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Syllabus with

Curriculum and Regulations

2008

M.E

AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

2 M.E. – AERONAUTICAL ENGG.

ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (M.E. / x To inculcate a flair for research,

M.Tech / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) development and entrepreneurship.

1. Vision, Mission and Objectives

2. Admission

1.1 The Vision of the Institute is “To make

everyone a success and no one a failure”. 2.1. The admission policy and procedure

shall be decided from time to time by the

In order to progress towards the vision, the Board of Management (BOM) of the

Institute has identified itself with a mission to Institute, following guidelines issued by

provide every individual with a conducive Ministry of Human Resource Develop

environment suitable to achieve his / her ment (MHRD). Government of India. The

career goals, with a strong emphasis on number of seats in each branch of the

personality development, and to offer quality (M.E. / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) programme will

education in all spheres of engineering, be decided by BOM as per the directives

technology, applied sciences and manage- from Ministry of Human Resource

ment, without compromising on the quality and Development (MHRD), Government of

code of ethics. India and taking into account the market

demands. Some seats for Non Resident

1.2 Further, the institute always strives Indians and a few seats for Foreign

x To train our students with the latest and nationals shall be made available.

the best in the rapidly changing fields

of Engineering, Technology, Manage 2.2. The selected candidates will be

ment, Science & Humanities. admitted to the (M.E. / M.Tech / M.B.A. /

M.C.A.) programme after he/she fulfills

x To develop the students with a global all the admission requirements set by the

outlook possessing, state of the art Institute and after payment of the

skills, capable of taking up challenging prescribed fees.

responsibilities in the respective fields.

2.3. Candidates for admission to the first

x To mould our students as citizens with semester of the Master’s Degree

moral, ethical and social values so as Programme shall be required to have

to fulfill their obligations to the nation passed in an appropriate Degree

and the society. Examination recognized by Hindustan

University

x To promote research in the field of

science, Humanities, Engineering, 2.4. In all matters relating to admission to

Technology and allied branches. the (M.E. / M.Tech / M.B.A. / M.C.A.).

programme, the decision of the Institute

and its interpretation given by the

Chancellor of the Institute shall be final.

1.3 Our aims and objectives are focused on

2.5. If at any time after admission, it is

x Providing world class education in found that a candidate has not fulfilled

engineering, technology, applied science any of the requirements stipulated by the

and management. Institute, the Institute may revoke the

x Keeping pace with the ever changing admission of the candidate with

technological scenario to help our information to the Academic Council.

students to gain proper direction to

emerge as competent professionals fully

aware of their commitment to the society

and nation.

3. Structure of the programme Minimum

prescribed

3.1. The programme of instruction will have the Program

credit

following structure range

i) Core courses of Engineering / Technology /

M.E. / M.Tech 85 – 90

Management.

M.B.A. (Full time / Part time) 85 - 95

ii) Elective courses for specialization in

MCA 110 - 115

areas of student’s choice.

3.2. The minimum durations of the 3.5. The medium of instruction,

programmes are as given below: examination and the language of the

project reports will be English.

No. of

Program 4. Faculty Advisor

Semesters

M.E. / M.Tech 4 4.1. To help the students in planning

M.B.A. (Full Time) 4 their courses of study and for getting

M.B.A. (Part Time) 6 general advice on the academic

M.C.A. 6 programme, the concerned Department

will assign a certain number of students

Every (M.E./ M.Tech / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) to a Faculty member who will be called

programme will have a curriculum and their Faculty Advisor.

syllabi for the courses approved by the

Academic Council. 5. Class Committee

5.1 A Class Committee consisting of the

3.3. Each course is normally assigned certain

following will be constituted by the Head

number of credits. The following norms will

of the Department for each class:

generally be followed in assigning credits

for courses.

(i) A Chairman, who is not teaching

One credit for each lecture hour per the class.

week per semester;

One credit for each tutorial hour per (ii) All subject teachers of the class.

week per semester;

One credit for each laboratory practical (iii) Two students nominated by the

(drawing) of three (two) hours per week department in consultation with the

per semester. class.

One credit for 4 weeks of industrial

training and The Class Committee will meet as often

One credit for 4 hours of project per as necessary, but not less than three

week per semester times during a semester.

3.4. For the award of degree, a student has The functions of the Class Committee will

to earn certain minimum total number of include:

credits specified in the curriculum of the

relevant branch of study. The curriculum of (i) Addressing problems experienced by

the different programs shall be so designed students in the classroom and the

that the minimum prescribed credits laboratories.

required for the award of the degree shall

be within the limits specified below. (ii) Analyzing the performance of the

students of the class after each test

and finding ways and means of

addressing problems, if any.

6.4 Raw marks will be moderated by a

(iii) During the meetings, the student moderation board appointed by the Vice

members shall express the opinions Chancellor of the University. The final

and suggestions of the class students marks will be graded using absolute

to improve the teaching / learning grading system. The Constitution and

process. composition of the moderation board will

be dealt with separately.

6. Grading

7. Registration and Enrollment

6.1 A grading system as below will be adhered

7.1 Except for the first semester,

to.

registration and enrollment will be done in

the beginning of the semester as per the

Range of Grade schedule announced by the University.

Letter Grade

Marks points

7.2 A student will be eligible for enrollment

95-100 S 10 only if he/she satisfies regulation 10

85 - 94 A 09 (maximum duration of the programme) and

will be permitted to enroll if (i) he/she has

75- 84 B 08

cleared all dues in the Institute, Hostel &

65-74 C 07 Library up to the end of the previous

55-64 D 06 semester and (ii) he/she is not debarred

from enrollment by a disciplinary action of

50-54 E 05

the University.

< 50 U 00

7.3. Students are required to submit

I (Incomplete) --

registration form duly filled in.

GPA is the ratio of the sum of the product of 8.1. A full time student shall not register for

the number of credits Ci of course “i “ and less than 16 credits or more than 24

the grade points Pi earned for that course credits in any 12 given semester.

taken over all courses “i” registered by the

student to the sum of Ci for all “i ”. That is, 8.2 If a student finds his/her load heavy in

any semester, or for any other valid

reason, he/she may withdraw from the

¦ Ci Pi courses within three weeks of the

GPA i

commencement of the semester with the

¦ Ci written approval of his/her Faculty Advisor

i and HOD. However the student should

CGPA will be calculated in a similar manner, ensure that the total number of credits

at any semester, considering all the courses registered for in any semester should

enrolled from first semester onwards. enable him/her to earn the minimum

number of credits per semester for the

6.3. For the students with letter grades W / I in completed semesters.

certain subjects, the same will not be included

in the computation of GPA and CGPA until 9. Minimum requirement to continue

after those grades are converted to the the programme

regular grades S to U.

9.1 For those students who have not

earned the minimum required credit

prescribed for that particular semester (Academic) to recommend to the Vice -

examination, awarring letter to the concerned Chancellor the implementation of the

student and also to his parents regarding the decision. The student concerned may

shortage of this credit will be sent by the HOD appeal to the Vice Chancellor whose

after the announcement of the results of the decision will be final. The Dean (Academic)

university examinations. will report the action taken at the next

meeting of the Council.

10. Maximum duration of the programme 12.3. Ragging and harassment of women

The minimum and maximum period for the are strictly prohibited in the University

completion of various programs are given campus and hostels.

below.

13. Attendance

Min. Max.

Program No. of No. of 13.1. A student whose attendance is less

Semesters Semesters than 75% is not eligible to appear for the

end semester examination for that

M.E . M,Tech 4 8

course. The details of all students who

M.B.A. (Full Time) 4 8 have attendance less than 75% will be

announced by the teacher in the class.

M.B.A. (Part Time) 6 10 These details will be sent to the

concerned HODs and Dean.

M.C.A. 6 12

13.2. Those who have 75% or more

11. Temporary discontinuation attendance for the period other than their

medical leave will be considered for

11.1. A student may be permitted by the condonation of shortage of attendance

Dean to discontinue temporarily from the provided the overall attendance in the

programme for a semester or a longer course including the period of illness

period for reasons of ill health or other valid does not fall below 65%. Application for

reasons. Normally a student will be condonation recommended by the

permitted to discontinue from the Faculty Advisor, concerned faculty

programme only for a maximum duration of member and the HOD is to be submitted

two semesters. to the Dean who, depending on the merit

of the case, may permit the student to

appear for the end semester

12. Discipline examination. A student will be eligible for

this concession at most in two semesters

12.1. Every student is required to observe during the entire degree programme.

discipline and decorous behavior both in-side Application for medical leave, supported

and outside the campus and not to indulge in by medical certificate with endorsement

any activity which will tend to bring down the by a Registered Medical Officer, should

prestige of the University. reach the HOD within seven days after

returning from leave or, on or before the

12.2. Any act of indiscipline of a student last instructional day of the semester,

reported to the Dean (Academic) will be whichever is earlier.

referred to a Discipline Committee so

constituted. The Committee will enquire into 13.3. As an incentive to those students

the charges and decide on suitable who are involved in extra curricular

punishment if the charges are substantiated. activities such as representing the

The committee will also authorize the Dean University in Sports and Games,

Cultural Festivals, and Technical Festivals, concerned within five days after he / she

NCC/ NSS events, a relaxation of up to 10% missed examination, giving reasons for

attendance will be given subject to the absence.

condition that these students take prior

approval from the officer –in-charge. All 15.2. Permission to appear for make-up

such applications should be recommended examination/periodical test will be given

by the concerned HOD and forwarded to under exceptional circumstances such as

Dean within seven instructional days after admission to a hospital due to illness.

the programme/activity. Students should produce a medical

certificate issued by a Registered Medical

14. Assessment Procedure Practitioner certifying that he/she was

admitted to hospital during the period of

14.1. The Academic Council will decide examination / periodical test and the same

from time to time the system of tests and should be duly endorsed by

examinations in each subject in each parent/guardian and also by a medical

semester. officer of the University within 5 days.

14.2. For each theory course, the 15.3. The student will be allowed to make

assessment will be done on a continuous up at the most two out of three periodical

basis as follows: tests and end – semester examination.

Duration

of

Test / Exam Weightage

Test /

16.1. For Project work, the assessment

Exam will be done on a continuous basis as

First Periodical follows:

15% 1 Period

Test

Second Review / Exam Weightage

15% 1 Period

Periodical Test First Review 10%

Third Second Review 20%

20% 2 Periods

Periodical Test Third Review 20%

End – End semester Exam 50%

Semester 50% 3 Hours

Examination

For end semester exam, the student will

14.3. For practical courses, the assessment submit a Project Report in a format

will be done by the subject teachers as below: specified by the Dean. The first three

reviews will be conducted by a

(i) Weekly assignment/Observation note book / Committee constituted by the Head of

lab records – weightage 60%. the Department. The end – semester

(ii) End semester examination of 3 hours exam will be conducted by a Committee

duration including viva – weightage 40%. constituted by the Controller of

Examinations. This will include an

15. Make up Examination/periodical Test external expert.

examinations / periodical test for valid reasons 17. Declaration of results

are eligible for make-up examination

/periodical test. Those who miss the end- 17.1 A candidate who secures not less

semester examination / periodical test should than 50% of total marks prescribed for a

apply to the Head of the Department course with a minimum of 50% of the

marks prescribed for the end semester Registrar/Controller of Examinations

examination shall be declared to have through the Head of the Department.

passed the course and earned the specified The Registrar/ Controller of Examination

credits for the course. will arrange for the revaluation and the

results will be intimated to the candidate

concerned through the Head of the

17.2 After the valuation of the answer Department. Revaluation is not

scripts, the tabulated results are to be permitted for practical courses and for

scrutinized by the Result Passing Boards project work.

of UG and PG programmes constituted

by the Vice-Chancellor. The recommenda-

tions of the Result Passing Boards will be 18. Grade Card

placed before the Standing Sub Committee

of the Academic Council constituted by the 18.1. After results are declared, grade

Chancellor for scrutiny. The minutes of the sheet will be issued to each student,

Standing Sub Committee along with the which will contain the following details:

results are to be placed before the Vice- (i) Program and branch for which

Chancellor for approval. After getting the the student has enrolled.

approval of the Vice-Chancellor, the results (ii) Semester of registration.

will be published by the Controller of (iii) List of courses registered during

Examination/Registrar. the semester and the grade

scored.

(iv) Semester Grade Point Average

17.3 If a candidate fails to secure a pass in (GPA)

a course due to not satisfying the minimum (v) Cumulative Grade Point Average

requirement in the end semester (CGPA).

examination, he/she shall register and re- 19. Class / Division

appear for the end semester examination

during the following semester. However, Classification is based on CGPA and is

the internal marks secured by the candidate as follows:

will be retained for all such attempts. CGPA8.0: First Class with distinction

6.5 CGPA < 8.0: First Class

5.0 CGPA < 6.5: Second Class.

17.4 If a candidate fails to secure a pass in

a course due to insufficient internal marks

though meeting the minimum requirements 20. Transfer of credits

of the end semester examination, wishes to

improve on his/her internal marks, he/she 20.1. Within the broad framework of

will have to register for the particular course these regulations, the Academic Council,

and attend the course with permission of the based on the recommendation of the

HOD concerned and Dean with a copy transfer of credits committee so

marked to the Registrar. The sessional and constituted by the Chancellor may permit

external marks obtained by the candidate in students to earn part of the credit

this case will replace the earlier result. requirement in other approved

institutions of repute and status in the

17.5 A candidate can apply for the country or abroad.

revaluation of his/her end semester

examination answer paper in a theory 20.2. The Academic Council may also

course within 2 weeks from the declaration approve admission of lateral entry (who

of the results, on payment of a prescribed hold a diploma in Engineering/

fee through proper application to the technology) candidates with advance

credit based on the recommendation of the

transfer of credits committee on a case to

case basis.

M.Tech / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) Degree

eligible for the award of the (M.E. / M.Tech

/ M.B.A. / M.C.A.). Degree if he/she has

i) registered and successfully credited all

the core courses,

ii) successfully acquired the credits in the

different categories as specified in the

curriculum corresponding to the

discipline (branch) of his/her study

within the stipulated time,

iii) has no dues to all sections of the

Institute including Hostels, and

iv) has no disciplinary action pending

against him/her.

The award of the degree must be

recommended by the Academic Council and

approved by the Board of Management of

the University.

stated above, the Academic Council has the

right to modify any of the above regulations

from time to time.

HINDUSTAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PADUR

M.E. AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

CURRICULUM 2008

SEMESTER I

Sl. Course

Course Title L T P C TCH

No Code

Theory

1 MA1601* Advanced Engineering Mathematics 3 1 0 4 4

2 AE1601 Aerodynamics - I 3 0 2 4 5

3 AE1602 Aerospace Propulsion 3 1 0 4 4

4 AE1603 Aircraft Structures 3 1 0 4 4

5 - Elective-I 3 1 0 4 4

6 - Elective-II 3 1 0 4 4

Total 24 25

Semester - II

Sl. Course

Course Title L T P C TCH

No Code

Theory

1 AE1604 Aerodynamics II 3 1 0 4 4

2 AE1605 Composite Materials and Structures 3 1 0 4 4

3 AE1606 Experimental Stress Analysis 3 1 0 4 4

4 AE1607 Finite Element Methods 3 1 0 4 4

5 AE1608 Rocketry and Space Mech. 3 1 0 4 4

6 AE1609 Theory of Vibrations 3 1 0 4 4

Practical

Total 25 27

* Common to AERO, CAD, R&AC, ICE & THERMAL

Semester III

Sl. Course

Course Title L T P C TCH

No Code

Theory

1 -- Elective-III 3 1 0 4 4

2 -- Elective-IV 3 1 0 4 4

3 -- Elective-V 3 1 0 4 4

Practical

5 AE1610 Project Work-Phase I 0 0 12 6 12

Total 19 27

Semester IV

Sl. Course

Course Title L T P C TCH

No Code

Theory

1 AE1611 Project Work-Phase II 0 0 24 12 24

Total 12 24

ELECTIVE COURSES

SEMESTER I

Sl. Course

Course Title L T P C TCH

No Code

1 AE1612 Advanced Propulsion Systems 3 1 0 4 4

2 AE1613 Theory of Elasticity 3 1 0 4 4

3 AE1614 Advanced Heat Transfer 3 1 0 4 4

4 AE1615 Aircraft Design 3 1 0 4 4

ELECTIVE COURSES

SEMESTER III

Sl. Course

Course Title L T P C TCH

No Code

1 AE1616 Computational Fluid Dynamics 3 1 0 4 4

2 AE1617 Cryogenics 3 1 0 4 4

3 AE1618 Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics 3 1 0 4 4

4 AE1619 High Temp. Problems in Structures 3 1 0 4 4

5 AE1620 Theory of Plates and Shells 3 1 0 4 4

6 AE1621 Industrial Aerodynamics 3 1 0 4 4

7 AE1622 Helicopter Aerodynamics 3 1 0 4 4

8 AE1623 Aero Elasticity 3 1 0 4 4

9 AE1624 Hypersonic Aerodynamics 3 1 0 4 4

SEMESTER I

MA1601 - ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVES

The course objective is to impart analytical skills, as a prerequisite for post graduate and

specialized studies and research.

Concept of variation and its properties- Euler’s Equation-Functional dependant on first and

higher order derivatives - Functional dependant on functions of several independent variables-

Isoperimetric problems – Direct methods-Ritz and Kantrovich methods

Laplace transform methods for one dimensional wave equation – Displacements in a long

string – Longitudinal vibration of an elastic bar - Fourier Transform methods for one dimensional

heat conduction problems in infinite and semi-infinite rod

UNIT - III ELLIPTIC EQUATIONS 12

Laplace equation – Properties of Harmonic functions – Solutions of Laplace equation by

means of Fourier transform in a half plane in an infinite strip and in a semi-infinite strip

UNIT - IV NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 12

Solution of Laplace and Poisson equation on a rectangular region by Lieebmann’s method

– Diffusion equation by the explicit and Crank Nicolson – Implicit methods – Solution of wave

equations by explicit scheme Cubic spline interpolation

UNIT - V CONFORMAL MAPPING AND APPLICATIONS 12

The Schwarz – Christoffel transformation – Transformation of boundaries in parametric form

– Physical applications - Application to fluid and heat flow

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. Gupta, A.S, “Calculus of Variations with Applications”, Prentice Hall of India(P)Ltd., New Delhi,

6th print, 2006

2. Sankar Rao, .K, “Introduction to Partial Differential Equations”,Prentice Hall of India(P) Ltd.,

New Delhi, 5th print, 2004.

3. Jain.R.K,Iyengar.S.R.K, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”. Narosa publications 2nd

Edition, 2006

4. Grewal, B.S,“Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering”., Kanna Publications, NewDelhi.

5. Kandasamy.P , Thilagavathy. K and Gunavathy. K, “Numerical Methods”., S. Chand and Co,

Ltd., New Delhi, 5th Edition, 2007

6. Spiegel, M.R ,“Theory and problems of Complex Variables with an Introduction to Conformal

Mapping and Its applications ”, Schaum’s outline series, McGraw Hill Book Co, 1987.

AE 1601 - AERODYNAMICS - I

L T P C

3 0 2 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the behaviour of airflow over bodies with particular emphasis on airfoil sections

in the incompressible flow regime

UNIT - I REVIEW OF BASIC FLUID MECHANICS 10

Continuity and Momentum equations, Point source and sink, Free and Forced Vortex, Uniform

parallel flow, combination of basic flows, Pressure and Velocity distributions On bodies with and

without circulation in ideal and real fluid flows, Magnus effect

Lab : 1. Calibration of wind tunnel

2. Pressure distribution on 3-D bodies

UNIT - II AIRFOILS 12

Conformal Transformation, Kutta condition, Karman – Treffz profiles, Thin aerofoil Theory and

its applications.

Lab: 1. Pressure distribution over an aerofoil at different angles of attack.

UNIT - III WING THEORY 12

Vortex line, Horse shoe vortex, Biot and savart law, lifting line theory, effects of aspect Ratio,

planform and taper ratio.

Lab : 1. Drag measurements in Wind Tunnels.

UNIT - IV ELEMENTS OF COMPRESSIBLE FLOWS 14

Isentropic flows – shock and expansion waves, compressibility effects on aerodynamic

Coefficients, method of characteristics – small perturbation theory.

Lab : 1. Calibration of supersonic wind tunnel.

UNIT - V WIND TUNNELS 12

Types of wind tunnels – Flow visualization processes – Measurements in wind tunnels,

6-component balance.

Lab : 1. Supersonic flow visualization with schlieren systems.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. J.D. Anderson, “Fundamental of Aerodynamics”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1985.

2. E.L. Houghton and N.B. Carruthers, “Aerodynamics for Engineering Students”, Edward Arnold

Publishers Ltd., London (First Indian Edition), 1988.

3. W.H. Rae and A. Pope, “Low speed Wind Tunnel Testing”, John Wiley Publications, 1984.

4. Shapiro, A.H., Dynamics & Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow, Ronald Press,

1982.

5. Zucrow, M.J., and Anderson, J.D., Elements of gas dynamics McGraw-Hill Book Co., New

York, 1989.

6. Rathakrishnan.E., Gas Dynamics, Prentice Hall of India, 1995.

M.E. – AERONAUTICAL ENGG. 13

AE1602 - AEROSPACE PROPULSION

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the principles of operation and design of aircraft and spacecraft power plants.

UNIT - I ELEMENTS OF AIRCRAFT PROPULSION 12

Classification of power plants based on methods of aircraft propulsion – jet and rocket

propulsion – Differences between jet propulsion engines and rocket propulsion engines – Types

and areas of applications – fundamental of aircraft piston engines.

UNIT - II INTRODUCTION TO GAS TURBINE ENGINES 12

Classification of air breathing engines – Principle of turbojet, turbo-prop, turbo-jet with

reheat, by-pass and turbo fan concepts – Thrust augmentation in jet engines and its application to

aircraft.

UNIT - III THERMODYNAMICS OF JET ENGINES 12

Thermodynamic analysis of jet engine – components of a jet engine – Compressor, combustion

chamber, turbine and jet nozzle – their efficiencies – Introduction to ramjet, pulse jet and their

application – Introduction to combustion and chemical kinetics.

UNIT - IV ROCKET PROPULSION 12

Introduction to rocket propulsion – Reaction principle – Thrust equation – Classification of

rockets based on propellants used – solid, liquid and hybrid – Comparison of these engines with

special reference to rocket performance.

UNIT - V RAMJET AND SCRAMJET PROPULSION 12

Ram jet -Operating principle – Sub critical, critical and supercritical operation – Combustion in

ramjet engine – Ramjet performance - Fundamentals of hypersonic air birthing vehicles, Preliminary

concepts in engine airframe integration, Various types of supersonic combustors, Requirements for

supersonic combustors, Performance estimation of supersonic combustors.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. G.C. Oates, “Aerothermodynamics of Aircraft Engine Components”, AIAA Education Series, Published

by AIAA, New York, 1985.

2. G.C. Oates, “Aircraft Propulsion system technology & design”, AIAA Education Series, 1989.

3. G.P.Sutton, “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 5th Edition, 1986.

4. H.Cohen, G.F.C.Rogers & H.I.H.Saravana muttoo,“Gas turbine theory”,Longman Co., ELBS Ed., 1982.

5. W.P.Gill, H.J.Smith & J.E. Ziurys, “Fundamentals of Internal Combustion Engines as applied to

Reciprocating, Gas turbine & Jet Propulsion Power Plants”, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.,

1980.

6. J .D. Mattingly and H.V. Oha, “Elements of Propulsion - Gas Turbines and Rockets”, AIAA

Education Series, 2006.

AE1603 - AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study different types of beams and columns subjected to various types of loading and

support conditions with particular emphasis on aircraft structural components.

UNIT - I UNSYMMETRICAL BENDING 12

Stresses in beams of unsymmetrical sections, box beams.

Lab : 1. Use of Double Dial gauge to find the deformations of the given Material.

2. Finding the flexibility coefficients of the given cantilever beam and verification of Maxwell’s

reciprocal theorem and principle of superposition.

3. Unsymmetrical Bending of cantilever beam.

UNIT - II AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE MONOCOQUE AND SEMI MONOCOQUE 12

Analysis of tubular, monocoque and semi-monocoque structures – Torsion and flexure of thin

walled boxes – shear centre – Flexural axis and axis of twist.

Lab: 1. Combined bending of hollow circular shaft.

2. Finding the shear center of the given C-section.

UNIT - III ANALYSIS OF STIFFENED STRUCTURES 12

Idealisation and analysis of stiffened tubular structures – Study of open tubes – Analysis of

multi cell tubes. Analysis of rings and frames – Applications to aircraft structures.

UNIT - IV STABILITY PROBLEMS 12

Stability problems of thin walled structures – Flexural, torsional and local failures – Influence

of eccentricity and in elasticity – Buckling of plates and sheet stringer combinations - crippling loads

– Tension field theory.

Lab : 1. Buckling of columns and plotting of Southwell’s plot.

UNIT V SHELLS 12

Idealization of stiffened shells, shear center, shear flow in thin walled multicell box beams,

effect of taper

TOTAL :60

REFERENCES

1. E

.F. Bruhn, “Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicle Structures”, Tristate Offset Co., 1980.

2. Megson, T.M.G; Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, Edward Arnold, 1989.

3. Peery, D.J. and Azar, J.J., Aircraft Structures, 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993.

4. Stephen P. Tinnoshenko & S.woinowsky Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells, 2nd Edition,

McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1990.

SEMESTER II

AE1604 - AERODYNAMICS II

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the behaviour of airflow both internal and external in compressible flow regime

with particular emphasis on supersonic flows.

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT 10

Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere, Temperature, pressure and altitude

Relationship, Measurement of speed – True and Indicated Air speed, Components of an Airplane

and their functions, Different types of flight vehicles.

UNIT - II DRAG OF BODIES 10

Types of Drag, effects of Reynold’d number on skin friction and pressure drag, streamlined

And bluff bodies, Drag reduction of airplanes, Momentum theory of finite wings, Drag polar.

UNIT - III AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE 14

Steady level flight conditions for minimum drag and minimum power required, Gliding and

Climbing flight, Range and endurance, Take-off and landing, High left devices, Thrust Augmentation,

Turning performance, V-n diagram, Froude momentum and black elements Theory of propellers,

Fixed and Variable pitch propellers.

UNIT - IV NORMAL, OBLIQUE SHOCKS AND EXPANSION WAVES 14

Prandtl equation and Rankine – Hugonoit relation, Normal shock equations, Pitot static tube,

corrections for subsonic and supersonic flows, Oblique shocks and corresponding equations,

Hodograph and pressure turning angle, shock polars, flow past wedges and concave corners,

strong, weak and detached shocks, Rayleigh and Fanno Flow.

UNIT - V AIRCRAFT STABILITY AND CONTROL 12

Degrees of freedom of a system, statie and dynamic stability, static longitudinal stability,

Static lateral stability, static directional stability, dynamic longitudinal stability, dynamic lateral And

directional stability.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. Houghton, E.L., and Carruthers. N.B., “Aerodynamics for engineering students”., Edward

Amold Publishers, 1988.

2. Kuethe, A.M., and Chow, C.Y., “ Foundations of Aerodynamics ”., John Wiley & Sons, 1982.

3. L.J. Clancey, “Aerodynamics”., Pitman, 1986.

4. Perkins C.D., & Hage, R.E, “Airplane performance, stability and control”, Wiley Toppan,

1974.

5. Babister, A.W, “ Aircraft stability and Response”., Pergamon Press, 1980.

6. Nelson, R.C. Flight ,“ Stability & Automatic Control ”., McGraw-Hill, 1989.

7. McCornic, B.W, “Aerodynamics, Aeronautics & Flight Mechanics”. John Wiley, 1995.

16 M.E. – AERONAUTICAL ENGG.

AE1605 - COMPOSITE MATERIALS AND STRUCTURE

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the fabrication, analysis and design of composite materials & structures.

UNIT - I CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERISTIC OF

COMPOSITE MATERIALS 8

Need for the composite materials. Types of composite materials and their use in structures.

UNIT - II BASIC CONCEPTS 15

Hooke’s law for orthotropic and anisotropic materials. Micromechanics and macro mechanics.

Lamina stress-strain relations referred and principal material directions and arbitrary axes.

UNIT - III ANALYSIS OF LAMINATED COMPOSITES 17

Governing equations for anisotropic and orthotropic plates. Angle-ply and cross ply laminates.

Static, dynamic and stability analysis for simpler cases of composite plates. Interlaminar stresses.

UNIT - IV OTHER METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND FAILURE THEORY 10

Netting analysis, Failure criteria. Sandwich construction.

UNIT - V MANUFACTURING & FABRICATION PROCESSES 10

Manufacturing of glass, boron and carbon fibres. Open mould and closed mould processes.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. R.M. Jones, “Mechanics of composite materials”, McGraw-Hill, Kogakusha Ltd., Tokyo,

1975.

2. L.R. Calcote, “Analysis of laminated structures”, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1989.

3. G.Lubin, “Hand Book on Fibre glass and advanced plastic composites”, Van Nostrand Co.,

New York, 1989.

4. B

.D. Agarwal and L.J. Broutman, “Analysis and Performance of fiber composites”, John-Wiley

and Sons, 1980.

AE1606 - EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To bring awareness on experimental method of finding the response of the structure to different

types of load.

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION 8

Extensometers – Types – Mechanical, Electrical, Electronic and Optical – Review of bridge

circuits.

UNIT - II STRAIN GAUGE TECHNIQUES 12

Strain gauge and transducers for measurement of static and dynamic loads – Instrumentation,

measurement and recording systems.

UNIT - III PHOTO ELASTIC TECHNIQUES 13

Stress analysis by two and three dimensional photo elasticity – Interpretation of stress patterns

– Typical applications – Description and users of reflection polariscope.

UNIT - IV NON – DESTRUCTIVE TESTING 15

Fundamentals of NDT. Radiography, ultrasonic, Holography ,Laser holography magnetic

particle inspection, Fluorescent penetrant technique, Eddy current testing, Acoustic Emission

Technique, Moire fringes –– Grid methods

UNIT - V OTHER TECHNIQUES 12

Stress analysis by stress coat ––Induction heating instrumentation, measurement and

recording techniques – Creep testing. X-ray,– applications. Fundamentals of brittle coating methods,

Introduction to Moiré techniques, , ultrasonic C- Scan, Thermograph, Fiber – optic Sensors.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. J.W. Dally and M.F. Riley, “Experimental Stress Analysis”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York,

1988.

2. P. Fordham, “Non-Destructive Testing Techniques” Business Publications, London, 1988.

3. M.Hetenyi, “Handbook of Experimental Stress Analysis”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York,

1980.

4. G.S. Holister, “Experimental Stress Analysis, Principles and Methods”, Cambridge University

Press, 1987.

5. A.J. Durelli and V.J. Parks, “Moire Analysis of Strain”, Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs,

New Jersey, 1980.

AE 1607 - FINITE ELEMENT METHODS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To introduce the concept of numerical analysis of structural components

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION 12

Review of various approximate methods in structural analysis. Stiffness and flexibility matrices

for simple cases. Basic concepts of finite element method. Formulation of governing equations and

convergence criteria.

UNIT - II DISCRETE ELEMENTS 12

Use of bar and beam elements in structural analysis. Computer implementation of procedure

for these elements.

UNIT - III CONTINUUM ELEMENTS 12

Different forms of 2-D elements and their applications for plane stress, plane strain and

axisymmetric problems. Consistent and lumped formulation. Use of local co-ordinates. Numerical

integration.

UNIT - IV ISOPARAMETRIC ELEMENTS 12

Definition and use of different forms of 2-D and 3-D elements. Computer implementation of

formulation of these elements for the analysis of typical aircraft structural parts like, wing, fuselage,

turbine blades.

UNIT - V SOLUTION SCHEMES 12

Different methods of solution of simultaneous equations governing static, dynamics and

stability problems. General purpose Software packages.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. L.J. Segerlind, “Applied Finite Element Analysis”, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc.,

New York, 1984.

2. K.J. Bathe and E.L. Wilson, “Numerical Methods in Finite Elements Analysis”, Prentice Hall of

India Ltd., 1983.

3. R.D. Cook, “Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis”, 3rd Edition, John Wiley &

Sons, 1989.

4. C.S. Krishnamurthy, “Finite Elements Analysis”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1987.

5. V.Ramamurthi, “Computer Aided Design in Mechanical Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill.

AE 1608 - ROCKETRY AND SPACE MECHANICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To introduce basic concepts of design and trajectory estimation of rocket , missiles and basic

concepts of orbital Mechanics

UNIT - I ORBITAL MECHANICS AND SATELLITE DYNAMICS 15

Description of solar system – Keplers Laws of planetary motion – Newton’s Law of Universal

gravitation – Two body and Three-body problems – Jacobis Integral, Librations points - Estimatur

of orbital and escape velocities – geosynchronous and geostationary satellites life time – satellite

perturbations – Hohmann orbits – calculation of orbit parameters.

UNIT - II ROCKET MOTION 15

Principle of operation of rocket motor - thrust equation – one dimensional and two dimensional

rocket motions in free space and homogeneous gravitational fields – Description of vertical,

inclined and gravity turn trajectories determinations of range and altitude – simple approximations

to burnout velocity – staging of rockets.

UNIT - III ROCKET AERODYNAMICS 12

Description of various loads experienced by a rocket passing through atmosphere – drag

estimation – wave drag, skin friction drag, foron drag and base pressure drag – Boat-tailing in

missiles – performance at various altitudes – conical and bell shaped nozzles – adapted nozzles –

rocket dispersion – launching problems.

UNIT - IV MATERIALS FOR SPACECRAFT AND MISSILES 5

Selections of materials for spacecraft and missiles – special requirements of materials to

perform under adverse conditions – ablative materials.

UNIT - V SATELLITE INJECTION AND SATELLITE ORBIT PERTURBATIONS 13

General Aspects of satellite Injections – Satellite Orbit Transfer –Various Cases – Orbit

Deviations Due to Injection Errors – Special and General Perturbations – Cowell’s Method –

Encke’s Method – Method of vibrations of Orbital Elements – General Perturbations Approach.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. G.P. Sutton, “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 5th Edition,

1986.

2. J.W. Cornelisse, “Rocket Propulsion and Space Dynamics”, J.W. Freeman & Co., Ltd., London,

1982.

3. Van de Kamp, “Elements of astromechanics”, Pitman Publishing Co., Ltd., London, 1980.

4. E.R. Parker, “Materials for Missiles and Spacecraft”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1982.

AE 1609 - THEORY OF VIBRATIONS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study the dynamic behaviour of different aircraft components and the interaction among

the aerodynamic, elastic and inertia forces

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION 10

Simple harmonic motion, definition of terminologies, Review of Newton’s, Laws, D’Alembert’s

principle, Energy methods.

UNIT - II SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS 10

Free vibrations free damped vibrations, forced excitations with and without damping, support

excitation, vibration measuring instruments.

UNIT - III MULTI-DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS 18

Two degrees of freedom systems, Static and dynamic couplings, vibration absorber, Principle

coordinates, Principal modes, orthogonality conditions. Hamilton’s Prinicple, Lagrangean equation

and applications. Vibrations of elastic bodies, String or stretched cord, Longitudinal vibration,

Lateral vibration, Torsional vibration. Approximate methods for calculating natural frequencies.

UNIT - IV ELEMENTS OF AEROELASTICITY 10

Aeroelastic problems – Collar’s triangle of courses – Wing divergence – Aileron control

reversal – Flutter.

UNIT - V SOLUTION METHOD 12

Computational technique in vibration, Vibrating string, General method, Beam element,

Global matrices, Transformation of matrices, Equation of motion of complete system, Consistent

and Lambard mass

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. Timoshenko.S, “ Vibration Problems in Engineering ”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1987.

2. Meirovitch, L, Elements of Vibration Analysis ”, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1986.

3. F.S. Rse., I.F. Morse and R.T. Hinkle, “ Mechanical Vibrations ”, Prentice-Hall of India, 1985.

4. Fung, Y.C, “ An Introduction to the Theory of Aeroelasticity ”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New

York, 1985.

5. Rao.J.S. and Gupta.K, “ Theory and Practice of Mechanical Vibrations ”, Wiley Eastern Ltd.,

New Dehli, 1999.

AE1625 - AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES LAB

L T P C

0 0 3 1

OBJECTIVE

To study experimentally the load deflection characteristics structural materials under different

types of loads, unsymmetrical bending of beams, to find the location of shear centre , obtain the

stresses in circular discs and beams using photoelastic techniques, calibration of photo – elastic

materials and study on vibration of beams.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Stress Strain curve for various engineering materials.

2. D

eflection of beams with various end conditions.

3. V

erification of Maxwell’s Reciprocal theorem & principle of superposition

4. Column – Testing

5. South – well’s plot.

6. Unsymmetrical bending of beams

7. Shear centre location for open sections and closed section

8. Calibration of Photo- elastic materials

9. Stresses in circular discs and beams using photoelastic techniques

10. Vibrations of beams

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

(For a batch of 30 students)

1. Electrical stain gauge 10

2. Stain indicator 1

3. Dial Gauges 12

4. Beam Test set up with various end conditions 2

5. Maxwell apparatus 1

6. South – well’s plot 1

7. Weight 1 Kg and 2kg 10 each

8. Weight Pans 6

9. Column Test Apparatus 1

10. Beam Test set –up 2

11. Unsymmetrical sections like ‘Z’ sections 2

12. Channel ,angle open and closed section 2

13. Dial gauges 12

14. Vibration Test Set – up 2

15. Strain indicator and strain gauges One set

16. Photo – elastic apparatus 1

SEMESTER III

AE1626 - AIRCRAFT SYSTEM LABORATORY

L T P C

0 0 3 1

OBJECTIVE

To train the students “ON HAND” experience in maintenance of various air frame systems in

aircraft and rectification of common snags.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Aircraft “Jacking Up” procedure

2. Aircraft “Levelling” procedure

3. Aircraft “Symmetry Check” procedure

4. Control System “Rigging check” procedure

5. Checks on Landing Gear assembly

6. “ Functional Test” on Aircraft Hydraulic system

7. M

aintenance and rectification of snags in hydraulic and fuel systems.

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

SL.NO. ITEMS QUANTITY

1. Serviceable aircraft with all above systems 1

2. Hydraulic Jacks (Screw Jack) 5

3. Trestle adjustable 5

4. Spirit Level 2

5. Levelling Boards 2

6. Cable Tensiometer 1

7. Adjustable Spirit Level 1

8. Plumb Bob 1

SEMESTER III & IV

AE1610 & AE1611 - PROJECT WORK (Phase I & II)

L T P C

0 0 36 18

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the project work is to enable the students on a project involving theoretical

and experimental studies related to the branch of study. Every project work shall have a guide who

is the member of the faculty of the institution. Full semester shall be allotted and this time shall be

utilized by the students to receive the directions from the guide, on library reading, laboratory work,

computer analysis or field work as assigned by the guide and also to present in periodical seminars

on the progress made in the project.

Each student shall finally produce a comprehensive report covering back round information,

literature survey, problem statement, project work details and conclusion. This final report shall be

typewritten form as specified in the guidelines.

The continuous assessment shall be made as prescribed by the regulation (Hindustan

University Regulations 2008 for ME. programme)

Total : 18

ELECTIVES

SEMESTER I

AE1612 - ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the principles of operation of advanced propulsion systems , working of Ramjet

and Scramjet Engines.

UNIT - I THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE ANALYSIS OF AIR-BREATHING

PROPULSION SYSTEMS 12

Air breathing propulsion systems like Turbojet, turboprop, ducted fan, Ramjet and Air

augmented rockets – Thermodynamic cycles – Pulse propulsion – Combustion process in pulse jet

engines – inlet charging process – Supercritical charging and subcritical discharging – Subcritical

charging and subcritical discharging – Subcritical charging and supercritical discharging.

UNIT - II RAMJETS AND AIR AUGMENTED ROCKETS 10

Preliminary performance calculations – Diffuser design and hypersonic inlets – combustor

and nozzle design – air augmented rockets – engines with supersonic combustion.

UNIT - III SCRAMJET PROPULSION SYSTEM 14

Fundamental considerations of hypersonic air breathing vehicles – Preliminary concepts in

engine airframe integration – calculation of propulsion flow path – flowpath integration – Various

types of supersonic combustors – fundamental requirements of supersonic combustors – Mixing of

fuel jets in supersonic cross flow – performance estimation of supersonic combustors.

24 M.E. – AERONAUTICAL ENGG.

UNIT - IV NUCLEAR PROPULSION 12

Nuclear rocket engine design and performance – nuclear rocket reactors – nuclear rocket

nozzles – nuclear rocket engine control – radioisotope propulsion – basic thruster configurations

– thruster technology – heat source development – nozzle development – nozzle performance of

radioisotope propulsion systems.

UNIT - V ELECTRIC AND ION PROPULSION 12

Basic concepts in electric propulsion – power requirements and rocket efficiency – thermal

thrusters – electrostatic thrusters – plasma thruster of the art and future trends – Fundamentals of

ion propulsion – performance analysis – electrical thrust devices – ion rocket engine.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. John D. Anderson, Jr,. “ Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dynamics ”. McGraw-Hill

Series, New York, 1996.

2. John. D.Anderson, Jr “, Modern Compressible Flwo with Historical perpectant ”. McGraw-Hill

Series, New York, 1996.

3. William H. Heiser and David T. Pratt ,“ Hypersonic Airbreathing propulsion ”. by, AIAA Education

Series.

4. John T. Bertin “ Hypersonic Aerothermodynamic ”, 1994 published by AIAA Inc., Washington

D.C.

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the theoretical concepts of material behaviour with particular emphasis on their

elastic property

UNIT - I FUNDAMENTALS OF ELASTICITY 10

Assumptions In Elasticity ,Strain – displacement relations, Stress – strain relations Equilibrium

equation in Cartesian and polar coordinates., Compatibility conditions. Saint-Venant’s principle.

UNIT - II BASIC EQUATIONS OF ELASTICITY 10

Lame’s constant – cubical dilation, Compressibility of material, bulk modulus, Shear modulus,

Principal stresses and principal strains, Mohr’s circle

UNIT - III PLANE STRESS AND PLANE STRAIN PROBLEMS 15

Airy’s stress function, plane stress and plane strain idealization. Special problems in polar

coordinates. Kirsch, Boussinasque’s and Michell’s problems.

UNIT - IV POLAR COORDINATES 10

Equations of equilibrium, Strain displacement relations, Stress – strain relations, Axi –

symmetric problems, Kirsch, Michell’s and Boussinesque problems

UNIT - V TORSIONAL THEORY 15

Navier’s theory, St. Venant’s theory, Prandtl’s theory on torsion, The semi- inverse method

and applications to shafts of circular, elliptical, equilateral triangular and rectangular sections

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. S.P. Timoshenko and J.N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity, McGraw-Hill, 1985.

2. E. Sechler, “Elasticity in Engineering” John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1980.

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To introduce the concepts of heat transfer to enable the students to design components

subjected to thermal loading.

UNIT - I ADVANCED HEAT CONDUCTION ANALYSIS 12

Conduction – Convection systems – Mathematical analysis of two-dimensional heat conduction

– graphical and numerical analysis – Numerical solutions to problems heat conduction problems.

UNIT - II CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS 15

Heat transfer involving laminar and turbulent flows over a flat plate and through a tube - Heat

transfer in high speed flows – closed form and numerical solutions.

UNIT - III RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER 11

Physical mechanism of radiation – radiation shape factors – relations between shape factors

– heat exchange between non-black bodies – radiation shields – solar radiation – radiation heat

transfer coefficient.

UNIT - IV HEAT EXCHANGERS 12

Classification – Temperature Distribution – Overall heat transfer coefficient, Heat Exchange

Analysis – LMTD Method and E-NTU Method.

UNIT - V APPLICATIONS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING 10

Heat transfer in gas turbine combustion chambers and rocket thrust chambers – Heat transfer

in ablation cooling process.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. John H. Lienhard, “A Heat Transfer Text Book”, Prentice Hall Inc., 1981.

2. J.P. Holman, “Heat Transfer”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 6th Edition, 1991.

3. S.C. Sachdeva, “Fundamentals of Engineering Heat & Mass Transfer”, Wiley Eastern Ltd.,

New Delhi, 1981.

4. G.P. Sutton, “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons, 5th Edition, 1986.

5. M.Mathur and R.P. Sharma, “Gas turbine and Jet and Rocket Propulsion”, Standard Publishers,

New Delhi, 1988.

AE 1615 - AIRCRAFT DESIGN

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To introduce and develop the basic concept of aircraft design

UNIT - I REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS IN AVIATION 12

Categories and types of aircraft specifications – various configurations – Layouts and their

relative merits – strength, stiffness, fail safe and fatigue requirements – Manoeuvering load factors

– Gust and manoeuverability envelopes – Balancing and maneuvering loads on tail planes.

UNIT - II POWER PLANT TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS 12

Characteristics of different types of power plants – Propeller characteristics and selection –

Relative merits of location of power plant.

UNIT - III PRELIMINARY DESIGN 12

Selection of geometric and aerodynamic parameters – Weight estimation and balance diagram

– Drag estimation of complete aircraft – Level flight, climb, take – off and landing calculations –

range and endurance – static and dynamic stability estimates – control requirements.

UNIT - IV SPECIAL PROBLEMS 12

Layout peculiarities of subsonic and supersonic aircraft – optimisation – of wing loading to

achieve desired performance – loads on undercarriages and design requirements.

UNIT - V STRUCTURAL DESIGN 12

Estimation of loads on complete aircraft and components – Structural design of fuselage,

wings and undercarriages, controls, connections and joints. Materials for modern aircraft – Methods

of analysis, testing and fabrication.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. G. Corning, “Supersonic & Subsonic Airplane Design”, II Edition, Edwards Brothers Inc.,

Michigan, 1953.

2. E

.F. Bruhn, “Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicle Structures”, Tristate Offset Co., U.S.A.,

1980.

3. A.A. Lebedenski, “Notes on airplane design”, Part-I, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, 1971.

4. E.Torenbeek, “Synthesis of Subsonic Airplane Design”, Delft University Press, London,

1976.

5. D.P. Raymer, “Aircraft conceptual design”, AIAA Series, 1988.

6. H

.N.Kota, “ Integrated design approach to Design fly by wire” Lecture notes Interline Pub.

Bangalore, 1992.

7. S.C. Keshu & K.K. Ganapathi “Aircraft Production Techniques and Management”, 1995.

AE 1616 - COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study the flow of fluids using computational methods

UNIT - I NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS OF SOME FLUID DYNAMICAL

PROBLEMS 12

Coordinate system, Body fitted coordinate systems, Stability analysis of linear system. Finding

solution of a simple gas dynamic problem, Local similar solutions of boundary layer equations,

Numerical integration and shooting technique.

UNIT - II TRANSONIC RELAXATION TECHNIQUES 14

Small perturbation flows, Transonic small perturbation (TSP) equations, Central and backward

difference schemes, conservation equations and shockpoint operator, Line relaxation techniques,

Acceleration of convergence rate, Jameson’s rotated difference scheme stretching of coordinates,

shock fitting techniques Flow in body fitted coordinate system.

UNIT - III TIME DEPENDENT METHODS 12

Stability of solution, Explicit methods, Time split methods, Approximate factorization

scheme, Unsteady transonic flow around airfoils. Some time dependent solutions of gas dynamic

problems.

UNIT - IV PANEL METHOD 12

Elements of two and three dimensional panels, panel singularities. Application of panel method

to incompressible, compressible, subsonic and supersonic flows.

UNIT - V SPECIAL PROBLEMS 10

Grid generation techniques

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. T.K.Bose, “Computation Fluid Dynamics” Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1988.

2. H

.J. Wirz and J.J. Smeldern “Numerical methods in fluid dynamics”, McGraw-Hill & Co.,

1978.

3. C

.Y.Chow, “Introduction to computational fluid dynamics”, John Wiley, 1979.

4. A

.A. Hirsch, ‘Introduction to computational fluid dynamics”, McGraw-Hill, 1989

AE 1617 - CRYOGENICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study the engineering concept of cryogenic and its application in various field

UNIT - I FUNDAMENTALS OF CRYOGENICS 12

Theory behind the production of low temperature – expansion engine – heat exchangers

– Cascade process - Joule Thomson and Magnetic effects – cryogenic liquids as cryogenic

propellants for cryogenic rocket engines – properties of various cryogenic propellants – handling

problems associated with cryogenic propellants.

UNIT - II CRYOGENIC SYSTEMS EFFICIENCY 12

Types of losses and efficiency of cycles – amount of cooling – the features liquefied – cooling

coefficient of performance – Thermodynamic efficiency – The energy balancing method.

UNIT - III THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES FOR CRYOGENIC PLANTS 12

Classification of cryogenic cycles – The Structure of cycles – Throttle expansion cycles –

Expander cycles – Mixed throttle expansion and expander cycles – Thermodynamic analysis –

Numerical problems.

UNIT - IV PECULIAR PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CRYOPROPELLANTS 12

Storage problems of cryogenic propellants – cryogenic loading Aerospace Materials – zero

gravity problems associated with cryopropellants – phenomenon of tank collapse – geysering

effect.

UNIT - V CRYOGENIC ROCKET ENGINES 12

Peculiar design difficulties associated with the design of feed system, injector and thrust

chamber of cryogenic rocket engines – Relative performance of cryogenic when compared to non-

cryo engines.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. Sutton, G.P. “Rocket Propelsion Elements”, John Wiley, 1993.

2. Hazel D.K. & Hungdh, “Design of Liquid Propellant Rocket Engines”, N.A.S.A. Special

Publications – 125, 1971.

3. Haseldom, G., Cryogenic Fundamentals, Academic Press, 1971.

4. B

arron, R.F., Cryogenic Systems, Oxford University, 1985.

5. Parner, S.F., Propellant Chemistry Reinfold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1985.

AE 1618 - FATIGUE AND FRACTURE MECHANICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study the concepts of estimation of the endurance and failure mechanism of components

UNIT - I FATIGUE OF STRUCTURES 12

S.N. curves – Endurance limit – Effect of mean stress – Goodman, Gerber and Soderberg

relations and diagrams – Notches and stress concentrations – Neuber’s stress concentration

factors – plastic stress concentration factors – Notched S-N curves.

UNIT - II STATISTICAL ASPECTS OF FATIGUE BEHAVIOUR 11

Low cycle and high cycle fatigue – Coffin-Manson’s relation – Transition life – Cyclic Strain

hardening and softening – Analysis of load histories – Cycle counting techniques – Cumulative

damage – Miner’s theory – other theories.

UNIT - III PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF FATIGUE 10

Phase in fatigue life – Crack initiation – Crack growth – Final fracture – Dislocations – Fatigue

fracture surfaces.

UNIT - IV FRACTURE MECHANICS 15

Strength of cracked bodies – potential energy and surface energy – Griffith’s theory – Irwin –

Orwin extension of Griffith’s theory to ductile materials – Stress analysis of cracked bodies – Effect

of thickness on fracture toughness – Stress intensity factors for typical geometries.

UNIT V FATIGUE DESIGN AND TESTING 12

Safe life and fail safe design philosophies – Importance of Fracture Mechanics in aerospace

structure – Application to composite materials and structures.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. W

.Barrois and L.Ripley, “Fatigue of Aircraft Structures”, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1983.

2. D.Brock, “Elementary Engineering Fracture Mechanics”, Noordhoff International Publishing

Co., London, 1994.

3. C.G.Sih, “Mechanics of Fracture”, Vol.1 Sijthoff and Noordhoff International Publishing Co.,

Netherland, 1989.

4. J.F.Knott, “Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanics”, Butterworth & Co., (Publishers) Ltd.,

London, 1983.

AE1619 HIGH TEMPERATURE PROBLEMS IN STRUCTURES

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To learn damage mechanism and failure of components of elevated temperatures

UNIT - I TEMPERATURE EQUATIONS & AERODYNAMIC HEATING 12

For condition, radiation and convection – Fourier’s equation – Boundary and initial conditions

– One-dimensional problem formulations – Methods and Solutions. Heat balance equation for

idealised structures – Adibatic temperature – Variations – Evaluation of transient temperature.

UNIT - II THERMAL STRESS ANALYSIS 12

Thermal stresses and strains – Equations of equilibrium – Boundary conditions – Thermoelasticity

– Two dimensional problems and solutions – Airy stress function and applications.

UNIT - III THERMAL STRESS IN BEAMS, TRUSSES AND THIN CYLINDERS 12

Thermal stresses in axially loaded members, beams with varying cross sections. Effect of

temperature in thin cylinders.

UNIT - IV THERMAL STRESSES IN PLATES 12

Membrane thermal stresses – Circular plates – Rectangular plates – Bending thermal stresses

– Thick plates with temperature varying along thickness – Thermal vibration of plates.

UNIT - V SPECIAL TOPICS & MATERIALS 12

Thermal bucking, Fatigue and shock applications – High temperature effects on material

properties.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. A.B. Bruno and H.W. Jerome, “Theory of Thermal Stresses”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New

York, 1980.

2. D

.J. Johns, “Thermal Stress Analysis”, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1985.

3. N.J. Hoff, “High Temperature effects in Aircraft Structures”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., London,

1986.

AE 1620 - THEORY OF PLATES & SHELLS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study the behaviour of the plates and shells with different geometry under various types of

loads.

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION 5

Plate and shell structures in aerospace vehicles.

UNIT - II SMALL DEFLECTION THEORY OF PLATES 15

Bending of thin plates-isotropic and orthotropic flat plates of different geometry – rectangular,

square and skew plates-circular plates-different edge conditions-biharmonic equation for plate

deflections.

UNIT - III SHEAR DEFORMATION AND LARGE DEFLECTION

THEORY OF PLATES 10

Assumptions-shear deformation – Analysis of flat plates and applications.

UNIT - IV STABILITY OF PLATES 10

Instability of Plates-different edge conditions – Applications.

UNIT - V SHELLS 20

Basic concepts – Deformation – Membrance theory of shells applied to shells of form of

surface of revolution. General theory of cylindrical shells – Circular cylindrical shells – spherical

shells and conical shells.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. W.Flugge, “Stresses in Shells”, II Edition Springer Verlag Co., New York, 1983.

2. A.L.Goldenvizier, “Theory of Elastic Thin Shells”, Pergamon Press, New York, 1981.

3. H.Kraus, Thin Elastic Shells”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1987.

4. S.P. Timoshenko and S.W.Krieger, “Theory of Plates and Shells”, II Edition McGraw-Hill,

Kogakusha Ltd., Tokyo, 1989.

5. L.R. Calcote, “Analysis of Laminates Structures”, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1989.

AE 1621 - INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the behaviour of airflow in vehicle, Buildings and the flow induced vibrations.

UNIT - I ATMOSPHERE 12

Types of winds, Causes of variation of winds, Atmospheric boundary layer, Effect of terrain on

gradient height, Structure of turbulent flows.

UNIT - II WIND ENERGY COLLECTORS 12

Horizontal axis and vertical axis machines, Power coefficient, Betz coefficient by momentum

theory.

UNIT - III VEHICLE AERODYNAMICS 12

Power requirements and drag coefficients of automobiles, Effects of cut back angle,

Aerodynamics of trains and Hovercraft.

UNIT - IV BUILDING AERODYNAMICS 12

Pressure distribution on low rise buildings, wind forces on buildings. Environmental winds in

city blocks, Special problems of tall buildings, Building codes, Building ventilation and architectural

aerodynamics.

UNIT - V FLOW INDUCED VIBRATIONS 12

Effects of Reynolds number on wake formation of bluff shapes, Vortex induced vibrations,

Galloping and stall flutter.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. M.Sovran (Ed), “Aerodynamics drag mechanisms of bluff bodies and road vehicles”, Plenum

press, New York, 1978.

2. P. Sachs, “Winds forces in engineering”, Pergamon Press, 1978.

3. R.D. Blevins, “Flow induced vibrations”, Van Nostrand, 1990.

4. N

.G. Calvent, “Wind Power Principles”, Charles Griffin & Co., London, 1979.

AE 1622 - HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the behaviour of helicopter , elements of helicopter , power estimation and

ground effect machines

UNIT - I LIFT, PROPULSION AND CONTROL OF V/STOL AIRCRAFT 12

Various configurations – propeller, rotor, ducted fan and jet lift-Tilt wing and vectored thrust –

performance of VTOL and STOL aircraft in hover, transition and forward motion.

UNIT - II ELEMENTS OF HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS 12

Configurations based on torque reaction – Jet rotors and compound helicopters – Methods of

control – collective and cyclic pitches changes – Lead – lag and flapping hinges.

UNIT - III IDEAL ROTOR THEORY 12

Hovering performance – Momentum and simple blade element theories – Figure of merit –

Profile and induced power estimation – Constant chord and ideal twist rotors.

UNIT - IV POWER ESTIMATES 12

Induced, profile and parasite power requirements in forward flight – performance curves with

effects of altitude – Preliminary ideas on helicopter stability.

UNIT - V GROUND EFFECT MACHINES 12

Types – Hover height, lift augmentation and power calculations for plenum chamber and

peripheral jet machines – Drag of hovercraft on land and water. Applications of hovercraft.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. B

.W. McCormic, “Aerodynamics of V/STOL Flight”, Academic Press, New York, 1978.

2. A. Gessow and G.C.Meyers, “Aerodynamics of the Helicopter”, Macmillan and Co., New York,

1982.

3. G.H. Elsley and A.J. Devereux, “Hovercraft Design and Construction, David Charies, London,

1982.

4. Anderson J.D. “Aerodynamics”, John Wiley, 1995.

AE 1623 - AEROELASTICITY

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To study the dynamic behaviour of different aircraft components and the interaction among

elastic and inertia forces

UNIT - I AEROELASTIC PHENOMENA 10

Stability versus response problems – The aero-elastic triangle of forces – Aeroplasticity in

Aircraft Design – Prevention of aeroelastic instabilities.

UNIT - II DIVERGENCE OF A LIFTING SURFACE 14

Simple two dimensional idealisations-Strip theory – Freedom integral equation of the second

kind – Exact solutions for simple rectangular wings – ‘Semirigid’ assumption and approximate

solutions – Generalised coordinates – Successive approximations – Numerical approximations

using matrix equations.

UNIT - III STEADY STATE AEROLASTIC PROBLEMS 12

Loss and reversal of aileron control – Critical aileron reversal speed – Aileron efficiency –

Semirigid theory and successive approximations – Lift distribution – Rigid and elastic wings.

UNIT - IV FLUTTER PHENOMENON 14

Non-dimensional parameters – Stiffness criteria – Dynamic mass balancing – Model

experiments – Dimensional similarity – Flutter analysis – Two dimensional thin airfoils in steady

incompressible flow – Quasisteady aerodynamic derivatives – Galerkin method for critical speed –

Stability of disturbed motion – Torsion flexure flutter – Solution of the flutter determinant – Methods

of determining the critical flutter speeds – Flutter prevention and control.

UNIT - V EXAMPLES OF AEROELASTIC PROBLEMS IN CIVIL AND

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 10

Galloping of transmission lines and flow induced vibrations of tall slender structures and

suspension bridges.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. R.L. Bisplinghoff, H.Ashley, and R.L. Halfmann, “Aeroelasticity”, II Edition Addison Wesley

Publishing Co., Inc., 1987.

2. E.G. Broadbent, “Elementary Theory of Aeroelasticity”, Bun Hill Publications Ltd., 1986.

3. Y.C. Fung, “An Introduction to the Theory of Aeroelasticity”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York,

1985.

4. R.H. Scanlan and R.Rosenbaum, “Introduction to the study of Aircraft Vibration and Flutter”,

Macmillan Co., New York, 1981.

AE 1624 - HYPERSONIC AERODYNAMICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE

To understand the behaviour of airflow in hypersonic air speeds

UNIT - I BASICS OF HYPERSONIC AERODYNAMICS 12

Thin shock layers – entropy layers – low density and high density flows – hypersonic flight

paths hypersonic flight similarity parameters – shock wave and expansion wave relations of inviscid

hypersonic flows.

UNIT - II NUMERICAL METHODS FOR HYPERSONIC AERODYNAMICS 10

Local surface inclination methods – modified Newtonian Law – Newtonian theory – tangent

wedge or tangent cone and shock expansion methods

UNIT - III HYPERSONIC INVISCID FLOWS 15

Approximate methods hypersonic small disturbance equation and theory – thin shock layer

theory: exact methods of characteristics hypersonic shock wave shapes and correlations.

UNIT - IV VISCOUS HYPERSONIC FLOW THEORY 15

Navier–Stokes equations – boundary layer equations for hypersonic flow – hypersonic

boundary layer – hypersonic boundary layer theory and non similar hypersonic boundary layers –

hypersonic aerodynamic heating and entropy layers effects on aerodynamic heating.

UNIT - V VISCOUS INTERACTIONS IN HYPERSONIC FLOWS 8

Strong and weak viscous interactions – hypersonic shockwaves and boundary layer

interactions – Role of similarity parameter for laminar viscous interactions in hypersonic viscous

flow.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. John D. Anderson “Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dynamics”, Jr, McGraw-Hill Series,

New York, 1996.

2. John.D.Anderson “Modern Compressible Flow with Historical perpectant”, Jr. Hypersonic

Series.

3. William H. Heiser and David T. Praff “Hypersonic Air breathing propulsion”, AIAA Education

Series.

4. John T. Bertin “Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics”, 1994 published by AIAA Inc., Washington

D.C.

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