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KL 3206 Metode Konstruksi Bangunan Laut

Dosen: Dr. Nita Yuanita/ Heri Setiawan, MT/ Lurohman Mamin, M.Sc.
Selasa, 04 April 2017

KONSTRUKSI
FIXED OFFSHORE PLATFORM
Sem-2 2013/2014

Steel Wellhead Template Platform

Steel Plate
MAIN DECK Steel Beam
DECK Steel Tubular
CELLAR DECK

JACKET WALKWAY

WELL CONDUCTOR

Steel Tubular
JACKET

PILE

SEABED

Jacket Structure

STEEL TUBULAR IS USED

Jacket Appurtenances STEEL TUBULAR IS USED Barge Bumpers Multi Level Boat Landing .

Jacket Foundation Steel TUBULAR is widely used for Offshore Structure due to advantages as follows: • CD • CM • Stiffness same in all directions of its cross section • Minimum Area need painting • Minimum Area need CP (cathodic protection) • Buoyancy .

beams. rolling. Thus level in order to configuration. cones. (assembled) unit the emphasis is pressing. etc. assemblies. girders. stress erection in transportation relieving on such accordance with and lifting of items as welded a construction heavy tubulars. processes such items into an welding. However as cutting. . execution of fabrication assemble groups These processes construction includes of shop fabricated include fitting and activities. clamps. nodes. for subsequent on the welding. supports.Jacket Fabrication/Construction Phases Assembly Erection Procurement Fabrication The technical and The processes The processes The processes commercial normally carried normally required to install activities required out in a performed assembled and to supply material fabrication shop outside the shop fabricated and specialised to produce fabrication shop items together in products to relatively small but at ground their final enable the units. fitting. sequence.

JACKET ERECTION .

Fabrication of Tubular Joint .

1 Section 8 for plates and structural shapes . ASTM A572 Gr 50 (ROLLED PLATE to API Spec 2B) API 5L Grade B (STEEL PIPE) API Spec 2H for joint cans (ROLLED STEEL PLATE to API Spec 2B) Tubular members Spiral welded pipes can not be used as per API RP2A Tubulars D/t. local buckling BRACING KL/r values.1 Section 10 for tubular structures AWS D1. JACKET STRUCTURE FABRICATION ASTM A-36. slenderness ratio ANODES Welding AWS D1.

Tubular Welded Joint Joint Weld Longitudinal Seam Weld 1 90o Longitudinal Seam Weld 2 Root .

Tubular Joints offset (positive) offset (positive) 2 inch (access for welding) 2 inch BRACE CHORD CHORD SIMPLE JOINT .

Tubular Joints Disadvantage: • No access to weld toe for future inspection offset (negative) CHORD CHORD OVERLAP JOINT .

Tubular Joints JOINT CAN 2 inch • Heavy wall • Different material 2 inch • Specifications • Yield stress .

Tubular Joints Internal stiffener rings 2 inch 2 inch BOTTLE JOINT CAN • Avoid overlaps on complicated joints • Larger diameter • Different material • Specifications • Yield stress • May need internal stiffener rings .

Tubular Joints .

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Konstruksi/Fabrikasi Jacket Platform Pekerjaan fakrikasi Jacket di Dock Yard .

Steel Wellhead Template Platform Steel Plate MAIN DECK Steel Beam DECK Steel Tubular CELLAR DECK JACKET WALKWAY WELL CONDUCTOR Steel Tubular JACKET PILE SEABED .

Jacket .

Topside .

Fabrication Yard Layout Plan Fabrication Yard Layout Plan (Pre-Fabrication) .

Fabrication Yard Layout Plan Fabrication Yard Layout Plan (Final Space Assembly) Tepi Sungai atau pantai .

Fabrication / Loadout Support Plan Jacket Fabrication and Loadout Support Plan .

Fabrication / Loadout Support Plan Topside Fabrication and Loadout Support Plan .

Jacket Fabrication .

Jacket Fabrication .

Jacket Fabrication

Fabrication

Anode Installation

Joint .

Conductor Guide .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket Elevation Panel Pre-Fabrication (TYP) .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Jacket Jacket General Fabrication Sequence .

Konstruksi/Fabrikasi Jacket Platform Pekerjaan fakrikasi Topside di Dock Yard .

Deck Fabrication .

Deck Fabrication .

Deck Fabrication .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck Panel Pre-Fabrication .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Deck Fabrication .

Deck Fabrication .

Deck Fabrication .

Plate Installation on Deck .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

Fabrication Sequence for Topside Deck General Fabrication Sequence .

DECK AND JACKET INSTALLATION .

DECK AND JACKET INSTALLATION Load Out/Lifting Transportation Launching/Lifting Crown Plate Floatation and Pile Driving Welding Upending Deck Lifting .

Proses Instalasi Anjungan Tipe Jacket Jika tersedia crane dengan kapasitas yang cukup untuk proses angkat (lifting) Lifting Transportation Upending On Bottom Stability Pile Driven Deck Lifting .

Load Out The operation of bringing the object (module. deck) from the quay onto the transportation barge. . jacket.

Jacket Sail Out .

Jacket Transportation SEA-FASTENING The structure to keep the object rigidly connected to the barge during transport. .

Jacket Sail Out .

JACKET LAUNCH .

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Up-ending by Ballast control and Flooding .

Up-ending using the crane vessel .

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Load Out .

Load Out • Jacket being loaded onto barge by skidding .

Transportation .

Transportation (Towed) .

. if possible. The sea fastening concept is determined by the positions of the framing in the module as well as of the "hard points" in the barge. • The module requires fixing to the barge to withstand barge motions in rough seas. on the deck of the crane vessel.Sea Transport and Sea Fastening • Transportation is performed aboard a flat- top barge or.

Load-out • For load-out three basic methods are applied: – skidding – platform trailers – shearlegs. .

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Launching .

Jacket Launching .

Jacket Launching .

Launching .

LIFTING COMPONENT SHACKLE SLING Cables with spliced eyed at both ends. for offshore PADEYES lifting. PADEARS (TRUNNIONS) Thick-walled tubular stubs. welded to the main structure. the upper end resting in the crane hook. directly receiving slings and transversely welded to the main structure. PADEYES Thick-walled plate with hole. . receiving the pin of the shackle.

Sling Arrangements .

Jacket Lifting .

Jacket Lifting .

Lifting Installation of 60MN K12-BP topside by floating crane .

Lifting :Crane Vessel .

Lifting Major Offshore Crane Vessels Operator Name Mode Type Lifting capacity (Tonnes) Heerema Thor Monohull Fix 2720 Rev 1820 Odin Monohull Fix 2720 Rev 2450 Hermod Semisub Fix 4536 + 3628 = 8164 Rev 3630 + 2720 = 6350 Balder Semisub Fix 3630 + 2720 = 6350 Rev 3000 + 2000 = 5000 McDermott DB50 Monohull Fix 4000 Rev 3800 DB100 Semisub Fix 1820 Rev 1450 DB101 Semisub Fix 3360 Rev 2450 DB102 Semisub Rev 6000 + 6000 = 12000 Micoperi M7000 Semisub Rev 7000 + 7000 = 14000 ETPM DLB1601 Monohull Rev. 1600 .

JACKET UPENDING Bringing the jacket in vertical position. . prior to set down on the sea bottom.

PILE LIFTING .

PILE LIFTING .

PILE DRIVING .

PILE DRIVING/HAMMERING .

Piling .

CONDUCTOR AND BOATLANDING INSTALLATION .

Crown Plate Welding .

Jacket Installed .

DECK LOAD OUT .

DECK LOAD OUT .

DECK LOAD OUT .

Deck Load Out

Deck Load Out

Deck Sail Out

DECK LIFTING .

Deck Installation (by Float Over) .

Thank you .