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The $7.4-billion Trans Mountain oil pipeline
faces ‘unquantifiable risk’ as the feud between
Alberta and British Columbia heats up

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Ottawa to boost powers to

push through Trans Mountain
Move comes as Kinder legislation that will enhance federal late the movement of diluted bitu-
power to push through the Trans men through its territory.
Morgan says fight with Mountain pipeline. The case is expected to drag on
B.C. has caused The move comes as Kinder Mor- well beyond the May 31 deadline Kin-
‘unquantifiable risk’ gan says the fight has caused “un- der Morgan has set for deciding
quantifiable risk” to its project. whether to proceed with the pipe-
to pipeline project “We think that federal jurisdiction line expansion, which the Trudeau
is clear; we’re looking at legislation government has ruled to be in the
JUSTINE HUNTER VICTORIA to see how we can enhance that,” national interest.
SHAWN MCCARTHY OTTAWA federal Natural Resources Minister Kinder Morgan stated on Wednes-
OTTAWA/QUEBEC EDITION KELLY CRYDERMAN CALGARY Jim Carr said in an interview on day that the Trans Mountain project
Wednesday. “is now facing unquantifiable risk”
THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 2018 | GLOBEANDMAIL.COM The provincial NDP government because of B.C.’s position, and court
Ottawa is preparing to counter Brit- will ask the B.C. Court of Appeal by challenges that have not yet been
ish Columbia’s bid to control the the end of the month to determine concluded.
flow of oil through the province with whether it has the authority to regu- LEGISLATION, A8

China’s envoy
The giving type assails Canada’s
Beatrice Janyk, 95, has been honoured by Canadian Blood Services ‘immoral’
for being Canada’s oldest blood donor. She began donating in the 1940s
after her husband was injured in a sawmill accident concerns over

Beijing’s envoy says it is “immoral”

for Canadians to oppose takeovers
of their companies by Chinese gov-
ernment-controlled businesses and
is denouncing national security
scrutiny of these acquisitions.
Chinese ambassador Lu Shaye le-
vied these accusations earlier this
week at a symposium on his coun-
try’s $1-trillion Belt and Road Initia-
tive to build infrastructure across
Asia and Africa and Europe – an
event also featuring a senior Cana-
dian government official from the
department of Global Affairs.
Mr. Lu, speaking to an Ottawa au-
dience, urged Canada to “adjust its
mindset” and embrace the idea that
Beijing’s state-owned enterprises
are not a security threat. He added
it’s futile to “demonize” state-run
businesses – which in some cases
receive direct or indirect subsidies
from Beijing – because they com-
prise such a significant feature of
the Chinese economy.
“Some people in Canada regard
Chinese-state owned enterprises as
monsters,” Mr. Lu said. “These peo-
ple attempt to weaken the compet-
itiveness of Chinese enterprises by
defamation. These approaches are
immoral and will be in vain.”
National security agencies in
both Canada and the United States
have previously warned that com-
panies owned or partly owned by
the Chinese government are not
merely profit-seeking operations.

Bernier postpones book claiming Scheer won

leadership with help from ‘fake Conservatives’
LAURA STONE In a series of tweets on Wednesday, Mr. lease in November.
PARLIAMENTARY REPORTER Bernier said the book wasn’t intended to Mr. Bernier, who currently serves as the
OTTAWA be about his leadership campaign, but party’s innovation critic, lost by a razor-
that whatever he wrote “will always be thin margin to Mr. Scheer in last May’s
interpreted as me creating division and contest.
Conservative MP Maxime Bernier says he challenging our leader.” A key plank in Mr. Bernier’s leadership
is postponing the publication of his book “This book and the ideas it contains are bid was to scrap Canada’s supply-manage-
“indefinitely” to preserve party unity after very important to me. But now is not the ment system, which Mr. Scheer supports. BOOK REVIEW
excerpts accused Andrew Scheer of win- right time to publish it. After consider- Mr. Scheer’s office declined to com- In many ways, Meghan
ning the party leadership with the help of ation, for the sake of maintaining harmo- ment on Wednesday, including on wheth-
“fake Conservatives.” ny within our party, I have decided to er Mr. Bernier faced consequences, such Markle is the woman
The move came as Mr. Bernier, the run- postpone its publication indefinitely,” Mr. as removal from caucus or his critic role, Diana strived to be,
ner-up in last year’s leadership race, faced Bernier wrote. if he published his book. Mr. Bernier did
his own caucus on Wednesday. Many MPs “I only have one priority: to defeat Jus- not respond to interview requests.
Andrew Morgan writes
had expressed anger and frustration that tin Trudeau’s government, and replace it The 27-page chapter chronicled Mr. in his new book A12
the Quebec MP had undermined Mr. with a majority Conservative govern- Bernier’s fervent opposition to supply
Scheer’s stewardship of the party when ment, with Andrew Scheer as prime min- management, the system that regulates
his publisher released an advance chapter ister, in 2019.” prices on dairy, eggs and poultry in Cana-
of the book to The Globe and Mail last The book, Doing Politics Differently: My da.
week. Vision for Canada, was scheduled for re- BERNIER, A17


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APRIL 19, 1943



verything in my field of vision wavered soul. “The substance, with which I had wanted to

‘E and was distorted as if seen in a curved

mirror. I also had the sensation of being
unable to move from the spot,” Swiss
chemist Albert Hofmann wrote in his 1980 auto-
biography, LSD: My Problem Child. Hofmann had
experiment, had vanquished me. It was the demon
that scornfully triumphed over my will,” he wrote.
Later, Hofmann’s employer began producing the
drug for psychiatrists to use in experiments. While
they failed to discover any medical use for it, free
just ridden his bike home from his lab after delib- samples for the experiments were distributed
erately ingesting a small amount of a drug he had widely. Hofmann’s hallucinogenic trip went on to
created to be used as a medicine. But he’d taken inspire a counterculture of drug use – and what
too much and Hofmann experienced the first bad happened on April 19, 1943, became known (and
acid trip. He said it felt as if a demon had invaded celebrated) as Bicycle Day.
him and taken possession of his body, mind and NOELLA OVID

Small-Ship [ COLUMNISTS ]


10% May 31, 2018

Our PM and Foreign A new biography por- With businesses invest-
Affairs Minister may trays Meghan Markle as ing more in expansion,
Book now and SAVE 10% not be considering the driven and self-assured the central bank has
on any 2019/20 Ocean risks of antagonizing – welcome qualities little cause to hit the
Endeavour expedition cruise Putin’s Russia in a soon-to-be royal brakes with a rate hike
A11 A12 B1
Canadian High Arctic . Greenland
Northwest Passage . Maritime Canada
Ireland . Scotland . Iceland [ CORRECTIONS ]

A Wednesday letter to the editor The Wednesday Moment in Time

included an incorrect surname for feature incorrectly said Point
one writer. He is Rob Garrard, not Roberts is in British Columbia. It
Garrar as published. is in the U.S. state of Washington.
14 Front Street South, Mississauga, ON, L5H 2C4 Canada. TICO Reg# 4001400

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Ottawa, Quebec split over refugee tactics

Representative for He wants Ottawa to move peo-
ple to their destination provinces
immigrant and refugee for their hearings instead of hav-
groups says lack of ing them wait as much as two
federal-provincial years in Quebec.
Mr. Hussen told the House of
solidarity is troubling Commons that the government
spent an extra $112-million on the
settlement of newcomers in Que-
LES PERREAUX bec and issued 12,000 work per-
mits in the province. “We are
working very closely with Que-
The Premier of Quebec and the bec,” he said. “We will continue to
federal Immigration Minister work closely with Quebec.”
have each accused each other’s The rush of migrants began
level of government of ducking last year after U.S. President Do-
responsibility for an anticipated nald Trump took office and start-
summertime surge of asylum ed cracking down on immigra-
seekers from the United States, tion.
cracking the united front they Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
presented in last summer’s mi- expressed Canada’s openness to
gration crisis. asylum seekers, which was inter-
The rift was exposed as offi- preted around the world as an
cials from the provinces met with open-door policy. The end of spe-
the federal government on cial status in the United States for
Wednesday evening to discuss Haitian immigrants displaced by
their strategy for coping with an disaster caused many to turn
influx of irregular border cross- A family who say they’re from Colombia gets set to cross the border into Canada from the United States as their attention to Canada.
ers, particularly in Quebec. asylum seekers on Wednesday near Champlain, N.Y. PAUL CHIASSON/THE CANADIAN PRESS An occasional clandestine
Quebec Immigration Minister crossing known as Roxham
David Heurtel said there was a than last year’s pace. The province, which normally should take a greater share of the Road, south of Montreal, soon
“change in tone” from Ottawa as The province asked Ottawa to has one shelter in Montreal, has burden, but right now they’re bu- became known as the unofficial
he emerged from the meeting help cover the costs, including created three additional ones, rying their heads in the sand. We entrance to Canada. At the height
which lasted more than an hour $146-million Quebec spent pro- which can house 1,850 people. got through it last year. It was a of last year’s migration, 250 peo-
longer than planned. He and his viding extra services last year. They are already at 70-per-cent bit chaotic, but what worries us ple were crossing every day. Now
federal counterparts announced Refugees and asylum seekers capacity and Quebec is asking for now is that they don’t seem to be that word has spread, Quebec
a few measures to bridge the gap normally fall under federal juris- Ottawa’s help if more are needed. listening to each other.” projects the numbers may peak
including a plan to send asylum- diction, but provinces often pro- “The federal government has Mr. Reichhold said service at 400 a day. As many as half of
seekers to the provinces where vide emergency housing, educa- to realize what’s going on on the groups are “out of breath” after asylum seekers coming to Que-
they intend to live while they set- tion, health-care and welfare pay- ground. I realize Ottawa is a bit an intense year. “It’s going fairly bec from around the world are
tle their refugee status instead of ments. distant from reality. But their re- well, nobody is in the street, but taking ground transportation to
keeping them all in Montreal. Canadian Immigration Minis- sponse is really unacceptable,” we need more resources,” he Roxham Road as soon as they
Cost remains an outstanding ter Ahmed Hussen sent a letter to Mr. Couillard said. “They are said. land in the United States, accord-
question, but Transport Minister his Quebec counterpart accusing showing a complete misunder- “Our people found 10,000 af- ing to the province. Nigeria is a
Marc Garneau, who chaired the him of closing nine of the 13 standing of the reality on the fordable lodging [spots] for peo- currently among the more com-
meeting and struck a conciliatory emergency shelters the province ground, both what we experi- ple last year. It’s quite some- mon countries of origin.
tone, promised they will find opened last summer, risking an enced last year and will experi- thing.” But, he added, the situa- The others are mostly U.S. resi-
common ground on money too. “unacceptable humanitarian sit- ence again this year.” tion remains quite manageable dents who have uncertain immi-
Some 25,000 asylum seekers uation” if projections of higher Stephan Reichhold, who rep- at the moment. gration status under the Trump
arrived in the province last year, levels of migration prove correct. resents an umbrella organization Quebec Immigration Minister administration.
75 per cent of whom walked He also said the province has of Quebec immigrant and refu- David Heurtel said the situation All of this is taking place while
across the border. Quebec nor- failed to provide sufficient details gee service groups, said the lack has changed from a temporary an unofficial Quebec election
mally receives about 3,500 clai- for its financial demands. of federal-provincial solidarity is crisis to a permanent intake that campaign has already started –
mants. Quebec Premier Philippe troubling. must be dealt with by Ottawa, even though the vote takes place
Quebec raised the alarm this Couillard fired back on Wednes- “This is very concerning – that particularly given that some 40 Oct. 1. Opposition parties have as-
week, saying the number of peo- day by pointing out that schools there might be this quarrel on per cent of arrivals have no inten- sailed the Quebec Liberal govern-
ple crossing at a makeshift bor- and Montreal’s Olympic Stadium the backs of a very vulnerable tion of staying in Quebec once ment for taking the brunt of the
der post between New York State were among the makeshift shel- population is very worrisome,” their immigration hearings are migration crisis while failing to
and Quebec is already at 6,074 for ters used during last summer’s Mr. Reichhold said. “It does seem settled – a process that is now defend the province’s interests
the year – three times greater emergency. like the federal government facing long delays. with Ottawa.


Five Eyes leaders fix gaze on cybersecurity

Canada, Britain,
Australia, New Zealand
lash out at Russia for
cyberattack involvement


Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

has joined with the leaders of
three key Western allies in con-
demning Russia’s involvement in
cyberattacks and its role in the
poisoning of a former double
agent in Britain.
Mr. Trudeau and the Prime
Ministers of Britain, Australia
and New Zealand lashed out at
Russia on Wednesday, saying it
had been “using cyberwarfare as
part of a wider effort to attack
and undermine the international
system.” Their intervention came
on the eve of the Commonwealth
leaders summit, which is expect-
ed to focus on cybersecurity as a
main topic.
“There are folks out there in
the world, countries out there in Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, British Prime Minister Theresa May, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and New Zealand Prime Minister
the world who do not share our Jacinda Ardern attend a meeting at the National Cyber Security Centre in London on Wednesday. JACK TAYLOR/GETTY IMAGES
values and our approach to free-
doms and mostly the rules-based Ms. May has also put cyberse- which keep us safe.” Relations be- side and joined in the expulsion help from the Russian embassy.
order,” Mr. Trudeau told the oth- curity on the agenda for the two- tween Russia and the West have of more than 150 Russian diplo- That prompted Russia’s Ambas-
er leaders during an intelligence day Commonwealth meeting and sunk to a low not seen since the mats. sador to Britain, Alexander Yako-
briefing at the National Cyber Se- announced that Britain will com- end of the Cold War. Allegations Russia has denied any involve- venko, to allege that she was be-
curity Centre in London. “So the mit £15-million ($27-million) to of computer hacking, interfe- ment in the case and insisted that ing held hostage by the British.
importance of like-minded help smaller, and poorer, Com- rence with elections and recent it has never developed Novichok. He has also been waging a public
friends and partners like us four monwealth countries develop fears the Russian government Moscow also retaliated with an relations campaign with weekly
to stand together … provides a computer technological capabili- has targeted routers many people equal number of diplomatic ex- news conferences denouncing
response and a solidarity that is a ties to tackle criminal groups and use at home, have only increased pulsions and it has challenged the British probe.
clear message to those around “hostile state actors.” the mistrust. Last month’s poi- the findings of the UN watchdog, On Wednesday, Ms. May stood
the world who do not play by the In a private meeting earlier in soning of former spy Sergei Skri- with officials suggesting traces of by Britain’s conclusion and said
same rules.” the day, Mr. Trudeau also offered pal and his daughter, Yulia Skri- a Western-made nerve agent had only Russia could have carried
The four countries are part of Ms. May Canada’s support for the pal, in Salisbury worsened rela- been found. That drew a sharp re- out the poisoning. Mr. Skripal
the so-called Five Eyes security al- recent missile strike on Syria by tions further and sparked an in- buke on Wednesday from the was a potential target because he
liance, which also includes the Britain, United States and France ternational diplomatic row. head of the OPCW, Ahmet Uzum- worked as a Russian military in-
United States. British Prime Min- in response to an alleged chem- British investigators said the two cu, who said the Western nerve telligence officer in Moscow dur-
ister Theresa May called the alli- ical weapons attack by the Syrian were exposed to a type of nerve agent was used in a control sam- ing the 1990s when he also spied
ance “a unique security and intel- military with Russia’s backing. agent known as Novichok that ple and had nothing to do with for Britain’s MI6. He was arrested
ligence-sharing partnership” that The leaders agreed the missile was developed in the Soviet the Skripal case. in 2004 and sentenced to 13 years
“has done much to protect our strike “was the right thing to do Union in the 1980s. Britain’s find- The Skripals have miraculous- in prison for treason but won re-
people from a range of threats.” and necessary to uphold the ings have been backed up in an ly survived the attack but have lease in 2010 and moved to Bri-
Citing repeated Russian hacking, global prohibition on chemical analysis by the UN’s Organization become pawns in the saga. Mr. tain as part of a spy swap. “Recent
she added: “I have been clear to weapons use,” according to a for the Prohibition of Chemical Skripal, 66, remains in serious global events have served to un-
Russia that we know what it is do- summary of the meeting provid- Weapons, although it did not condition in hospital but Ms. derline the need for nations to
ing. And we should be in no ed by Downing Street officials. identify where the chemical Skripal, 33, has been released. She stand together in the face of
doubt that such cyberwarfare is “They agreed to continue stand- came from. Western allies, in- has issued a handful of state- those who would challenge the
one of the great challenges of our ing side by side to uphold inter- cluding Canada and the United ments through London police re- rules-based international order,”
time.” national norms and the rules States, have rushed to Britain’s questing privacy and declining she said.

Families push for stacked life sentences for Quebec City mosque shooter
INGRID PERITZ judges the authority to add the who spoke in court this week to The stacking of parole ineligi- tence someone to, say, two con-
SEAN FINE QUEBEC CITY 25-year parole waiting periods to- seek extended prison time for Mr. bility periods has given Canada secutive periods of 25-year ineli-
gether in cases of multiple mur- Bissonnette. an equivalent to the life-without- gibility for six first-degree mur-
ders. Others say that a sentence be- parole sentence widely used in ders, if they choose. Or they
Amir Belkacemi stood in a Que- Since then, four men have yond the natural lifespan is cruel the United States. The difference could choose just one 25-year pe-
bec City courtroom on Wednes- been sentenced to 75 years of pa- and unnecessary. is that in Canada, its use is limit- riod, or six.
day and called Alexandre Bisson- role ineligibility, out of the 18 who “A sentence of parole ineligi- ed to multiple murders. In the Thus far, judges have upheld
nette a “monster,” urging a judge have received parole ineligibility bility for 75 years takes away all United States, there are more its constitutionality when it was
not to ever let his father’s mur- periods stacked together. One of hope for the offender,” Balfour than 50,000 people serving a sen- challenged as a form of cruel and
derer walk the streets again. them, Douglas Garland, would Der, an Alberta criminal lawyer tence of life without parole. unusual punishment.
Mr. Bissonnette, who pleaded have to live till 132 to be eligible representing Derek Saretzky, sen- Conservative MP Daniel Petit ”There is nothing grossly dis-
guilty to six counts of first-degree for parole. The first use of the law tenced to life with 75 years of in- said in the House of Commons proportionate about the imposi-
murder in the Quebec City was in 2013, when armoured-car eligibility for parole for three Cal- when his government intro- tion of an effective sentence of
mosque attack last year, faces the driver Travis Baumgartner re- gary-area killings, said in an in- duced the new legislation that life imprisonment, without pa-
possibility of a sentence unprece- ceived 40 years ineligibility for terview. “That’s the worst thing multiple murderers in Canada role, for an adult offender who
dented in Canadian history: 150 one first-degree murder and two we can do to anybody, is take were receiving “a volume dis- has murdered at least two differ-
years before he is eligible for pa- second-degree murders. (In sec- away all hope.” count for their crimes.” ent victims,” Ontario Superior
role. ond-degree murder, parole eligi- Another lawyer, Dirk Derstine It is not mandatory for judges Court Justice Ken Campbell
That possibility, and other bility ranges from 10 to 25 years.) of Toronto, said that 25 years is to stack parole periods together. wrote last year in the case of
multiple-murder cases in the To the families of Mr. Bisson- enough time for some people to Judges “may, having regard to the Mauro Granados-Arana, convict-
past five years that would leave nette’s victims, jail for life is only change. “There’s no telling what character of the offender, the na- ed of one count of first-degree
convicted killers in prison for just. “The man behind me is a they’re going to be like at that ture of the offence and the cir- and one of second-degree, and
their entire lives, has touched off monster,” Mr. Belkacemi said of time. They could be saints, they cumstances surrounding its com- given parole ineligibility of 41
a debate about the law that al- the convicted killer, seated in could be monsters.” mission … decide that the peri- years.
lows for it. handcuffs in a glass enclosure. “I He said the system should rely ods without eligibility for parole Mr. Bissonnette’s lawyers say
Under the federal Criminal think that monsters have no on parole boards to decide on for each murder conviction are to that at a sentencing hearing in
Code, the penalty for first-degree place among those of us who whether some form of release be served consecutively,” Section June, they will challenge the con-
murder is automatic: life in pris- have chosen to cherish our hu- should be permitted. “Someone 745.51 of the federal Criminal stitutionality of the parole ineli-
on, with first chance at full parole manity.” Mr. Belkacemi, who lost who killed six people is going to Code says. gibility law for multiple murders.
after 25 years. But, in 2011, the his father in the attack, was the have to be Gandhi in order to get Judges have interpreted this Mr. Bissonnette’s sentencing
Conservative government gave latest in a succession of victims out at all.” section to mean they could sen- hearing continues.

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People lead out the casket of
Dayna Brons, athletic therapist of
the Humboldt Broncos, following a
memorial service in Humboldt, Sask.
on Wednesday.


Diaz-Canel formally backed as Cuban president

Raul Castro scheduled to historic on an island dominated job of breathing life into the technology and appears socially Castro died in 2016, at the age of
for nearly 60 years by Fidel Cas- creaking economy, but would liberal, but he is relatively un- 90. Shunning the long speeches
step down after 10 years tro and then his brother Raul. seek Mr. Castro’s approval on known to ordinary Cubans. his brother was famous for, Raul
in office as island moves But in the short term, it is un- major strategic decisions such as He faces “myriad challenges Castro kept his low-key style
to younger generation likely to herald major changes to the relationship with the United on all fronts,” said Richard Fein- even as he reached a landmark
the one-party system or state- States. berg, who led Latin America pol- agreement in 2014 with former
dominated economic model. He is expected to be cautious icy in former U.S. president Bill U.S. president Barack Obama to
SARAH MARSH The rubber-stamp National at first, seeking to consolidate Clinton’s White House. restore diplomatic ties with the
FRANK JACK DANIEL HAVANA Assembly voted on the proposal support among party conserva- Cuba’s economy remains United States. Relations with
to promote Mr. Diaz-Canel, who tives despite desire among smaller per capita than it was in Washington had been hostile
is currently first vice-president. young Cubans for faster develop- 1985, when it had the support of since soon after Fidel Castro took
Cuba’s Raul Castro was just His was the only name put for- ment. He is extremely unlikely to Communist ally, the Soviet the island on a sharply leftward
hours away from retiring as Pres- ward by a party-backed commis- challenge one-party rule. Union, according to one study. It path after the revolution.
ident after parliament proposed sion and was greeted with a long Mr. Diaz-Canel should “in- is suffering from a crisis in oil While stressing he was acting
Miguel Diaz-Canel as his replace- ovation from lawmakers. Law- crease the speed of change in Cu- benefactor Venezuela. Relations to preserve and not dismantle
ment on Wednesday, a shift that makers will vote for 30 other ba while preserving the good with the United States are socialism, Mr. Castro also intro-
will usher in the island’s first members of Cuba’s state council things,” blogger Harold Carde- strained anew under President duced market reforms to one of
non-Castro leader since the 1959 as well as the president. The re- nas, 32, said, adding that resist- Donald Trump and Cuba has few the world’s last Soviet-style cen-
revolution. sults will be announced and the ance from within the party to allies in the region. trally planned economies, per-
Mr. Castro, 86, was scheduled new president will be sworn in Castro’s economic reforms had “Most Cubans, especially the mitting more small businesses
to step down on Thursday after on Thursday. held the country back. young, await an unambiguous, and encouraging some foreign
10 years in office. He announced Although this week’s assemb- After years climbing the ranks decisive acceleration of market- investment.
his departure several years ago ly is promoting younger govern- of the Communist Party, the fu- opening reforms,” Mr. Feinberg He gave more freedoms to Cu-
and has long signalled that Mr. ment leaders, Mr. Castro and ture president is considered a said. “Strategically, Diaz-Canel bans, allowing them to travel,
Diaz-Canel, a 57-year-old Com- other elders of the revolution safe bet to carry the mantle of must confront renewed hostility visit resorts on the island previ-
munist Party stalwart, was his will retain considerable power in Mr. Castro and other elderly from the U.S. administration.” ously reserved for foreigners and
likely successor, carefully ma- their roles as the top leaders of leaders who helped Fidel Castro Mr. Castro, who had served for gradually increasing internet ac-
naging the transition to ensure the Communist Party at least un- oust U.S.-backed dictator Fulgen- decades as defence minister, be- cess, although opposition groups
political continuity. til a party congress set for 2021. cio Batista. came president in 2008 when Fi- still face official harassment.
The move to a younger gener- Political observers said Mr. Trained as an electrical engi- del Castro, his health failing, for-
ation of Communist leaders is Diaz-Canel would be given the neer, Mr. Diaz-Canel embraces mally handed over power. Fidel REUTERS

Gunmen fire at UN team during visit


to suspected chemical site in Syria



Assailants opened fire at a UN se-

curity team visiting the site of a
suspected chemical-weapons at- Please be advised that Emerald Waterways Saturday, April 14
tack in Syria, an official said newspaper ad “Cruise Croatia on a new luxury yacht” in the Globe
Wednesday, forcing it to retreat and Mail advertised incorrect pricing. The correct pricing is 16-Day
to its base and further delaying a Discover Croatia and the Islands of Dalmatia starting from $6,685pp
fact-finding mission by outside and 8-Day The Islands of Dalmatian starting from $3,595pp.
experts to examine the claims. We apologize for any inconvenience.
Gunmen shot at the UN team
in Douma on Tuesday and deto-
nated an explosive, leading it to
return to Damascus, Ahmet
Uzumcu, the head of the interna-
tional chemical-weapons watch-
dog, said. He did not identify the
Inspectors from the Organiza- A man walks through an area in Syria where an alleged chemical-weapon Rachel Bishopʼs 25th Anniversary Collection
tion for the Prohibition of Chem- attack had occurred earlier this month on Monday. HASSAN AMMAR/AP Saturday April 21st from 2:00 to 5:00
ical Weapons (OPCW) have been
waiting since Saturday to visit Syrian Civil Defence, whose first in,” Mr. Mattis said.
Douma, the site of the alleged responders were operating in The United States, France and A Collection
April 7 attack. They were initially Douma on the night of the al- Britain struck against suspected of 9 Vases
blocked by the Syrian govern- leged attack, gave the chemical- chemical-weapons facilities be-
ment and its ally, Russia, on weapons watchdog the locations longing to the Syrian govern- FREE GIFT
Monday. Then on Tuesday, the of victims’ graves so it could sal- ment on Saturday, after conclud- WITH
advance security team from the vage evidence, the group’s chief, ing that Syrian President Bashar PURCHASE
UN came under fire, compound- Raed Saleh, told AP. The Civil De- al-Assad’s forces were behind the
ing the delays. The OPCW inspec-
tors have not yet been able to vis-
it the site, and Mr. Uzumcu did
fence no longer has a presence in
Douma after being evacuated to
rebel-held areas of northern Sy-
attack, although they have not
made that evidence public.
Russia has accused the rebels
not say when they would deploy. ria when the government took of staging the attack with sup- China, Crystal & Silver Merchants since 1900
The United Nations said more over the town. The government port from Britain, an allegation 638 Yonge St., Toronto, Ont. M4Y 1Z8 (3 blks south of Bloor) Mon-Sat. 12-6
security measures were needed says the Civil Defence is a terror- that Britain has strongly denied.
before the inspectors could go in. ist organization.
416-922-1668 • 1-877-922-1596
Russia’s military said Tuesday it
“There is still a lot of volatility Russia and the Syrian govern- had uncovered a chemical-weap- ~ We ship worldwide
in the area,” UN spokesman Ste- ment have denied responsibility ons stockpile left behind by the
phane Dujarric said, adding that for the alleged attack, which took rebels in Douma. The claim
the UN security team needed to place during a government as- could not be independently ver-
make at least another visit before sault on the then rebel-held ified.
the fact-finding mission could go town. The Army of Islam surren- First responders and activists
ahead. dered Douma two days later. The say more than 40 people were
The town is under the protec- United States, which has drawn killed the night of the attack,
tion of Russia’s military police. its own conclusions about the at- many found with foam around
The Russian military said a Syr- tack on Douma, has accused the their mouths, a sign of suffoca-
ian security employee was slight- Syrian government and Russia of tion. Medical workers said they
ly wounded in the crossfire Tues- trying to cover up evidence of treated symptoms such as diffi-
day, but no Russian servicemen their culpability. culty breathing and fainting.
were at the site of the attack. Speaking to reporters at the If confirmed, it would not be
Journalists visiting Douma on Pentagon on Wednesday, De- the first chemical-weapons at-
a government-organized tour fence Secretary Jim Mattis said tack in Syria’s more than seven-
Monday did not report any secu- the evidence was at risk of being year-old civil war. The UN-man-
rity threats. The Associated Press tampered with as the delays dated Independent International
met with residents who said they dragged on. Commission on Syria has docu-
were overwhelmed by chlorine “We are very much aware of mented more than 30 chemical
fumes on the night of the alleged the delay that the regime im- attacks in Syria between 2013 and
attack and lost their loved ones. posed on that delegation. But we the end of 2017 – and says at least
With 11 days now having are also very much aware of how 25 of them were carried out by
passed, concerns are growing they have operated in the past. the Syrian military. For the rest, it
that evidence could fall prey to … In other words, using the had insufficient evidence to de-
tampering or be otherwise com- pause after a strike like that to termine the perpetrator.
promised. try to clean up the evidence be-
In response, the opposition’s fore the investigation team gets ASSOCIATED PRESS


Former Obama strategist offers advice Group finds

to Trudeau ahead of federal election pesticides on
David Axelrod will be one of with a highly disciplined message – in this be a unifying force for the progressive
flowers sold
the key speakers at the Liberal case helping the middle class – all the base,” he said.
while “setting up a contrast” with his ad- About 3,000 Liberal supporters will be
in Ottawa
national convention starting versaries. convening in Halifax as the government
on Thursday in Halifax “If the first election was a movement, goes through its roughest patch since it
the second election is more of a choice came to power, as criticism over the Prime ERIC ATKINS
about the direction of your country,” he Minister’s trip to India has dominated
DANIEL LEBLANC said. “In 2012, we positioned our campaign headlines.
PARLIAMENTARY REPORTER much more as a choice between what we The latest Nanos tracking poll had the An environmental group says it
OTTAWA were offering and what the Republican Liberals at 41-per-cent support, well ahead has found banned pesticides on
candidate was offering, more so than in of the Conservatives at 29 per cent and the flowers sold at major garden
2008 when we positioned ourselves NDP at 16 per cent. Still, Mr. Trudeau’s per- centres in Ottawa, and it has
Former U.S. president Barack Obama’s top against the entire status quo in politics.” sonal numbers have fallen while the num- asked the provincial government
strategist is urging Prime Minister Justin Working as a senior strategist for Mr. ber of potential Conservative voters has to investigate possible violations
Trudeau to head into the next election Obama, Mr. Axelrod played a grown after Mr. Trudeau’s di- of the Ontario Pesticides Act.
with a plan to attack his Conservative and key role in developing politi- sastrous trip to India. Friends of the Earth Canada, a
NDP rivals, arguing the positive politics cal ads in 2012 that painted “In recent weeks, the Lib- charitable group based in Otta-
that won the Liberals a first term in 2015 Republican candidate Mitt erals have effectively crowd- wa, says garden plants pur-
will not be enough to hold on to power Romney as an out-of-touch Trudeau’s vision will ed out the bad news with the chased at Canadian Tire, Rona
next year. elitist whose business prac- normal business of being of and Home Depot in 2017 have
In an interview, David Axelrod said tices had hurt average Amer- be challenged and government. As a result, traces of chemicals banned for
there are many lessons for the Liberal Par- ican workers. he has a right to ask their numbers have reco- human health concerns, includ-
ty in the 2012 U.S. presidential campaign, “I don’t think it necessar- exactly what is the vered,” said Nik Nanos, presi- ing a neonicotinoid shown to
when Mr. Obama won a second mandate ily needs to be searingly per- offering on the other dent of Nanos Research. “In harm aquatic insects.
despite being bruised by four years in gov- sonal, but you know, the rea- the long term, the Liberals Beatrice Olivastri, chief exec-
ernment. son there are parties is that side and what it have to be worried by the fact utive officer of Friends of the
Mr. Axelrod, who was one of Mr. Oba- there are competing visions would mean for the numbers are very vola- Earth, said the group bought a
ma’s top advisers throughout his political of the future,” Mr. Axelrod everyday Canadians. tile.” range of common garden flowers
career, will be one of the key speakers at said. “Trudeau’s vision will The next president of the known to be favoured by native,
the Liberal national convention that starts be challenged and he has a DAVID AXELROD Liberal Party of Canada, Su- wild bees – daisies, asters, laven-
in Halifax on Thursday. He will be inter- right to ask exactly what is TOP STRATEGIST zanne Cowan, said the key der and others – from five major
viewed on stage by Mr. Trudeau’s principal the offering on the other objective of the Halifax con- retailers. The samples were sent
secretary, Gerald Butts, suggesting the Lib- side and what it would mean vention is to get the electoral to the University of Guelph to
erals agree with much of the advice that for everyday Canadians.” machine “fired up” for the vote scheduled test for neonicotinoids, a class of
Mr. Axelrod has to offer to party support- As liberal democracy and progressive to occur on Oct. 21, 2019. insecticide that includes varie-
ers. politics are under threat around the world, “Elections are won and lost on the ties whose use is banned or re-
Mr. Trudeau has often tried to channel he said, Mr. Trudeau could build a winning ground,” said Ms. Cowan, who is being ac- stricted in several jurisdictions,
Mr. Obama’s winning touch since he en- coalition even though many progressive claimed as party president. including Ontario.
tered the Liberal leadership race in 2012 voters have been disappointed by the Lib- She acknowledged the pending cam- She said she was surprised to
with a promise to engage in positive poli- eral record on electoral reform or the envi- paign will be different than the last one, see the results showed some
tics. The Prime Minister participated in a ronment. when the Liberals started in third place. plants contained traces of other
question-and-answer session last Febru- “I expect that some of the same forces “The 2019 campaign will be very differ- herbicides and insecticides
ary that Mr. Axelrod hosted at the Univer- that animated [U.S. President] Donald ent, it will be harder,” she said. “We do known as Class 9 chemicals, in-
sity of Chicago’s Institute of Politics. Trump’s support and some of what we are have a record to showcase for people, but cluding napropamide and spino-
According to Mr. Axelrod, seeking re- seeing in Europe will visit Canada as well at the same time, it’s something you show- sad and imidacloprid, a neonico-
election will force Mr. Trudeau to stick in this next election. So that alone could case and you defend.” tinoid. Ontario law forbids the
use of Class 9 pesticides to kill
weeds and bugs around school-
yards, parks, lawns and gardens
because of risks to human
Bishops float papal visit, residential-schools apology health.
“I was testing for neonicoti-
noids and tripped across this. I
GLORIA GALLOWAY have to say I’m astonished,” Ms.
PARLIAMENTARY REPORTER Olivastri said by phone.
OTTAWA Home Depot declined to be in-
terviewed. “Over the past few
years we’ve been in communica-
Roman Catholic bishops are holding out tion with government agencies,
the possibility that Pope Francis may even- the insecticide industry and our
tually apologize for the role that the suppliers to understand the sci-
church played in the abuse of children at ence, monitor research with a
Indian residential schools. complete phase out of neonicoti-
But, at a news conference on Wednesday noids by the end of 2018,” the
that took place just before a motion calling company said in an e-mail.
on the Canadian Conference of Catholic “We are currently investigat-
Bishops to press for an apology was intro- ing the allegations that were
duced in the House of Commons, two se- raised by Friends of the Earth, as
nior Catholic leaders reiterated the posi- we take these matters very seri-
tion that the church, as a whole, was not to ously, ” said Valérie Gonzalo, a
blame for the tragedy. spokeswoman for Lowe’s Cana-
And they suggested, then refuted the da, parent company of Rona.
suggestion, that the Pope’s refusal last Ms. Olivastri said Rona and
month to respond to a request for an apol- Home Depot have shown lead-
ogy may have just been a matter of timing. ership in working with their
“He is open to coming to Canada,” Ri- Bishops line up to greet Pope Francis during his weekly general audience in St. Peter’s growers to rid their garden cen-
chard Gagnon, the Archbishop of Winni- Basilica at the Vatican on Wednesday. GREGORIO BORGIA/ASSOCIATED PRESS tres of harmful pesticides, and
peg and vice-president of the Canadian she was surprised by the results.
Conference of Catholic Bishops, told re- had expressed hope that the motion consider coming to Canada at the oppor- She said it is possible the stores
porters. would be passed unanimously to send a tune time.” were unaware their suppliers
“If you place Pope Francis among Indig- strong message to the Vatican. But some But when asked if that meant the apol- were using the chemicals, or that
enous people and he hears these horrible Conservative MPs objected. So a debate ogy was just a matter of timing, since the the plants were grown in juris-
stories, what do you think he’s going to and a vote and the motion will be held at a TRC’s Call to Action asked him to apologize dictions in which the pesticides
say?” later date. in 2016, Lionel Gendron, the Bishop of are legal.
The New Democrats introduced a mo- Garnett Genius, an Alberta Tory MP who Saint-Jean-Longueuil, said: “No, it’s not “So what? They are selling
tion in Parliament on Wednesday after- was one of those who shouted his opposi- the issue, I don’t think so.” them to me in this province.”
noon that was supported by the governing tion, said later on Twitter that: “Catholic As for reopening the fundraising cam- Canadian Tire did not respond
Liberals, as well as Green Party Leader El- entities involved in residen- paign, the bishops argue that to interview requests.
izabeth May and MPs who are former tial schools have apologized. there is no legal entity called Plants purchased at Loblaws
members of the Bloc Québécois, which The Holy See is responsib- the Catholic Church in Cana- and Lowe’s stores had either per-
asks the Canadian bishops to invite the le for next steps, & people da, just individual autono- mitted or zero traces of legal
Pope to visit Canada and to apologize for are welcome to make their If you place Pope mous dioceses and it is 50 of chemicals.
the abuse at residential schools. own judgments. It is not for those smaller dioceses that Friends of the Earth has ap-
Specifically, it asked for him to meet the Parliament to call out or dic- Francis among were responsible for making plied to Ontario’s Environmental
terms of Call to Action 58 of the Truth and tate to one faith communi- Indigenous people repayments under the settle- Commissioner, calling for an in-
Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which ty.” and he hears these ment agreement with school vestigation to be launched by the
said the Pope should apologize, in Canada In fact, individual orders horrible stories, survivors. Environment Ministry.
in 2016 (within a year of the TRC report be- of the church that ran the Archbishop Gendron reit- “Large corporations like the
ing issued), for the role that the Roman Ca- schools have apologized. what do you think erated that position again on retailers have control over the
tholic Church played in the spiritual, cul- But, while Pope Benedict ex- he’s going to say? Wednesday saying that, even types of products they choose to
tural, emotional, physical and sexual pressed “sorrow” in 2009 for though bishops may have sell, and have control or influen-
abuse of First Nations, Métis and Inuit chil- the abuse and “deplorable” RICHARD GAGNON been involved in the abuse, ce over the behaviour of their
dren in Catholic-run schools. treatment of Indigenous stu- “it’s not the whole church.” suppliers,” reads the group’s ap-
The motion also calls upon the church dents at the schools, there Mr. Saganash, who attend- plication for investigation to the
to resume its efforts to raise $25-million for has never been a full apology from the Vat- ed one of those schools, as did his 13 sib- Environmental Commissioner of
Indigenous healing, as required in the Res- ican. lings, said he was sickened by what he Ontario.
idential Schools Settlement Agreement Pope Francis “never said he wouldn’t heard from the bishops at their news con- Gary Wheeler, a spokesman
that came into effect in 2007. That fun- apologize. What the Holy Father did say ference. “When the Pope announced that for the Ontario Ministry of Envi-
draising campaign was abandoned in 2015 was he would not personally respond to he wouldn’t apologize, I was, as a survivor, ronment, said in an e-mail the
and just $2.1-million in donations was giv- Call to Action 58,” said Archbishop Gag- of course, very disappointed,” he said. government will decide within
en to Indigenous causes. non. “His response had to do with Call To “And, after hearing what they said today, 60 days if it will launch an in-
NDP MPs Charlie Angus and Romeo Sa- Action number 58 and its rather strict con- now I am disgusted. You probably noticed vestigation after being notified
ganash, and Carolyn Bennett, the Liberal fines that that call to action called for. He’s that I walked out because I wanted to go by the Environmental Commis-
Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, open to coming to Canada, he’s open to and throw up in the bathroom.” sioner.

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Saudi Arabia launches new cinema as ban ends

STEPHEN KALIN RIYADH atre and watch movies the way
they’re supposed to be watched:
on a big screen,” he said.
Saudi Arabia launched its first The smell of buttery popcorn
commercial movie theatre on filled the air as confetti rained
Wednesday, ending a nearly 40- down through the multistorey
year ban on cinemas under a atrium where Mr. Aron and Saudi
push by the Crown Prince to Minister of Culture and Informa-
modernize the deeply conserva- tion Awwad al-Awwad an-
tive Muslim kingdom. nounced the launch and proceed-
A red carpet invitation-only ed into the 450-seat hall.
gala event attracted senior gov- The kingdom shuttered cine-
ernment officials, foreign digni- mas in the early 1980s under pres-
taries and select industry figures sure from Islamists as Saudi so-
to watch superhero movie Black ciety embraced a severe form of
Panther on a 45-foot screen at a Islam. Saudis have nonetheless
converted symphony concert hall been avid consumers of Western
in Riyadh. Tickets will go on sale media and culture. Hollywood
on Thursday for the first public films and television series are
viewings on Friday, according to widely watched at home and pri-
Adam Aron, chief executive of vate film screenings have been
operator AMC Entertainment largely tolerated for years.
Holdings. “Saudis now are going A mime actor stands behind a model vintage camera at the entrance of the AMC cinema in Riyadh on
to be able to go to a beautiful the- Wednesday. BANDAR AL-JALOUD/SAUDI ROYAL PALACE/AFP/GETTY IMAGES REUTERS

Canada should implement Son says widowed mother is subject of unjust

national pharmacare: probe by Iranian agency that arrested father
parliamentary committee MICHELLE ZILIO who have asked her to meet them exhausting all avenues to help ex-
PARLIAMENTARY REPORTER at Tehran’s Evin Prison, where her pedite the situation but to be hon-
KELLY GRANT OTTAWA husband died in February. est, it doesn’t sound very promis-
HEALTH REPORTER “Obviously we don’t want our ing at the moment,” Ramin said.
mom to go there. We told her un- Last month, Foreign Affairs
The son of a Canadian-Iranian der no circumstances are you go- Minister Chrystia Freeland called
Canada should replace its patchwork of private and public professor who died under suspi- ing to that horrible place,” he said. on Iran to allow Ms. Mombeini to
drug plans with a national single-payer pharmacare system, cious circumstances in an Iranian Prof. Seyed-Emami taught so- return to Canada. Ms. Freeland
according to a parliamentary committee that spent two prison says his widowed mother ciology at Imam Sadegh Universi- has also requested a one-on-one
years studying an issue that could be pivotal in the next is now being unjustly investigat- ty in Tehran and conducted envi- discussion with her Iranian coun-
federal election. ed by the country’s most powerful ronmental research as managing terpart, Javad Zarif, which has yet
In a report released Wednesday, the all-party committee security institution – the same director of the Persian Heritage to happen. The Canadian govern-
on health made 18 recommendations, including expanding agency that arrested his father Wildlife Foundation. He died in ment says it is using all diplomat-
the Canada Health Act to cover prescription drugs dispensed earlier this year. Evin Prison after he was arrested ic channels at its disposal, includ-
outside of hospitals; creating a unified list of drugs that In an interview with The Globe in January on what his family says ing the Canadian mission at the
would qualify for public coverage; and asking the provinces, and Mail Wednesday, Ramin were unsubstantiated allegations United Nations, to push for Ms.
territories and the federal government to share the cost of a Seyed-Emami said the intelli- of spying. Prof. Seyed-Emami’s ar- Mombeini’s return to Canada.
national pharmacare program. The goal, the committee gence arm of the notorious Islam- rest was part of an Iranian crack- Speaking on background, a se-
said, would be to ensure all Canadians get the medications ic Revolutionary Guard Corps has down on environmentalists. nior Canadian government offi-
they need, while also reining in the country’s per-capita drug opened a national-security case The Seyed-Emami family – all cial said Ms. Mombeini’s case is
spending and drug prices, both of which are among the against his mother, Maryam Iranian-Canadian citizens – de- the sole focus of Ottawa’s current
highest in the world. Mombeini. Ms. Mombeini was cided to flee Iran because they dealings with Iran. Canada has no
“This is step one,” said Bill Casey, the Liberal MP who barred from leaving Iran when were facing harassment, threats formal diplomatic relations with
chairs the committee. “This [report] answers the question – she tried to flee with her sons in and smear campaigns for reject- Iran, as the two countries severed
and I believe the testimony was very convincing – that a March after her husband, Kavous ing Iranian authorities’ claim that ties in 2012, when the former Con-
national pharmacare program will give us better health care Seyed-Emami, mysteriously died their husband and father died by servative government closed the
at a lower cost.” in an Iranian prison. suicide in prison. Canadian embassy in Tehran and
Pharmacare is expected to loom large in the 2019 election. “They’ve opened up a national- Iranian authorities confiscated kicked Iranian diplomats out of
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government has recruit- security case against her saying Ms. Momebeini’s Iranian pass- Canada. The official said efforts to
ed former Ontario health minister Eric Hoskins to lead a that she’s complicit in the alleged port at the airport on March 8, re-establish diplomatic relations
national advisory panel on how to implement pharmacare. accusations of espionage [against moments before she was sched- are essentially on hold until Ms.
Dr. Hoskins’s final report is due next spring, setting the her husband],” Ramin said. uled to board a Vancouver-bound Mombeini is allowed to leave
Liberals up to make his recommendations a key plank in “We’re really worried that, any flight with her sons. She told her Iran.
their re-election platform. moment, she could be taken sons to board the plane without Meanwhile, the Seyed-Emami
The NDP, which has long advocated for national pharma- away.” her and has been barred from brothers continue to press for
care, is expected to campaign on the issue, too. Ramin, who now lives with leaving Iran since. their mother’s return to Canada,
The challenge for Dr. Hoskins will be figuring out how to friends in Vancouver after fleeing Ramin said his family has been launching a #BringMaryam-
turn Canada’s hodgepodge of provincial public drug plans Iran, said his mother continues to in regular contact with the Cana- Home campaign. Ramin, a musi-
and private-insurance plans into a coherent national system languish in Tehran. He said she is dian government officials work- cian, will hold two concerts in To-
that covers everyone, saves money and garners the backing facing a “bureaucratic run- ing on his mother’s consular case. ronto and Vancouver in May to
of a dizzying array of competing interests. around” from Iranian officials, “We’re … hoping that they’re raise funds for his family’s ordeal.
Dr. Hoskins said Wednesday that the committee’s report –
which is the latest in a long line of pharmacare studies –
gives him a solid start for his work.
“The members of the committee all agreed that the cur-
rent approach to provide for accessibility and affordability of
prescribed medicines is not adequate,” Dr. Hoskins told The
Globe and Mail in an interview. “It’s certainly a significant
contribution toward realizing the goal or the vision of na-
Make a difference in your life!
tional pharmacare.”
The Conservative members filed a dissenting report that
raised questions about pharmacare’s estimated costs and
savings, and about whether Otta-
wa and the provinces would be
able to agree on funding.
Canadian polls show “Canadian polls show that al-
though people want this service,
that although people they’re unwilling to have their
want this service, taxes increased in order to pay
they’re unwilling for it,” said Marilyn Gladu, the
to have their taxes Conservative health critic and a
member of the committee.
increased in order “Figuring out how to pay
to pay for it. Figuring for the program will be impor-
out how to pay for tant.”
the program will be In a 2017 report produced at
the committee’s request, the Par-
important. liamentary Budget Officer esti-
mated that a national pharma-
CONSERVATIVE care program could save roughly
HEALTH CRITIC $4.2-billion per year, overall. But
those savings rest on some im-
portant assumptions: The federal government would have
to extract a 25-per-cent price discount from drug makers;
enforce wider use of cheaper generic medications; and limit
the number of different drugs covered.
Making matters more complicated, the $4.2-billion esti-
mate is a savings to all types of payers, including public drug
plans, private insurers and Canadians who pay out of pocket Entrepreneur
for their prescriptions. If the entire tab for drug coverage is
shifted on to the public purse, the federal, provincial and
territorial governments could expect to together pay about FRANCHISE

$7.3-billion more per year than they do now, the Parliamen-
tary Budget Officer report said.
Stephen Frank, the president of the Canadian Health and
Life Insurance Association, predicted a national pharmacare
care plan would deeply wound the country’s private insure- + Low Start Up
rs, who could stand to collectively lose about $11-billion in
The industry’s own polling suggests that about a quarter
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of small and medium employers would consider dropping # 28
their benefits packages entirely if they no longer needed
to help workers pay for prescription drugs, Mr. Frank
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“There are a lot of knock-on implications that the House
of Commons report just didn’t delve into adequately,” he
Steve Morgan, a professor in the school of population and
public health at the University of British Columbia, said the
report should bring the country closer to achieving pharma-
care, even though so many of the reports that preceded it are
gathering dust. 1 888 763-2604
“This is a report that, in principle, is consistent with the
recommendations of national commissions dating all the
way back to the 1940s, for good reason,” he said. “On ethical,
economic and clinical grounds, what they’re saying makes


Kinder Morgan
CEO acknowledges Legislation:
pipeline plan
‘may be untenable’
Ottawa isn’t picking
a fight with just
Kinder Morgan Inc. is in talks to salvage the
B.C., Horgan says
Trans Mountain pipeline, but the compa-
ny’s chief executive sees no sign that fierce
opposition to the project is relenting. FROM A1 University of Saskatchewan law profes-
Houston-based Kinder Morgan has sor Dwight Newman said Ottawa has sev-
warned it will scrap the $7.4-billion expan- In an effort to blunt the impact of B.C.’s ref- eral options, but the strongest case would
sion by June 1 unless it gets assurances it erence to the courts, Ottawa is preparing be to declare “paramountcy” over the pro-
can complete construction without fur- legislation that would not only declare fed- ject, which would allow it to override any
ther delays. eral jurisdiction over the project, but give provincial legislation that is inconsistent
CEO Steve Kean told analysts on it added clout to enforce it. with Ottawa’s approval of it.
Wednesday the company halted non-es- Mr. Carr said the government has not “If the federal government said they
sential spending on the project last week yet decided the exact nature of the legisla- were going to completely regulate how this
because “it’s become clear the investment tion. pipeline works, then if there is a conflict
may be untenable” for a private company. “We assert the federal jurisdiction that between the provincial and the federal law,
“The events of the last 10 days have con- has been asserted by us before and it also the federal law has paramountcy.”
firmed those views,” he said, citing signif- has been commented upon by courts in Bruce Ryder, a law professor at York Uni-
icant differences between governments Canada including the Supreme Court,” Mr. versity’s Osgoode Hall, said Ottawa can use
that are outside the company’s control. Carr said. the law to signal that it will not allow prov-
He said talks with Ottawa and the Alber- B.C. Premier John Horgan told reporters inces or municipalities to frustrate the
ta government were under way even as the he will await details of the federal bill be- pipeline construction.
company warned it could take a significant fore responding, but warned that Ottawa is Mr. Ryder said B.C. could challenge the
financial hit should the project be termi- not picking a fight solely with his govern- legislation in court, creating more uncer-
nated. ment. tainty. He added, however, that solid case
The growing dispute over the pipeline “I know other provinces, particularly law backs federal authority.
has exploded into an all-out trade war pit- Quebec, will be acutely interested in the “It won’t be popular in Quebec,” Mr.
ting oil-rich Alberta against British Colum- federal government trampling on provin- Ryder said. “It’s a rather heavy-handed as-
bia, which is opposed to the expansion on cial rights − while we are trying to establish sertion of the primacy of federal jurisdic-
environmental grounds. those rights,” Mr. Horgan said in Victoria. tion because it cuts against the idea of co-
Major oil sands producers argue the
plan to nearly triple capacity on the exist-
ing westbound pipeline would help ease
price discounts that have plagued the in-
dustry for years.

The growing dispute over the

pipeline has exploded into an
all-out trade war pitting oil-rich
Alberta against British Columbia,
which is opposed to the
expansion on environmental
But the project is strongly opposed by
environmentalists, municipalities and
coastal First Nations who fear consequenc-
es of a major oil spill on the West Coast.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has
sought to mediate the fracas while pledg-
ing to provide financial backing to Kinder
Morgan to ensure the project proceeds.
However, the warring NDP govern-
ments of Alberta and B.C. have shown few
signs of a détente.
B.C. Environment Minister George Hey-
man said on Wednesday that the province
would file a reference case by April 30 with
the provincial court of appeal to find out
whether it has jurisdiction to regulate
movement of diluted bitumen through its
territory. It is unclear how long that could
Meanwhile, Alberta introduced legisla-
tion this week that would enable the prov-
ince to curtail fuel and oil shipments to the
coast. B.C.’s Attorney-General has called
the potential embargo a bluff and threat-
ened to sue if Alberta proceeds.
The possibility of further delays has
dimmed prospects for Trans Mountain
and prompted some financial analysts to
play down the importance of the multibil-
lion-dollar expansion to Kinder Morgan’s
The company reiterated on Wednesday
that B.C.’s assertion of “broad jurisdiction”
to stop the project has stoked uncertainty
and warned that costs associated with ter-
minating the expansion, including finan-
cial impairments, would have a “signifi-
cant effect” on its Canadian subsidiary.

Alberta Premier Rachel Notley listens during a news conference in Ottawa on Sunday. JUSTIN TANG/THE CANADIAN PRESS


operative federalism and frustrates the ex- heard and how long it takes them to deter-
pression of democracy at the provincial mine the question,” Mr. Eby said. Pipeline fight
and municipal level.” Alberta Energy Minister Margaret
Environment Minister George Heyman
said B.C.’s constitutional reference case
McCuaig-Boyd said she’s not surprised the
British Columbia government continues
boils down to
will be filed by April 30, and his govern-
ment will pursue it regardless of the ruling
to “play political games” and erode inves-
tor confidence in Canada.
a political contest
in a Federal Court of Appeal lawsuit ex-
pected in the coming weeks.
“We are prepared to pull the rug out
from under them,” she told reporters in
in appearing tough
Mr. Heyman said the province Edmonton on Wednesday.
wants to know whether it can reg- In explanation, Ms. McCuaig- CAMPBELL
ulate the flow of oil whatever Kin- Boyd said if Alberta and Ottawa CLARK
der Morgan decides to do. decide to invest in the pipeline
“This process is about B.C.’s expansion project, they will be OPINION
I know other
right under the constitution to much more “determined and re-
regulate against the deleterious provinces, lentless” investors than Kinder
impacts on the environment, on particularly Quebec, Morgan is. OTTAWA
the economy, on provincial inter- will be acutely On Monday, Alberta intro-
ests of a project, whether it is an duced legislation that would give istorians take note: This is the

interested in the
interprovincial project, or a pro- the province new powers to re- week when two western pre-
vincial project,” he told reporters federal government strict fossil-fuel shipments out- miers threatened to cut off oil to
on Wednesday. trampling on side the province, which could a third that wouldn’t recognize
The case will head to B.C.’s provincial rights − cause fuel prices to spike for B.C. total federal jurisdiction over the flow of
Court of Appeal, the highest op- while we are trying consumers. oil. One of them, Saskatchewan Premier
tion available to a provincial gov- Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Scott Moe, insisted a Liberal prime minis-
ernment. A ruling could be chal- to establish those who maintains the pipeline will ter named Trudeau should be doing more
lenged at the Supreme Court of rights. be built, attempted to mediate to assert federal influence over a recal-
Canada. Ottawa can file such a the dispute on Sunday with Mr. citrant province.
case directly to the Supreme JOHN HORGAN Horgan and Alberta Premier Ra- The historians who chronicled Pierre
Court. BRITISH COLUMBIA chel Notley. But the meeting had Trudeau’s long-hated National Energy
Mr. Heyman declined to reveal no effect on either side’s position. Program would not have seen that com-
details of what the government The reference case will be ing, even if some of the emotions being
will ask the court. the latest court case involving the pipe- expressed now feel similar. This time,
B.C. Attorney-General David Eby would line. western province is pitted against western
not speculate on how long the reference Last spring, more than a dozen cases province, with political shots fired over
case will take. The province will notify Ot- challenging the federal government’s ap- the fence.
tawa to give the federal government and proval of the pipeline filed by First Nations, British Columbia angered Alberta by
other provinces the opportunity to apply environmental groups and local govern- threatening to ask a court if it can thwart
for standing in the case. First Nations, in- ments were combined, with a trial in the the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion,
dustry and others may also intervene. Federal Court of Appeal held in October. Alberta responded by threatening to cut
Then court will set dates for hearings. B.C. and Alberta both joined as interve- off the flow of oil, B.C. threatened to get
“It’s up to the court when the matter is nors. an injunction, and Saskatchewan an-
nounced it would join in with its own leg-
islation to turn off the taps.
It’s interprovincial mayhem. But it’s
not a constitutional crisis. The questions
at play now are not about who has juris-
diction, but who looks like they are taking
a loud, tough stand for their side. This
latest spate of tit-for-tat threats can’t do
much but make a bunch of lawyers rich.
Albertans, to be sure, are understan-
dably frustrated that an approved pipe-
line is still being threatened by a potential
B.C. legal challenge, particularly as so
many see the project as key to solidifying
a recovery from economic woes the prov-
ince has suffered since oil prices fell in
B.C.’s Environment Minister, George
Heyman, has admitted that NDP govern-
ment has known since it came to power
last summer that stopping the Trans
Mountain expansion (TMX) was beyond
its jurisdiction, but it’s still asking a court
what powers it might have. It’s a long
shot, but B.C. Premier John Horgan prom-
ised to fight TMX, his government needs
Green Party support to survive, and the
court reference will make it look like he’s
That’s not a constitutional crisis. The
courts will eventually settle B.C.’s case. It
caused a panic only because pipeline pro-
moter Kinder Morgan said that, amid all
the other risks, it doesn’t want to shoul-
der that one – and it set a May 31 deadline
for that risk to be lifted. Alberta Premier
Rachel Notley and Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau have already said they’ll take the
only step in their power to meet the con-
dition – backstopping the company with
public money.
But this is politics, and that’s not
enough. Ms. Notley had briefly threatened
to ban B.C. wine, and given the Opposi-
tion Leader she faces, United Conserva-
tive Leader Jason Kenney, she can’t go too
far in proposing punishments for B.C.
Mr. Kenney has called on Ottawa to cut
B.C. off transfer payments, and to halt fed-
eral funding of B.C. infrastructure pro-
jects. But no matter the impact, Mr. Hor-
gan is not breaking any rules. The Prime
Minister of Canada can’t cut off money for
B.C. sewage plants because the Premier
plans to ask a court what jurisdiction he
might (but probably doesn’t) have.
That’s obviously frustrating for Alberta.
It’s not surprising somebody thought of
letting B.C. freeze in the dark. Ms. Notley,
in a bid to look tough on B.C., put forward
Bill 12 to cut off oil. Saskatchewan’s Mr.
Moe learnt from predecessor Brad Wall
that it’s popular to look like you’re stand-
ing up for resource jobs, so he’s going to
follow suit.
But it’s not going to be more than a
symbol. Such laws have to cut off all oil
“exports” from a province, not just those
to B.C. A ban would actually hurt Alber-
ta’s oil industry. If Alberta went ahead, it
would face a court challenge, and by the
time it’s settled, Kinder Morgan’s May 31
deadline would probably have passed. Mr.
Horgan would have every reason to hang
on till then.
This isn’t, for all the ugliness, an epic
battle over disputed powers: Mr. Horgan
has made it clear he will accept the court
ruling. Kinder Morgan’s deadline means
the real question is whether the company
will accept Alberta and Ottawa’s financial
deal and proceed, letting the courts even-
tually decide. In the meantime, this is a
political contest to look tough.

B.C. Premier John Horgan answers a question during a media event in Vancouver in February. DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS





The subject who is truly loyal to the chief magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures - Junius

Privacy laws
should apply
to parties, too
n Tuesday, backbench Liberal MP Frank Baylis de-

O scribed Canada’s current legal framework govern-

ing online platforms like Facebook as the “Wild
West.” He’s right.
As we’ve seen from the Cambridge Analytica scandal, and
from Facebook’s own admissions about how much data it is
collecting, even from people who don’t use its service, any-
thing goes at the moment.
But at the same time, there is also nothing to control how
Canadian political parties collect and use the vast amounts of
data they gather to target, sway and mobilize voters.
The good news is there is a simple solution to that partic-
ular problem. Both Liberal and Conservative members of the
Commons privacy committee expressed support this week
for calls to subject political parties to federal privacy laws.
That’s a good idea. Making parties play by the same data-
collection and protection rules as banks and airlines – and
subjecting them to the possibility of being investigated by
the privacy commissioner’s office – holds both practical and
symbolic value.
It won’t fix all the problems with the untamed online fron-
tier – a broader legislative reform is required for that – but it’s
a start. And there’s an urgent need to get moving on this.
New research from the 2016 U.S. election suggests targeted, that the dismissal of joint owner-
highly partisan messages both from political parties and out- ship involves more than simple
A letter writer, who asserts that Re National Gallery Brushes Off concern for an old and fragile
side organizations – particularly those that traffic in fake
the Trans Mountain extension Pitch From Museums To Share painting. It looks like institution-
news – might be able to sway sufficient numbers of voters to has become “an emotive symbol, David Painting (April 18): Marc al rivalry. If it is, then the refusal to
untethered to economic reality,” Mayer, director of the National accept joint ownership is a disser-
swing a close election.
delivers a stern message to Alber- Gallery of Canada, seems to re- vice to gallery-goers and to the
In February, researchers at Ohio State University published ta to institute a sales tax (Pipeline gard the sale of Marc Chagall’s The Canadian public.
a paper – it has yet to be peer-reviewed – that found that Scars – letters, April 18). Eiffel Tower and purchase of Jac- Alan McCullough
A former B.C. premier, Bill Ben- ques-Louis David’s Saint Jerome Ottawa
small but significant numbers of swing voters in Democratic nett, once famously said that in Hears the Trumpet of the Last Judg-
states believed it was “definitely true” or “probably true” that B.C. there is a very vocal minority ment as his own personal transac-
and a large silent majority. I still tion rather than that of a major PLAYERS LIKE MARCHAND
Hillary Clinton was in failing health (12 per cent), or approved believe that. Many of us silently national institution. His refusal to
arms sales to ISIS (20 per cent), or that Pope Francis endorsed support Alberta’s right to move consider joint ownership of the
its products to market and the David with two Quebec museums Re We Need Players Like Mar-
Donald Trump’s candidacy (eight per cent). Constitution’s role in this. We un- betrays a remarkable insensitivi- chand, Even If The NHL Won’t Ad-
All those stories are canards, but those who believed them derstand that Canada benefits ty to French Canada – yes, a “five- mit It (Sports, April 18): Cathal
from the safe and responsible minute walk away” in Gatineau Kelly does a good job of character-
were more than three times as likely to flip their vote. The production and shipment of nat- across the Ottawa River – as well izing Brad Marchand’s impact
authors concluded it is “highly likely” that distorted and fake ural resources. We owe our stan- as to the needs of his own institu- and manner, but is somewhat dis-
dard of living to that very fact. tion, since joint purchase would missive of his skill and value as a
news affected the outcome. We don’t chain ourselves to remove the need to deaccession player. Mr. Kelly says Mr. Mar-
In a data memo published last month, academics at Ox- fences, but we respect the right of the Chagall. chand is expected to “score the
others to protest civilly. Ken Dewar odd goal,” which is a long way
ford University found that junk news, i.e. “ideological extre- Raising taxes while shutting Halifax from what he actually achieves.
mism, misinformation and the intention to persuade readers down the safe transport of re- He was the leading scorer with
sources to market as a remedy for So, Marc Mayer doesn’t “really un- the Bruins this year, only one goal
to respect or hate a candidate or policy based on emotional
maintaining our high standard of derstand what the big deal is” behind the team’s leading scorer.
appeals,” outperforms real news in terms of reach when dis- living in Canada is hardly a solu- with the National Gallery acquir- Mr. Kelly also says Mr. Mar-
tion. In fact, one might reasona- ing sole ownership of the David chand is a long way from the most
seminated by so-called “bots” on social media (they specifi-
bly conclude that it is “untethered painting? Competing with two skilled player in this (playoff) se-
cally examined the state of Michigan in 2016). to economic reality.” other galleries in Canada which ries, even though he has scored
A forthcoming study in the journal Political Communica- Christopher Ryan appear to have a prima facie case one goal to go with his fives assists
Vancouver for ownership, using the issue of in three games played.
tion, peer-reviewed this time, tracked more than five-million geography as a counterweight to Mr. Marchand can be a differ-
targeted political ads on Facebook in the six weeks leading up Prof. Kevin Milligan says the Can- history and culture, selling off a ence-maker with any team he
adian middle class has, due to re- masterpiece of international stat- plays on and is often compared to
to the 2016 U.S. election. source development, been able to ure, and dismissing such con- players such as Doug Gilmour,
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison found push back at adverse economic cerns with cavalier bravado cer- which puts him in very good com-
pressures “better than [in] al- tainly raises my concerns about pany among skilled players.
122 groups that purchased and ran commercials on hot-but- most any other advanced econo- his definition of the word “ na- Stuart Wright
ton subjects – guns, race, terrorism and the like – that were my on Earth” (Resource Jobs Are tional” in the institution he leads. Trenton, Ont.
Sustaining Canada’s Middle Class. Jane Tudor
unknown to federal electoral regulators. One-sixth had links Period; April 17). Ottawa It’s a sad day for hockey and a sad
to the Russian-funded Internet Research Agency, which has In many countries, Japan, Ger- day for hockey skills if hockey
many, France, the Benelux coun- It is eminently possible that the needs violence, to say nothing of
previously turned its sights on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau tries, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Quebec museums will be able to the role models professional ath-
and projects like the Keystone XL pipeline. Sweden, Switzerland, the middle raise sufficient funds for the Da- letes set for our youth.
class has done as well without re- vid’s purchase by mid-June. Were Lionel Miskin
The environment in which political campaigns are fought
source developments anywhere that to prove to be the case, the Toronto
matters. What the American example shows is the contours near the scale of Canada’s on a per National Gallery’s sale of the Cha-
capita basis. That then raises the gall in mid-May would have been
of that environment are shifting in our polarized and parti-
question of whether overreliance for nothing. Canada would end KEEP RIGHT
san online world, and much of it is happening beyond our on resource development has up losing a Chagall with nothing
view, because fake news campaigns are only seen by relative- kept Canada from realizing more to show in exchange.
of its potential. Holland, after sig- Instead of shrugging his shoul- Re Where The Sidewalk Ends
ly small numbers of carefully targeted voters. nificant, but as it turned out rela- ders, it is surely incumbent on MP (First Person, April 18): Essayist
For all we know, sub rosa online influence campaigns are tively short-lived natural gas dis- Sean Casey, parliamentary secre- Dianne Scott totally captures the
coveries, fell into a comfort trap - tary for Canadian Heritage, to in- frustration of my daily walks to
conditioning Canada’s increasingly acrimonious pipeline de- manufacturing declined - that tervene to try to sort out this sorry work in Toronto’s core. Don’t get
bate, or the provincial election campaign currently unfolding caused quite a severe economic mess. Given what’s at stake, al- me started on the nightmare that
slump for a time. It was referred to lowing the various museum par- is the underground Path system
in Ontario. There is no way to tell. as the Dutch disease. ties to indulge in an interim game when you are trying to travel up-
What Canada needs is laws governing internet companies, A further question that arises is of phone tag seems a flagrant stream against the GO Train
whether the Canadian citizenry abrogation of responsibility. If hordes at rush hour. I’ve been
something the European Union has already put in place. But at large is getting adequately not this, just what is his purpose? tempted to wear a sandwich
that will take time. In the interim, the Trudeau government compensated by the extractors of Alan Scrivener board displaying the traffic sym-
our resources. Should our general Cornwall, Ont. bol for Keep Right. How ironic
should take up Privacy Commissioner Daniel Therrien’s sug- standard of living not be substan- that as the pendulum in our polit-
gestion to extend the Personal Information Protection and tially higher if benefits from our Marc Mayer argues that the David ical discourse and choices sweeps
resource developments were dis- is too old and fragile to be shut- right, everyone seems to want to
Electronic Documents Act to political parties. And it should tributed in an egalitarian man- tled back and forth like the child keep left. If only this were an early
do it before the 2019 federal election. ner? of divorced parents. Does he envi- sign of a reverse swing!
Hal C. Hartmann sage the painting spending the C.A. Taylor
Mr. Therrien said this week the government has made
West Vancouver week in Montreal and travelling Toronto
overtures, “but I still do not see a very clear intent to act.” to Ottawa for the weekend?
Let the B.C. bastards freeze in the Mr. Mayer went on to say that, if Letters to the Editor should be
If this basic reform does not materialize, Canada’s political
dark probably isn’t the best open- the National Gallery acquired the exclusive to The Globe and Mail.
parties will appear to have placed their strategic interests ing line if Alberta Premier Rachel painting, he would be willing to Include name, address and daytime
ahead of setting an example, and of launching the broader Notley wants agreement on her lend it out to other Canadian gal- phone number. Keep letters under
pipeline … leries. Surely this would involve 150 words. Letters may be edited for
effort to tame the lawlessness of the online world. Eric Pelletier exposing it to the dangers of be- length and clarity. E-mail:
Toronto ing shuttled about just as much as




Why is Canada angering the Russian bear?
Provoking Putin is not Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s to sign contracts with Russia. land’s Russian critics have sought
first foreign affairs minister, who The meeting, Mr. Coulon to exploit, twist and amplify for
in our interests sought to reset Canada-Russia writes, “went badly.” Ms. Freeland their own purposes.
For Canada, which has
as an Arctic nation relations before getting turfed was against any rapprochement Still, Mr. Coulon makes a con-
from cabinet. Russia as an Arctic and Mr. Trudeau, “hesitant and vincing case that Canada has for
“Canada’s severing of ties with neighbour, dealing with incapable of expressing his too long allowed diaspora politics
Russia had no positive conse- the Russians is not a thoughts on Canada-Russian re- and fealty toward the Americans
KONRAD quences for anyone: not for Cana- choice. As the North is lations,” sided with her. After shape its approach toward the
YAKABUSKI dians, not for the Russian people, that, Mr. Dion was essentially Russians. Little consideration has
not for Ukraine and not for global opened up to commerce shunned by his boss, only to be been made of the longer-term
OPINION security,” Mr. Dion said in early and travel, it will replaced by Ms. Freeland in early consequences of inviting former
2016. “Canada must stop being increasingly be our 2017. Since then, Canada has Soviet satellites to join the North
essentially the only one practis- hardened its stand toward Russia, Atlantic Treaty Organization.
reality. passed its own version of the Jean Chrétien proposed Ukraine’s
anada’s approach toward ing an empty-chair policy with

C Russia and its strongman

President Vladimir Putin
has come full circle since the 2015
Russia, because by doing so, we
are only punishing ourselves.”
It’s now clear, however, that
Magnitsky Act, slapped sanctions
on more Russians and expelled
Russian diplomats.
entry into NATO in 1994 because,
in the former Liberal prime min-
ister’s own words, “a million Can-
election. We’ve blown cold and Mr. Dion was not speaking for Mr. On the face of it, Ottawa’s ac- adians have Ukrainian roots.” The
warm and cold again, with gov- Trudeau when he gave his 2016 tions seem appropriate given Ukrainian diaspora in Canada, of
ernmental and ministerial chang- speech and articulated the doc- what is publicly known about re- which Ms. Freeland is a proud
es in Ottawa underscoring how trine labelled “responsible con- cent Russian mischief abroad and member, has only grown larger
personalities and domestic poli- viction” that was to guide Mr. Putin’s role in orchestrating it. and more electorally critical since
tics, not longer-term strategic ob- Canada’s foreign policy under Global Affairs perhaps has clas- then.
jectives, dictate our foreign poli- him. sified information on Russia, re- NATO’s expansion right up to
cy. In a new book on Canadian for- layed by allies, on which Ms. Free- Russia’s borders is a provocation
The hostile approach taken by eign policy in the Trudeau era, land has based her claim that no Russian president could ac-
former Conservative prime min- former Dion adviser Jocelyn Cou- Russian diplomats here sought cept. It is seen in Russia, as Mr.
ister Stephen Harper, who fa- lon describes a mid-2016 PMO “to interfere with our democra- Coulon notes, as a betrayal of a
mously told Mr. Putin to “get out meeting attended by the Prime cy.” But all Mr. Trudeau offered promise made in exchange for
of Ukraine” at a G20 meeting in Minister and Ms. Freeland in this month when pressed to pro- Russia’s acceptance of the reuni-
2014, has also been embraced by which Mr. Dion made the case for vide evidence of that were the “ef- fication of Germany in 1990.
Liberal Foreign Affairs Minister rapprochement in advance of a forts by Russian propagandists to For Canada, which has Russia
Chrystia Freeland. It was Ms. Free- pending meeting with Russian discredit our Minister of Foreign as an Arctic neighbour, dealing
land, after all, who last year lump- Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Affairs in various ways through with the Russians is not a choice.
ed Mr. Putin in with North Korea’s Businesses in Quebec had been social media by sharing scurri- As the North is opened up to com-
dictator and the Islamic State as complaining about being shut lous stories about her.” merce and travel, it will increas-
“clear strategic threats to the lib- out of the Russian market be- These are apparently related to ingly be our reality. Neither Mr.
eral democratic world, including cause Canada had joined other Ms. Freeland’s grandfather, who Trudeau nor Ms. Freeland, Mr.
Canada.” countries to impose sanctions oversaw a pro-Nazi newspaper in Coulon worries, have been think-
In between Mr. Harper and Ms. after Mr. Putin’s annexation of occupied Poland during the Sec- ing ahead and Canada risks pay-
Freeland came Stéphane Dion, Crimea, while France continued ond World War, a fact Ms. Free- ing a heavy price for it.

Resentment fuels the fires of political machismo

IAN BURUMA The elevation of violence and litical machismo? Why in the
hypervirility was not confined to United States? Why in Europe?
the Western world. The grotesque Fear of humiliation can have
OPINION forms of Japanese militarism in many causes. Some young men
the 1930s are well enough known. might feel intimidated by femi-
Editor of The New York Review But what happened in India at nist demands for equality. Even
of Books roughly the same time is not. Rad- though men still occupy most
ical Hindu nationalists founded leading positions in society, this is
arts of the world are experi- the Rashtriya Swayamsevak no longer a given. Many young

P encing eruptions of hyper-

masculinity. The President
of the United States presents him-
Sangh (RSS), a voluntary Hindu
nationalist paramilitary organi-
zation that remains a strong influ-
men seem to crave the reassu-
rance from self-help gurus who
tell them that it is natural for men
self as a kind of caveman, beating ence on the ruling Bharatiya Jana- to lead. Another target of the ma-
his chest, grabbing women “by ta Party today. cho right is multiculturalism, and
the pussy” and roaring like a great Although eruptions of hyper- the presence of Muslims in partic-
ape. Canadian psychology profes- masculinity may occur at more or ular. The rise of women to posi-
sor Jordan Peterson has attracted less the same time in different tions of authority in Western so-
countless young male followers parts of the world, they come cieties is matched by an increase
by telling them to stand up about for a variety of reasons. in the number of successful peo-
straight, fight the liberal softies, They usually stem from humili- ple from non-European back-
reassert their male authority and ation, or the fear of humiliation. grounds. Again, as with Jews in
restore the old social hierarchies The Hindu nationalists in India the past, Muslims today are de-
that he believes are forces of na- were reacting, understandably picted as a danger to Western civi-
ture. Mr. Peterson is a slightly enough, to the shame of colonial lization: zealots and terrorists.
more couth version of another subjugation. Many Germans, es- Barack Hussein Obama,
male self-help guru, Julien Blanc, pecially men who had served in though hardly a softie himself,
who caused a scandal a few years the armed forces, felt humiliated represented everything that
ago by stating that women enjoy by defeat in the First World War many people resent: He was high-
being taken by force. and the harsh terms imposed on ly educated, liberal, had a Muslim
Such eruptions have occurred their country by the allied govern- middle name and his father was
before in a more politically toxic ments. They wanted revenge, not African. Mr. Obama’s presidency,
manner. In Italy between the two only on the victorious allies but along with the rise of China, the
world wars, Benito Mussolini also on the liberals and Jews who visibility of non-Western immi-
made himself the focus of a mas- had supposedly betrayed them. grants and the challenges of femi-
culine cult: the Great Leader in The French who started radical nism, showed how much the
riding boots, hands planted firm- right-wing movements such as world has changed. And so people
ly on his leather belt, dominating Action Française at the end of the chose a tall, blond, swaggering,
the Italian public as though it An Italian soccer fan in Rome holds a flag with a picture of Benito nineteenth century were still president who promised that he
were his submissive mistress. Mussolini. In Italy between the two world wars, Mussolini made himself smarting from defeat in the Fran- would change it all back again.
Other fascist leaders in Europe the focus of a masculine cult. TONY GENTILE/REUTERS co-Prussian War of 1871. Reaction- And yet, somehow, Mr.
followed Mussolini’s example. ary French intellectuals dreamed Trump’s hypermasculinity is dis-
Obsessed by a sense of national as greyhounds, tough as leather the world. This image, barely dis- of reinvigorating the country. tinctly unconvincing. Despite his
decadence, of cultures growing and hard as Krupp steel.” guised in the rhetoric of aspiring Some were so tormented by the rants and bluster, one still has the
soft, they sought to invigorate Fascists commonly portrayed strongmen, is still potent in some idea of French decadence that impression that behind that
their people with shows of theat- Jews as a pernicious force that parts of Europe. Extending the they welcomed the German inva- facade of pumped-up machismo
rical manliness. Adolf Hitler’s de- threatened, through wicked ma- hierarchy of the school play- sion in 1940 as a necessary shock lurks a frightened little white man
scription of the Hitler Youth put nipulation, to undermine the ground to society, they were the that would restore manly virtues. who knows that he is no longer in
the manly ideal succinctly: “Fast health of countries and dominate natural victims of bullies. So why today’s outbreak of po- control.

Make Mali about peacekeeping, not politics

LEWIS MacKENZIE highly capable soldiers would be question that needs to be answer- is a clear indication that the deci- ble. For others, it’s to protect
sent to one of the three major UN ed is, “What is the aim of the mis- sion makers do not believe the some isolated communities vul-
missions to augment the Third sion we are about to join?” The objective is achievable. Regarding nerable to attack. Some are not
OPINION World contingents currently do- second question must be, “What the chance of success, the predict- sure what the aim is, and hunker
ing the dirty work on the ground. is the chance of success?” When ed end to the Canadian mission is down in their base locations. The
A retired major-general and the first After months of inexplicable foot those two questions are answer- our own self-declared end date of compelling and illustrative fact is
commander of UN peacekeeping dragging, the private negotia- ed in a positive, satisfactory man- one year – no matter how serious that none of them want or will
forces in Sarajevo tions with the UN resulted in Can- ner, then planning for the Mali the situation is on the ground or agree to operate under UN com-
ada agreeing to a formal request mission should continue. in the air at the time. Success has mand and control, realizing that
o, the United Nations has of- for some helicopters. The UN was However, the misleading an- nothing to do with our departure. the UN is experiencing serious

S ficially requested Canada

provide helicopter support
to its floundering “peacekeeping”
disappointed, but at least it was
an actual commitment some-
where on the horizon.
swer to the first question has
been, “to contribute to the peace
process,” which is ridiculous in
Mali is a classic dog’s breakfast.
In fact, it’s a dog’s breakfast dis-
covered after he’s been sick. First,
challenges in leading its own
force of 16,000.
Before Canada deploys to Mali,
mission in Mali. Okay, but that is Once the modest pledge had fi- the extreme, as there is no func- there is the on-again, off-again let’s be told what the actual ob-
not the full story – far from it. You nally been announced, the subse- tioning peace process. With re- civil war that’s been raging since jective is. If it’s to support the so-
see, the UN never makes a formal quent public political pronoun- gard to the second question, the the coup born of NATO’s ill- called stalled peace process,
public request for support from a cements contributed even more answer is “absolutely none.” founded attack on Moammar that’s not good enough. If it was
country that is turned down. This to embarrassing our country at When the aim becomes clear Gadhafi’s forces in 2011. Second, to be the protection of a small ge-
would be too embarrassing for home and abroad. Having taken and is determined to be in Cana- there are competing insurgencies ographical populated area under
both parties. more than a year to come up with da’s best interests – including the and terrorist groups sometimes threat, then fine, deploy Cana-
In this case, Canada spent an the commitment, we were told ad ethical issue of protecting inno- fighting each other and other dian boots on the ground to do
enormous amount of time and ef- nauseam that while Mali was the cent victims who need our help – times linking up to advance their so.
fort to study, research, liaise, trav- most dangerous of the UN mis- then proceed. Gaza, Sinai, Cyprus, own short-term self-interests. If it’s to win some UN brownie
el and debate internally before it sions in Africa, our folks would be Cambodia, Sierra Leone, Central There are multiple international points with a modest, low-risk
publicly promised to contribute a safe by avoiding the IED threat America and Sarajevo are but a missions operating in the coun- contribution for future consider-
modest force of some 600 souls to and ambushes by the insurgents. few examples of missions where try with different aims, some of ation when it comes time to seek
help out somewhere in the multi- Now I come to the crux of the risk was accepted as a given. which are actually achievable: a non-voting seat on the Security
tude of possibilities in Africa. The matter: risk. In any sane planning In the case of Mali, our govern- the mission of the effective Council, then stay home. Soldiers
UN was pleased with the expecta- process involving deployments ment’s obsession with avoiding French operation is to kill as aren’t political pawns – at least
tion that a small battalion of our into hostile territory, the first risk and actually advertising such many of the insurgents as possi- they shouldn’t be.



next opportunity. While she was clearly

Markle: devoted to her acting career (slugging

away for eight years before finally landing
her big break on Suits), one gets the sense

‘Networker that for Markle, playing other people was

never as desirable as playing herself. Lev-
eraging her success as a TV star, she
launched her lifestyle brand, the Tig, and a

to her clothing line with Reitmans. And with the

raised public profile came the chance to do
the important “soul feeding” work with or-

fingertips’ ganizations such as the UN and World Vi-

sion Canada. Had the stars aligned differ-
ently, it’s possible we would now be talking
about Markle as the next Angelina Jolie or
Gwyneth Paltrow or possibly both. In an
A new biography of the anecdote from her starving artist period
(where Markle worked as a calligraphist
future royal depicts her as and a hostess to make ends meet), she
ambitious and self-assured … scores an audition for a bit part in an Ash-
not that there’s anything ton Kutcher movie, but when she gets in
front of the casting director, she explains
wrong with that that she has read the script and thinks she
would be perfect for a bigger role.
Now that she’s taken on her biggest-ever
COURTNEY SHEA role, the knives come out and there is cer-
tainly the suggestion that Markle is a self-
serving opportunist (Machiavelli in a mes-
s Andrew Morton makes clear in sy bun). Morton describes her as “a net-

A his new book, Meghan: A Holly-

wood Princess, the woman who is
about to marry into the world’s
most famous family business is not your
typical applicant. She may have grown up
worker to her fingertips,” which is either a
compliment or a diss depending on how
you read it. And amidst the fawning re-
membrances, we hear from a few ex-pals
(and one pointedly axe-grinding sibling)
“worshipping” Princess Diana – a nostalgic who say Markle’s fixation on her own ever-
detail that the author drops in the book’s brightening prospects could make her cold
opening chapter. But in the revealing por- and occasionally “ruthless” in relation-
trait that follows, the newest member of ships. There is one story about how after
Team Windsor is mostly notable for how dumping her ex-husband (a Hollywood
she differs from royal brides past. “In many producer who proved useless in terms of
ways,” Morton writes, “Meghan is the career prospects), she returned his rings
woman who Diana strived to be,” by which Meghan Markle, seen in Belfast bride “back when.” And pretty soon a pic- via registered mail, and a former ex-soror-
the English journalist means confident in March, is the subject of Andrew ture emerged – one of an uncommonly fo- ity sister said Markle could at times be “too
and immensely capable, with drive and Morton’s Meghan: A Hollywood cused self-starter who was tackling social- aggressive” in her role as recruitment offi-
ambition that long predate her status as Princess, which reveals the ways justice issues while most girls her age were cer – whatever that means. Obviously in-
the most googled woman of 2017. In an in- she has stood out throughout picking their favourite Backstreet Boy. cluded to bring dramatic tension to an oth-
terview following the royal engagement her life, defending classmates Tweenage Markle organized a protest erwise scandal-free portrait, these wicked
announcement last fall, Prince Harry from bullies, earning praise against the Gulf War and launched a cam- whispers don’t amount to much, and ulti-
whimsically noted how the “stars [had] from teachers and vocally paign against the sexism in a Procter & mately say more about the way we view
aligned” in bringing the couple together. championing feminist causes Gamble dish soap ad, enlisting the support ambitious women than they do about Mar-
After reading Morton’s book, it feels rea- even in her adolescence. of more prominent feminists such as Glo- kle herself. Morton doesn’t address this is-
sonable to wonder whether Meghan Mar- CHARLES MCQUILLAN/GETTY IMAGES ria Allred and then-first lady Hillary Clin- sue explicitly, but it is his book’s unwritten
kle may have reached up past the heavens ton. A few years later, she was volunteering and totally fitting theme: Given his sub-
and aligned those suckers herself. with homeless people at a shelter called ject’s lifelong passion for feminism, how
Certainly her path has always been pur- the Hippie Kitchen, and graduating with perfect that a book about her forces the
pose-driven, and in that sense totally dif- awards for “intellectual, artistic and char- consideration of outdated gender stereo-
ferent from that of her future fiancé. An- itable work.” (She was also homecoming types.
other recently released bio, Harry: Life, queen). Readers seeking insider details on the
Love, and Loss, describes how the Prince If there are people in Markle’s early life current state of the royal romance will be
spent his pre-Meghan years bouncing aim- who recall her as unimpressive or even just disappointed. There is not much on that
lessly from failed romance to drunken PR normal, Morton didn’t encounter them. subject that we don’t already know from
disaster and back again, whereas in Holly- Instead she is described as “special,” “ex- the daily headlines, save one perfectly tell-
wood Princess, Markle comes across as a traordinary” and a “standout.” A former ing tidbit about how Markle took tea les-
woman who left aimlessness behind when classmate talks about how Markle defend- sons in California to prepare for her first
she aged out of nappies. While Morton be- ed her against schoolyard bullies, while meeting with the Queen. Whether this
came famous for getting Princess Diana to her high-school theology teacher weighs reads as charming or calculated is left to in-
spill first-hand accounts of royal life in se- in on whether her impressions would be terpretation. Regardless, it makes her
cretly recorded sessions, the author gets quite so rose-tinted, were it not for her for- smart, as Her Majesty is known to be a
no such co-operation from his subject this mer student’s fairy-tale ending. (Answer: stickler about such things.
time around. Instead, his ability to provide “Absolutely. She is one of the top five out- Given all the hoopla around Markle as
a comprehensive account of Markle’s early standing students of my career.”) “the people’s princess,” the new Diana,
years comes down to being in the right Still, a good heart can only get you so far, one unexpected takeaway from Morton’s
place (Pasadena, Calif., where she grew up, and Morton makes it clear that from early book is that she may have just as much in
and where Morton now lives for half the on, Markle’s social conscience was common with her future granny: A wom-
year with his American wife) at the right matched by her social ambition (or just an who is as shrewd and calculating as they
time (late 2016, when news of the royal ro- Meghan: A Hollywood Princess ambition, as it’s known in the male world). come, and has never felt the need to apol-
mance first broke). BY ANDREW MORTON Every goal she sets gets her complete fo- ogize.
Casual chats turned to more formal in- GRAND CENTRAL PUBLISHING, cus, just as every achievement and new re-
terviews with those who knew the royal 224 PAGES lationship becomes a stepping stone to the Special to The Globe and Mail

Exquisitely heart-wrenching, Tony winner Fun Home is a classic in the making

J. KELLY NESTRUCK Alison be overcome with happiness as she
sings Changing My Major (to Joan).
As the oldest Alison, Condlln mostly
THEATRE REVIEW wanders around the stage remembering
what we’re watching – but when she finally
Fun Home gets to insert herself into a scene for the
AT CAA THEATRE IN TORONTO song Telephone Wire, she gives a crushing
rendition of Kron’s poignant pointillist
Book and lyrics by Lisa Kron lyrics about things unsaid to a loved one, to
Music by Jeanine Tesori which anyone will be able to relate.
Directed by Robert McQueen There are moments of just plain fun to
Starring Laura Condlln, Sara Farb be had in Fun Home, too – such as the scene
and Hannah Levinson in which the youngest Alison and her two
#### brothers (cute kids Jasper Lincoln and
Liam MacDonald) record an ad for their
ere’s hoping Fun Home unpacks family business on an old-fashioned tape

H its bags and sticks around for the

The Musical Stage Company’s
exquisitely emotional Toronto premiere of
the Tony-winning musical adaptation of
deck that sounds like a Jackson Five tune.
Tesori’s top-notch score draws omnivo-
rously from the music of the period – and
musical director Reza Jacobs commands
an unseen orchestra of five that sounds
cartoonist Alison Bechdel’s memoir much bigger thanks to multi-instrumen-
opened on Wednesday – and is somehow talists such as Merlin Williams, whose in-
only scheduled at CAA Theatre (formerly Evan Buliung and Hannah Levinson star in Fun Home. CYLLA VON TIEDEMANN quisitively butch English horn solos al-
the Panasonic Theatre) until May 6. most become a character of their own.
But this complicated double coming- often have an indistinct character at the Unable or unwilling to face reality, There are a few minor stumbles in direc-
out story that was named the best musical centre, Fun Home – which has the benefit of Bruce puts on a patriarchal persona as best tor Robert McQueen’s otherwise tight pro-
of 2015 in New York deserves a much longer being adapted by two outside eyes – gives he can and overloads on work to avoid his duction: A blindingly white set piece de-
run with this A-team of a Canadian cast, us three beautifully drawn versions of Ali- wife, Helen (Cynthia Dale) – teaching En- signed by Camellia Koo that distracts at the
presented as part of the off-Mirvish season. son. glish at the local high school, fixing up her- opening and end of the show; a fantasy
Told in a swirl of flashbacks to the 1970s Stage veteran Condlln is the adult one, itage homes and running the family funer- family number that only comes off as
and 80s, playwright Lisa Kron and com- looking back from the age her father was al home business he inherited (the “fun cheesy due to confusing choreography by
poser Jeanine Tesori’s musical follows car- when he killed himself, sitting down to home” of the title). Stephanie Graham; and a supporting per-
toonist Alison (Laura Condlln) as she re- draw what will become her celebrated But Buliung’s thorny, tortured perform- formance by Eric Morin as a succession of
flects on the bittersweet time in her life graphic memoir; Stratford Festival star Sa- ance as Bruce goes well beyond victim- young men who attract Bruce’s attention
when she realized she was gay – and at al- ra Farb is the college-age one, embarking hood – and veteran stage performer Dale that sticks out by signalling too much in a
most the exact same moment realized that on her first love affair with an activist does a fine job of showing the complex col- show full of otherwise subtle shading.
her father was gay, too. named Joan (Sabryn Rock) as trouble lateral damage caused by his (self-)decep- But, in the end, with particularly memo-
“I leapt out of the closet and four brews back home; and 11-year-old Hannah tion. rable performances by Buliung, Farb and
months later, my father killed himself by Levinson (Matilda: The Musical) plays the Amid the often sombre tone of this sto- Condlln – all of whom will no doubt be rec-
stepping in front of a truck,” she tells us youngest one, who only half-understands ryline, there is joy in that of Alison’s com- ognized when the Dora Mavor Moore
early on. her family, herself and the world around ing of age in a time when she will not have Awards come around – the Musical Stage
A lack of suspense in terms of plot her in small-town Pennsylvania. to hide. The preternaturally talented Le- Company’s biggest production to date
doesn’t mean a lack of power in the story- That child-like state is where Alison’s fa- vinson gives an acting master class in a feels like an unmissable one. Bechdel,
telling, however; as in an ancient Greek ther, Bruce (Evan Buliung), seems stuck – song called Ring of Keys that explores pre- Kron and Tesori’s tale of a family only part-
tragedy, knowing the destination only alternating between tantrums about keep- teen Alison’s inchoate inner feelings when ly able to change with the times is a classic
makes the journey there more heart- ing the house sparkling clean and rages she sees a woman in a café (that her older in the making – this century’s best answer
wrenching. fuelled by his inability to keep his own self recognizes as “an old-school butch”), so far to Tennessee Williams’s The Glass
While plays based on autobiographies messiness inside. while Farb delightfully lets young-adult Menagerie.


The damsel who doesn’t do distress

Soprano’s instrument pushed to suicide or stricken with fused and hurt by Orpheus’s si-
consumption as some sort of cos- lence and refusal to look at her,
fits like a glove with mic penance for having sex or and eventually persuades him to
baroque opera, which finding meagre amounts of inde- turn toward her. “She doesn’t
seems to sidestep the pendence without the help of a trust that he loves her,” Asselin
man. “That’s the thing,” Asselin adds. “He can’t speak to her, and
sexist slant of its time says with a laugh. “They all get therefore that means that he
karmic tuberculosis.” doesn’t love her any more.”
It’s in baroque opera that Asse- The Orpheus myth has shades
JENNA SIMEONOV lin gets to step into a parade of fe- of meaning, depending on how
male roles that are brimming you look at it. Some will read a sto-
with agency and strength. She rel- ry of a man worn down by his own
or someone who spends so ishes the chance to sing charac- insecurity; for others, it’s about

F much of her time performing

opera written in the 17th and
18th centuries, one would think
ters such as Minerva, the “warrior-
goddess, shaping destinies” in
Monteverdi’s The Return of Ulyss-
how a woman’s doubts throw a
wrench in what is otherwise a
straightforward plan. For those in
that Canadian soprano Mireille es, and Morgana, the bold young- search of sexism – passive or oth-
Asselin is accustomed to playing er sister of the sorceress in Hand- erwise – there’s bias to be found in
the caricature of a fragile female. el’s Alcina. “She’s just a sexed-up the facets of this story.
Surely, it goes like this: The older fairy character who chases men.” It’s refreshing that for all her
the opera, the more in distress the Asselin’s current baroque role love for the bold women of the ba-
damsel? is Eurydice in Christoph Willibald roque, Asselin is not put off by the
It is, of course, hard to escape Gluck’s opera Orphée et Eurydice. challenge of playing a woman at
the fact that art written in any pe- She sings opposite countertenor the mercy of a man. Opera, for all
riod will reflect its own contem- Siman Chung as Orpheus in its years and traditions, has a his-
porary views. Yet, opera of the ba- Against the Grain Theatre’s ad- tory of empowering women. “I
roque – so strongly rooted in the venturous production directed by can only imagine that the theatre
stories of Virgil, Ovid and Homer – Joel Ivany; titled Orphée+, the was where women could deign to
seems to sidestep the sexist slant “electronic, baroque burlesque attain certain levels of power, and
of its time, telling stories of smart, descent into hell” opens April 26 prestige, and excellence in a
ambitious women through the for a three-day run at Toronto’s field.”
imaginary and allegorical worlds Harbourfront Centre. Indeed, Asselin follows a cen-
of myth. Orphée is the 1774 French ver- turies-long pedigree of women
Although she’s not exclusively sion of Gluck’s Orfeo ed Euridice, singing opera professionally, in-
a baroque singer – her Metropoli- written first in Italian in 1762. It’s cluding the two women who first
tan Opera debut in 2015 was as based on a myth that pervades Mireille Asselin has performed in more modern roles such as Poussette appeared as Gluck’s Eurydice: Lu-
Poussette in Massenet’s Manon – Greek mythology: Orpheus, the in Massenet’s Manon, but her talents – and interests – are well suited cia Clavereau in Italy and Rosalie
Asselin’s instrument fits like a famed lutenist and son of the god to works from the baroque era. BO HUANG/THE GLOBE AND MAIL Levasseur in France.
glove with early music. She is a fa- Apollo, falls in love with Eurydice, Perhaps that freedom in the in-
vourite of Toronto’s historically but their love is cut short when spectrum, a sliding scale that pheus’s harrowing trip into the dustry, and Asselin’s own inde-
informed Opera Atelier, and she Eurydice dies shortly before their ranges from exhaustively re- underworld, and we don’t meet pendence as a successful, sought-
sings often with the Boston Early wedding. Orpheus descends to searched reconstruction to in- Eurydice until the final act. after performer in her own right,
Music Festival and other period the underworld and persuades spired reimagination. She loves “I find that fascinating, that allows her to marvel not at any
ensembles. Hades to let Eurydice leave with the grotesque, bold aesthetic of this libretto chooses to skip over thinly veiled opinions on women
“I personally, as a woman, of- him and come back to life. Hades the baroque, where expression all of the exposition of the story, in opera, but instead at what’s
ten enjoy the canon of baroque allows it, under the condition that takes priority over beauty. and it goes straight to postcrisis,” true and timeless about a story
opera,” Asselin says. “There were on their way out of the under- Against the Grain Theatre – a Asselin says. “That’s an interest- such as Orpheus and Eurydice.
goddesses and queens and inter- world, Orpheus may not speak to company well known for turning ing choice, and I wonder why they “I think that it’s fundamentally
esting women who take veng- or look at Eurydice. The pair al- traditions on their heads – is treat- chose to do it that way.” about the trust between these two
eance.” most make it out, until Orpheus ing Gluck’s opera with a healthy There’s another interpretive people, and their inability to com-
Many sopranos vie for 19th- loses his resolve, turns to look at dose of irreverence; it will likely choice woven into the myth of Or- municate in the moment,” Asse-
century roles such as Lucia di her and Eurydice is swept back be the first time Orphée is per- pheus and Eurydice, which has lin says. “They both succumb to
Lammermoor, Cio-Cio San in down, gone forever. formed with burlesque dancers, the potential to expose one’s their humanity, to their doubts
Madama Butterfly or Violetta in La Against the Grain’s Orphée+is a aerialists and electronic music. deeply held biases. In some ver- and their fears.”
traviata. These women’s stories far cry from the kind of work Asse- Particularly so in Gluck’s opera, sions, such as Monteverdi’s 1609
come out of the limitations in lin often does with “historically Eurydice is a character with chal- L’Orfeo, Orpheus turns to look at Orphée+ runs April 26 to 28 at
their lives – a dearth of options informed” companies, where the lenging passivity, a role less devel- Eurydice because he doubts she is Toronto’s Fleck Dance Theatre,
and the frustrating social norms aim is to preserve the style of the oped than Asselin’s usual pick of truly following him out of the un- Harbourfront Centre
that surrounded them. They are time the opera was written. “It’s baroque queens and goddesses. derworld. (
cornered into tragic situations, all basically educated guesses,” Orphée begins with Eurydice’s fu- In other tellings, such as
thrust into unwanted marriages, Asselin says of the interpretive neral; the opera follows Or- Gluck’s Orphée, Eurydice is con- Special to The Globe and Mail



Successful approaches to indigenous education encourage
children to learn on the land with the guidance of elders and traditional knowledge holders

IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES teaching isn’t one-way communica-

ACROSS Canada, children learn by tion from teacher to student. It is
doing. interactive and dynamic, designed
For example, a community garden to engage students in a way that
is one of the ways Stephanie Poole, a classroom instruction cannot.
member of the Lutsel K’e/Kache Dene “Who is doing the teaching is
First Nation, teaches young people important too,” added Rogers. “In-
about the world around them. digenous education is the teaching of
“We grow and harvest our foods deep concepts by people who know
from the land together,” said Poole, what they mean – and the commu-
a volunteer teacher in her North- nity decides who those people are.”
west Territories community, which Successful approaches to indig-
is accessible only by plane, boat or enous education incorporating elders
snowmobile. “The youth learn about and knowledge holders abound
native plants and their medicines.” across Canada. One example is the
Working in the garden also helps Digital Lodge ( in
Poole teach students about concepts Thompson, Man. It’s a multi-year
like food security and food sovereign- digital storytelling project involving
ty – the need for healthy, affordable a group of students from Grade 7
foods in the North that are grown through high school. The youth learn
based on indigenous knowledge and how to tell their stories, and those of
values. their community, through video and
“And the young people see how animation. At the end of each school
fresh the food is and how good it year, the students build a lodge from
tastes,” she said. local tamarack trees, under the guid-
Poole – who is also a hide tanner ance of an elder. The lodge is covered
and organizes an annual camp to Working in a community garden, above, can help educators in indigenous with a dark cloth and serves as a
communities teach youth about native plants and their properties. Children of the
teach youth the traditional skill – cinema for the annual viewing of the
Lutsel K’e/Kache Dene First Nation in the Northwest Territories, left and bottom,
shared her insights at a forum on help grow vegetables in their community garden students’ films.
indigenous education held recently Indigenous cultures, histories
in Ottawa. The National Centre for and values need to be embedded
Collaboration in Indigenous Education in school systems on a “day-to-day
(NCCIE) hosted its first national gather- basis,” said Tom Mugford, an indig-
ing, with participants contributing enous education specialist with the
their perspectives on what is impor- Newfoundland and Labrador English
tant in indigenous learning and what School District (NLESD).
indigenous education means to them. interconnectedness of education with “It’s important to tell our stories,
The NCCIE is an initiative of First Na- language, culture and land emerged to share traditional knowledge and
tions University of Canada (FNUniv), a as a strong theme. ways of knowing,” he said. “We want
federated college of the University of We want “Our languages are so good at our children to have a strong sense
Regina that specializes in indigenous our children explaining concepts,” said Dr. Paul of themselves, a connection with the
knowledge. The aim of the NCCIE is Cormier, assistant professor of aborigi- elders and our community.”
to connect educators, community to have nal education at Lakehead University Jim Sanders, project director for
members, elders and knowledge a strong in Thunder Bay and a member of the the Digital Lodge, pointed out that
holders, so they can share best prac- Lake Helen First Nations, Red Rock experiential, land-based teaching can
tices for indigenous education in both sense of Indian Band. provide value for both indigenous and
academic and land-based settings. themselves, “The terminology that comes from non-indigenous learners.
Created in 2017, the NCCIE’s newly- what we learn from the land is so pro- “This is about the future of Canada,”
launched website ( features a connection found,” he said. “When I think about said Sanders. “And it’s the number
stories, insights and information on in- with the the times spent on the trap line [while one thing all of us should be doing:
digenous education gathered by over hunting] with my uncle, that is where following the lead of indigenous
120 researchers from across Canada. elders I learned a lot about who I am, the people.”
Poole spoke as part of a panel of and our role of the clan and much more.”
educators and community members Fran Rogers, head of the Traditional
at the Ottawa forum. Panel partici- community. Paths Society of Grande Prairie, Alta.,
pants emphasized the importance of said that all teaching needs to be ex- BROUGHT TO YOU BY
experiential learning outside the Tom Mugford periential. “It is touch, taste and feel. It
classroom with elders and other com- indigenous education is looking and hearing and watching,”
munity members. While teachings specialist she said.
vary across regions and nations, the Rogers noted that this kind of


Kurdi reflects on her family life BESTSELLERS

since her nephews’ drowning Two debut novelists and a
clinical psychologist top the lists
for the week of April 19
Tragedy galvanized
public awareness of the Fiction
plight of Syrian refugees
1 1 The Woman In The Window
3 6 The Girl In The Woods
n August, 2015, Tima Kurdi and

her brother, Abdullah, were 4 10 The Alice Network
constantly in touch. He and his KATE QUINN | WILLIAM MORROW $21
family, including two young boys, 5 4 The Sun And Her Flowers
had fled war-torn Syria and were RUPI KAUR | SIMON & SCHUSTER $19.99
planning to cross the Aegean Sea 6 9 Milk And Honey
into Greece from Turkey with the RUPI KAUR | ANDREWS MCMEEL $19.99
aid of smugglers. But the voyage 7 8 The Room On Rue Amélie
was not going to plan. KRISTIN HARMEL | GALLERY BOOKS $24.99
On Aug. 21, Abdullah texted to 8 3 Let Me Lie
say the waves had been too high CLARE MACKINTOSH | BERKLEY $24
to launch. Four days later, he said 9 5 The Marrow Thieves
the boat had been overcrowded. CHERIE DIMALINE | DANCING CAT BOOKS $14.95
Two days after that he said a rub-
10 -- The Punishment She Deserves
ber dinghy looked unsafe. Tima Kurdi has a new book out called The Boy on the Beach about her ELIZABETH GEORGE | VIKING $37
On Aug. 31, Kurdi woke inside family’s life and fleeing from Syria. RAFAL GERSZAK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL
her suburban Vancouver home
expecting to read that her broth- and struggling to survive in unfa- men and taken to a home where Non-fiction
er had decided against the cross- miliar lands. he and others were tied up. She
ing, but there were no new mess- In an interview inside her says her brother was beaten and 1 1 12 Rules For Life
ages. home, with a large picture of her had his teeth pulled out with pli- JORDAN PETERSON | RANDOM HOUSE CANADA $34.95
She would learn his phone was beaming nephews nearby, Kurdi ers. The captors ultimately con- 2 3 Educated
at the bottom of the sea – the said that despite the painful cluded they had the wrong man TARA WESTOVER | HARPERCOLLINS CANADA $22.99
family had attempted the voyage, events, the book’s message is and threw him out. 3 2 The Never-Ending Present
but the boat had capsized. Kurdi’s meant to be one of love. And Kurdi says 15 of her rela- MICHAEL BARCLAY | ECW PRESS $34.95
darling nephews, two-year-old “My family is not different tives were killed by Islamic State 4 4 Tiger Woods
Alan and four-year-old Ghalib, than yours. We are one. Maybe we fighters in attacks in June, 2015, JEFF BENEDICT AND ARMEN KETEYIAN | SIMON & SCHUSTER
and their mother, Rehanna, were speak a different language, may- including a cousin and her two $39.99
dead; Abdullah survived and was be we have a different religion, sons. All three were beheaded. 5 -- I'll Be Gone In The Dark
rescued by a coast guard ship. but people are people,” she said. In 2014, Kurdi visited her MICHELLE MCNAMARA | HARPERCOLLINS CANADA $24.99
A photo of Alan’s lifeless body Kurdi writes there isn’t a day brothers in Turkey, where they’d 6 -- Feeding My Mother
on that Turkish beach would that goes by when she wishes she fled to escape the carnage and JANN ARDEN | RANDOM HOUSE CANADA $35
spread around the globe, the im- hadn’t paid the smugglers. She gained a deeper understanding of 7 7 Trumpocracy
age evoking tears and heartbreak said she would never forgive her- their plight. They worked difficult DAVID FRUM | HARPERCOLLINS CANADA $31.99
wherever it was seen, and spur- self. jobs for very little pay and saw no 8 6 Precious Cargo
ring calls for action on the Syrian future for themselves or their CRAIG DAVIDSON | KNOPF CANADA $24.95
refugee crisis. children. 9 9 Seven Fallen Feathers
In her powerful new book, The “I had come to better under- TANYA TALAGA | ANANSI $22.95
Boy on the Beach, Kurdi shares the Maybe we speak a stand the difficulties my siblings 10 8 Fire And Fury
story of not only the tragic voyage had endured for years – the feel- MICHAEL WOLFF | HENRY HOLT $39
but of the years-long hardship different language, ing of being stuck between a rock
endured by her entire family – maybe we have a and a hard place. The feeling that
and other Syrians – as their different religion, but the war would never end. That Canadian fiction
homeland descended into civil people are people. they would never be able to re-
war. She tells of horrific killings, turn home. That the world was ig- 1 Still Mine
suicide bombings and torture, TIMA KURDI noring them,” she writes. AMY STUART | SIMON & SCHUSTER $10.99
and also sheds light on the daily AUTHOR It was during that trip, Kurdi 2 The Sun And Her Flowers
indignities and hopelessness of says, that she realized being a ref- RUPI KAUR | SIMON & SCHUSTER $19.99
refugee life. She does this while “Every single moment, every- ugee can feel like “you are a ghost 3 Milk And Honey
also expressing hope for the fu- where I turn in this house, the among the living.” RUPI KAUR | ANDREWS MCMEEL $19.99
ture, for a time when she can minute I wake up. It’s always, She wondered how her family 4 The Marrow Thieves
again walk down the jasmine- ‘Why, why did I do it?’ ” could ever have ended up in such CHERIE DIMALINE | DANCING CAT BOOKS $14.95
scented streets of Damascus. The book opens at the family a situation. 5 The Bad Daughter
The book traces Kurdi’s rise home in Damascus where, Kurdi “Picture your own city sudden- JOY FIELDING | DOUBLEDAY CANADA $24
from a self-described nobody – a writes, she had a typical middle- ly turning into a deadly war zone. 6 Those Girls
hairdresser who used to tune out class upbringing. She recalls a Imagine being afraid to send your CHEVY STEVENS | SAINT MARTIN'S PAPERBACKS $13
the news – to an advocate who steady stream of neighbourhood children to school. To go to work 7 Mind Platter
has helped launch a foundation guests and says the house was al- and back. To do even the most ba- NAJWA ZEBIAN | ANDREWS MCMEEL $23
in her nephews’ names and given ways filled with people, music sic errands. Imagine what it 8 The Good Liar
approximately 100 speeches, in- and laughter. would be like if your friendly CATHERINE MCKENZIE | SIMON & SCHUSTER $22
cluding to the United Nations Kurdi would eventually marry neighbourhood suddenly turned 9 American War
Refugee Agency. a man from Canada who had hostile,” she writes. OMAR EL AKKAD | EMBLEM $21
She grapples with her guilt for travelled to Syria to find a wife. After the deaths of the boys
10 Indian Horse
providing the money paid to the She moved to B.C. in 1992, but reg- and their mother, Kurdi writes, RICHARD WAGAMESE | DOUGLAS AND MCINTYRE $21.95
smugglers, saying in an interview ularly returned to visit Damascus, she was regularly invited to meet
she will carry that regret to her and fondly remembers her first with politicians to tell her story.
grave. Kurdi’s other brother, Mo- trip back with her son. Many, she said, offered to do Canadian non-fiction
hammad, arrived in British Co- Her 2011 visit was different. more for refugees, telling her her
lumbia with his family in Decem- Kurdi recalls protests against the family’s tragedy would be the 1 12 Rules For Life
ber, 2015, after their refugee appli- Syrian government and says a last. JORDAN PETERSON | RANDOM HOUSE CANADA $34.95
cation was finally approved by Canadian official called her and But after the events had been 2 The Never-Ending Present
the Canadian government, and said the consulate was advising held and the pictures taken, Kur- MICHAEL BARCLAY | ECW PRESS $35
the book documents the frustra- people to leave. Kurdi says she di writes, most did not respond to 3 Forgiveness
tions of the sponsorship process. then believed everything would her follow-up inquiries. MARK SAKAMOTO | HARPER PERENNIAL $19.99
Kurdi recalls a reporter asking if be fine. When asked if she had ever felt 4 Feeding My Mother
she had gotten her happy ending The book details the brutality used, Kurdi replied: “Absolutely.” JANN ARDEN | RANDOM HOUSE $35
once Mohammad’s family ar- her family suffered in the ensuing She described that development 5 Trumpocracy
rived. She replied that her fight years. One of Mohammad’s sons as immensely sad. DAVID FRUM | HARPERCOLLINS $31.99
was not over. would see a friend die after being She said the Kurdi Foundation, 6 Precious Cargo
The Boy on the Beach makes shot and would later be struck by which she and Abdullah estab- CRAIG DAVIDSON | KNOPF CANADA $24.95
clear how that fight continues. shrapnel in a suicide-bomb at- lished, aims to provide refugee 7 Seven Fallen Feathers
Kurdi vows to support refugees tack. Kurdi says rebels at one children with meals, clothing and TANYA TALAGA | ANANSI $32.95
around the world and implores point ordered the same child to medicine. She said it has been dif- 8 21 Things You May Not Know About The Indian Act
readers to open their hearts and shoot his father, only relenting ficult getting the foundation off BOB JOSEPH | INDIGENOUS RELATIONS $19.95
doors. Her own family’s tale re- when Mohammad recited a line the ground. It held one event last
9 The Measure Of My Powers
mains unfinished. She describes from the Koran. year, which raised approximately JACKIE KAI ELLIS| APPETITE BY RANDOM HOUSE $24.95
her relatives as “seeds in the Kurdi writes that Abdullah was $1,000 for children in Erbil, in the
10 Heroes In My Head
wind, scattered across the map,” once kidnapped by a group of Kurdistan region. Kurdi donated JUDY REBICK | HOUSE OF ANANSI $22.95
an additional $500.
“I’m hoping, really, that we get
volunteer and help us. Because The bestseller list is compiled by The Globe and Mail using sales figures provided by BookNet
Canada's national sales tracking service, BNC SalesData. The Canadian Fiction and Non-Fiction
this is really what I want to do, me bestseller lists, and the Canadian Specialty Books list, are compiled for The Globe and Mail by
BookNet Canada.
and my brother,” she said of the
Kurdi describes the boys as TODAY’S SUDOKU SOLUTION
“angels watching over us.” She re-
members Alan as a happy child
who would elicit smiles from
complete strangers. She tells of
Ghalib’s fondness for sweets and
MONTEVERDI recalls the boy asking if there
would be cookies in Europe.
“A masterpiece… (Alan and Ghalib have been
visually stunning and widely reported as three and five
years old respectively, but Kurdi
profoundly moving.” says they were actually two and
four, with Alan born in June, 2013,
and Ghalib in July, 2011.)
The war has sent the Kurdis in
OPENS different directions. Mohammad
TONIGHT! lives near Kurdi’s home in Co-
quitlam, B.C., while Abdullah TODAY’S KENKEN SOLUTION
continues to struggle with the
tragedy and lives in Erbil, Iraq.
Apr 19–28 One of Kurdi’s sisters is in Germa-
ELGIN THEATRE ny, while the other two are in Tur-
key. Her father remains in Da-
mascus and Kurdi says she hopes
to visit him again.
Kurdi said many Syrian fam-
TICKETS START AT JUST $39! ilies have endured the same ex-
OPERAATELIER.COM periences, and carry scars in their
She said all she wants for Syria
Season Photo by Season
Presenting Sponsor Bruce Zinger Underwriter is peace, and eschewed any dis-
cussion of politics.


A cult hit
about what
may or may
not be a cult



eople of a certain age will re-

P member the era. During the

1970s, there was a huge appe-
tite for alternatives to the usual re-
sources that might deal with de-
pression, loneliness and general,
common-or-garden, unhappiness.
Before there were all the medica-
tions that exist today and the array
of therapies that can be utilized, a
lot of people sought succour in
Eastern religions, mysticism and a
plethora of notions. They’re still
doing it today. But back then, vast
numbers of people were drawn to
the teachings of the Indian guru
Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh.
Nothing unusual there. An older
guru, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, had
attracted the attention and devo-
tion of celebrities, including the
Beatles, before that.
What became unusual about this
particular instance is that Rajneesh
and his followers, the orange-clad
Rajneeshees, upped sticks in India
and created a commune-city in re-
mote Oregon. The Rajneeshpuram
existed in Oregon between 1981 and
1985 and, boy, did all sorts of trou-
ble ensue.
Wild Wild Country (now stream-
ing on Netflix) is a multipart docu-
mentary account of what hap-
pened. It has become one of Net-
flix’s big cult hits this year. And lit-
tle wonder – it’s a rich tale,
incredibly affecting, sad, funny and
wise. Yes, that good.
Directed by Chapman and Ma-
clain Way, the series starts with a
delicate, rather charming picture of
Antelope, Ore., just before the Raj-
neeshpuram existed.
Elderly locals recall the pristine
landscape and deep quiet. “A
ILLUSTRATION BY DREW SHANNON sleepy little ol’ town comprised of
about 50 people,” one woman says.
An elderly man then describes the
When the city speaks, it can often feel as if you’re not included in first hint of change. He was mosey-
ing out to mail a letter and encoun-
the conversation. That doesn’t happen at night, Colm O’Flaherty writes tered a man, a stranger in town.
“He was not an American. You can
ne of the first things to hit you upon leav- What do you see of Vancouver’s beauty at night? spot a European by the shoes.”

O ing a Gastown bar is a big red W, spinning One route home takes in the downtown skyline, gaz-
through the air. I don’t know what the W ing at itself in the giant mirror that is False Creek,
stands for, who put it there or why it’s spin- with Science World and BC Place perched proudly on
ning where it is. I could find out, no doubt, but in a the shore like an orb and a crown, a boast to the rich-
way it seems more appropriate that a big revolving es of the Milky Way above. Another route takes in the
It’s a fascinating way to open the
series. And it matters, too. Because
this six-part series is not simply
about a near-forgotten episode in
recent American history. The series
W should raise more questions than answers. I’ve harbour and the glittering slopes of the North Shore, is a rigorous exploration of religion,
only ever seen it stationary once, when, fuelled by an where houses flow down like liquid gold. Above faith and Americans’ judgment of
unquantified concoction of whisky and whatever them, three floodlit ski resorts cushion themselves immigrants.
sort of ale the bar was selling for under $7 that night, within the clouds, each its own modern Olympus. At the same time, it gets lurid. As
my head happened to be spinning at the exact same These lights might please the eye, but don’t say one episode follows another, taking
rate as the W and we aligned in perfect symmetry. It much for the soul of the city, if such a thing exists. the twisted path of Rajneesh and
was a transcendental moment of chemical and me- But there are other lights. Sometimes, I see them on his followers from India to Oregon,
chanical harmony, and I might have had an epipha- a late-night ramble home, when I’ve left behind the the story is about sex, free love,
ny if I hadn’t fallen over in a gutter. dazzling skyscrapers and passed the old-time globes jealousy, an attempted mass poi-
Thus, like a giant, ruddy-faced bouncer, the big W of Gastown, and find myself walking down along soning and more.
slings you out into the night and leaves you to find Main Street by the magenta haze of Chinatown’s lan- It has vivid, arresting characters,
your bearings. And just as sailors in their tall ships terns. There, in the distance of the 12th Avenue inter- none more compelling than Ma
sought guidance from the stars above, the meander- section, is a flickering holy candle in the shape of a Anand Sheela, the personal secre-
ing late-night drunks of Vancouver Celtic cross, topping the spire of St. Pa- tary to Rajneesh, but the real mas-
look to the lights around them to try to trick’s Church. And like an echo on termind behind so much of what
navigate their way home. But our stars Clark Drive, the heart of East Van is happened – an absolute love-her or
are nailed to brick walls and welded to Just as sailors nailed to a neon crucifix – a monu- loathe-her figure.
steel frames. They’re stars of halogen ment of suffering and hope affixed to What happened in Oregon de-
and neon, pixellated constellations of in their tall ships the night sky. scended into mayhem eventually.
perambulating men and halting red sought guidance Holiest of all is Pacific Central Sta- But you can sense the mayhem is
hands. We also have comets and mete- from the stars tion, whose neon sign doesn’t hum, coming from the moment Sheela
orites, but they run on gasoline, rat- above, the but sings from dusk until dawn. There describes her first meeting with the
tling out petrol fumes and blasting out is something in those gentle yet bold guru in India. She is awed by some-
their discontented horns. meandering letters, charged like copper wire, sus- thing, but you’re not sure what.
Rarest of all are the shooting stars late-night drunks pended above the stone: “PACIFIC Certainly, there is a pulses-racing
that whiz by with a TAXI sign on their of Vancouver look CENTRAL” sexual attraction.
roofs. This being so, I tend to walk It is an announcement. “Here is The same sense of foreboding is
to the lights around Vancouver,” the letters say; caught be- there when an Australian woman
home most nights, and as my body
staggers forward, thoughts stumble them to try to tween land and sea, between its ambi- recounts how, depressed and angry,
back to the night just past. The city be- navigate their tions and its failures, between its kind- she happened upon the form of
comes full of glimmering apparitions: way home. ness and its greed, glowing with the meditation espoused by Bhagwan
the bright hum of conversation in big amber heat of friction. In the light of Rajneesh; a dynamic meditation
bold letters; the glowing bursts of laughter; the flick- those letters is the light of all the Yaletown pent- that included rigorous breathing
ering sparks of connection; the tall, shimmering houses, of all the high cranes in the harbour ship- and hyperventilation. She was nev-
girls of downtown, winking at each other with those yard and of every needle that gleams on a cold con- er the same after that. Something
dazzling eyes, eyes that make you feel dizzy and crete slab. It is the embers of something beginning fierce and possibly dangerous had
small. When the city speaks, it can often feel like and something dying; the embers of something been released.
you’re not included in the conversation. Sometimes, struggling to catch fire. I don’t know if Vancouver has The series is at pains to be care-
it even feels as if it’s whispering behind your back, a soul, but if it does, I think it must be in those letters. ful about the accepted definitions
noting your lack of luminosity, the lack of shine in Upon reaching such an epiphany, I’ll typically slip of “cult” and “religion.” And it is
your own skin. And when the apparitions fade and on the goose crap of Thornton Park and fall into a not a simple-minded exposé. In a
fizzle out, you find yourself alone, moving along gutter. But by then, I’m almost back home, back to way, it’s about intolerance and in a
some unknown street like a wisp of ashes and curl- the crooked house in Strathcona, a long walk in the way it’s about how tolerance inside
ing embers, the remains of something that struggled rain from the lights of downtown. If the keys don’t a group unleashes a selfishness
to catch fire. Somewhere along the walk home is a prove too much of a hassle and the stairs don’t pro- that can have terrible repercus-
sign that says “Everything is going to be all right,” but vide too many obstacles, I’ll crash on to the sofa bed, sions.
it can be hard to see sometimes. with one shoe on, the other gone a-wandering, and It is also thriller and a mind-
In such ways, the city reveals something of itself at watch as the shadow of a tree plays tricks upon the bending journey inside what the
night, something that isn’t as apparent in the light of bedroom wall, white in the daytime, but at night media at the time considered a “sex
day. Vancouver is, of course, beautiful in the day- bathed in the soft pink glow of a street lamp. The cult” that was an attack on the fab-
time, cradled in crystal waters and crowned by dia- light of the sun will wake me up, but the lights of ric of American life. Was it? Well,
mond-topped mountains. But there is a quality of Vancouver let me sleep. things got violent, out of control
beauty that can’t be seen in the light upon a surface, and bewildering – on both sides of
but rather in the lights that are borne up in darkness. Colm O’Flaherty lives in Vancouver. the fence that separated the follow-
ers of Rajneesh from the locals.
That non-American who ap-
First Person is a daily personal piece submitted by readers peared on the street said to the
man mailing a letter, “They’re com-
Have a story to tell? Please see the guidelines on our website, ing.”
and e-mail it to They did. They came, saw and
failed to conquer but caused an ex-
traordinary story to unfold. Were
they all that different from the first
pilgrims who came to America?
Watch and go figure.


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BRIDGE The Rule of Eleven is a marvel- ner would have the 10-9-8-7 On balance, the odds favour
BY STEVE BECKER ous device, but, like any other and would have led the 10, playing the ace followed by
THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 2018 rule, it must be applied with not the seven. Declarer there- the jack. In the actual case, this
discretion. fore has the 10, nine or eight defence succeeds when West
Let’s say you’re East in – and your partner has the overtakes the jack with the
today’s deal and partner leads queen. queen and forces out the king.
the seven of hearts, which you However, this does not mean Eventually, South, who can-
have every reason to believe is that you should play the jack not make nine tricks without
East dealer.
his fourth-best card. Dummy merely because you know it first conceding a trick to part-
East-West vulnerable.
follows low, and you have to de- will win the trick. This would ner’s ace of diamonds, goes
cide whether to play the jack or be a shortsighted view to down one.
the ace. take. Note that if you play the jack
The bidding: By applying the Rule of Eleven, Instead, you weigh the advan- at trick one – paying blind obei-
you know that South has one tage of winning with the jack sance to the Rule of Eleven – de-
East South West North card higher than the seven. against the advantage of win- clarer easily makes the contract
Pass 1 NT Pass 3 NT South’s heart higher than the ning with the ace and returning after forcing out the diamond
Opening Lead – seven of hearts. seven cannot be the queen. If the jack in order to establish ace. You win the battle, but you
declarer had that card, part- partner’s suit. lose the war.


1 2 3 4 5 6

8 9

10 11

12 13 14 15


17 18 19 20

21 22
INSTRUCTIONS Fill in the grid so that each row of nine squares, each column of nine
and each section of nine (three squares by three) contains the numbers 1 through 9
in any order. There is only one solution to each puzzle.

1. Each row and each
CRYPTIC CLUES QUICK CLUES column must contain
ACROSS DOWN ACROSS the numbers 1 through
6 without repeating.
1 Bans professional 2 The music has rock 1 Without preparation (3,3,4)
writers (10) rhythm (7) 8 Unsuitable (5)
8 Grew agitated about a 3 A good time going 2. The numbers within
9 Russian government (7) the heavily outlined
gambling venture (5) through Berlin (5) 10 Childish fit of rage (7) boxes, called cages,
9 Anti-labour act? (7) 4 Tell a story concerning 11 U.S. stock farm (5) must combine using
10 Intend to let out apparel (7) the dead? (6)
12 Praise (6) the given operation (in
11 Revival meeting (5) 5 Two animals bound any order) to produce
14 Herb of onion family (6) the target numbers in
12 Not a musical score (6) into cover (7)
17 Lawful (5) the top-left corners.
14 It’s nothing to me to allow 6 What the film’s about (5)
19 In general (2,5)
the making of a dish (6) 7 He’s unlikely to be
21 Unyielding (7) Freebies: Fill in
17 Not a subject needed found abroad (4-2-4) 3. single-box cages with
8 Strive to regulate 22 Small light boat (5)
by schoolchildren (5) the numbers in the
23 Relevant (2,3,5)
19 Storm ruined a party (7) restrictive practice (4,2,4) top-left corner.
21 Hit without restraint, 13 It’s disturbing having the
the French cry (4,3) wrong spirit in work (7) DOWN
22 Begin drunken spree (5) 15 Erudite composer shown 2 A soft worsted fabric (7) ©2018 KENKEN Puzzle LLC. KENKEN is a registered trademark of Nextoy, LLC. Dist. by Andrews McMeel
23 Anxiety of many in a
the way out (7) 3 Private teacher (5)
16 Still, it could be 4 Inuit (6)
lonely state (10) YESTERDAY'S CRYPTIC
interference (6) 5 Bring to light (7) ACROSS: 1 Pathan, 4 Fourth, 9 Mexican, 10 Tramp, 11 Lisle, 12 Carbide,
18 Turns the tables (5) 6 Criminal (5) 13 Bittersweet, 18 Popcorn, 20 Amble, 22 Kyoto, 23 Spheres, 24 Sherry, 25 Crusty.
20 Man of many parts, 7 Put aside as done with (2,3,5) DOWN: 1 Pimple, 2 Texas, 3 Ancient, 5 Otter, 6 Realise, 7 Hyphen, 8 Anachronism,
perhaps (5) 8 Free of suspicion (2,3,5) 14 Improve, 15 Weather, 16 Spikes, 17 Jersey, 19 Odour, 21 Burns.
13 Chivalrous (7) YESTERDAY'S QUICK
15 Translation (7) ACROSS: 1 Depose, 4 Recoup, 9 Replica, 10 After, 11 Valid, 12 Diehard, 13 Give and
16 To fluster (6) take, 18 Wakeful, 20 Ravel, 22 Doing, 23 Vietnam, 24 Negate, 25 Motley.
18 Concede (5) DOWN: 1 Derive, 2 Pupil, 3 Swindle, 5 Erase, 6 Outback, 7 Parade, 8 Hand in glove,
Solutions to today's Sudoku and Kenken can be found in the Life & Arts content 20 Lariat (5) 14 Inkling, 15 Torpedo, 16 Sweden, 17 Flimsy, 19 Fight, 21 Venal.
area of the A section. Crossword solutions will be with tomorrow's puzzles.


Bernier: Tory MPs say shelving book was the right move Ottawa won’t
FROM A1 interfere in
In his book, Mr. Bernier said the dairy lob-
by worked to oppose him in the leadership
art dispute,
race, claiming the number of Conservative
members in Quebec rose to more than
Joly says
16,000 from 6,000, but has since dwindled
back down to 6,000.
“Andrew, along with several other can- CHRIS HANNAY OTTAWA
didates, was then busy touring Quebec’s
agricultural belt, including my own riding
of Beauce, to pick up support from these Heritage Minister Mélanie Joly
fake Conservatives, only interested in says the Canadian museums
blocking my candidacy and protecting locked in a dispute over a 1779 Jac-
their privileges,” Mr. Bernier wrote. ques-Louis David painting should
Mr. Bernier said he has no legitimacy to try to get along – but the federal
question Mr. Scheer as leader. “But I will government will not interfere in
never again say the opposite of what I be- the conflict.
lieve in and pretend this is a good system “We are not into politicizing
just for the sake of party unity,” he wrote. our funding or operations of mu-
On Wednesday, Conservative MPs said seums,” Ms. Joly told reporters in
Mr. Bernier made the right decision. Ottawa on Wednesday.
“Memoirs usually come at the end of a “That being said, for the art
political career,” said Tory foreign affairs Maxime Bernier, left, congratulates election rival Andrew Scheer after the latter is voted piece relating to the David we be-
critic Erin O’Toole, who finished third in federal Conservative Party Leader in May, 2017. FRANK GUNN/THE CANADIAN PRESS lieve that this important art piece
the leadership race. should be kept here in the coun-
“Everyone grumbles after a leadership, Conservative MP Marilyn Gladu said her “Will he continue to have his own per- try and also we really hope that
Look, it was frustrating for me to lose. But party continues to support supply man- sonal opinions? Yes. But when he speaks our museums will be able to work
Andrew’s been doing a spectacular job, agement and Mr. Bernier was “offside” on behalf of the Conservative Party I would together to find a solution.”
and I think Max sees that first-hand.” with the Tory platform. expect him to fall into line,” she said. The 1779 Saint Jerome Hears The
Trumpet Of The Last Judgment can-
vas is the subject of competing in-
terest between the National Gal-
lery of Canada and two Quebec
Hydro One board discloses severance increases for executives museums: the Montreal Museum
of Fine Arts and the Musée de la
civilisation. The two Quebec mu-
JANET MCFARLAND policy changes. If a Hydro One executive is fired without seums have said they are open to
JUSTIN GIOVANNETTI Asked about the changes to the sever- cause, his or her share units will expire partnering with the National Gal-
ance provisions Wednesday, Mr. Ford criti- without being paid out. But if an executive lery, but the Ottawa institution
cized executive pay practices at Hydro One. is fired within two years of a majority of the shot down that idea this week.
The board of directors of Hydro One Inc. ap- “While people across Ontario are forced board being replaced, the share units vest Notre-Dame de Quebec, a Que-
proved changes to the company’s execu- to choose between heating and eating, and become payable, and any performance bec City cathedral that owns the
tive compensation policies last year, mak- Kathleen Wynne’s insider friends at Hydro goals attached to the share units are painting, said it has to sell the Da-
ing it much costlier for the government to One are getting rich on the backs of hard- deemed to have been met at 100 per cent of vid to pay for its activities. The
intervene in the utility. working folks. It’s unbelievable,” he said in the targets. church began to approach inter-
The revisions would increase the an e-mailed statement. The board also added new provisions to national buyers last year when no
amount of severance paid to the chief exec- A spokesman for the Energy Ministry re- the severance rules in November, saying a domestic ones came through
utive if he is fired after the board is re- sponded to news of the changes in execu- change of control would be triggered if any with the cash.
placed, or after the government passes any tive compensation policies by saying that provincial legislation is passed that impos- “The National Gallery, London,
legislation aimed at either capping execu- the government “recognizes executive sal- es limits on the amount of compensation was approached and was told
tive pay or that negatively affects Hydro aries are high compared to the vast major- that can be paid to Hydro One executives, that the picture was available for
One’s ability to meet its corporate perform- ity of Ontario salaries and we remain com- or if any new legislation adversely affects purchase,” David Edghill, spokes-
ance objectives. The changes were dis- mitted to Hydro One’s regulation, account- the ability of Hydro One to meet its corpo- man for the British gallery, said.
closed in March in the company’s latest ability and transparency through our gov- rate performance objectives tied to com- He said it was against gallery pol-
shareholder proxy circular, but were given ernment’s involvement as a majority pensation awards. icy to comment on whether it ac-
the green light by the board last November. shareholder. Hydro One board chair David Denison tually wanted to buy the painting.
The board’s move comes after a year in “That said, Hydro One is now a publicly said in an e-mailed statement that the Marc Mayer, director of the Na-
which Premier Kathleen Wynne’s Liberals traded company, not a government entity. board did a review of its compensation tional Gallery of Canada, said he
intervened heavily in the province’s energy Decisions made regarding executive com- practices in early 2017 and concluded that was told by the British institution
market. The government cut Hydro bills by pensation are made by the Board of Hydro its change-of-control provisions at that last year that it was surprised the
25 per cent in an attempt to defuse anger One,” Colin Nekolaichuk said. time “were not directly applicable to Hydro painting might be available and it
over high prices; similar reductions were The Hydro One revisions expanded the One’s circumstances.” was interested in having it.
made for small businesses and farms. In ru- definition of what would constitute a “The revision to the change-in-control All the Canadian institutions
ral areas, a number of fees were cancelled “change of control” of the company to in- terms that we identified was adopted to ad- say that the piece should be kept
and bills were lowered even further. The clude a change in a majority of directors dress Hydro One’s unique ownership struc- in Canada because of its history in
government’s intervention didn’t directly over a two-year period, as well as a move by ture and the provisions of the governance the country, but the Quebec insti-
affect Hydro One or its governance. The the Ontario government to replace the en- agreement with the province of Ontario,” tutions say the art should stay in
province’s two opposition parties have put tire board, except for the CEO, which is per- Mr. Denison said. their province’s hands. It has
forward proposals to make further changes mitted under the terms of its governance York University associate professor Ri- been in Quebec City for most of
in the energy market, some of which could agreement. chard Leblanc, a specialist in corporate- the past century.
impact Hydro One’s profitability. The new definition is significant because governance issues, said there was a public- Canada’s National Gallery is
The company said its recent decision Hydro One has different severance terms policy reason that the Ontario government selling a Marc Chagall painting at
was made after it launched a review of its when executives are fired after a change of negotiated a governance agreement when a New York auction next month
governance policies early last year and that control, compared with being fired with- Hydro One became a publicly traded com- to raise the funds to buy the David
some of the changes addressed Hydro out cause under other circumstances. pany in 2015. The deal gave it the right to re- work. The Quebec museums have
One’s “unique ownership structure” after it Mr. Schmidt, for example, would be eli- place the Hydro One board if there was until mid-June to match the Otta-
was partly privatized in November, 2015. gible to receive $10.7-million if he were ter- poor management or scandal at a company wa gallery’s bid of US$5-million.
The Ontario government still owns 47 per minated after a change of control of the that is still almost half publicly owned. A British museum director
cent of the company. company, based on his compensation lev- Prof. Leblanc said the recent severance now working in Canada says Bri-
Ontario PC Leader Doug Ford vowed last els as of Dec. 31, 2017, according to the latest policy changes undermine the impact of tain’s National Gallery could nev-
week to replace Hydro One’s board and fire company disclosures. the governance agreement if replacing the er sell a masterpiece under simi-
CEO Mayo Schmidt, who earned $6.2-mil- He would receive just $5.04-million − board would now be deemed a change of lar circumstances.
lion in compensation last year, if Mr. Ford less than half as much − if he were termi- control that triggers prohibitively expen- “It is undeniably infinitely
becomes premier after June’s election. He nated under other circumstances without a sive severance payments for the CEO. more difficult [in Britain],” said
said the company has been badly misman- change of control, however. “It’s almost like a poison pill, which Ian Dejardin, executive director
aged. Mr. Ford’s threat to fire the board and The main difference in the payouts is makes it so prohibitive that you essentially of the McMichael Canadian Art
replace Mr. Schmidt would be more costly how executives’ share units are treated un- insulate an excessively paid CEO − or that’s Collection north of Toronto.
to the company under the latest severance der the two scenarios. the effect it could have,” Prof. Leblanc said. “There is a very powerful ethical
consideration against it.”
Mr. Dejardin said the restric-
tions in Britain would only allow
a museum to sell a work that
China: Canadians mustn’t create barriers for investment, Lu says could be shown to be a misfit in
its collection and it would then be
FROM A1 “Canada encourages investment in December that parliamentarians have forced to offer it free to other mu-
Canada, which provides good, well-paying taken 36 trips to China sponsored by Chi- seums in the country.
The agencies say these companies are al- jobs for the middle class and those work- na or business groups seeking closer ties “Any deaccessioning is some-
so prone to passing on information or ing hard to join it,” press secretary Adam and trade with the one-party state. thing you do not rush into and
technology to Beijing and taking business Austen said. “Of course, we take our na- A senior Canadian official said these the National Gallery of Canada
decisions that could conflict with Cana- tional security very seriously and we will Globe stories were repeatedly raised by will not have rushed into this,”
dian interests and serve the agenda of the continue to conduct national security re- Chinese officials during Prime Minister Mr. Dejardin said.
ruling Communist Party of China. views of potential foreign investment to Justin Trudeau’s official visit to Beijing in The Quebec government is
More than 30 Chinese state-owned en- ensure that our interests are protected.” late December. looking into whether the paint-
terprises listed on the Hong Kong stock Two former directors of the Canadian Chinese officials scolded the Trudeau ing should be given a special cul-
exchange have added the Communist Security Intelligence Service, Richard Fad- government for not stopping The Globe tural designation that would
Party to their corporate structures over den and Ward Elcock, as well as former from reporting on these Chinese-funded make exportation more difficult.
the past year, giving a formal governance Canadian ambassador to China David parliamentary junkets. The Canadian offi- Under federal law, owners of
role to the entity that heads China’s au- Mulroney, are among prominent Cana- cial said Chinese authorities did not seem certain valuable art who wish to
thoritarian state as President Xi Jinping dians who have questioned takeovers by to understand that the government can’t export it have to apply for a per-
seeks more influence over these firms. state-owned companies answerable to limit media reporting the way it can be mit from the Canada Border Ser-
Sarah Taylor, director-general of North Beijing. controlled in China. vices Agency. An expert examiner
Asia and Oceania at Global Affairs, shared The Canadian government is currently Ms. Taylor, who spoke after the ambas- must decide whether the art is of
the stage with Mr. Lu on Tuesday night in conducting a national security review of sador’s speech and later sat on a panel “outstanding significance and na-
Ottawa, but did not challenge or address the $1.5-billion acquisition of Toronto- with Mr. Lu, did not defend Canada’s na- tional importance” to Canada. If a
the envoy’s toughly worded criticism. based infrastructure firm Aecon Group by tional security review process or chal- permit is denied, the art’s owner
Conservative foreign affairs critic Erin China Communications Construction lenge the ambassador’s view that Chinese can then appeal to a review board
O’Toole said Ms. Taylor’s silence was remi- Company, which is 63 per cent owned by state-owned enterprises were being de- that, if it agrees with the original
niscent of what happened in 2016, when the Chinese government. monized. examiner, may delay the export
China’s visiting foreign minister publicly Mr. Lu did not mention Aecon by She used her speech to pitch the bene- for two to six months. If after that
berated a Canadian journalist in front of name, but he said Canadians “need to ad- fits of having Canadian companies benefit time no fair Canadian offers are
then-foreign affairs minister Stéphane just their mindset” and avoid creating from China’s Belt and Road Initiative, made, then the CBSA may issue
Dion. barriers to Chinese investment in Canada. which has been criticized by Western an export permit.
Mr. O’Toole said he strongly objects to He argued that China can be trusted countries. Germany’s Handelsblatt report- “[The law] only postpones
the ambassador’s criticism of Canadians and would only act in the best interests of ed this week that 27 European Union- things from leaving,” Mr. Mayer
who raise legitimate concerns about the Canada. country ambassadors to Beijing have said. “No one would ever bring
activities of Chinese state-owned enter- “China is not that formidable and we compiled a report that sharply criticizes any major treasures of art like this
prises. never think about doing anything harm- China’s “Silk Road” project, denouncing it to Canada if they couldn’t leave
“These are not your typical multina- ful to Canada,” Mr. Lu said. “We hope Can- as designed to hamper free trade and put the country with it. That’s not ve-
tional, large corporations. These are arms, ada could adjust its mindset and do not Chinese companies at an advantage. ry smart.”
in some cases, of the Chinese state and always see China through tinted glasses, Beijing is pouring US$1-trillion into The National Gallery of Canada
not only have they not been reforming nor create barriers for two countries’ co- building railways, ports and pipelines in did receive an export permit –
them, they have actually been making operation at the excuse of national securi- what many experts regard as a state-di- without any notice of delay – for
Communist party members more of an ty.” rected effort to bolster Chinese political Chagall’s The Eiffel Tower when it
integrated part of these enterprises,” he The ambassador also criticized the influence and extend its military reach sent the artwork to the Christie’s
said. media for reporting on Canadian parlia- from Asia to Africa. auction house. That painting is
A spokesman for Foreign Affairs Minis- mentarians who have accepted free trips Although Canada has not officially en- touring Christie’s international
ter Chrystia Freeland declined to com- to China paid for by Chinese government dorsed the Chinese plan, Ms. Taylor said locations to drum up interest
ment on Ms. Taylor’s conduct but defend- or Beijing-friendly groups and meeting Canadian companies have the skills to ahead of a May 15 sale.
ed Canada’s right to scrutinize foreign in- with agents of the Communist Party. work on many of these infrastructure pro-
vestment. The Globe and Mail reported in early jects. With a report from Kate Taylor

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Do digital
currency right.
Brooke Henderson racking Leafs’ Morgan Rielly The Raptors are no longer
up wins at record pace bounces back from bad the underdog, Cathal Kelly
B14 playoff start B15 writes B17

Bombardier shareholders
to seek disclosure on lobbying
Advocates hope proposal would ask Bombardier to disclose its ing on May 3.
direct and indirect lobbying activ- Although it has little hope of win-
will win enough support ities in Canada and abroad. Bombar- ning a majority of the vote because of
at annual meeting despite dier’s board would be requested to the company’s objections, its advo-
company opposition prepare an annual report on pay- cates hope it will win enough sup-
ments made for such lobbying. port to persuade the company to act.
The scheme could have implica- Bombardier is controlled by the
GEOFFREY YORK JOHANNESBURG tions for Bombardier’s work in coun- Beaudoin-Bombardier family
NICOLAS VAN PRAET MONTREAL tries such as South Africa, where it through a class of super-voting stock.
paid millions of dollars to a Tunisian The proposed rules are intended
middleman as a “success fee” for a to cover not only traditional lobby-
After years of paying controversial multibillion-dollar rail contract. ing on government policies and reg-
fees to foreign agents to help it win Bombardier also developed a docu- ulations, but also lobbying for con-
contracts around the world, Bom- ment called a “capture plan” that list- tracts from foreign governments or
bardier Inc. will face pressure to dis- ed personal information about key state-owned enterprises.
close such spending if a new share- officials involved in awarding the The plan is backed by Shareholder
Catalyst suffers holder proposal gains support at its
annual meeting next month.
contract, including their interests in
wine, cigars and automobiles.
Association for Research and Educa-
tion (SHARE), a Canadian organiza-
another setback The proposal, filed by OceanRock
Investments Inc. and endorsed by
The shareholder proposal, op-
posed by Bombardier, will be voted
tion that works with investors to de-
velop ethical investment policies.
proxy firms Glass Lewis and ISS, upon at Bombardier’s annual meet- BOMBARDIER, B9
as court dismisses
Wind Mobile suit

The bare-knuckle legal battle between two private

equity funds reached a one-sided finish on Wednes-
day after an Ontario judge tossed out a $1.3-billion
lawsuit from Catalyst Capital Group Inc. against ri-
val West Face Capital Inc.
Justice Glenn Hainey of the Ontario Superior
Court ruled that Catalyst engaged in “an abuse of
process” by launching the suit over its failed bid for
wireless company Wind Mobile. The decision
marked the latest in a series of legal and business
setbacks for Catalyst, which has been under
increasing scrutiny over both its legal tactics
and the valuation of some of its privately held as-
Catalyst and founder Newton Glassman have
now lost two civil cases over the sale of Wind in the
fall of 2014. The wireless company was acquired for
$300-million by a consortium led by West Face and
subsequently sold 18 months later to Shaw Commu-
nications Inc. for $1.6-billion.
West Face chief executive Greg Boland said: “This
decision is yet another independent confirmation
of lack of merit to the se-
rial litigation being pur-
Catalyst and founder sued by Catalyst against
West Face for almost
Newton Glassman four years.”
have now lost two Catalyst spokesman RBI, which 3G created by merging Tim Hortons with Burger King, has seen its shares drop nearly 20 per cent since
civil cases over the Dan Gagnier said the October, while Kraft Heinz’s stock price has slid by a third over the past year. DANIEL BECERRIL/REUTERS
company was “disap-
sale of Wind in the
pointed” by the decision
fall of 2014. and plans to appeal.
The heart of Catalyst’s
legal claim was an allegation that confidential de-
A bitter result: 3G’s rigorous cost-cutting
tails of its own negotiations to acquire Wind were
leaked during the summer of 2014, allowing the
diet weighs down RBI, Kraft Heinz
West Face group to win the deal. However, the courts
found that Catalyst was the author of its own mis- IAN McGUGAN tors. RBI shares have lost nearly 20 that managers who focus on
fortune: Mr. Glassman and his colleagues walked per cent of their value since Octo- streamlining existing operations
away from Wind after refusing to agree to a so-called ber, while Kraft Heinz’s stock price can create a temporary bump in
break fee of $5-million to $20-million they would INSIDE THE MARKET has slid by a third over the past earnings, but have less time to
pay to Wind’s owners if the deal did not close. year. spend on product development,
Catalyst’s first lawsuit, known as the Moyse case, here’s no doubt about it: It wasn’t supposed to be this way. corporate innovation and brand
accused one of its former analysts of giving West
Face confidential information when he took a new
job there. A judge ruled in favour of West Face and
T Tough, cost-conscious man-
agement is a vital ingredient
at any good company. But right
3G Capital, the famed and feared
Brazilian investment firm, was a
driving force behind the assembly
building. The danger, skeptics say, is
that efficiency increases but sales
and earnings per share don’t.
the analyst in 2016 and Catalyst lost its appeal this now, shareholders in Restaurant of both companies. Only a couple of “We harbor serious doubts about
February. Brands International Inc. and Kraft years ago, the guys from Rio were the management team’s ability to
The second case – the one dismissed on Wednes- Heinz Co. should be asking whether being lauded by analysts for their generate sufficient product innova-
day – again accused West Face and a number of oth- a lean and mean operating style is ability to slash costs and trim cor- tion to grow its collection of ‘retro’
ers, including UBS Securities, former Wind owners hitting its limits when it comes to porate fat − precisely what was brands in highly commoditized cat-
VimpelCom Ltd. and a three private investment peddling doughnuts and ketchup. needed to squeeze new profits from egories,” Robert Moskow of Credit
firms, of leaking or using vital information about In recent months, RBI, the parent aging consumer brands, according Suisse wrote this week in a report
Catalyst’s bid. of Tim Hortons, and Kraft Heinz, to Wall Street. that downgraded Kraft Heinz to
CATALYST, B9 maker of your favourite burger con- But the 3G approach is beginning “underperform” status.
diment, have disappointed inves- to show some flaws. Critics argue McGUGAN, B9

Business investment will steer the

way for future BoC rate increases
S&P/TSX 15,529.97 +176.67
DAVID Perhaps the most interesting de-
DOW 24,748.07 -38.56 PARKINSON velopment in the central bank’s up-
S&P 500 2,708.64 +2.25 date was its revelation that Cana-
OPINION da’s output gap – the space between
NASDAQ 7,295.24 +14.14 the amount of goods and services
DOLLAR 79.28/1.2614 -0.39/+0.0062 the economy is actually producing
usiness investment has and the amount it’s capable of pro-
GOLD (oz.)
GCAN 10-YR 2.28%
B emerged as the single big-
gest uncertainty looming
over the Bank of Canada’s
path to higher interest rates.
On Wednesday, the central bank
ducing when running full-out – ac-
tually opened up a bit in the past
That implies an economy with a
little bit of slack on its hands, which
Aluminum and
decided to hold its key interest rate generally means it has more room nickel surge as U.S.
steady at 1.25 per cent for the time to grow before we have to seriously sanctions against
COMPANIES being, while making it abundantly start worrying about overheating,
clear that it still plans on raising and inflation – the two things the
Rusal spur
ALGONQUIN POWER & UTILITIES .......................... B11 rates further, on top of its three Bank of Canada generally worries scramble to secure
AURORA CANNABIS ............................................... B11 quarter-percentage-point increases most about. supply
BOMBARDIER ........................................................... B1 in the past nine months. The ques- The main reason the output gap
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY .................................. B9 B11
tion is not if, but when – and that’s widened, the Bank of Canada said,
CINEPLEX ................................................................ B11 anyone’s guess. Including, it ap- was because businesses have been
EBAY ....................................................................... B11 pears, the central bank’s. investing more than previously be- INVESTING
FACEBOOK ............................................................. B11 “The pace is a significant ques- lieved in expanding their capacity.
GENERAL MOTORS OF CANADA ............................. B7 Tim Shufelt
tion mark for us,” BoC Governor As a result, the Bank of Canada has
HOME CAPITAL GROUP ........................................... B3
Stephen Poloz told a news confer- upgraded its estimate for the coun- explains how to
IBM ........................................................................ B10
IVANHOÉ CAMBRIDGE ............................................. B6 ence after the bank’s release of its try’s potential output growth. That time markets
KRAFT HEINZ .......................................................... B1 rate decision and quarterly Mone- means the economy should be able when recession
NORBORD .............................................................. B10 tary Policy Report. “We can’t be de- to grow a little faster and further
RBI ............................................................................ B1 finitive about when, or at what without sending inflation skyward – risks loom
ROOTS...................................................................... B6 pace.” which reduces pressure for any im- B10
SNC-LAVALIN GROUP .............................................. B6 One thing that is clear is that mediate rate hikes to tap the
UNITED CO. RUSAL ................................................ B11 business investment has become brakes.
central to answering that question. PARKINSON, B2


Bank of Canada cautiously holds steady on rates

Key rate stays at 1.25%
as Poloz warns that,
despite strong economy,
‘all is not quite normal’


The Bank of Canada is contin-

uing to build a case for higher in-
terest rates – just not yet.
The central bank kept its key
rate unchanged at 1.25 per cent
on Wednesday, citing an eco-
nomic slowdown early this year
plus weakness in housing, trade
and investment.
Even though many of the es-
sential ingredients for higher
rates are falling into place, the
bank said it remains “cautious”
about future rate hikes, accord-
ing to a statement accompanying
its rate decision.
The bank has raised its key
rate three times since last June
and many economists expect at
least one or two more hikes this
year, with the first possibly in Ju-
On the one hand, the econo-
my is near full-capacity, unem-
ployment is at its lowest level
since the 1970s and inflation has
climbed back to the Bank of Can-
ada’s 2-per-cent target. Bank of Canada Governor and the provinces, he explained. growth by two to four percentage occupied with factors holding
But a host of other factors are Stephen Poloz walks to a The central bank is still deter- points in each of 2018, 2019 and back the economy than all the
still weighing on the economy, news conference in mined to raise its key interest 2020, according to its latest fore- things going right.
including uncertainty over the Ottawa on Wednesday. rate. But it’s not making any cast. The median is now expect- “Both exports and investment
North American free-trade agree- While the central bank is promises about how fast the rate ed to be 1.8 per cent in each of are being held back by ongoing
ment, loss of market share by ex- still determined to raise will get back to a neutral level of those years. competitiveness challenges and
porters in the vital U.S. market its key interest rate, it’s 2.5 per cent to 3.5 per cent – If the bank is right, more ca- uncertainty about trade poli-
and the record debt levels of Can- not making any promises where the economy is growing pacity will allow the economy to cies,” the bank said.
adians, Bank of Canada Governor about how quickly that steadily and inflation is stable. grow at a faster clip without Particularly worrying is the
Stephen Poloz said. will happen. ‘The pace is “The pace is a significant ques- sparking inflation. fact that Canada is still losing its
“The economy is in a good a significant question tion mark for us,” Mr. Poloz said. The economy is now expected share of non-energy imports in
place,” Mr. Poloz told reporters in mark for us,’ Mr. Poloz The prospect of a slower pace to grow at an annual rate of 1.3 the vital U.S. market, even as the
Ottawa following the rate an- said. of rate hikes helped send the dol- per cent in the first three months Canadian dollar has depreciated
nouncement. “However, all is not CHRIS WATTIE/REUTERS lar down almost half a cent on of this year, down from the 2.5 in recent years, the bank pointed
quite normal. Interest rates are Wednesday, to 79.28 US cents. per cent it forecast in January, the out. It blamed the problem on
still very low.” “The core message … appears central bank said. competition from China, protec-
So, yes, the economy is grow- to be that Poloz and company re- The bank also downgraded its tionism as well as a contraction
ing – at a 1.3-per-cent annual rate main set on further hikes, but are forecast for the year as a whole – of the auto sector, triggered by
in the first quarter and 2 per cent in no rush to get there,” Toronto- to 2 per cent, from a previous es- the failure of car plants in Cana-
for the year as a whole, according Dominion Bank economist Brian timate of 2.2 per cent. But growth da to get work on new lines of
to the latest Monetary Policy Re- DePratto said in a research note. will be a bit stronger than expect- vehicles.
port, released Wednesday. But Part of the bank’s go-slow ed in 2019 and 2020, at 2.1 per Meanwhile, tighter federal
conditions wouldn’t be this good stand on rate hikes is because the cent and 1.8 per cent, respective- mortgage rules, introduced in Ja-
without hefty doses of low inter- economy’s capacity to grow is al- ly, according to the bank. nuary, are weighing on housing
est rates from the central bank so expanding. The bank boosted For now, at least, Mr. Poloz and activity, particularly in the once-
and fiscal spending by Ottawa its estimate of potential output his top officials seem more pre- booming Toronto market.

MARSH & MCLENNAN Parkinson: The path of inflation will speak volumes
about how much strain there is on capacity
FROM B1 ing as much capacity as we would hope. It umes about how much strain there is on
also prevents exports from growing as fast capacity, and whether businesses are
The central bank still believes that the as we expected,” he said. opening their wallets to give the economy
economy will generally grow a bit faster Any resolution of these issues, while more room to grow. The central bank will
than potential output, which is why it is certainly a good thing, would be a double- spend the next few months assessing how
pretty adamant that it will continue to edged sword from a rate-pol- the competing factors influ-
raise rates. But the biggest fly in the oint- icy perspective. If we saw encing investment and ca-
ment is where business investment is some clarity in the next few pacity growth are affecting
headed. months on NAFTA, and/or [Businesses] are inflation, and let that signal
Two key issues surrounding Canada’s some policy response from the appropriate course for
competitiveness as an investment desti- the Canadian government to hesitant to invest as rate hikes.
nation – the North American free-trade the U.S. tax cuts, it would much as they Importantly, Mr. Poloz
negotiations and the U.S. corporate tax open the door for businesses otherwise would. took pains to remind every-
cuts – have seriously clouded major to accelerate their spending What that does is it one that the Bank of Cana-
spending decisions in corporate Canada. on new capacity. That would da’s 2-per-cent inflation tar-
As the central bank’s thinking surround- increase Canada’s ability to prevents the get is the mid-point of the
LOUIS GAGNON ing these risks has evolved, it has zeroed cultivate its exports, which economy from bank’s target band of 1 per
in on the implications for holding back would probably mean more adding as much cent to 3 per cent – and that
Marsh & McLennan Companies, spending on new capacity for exports, economic growth – and fas- inflation had resided below
Inc., a global professional capacity as we
which have struggled in recent months. It ter growth would typically that mid-point for a very
services firm offering clients estimated that the two factors could re- suggest earlier/more rate in- would hope. It also long time. The unspoken
advice and solutions in risk, duce business investment by 3 per cent by creases. However, the ex- prevents exports message was that the central
strategy and people, is pleased the end of 2020. panded capacity would also from growing as fast bank could live with infla-
to announce the appointment It also estimated that the two elements mean the economy would tion above the mid-point for
of Louis Gagnon as Marsh & could restrain exports by 1.4 per cent over have more room to grow
as we expected. a while, too, without feeling
McLennan Country Corporate the same time. without fuelling inflation – compelled to raise interest
Officer (CCO) for Canada, Mr. Poloz said this “investment/export meaning less pressure to GOVERNOR OF THE BANK OF rates sooner, or faster. The
effective immediately. nexus,” as he called it, is at the heart of the raise rates. CANADA mere fact that the Bank of
interest-rate question for the Bank of Can- Ultimately, the tie-breaker Canada now sees inflation
In this role, he will report to ada. will be how it all plays out in inflation. nudging above 2 per cent for the next cou-
Alex Moczarski, Chairman, “[Businesses] are hesitant to invest as “The net effect on the inflation outlook ple of years does not, on its face, imply
Marsh & McLennan much as they otherwise would. What that will be our guide,” Mr. Poloz said. that the bank will be more aggressive on
International, and work with does is it prevents the economy from add- The path of inflation will speak vol- rate.
other local leaders to drive
cross-business initiatives aimed
at strengthening and growing
the company’s position in the
marketplace. In addition to
his new responsibilities, Mr.
Fed sees U.S. economy on track, plays down tariff fears
Gagnon will continue to serve
as CEO of Mercer Canada. HOWARD SCHNEIDER WASHINGTON Several Fed districts reported a jump in Trump administration’s announcement
commercial and industrial lending, from a of tariffs on imports of the metal.
“Louis’ leadership and “robust” 17 per cent year-over-year in- Businesses repeated recent frustrations
demonstrated record of “Robust” business borrowing, rising con- crease in St. Louis to “solid” growth in At- with labour shortages across a variety of
fostering innovation at Mercer sumer spending and tight labour markets lanta and “healthy” demand in Cleveland. sectors including high-skilled jobs in engi-
will help harness the expertise indicate the U.S. economy remains on “Markedly stronger growth in loan vol- neering, information technology and
inherent in all four of our track for continued growth, the Federal umes was seen in commercial and indus- health care. There were also shortages
businesses in Canada,” said Mr. Reserve reported on Wednesday, with the trial, and commercial real estate,” the Dal- seen in construction and transportation.
Moczarski. “In doing so, we will risks of a global trade war the one big out- las Fed reported. In some cases, that is
be able to deliver even greater lier. The jump in business bor- leading to long-anticipated
value to our clients by helping In its periodic “Beige Book” summary rowing could be a precursor The jump in business wage increases, though
them address their most of contacts with businesses in its 12 re- to the sort of investment overall wage growth re-
complex business challenges.” gional districts, the Fed said the overall boom that Fed officials hope borrowing could be mained “only modest.”
outlook among businesses “remained would follow from the re- a precursor to the “Businesses were respon-
With extensive industry positive,” but that many were worried cent steep cut in corporate sort of investment ding to labour shortages in a
experience, including more about the Trump administration’s use of taxes. variety of ways, from raising
than 25 years at Mercer Canada, boom that Fed
tariffs. That would likely support pay to enhancing training to
Mr. Gagnon brings to the CCO “Contacts in various sectors including the core view among Fed officials hope would increasing their use of over-
role significant consulting manufacturing, agriculture, and transpor- policy makers for at least follow from the time and/or automation,”
expertise, particularly in the tation expressed concern about the newly two and perhaps three more recent steep cut in the Fed reported.
areas of employee benefits and imposed and/or proposed tariffs,” the interest rate increases this \ “Upward wage pressures
human capital strategies. corporate taxes.
central bank said in its report, which cov- year. persisted but generally did
ered the period from March to early April. The Fed raised rates at its March policy not escalate.”
But otherwise the economy appeared meeting, but is not expected to do so The Beige Book was prepared by the
to be motoring along, with some evidence when it meets again in about two weeks. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas based on
that the tax cuts approved in December Price increases nationally were described information collected on or before April 9.
may have begun filtering through to busi- as “moderate,” with steel costs rising “dra- ness spending and investment. matically” in some areas due to the REUTERS


Home Capital corrects error in data sent to OSFI

Mortgage lender calls ital and by the end of April, 2017,
the firm was critically low on
flub ‘isolated and funds.
inadvertent’ as it tries But a major equity investment
to rebuild trust after by famed investor Warren Buffett
last June helped steady confi-
last year’s crisis dence in the company. Under new
chief executive officer Yousry Bis-
sada and a revamped board of di-
JAMES BRADSHAW rectors, Home Capital has shown
BANKING REPORTER signs of recovering, though it re-
mains a diminished business
when compared with its precrisis
Recovering mortgage lender stature.
Home Capital Group Inc. has re- After generating a modest prof-
stated data on its residential it of $31-million in the final three
home loan balances after detect- months of 2017, Home Capital will
ing an error in a monthly filing report first-quarter financial re-
with Canada’s banking regulator. sults on May 8. And the alterna-
Data for February submitted by tive mortgage lender, which spe-
the company initially made it ap- cializes in home loans to prospec-
pear that the balance of insured tive homeowners who have diffi-
residential mortgages at subsidi- culty qualifying at large banks −
ary Home Trust Co. had increased such as new immigrants and self-
by roughly $1-billion, while its un- employed people − now has ex-
insured portfolio suffered a pro- cess capital to spend, giving it
portionate decline. flexibility to grow its loan books,
Home Capital discovered its make acquisitions or buy back
mistake after fielding questions Signage for Home Trust Co., a subsidiary of Home Capital Group, is seen in 017. Home Capital discovered a shares.
from analysts who follow the mistake in data filed to OSFI after fielding questions from analysts who follow the company about the Yet Mr. Bissada has stressed
company about the erroneous erroneous swings in mortgage balances. COLE BURSTON/BLOOMBERG that the company intends to
swings in mortgage balances. The “grow responsibly.” The mortgage
problem arose from a change to while the balance of uninsured creasing the pace at which it is- lator and are responsible for its ac- industry is grappling with a slow-
the internal process for reporting residential loans rose by $11-mil- sues new mortgages. And it has curacy. “We have since revisited down in activity in major housing
the figures, the company said on lion. worked to tighten underwriting, the process to reduce the the pos- markets since OSFI introduced
Wednesday, and some mortgages Home Capital’s slip-up comes revamp core technology systems sibility of any future occurrence,” tougher stress testing for unin-
were classified incorrectly. The re- as it continues to rebuild trust and and rebuild key relationships Ms. Lepore said. sured mortgages at the start of Ja-
vised figures show only minor restore its lending volumes after with mortgage brokers. A spokesperson for OSFI de- nuary. Most lenders have said it is
changes in the balance of each suffering a run on deposits and a “This was an isolated and inad- clined to comment. too early to tell what the full im-
portfolio, while the combined liquidity crisis a year ago, drawing vertent reclassification error,” Last April, Home Capital was pact of new rules will be.
balance remains unchanged at added scrutiny from regulators. said Laura Lepore, Home Capital’s thrown into crisis after Ontario’s Home Capital’s share price fell
$13.26-billion, as initially report- Since then, a revamped leader- assistant vice-president of inves- securities regulator published al- as much as 1.5 per cent in early
ed. ship team has been making fun- tor relations, in an e-mail. “We legations that the lender and trading on the Toronto Stock Ex-
The restated February totals damental changes to staffing and worked quickly to correct the three top executives had misled change on Wednesday, but reco-
are much closer to the company’s processes. After slashing 10 per numbers and refiled our report to shareholders about fraud the vered to close 1.2-per-cent higher,
January filing, as reported to OSFI: cent of employees to control costs our regulator the next day.” company had discovered in its at $13.72.
Insured residential mortgage bal- last fall, the company sold “non- All federally regulated finan- mortgage broker channel. Inves-
ances fell by about $89-million − core” businesses early this year cial institutions must file raw ag- tors rapidly lost confidence and HOME CAPITAL (HCG)
a decline of about 0.7 per cent − and began hiring again, while in- gregate data monthly to the regu- pulled deposits from Home Cap- CLOSE: $13.72, UP 16¢

Ottawa urged to address Trump changes his tune, slams TPP once again
$7-billion shortfall needed U.S. President Donald Trump has not South Korea, was known as
to supply rural broadband again said that he does not like
the landmark Trans-Pacific Part-
the TPP. It was a signature trade
policy of president Barack Oba-
Bilateral deals are far
nership deal. ma, but he was unable to secure
CHRISTINE DOBBY “While Japan and South Korea more efficient, congressional support for the
TELECOM REPORTER would like us to go back into TPP, profitable and better deal.
I don’t like the deal for the United for OUR workers. It was thrown into limbo when
States,” he said on Twitter on Mr. Trump withdrew from the
A cross-party parliamentary committee is unanimously call- Tuesday. “Too many contingen- DONALD TRUMP deal three days after his inaugu-
ing on the federal government to take more action to address cies and no way to get out if it PRESIDENT OF ration in January, 2017, a move he
the roughly $7-billion problem of connecting rural and doesn’t work. said was aimed at protecting U.S.
northern residents to high-speed internet. Bilateral deals are far more effi- jobs.
In a report published Tuesday, the committee urged Otta- cient, profitable and better for Following the U.S. withdrawal,
wa to introduce regulatory and funding changes to help OUR workers. Look how bad WTO the remaining 11 countries rene-
smaller telecom operators provide “last-mile” internet solu- is to U.S.” gotiated parts of the TPP.
tions in rural communities. It suggested changes such as The original 12-member agree-
making it easier for small players to access spectrum − the ment, which included Japan but REUTERS
airwaves that carry telecommunications signals − and sim-
plifying the process to apply for funding.
The committee heard “it’s a dog’s breakfast out there”
when it comes to projects to improve the state of the last mile
(which means connecting homes and businesses to the
broader, backbone network of the internet), Dan Ruimy, a
Liberal MP and chair of the standing committee on industry,
science and technology, said in a news conference.
“You’ll have everything from interesting co-ops and mu-
nicipalities that are partnering with exciting opportunities
and some innovation that’s taking place, but there still is no
real pattern that you can find out there.”
The report recommended that the Department of Innova-
tion, Science and Economic Development develop a “com-
prehensive rural broadband strategy” that would work with
all levels of government across the country and key players,
such as internet providers, First Nations communities and
non-profit groups.
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications
Commission has ruled that high-speed internet is a “basic
telecom service” that should be available to everyone. But by
the end of 2016, only 39 per cent of rural households had the
option to subscribe to a service offering the regulator’s target
of download speeds of 50 mega-
bits per second and upload
speeds of 10 Mbps.
The comprehensive The CRTC is in the midst of roll-
ing out a $750-million fund to ex-
strategy is really pand broadband access while the
important but it’s federal government has already
not necessarily started funding projects under its
about ‘here, we’re own five-year, $500-million Con-
nect to Innovate fund, and nu-
going to give you merous funds of a similar nature
more money.’ exist at the provincial level.
But the standing committee’s
DAN RUIMY report notes that one CRTC esti-
COMMITTEE ON INDUSTRY, mate suggested it could cost
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY about $5-billion to connect rural
Canada and a further $2-billion
for the North. The CRTC witness who provided those num-
bers emphasized they are rough and said detailed costing is
difficult, but the figures give a sense of the scale of the chal-
Mr. Ruimy said the intent of the report is not to call for
more funding, but rather to recommend specific changes
that could make a difference, particularly for smaller oper-
“The comprehensive strategy is really important but it’s
not necessarily about ‘here, we’re going to give you more
money,’ ” he said in an interview Wednesday.
“One of the things we heard was the larger telecom players
might say, ‘well, it’s not necessarily profitable to go into a
small town.’ But when you’re looking at a small provider, the
conditions could be right for that small provider to be profit-
Mr. Ruimy said a range of changes could help, including
keeping better statistics on internet speeds and service across
the country and helping operators gain access to utility poles,
railway corridors or roads already under construction.
A spokesman for Innovation Minister Navdeep Bains said
Wednesday he appreciates the work of the committee and
will look into the report’s recommendations further.
The report was the result of almost two years of study that
included a trip to Washington, D.C., to consider U.S. struggles
with rural internet access as well as the review of 50 oral and
written submissions.



Loosely tossing around allegations of
tax dodging could imperil your credibility
Activists dirty their similarly situated Canadian cor-
poration can’t fairly be accused
hands by throwing mud of “dodging” taxes that Canada
at a Canadian mining has consciously chosen not to
company that has been levy.
Does Canada have the right tax
following the rules policy in this instance? Mining
Watch is quoted in a Toronto Star
article as asking, “What’s the in-
STEVE SUAREZ centive for Canada? If that’s con-
sidered a legitimate tax policy,
then the policy needs to change.”
OPINION Well, Canada does have the
right tax policy for several rea-
Toronto tax lawyer sons (including putting Canadian
companies on the same tax foot-
axes are a hot topic these ing as their foreign competitors),

T days. Those who cheat the

system cost the rest of us
who pay what we owe, which un-
and there are many benefits for
Canada. For example, THR ap-
pears to have no mines or any
dermines an income-tax system other income-generating oper-
such as Canada’s that relies on ations in Canada, just money-
honesty and transparency. Yet spending corporate offices that
some would throw around the could be located anywhere.
term “tax avoidance” a little too Whatever taxes (income and oth-
freely. erwise) they pay in Canada, and
Recently the Dutch organiza- whatever they spend on TSX list-
tion SOMO issued a report saying ing fees and on Canadian em-
that Canadian miner Turquoise ployees and Canadian service
Hill Resources (THR) “avoided providers (accountants, bankers,
nearly $470-million in Canadian lawyers, etc.) who themselves
taxes” by using European subsid- pay Canadian taxes, is all found
iaries. The accompanying media money for Canada. That’s the in-
release says “[THR] reports that centive for Canada, and that’s
this arrangement was approved why Australia, Britain and many
by Canadian authorities,” and other countries aggressively pur-
quotes allied anti-mining activist sue these companies. They want
Mining Watch Canada that “The Workers bag copper-gold concentrate in Mongolia in 2016 at a mine partly owned by Turquoise Hill Resources, to attract high-value-added eco-
public needs to know how and a Canadian company targeted by activists who say it has been dodging taxes. TAYLOR WEIDMAN/BLOOMBERG nomic activity and all of the in-
why this approval was granted.” direct benefits (including tax rev-
The subsequent Globe and Mail used that money to fund a Lux- “taxpayers have the right to order Why would the CRA deem this enues) that go with it, not be-
story quotes the same Mining embourg subsidiary (Movele), their affairs to minimize tax type of planning to be legal, cause these companies are ex-
Watch spokesman as saying “CRA which then loaned the money to payable” (Jean Coutu Group Inc. Mining Watch asks? Because the pected to structure foreign
has deemed [THR’s arrange- OTL. According to SOMO, what v. Canada, 2016); and (2) “Unless CRA’s job is to determine wheth- operations to maximize taxes in
ment] to be legal, and it’s depriv- THR “should” have done is loan the Act provides otherwise, a tax- er a taxpayer has computed taxes the head-office jurisdiction,
ing Canada of millions in revenue the money directly to OTL, result- payer is entitled to be taxed owing under the laws enacted by where there are no income-pro-
and it’s not at all clear why they ing in THR earning interest in- based on what it actually did, not Parliament, not to make the val- ducing assets. Every time one of
would do that.” come (not Movele) and incurring based on what it could have ue judgments that are Parlia- these companies leaves Canada
While I can’t speak to the tax Canadian tax: not doing so done, and certainly not based on ment’s alone to make. (or simply sets up elsewhere),
laws of the other countries men- “dodged” US$470-million of Can- what a less sophisticated tax- What about the GAAR that ap- the Canadian economy loses, and
tioned in the report, having prac- adian tax. payer might have done.” (Shell plies when a taxpayer’s planning all of us have to pay more.
tised Canadian tax law for more While reasonable people can Canada Ltd. v. Canada, 1999). meets the letter of the law but So then: A company that does
than 25 years I can address differ about what someone’s “fair not the object and spirit? Well, exactly what the ITA provides for,
whether Canadian taxes were share” should be, Parliament the ITA specifically exempts from in full compliance with the letter
“dodged.” Full disclosure: While I (elected democratically by Cana- Someone making an Canadian tax repatriated earn- and the spirit of the law and with
have advised many mining com- dians) decides – the Income Tax ings from active businesses (such “in advance” transparent disclo-
panies (including THR and Rio Act (ITA) sets out how much tax RRSP contribution is not as mining) carried on by foreign sure to all relevant tax author-
Tinto), I was not involved in each person owes, no more and a “tax dodger” just subsidiaries in countries that ities, gets smeared as a “tax
whatever planning implemented no less. The Canada Revenue because they could have a tax treaty or similar agree- avoider.” Reasonable people may
the arrangement described in the Agency audits taxpayers and have made the same ment with Canada: This is for- differ, but in this case Parliament,
SOMO report (assuming it to be reassesses when it believes more eign-source income that Canada the Supreme Court of Canada
accurate), which is common for is owing. The courts ultimately investment outside their doesn’t tax in the first place. and the CRA are all on the same
Canadian corporations with op- resolve any differences. Where RRSP without the tax Moreover, the ITA has specific side.
erations outside Canada. I repre- someone has technically com- savings. provisions that deliberately facil- SOMO, Mining Watch and oth-
sent no one in expressing the fol- plied with rules but in a way that itate using a foreign subsidiary to er activists with their own agen-
lowing views, which are entirely is not what the law intends, the Right away then, the SOMO/ make loans to foreign-operating das are welcome to their opin-
my own and have not been ap- CRA can apply a “general anti- Mining Watch tax-avoidance alle- subsidiaries rather than making ions, but spurious claims of “tax
proved by anyone else. avoidance rule” (GAAR). gation rings hollow. Someone such loans directly, which is what avoidance” unfairly tarnish oth-
The SOMO report says THR First of all, structuring one’s af- making an RRSP contribution is thousands of Canadian corpora- ers while eroding the attackers’
raised capital to finance develop- fairs within the rules so as to min- not a “tax dodger” just because tions with foreign businesses do. credibility the next time they cry
ment of a mine in Mongolia be- imize taxes is demonstrably fair they could have made the same That being so, the CRA could wolf. As the saying goes, “When
longing to a majority-owned game: The Supreme Court of investment outside their RRSP hardly have concluded otherwise you throw mud, you get your
Mongolian subsidiary (OTL), and Canada has stated clearly that (1) without the tax savings. than as they did, and THR or any hands dirty.”

The risk of ceding online content monitoring to internet giants

MICHAEL GEIST orders to take down content or to content moderation of billions of Second, there remains consid- scale. Many internet companies
disclose the identity of their sub- posts or videos would reaffirm erable uncertainty with what pol- were never designed for it either,
scribers or users. The major com- their power, rendering it virtually iticians actually want. Last week, but we should at least recognize
OPINION panies such as Google, Facebook, impossible for upstart players to members of Congress alternately the cost associated with turning
Microsoft and Twitter also regu- compete. took turns criticizing Facebook public adjudication over to pri-
Holds the Canada Research Chair in larly release detailed transparen- for not doing enough to take vate entities.
Internet and E-commerce Law at the cy reports that provide insights down content or for doing too Leaving it to search engines,
University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law into lawful requests and take- Internet companies can much. For example, Representa- rather than the courts, to deter-
down efforts. tive David McKinley wanted to mine what is harmful and should
s elected officials place in- Some companies have proac- undoubtedly do more, know why Facebook was slow to therefore be removed from search

A ternet giants such as Goo-

gle and Facebook under an
increasingly intense microscope,
tively attempted to block or mute
certain content. Facebook chief
executive Mark Zuckerberg em-
but laying the
responsibility primarily
at their feet poses
remove posts promoting opioids,
while Representative Joe Barton
raised concerns about Facebook
indexes ultimately empowers
Google and weakens our system
of due process. Similarly, requir-
the pressure mounts on those phasized his company’s success taking down conservative con- ing hosting providers to identify
companies to play more pro- in combatting terrorist materials its own risks … tent. instances of copyright infringe-
active roles in policing content on last week in his U.S. congressional Similar issues arise in other ment removes much of the nu-
their networks. In recent weeks, appearance, noting that the tech- In fact, we are already perilous- countries. For example, Facebook ance in copyright analysis, creat-
the demands have come from nology is sufficiently effective to ly close to entrenching the large faces potential liability in the mil- ing real risks to freedom of ex-
seemingly every direction: priva- ensure that the vast majority of internet players. At a conference lions of dollars for failing to re- pression.
cy commissioners seeking rules posts are never viewed by anyone. on large-scale content modera- move hate content in Germany, Advocates of increased regula-
on the removal of search results, Similarly, YouTube, the world’s tion held earlier this year in Cali- but earlier this month a German tion are quick to point out that the
politicians calling for increased largest video site, automatically fornia, there was a wide gap be- court ordered the company to re- internet is not a no-law land. Yet if
efforts to address fake news on in- flags copyright-infringing content tween companies such as Google store comments the company the determination of the legality
ternet platforms and internet us- identified by rights holders, and Facebook (which deploy deemed offensive. of online content is left largely to
ers wondering why the compa- which is then muted, taken down thousands of people to the task) Third, supporters of shifting private internet companies, we
nies are slow to take down alleg- or used to generate revenues for and smaller companies such as more responsibility to internet may be consigning courts and reg-
edly defamatory or harmful post- the rights holder through adver- Medium, Reddit and Dropbox, companies argue that our court ulators to a diminished role while
ings. tising. These efforts at content which have hundreds of millions systems or other administrative strengthening the Googles and
Internet companies can un- moderation require significant of users, but have only a handful mechanisms were never designed Facebooks, as concern grows over
doubtedly do more, but laying the resources with hundreds of mil- of people focused on content to adjudicate content-related is- excessive power in the hands of a
responsibility primarily at their lions of dollars invested in em- moderation issues. sues on the internet’s massive few internet giants.
feet poses its own risks as govern- ployees and technologies that can
ments and regulators effectively use automation to help facilitate
cede responsibility for content content identification.
moderation and policing to pri- Before politicians or regulators DILBERT
vate, for-profit companies. In do- mandate additional require-
ing so, there is a real chance that ments, we should recognize the
the internet giants will become risks associated with outsourcing
even more powerful, limiting fu- responsibility for content moder-
ture competition and entrench- ation to internet companies.
ing an uncomfortable reliance on First, mandating broader con-
private organizations for activ- tent moderation and take-downs
ities that are traditionally con- virtually ensures that the big play-
ducted by courts and regulators. ers will only get bigger given the
Contrary to some claims, there technology, research and person-
has never been a fully hands-off nel costs that will be out of the re-
approach to internet regulation. ach of smaller companies. At a
All internet companies – like any time when some of the internet
other company – respond to court companies already seem too big,


Ottawa debuts data-breach reporting rules

JOSH O’KANE “raising the bar when it comes to
privacy requirements,” said Im-
ran Ahmad, a partner at Miller
Ottawa has unveiled the final reg- Thomson LLP specializing in cy-
ulations for Canadian organiza- bersecurity and privacy. So the
tions who discover data breaches, pressure is already on Canadian
offering a checklist of steps for companies working globally, he
those affected, but stopping short said. “European business part-
of enforcing strict timelines com- ners are saying, ‘Because we need
ing into effect next month in Eu- to be compliant with GDPR, you
rope. need to be compliant with GDPR.’
The federal government has So there’s a general rush to make
been mulling data-breach regula- sure we’re meeting that compli-
tions for three years, and has ance requirement.”
rolled out drafts and incremental (Asked to comment on the
final details for months. Slated to pressure some businesses face
come into effect Nov. 1., the regu- over the discrepancy in Canadian
lations announced Wednesday and European regulations, a gov-
outline the minimum reporting ernment spokesperson said that “
requirements for organizations Canada continues to work closely
whose security safeguards have with the European Union to en-
been compromised, affecting in- sure the uninterrupted flow of da-
dividuals’ private data. ta between the two economies.”)
“While digitization has empo- David Elder, a lawyer with Sti-
wered critical innovation, it has keman Elliott LLP who focuses on
also presented us with new and privacy law, said that companies
uncharted opportunities and with operations outside of Cana-
challenges. The new regulations da - or Alberta, which has re-
will make companies more ac- quired privacy-breach notifica-
countable and empower Cana- tions since 2010 - should already
dian consumers,” said Navdeep have protocols in place to re-
Bains, Minister of Innovation, Sci- spond to potential compromises
ence and Economic Develop- Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development, speaks on Dec. 12. A spokesperson of personal data. “Maybe for
ment, in a news release. His office for Mr. Bains’s office said not putting a strict timeline on data-breach reporting ‘provides some degree of smaller entities, this may provide
said he was not available for an flexibility to allow organizations to confirm that a breach has taken place.’ SEAN KILPATRICK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL some added incentive,” he said.
interview. Many privacy experts applaud-
Compromises of customer in- “real risk of significant harm” to For all the specificity the regu- panies must report “as soon as ed the clarity of the final lan-
formation have become practi- individuals and disclosures to lations offer, their final language feasible,” “there’s a lot of wiggle guage, especially for smaller orga-
cally commonplace, and critics both them and the Office of the arrives just over a month before room,” said Mark Nunnikhoven, nizations, who now have until
have accused Ottawa of dragging Privacy Commissioner. They in- the European Union’s strict Gen- the Canadian-based vice-presi- Nov. 1 need to create frameworks
its feet on such legislation. In the clude the circumstances and eral Data Protection Regulation, dent of cloud research at Trend to deal with such issues. “It gives
past 18 months alone, data timeframe of the breach; the type or GDPR, comes into effect, bring- Micro, a global enterprise cyber- much more structure, and the
breaches at companies such as of personal information that has ing with it more stringent privacy security company. “I think the goal is to take away doubt,” Mr.
BCE Inc., Loblaw Cos. Ltd., Cana- been accessed; how the organiza- regulations. They come when regulations would be much Nunnikhoven said.
dian Tire Corp. affected millions tion is minimizing harm from the sensitivity over data security has stronger with a specific timeline.” One piece of regulation that
of Canadians. And delays in re- incident, as well as what individu- reached a historic high. Cyberse- A spokesperson for Minister struck Mr. Elder is a requirement
vealing such breaches have in als can do to minimize risk; and curity experts say the rules leave Bains’s office said that not put- that organizations must keep re-
some cases been as arduous as contact details the Commission- lingering questions about com- ting a strict timeline on Canadian cords of any breach of security
the incidents themselves. Yahoo er’s office or affected individual pliance for Canadian businesses data-breach reporting “provides safeguards, for 24 months, even if
once waited more than three can use to ask questions about that harness consumer data, par- some degree of flexibility to allow they are not so significant as to re-
years to disclose a massive priva- what happened. A deliberate fail- ticularly with multinational oper- organizations to confirm that a quire the individuals whose in-
cy breach; Uber only began in- ure to notify the Commissioner ations or partners. breach has taken place, conduct a formation was accessed. He said
forming hundreds of thousands or an affected individual, or to GDPR requires a company’s risk assessment and put in place this could be subject to extremely
of Canadian customers that they keep a record of a breach, will be controller to report a data breach measures to contain the breach, if broad interpretation that could
might have been affected by its greeted with a fine of up to to the proper authority within 72 necessary, before notifying indi- put significant hardship on some
2016 breach after a recent deci- $100,000 for each offence. And af- hours after becoming aware of it, viduals.” However, he noted that companies. If a store clerk holler-
sion from the Alberta Privacy fected organizations must also and for infringements levels fines the regulations’ language “makes ed a customer’s shoe size across
Commissioner. outline how they will notify con- of up to €20-million ($31.3 -mil- it clear that the notification must the room to double-check it, for
Canada’s new reporting re- sumers – but the new regulations lion) or 4 per cent of global reve- be made quickly and without un- example, it would be considered
quirements include an assess- do not lay out any minimum nue – whichever is higher. In Can- reasonable delay.” a breach of their personal infor-
ment of whether a breach has a timelines to do so. ada’s language, which says com- The European regulations are mation worth recording.



Up for something completely different? The connections you make at this unconventional conference could change your mindset, or even your life


emergency camp for Syrian refugees
came through her experiences at
C2 Montreal, a very unconventional
business conference.
“I was looking for a good organi-
zation to work with as a volunteer,”
explains Gayed, a client solutions
manager at Facebook Canada in
Montreal. With this in mind, she
took part in a workshop about
refugee aid at last year’s C2.
“It wasn’t just presentations. It
was all about how can we help,” she
says of the workshop. “We worked in
teams, brainstorming from day one
to day three. We had great presenters
[and] people talking about their ex-
periences. Yet it was more than just
us listening to people speak. It was
interactive and practical.”
C2’s impact on Gayed lasted long
after it concluded. Following up on
contacts she made while attending
C2, Gayed connected with
Emergency Response Centre
International (ERCI), a not-for-profit
organization that works with Syrian
One in four organizations with people attending C2 reported making business deals as a result. PHOTO: MIKAEL THEIMER
refugees at a camp on the island of
Lesbos. After two weeks of volunteer-
ing, she is determined to continue but teach you,” Day says. He was also creative officer. thing completely different. Another way C2 connects people
her involvement with ERCI and other struck by the diversity of people he “We are obsessed with touching It’s a format that seems to be is through ‘braindates’ – a network-
refugee support organizations. interacted with during the workshop. people on a personal, emotional working. According to C2 organiz- ing feature that the conference is
“C2 gave an opportunity for “We broke up into groups of 10, all level, as well as on an intellectual, ers, one in four organizations with known for.
someone like me, who doesn’t usu- from different places – Canada, the learning level,” she says. people attending the conference Braindates are guided connec-
ally work in the development world, United States, Europe – and debated At C2 you won’t find any trade reported making business deals as a tions, curated by facilitators, that con-
to participate,” she says. a complex topic with thought leaders floors or exhibitors booths – direct result of being there. nect C2 participants to share ideas,
Jeff Day was also inspired by guiding us,” he says. “I could not rather, it’s about experiencing the “My experience at C2 was insights and inspiration. Before the
his experiences at C2. The CEO have imagined being broken up into unexpected, taking a step back, really eye-opening,” says Nadine conference, participants can request
of BlueWater Technologies, an IT a group with people from completely leaving your own comfort zone and Renaud-Tinker, president, Quebec braindates to meet with others and
consulting firm based in Detroit, took different backgrounds who are inter- becoming energized and recharged Headquarters for RBC, a C2 partner. talk about anything, from how to
part in a two-day strategy workshop ested in the same topic.” by the experience. Renaud-Tinker was particularly set up an experiential marketing cam-
that featured “out-of-the-box thinking That’s an integral feature of C2. “That mix of the personal and the intrigued by the focus on artificial paign to how to do a handstand.
exercises” and activities, including The event brings together a diverse professional, along with the fact that intelligence (AI) at the event, which Gayed says that the braindates
sculpture, invention and storytelling. range of speakers and attendees we borrow from [ways of operating] is a big priority for her industry. were another highlight of her expe-
His participation prompted him to participate in events that people in show business, theatre, hotels, “Spending time at C2 permitted rience at C2.
to write a thoughtful article about would not normally expect to find at and even theme parks in some me to explore different kinds of “[C2] has so many different ways
“meaningful playfulness” – discussing an ordinary business conference. cases, is all part of what we think environments and possibilities,” to help you connect,” she says of
the positive effects of unconventional Taking place between May 23 makes us stand apart,” Legrand says. Renaud-Tinker says. “It also remind- the conference. “It’s a great way to
creative activity on thinking and deci- and 25 this year in Montreal’s hip C2 participants come from more ed me how important technology follow your passion, whether it’s
sion-making. It’s a concept that Day and historic Griffintown district, C2 than 50 countries and 24 industries, is and how we leverage it – how your business or a personal one.”
says created a “mind shift” for him. stands out because of its “obsession taking part with a mixture of deep we’re in more than a financial To learn more about
“C2 puts you in a conversation with every detail of the experience,” experience in their own fields and business. Our business is service, C2 Montreal (May 23-25), go to
that is so unfamiliar that it can’t help says Génifère Legrand, C2’s chief wide-eyed enthusiasm for some- building relationships and advice.”

Risk takers wanted

Visit us at:




Roots Corp. shares jumped on Wednesday to their highest

levels since they were listed publicly last year, after the Cana-
dian clothing company’s sales and adjusted earnings topped
analyst estimates in its latest quarter.
The shares traded as high as $12.62 after the announce-
ment, up as much as 10 per cent from Tuesday’s closing price.
In later trading, the stock was up 9.8 per cent at $12.60, up
The Toronto-based company’s shares have seldom traded
above the $12 set for its initial public offering in October.
Roots announced its net income was $20.8-million or 50
cents a share for the fiscal fourth quarter ended on Feb. 3, up
from $17.2-million or 41 cents a share in the same quarter a
last year.



Construction and engineering firm SNC-Lavalin Group Inc.

says it hass signed a deal with Saudi Aramco to install added
Students from Hilltop Middle School in Etobicoke, Ont., participate in the Money Fair National Showcase in facilities for a major gas processing plant in Saudi Arabia.
Toronto as part of Talk With Our Kids About Money Day on Wednesday. GALIT RODAN/THE GLOBE AND MAIL SNC said it would construct a handling facility and a sour
water disposal project at the Wasit gas plant, which is located
north of Jubail Industrial City. SNC, which has been working

Students across Canada learn with Aramco for the past 40 years, did not give out deal de-
tails but said it is a “multimillion”-dollar transaction.

financial skills for their future IVANHOÉ TO INCREASE ASSETS


Money fair in Toronto More than 7,000 schools across family. Alexandra Currie and Kiki Ivanhoé Cambridge Inc., the real estate arm of one of Cana-
the country participated from Drozd’s project on the cost of be- da’s biggest pension funds, plans to increase its assets by a
on Wednesday aims to their own areas, while projects ing female won first place, Rhya- third with a bet on the booming warehouse space.
teach students to think from Hilltop Middle School in na Martin and Jennah Hossny The unit of Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec aims
differently about money Etobicoke were featured at the took second with their project on to expand its assets under management to $80-billion over
showcase. money problems and how to the next five years by adding apartments, offices and indus-
Gary Rabbior, president of avoid them and Leticja Bingelite trial space, president Nathalie Palladitcheff said.
HANNAH DALEY TORONTO CFEE, said the foundation’s goal and Kristen Hodder won third for Ivanhoé plans to double its industrial portfolio to more
for the day is to teach students to researching modern-day budget than $4-billion by the end of the year, Ms. Palladitcheff said.
think differently about areas of fi- stability. BLOOMBERG NEWS
any adults know how ex- nance they want to know more One more serious topic was the

M pensive holidays are and

how alluring the market-
ing can be, but Alexandria Alika-
about and how to carry that
knowledge into their futures.
“Helping kids have financial
cost of addiction, researched by
Caitlin Graham, 12, and Nicole Sa-
bac, 13.
kos and Gabriela Babineau, both skills isn’t just about the numbers They looked into addictions
13, were inspired to find out for and which is the right credit card, such as drugs, drinking and gam- Ottawa has laid out its final regulations for banks aimed at
themselves. but empowers them to build a bling. avoiding the use of taxpayer dollars to bail out financial in-
“Holidays should be about healthier, happier life in general,” “We thought it would be a cool stitutions in the unlikely event of a failure.
spending time with family, not he said. topic because Canada’s legalizing Under the so-called bail-in regime, authorities could con-
just about the presents. We “It helped us understand mon- marijuana and it’s something vert certain kinds of unsecured, long-term debt of a failing
learned that companies do try to ey and how it will help us in the that’s really going to affect us as lender into shares to stabilize the financial institution, rather
tempt you,” Gabriela said while future,” Alexandria said. we get older,” Caitlin said. than asking taxpayers to fund a government bailout.
explaining their project at the Other projects highlighted at “It’s really about encouraging The new regulations, published in the Canada Gazette and
Canadian Foundation for Eco- the showcase, which was hosted kids to start to think seriously which take effect in September, are part of a raft of measures
nomic Education’s (CFEE) money by Bank of Nova Scotia at its To- about the value of money,” said put in place by regulators globally to prevent a recurrence of
fair in Toronto for Talk With Our ronto headquarters, included Phillip Crawley, publisher and the government bailouts needed during the 2008 financial
Kids About Money Day on topics such as the cost of climate chief executive of The Globe and crisis.
Wednesday. change, gaming and having a Mail and MC for the event. THE CANADIAN PRESS


TORONTO | May 8, 2018 | 8:00am-5:00pm

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GM Canada head leaving to run Cadillac unit

GREG KEENAN makers. Sales rose to 302,826 last hiring 750 engineers. siers said. Mr. de Nysschen leaves works. “Looking forward, the
AUTO, STEEL AND year from 263,335 in 2015, his first His time was also marked, after leading Cadillac to the sec- world is changing rapidly and be-
AIRLINE INDUSTRY REPORTER full year on the job. however, by a strike at the Cami ond-best sales year on record ginning with the launch of the
Market share stood at 13.5 per plant last year. globally last year, but an 8-per- new XT4, it is paramount that we
cent when he became president There are also lingering wor- cent decline in U.S. sales − the capitalize immediately on the
Stephen Carlisle is departing as of GM Canada and rose to 15.1 per ries about the future of the Osha- second straight drop in a market opportunities that arise from
president of General Motors of cent in the first quarter of this wa operations, although Mr. Car- where the brand’s name was this rate of change,” Dan Am-
Canada Co. to take on the job of year. lisle presided over the return of once synonymous with luxury. mann, GM president, said in a
president of the Cadillac division Getting GM Canada back to pickup truck assembly to that Worldwide sales rose 15 per statement on Mr. de Nysschen’s
of General Motors Co. after the leadership in the sales race as of city. cent last year with sales in China departure.
abrupt departure of Cadillac March was one of the highlights He also smoothed relations soaring 51 per cent. The change at the top “will
head Johan de Nysschen. of Mr. Carlisle’s tenure, said Da- with GM Canada dealers by set- But in the United States, such further accelerate our efforts in
Mr. Carlisle, who was on the vid Paterson, GM Canada’s vice- tling some lawsuits launched in offshore-based companies as Au- that regard,” the statement quot-
job at GM Canada for 3½ years, president of corporate and envi- the wake of the 2008-09 auto cri- di, Land Rover and the Infiniti ed Mr. Ammann as saying.
will be replaced by Travis Hester, ronmental affairs. Mr. Carlisle sis and the parent company’s de- division of Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Mr. Carlisle said the potential
who will leave his job as vice- was not available on Wednesday scent into Chapter 11 bankruptcy which Mr. de Nysschen left to for Cadillac globally is “incredi-
president of global product pro- for interviews. protection in the United States. join GM, have picked up market ble.”
grams for GM. Mr. Paterson also noted that Settling some of those battles share in recent years. Mr. de Nysschen shifted Cadil-
GM offered no explanation for Mr. Carlisle oversaw $1.5-billion was among his biggest accom- Cadillac has been hamstrung lac’s headquarters to New York
the exit of Mr. de Nysschen, say- in new investments made at plishments, said Canadian in- by a portfolio full of passenger from Detroit in 2015.
ing that he is leaving the compa- GM’s Cami assembly plant in In- dustry analyst Dennis DesRo- cars amid a shift in consumer Mr. Carlisle decided to shift
ny “effective immediately.” gersoll, Ont., and its assembly siers, president of DesRosiers Au- tastes to crossover vehicles. the headquarters of the Cadillac
The move by Mr. Carlisle complex in Oshawa, Ont., since tomotive Consultants Inc. The brand rolled out a new Canada unit from Oshawa to a
comes after an eventful tenure at 2015, as well as the opening of a “He made GM visible again [in crossover, the XT4 at the New new campus the company is
the Canadian operations of the new research and development Canada], which is important for York auto show last month and scheduled to build east of down-
largest of the Detroit Three auto centre in Markham, Ont., that is a vehicle company,” Mr. DesRo- has two other crossovers in the town Toronto.



For Sale

• Premier 13 unit David Lieberman†, MBA

apartment building 416.673.4013 ELMSDALE
• Bloor West/Jane Jonathan Hittner* SO
Subway location Vice President TRE
416.673.4022 TAW MCLENNAN
est • Prominent corner of
eet W
r Str Neil Musselwhite†
Bloo block - 7,900 sf Senior Associate
289.795.4430 LANDFORSALE
4099 Erin Mills Parkway, Mississauga, Ontario
Kitchener, ON
Real Estate Investment Offering *Broker Sales Representative
AvisonYoung Commercial Real Estate (Ontario) Inc., Brokerage
■ Grocery-Anchored, Necessity Based Retail Centre 1.384 TO 2.965 AC
■ Near to Mid-Term Mixed-Use Redevelopment Potential Development Opportunity
■ A Preeminent Location with Three Road Frontages and in Proximity to Highway 403

■ Exceptional Demographics
For Sale • Fully zoned for residential and
commercial uses
• Ideally suited for apartment
■ Free and Clear of Debt rental, retirement home
• 7 storey, 64 unit condo-quality rental building and commercial/retail uses
• New structure, top of the market finishes, 9’-10’ceilings • Seller to construct internal roads
• Easy access to downtown via streetcar, subway, GO • Each parcel will have full
For more information, please contact: train, car, and dedicated bicycle lanes municipal services available
Ashley Martis* Bernard Ockrant** • Walking distance to Woodbine subway station and the
Managing Director Director
Danforth GO train station For more information:
416 982 4812 416 982 6189 • Parks and green space nearby including The Beach Drew Koivu†
Trevor Henke* I 416.756.5412
This advertisement is placed by TD Cornerstone Commercial Realty Inc., registered real estate brokerage. TD Securities is a trademark of The Toronto-Dominion John M. Filice** I 905. 501.6433
Bank and represents TD Securities Inc., TD Securities (USA) LLC, TD Securities Ltd. and certain investment banking activities of The Toronto-Dominion Bank.
*Broker **Sales Representative †
Sales Representative
AvisonYoung Commercial Real Estate (Ontario) Inc., Brokerage Fraser Vrenjak* I 519.804.4355
*Sales Representative **Broker
FOR SALE Cushman & Wakefield ULC. Brokerage


Notice is hereby given that the Annual and Special Meeting of the
shareholders and participating policyholders of The Empire Life Insurance
Company (Company) will be held at Vantage Venues, 150 King Street West, Residential Infill Site
27th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, on Thursday, May 3, 2018 at 13 approved lots on 17.33 acres


3:00 p.m., Eastern Time, for the following purposes:


Call CHRIS KELOS 3.85 Acres


1. To receive and consider the consolidated financial statements of

the Company for the year ended December 31, 2017 together with 416 462-4787
the report of the auditors thereon; He
Zoning approved eight-storey, 70-unit kA
2. To consider and, if thought advisable, to confirm by special residential condo development within
resolution, the Resolution of the Board of Directors passed walking distance to the Falls.
March 6, 2018, amending sections 3.01 and 8.01 of the
Company’s amended and restated by-law to, among other things:
Principals only. Please call (416) 268-1021 LANDFORSALE
a) set the minimum number of directors at eight (8) and the
maximum number of directors at twelve (12); MEETING NOTICES 3.85 ACRES
b) set the minimum number of Shareholders’ Directors at five (5) and Zoned Residential
the maximum number of Shareholders’ Directors at seven (7);
c) set the minimum number of Policyholders’ Directors at three (3) and NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF Development Opportunity
• Zoning allows for up to 252 units
the maximum number of Policyholders’ Directors at five (5);
• Record of Site Condition in place
3. To elect Shareholders’ Directors and Policyholders’ Directors; MANULIFE FINANCIAL CORPORATION • Backs onto Garden City Golf
4. To reappoint PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as auditors and to AND Course and adjacent to
authorize the directors to fix the auditors’ remuneration; and new residential subdivision
5. To transact such further or other business as may properly come THE MANUFACTURERS LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY • Development Charges included
before the meeting (or any postponement or adjournment thereof). in the purchase price
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT the Annual Meeting of Common
DATED at Kingston this 13th day of March, 2018. For more information:
Shareholders of Manulife Financial Corporation and the
By Order of the Board of Directors Annual Meeting of Policyholders and the Shareholder of The Trevor Henke* I 416.756.5412
Heather L. Christie, Corporate Secretary
Manufacturers Life Insurance Company (together the “Meeting”)
Participating Policyholders may receive a copy of the management information will be held on Thursday, May 3, 2018 at 11:00 a.m. Eastern time John M. Filice** I 905. 501.6433
circular by submitting a request to the Secretary at The Empire Life Insurance
Company, 259 King Street East, Kingston, ON K7L 3A8. at the Head Office, 200 Bloor Street East, International Room,
*Sales Representative **Broker
Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Cushman & Wakefield ULC. Brokerage

LEGALS Policyholders of The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company who

wish to receive a notice of meeting containing more details of
SALE OF ASSETS the business to be transacted at the Meeting may write to the
In the matter of the Receivership
Corporate Secretary, The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company,
of Toronto Machine & Tool Inc. 200 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4W 1E5. BUSINESS TO BUSINESS
and Toronto Machine & Tool
Company Limited, 38 Milne April 19, 2018 By Order of the Board of Directors Ride Your Bicycle On Water!
Avenue, Scarborough, in the New Invention!
Province of Ontario. Toronto Antonella Deo Exclusive Canadian distributor.
Corporate Secretary Secure yours before they sell out.
msi Spergel inc., solely in its
capacity as Court Appointed
Receiver of the assets, properties
NOTICE OF MEETINGS and undertakings (the “Assets”) of
Toronto Machine & Tool Inc.
OF SHAREHOLDERS and Toronto Machine & Tool Sign up for Globe Newsletters at
AND POLICYHOLDERS Company Limited is soliciting
offers to purchase the Assets.,
Notice is hereby given that the which are being offered for sale
Annual Meetings of Shareholders on an “as is, where is” and no
and Policyholders of The Great-West
Life Assurance Company, London
recourse basis. The deadline for the CAPITAL WANTED/AVAILABLE
submission of offers is 12 p.m. EDT
Life Insurance Company and The
Canada Life Assurance Company
will be held at the head office of The
Canada Life Assurance Company,
on May 7, 2018. Further details
can be found by contacting Mukul
Manchanda at 416-498-4314 or via
email at
Report on EARN 15% PER YEAR
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Make Your Money Work Harder
330 University Avenue, Toronto,
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DATED at Toronto this 19th day of WINEVA.COM - FISCO #12866
o’clock in the morning, local time.
April, 2018.
Policyholders may receive a copy
of the Notice of Meeting and related INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
proxy materials upon written request
sent to 100 Osborne Street North,
Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C 1V3 msi Spergel inc. Health and Fitness Club
Attention: Corporate Secretary or by Licensed Insolvency Trustee in Toronto seeks investor.
calling 1-888-873-8813. 505 Consumers Rd, Suite 201, Looking to expand.
Toronto, Ontario, M2J 4V8 Current revenue over $700,000
Tel: (416) 497-1660
Fax: (416) 494-7199


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CP Rail profit slumps 18% in first quarter

Volumes and expenses per-share profit of $2.76. was down 6 per cent. [earnings per share] of $13 in 2018 sents 90 companies in a range of
Chief executive Keith Creel A harsh winter and an increase (up from $12.76) and $14.50 in 2019 industries, including agriculture,
increase as railway said in a conference call with anal- in freight volumes caused conges- (up from C$14.27),” Desjardins Se- retail and mining. “It would have
faces possible strike ysts that the results reflect “chal- tion for all railways, driving up op- curities analyst Benoit Poirier a major effect. Strikes by either
lenging” winter conditions and erating costs while drawing the said in a note to clients. CN or CP have major effects on
an unexpected rise in demand. unwanted attention of regulators Meanwhile, CP and its custom- large segments of the economy.”
ERIC ATKINS CP issued its results ahead of a in Canada and the United States. ers face a possible work stoppage Mr. Ballantyne said resource
potential strike by two of its Industry groups complained by the end of the week. The Team- companies that rely on railways
union as of midnight Friday. that poor rail service from CP, sters said it hoped talks this week to move large quantities of low-
Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd.’s Teamsters Canada Rail Confer- Canadian National Railway Co. will yield an agreement its mem- value goods will be negatively af-
profit fell 18 per cent in the first ence, which represents about and large U.S. carriers is causing bers can support, but the union fected because trucks cannot re-
quarter, as expenses rose amid a 3,000 locomotive crews, and the lost sales and production. cited a lack of progress as it issued place the convenience and cost-
winter that tested the resiliency of International Brotherhood of The railways say new locomo- a strike notice. effectiveness of railcars over Can-
the North American rail network. Electrical Workers, representing tives and crews are helping to “Systematically bullying work- ada’s vast distances. And industri-
CP said first-quarter net profit 365 signal workers, have issued move the freight backlog as win- ers, while pushing them to work es producing high-value goods
fell to $348-million, or $2.41 a strike notices. ter recedes. But analysts expect all well beyond their point of ex- such as steel and chemicals risk
share, from $431-million ($2.93) Freight carloads rose by almost carriers to post higher expenses haustion, is part of the reason losing a steady supply of the raw
in the same period a year ago. 4 per cent in the first quarter com- in the first quarter. CP’s expenses why workers at CP have been materials vital to their contin-
Revenue rose 4 per cent to $1.66- pared with a year ago, exceeding rose 12 per cent. Currency fluctu- forced to risk strike action for the uous manufacturing processes.
billion for the three months end- the North American industry av- ations led to a $49-million non- third time in six years,” the union This could require costly shut-
ing March 31, CP said in its earn- erage of just more than 2 per cent. cash loss related to the company’s said. downs. “It could have a negative
ings release after markets closed CP’s rise in traffic was led by a U.S. dollar denominated debt. “It’s beginning to look more impact on retailers as well,” he
Wednesday. 19-per-cent increase in potash and “Nevertheless, we are increas- and more like a strike will take said.
On an adjusted basis, per-share an 11-per-cent jump in energy and ing our full-year forecast to in- place,” said Bob Ballantyne, head
profit rose 8 per cent to $2.70 a chemicals. Grain carloads fell 8 clude recent contract wins and of the Freight Management Asso- CP RAIL (CP)
share. Analysts expected adjusted per cent, and automotive freight now expect adjusted fully diluted ciation of Canada, which repre- CLOSE: $226.29, UP 75¢


It cites the South African rail con-

tract as an example of the con-
cerns that led to the shareholder
proposal to seek disclosure of
Bombardier’s lobbying activities.
“For a company as active as
Bombardier, with as many con-
troversies thrown at it as Bombar-
dier, there should be more than
just a report to the board that the
company hasn’t broken the law
in its lobbying activities in that
quarter,” said Kevin Thomas, di-
rector of shareholder engage-
ment at SHARE.
“We’d like to see, at the board
level, some serious attention to
the scope, the content and the
purpose of the lobbying activity,
to make sure it’s meeting their
ethical standards,” Mr. Thomas
told The Globe and Mail in an in-
Similar proposals are being
made by shareholders at dozens
of other North American corpora-
tions, including SNC-Lavalin
Group Inc., where a vote will also
be held next month.
An investigation by The Globe
Pastries are displayed at a Tim Hortons during a media event in Mexico in October, 2017. While its parent company has generated a last year found that Bombardier
nearly 32-per-cent return on equity, the reality on the ground appears to be shifting against the Tims brand. DANIEL BECERRIL/REUTERS had won hundreds of millions of
dollars worth of international
contracts after making success-
fee payments to agents in foreign
McGugan: 3G business model may cause investor heartburn countries.
A former employee of Bombar-
FROM B1 communities, the reality on the ground ap- pals of 3G were instrumental in building. dier’s rail unit, who had worked
pears to be shifting. The beer giant assumed its current in its bid-preparation team, said
For its part, RBI is battling a group of Tim At Kraft Heinz, signs of stress are also be- shape in 2008, after InBev, a Brazilian-Bel- he helped prepare bids for foreign
Hortons franchisees who claim the compa- coming apparent, according to Mr. Mos- gian brewer, took over the U.S. firm An- contracts that included success-
ny is waging its war on costs at the expense kow. The company’s Oscar Mayer cold cuts heuser-Busch. fee payments in South Africa, Ma-
of restaurant owners’ profit. It’s also being and Kraft natural cheese brands are losing A rigorous diet of cost cutting produced laysia and South Korea.
investigated by the federal government for market share to private labels, while Cana- great results for investors over the next few A Tunisian middleman, Yous-
alleged breaches of the promises it made dian retailers recently reduced their inven- years. Since 2013, however, the stock has sef Zarrouk, told The Globe that
when it acquired the doughnut chain in tories, he said. lagged the S&P 500 by about 9 percentage he received US$3.5-million in suc-
2014. Employees may not be all that happy, ei- points a year of total return and the compa- cess-fee payments from Bombar-
To be sure, most analysts continue to of- ther. Mr. Moskow said industry sources ny has turned to acquisitions to drive reve- dier in 2005 in exchange for help-
fer glowing appraisals of both RBI and Kraft have expressed concern nue growth. ing a Bombardier-led consortium
Heinz, in large part because of the success about growing turnover rates For now, wary investors win a contract for the 80-kilo-
of the 3G model in cutting costs. After the among Kraft Heinz staffers. Most analysts may want to keep their dis- metre high-speed Gautrain pro-
company teamed up with Warren Buffett to “We find it quite telling that tance from RBI and Kraft ject, which links Johannesburg
buy Heinz in 2013, profit margins rocketed the company chose not to continue to offer Heinz. and Pretoria.
over the next two years. At RBI, which 3G publish its turnover rate in its glowing appraisals “The 3G business model is South Africa’s public protector,
created by merging Tim Hortons with Burg- February 2018 presentation of both RBI and very good at cutting non-es- an ombudsman’s office with the
er King, it has managed to propel return on called Recruit, Develop and Kraft Heinz. sential overhead, focusing on power to investigate corruption,
equity to nearly 32 per cent, a remarkably Align our People,” he wrote. price realization, and run- opened an investigation into the
high level by fast-food standards. When asked for comment, a company ning an efficient plant and distribution net- Gautrain contract in 2015.
But softer measures suggest the profit is spokesman said, “At Kraft Heinz, we are a work,” Mr. Moskow said. “However, its abil- Bombardier has said that it
coming at a cost. Consider a survey of 1,501 company of owners that thrive in a per- ity to drive sales growth through market- hired Mr. Zarrouk as a “sales rep-
Canadian adults published this week by formance-driven environment − and we ing, new products, and strategic invest- resentative” on the Gautrain con-
Angus Reid Institute. invest heavily to develop our employees.” ment has yet to be proven.” tract. It said the payments to him
Thirty five per cent of respondents said Of course, the recent weakness in RBI were “within the norms of the in-
their opinion of Tim Hortons had wors- and Kraft Heinz shares could be transient. RESTAURANT BRANDS (QSR) dustry practice at the time.”
ened in recent years. While Tim Hortons’ But investors who want to take a long-term CLOSE: $69.53, UP $1.27 But the payments only became
advertising campaigns have tirelessly pro- view should consider the case of Anheuser- KRAFT HEINZ (KHC) public because of a dispute be-
moted the chain’s deep roots in Canadian Busch InBev SA, which some of the princi- CLOSE: US$60.79, DOWN 90¢ tween Mr. Zarrouk and a South
African lobbyist, who went to
court in 2012 to seek a bigger pay-
ment from Mr. Zarrouk.
Under the new shareholder
Catalyst: Company has invested approximately $5-billion on proposal, Bombardier would
have to disclose these kinds of
behalf of institutional investors including pension plan at U of T payments.
“It’s difficult for shareholders
FROM B1 after Wednesday’s court decision. (Catalyst in a news release that if litigation contin- to have a fine lens on what the
has said it does not include future litigation ues, “the full scope of conduct by Catalyst company does, so our first goal is
In dismissing the claim, Justice Hainey awards in its official financial statements, and its agents will be publicly revealed.” to make sure the company itself
wrote that Catalyst was attempting to stage and gave the US$447-million figure only to In Wednesday’s decision, Justice Hainey has a fine-tuned lens on this and
a new trial on issues that had already been provide additional disclosure to investors.) relied in part on Justice Newbould’s ruling, is paying attention at the deepest
decided in court. In a court hearing on Monday, Catalyst’s which said: “This lawsuit was driven by Mr. levels, and that there’s enough
“Re-litigation of this issue in this pro- lawyers said they had new Glassman. He was not able to disclosure to shareholders that
ceeding would impeach the integrity of the evidence in the Wind case, accept that he lost his chance we are reassured that this situa-
judicial system. It should not be permit- should it move forward. Law- Catalyst and Mr. to acquire Wind by being out- tion is under control,” Mr. Tho-
ted,” Justice Hainey said in a 32-page deci- yers for West Face said as part smarted by someone else.” mas said. “That’s the key. We can’t
sion. He wrote: “Catalyst’s current action is of Monday’s court session Glassman are known Catalyst’s investments al- manage the company but we do
dismissed against all of the defendants as that the new information was for using aggressive so include distressed lender need to know that somebody is
an abuse of process.” gathered in a Black Cube legal strategies, and Callidus Capital Corp. Cata- minding the store.”
Catalyst has invested approximately $5- sting operation run against in some cases they lyst sold a minority interest Bombardier has urged share-
billion on behalf of institutional investors, West Face employees. in the company in 2014 for $14 holders to vote against the pro-
including pension plans at the University Operatives for Black Cube, have suggested to a share; the stock closed at posal. It said it already files re-
of Toronto and McGill University. The firm founded by ex-Mossad investors that $4.96 on Wednesday. In 2017, ports on its lobbying activities to
is under some pressure to cash in on hold- agents, allegedly posed as litigation can bring in Callidus reported $217-mil- the Canadian commissioner on
ings, which were made over the past nine recruiters for a rival private lion of loan losses, including lobbying, the Quebec registry of
large financial lobbyists and the U.S. govern-
years, in order to return capital to investors equity fund to get current a particularly large loss to an
in some of its funds. and former West Face em- rewards. oil-services company operat- ment.
Catalyst and Mr. Glassman are known for ployees to talk about their ing in Venezuela. Bombardier said the sharehol-
using aggressive legal strategies, and in firm. Catalyst declined to comment on the Catalyst and Callidus jointly filed as der proposal “would impose an
some cases they have suggested to inves- source of its new evidence. $450-million lawsuit last November that al- unnecessary administrative bur-
tors that litigation can bring in large finan- West Face’s lawyers, from law firm Da- leges West Face and a number of journal- den and costs on the corporation
cial rewards. For instance, in a presentation vies Ward Phillips & Vineberg LLP, said ists, bankers and hedge funds were “wolf- when sufficient public disclosure
to investors in two of its largest funds last Black Cube also ran a sting operation on Ca- pack conspirators” engaged in a scheme to already exists.” It said the compa-
April, Catalyst placed a US$447-million po- talyst’s behalf that attempted to discredit drive down Callidus’s stock price. West Face ny is already committed to “the
tential value on Wind Mobile litigation – a the judge in the Moyse case, Justice Frank filed a $500-million counterclaim against highest ethical standards” in its
valuation that is now likely worth zero now Newbould. On Wednesday, West Face said the two businesses. government relationships.


Timing an exit from equities is a tricky matter
Turn cautious too S&P 500 BEAR MARKETS & RECESSIONS advance. The six months prior to but are still highly accommoda-
those recessions produced an av- tive, while fiscal policy is still
quickly and you risk S&P 500 erage annualized loss of 7.8 per stimulative, particularly in the
missing out on the best (logarithmic scale) cent in the S&P 500, according to United States.
1,000 BCA data. It will likely not be until 2020
days of a bull market that rising interest rates will
The same pattern is apparent
Recession in Canadian stock history, with a bring about the next recession,
TIM SHUFELT couple of caveats. With so much Mr. Berezin said.
commodity-cycle influence and The consensus seems to be
with the Canadian market being that the immediate recession
INSIDE THE MARKET 100 more volatile in general than the risk is low. According to the lat-
United States, “the TSX is a bit of est Merrill Lynch global fund
tock markets have a knack a basket case,” Mr. Basinger said. managers’ survey, which can-

S for detecting recessions be-

fore they begin.
Historically, the months lead- Bear Markets
The S&P/TSX Composite In-
dex sunk into a bear market ab-
sent a recession in 2011-12, for ex-
vasses the views of about 200 in-
stitutional-, mutual- and hedge-
fund managers, just 13 per cent of
ing up to an economic downturn 10 ample. But Canadian returns al- respondents believe a recession
have proven to be among the so tend to turn negative in the 12 is likely within the next year.
1947 1957 1967 1977 1987 1997 2007 2017
worst times to hold equities. months prior to a recession, For the Canadian economy
But turn cautious too early THE GLOBE AND MAIL, SOURCE: RICHARDSON GMP while the year before that histor- specifically, “the risk of recession
and you risk missing out on ically produces lucrative equity remains effectively zero,” HSBC
what are typically some of the The balance of economic in- indexes in the developed world. returns. Global Asset Management said in
best days of a bull market – the dicators suggests that the dark But nothing puts stocks in It’s been nearly a decade since a report.
last leg skyward before the ap- side of the business cycle is still sync with the economy quite like the previous recession, which is Acknowledging the fallibility
proach of recession establishes a far enough in the distance to jus- a recession. enough time to get people won- of any single economic indicator,
peak in equities. tify a healthy exposure to stocks, “The stock market is not a fan dering whether we’re overdue Richardson GMP combines 30
That makes timing the market Mr. Berezin said. of recessions,” said Craig Basin- for the next one. such metrics to help gauge eco-
largely an exercise in estimating “Equities typically do well in ger, chief investment officer at At the same time as global nomic momentum. When 10 or
how much time separates us the second-to-last year of busi- Richardson GMP. growth is slowing down, the fewer of them are bullish, it’s
from the next recession. ness-cycle expansions,” he said. “Lower economic activity, threat of inflation has re- considered a recession risk, the
“Unless you think a recession “We are probably in that window credit risk, multiple compres- emerged from a long hiberna- report said. Currently, 21 of the 30
is around the corner, you should now.” sions – the list of recession tion. Add to that cocktail the indicators are in bullish territory.
overweight stocks. It’s as simple The relationship between the symptoms is long, and the vast threat of a global trade war and Set against the recent down-
as that,” Peter Berezin, chief real economy and the stock mar- majority are not good for equi- the world economy suddenly ap- slide in most global stock index-
global strategist at Montreal- ket is not always so well-defined. ties.” pears on less stable footing. es, the economic outlook still
based BCA Research, wrote in a Canadian investors can attest to There have been 11 U.S. reces- But the recent decline in a looks supportive, Mr. Basinger
recent report. That, he said, is that, having just experienced a sions since the late 1940s, almost number of leading economic in- said.
“the most useful lesson I have year boasting of the best econo- all of them closely coinciding dicators is likely to be temporary, “If there’s market weakness
learned over the past 25 years my among the Group of Seven with bear markets in U.S. stocks. Mr. Berezin writes. “Another re- and there isn’t a recession com-
studying macro[economics] and countries, combined with one of But the bulk of the pain for cession is not around the cor- ing, it’s usually a buying oppor-
markets.” the worst-performing national investors, at least, is inflicted in ner.” Interest rates may be rising, tunity.”

This Toronto-based company looks like Bitcoin miners face

a buy – for those who can handle the risk shakeout as profitability
becomes more elusive
DAVID numbers, the shares trade at just consumption, has been improv-
BERMAN 10.5 times trailing earnings, a ing steadily since bottoming out OLGA KHARIF
cheap valuation that suggests the in 2009, but they are still below
OPINION outlook is far from clear. Well, it the 50-year historical average.
isn’t – but for anyone who can Barring an economic down- itcoin is at an inflection point.

hese are good days for Nor-

handle the risk, Norbord looks
like a buying opportunity.
First, let’s explore why the mar-
ket isn’t rewarding Norbord with
turn or a particularly sharp rise in
borrowing costs, home-building
activity should continue to im-
B Even with the price back above US$8,000, many of
the so-called miners that perform the complex calcu-
lations to generate the digital currency are at risk of
turning unprofitable. If prices drop below that threshold

T bord Inc.: Profit is surging

amid strong demand for its
building materials.
a higher valuation. This is a classic
cyclical stock: It does well when
home-building activity is improv-
Paul Quinn, an analyst at RBC
Dominion Securities, believes
that the outlook for U.S. housing
again for an extended period, there will likely be a swifter con-
solidation to industrial-scale mining. That could knock out
the last guy-in-a-dorm-room operations and leave holders of
But even after impressive gains ing, demand for OSB is strong and construction is stronger than it the currency vulnerable to the dictates of the big miners.
this year, Norbord’s stock has a building supplies are tight. has been in years. “It’s totally different this year than last year,” Silicon Valley
curiously low valuation that ap- But if any of these factors dete- “The ‘stars are aligning’ with venture capitalist Bill Tai said in an interview. “The bitcoin
pears to be reflecting concerns riorate, Norbord can be hit hard: strong demand for both new and mining industry was this mysterious dark cottage industry,
ahead – and that’s good news for The shares fell more than 90 per existing homes, low inventory, and it’s about to grow up and about to have elements of in-
investors, because these concerns cent a decade ago when the U.S. strong employment/economic stitutional scalability at all levels.”
are probably unwarranted. housing bubble popped. conditions, and a favourable de- Smaller miners will drop out, and only five to 10 of the large-
The Toronto-based company mographic tide as the bulk of the st will survive and be profitable, said Mr. Tai, who serves as
produces oriented strand board, ‘millennials’ generation shifts in- chairman of Hut 8 Mining Corp., the capital financing arm in
or OSB, a type of wood-based pan- OSB is a hot to the key 25-35 home-buying age North America for Amsterdam-based Bitfury Group Ltd., one
el similar to plywood and ideally category,” Mr. Quinn said in a note of the biggest makers of crypto-mining equipment. When the
suited to home construction. commodity, and you earlier this month. price of bitcoin approached US$19,000 last year, Bitfury had to
Given that single-family can see it reflected in That takes care of the demand turn some customers away as US$1.9-billion of orders
houses have been springing up at Norbord’s financial issue. As for supply, which is the streamed in, he said. More concentration could also hold a lot
a brisk pace in the United States, a results. second part of the bullish case for of sway over bitcoin’s price. Miners hold between 20 per cent
key market for Norbord, North Norbord, OSB producers are in- and 30 per cent of all bitcoins, according to Lucas Nuzzi, a se-
American OSB prices have risen Today, OSB producers are in- deed expanding their capacity. nior analyst at Digital Asset Research. Bitfury alone has mined
30 per cent amid tight supplies creasing supply to meet demand. But Raymond James analyst Daryl more than one million bitcoins, Mr. Tai said. The company has
over the past year alone. Worrywarts know what could Swetlishoff points out that even already sold coins to defray operating expenses. If miners are
Yes, OSB is a hot commodity, happen next: If the supply of the announced capacity expan- forced to sell more, that could depress bitcoin’s price.
and you can see it reflected in Nor- building materials exceeds de- sion of 12 per cent, about double With mining power aggregated in fewer hands, that also in-
bord’s financial results. In 2017, mand, perhaps as the U.S. econo- the expected increase in demand, creases the risk that a few miners could band together to exe-
profit increased 138 per cent year my sputters following nine years should leave the market relatively cute a so-called 51-per-cent attack
over year to US$434-million or of expansion, OSB prices will fall. balanced given the current short- – in which they would control
US$4.49 a share after adjust- Under this gloomy scenario, ages of OSB. enough of the transactions to dic-
ments; cash from operating activ- even Norbord’s dividend is at risk. Mr. Swetlishoff expects OSB tate changes in the development
ities doubled, to US$609-million; While many dividend-paying prices will remain strong, at of the blockchain to suit their The bitcoin mining
and return on equity rose to 47 companies aim for a steady quar- US$330 per thousand square feet preferences.
per cent from 30 per cent in 2016. terly payout, Norbord has a varia- in 2018 – good enough to deliver to The largest miners are getting industry was this
What’s more, the company re- ble dividend policy: The quarterly Norbord an estimated profit of bigger. Industry leader Bitmain, mysterious dark
duced its long-term debt by about payout rises and falls with cash $4.80 a share in 2018 and, presum- which runs China’s two largest cottage industry,
US$200-million last year and re- flow, capital requirements and ably, continuing dividend pay- bitcoin-mining collectives, has and it’s about to
warded investors with a big boost other factors. ments. opened offices in Switzerland and
to its quarterly dividend: Norbord Agreed, this isn’t a hold-forever Norbord shares are up about 26 the United States and is exploring grow up and about
raised its payout three times dur- utility stock. But there is a com- per cent this year as investors expansion opportunities world- to have elements
ing the year, to 60 cents a share in pelling case for investing in Nor- start to catch on. Expect more wide. Bitfury will be raising more of institutional
the fourth quarter. The indicated bord here. gains ahead because the good than US$100-million in the next scalability at all
yield is now an attractive 4.5 per First, demand for OSB should times aren’t over yet. six months to produce and sell
cent based on the current quar- hold up with continuing expan- portable mining server farms, levels.
terly payout. sion in U.S. home-building activ- NORBORD (OSB) each costing at least US$2-mil-
Yet despite these encouraging ity. Housing starts, key to OSB CLOSE: $52.79, DOWN 88¢ lion, Mr. Tai said. It’s also opening SILICON VALLEY
up its own additional farms in the VENTURE CAPITALIST
Middle East and Africa, and ex-
panding in Canada. Bitfury is profitable at current prices
largely because of its economies of scale, Mr. Tai said.
Patience ‘wearing thin’ as IBM sales disappoint Unlike smaller miners, which buy hardware from other
manufacturers, Bitmain and Bitfury design and make their
own chips and machines. The large players also can place
GERRIT DE VYNCK direction, the rebirth of Interna- was 14 per cent, lower than the huge orders for parts and even buy electricity at a discount.
tional Business Machines has yet 2017 average of 24 per cent, “We can buy and source orders of magnitude more,” Mr. Tai
to materialize, Daniel Ives, an Bloomberg Intelligence analyst said. “We can buy silicon in large quantities and commit to the
IBM Corp. shares fell the most in analyst with GBH Insights LLC, Anurag Rana said. That “puts a electricity grid in chunk sizes. We have the cash to make the
more than two years after its said in a note to clients. “Pa- question mark on IBM’s hybrid deposits and set them up.” The company is in discussions to
earnings report put a budding tience is wearing thin on the cloud strategy,” he added. connect to a nuclear power plant that’s going online in about
growth spurt in doubt. Street around the IBM turn- On average, analysts expected 18 months, he said.
Shares of the technology com- around story, which continues to IBM to lift its full-year profit fore- Many smaller miners are trying to cut costs by relocating to
pany fell 7.5 per cent on Wednes- be elusive.” cast, but the company kept it at locations such as Springfield, Mo., where buildings – aban-
day, the most since January, 2016, First-quarter revenue came in US$13.80 a share. doned factories and car dealerships – can be had for as little as
to US$148.79. IBM released its at US$19.1-billion, beating the av- Armonk, N.Y.-based IBM said US$1 a square foot. Electricity can cost between US$3,224 and
first-quarter results on Tuesday erage analyst estimate of adjusted earnings per share were more than US$9,000 to mine a single bitcoin, depending on
evening, showing narrower prof- US$18.8-billion. That’s 5 per cent US$2.45 in the quarter, up 4 per the state, according to Crescent Electric Supply Co.’s esti-
it margins and no revenue higher than a year earlier, but flat cent from a year earlier. Analysts mates.
growth, excluding help from a without currency fluctuations. were expecting US$2.42 a share At current prices, though, all that may not help the smaller
weak U.S. dollar. Margins slipped 0.6 percentage on average, according to data bitcoin miners that much. Take startup Bcause, which hosts
The report cast a shadow over points to 43.2 per cent. Earlier compiled by Bloomberg. some 11,000 mining machines belonging to clients in Virginia
an effort to sell more profitable this year, chief financial officer Beach, Va. Its clients likely only make a return on their capital
cloud-based software to revive James Kavanaugh said margins BLOOMBERG NEWS investments with bitcoin above US$9,000 to US$10,000, foun-
growth after five years of revenue would stabilize “immediately” in der Tom Flack said.
declines. the first quarter. IBM (IBM)
Although heading in the right Growth in the cloud business CLOSE: US$148.79, DOWN US$12.13 BLOOMBERG NEWS


Metals in turmoil Markets summary


amid sanctions on Rusal Canada’s main stock index rose for the fifth straight day on
Wednesday to reach a four-week high, as energy and metal
and mining companies led broad-based gains, boosted by
higher commodity prices.
Consumers, The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index
closed up 1.15 per cent, at 15,529.97.
manufacturers and The energy group surged 3.6 per cent, as oil prices
traders are scrambling climbed after sources signaled top exporter Saudi Arabia
to secure supply wanted to see prices closer to $100 a barrel.
Shares of Suncor Energy rose 2.3 per cent and oil and gas
producer Canadian Natural Resources was up 3.3 per cent.
MARK BURTON Shares of Kinder Morgan Canada rose 2.8 per cent. After
the close, the company reported a 5.1 per cent drop in first-
quarter profit, hurt by a fall in volumes of crude oil and
The U.S. sanctions against Unit- refined products transports.
ed Co. Rusal are having major The largest percentage gainer on the TSX was Torc Oil &
repercussions across global met- Gas, which rose 9.9 per cent, while the largest decliner was
als markets. Alaris Royalty, down 6.7 per cent.
Consumers, manufacturers Among the most active Canadian stocks by volume were
and traders are scrambling to se- Bombardier, up 4 per cent, Athabasca Oil, up 9.1 per cent
cure supply cut off by Rusal, the and Aurora Cannabis, up 2.3 per cent.
largest aluminum producer out-
side China.
sAluminum reached a six-year
high and nickel jumped the Wall Street edged higher in a volatile trading session, with
most intraday since 2009. Alumi- strong gains in the energy index partly offset by weakness
na, a raw material needed to in industry sectors such as technology and financials.
make aluminum, notched a A 7.6 per cent slump in shares of IBM was the biggest
fresh record. single drag on the benchmark S&P 500 index, after the
“It really is unprecedented in Pure aluminum ingots sit in storage at a facility in Krasnoyarsk, Russia, in company reported profit margins that missed Wall Street
terms of the turmoil it’s un- 2017. Goldman Sachs says aluminum prices could spike to US$3,000 in expectations.
leashed,” Robin Bhar, a metals the near term. ILYA NAYMUSHIN/REUTERS No. 3 U.S. railway operator CSX Corp. jumped 6.3 per cent
analyst at Société Générale SA, after topping profit estimates. The news lifted shares other
said from London. “It’s amazing p.m. in London. It earlier ad- stock that smelters use to pro- railroads and powered a 2.3 percent jump in the Dow Jones
to watch.” vanced as much as 6.4 per cent duce aluminum, fetched US$800 Transport index.
The U.S. sanctions are threat- to US$2,559, the highest since a tonne, according to CRU Group
ening to upend the global supply August, 2011. Goldman Sachs analyst Anthony Everiss. The
chain for aluminum, which is Group Inc. said prices could previous record for CRU’s index
used in planes made by Boeing spike to US$3,000 in the near of alumina prices was US$610 a Oil futures jumped nearly 3 per cent on a decline in U.S.
Co. and Ford Motor Co.’s F-150 term. tonne in 2006. crude inventories and after sources signalled top exporter
pickup trucks. Rusal produces Rio Tinto Group flagged it Saudi Arabia wants to see the crude price closer to US$100 a
about 6 per cent of the world’s may need to cut production in barrel.
aluminum and operates mines, NICKEL Gold prices rose to a one-week high on technical trading
the wake of sanctions. The com-
smelters and refineries across pany is working with customers Nickel surged as traders specu- and some safe-haven demand even as the U.S. dollar held
the world from Guinea to Ire- to minimize disruption and re- lated that other Russian compa- on to gains and stocks rose on risk appetite.
land, Russia to Jamaica. mains in the process of declaring nies could be targeted by U.S.
An index of 32 mining and force majeure on some con- sanctions.
metals companies is heading for tracts, it said on Wednesday. Bullish sentiment was also
a fourth weekly gain. The Bloom- boosted after production The Canadian dollar weakened to a one-week low against
berg Americas Mining Index rose slumped 18 per cent at Vale SA, its U.S. counterpart, pressured by a more cautious message
2.3 per cent Wednesday, with ALUMINA while BHP Billiton Ltd. forecast on trade than some investors had expected from the Bank
First Quantum Minerals Ltd. and Alumina is being particularly af- higher demand for electric vehi- of Canada.
Freeport-McMoRan Inc. among fected because Rusal is a key pro- cles. The U.S. dollar held steady versus a basket of major cur-
the biggest gainers, and Alcoa ducer, with plants in places such The metal jumped 7.5 per cent rencies as solid company results and fading concerns about
Corp. reaching the highest since as Ireland and Jamaica. Before to settle at US$15,275 a tonne in a trade war helped keep a lid on safe-haven demand for the
2008. the sanctions, supply was al- London. It earlier climbed as greenback.
ready constrained by output cuts much as 12 per cent to US$15,875, Canadian government bond prices were mixed across the
at Norsk Hydro ASA’s Alunorte the highest since December, yield curve, with the two-year flat to yield 1.885 per cent and
ALUMINUM refinery in Brazil, the world’s big- 2014. the 10-year falling 28 cents to yield 2.282 per cent.
The metal climbed 5.5 per cent to gest. A 30,000-tonne cargo of U.S. two-year Treasury yield hit 2.431 per cent on Wednes-
settle at US$2,537 a tonne at 5:51 alumina, the crushed ore feed- BLOOMBERG NEWS day, its highest since September, 2008, Reuters data showed.

Best of both worlds: Seeking growth stocks that also pay a dividend
SEAN PUGLIESE Stocks with positive revenue growth, earnings momentum four quarters) over the past quar-
ter. The list is limited to compa-
MARKET ANN. nies with positive earnings mo-
NUMBER CRUNCHER COMPANY TICKER PRICE ($) ($BIL) GROWTH (%) YIELD (%) (%) P/E MOMENTUM RETURN (%) mentum. You would expect reve-
Sleep Country Canada Holdings Inc. ZZZ-T 34.75 1.3 76.7 1.9 40.4 18.3 7.1 1.5 nue growth also to lead to earn-
Cara Operations Ltd. CARA-T 27.80 1.7 71.9 1.5 66.6 15.8 13.0 6.1 ings growth and capital
WHAT ARE WE LOOKING FOR? appreciation over time.
Hydro One Ltd. H-T 20.95 12.6 61.5 4.2 112.8 16.0 6.4 -10.8
My associate Allan Meyer and I Winpak Ltd. WPK-T 47.42 3.1 49.6 0.3 0.0 21.4 9.2 -10.3 Lastly, we included the 52-
thought we would take a closer Tourmaline Oil Corp. TOU-T 23.05 6.2 46.1 1.4 21.4 20.3 7.5 -19.1 week total return to track per-
look at Canadian growth stocks Enbridge Income Fund Holdings Inc. ENF-T 27.56 4.8 43.7 8.2 0.0 11.4 0.5 -12.2 formance over the past year.
using our investment philosophy FirstService Corp. FSV-T 88.70 3.1 39.9 0.8 132.7 26.1 5.1 12.1
focused on safety and value. Emera Inc. EMA-T 40.11 9.2 28.4 5.6 213.3 14.4 5.6 -11.3
Brookfield Asset Management Inc. BAM.A-T 49.84 49.4 25.8 1.5 285.5 31.7 190.9 4.4
Alamos Gold Inc. AGI-T 6.90 2.7 25.5 0.4 0.3 25.3 169.2 -37.0 Enbridge Income Fund Holdings
THE SCREEN Inc. has the highest yield, no debt
Restaurant Brands International Inc. QSR-T 70.69 33.3 25.2 3.3 544.5 20.7 10.4 -3.8
We screened for growth by look- TransAlta Renewables Inc. RNW-T 11.56 2.9 23.5 8.1 48.3 13.4 14.0 -23.2 and scores well on most of the
ing at Canadian-listed equities Algonquin Power & Utilities Corp. AQN-T 12.29 5.3 23.5 4.9 113.9 16.1 2.8 0.1 other safety and value metrics.
with positive annualized revenue Tricon Capital Group Inc. TCN-T 9.85 1.3 21.5 2.8 41.8 10.1 28.5 -9.4 Norbord Inc. is the deepest value
growth of 15 per cent or better Hudbay Minerals Inc. HBM-T 8.97 2.3 21.1 0.2 50.6 9.5 37.3 7.8 play and scores well across the
over the past three years. The list Norbord Inc. OSB-T 51.15 4.4 17.2 3.9 53.8 9.3 19.2 34.1 board, while TransAlta Renew-
is sorted from highest to lowest West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. WFT-T 90.94 6.9 16.7 0.7 23.3 10.3 18.3 57.7 ables Inc., Tricon Capital Group
on this measure. We narrowed it CCL Industries Inc. CCL.B-T 64.22 11.4 16.3 0.8 108.0 22.8 9.9 9.6 Inc., Hudbay Minerals Inc. and
down further by limiting the list Birchcliff Energy Ltd. BIR-T 4.32 1.1 15.9 2.3 34.6 15.2 16.1 -40.9 West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. are
to companies with a market cap- Whitecap Resources Inc. WCP-T 8.45 3.5 15.3 3.6 38.5 21.0 93.5 -13.2 also attractive on most measures.
italization of $1-billion or more. Source: Thomson Reuters and Wickham Investment Counsel Inc. Investors should contact an in-
We view market capitalization as vestment professional or con-
a safety factor. We like large, sta- Mr. Meyer and I love dividends business than returning cash to when they are “cheap.” Price-to- duct further research before buy-
ble businesses that can grow as and as we like to tell clients, “we shareholders. We like the best of earnings is the share price divid- ing any of the securities listed
that should increase the value of like to get paid while we wait for both worlds – companies that ed by the projected earnings per here.
the company and its resulting appreciation.” Dividends general- can grow and pay dividends. All share. It is a valuation metric; the
share price in the long term. ly reflect safer and more consis- companies on our list are project- lower the number, the better the Sean Pugliese, CFA, is an
We also look at leverage or tent earnings profiles, but often ed to pay a dividend over the value. investment portfolio manager at
debt-to-equity as a safety factor. aren’t quite as apparent in next year. Earnings momentum is the Wickham Investment Counsel,
A lower number is preferred and growth companies, which tend to As value investors, Mr. Meyer change in annualized earnings helping individuals, families and
zero is best. spend more reinvesting in the and I like to buy investments (an estimate of total income over other investors.


CLOSE $8.63, UP 19¢ CLOSE US$41.75, UP US$1.14 CLOSE US$166.42, DOWN US$2.31 CLOSE $30.69, DOWN 20¢ CLOSE $12.65, UP 13¢

Aurora Cannabis Inc.’s move to Expressing confidence in its plan OTR Global downgraded Face- Cineplex Inc. could be seen as an Algonquin Power & Utilities
build a 1.2-million-square-foot to start intermediating its own book Inc. in reaction to a moder- “attractive” takeover target for ei- Corp.’s decision to increase its
greenhouse in Medicine Hat goes payments and seeing the poten- ation in advertisement spending ther a Canadian telecom provider stake in Atlantica Yield PLC is a
a long way toward de-risking its tial for significant advertising growth year-over-year. The firm or private equity firm, Echelon “solid idea,” according to Desjar-
international strategy, according growth, Morgan Stanley analyst said first-quarter ad spending has Wealth Partners analyst Rob Goff dins Securities analyst Bill Cabel,
to Canaccord Genuity analyst Brian Nowak upgraded eBay Inc. risen 19 per cent to 24 per cent said. “Potential buyers would ar- expecting cash flow and divi-
Neil Maruoka, who upgraded its by two levels to “overweight” year-over-year, compared with guably look at its FCF [free cash dends to grow. “Over all, we re-
stock to “speculative buy” from from “underweight.” growth of 25 per cent to 30 per flow] generation, where mainte- main big fans of AQN’s interna-
“hold. “We believe Aurora has po- Target: He raised his target price cent in the fourth quarter. nance capex is sub 3 per cent of tional development strategy,” he
sitioned itself as a leading global to a Street-high US$58 from Target: The firm lowered its rat- revenues,” Mr. Goff said. said.
supplier of cannabis,” he said. US$36, versus the consensus of ing to “mixed” from “positive” Target: Maintaining a “buy” rat- Target: With a “buy” rating, Mr.
Target: Mr. Maruoka’s target rose US$49.21. without a specified target. ing, Mr. Goff lowered his target to Cabel raised his target to $15.75
to $11 from $10.50. The consensus $40 from $42. Consensus is from $15.50. Consensus is $15.16.
target is $12.17. $38.65.



15529.97 | 176.67 | 1.15 % | -0.59 % 1-YR | 230935 VOL(000) 2708.64 | 2.25 | 0.08 % | 15.65 % 1-YR 24748.07 | -38.56 | -0.16 % | 20.59 % 1-YR | 302026 VOL(000) 1898.57 | 2.23 | 0.12 % | 16.53 % 1-YR


TSX COMPOSITE IND 15529.97 176.67 1.15 230935 -0.59 ASM AVINO SILVER 1.95 0.22 12.72 66 926.32 MOGO MOGO FINANCE 3.86 -0.36 -8.53 138 14.88 BBD-B BOMBARDIER 3.92 0.15 3.98 12146 66.81
TSX 60 INDEX 914.67 10.48 1.16 98466 -0.50 ROOT ROOTS CORPOR 12.60 1.13 9.85 759 26.00 OPT OPTIVA INC 49.30 -4.20 -7.85 10 -5.65 ATH ATHABASCA OIL 1.56 0.13 9.09 8189 9.09
TSX COMPLETION IN 982.14 10.92 1.12 132469 -0.86 TOG TORC OIL AND 7.36 0.66 9.85 1530 14.46 HED BETAPRO SP TS 7.88 -0.60 -7.08 43 -14.25 ACB AURORA CANNAB 8.63 0.19 2.25 7378 230.65
TSX SMALLCAP INDE 636.49 8.64 1.38 100960 -4.75 CR CREW ENERGY IN 2.61 0.23 9.66 1593 -45.85 AD ALARIS ROYALTY 17.25 -1.24 -6.71 491 -23.57 TCW TRICAN WELL 3.27 0.19 6.17 7039 -24.48
TSX VENTURE COMPO 802.60 5.05 0.63 60255 -2.73 GMP GMP CAPITAL I 3.06 0.26 9.29 248 -11.05 HOD BETAPRO CRUDE 5.20 -0.37 -6.64 4049 -47.05 BTE BAYTEX ENERGY 4.71 0.27 6.08 6467 7.05
TSX CONSUMER DISC 208.42 0.38 0.18 6428 8.47 ATH ATHABASCA OIL 1.56 0.13 9.09 8189 9.09 NRI NUVO PHARMACE 3.18 -0.22 -6.47 3 -38.85 TV TREVALI MINING 1.23 0.06 5.13 6176 11.82
TSX CONSUMER STAP 513.02 4.66 0.92 3090 -5.21 S SHERRITT INTL R 1.32 0.11 9.09 3264 45.05 FOOD GOODFOOD MA 2.52 -0.16 -5.97 56 7.23 CVE CENOVUS ENERG 12.96 0.71 5.80 5877 -9.43
TSX ENERGY CAPPED 196.80 6.79 3.57 74532 -1.45 CET CATHEDRAL ENE 1.60 0.12 8.11 160 60.00 SCU THE SECOND CU 3.37 -0.18 -5.07 105 123.18 CPG CRESCENT POIN 10.49 0.65 6.61 5847 -25.28
TSX FINANCIALS CA 288.83 1.50 0.52 24890 1.17 XDC XTREME DRILLI 2.00 0.15 8.11 1 -13.42 NXE NEXGEN ENERGY 2.54 -0.13 -4.87 1500 -20.63 ECA ENCANA CORP 16.01 0.64 4.16 5505 4.03
TSX HEALTH CARE C 83.97 1.04 1.25 17536 31.66 NDM NORTHERN DYNA 1.22 0.09 7.96 160 -40.20 HZD BETAPRO SILVE 5.82 -0.29 -4.75 67 7.38 SPE SPARTAN ENERG 6.68 0.36 5.70 5434 -13.36
TSX INDUSTRIALS C 238.88 2.77 1.17 19954 12.11 SPPP-U SPROTT PHY 9.17 0.67 7.88 1 17.41 DHX-B DHX MEDIA L 3.48 -0.17 -4.66 207 -41.51 APH APHRIA INC 11.14 -0.20 -1.76 4331 67.02
TSX INFORMATION T 72.34 0.59 0.82 3356 19.99 CJ CARDINAL ENERG 5.09 0.35 7.38 1858 -26.76 BYL BAYLIN TECHNO 3.53 -0.17 -4.59 7 53.48 EFN ELEMENT FLEET 5.00 0.16 3.31 4193 -59.08
TSX MATERIALS CAP 242.52 4.41 1.85 55219 -3.70 HEU BETAPRO SP TS 10.06 0.68 7.25 34 -6.33 HTO-UN GLOBAL WAT 9.37 -0.44 -4.49 4 7.45 SU SUNCOR ENERGY 48.61 1.08 2.27 4157 18.65
TSX REAL ESTATE C 301.07 0.56 0.19 4494 -1.03 MEG MEG ENERGY CO 6.57 0.44 7.18 2461 -1.94 SFD NXT ENERGY SO 1.08 -0.05 -4.42 2 -10.74 HOD BETAPRO CRUDE 5.20 -0.37 -6.64 4049 -47.05
TSX GLOBAL GOLD I 191.32 1.73 0.91 67904 -13.45 LAC LITHIUM AMERI 7.09 0.47 7.10 456 47.71 DCM DATA COMMUNIC 1.80 -0.08 -4.26 37 -25.00 BTO B2GOLD CORP 3.69 0.04 1.10 4000 -2.12
TSX GLOBAL MINING 73.62 1.97 2.75 163943 10.28 HBM HUDBAY MINERA 9.54 0.63 7.07 2389 17.63 HPS-A HAMMOND POW 9.38 -0.40 -4.09 N-A 50.08 MFC MANULIFE FIN 23.64 0.22 0.94 3602 3.28
TSX INCOME TRUST 195.01 0.35 0.18 4900 -3.33 SHLE SOURCE ENERG 5.51 0.36 6.99 82 -46.24 URB URBANA CORPOR 3.20 -0.13 -3.90 5 -8.05 XIU ISHARES SP TS 23.03 0.27 1.19 3325 -0.43
TSX PREFERRED SHA 706.40 1.38 0.20 1588 0.46 HOU BETAPRO CRUDE 10.75 0.69 6.86 1848 40.34 POM POLYMET MININ 1.07 -0.04 -3.60 122 13.83 TVE TAMARACK VALL 3.32 0.15 4.73 3317 16.49
TSX TELECOM SERVI 155.07 0.80 0.52 3309 -5.61 FM FIRST QUANTUM 18.59 1.16 6.66 3014 38.01 DHX-A DHX MEDIA L 3.50 -0.13 -3.58 8 -40.37 CNQ CDN NATURAL R 45.12 1.42 3.25 3309 2.06
TSX UTILITIES CAP 230.31 1.14 0.50 4579 -8.28 CPG CRESCENT POIN 10.49 0.65 6.61 5847 -25.28 CF CANACCORD GENU 6.10 -0.22 -3.48 149 27.35 S SHERRITT INTL R 1.32 0.11 9.09 3264 45.05




AX-PR-I ARTIS REI 25.70 0.06 0.23 6 2.92 GTE GRAN TIERRA E 4.01 0.19 4.97 784 15.23 DRX ADF GROUP INC 1.66 0.01 0.61 2 -36.64 MXG MAXIM POWER C 2.46 -0.04 -1.60 9 -10.55
ATH ATHABASCA OIL 1.56 0.13 9.09 8189 9.09 GTX GRAN TIERRA E 3.85 0.11 2.94 N-A 10.00 LFE CANADIAN LIFE 4.57 0.05 1.11 46 -20.93 OPT OPTIVA INC 49.30 -4.20 -7.85 10 -5.65
ASM AVINO SILVER 1.95 0.22 12.72 66 926.32 HSE HUSKY ENERGY 19.78 0.74 3.89 1506 26.71 DHX-A DHX MEDIA L 3.50 -0.13 -3.58 8 -40.37 PNP PINETREE CAPI 2.05 0.05 2.50 61 -17.67
BTE BAYTEX ENERGY 4.71 0.27 6.08 6467 7.05 KEL KELT EXPLORAT 8.09 0.22 2.80 1315 8.30 DHX-B DHX MEDIA L 3.48 -0.17 -4.66 207 -41.51 QSR RESTAURANT BR 69.53 1.27 1.86 829 -8.32
BIP-PR-E BROOKFIE 25.35 0.18 0.72 5 1.60 KL KIRKLAND LAKE 21.65 0.21 0.98 828 108.78 DF DIVIDEND 15 SP 5.28 -0.13 -2.40 202 -33.58 TRL TRILOGY INTER 4.70 -0.05 -1.05 27 -51.55
DOO BRP INC 52.58 -1.74 -3.20 308 62.18 MX METHANEX CORP 86.33 0.33 0.38 351 38.73 DS DIVIDEND SELEC 8.39 0.14 1.70 30 -4.55
CAR-UN CDN APARTM 38.00 0.27 0.72 232 10.14 MNW MITEL NETWORK 12.75 0.19 1.51 178 40.11
CAE CAE INC 24.90 0.11 0.44 263 22.42 NSU NEVSUN RES J 3.47 0.04 1.17 802 6.44
CAL CALEDONIA MIN 11.40 0.24 2.15 812359.01 PXT PAREX RESOURC 20.67 0.76 3.82 520 16.78
PBY-UN CANSO CRED 11.65 0.08 0.69 28 7.37 ROOT ROOTS CORPOR 12.60 1.13 9.85 759 26.00
CXI CURRENCY EXCH 30.00 0.21 0.70 3 35.69 SU SUNCOR ENERGY 48.61 1.08 2.27 4157 18.65
CYB CYMBRIA CORPO 57.41 -0.09 -0.16 7 34.77 TVE TAMARACK VALL 3.32 0.15 4.73 3317 16.49
DRG-UN DREAM GLOB 14.13 0.03 0.21 431 44.18 TFII TFI INTERNAT 34.77 0.65 1.91 173 16.99
DIR-UN DREAM INDU 10.17 0.11 1.09 395 20.21 WSP WSP GLOBAL IN 63.75 2.30 3.74 270 32.26
DRM DREAM UNLIMIT 9.52 0.22 2.37 71 42.30 YGR YANGARRA RESO 5.87 -0.12 -2.00 970 113.45
FVI FORTUNA SILVE 7.43 0.18 2.48 763 7.84



AAV ADVANTAGE OIL 4.16 0.17 4.26 1300 -52.78 CUF-UN COMINAR R 12.62 0.07 0.56 352 -14.32 ITP INTERTAPE POL 20.03 0.10 0.50 72 -14.91 RRX RAGING RIVER 6.75 0.23 3.53 1546 -21.14
ARE AECON GROUP I 18.18 -0.04 -0.22 26 8.67 CMG COMPUTER MODE 9.91 0.22 2.27 48 -7.73 IVN IVANHOE MINES 2.77 0.13 4.92 2158 -44.60 QSR RESTAURANT BR 69.53 1.27 1.86 829 -8.32
AEM AGNICO EAGLE 57.45 0.88 1.56 911 -7.58 CSU CONSTELLATION 896.01 4.72 0.53 27 42.22 REI-UN RIOCAN REA 23.39 0.03 0.13 635 -11.74
AC AIR CANADA 26.24 0.42 1.63 1652 96.55 CJR-B CORUS ENTER 6.68 0.06 0.91 409 -48.30 PJC-A JEAN COUTU 24.83 0.14 0.57 350 14.95 RBA RITCHIE BROS 42.23 0.40 0.96 126 2.08
ASR ALACER GOLD C 2.13 0.03 1.43 479 -11.62 BCB COTT CORP 18.00 -0.03 -0.17 211 4.71 RCI-B ROGERS COMM 57.24 0.45 0.79 843 -6.81
AGI ALAMOS GOLD I 7.20 0.10 1.41 1104 -32.52 CPG CRESCENT POIN 10.49 0.65 6.61 5847 -25.28 KEL KELT EXPLORAT 8.09 0.22 2.80 1315 8.30 RY ROYAL BANK OF 97.00 0.78 0.81 1817 1.65
AD ALARIS ROYALTY 17.25 -1.24 -6.71 491 -23.57 CRR-UN CROMBIE RE 12.46 0.01 0.08 136 -15.30 KEY KEYERA CORP 36.15 0.70 1.97 449 -6.59 RUS RUSSEL METALS 28.74 0.63 2.24 93 13.82
AQN ALGONQUIN POW 12.65 0.13 1.04 912 -2.92 KMP-UN KILLAM APA 14.18 0.29 2.09 244 7.91
ATD-B ALIMENTATIO 53.63 0.43 0.81 718 -12.27 DSG DESCARTES SYS 37.35 0.15 0.40 51 21.86 KXS KINAXIS INC 85.08 0.94 1.12 32 10.94 SMF SEMAFO J 3.82 -0.02 -0.52 959 -5.91
AP-UN ALLIED PROP 41.36 -0.49 -1.17 170 9.33 DGC DETOUR GOLD C 15.22 0.37 2.49 871 -15.16 KML KINDER MORGAN 17.99 0.49 2.80 481 10.78 SSL SANDSTORM GOL 6.06 0.15 2.54 310 -0.33
ALA ALTAGAS LTD 25.57 0.34 1.35 439 -17.44 DOL DOLLARAMA INC 149.18 -0.06 -0.04 207 26.41 K KINROSS GOLD CO 4.94 0.07 1.44 2928 -4.08 SAP SAPUTO INC 41.31 0.23 0.56 268 -10.23
AIF ALTUS GROUP L 31.98 -0.15 -0.47 26 4.31 DII-B DOREL INDUS 29.11 0.05 0.17 32 -9.29 KL KIRKLAND LAKE 21.65 0.21 0.98 828 108.78 SES SECURE ENERGY 8.11 0.36 4.65 572 -19.46
APH APHRIA INC 11.14 -0.20 -1.76 4331 67.02 DRG-UN DREAM GLOB 14.13 0.03 0.21 431 44.18 GUD KNIGHT THERAP 7.76 -0.08 -1.02 124 -24.44 VII SEVEN GENERAT 17.25 0.65 3.92 1114 -31.85
ARX ARC RESOURCES 14.44 0.52 3.74 1013 -22.41 D-UN DREAM OFFICE 23.67 -0.09 -0.38 99 17.53 SJR-B SHAW COMMUN 26.60 0.19 0.72 1176 -6.47
AX-UN ARTIS REAL 13.74 0.07 0.51 161 0.51 LIF LABRADOR IRON 22.28 -0.79 -3.42 387 34.14 SCL SHAWCOR LTD 25.98 0.61 2.40 63 -31.76
ACO-X ATCO LTD CL 41.27 0.15 0.36 64 -18.76 ECN ECN CAPITAL C 3.50 -0.05 -1.41 999 -6.91 LB LAURENTIAN BAN 47.91 0.21 0.44 154 -18.56 SHOP SHOPIFY INC 161.12 3.08 1.95 267 68.17
ATA ATS AUTOMATIO 17.83 0.54 3.12 382 40.50 ELD ELDORADO GOLD 1.24 0.02 1.64 2089 -75.05 LNR LINAMAR CORP 73.05 0.23 0.32 102 31.98 SIA SIENNA SENIOR 17.99 -0.01 -0.06 119 1.93
ACB AURORA CANNAB 8.63 0.19 2.25 7378 230.65 EFN ELEMENT FLEET 5.00 0.16 3.31 4192 -59.08 L LOBLAW CO 64.74 1.14 1.79 353 -11.22 SW SIERRA WIRELES 21.96 0.70 3.29 100 -34.37
EMA EMERA INCORPO 40.72 0.28 0.69 653 -14.15 LUC LUCARA DIAMON 2.03 0.05 2.53 276 -35.14 ZZZ SLEEP COUNTRY 34.00 0.08 0.24 91 -4.82
BTO B2GOLD CORP 3.69 0.04 1.10 4000 -2.12 EMP-A EMPIRE COMP 23.75 -0.17 -0.71 387 15.46 LUN LUNDIN MINING 8.38 0.35 4.36 2590 18.19 SRU-UN SMARTCENTR 28.78 -0.07 -0.24 170 -11.88
BCE BCE INC 53.89 0.07 0.13 1819 -11.51 ENB ENBRIDGE INC 41.80 0.42 1.01 3206 -25.91 SNC SNC-LAVALIN S 56.56 1.21 2.19 341 5.66
BAD BADGER DAYLIG 26.79 -0.09 -0.33 153 -24.60 ENF ENBRIDGE INCO 28.60 0.18 0.63 296 -15.18 MAG MAG SILVER CO 14.53 0.59 4.23 411 -17.68 SPE SPARTAN ENERG 6.68 0.36 5.70 5434 -13.36
BMO BANK OF MONTR 94.99 0.24 0.25 1142 -3.17 ECA ENCANA CORP 16.01 0.64 4.16 5505 4.03 MG MAGNA INTERNAT 75.63 -0.58 -0.76 771 42.81 TOY SPIN MASTER C 46.49 -0.75 -1.59 120 19.76
BNS BANK OF NOVA 76.80 0.40 0.52 1506 0.25 EDV ENDEAVOUR MIN 21.86 0.17 0.78 299 -13.05 MFC MANULIFE FIN 23.64 0.22 0.94 3602 3.28 SSRM SSR MINING I 12.78 -0.10 -0.78 349 -11.37
ABX BARRICK GOLD 16.74 0.35 2.14 3029 -36.52 ECI ENERCARE INC 17.51 0.07 0.40 199 -16.66 MFI MAPLE LEAF FO 31.34 0.54 1.75 208 -2.67 STN STANTEC INC 31.75 0.18 0.57 111 -9.93
BTE BAYTEX ENERGY 4.71 0.27 6.08 6467 7.05 EFX ENERFLEX LTD 15.88 0.12 0.76 245 -21.46 MRE MARTINREA INT 15.77 -0.22 -1.38 149 66.88 SJ STELLA JONES I 45.32 0.31 0.69 124 4.26
BIR BIRCHCLIFF EN 4.33 0.13 3.10 2382 -42.50 ERF ENERPLUS CORP 15.25 0.56 3.81 1523 42.66 MAXR MAXAR TECHNO 56.41 -0.31 -0.55 310 -21.99 SLF SUN LIFE FINA 51.34 0.38 0.75 832 9.35
BB BLACKBERRY LIM 13.62 0.09 0.67 1130 16.61 ENGH ENGHOUSE SYS 67.77 0.32 0.47 30 18.58 MEG MEG ENERGY CO 6.57 0.44 7.18 2461 -1.94 SU SUNCOR ENERGY 48.61 1.08 2.27 4157 18.65
BEI-UN BOARDWALK 44.85 0.35 0.79 152 -5.94 ESI ENSIGN ENERGY 6.29 0.39 6.61 375 -20.48 MX METHANEX CORP 86.33 0.33 0.38 351 38.73 SPB SUPERIOR PLUS 13.05 0.07 0.54 303 0.38
BBD-B BOMBARDIER 3.92 0.15 3.98 12146 66.81 EIF EXCHANGE INCO 31.94 0.29 0.92 35 -17.68 MRU METRO INC 42.59 0.55 1.31 362 2.04
BLX BORALEX INC 22.37 0.06 0.27 91 5.72 EXE EXTENDICARE I 8.65 -0.04 -0.46 151 -15.94 MNW MITEL NETWORK 12.75 0.19 1.51 178 40.11 THO TAHOE RESOURC 6.83 0.25 3.80 1310 -43.37
BYD-UN BOYD GROUP 110.07 0.07 0.06 10 31.16 MSI MORNEAU SHEPE 25.30 0.01 0.04 97 25.19 TECK-B TECK RESOU 34.02 1.01 3.06 1973 18.13
BAM-A BROOKFIELD 49.51 0.53 1.08 824 0.57 FFH FAIRFAX FINAN 671.54 2.93 0.44 37 10.01 MTL MULLEN GROUP 15.55 0.27 1.77 57 -7.66 T TELUS CORP 44.92 0.28 0.63 645 1.49
BBU-UN BROOKFIELD 47.88 -0.46 -0.95 36 47.96 FTT FINNING INTL 31.92 0.33 1.04 133 32.23 TFII TFI INTERNAT 34.77 0.65 1.91 173 16.99
BIP-UN BROOKFIELD 51.77 0.24 0.47 130 -0.21 FCR FIRST CAPITAL 20.40 0.03 0.15 243 0.25 NA NATIONAL BANK 59.42 0.20 0.34 1128 9.05 NWC THE NORTH WES 27.57 0.16 0.58 89 -12.36
BPY-UN BROOKFIELD 24.70 0.33 1.35 380 -19.47 FR FIRST MAJESTIC 8.65 0.25 2.98 1200 -29.67 NSU NEVSUN RES J 3.47 0.04 1.17 802 6.44 TSGI THE STARS GR 35.82 0.45 1.27 189 56.90
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2-YEAR TREASURY 1.88 0.01 CAD - 0.7917 1.0170 0.6397 0.5574 84.892 0.7667
CGL-C ISHARES GOL 14.94 0.15 1.01 124 -1.84 HXD BETAPRO SP TS 6.19 -0.15 -2.37 310 -5.93 5-YEAR TREASURY 2.10 -0.02 USD 1.2627 - 1.2844 0.8079 0.7040 107.22 0.9683
DLR HORIZONS US D 12.58 0.07 0.56 114 -5.48 HXT HORIZONS SP T 32.16 0.35 1.10 531 2.49 10-YEAR TREASURY 2.24 -0.03 AUD 0.9828 0.7783 - 0.6288 0.5479 83.455 0.7537
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HOD BETAPRO CRUDE 5.20 -0.37 -6.64 4049 -47.05 XSB ISHARES CORE 27.23 -0.01 -0.04 98 -3.37 BOFC OVERNIGHT TARGET 1.25 UNCH
HOU BETAPRO CRUDE 10.75 0.69 6.86 1848 40.34 XSP ISHARES CORE 30.71 0.02 0.07 232 14.46 CANADIAN PRIME 3.45 UNCH
HQD BETAPRO NASDA 7.70 -0.05 -0.65 167 -42.88 ZEB BMO SP TSX EQ 27.99 0.14 0.50 287 2.30 Source: wires
HSD BETAPRO SP500 4.26 0.01 0.24 395 -30.05 ZEO BMO SP TSX EQ 10.70 0.32 3.08 135 -8.86
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2-YEAR TREASURY 2.42 0.01

30-YEAR TREASURY 3.06 0.06
GOLD 1353.50 4.00 LEAD 2565.00 0.00 CORN 383.00 2.75
SILVER 17.25 0.46 ZINC 3262.50 150.00 SOYBEANS 1041.75 -4.25
NATURAL GAS 2.74 0.00 ALUMINUM 2300.00 0.00 CANOLA 527.00 3.20 RATES RATE CHG
CRUDE OIL WTI 68.47 1.95 HKFE NICKEL MINI 92500.0 4400.0 BARLEY 151.00 0.00
CRUDE OIL BRENT 73.85 2.27 WHEAT 475.25 9.00 FEED WHEAT 147.35 0.45 FED TARGET RATE 1.50-1.75 UNCH
HIGH GRADE COPPER 3.16 0.08 LUMBER 550.70 8.60 BITCOIN CME FUTURES 8125.00 240.00 U.S. PRIME 4.75 UNCH
Source: wires
Gold, Silver (USD/oz), Nat gas (USD/mmbtu), Oil (USD/barrel), Copper (USD/lb), Bitcoin (USD)
Lead, Zinc and Aluminum (USD/tonne), HKFE Nickel (in Renminbi-Yuan/tonne), Lumber (USD/1000 board ft),
Wheat, Corn and Soybeans (in U.S. cents/bushel), Canola and Barley (in Cdn dollars/tonne), Feed Wheat (in Br. pounds/tonne) DATA PROVIDED BY BARCHART, EXCEPT WHERE NOTED


The Blue Jays shellack Leafs defenceman
the Royals to continue Rielly was back in
their win streak, fine form for Game 3,
Jamie Ross writes B14 David Shoalts says B15


Eye on the ball

Canada’s Milos Raonic hits a return to Italy’s Marco Cecchinato during their match at the Rolex Monte Carlo Masters on
Wednesday in Monaco. Raonic registered 16 aces while posting a 7-6 (5), 6-2 victory over Cecchinato, and will next face
second-seeded Marin Cilic of Croatia, who advanced with a 6-3, 7-6 (4) win over Fernando Verdasco of Spain B18


My love of movement
starts now.
Help me develop physical literacy and I will be


Bautista signs
deal with
the Braves

Even with their Ryan Flaherty

leading the NL in hitting, the At-
lanta Braves couldn’t resist the
low-risk opportunity to add Jose
The six-time all-star agreed to
a minor-league contract with the
Braves on Wednesday after im-
pressing team officials at a work-
out, and he will try to earn play-
ing time at third base.
Bautista, 37, would receive a
US$1-million, one-year deal if
added to the 40-man major-
league roster. He will report to
the Braves extended spring
training complex in Kissimmee,
Fla., to work himself into game
condition while playing third
Alcides Escobar of the Kansas City Royals drops the ball for an error while trying to get the force out of Blue Jay Russell Martin at second base.
base in the third inning at Rogers Centre on Wednesday in Toronto. The Jays trounced the Royals 15-5. TOM SZCZERBOWSKI/GETTY IMAGES “He’s a good player who if and
when he gets here can lengthen
our lineup,” Braves manager
Brian Snitker said of the former

Bats are red-hot as Jays Toronto Blue Jays favourite.

“He’s somebody the opposition
has got to be aware of because

head off to the Bronx

he’s that kind of player.”
Bautista played nine full sea-
sons for the Blue Jays and is one
of the most popular players in
franchise history. He had 288
Contributions come from out of reach, with the Blue Jays ahead 11-5. ter every day when I get the chance to be home runs and 766 runs batted
Hernandez and Yangervis Solarte added in the lineup.” in over 1,235 regular-season ap-
up and down the lineup as a home run each to pace the 12-5 Blue Jays, Maile, meanwhile, has also been a pearances with Toronto while
Toronto completes three-game whose offence scored 31 runs in three pleasant surprise. The backup catcher is being named an American
sweep of the lowly Royals games against the Royals. Both those din- enjoying the longest hitting streak of his League all-star six times and a
gers came against Royals starter Ian Ken- career. He has at least one in each of his six silver slugger twice.
nedy, who took the loss. He gave up six games this season. He drove in his eighth He added six homers and 16
JAMIE ROSS TORONTO runs, four earned, over five innings. run of 2018 Wednesday, surpassing his RBI RBIs in 20 playoff games as he
Hernandez has made his presence felt total from 2017, when he had seven in 46 helped the Blue Jays make back-
since being recalled to the club after Josh games (130 at-bats). His double in the sev- to-back American League Cham-
It’s hard to pinpoint who had the best day Donaldson was placed on the 10-day dis- enth inning gave him four multihit games pionship Series appearances in
for the Toronto Blue Jays in their 15-5 shel- abled list with right shoulder inflamma- on the year. 2015 and 2016.
lacking of the Kansas City Royals on tion last week. In four games since, he has Viewership for the game, which was His most iconic homer came
Wednesday at Rogers Centre. eight hits, and finished a double shy of the broadcast exclusively on Facebook be- during Game 5 of the 2015 AL Di-
Was it Curtis Granderson, who smashed cycle Wednesday. cause of the social-media giant’s partner- vision Series against the Texas
a grand slam and scored three runs, or Te- Despite that impressive output, his ship with Major League Baseball, hovered Rangers, a three-run tiebreaking
oscar Hernandez, whose mammoth after- place on the roster could be in jeopardy. around 75,000 as the game entered the shot followed by a dramatic bat
noon included a home run, a triple and As a player with minor-league options, it’s eighth inning. Paid attendance was 28,803. flip that helped Toronto advance
two singles? possible Hernandez could get caught up in After their series against the Yankees, to the ALCS.
Or perhaps it was Luke Maile, whose a numbers game when injured infielder the Blue Jays return home for three games Flaherty took a NL-leading
fingerprints were all over the Jays’ three- Kendrys Morales returns from the dis- against the Boston Red Sox next week. J.A. .354 batting average into Wednes-
game sweep of the lowly Royals. He col- abled list. Happ, who earned the win for the Blue day night’s game against the Phi-
lected a pair of hits and knocked home Blue Jays manager John Gibbons said Jays with a six-inning outing, said he ladelphia Phillies, but his career
one run in his third successive multihit Morales (strained right hamstring) will be hopes the Toronto hit parade continues. average is .221.
outing. activated for Friday’s game, meaning “I don’t know what I expected, but it’s The team added another op-
Whoever it was, the Jays scored a sea- someone from the Blue Jays overstaffed fun to watch,” said Happ, who improved to tion at third base on Wednesday
son-high in runs on 15 hits as they won outfield is likely heading back to Triple-A 3-1 with a five-hit, four-run, eight-strikeout when Johan Camargo was activa-
their fourth game in a row heading into a Buffalo. performance. “It’s tough to sweep any- ted from the disabled list. Ca-
key four-game series in New York against “It’s not gonna be an easy decision, body. Hopefully we’re able to get some margo was expected to be the
the Yankees starting Thursday. whatever we chose to do,” Gibbons said. momentum out of it.” starter before suffering a right
“So many different guys have come up “Like I said, [Hernandez] couldn’t be play- Aaron Sanchez, who had a no-hitter oblique injury.
on different days, in different occasions. ing any better.” through seven innings in his previous Braves general manager Alex
Defensive, offensive, on the basepaths,” The 25-year-old Hernandez, who had 28 start, will get the ball for the Jays in the Anthopoulos, who was the GM
Granderson said. “That’s a good thing. You hits and a .908 OPS in 27 games last year, opener against the Yankees. in Toronto during much of Bau-
want to have that flexibility and that abil- said he’s doing his best to ignore the roster While the team is expecting the return tista’s run with the Blue Jays,
ity for anybody to be able to pass the ba- situation. of Morales during the series, Gibbons said said he had talks with the slug-
ton, get it to the next guy in the lineup so “Right now I feel really great,” he said. “I star third-baseman Donaldson, who’s eli- ger in the off-season that never
they can come up with an opportunity.” get that confidence from last year when I gible to come off the 10-day disabled list gained momentum.
Granderson’s slam, the ninth of his ca- got the opportunity. I got the chance to Saturday, will not be ready. Donaldson has “I just think where we were
reer, came after the game was already far show what I got and it makes me feel bet- been out since April 13. going to be financially just
wasn’t going to make sense for
him at the time,” Anthopoulos
Even so, Anthopoulos re-
At 20, Henderson is already closing on the win totals mained interested and said Bau-
tista liked what he had seen of
of the biggest names in Canadian golf history the Braves this season.
Anthopoulos said Bautista
turned down more money from
another team to sign with the
ADAM STANLEY Braves. Bautista has not seen
much time at third base since
rooke Henderson is just three wins “A guy chooses to come to

B away from becoming the most dec-

orated professional golfer in Cana-
dian history – and she’s only 20
years old.
After her sixth career LPGA Tour victory
here rather than somewhere
else, it’s a good thing,” he said.
“He leaves money on the table,
it’s a good thing. It’s flattering.”
Anthopoulos said Bautista has
Sunday at the Lotte Championship in Ha- been hitting and taking ground
waii, the native of Smiths Falls, Ont., is on balls. Still there is no timetable
track to eclipse the Canadian-high mark of for when Bautista can be expect-
eight wins, held jointly by Sandra Post, ed to be ready to play in the mi-
Mike Weir and George Knudson. nor leagues or Atlanta.
“It’s actually amazing, when I think Bautista earned US$18-million
about it, that I’m this close already,” said under a one-year deal with To-
Henderson from Los Angeles, where she is ronto last season, but put up
competing this week. “I’d love to get a cou- subpar numbers for the second
ple more wins this season and go from straight year, hitting .203 with 23
there.” homers and 65 RBIs in 157 games.
Post, a Canadian Golf Hall of Famer who He batted .240 with 40 homers,
was 31 when she notched her sixth victory, 114 RBIs and 110 walks in 2015,
said Henderson has adapted well to the life- then dropped to .234 with 22
style of the LPGA Tour. “I’m really not that Brooke Henderson of Smiths Falls, Ont., celebrates a four-shot victory in the LPGA Tour’s homers and 69 RBIs in 116 games
surprised,” Post said by phone. “She’s al- Lotte Championship last Sunday in Kapolei, Hawaii. HARRY HOW/GETTY IMAGES the following year.
ways had a tremendous amount of talent Bautista became a free agent
and she loves to compete.” supports its hockey team. attention on trying to win majors, as she’s and was among several promi-
Henderson is in just her third season as a “Hockey is so important to almost every already proven she can compete week in nent players who remained un-
pro, but said it’s becoming increasingly dif- Canadian, I would say, and definitely and week out on the LPGA Tour. The big signed over the winter.
ficult to win on the LPGA Tour. There have Smiths Falls is a hockey town,” she said. “I events will have special meaning for her He has hit at least 22 homers
been no two-time LPGA winners yet this think it gave me that little extra motivation moving forward. the past eight seasons, including
season, while on the PGA Tour three golfers and extra mental strength to keep pushing “There will be certain tournaments, like a career-best 54 for the Blue Jays
have already won twice. and try to get that win not only for me but the CP Women’s Open, that she’ll aim at a in 2010.
“I feel like every week, coming down the for them as well.” little bit more,” Post said. “The big thing is He has four seasons with at
stretch on Sunday, there are six people Although Henderson has four top-10 fin- to keep her enthusiasm and keep that fire least 100 RBIs.
within a shot of the lead,” she said. “Last ishes this year, she sits 13th in the world lit as long as she can, and stay healthy.” Snitker was excited about the
week was a little different, which was nice rankings. After this week in Los Angeles, Hender- scouting report from Wednes-
for me, but every other week I feel like any- She is a bit of a victim of how many tour- son will play the next two weeks, in San day’s workout.
body can win.” naments she plays, as standings in the Francisco and Dallas, before the LPGA Tour “I’ve talked to the guys down
Henderson dedicated her win to the world rankings are determined by dividing has a week off that she’ll use to return to there today who said the guy is
community of Humboldt, Sask., and will be total points earned by the number of Smiths Falls and participate in a charity in phenomenal shape,” Snitker
playing with the Humboldt Broncos in her events a golfer plays. But she is eager to get event in Ottawa. said.
thoughts through the rest of the season af- into the LPGA’s elite group. Henderson said she would likely take “A big workout. I’m sure he’s
ter a deadly crash involving the hockey She said getting into the top 10 of the the week off prior to the U.S. Women’s going to be excited about getting
team’s bus led to 16 deaths and 13 injuries. world rankings along with getting into the Open, the next major on the LPGA Tour back and playing.”
Smiths Falls is approximately the same top six of the season-long Race to the CME schedule, to prepare.
size as Humboldt, and she said she has a Globe are her two goals for the near future. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS,
special connection to a small town that Post said Henderson will likely focus her THE CANADIAN PRESS THE CANADIAN PRESS


Rielly bounces back Caps fans know

it’s hard, even
from bad playoff start if Vegas makes
it look easy
The defenceman
returned to being his
commanding self in
onsider Washington Capi-
Toronto’s Game 3 win


C tals fans: Presented with an
NHL expansion franchise in
1974, they looked forward to build-
ing a successful team and perhaps
someday winning a Stanley Cup.
organ Rielly was in no It hasn’t worked out that way.

M mood Wednesday to dis-

cuss his own fortunes in
this year’s NHL playoffs but his
Oh, the Capitals have had some
good teams over the years. There
have been 11 division titles and 10
answers about Auston Matthews 100-point seasons. In recent years,
were just as revealing. they have been even better: Three
“Yeah he puts a lot of pressure times in the past decade the team
on himself to be great,” Rielly has had the best record in hockey,
said after the Toronto Maple and Alex Ovechkin has won the
Leafs finished practising and Hart Memorial Trophy as the
media types wanted to know if league’s most-valuable player
Matthews’s big goal in Monday’s three times over that span.
win over the Boston Bruins re- But somehow it always goes
lieved the self-imposed pressure sour in the playoffs. The Capitals
enough for him to get back to have made just one Stanley Cup
being his star self. final in their 44 years of existence,
“I think that’s a common having been swept by the Detroit
theme when you look at the best Red Wings in 1998. Worse, they
players in the league, so I think have made a conference final only
for him to go out there, play a one other time, and were swept by
great game and score a big goal the Boston Bruins in 1990.
for us, it’s a good feeling,” Rielly That leaves a lot of early exits
said. “Moving forward, I think he for a lot of good teams: 14 in the
can just go out there and be him- first round and 11 in the second.
self. I think that’s good for us.” “Oh, yeah, they’ll win the Stan-
The same could be said about ley Cup someday,” Renee Calda-
Rielly, whose play on defence for relli, a season-ticket holder from
the Leafs in their lopsided losses Manassas, Va., said last year.
in the first two games was shock- The Leafs’ Morgan Rielly ner Hainsey installed as the top town, gave him a little bit of a “When I’m dead and buried.”
ing. The 23-year-old who was so was a bit of a shocker in pair. That plus a regular spot tightening.” How Caps fans must look on
composed all season in taking Games 1 and 2 of the back on the power play saw Riel- When this was put to Rielly, with envy at the nascent hockey
over the role as the top defence- team’s series against the ly finish with 52 points, the best the only response was an exas- fans of Las Vegas. Their Golden
man on the Maple Leafs looked Bruins, looking mark of his career and almost perated eye roll and a glare at the Knights are the most successful
overwhelmed. overwhelmed on the ice. double last season’s 27. Not bad offending media wisenheimer. expansion team ever, in any ma-
Rielly and partner Ron Hain- However, in Game 3, he for someone at the ripe old age The conversation quickly jor North American sport. Defy-
sey were overmatched in Game 1 was back to clearing the of 23. turned to the Bruins’ big line, ing the history of new teams
of the first-round series against defensive zone quickly But the first two games of the which was blanked in Game 3, struggling, Vegas wound up with
the Bruins’ big line of Patrice and firing stretch passes Bruins series were a slap in the and what needs to be done to en- the fifth-best record in all of hock-
Bergeron, Brad Marchand and up the ice. face. Not so for Game 3, which sure that continues. ey this past regular season. Fiveth-
David Pastrnak. In Game 2, they CLAUS ANDERSEN/ the Leafs won 4-2 to cut Boston’s “Be hard on them, be compet- crunched the num-
saw less of the line as the de- GETTY IMAGES series lead to 2-1. itive, don’t give them too much bers and found Vegas’s season far
fence pair of Jake Gardiner and Rielly may have been third time and space,” Rielly said. “In outshone such expansion suc-
Nikita Zaitsev were put into that among the Leafs defencemen in my opinion, they’re one of the cesses as the 1961 Los Angeles An-
meat-grinder, but there was still ice time at 20 minutes 10 sec- best lines in hockey for a number gels, the 1967 Chicago Bulls, the
lots of embarrassment to go onds, but he was back to his of reasons, so it’s important we 1995 Carolina Panthers and the
around. commanding self on the ice, stay on them. Don’t give them 1994 Florida Panthers.
Rielly’s minus-three plus-mi- clearing the defensive zone chances to score in the power And there has been no playoff
nus rating after the first two quickly and not being shy about play. You’ve got to be hard on swoon. On Tuesday, the Golden
games was flattering, consider- firing stretch passes up the ice. those guys.” Knights completed a four-game
ing the Bergeron line collectively One of those passes connected Then someone asked if Mar- sweep of the Los Angeles Kings,
ran up 20 points in the first two with Mitch Marner and led to Pa- chand – whose antics, from kiss- winning every game by a single
games. trick Marleau’s first goal of the ing to jabbing his stick into any goal and holding the Kings to
None of this was supposed to His mom came game early in the second period. soft spot on an opponent, could three goals in the entire series.
happen to the Leafs’ best defen- That tied the score 2-2 after goal- turn Mr. Rogers into a homicidal “When you think back to early
ceman. After a four-year appren- to town, gave him tender Frederik Andersen (who maniac – was the most annoying October when the season started,
ticeship, during which the fans a little bit of a also righted himself in that player he ever came across. Riel- we were thinking about compet-
and media debated whether he tightening. game) let in the second of two ly showed he’s now been around ing and playing hard and seeing
would ever be a No. 1 defence- soft goals. Rielly also had an as- the block enough to know better what we could do,” coach Gerard
man, the 2017 playoffs were Riel- MIKE BABOCK sist on a first-period power-play than to poke any hornet’s nest. Gallant told the Las Vegas Review-
ly’s coming-out party. LEAFS COACH, ON RIELLY’S goal. “Ah, no,” came the reply. “He’s Journal. “Now all of a sudden,
In those six games against the Rielly declined to speak about a good player and has been for a we’re moving on to the second
Washington Capitals, Rielly took the resurgence on an individual long time. That’s the toughest round of the playoffs.”
a significant step forward from basis, but it was clear his pride thing about him, his speed and Earlier Tuesday night, the Cap-
the regular season, where he and was stung in the first two games. skill.” itals were also involved in a play-
former partner Matt Hunwick “It was a group thing,” he said. The Leafs lineup on Thursday off game, against the Columbus
were often the second pairing be- “You look at the score of the night will be the same as it was Blue Jackets. The omens for this
cause head coach Mike Babcock games, we all were not happy in Monday’s game. Dominic series finally seemed good for the
wanted Rielly to get better at kill- with it. You took that personally. Moore will remain as the fourth- Caps: The Blue Jackets have not
ing penalties and playing in his When 20 guys take that person- line centre and Tomas Plekanec won a playoff series in their 18-
own end. The Leafs lost the se- ally that can make a difference.” will stay between Marner and year history. The Capitals had lost
ries in six games but five went to Babcock joked Rielly’s mother Marleau as centre Nazem Kadri Games 1 and 2 of the series at
overtime and Rielly was a central descended on Toronto from their serves the last of his three-game home in overtime. Game 3 in Co-
figure in most of them thanks to native West Vancouver to get her suspension. Forward Leo Koma- lumbus on Tuesday went OT as
his play at both ends of the ice. son straightened out. rov can’t play due to a leg injury, well, then a second overtime. That
The progress continued this “He was outstanding,” Bab- so Andreas Johnsson will get his unsettling feeling must have re-
season, with Rielly and new part- cock said. “His mom came to second playoff game. turned for many Caps fans. But lo
and behold, it was Washington
that scored the game winner, by
Lars Eller after 89 minutes of
hockey. Braden Holtby, returned
Chara and his long reach have a lengthy from a benching, made 33 saves.
“We got a break; it’s what we
postseason history against the Maple Leafs needed,” Capitals forward John
Connolly said.
The Caps are still down two
games to one. But perhaps Tues-
KYLE CICERELLA TORONTO belt, 19 of those against the Leafs. day’s game may be the start of a
He made his NHL debut with the New new day for the team: an end to
York Islanders on Nov. 19, 1997, only five the jinx and the first step toward a
Boston’s thrilling come-from-behind PENGUINS LEAD SERIES 3-1 months after Marner was born. banner hoisted to the rafters of
Game 7 win against Toronto in 2013 stands Marner says it’s hard to believe that the the Capital One Arena. The more
out as one of the good times for Bruins de- PHILADELPHIA Sidney Crosby scored his Slovak is still dominant today after 1,423 pessimistic Capitals fan – is there
fenceman Zdeno Chara in his 20-year ca- fifth goal of the series and became the regular-season games in the NHL. any other kind? – is probably ex-
reer. However, his earliest memories of fac- Pittsburgh Penguins’ career postseason “It’s very impressive,” Marner said. “Still pecting another false dawn.
ing the Maple Leafs in the postseason bring points leader in a 5-0 win over the Phila- to this day he’s still one of the top defence-
back heartache rather than smiles. delphia Flyers on Wednesday night. men in the league. His size and how he us- NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE
Toronto’s making just its sixth playoff The Penguins lead the first-round playoff es his stick is very effective. He’s very good
appearance since 2002, yet it’s the fourth series 3-1 as its shifts to Pittsburgh for at getting in lanes and blocking you out.
time the Leafs have had to get past the long Game 5. “He still hasn’t really lost a step.”
reach of the 6-foot-9, 250-pound Chara. Matt Murray stopped 26 shots for his The Bruins currently lead the first-
Chara’s earliest experiences against To- second shutout of the series and the round series 2-1, with Game 4 set for Thurs- TECHNOLOGY MARKETPLACE
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the entire next season. Hall of Famer Mario Lemieux for most league that Chara doesn’t shy away from HARD SHELL
“Mats [Sundin] was always one of those playoff points with 173. Crosby and the anything on the ice. CASES WATER
Penguins followed a 7-0 Game 1 win and a TIGHT,
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skated well. He carried a lot of the load,” 5-1 Game 3 victory with another dominant like the fountain of youth,” said Babcock. Kick them! TOUGH
said Chara. “[But] I remember Joe Nieu- outing. “They have more jump in them, they com- Leave them in the rain.
wendyk, he had a few goals, maybe two, pete harder, they know what’s at stake.” No need to pay more money
maybe a few.” THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Chara says that even at his age he has no for cases with less features!
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Bucky and the Jets: they’re wonderful

Winnipeg is on the
verge of clinching its
series with the Wild,
with lots of credit
to its tremendous
goaltender Hellebuyck


his is our ice,” the Xcel

‘T Energy Center public-ad-

dress announcer bel-
lowed as the Winnipeg Jets and
the Minnesota Wild neared the
start of their NHL playoff game
in St. Paul, Minn., on Tuesday
That may be the case under
normal circumstances, as the
Wild can boast to having one of
the best home records in the
league this season.
But for the next 60 minutes of
Game 4 of this ornery matchup,
it was Winnipeg’s Connor Helle-
buyck who felt the most at home
playing in what is usually a hos-
tile environment for the opposi-
The Jets goaltender was tre- Jets goalie Connor Hellebuyck was tremendous in Game 4 against the Wild on Tuesday, kicking out 30 shots to earn the shutout in a 2-0 win that has
mendous in kicking out 30 shots pushed Winnipeg to the brink of victory in the series. HANNAH FOSLIEN/GETTY IMAGES
to earn the shutout in a 2-0 win
that has pushed Winnipeg to the safety on Wednesday. No penalty was called on the hard as you could, so I don’t It was only the second time
brink of victory in the opening- The suspension will further play. have any problem with that.” this season that Hellebuyck had
round playoff series. deplete an already injury-rav- Winnipeg would go on to kill After gaining the lead, the Jets been yanked during a game, and
With Mark Scheifele providing aged Winnipeg defensive core. off Minnesota’s man advantage utilized a disciplined, kitty-bar- perhaps he felt he had some-
both of the Winnipeg goals, in- “It’s warranted,” Minnesota before Scheifele connected with the-door defensive scheme that thing to prove.
cluding an empty-netter with 11 coach Bruce Boudreau told re- the game’s first goal with 28 sec- made it difficult for the Wild to Just before the start of Tues-
seconds left in the game, the Jets porters in St. Paul on Wednesday, onds left in the period to put the claim any space in the middle of day’s game, the 24-year-old
have staked their claim to a 3-1 referring to the league’s decision Jets ahead 1-0. To add insult to the Winnipeg end. learned that he was one of three
lead in the best-of-seven affair. to take a closer look at the play. injury, Morrissey assisted on the Most of the time the Minneso- contenders for the Vézina Tro-
The Jets can clinch their first “I’m not up here trying to be goal. ta puck handlers were funnelled phy, awarded each season to the
playoff-series victory in franchise gamesmanship to get the league Before the suspension was an- toward the side boards, which NHL’s top goaltender.
history with one more win, pos- to call extra stuff,” Boudreau nounced, Winnipeg coach Paul made it difficult to mount many In a final ballot that is bound
sibly Friday night at Bell MTS continued. “It is what it is, Maurice said that, at the most, serious goal-scoring opportuni- to keep spell checkers delightful-
Place in downtown Winnipeg in though. It was a vicious cross- Morrissey’s action deserved only ties. ly engaged, Hellebuyck will con-
Game 5. check to the face.” a fine. The odd time the Wild were test the award against Pekka
But the Jets will have to ac- The controversy erupted late “There’s no intent on this,” able to break through the choke Rinne of the Nashville Predators
complish that without rearguard in the first period while the Wild Maurice told reporters in Winni- hold and muster a foray toward and Andrei Vasilevskiy of the
Josh Morrissey. He was suspend- were already enjoying the man peg on Wednesday. “It got the net, Hellebuyck was there to Tampa Bay Lightning.
ed by the NHL for one game for advantage in what to that point played. You’ve got a real smart turn them away. “It’s exciting and I’m looking
cross-checking Minnesota Wild was a goalless hockey game. coach on the other bench who For Winnipeg, it was a timely forward to it,” Hellebuyck said of
forward Eric Staal. The cross- Morrissey clobbered Staal has all the focus on that and not return to form for the third-year the Vézina nomination. “But I’ve
check to the side of Staal’s face with a cross-check across the on the game now. Why wouldn’t goaltender, who was given the got to dial it back in.
happened in the first period of side of his face in the slot in front you? hook in Game 3 on Sunday for “We’re here to do a job and
Winnipeg’s 2-0 victory Tuesday. of the Winnipeg net and the Min- “Morrissey is a great defence- the start of the third period after we’re here to win a Stanley Cup
Morrissey had a hearing with the nesota forward crumpled to a man for us. If you had a chance allowing all six Minnesota goals and we’ve got to worry about
league’s department of player heap on the ice. to get him out, you’d play it as in a 6-2 Wild victory. that first.”

Top picks are unfazed

by playoff pressure
STEPHEN WHYNO bois as an example to show older
players how to handle situations,
an ultimate sign of respect from a
uston Matthews got a taste Stanley Cup-winning coach who

A of playoff hockey last sea-

son. Patrik Laine has been
waiting two years for this.
doesn’t hesitate to put him on
the ice against opposing stars.
“He accepted it, he excelled,”
The third pick in the 2016 Tortorella said. “He has a mental
draft? Well, Pierre-Luc Dubois is toughness for a 19-year-old kid, to
taking a surprising star turn in accept that type of responsibility
the spotlight of the NHL playoffs, and want more. It’s a different
too. guy. You’ve got to be careful with
Matthews, Laine, Dubois and young kids, but he has showed
2017 top picks Nico Hischier and me tremendous progress and in-
Nolan Patrick all look unfazed as stant mental toughness as I’ve
they handle significant respon- gotten to know him as the sea-
sibilities in the postseason. All son’s gone on.”
are in top-six forward roles and Laine isn’t tracking the stats of
have combined for five goals and the other players in his draft
six assists. class, but he knows how they are
“These guys are young guys,” doing. Similarly, Dubois enjoys
Toronto coach Mike Babcock said watching Matthews and Laine
after Matthews’s Game 3 winner while trying not to compare him- The Vegas Golden Knights made history by becoming the first expansion team in league history to
against Boston was the 20-year- self with them. sweep its first playoff series. KIRBY LEE/USA TODAY SPORTS
old centre’s first point of the se- “They’re obviously really great
ries. “They’re playing against real players,” said Dubois, who picked
players and they’re young guys. up two assists in his first playoff
game. “I know my game and peo-
Vegas’ luck continues with a sweep of L.A.
You’ve got to go through some of
these slappings in your life to ple that know my game know
kind of respond and learn how to that we’re all different players.” BETH HARRIS LOS ANGELES McNabb scored from the right circle, beating
respond and do things right.” Production ties them together Jonathan Quick’s glove, at 4 minutes 4 seconds
These five budding superstars with Hischier and Patrick, who of the second period for his first career playoff
have been doing a lot of things also don’t look out of place at all he Golden Knights want a Stanley Cup goal. The Kings left the defenceman exposed in
right all season. Matthews’s 34
goals led the Maple Leafs; Laine’s
43 for Winnipeg were second in
the NHL; Hischier’s 48 points
were second on the Devils; and
in their first playoffs at 19.
New Jersey coach John Hynes
said Hischier has been one of the
Devils’ best players, which is the
continuation of a season of learn-
T title to conclude their already amazing last year’s expansion draft and the Knights
inaugural season in the NHL.
Vegas is on its way, beating the Los
snapped him up.
“It was crazy in the final minute of the game.
Angeles Kings 1-0 on Tuesday night and becom- They were buzzing around,” Fleury said. “We
ing the first expansion team in league history to had to keep pushing to the very end.”
Patrick’s 30 and gradual improve- ing for the first Swiss No. 1 pick. sweep its first playoff series. Facing elimination, the Kings
ment earned him a promotion to “I’ve seen every city, every rink “All season long, I didn’t know came out aggressively and out-
the Flyers’ second-line centre and just for me it was a lot of ex- any records about expansion shot the Knights 14-8 in the open-
spot. perience this year, and guys teams,” goalie Marc-André Fleury We just do what ing period. Quick stopped two
Dubois was a bit of a surprise helped me a lot,” said Hischier, said. “We just do what a regular shots on goal during the only
pick by Columbus behind Mat- who scored in Game 2 against team would, we just play the a regular team power play in the period when
thews and Laine at the 2016 draft, Tampa Bay and played more game and try to win. That’s it.” would, we just Adrian Kempe was sent off for
and he didn’t break into the NHL than 17 minutes in the Devils’ Brayden McNabb scored play the game hooking.
right away. Dubois wasn’t expect- Game 3 win. against his former team in the sec- and try to win. “I thought our hockey team got
ed to mature this quickly and Patrick wasn’t putting up a lot ond period and Fleury stopped 31 better through the series,” first-
doesn’t get the kind of attention of points in the first half of the shots as the Knights finished off That’s it. year Kings coach John Stevens
as last season’s top finishers for season but still felt he was play- their fourth one-goal victory of MARC-ANDRÉ FLEURY
said. “Tonight was our best game
rookie of the year, but he’s used ing well. Philadelphia coach Dave the series. It was the goalie’s sec- GOLDEN KNIGHTS GOALIE and created the most quality
to that by now. Hakstol felt good enough about ond shutout of the playoffs. chances, just didn’t finish off.”
“I’ve always been the guy kind Patrick’s game that he promoted “I didn’t picture this happening, me scoring a Quick made 20 saves and allowed seven goals
of under the radar,” said Dubois, him and has reaped the benefits goal against the Kings,” McNabb said, “but it in the series, but he and the Kings couldn’t du-
whose 48 points were third on for the past couple of months feels real good to get this win and finish this se- plicate the rally they pulled off in 2014. Los An-
the Blue Jackets. “All my life it’s and in the first round against ries.” geles lost its first three games to the Sharks in
been pretty much like that. I Pittsburgh. The Knights poured into the net to hug Fleu- the first round that year and went on to win the
don’t really look to impress other “Obviously I’m more confi- ry at the final horn. Vegas fans in the crowd series and eventually the Stanley Cup.
people. I just want to play well. dent in my game,” Patrick said. chanted the goalie’s name in celebration. Vegas, the third expansion team since 1968-
I’ve never been the guy that ev- “It’s nice for the confidence. I “We knew we were getting a superstar when 69 to clinch a playoff berth, awaits the winner of
erybody talked about, so it never think I worked my way up and we got him,” Vegas coach Gerard Gallant said. the series between Anaheim and San Jose,
really fazed me.” earned that spot. I think it’s eas- “He has playoff experience and he’s been a part which the Sharks lead 3-0.
Dubois most impressively has ier to get into games and get in of three Cups and he makes us better. L.A. put on Fleury earned his 66th playoff victory, break-
earned the trust of old-school the flow of it more playing a little the pressure on him, but he was huge for us.” ing a tie with Dominik Hasek for 11th on the
coach John Tortorella enough to more.” The Knights became the second team to win NHL’s all-time list among goaltenders.
be the Blue Jackets’ No. 1 centre at their first four playoff games, joining the 1970
the age of 19. Tortorella uses Du- THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Pittsburgh Penguins. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS


For the Raptors, silence could be golden

Toronto is playing
like it expects to win,
but talking like it
expects to lose




acking any competition on

L the court, the Toronto Rap-

tors continue their unabat-
ed war with expectations.
This team has suffered for
years under the weight of ill
omens – always needing to fall
back before attempting to move
ahead; always reverting to the
bad, old, the-rim-is-as-wide-
around-as-a-tea-cup Raptors at
some point. It became an awful
That’s getting harder to do
now, up two games to none
against a Washington team that
played Tuesday night as though
they have booked vacations that
begin in a week.
The Wizards haven’t entirely
rolled over yet, but they’ve shift-
ed their collective weight onto
one hip and are swinging round.
If John Wall goes motivationally
AWOL – a serious possibility –
this thing could get ugly.
That leaves the Raptors with a
philosophic question: If they The Toronto Raptors’ Kyle Lowry drives to the basket during Game 2 against the Washington Wizards on Tuesday. The Raptors’ decisive start to the
aren’t underdogs, what are they? series has left the team with a philosophic question: If they aren’t underdogs, what are they? CLAUS ANDERSEN/GETTY IMAGES
On Wednesday, coach Dwane
Casey talked about a team meet- wasn’t in it. nents. It’s not so much that it encouraging video from his hos- More so than the “We are go-
ing held in “the middle of the Later, he tried to backtrack as might provoke a better showing, pital bed. ing to win now” midseason
season” when the Raptors were best he could. but that it will be used post-facto “It brought tears to my eyes,” speech, this will have been the
informed they had a new goal. It “I don’t know how many as a cudgel with which to beat Casey said. If he is not yet willing moment the Raptors flipped
was to win the Eastern Confer- games we’re going to walk in, if the coach if things go wrong. to endorse the whole unreserv- their internal script.
ence. you’re watching the Las Vegas There’s a word for people who edly, Casey’s not shy about prais- Because it was only after De-
“That’s when the messaging line – I’m not a bettor – where talk big and fail to deliver in the ing the most important part. Rozan decided he no longer
changed somewhat,” Casey said. we’re the favourite.” NBA – unemployed. DeRozan has gone from “a wanted to hero-ball it whenever
Having achieved it and more, He’s right there. Vegas has But some teams find a way to snotty-nosed kid” to “the man he things got tight that the supple-
they now want to take a rheto- Washington as narrow favourites deliver the message in a way that is today.” Largely, that was about mentary players would have
rical step back. on Friday night. Apparently, no- skirts insult, without indulging DeRozan’s willingness to accept room to breathe. It’s a straight
Example No. 1 is the Raptors’ body working on the Strip sub- false modesty. this year that his approach would line from there to the 12-man
unresolved cold war with ESPN. scribes to League Pass. The players seem to have got alter entirely. No more low-per- bench that is currently swamp-
No matter where the World- Then Casey doubled down. there by themselves. No more centage, mid-range jumpers – ing the Wizards.
wide Leader in Sports schedules “[Friday’s game] is probably head-hanging, no more post- DeRozan’s incurable tick. He’d This change happened quietly.
their games, the Raptors know it going to be even tougher than game thousand-yard stares. learn to shoot the three, and pass DeRozan didn’t bring it up. His
is their duty to take offence. Game 1, to get over that Game 1 DeMar DeRozan is the tip of whenever he ran into obstacles stat line remained the same. The
Their tipoff could pre-empt the jinx.” that spear. There was a point in on his way to the basket rather team had a better record, but the
State of the Union, and the Rap- The Game 1 jinx lasted a quar- Game 1 where it felt like he was than try to tunnel through them. swing wasn’t remarkable. The
tors would complain that it’s not ter century. It was buried so deep tipping over sideways, going in DeRozan’s conversion appar- only evidence of what was hap-
their job to set U.S. foreign policy. in the team psyche, you could for another one of his two-for- ently happened after an early pening was out on the court.
No scrum may pass without quite literally see them seizing whatever playoff shooting season game in Utah (a good That trend has carried over to
some mention of the way in up in games. And beating a games. place for that sort of thing). the playoffs – same messaging,
which the United States fails to Washington team that’s already But DeRozan continued to dis- “I implored him,” Casey said. “ same clichés – but everything
rate this basketball club. Usually, had their will broken will be har- tribute the ball and eventually ‘Let’s give this a chance.’ ” feels this different. This Raptors
it’s a jokey aside that is meant to der than that? found his space. He was as good This implies DeRozan was a team plays like a team that
be taken for serious and may, by We’re at the point where you as he’s ever been in Game 2. reluctant adopter of a revamped knows it will win.
this point, have come all the way wonder how much of this is per- Throughout the season, DeRo- offensive model the Raptors As long as that continues,
back round to being a joke. formance, how much is habit zan has been flying back and promised way back in May, 2017. maybe it’s okay if they never find
Casey talked up the team de- and how much is useful. forth to his home in Los Angeles It wasn’t until six months later, the mental gear to stop talking
veloping the “mental toughness Coaches everywhere have a to visit his father, who is gravely and whatever it was that hap- like a team that expects to lose.
you have to have to be the favou- deep fear of providing bulletin- ill. Casey said that the elder De- pened in Utah, that he changed And maybe it’s better still if they
rite,” but you could tell his heart board material for their oppo- Rozan recently sent the team an his mind. just say nothing at all.

It’s happy Holiday for the

Pelicans in the playoffs
BRETT MARTEL NEW ORLEANS him to get 20 points,” Gentry said,
observing that Holiday has had to
take turns guarding both mem-
rue Holiday’s postseason pro- bers of Portland’s prolific starting

J duction is providing Pelicans

all-star Anthony Davis with a
smore comfortable margin for
backcourt, guards Damian Lillard
and C.J. McCollum.
“He can get to the basket
error – and has left Portland with against just about anybody that
precious little. there is. His outside shot has real-
Holiday’s 54 points, 16 assists ly improved,” Gentry added. “He’s
and slew of defensive successes in very confident in what he’s doing
the first two games are big reasons and the way he’s playing.”
why the sixth-seeded Pelicans
hold a surprising 2-0 series lead
over the third-seeded Trail Blaz-
ers as they prepare for Game 3 on
Thursday night in New Orleans. The 76ers say all-star centre Joel
“Playoff Jrue, I guess,” Davis Embiid, who has missed 10 games
quipped after Holiday scored 33 – with a broken orbital bone, is
including a late, deep three-point- doubtful in Game 3, with the se-
er – in the Pelicans’ Game 2 tri- ries tied 1-1. The Heat ended Phila-
umph in Portland on Tuesday delphia’s franchise-record 17-
night. “He’s in a different mode.” game winning streak on Monday,
Philadelphia visits Miami in winning with physical defence. To
one of two other Game 3s on further ratchet up tension, some
Thursday night, while the Spurs 76ers were miffed by Miami’s Go-
return to San Antonio after a pair ran Dragic’s late layup to pad the
of double-digit losses at defend- Heat’s 113-103 victory.
ing champion Golden State.
Pelicans general manager Dell
Demps bet big on Holiday on the
first day of free agency last sum-
mer, giving the 27-year-old guard San Antonio is 30-8 at home this
a five-year contract worth about season, but coach Gregg Popovich
US$126-million. But if the postsea- stressed playing on the road isn’t
son is where players really earn why the Spurs dropped the first
their money, then the Pelicans’ two games. San Antonio is shoot-
Holiday spending could very well ing 26 per cent on three-pointers
be worth it. in the series after averaging 35 per
Holiday helped preserve New cent during the regular season.
Orleans’ Game 1 victory with a San Antonio was 4-for-28 on
leaping steal in transition during threes in Game 2. “We know it’s
the final minutes, followed by a just like hitting in baseball – the
block in the final seconds. Those ability to make shots,” Popovich
plays were prime examples of said. “I’m more concerned about
why Pelicans coach Alvin Gentry the nuts and bolts of the game
has asserted Holiday is one of the and the attitude and the fibre and
best two-way players in the NBA. the grunt and all that sort of
“We ask him to guard the best thing.”
perimeter player and we ask him
to do it while we’re also wanting THE ASSOCIATED PRESS


Nadal stays sharp in Monte Carlo opening-round win

The world No. 1 recently tralian Open quarter-final in Ja- Otherwise, Roger Federer would na Coric 7-6 (2), 7-5 as he contin- er to close it out.
nuary. take over the top spot. ues his comeback from an elbow Cilic next faces 14th-seeded
returned to the court “It was a positive start. That’s Nadal next faces Russian Ka- injury. Canadian Milos Raonic, who reg-
after suffering a hip all,” Nadal said after the victory. ren Khachanov, who recorded a The Serbian came through on istered 16 aces while posting a 7-6
injury in January “It’s important for me to win 6-2, 6-2 victory over French wild the 10th try when Coric sent a (5), 6-2 victory over Italy’s Marco
matches, of course. I need days on card Gilles Simon. backhand long to end the match. Cecchinato.
court. Since Shanghai last year, I “[Karen] is a tough opponent, “I could have won the match Three seeded players were sec-
MONACO have spent not enough time on of course,” Nadal said. “No doubt earlier, definitely, but it was great ond-round upset victims. Franc-
court competing. about that. He’s a player that to deal with these kinds of emo- e’s Richard Gasquet rolled past
“Every match that I have the serves big and has big shots from tions again,” Dkojovic told report- Argentina’s 10th-seeded Diego
Top-seeded Rafael Nadal soared chance to win is a great news, be- the baseline. I need to play ag- ers. Schwartzman 6-2, 6-1, Germany’s
through his opening match in the cause it [helps my] confidence gressive. I can’t let him play in The two-time Monte Carlo Jan-Lennard Struff swept through
Rolex Monte Carlo Masters, dis- and is a chance to play another comfortable positions because champion next faces fifth-seeded 13th-seeded Italian Fabio Fognini
patching Slovenia’s Aljaz Bedene day. That’s what I need.” then it will be impossible. … I Dominic Thiem of Austria. 6-4, 6-2, while Germany’s Philipp
6-1, 6-3 on Wednesday in Monaco. Nadal was hardly tested by Be- know it’s going to be an impor- Second-seeded Marin Cilic of Kohlschreiber was a 6-4, 6-2 win-
The world No. 1 and 10-time dene while improving to 64-4 all- tant test for me.” Croatia also advanced with a 6-3, ner over 15th-seeded Spaniard Al-
champion of the event recently time at the event. Nadal needs to Meanwhile, ninth-seeded No- 7-6 (4) win over Fernando Verdas- bert Ramos-Vinolas.
returned to the court after suffer- win the tournament for the 11th vak Djokovic needed 10 match co of Spain. Cilic had to fight off
ing a hip injury during the Aus- time to remain as world No. 1. points to finish off Croatia’s Bor- Verdasco in a second-set tiebreak- REUTERS


x-Kitchener at Sault Ste. Marie, 7:07 p.m.
x — played only if necessary.
W L Pct GB W L Pct GB All Times Eastern
All Times Eastern All Times Eastern Boston 14 2 .875 — New York 12 4 .750 — (Best-of-7)
DIVISION SEMIFINALS DIVISION SEMIFINALS Toronto 12 5 .706 21/2 Philadelphia 10 6 .625 2
(Best-of-7) (Best-of-5) THIRD ROUND New York 8 8 .500 6 Atlanta 9 7 .563 3
All Times Eastern Baltimore 5 13 .278 10 Washington 9 9 .500 4 EASTERN CONFERENCE
Cleveland 9 6 .600 — Pittsburgh 12 6 .667 — Tuesday
TAMPA BAY (1) VS. NEW JERSEY (WC2) TORONTO (1) VS. UTICA (4) Minnesota 7 5 .583 1/2 St. Louis 10 7 .588 11/2
(Tampa Bay leads series 2-1) Saturday B-BOISBRIAND (1) VS. CHARLOTTETOWN (9) Toronto 130 Washington 119
Detroit 6 9 .400 3 Milwaukee 10 9 .526 21/2 Friday
Wednesday Utica at Toronto, 4 p.m. Friday
Chicago 4 11 .267 5 Chicago 7 8 .467 31/2
Tampa Bay at New Jersey Sunday Charlottetown at B-Boisbriand, 7:30 p.m. Cincinnati 3 15 .167 9
Toronto at Washington, 8 p.m.
Kansas City 3 13 .188 61/2
Saturday Utica at Toronto, 4 p.m. Saturday WEST DIVISION Sunday
x-New Jersey at Tampa Bay, 3 p.m. Wednesday, Apr. 25 Charlottetown at B-Boisbriand, 7 p.m. Los Angeles 13 4 .765 — Arizona 12 4 .750 — Toronto at Washington, 8 p.m.
Monday, Apr. 23 Toronto at Utica, 7 p.m. Tuesday, Apr. 24 Houston 11 7 .611 21/2 Colorado 11 9 .550 3 Wednesday, Apr. 25
x-Tampa Bay at New Jersey, TBD B-Boisbriand at Charlottetown, 6 p.m. Seattle 9 6 .600 3 Los Angeles 7 9 .438 5 x-Washington at Toronto, TBA
Wednesday, Apr. 25 Wednesday, Apr. 25 Oakland 9 10 .474 5 San Francisco 6 10 .375 6 Friday, Apr. 27
x-New Jersey at Tampa Bay, TBD B-Boisbriand at Charlottetown, 6 p.m. Texas 7 13 .350 71/2 San Diego 7 12 .368 61/2 x-Toronto at Washington, TBA
Friday, Apr. 27 Sunday, Apr. 29
Rochester at Syracuse, 7 p.m. Wednesday Wednesday
BOSTON (2) VS. TORONTO (3) Saturday x-Charlottetown at B-Boisbriand, 7:30 p.m. x-Washington at Toronto, TBA
(Boston leads series 2-1) Rochester at Syracuse, 7 p.m. Sunday, Apr. 29
Thursday x-B-Boisbriand at Charlottetown, 6 p.m. Detroit 6, Baltimore 5 Pittsburgh 10, Colorado 2
Wednesday, Apr. 25 BOSTON (2) VS. MILWAUKEE (7)
Boston at Toronto, 7 p.m. Tuesday, May 1 Tampa Bay 4, Texas 2 Milwaukee 2, Cincinnati 0
Syracuse at Rochester, 7:05 p.m. (Boston leads series 2-0)
Saturday x-Charlottetown at B-Boisbriand, 7 p.m. Oakland 12, Chi. White Sox 11, 14 innings Washington at N.Y. Mets, 7:10 p.m.
x-Toronto at Boston, 8 p.m. Toronto 15, Kansas City 5 Philadelphia at Atlanta, 7:35 p.m.
ATLANTIC DIVISION Boston 120 Milwaukee 106
Monday, Apr. 23 Cleveland vs. Minnesota San Francisco at Arizona, 9:40 p.m.
x-Boston at Toronto, TBD Boston at L.A. Angels L.A. Dodgers at San Diego, 10:10 p.m.
Friday Friday Boston at Milwaukee, 9:30 p.m.
Wednesday, Apr. 25 Houston at Seattle St. Louis at Chicago Cubs, ppd.
Lehigh Valley at Providence, 7:05 p.m. Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m. Sunday
x-Toronto at Boston, TBD
Saturday Saturday Boston at Milwaukee, 1 p.m.
Tuesday Tuesday
Lehigh Valley at Providence, 7:05 p.m. Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m. Tuesday, Apr. 24
Friday, Apr. 27 Tuesday, Apr. 24 x-Milwaukee at Boston, TBA
WASHINGTON (1) VS. COLUMBUS (WC1) Acadie-Bathurst at Victoriaville, 7 p.m.
Toronto 11, Kansas City 3, 1st game Colorado 2, Pittsburgh 0
Thursday, Apr. 26
(Columbus leads series 2-1) Providence at Lehigh Valley, 7:05 p.m. Miami 9, N.Y. Yankees 1 Washington 5, N.Y. Mets 2
Wednesday, Apr. 25 x-Boston at Milwaukee, TBA
Tuesday Toronto 5, Kansas City 4, 2nd game, 10 Philadelphia 5, Atlanta 1, 10 innings
W-B/SCRANTON (2) VS. CHARLOTTE (3) Acadie-Bathurst at Victoriaville, 7 p.m. Saturday, Apr. 28
Washington 3 Columbus 2 (2OT) innings Milwaukee 2, Cincinnati 0
Thursday Friday Friday, Apr. 27 x-Milwaukee at Boston, TBA
Detroit 4, Baltimore 2 St. Louis 5, Chicago Cubs 3
Washington at Columbus, 7:30 p.m. Wilkes-Barre/Scranton at Charlotte, 7 p.m. x-Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m.
Cleveland 6, Minnesota 1 Arizona 1, San Francisco 0
Saturday Saturday Sunday, Apr. 29 PHILADELPHIA (3) VS. MIAMI (6)
Texas 7, Tampa Bay 2 L.A. Dodgers 7, San Diego 3, 12 innings
x-Columbus at Washington, 3 p.m. Wilkes-Barre/Scranton at Charlotte, 6 p.m. x-Acadie-Bathurst at Victoriaville, 4 p.m. (Series tied 1-1)
Oakland 10, Chicago White Sox 2
Monday, Apr. 23 Thursday, Apr. 26 Tuesday, May 1 Monday
Boston 10, L.A. Angels 1 Thursday
x-Washington at Columbus, TBD Charlotte at W-Barre/Scranton, 7:05 p.m. x-Victoriaville at Acadie-Bathurst, 6 p.m. Miami 113 Philadelphia 103
Houston 4, Seattle 1 All Times Eastern
Wednesday, Apr. 25 x — played only if necessary. Thursday
x-Columbus at Washington, TBD WESTERN CONFERENCE Thursday St. Louis (TBD) at Chicago Cubs (TBD), Philadelphia at Miami, 7 p.m.
CENTRAL DIVISION WHL PLAYOFFS All Times Eastern 2:20 p.m. Saturday
PITTSBURGH (2) VS. PHILADELPHIA (3) Pittsburgh (Taillon 2-0) at Philadelphia Philadelphia at Miami, 2:30 p.m.
(Pittsburgh leads series 3-1) All Times Eastern Baltimore (Cobb 0-1) at Detroit (Arrieta 1-0), 7:05 p.m. Tuesday, Apr. 24
Wednesday (Zimmermann 0-0), 1:10 p.m. N.Y. Mets (Harvey 0-1) at Atlanta x-Miami at Philadelphia, TBA
Rockford at Chicago, 8 p.m.
Pittsburgh 5 Philadelphia 1
THIRD ROUND Houston (Morton 2-0) at Seattle (Sanchez 1-0), 7:35 p.m. Thursday, Apr. 26
Friday CONFERENCE FINALS x-Philadelphia at Miami, TBA
Chicago at Rockford, 5 p.m. (Gonzales 1-1), 3:40 p.m. Miami (Peters 2-1) at Milwaukee
Philadelphia at Pittsburgh, 7 p.m. (Best-of-7) Saturday, Apr. 28
Sunday Thursday, Apr. 26 Toronto (Sanchez 1-1) at N.Y. Yankees (Anderson 1-1), 8:10 p.m.
(Sabathia 0-0), 6:35 p.m. San Francisco (Blach 1-2) at Arizona x-Miami at Philadelphia, TBA
x-Pittsburgh at Philadelphia, TBD Rockford at Chicago, 8 p.m.
Tuesday, Apr. 24 EASTERN CONFERENCE Boston (Rodriguez 1-0) at L.A. Angels (Greinke 1-1), 9:40 p.m.
x-Philadelphia at Pittsburgh, TBD GRAND RAPIDS (2) VS. MANITOBA (3) LETHBRIDGE (C2) VS. SCURRENT (E2) (Tropeano 1-0), 10:07 p.m. CLEVELAND (4) VS. INDIANA (5)
Saturday Friday CONCACAF CHAMPIONS (Series tied 1-1)
WESTERN CONFERENCE Grand Rapids at Manitoba, 3 p.m. Lethbridge at Swift Current, 9 p.m. MLS LEAGUE Wednesday
Sunday Saturday Cleveland 100 Indiana 97
NASHVILLE (1) VS. COLORADO (WC2) Grand Rapids at Manitoba, 3 p.m. Lethbridge at Swift Current, 9 p.m. FINAL
Wednesday, Apr. 25 Tuesday, Apr. 24 GP W L T GF GA Pt (home-and-home, total-goals series) Cleveland at Indiana, 7 p.m.
(Nashville leads series 2-1) Sunday
Manitoba at Grand Rapids, 7 p.m. Swift Current at Lethbridge, 9 p.m. New York City 7 5 0 2 16 6 17 GUADALAJARA (MEXICO) VS.
Wednesday Cleveland at Indiana, 8:30 p.m.
Wednesday, Apr. 25 Atlanta 6 4 1 1 15 8 13
Nashville at Colorado TORONTO FC Wednesday, Apr. 25
Monday PACIFIC DIVISION Swift Current at Lethbridge, 9 p.m. New England 6 3 2 1 10 6 10
Saturday, Apr. 28 Orlando 6 3 2 1 11 10 10 x-Indiana at Cleveland, TBA
Colorado 5 Nashville 3 TUCSON (1) VS. SAN JOSE (4) Tuesday (First Leg)
x-Lethbridge at Swift Current, 9 p.m. Columbus 7 3 3 1 9 7 10 Friday, Apr. 27
Friday Thursday Guadalajara 2 Toronto FC 1
Colorado at Nashville, 9:30 p.m. Monday, Apr. 30 NY Red Bulls 5 3 2 0 13 6 9 x-Cleveland at Indiana, TBA
Tucson at San Jose, 10 p.m.
Sunday x-Swift Current at Lethbridge, 9 p.m. Montreal 6 2 4 0 6 12 6 Sunday, Apr. 29
Saturday Wednesday, April 25 (Second Leg)
x-Nashville at Colorado, TBD Tuesday, May 1 Philadelphia 5 1 2 2 3 6 5 x-Indiana at Cleveland, TBA
Tucson at San Jose, 10 p.m. All Times Eastern
Tuesday, Apr. 24 Wednesday, Apr. 25 x-Lethbridge at Swift Current, 9 p.m. D.C. 6 1 3 2 6 10 5
Toronto FC at Guadalajara, 10:30 p.m.
x-Colorado at Nashville, TBD San Jose at Tucson, 10:05 p.m. Chicago 5 1 3 1 7 9 4 WESTERN CONFERENCE
(Winnipeg leads series 3-1) Thursday Friday WESTERN CONFERENCE Wednesday
Tuesday Ontario at Texas, 8 p.m. Tri-City at Everett, 10:35 p.m. GP W L T GF GA Pt Minnesota at Houston
Winnipeg 2 Minnesota 0 Kansas City 7 4 1 2 14 11 14 BASEBALL
Friday Saturday Saturday
Friday Ontario at Texas, 8 p.m. Tri-City at Everett, 10:05 p.m. LA Galaxy 6 3 2 1 8 8 10 Houston at Minnesota, 7:30 p.m.
Minnesota at Winnipeg, 7:30 p.m. Vancouver 7 3 3 1 8 11 10 MLB: Baltimore vs. Detroit, SN Ontario,
Sunday Monday, Apr. 23 Monday
Sunday Los Angeles FC 5 3 2 0 11 10 9 East, West, Pacific, 1 p.m.
Texas at Ontario, 6 p.m. Everett at Tri-City, 10:05 p.m. MLB: Toronto vs. N.Y. Yankees, SN 1, 6:30 Houston at Minnesota, 8 p.m.
x-Winnipeg at Minnesota, TBD Dallas 5 2 0 3 7 3 9
x — played only if necessary. Thursday, Apr. 26 p.m. Wednesday, Apr. 25
Wednesday, Apr. 25 Colorado 5 2 1 2 9 5 8
Everett at Tri-City, 10:05 p.m. x-Minnesota at Houston, TBA
x-Minnesota at Winnipeg, TBD Salt Lake 6 2 3 1 6 14 7
OHL PLAYOFFS Saturday, Apr. 28 BASKETBALL Friday, Apr. 27
x-Tri-City at Everett, 10:05 p.m. Minnesota 6 2 4 0 8 12 6 x-Houston at Minnesota, TBA
PACIFIC DIVISION Houston 5 1 2 2 9 8 5
THIRD ROUND Monday, Apr. 30 NBA Playoffs: Philadelphia vs. Miami,
VEGAS (1) VS. LOS ANGELES (WC1) x-Everett at Tri-City, 10:05 p.m. San Jose 5 1 2 2 9 10 5
(Vegas wins series 4-0) All Times Eastern Eastern Conference quarterfinal, TSN 1, 3, GOLDEN STATE (2) VS. SAN ANTONIO (7)
Tuesday, May 1 Portland 6 1 3 2 9 14 5 4, 5, 7 p.m. (Golden State leads series 2-0)
Tuesday CONFERENCE FINALS Seattle 4 0 3 1 2 7 1
x-Tri-City at Everett, 10:05 p.m. NBA Playoffs: Portland vs. New Orleans, Monday
Vegas 1 Los Angeles 0 (Best-of-7)
x — played only if necessary. Note: Three points awarded for a win, Western Conference quarterfinal, NBA TV Golden State 116 San Antonio 101
ANAHEIM (2) VS. SAN JOSE (3) one for a tie. Canada, 9 p.m. Thursday
(San Jose leads series 3-0) EASTERN CONFERENCE
Wednesday HAMILTON (1) VS.KINGSTON (3)
TENNIS Friday NBA Playoffs: Golden State vs. San Golden State at San Antonio, 9:30 p.m.
All Times Eastern Antonio, TSN 1, 3, 5, 9:30 p.m. Sunday
Anaheim at San Jose Wednesday
Friday MONTE CARLO MASTERS Golden State at San Antonio, 3:30 p.m.
Kingston at Hamilton Vancouver at Kansas City, 9 p.m. GOLF
x-San Jose at Anaheim, 10:30 p.m. Tuesday, Apr. 24
Friday At Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France
Sunday Second Round — Singles x-San Antonio at Golden State, TBA
Kingston at Hamilton, 7 p.m. European PGA: Trophee Hassan II, Golf
x-Anaheim at San Jose, TBD Saturday Thursday, Apr. 26
Sunday Channel, 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday, Apr. 24 x-Golden State at San Antonio, TBA
x-San Jose at Anaheim, TBD Hamilton at Kingston, 6 p.m. Milos Raonic (14), Canada, def. Marco PGA Tour: Valero Texas Open, Golf
Tuesday, Apr. 24 Los Angeles F.C. at Montreal, 1 p.m. Channel, 3:30 p.m.
x — played only if necessary. Cecchinato, Italy, 7-6 (5), 6-2.
Toronto at Houston, 3 p.m. LPGA Tour: Hugel — JTBC L.A. Open, PORTLAND (3) VS. NEW ORLEANS (6)
Hamilton at Kingston, 7 p.m. Kei Nishikori, Japan, def. Daniil
Chicago at N.Y. Red Bulls, 3:30 p.m. Golf Channel, 6:30 p.m. (New Orleans leads series 1-0)
Thursday, Apr. 26 Medvedev, Russia, 7-5, 6-2.
SCORING LEADERS New England at Columbus, 7:30 p.m. Tuesday
x-Kingston at Hamilton, 7 p.m. Karen Khachanov, Russia, def. Gilles
Not including last night’s games San Jose at Orlando, 7:30 p.m. HOCKEY New Orleans 111 Portland 102
Saturday, Apr. 28 Simon, France, 6-2, 6-2.
G A Pts Philadelphia at Dallas, 8 p.m. Thursday
David Pastrnak, Bos 4 5 9 x-Hamilton at Kingston, 7 p.m. Roberto Bautista Agut (11), Spain, def.
Colorado at Salt Lake, 9 p.m. IIHF U18 World Championship: Canada Portland at New Orleans, 9 p.m.
Sidney Crosby, Pgh 4 3 7 Monday, Apr. 30 Feliciano Lopez, Spain, 6-3, 7-6 (5).
Atlanta at L.A. Galaxy, 10:30 p.m. vs. U.S., TSN 1, 3, 4, 5, 10:30 a.m. Saturday
Artemi Panarin, Clb 2 5 7 x-Kingston at Hamilton, 7 p.m. Novak Djokovic (9), Serbia, def. Borna NHL Playoffs: Boston vs. Toronto, Eastern Portland at New Orleans, 5 p.m.
John Carlson, Wash 1 6 7 Coric, Croatia, 7-6 (2), 7-5. Tuesday, Apr. 24
Conference quarterfinal, CBC, 7 p.m.
Nikita Kucherov, TB 2 4 6 WESTERN CONFERNCE Jan-Lennard Struff, Germany, def. MOVES NHL Playoffs: Washington vs. Columbus, x-New Orleans at Portland, TBA
Brad Marchand, Bos 1 5 6 Sault Ste-Marie (1) VS. Kitchener (2) Fabio Fognini (13), Italy, 6-4, 6-2.
Alex Killorn, TB 4 1 5 Eastern Conference quarterfinal, SN Thursday, Apr. 26
Friday Philipp Kohlschreiber, Germany, def. MLB Ontario, East, West, Pacific, 7:30 p.m. x-Portland at New Orleans, TBA
Nathan MacKinnon, Col 3 2 5
Kitchener at Sault Ste. Marie, 7:07 p.m. Albert Ramos-Vinolas (15), Spain, 6-4, National League
Logan Couture, SJ 2 3 5
Taylor Hall, NJ 2 3 5 Saturday 6-2. SOCCER OKLAHOMA CITY (4) VS. UTAH (5)
Gabriel Landeskog, Col 2 3 5 Kitchener at Sault Ste. Marie, 7:07 p.m. Richard Gasquet, France, def. Diego ATLANTA BRAVES — Assigned RHP (Oklahoma City leads series 1-0)
Brian Dumoulin, Pgh 1 4 5 Monday Schwartzman, Argentina, 6-2, 6-1. EPL: Burnley FC vs. Chelsea FC, SN World, Wednesday
Jake Guentzel, Pgh 1 4 5 Sault Ste. Marie at Kitchener, 7 p.m. Luke Jackson outright to Gwinnett
Rafael Nadal (1), Spain, def. Aljaz 2 p.m. Utah at Oklahoma City, 8 p.m.
Joe Pavelski, SJ 1 4 5 Wednesday, April 25 (IL). Agreed to terms with 3B Jose
Bedene, Slovenia, 6-1, 6-3. Saturday
Nicklas Backstrom, Wash 0 5 5 Sault Ste. Marie at Kitchener, 7 p.m. Bautista on a minor league contract TENNIS
Andreas Seppi, Italy, def. Guillermo Oklahoma City at Utah, 10 p.m.
Torey Krug, Bos 0 5 5 Friday, April 27 and assigned him to extended spring
Patrice Bergeron, Bos 0 5 5 Garcia-Lopez, Spain, 4-6, 6-3, 7-5. Monday
x-Kitchener at Sault Ste. Marie, 7:07 p.m. ATP Tour: Monte Carlo Masters, round of Oklahoma City at Utah, 10:30 p.m.
Evander Kane, SJ 3 1 4 Marin Cilic (2), Croatia, def. Fernando training. Placed RHP Anibal Sanchez
Sunday, April 29 16, TSN 2, 5 a.m. Wednesday, Apr. 25
Austin Watson, Nash 3 1 4 Verdasco, Spain, 6-3, 7-6 (4). on the 10-day DL.
x-Sault Ste. Marie at Kitchener, 2 p.m. x-Utah at Oklahoma City, TBA




World Cup to explain VAR decisions

Video-assistant referees’
choices will be followed
by written explanation
on giant screen,
as well as replays


Fans attending World Cup match-

es in Russia won’t be left wonder-
ing about the reasons behind de-
cisions of the video-assistant ref-
After the VAR’s decision is
made, replays will be shown on
giant screens inside the stadiums
accompanied by a written expla-
It’s all part of the VAR informa-
tion system that FIFA unveiled on
FIFA will place someone in the
VOR (video operations room)
who will listen in to the VAR’s de-
cisions and communicate them
to both TV commentators and
stadium staff operating the giant
“So we will have graphics on
the giant screens, we will have re-
plays after the decision on the gi-
ant screens and we will also in-
form the fans about the outcome
of a VAR incident and review,”
said Sebastian Runge, group lead-
er of soccer innovation at FIFA.
With the VAR making its tour-
nament debut during the June 14-
July 15 World Cup, FIFA is holding FIFA referees chief Pierluigi Collina, left, is flanked by FIFA head of refereeing Massimo Busacca during a meeting to explain how the video-assistant
its final training camp this month referees will be used at the World Cup at the Coverciano sports centre near Florence, Italy, on Wednesday. MAURIZIO DEGL’INNOCENTI/ANSA VIA AP
for the 99 match officials – 36 ref-
erees and 63 assistants – who clear indication about what lect one VAR and three assistant one match aday. “We have a cabin in the broad-
have been selected to go to Russia. should be done if something sim- VARs. “It’s not like watching a match cast compound from where we
Thirteen VARs have been pre- ilar in FIFA competition – specifi- Training operation rooms pre- on the sofa sipping coffee,” Colli- send all of the feeds to the IBC
selected and are being trained at cally the World Cup – happens,” sented to media included six na said. anyway. That cabin can be turned
Italy’s Coverciano complex, and Collina said without providing monitors for the VARs and two Collina, who officiated Brazil’s into a smaller, light version of the
FIFA referees chief Pierluigi Colli- further detail. more for technical assistants en- 2-0 win over Germany in the 2002 VOR.”
na said more VARs and VAR as- Collina added that the VAR abling the VARs to see requested World Cup final, explained why Hacking has also been consid-
sistants will be chosen from the should not be overused, adding replays. the VARs will wear track suits sim- ered.
99 match officials. that ideally it would intervene at There could be up to four tech- ilar to referees’ on-pitch attire. “We are aware that there might
Three of the 13 VARs come from all in a match. nical assistants in the room for “The reason is at the end they be something, but our IT depart-
Italy’s Serie A and two from Ger- “The goal of VAR is to avoid World Cup matches. sweat as much as someone on the ment put measurements in place
many’s Bundesliga – elite compe- major mistakes,” Collina said. field, because the tension is very that will protect us from that,”
titions that already use video as- “The objective is not to have clear high,” Collina said. “They can’t do Runge said.
sistants. and obvious mistakes committed OFFSIDE CAMERAS
two matches per day – it’s too
The VAR can support the refer- on the field of play. This is the tar- stressful.”
ee in four game-changing situa- get, the goal is not to re-referee POSTMATCH BRIEFINGS
FIFA will install two extra cam-
tions: goals and offences leading the match using technology. eras at matches to monitor off-
up to a goal; penalty decisions “There will continue to be inci- COMMS AND HACKING
side decisions. The cameras will In extraordinary circumstances,
and offences leading up to a pen- dents when a final answer will not be in addition to the 33 cameras FIFA will hold postmatch brief-
alty; direct red card incidents; be given and there will be differ- used for broadcasters and they The Moscow control centre will ings to explain decisions in grea-
and cases of mistaken identity. ent opinions,” Collina added. will be installed under stadium be connected to match officials ter detail.
Still, VARs in both Italy and Among other items involving roofs. via a fibre-optic network. “If something should happen
Germany have received vehe- the VAR: Broadcasters will not have di- If the network fails, the backup that we think should properly
ment criticism for long delays and rect access to the cameras, but if plan includes an old-fashioned and accurately be explained – and
bungled decisions this season. they are used by the VAR then land telephone line and a tele- it doesn’t matter if it’s related to
On Monday, Mainz was award- MOSCOW CONTROL CENTRE
broadcasters can show the video. phone stationed near the fourth VAR or something different – if it
ed a penalty during halftime Runge added that three-di- referee for emergency use. is a matter to explain the back-
against a rival Freiburg side that FIFA will follow the Bundesliga mensional technology – consid- “Worst-case scenario includes ground of a decision, as an excep-
had already left the pitch for the model of a central control centre ered the ultimate strategy for de- a backup plan on site. That’s tion certainly we will do it,” Colli-
break – prompting the unusual for the VAR rather than using termining offside – is not ready when the IBC is down – no power, na said.
scene of a team returning from trucks outside stadiums. for real-time access yet. no fibre network,” Runge said. “But it won’t be a postmatch
the changing room to defend a “We will have all of the referees “Then we have a plan in place press conference for every match,
penalty. based in Moscow so there won’t where the fourth official would explaining every single decision
“Yesterday we had already dis- SWEAT AND STRESS
be any stress in terms of travel,” become the VAR and the fourth taken during every single match.”
cussed this incident here and Collina said. official would be replaced by the
gave match officials and VARs For each match, Collina will se- VARs will not officiate more than reserve referee. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

FIFA Council member arrested for corruption


FIFA Council member Constant MANCHESTER UNITED 2
Omari was arrested on suspicion
of corruption and held for 24 BOURNEMOUTH Manchester
hours in a public prosecutor’s of- United tightened its grip on
fice in his home country of Con- second place in the Premier
go while being questioned for al- League after goals in each half
leged involvement in embezzle- by defender Chris Smalling and
ment, officials said. substitute Romelu Lukaku gave
Omari, who is also a vice-pres- them a clinical 2-0 win at
ident of the Confederation of Bournemouth on Wednesday.
African Football, was arrested on The result left United, who
Tuesday night on the orders of suffered a shock 1-0 home
Luzolo Bambi, Congo President defeat by bottom team West
Joseph Kabila’s special adviser Bromwich Albion on Sunday,
on corruption, a statement from second on 74 points from 34
Bambi’s office said. Omari was re- games, 13 behind champions
leased late on Wednesday, but Manchester City and four ahead
was ordered to return for further of third-placed Liverpool.
questioning on Thursday, prose- With one eye on Saturday’s
cutors said. FA Cup semi-final against
Omari, the president of the Tottenham Hotspur at Wem-
Congo soccer federation, was ar- bley, United manager Jose
rested along with two other fed- Mourinho made seven changes
eration officials and a govern- to the side beaten by West
ment Sports Ministry official. The Brom and his reshuffled team
three other officials were still be- delivered at Vitality stadium.
ing detained on Wednesday at FIFA Council member Constant Omari was elected to the FIFA Council in 2015; he was promoted to become one Smalling fired the visitors
the public prosecutor’s office at a of two vice-presidents of the African confederation last year. YURI KADOBNOV/GETTY IMAGES ahead with a close-range finish
court building in Kinshasa. in the 28th minute and Lukaku
The four were questioned on into Omari and the others on government said the amount and gathering additional infor- sealed the win with a superb
suspicion of embezzling money April 2 and they had been ques- was exorbitant. mation but has no further state- strike in the 70th, burying his
given to the federation by the tioned regularly since then. By The 60-year-old Omari was ment to make at this stage,” FIFA shot over advancing keeper
government to fund the Congo Tuesday, prosecutors felt there elected to the FIFA Council in said. Asmir Begovic after he was put
national team and various Con- was enough evidence against the 2015, one of seven Africans on the “More information could be through by Paul Pogba.
golese clubs playing in competi- four for them to be arrested. 37-member board headed by FI- released as the situation un-
tions across Africa, according to The arrests of Omari, federa- FA president Gianni Infantino. folds.” REUTERS
the statement from Bambi’s of- tion vice-president Theobald Bi- Already a member of CAF’s exec- The Congolese league sus-
fice. namungu, federation chief finan- utive committee, he was promot- pended all games until further
It added that a fifth person cial officer Roger Bondembe, ed to become one of two vice- notice in reaction to the arrests
wanted for questioning, the pres- who is also a vice-president, and presidents of the African confed- and in a show of “solidarity” with
ident of the Congo Olympic com- Sports Ministry secretary-general eration last year. Omari and the two other feder-
mittee, is on the run. Bambi’s of- Barthelemy Okito came weeks af- “Following the arrest of FIFA ation officials. The league said
fice asked the Congolese public ter a public disagreement be- Council member and CAF Vice- they had been “humiliated and
“to kindly lend a hand to justice” tween the federation and the President Constant Omari along unjustly deprived of their liber-
by helping to catch the missing government over US$1-million with the two FECOFA Vice-Presi- ty.”
Olympic committee official. the federation asked for to fund dents by the authorities … FIFA
An investigation was opened teams and set up matches. The is closely following the matter THE ASSOCIATED PRESS




TO PLACE AN AD: 1-866-999-9237 Of London, Ontario died

Tuesday, April 17, 2018 at 99
ADVERTISING@GLOBEANDMAIL.COM years of age. Her family had
hoped for a one hundred year
REAL ESTATE dumps Twitter
birthday celebration but it
and throws
Mitchell, nee Daly, was born

Birth and raised in London in the

family home at 300 Princess TUSCAN VILLA AT ANGHIARI
himself fully
and death
Ave., but spent the majority
of her adult years in Bermuda.
Luxury 3bdrm, 3bthrm, with 2
bdrm, 2bthrm suite attached, into 2018
Pam was engaged twice private pool, fabulous hillside
during the Second World War
notices and both of her fiancés were
killed in the war. At war’s end,
view and garden, $2,500 per

BUSINESS HOURS (EST) Pam vacationed in Bermuda With deep sorrow we announce
MONDAY – FRIDAY 8:30AM – 5:30PM where she met and married Tom’s passing on Thursday, April o Levi Mitchell added a base-
both of her husbands. Pam
came back to Canada in her
mid sixties and returned to
live in London. Pam leaves
12, 2018, age 49, surrounded by
his loved ones at Sunnybrook
Health Sciences Centre. Mother,
Karin; sister, Shanna; brother-
Honour a
B ball throwing coach and
ditched Twitter as part of his
off-season preparation.
behind four nieces, Daphne The Calgary Stampeders quar-
PAYMENT/APPROVAL 4:00 PM DAY PRIOR in-law, Enzo; nieces, Emma and
Hood of Guelph, Janice
Mollenhaure and Susan
Wallace of Toronto, and
Isabelle; best friend, Sonya; and
family in Hamilton and Ireland,
loved one terback has worked with Jeff
Peach, a former Canadian base-
Virginia Head of Australia. will miss him so very much and ball player turned athletic ther-
TO ADVERTISE 1-866-999-9237
forever keep him in our hearts.
Memorialize and apist, on his throwing mechanics
especially enjoyed her trips to Please join us in a celebration of
celebrate a loved one in in recent weeks. While that might
visit her niece, Virginia, in his life. The family will receive The Globe and Mail. seem somewhat unconventional,
DEATHS Australia. Pam had grown friends at the Humphrey Funeral Mitchell points out that Tom Bra-
very close to the family of her Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging dy, a five-time Super Bowl cham-
niece, Susan Wallace, and at Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue
the age of 92, took her last pion with the New England Patri-
(south of Davisville Avenue) from, ots, has tabbed baseball person-
big trip sailing to England
with them on the Queen Mary 4:00 - 6:00 p.m. Sunday, April nel to enhance his throwing me-
2 to attend Wimbledon. In her 22nd. The funeral service will chanics.
declining years, Pam be held on Monday, April 23rd at
1:00 p.m. in St. Clement’s Church, “They understand the shoul-
particularly enjoyed the visits der,” Mitchell said during a con-
of Susan’s granddaughters, 70 St Clement’s Avenue, with a
Georgia and Ivy Wallace. reception to follow. ference call on Wednesday. “[Jeff]
Following her wishes Pam’s
knows so much mechanically
Memorial donations may be
cremation is being handled by made to the Ontario Farmland about the shoulder, about the
the Harris Funeral Home. Trust or Niagara Dog Rescue, preservation of it.
There will be no visitation, “I’m not changing my mechan-
or memorial service. ics at all. I’m still going to throw Condolences, photographs and the exact same. It was about
memories may be forwarded spending the proper amount of
through time during the off-season on
It is with deep sorrow that we strengthening my shoulder and
have to announce the passing of the small muscles in my shoulder
Romeo De Gasperis on Monday, and not spending so much time
April 16, 2018 at 4:12 p.m. After on your bigger muscles like your
a long and courageous journey abs, your biceps. It’s really just
over the past eighteen years, FUNERAL SERVICES
diving in and committing myself
Romeo passed away peacefully
surrounded by his caring family to the health of my shoulder and
at Toronto General Hospital. He making sure it was strong.”
is survived by his devoted and The health of Mitchell’s shoul-
loving wife, Marialisa of 25 years; der was an issue last year. After
his loving daughter, Natalie; the season, it was revealed he
and cherished sons, Justyn and DEETON, Olive played most of 2017 with small
Giordano. He is survived by his Celebration of Life tears in the shoulder and also had
adoring parents, Angelo and Saturday 2-4:30 p.m.
KEVAN THOMAS University of Toronto’s Hart House elbow issues that forced the
Lorenza De Gasperis. He will O’CONNOR
be sadly missed by his brother,
Stampeders to reduce his practice
DOWSETT, Robert Chipman reps and conserve his throwing
Tony and fiancé, Janet; his late Funny, irreverent, the purveyor FSA, FICA, MAAA
brother, Frankie (the late Rosa); arm for games.
of bad jokes and the life of every Celebration Saturday May 26, 1 p.m.
with niece, Laura (Mike); with Jubilee United Church Despite that, Mitchell threw for
party, Kevan passed suddenly,
great-nephew, Giuseppe; and being as spontaneous as ever! 4,700 yards with 23 touchdowns
nephew, Frankie Jr.; his twin HUNTER, Marian Isobel and led Calgary to a CFL-best 13-4-1
Kevan had many names - Honey, (nee Rothwell)
sister, Julie; and brother-in-law, Daddio, Kevy, Uncle Kev, UK, record. Fortunately for the Stam-
Claudio; with nieces, Jessica and Service Saturday 1 p.m.
gentleman farmer and real peders, Mitchell, the league’s top
Valerie; and nephews, Marco and estate mogul. Everybody loved JANES, Judith Anne player in 2016, didn’t require off-
Angelo; his sister, Nancy and his superhero personas and we Service Friday 11 a.m.
brother-in-law, Peter; with niece, season surgery.
never knew what to expect next Entering the final year of his
Nicole; his mother-in-law, Silvana from him. Through his 40 plus LONG, Jean
(the late Giovanni); sister-in-law, Service Saturday 2 p.m. contract, Mitchell has been
years as a realtor, he guided Calvin Presbyterian Church
Enza (Fabien); with nephew, many newcomers to our town,
throwing pain-free indoors. He’s
Éli and niece, Léa; brother-in- befriending each and every one. McDOUGALL, Bruce ready to take it outside whenever
law, Giancarmen; (Daniella) with His love for his family shone like Private Arrangements the snow finally disappears from
nephew, Gio; and niece, Ariella; his a beacon and he was generous Calgary.
many aunts, uncles and cousins, to a fault. Kevan’s life cannot be
RICE, Joyce "Jo" “I was able to get out there and
and several very special friends. Reception Sunday April 29, 2-4 p.m.
described by mere words, but kind of push it in rehab,” Mitchell
Romeo leaves a legacy of it can be seen in the fabric of WASZCZAK, Joyce said. “Things are definitely mov-
profound kindness, generosity, a Niagara-On-The-Lake, the people Private Arrangements ing in the right direction.”
great admiration and unwavering that loved him and the way he The 28-year-old from Katy,
devotion to his beautiful family, celebrated life every day.
his parents and loving support to Tex., also got rid of his Twitter ac-
He leaves his adoring wife, Lynn; count, much to the delight of Cal-
his extended family and simply sons, Andrew (Nikki) and James.
anyone that he touched. Romeo gary president/general manager-
Predeceased by his parents,
will always be remembered in John Hufnagel.
Thomas and Ellen O’Connor. Also
the community as an honourable survived by his siblings, Barry Mitchell routinely bantered
man with such strength and (Deby), Donald (Martha), Carlyn, with opposing players and fans
determination in everything that Edward, Kelly; in-laws, Danny FUNERAL SERVICES and last year was fined by the
he did and an incredible aptitude and Nellie Masaro, Larry (Ginette) league for violating its social-
for business; all while holding Masaro, Joanne (Vince) Di Carlo; media policy. Mitchell has no
true to his humble self and and many nieces and nephews.
charismatic personality. He was a plans to reactivate his Twitter ac-
very special man and will always Family will receive friends at count.
CONTACT US 1-866-999-9237
be remembered with great pride, Morgan Funeral Home, 415
“I just wanted to kind of rein in
true joy and most of all; loving and Regent St., Niagara-On-The-Lake the focus and make sure I’m giv-
unforgettable memories. He now on Friday, April, 20th from 12-3 ing myself and my team every-
joins his beloved brother, Frankie. p.m. and 5-7 p.m. A celebration thing I have,” he said. “I’m already
of life will be held at the Niagara-
Visitation will be held at St. Clare doing a radio show so anything I
On-The-Lake Golf Course, 143
of Assisi Parish, 150 Saint Francis need to talk about or say can be
Ave. in Woodbridge on Thursday,
April 19th from 2 p.m. - 4 p.m. and
Front St, Niagara-on-the-Lake on
Sunday, April 22nd at 2 p.m. WEDNESDAY
WEBBER, David - Private Family Service.
Opinion put out there.
“I felt with the negativity and
5 p.m. - 8 p.m. Mass of Christian Donations may be made to Lynn FINGOLD, Lee Edward - 10:00 Chapel.
and Kevan’s Niagara Charities
FLOM, Louis - 11:00 Roselawn whatnot trending towards social
Burial will be celebrated at St. Avenue Cemetery.
Fund at The Niagara Community SINGER, Percy - 11:30 Chapel. media these days, I thought it
Clare of Assisi Parish on Friday,
April 20, 2018 at 10 a.m. Private Foundation or The Red Roof CORNFIELD, Abraham (Al) - 1:00 Chapel. would be a good time to get off
STARKMAN, Fern - 2:30 Chapel.
Entombment to follow at Holy Retreat. Memories, photos and and I thought Huff would like
Cross Catholic Cemetery. condolences can be shared online HIMELFARB, Samuel - 1:00 Chapel.
that too.”
at “Amen,” said Hufnagel, who
In lieu of flowers, donations to FRIDAY
the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre at WELDON, Kurt - 10:00 Chapel.
then joked: “If Bo completes the
the Toronto General & Western KATZ, Nathan - 1:00 Chapel. 12-month non-Twitter, I’ll start
Hospital Foundation in honour RICHARD ANDREW SHIVA getting into [contract] negotia-
of Romeo De Gasperis would MILES OUTERBRIDGE SHENTOW, Renee - 8 Park Hill Road. tions with him.”
HERMAN, Wendy - 435 Worth Blvd.,
be appreciated by the family, 1956 - 2018 Thornhill, Ontario. Mitchell boasts an impressive
please call 416-603-5300 or visit ALTMAN, Denise - 37 Burton Road. 56-10-2 record as a CFL starter. En- FINGOLD, Lee Edward - 55 Dunloe Road.
Richard (RAMO) Outerbridge FLOM, Louis - 616 Avenue Road, # 201. tering his fifth season as No. 1
God Bless and may Romeo De passed away in Toronto on SINGER, Percy - 172 Rosedale Heights Drive,
quarterback, he needs less than
Thornhill, Ontario.
Gasperis Rest In Eternal Peace. April 6, 2018. Father of
Romana Astra; son of Miles;
CORNFIELD, Abraham (Al) - 65 Skymark Drive, 1,000 yards to hit the 20,000-yard
# 507.
Funeral arrangements entrusted predeceased by his mother, plateau.
to Vescio Funeral Home Christina; partner of Gazelle; Mitchell has led Calgary to the
Woodbridge Chapel, (8101 Weston nephew of Andrew; cousin of SUNDAY Grey Cup game in three of the
Rd., 905-850-3332). Diana and Suzanne. An past four years. He was named the
accomplished educator, he MVP of the club’s 20-16 win over
touched many hearts. Posner, Karmi - 11:00 am - Community Section.
2401 Steeles Ave. W. 416-663-9060 Hamilton in 2014 but the Stam-
NEIL SINCLAIR McKECHNIE All service details are available peders have been upset by the Ot-
on our website
1923-2018 tawa Redblacks and Toronto Ar-
DONATIONS ONLINE gonauts the past two seasons.
Passed away peacefully at BENJAMIN’S LANDMARK MONUMENTS Earlier this week, running
North York General Hospital YAD VASHEM AT LANDMARK
on April 10, 2018 at age 94. 3429 Bathurst St. (416) 780-0635
back/returner Roy Finch was ar-
Lovingly remembered by his rested in Oklahoma for allegedly
partner, Vivian Scott. Beloved DAVID WEBBER assaulting a police officer. Finch,
husband of the late the CFL’s top special-teams player
Marguerite McKechnie. Loving On Monday, April 16, 2018, at last season, signed a two-year
father of Jeffrey (Patricia), Toronto Grace Hospital. David contract with Calgary in February
Burton (Pat), Alison (Randy), Webber, loving father of Evan.
Grace (Alex) and the late prior to the start of free agency.
Dear brother and brother-in-law
Rosalie (Richard). Fondly of Mark Webber, Debbie and The 5-foot-7, 165-pound Finch,
remembered by his 11 Michael Shapiro and Ellen of Niceville, Fla., appeared in 13
grandchildren and 15 great- Webber. Son of the late Murray games with Calgary in 2017. He
grandchildren. Predeceased and Myrna Webber. Loving uncle registered career highs in rushing
by his brothers, Duncan and of Zak and Kyle Shapiro. Shiva at
Bill, and sister, Charlotte. 3429 Bathurst Street 416-780-0596 yards (114), receiving yards (133)
1603 Bathurst St., #505,
beginning Wednesday, April 18, and punt return yards (1,200)
Neil rose to the rank of Lt.
Colonel in the army, and after with visits Wednesday and while returning three punts for
retirement in 1978 worked for Thursday from 5:00 - 9:00 p.m. TDs. He also added 696 kickoff re-
a number of years in the and on Friday from 2:00 - 6:00 A WORLD OF INTERESTS turn yards.
federal government.
According to Neil’s wishes
p.m. Condolences may be sent to
1603 Bathurst St, #505. Donations DELIVERED RIGHT TO Hufnagel didn’t have more in-
there will be no service. Neil to support embodied research
using the Feldenkrais Method
formation on Wednesday regard-
ing whether Finch will report to
will be buried beside his late DELIVERED TO YOUR DOOR,
may be made to Benjamin’s Sign up for Globe Newsletters at CALL 1-800-387-5400 training camp May 20.
wife at the Boston Mills
Cemetery at a later date. Foundation, 416-780-0324 or to a TGAM.CA/SUBSCRIBE
charity of choice. THE CANADIAN PRESS





great was
FOR 30 YEARS Legend’

e was professional wres-

H tling’s ultimate good guy.

The son of Italian immi-
grants, Bruno Sammartino fled
the Nazis as a child and built a ca-
reer beating a string of bad guys,
thrilling fans as he reigned as the
conscientious champ for more
than a decade.
Before the flash of the Hulks-
ter, the electricity of the Rock and
the foul mouth of Stone Cold, all
Mr. Sammartino required to be-
come wrestling’s biggest box of-
fice draw was a pair of tights,
boots and an honest promo that
made fans believe in the most il-
legitimate of sports.
Mr. Sammartino, professional
wrestling’s “Living Legend” and
one of its longest-reigning cham-
pions, has died. He was 82.
“One of the finest men I knew,
in life and in business,” WWE
chairman Vince McMahon said.
“Bruno Sammartino proved that
hard work can overcome even the
most difficult of circumstances.
He will be missed.”
Family friend and former wres-
tling announcer Christopher
Cruise said Mr. Sammartino died
Wednesday morning and had
been in hospital for two months.
Mr. Sammartino’s name on the
marquee about guaranteed a
squared-circle sellout in the 1960s
and 1970s and he held the World
Wide Wrestling Federation cham-
pionship for more than 11 years
(4,040 days) over two title runs.
Constable Ian Jordan spent six weeks in intensive care after he was hit by a fellow police officer’s car while His Italian heritage, brute
responding to a call in 1984. He spent the rest of his life in a vegetative state. VICTORIA POLICE DEPARTMENT strength and good-guy charisma
helped make him an instant star
in the U.S. northeast. He had rival-
On the day when he was severely injured on the job, ries with Killer Kowalski, Gorilla
Monsoon and George (The Ani-
Nelson Mandela was still in jail and the Berlin Wall still stood mal) Steele during his title runs
and later wrestled famous grudge
TOM HAWTHORN unkempt appearance. matches at Shea Stadium against
Earlier on what would be his final shift, Mr. Jordan Pedro Morales, Stan Hansen and
suffered a knee injury in a scuffle when pushed down Larry Zbyszko.
onstable Ian Jordan was working a night shift stairs at a nightclub. He was completing paperwork He was born in Italy and was a

C when a burglar alarm sounded at a stereo and preparing to call it an early night when the alarm
shop in downtown Victoria. sounded. He knew his friend Constable Ole Jorgen-
The officer jumped into a squad car alone sen, with whom he had coffee earlier in the evening,
and sped toward the break-in only to be T-boned at would be responding with a police dog, so he, too,
the first intersection by another patrol car answering decided to answer the call. He left the police station
child when his family immigrated
to Pittsburgh, where he became a
champion power lifter and work-
out fanatic before learning the
ropes of pro wrestling. Mr. Sam-
the same call. on Fisgard Street in Chinatown and had driven only martino defeated Buddy Rogers
The 35-year-old officer suffered a traumatic brain 100 metres eastbound from the underground garage in just 48 seconds to become the
injury when his head struck the car’s interior roll bar. before a southbound car driven by Mr. Jorgensen second-ever WWE champion in
He was knocked unconscious and rendered coma- slammed into him at the intersection of Douglas front of nearly 20,000 fans on
tose at 2:48 a.m. on Sept. 22, 1987, a moment when Street. May 17, 1963, at the old Madison
Ronald Reagan was completing his second term as “We were both going about 70 kilometres an Square Garden. He held the title
U.S. president and Brian Mulroney his first as prime hour,” recalled Mr. Jorgensen, who retired from the until 1971 and his second reign be-
minister; Nelson Mandela remained jailed and the force in 2005 as a sergeant. “I don’t think he expected gan in 1973 with a win over Stan
Berlin Wall still stood; there was not yet e-mail, Face- me there, and I never expected him.” Stasiak. That one lasted until he
book, or even a World Wide Web. Mr. Jordan never Mr. Jorgensen slammed on the brakes, suffering a was pinned by “Superstar” Billy
regained consciousness and so missed all those de- fracture to his outstretched right leg when the vehi- Graham in 1977.
velopments before his death in hospital on April 11. cles collided. He also had soft-tissue injuries from He became a broadcaster on
He was 66. straining against the shoulder harness and missed WWE’s weekend morning shows
He spent more than 30 years – 11,160 six months of work. His police dog, Ra- before his frustration over the
days, to be precise – in a vegetative dar, a four-year-old male German shep- company’s direction into cam-
state. His family visited daily. It became For years, a police herd, was uninjured. Mr. Jordan was pier storylines and an outrage
a ritual for each new police chief to left a paraplegic in critical condition. over the drug culture he said had
make a pilgrimage to Mr. Jordan’s bed- scanner squawked “I got that infamous knock on the permeated the industry led to a
side. Fellow officers stopped by regular- in his room, a tribute door at 3 a.m.,” Hilary Jordan said. She bitter, two-decade split with Mr.
ly even as the passing years brought ci- from fellow officers remembers one of the officers holding McMahon. He eventually made
tations, promotions and, eventually, to a well-regarded a flashlight below his chin so she could peace with WWE and accepted his
retirement. A plaque was placed in his see his familiar face in the darkness. “I induction into the Hall of Fame in
hospital room to mark his own retire- comrade. knew right away. I asked, ‘Is he dead?’ 2013. He was inducted by Arnold
ment as a constable after 22 years and They said no, but you’d better come to Schwarzenegger.
five months with the department. the hospital. It was a long ride.” WWE said Mr. Sammartino
Over the years, Mr. Jordan missed the landmarks Her husband spent six weeks in intensive care. He sold out Madison Square Garden,
of ordinary life. A son, who was 16 months old on the needed a breathing tube and received nourishment known as the mecca of profes-
night of the crash, graduated in turn from high through a feeding tube. After six months, she was sional wrestling, hundreds times
school, university and, finally, law school. A wife, the told by doctors there would be no improvement to over his career.
former Hilary Lemon, his high-school sweetheart, his condition. Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto
marked wedding anniversaries in solitude. Holidays “That’s when the grieving started,” she said. said Mr. Sammartino was one of
were spent in hospital. Over time, the breathing tube was removed and he the city’s greatest ambassadors.
“We tried to include him as best we could,” she seemed to undergo wake and sleep cycles with “Through his uncommon
said. opened eyes. Family members believed he respon- strength and surprising grace he
Ian Douglas Jordan was born in Arcola, a farming ded to voices and such other stimuli as a squeeze of embodied the spirit of Pittsburgh
town in southeast Saskatchewan, on March 5, 1952, to the hand. Mr. Jordan received care at Victoria General on the world stage,” he said.
the former Marion Doris McLeod and Henry Lucius Hospital and Gorge Road Hospital before being “Some of the fondest memories
(Harry) Jordan, an RCMP officer who moved his fam- moved to Glengarry Hospital, an extended-care facil- of my childhood are of sitting in
ily of four sons to postings in Carlyle, Kamsack and ity that would be his final address. the basement with my grandfa-
Regina, Sask.; Markham, Ont.; Ottawa, and Vancouv- For years, a police scanner squawked in his room, ther on Saturday mornings and
er. a tribute from fellow officers to a well-regarded com- watching Bruno wrestle.”
A peripatetic childhood ended when the family rade.
settled in Victoria. As a teenager, Mr. Jordan got a Mr. Jordan leaves Hilary Jordan, of Victoria, his ASSOCIATED PRESS
summer job working on an RCMP boat and later got a wife of 45 years, and a son, Mark Jordan, of Edmon-
civilian job handling explosives for the Canadian ton, a criminal-defence lawyer. He also leaves an ol-
Forces at the Rocky Point Ammunition Depot, west der brother, Patrick Jordan, of Vancouver.
of the city. He enrolled in political science at the Uni- Mr. Jordan’s name will now be added to the B.C.
versity of Victoria, completing his degree in two years Law Enforcement Memorial on the grounds of the
as a mature student. He then earned a law degree at B.C. Legislature.
the university, graduating in 1983. In Victoria, the flag at City Hall was lowered to
He was sworn into the Victoria Police Department half-mast on news of the death. On Thursday after-
on Oct. 22, 1984, joining Canada’s oldest police force noon at Christ Church Cathedral, the police will hold
west of the Great Lakes. The young officer, who a formal funeral with military-style honours for the
planned on a future career in foreign service, kept fallen officer, a final public ritual to mark a life, as
scrapbooks of his cases, including some plainclothes well as a death, interrupted for more than three dec-
assignments during which he adopted an atypically ades.

To submit an I Remember:

Send us a memory of someone we have recently profiled on the Obituaries page.
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