything in the realm of about their data use and strive to tioned elements as well.
European law as providing ade- what is reasonable. An unrea- put data protection at the centre In the end, in this debate over
OPINION quate privacy protection. By sonable use would be in a case of their mission will win a com- data protection, I think the ef-
comparison, in the United States, where the platform would col- petitive advantage. forts will need to come from
CIO at district m as the country does not have ad- lect data on its users to then sell In the midst of all that, there both sides of the spectrum: Cor-
equacy status, individual corpo- it to a third party and make a is one thing we must not forget: porations need to take better
ith the Facebook and rations need to apply for a certi- profit out of it. This is where the We, as users, also have resources care of personal data and treat

W Cambridge Analytica
scandal coming to a
head over the past couple of
fication of compliance in order
to obtain the same privileges.
This does not mean Canada is
notion of consent is important:
As a user, I agreed to give access
to my data (and to specify what
and tools that can help us con-
trol just how much information
we give out and what type of ad-
those data in an ethical manner,
but also be more transparent
about what data are being used
weeks, a topic that was once neb- exempt from improving and sort of data I’m willing to share) vertising we see − starting with and how, in a language that not
ulous is now put under a bright clarifying its current regulations. to this platform alone. However, our smartphones, which are al- only tech-savvy users or some-
spotlight and becoming a major A parliamentary report that I have not agreed to give access ready packing a ton of controls one in the legal profession would
concern for all online users: data came out at the end of February to any third party that is not di- over what is shared to apps. understand.
privacy and protection. The busi- suggested modernizing Canada’s rectly involved in the services I On the web, an obvious exam- By providing clarity to the us-
ness model that puts personal privacy laws, and I couldn’t agree have subscribed to. That’s one ple may be ad blockers, but there er, we will create more informed
information at the centre of prof- more. instance where boundaries need are many other technologies that users and empower them to take
itability through advertising is Advertising today is depend- to be drawn. empower the user to exert their control and so, share the respon-
questioned: Should we allow ent on personal data like it has An encouraging sign that we right to data privacy and control sibility of data protection with
free online and social media in never been before, and as an in- are seeing right now is the no- their data exposure. A common them.
return for monetization of per- dustry, we are facing the chal- tion of privacy by design that example is the incognito mode But as far as data protection
sonal information through ad- lenge of building ethical and many corporations and technol- that is available on a majority of goes in Canada, we are in a great
vertising, or should we charge for transparent frameworks that will ogy providers are adopting. More browsers that will remove coo- position to create a healthier on-
online activity? While new sub- contribute to establishing trust and more platforms are building kies and other data at the end of line experience for consumers,
scription-based models are between consumers, service pro- products with built-in end-to- every session. having received the adequacy
bringing alternatives to the ad- viders and advertisers, and make end encryption and limiting data Other tools such as secure status from the EU’s general da-
supported internet, I believe we advertising a healthy part of so- retention to the bare minimum DNS services, virtual private net- ta-protection regulation, but also
can still have free access to con- ciety. Only if that challenge is rather than addressing the prob- works or browser extensions with the recommendations that
tent and services, in return for met will we be able to trust cor- lem separately with complex that give granular control over were made to modernize the
reasonable use of personal infor- porations offering a free service tools and processes. This ensures which companies can track Personal Information Protection
mation for advertising. to consumers, such as a social that data collected will be re- browsing habits are all addition- and Electronic Documents Act.
First of all, Canada ranks high network, to generate their reve- tained for the shortest time nec- al tools that users can leverage if These are a couple of great first
in comparison to the rest of the nue from ethical and lawful use essary and that all communica- they get educated about the sub- steps. I think the next one will be
world on protection of privacy. of the data they have gathered tions and databases will be en- ject. how we educate and empower
Let’s use the stringent European for advertising purposes. crypted to limit the risks of secu- As a bonus, some of those ourselves as consumers over on-
privacy law as a prime point of So what would be an ethical rity breaches. In the long run, tools also help protect against line privacy.

Canada’s resource industries Federal pipeline funding is


need to reboot their message a Band-Aid fix for a bigger problem
TONY COULSON
MARTHA HALL FINDLAY TransCanada Energy East project addressing.
by moving the regulatory goal- Key, either way, is assurance
OPINION posts midstream – the last straw that TMX will happen. The big
OPINION of many regulatory hurdles – question is: How?
Group vice-president of corporate and public affairs at Environics again, after significant invest- Some argue that the federal
President and CEO of the Canada ment in time and money. declaratory power under Section
n response to a recent shareholder question, Athabasca West Foundation Offering financial help to Kin- 92(10)(c) of the Constitution is

I Oil Corp. chief executive Rob Broen is reported to have


stated, “Near as a I can tell, we have a tax – we have a car-
bon tax – but we don’t have a pipeline and the opponents
of those pipelines are more entrenched than they’ve ever
been.” Mr. Broen was expressing frustration about the appar-
T
he Kinder Morgan issue
now drawing serious atten-
tion from the Prime Minis-
ter’s office is about far more than
der Morgan will not calm the
fears of other potential investors.
Such reactive behaviour, under
political pressure, will only show
Canada to be a place where we
redundant, because TMX crosses
provinces and is already recog-
nized as a federal undertaking.
But British Columbia Premier
John Horgan isn’t letting that
ent fraying of what many understood as the grand bargain of a pipeline. The implications of don’t know what we’re doing. stop him. Some issues have
oil sands development. The bargain was that governments the potential cancellation of the The shareholders of Kinder Mor- shared constitutional jurisdic-
would impose carbon taxes and regulations to reduce green- Trans Mountain expansion pro- gan are justifiably worried about tion, such as the environment,
house gas emissions and control environmental impacts, ject (TMX) are far larger and their money because this project which is where Mr. Horgan is
while producers would get infrastructure (pipelines) that more far-reaching than for one has already taken far more time now hanging his hat (after a le-
would let them carry the product to international markets pipe, for the company Kinder and treasure that anyone antici- gal opinion reinforcing that he
and fetch better prices. Morgan or for the province of pated. didn’t have the constitutional ju-
Today, the carbon tax and other environmental measures British Columbia or the province risdiction to stop the project out-
are a reality, but environmentalists continue to fight the pipe- of Alberta. The implications are right).
line, and Kinder Morgan, the pipeline’s proponent, has point- enormous for the country. The cumulative effect But we do have a precedent
edly announced that it’s pausing investment in the project. The cumulative effect of ma- that may be useful: The federal
Is it surprising that protesters are protesting, despite their jor project failures – Northern of major project failures government’s declaratory power
policy victories on a carbon tax and other regulations? Not Gateway, Energy East, Petronas’s – Northern Gateway, was enshrined in the Atomic En-
really. In the energy development/environment debate, as cancellation of the Pacific North- Energy East, Petronas’s ergy Control Act (now the Nucle-
on many other issues, minorities at both extremes are vocal West LNG megaproject – after cancellation of the ar Safety and Control Act), and
and unlikely to change their minds. In the case of oil sands billions of dollars spent, huge was upheld by the Supreme
development, about 3 per cent of Canadians consider them- time and human resources wast- Pacific NorthWest LNG Court of Canada in 1993. The
selves full-fledged supporters and advocates for oil sands de- ed, is, as many commentators megaproject – after clause (as it was at the time) said
velopment, while another 15 per cent are strong supporters are now stressing, terrible for billions of dollars spent, that “All works and undertakings
but not advocates. Conversely, about 3 per cent are fully op- Canada’s investment climate. huge time and human constructed (a) for the produc-
posed to and advocating against That many of these failures are tion, use and application of nu-
the oil sands, while 16 per cent are seen as being due to political resources wasted, is, as clear energy; (b) for research or
Continuing to argue strongly opposed but not advo- whims, and rules that change ev- many commentators are investigation with respect to nu-
cates against. Canadians’ views on ery time a government changes, now stressing, terrible clear energy; and (c) for the pro-
with environmental pipelines correlate closely with is devastating. For a country de- duction, refining or treatment of
activists is not an their views on the oil sands in pendent on investment, failure
for Canada’s investment nuclear substances are, and each
effective way general, so the numbers on pipe- of TMX on top of these other fail- climate. of them is declared to be, works
lines are likely in the same range. ures would send a disastrous or a work for the general advan-
forward. And But of Kinder Morgan’s two
(As a means of transporting oil, message about how competitive tage of Canada.” The Supreme
continuing to talk up Canadians favour pipelines, see- or attractive a place for invest- requirements to be met before Court held that this meant that
the economics of the ing them as safer than trucks or ment Canada is. May 31, the first is that they be federal, not Ontario provincial
oil sands and rail.) However, a promise of finan- assured that the project will be labour rules would apply to the
Most Canadians – about 60 per cial support from the federal built. This is key. Only the second project in question.
pipelines will only cent – fall somewhere in between government is not the answer. is “protection” for their share- Labour relations can be just as
work with the base: the committed supporters and Sure, it might help keep Kin- holders. sensitive a federal/provincial
those who are committed opponents of oil der Morgan building for now – If the first part of the ultima- subject as education, health care
already sands development. These Cana- which is important because we tum is met – assurance that the and, yes, the environment.
pro-development. dians recognize that there are ec- need the pipeline capacity and project will be built – then the Armed with that Supreme Court
onomic benefits to oil develop- access to the ocean. Our oil sec- shareholders will be kept whole, decision, a majority government
ment and export, but have concerns about the environment tor, after all, provides jobs and solving the second requirement. and Opposition Conservatives
and about public health and safety – and are not about to economic prosperity for all Can- So why are we also offering Can- who want this pipeline built,
abandon those concerns. Although those who already sup- adians. adian taxpayer funding, or po- here is an idea: Propose rush leg-
port the industry find economic arguments about energy de- But what does it do for the tential funding by loan guaran- islation – say, the “Energy Trans-
velopment powerful, the six in 10 Canadians in the middle larger foreign-investment prob- tees? portation Act,” which enshrines
don’t find the economic case persuasive unless they’re also lem? We didn’t give the proponents that the transportation of energy
convinced that the environment and public health will be It only reinforces everyone’s compensation when Canada de- across provinces is “for the gen-
protected. worry; it’s an acknowledgment nied the previously approved eral advantage of Canada.” Make
If one follows this logic, the federal and Alberta govern- that we can’t get anything built Northern Gateway. We didn’t of- clear that where there may be
ments may not be interested in courting the votes of hard- here. The Canadian government fer financial help to get Energy overlapping jurisdictions on
core environmentalists, who, like David Suzuki, find them denied Northern Gateway – after East built. And where was the some issues (such as the envi-
too soft on the environment, or those of the hard-core indus- years of time and money spent Canadian government when Pe- ronment, labour relations), fed-
try supporters who can’t bring themselves to support a “job- and concerted efforts to meet tronas decided to pull out of eral jurisdiction governs.
killing carbon tax.” They might be aiming to hit a sweet spot the many conditions imposed on their LNG project? Money to This may not prevent Mr. Hor-
with the quiet majority that wants to see economic develop- the project to address Indige- “help” Kinder Morgan’s share- gan from threatening continued
ment balanced with environmental protections. nous and environmental issues. holders is a short-term Band-Aid blockages, but those threats
Some in the industry might do themselves a favour by The Canadian government en- answer to a much more funda- would be much less effective
changing their focus. Continuing to argue with environmen- couraged the cancellation of the mental problem that we are not with a clearer legal landscape.
tal activists is not an effective way forward. And continuing to
talk up the economics of the oil sands and pipelines will only
work with the base: those who are already pro-development.
Maintaining or growing support among the six in 10 Cana- DILBERT
dians who don’t already hold strong views on these issues will
require speaking to their concerns in ways that resonate with
them – perhaps by learning about their values and crafting
messages that fit.
Simplicity also helps. Research has shown that it’s best to
break complex arguments down into shorter communica-
tions. If messages resonate with people’s values, informa-
tional shortcuts can be okay; people don’t need every detail if
the source is honest and credible, and they have a sense of
shared interests.
You get people’s attention by showing that you under-
stand their concerns and can speak effectively to them – be-
cause you know that their apprehensions matter. Simply re-
peating your own priorities can be ineffective or worse.
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B5

Autos drive U.S. retail sales rebound, Icahn closes deal


for Tropicana
signalling consumer sentiment gains casinos
ANKIT AJMERA
Concerns over a U.S.-China
trade war, which has roiled Billionaire investor Carl Icahn is
markets, may yet influence cashing out of casino business
consumer confidence Tropicana Entertainment Inc.
in a US$1.85-billion deal that will
see Eldorado Resorts Inc. pick-
LUCIA MUTIKANI WASHINGTON ing up Tropicana’s casino oper-
ations including its crown jewel
in Atlantic City, N.J.
U.S. retail sales rebounded in March after Under the deal announced on
three straight monthly declines as house- Monday, six of the eight casino
holds boosted purchases of motor vehicles properties run by Tropicana will
and other big-ticket items, suggesting con- be sold by Icahn Enterprises LP
sumer spending was heading into the sec- to real estate investment trust
ond quarter with some momentum. Gaming and Leisure Properties
Economists saw a limited impact on re- Inc. for US$1.21-billion.
tail sales for now from a recent ebb in con- The casino operations will be
sumer sentiment, citing a robust labour taken over by Eldorado, which
market, which is steadily pushing up wage will pay the remaining US$640-
growth. million and lease the properties
Consumer sentiment slipped in early from GLPI for an initial 15-year
April as households worried about the period.
outcome of the Trump administration’s Eldorado’s shares jumped as
trade policies. Fears of a trade war be- much as 21 per cent to a record
tween China and the United States have high of US$43.15, while those of
roiled financial markets. Shoppers leave a Nordstrom Rack store in Manhattan on April 11. The U.S. Commerce Gaming and Leisure Properties
“The trade war and battered stock mar- Department said on Monday retail sales increased 0.6 per cent last month after an were up 4.7 per cent at US$34.85.
ket may yet cause the consumer to temper unrevised 0.1-per-cent dip in February. DREW ANGERER/GETTY IMAGES “[Tropicana Entertainment’s]
their consumption expenditures, but for assets are in very good shape.
the moment, the sun is out and shining,” slowdown in consumer spending in the its advance estimate for first-quarter GDP Tropicana Atlantic City, Lumiere
said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at first quarter. growth later this month. and Evansville – all stand out as
MUFG in New York. “Consumers are doing Economists largely blame the weakness In March, auto sales jumped 2 per cent, top-notch assets,” Union Gaming
their part to drive the economy forward as in retail sales at the start of the year on the largest increase since last September, Research analyst John DeCree
they restart their engines from a cold and delays in processing tax refunds. Some al- after declining 1.3 per cent in February. said.
snowy winter.” so argue that income-tax cuts, which came Sales at furniture stores climbed 0.7 per The deal is the latest in a se-
The U.S. Commerce Department said on into effect in January, only cent while those at electron- ries of mergers and acquisitions
Monday retail sales increased 0.6 per cent reflected on most workers’ ics and appliance stores in- in the U.S. gambling sector in re-
last month after an unrevised 0.1-per-cent paychecks in late February. creased 0.5 per cent. cent years as companies expand
dip in February. January data were revised “The large swing in con- But sales at building-ma- their reach, diversify their busi-
to show sales falling 0.2 per cent, instead sumption between February The trade war terial stores fell 0.6 per cent nesses and take advantage of re-
of the previously reported 0.1-per-cent and March is consistent with last month and receipts at cent legalization of gaming in
drop. an important role for house- and battered clothing stores dropped 0.8 some states.
Economists had forecast retail sales ris- hold after-tax incomes being stock market per cent. Sales at online re- “We did not foresee any need
ing 0.4 per cent in March. Retail sales in restrained and then lifted by may yet cause tailers increased 0.8 per cent. for near-term capital invest-
March increased 4.5 per cent from a year a unique pattern of tax re- the consumer to Sales at restaurants and bars ments of any scale across the
ago. funds and withholdings,” gained 0.4 per cent. Receipts properties,” Eldorado chief exec-
Excluding automobiles, gasoline, build- said Michael Feroli, an econ- temper their at sporting goods and hobby utive officer Gary Carano said.
ing materials and food services, retail sales omist at JPMorgan in New consumption stores dropped 1.8 per cent. The addition of Tropicana’s
rose 0.4 per cent last month after going York. expenditures, While the stock market “high quality” assets will allow
unchanged in February. These so-called “We believe those forces but for the volatility has not yet regis- Eldorado to save about US$40-
core retail sales, which correspond most will remain supportive for tered on consumer spend- million in the first year following
closely with the consumer spending com- consumption in the second moment, the ing, it is chipping away at the close of the deal later in 2018.
ponent of gross domestic product, were quarter, and, after today’s sun is out and business confidence. This is Mr. Icahn’s second ma-
previously reported to have risen 0.1 per number, remain comfort- shining. In a separate report on jor sale in as many weeks. Last
cent in February. able with prospects for a re- Monday, the New York Fed- week, he agreed to sell auto-
U.S. financial markets were little moved bound in household outlays CHRIS RUPKEY eral Reserve said its Empire parts maker Federal-Mogul Corp.
by the data as investors watched geopolit- this quarter.” CHIEF ECONOMIST State Index tumbled seven to Tenneco Inc. in a US$5.4-bil-
AT MUFG
ical developments. U.S. stocks rose on Consumer spending, points to a reading of 15.8 in lion deal, unloading an invest-
waning fears that the weekend’s U.S.-led which accounts for more April. The survey’s measure ment he has held for nearly two
missile attack on Syria would escalate into than two-thirds of U.S. economic activity, of future business conditions dropped to a decades.
a broader conflict. U.S. Treasury prices fell grew at a robust 4-per-cent annualized more than two-year low. Icahn Enterprises said in its
and the U.S. dollar weakened against a rate in the fourth quarter. It is expected to “This month’s decline in the Empire statement that the deal did
basket of currencies. have slowed to below a 1.5-per-cent rate of State Six-Month Forward Index may re- not include Tropicana’s Aruba
increase in the first quarter. flect trade-related uncertainties and the casino and resort in the Carib-
Economic growth estimates for the Ja- associated volatility of stocks, or other fac- bean, which would be sold sep-
SLOW FIRST-QUARTER SPENDING nuary-March quarter are running below a tors,” said Roiana Reid, an economist at arately as a condition of closing
2-per-cent rate. The economy expanded at Berenberg Capital Markets in New York. the deal.
Last month’s pickup in core retail sales did a 2.9-per-cent pace in the October-Decem-
little to change expectations of a sharp ber quarter. The government will publish REUTERS REUTERS

Shire sells its cancer business


to Servier as Takeda plans bid
LONDON the Japanese group. Shire also
The University of Montreal and of
had debt of around US$19-billion
as of the end of 2017.
Sylvain, who now stands to gain from
Shire PLC, the London-listed The drugs industry has seen a
rare-diseases specialist that is a surge in deal-making this year as a discovery that could significantly
potential takeover target for Ja- large players look for promising
pan’s Takeda Pharmaceutical assets to improve their pipelines, lower the risk of organ rejection.
Co. Ltd., is selling its oncology but a Takeda-Shire transaction
business to unlisted French drug would be by far the biggest yet.
maker Servier SAS for US$2.4-bil- Two sources with direct knowl-
lion. edge of the matter said last week
The deal suggests there is value that Takeda had sounded out its
locked up within Shire’s portfolio major creditors for loans to fund
– despite a dismal share price per- a potential Shire bid.
formance in the past two years – Shire chief executive Flem-
as its management braces for a ming Ornskov said the sale of the
possible US$50-billion bid battle oncology business to Servier
with Japan’s biggest drug maker. demonstrated the value embed-
Shire said on Monday it would ded in Shire.
consider returning proceeds Jefferies analysts said the sale
from the sale to shareholders “should boost Shire’s negotiating
through a buyback and that fur- position on asking price in the
ther selective disposals of non- current offer period with Take-
strategic assets were possible. da.”
The divestment of the cancer Shire has long been seen as a
business may be a deterrent for likely takeover target and was
Takeda, since oncology was one nearly bought by U.S. drug maker
of the areas it had highlighted as AbbVie Inc. in 2014, until U.S. tax
driving the case for a Shire deal, rule changes caused it to walk
along with gastrointestinal med- away.
icine and neuroscience. Shire itself also has a track re-
Still, given the small contribu- cord of acquisitions, but its big-
tion of the cancer business to gest ever deal – the US$32-billion
Shire’s overall profit, Deutsche purchase of Baxalta in 2016 – was
Bank analysts said this was un- widely criticized by shareholders.
likely to be a deal breaker. Its oncology business had sales Sylvain Bédard got his first heart the scientists hope to calm a donor’s
A Takeda spokesman declined of US$262-million last year, put- transplant 18 years ago and is on a organ while it is being kept alive so that
to comment. ting the divestment on a respect- waiting list to receive another to replace it will stop emitting signals and will be
Shire was at pains to point out able revenue multiple of 9.2
it. Now, thanks to a discovery by better received once it is transplanted.
that it started exploring the sale times.
Marie-Josée Hébert and Mélanie Dieudé, This life-saving procedure will allow
of oncology in December and For privately held Servier, ac-
his chances of successful recovery after transplant patients to get back on their
commenced the disposal process quiring Shire’s oncology oper-
in January, during which it identi- ation allows it to establish a direct surgery could become much greater. feet more quickly and enjoy a much
fied multiple possible U.S., Eu- commercial presence in the Unit- The researchers have identified small higher quality of life.
ropean and Japanese buyers. ed States and boosts its presence vesicles that send out distress signals,
Find out more about this important
Takeda’s interest in Shire was in the cancer treatment sector. causing an auto-immune reaction that
discovery by Drs. Hébert and Dieudé
made public only at the end of Drugs being acquired include can leads to organ rejection. Ultimately,
at: umontreal.ca/world
last month. the two already marketed prod-
Under British takeover rules, ucts Oncaspar for acute lympho-
Takeda has until April 25 to an- blastic leukemia and rights out-
nounce whether it will bid for side the United States to Onivyde
Shire, which has a market value for pancreatic cancer.
of around US$47-billion. Servier also gets the experi-
Buying Shire would be trans- mental drug calaspargase pegol
formational for Takeda, but for leukemia and an early-stage
would be a huge financial stretch, immuno-oncology pipeline.
since the company is worth
around US$10-billion more than REUTERS
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B6 | REPORT ON BUSINESS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

CPPIB appoints new infrastructure head


Scott Lawrence, with Since she joined CPPIB in the fund believes its partnership Ms. Hogg’s resignation means tructure and natural resource
mid-2014, the infrastructure port- can add value. No replacement for that the country’s three largest head Andrew Claerhout earlier
the fund sincce 2005, folio has grown by more than $10- Mr. Lawrence’s job has been de- pension funds have all changed this year and has appointed Dale
replaces Cressida Hogg billion and now has a team of termined at this time. their top infrastructure managers Burgess, who had overseen the
on $25-billion portfolio more than 40 professionals Ed Cass, global head of real as- in the past couple of months. In Latin America infrastructure
spread across offices in Toronto, sets at CPPIB, said that it would be March, the Caisse de dépôt et team, as interim leader. The pen-
London, Sao Paulo, Mumbai and business as usual for his group, placement du Québec said that sion fund has close to $19-billion
JACQUELINE NELSON Sydney. which also includes real estate Macky Tall would move from in net assets tied up in infrastruc-
Replacing Ms. Hogg will be and agriculture. He noted that the overseeing its $16-billion infras- ture.
Scott Lawrence, who up until re- strategy and objectives of the in- tructure portfolio to become head With the transition under way
Canada Pension Plan Investment cently was CPPIB’s head of funda- frastructure team wouldn’t of liquid markets and the Réseau in infrastructure, CPPIB is still
Board has appointed a new head mental equities, a team that over- change, and stressed the impor- express métropolitain (REM) rap- working on filling some other
of its $25-billion infrastructure sees an active portfolio of invest- tance of close collaboration id-transit project in Montreal. large executive positions. Chief
portfolio, the latest in a wave of ments in public companies. But across teams in the real-assets The pension fund has chosen executive Mark Machin led a
changes in leadership positions Mr. Lawrence is no stranger to his group in looking for new invest- Emmanuel Jaclot, who has previ- “planned renewal of senior man-
across the country’s major pen- new position, having joined the ments. ously worked on mergers and ac- agement,” last month that saw
sion funds. pension fund in 2005 to initiate The move is the latest in a quisitions at energy management chief operations officer Nick Ze-
Cressida Hogg has decided to the infrastructure investments string of high profile exits from company Schneider Electric, to fill lenczuk, 62, global head of public
leave CPPIB, according to an inter- group. He went on to found the re- across the major pension funds as Mr. Tall’s responsibility for infras- market investments Eric Wetlauf-
nal memo circulated at the fund lationship investments group at senior executives and asset class tructure investing. He will begin er, 55, and former global head of
last week. Ms. Hogg, who is based CPPIB, which is a strategy that in- leaders have jostled for new posi- at the start of June. real assets Graeme Eadie, 65, exit
in London, will be moving to a volves taking significant minority tions within the pension space Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan the fund. The first two men have
role outside the pension world. stakes in public companies where and beyond. also parted ways with its infras- yet to be replaced.

Securities
FROM B1

Officials did not provide more


current numbers on Monday.
The amount of outstanding fines
in B.C. for the two national regu-
lators is not publicly known.
Attorney-General David Eby
said the changes will help protect
investors – particularly vulnera-
ble seniors who may invest their
life savings in the securities mar-
ket – but it doesn’t deal with the
broader spectrum of white-collar
crimes that are regulated by the
B.C. Securities Commission.
“Only those people who are
members of these regulatory
bodies are affected by these
changes,” Mr. Eby said.
He said B.C. is simply catching
up with other jurisdictions, in-
People sit in a communal space at WeWork in Toronto on March 27. The company, which provides shared co-working space, is eight years cluding Quebec and Ontario, that
old, has more than 300 locations in more than 60 cities and is worth around $20-billion. CHRIS YOUNG/THE GLOBE AND MAIL have already given the Invest-
ment Industry Regulatory Orga-
nization of Canada (IIROC) the
authority to pursue the collec-
WeWork: Contract work, growth in tech firms help fuel demand tion of disciplinary fines directly
through the courts.
FROM B1 couldn’t be more different. not been tested during an economic slump. Manitoba tabled similar
IWG has operated shared offices for 29 After the dot-com bubble burst at the amendments last month. Alberta
CO-WORKING GROWS years and has more than 3,000 locations in turn of the century, the U.S. Regus business has made the change as well and
more than 1,000 cities. It is publicly traded was forced to file for bankruptcy protection reported better enforcement out-
Although office sharing has been around and has a market value of around US$2-bil- in 2003, when demand for short-term rent- comes as a result, Mr. Eby said.
for decades, WeWork’s high profile has lion. als dried up. (Regus emerged from bank- However, Mr. Eby said more
made it popular and the number of co- In contrast, WeWork is eight years old, ruptcy protection about a year later.) changes are coming.
working offices is multiplying. has more than 300 locations in more than “It is a business model that can intro- “It’s one piece of an overall ap-
Mr. Damji said he started noticing that 60 cities and is worth around US$20-bil- duce some strain depending on how high proach to protect investors in
many of his tenants wanted shorter leases lion, as indicated by a recent financing. your occupancy is,” said Rich Kleinman, British Columbia but it is not the
in part because they did not know how Why is WeWork worth so much more? LaSalle Investment Management’s head of whole piece.”
much space they would need in the future. One of its biggest financial backers, Japa- U.S. research and strategy. The B.C. Securities Commis-
“They would rather pay a lot more on a nese conglomerate SoftBank Group, says “[WeWork is] an unproven business sion has already provided a sub-
per-square-foot basis to get on a month-to- WeWork has the data and technology to model through a full cycle. That is the kind mission on potential changes to
month tenancy than to sign a two-year transform the way people work. WeWork, of thing that you look at when you are un- improve its enforcement rates,
lease with a landlord that could handcuff whose stated mission is to create a world derwriting a tenant that you would be sign- and Minister of Finance Carole
them,” he said. where people work to make a life, not just a ing a long-term lease with,” he said. James is currently reviewing
More contract work, technology, global- living, says its offices are where companies WeWork’s general manager Mr. those options.
ization and the growth in tech firms has and people grow together and that they are McLaughlin said co-working lowers tenant The unpaid-fines figure is just
helped fuel demand. “dynamic environments for creativity fo- capital expenditures and does not tie them one of several troubling issues
WeWork is now the second-largest cor- cus and connection.” into long-term leases. “Regardless of eco- uncovered in The Globe’s investi-
porate tenant in Manhattan and the largest WeWork’s main business is co-working, nomic backdrop, we’ve seen an increasing gation into the oversight of Cana-
private occupant in Britain’s capital, ac- although it has branched out into dorm liv- value placed on flexibility, moving real es- da’s capital markets. The thou-
cording to Cushman & Wakefield. ing (WeLive); startup incubating (WeWor- tate from a fixed asset to a more fluid one,” sands of case files analyzed also
In Vancouver, WeWork and its office- kLabs) and early childhood education (We- he said. reveal that one in every nine
sharing rivals dominate the business dis- Grow). Flexibility could mean businesses and people sanctioned in Canada
trict, according to commercial realtor Cre- Because WeWork is a private company, it contractors choose co-working spaces dur- usually ends up with another
sa. is not known whether it is profitable, ing a downturn. On the other hand, it could blemish on their record, suggest-
In Toronto, co-working space has in- whether expenses are manageable or mean businesses and contractors stop ing that committing such crimes
creased about 11 per cent to 1.2 million whether revenue − which the company renting their co-working space. is easy and that little exists in the
square feet over the past year, Cresa said. says will double to more than US$2-billion No one knows if an economic downturn way of effective deterrence for re-
Swiss-based IWG, which has run co- in one year – is growing organically. or simply the addition of new buildings will peat offenders.
working offices for nearly three decades, “WeWork is a high-risk proposition for a hamper the popularity of shared offices or At the same time, some fraud-
said there was a time when co-working was landlord,” said Michael Emory, chief exec- whether the co-working glow will fade and sters appear to be exploiting
a foreign concept for landlords. utive of Allied Properties REIT, which owns leave landlords, their buildings and cities Canada’s patchwork of provin-
“There were questions around who’s go- offices across Canada and is credited with with vacant office space. cial regulators. More than 63 per
ing to be coming into my building, how is having the vision to restore and refurbish More critical are WeWork’s leases. It is cent of repeat offenders have
this going to operate. That’s not that long derelict industrial buildings into offices. not known whether WeWork’s U.S. parent been previously sanctioned in
ago,” said Wayne Berger, an IWG executive Mr. Emory believes WeWork, Spaces and company guarantees every location’s another jurisdiction, or by a dif-
vice-president in charge of Canada. IWG other co-working offices are needed in To- lease, which would help ensure that land- ferent regulator, the analysis
operates under the Spaces and Regus ronto. But he will not lease to WeWork. lords are paid if WeWork does not have shows.
brands. “Maybe WeWork will go from success to enough tenants to fill its space. A WeWork The IIROC oversees approxi-
“Now the reality is Spaces and Regus are success. I have no real rational way of eval- spokeswoman said the company does not mately 160 investment dealers
amenities in the building. They build vi- uating it. It is a very high-risk proposition comment on “the structure or content of and their trading activity in Can-
brancy in the building. They become an for a landlord and an investor. At some our lease structures.” ada’s debt and equity markets.
amenity for all the other tenants,” he said. point and time, some investor may be hold- Hullmark‘s Mr. Damji would not say In British Columbia, the agen-
ing the bag on WeWork,” he said. whether WeWork’s parent company was cy works under the authority of
Although WeWork started in the wake of backing up its lease. But he said Hullmark the B.C. Securities Commission,
HIGH-RISK PROPOSITION the Great Recession with one co-working has a backup plan if WeWork fails. with the power to investigate
shop in SoHo in 2010, its global business has “If they do fail, then their buildout is ge- and prosecute firms and invest-
While IWG and WeWork are both big play- been expanding in other cities when their neric enough that we could lease each floor ment advisers that breach its
ers in the same business, their valuations economies have been booming and has to a typical office tenant,” Mr. Damji said. rules.

Vermilion: Spartan shareholders are not being offered any cash in the deal
FROM B1 Pony Energy Ltd. were punished in a larger organization. “In this a breed of oil-patch executive own struggles. Crescent Point En-
for issuing stock. equity market that we exist in, that has made a career of starting ergy Corp. has sworn off corpo-
Not least of which has been the Vermilion is paying the equiv- we do think that it’s hard for up companies, building them up rate acquisitions for now after
view that a big increase in sorely alent of 4.5-to-5 times forecast small companies to attract the to a certain size, selling them off, irking investors with equity of-
needed oil export capacity is 2018 cash flow for Spartan’s attention of institutional inves- then repeating the process. Spar- ferings to fund them. It is now
anything but assured, even after 23,000 barrels a day of output, tor,” he told analysts on a confer- tan Energy is the third incarna- the target of an activist investor,
Ottawa recommitted to the Kin- according to Mr. Wood, a bargain ence call. “And the smaller you tion of the company for the CEO, Cation Capital Inc., which is
der Morgan Inc. Trans Mountain compared with just a few years are, the bigger the impact is and who was named Saskatchewan pushing to remake the board of
pipeline expansion last week- ago for similar assets and comes that’s another reason I think that Oilman of the Year in 2017 for his directors.
end. even as oil prices improve. Mean- we’ll find that the transaction success in the southeastern cor- Raging River had previously
As a result, it’s feared invest- while, Vermilion expects cash works well for the Spartan share- ner of the province. been speculated as a possible
ment returns could keep lagging flow a share to increase by 15 per holders.” Now, the selling-them-off part suitor for Spartan, and for assets
those of U.S. oil companies that cent. Vermilion’s own shareholders has become a lot more difficult that Crescent Point has up for
operate in regions such as the With the deal, Vermilion’s pro- will also benefit from more heft, amid the extended downturn sale. It is now studying a “strate-
Permian basin. portion of North American pro- Mr. Marino said. and negative investor sentiment, gic repositioning,” leaving the
Spartan shareholders are not duction increases to 60 per cent Spartan’s chief executive offi- and the entrepreneurs have been market to wonder whether it is
being offered any cash. Acquisi- from 46 per cent, with European cer, Rick McHardy, was not avail- left running the businesses much on the sidelines of deal-making.
tion-related equity raising has output at 35 per cent and Austra- able to comment on why it was longer than they had planned, Now, Spartan shareholders
been all but off-limits to Cana- lian production at 5 per cent. time to sell and at this price. As leaving them frustrated. have the opportunity to throw
dian oil and gas companies since Vermilion chief executive offi- recently as January, Spartan In Saskatchewan, other their lot in with Vermilion, which
last year, when such producers as cer Anthony Marino said he be- shares topped out at $7.29. would-be buyers for Spartan means dividends and a much
Cardinal Energy Ltd. and Painted lieves investors are better served Mr. McHardy has exemplified have been dealing with their more diversified suite of assets.
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TU E S DAY , A PRIL 17, 2018 ETF1

SP ON SOR CON T EN T PRODUCED BY RANDALL ANTHONY COMMUNICATIONS. THE GLOBE’S EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT WAS NOT INVOLVED IN ITS CREATION.

ETFs
Thematic exchange-traded funds filling market gap

ACCORDING TO GREENWAVE
ADVISORS, legalization of
recreational marijuana in California, We believe that
Canada and other markets will un- investing in an
leash annual retail sales of $14.5-bil-
lion (U.S.) including sales taxes. ETF is important,
Another report, by Deloitte, predicts especially in
that marijuana revenues will reach
$23-billion (U.S.) by 2021. a new class
Unsurprisingly, this high-growth like marijuana
sector is proving irresistible to
strategic investors. Downside risk or robotics
management may also be part of where broader
its appeal: early trends indicate this
paradigm shift may impact many diversification
sectors, from stalwart components is essential, and
of the Dow Jones Industrial (such
as pharma giants Merck, Pfizer and thematic ETFs
Johnson & Johnson) to the alco- cross borders and
holic beverage companies on the
S&P 500 and other leading indices. industry sectors
In a new, untested sector, how- to create a new
ever, choosing individual compa-
nies is a gamble even for seasoned
approach to asset
investors with unlimited time for classes.
analysis. Especially for those who
wish to avoid the high fees usually Steve Hawkins
associated with managed specialty President and co-CEO of
mutual funds, therefore, last year’s Horizons ETFs Management
launch of the Horizons Marijuana
Life Sciences Index ETF was a wel- Investors who wish to avoid the high fees usually associated with managed specialty mutual funds will see last
come development. In less than a year’s launch of the Horizons Marijuana Life Sciences Index ETF as a welcome development. ISTOCK.COM
year, the fund – the first marijuana-
themed ETF in North America – has
grown to more than $700-million
in assets. where broader diversification is es- doing is rebalancing the portfolio to Thematic ETFs are designed
Thematic ETFs such as this one sential, and thematic ETFs cross bor- reflect changes in the index.” for higher risk, higher rewards
address important gaps in the ders and industry sectors to create a Horizons launched a second strategies, he notes. “Obviously, you
investment marketplace, says Steve new approach to asset classes.” thematic ETF, the Robotics and should not invest all of your savings
Hawkins, president and co-CEO of The thematic ETFs introduced so Automation Index, in December. into marijuana; its performance
Horizons ETFs Management. “They far are neither active nor passive, “This theme is very specific to the is extremely news-driven. At the
enable the expression of an invest- says Mr. Hawkins. “With truly active world of automation and AI, all the same time, its growth prospects are
ment idea or preference an investor management, there is always a port- things that are and will impact us unparalleled.
may have, whether it’s their per- folio manager making discretionary every day, from a medical perspec- “We see these thematic ETFs as
sonal values and commitment to decisions. With thematic ETFs, tive, self-driving cars or manufactur- the way of the future. It’s not about
social responsibility or an interest in a lot of initial qualitative analysis ing,” says Mr. Hawkins. “We also what is hot right now. Investors
a specific type of asset concept. goes into working actively with the see significant growth possibilities aiming to generate higher-than-
“We believe that investing in an index provider. Once the index is in blockchain technology, and are market returns focus on themes with
ETF is important, especially in a created and the fund is launched, it launching a new fund that focuses growth prospects over the longer
new class like marijuana or robotics becomes more passive – all we’re on blockchain infrastructure.” term.”

HOW TO CHOOSE AN ETF

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) have space, where innovation continues Mr. Gopaul. “ETF users recognize priorities,” says Mr. Gopaul. While
grown at an annual 10-year rate of to add to demand.” the importance of asset allocation, the approach will likely be different
22 per cent in Canada and 19 per The increase in Many investors are attracted to and ETFs provide a highly efficient for institutional investors, advisory
cent globally in terms of assets the number of ETFs because of features like low tool to get access to areas of the clients or individual investors, it’s
under management – a trajectory cost structures, transparency, broad market that traditionally required important to have a solid under-
that has the attention of inves- products and diversification and tax efficiency, more expertise and operational standing of the product and how
tors. With the number of funds providers has says Mr. Gopaul. complexity.” it fits into an investment portfolio,
and assets under management “Increased education has led to With ETFs tracking virtually every he explains. “While niche ETFs are
having increased to 584 ETFs with reduced the increased comfort among a growing sector, region and asset class, and quite popular, they can be challeng-
$152-billion in assets in Canada and available white list of users,” he explains. “ETFs an ever-increasing range of products ing in terms of liquidity, tradability
over 5,400 ETFs with $4.8-trillion originated as an institutional product and providers, how to select an and meeting expected returns.
(U.S.) in assets globally, ETFs have space, where and evolved towards advisers and ETF? Mr. Gopaul suggests taking a “The evolution in products will
now surpassed the hedge fund innovation direct holders; and now institutional closer look and asking questions continue to be more solutions ori-
industry. interest is ramping back up. All like: What is the quality of the man- ented. As more users become com-
“The success of the ETF industry continues to add to user groups benefit from the same ager? What is the provider’s com- fortable with ETFs, they will also
has attracted both new firms and demand. attributes, including a level playing mitment to service and education? be more open to discussing their
existing firms, where traditional field for cost and execution.” What’s the breadth of offerings? needs for portfolio construction,” he
active mutual fund shops have Kevin Gopaul While ETFs became known as And what is the commitment to says. “providers are becoming more
entered into ETFs to participate in Chair of the Canadian ETF equity vehicles, offering exposures innovation? responsive to those needs. They
the market demand and transform Association to leading asset classes and indexes, “Those are the kind of things peo- are working on solutions that are
their business,” says Kevin Gopaul, they have become just as important ple should include in their checklist appropriate and relevant for a range
chair of the Canadian ETF Associa- in fixed income, amplifying the and rank them according to their of sophisticated users.”
tion (CETFA). “The increase in the benefits of ETFs within an asset
number of products and providers class that has traditionally been less
has reduced the available white transparent and liquid, according to

Working to provide
education and
information about
ETFs to Canadians.
Visit cetfa.ca for up-to-date and detailed
industry statistics, news, and member
information, or call 1-877-430-2532.
As the evolution in ETF products continues, Kevin Gopaul, chair of the Canadian ETF Association,
advises to spend some time on defining an investment strategy. ISTOCK.COM

Why Be Passive? When you can Get the Active Advantage TM

Horizons ETFs’ suite of actively managed ETFs offer the potential for better risk-adjusted
returns compared to passive investments.

Learn more at HorizonsETFs.com/Active


HORIZONS
ETFs

Horizons ETFs is a member of Mirae Asset Global Investments. Commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with an investment in exchange traded products
managed by Horizons ETFs Management (Canada) Inc. (the“Horizons Exchange Traded Products”). The Horizons Exchange Traded Products are not guaranteed, their values change frequently
and past performance may not be repeated. Please read the relevant prospectus before investing.
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B8 PROPERTY REPORT O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

University dorms open for summer business


An increasing number make it more walkable. New resi-
dences are being planned, and
of schools are creating Mr. Wilson says the goal is to “in-
fancier residences that ject positivity and positive life in-
can be used year-round, to the campus.”
The University of Victoria also
raising extra revenue holds conferences on campus
and keeping their year-round, and while he says it’s
campuses hopping not a big operation, and it’s not
really meant to compete with the
Victoria Conference Centre, he
adds that “it definitely serves its
PAUL ATTFIELD purpose” in helping offset aca-
demic costs.
It’s a similar story at Thomp-
ith total 2017-18 enroll- son Rivers University in Kam-

W ment sitting at 35,880


full-time undergraduate
students and 9,350 full-time grad-
loops, where Glenn Read, the ex-
ecutive director of athletics, rec-
reation and ancillary services,
uate students, not to mention says the school runs a fairly signif-
scores of part-timers, the Univer- icant conference business year-
sity of British Columbia can be a round.
busy place through much of the However, while the school’s fo-
fall and winter. cus on residences has been and
But with exams coming to an always will be for students, histor-
end in the next couple of weeks, ically the school has filled them
the university and its campuses, over the summer to help keep
particularly the main one at Point rates down for students during
Grey, situated a 20-minute drive the academic year.
from downtown Vancouver, can “It’s not the equivalent of a
lose some of their vitality. four-, five-star hotel,” he says of
Injecting more life into the the school’s newest residence, a
school throughout the summer 585-suite building built 11 years
months was just one of the main ago.
factors at play when the universi- “You get what you pay for. We
ty decided to build its Ponderosa don’t promote it as a high-end
Commons residences. hotel, but we do promote it as
While the extra 1,150 beds were convenient, discounted accom-
sorely needed to help offset the modation.”
university’s constantly growing At Queen’s University in King-
waitlist, the ability to run the ston, the ability to rent out ac-
units - which include studios and commodation to tourists, confer-
two- and four-bedroom pods - on ence-goers and others over the
a 12-month basis was important. summer months had a direct ef-
Students who rent there, along fect on how its newest residences
with select other residences, have were constructed.
the option to sub-let their units to Built in 2015, Brant House and
other UBC students and visitors David C. Smith House have two-
over the summer, with prices at bedroom units that go on the
Ponderosa listed for around $145 market from early May to late Au-
per room per night on Expedia.ca. gust each year. Each residence is
“Summer is the nicest months The new Ponderosa Commons at increasing safety with a greater ing. Most schools have long of- even listed on lodging websites
by far in Vancouver and the cam- the University of British Columbia density of students. fered accommodation as a fringe such as Expedia.ca and Booking.
pus is under-used,” says Gerry was built in the academic core of “It was really about invigorat- operation in the summer, but an com, with prices at David C.
McGeough, UBC’s director of the campus, traditionally reserved ing the core of the campus 24-7, increasing number are taking it Smith House sitting around $109
planning and design. “So from a for teaching facilities. ‘It was really so it was a full-on community more seriously now — building for a two-bedroom suite.
sustainability [standpoint] it al- about invigorating the core of the within the campus,” says Karen and updating facilities to make Instead of carpet, the units
lows us to get better use of build- campus 24-7, so it was a full-on Marler, principal of Vancouver’s them useful on a 12-month basis, were outfitted with wood floors,
ings and our lands.” community within the campus,’ an HCMA Architecture and Design, not just for the school year, par- which are “easier to maintain and
The location of Ponderosa architect involved in the project one of firms behind the project. ticularly as they update campus visually more appealing,” says Ni-
Commons, consisting of three says. The stylish interior plays a Guided by the principles of plans that are looking increasing- cole Braatz, manager of sales and
buildings on three neighbouring further role, attracting visitors in live, study, work and play, the ly dated. The results can be not marketing at Queen’s Housing
sites which fully opened two the summer for overnight project pulls together a number only much-needed extra revenue and Ancillary Services.
years ago, was carefully thought stays. NIK LEHOUX, ABOVE, of different facets, combining ar- but also a more vibrant campus, In addition, flat-screen TVs
out. When UBC conducted its lat- AND MARTIN TESSLER/UBC eas for visual arts and art history, better security and a sense of and mini-fridges come as stan-
est campus plan in 2010, much the department of psychology, a community. dard in each room, and even the
had changed since the previous yoga studio, and a pizza parlour. At the University of Victoria, its sheets provided have morphed
one drafted in 1992. While aca- In addition, the project also fea- master plan from the 1960s in- from regular bedspreads to a “ho-
demics was still a guiding princi- tures Collegium, a space that Ms. cluded a lot of buildings (such as tel-like” white duvet system.
ple for the plan, concepts of well- Marler describes as akin to an Air the Craigdarroch and Lands- “We’re very competitive with
being, community and compact Canada airport lounge, a mem- downe residences, as well as the the hotel market,” Ms. Braatz
development were also impor- bers-only space providing kitch- food facility) constructed in the says, although stressing the
tant. en facilities, study areas and Brutalist style of architecture. school simply adds to the availa-
As a result, the university de- hang-out spots for commuter stu- “So there’s not a lot of win- ble room inventory in central
cided to use the new construction dents. dows and there’s not a lot of Kingston rather than challenges
project as a way to enliven the Shirley Blumberg, founding transparency and a welcoming at- traditional hotels.
academic core of campus, build- partner of Toronto’s KPMB Archi- mosphere,” says Mike Wilson, “Kingston is becoming such a
ing it in an area that was tradi- tects, the other firm responsible UVic’s director of campus plan- hot spot … that the downtown
tionally reserved for teaching fa- for the project, says the result is ning and sustainability. marketplace, especially with our
cilities. This had the added effect “almost like a Vancouver neigh- The university renewed its proximity, we grow the market in
of not only adding vibrancy to a bourhood.” campus plan in 2016, with an in- the summer, we don’t take away
sleepier part of campus, but also UBC is not alone in this think- tent to densify the campus and business.”

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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B9

ECB asks Deutsche Bank to simulate BP vows to keep carbon


costs of winding down trading emissions flat into 2025
FRANKFURT ernment bailout in the wake of RON BOUSSO LONDON
huge fines from U.S. authorities.
We think we are first Global regulators are working
The European Central Bank has on unified procedures for such ex- BP PLC said on Monday it will keep carbon emissions flat over
asked Deutsche Bank AG to esti- in the queue here ercises such as the one that the decade to 2025, even as its oil and gas ouput is set to grow,
mate the costs of winding down because we are the Deutsche is conducting. Regula- responding to rising investor pressure to help tackle climate
the trading operations of its in- largest capital tors are primarily focused on big change.
vestment bank, the first such sim- markets bank in the global banks that trade risky secu- The London-based company said it plans to reduce emis-
ulation by one of Europe’s biggest rities such as derivatives. sions of CO2 gases by 3.5 million tonnes by 2025 through high-
banks, Deutsche’s finance chief ECB’s supervision. The regulators have categor- er production of gas, the least-polluting fossil fuel, reducing
said on Monday. JAMES VON MOLTKE
ized some banks as “systemically leakage of methane, a potent greenhouse gas and limiting
But chief financial officer DEUTSCHE BANK CFO important” because of their size. flaring of excess gas.
James von Moltke said the ECB’s They have identified Deutsche BP also plans to invest up to US$500-million a year on re-
request was not an unusual exer- added to speculation that Bank as the most systemically im- newable energies such as solar, wind and power storage. As a
cise and that it was totally unrelat- Deutsche Bank might slim down portant bank in the euro zone. result, BP said it plans to keep net emissions from its oper-
ed to Deutsche’s internal review its sprawling investment banking Regulators in Britain have al- ations stable between 2015 and
of its global investment bank. operation. ready conducted a similar simula- 2025. The company uses its 2015
“We think we are first in the An ECB spokeswoman de- tion with Deutsche’s London- emissions of 51.2 million tonnes of BP also plans to
queue here because we are the clined to comment on individual based arm. CO2 as a baseline.
largest capital markets bank in banks. “There are in general vari- The exercise can shed light on Chief executive Bob Dudley has invest up to
the ECB’s supervision,” Mr. von ous exercises such as recovery whether a sudden halt of trading led calls for the energy sector to US$500-million a
Moltke said in an interview with plans which the supervisor asks activities would require govern- play a leading role in the transi- year on renewable
Reuters. banks to provide,” she said. “In ment guarantees or support from tion toward low-carbon energy energies such as
The timing of the simulation is any case, the ECB does not inter- taxpayers, the Sueddeutsche Zei- following a landmark 2015 Paris
sensitive because Deutsche vene in any business model deci- tung said in its Monday edition. Agreement to limit global warm- solar, wind and
Bank’s investment banking divi- sion of banks.” The German paper was the first to ing by the end of the century. power storage.
sion has been losing market share Deutsche Bank, by talking pub- report the news of the simulation. He nevertheless said that ex-
and key staff, contributing to licly about normally private su- “This [the exercise] doesn’t pected growth in demand for energy means oil and gas com-
three consecutive years of losses pervisory exercises, wants to have any connection to any sort of panies such as BP will have to invest in new production while
at Germany’s largest lender. avoid the impression that regula- state aid,” Mr. von Moltke said. slowly growing a low-carbon business. BP’s near-term targets
Last week, Deutsche ousted its tors are worried about the invest- Deutsche Bank began the task contrast with ambitions that rival Royal Dutch Shell PLC out-
chief executive John Cryan and ment bank. in late January and expects to con- lined last November to halve emissions from its operations as
Marcus Schenck, one of the heads The bank has stabilized since clude it in the third quarter. well as from fuel it sells by 2050, known as Scope 3 emissions.
of the investment bank, also left. late 2016, when speculation
The management upheaval has mounted that it would need a gov- REUTERS REUTERS

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GTA: RETAIL GVA: INDUSTRIAL GCA: RETAIL GEA: INDUSTRIAL

Petro-Canada Portfolio 1095 du Séminaire Boulevard Centrepoint Plaza


Anchor Tenant: Petro-Canada Fully Leased to SAQ Newly Redeveloped Retail Centre with Upside

FOR SALE FOR SALE FOR SALE


1986 Queen St. E. 9470 192nd St. 3301 & 3319 17th Ave. 16805-16821 113th Ave.
Toronto Surrey S.E., Calgary N.W., Edmonton
$13,150,000 $5,000,000 $3,000,000 $2,650,000
$1,500 psf $472 psf $302 psf $114 psf

GREATER TORONTO AREA


SECTOR MUNICIPALITY ADDRESS PRICE UNIT PRICE PARAMETER
Office Mississauga 6860 Century Ave. $21,750,000 $257 psf
Industrial Richmond Hill 66 Leek Cres. $23,775,000 $143 psf
Res Land Markham 3575 Elgin Mills Rd. $187,015,462 69.865 acs
Québec Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec Belleville, ON
• 4 commercial properties located in growing • 10,000-square-foot commercial property. • 95.3% leased 96,987 SF Retail Centre GREATER VANCOUVER AREA
tertiary markets, on high visibility arteries. • Recent construction with ample frontage. • Situated in Belleville’s dominant retail node SECTOR MUNICIPALITY ADDRESS PRICE UNIT PRICE PARAMETER
• Additional tenants include McDonald’s and • Located on du Séminaire Boulevard in Saint- and across from Quinte Mall which attracts Industrial N. Vancouver 1335-1353 Pemberton Ave. $3,695,000 $547 psf
Tim Hortons, two popular international Jean-sur-Richelieu. nearly 4 Million visitors annually Industrial Langley 19750 92A Ave. $32,750,000 $157 psf
fast-food chains. • SAQ holds a 15-year lease until 2027. • Additional density can be added by Industrial Surrey 18525 96th Ave. $3,150,000 $300 psf
• All leases are net-net. • In the heart of one of the city’s main constructing 3 new pads of 4,390 SF, 2,940 SF
• The WALT is 15 years. commercial nodes. and 1,250 SF bringing total GLA to 105,567 SF GREATER CALGARY AREA
SECTOR MUNICIPALITY ADDRESS PRICE UNIT PRICE PARAMETER
Mark Sinnett* Executive Vice President Mark Sinnett* Executive Vice President Matthew Smith* Executive Vice President
+1 514 667 5696 +1 514 667 5696 +1 416 304 6004 Industrial Calgary 7704 30th St. S.E. $15,000,000 $71 psf
mark.sinnett@am.jll.com mark.sinnett@am.jll.com matthewT.smith@am.jll.com Industrial Calgary 4415 1st St. S.E. $2,500,000 $136 psf
Yann Charles** Vice President Yann Charles** Vice President Nick Macoritto* Associate Vice President Apartment Calgary 615 57th Ave. S.W. $5,275,000 $164,844 per unit
+1 514 667 5697 +1 514 667 5697 +1 416 238 5874
yann.charles@am.jll.com yann.charles@am.jll.com nick.macoritto@am.jll.com GREATER EDMONTON AREA
*Real Estate Broker **Commercial Real Estate Broker *Real Estate Broker **Commercial Real Estate Broker *Sales Representative JLL.ca/NRIG SECTOR MUNICIPALITY ADDRESS PRICE UNIT PRICE PARAMETER
Retail Edmonton 18204 84th Ave. N.W. $2,000,000 $276 psf
Retail Fort Saskatchewan 10404 99th Ave. $11,970,000 $186 psf
WHITBY MULTI-RESIDENTIAL Industrial Edmonton 22203 & 22303 112th $2,950,000 $182 psf
Ave. N.W.
DEVELOPMENT SITE Source: Altus Group - Altus Group has tracked investment transactions across Canada’s key markets since 1995.
For more information, please visit altusgroup.com/datasolutions.

For Sale
2535 BLOOR STREET WEST, TORONTO, ON

• Premier 13 unit David Lieberman†, MBA


• Conditionally Site Plan Approved Principal
apartment building 416.673.4013
(120 Units) david.lieberman@avisonyoung.com
4099 Erin Mills Parkway, Mississauga, Ontario • Ideal for Rental or Condo Development • Bloor West/Jane Jonathan Hittner*
• Eligible for 50% Town DC Reduction Subway location Vice President
Real Estate Investment Offering • Bid Date: May 3, 2018
416.673.4022
est • Prominent corner of jonathan.hittner@avisonyoung.com
eet W
Ramona Ursu** r Str Neil Musselwhite†
■ Grocery-Anchored, Necessity Based Retail Centre Bloo block - 7,900 sf Senior Associate
905 917 2043 ramona@lennard.com
■ Near to Mid-Term Mixed-Use Redevelopment Potential 289.795.4430
Mikael Kurkdjian** neil.musselwhite@avisonyoung.com
■ A Preeminent Location with Three Road Frontages and in Proximity to Highway 403 905 917 2042 mkurkdjian@lennard.com

avisonyoung.ca *Broker Sales Representative
Sean Tait*
■ Exceptional Demographics AvisonYoung Commercial Real Estate (Ontario) Inc., Brokerage
416 732 1701 stait@lennard.com
■ Free and Clear of Debt
LENNARD COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE BROKERAGE
BUSINESS TO BUSINESS
*Sales Representative ** Broker lennard.com MEETING NOTICE S
For more information, please contact: Ride Your Bicycle On Water!
Ashley Martis* Bernard Ockrant** New Invention!
Managing Director Director COURT ORDERED SALE The Equitable Life Insurance Exclusive Canadian distributor.
416 982 4812 416 982 6189 Company of Canada Secure yours before they sell out.
ashley.martis@tdsecurities.com bernard.ockrant@tdsecurities.com
www.schaeferinnovation.com
NOTICE OF
This advertisement is placed by TD Cornerstone Commercial Realty Inc., registered real estate brokerage. TD Securities is a trademark of The Toronto-Dominion
Bank and represents TD Securities Inc., TD Securities (USA) LLC, TD Securities Ltd. and certain investment banking activities of The Toronto-Dominion Bank. ANNUAL MEETING CAPITAL WANTED/AVAILABLE
*Broker **Sales Representative
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that EARN 15% PER YEAR
Residential Infill Site the Annual Meeting of the Interest Paid Monthly
Participating Policyholders of Mortgage Secured - 2 Year Term
For Sale 13 approved lots on 17.33 acres
Call CHRIS KELOS
The Equitable Life Insurance
Company of Canada (the
Make Your Money Work Harder
WINEVA.COM - FISCO #12866
BEACH HILL RESIDENCES, TORONTO, ON “Company”) will be held at
416 462-4787
• 7 storey, 64 unit condo-quality rental building the Company’s Head Office
• New structure, top of the market finishes, 9’-10’ceilings
info@chriskelos.com at One Westmount Road
• Easy access to downtown via streetcar, subway, GO North, Waterloo, Ontario on
train, car, and dedicated bicycle lanes
• Walking distance to Woodbine subway station and the
Tuesday, May 8th, 2018, at Have The
9:30 a.m. (local time)
Danforth GO train station
• Parks and green space nearby including The Beach
Globe and Mail
Participating policyholders
Drew Koivu†
Principal
FOR SALE may receive Notice of Meeting delivered to
416.673.4057
drew.koivu@avisonyoung.com
NIAGARA FALLS and other materials containing
more details of the business
your door
avisonyoung.ca †
Sales Representative to be transacted at the
AvisonYoung Commercial Real Estate (Ontario) Inc., Brokerage Meeting by written request
to the Corporate Secretary
addressed to the Company at CALL 1-800-387-5400
One Westmount Road North, TGAM.CA/SUBSCRIBE
Waterloo, Ontario N2J 4C7.
WE’RE SERIOUS ABOUT Waterloo, Ontario, April 9, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
PROTECTING OUR SOURCES. 2018.
Randy Howell Health and Fitness Club
To learn how, please visit Zoning approved eight-storey, 70-unit in Toronto seeks investor.
residential condo development within Corporate Secretary
tgam.ca/securedrop walking distance to the Falls.
Looking to expand.
Current revenue over $700,000
Principals only. Please call (416) 268-1021 stevefitnessinfo1975@gmail.com
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B10 | REPORT ON BUSINESS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

GLOBE INVESTOR
Some debt-laden companies worth a look
There are ways for They have a higher default risk that are strong enough to repay search paper, which covered turn a company such as this one
and face higher interest rates if their debt. For publicly traded ground from the 1960s to 2013. into a cash machine if manage-
investors to reap they fall behind on their loan pay- companies, the ability to pay The performance from 2006 to ment gets it right.
benefits from leveraged ments. down debt over time using the 2017 puts the portfolio just above Seaspan Corp. (SSW-NYSE):
small companies Warren Buffett has said that cash generated by the business the middle in terms of long-term This company owns and manages
debt is one of the factors that can result in investors giving the performance. But that is also in container ships. It has a P/E of 7.3
speaks negatively about a stock. firm higher valuations as bank- keeping with the trend in the mar- and EV/EBITDA ratio of 6.8.
JOHN REESE That’s because long-term debt is ruptcy risk falls and as interest ket over the past five years that Encore Capital Group (ECPG-
vulnerable to increases in interest payments from lower debt levels has favoured large-cap and Nasdaq): This debt-recovery firm
rates that can affect the predict- decline. growth stocks over smaller-cap has EV/EBITDA ratio of 11.6 and
OPINION ability of future cash flows. Based on all of this, the re- and value models. tons of debt. Yet, earnings have
searchers found that the ideal lev- Here are some of the stocks been increasing nicely over the
ebt isn’t always the dirty eraged small stock could be un- that came out on top when Val- past decade and the firm has a re-

D word stock investors think


it is. Some of the most suc-
cessful investors over time have
The goal is to identify
the cheapest stocks of
covered by looking at factors such
as gross profit-to-assets, long-
term debt-to-assets, valuation as
idea used the screens suggested
by Mr. Rasmussen and Mr. Chin-
gono:
turn on equity of 14.8 per cent.
Gray Television (GTN-
NYSE): This broadcaster has an
used debt to buy cheap compa- companies that are measured by enterprise value-to- Marcus Corp. (MCS-NYSE): EV/EBITDA ratio of 7.7 with very
nies, nurse them to health and strong enough to repay gross-earnings and long-term An operator of multiplex cine- healthy returns on capital and eq-
reap the gains. their debt. debt-to-enterprise value. The av- mas. It has a debt-to-equity ratio uity.
Private-equity firms try to cap- erage annual return of the top of 0.7 and a relatively low 9.1enter- To be sure, the majority of the
italize on debt to reap profit. They But most leveraged buyouts quartile of stocks that passed prise value/EBITDA (earnings be- models created by Validea screen
snap up struggling publicly trad- are of smaller companies, accord- their screens was 25.1 per cent. fore interest, taxes, depreciation for companies that have lower
ed companies, with the help of ing to research by Dan Rasmus- One warning for investors: The and amortization). EV/EBITDA is debt levels, but as this research
some debt financing, spend a few sen, a former private-equity ana- stocks that score well on this mod- used because it presents a way to points out, looking at debt
years turning them around by res- lyst who now runs the hedge fund el have a high degree of volatility, take the firm’s level of debt into through another filter may un-
tructuring or shedding businesses Verdad. And these deals don’t all especially to the downside. Excess consideration when valuing the earth some hidden opportunities.
and then they sell them back to go sour. Mr. Rasmussen and col- risks are rewarded with excess re- company. Earnings for Marcus,
public stockholders, ideally at a league Brian Chingono used dec- turns, but this heightened volatil- while choppy, have been positive John Reese is chief executive officer
gain. ades of research on small-compa- ity is something to consider for in each of the past 10 years. of Validea.com and Validea Capital,
That isn’t to say all debt is good, ny stocks to show how investors risk-averse types. Lannett Co. (LCI-NYSE): This the manager of an actively managed
either, of course. Debt-laden com- can benefit from leveraged small Validea analyzed the model generic-drug maker has an EV/ ETF. Globe Investor has a
panies pay more for their credit, companies. and found that the returns of the EBITDA ratio of 5.6. The stock distribution agreement with
and those interest payments take The goal is to identify the past few years have not been as trades close to its 52-week low. A Validea.ca, a premium Canadian
money away from shareholders. cheapest stocks of companies high as those tested in the re- big research development can stock screen service.

Bond spreads and Citi send divergent messages on loonie’s flight path
SCOTT VALUING THE DOLLAR: A CASE OF PUSH AND PULL yield at the beginning of 2017. loonie with the West Texas inter-
BARLOW CADUSD The loonie is currently over- mediate crude price. This rela-
valued relative to bond spreads. tionship has been weaker than
OPINION 2Y spread: 2Y Gov't of Canada bond yield Based on the five years of market the dollar-to-relative yield con-
minus 2Y U.S. Treasury bond yield (%, right scale) history on the chart, the domes- nection (again, according to cor-
2Y spread: consensus estimate (%, right scale) tic currency should be trading relation statistics), but oil still ex-
INSIDE THE MARKET closer to 73 US cents instead of erts a powerful influence on cur-
$1.05 1.0%
the current 79 US cents. rency markets.
s the Canadian dollar overval- 1.00 0.8 The dotted line on the chart in- The loonie is currently under-

I ued or are the primary factors


driving the loonie’s value
changing? This week’s Bank of
0.95
0.90
0.6
0.4
0.2
dicates the consensus economist
estimates for the bond spread un-
til the end of 2019. Very little
valued relative to oil after the
commodity price rallied strongly
last week. It’s reasonable to as-
Canada statement on monetary 0.85 change is expected from current sume the current value of the
policy is likely to provide the an- 0 levels and, in isolation, this sug- Canadian dollar reflects a push/
swer to this important question. 0.80 gests the loonie will weaken from pull effect in which oil prices are
-0.2
The Canadian dollar’s value 0.75 -0.4
here. pushing it higher while relative
has been determined in large part The foreign-exchange strategy yields hold it back.
0.70 -0.6
by relative bond yields – the Can- team at Citi is not concerned The Bank of Canada will re-
adian two-year bond yield minus 0.65 -0.8 about the apparent divergence lease its decision on monetary
the U.S. Treasury yield – over the 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 on the chart and they remain policy on Wednesday and, while
past five years as the accompany- confident that the loonie can no change in interest rates is ex-
ing top chart (and the correlation CADUSD WTI (US$/bbl, right scale) move higher still. In an April 13 re- pected, the market reaction to
calculation) highlights. $1.05 port titled USDCAD: You’d Be the wording of the statement will
In simple terms, this is a func- $120 Loonie Not To Sell It (the “it” here be important for the future price
1.00 referring to the U.S. dollar in Can- of the domestic currency. We are
tion of cross-border asset flows,
with investments moving to the 0.95 100 adian dollar terms), they ex- at a stage where the dynamics
country with the higher bond 0.90 80
plained that the recent Business underlying global trading of the
yields. When an American port- 0.85 Outlook Survey indicated a de- loonie could be changing, includ-
folio manager allocates funds to 60 gree of corporate optimism that ing a waning influence for the
Canadian bonds, for instance, 0.80 “erodes a barrier to hawkish sig- bond markets. Other factors,
they must first sell greenbacks 0.75 40 nals” from the Bank of Canada, such as the oil price or U.S. politi-
and buy Canadian dollars in for- 0.70 paving the way for higher interest cal concerns, may assume the
eign-exchange markets in the 20 rates, bond yields and Canadian driver seat in determining where
0.65
process. dollar. the Canadian dollar goes from
Two-year bond yields on both 0.60 0 If Citi is right, the salmon-col- here. If this is the case, the loonie
sides of the border are very much 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 oured line on the chart, the rela- should not be seen as overvalued,
affected by central bank interest- THE GLOBE AND MAIL, SOURCE: SCOTT BARLOW; BLOOMBERG tive bond yield, should climb despite what bond yields are tell-
rate policy. Domestically, the cur- higher and take the loonie with it. ing us.
rent tightening (interest-rate This would represent a reasser-
hike) cycle has pushed the gov- tion of the trend of relative bond Scott Barlow, Globe Investor’s
ernment of Canada two-year yields as the main driver of the in-house market strategist, writes
bond yield to 1.86 per cent, more Canadian dollar. exclusively for our subscribers
than double the 0.76 per cent The lower chart compares the at Inside the Market.

ETF manager renounces emerging markets to pile into gold


ALINE OYAMADA an infrastructure. Mr. Folts says
favorable demographics and a
strengthening economy will sup-
hat do you do when port stocks.

W you’re sure global stocks


are running out of gas,
rising rates are about to pummel
It’s all an abrupt shift from the
early days of 3EDGE, founded by
a team from Windhaven Invest-
bonds and your models show ment Management. At the time,
the only emerging market worth it favored broad emerging-mar-
a bet is India? You buy gold, of ket ETFs while buying country-
course. specific funds in places the firm
Fritz Folts did just that earlier wanted to be overweight. That
this year after slashing his hold- was the case in late 2016 for Bra-
ings of exchange-traded funds zil, when 3EDGE poured cash in-
backed by stocks and cutting to to ETFs focused on the country
zero his exposure to broad and also a small-cap fund to be
emerging-market ETFs, focusing more exposed to the domestic
instead on the United States and economy, closing that bet in
Japan. He says the positive mid-2017 after Brazilian stocks
growth momentum and favor- and currency topped world
able investor psychology that gains.
drove equities in 2017 dimin- All that said, stocks could still
ished this year, and markets surprise on the upside, Mr. Folts
aren’t paying enough heed to the said. He still says emerging and
next round of U.S. Federal Re- frontier markets can produce
serve hikes. positive returns in the long term,
“2017 has left the building,” after the current bout of volatil-
said Mr. Folts, 60, who oversees ity subsides. He’s monitoring the
US$800-million as chief invest- Fritz Folts, who oversees US$800-million at 3EDGE Asset Management LP, says gold is the best place to absorb market for any catalysts that
ment strategist and managing external shocks amid increased volatility stemming from global trade tension. AKOS STILLER/BLOOMBERG could revive growth momentum,
partner at 3EDGE Asset Manage- such as a more dovish tone from
ment LP in Boston. The Total Re- shocks amid increased volatility suries and ultrashort ETFs with the Fed at its next meeting or
turn Strategy portfolio posted an stemming from global trade ten- duration of less than a year. He’s surprisingly strong corporate
average annual return of 9.03 per 2017 has left the sion and he has invested in the been bearish on debt since July earnings. Still, this year will
cent since January, 2016, when commodity through various amid prospects for higher rates. probably fall short in terms of re-
the firm began with US$100-mil- building. ETFs. The precious metal rose The iShares MSCI EMerging Mar- turns.
lion of assets under manage- FRITZ FOLTS more than 1 per cent during the kets ETF fell 0.3 per cent as of “We will definitely have more
ment. CHIEF INVESTMENT past month as trade-war bom- 11:23 a.m. in New York, extending volatility this year,” Mr. Folts
Mr. Folts, a three-decade in- STRATEGIST AND MANAGING bast spurred a rout in global a three-day slide. said. “And gold can help us
dustry veteran, said in a phone PARTNER AT 3EDGE ASSET stocks. In emerging markets, the there.”
MANAGEMENT LP
interview last week that gold is He has a minimal exposure to firm’s only investment left is
the best place to absorb external fixed income, mostly U.S. Trea- ETFs focused on India and Indi- BLOOMBERG NEWS
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B11

Investors should celebrate Markets summary


CANADIAN STOCKS

the return of volatility Canada’s main stock index rose on Monday, led by industrial
and financial shares, as fears waned over an escalating con-
flict in Syria following the weekend’s U.S.-led air strikes.
The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX Composite Index
Recent swings are closer don’t reward strong companies months of the year, the best first closed up 0.17 per cent, at 15,300.38. It was the third straight day
or punish those that are weak. By quarter since 2009, according to that the index has ended modestly higher. The largest per-
to what is considered one measure, total assets in index Bloomberg News’s Lu Wang. centage gainer on the TSX was Aphria, which rose 7.4 per cent,
normal for the market, funds and ETFs have soared to Somewhere along the line, the while the largest decliner was Enerflex, down 6.9 per cent.
and that’s good news US$6.6-trillion. The spread of this word “volatility” became code for
blind approach to investing led a declining stock market. The re-
the analysts at Sanford C. Bern- ality is that rising volatility as U.S. STOCKS
ROBERT BURGESS stein & Co. to publish a research measured by the CBOE Volatility U.S. stocks closed higher, with the biggest boosts coming from
report in 2016 with the title The Si- Index, or VIX, “is only a reflection the technology and health-care sectors as investors were opti-
lent Road to Serfdom: Why Pas- of volatile movements in the mistic about earnings season and appeared less worried
OPINION sive Investing is Worse Than market – it is not a predictor of fu- about U.S.-led missile attacks in Syria.
Marxism. They wrote that “a sup- ture returns,” David Kotok, the Netflix shares gained about 7 per cent after close following
Editor of Bloomberg Prophets posedly capitalist economy head of Cumberland Advisors, its quarterly report. Its subscriber growth beat analyst expec-
where the only investment is pas- wrote in a note on Friday to the tations. It had ended the regular session down 1.2 per cent.
ardly a day went by in 2017 sive is worse than either a central- wealth-management firm’s cli- UnitedHealth provided the second-biggest boost to the

H without some pundit be-


moaning the lack of vola-
tility in financial markets. They
ly planned economy or an econo-
my with active market-led capital
management.”
ents. Although the VIX has risen
from a record low of below 10 in
November to above 30 in Febru-
S&P from a single stock a day ahead of its earnings report with
a 2.7-per-cent gain. Microsoft was the biggest positive contrib-
utor with a 1.2-per-cent gain, on a weighted basis. Merck rose
worried about complacency, im- ary, that doesn’t necessarily por- 2.6 per cent after it presented positive data on its cancer drug
plying that the Goldilocks-like tend trouble. Mr. Kotok points Keytruda, also boosting the S&P health-care index.
environment that enveloped out that whenever the VIX has
markets was a recipe for disaster. [Rising volatility] is only doubled in a period of three
COMMODITIES
With volatility on the rise, you months, the S&P 500 has gained
would think the hand-wringing a reflection of volatile an average of 6.31 per cent in the Crude dropped from a three-year high as concerns about con-
would diminish. It hasn’t. Now, movements in the following six months. The S&P flicts in the Middle East eased.
the pundits are worried the big market – it is not a 500’s average six-month return is Futures declined 1.7 per cent in New York after rallying for
swings in asset prices of the past 4.37 per cent since 1990. five sessions. U.S. President Donald Trump declared “mission
predictor of future accomplished” after the United States, France and Britain
few months portend doom. The reasons for last year’s low
The simple fact is the recent returns. volatility are pretty apparent. bombed Syria in response to chemical attacks on civilians.
swings are closer to what is con- First, there’s little room for sur- Gold prices rose as losses in the U.S. dollar bolstered the
DAVID KOTOK
sidered normal, and investors HEAD OF CUMBERLAND ADVISORS prise when the Federal Reserve is precious metal, although gains were muted as financial mar-
should be thankful. What hap- telling you what it’s going to do, kets bet that air strikes on Syria would not escalate.
pened last year was abnormal. Perhaps the first sign markets when it’s going to do it and by
Rising volatility will lead to a may be getting back to normal is how much. Second, the Trump
FOREX AND BONDS
healthier market. No longer will the performance of active manag- administration was focused on
everyone be on the same side of ers. A Hedge Fund Research index such market-friendly moves as The Canadian dollar strengthened against its U.S. counterpart
every trade, taking the same bet of equity managers gained 9.98 reducing regulations and cutting as stocks rose and investors braced for the potential of a more
that an individual stock or an in- per cent last year, woefully trail- corporate taxes. upbeat economic assessment by the Bank of Canada at an in-
dex will go up or down. That ing the S&P 500 Index’s 19.4-per- But now, markets are getting terest-rate decision this week. The U.S. dollar fell 0.41 per cent
should result in better “price dis- cent gain. But since the turmoil in back to normal. The ride may feel against a basket of major currencies.
covery,” which is a fancy way of markets began at the start of Feb- extra bumpy and gut-wrenching, Canadian government bond prices were lower across a
saying greater differentiation in ruary, the hedge fund index has but that’s only because of last steeper yield curve, with the two-year down 2.5 cents to yield
the values between good and bad lost just 2.22 per cent through year’s abnormally calm condi- 1.877 per cent and the 10-year falling 27 cents to yield 2.275 per
stocks. April 11, holding up better than tions. At 17.5 on Friday, the VIX cent. The 10-year yield touched its highest level since March 21
A primary complaint about the 6.37-per-cent drop in the S&P isn’t far from its historical average at 2.292 per cent.
low volatility was that it favoured 500, which can be used as a proxy of 19.35. I say embrace the current The U.S. yield curve reached it flattest level in more than a
the rise of passive investing strat- for passive investments. Bank of conditions, if only because mar- decade as the White House said Mr. Trump will nominate
egies such as exchange-traded America data show that 57 per kets are fun again. economist Richard Clarida as Federal Reserve vice-chairman.
funds, which try to mimic the cent of all large-cap mutual funds The spread between five-year and 30-year Treasury bonds
performance of indexes and beat benchmarks in the first three BLOOMBERG NEWS fell to 34.6 basis points, the lowest in more than 10 years.

A strategy attuned to socially responsible investors


EMILY HALVERSON-DUNCAN Select ESG-friendly TSX-listed companies clients and financial advisers.
Sustainalytics, a global provider
MARKET CAP. RECENT DIV. OVERALL CONTROVERSY ESG PEER 5YR of ESG research and ratings, is a
RANK COMPANY TICKER ($MIL) PRICE ($) YIELD (%) ESG SCORE SCORE GROUP RATING BETA
NUMBER CRUNCHER strategic partner to Morningstar.
1 Cogeco Communications CCA-T 2,253.2 66.55 2.9 72 0 5 0.68
Its company-level ESG ratings
2 Dream Office REIT D.UN-T 1,650.3 23.56 4.2 67 0 4 0.79
3 Telus Corp. T-T 26,453.4 44.45 4.5 76 2 4 0.77
underpin Morningstar’s Sustain-
WHAT ARE WE LOOKING FOR? ability Rating for funds.
4 BCE Inc. BCE-T 48,557.8 53.89 5.6 75 2 4 0.28
5 Cascades Inc. CAS-T 1,302.2 13.70 1.2 73 0 3 -0.43
Canadian stocks with a positive 6 Toronto-Dominion Bank TD-T 128,989.2 69.90 3.8 77 3 4 0.74 WHAT WE FOUND
ESG screen. 7 Canadian Tire Corp. Ltd. CTC.A-T 11,139.6 168.17 2.1 68 1 4 0.79
8 Bank of Montreal BMO-T 61,241.3 94.87 3.9 73 2 4 0.87
9 Gildan Activewear GIL-T 8,082.4 36.90 1.5 73 2 4 0.61
I used Morningstar CPMS to back
THE SCREEN test this strategy from October,
10 CAE Inc. CAE-T 6,516.9 24.35 1.5 70 0 3 0.32
11 Hudson's Bay Co. HBC-T 1,647.5 9.01 0.6 65 1 4 0.89
2012, to March, 2018. During this
ESG, or environment, social and 12 First Capital Realty FCR-T 4,985.4 20.39 4.2 66 0 3 0.60
process, a maximum of 20 stocks
governance, is shorthand for 13 WSP Global Inc. WSP-T 6,441.2 62.24 2.4 65 0 3 0.92
were purchased. Stocks were sold
three key criteria that socially re- 14 West Fraser Timber Co. WFT-T 6,885.7 91.08 0.7 64 0 3 0.92
if their ESG score fell below the
sponsible investors can use to 15 Celestica Inc. CLS-T 1,603.7 12.91 0.0 68 1 3 0.44
top third of peers, if their highest
evaluate a company. 16 Thomson Reuters Corp. TRI-T 35,130.9 49.51 3.5 64 2 4 0.56
controversy score was greater
Scrutiny using ESG-focused in- 17 Capital Power Corp. CPX-T 2,541.2 24.36 6.9 62 0 3 0.80
than three, or their peer-group
vestment mandates not only 18 Cameco Corp. CCO-T 4,951.4 12.51 0.6 69 2 3 0.89
score was less than three. When
promotes ethical business prac- 19 Rogers Communications RCI.B-T 29,220.8 56.76 3.4 68 2 3 0.60
sold, the positions were replaced
tices, it also helps investors avoid 20 Royal Bank of Canada RY-T 138,723.3 96.06 3.9 71 3 3 0.98
with the highest-ranked stock
ownership in companies that Source: Morningstar Canada, Sustainalytics
not already owned in the port-
may be subject to controversy folio. Over this period, the strate-
and scandal. gy produced an annualized total
Today, I’ve created a strategy an assessment of how a compa- preferred. than one to help avoid high cor- return of 13.8 per cent while the
that searches for ESG-friendly ny’s controversies affect stake- In order to qualify, stocks relation to the market. S&P/TSX Total Return Compos-
Canadian companies while seek- holders, as well as the impact on must have an overall ESG score ite Index advanced 7.2 per cent
ing to steer clear of companies the company’s reputational risk in the top one-third of peers (to- across the same period.
MORE ABOUT MORNINGSTAR
more highly associated with con- within 48 hours of alleged or ac- day, this value is greater than or Stocks that qualify for pur-
AND SUSTAINALYTICS
troversial topics. This strategy tual misconduct being reported; equal to 61); stocks must also chase into the strategy today are
ranks stocks based on Sustaina- score is from zero to five, with have a controversy score less listed in the accompanying table.
lytics’ ESG data: five being the most severe – low than or equal to three or an ESG Morningstar Research Inc. pro- Investors are encouraged to con-
Overall ESG score measures values are preferred; peer-group score equal to three vides independent investment duct their own independent re-
how a company proactively ESG peer-group score mea- or higher. Lastly, stocks are re- research in North America, Eu- search before purchasing any of
manages the ESG issues that sures a company’s ESG score rela- quired to have their five-year be- rope, Australia and Asia. Its re- the investments listed here.
most affect their business; scores tive to their industry peers. ta (measure of a company’s sen- search tool, Morningstar CPMS,
are from zero to 100, with 100 be- Scores range from one to five, sitivity relative to changes in the provides quantitative North Emily Halverson-Duncan is a
ing the best; five being in the top 5 per cent of benchmark, here we use the American equity research and director, CPMS sales, at
Controversy score provides the industry – high values are S&P/TSX Composite Index) less portfolio analysis to institutional Morningstar Research Inc.

EYE ON EQUITIES DAVID LEEDER

CANADIAN PACIFIC RAIL (CP-TSX) COGECO (CCA-TSX) SOURCE ENERGY (SHLE-TSX) KRAFT HEINZ (KHC-NASDAQ) GOLDEN STAR (GSC-TSX)
CLOSE $226.38, UP $2.37 CLOSE $66.52, DOWN 3¢ CLOSE $5.08, DOWN 1¢ CLOSE US$61.19, UP 26¢ CLOSE 83¢, UNCHANGED

A rough winter is likely to take a Canaccord Genuity analyst Ara- With a “growing market share in Credit Suisse analyst Robert Mos- BMO Nesbitt Burns analyst An-
toll on the first-quarter operating vinda Galappatthige thinks Coge- a growth market,” Industrial Alli- kow downgraded Kraft Heinz Co. drew Breichmanas upgraded
metrics for Canadian Pacific Rail- co Communications Inc. is losing ance Securities analyst Elias Fos- by two levels to “underperform” Golden Star Resources Ltd. to
way Ltd., according to Desjardins ground with its Canadian cable colos initiated coverage of Source from “outperform,” expressing “outperform” from “market per-
Securities analyst Benoit Poirier. segment. “We advise investors to Energy Services Ltd. with a “buy” concern over its growth potential. form.” “Following further drill re-
He is projecting adjusted fully di- look for an attractive entry point rating “ 2017 has been a year of big “We harbor serious doubts about sults and the addition of inferred
luted earnings per share of $2.67, in the event of a further downtick changes for Source,” he said. the management team’s ability to resources, we consider the depth
lower than the Street’s expecta- in the stock or alternatively “Post an IPO and two transforma- generate sufficient product inno- potential at Wassa difficult to ig-
tion of $2.75 and a drop of 25 cents alongside improved returns from tional acquisitions, Source’s per- vation to grow its collection of nore and see value in the stock
year-over-year. the Canadian business,” he said. formance showed constant ‘retro’ brands in highly commod- even with a conservative view of
Target: With a “buy” rating, he Target: Mr. Galappatthige drop- strength and has set the stage for itized categories,” he said. Prestea performance going for-
lowered his target by a loonie to ped his target to $73 from $85 a strong year.” Target: He dropped his target to ward,” he said.
$254. Consensus is $252.50. with a “hold” rating. Consensus is Target: Mr. Foscolos set a $7 tar- US$55 from US$70, which is well Target: Mr. Breichmanas raised
$84.50 get, below the consensus of $9.75. below the consensus of US$75.61. his target to $1.50 from $1.25. Con-
sensus is $1.59.
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B12 MARKETS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

S&P/TSX COMPOSITE INDEX S&P 500 DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE S&P GLOBAL 100 INDEX
PAST 12 MONTHS PAST 12 MONTHS PAST 12 MONTHS PAST 12 MONTHS

15300.38 | 26.41 | 0.17 % | -1.51 % 1-YR | 194360 VOL(000) 2677.84 | 21.54 | 0.81 % | 14.98 % 1-YR 24573.04 | 212.90 | 0.87 % | 20.14 % 1-YR | 305067 VOL(000) 1880.31 | 6.82 | 0.36 % | 15.57 % 1-YR

TSX INDEXES AND SUB INDEXES TSX GAINERS TSX LOSERS TSX VOLUME
TOP 20 FOR STOCKS $1 OR MORE TOP 20 FOR STOCKS $1 OR MORE TOP 20 FOR STOCKS $1 OR MORE

CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR
CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG
TSX COMPOSITE IND 15300.38 26.41 0.17 194360 -1.51 MOGO MOGO FINANCE 3.96 0.46 13.14 190 1.54 HVU BETAPRO SP500 24.66 -2.84 -10.33 403 -75.17 AAR-UN PURE INDUS 8.07 -0.01 -0.12 11733 27.69
TSX 60 INDEX 901.87 1.88 0.21 68767 -1.31 SCU THE SECOND CU 4.05 0.44 12.19 242 170.00 AKT-B AKITA CL B 7.20 -0.80 -10.00 N-A -19.19 ACB AURORA CANNAB 8.93 0.20 2.29 11661 215.55
TSX COMPLETION IN 965.25 0.62 0.06 125592 -2.13 CPH CIPHER PHARMA 4.72 0.50 11.85 50 11.06 AYM ATALAYA MININ 3.78 -0.42 -10.00 2 80.00 SPE SPARTAN ENERG 6.17 -0.02 -0.32 9831 -19.97
TSX SMALLCAP INDE 622.75 -1.30 -0.21 65638 -7.05 LXR LXRANDCO INC 2.30 0.20 9.52 90 -76.77 FTG FIRAN TECHNOL 2.18 -0.23 -9.54 102 -45.77 APH APHRIA INC 12.24 0.84 7.37 7709 69.76
TSX VENTURE COMPO 801.96 6.02 0.76 73541 -3.91 CMED CANNIMED THE 34.72 2.80 8.77 72 186.71 TI TITAN MINING C 1.20 -0.10 -7.69 159 -9.77 ECA ENCANA CORP 15.24 -0.01 -0.07 5430 -1.42
TSX CONSUMER DISC 208.21 0.53 0.26 6416 9.50 EFR ENERGY FUELS 2.48 0.19 8.30 333 -12.06 TOF-UN TAYLOR NOR 10.95 -0.91 -7.67 N-A -17.05 WEED CANOPY GROWT 30.90 1.06 3.55 4953 211.18
TSX CONSUMER STAP 509.78 0.81 0.16 2392 -4.96 APS APTOSE BIOSCI 4.50 0.34 8.17 73 243.51 HUV BETAPRO SP500 7.57 -0.61 -7.46 10 -40.86 BTE BAYTEX ENERGY 4.25 0.10 2.41 4885 -4.92
TSX ENERGY CAPPED 188.75 -3.16 -1.65 56347 -5.20 PMTS CPI CARD GRO 3.31 0.25 8.17 1 -87.02 EFX ENERFLEX LTD 15.48 -1.14 -6.86 376 -22.68 MFC MANULIFE FIN 23.46 0.27 1.16 4154 3.39
TSX FINANCIALS CA 287.32 0.58 0.20 19200 1.58 PCY PROPHECY DEVE 2.70 0.20 8.00 10 -28.95 RRX RAGING RIVER 6.16 -0.41 -6.24 2930 -28.37 BBD-B BOMBARDIER 3.70 0.06 1.65 3801 63.00
TSX HEALTH CARE C 84.83 1.60 1.92 27143 31.48 ASO AVESORO RESOU 4.96 0.36 7.83 16 24.00 VLE VALEURA ENERG 5.01 -0.33 -6.18 660 615.71 CVE CENOVUS ENERG 12.47 -0.25 -1.97 3708 -12.55
TSX INDUSTRIALS C 235.43 1.80 0.77 9720 11.71 OGD ORBIT GARANT 2.37 0.17 7.73 7 21.54 FGE FORTRESS GLOB 3.05 -0.19 -5.86 1 -62.80 CPG CRESCENT POIN 9.75 -0.27 -2.69 3702 -31.53
TSX INFORMATION T 69.84 0.48 0.69 2672 16.93 CBL CALLIDUS CAPI 4.88 0.34 7.49 80 -72.29 DRX ADF GROUP INC 1.65 -0.10 -5.71 4 -36.54 RRX RAGING RIVER 6.16 -0.41 -6.24 2930 -28.37
TSX MATERIALS CAP 236.33 -0.49 -0.21 34253 -6.57 APH APHRIA INC 12.24 0.84 7.37 7709 69.76 TWC TWC ENTERPRIS 10.86 -0.64 -5.57 N-A 1.02 SU SUNCOR ENERGY 47.16 -0.56 -1.17 2822 15.90
TSX REAL ESTATE C 299.78 1.24 0.42 19131 -0.43 NXE NEXGEN ENERGY 2.48 0.17 7.36 869 -22.98 CLQ CLEAN TEQ HOL 1.06 -0.06 -5.36 389 -35.37 CCO CAMECO CORP 12.88 0.37 2.96 2820 -13.09
TSX GLOBAL GOLD I 189.36 -0.90 -0.47 45647 -14.35 DCM DATA COMMUNIC 1.73 0.11 6.79 89 -29.39 TVA-B TVA GROUP I 3.25 -0.18 -5.25 1 -8.96 ATH ATHABASCA OIL 1.36 -0.04 -2.86 2585 -6.21
TSX GLOBAL MINING 71.11 -0.44 -0.61 103495 6.02 LIF LABRADOR IRON 22.56 1.34 6.31 253 31.16 OPT OPTIVA INC 51.87 -2.73 -5.00 N-A -0.73 YRI YAMANA GOLD I 3.69 0.02 0.54 2520 -11.30
TSX INCOME TRUST 194.45 0.79 0.41 19512 -2.57 AEZS AETERNA ZENT 1.86 0.11 6.29 7 -53.27 ESI ENSIGN ENERGY 5.88 -0.30 -4.85 209 -21.81 ELD ELDORADO GOLD 1.21 0.01 0.83 2496 -75.46
TSX PREFERRED SHA 704.51 -0.47 -0.07 1232 -0.95 ZJN BMO JUNIOR GA 15.15 0.87 6.09 N-A -10.88 ARX ARC RESOURCES 13.93 -0.70 -4.78 1618 -24.00 CMMC COPPER MOUNT 1.28 0.06 4.92 2311 30.61
TSX TELECOM SERVI 154.94 0.85 0.55 2035 -5.28 XDC XTREME DRILLI 2.00 0.11 5.82 74 -13.04 DNA DALRADIAN RES 1.07 -0.05 -4.46 34 -20.15 VET VERMILION ENE 42.75 -1.29 -2.93 2225 -14.53
TSX UTILITIES CAP 229.00 1.18 0.52 4692 -8.71 EPS EPSILON ENERG 2.58 0.14 5.74 6 -9.47 BNP BONAVISTA ENE 1.29 -0.06 -4.44 1005 -60.06 BIR BIRCHCLIFF EN 4.12 -0.16 -3.74 2080 -44.92

TSX 52-WEEK HIGHS TSX 52-WEEK LOWS


STOCKS $1 OR MORE STOCKS $1 OR MORE

CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR
CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG

BOS AIRBOSS AMERI 14.06 0.23 1.66 27 13.20 HNL HORIZON NORTH 2.37 -0.05 -2.07 258 28.11 DRX ADF GROUP INC 1.65 -0.10 -5.71 4 -36.54 UCD-UN FA MORNING 8.70 -0.09 -1.02 N-A -9.66
BCE-PR-F BCE 1ST 20.73 -0.05 -0.24 2 17.92 MFC-PR-Q MANULIFE 25.37 -0.01 -0.04 62 1.72 ALA-PR-I ALTAGAS 25.25 -0.17 -0.67 N-A -3.40 FTG FIRAN TECHNOL 2.18 -0.23 -9.54 102 -45.77
CWL CALDWELL PART 1.06 0.04 3.92 1648 -7.02 OSB NORBORD INC 51.45 0.11 0.21 334 28.82 ALA-PR-K ALTAGAS 24.98 -0.06 -0.24 1 -4.36 ISV INFORMATION S 16.79 -0.26 -1.52 13 -11.26
CAL CALEDONIA MIN 11.10 0.19 1.74 911965.22 PBH PREMIUM BRAND 121.41 0.56 0.46 180 43.10 BCE BCE INC 54.18 0.29 0.54 1116 -10.99 KFS KINGSWAY FIN 4.80 -0.06 -1.23 N-A -34.52
DIR-UN DREAM INDU 9.94 0.11 1.12 714 18.76 PINV PURPOSE GLOB 20.19 0.00 0.00 1 0.00 BAM-PR-M BROOKFIE 20.91 0.03 0.14 8 -9.95 L LOBLAW CO 63.44 0.15 0.24 190 -11.26
FVI FORTUNA SILVE 7.08 0.04 0.57 402 1.43 RY-PR-I ROYAL BAN 25.28 0.13 0.52 2 1.12 PMTS CPI CARD GRO 3.31 0.25 8.17 1 -87.02 MPVD MOUNTAIN PRO 3.10 0.01 0.32 240 -31.87
GTE GRAN TIERRA E 3.78 -0.03 -0.79 779 8.00 TVK TERRAVEST CAP 10.14 -0.06 -0.59 29 5.96 CHE-UN CHEMTRADE 15.09 0.14 0.94 123 -19.73 OPT OPTIVA INC 51.87 -2.73 -5.00 N-A -0.73
GWO-PR-M GREAT WE 26.65 0.06 0.23 7 1.76 SCU THE SECOND CU 4.05 0.44 12.19 242 170.00 CTF-UN CITADEL IN 3.30 -0.01 -0.30 2 -5.98 QSR RESTAURANT BR 68.76 -0.66 -0.95 965 -8.05
GWO-PR-L GREAT-WE 26.27 0.03 0.11 4 0.88 YGR YANGARRA RESO 5.70 0.06 1.06 415 106.52 CDD-UN CORE CANAD 6.00 -0.15 -2.44 N-A -10.45 QSP-UN RESTAURANT 68.98 -2.57 -3.59 N-A -7.87
DHX-B DHX MEDIA L 3.69 -0.05 -1.34 509 -36.05 RCH RICHELIEU HAR 27.50 -0.79 -2.79 109 -5.07
DF DIVIDEND 15 SP 5.80 -0.25 -4.13 95 -26.95 TRL TRILOGY INTER 4.75 -0.08 -1.66 88 -51.03

S&P/TSX COMPOSITE INDEX STOCKS


LARGEST STOCKS BY MARKET CAPITALIZATION

CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR
CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG
AAV ADVANTAGE OIL 3.91 -0.18 -4.40 1216 -55.42 CUF-UN COMINAR R 12.52 0.27 2.20 738 -14.36 ITP INTERTAPE POL 19.95 0.61 3.15 120 -14.30 RRX RAGING RIVER 6.16 -0.41 -6.24 2930 -28.37
ARE AECON GROUP I 18.18 -0.03 -0.16 93 9.52 CMG COMPUTER MODE 9.66 0.12 1.26 51 -9.13 IVN IVANHOE MINES 2.71 -0.07 -2.52 506 -48.38 QSR RESTAURANT BR 68.76 -0.66 -0.95 965 -8.05
AEM AGNICO EAGLE 56.79 0.26 0.46 555 -8.59 CSU CONSTELLATION 878.59 20.79 2.42 41 39.46 REI-UN RIOCAN REA 23.44 0.21 0.90 1063 -10.94
AC AIR CANADA 25.19 0.44 1.78 1151 91.85 CJR-B CORUS ENTER 6.64 0.00 0.00 400 -48.17 PJC-A JEAN COUTU 24.61 0.03 0.12 106 17.13 RBA RITCHIE BROS 41.80 0.10 0.24 103 2.25
ASR ALACER GOLD C 2.08 -0.04 -1.89 190 -17.46 BCB COTT CORP 18.33 0.07 0.38 109 8.72 RCI-B ROGERS COMM 57.23 0.47 0.83 554 -5.26
AGI ALAMOS GOLD I 7.10 -0.10 -1.39 385 -35.16 CPG CRESCENT POIN 9.75 -0.27 -2.69 3702 -31.53 KEL KELT EXPLORAT 7.70 0.02 0.26 452 5.77 RY ROYAL BANK OF 96.39 0.33 0.34 1233 1.86
AD ALARIS ROYALTY 16.86 0.34 2.06 230 -24.26 CRR-UN CROMBIE RE 12.45 0.04 0.32 325 -14.73 KEY KEYERA CORP 35.17 0.31 0.89 318 -8.70 RUS RUSSEL METALS 27.85 0.04 0.14 75 6.38
AQN ALGONQUIN POW 12.33 0.09 0.74 1147 -3.90 KMP-UN KILLAM APA 13.80 -0.03 -0.22 289 6.15
ATD-B ALIMENTATIO 53.52 -0.47 -0.87 581 -11.97 DSG DESCARTES SYS 36.91 0.18 0.49 95 23.73 KXS KINAXIS INC 82.77 1.26 1.55 27 8.55 SMF SEMAFO J 3.83 -0.02 -0.52 432 -6.59
AP-UN ALLIED PROP 42.10 0.30 0.72 224 12.42 DGC DETOUR GOLD C 14.80 0.21 1.44 599 -17.23 KML KINDER MORGAN 17.37 0.13 0.75 751 6.96 SSL SANDSTORM GOL 5.93 -0.07 -1.17 175 -1.00
ALA ALTAGAS LTD 25.04 0.26 1.05 337 -19.04 DOL DOLLARAMA INC 149.10 0.08 0.05 149 27.44 K KINROSS GOLD CO 4.81 -0.02 -0.41 1799 -4.94 SAP SAPUTO INC 41.20 0.11 0.27 215 -11.13
AIF ALTUS GROUP L 32.07 -0.01 -0.03 20 5.25 DII-B DOREL INDUS 29.69 0.28 0.95 18 -6.22 KL KIRKLAND LAKE 21.32 -0.14 -0.65 375 105.39 SES SECURE ENERGY 7.69 -0.18 -2.29 199 -22.17
APH APHRIA INC 12.24 0.84 7.37 7709 69.76 DRG-UN DREAM GLOB 13.85 0.04 0.29 686 41.33 GUD KNIGHT THERAP 7.79 0.00 0.00 71 -24.44 VII SEVEN GENERAT 16.43 -0.62 -3.64 693 -33.62
ARX ARC RESOURCES 13.93 -0.70 -4.78 1618 -24.00 D-UN DREAM OFFICE 23.75 0.19 0.81 345 19.17 SJR-B SHAW COMMUN 26.33 0.05 0.19 1484 -7.19
AX-UN ARTIS REAL 13.63 0.05 0.37 465 1.49 LIF LABRADOR IRON 22.56 1.34 6.31 253 31.16 SCL SHAWCOR LTD 25.00 -0.78 -3.03 36 -34.40
ACO-X ATCO LTD CL 41.26 0.39 0.95 89 -18.49 ECN ECN CAPITAL C 3.54 0.04 1.14 725 -5.85 LB LAURENTIAN BAN 47.35 0.11 0.23 117 -16.93 SHOP SHOPIFY INC 146.78 -1.22 -0.82 193 55.73
ATA ATS AUTOMATIO 17.29 0.01 0.06 184 35.08 ELD ELDORADO GOLD 1.21 0.01 0.83 2496 -75.46 LNR LINAMAR CORP 72.39 -0.54 -0.74 110 32.83 SIA SIENNA SENIOR 18.03 0.12 0.67 169 3.03
ACB AURORA CANNAB 8.93 0.20 2.29 11661 215.55 EFN ELEMENT FLEET 4.63 0.01 0.22 1357 -61.77 L LOBLAW CO 63.44 0.15 0.24 190 -11.26 SW SIERRA WIRELES 20.94 0.05 0.24 84 -37.14
EMA EMERA INCORPO 40.45 0.32 0.80 314 -14.57 LUC LUCARA DIAMON 2.00 -0.06 -2.91 426 -36.51 ZZZ SLEEP COUNTRY 34.75 0.27 0.78 36 -0.40
BTO B2GOLD CORP 3.60 0.00 0.00 1690 -6.25 EMP-A EMPIRE COMP 24.20 -0.07 -0.29 335 20.28 LUN LUNDIN MINING 7.96 -0.06 -0.75 1267 8.45 SRU-UN SMARTCENTR 28.94 0.04 0.14 367 -11.90
BCE BCE INC 54.18 0.29 0.54 1116 -10.99 ENB ENBRIDGE INC 41.00 0.61 1.51 1958 -27.16 SNC SNC-LAVALIN S 55.08 0.95 1.76 293 3.26
BAD BADGER DAYLIG 26.22 0.45 1.75 106 -27.23 ENF ENBRIDGE INCO 28.02 0.10 0.36 280 -16.76 MAG MAG SILVER CO 13.81 0.01 0.07 425 -24.41 SPE SPARTAN ENERG 6.17 -0.02 -0.32 9831 -19.97
BMO BANK OF MONTR 95.17 0.30 0.32 603 -2.27 ECA ENCANA CORP 15.24 -0.01 -0.07 5430 -1.42 MG MAGNA INTERNAT 76.60 0.88 1.16 668 45.13 TOY SPIN MASTER C 46.73 -1.27 -2.65 149 20.59
BNS BANK OF NOVA 76.47 0.00 0.00 1155 0.63 EDV ENDEAVOUR MIN 22.05 -0.08 -0.36 282 -16.19 MFC MANULIFE FIN 23.46 0.27 1.16 4154 3.39 SSRM SSR MINING I 12.72 0.04 0.32 183 -14.00
ABX BARRICK GOLD 16.37 -0.22 -1.33 1879 -38.04 ECI ENERCARE INC 17.65 0.43 2.50 290 -15.06 MFI MAPLE LEAF FO 32.08 1.36 4.43 261 0.41 STN STANTEC INC 31.50 0.10 0.32 105 -9.92
BTE BAYTEX ENERGY 4.25 0.10 2.41 4885 -4.92 EFX ENERFLEX LTD 15.48 -1.14 -6.86 376 -22.68 MRE MARTINREA INT 15.80 0.06 0.38 58 71.74 SJ STELLA JONES I 45.20 -0.28 -0.62 40 6.70
BIR BIRCHCLIFF EN 4.12 -0.16 -3.74 2080 -44.92 ERF ENERPLUS CORP 14.39 -0.54 -3.62 1089 37.44 MAXR MAXAR TECHNO 56.09 -0.61 -1.08 151 -22.43 SLF SUN LIFE FINA 51.20 0.28 0.55 721 9.66
BB BLACKBERRY LIM 13.22 -0.01 -0.08 713 14.76 ENGH ENGHOUSE SYS 66.85 1.84 2.83 65 16.99 MEG MEG ENERGY CO 5.99 -0.10 -1.64 1331 -12.04 SU SUNCOR ENERGY 47.16 -0.56 -1.17 2822 15.90
BEI-UN BOARDWALK 44.17 0.69 1.59 136 -6.38 ESI ENSIGN ENERGY 5.88 -0.30 -4.85 209 -21.81 MX METHANEX CORP 85.01 1.43 1.71 461 39.43 SPB SUPERIOR PLUS 13.05 -0.05 -0.38 382 0.69
BBD-B BOMBARDIER 3.70 0.06 1.65 3801 63.00 EIF EXCHANGE INCO 31.34 0.55 1.79 80 -18.22 MRU METRO INC 41.62 0.11 0.26 249 0.02
BLX BORALEX INC 22.29 0.08 0.36 85 4.60 EXE EXTENDICARE I 8.75 0.12 1.39 112 -15.05 MNW MITEL NETWORK 12.10 0.08 0.67 35 33.55 THO TAHOE RESOURC 6.43 0.01 0.16 283 -46.55
BYD-UN BOYD GROUP 110.13 1.28 1.18 14 32.26 MSI MORNEAU SHEPE 25.48 0.04 0.16 42 25.89 TECK-B TECK RESOU 32.85 -0.73 -2.17 1420 12.04
BAM-A BROOKFIELD 49.23 -0.08 -0.16 821 1.63 FFH FAIRFAX FINAN 673.00 -2.00 -0.30 74 10.33 MTL MULLEN GROUP 15.12 -0.34 -2.20 56 -10.05 T TELUS CORP 44.58 0.13 0.29 364 0.29
BBU-UN BROOKFIELD 48.12 -0.48 -0.99 42 48.98 FTT FINNING INTL 31.28 -0.14 -0.45 110 29.74 TFII TFI INTERNAT 33.89 -0.06 -0.18 125 14.11
BIP-UN BROOKFIELD 51.85 -0.11 -0.21 101 -0.52 FCR FIRST CAPITAL 20.41 0.02 0.10 150 1.19 NA NATIONAL BANK 59.19 0.50 0.85 1123 8.45 NWC THE NORTH WES 27.71 0.32 1.17 81 -13.19
BPY-UN BROOKFIELD 23.86 -0.04 -0.17 269 -21.02 FR FIRST MAJESTIC 8.27 -0.10 -1.19 521 -33.73 NSU NEVSUN RES J 3.36 0.05 1.51 1330 1.51 TSGI THE STARS GR 35.23 -0.13 -0.37 308 54.31
BEP-UN BROOKFIELD 39.01 0.14 0.36 109 -4.97 FM FIRST QUANTUM 16.73 -0.34 -1.99 1850 18.99 NFI NEW FLYER IND 59.51 0.34 0.57 106 19.64 TRI THOMSON REUTE 49.50 -0.01 -0.02 421 -12.90
DOO BRP INC 52.83 0.78 1.50 143 62.55 FSV FIRSTSERVICE 89.14 -0.13 -0.15 22 11.87 NGD NEW GOLD INC 3.05 0.01 0.33 547 -31.00 X TMX GROUP LIMIT 76.71 0.86 1.13 59 5.56
FTS FORTIS INC 42.27 0.30 0.71 543 -4.69 NXE NEXGEN ENERGY 2.48 0.17 7.36 869 -22.98 TOG TORC OIL AND 6.73 -0.07 -1.03 544 3.70
CAR-UN CDN APARTM 37.67 0.25 0.67 482 10.63 FVI FORTUNA SILVE 7.08 0.04 0.57 402 1.43 OSB NORBORD INC 51.45 0.11 0.21 334 28.82 TXG TOREX GOLD RE 13.13 0.26 2.02 478 -50.25
CNQ CDN NATURAL R 43.55 -0.75 -1.69 1603 -1.80 FNV FRANCO-NEVADA 89.82 0.32 0.36 509 -2.83 NPI NORTHLAND POW 22.92 0.16 0.70 142 -6.75 TIH TOROMONT IND 55.66 -0.28 -0.50 68 21.32
REF-UN CDN REAL E 50.80 0.13 0.26 376 2.98 FRU FREEHOLD ROYA 12.97 -0.39 -2.92 336 -6.08 NVU-UN NORTHVIEW 25.84 0.22 0.86 175 14.08 TD TORONTO-DOMINI 69.76 -0.14 -0.20 2046 7.54
CWB CDN WESTERN B 32.96 -0.32 -0.96 191 16.34 NG NOVAGOLD RES I 5.86 0.00 0.00 84 -6.69 TOU TOURMALINE OI 22.33 -0.64 -2.79 596 -21.95
GIB-A CGI GROUP I 72.91 0.18 0.25 338 17.50 MIC GENWORTH MI C 38.67 -0.23 -0.59 120 11.67 NTR NUTRIEN LTD 58.87 0.03 0.05 356 -14.68 TA TRANSALTA CORP 6.88 0.07 1.03 506 -8.27
CAE CAE INC 24.50 0.15 0.62 165 21.41 GEI GIBSON ENERGY 16.99 0.09 0.53 166 -12.74 NVA NUVISTA ENERG 7.74 -0.06 -0.77 261 18.35 RNW TRANSALTA REN 11.68 0.03 0.26 142 -27.45
CCO CAMECO CORP 12.88 0.37 2.96 2820 -13.09 GIL GILDAN ACTIVE 37.18 0.28 0.76 327 3.28 TRP TRANSCANADA C 54.07 0.68 1.27 1210 -14.78
GOOS CANADA GOOSE 43.07 0.25 0.58 129 99.86 G GOLDCORP INC 18.05 -0.07 -0.39 1158 -11.99 OGC OCEANAGOLD CO 3.51 0.01 0.29 838 -21.65 TCL-A TRANSCONTIN 26.39 -0.08 -0.30 91 8.69
CM CANADIAN IMPER 110.52 0.41 0.37 1488 -1.47 GTE GRAN TIERRA E 3.78 -0.03 -0.79 779 8.00 ONEX ONEX CORP 92.56 0.59 0.64 190 -4.22 TCW TRICAN WELL 3.11 -0.03 -0.96 830 -26.48
CNR CANADIAN NATI 94.74 0.98 1.05 1030 -2.58 GRT-UN GRANITE RE 50.44 0.35 0.70 150 4.82 OTEX OPEN TEXT CO 43.47 0.41 0.95 188 -2.07 TCN TRICON CAPITA 10.23 -0.08 -0.78 268 -8.17
CP CANADIAN PACIF 226.38 2.37 1.06 255 13.22 GC GREAT CANADIAN 34.84 0.54 1.57 75 43.61 OR OSISKO GOLD RO 12.69 0.05 0.40 354 -15.51 TRQ TURQUOISE HIL 3.84 0.00 0.00 885 -0.52
CTC-A CANADIAN TI 168.05 -0.12 -0.07 93 3.12 GWO GREAT-WEST LI 32.94 0.05 0.15 395 -8.09
CU CANADIAN UTILI 34.78 0.09 0.26 257 -10.89 GUY GUYANA GOLDFI 5.05 0.10 2.02 304 -31.85 PAAS PAN AMERICAN 20.92 -0.04 -0.19 128 -16.98 UNS UNI SELECT IN 19.84 0.11 0.56 73 -43.04
CFP CANFOR CORP 29.97 -0.27 -0.89 114 59.08 POU PARAMOUNT RES 15.46 -0.52 -3.25 444 -13.68
WEED CANOPY GROWT 30.90 1.06 3.55 4953 211.18 HR-UN H&R REAL ES 20.61 0.05 0.24 812 -11.51 PXT PAREX RESOURC 19.80 -0.18 -0.90 279 12.82 VRX VALEANT PHARM 21.63 0.01 0.05 1057 71.12
CPX CAPITAL POWER 24.56 0.20 0.82 90 -0.32 HCG HOME CAPITAL 13.73 -0.26 -1.86 262 -36.73 PKI PARKLAND FUEL 29.13 0.13 0.45 206 1.32 VET VERMILION ENE 42.75 -1.29 -2.93 2225 -14.53
CAS CASCADES INC 13.81 0.11 0.80 133 -8.60 HBM HUDBAY MINERA 8.96 -0.11 -1.21 1500 7.43 PSI PASON SYSTEMS 17.92 -0.34 -1.86 26 -9.59
CCL-B CCL INDUSTR 64.67 0.86 1.35 183 9.55 HBC HUDSONS BAY C 8.98 -0.03 -0.33 111 -25.35 PPL PEMBINA PIPEL 40.98 0.61 1.51 1340 -7.16 WSP WSP GLOBAL IN 61.31 -0.93 -1.49 408 29.07
CLS CELESTICA INC 12.97 0.06 0.46 130 -31.63 HSE HUSKY ENERGY 18.32 -0.25 -1.35 1023 18.19 PEY PEYTO EXPLORA 11.00 -0.41 -3.59 830 -58.55 WCN WASTE CONNECT 92.23 0.59 0.64 312 18.58
CVE CENOVUS ENERG 12.47 -0.25 -1.97 3708 -12.55 H HYDRO ONE LIMIT 20.92 0.04 0.19 492 -14.33 POW POWER CORPORA 29.01 0.04 0.14 450 -4.98 WFT WEST FRASER T 91.51 0.43 0.47 259 57.78
CG CENTERRA GOLD 7.74 0.11 1.44 476 3.48 PWF POWER FINANCI 31.78 0.11 0.35 374 -5.75 WEF WESTERN FORES 2.73 0.00 0.00 369 28.17
CEU CES ENERGY SO 6.25 -0.15 -2.34 351 -13.07 IMG IAMGOLD CORP 7.03 0.01 0.14 1034 18.95 PSK PRAIRIESKY RO 29.63 -0.19 -0.64 285 2.42 WJA WESTJET AIRLI 22.83 0.26 1.15 438 -0.39
CSH-UN CHARTWELL 15.27 0.22 1.46 478 -1.99 IGM IGM FINANCIAL 36.89 0.20 0.55 164 -6.54 PD PRECISION DRIL 3.79 -0.10 -2.57 1218 -39.36 WN WESTON GEORGE 102.42 0.30 0.29 79 -11.39
CHE-UN CHEMTRADE 15.09 0.14 0.94 123 -19.73 IMO IMPERIAL OIL 36.96 -0.09 -0.24 337 -7.72 PBH PREMIUM BRAND 121.41 0.56 0.46 180 43.10 WTE WESTSHORE TER 23.63 0.23 0.98 162 -9.77
CHR CHORUS AVIATI 8.23 -0.03 -0.36 196 10.62 IAG INDUSTRIAL AL 51.41 -0.16 -0.31 214 -6.36 PVG PRETIUM RESOU 8.74 -0.30 -3.32 541 -40.58 WPM WHEATON PRECI 26.80 0.02 0.07 525 -7.97
CIX CI FINANCIAL 26.72 0.00 0.00 353 0.94 INE INNERGEX RENE 13.79 0.60 4.55 285 -6.51 AAR-UN PURE INDUS 8.07 -0.01 -0.12 11733 27.69 WCP WHITECAP RESO 8.51 0.07 0.83 1698 -15.32
CGX CINEPLEX INC 30.67 0.01 0.03 75 -39.92 IFC INTACT FINANC 95.81 -0.19 -0.20 147 1.66 WPK WINPAK LTD 48.03 0.56 1.18 24 -9.33
CCA COGECO COMMUN 66.52 -0.03 -0.05 72 -12.45 IPL INTER PIPELIN 23.68 0.25 1.07 800 -15.85 QBR-B QUEBECOR IN 24.18 0.08 0.33 672 16.81
CIGI COLLIERS INT 88.15 0.09 0.10 26 39.37 IFP INTERFOR CORP 24.63 -0.13 -0.53 111 26.24 YRI YAMANA GOLD I 3.69 0.02 0.54 2520 -11.30

ETFS BONDS CURRENCIES


STOCKS $1 OR MORE CANADA FOREIGN EXCHANGE CROSS RATES

CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR CLOSE NET % VOL 1-YR TERM YIELD CHG CAD USD AUD EUR GBP JPY CHF
CHG CHG 000S %CHG CHG CHG 000S %CHG
2-YEAR TREASURY 1.86 -0.02 CAD - 0.7956 1.0225 0.6426 0.5548 85.220 0.7636
DFE DESJARDINS EM 19.61 -0.65 -3.21 255 -1.95 HVI BETAPRO SP500 2.14 0.06 2.88 235 -80.55 5-YEAR TREASURY 2.09 -0.04 USD 1.2566 - 1.2849 0.8077 0.6974 107.11 0.9597
DLR-U HORIZONS US 9.96 -0.01 -0.10 150 0.10 HVU BETAPRO SP500 24.66 -2.84 -10.33 403 -75.17 10-YEAR TREASURY 2.23 -0.04 AUD 0.9776 0.7778 - 0.6283 0.5425 83.324 0.7466
DLR HORIZONS US D 12.53 -0.03 -0.24 152 -5.43 HXT HORIZONS SP T 31.71 0.07 0.22 347 1.67 30-YEAR TREASURY 2.34 -0.04 EUR 1.5555 1.2379 1.5907 - 0.8634 132.60 1.1881
FIE ISHARES CDN F 7.22 0.01 0.14 134 -1.90 VGRO VANGUARD GRO 24.15 0.04 0.17 127 -1.91 GBP 1.8014 1.4336 1.8424 1.1578 - 153.57 1.3759
HGD BETAPRO CDN G 9.80 0.05 0.51 196 29.80 XEG ISHARES SP TS 12.01 -0.19 -1.56 1512 -5.06 JPY 0.0117 0.0093 0.0120 0.0075 0.0065 - 0.8959
HGU BETAPRO CDN G 11.38 -0.03 -0.26 321 -39.01 XFN ISHARES SP TS 36.05 0.05 0.14 429 1.46 RATES RATE CHG CHF 1.3089 1.0417 1.3382 0.8414 0.7265 111.58 -
HMMJ HORIZONS MAR 17.02 0.42 2.53 664 56.29 XGD ISHARES S&P/T 11.85 -0.05 -0.42 360 -14.50
HND BETAPRO NAT G 14.50 -0.16 -1.09 284 41.46 XIC ISHARES CORE 24.30 0.02 0.08 264 -1.26 BOFC OVERNIGHT TARGET 1.25 UNCH
HNU BETAPRO NAT G 3.74 0.05 1.36 971 -56.00 XIU ISHARES SP TS 22.70 0.05 0.22 1637 -1.26 CANADIAN PRIME 3.45 UNCH
HOD BETAPRO CRUDE 5.60 0.13 2.38 1417 -42.03 XRE ISHARES SP TS 16.65 0.09 0.54 197 -0.06 Source: wires
HOU BETAPRO CRUDE 10.02 -0.25 -2.43 945 28.63 XSP ISHARES CORE 30.36 0.23 0.76 259 13.84
HSD BETAPRO SP500 4.35 -0.08 -1.81 178 -29.27 ZUB BMO EQL WGT U 29.75 0.03 0.10 129 21.68

U.S.

COMMODITIES TERM YIELD CHG

2-YEAR TREASURY 2.39 0.02


PRICE NET PRICE NET PRICE NET 5-YEAR TREASURY 2.69 0.02
CHG CHG CHG 10-YEAR TREASURY 2.83 0.01
30-YEAR TREASURY 3.03 0.00
GOLD 1350.70 2.80 LEAD 2565.00 0.00 CORN 382.50 -3.75
SILVER 16.68 0.02 ZINC 3112.50 14.00 SOYBEANS 1042.00 -12.25
NATURAL GAS 2.75 0.02 ALUMINUM 2300.00 0.00 CANOLA 523.30 -2.70 RATES RATE CHG
CRUDE OIL WTI 66.22 -1.17 HKFE NICKEL MINI 88050.0 90.00 BARLEY 151.00 0.00
CRUDE OIL BRENT 72.58 0.56 WHEAT 462.25 -10.25 FEED WHEAT 145.85 -0.60 FED TARGET RATE 1.50-1.75 UNCH
HIGH GRADE COPPER 3.10 0.02 LUMBER 535.80 9.00 BITCOIN CME FUTURES 7980.00 -125.00 U.S. PRIME 4.75 UNCH
Source: wires
Gold, Silver (USD/oz), Nat gas (USD/mmbtu), Oil (USD/barrel), Copper (USD/lb), Bitcoin (USD)
Lead, Zinc and Aluminum (USD/tonne), HKFE Nickel (in Renminbi-Yuan/tonne), Lumber (USD/1000 board ft),
Wheat, Corn and Soybeans (in U.S. cents/bushel), Canola and Barley (in Cdn dollars/tonne), Feed Wheat (in Br. pounds/tonne) DATA PROVIDED BY BARCHART, EXCEPT WHERE NOTED
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B13

SPORTS
Toronto FC hopes to The Winnipeg Jets vow
kick off an era of MLS to come back strong
domination with win from Game 3 loss to
in CONCACAF final B18 the Minnesota Wild B14

[ PHOTO OF THE DAY ]

Third time’s the charm


Toronto Maple Leafs left winger James van Riemsdyk scores on Boston Bruins goaltender Tuukka Rask during the first
period of Game 3 in their Stanley Cup playoff series. The Leafs entered the pivotal matchup at Air Canada Centre down
two games in the series. Auston Matthews and Patrick Marleau complemented Van Riemsdyk’s score with goals of their own
to snuff out Boston’s hopes of going up 3-0 on the road, David Shoalts reports B14

NATHAN DENETTE/THE CANADIAN PRESS

In Ibaka, the Raptors have a big man for all seasons


RACHEL BRADY TORONTO fashionable big man been asked a
question in Lingala – a language
spoken in his native Democratic
Ibaka only had a few months to
get acclimated to his new team-
mates before the playoffs hit – not
23 a different story for him, because
he knows all the nuances.”
A full season later, a more com-
fter leading the Toronto Republic of the Congo – he could enough time to learn every detail Team-high number of fortable and effective Ibaka has

A Raptors in scoring, re-


bounds and blocks in the
team’s Game 1 playoff victory,
easily have answered that too.)
He had helped the Raptors to a
1-0 series lead over the Washing-
of the schemes and establish
good chemistry with every Rap-
tor.
points scored by Raptors
forward Serge Ibaka
against the Washington
Wizards in Game 1 of their
emerged. He’s now a key part of
the top-seeded Raptors’ effort to
take the next step in this year’s
Serge Ibaka emerged for his post- ton Wizards – despite the opposi- “It was more difficult than we first-round NBA playoff NBA playoffs. Casey sees a player
game interview in a designer suit tion clamping down on Toronto thought, especially when pres- series on Saturday. who is a next-level defensive
and addressed reporters, seam- all-stars Kyle Lowry and DeMar sure hit. When you don’t know thinker, one who contributes
lessly switching between three of DeRozan. the nuances or know each other with loads of unique input in film
the four languages he speaks. This was the Serge Ibaka many well, it’s more difficult in those study. He is giving advice to team-
The Congolese-Spanish for- had envisioned when the Raptors situations,” Toronto coach Dwane mates and working on communi-
ward replied fluently to questions
from English, French and Span-
traded for him in February of last
year. The Raps had acquired a 6-
Casey said. “We had to simplify
some things last year just because 12 cating on defence.
“Now we know each other.
ish-speaking journalists about his foot-10 power forward who could of P.J. [Tucker] and Serge coming Kyle, he knows where I like to go.
Rebounds for Ibaka
performance during Saturday’s add defensive muscle, protect the in [at last year’s trade deadline], in Game 1. DeMar, he knows what I like to do.
game, an outing that included 23 rim and shoot the three-ball. He’d but that is no excuse. I probably And I know what Kyle and DeMar
points, 12 rebounds and two high- be a third star to complement De- didn’t do a good job of integrating like to do,” Ibaka said.
energy blocked shots. (Had the Rozan and Lowry. them in quick enough. This year is IBAKA, B15
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B14 HOCKEY O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Leafs notch a roller-coaster Game 3 win


DAVID SHOALTS TORONTO James van Riemsdyk, another of
the absent ones, scored one of
his patented redirects in front of
After two games of getting run the net at 17:07.
over by the Boston Bruins, the Not only was it the first goal of
Toronto Maple Leafs took their the game, it was the first time
fans for one of their familiar roll- the Leafs held a lead in the series
er-coaster rides. and it was their second power-
Mixing the running and gun- play goal in eight chances.
ning that was not seen in the first Things grew tighter in the sec-
two games of this NHL playoff ond period, a little tighter than
series with lots of close calls in they should have thanks to goal-
their own end, the Leafs took a tender Frederik Andersen. He
4-2 win Monday night. The wildly made a great glove save on David
entertaining win gave them Krejci to start the period but
some breathing room in the se- then let a routine shot from the
ries by cutting the Bruins’ lead to point by Boston defenceman
2-1. Adam McQuaid squeeze be-
The tension didn’t release un- tween his legs to tie the score.
til 16:25 of the third period when A few seconds later, Marleau
Patrick Marleau and Mitch Mar- and Marner got the lead back for
ner flew off on a two-on-one the Leafs on a nice two-on-one
rush and Marleau scored his sec- with Marleau finishing on a great
ond goal of the night to put the pass from Marner. But Andersen
Leafs up by two. committed the cardinal sin for
It all started with head coach goalies – he let in another softie
Mike Babcock giving his critics after his teammates worked
the bird in the morning. mightily to get the lead back.
Babcock is nothing if not stub- Bruins defenceman Zdeno Chara
born. In the face of unanimous bounced a shot off Andersen’s
scorn from the fans and media helmet from in close for the goal.
toward invisible centre Tomas Fortunately for the Leafs, Mat-
Plekanec, Babcock doubled Maple Leafs goalie Frederik Andersen and defenceman Roman Polak scramble against Bruins left winger Jake thews and Nylander stepped for-
down. He promoted Plekanec to DeBrusk to locate the puck in front of the Toronto net on Monday. FRANK GUNN/THE CANADIAN PRESS ward in the last half of the period
second-line centre, Nazem Ka- with their best work of the series.
dri’s job before he was suspend- Of course, Marchand was talking without will, nothing happens. the first period, two by the de- Matthews put the Leafs back in
ed for three games due to a mas- about the Plekanec circa 2009-12 You’re just out there,” Babcock fence, and in the first two games front, 3-2, with a great shot on a
sive brain cramp. roughly, when he was still with said. the Bruins would surely have put great feed from Nylander at 14:42.
This was unveiled at the the Montreal Canadiens and still When the puck dropped to those pucks in the net. It was his first goal of the series.
game-day skate, with Plekanec interested in playing. start the game, the Leafs players Another big difference from Andersen redeemed himself
between Kadri’s regular line- The coach was not quite as came out with the determination the first two games was the spe- in the first minute of the third
mates, Patrick Marleau, whose supportive when the topic of an- their coach was talking about. cial-teams play. The Leafs man- period when the Leafs took their
switch to centre for Game 2 was a other passenger, forward Wil- Nylander must have been listen- aged to stay out of the penalty first penalty. Familiar culprits
flop, and Mitch Marner. Plekanec liam Nylander, came up. Espe- ing, because by the end of the box in the first 40 minutes, Ron Hainsey and Nikita Zaitsev
and his new linemates were also cially when Nylander and the second period he and Matthews which was enough to finally put let Rick Nash and Pastrnak get
assigned to the Patrice Bergeron rest of the Leafs’ top line is com- were flying like it was the regular a dent in the Boston power play. loose in front but Andersen
line. pared to the Bruins’ big three, season. Then the Leafs scored a first- made a great save on Pastrnak
Clearly, Babcock must have Bergeron, Marchand and David The Leafs’ defence, while im- period power-play goal thanks to and the Leafs managed to kill the
stumbled on that old YouTube Pastrnak. proved, still had the habit of an iffy delay-of-game call on penalty. Then he saved a sure
footage of Brad Marchand saying “At this time of the year, we’ve throwing pizzas across the mid- Bruins centre Riley Nash when goal with two minutes to go, div-
Plekanec, more than any other talked a lot about this in our dle of the defensive zone. There he may or may not have sent the ing backward to get the blade of
NHL forward, drove him crazy. room, it’s great to have skill but were at least three giveaways in puck directly over the glass. his stick on a shot.

Jets say they’re going to ‘come out hot in Game 4’ Penalties,


BRIAN HALL ST. PAUL., MINN.
power-play
goals skyrocket
onnor Hellebuyck took his time re- early in playoffs
C moving his equipment following
the Winnipeg Jets’ optional prac-
tice on Monday, talking and laugh-
ing with fellow goaltenders Steve Mason
and Jamie Phillips.
STEPHEN WHYNO

Hellebuyck, a third-year pro with no layers take note: Referees


previous playoff experience, wasn’t show-
ing any negative signs about being pulled
from the Jets’ 6-2 postseason loss to the
P aren’t swallowing their
whistles so far in the 2018
NHL playoffs.
Minnesota Wild. And don’t expect any Penalties are up more than 17
panic desperation or frustration from Win- per cent over the same time a
nipeg when it resumes the best-of-seven, year ago and are playing a sub-
opening-round series Tuesday night. stantial role in several series.
“It’s just the drive we have in this room,” Through 19 games in the first
defenceman Ben Chiarot said. “No one round, there have been nearly 10
likes losing, but in this room we take it very penalties a game. Last year, there
seriously, especially come playoff time. was an average of eight penalties
“We’ll come out hot in Game 4.” called through 20 games.
Despite its youth. Winnipeg showed a “The penalties that have been
knack for bouncing back quickly this sea- The Jets lost 6-2 to the Wild in Game 3, but coach Paul Maurice says the team has a ‘real called in the series so far is an
son. The Jets, who entered the postseason clean understanding’ of how to rectify that situation. HANNAH FOSLIEN/GETTY IMAGES indication of how the referees
with 11 wins in their final 12 regular-season are calling the game,” Pittsburgh
games, last experienced consecutive losses lebuyck is feeling any pressure. Just like the Jets believe they’ll be the coach Mike Sullivan said on
March 13-15 and have lost back-to-back “I wouldn’t say there’s much of a differ- same team that bounced back all season. Monday. “They’re calling it as
games just three times since January. ence, really,” Hellebuyck said. “I put these Winnipeg controlled the first two they see it. I think discipline is of
“They have a real clear idea of what their kinds of games behind me no matter when games, holding a decided 84-37 edge in the utmost importance.”
game looks like when it’s right, and the they happen. shots, before the Wild climbed back into While the two-time defending
ability to get back to it quickly,” coach Paul “I guess in playoffs you can be more the series on Sunday night. The Jets flew Stanley Cup champions haven’t
Maurice said. “You could see it from the happy because it’s a series, it’s not a one- into Minnesota earlier on Sunday after be- been perfect in that regard
bench and you clearly could see it from up- game basis. So, I guess it’s a bit easier to put ing rerouted because of snow on Saturday. against Philadelphia, they
stairs – that wasn’t the way we play when it behind me, but I’m more happy I’m still The Jets didn’t make excuses. But a com- haven’t been derailed by a lack of
we’re at our best. feeling good on the ice and I’m looking for- ment by Maurice on Monday demonstrat- discipline. Around the rest of the
“So, we have a real clean understanding ward to our next game.” ed the difference between the first two NHL, penalties and the ensuing
of what it is we do well and what we need to Hellebuyck won his first two career games of the series and Sunday’s loss and power-play goals are making a
have happen. So we can get back to it pret- Stanley Cup playoff games while stopping why Winnipeg might be able to find its legs big difference: There have been
ty quickly. The foundation is pretty well 34 of the 37 shots he faced in the opening Tuesday night. 38 power-play goals through
set.” two contests. “The foundation of our game is there’s a Sunday’s games compared with
Since Maurice turned to Hellebuyck “Bucky’s one of the strongest goalies, certain of speed that has to be involved just 21 in 2017.
heavily in November when Mason dealt mentally, that I’ve ever played with,” Chia- and we didn’t skate particularly well [on The NHL wants officials to call
with an injury, Hellebuyck has lost consec- rot said. “Not much bothers him. Sunday] night,” Maurice said. “It’s the dis- playoffs at the same standard as
utive starts just five times. “He’s a pretty laid-back guy. Six go by ease of slowness, and that’s what cost us the regular season, which is hap-
However, this is the playoffs, in which him, I don’t think he’s thinking about it too the game.” pening with penalties actually
even the slightest miscues get amplified. much. He’ll be ready for Game 4. He’ll be going up from the first period
But that doesn’t mean the 24-year-old Hel- the same goalie we’ve seen all year.” THE CANADIAN PRESS through the third. Each of the 10
pairings of referees working the
playoffs has at least one who has
worked the Cup Final, so the
hope is having that experience
Jackets hope Panarin will be the (Bread)winner helps maintain consistency.
The Washington Capitals blew
two-goal leads in back-to-back
STEPHEN WHYNO “There’s very few people who can make shadow of Patrick Kane in Chicago in his overtime losses on home ice to
that shot,” Washington coach Barry Trotz first two years in the league. Columbus because of ill-advised
said. Panarin, who won the Calder Trophy as penalties and go into Game 3 on
rtemi Panarin turned out to be ev- “He can make a play from nothing,” Or- the top rookie in the NHL in 2015-16, was the road (7:30 p.m. ET Tuesday,

A erything the Columbus Blue Jack-


ets were looking for when they
traded for him last summer: a
dead-eye sniper and deft puck distributor
who can get game-breaking goals and
lov said. “He’s so smooth.”

playing in the postseason


without the 26-year-old Rus-
sian they call the “Bread
acquired from the Black Hawks last June
The Blue Jackets probably wouldn’t be along with forward Tyler Motte for forward
Brandon Saad and goalie An-
ton Forsberg.
“Bread is a different type
NBCSN) knowing it’s a problem
that needs immediate fixing.
“We need to be a little smart-
er,” centre Nicklas Backstrom
said. “We need to play with better
make everyone around him better. Man.” He was a steady pres- He can make a player because he can make a discipline – especially when we
And, the Blue Jackets hope, a guy who ence and consistent scorer special play to win a game,” have the lead twice. … It’s obvi-
can get them deeper into the playoffs. through a bumpy season of play from Blue Jackets coach John Tor- ously going to hurt you in the
So far, so good. Columbus heads home slumps and injuries to other nothing. He’s so torella said. playoffs. That’s the way it is. It’s
to Nationwide Arena after taking a 2-0 lead key players. smooth. “I just think for you to get just fact.”
over Washington in its first-round series on Panarin led Columbus through and find your way Nine of the 14 regulation goals
Sunday night, a come-from-behind 5-4 with 27 goals and 55 assists, DMITRY ORLOV and try to be a better playoff in the Washington-Columbus se-
overtime win in which Panarin contribut- and his 82 points were the CAPITALS DEFENCEMAN team, you have to have some ries have come on the power
ed a pair of key assists. most in a single season in players that are dynamic. play. The Blue Jackets, who
That came three nights after Panarin franchise history. His plus/minus of 23 and You’re not coaching it, they just see some- surged into the playoffs by not
won the series opener in overtime. With average of just more than 20 minutes on thing, they seize a moment and they win taking a lot of penalties to tax
two assists already in regulation, he drove the ice a game were career highs. you a game. one of the worst special-teams
down the left side, slipped past Capitals de- Panarin – sounds like Panera Bread, “Or they make a huge play to get you units in the league, lead the play-
fenceman Dmitry Orlov and snapped a hence the hockey nickname of “Bread back in the game in another way.” offs in penalty minutes a game.
shot over goalie Philipp Grubauer’s shoul- Man” or just “Bread”s – has embraced be-
der. ing a featured star after playing in the large THE ASSOCIATED PRESS THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B15

Rogers Centre hole forces Jays raincheck


Postponed game against tional doubleheader. there have been a game going on
For the Blue Jays, it meant an- at the time, that that would have
Kansas City makes other day on the sidelines, as been a risk to players and the
three straight Toronto their final two games over the fans.”
matchups rescheduled weekend in Cleveland against By late afternoon, that hole
the Indians also had to be post- had been patched up by stadium
because of weather poned because of wretched employees who braved the ele-
weather conditions. ments on the roof to make re-
The Royals learned first-hand pairs.
ROBERT MACLEOD TORONTO about the dangerous nature of Still, the decision was made to
the weather as they were head- cancel the game, although that
ing from Toronto Pearson Inter- was not made public until just
The Toronto Blue Jays were national Airport on two buses to after 5:30 p.m. – about 90 min-
counting on a return to the sup- their hotel downtown on Sunday utes before game time.
posedly comfortable confines of night. A large chunk of ice flew “We were doing everything we
Rogers Centre on Monday night off the lead bus and crashed into possibly could to try and get the
as a welcome respite from the the windshield of the second, game in,” Miller said.
nasty weather that dogged them shattering it. Fortunately, nobody The last time a baseball game
on their just-completed road was seriously hurt. had to be called off at Rogers
trip. Upon arrival at Rogers Centre Centre was April 12, 2001, coinci-
Instead, the rain and sleet midafternoon on Monday, a dentally also against the Royals,
storm that has ravaged Toronto large tear in the roof over deep Building-maintenance workers examine a hole in the roof at Rogers after two of the panels that make
and Southern Ontario through- right field was easily discernible. Centre on Monday. The tear is believed to have been caused by a piece up the retractable roof collided,
out the weekend resulted in sev- On the field, three large tarps of ice that fell from the CN Tower COLE BURSTON/THE CANADIAN PRESS spewing debris all over the turf.
eral leaks in the roof of the were spread out to keep any wa- Fans who purchased tickets to
domed facility. ter from the artificial playing sur- placed to catch drips from small- field on Monday morning with a Monday’s game directly from the
As a result, the Blue Jays were face. er tears. But it was the gaping couple of other building-mainte- Blue Jays will be allowed to ex-
forced to cancel their first game The roof had also sprung oth- hole in right field, believed to nance employees when the dam- change their tickets and pick one
of a three-game set against the er, smaller leaks. There were have been caused by ice falling age occurred. from a series of nine games – all
Kansas City Royals because of tarps on the infield near short- from the adjacent CN Tower, that “We saw it happen – it was on Mondays or Tuesdays. Fans
safety concerns. stop and others down the left- was the biggest concern. pretty frightening at the time,” with tickets to Tuesday’s origi-
The game will now be played field line. In the outfield, white Andrew Miller, the Blue Jays said Miller, who witnessed large nally scheduled game will be
on Tuesday afternoon, beginning buckets and large garbage con- executive vice-president of busi- chunks of ice crash to the field able to attend both games of the
at 3:07 p.m., as part of a tradi- tainers were also strategically ness affairs, was actually on the below. “We knew [that] should doubleheader.

Raptors forward Serge Ibaka rears up in front of the net to block Washington Wizards guard Bradley Beal at Air Canada Centre on Saturday. NATHAN DENETTE/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Ibaka: ‘He’s been through the fire, you can’t put a dollar value on that’
FROM B13 Brooks will surely make Game he can step out and shoot a three, can lean on the experience of a
2 adjustments to better account he can dunk,” Lowry said. In addition to his player who has been in 100 play-
“When I play with [Jonas Valanci- for Ibaka, whom he had coached “He gives us something that we off games and gone all the way to
unas] in the paint, we understand on the Oklahoma City Thunder haven’t had. proficient three-point the NBA finals – in 2012 with the
each other more now. It feels from 2009-2016. “We had Patrick Patterson, shooting, the Thunder.
more normal now,” Ibaka said. During that time, Ibaka had who could do some of the things, Raptors can lean on “He’s played in so many play-
The Raptors shot 16 three- twice been the league’s leading but not on the defensive end. He off games when he was at OKC,
the experience of a just the experience of being
pointers in the Game 1 win, and blocker and made the NBA all-de- could shoot the ball as well as
Ibaka accounted for three of fensive first team three times. Serge, but Serge has given us that player who has been around a guy like [Russell] West-
those on just four attempts, caus- Back then, though, he wasn’t consistency to shoot the ball well in 100 playoff brook and [James] Harden, [Ke-
ing Wizards coach Scott Brooks to shooting threes at the same clip and do it on the defensive end al- games. vin] Durant,” Casey said.
call him “one of the best – if not he is now. so.” “He’s been through the fire.
the best – big-man shooter in the “He’s a guy who gives us defen- In addition to his proficient You can’t put a dollar value on
league.” sive versatility. He can shot-block, three-point shooting, the Raptors that.”

NFL to prohibit use of 10 helmet models


BARRY WILNER NEW YORK those helmets last season. cer of VICIS, which has been mak-
“Over the last few years, we’ve ing helmets for only four years.
seen some dynamic changes in Marver estimated 70 players were
For the first time, the NFL is pro- the helmet industry, both from FIVE-TIME PRO BOWLER JAMES HARRISON RETIRES using the Zero1 by the end of the
hibiting certain helmets from be- new innovators as well as new 2017 season, and he expects “200
ing worn by players. helmets and models from incum- Long-time Pittsburgh Steelers and the 84.5 sacks he collected or more” to be in them before the
In notifying the 32 teams on bent companies,” said Jeff Miller, linebacker James Harrison is with the black-and-gold are a coming season kicks off.
Monday, the league has sought to the NFL’s senior vice-president of taking a second crack at retire- franchise record. He spent the “We already have players in
have players stop using 10 helmet health and safety policy. ment. 2013 season in Cincinnati and 400 high schools across the coun-
varieties. Some, particularly “There are a number of hel- The five-time Pro Bowler and signed with New England late try who have ordered the helmet,
those manufactured by Rawlings, mets for players to move to, from 2008 NFL Defensive Player of last season, appearing in all and we expect 50-plus colleges to
are no longer being made and those that rank poorly in per- the Year announced via In- three playoff games for the have them,” Marver added. “Last
don’t have support from the com- forming to the ones in the higher stagram early on Monday that Patriots, including their Super year we had about 20.”
pany. Others were found to be in- ranking. he is stepping away from the Bowl loss to Philadelphia. Marver believes a reduced hel-
ferior to many of the 34 helmets “The purpose of the continua- game following a 15-year career. This is the second time Harri- met price from US$1,500 a year
the NFL and the players union ex- tion to rank helmets and the joint Harrison, who turns 40 next son has called it quits. He retired ago to US$950 by the end of last
amined. decision with the players’ associ- month, posted a collage of briefly in September, 2014, only season – a drop enabled by higher
Previously, NFL players could ation to prohibit is to increase pictures of his two sons and to be lured back to the Steelers. volumes and lower manufactur-
choose any helmet as long as it that movement into better-per- noted he’s “missed way too He remained productive into his ing costs – and a reduction in
passed certification standards. forming helmets. We are encour- much for way too long … and late 30s, registering at least five weight by a half-pound added to
Six of the substandard helmets aged this is an important step for I’m done.” sacks from 2014-16. the Zero1’s popularity.
are prohibited immediately, better player safety.” Harrison played nearly his As for its high ranking, “players
while the other four may be worn A survey of players revealed at entire career with the Steelers THE ASSOCIATED PRESS feel better when they are hit, they
by players who used them in 2017, least 98 per cent used one or don’t feel an impact as much.
but not by new players. more of the 34 helmet models They say they don’t get headach-
The 10 helmets are Rawlings tested. Data also showed that mets is posted at every team’s helmets,” Miller said. es, don’t have those ‘seeing stars
Impulse and Impulse+, Quan- concussions were up in the NFL in training facility. The 2018 Zero1 was the only moments.’ Like how the helmet
tum and Tachyon; SG Varsity and 2017 to 291. “We’ve begun to see that over new helmet model tested this fits so when they move their
SG 2.0; Schutt Vengeance Z10 Laboratory testing showed the last couple of years players year. heads it tracks really well. And
(model 204100), Air XP (model that the VICIS Zero 1 models of [are] moving from helmets that “We’re demonstrating our there’s the wider field of view our
789002) and Air XP Pro (model 2017 and 2018 rate best for player rank in the poorly performing ar- commitment by setting the pace helmet provides.”
789102); and Riddell VSR-4 (mod- safety. A chart specifying top-to- eas to those that are ranging clos- for innovation and safety,” said
el R41133). About 200 players used bottom rankings for the 34 hel- er to the top-performing Dave Marver, chief executive offi- THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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B16 | REPORT ON BUSINESS O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Djokovic happy for painless win at Monte Carlo


JEROME PUGMIRE MONACO didn’t resurface. ped working with Boris Becker in Djokovic took the second half
“I thought it was good consid- December, 2016, and fired long- of last year off and then had a
ering the amount of matches I’ve time coach Marian Vajda shortly medical procedure in February.
After easing into the second played. I mean, I [have] played before bringing Agassi aboard. Then he lost his opening match-
round of the Monte Carlo Mas- probably six, seven matches Now, Djokovic has come full es in March at Indian Wells – to a
ters on Monday, a relieved Novak since Wimbledon last year,” said circle and is working with Vajda qualifier ranked outside the top
Djokovic said his troublesome Djokovic, who next faces Borna again, albeit in an informal 100 – and Miami.
right elbow no longer bothers Coric of Croatia. “So after two coaching capacity since they do “I might have rushed my deci-
him. years, finally I can play without not have a long-term agreement. sion to play a little bit,” Djokovic
Djokovic beat fellow Serbian pain.” Djokovic sees him as part said. “Playing well below the de-
Dusan Lajovic 6-0, 6-1. He won He came to the tournament coach, part confidant. sired level, it wasn’t easy for me
on his first match point, with a 3-3 match record this year, “He’s more like a brother, a fa- to cope.”
whipped off his hat, tilted his losing his previous three since ther … someone I can share a lot Other winners included Ro-
head back and raised his hands the Australian Open. This of things with, whether it’s pro- berto Bautista Agut of Spain, Mi-
in triumph. month, he stopped working with fessional or private life,” Djokov- los Raonic of Canada, Andrey
The joy was less because of Andre Agassi and Radek Stepa- ic said. “He’s always there for me, Rublev of Russia and Albert Ra-
the first-round victory – he is a nek, the latest in a series of knows me inside out. He knows mos-Vinolas of Spain.
two-time champion here, after coaching changes for the 12-time what I need in order to get to the
all – but more because his injury major champion. Djokovic stop- highest possible level of play.” Serbian tennis star Novak Djokovic THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

Wednesday, Apr. 25 MLB NBA PLAYOFFS


NHL AHL Blainville-Boisbriand at Charlottetown, 6
2018 STANLEY CUP PLAYOFFS EASTERN CONFERENCE p.m. AMERICAN LEAGUE NATIONAL LEAGUE FIRST ROUND
Friday, Apr. 27
GP W L OL SL GF GA Pts x-Charlottetown at Blainville-Boisbriand, W L Pct GB W L Pct GB All Times Eastern
FIRST ROUND ATLANTIC DIVISION EAST DIVISION EAST DIVISION
7:30 p.m. CONFERENCE QUARTER-FINALS
All Times Eastern y-L. Valley 76 47 19 5 5 260 218104 Boston 13 2 .867 — New York 12 2 .857 —
Sunday, Apr. 29 (Best-of-7)
DIVISION SEMIFINALS x-W-B/Scrntn 76 45 22 6 3 252 223 99 x-Blainville-Boisbriand at Charlottetown, Toronto 9 5 .643 31/2 Philadelphia 9 5 .643 3
(Best-of-7) New York 7 7 .500 51/2 Atlanta 8 6 .571 4
EASTERN CONFERENCE
x-Charlotte 76 46 26 1 3 262 212 96 6 p.m.
x-Providence 76 45 26 3 2 231 187 95 Baltimore 5 11 .313 81/2 Washington 7 9 .438 6 TORONTO (1) VS. WASHINGTON (8)
Tuesday, May 1
EASTERN CONFERENCE Bridgeport 76 36 32 5 3 206 214 80 Tampa Bay 3 12 .200 10 Miami 4 11 .267 8 /2
1
(Toronto leads series 1-0)
x-Charlottetown at Blainville-Boisbriand, CENTRAL DIVISION CENTRAL DIVISION
ATLANTIC DIVISION Hartford 76 34 33 6 3 208 252 77 Saturday
7 p.m. Minnesota 7 4 .636 — Pittsburgh 11 4 .733 —
TAMPA BAY (1) VS. NEW JERSEY (WC2) Springfield 76 32 37 5 2 210 233 71 Toronto 114 Washington 106
Cleveland 8 6 .571 1
/2 St. Louis 9 7 .563 21/2 Tuesday
(Tampa Bay leads series 2-0) Hershey 76 30 37 4 5 201 249 69 ACADIE-BATHURST (2) VS. Chicago 4 8 .333 31/2 Chicago 7 7 .500 31/2
Monday NORTH DIVISION Washington at Toronto, 7 p.m.
VICTORIAVILLE (6) Detroit 4 9 .308 4 Milwaukee 8 8 .500 31/2
Tampa Bay at New Jersey y-Toronto 76 54 18 2 2 254 170112 Kansas City 3 10 .231 5 Cincinnati 2 13 .133 9 Friday
Friday, Apr. 20
Wednesday x-Syracuse 76 46 22 3 5 234189 100 Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m. WEST DIVISION WEST DIVISION Toronto at Washington, 8 p.m.
Tampa Bay at New Jersey, 7:30 p.m. x-Rochester 76 37 22 11 6 234 221 91 Los Angeles 13 3 .813 — Arizona 11 4 .733 — Sunday, Apr. 22
Saturday, Apr. 21
Saturday x-Utica 76 38 26 8 4 211 216 88 Houston 10 5 .667 21/2 Colorado 9 8 .529 3 Toronto at Washington, 8 p.m.
Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m.
x-New Jersey at Tampa Bay, TBD Binghamton 76 25 38 9 4 193 247 63 Seattle 8 5 .615 31/2 San Diego 7 10 .412 5 Wednesday, Apr. 25
Monday, Apr. 23 Tuesday, Apr. 24 Oakland 6 10 .375 7 San Francisco 6 9 .400 5
Belleville 76 29 42 2 3 194 266 63 Acadie-Bathurst at Victoriaville, 7 p.m. x-Washington at Toronto, TBA
x-Tampa Bay at New Jersey, TBD Laval 76 24 42 7 3 206 281 58 Texas 5 11 .313 8 Los Angeles 5 9 .357 51/2
Friday, Apr. 27
Wednesday, Apr. 25 Wednesday, Apr. 25
Acadie-Bathurst at Victoriaville, 7 p.m. Monday Monday x-Toronto at Washington, TBA
x-New Jersey at Tampa Bay, TBD
WESTERN CONFERENCE Friday, Apr. 27 Baltimore at Boston, ppd. Miami at N.Y. Yankees Sunday, Apr. 29
GP W L OL SL GF GA Pts x-Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m. Miami at N.Y. Yankees Colorado at Pittsburgh x-Washington at Toronto, TBA
BOSTON (2) VS. TORONTO (3)
CENTRAL DIVISION Sunday, Apr. 29 Kansas City at Toronto Washington at N.Y. Mets
(Boston leads series 2-0)
Monday y-Chicago 76 42 23 7 4 244 208 95 x-Acadie-Bathurst at Victoriaville, 4 p.m. Texas at Tampa Bay Philadelphia at Atlanta BOSTON (2) VS. MILWAUKEE (7)
Boston at Toronto x-Gr. Rapids 76 42 25 2 7 237 210 93 Tuesday, May 1 Chicago White Sox at Oakland Cincinnati at Milwaukee (Boston leads series 1-0)
Thursday x-Manitoba 76 42 26 4 4 253 198 92 x-Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m. Houston at Seattle L.A. Dodgers at San Diego Sunday
Boston at Toronto, 7 p.m. x-Rockford 76 40 28 4 4 239 234 88 x-played only if necessary. Sunday St. Louis at Chicago Cubs, ppd. Boston 113 Milwaukee 107 (OT)
Saturday Iowa 76 33 27 10 6 232 246 82 N.Y. Yankees at Detroit, ppd. Sunday Tuesday
x-Toronto at Boston, TBD Milwaukee 76 38 32 4 2 216 235 82 Toronto at Cleveland, ppd. Atlanta at Chicago Cubs, ppd. Milwaukee at Boston, 8 p.m.
Monday, Apr. 23 Cleveland 76 25 41 7 3 190 258 60 WHL PLAYOFFS Chicago White Sox at Minnesota, ppd. N.Y. Mets 3, Milwaukee 2 Friday
x-Boston at Toronto, TBD PACIFIC DIVISION L.A. Angels at Kansas City, ppd. Pittsburgh 7, Miami 3 Boston at Milwaukee, 9:30 p.m.
Wednesday, Apr. 25 y-Tucson 68 42 20 5 1 214 173 90 SECOND ROUND N.Y. Yankees at Detroit, ppd. St. Louis 3, Cincinnati 2 Sunday, Apr. 22
x-Toronto at Boston, TBD x-Texas 76 38 24 8 6 223 231 90 All Times Eastern Boston 3, Baltimore 1 Philadelphia 10, Tampa Bay 4 Boston at Milwaukee, 1 p.m.
x-Ontario 68 36 25 4 3 200 194 79 DIVISION FINALS Philadelphia 10, Tampa Bay 4 Colorado 6, Washington 5 Tuesday, Apr. 24
METROPOLITAN DIVISION x-San Jose 68 34 26 4 4 186 198 76 (Best-of-7) Oakland 2, Seattle 1 L.A. Dodgers 7, Arizona 2 x-Milwaukee at Boston, TBA
WASHINGTON (1) VS. COLUMBUS (WC1) San Diego 68 36 28 3 1 202 197 76 EASTERN CONFERENCE Texas 3, Houston 1, 10 innings San Diego 10, San Francisco 1 Thursday, Apr. 26
(Columbus leads series 2-0) Stockton 68 34 28 2 4 211 204 74 EAST DIVISION Tuesday Tuesday x-Boston at Milwaukee, TBA
Sunday Bakersfield 68 31 27 9 1 188 206 72 M. JAW (1) VS. SWIFT CURRENT (2) Kansas City (Skoglund, 0-1) at Toronto Miami (Garcia 0-0) at N.Y. Yankees Saturday, Apr. 28
Columbus 5 Washington 4 (OT) San Antonio 76 35 31 10 0 198 219 80 (Series tied 3-3) ((Garcia 1-0), 3:07 p.m. (Tanaka 2-1), 6:35 p.m. x-Milwaukee at Boston, TBA
Tuesday Note: x - clinched playoff berth; y - Miami (Garcia 0-0) at N.Y. Yankees Colorado (Bettis 2-0) at Pittsburgh
Monday
Washington at Columbus, 7:30 p.m. clinched division; Two points for a team (Tanaka 2-1), 6:35 p.m. (Williams 3-0), 7:05 p.m.
Swift Current at Moose Jaw PHILADELPHIA (3) VS. MIAMI (6)
Thursday winning in overtime or shootout; the Baltimore (Cashner 1-1) at Detroit Washington (Gonzalez 1-1) at N.Y. Mets
Washington at Columbus, 7:30 p.m. team losing in overtime or shootout (Philadelphia leads series 1-0)
CENTRAL DIVISION (Liriano 1-1), 6:40 p.m. (Wheeler 1-0), 7:10 p.m.
Saturday receives one which is registered in the Monday
LETHBRIDGE (2) VS. BRANDON (WC1) Kansas City (Duffy 0-2) at Toronto Philadelphia (Pivetta 1-0) at Atlanta
x-Columbus at Washington, TBD OTL or SOL columns. Miami at Philadelphia
(Lethbridge leads series 4-1) (Happ 2-1), 7:07 p.m. (Foltynewicz 1-1), 7:35 p.m.
Monday, Apr. 23 Sunday Thursday
x-Washington at Columbus, TBD Cleveland (Kluber 1-1) vs. Minnesota Cincinnati (Romano 0-1) at Milwaukee
(Odorizzi 1-0) at San Juan, 7:10 p.m. (Guerra 1-0), 7:40 p.m. Philadelphia at Miami, 7 p.m.
Wednesday, Apr. 25
Utica 4 Binghamton 3 (OT) WESTERN CONFERENCE Texas (Moore 0-3) at Tampa Bay (TBD), St. Louis (Wainwright 0-2) at Chicago Saturday
x-Columbus at Washington, TBD B.C. DIVISION Philadelphia at Miami, 2:30 p.m.
Providence 4 Springfield 2 7:10 p.m. Cubs (Lester 1-0), 8:05 p.m.
Toronto 4 Belleville 3 VICTORIA (2) VS. TRI-CITY (WC1) Chicago White Sox (Gonzalez 0-2) at San Francisco (Cueto 1-0) at Arizona Tuesday, Apr. 24
PITTSBURGH (2) VS. PHILADELPHIA (3) W-B/Scranton 3 Hershey 2 (Tri-City wins series 4-0) x-Miami at Philadelphia, TBA
(Pittsburgh leads series 2-1) Oakland (TBD), 10:05 p.m. (Corbin 2-0), 9:40 p.m.
Manitoba 3 Chicago 1 Boston (Price 1-1) at L.A. Angels L.A. Dodgers (Wood 0-2) at San Diego Thursday, Apr. 26
Sunday U.S. DIVISION
Charlotte 4 Bridgeport 1 (Ohtani 2-0), 10:07 p.m. (Mitchell 0-2), 10:10 p.m. x-Philadelphia at Miami, TBA
Pittsburgh 5 Philadelphia 1
EVERETT (1) VS. PORTLAND(2) Houston (McCullers 1-1) at Seattle Saturday, Apr. 28
Wednesday
Pittsburgh at Philadelphia, 7 p.m. END OF REGULAR SEASON (Everett wins series 4-1) (Miranda 0-0), 10:10 p.m. x-Miami at Philadelphia, TBA
Friday
ATP
OHL PLAYOFFS
Philadelphia at Pittsburgh, TBD NASCAR MONSTER ENERGY MLS MONTE-CARLO ROLEX
CLEVELAND (4) VS. INDIANA (5)
Sunday, Apr. 22 (Indiana leads series 1-0)
SECOND ROUND EASTERN CONFERENCE MASTERS
x-Pittsburgh at Philadelphia, TBD FOOD CITY 500 Sunday
All Times Eastern GP W L T GF GA Pt Monday
Tuesday, Apr. 24 Monday At Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France Indiana 98 Cleveland 80
x-Philadelphia at Pittsburgh, TBD CONFERENCE SEMIFINALS New York City 7 5 0 2 16 6 17 Wednesday
At Bristol, Tenn. Atlanta 6 4 1 1 15 8 13 Singles — First Round
(Best-of-7) Indiana at Cleveland, 7 p.m.
Lap length: 0.533 miles New England 6 3 2 1 10 6 10
WESTERN CONFERENCE EASTERN CONFERENCE Starting position in parentheses Milos Raonic (14), Thornhill, Ont., def. Friday
HAMILTON (1) VS.NIAGARA (4) Orlando 6 3 2 1 11 10 10
CENTRAL DIVISION 1. (1) Kyle Busch, Toyota, 500 laps. Lucas Catarina, Monaco, 3-6, 6-2, 6-3. Cleveland at Indiana, 7 p.m.
(Hamilton wins series 4-1) Columbus 7 3 3 1 9 7 10
NASHVILLE (1) VS. COLORADO (WC2) 2. (6) Kyle Larson, Chevrolet, 500. Stefanos Tsitsipas, Greece, def. Denis Sunday, Apr. 22
NY Red Bulls 5 3 2 0 13 6 9
(Nashville leads series 2-0) 3. (17) Jimmie Johnson, Chevrolet, 500. Shapovalov, Richmond Hill, Ont., 6-3, 6-4. Cleveland at Indiana, 8:30 p.m.
Montreal 6 2 4 0 6 12 6
Monday BARRIE (2) VS.KINGSTON (3) 4. (4) Ricky Stenhouse Jr., Ford, 500. Albert Ramos-Vinolas (15), Spain, def. Wednesday, Apr. 25
Nashville at Colorado (Kingston wins series 4-2) Philadelphia 5 1 2 2 3 6 5
5. (8) Alex Bowman, Chevrolet, 500. Jared Donaldson, United States, 6-3, 6- x-Indiana at Cleveland, TBA
Wednesday D.C. 6 1 3 2 6 10 5
6. (19) Aric Almirola, Ford, 500. 3. Friday, Apr. 27
Chicago 5 1 3 1 7 9 4
Nashville at Colorado, 10 p.m. WESTERN CONFERENCE 7. (39) Kevin Harvick, Ford, 500. Roberto Bautista Agut (11), Spain, def. x-Cleveland at Indiana, TBA
Friday Toronto 4 1 3 0 3 6 3
S.S. MARIE (1) VS.OWEN SOUND (4) 8. (14) Clint Bowyer, Ford, 500. Peter Gojowczyk, Germany, 6-4, 6-3. Sunday, Apr. 29
x-Colorado at Nashville, TBD WESTERN CONFERENCE Andrey Rublev, Russia, def. Robin
(Series tied 3-3) 9. (10) Joey Logano, Ford, 500. x-Indiana at Cleveland, TBA
Sunday, Apr. 22 GP W L T GF GA Pt
Sunday 10. (30) Ryan Newman, Chevrolet, 500. Haase, Netherlands, 7-6 (7), 2-6, 7-5.
x-Nashville at Colorado, TBD Kansas City 7 4 1 2 14 11 14
Owen Sound 7 Sault Ste. Marie 1 11. (12) Daniel Suarez, Toyota, 500. Kei Nishikori, Japan, def. Tomas Berdych
Tuesday, Apr. 24 LA Galaxy 6 3 2 1 8 8 10
(12), Czech Republic, 4-6, 6-2, 6-1.
WESTERN CONFERENCE
Tuesday 12. (23) David Ragan, Ford, 500.
x-Colorado at Nashville, TBD Vancouver 7 3 3 1 8 11 10 HOUSTON (1) VS. MINNESOTA (8)
Owen Sound at Sault Ste. Marie, 7:07 p.m. 13. (7) Paul Menard, Ford, 499. Borna Coric, Croatia, def. Julien
Los Angeles FC 5 3 2 0 11 10 9 (Houston leads series 1-0)
14. (25) Denny Hamlin, Toyota, 499. Benneteau, France, 6-2, 6-3.
WINNIPEG (2) VS. MINNESOTA (3) Dallas 5 2 0 3 7 3 9
Novak Djokovic (9), Serbia, def. Dusan Sunday
KITCHENER (2) VS.SARNIA (3) 15. (21) Austin Dillon, Chevrolet, 499. Colorado 5 2 1 2 9 5 8
(Winnipeg leads series 2-1) Lajovic, Serbia, 6-0, 6-1.
(Kitchener wins series 4-2) 16. (20) Darrell Wallace Jr., Chevrolet, 499. Houston 104 Minnesota 101
Sunday Salt Lake 6 2 3 1 6 14 7
Minnesota 6 Winnipeg 2 Sunday 17. (18) AJ Allmendinger, Chevrolet, 499. Wednesday
Minnesota 6 2 4 0 8 12 6 TELEVISION
Tuesday Kitchener 6 Sarnia 2 18. (11) William Byron, Chevrolet, 498. Minnesota at Houston, 9:30 p.m.
Houston 5 1 2 2 9 8 5
Winnipeg at Minnesota, 8 p.m. 19. (31) Jamie McMurray, Chevrolet, 498. San Jose 5 1 2 2 9 10 5
TUESDAY (EASTERN TIME) Saturday
Friday 20. (29) Landon Cassill, Chevrolet, 498. Portland 6 1 3 2 9 14 5 BASEBALL Houston at Minnesota, 7:30 p.m.
Minnesota at Winnipeg, TBD QMJHL PLAYOFFS 21. (24) Matt DiBenedetto, Ford, 497. Monday, Apr. 23
Seattle 4 0 3 1 2 7 1
Sunday, Apr. 22 22. (2) Kurt Busch, Ford, 496. Note: Three points awarded for a win, MLB: Kansas City vs. Toronto, SN 1, 7 p.m. Houston at Minnesota, 8 p.m.
x-Winnipeg at Minnesota, TBD
SECOND ROUND 23. (3) Brad Keselowski, Ford, 495.
All Times Eastern one for a tie.
Wednesday, Apr. 25 24. (33) Trevor Bayne, Ford, 495. Sunday BASKETBALL
x-Minnesota at Winnipeg, TBD QUARTER-FINALS GOLDEN STATE (2) VS. SAN ANTONIO (7)
25. (34) Corey LaJoie, Chevrolet, 494. New York City 2 Atlanta 2
(Best-of-7) (Golden State leads series 1-0)
26. (13) Erik Jones, Toyota, 494. Seattle 2 Kansas City 2 NBA Playoffs: Washington vs. Toronto,
PACIFIC DIVISION B-BOISBRIAND (1) VS. MONCTON (14) 27. (35) DJ Kennington, Toyota, 482. Eastern Conference quarterfinal, TSN 1, 3, Monday
Friday’s game San Antonio at Golden State
VEGAS (1) VS. LOS ANGELES (WC1) (Blainville-Boisbriand wins series 4-1) 28. (32) Ty Dillon, Chevrolet, 475. 4, 5, 7 p.m.
Vancouver at Kansas City, 9 p.m. Thursday
(Vegas leads series 3-0) 29. (16) Chase Elliott, Chevrolet, 473. Saturday, Apr. 21 NBA Playoffs: New Orleans vs. Portland,
Sunday A-BATHURST (2) VS. SHERBROOKE (10) 30. (26) Martin Truex Jr., Toyota, Los Angeles F.C. at Montreal, 1 p.m. TSN 1, 5, 10:30 p.m. Golden State at San Antonio, 9:30 p.m.
Vegas 3 Los Angeles 2 (Acadie-Bathurst wins series 4-0) accident, 458. Sunday, Apr. 22
Toronto at Houston, 3 p.m.
Tuesday 31. (28) Gray Gaulding, Toyota, 448. HOCKEY Golden State at San Antonio, 3:30 p.m.
Chicago at N.Y. Red Bulls, 3:30 p.m.
Vegas at Los Angeles, 10:30 p.m. HALIFAX (4) VS.CHARLOTTETOWN (9) 32. (36) Reed Sorenson, Chevrolet,
Thursday New England at Columbus, 7:30 p.m.
(Charlottetown wins series 4-0) accident, 342. San Jose at Orlando, 7:30 p.m. NHL Playoffs: Washington vs. Columbus, PORTLAND (3) VS. NEW ORLEANS (6)
x-Los Angeles at Vegas, 10 p.m. 33. (38) Chad Finchum, Toyota, accident, 335. Eastern Conference quarterfinal, SN 360,
Saturday Philadelphia at Dallas, 8 p.m. (New Orleans leads series 1-0)
DRMMNDVLLE (5) VS.VICTORIAVILLE (6) 34. (15) Kasey Kahne, Chevrolet, Colorado at Salt Lake, 9 p.m. 7:30 p.m. Tuesday
x-Vegas at Los Angeles, TBD steering, 236. NHL: Winnipeg vs. Minnesota, Western
(Victoriaville wins series 4-1) Atlanta at L.A. Galaxy, 10:30 p.m. New Orleans at Portland, 10:30 p.m.
Monday, Apr. 23 35. (5) Ryan Blaney, Ford, accident, 117.
Sunday Conference quarterfinal, SN Ontario, East,
x-Los Angeles at Vegas, TBD Thursday
Victoriaville 3 Drummondville 0 36. (22) Chris Buescher, Chevrolet, CONCACAF CHAMPIONS West, Pacific, 8 p.m.
Portland at New Orleans, 9 p.m.
accident, 116. NHL Playoffs: Vegas vs. L.A. Kings,
ANAHEIM (2) VS. SAN JOSE (3)
SEMIFINALS 37. (37) Harrison Rhodes, Chevrolet, LEAGUE Western Conference quarterfinal, CBC, SN Saturday
(San Jose leads series 2-0) accident, 115. 360, 10:30 p.m. Portland at New Orleans, 5 p.m.
Monday (Best-of-7) FINAL
BLAINVILLE-BOISBRIAND (1) VS. 38. (9) Michael McDowell, Ford, accident, 9.
Anaheim at San Jose (home-and-home, total-goals series) OKLAHOMA CITY (4) VS. UTAH (5)
CHARLOTTETOWN (9) 39. (27) Ross Chastain, Chevrolet, SOCCER
Wednesday (Oklahoma City leads series 1-0)
Friday accident, 3.
Anaheim at San Jose, 10:30 p.m. GUADALAJARA (MEXICO) VS.
Charlottetown at Blainville-Boisbriand, EPL: Brighton & Hove Albion FC vs. Sunday
Friday TORONTO FC
x-San Jose at Anaheim, TBD 7:30 p.m. Average Speed of Race Winner: 77.465 Tottenham Hotspur FC, SN World, 2 p.m. Oklahoma City 116 Utah 108
Sunday, Apr. 22 Saturday, Apr. 21 mph. CONCACAF CHAMPIONS LEAGUE: Wednesday
Time of Race: 3 hours, 26 minutes, 25 All Times Eastern Toronto FC vs. Chivas, Final Leg 1, TSN2,
x-Anaheim at San Jose, TBD Charlottetown at Blainville-Boisbriand, 7 Utah at Oklahoma City, 8 p.m.
seconds. Tuesday (First Leg) 8:15 p.m.
Tuesday, Apr. 24 p.m. Saturday
Margin of Victory: 0.628 seconds. Guadalajara at Toronto FC, 8:15 p.m.
x-San Jose at Anaheim, TBD Tuesday, Apr. 24 Oklahoma City at Utah, 10 p.m.
x — played only if necessary. Blainville-Boisbriand at Charlottetown, 6 Caution Flags: 13 for 114 laps. TENNIS
Lead Changes: 18 among 8 drivers. Wednesday, April 25 (Second Leg) Monday, Apr. 23
p.m. Toronto FC at Guadalajara, 10:30 p.m. Oklahoma City at Utah, 10:30 p.m.
ATP Tour: Monte Carlo, TSN 1, 5 a.m.

CORNERED BLISS SPEED BUMP BIZARRO


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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O REPORT ON BUSINESS | B17

Chan announces retirement from skating


Olympic medalist says he played his cards too early be-
fore Sochi. Chan dominated
he feels ‘good and light’ men’s skating for three years be-
in wake of decision fore those Olympics, and when
to stop competing Chan added two quadruple
jumps, the rest of the world fol-
lowed suit, and eventually took
LORI EWING the quad brigade a step further.
American Nathan Chen does six
quads in his long program.
In Patrick Chan’s perfect future, “I hate going backwards, but if
he’s running a skating school in there is one regret … I would have
Vancouver with girlfriend Liz Put- been more strategic about adding
nam, the two are living in a mil- the quads to the program, and
lion-dollar apartment in the city’s built it one step at a time,” Chan
lovely Kitsilano neighbourhood said.
and he’s enjoying a wildly suc- Moir described Chan as a skat-
cessful career in commercial real er best appreciated live.
estate. “On TV, you can’t feel your hair
It’s been two months since blow back when you are close to
Chan took one final spin around him on the ice, because he has so
the competitive rink, but the much speed and command,”
three-time world champion has Moir said.
barely paused to reflect. He’s lov- Chan will be known for his
ing looking forward. strength and speed on the ice, but
“I’m just running around town also for artistry and exquisite
doing what I want to do, and mov- skating skills that he hopes didn’t
ing on with a huge smile on my single him out as a dying breed in
face. I feel good and light,” Chan Canadian figure skater Patrick Chan announces his retirement in the CBC building in Toronto on Monday. the sport.
said, ahead of Monday’s retire- Chan says he now wants to open a skating school with his girlfriend. COLE BURSTON/THE CANADIAN PRESS “At the end of the day, the foun-
ment announcement. dation of it all is the joy of skating
“I had three or four things lined ment erased them. ic, that’s so cool. To be able to say, who I was and what my aspira- and the glide and the power,
up that I wanted to just learn “It would have been easy to be ‘I did it, we did it,’ that’s a very, ve- tions were and what I wanted that’s what’s amazing,” Chan
about, and that’s what I’m doing. complacent and say, ‘I don’t care, ry special feeling.” from the sport. It just didn’t feel said.
I’m meeting people and picking I’m just here to support the team Chan had planned his retire- fulfilling, skating didn’t fulfil me To that end, Chan and his girlf-
their brain and understanding and be a part of it,’ and I could’ve ment announcement for Sunday completely. riend, a skating coach and former
what life is like. I don’t think I had fallen back and said, ‘I’ll let Tessa at Flat Rock Cellars in Jordan, Ont. “Now I basically have three pairs skater, envision opening a
any sense of that when I was in and Scott help me through this.’ I Chan launched his ice wine “On highlights to my life: doing shows skating school much like the
the competitive world. It’s awe- knew that this was my chance to Ice” in partnership with Flat Rock [such as Stars on Ice], getting fa- Cricket Club in Toronto, and have
some. I’m just a sponge again. I’m shine and chance to prove I still in 2015. But the weekend’s ice miliar with the commercial real already started laying the ground-
just absorbing and learning.” had something to give. storm forced a rescheduling to estate world, which has been a lot work.
The 27-year-old from Toronto, “When I sat in that kiss and cry Monday in Toronto. of fun, and finally the third dream “That’s the dream … a base for
who sat out a season after the 2014 with my two different coaches The 10-time Canadian cham- would be to have the skating rink young coaches in the area to
Sochi Olympics, was ninth in right next to me smiling and hav- pion considered retiring after his going and building a skating pro- come, and brainstorm and chat
men’s singles at the Pyeongchang ing the entire team behind me as heartbreaking silver-medal per- gram,” Chan said. about skaters, how we can make a
Olympics. But his terrific long well, and having them all react to formance at the 2014 Sochi “I say to myself, ‘Let’s see how certain skater better, and make it
program in the team event all but me winning … gosh, that was a Games. And while his return everything unfolds one thing at a an individualized curriculum for
guaranteed Canada gold before better feeling I think than win- wasn’t what he’d envisioned, he’s time. … That’s a reason why this each skater, and most important-
dance duo Tessa Virtue and Scott ning individual gold. It’s a huge glad he came back. time around just feels right. It ly a fun environment for both
Moir even stepped on the ice. rush to see all these people that “It wouldn’t have been fair to wouldn’t have felt right after So- skater and coach.”
If he’d had any doubts about are genuinely smiling, and genu- end after 2014, because I didn’t re- chi.”
the comeback, that golden mo- inely cheering, and they’re ecstat- ally have a good understanding of If there are any regrets, it’s that THE CANADIAN PRESS

Desiree Linden records


shocking win in Boston
KYLE HIGHTOWER BOSTON

After slogging through just a few miles of icy rain and a near-
gale headwind that made her feel as though she was running
in place, Desiree Linden decided she’d seen enough of the
Boston Marathon for another year.
“My hands were freezing, and there are times where you
were just stood up by the wind. It was comical how slow you
were going, and how far you still had to go,” Linden said.
“At six miles I was thinking, ‘No way, this is not my day.’ ”
she said. “Then you break the tape and you’re like, ‘This is not
what I expected today.’ ”
A two-time Olympian and the 2011 Boston Marathon run-
ner-up, Linden decided to stick around, outlasting the weath-
er and the rest of the field to win the race’s 122nd edition on
Monday in 2 hours 39 minutes 54 seconds. That was more than
four minutes better than second-place finisher Sarah Sellers
but the slowest time for a women’s winner in Boston since
1978.
Yuki Kawauchi splashed through the pelting rain, chilly
temperatures and wind that gusted as high as 50 kilometres
an hour to win the men’s race, passing defending champion
Geoffrey Kirui in Kenmore
Square to earn Japan’s first Bos-

Krista DuChene of Canada crosses the finish line in third place at the Boston Marathon on Monday. The mother
of three finished in 2:44:20 while contending with strong wind and rain. RYAN MCBRIDE/GETTY IMAGES
ton title since 1987 and the
US$150,000 first prize.
Wearing a white windbreaker
2:39:54
that was drenched and billowing Desiree Linden’s winning
in the wind, Kirui slowed and time.
stumbled across the Copley
Canadian Krista DuChene finishes Square finish line in second, 2:25
back, followed by Shadrack Bi-
third in women’s Boston Marathon wott and three other U.S. men.
The winning time of 2:15:58 was 1985
the slowest since Jack Fultz over-
came high temperatures to win
DAN RALPH when she crossed the finish line. smile on my face.” the “Run for the Hoses” in 1976. The last time an American
“My goodness, I never thought DuChene said she ran Mon- Runners donned hats and ex- woman won the Boston
I’d place third at the Boston Mar- day’s race for her family – 12-year- tra layers, and the lead packs Marathon.
Mother Nature offered Canadian athon so, yes, it definitely exceed- old Micah, Seth, 10, and Leah, 7 — tried to draft off the media truck
Krista DuChene a competitive ed my expectations,” she said. “I but also the victims of the April 6 to avoid the rain that was hitting them horizontally at times.
advantage Monday at the 2018 knew I was strong and my plan bus crash involving the Hum- Wheelchair winners Marcel Hug of Switzerland and American
Boston Marathon. was to roll with the hills when boldt Broncos junior hockey Tatyana McFadden, both five-time champions, said they were
The 41-year-old from Strathroy, they came and to mentally tell team. Sixteen people were killed unable to see through the spray that spun off their wheels.
Ont., battled a steady headwind myself the race wouldn’t start un- and another 13 injured as a result On the fifth anniversary of the finish-line explosions that
exceeding 40 kilometres an hour til the hills started, so that was of the accident near Tisdale, Sask. killed three and wounded hundreds more, Linden became
and icy rain to finish third in the ideal for today. “Marathon running can be a the first American woman to win since Lisa Larsen Weiden-
women’s race. The mother of “My goal was as soon as I saw a good opportunity to draw upon bach in 1985 – before the race began offering prize money that
three, running in Boston after a woman to try and get her. See an- your emotions if you can channel lured the top international competitors to town.
13-year absence, finished the 26.2- other woman, try to get her. Over them properly,” DuChene said. Linden nearly ended the drought in 2011 when she was out-
mile (42.2 kilometre) race in 2 the last five kilometres, there “There’s a lot of emotional things kicked down Boylston Street and finished second by two sec-
hours 44 minutes 20 seconds. were so many women I passed I can channel to give me the ener- onds. This time she made the turn off of Hereford with a lead
American Desiree Linden won that I had no idea what hap- gy and knowing I’m from Cana- of more than half of a mile.
the event in 2:39:54, but DuChene pened when I finished. I was hop- da, and even if that message gets “Probably 2011 is what put the fear in me,” Linden said.
said the miserable weather con- ing I was top 10 but you’re just not to one person in Humboldt that I “That sprint battle is not super fun. It was nice to get it right
ditions played in her favour. doing the math because you just was thinking of them, that’s the down Boylston this time, that’s for sure.”
“Definitely, there’s no way I don’t know.” least I can do for them. A 34-year-old California native who lives in Michigan, Lin-
can beat so many of those wom- The only Canadian woman to “The day my husband and I den said she was so broken by the weather that she wanted to
en in the elite field on a good win the race was Jacqueline Ga- flew to Boston, we wore our jer- drop out after a couple of miles, but instead stuck around in
day,” DuChene said in a tele- reau in 1980. Canada also earned seys and put our sticks out on the case she could help one of her fellow Americans.
phone interview from Boston. “It a top-10 finish in the men’s event front porch and our kids wore When four-time Olympian and reigning New York City
was miserable. with Hamilton’s Reid Coolsaet their jerseys to school. At the air- Marathon champion Shalane Flanagan fell behind after need-
“Windy, cold, I think there was finishing ninth in 2:25:02 as Yuki port not many people knew in ing a bathroom break, Linden let her draft so she could catch
hail at the start, rain. It was a Kawauchi became the first Japa- the U.S. why we had jerseys on; up to the pack. Later, she helped Molly Huddle reconnect with
women’s-only start, so there was nese man to win the marathon they probably thought we were the group.
a time when I was with the since 1987. Canadians who loved hockey. “And it turned out I was in third, and I thought, ’Well, I prob-
group, but then for most of it I Initially disappointed with a That’s just one opportunity you ably shouldn’t drop out,” said Linden, who also earned
ran on my own. But our Canadian slow time, Coolsaet was pleasant- can be proud of your country and US$150,000.
winters prepare us for days like ly surprised he had achieved his in Humboldt everyone has come Sellers, who finished 4:10 behind, is a full-time nurse who
this.” goal of a top 10. together to help them, not just had to train before or after work – at 4 a.m. or 7 p.m. She said
The inclement weather also “That was rough and absolute people from the provinces but didn’t believe it when she was told she had finished second, or
forced DuChene, who was 35th in carnage,” Coolsaet said in an In- the whole world.” that she earned US$75,000.
the women’s marathon at the stagram post. “When I crossed Monday’s race was DuChene’s “Yeah, I’m in shock about that,” she said. It was the second
2016 Rio Olympics, to concen- the line I was happy it was over second in Boston but first since competitive marathon for Sellers, who was a distance runner
trate more on her placing than but pretty bummed that I was so 2005. Her time then was 3:00:46. at Weber State.
time. However, she had no idea slow. Five minutes later someone
of what she’d accomplished told me I was ninth and that put a THE CANADIAN PRESS THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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B18 SOCCER O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

Morocco’s
bid for 2026
World Cup
hides ban on
homosexuality
ROB HARRIS

A FIFA task force arrived in Moroc-


co on Monday to inspect a World
Cup bid that obscures one poten-
tial impediment to hosting the
2026 soccer showpiece:
Homosexuality is a criminal of-
fence in the North African coun-
try.
An Associated Press review of
483 pages of documents submit-
ted to FIFA found Morocco failed
to declare its anti-LGBT law as a
risk factor and provide a remedy,
appearing to flout stringent new
bidding requirements.
“Morocco’s human-rights re-
port presented to the FIFA is an in-
tentional silence on an issue that
Morocco knows too well is a crime
on its soil,” Ahmed El Haij, presi-
dent of the Moroccan Association
for Human Rights, told the AP.
“It is evident that if Morocco
was to host the World Cup, LGBT
people coming to watch the
games will face a lot of discrimina-
tion. The state will not be able to
protect them nor will it be able to
commit in preventing measures
that could be taken against them
by both the state and society.”
Under Article 489 of the Moroc-
can penal code, sexual acts be-
tween people of the same sex are
punishable by six months to three
years in prison.
While World Cup hosts could
Toronto FC’s Jonathan Osorio celebrates after scoring against Mexico’s America during the second leg of a CONCACAF Champions League previously largely shake off con-
soccer semi-final in Mexico City on April 10. EDUARDO VERDUGO/THE ASSOCIATED PRESS cerns from activists, FIFA has
demonstrated a growing aware-
ness in recent years of how rights
abuses can affect its events.

TFC looks to get the ball rolling World Cups must be in environ-
ments free of “discrimination
based on sexual orientation,” FI-

on MLS CONCACAF domination


FA secretary-general Fatma Sa-
moura wrote to activists last year
discussing the coming tourna-
ment in Russia. Samoura’s letter
reflected a policy incorporated in-
Jonathan Osorio hopes the other teams, and of course ily because always somebody is to the world soccer statutes in 2013
ourselves, that belief that it can right with you.” as scrutiny of human rights
the team’s tournament be done.” BMO Field’s grounds crew has mounted in Russia and 2022
I think it’s pretty
success will kick off Mexican clubs have won every
clear that an MLS
taken measures over the past few World Cup host Qatar.
a takeover as the Reds CONCACAF Champions League days to ensure the pitch will be in “Under the new non-discrimi-
since the first tournament in club hasn’t won this the best possible shape despite nation requirements under FIFA’s
prepare to take 2008, while seven of the nine fi- competition since heavy rain, snow and subzero statutes and under the Human
on C.D. Guadalajara nals have been all-Liga MX the change in the temperatures over the past three Rights Policy, one of the red lines
matches. days. is anti-gay activity laws or poli-
Real Salt Lake (2011) and the format, since it Despite the weather, Vanney cies,” Human Rights Watch direc-
TORONTO Montreal Impact (2015) are the became CONCACAF said there has been no thought tor of global initiatives Minky
previous two MLS clubs to reach Champions League, given to moving the game to an- Worden told the AP.
the final. Toronto made it as far so to be the first to other date to provide for better Unlike when Russia and Qatar
oronto FC’s Jonathan Oso- as the semi-finals in 2011-12. pitch conditions. emerged victorious in the 2018-22

T rio says the team has the


chance to start a seismic
shift in North American club soc-
TFC, the reigning MLS Cup
champions, earned a berth in the
tournament final after dispatch-
do that would be
huge. I think for it to
really change soccer,
“My understanding is the field
has been covered the last few
days,” he said. “Obviously, I think
FIFA bidding contest eight years
ago, prospective hosts for the
2026 tournament were mandated
cer. ing MLS side Colorado Rapids the worst of what we’ll face is be- to commission independent hu-
along with Mexican clubs Tigres
both in [the United hind us, in terms of the rain and man-rights reports and provide
Toronto opens the first leg of
the CONCACAF Champions and Club America. States] and Canada, everything. It’s been covered and frank risk assessments that form
League final on Tuesday night at C.D. Guadalajara, better MLS clubs will have between today and tomorrow, part of the task force’s evaluation.
BMO Field against Liga MX side known as Chivas, has won the to continue to win they’ll get the cover off, which While the United States-Cana-
C.D. Guadalajara. Mexican clubs Mexican title a record 12 times should’ve kept [the field] rela- da-Mexico bid chose to publish its
have owned this competition for and won the Champions League
this tournament, tively dry, I would think. Then it’ll human-rights documents, Mo-
years, but Osorio hopes Toronto’s in 2015 and 2016. because the Liga MX just be a matter of how it acts rocco repeatedly refused requests
success thus far will rub off on Entering Tuesday’s first leg, the guys have a big over the next 24 hours once they from the AP to match the disclo-
other Major League Soccer teams. Reds will have to be aware of history, have a head uncover it.” sure. The Morocco bid’s interna-
“I think it’s pretty clear that an Guadalajara’s unique defending There could be some good tional communications team also
MLS club hasn’t won this compe- style.
start of winning this news on the injury front for TFC declined to provide any LGBT pol-
tition since the change in the for- “Once they decide to initiate tournament. as Chris Mavinga, Justin Morrow icy or how the criminalization of
mat, since it became CONCACAF pressure, they get very personal, and Victor Vazquez have all same-sex relations would be ad-
JONATHAN OSORIO
Champions League, so to be the man-on-man marking, they will TFC MIDFIELDER passed the necessary tests and dressed during a potential World
first to do that would be huge,” track guys all around the field, are available for minutes. Cup.
Osorio said. “I think for it to really they’re very disciplined in that,” The second leg of the CONCA- The AP was provided with the
change soccer, both in [the Unit- TFC coach Greg Vanney said. CAF Champions League final is human-rights annexes to Moroc-
ed States] and Canada, MLS clubs “They are very good at the indi- scheduled for April 25 in Guada- co’s bid book by FIFA only after
will have to continue to win this vidual marking in terms of taking lajara, Mexico. The winner of the highlighting the North African
tournament, because the Liga up good angles and taking up CONCACAF Champions League country’s lack of transparency to
MX guys have a big history, have good marking positions and qualifies for the FIFA Club World the soccer world and the up to 207
a head start of winning this tour- moving with guys. Cup featuring the six continental member countries who will vote
nament. “That way, they’re unique. club champions. on the 2026 host on June 13.
“It starts with us, that’s huge, They don’t give you a lot of time There is a solitary passing refer-
of course, but I think that gives individually, on the ball necessar- THE CANADIAN PRESS ence to LGBT rights in the main
381-page bid book: a narrowly
worded pledge by the Moroccan
soccer federation to “work to
combat all forms of discrimina-
Relegation looms over Stoke after last-minute tion” including “sexual orienta-
tion,” signed by its president, Fou-
equalizer forces 1-1 draw with West Ham zi Leekjaa.
There is no mention of homo-
sexuality being a criminal offence
in the bid book, nor in the 27-page
LONDON West Ham in real danger of going on March 10, and this one against executive page executive sum-
down. As it turned out, Stoke has Stoke was close to a Stoke was almost an exact replica mary.
five points to make up in its final as he fumbled a shot in front of Significantly, it is also omitted
Andy Carroll scored a 90th-min- four games if the team is to pre- huge win in its fight him by Xherdan Shaqiri. from the 33-page human-rights
ute equalizer for West Ham to serve its top-flight status. to avoid the drop Before Hart had a chance to strategy in which bids were told
draw with relegation-threatened “The goal was a kick in the when Carroll, who hack the ball away with his feet, by FIFA to own up to “adverse im-
Stoke 1-1 in the English Premier teeth,” Crouch said. Crouch nipped in to score from pacts” and provide mechanisms
had been on the to address them.
League and come to teammate Carroll last played for West close range.
Joe Hart’s rescue after the goal- Ham more than three months field as a substitute The errors won’t help Hart’s “It trips you up in a bid like this
keeper’s latest error on Monday. ago, with an ankle injury depriv- for just four minutes, chance of regaining the England because then you are submitting
Stoke was close to a huge win ing the team of its target man up met a left-wing cross jersey off Jordan Pickford ahead documents that don’t accurately
in its fight to avoid the drop front. As usual, he caused havoc of the World Cup in Russia – if he reflect the human-rights situa-
when Carroll, who had been on after coming on, and his goal is
with a crisp volley is included in the 23-man squad tion in your own country,” Word-
the field as a substitute for just likely to prompt calls for his in- into the bottom for the tournament, that is. en said. “And you have missed an
four minutes, met a left-wing clusion in England’s World Cup corner. The point left West Ham seven opportunity to engage the stake-
cross with a crisp volley into the squad as a Plan B for coach Ga- points clear of the relegation holders who will come back to
bottom corner. reth Southgate, fitness permit- zone. criticize you if you don’t uphold
That strike spared the blushes ting. Stoke is likely to need at least international human rights.”
of Hart, whose fumble allowed Whether Hart makes it to Rus- three wins from its final four Morocco’s only acknowledg-
Peter Crouch – another second- sia is still open to debate. games to stay up. ment that homosexuality is out-
half substitute – to put Stoke The goalkeeper has only just “It is a blow because we were lawed comes within one sentence
ahead in the 79th at the Olympic got back in the West Ham team close to winning,” Stoke manager in a 42-page – nominally inde-
Stadium. after losing his place to Adrian at Paul Lambert said. “We’re right in pendent – “study on the human
A victory for the visitors would the end of November. In his first the fight, no mistake about it.” rights situation.”
have seen them move to within game back, he made a mistake
three points of safety and keep for a goal in a 3-0 loss at Burnley THE ASSOCIATED PRESS THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018 | THE GLOBE AND MAIL . O B19

BIRTH AND DEATHS DEATHS DEATHS DEATHS

DEATH NOTICES RUTH DOROTHY


HILDA FAIRBANKS
TO PLACE AN AD: 1-866-999-9237 (nee Bynoe)
ADVERTISING@GLOBEANDMAIL.COM Passed on March 8, 2018, and
was proud to be born in the
beautiful island of Trinidad in
1927.
Ruth had three great loves in
Birth in her life - to study, to travel,
and her family.

and death Mom loved to study. She was


delighted to come to Canada
and graduated with an
notices Honour in History from the
University of Toronto. HELEN JEAN LONG F. DONALD M CP HUN GRE TA YE LOVICH
BUSINESS HOURS (EST) Throughout her life, she (nee Crowther)
continued her education and Dad was born January 31, 1924, After years of fighting a
MONDAY – FRIDAY 8:30AM – 5:30PM progressive illness, Greta
SUNDAY & HOLIDAYS 1:00PM – 5:00PM was a long-standing member Surrounded by her family, Jean and passed away peacefully on
and past president of the died on April 13, 2018, at the age April 12, 2018, surrounded by his Yelovich, passed away peacefully
DEADLINES Univeristy Women’s Club of of 80. She was born in Toronto, family. Loving husband of Nan at 3:00 a.m. on Friday, April 13,
NEXT DAYS’ PAPER – SUBMISSION Toronto. attended Havergal College and McPhun for 68 years; and father to 2018. Born on August 17, 1925
3:00PM DAY PRIOR graduated from Victoria College at in Bras d’Or, C.B., Nova Scotia
Mom loved travel. Every Catherine McPhun Beatty (Stuart
PAYMENT/APPROVAL 4:00 PM DAY PRIOR summer, Mom worked and University of Toronto. A lifelong Wason) and Lyndy McPhun (Anne of Francis Cantwell and Mary
travelled to a different part of Torontonian, proud and loving Green). Adored Papa to Caitlin Cantwell (nee McGrath). She was
Canada. She also took wife, mother, grandmother, and Beatty (Peter Stewart) and Daniel the tenth of eighteen children.
TO ADVERTISE 1-866-999-9237 extended trips to every friend. Jean was married for 58 Beatty. Predeceased by his sister, Trained as a registered nurse,
ADVERTISING@GLOBEANDMAIL.COM
continent in the world, years to Stephen Long; mother to Mary Elizabeth McPhun, 2011. she was shipping out to serve
excluding the Antarctic. Mary Eleanor, Stephanie (Greg),
Following his training and serving overseas when World War II
She met Earl Fairbanks at and Alex (Neel); and grandmother ended. Moving to Ontario with
Bigwin, Lake of Bays, they with the RCAF, Dad began his
to Hannah and Thomas. Her sister, her husband, Peter Yelovich,
BIRTHS married in 1951, and had a career with Imperial Oil, and
Mary Thompson predeceased her. she went on to rise from Head
large loving family, all of moved to the financial sector
Whether through cross-Canada where he worked for Nesbitt Nurse, to Ward Head, and then
DICKIE whom are proud Canadians! into the top echelons of Hospital
camping adventures, visiting her Thomson as a greatly admired
Her third great love was for children in far-flung places, global and respected stockbroker for Administration. But dissatisfied
Emma Verity and Robert her family: her late husband, with the direction of care
Dickie are delighted to travel with Stephen and friends, over 40 years. He was well known
Earl (married for 57 years); developing with the Government
announce the birth of their and their five children, or spending time at her beloved for his integrity and business
first-born child, Hazel Anna schoolhouse, Jean’s caring, loving acumen and helped many people takeover of hospitals; Greta
Douglas (Elly Crawford), teamed up with her husband to
Elizabeth Dickie, at 10:41 a.m. Wendy, Richard (Suzanne and adventurous spirit was always achieve their financial security
on January 17, 2018 at St. in evidence. She was a keen and dreams. He also served as a found Canadiana Towers Limited.
Schiller), Leslie Jane (Michael
Michael’s Hospital. Hazel is Feltham), and James Ian sportswoman and was at various mentor to many in the industry. With the dynamic combination
welcomed with love by (Jacqueline de Raadt). times a champion runner, swim of her financial administration
grandparents, Lisa and Keith He was an avid fly fisherman and and his leadership in acquisition
The family increased by eight team captain, badminton and
Verity of Toronto and Janet founding member of the Cuckoo and renovation, this real estate
grandchildren: Richard’s three tennis player, jazz dancer, and
and Bill Dickie of Toronto; Valley Fishing Club - the irony of development and management
boys: Matthew, Joshua, and more recently, aquafit aficionado.
aunts and uncles, Hailey, this was not lost on his family. company expanded, prospered
James; Wendy’s twin boys, Her strong Christian values and
Jonathan, Kate, Christine and urge to help others led to a life of Dad loved to play the piano and and is active to this day. Greta
Jason; cousins, Halle, Cole, Kalen and Sasha; and James
and Jac’s three girls, Kamala, volunteerism - Brownies and Girl could play anything by ear. His continued at the company
David, Heather and William; favourite spot in the world was the helm as Secretary-Treasurer into
along with an amazing group Kaitlin, and Kiyara. All my Guides, Delisle Youth Services,
grandchildren are dearly Churches-on-the-Hill food bank cottage at Whitefish Lake, which her eighties.
of extended family and
friends. loved and admired by their and especially with her church he and Nan built and enjoyed Accomplishments aside, my
grandmother for their family, at Calvin Presbyterian every summer for the past 50 mother was a woman of
different abilities at school Church. Later in life, she enjoyed years, fishing, sailing and hosting great charm and an extremely
and in athletics. a second career teaching adult lifelong friends and family. He cooperative nature. She had an
DEATHS We will miss you Mom, you high school to new Canadians. made his own wine for a short impeccable character, an iron
sacrificed a lot and left a Her retirement party was a large time, a hobby he mercifully gave will, and absolute dedication to
SIR WILLIAM GREGORY legacy of a loving family. gathering, attended by many up after a few years. He and Mom duty, work and faith. Generous
DE MARCHI lesfair13@gmail.com students who had been touched travelled extensively during their but prudent, she was a brilliant
K.C.E.O.H.S., M.D., CCFP, by her passion, hard work and life together and were active organizer and a diligent steward
PhD Physiology, MA Theology dedication. But Jean’s family participants in the LLR program at of whatever she undertook:
RICHARD EWALD HOHMANN was always her biggest source of Glendon College, always staying whether nursing, business or
It is with great sadness that March 12, 1949 - April 9, 2018 pride and joy. interested in life. motherhood.
we announce the passing of
Greg on April 12, 2018. Born The family will receive friends at the Dad volunteered at the Yonge She is predeceased by her
Richard passed away Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles Street Mission for years and
August 17, 1944 in Galt, suddenly but peacefully, on younger son, Craig, and her
Ontario, the only child of the - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview gave generously to many husband, Peter. She is survived
Monday, April 9 at Oakville- Avenue (south of Davisville Avenue) charities that were near
late Armand John De Marchi Trafalgar Memorial Hospital by her elder son, Peter Jr. She
and the late Elizabeth Theresa from 2:00 - 4:00 and 6:00 - 8:00 and dear to him and Mom. will be greatly missed by her
surrounded by loved ones
De Marchi (née Crompton). and close friends. p.m. on Friday, April 20th. A funeral Dad was a charming character, five grandchildren, Mary-Clair,
He is survived by his wife of service, followed by a reception, will soft spoken - a true gentleman. Stephanie, Peter (III), Cheryll-Ann
32 years, Dr. Marianne He is deeply missed by his be held in Calvin Presbyterian Church,
daughter, Tiiu (Matt); his Thank you to the wonderful and and Joseph.
Duemler; and his five 26 Delisle Avenue on Saturday,
children, Dr. Joshua Armand longtime companion and caring staff at Amica Barrie for Friends may visit at the Turner &
dearest friend, Jeannine April 21st, at 2:00 p.m. If desired, their compassion and support.
De Marchi (Dr. Sinead contributions in Helen’s memory Porter “Yorke Chapel”, 2357 Bloor
Maguire), Rachel Elizabeth De Campbell-Jones and her He will be greatly missed by his St. West (at Windermere, near
children, Callon (Alahnnaa, may be made to the Churches- family. We love you Dad.
Marchi (Gary Watterson), on-the-Hill Foodbank (www. the Jane Subway) on Thursday
Paige Simone De Marchi their children, Caedenn and from 2-4 and 7-9 p.m. Funeral
Lexie), Shanna, Sabrina, cothfoodbank.ca). Condolences, A celebration of his outstanding
(David Shebib), Naomi Clare life will be held on Friday, Mass will be offered at Our Lady
De Marchi and Sydney Lise De Christopher (Vikki) and Alicia; photographs and memories may
be forwarded through www. April 27th at 11:30 a.m. at of Sorrows Catholic Church, 3055
Marchi. his cousins, Gabriela Bajin,
Ilona Hurst (David), Maria humphreymilesnewbigging.com. Mount Pleasant Funeral Centre, Bloor St. West at 11:00 a.m. Friday,
As a young adult, he became Demett (John), Randy Kolu 375 Mount Pleasant Rd. April 20, 2018. Interment Queen
a Trappist monk at the Abbey (Judith) and their families; and (East gate entrance). of Heaven Cemetery. For those
of Gennesee, New York. His his many friends, fraternity who wish, remembrances may
later travels took him to For online condolences please be made to the Charity of Choice.
brothers, and colleagues. visit www.etouch.ca
Oxford, England where he Online condolences may be made
was granted his doctorate, Richard’s life will be
celebrated on Thursday, April through www.turnerporter.ca
and then to University of
Toronto and McMaster 19 at the Mount Pleasant
Funeral Centre, 375 Mount FUNERAL SERVICES ELAINE THOMPSON
University, where he received
his medical education. He Pleasant Rd, Toronto (East
practised community family gate entrance), visitation from Margaret Elaine Thompson
medicine at St. Michael’s 10:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and passed away at the West IN MEMORIAM
Hospital, Toronto prior to service to follow at 12:00 p.m. Parry Sound Health Centre on
becoming chief medical If so desired, donations to Thursday, April 12, 2018, age
advisor to the Ontario Parkinson Canada or a charity 87 years. Beloved wife of RAY HOLLINGS
provincial Ministry of Children of your choice would be Frank Thompson for 65 years. March 22, 1927 - April 17, 2002
and Youth Services. After his appreciated. Elaine and Frank celebrate
retirement he received his For online condolences, four children, Michael and his Our dearest Ray, remembered
Masters in Theology from please visit www.etouch.ca. wife, Gift; Ian and Tracey; with love and missed always
Regis College and was Grace and her husband, John;
and Megan and her husband, June, Bill, Jenny, John,
ordained a deacon in the MONDAY Brenda, Sean, Jade, Adam,
Roman Catholic Church, Wayne. Loving grandmother
HERMAN, Wendy - 12:30 Chapel.
of Theo and Charles, Josie Emma, Nicholas
Archdiocese of Toronto. ALTMAN, Denise - 2:30 Chapel.
Throughout his life’s journey, TUESDAY
and Ben, Jonathon and
he travelled and lectured Jocelyn, and Morgan and
MENCELES, Lily - 2:30 Chapel.
extensively. He has authored Alyna. Survived by her JAMES ANTHONY WALSH
WEDNESDAY brother, John Hunt; and
many publications in various May 25, 1945 - April 16, 2008
fields of endeavor. While in
CORNFIELD, Abraham (Al) - 1:00 Chapel. predeceased by her brother,
SINGER, Percy 11:30 Chapel Norman.
Japan he earned his sixth CALL FOR INFORMATION
10 years since I have held you.
degree black belt in Jiu-jitsu. Elaine graduated from Trinity I have wondered if I can ever live
WEBBER, David - Call Monday
He had many other passions after 4:30 for more info. College at the University of again. Your death has made me
in life including language, art Toronto in 1952, and married stronger. That I would survive is
SHIVA Frank the same year. They amazing. That I would live more
and restoration, and has
SOBEL, Max - 2200 John Street, Suite 303, immediately set off to South fully is unexplainable.
mentored many young lives. Thornhill, Ontario.
His love for people and LIPSON, Abbey - 647 Spadina Road. India, where they taught for "One sees clearly only with the
learning has instilled great
DAVIDSON, Mannie - 2522 Folkway Drive, three years. Elaine then heart. Anything essential is
Mississauga, Ontario.
accompanied Frank to Kolkata invisible to the eyes."
values in his children and one MAR ILY N SKINNER SINGER, Betty - 359 Glengrove Ave.
SHENTOW, Renee - 8 Park Hill Road. in 1962, where for eight years Loved and still missed Heather,
hopes his legacy will continue J ENKINS HERSCHMAN, Shirley - 205 Vesta Drive. she cared for her two boys Matthew, Russell and Graham.
to touch many lives. (Tolley) KARLINSKY, Jake - 8 Conrad Avenue.
and ran a nursery school in
HERMAN, Wendy - 435 Worth Blvd.,
The funeral Mass will be held Thornhill, Ontario. Bishop’s College.
at St. Andrew’s Church, 47 Born September 28, 1930, died ALTMAN, Denise - 37 Burton Road.
FUNERAL SERVICES
Reynolds St., Oakville on April March 30, 2018. Daughter of Elaine loved teaching young
2401 Steeles Ave. W. 416-663-9060 children. She received her
19th at 11 a.m. Visitation is at Donald B. and Winnifred (Mink) All service details are available
Kopriva Taylor Community on our website Bachelor of Education in 1975,
Tolley; and survived by six and taught kindergarten and
Funeral Home, 64 Lakeshore DONATIONS ONLINE
children, six grandchildren, and www.benjamins.ca English as a Second Language
Road West, Oakville on April one great-granddaughter.
18th from 3-8 p.m. Those BENJAMIN’S LANDMARK MONUMENTS under the Waterloo Board
wishing to commemorate
YAD VASHEM AT LANDMARK from 1975 to 1994. After
3429 Bathurst St. (416) 780-0635 moving to the Parry Sound
Greg’s life may do so by PHYLLIS KITAI ANDREWS, James
making a donation to a April 15, 2018 area, she volunteered at Private Arrangements
charity of their choosing. Nobel School for 17 years.
Interment will be private and Mother of Carol (Peter
With Frank, she helped DOWSETT, Robert Chipman
for immediate family only. introduce their young family FSA, FICA, MAAA
Rosenthal) and Ian (Georgina to wilderness camping near
Visit our guestbook through Wilcock); grandmother of Celebration Saturday May 26, 1 p.m.
www.koprivataylor.com Killarney. Jubilee United Church
Daniel, Esther, Sarah, and
David. Predeceased in 1963 by Elaine shared with Frank a HUNTER, Marian Isobel
her beloved husband, Dave passion for social justice. She
made lasting friends with (nee Rothwell)
Kitai. Service Saturday 1 p.m.
people who came to
Widowed early with no Kitchener in the 1980’s as
income and two young JANES, Judith Anne
refugees from Central and Service Friday 11 a.m.
children, she completed her 3429 Bathurst Street 416-780-0596 South America, helping them
teaching qualification, and
National then went on to teach high
school history and raise her
settle in the community.
Resting at Trinity Anglican
RIEGER, Heinz Herbert
Service Wednesday 11 a.m.
Northlea United Church
children with determination, Church, Parry Sound, where
News selflessness and great friends will be received on
Saturday, April 21st, from
LONG, Jean
courage. Her children and
grandchildren stand proudly
on the firm ground that has
Honour a 10:00 - 11:00 a.m. Funeral
service will take place at
Service Saturday 2 p.m.
Calvin Presbyterian Church

been prepared by years of her


grit, values and love. loved one Trinity Anglican Church on
Saturday, April 21st, at 11:00
a.m. Reception to follow. As
RICE, Joyce "Jo"
Reception Sunday April 29, 2-4 p.m.
Thank you to her devoted expressions of sympathy, TAYLOR, Mary
caregivers Marites, Mercedita, Memorialize and donations to Trinity Anglican Private Arrangements
and Tiblez; and to Dr, Katja celebrate a loved one in Church, or Doctors without
Heineck. Funeral 3 p.m. Borders would be
today, April 17, 2018 at Steeles The Globe and Mail. appreciated.
Memorial Chapel.
Arrangements entrusted to
the Logan Funeral Home, 81
James Street, Parry Sound,
(705-746-5855). To send an
Sports online condolence, please
visit
TO SUBSCRIBE 1-800-387-5400 CONTACT US 1-866-999-9237 logansfuneralhome.com
TGAM.CA/SUBSCRIBE TO SUBSCRIBE 1-866-999-9237 Sign up for Globe Newsletters at
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B20 OBITUARIES O THE GLOBE AND MAIL . | TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 2018

MILOS FORMAN LIVES LIVED

DIRECTOR, 86 PAUL DURAND

OSCAR-WINNING FILMMAKER Rebel.


Traditionalist.
HAD A SUBVERSIVE STREAK Tennis addict.
Friend.

Born Aug. 29, 1941, in London, Ont.;


died Dec. 18, 2017, in Ottawa, of ALS;
aged 76.

aul Durand was a man of

P contradictions, but there


were constants – he never
took himself too seriously, but
was serious at work and utterly
dedicated to family and friends.
His wit was ironic and his words
quotable.
Paul grew up as a “water rat” on
the St. Clair River in Corunna,
Filmmaker Milos Forman, seen in 2009, says the producers of One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, which he directed, Ont., bumping huge freighters on
sought him out because he ‘seemed to be in their price range.’ MARTIN BUREAU/AFP/GETTY IMAGES their way to and from Lake Huron
with his five-horsepower alumi-
num boat. He was always loyal to
His films One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and Amadeus his roots, but lit out from Corunna
for adventure at age 21, following
both won Academy Awards for best picture and best director Route 66 to the Pacific. He then
drove back to the edge of Florida,
and kept going to the Bahamas,
MICHAEL CIEPLY early feature, The Loves of a Blonde, won attention on the in- where he became a senior banker
ternational festival circuit in 1965. Another, The Firemen’s Ball, and, eventually, returned home
two years later, rubbed Czech officials the wrong way with its to become a successful diplomat.
ilos Forman, a filmmaker who challenged Holly- spoof of the firefighting bureaucracy, although Mr. Forman was He was movie-star handsome,

M wood with his subversive touch, and twice directed already turning his attention to opportunities abroad.
movies that won the Oscar for best picture, died Fri-
day. He was 86.
When the Soviets invaded in August, 1968, Mr. Forman was
in Paris negotiating to make a Hollywood film. His first Amer-
His death in Connecticut was confirmed by Dennis Aspland, ican feature, a youth comedy called Taking Off, was released by
Mr. Forman’s agent, and by Vlastislav Malek, a representative Universal Pictures in 1971. It did so poorly, Mr. Forman later said,
with chiseled good looks along
Clint Eastwood lines. Marriage
and children came early in life.
His first marriage to the daughter
of an Italian diplomat (Rosama-
of his hometown, Caslav, in the Czech Republic. that he wound up owing the studio $500. ria) was a full-blown society affair
A native of what was then Czechoslovakia, Mr. Forman Through the early 1970s, Mr. Forman – a hearty bon vivant in El Salvador. Communicating in
moved to the United States in the late 1960s as a rebellious without means for the good life – went through a period of shared rudimentary Spanish and
young filmmaker whose satirical bent was little welcomed at self-described depression. For much of that time, he holed up courting across continents, their
home in the wake of the 1968 Soviet invasion. in New York’s Chelsea Hotel, sleeping through the days and relationship was as intuitive and
Just a few years later, Mr. Forman’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s communicating with émigré friends. illogical as love itself and resulted
Nest – a tragicomic story of revolt and repression in a mental By then, he had been married twice, first to an actress, Jana in three beloved children, Julian,
institution – won five Oscars, including those for best director Brejchova, then to another performer, Vera Kresadlova, who Steve and Michelle.
and best picture. had remained in Czechoslovakia with their two sons, Petr and His second marriage was to Pa-
The film put Mr. Forman in the front rank of those who Matej. tricia Fortier, for whom he de-
struggled to make big, commercial films with In addition to Petr and Matej, he leaves Marti- clared his “heart soared like a
countercultural sensibilities. His sympathy for na Formanova, his third wife; and his twin sons, hawk” and who, as a diplomat
the odd man out was always apparent, even as Raised by foster James and Andrew, with Formanova. herself, was his partner in profes-
his movies grew in scope. In his memoir, Mr. Forman said the producers sional and private life for more
Amadeus, a 1984 adaptation of Peter Shaffer’s parents, Mr. Forman of Cuckoo’s Nest, Michael Douglas and Saul than 30 years. Their marriage was
stage play, presented Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart attended film school Zaentz, sought him out because “I seemed to be sealed holidaying in Australia
as a genius who undermined authority with his in Prague, and first in their price range.” In fact, they had made a per- (while both were on posting in In-
art. Again, Oscars for best director and best pic- made his mark with fect match between filmmaker and material, in dia). They were subsequently
ture were among its many honours. this case a cult novel by Ken Kesey. “churched” in Patricia’s home
Still, Mr. Forman, by then a U.S. citizen, said his work on a film Jack Nicholson was the movie’s star. But Mr. town of Pine Falls, Man., where he
one of his greatest pleasures from the film and theatre Forman – who liked to coax star performances and his best man, Chris, kept the
–which was shot in Czechoslovakia – was the presentation at the out of lesser-known actors – did exactly that with bride waiting while they quaffed
communion wine with the priest.
chance to return in triumph to his homeland.
1958 Brussels World Louise Fletcher, who won an Oscar for her por-
“I’ve always done everything in my life to trayal of the dictatorial Nurse Ratched. Paul became an acknowledged
win,” Mr. Forman said of himself in a 1994 biog- Exhibition. Hair and Ragtime, which came next, left less leader in Canadian diplomacy
raphy, Turnaround: A Memoir, written with Jan impression, but kept Mr. Forman on the list of with the mantra, “Canada is a na-
Novak. directors whom executives were willing to trust with their tion of the Americas,” although a
Mr. Forman was caught up in the turmoil of German occupa- more sophisticated projects. In 1978, meanwhile, Mr. Forman friend attributed Paul’s diplomat-
tion not many years after his birth, in Caslav, on Feb. 18, 1932. joined Frantisek Daniel, another Czech, as co-director of the ic prowess to an uncanny ability
Both his mother, born Anna Suabova, and the man he believed film program at Columbia University’s school of the arts. to make slightly obscene puns in
to be his father, a teacher named Rudolf Forman, had been sep- It was for Mr. Zaentz that Mr. Forman next struck gold, with his by then perfect Spanish. As
arately seized by the Germans and killed in death camps. Amadeus. The film won eight Oscars and, Mr. Forman later ambassador to four Central
For years, Mr. Forman vaguely told interviewers that he be- wrote, left him with a bittersweet – and ultimately correct – American countries, to Chile and
lieved himself to be half-Jewish, although both parents attend- sense that his career had peaked. to the Organization of American
ed a Protestant church. It was Mr. Novak, in researching Turn- Valmont, based on an 18th-century novel by Pierre Ambroise States, and as a senior bureaucrat
around, who ended the mystery. François Choderlos de Laclos, was overshadowed in 1989 by the in Foreign Affairs and the Privy
After the 1964 release of his first feature film, Black Peter – previous year’s release of Dangerous Liaisons, a film by the di- Council Office in Ottawa, he
about the misadventures of a teenager beginning his work life rector Stephen Frears, which used the same underlying materi- helped usher Canada into the
– Mr. Forman was contacted by a woman who had been with al. OAS, mediated in post-conflict
his mother in Auschwitz, Mr. Novak learned and eventually re- Mr. Forman next made a series of films that each pushed Nicaragua, and, on 9/11, was pre-
ported. The woman explained that Mr. Forman was actually Hollywood out of its comfort zone: The People vs. Larry Flynt, sent at the creation of the Demo-
the son of a Jewish architect with whom Mr. Forman’s mother which presented a sympathetic portrait of the Hustler maga- cratic Charter of the Americas.
had an affair. In time, Mr. Forman found his biological father, zine publisher Larry Flynt; Man on the Moon, about the comic Deeply ingrained in Paul’s soul
who survived the war and was living in Peru. Andy Kaufman; and Goya’s Ghosts, an examination of persecu- was a commitment to fairness. He
Raised by foster parents, Mr. Forman attended film school in tion in Spain during the lifetime of Francisco Goya. was allergic to banality and slav-
Prague, and first made his mark with his work on a film and ish political correctness. Tennis
theatre presentation at the 1958 Brussels World Exhibition. An NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE was the answer to any existential
woe.
After eight years of retirement
filled with tennis and travelling,
I REMEMBER he was diagnosed with ALS (Lou
Gehrig’s disease). Toward the
end, he attended a last coffee
klatch with friends and enjoyed
ALAN FRY the lively conversation, but he
was declining fast. A few days lat-
hen Alan Fry enrolled in the University of British his mind and spirit had fulfilled his early promise. So I got er, at home, he donned a crisp

W Columbia in 1950, I was one of his teachers, in back in touch, and we became friends, first by mail and later
Latin. We were almost of an age, for I was by far by my visiting him in Whitehorse.
the youngest member of faculty.
He struck me at once as an unusual student.
Several class members were taking Latin as a
This bore fruit professionally, for I was able
to adapt and produce some of his work for CBC
I am proud to have Radio in Toronto, where I had gone after also
striped banker’s shirt, drank rum
with his sons, held Patricia’s
hand, and died with great poise
and dignity.
Such an end was made possible
useful first step toward a career in pharmacy, leaving UBC. by the empathetic parliamentar-
medicine or the ministry. Others were there for played a small part Back then, the CBC was a major supporter of ians who passed the Assisted Dy-
no evident reason except to get an easy credit in getting Alan Fry Canadian literature, and I am proud to have ing Act. I cannot overstate what
on the road to an unambitious degree. Alan, off the page and played a small part in getting Alan Fry off the an important and caring statute it
though, was there out of pure intellectual hun- onto the air. page and onto the air. is, nor forget the blessing it be-
ger. He was an important writer, a man of integri- stowed on Paul and his family.
He left after a year, and I was sorry to see him go. But there ty in his craft and in his personal life. I count him as someone
was clearly more to him than academe alone could satisfy. to be long remembered. Bob Fowler is Paul’s friend.
We then lost touch, which I now regret.
Later, when he began to publish, I was pleased to see how John Reeves, Clarksburg, Ont. To submit a Lives Lived:
lives@globeandmail.com

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