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ALLOY 625

DATA SHEET
UNS N 06625

GENERAL PROPERTIES //////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// Alloy 625 (UNS designation N06625) is a nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy possessing excellent
resistance to oxidation and corrosion over a broad range of corrosive conditions, including aerospace
and chemical process applications. The alloy has outstanding strength and toughness at temperatures
ranging from cryogenic to elevated temperatures in the range of 2 000°F (1 093 °C). Alloy 625 also has
exceptional fatigue resistance.

//// Alloy 625 derives much of its strength from the addition of molybdenum and columbium. These
elements also contribute to the alloy’s outstanding corrosion resistance. The alloy resists a wide
range of severely corrosive environments and is especially resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion.
Alloy 625 is used in chemical processing, aerospace and marine engineering, pollution-control
equipment, and nuclear reactor applications.

//// The material possesses a high degree of formability and shows better weldability than many highly
alloyed nickel-base alloys. The alloy is resistant to intergranular corrosion even in the welded condition.

//// Alloy 625 is produced by vacuum induction melting or by AOD refining. Consumable electrode
remelting procedures may be used to further refine the material.

APPLICATIONS /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// Chemical processing equipment handling mixed acids both oxidizing and reducing ;

//// Seawater applications ;

//// Aircraft ducting systems ;

//// Jet engine exhaust systems ;

//// Turbine shroud rings ;

//// Bellows and expansion joints ;

//// Aircraft exhaust liners and turbine seals ;

//// Nuclear water reaction components.


For internal use only.

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STANDARDS ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Specifications
Product form
ASTM ASME AMS

Plate sheet and Strip B443 / B444 / B446 / SB443 / SB444 /  5581 / 5599 /


B564 / B704 / B705 / SB446 / SB564 / 5666 / 5837
B751 Boiler Code Sections:
I / III / VIII / IX
B444 SB444 5581
Seamless, Pipe and Tubing
B704 / B705
Welded Tubing
B446 SB446 5665
Rod, Bar and Forgings

Bar, Forgings and Rings 5666

Chemical composition ///////////////////////////////////////////////////
C Mn S Si Cr Ni Fe Mo Co + Ta Ti Al P

0.05 0.30 0.003 0.25 20.0023.00 Balance 4.00 9.00 3.50 0.30 0.30 0.015 max

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES //////////////////////////////////////////////////
Typical room temperature short time tensile properties as a function of temperature.

Yield Strength 0.2% Offset Ultimate Tensile Strength Elongation

Type & temperature of anneal psi MPa psi MPa % to 2" (51 mm)

Annealed at 1 920 °F (1 065 °C) 63 000 430 136 000 940 51.5


Annealed at 2 150 °F (1 177 °C) 49 500 340 115 500 800 67

The short time elevated temperature tensile properties of Alloy 625 annealed at 1 950 °F (1 066 °C) are shown in the following graph

Temperature
-18 93 204 316 427 538 649 760 871 982 1093

160 000 1 103

140 000 965
Tensile Strength
120 000 827

100 000 690

80 000 552

60 000 Elongation 414


Stress - MPa
Stress - psi

40 000 276

20 000 Yield Strength 138

0 (0.2 % Offset) 0

0 200 400 600 800 1 000 1 200 1 400 1 600 1 800 2 000
Temperature
For internal use only.

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PHYSICAL PROPERTIES /////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Density Magnetic Permeability Specific Heat Specific Gravity

0.305 lb / in3 75 °F, 200 oersted 1.0006 0.098 Btu / lb-°F 8.44


8.44 g / cm3 410 J / kg-°K

THERMAL PROPERTIES //////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Linear Coefficient of Thermal
Temperature Expansion (a) (Units of 10-6) Thermal Conductivity

°F °C / °F / °C Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F W/m-°K

-250 -157 - - 4.2 7.3


-200 -129 - - 4.3 7.4
-100 -73 - - 4.8 8.3
0 -18 - - 5.3 9.2
70 21 - - 5.7 9.9
100 38 - - 5.8 10.0
200 93 7.1 12.8 6.3 10.7
400 204 7.3 13.1 7.3 12.6
600 316 7.4 13.3 8.2 14.2
800 427 7.6 13.7 9.1 15.7
1 000 538 7.8 14.0 10.1 17.5
1 200 649 8.2 14.8 11.0 19.0
1 400 760 8.5 15.3 12.0 20.8
1 600 871 8.8 15.8 13.2 22.8
1 700 927 9.0 16.2 - -
1 800 982 - - 14.6 25.3

MODulus DATA ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Temperature Elastic Modulus Poisson's ratio

°F °C 6
psi GPa 106 psi GPa µ
70 21 11.4 79 29.8 205 0.308
200 93 11.2 77 29.2 200 0.310
400 204 10.8 75 28.4 195 0.312
600 316 10.5 72 27.5 190 0.313
800 427 10.1 70 26.6 185 0.312
1 000 538 9.7 67 25.6 175 0.321
1 200 649 9.2 63 24.4 170 0.328
1 400 760 8.7 60 23.1 160 0.329
1 600 871 8.2 57 - - -
For internal use only.

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IMPACT RESISTANCE ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Alloy 625 maintains high impact resistance at low temperatures as shown below.

Temperature Charpy V-Notch Impact Strength

°F °C Orientation ft / lb J

85 30 Longitudinal 49 66
85 30 Transverse 49 66
-110 -79 Longitudinal 44 60
-110 -79 Transverse 41.5 56
-320 -196 Longitudinal 35 47
-320 -196 Transverse 35 47

Impact properties may be expected to decrease with extended service in the 1 2001 600 °F (649871 °C) range.

Corrosion & oxidation resistance /////////////////////////////////////


The high level of chromium and molybdenium in Alloy 625 provides a high level of pitting and crevice corrosion resistance
to chloride contaminated media, such as seawater, neutral salts and brines.

//// tYPICAL data in chloride solutions

Crevice test in 10 % Ferric Chloride T316 Stainless steel Alloy 625

Onset Temperature for Attack < 32 °F 104-113 °F (40-50 °C)


in ASTM Procedure G-48

//// Panel Exposures in sea water

Panel Location Onset Temperature T316 Stainless Steel Alloy 625

Flowing Seawater Crevice Attack 1 month No Attack 18 months

Tidal Zone Crevice Attack 1 month No Attack 18 months

Partial Mud Burial Crevice Attack 1 month No Attack 18 months

The alloy is resistant to a variety of corrosive media from highly oxidizing to moderately reducing.
Tests in geothermal brines indicate that Alloy 625 is highly resistant to hot geothermal fluids comparable
to titanium grade 2. Tests in simulated flue gas desulfurization environments show that Alloy 625 is highly
resistant to the environment in comparison to alloys such as T316 stainless steel and comparable to
Alloy C276.

//// Boiling organic acid solutions

Alloy 45 % Formic 10 % Oxalic 88 % Formic 99 % Acetic

Alloy 625 5.0 (0.13) 6.0 (0.15) 9.0 (0.23) 4.0 (0.01)
T 316 11 (0.28) 40 (1.02) 9.0 (0.23) 2.0 (0.05)

//// dilute reducing acids - boiling solutions

Alloy 1 % Sulfuric 5 % Sulfuric 10 % Sulfuric 1 % Hydrochloric

Alloy 625 2.2 (0.06) 8.9 (0.23) 25.3 (0.64) 36.3 (0.92)
T 316 25.8 (0.65) 107 (2.72) 344 (8.73) 200 (5)
For internal use only.

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//// miscellaneous environments

Environment Alloy 625 T316


20 % Phosphoric Acid 0.36 (<0.01) 6.96 (0.18)
10 % Sulfamic Acid 4.80 (0.12) 63.6 (1.61)
10 % Sodium Bisulfate 3.96 (0.10) 41.6 (1.06)

//// chloride stress corrosion cracking resistance

Test Alloy 625 T316 Alloy 20


42 % Magnesium Chloride No Crack 1 000 hrs Crack < 24 hrs Crack < 100 hrs

26 % Sodium Chloride No Crack 1 000 hrs Crack 600 hrs No Crack 1 000 hrs

//// oxidation resistance
Alloy 625 has excellent oxidation and scaling resistance at temperatures up to 2 000 °F (1 093 °C).
It is superior to many other high temperature alloys under cyclic heating and cooling conditions.
The following graph compares the weight loss of several stainless steel alloys to Alloy 625 under
cyclic oxidation at 1 800 °F.

10

0 Alloy 625

-10
Type 310

-20

-30 Type 309

-40
Change in weight (%)

-50

-60

-70 Type 304 Type 347

0 200 400 600 800 1 000

Hours of Cyclic Exposure (15 mn Heating, 5 mn Cooling)


For internal use only.

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Formability //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// Alloy 625 is capable of being formed in the same manner as standard austenitic stainless steels.
However, as the material is considerably stronger than conventional austenitic stainless steels, higher
loads are required to cause the material to deform. During cold working, the material work hardens
more rapidly than austenitic stainless steels. The combination of high initial strength and work
hardening rate may necessitate the need for intermediate anneals if the cold deformation is extensive.

//// Effect of cold reduction on properties of plate annealed


at 2 150 °F (1 177 °C)

Yield Strength (0.2 % Offset) Tensile Strength


Cold Hardness Reduction
Reduction (%) Rockwell (C) psi MPa psi MPa Elongation (%) of Area (%)

0 88Rb 49 500 341 115 500 796 67.0 60.4


5 94Rb 77 500 534 121 000 834 58.0 58.1
10 25 102 500 707 130 000 896 47.5 54.6
15 32 112 500 776 137 000 945 39.0 51.9
20 34 125 000 862 143 000 986 31.5 50.0
30 36 152 000 1 048 165 000 1 137 17.0 49.3
40 39 167 000 1 151 179 500 1 238 12.5 41.9
50 40 177 000 1 220 189 500 1 307 8.5 38.0
60 44 180 000 1 245 205 000 1 413 6.5 32.7
70 45 201 000 1 386 219 000 1 510 5.0 25.4

electrical resistivity //////////////////////////////////////////////////
Temperature Electrical resistivity

°F °C microhm-cm

70 21 128.9
100 38 129.6
200 93 131.9
400 204 133.9
600 316 134.9
800 427 135.9
1 000 538 137.9
1 200 649 137.9
1 400 760 136.9
1 600 871 135.9
1 800 982 134.9
2 000 1 093 133.9

HEAT TREATMENT ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// Alloy 625 is furnished with one heat treatment for optimum properties up to 1 200 °F (649 °C) and
another for optimum properties above 1 200 °F (649 °C). The standard anneal at a minimum of 1 600 °F
(871°C) is used for service temperatures up to 1 200 °F (649 °C). When optimum high temperature
For internal use only.

creep and rupture properties are required, as for service above 1200°F (649°C), a solution anneal
at 2 000 °F (1 093 °C) minimum is sometimes specified to further enhance resistance to sensitization.

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WELDING ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// Alloy 625 can be readily welded by conventional processes used for austenitic stainless steel,
including fusion and resistance methods. The material should be in the mill annealed condition and
thoroughly descaled and cleaned before welding. Preheating is not required and pos-weld treatment
is not needed to maintain or restore corrosion resistance.

For internal use only.

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